LAPACK  3.10.0
LAPACK: Linear Algebra PACKage
zlahrd.f
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1 *> \brief \b ZLAHRD reduces the first nb columns of a general rectangular matrix A so that elements below the k-th subdiagonal are zero, and returns auxiliary matrices which are needed to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of A.
2 *
3 * =========== DOCUMENTATION ===========
4 *
5 * Online html documentation available at
6 * http://www.netlib.org/lapack/explore-html/
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16 *> \endhtmlonly
17 *
18 * Definition:
19 * ===========
20 *
21 * SUBROUTINE ZLAHRD( N, K, NB, A, LDA, TAU, T, LDT, Y, LDY )
22 *
23 * .. Scalar Arguments ..
24 * INTEGER K, LDA, LDT, LDY, N, NB
25 * ..
26 * .. Array Arguments ..
27 * COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), T( LDT, NB ), TAU( NB ),
28 * $ Y( LDY, NB )
29 * ..
30 *
31 *
32 *> \par Purpose:
33 * =============
34 *>
35 *> \verbatim
36 *>
37 *> This routine is deprecated and has been replaced by routine ZLAHR2.
38 *>
39 *> ZLAHRD reduces the first NB columns of a complex general n-by-(n-k+1)
40 *> matrix A so that elements below the k-th subdiagonal are zero. The
41 *> reduction is performed by a unitary similarity transformation
42 *> Q**H * A * Q. The routine returns the matrices V and T which determine
43 *> Q as a block reflector I - V*T*V**H, and also the matrix Y = A * V * T.
44 *> \endverbatim
45 *
46 * Arguments:
47 * ==========
48 *
49 *> \param[in] N
50 *> \verbatim
51 *> N is INTEGER
52 *> The order of the matrix A.
53 *> \endverbatim
54 *>
55 *> \param[in] K
56 *> \verbatim
57 *> K is INTEGER
58 *> The offset for the reduction. Elements below the k-th
59 *> subdiagonal in the first NB columns are reduced to zero.
60 *> \endverbatim
61 *>
62 *> \param[in] NB
63 *> \verbatim
64 *> NB is INTEGER
65 *> The number of columns to be reduced.
66 *> \endverbatim
67 *>
68 *> \param[in,out] A
69 *> \verbatim
70 *> A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N-K+1)
71 *> On entry, the n-by-(n-k+1) general matrix A.
72 *> On exit, the elements on and above the k-th subdiagonal in
73 *> the first NB columns are overwritten with the corresponding
74 *> elements of the reduced matrix; the elements below the k-th
75 *> subdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the matrix Q as a
76 *> product of elementary reflectors. The other columns of A are
77 *> unchanged. See Further Details.
78 *> \endverbatim
79 *>
80 *> \param[in] LDA
81 *> \verbatim
82 *> LDA is INTEGER
83 *> The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
84 *> \endverbatim
85 *>
86 *> \param[out] TAU
87 *> \verbatim
88 *> TAU is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (NB)
89 *> The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors. See Further
90 *> Details.
91 *> \endverbatim
92 *>
93 *> \param[out] T
94 *> \verbatim
95 *> T is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDT,NB)
96 *> The upper triangular matrix T.
97 *> \endverbatim
98 *>
99 *> \param[in] LDT
100 *> \verbatim
101 *> LDT is INTEGER
102 *> The leading dimension of the array T. LDT >= NB.
103 *> \endverbatim
104 *>
105 *> \param[out] Y
106 *> \verbatim
107 *> Y is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDY,NB)
108 *> The n-by-nb matrix Y.
109 *> \endverbatim
110 *>
111 *> \param[in] LDY
112 *> \verbatim
113 *> LDY is INTEGER
114 *> The leading dimension of the array Y. LDY >= max(1,N).
115 *> \endverbatim
116 *
117 * Authors:
118 * ========
119 *
120 *> \author Univ. of Tennessee
121 *> \author Univ. of California Berkeley
122 *> \author Univ. of Colorado Denver
123 *> \author NAG Ltd.
