LAPACK  3.4.2 LAPACK: Linear Algebra PACKage
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## Functions/Subroutines

subroutine sgbsv (N, KL, KU, NRHS, AB, LDAB, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO)
SGBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for GB matrices (simple driver)
subroutine sgbsvx (FACT, TRANS, N, KL, KU, NRHS, AB, LDAB, AFB, LDAFB, IPIV, EQUED, R, C, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, FERR, BERR, WORK, IWORK, INFO)
SGBSVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for GB matrices
subroutine sgbsvxx (FACT, TRANS, N, KL, KU, NRHS, AB, LDAB, AFB, LDAFB, IPIV, EQUED, R, C, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, RPVGRW, BERR, N_ERR_BNDS, ERR_BNDS_NORM, ERR_BNDS_COMP, NPARAMS, PARAMS, WORK, IWORK, INFO)
SGBSVXX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for GB matrices

## Detailed Description

This is the group of real solve driver functions for GB matrices

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

 subroutine sgbsv ( integer N, integer KL, integer KU, integer NRHS, real, dimension( ldab, * ) AB, integer LDAB, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, real, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, integer INFO )

SGBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for GB matrices (simple driver)

Purpose:
``` SGBSV computes the solution to a real system of linear equations
A * X = B, where A is a band matrix of order N with KL subdiagonals
and KU superdiagonals, and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices.

The LU decomposition with partial pivoting and row interchanges is
used to factor A as A = L * U, where L is a product of permutation
and unit lower triangular matrices with KL subdiagonals, and U is
upper triangular with KL+KU superdiagonals.  The factored form of A
is then used to solve the system of equations A * X = B.```
Parameters:
 [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.``` [in] KL ``` KL is INTEGER The number of subdiagonals within the band of A. KL >= 0.``` [in] KU ``` KU is INTEGER The number of superdiagonals within the band of A. KU >= 0.``` [in] NRHS ``` NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.``` [in,out] AB ``` AB is REAL array, dimension (LDAB,N) On entry, the matrix A in band storage, in rows KL+1 to 2*KL+KU+1; rows 1 to KL of the array need not be set. The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows: AB(KL+KU+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KU)<=i<=min(N,j+KL) On exit, details of the factorization: U is stored as an upper triangular band matrix with KL+KU superdiagonals in rows 1 to KL+KU+1, and the multipliers used during the factorization are stored in rows KL+KU+2 to 2*KL+KU+1. See below for further details.``` [in] LDAB ``` LDAB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= 2*KL+KU+1.``` [out] IPIV ``` IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) The pivot indices that define the permutation matrix P; row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i).``` [in,out] B ``` B is REAL array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.``` [in] LDB ``` LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).``` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, U(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization has been completed, but the factor U is exactly singular, and the solution has not been computed.```
Date:
November 2011
Further Details:
```  The band storage scheme is illustrated by the following example, when
M = N = 6, KL = 2, KU = 1:

On entry:                       On exit:

*    *    *    +    +    +       *    *    *   u14  u25  u36
*    *    +    +    +    +       *    *   u13  u24  u35  u46
*   a12  a23  a34  a45  a56      *   u12  u23  u34  u45  u56
a11  a22  a33  a44  a55  a66     u11  u22  u33  u44  u55  u66
a21  a32  a43  a54  a65   *      m21  m32  m43  m54  m65   *
a31  a42  a53  a64   *    *      m31  m42  m53  m64   *    *

Array elements marked * are not used by the routine; elements marked
+ need not be set on entry, but are required by the routine to store
elements of U because of fill-in resulting from the row interchanges.```

Definition at line 163 of file sgbsv.f.

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 subroutine sgbsvx ( character FACT, character TRANS, integer N, integer KL, integer KU, integer NRHS, real, dimension( ldab, * ) AB, integer LDAB, real, dimension( ldafb, * ) AFB, integer LDAFB, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, character EQUED, real, dimension( * ) R, real, dimension( * ) C, real, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, real, dimension( ldx, * ) X, integer LDX, real RCOND, real, dimension( * ) FERR, real, dimension( * ) BERR, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer INFO )

SGBSVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for GB matrices

Purpose:
``` SGBSVX uses the LU factorization to compute the solution to a real
system of linear equations A * X = B, A**T * X = B, or A**H * X = B,
where A is a band matrix of order N with KL subdiagonals and KU
superdiagonals, and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices.

Error bounds on the solution and a condition estimate are also
provided.```
Description:
``` The following steps are performed by this subroutine:

1. If FACT = 'E', real scaling factors are computed to equilibrate
the system:
TRANS = 'N':  diag(R)*A*diag(C)     *inv(diag(C))*X = diag(R)*B
TRANS = 'T': (diag(R)*A*diag(C))**T *inv(diag(R))*X = diag(C)*B
TRANS = 'C': (diag(R)*A*diag(C))**H *inv(diag(R))*X = diag(C)*B
Whether or not the system will be equilibrated depends on the
scaling of the matrix A, but if equilibration is used, A is
overwritten by diag(R)*A*diag(C) and B by diag(R)*B (if TRANS='N')
or diag(C)*B (if TRANS = 'T' or 'C').

