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## Subspace Iteration

The subspace iteration methods, also called simultaneous iteration methods, for HEPs can also be generalized for the NHEP. Algorithm 7.2 is a modification of the subspace iteration method of §4.3.4 for the HEP. It includes deflation (locking) for computing the dominant eigenvalues. Since eigenvalues for NHEPs can be very ill-conditioned, we impose a more stringent convergence criterion. We now describe some implementation details.

(1)
The initial starting matrix should be constructed to be dominant in eigenvector directions of interest to accelerate convergence. In case no such information is known a priori, a random matrix is as good a choice as any other.

(3)
The iteration parameter is introduced to reduce the costly orthonormalization computation as much as possible. However, must not be too large lest one lose numerical accuracy in the computation of the matrix , leading to inaccurate computation of some of the eigenvalues. A typical value of is 3 to 5.

(6)-(13)
The convergence criterion in the above algorithm checks for convergence only for groups of eigenvalues that have nearly the same modulus. The diagonal blocks in step (6) are ordered from top to bottom, with block at the top of . In step (12), convergence testing is stopped as soon as the first block of eigenvalues in fails to converge.
(16)
The iteration parameter should be chosen to minimize orthonormalization cost while maintaining a reasonable amount of numerical accuracy.

If eigenvalues near a shift are desired, and a factorization of can be easily obtained, then one can apply the above algorithm to . The eigenvalues near will converge faster.

One can also use polynomial acceleration to speed up the computation by replacing the power by a polynomial in which is the Chebyshev polynomial of the first kind of degree , and is an estimate of the spectral radius of .

Much of the material in this section is based on Bai and Stewart  and Saad . For further discussion on subspace iteration, the reader is referred to Wilkinson  and Stewart .     Next: Software Availability Up: Single- and Multiple-Vector Iterations Previous: Inverse Iteration   Contents   Index
Susan Blackford 2000-11-20