124 *
125 *> \ingroup complex16OTHERauxiliary
126 *
127 *> \par Further Details:
128 * =====================
129 *>
130 *> \verbatim
131 *>
132 *> The matrix Q is represented as a product of nb elementary reflectors
133 *>
134 *> Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(nb).
135 *>
136 *> Each H(i) has the form
137 *>
138 *> H(i) = I - tau * v * v**H
139 *>
140 *> where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with
141 *> v(1:i+k-1) = 0, v(i+k) = 1; v(i+k+1:n) is stored on exit in
142 *> A(i+k+1:n,i), and tau in TAU(i).
143 *>
144 *> The elements of the vectors v together form the (n-k+1)-by-nb matrix
145 *> V which is needed, with T and Y, to apply the transformation to the
146 *> unreduced part of the matrix, using an update of the form:
147 *> A := (I - V*T*V**H) * (A - Y*V**H).
148 *>
149 *> The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following example
150 *> with n = 7, k = 3 and nb = 2:
151 *>
152 *> ( a h a a a )
153 *> ( a h a a a )
154 *> ( a h a a a )
155 *> ( h h a a a )
156 *> ( v1 h a a a )
157 *> ( v1 v2 a a a )
158 *> ( v1 v2 a a a )
159 *>
160 *> where a denotes an element of the original matrix A, h denotes a
161 *> modified element of the upper Hessenberg matrix H, and vi denotes an
162 *> element of the vector defining H(i).
163 *> \endverbatim
164 *>
165 * =====================================================================
166  SUBROUTINE zlahrd( N, K, NB, A, LDA, TAU, T, LDT, Y, LDY )
167 *
168 * -- LAPACK auxiliary routine --
169 * -- LAPACK is a software package provided by Univ. of Tennessee, --
170 * -- Univ. of California Berkeley, Univ. of Colorado Denver and NAG Ltd..--
171 *
172 * .. Scalar Arguments ..
173  INTEGER K, LDA, LDT, LDY, N, NB
174 * ..
175 * .. Array Arguments ..
176  COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), T( LDT, NB ), TAU( NB ),
177  $ Y( LDY, NB )
178 * ..
179 *
180 * =====================================================================
181 *
182 * .. Parameters ..
183  COMPLEX*16 ZERO, ONE
184  parameter( zero = ( 0.0d+0, 0.0d+0 ),
185  $ one = ( 1.0d+0, 0.0d+0 ) )
186 * ..
187 * .. Local Scalars ..
188  INTEGER I
189  COMPLEX*16 EI
190 * ..
191 * .. External Subroutines ..
192  EXTERNAL zaxpy, zcopy, zgemv, zlacgv, zlarfg, zscal,
193  $ ztrmv
194 * ..
195 * .. Intrinsic Functions ..
196  INTRINSIC min
197 * ..
198 * .. Executable Statements ..