2. If FACT = 'N' or 'E', the LU decomposition is used to factor the
matrix A (after equilibration if FACT = 'E') as
A = L * U,
where L is a product of permutation and unit lower triangular
matrices with KL subdiagonals, and U is upper triangular with
KL+KU superdiagonals.

3. If some U(i,i)=0, so that U is exactly singular, then the routine
returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored form of A is used
to estimate the condition number of the matrix A.  If the
reciprocal of the condition number is less than machine precision,
INFO = N+1 is returned as a warning, but the routine still goes on
to solve for X and compute error bounds as described below.

4. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form
of A.

5. Iterative refinement is applied to improve the computed solution
matrix and calculate error bounds and backward error estimates
for it.

6. If equilibration was used, the matrix X is premultiplied by
diag(C) (if TRANS = 'N') or diag(R) (if TRANS = 'T' or 'C') so
that it solves the original system before equilibration.```
Parameters:
 [in] FACT ``` FACT is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether or not the factored form of the matrix A is supplied on entry, and if not, whether the matrix A should be equilibrated before it is factored. = 'F': On entry, AFB and IPIV contain the factored form of A. If EQUED is not 'N', the matrix A has been equilibrated with scaling factors given by R and C. AB, AFB, and IPIV are not modified. = 'N': The matrix A will be copied to AFB and factored. = 'E': The matrix A will be equilibrated if necessary, then copied to AFB and factored.``` [in] TRANS ``` TRANS is CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations. = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Transpose)``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.``` [in] KL ``` KL is INTEGER The number of subdiagonals within the band of A. KL >= 0.``` [in] KU ``` KU is INTEGER The number of superdiagonals within the band of A. KU >= 0.``` [in] NRHS ``` NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.``` [in,out] AB ``` AB is REAL array, dimension (LDAB,N) On entry, the matrix A in band storage, in rows 1 to KL+KU+1. The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows: AB(KU+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KU)<=i<=min(N,j+kl) If FACT = 'F' and EQUED is not 'N', then A must have been equilibrated by the scaling factors in R and/or C. AB is not modified if FACT = 'F' or 'N', or if FACT = 'E' and EQUED = 'N' on exit. On exit, if EQUED .ne. 'N', A is scaled as follows: EQUED = 'R': A := diag(R) * A EQUED = 'C': A := A * diag(C) EQUED = 'B': A := diag(R) * A * diag(C).``` [in] LDAB ``` LDAB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= KL+KU+1.``` [in,out] AFB ``` AFB is REAL array, dimension (LDAFB,N) If FACT = 'F', then AFB is an input argument and on entry contains details of the LU factorization of the band matrix A, as computed by SGBTRF. U is stored as an upper triangular band matrix with KL+KU superdiagonals in rows 1 to KL+KU+1, and the multipliers used during the factorization are stored in rows KL+KU+2 to 2*KL+KU+1. If EQUED .ne. 'N', then AFB is the factored form of the equilibrated matrix A. If FACT = 'N', then AFB is an output argument and on exit returns details of the LU factorization of A. If FACT = 'E', then AFB is an output argument and on exit returns details of the LU factorization of the equilibrated matrix A (see the description of AB for the form of the equilibrated matrix).``` [in] LDAFB ``` LDAFB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AFB. LDAFB >= 2*KL+KU+1.``` [in,out] IPIV ``` IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) If FACT = 'F', then IPIV is an input argument and on entry contains the pivot indices from the factorization A = L*U as computed by SGBTRF; row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). If FACT = 'N', then IPIV is an output argument and on exit contains the pivot indices from the factorization A = L*U of the original matrix A. If FACT = 'E', then IPIV is an output argument and on exit contains the pivot indices from the factorization A = L*U of the equilibrated matrix A.``` [in,out] EQUED ``` EQUED is CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of equilibration that was done. = 'N': No equilibration (always true if FACT = 'N'). = 'R': Row equilibration, i.e., A has been premultiplied by diag(R). = 'C': Column equilibration, i.e., A has been postmultiplied by diag(C). = 'B': Both row and column equilibration, i.e., A has been replaced by diag(R) * A * diag(C). EQUED is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, it is an output argument.``` [in,out] R ``` R is REAL array, dimension (N) The row scale factors for A. If EQUED = 'R' or 'B', A is multiplied on the left by diag(R); if EQUED = 'N' or 'C', R is not accessed. R is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, R is an output argument. If FACT = 'F' and EQUED = 'R' or 'B', each element of R must be positive.``` [in,out] C ``` C is REAL array, dimension (N) The column scale factors for A. If EQUED = 'C' or 'B', A is multiplied on the right by diag(C); if EQUED = 'N' or 'R', C is not accessed. C is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, C is an output argument. If FACT = 'F' and EQUED = 'C' or 'B', each element of C must be positive.``` [in,out] B ``` B is REAL array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the right hand side matrix B. On exit, if EQUED = 'N', B is not modified; if TRANS = 'N' and EQUED = 'R' or 'B', B is overwritten by diag(R)*B; if TRANS = 'T' or 'C' and EQUED = 'C' or 'B', B is overwritten by diag(C)*B.``` [in] LDB ``` LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).``` [out] X ``` X is REAL array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) If INFO = 0 or INFO = N+1, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X to the original system of equations. Note that A and B are modified on exit if EQUED .ne. 'N', and the solution to the equilibrated system is inv(diag(C))*X if TRANS = 'N' and EQUED = 'C' or 'B', or inv(diag(R))*X if TRANS = 'T' or 'C' and EQUED = 'R' or 'B'.``` [in] LDX ``` LDX is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).``` [out] RCOND ``` RCOND is REAL The estimate of the reciprocal condition number of the matrix A after equilibration (if done). If RCOND is less than the machine precision (in particular, if RCOND = 0), the matrix is singular to working precision. This condition is indicated by a return code of INFO > 0.``` [out] FERR ``` FERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error.``` [out] BERR ``` BERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is REAL array, dimension (3*N) On exit, WORK(1) contains the reciprocal pivot growth factor norm(A)/norm(U). The "max absolute element" norm is used. If WORK(1) is much less than 1, then the stability of the LU factorization of the (equilibrated) matrix A could be poor. This also means that the solution X, condition estimator RCOND, and forward error bound FERR could be unreliable. If factorization fails with 0 0: if INFO = i, and i is <= N: U(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization has been completed, but the factor U is exactly singular, so the solution and error bounds could not be computed. RCOND = 0 is returned. = N+1: U is nonsingular, but RCOND is less than machine precision, meaning that the matrix is singular to working precision. Nevertheless, the solution and error bounds are computed because there are a number of situations where the computed solution can be more accurate than the```
Date:
April 2012