199 *
200 * Quick return if possible
201 *
202  IF( n.LE.1 )
203  $ RETURN
204 *
205  DO 10 i = 1, nb
206  IF( i.GT.1 ) THEN
207 *
208 * Update A(1:n,i)
209 *
210 * Compute i-th column of A - Y * V**H
211 *
212  CALL zlacgv( i-1, a( k+i-1, 1 ), lda )
213  CALL zgemv( 'No transpose', n, i-1, -one, y, ldy,
214  $ a( k+i-1, 1 ), lda, one, a( 1, i ), 1 )
215  CALL zlacgv( i-1, a( k+i-1, 1 ), lda )
216 *
217 * Apply I - V * T**H * V**H to this column (call it b) from the
218 * left, using the last column of T as workspace
219 *
220 * Let V = ( V1 ) and b = ( b1 ) (first I-1 rows)
221 * ( V2 ) ( b2 )
222 *
223 * where V1 is unit lower triangular
224 *
225 * w := V1**H * b1
226 *
227  CALL zcopy( i-1, a( k+1, i ), 1, t( 1, nb ), 1 )
228  CALL ztrmv( 'Lower', 'Conjugate transpose', 'Unit', i-1,
229  $ a( k+1, 1 ), lda, t( 1, nb ), 1 )
230 *
231 * w := w + V2**H *b2
232 *
233  CALL zgemv( 'Conjugate transpose', n-k-i+1, i-1, one,
234  $ a( k+i, 1 ), lda, a( k+i, i ), 1, one,
235  $ t( 1, nb ), 1 )
236 *
237 * w := T**H *w
238 *
239  CALL ztrmv( 'Upper', 'Conjugate transpose', 'Non-unit', i-1,
240  $ t, ldt, t( 1, nb ), 1 )
241 *
242 * b2 := b2 - V2*w
243 *
244  CALL zgemv( 'No transpose', n-k-i+1, i-1, -one, a( k+i, 1 ),
245  $ lda, t( 1, nb ), 1, one, a( k+i, i ), 1 )
246 *
247 * b1 := b1 - V1*w
248 *
249  CALL ztrmv( 'Lower', 'No transpose', 'Unit', i-1,
250  $ a( k+1, 1 ), lda, t( 1, nb ), 1 )
251  CALL zaxpy( i-1, -one, t( 1, nb ), 1, a( k+1, i ), 1 )
252 *
253  a( k+i-1, i-1 ) = ei
254  END IF
255 *
256 * Generate the elementary reflector H(i) to annihilate
257 * A(k+i+1:n,i)
258 *
259  ei = a( k+i, i )
260  CALL zlarfg( n-k-i+1, ei, a( min( k+i+1, n ), i ), 1,
261  $ tau( i ) )
262  a( k+i, i ) = one
263 *
264 * Compute Y(1:n,i)
265 *
266  CALL zgemv( 'No transpose', n, n-k-i+1, one, a( 1, i+1 ), lda,
267  $ a( k+i, i ), 1, zero, y( 1, i ), 1 )
268  CALL zgemv( 'Conjugate transpose', n-k-i+1, i-1, one,
269  $ a( k+i, 1 ), lda, a( k+i, i ), 1, zero, t( 1, i ),
270  $ 1 )
271  CALL zgemv( 'No transpose', n, i-1, -one, y, ldy, t( 1, i ), 1,
272  $ one, y( 1, i ), 1 )
273  CALL zscal( n, tau( i ), y( 1, i ), 1 )
274 *
275 * Compute T(1:i,i)
276 *
277  CALL zscal( i-1, -tau( i ), t( 1, i ), 1 )
278  CALL ztrmv( 'Upper', 'No transpose', 'Non-unit', i-1, t, ldt,
279  $ t( 1, i ), 1 )
280  t( i, i ) = tau( i )
281 *
282  10 CONTINUE
283  a( k+nb, nb ) = ei
284 *
285  RETURN
286 *
287 * End of ZLAHRD
288 *
289  END
subroutine zaxpy(N, ZA, ZX, INCX, ZY, INCY)
ZAXPY
Definition: zaxpy.f:88
subroutine zscal(N, ZA, ZX, INCX)
ZSCAL
Definition: zscal.f:78
subroutine zcopy(N, ZX, INCX, ZY, INCY)
ZCOPY
Definition: zcopy.f:81
subroutine ztrmv(UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, A, LDA, X, INCX)
ZTRMV
Definition: ztrmv.f:147
subroutine zgemv(TRANS, M, N, ALPHA, A, LDA, X, INCX, BETA, Y, INCY)
ZGEMV
Definition: zgemv.f:158
subroutine zlahrd(N, K, NB, A, LDA, TAU, T, LDT, Y, LDY)
ZLAHRD reduces the first nb columns of a general rectangular matrix A so that elements below the k-th...
Definition: zlahrd.f:167
subroutine zlacgv(N, X, INCX)
ZLACGV conjugates a complex vector.
Definition: zlacgv.f:74
subroutine zlarfg(N, ALPHA, X, INCX, TAU)
ZLARFG generates an elementary reflector (Householder matrix).
Definition: zlarfg.f:106