Definition at line 367 of file sgbsvx.f.

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 subroutine sgbsvxx ( character FACT, character TRANS, integer N, integer KL, integer KU, integer NRHS, real, dimension( ldab, * ) AB, integer LDAB, real, dimension( ldafb, * ) AFB, integer LDAFB, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, character EQUED, real, dimension( * ) R, real, dimension( * ) C, real, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, real, dimension( ldx , * ) X, integer LDX, real RCOND, real RPVGRW, real, dimension( * ) BERR, integer N_ERR_BNDS, real, dimension( nrhs, * ) ERR_BNDS_NORM, real, dimension( nrhs, * ) ERR_BNDS_COMP, integer NPARAMS, real, dimension( * ) PARAMS, real, dimension( * ) WORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer INFO )

SGBSVXX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for GB matrices

Purpose:
```    SGBSVXX uses the LU factorization to compute the solution to a
real system of linear equations  A * X = B,  where A is an
N-by-N matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices.

If requested, both normwise and maximum componentwise error bounds
are returned. SGBSVXX will return a solution with a tiny
guaranteed error (O(eps) where eps is the working machine
precision) unless the matrix is very ill-conditioned, in which
case a warning is returned. Relevant condition numbers also are
calculated and returned.

SGBSVXX accepts user-provided factorizations and equilibration
factors; see the definitions of the FACT and EQUED options.
Solving with refinement and using a factorization from a previous
SGBSVXX call will also produce a solution with either O(eps)
errors or warnings, but we cannot make that claim for general
user-provided factorizations and equilibration factors if they
differ from what SGBSVXX would itself produce.```
Description:
```    The following steps are performed:

1. If FACT = 'E', real scaling factors are computed to equilibrate
the system:

TRANS = 'N':  diag(R)*A*diag(C)     *inv(diag(C))*X = diag(R)*B
TRANS = 'T': (diag(R)*A*diag(C))**T *inv(diag(R))*X = diag(C)*B
TRANS = 'C': (diag(R)*A*diag(C))**H *inv(diag(R))*X = diag(C)*B

Whether or not the system will be equilibrated depends on the
scaling of the matrix A, but if equilibration is used, A is
overwritten by diag(R)*A*diag(C) and B by diag(R)*B (if TRANS='N')
or diag(C)*B (if TRANS = 'T' or 'C').

2. If FACT = 'N' or 'E', the LU decomposition is used to factor
the matrix A (after equilibration if FACT = 'E') as

A = P * L * U,

where P is a permutation matrix, L is a unit lower triangular
matrix, and U is upper triangular.

3. If some U(i,i)=0, so that U is exactly singular, then the
routine returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored form of A
is used to estimate the condition number of the matrix A (see
argument RCOND). If the reciprocal of the condition number is less
than machine precision, the routine still goes on to solve for X
and compute error bounds as described below.

4. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form
of A.

5. By default (unless PARAMS(LA_LINRX_ITREF_I) is set to zero),
the routine will use iterative refinement to try to get a small
error and error bounds.  Refinement calculates the residual to at
least twice the working precision.

6. If equilibration was used, the matrix X is premultiplied by
diag(C) (if TRANS = 'N') or diag(R) (if TRANS = 'T' or 'C') so
that it solves the original system before equilibration.```
```     Some optional parameters are bundled in the PARAMS array.  These
settings determine how refinement is performed, but often the
defaults are acceptable.  If the defaults are acceptable, users
can pass NPARAMS = 0 which prevents the source code from accessing
the PARAMS argument.```
Parameters:
 [in] FACT ``` FACT is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether or not the factored form of the matrix A is supplied on entry, and if not, whether the matrix A should be equilibrated before it is factored. = 'F': On entry, AF and IPIV contain the factored form of A. If EQUED is not 'N', the matrix A has been equilibrated with scaling factors given by R and C. A, AF, and IPIV are not modified. = 'N': The matrix A will be copied to AF and factored. = 'E': The matrix A will be equilibrated if necessary, then copied to AF and factored.``` [in] TRANS ``` TRANS is CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations: = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate Transpose = Transpose)``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.``` [in] KL ``` KL is INTEGER The number of subdiagonals within the band of A. KL >= 0.``` [in] KU ``` KU is INTEGER The number of superdiagonals within the band of A. KU >= 0.``` [in] NRHS ``` NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.``` [in,out] AB ``` AB is REAL array, dimension (LDAB,N) On entry, the matrix A in band storage, in rows 1 to KL+KU+1. The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows: AB(KU+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KU)<=i<=min(N,j+kl) If FACT = 'F' and EQUED is not 'N', then AB must have been equilibrated by the scaling factors in R and/or C. AB is not modified if FACT = 'F' or 'N', or if FACT = 'E' and EQUED = 'N' on exit. On exit, if EQUED .ne. 'N', A is scaled as follows: EQUED = 'R': A := diag(R) * A EQUED = 'C': A := A * diag(C) EQUED = 'B': A := diag(R) * A * diag(C).``` [in] LDAB ``` LDAB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= KL+KU+1.``` [in,out] AFB ``` AFB is REAL array, dimension (LDAFB,N) If FACT = 'F', then AFB is an input argument and on entry contains details of the LU factorization of the band matrix A, as computed by SGBTRF. U is stored as an upper triangular band matrix with KL+KU superdiagonals in rows 1 to KL+KU+1, and the multipliers used during the factorization are stored in rows KL+KU+2 to 2*KL+KU+1. If EQUED .ne. 'N', then AFB is the factored form of the equilibrated matrix A. If FACT = 'N', then AF is an output argument and on exit returns the factors L and U from the factorization A = P*L*U of the original matrix A. If FACT = 'E', then AF is an output argument and on exit returns the factors L and U from the factorization A = P*L*U of the equilibrated matrix A (see the description of A for the form of the equilibrated matrix).``` [in] LDAFB ``` LDAFB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AFB. LDAFB >= 2*KL+KU+1.``` [in,out] IPIV ``` IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) If FACT = 'F', then IPIV is an input argument and on entry contains the pivot indices from the factorization A = P*L*U as computed by SGETRF; row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). If FACT = 'N', then IPIV is an output argument and on exit contains the pivot indices from the factorization A = P*L*U of the original matrix A. If FACT = 'E', then IPIV is an output argument and on exit contains the pivot indices from the factorization A = P*L*U of the equilibrated matrix A.``` [in,out] EQUED ``` EQUED is CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of equilibration that was done. = 'N': No equilibration (always true if FACT = 'N'). = 'R': Row equilibration, i.e., A has been premultiplied by diag(R). = 'C': Column equilibration, i.e., A has been postmultiplied by diag(C). = 'B': Both row and column equilibration, i.e., A has been replaced by diag(R) * A * diag(C). EQUED is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, it is an output argument.``` [in,out] R ``` R is REAL array, dimension (N) The row scale factors for A. If EQUED = 'R' or 'B', A is multiplied on the left by diag(R); if EQUED = 'N' or 'C', R is not accessed. R is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, R is an output argument. If FACT = 'F' and EQUED = 'R' or 'B', each element of R must be positive. If R is output, each element of R is a power of the radix. If R is input, each element of R should be a power of the radix to ensure a reliable solution and error estimates. Scaling by powers of the radix does not cause rounding errors unless the result underflows or overflows. Rounding errors during scaling lead to refining with a matrix that is not equivalent to the input matrix, producing error estimates that may not be reliable.``` [in,out] C ``` C is REAL array, dimension (N) The column scale factors for A. If EQUED = 'C' or 'B', A is multiplied on the right by diag(C); if EQUED = 'N' or 'R', C is not accessed. C is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, C is an output argument. If FACT = 'F' and EQUED = 'C' or 'B', each element of C must be positive. If C is output, each element of C is a power of the radix. If C is input, each element of C should be a power of the radix to ensure a reliable solution and error estimates. Scaling by powers of the radix does not cause rounding errors unless the result underflows or overflows. Rounding errors during scaling lead to refining with a matrix that is not equivalent to the input matrix, producing error estimates that may not be reliable.``` [in,out] B ``` B is REAL array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. On exit, if EQUED = 'N', B is not modified; if TRANS = 'N' and EQUED = 'R' or 'B', B is overwritten by diag(R)*B; if TRANS = 'T' or 'C' and EQUED = 'C' or 'B', B is overwritten by diag(C)*B.``` [in] LDB ``` LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).``` [out] X ``` X is REAL array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) If INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X to the original system of equations. Note that A and B are modified on exit if EQUED .ne. 'N', and the solution to the equilibrated system is inv(diag(C))*X if TRANS = 'N' and EQUED = 'C' or 'B', or inv(diag(R))*X if TRANS = 'T' or 'C' and EQUED = 'R' or 'B'.``` [in] LDX ``` LDX is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).``` [out] RCOND ``` RCOND is REAL Reciprocal scaled condition number. This is an estimate of the reciprocal Skeel condition number of the matrix A after equilibration (if done). If this is less than the machine precision (in particular, if it is zero), the matrix is singular to working precision. Note that the error may still be small even if this number is very small and the matrix appears ill- conditioned.``` [out] RPVGRW ``` RPVGRW is REAL Reciprocal pivot growth. On exit, this contains the reciprocal pivot growth factor norm(A)/norm(U). The "max absolute element" norm is used. If this is much less than 1, then the stability of the LU factorization of the (equilibrated) matrix A could be poor. This also means that the solution X, estimated condition numbers, and error bounds could be unreliable. If factorization fails with 0 0 and <= N: U(INFO,INFO) is exactly zero. The factorization has been completed, but the factor U is exactly singular, so the solution and error bounds could not be computed. RCOND = 0 is returned. = N+J: The solution corresponding to the Jth right-hand side is not guaranteed. The solutions corresponding to other right- hand sides K with K > J may not be guaranteed as well, but only the first such right-hand side is reported. If a small componentwise error is not requested (PARAMS(3) = 0.0) then the Jth right-hand side is the first with a normwise error bound that is not guaranteed (the smallest J such that ERR_BNDS_NORM(J,1) = 0.0). By default (PARAMS(3) = 1.0) the Jth right-hand side is the first with either a normwise or componentwise error bound that is not guaranteed (the smallest J such that either ERR_BNDS_NORM(J,1) = 0.0 or ERR_BNDS_COMP(J,1) = 0.0). See the definition of ERR_BNDS_NORM(:,1) and ERR_BNDS_COMP(:,1). To get information about all of the right-hand sides check ERR_BNDS_NORM or ERR_BNDS_COMP.```
Date:
April 2012

Definition at line 560 of file sgbsvxx.f.

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