```      SUBROUTINE ZHETRD( UPLO, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAU, WORK, LWORK, INFO )
*
*  -- LAPACK routine (version 3.1) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd..
*     November 2006
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
CHARACTER          UPLO
INTEGER            INFO, LDA, LWORK, N
*     ..
*     .. Array Arguments ..
DOUBLE PRECISION   D( * ), E( * )
COMPLEX*16         A( LDA, * ), TAU( * ), WORK( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  ZHETRD reduces a complex Hermitian matrix A to real symmetric
*  tridiagonal form T by a unitary similarity transformation:
*  Q**H * A * Q = T.
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  UPLO    (input) CHARACTER*1
*          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
*          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.
*
*  N       (input) INTEGER
*          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.
*
*  A       (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
*          On entry, the Hermitian matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
*          N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper
*          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
*          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
*          leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower
*          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
*          triangular part of A is not referenced.
*          On exit, if UPLO = 'U', the diagonal and first superdiagonal
*          of A are overwritten by the corresponding elements of the
*          tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements above the first
*          superdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary
*          matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; if UPLO
*          = 'L', the diagonal and first subdiagonal of A are over-
*          written by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal
*          matrix T, and the elements below the first subdiagonal, with
*          the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product
*          of elementary reflectors. See Further Details.
*
*  LDA     (input) INTEGER
*          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).
*
*  D       (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
*          The diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T:
*          D(i) = A(i,i).
*
*  E       (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N-1)
*          The off-diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T:
*          E(i) = A(i,i+1) if UPLO = 'U', E(i) = A(i+1,i) if UPLO = 'L'.
*
*  TAU     (output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N-1)
*          The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors (see Further
*          Details).
*
*  WORK    (workspace/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
*          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.
*
*  LWORK   (input) INTEGER
*          The dimension of the array WORK.  LWORK >= 1.
*          For optimum performance LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the
*          optimal blocksize.
*
*          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
*          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
*          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
*          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.
*
*  INFO    (output) INTEGER
*          = 0:  successful exit
*          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
*
*  Further Details
*  ===============
*
*  If UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary
*  reflectors
*
*     Q = H(n-1) . . . H(2) H(1).
*
*  Each H(i) has the form
*
*     H(i) = I - tau * v * v'
*
*  where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with
*  v(i+1:n) = 0 and v(i) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in
*  A(1:i-1,i+1), and tau in TAU(i).
*
*  If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary
*  reflectors
*
*     Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n-1).
*
*  Each H(i) has the form
*
*     H(i) = I - tau * v * v'
*
*  where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with
*  v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+2:n) is stored on exit in A(i+2:n,i),
*  and tau in TAU(i).
*
*  The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples
*  with n = 5:
*
*  if UPLO = 'U':                       if UPLO = 'L':
*
*    (  d   e   v2  v3  v4 )              (  d                  )
*    (      d   e   v3  v4 )              (  e   d              )
*    (          d   e   v4 )              (  v1  e   d          )
*    (              d   e  )              (  v1  v2  e   d      )
*    (                  d  )              (  v1  v2  v3  e   d  )
*
*  where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of T, and vi
*  denotes an element of the vector defining H(i).
*
*  =====================================================================
*
*     .. Parameters ..
DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE
PARAMETER          ( ONE = 1.0D+0 )
COMPLEX*16         CONE
PARAMETER          ( CONE = ( 1.0D+0, 0.0D+0 ) )
*     ..
*     .. Local Scalars ..
LOGICAL            LQUERY, UPPER
INTEGER            I, IINFO, IWS, J, KK, LDWORK, LWKOPT, NB,
\$                   NBMIN, NX
*     ..
*     .. External Subroutines ..
EXTERNAL           XERBLA, ZHER2K, ZHETD2, ZLATRD
*     ..
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
INTRINSIC          MAX
*     ..
*     .. External Functions ..
LOGICAL            LSAME
INTEGER            ILAENV
EXTERNAL           LSAME, ILAENV
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters
*
INFO = 0
UPPER = LSAME( UPLO, 'U' )
LQUERY = ( LWORK.EQ.-1 )
IF( .NOT.UPPER .AND. .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' ) ) THEN
INFO = -1
ELSE IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN
INFO = -2
ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, N ) ) THEN
INFO = -4
ELSE IF( LWORK.LT.1 .AND. .NOT.LQUERY ) THEN
INFO = -9
END IF
*
IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN
*
*        Determine the block size.
*
NB = ILAENV( 1, 'ZHETRD', UPLO, N, -1, -1, -1 )
LWKOPT = N*NB
WORK( 1 ) = LWKOPT
END IF
*
IF( INFO.NE.0 ) THEN
CALL XERBLA( 'ZHETRD', -INFO )
RETURN
ELSE IF( LQUERY ) THEN
RETURN
END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible
*
IF( N.EQ.0 ) THEN
WORK( 1 ) = 1
RETURN
END IF
*
NX = N
IWS = 1
IF( NB.GT.1 .AND. NB.LT.N ) THEN
*
*        Determine when to cross over from blocked to unblocked code
*        (last block is always handled by unblocked code).
*
NX = MAX( NB, ILAENV( 3, 'ZHETRD', UPLO, N, -1, -1, -1 ) )
IF( NX.LT.N ) THEN
*
*           Determine if workspace is large enough for blocked code.
*
LDWORK = N
IWS = LDWORK*NB
IF( LWORK.LT.IWS ) THEN
*
*              Not enough workspace to use optimal NB:  determine the
*              minimum value of NB, and reduce NB or force use of
*              unblocked code by setting NX = N.
*
NB = MAX( LWORK / LDWORK, 1 )
NBMIN = ILAENV( 2, 'ZHETRD', UPLO, N, -1, -1, -1 )
IF( NB.LT.NBMIN )
\$            NX = N
END IF
ELSE
NX = N
END IF
ELSE
NB = 1
END IF
*
IF( UPPER ) THEN
*
*        Reduce the upper triangle of A.
*        Columns 1:kk are handled by the unblocked method.
*
KK = N - ( ( N-NX+NB-1 ) / NB )*NB
DO 20 I = N - NB + 1, KK + 1, -NB
*
*           Reduce columns i:i+nb-1 to tridiagonal form and form the
*           matrix W which is needed to update the unreduced part of
*           the matrix
*
CALL ZLATRD( UPLO, I+NB-1, NB, A, LDA, E, TAU, WORK,
\$                   LDWORK )
*
*           Update the unreduced submatrix A(1:i-1,1:i-1), using an
*           update of the form:  A := A - V*W' - W*V'
*
CALL ZHER2K( UPLO, 'No transpose', I-1, NB, -CONE,
\$                   A( 1, I ), LDA, WORK, LDWORK, ONE, A, LDA )
*
*           Copy superdiagonal elements back into A, and diagonal
*           elements into D
*
DO 10 J = I, I + NB - 1
A( J-1, J ) = E( J-1 )
D( J ) = A( J, J )
10       CONTINUE
20    CONTINUE
*
*        Use unblocked code to reduce the last or only block
*
CALL ZHETD2( UPLO, KK, A, LDA, D, E, TAU, IINFO )
ELSE
*
*        Reduce the lower triangle of A
*
DO 40 I = 1, N - NX, NB
*
*           Reduce columns i:i+nb-1 to tridiagonal form and form the
*           matrix W which is needed to update the unreduced part of
*           the matrix
*
CALL ZLATRD( UPLO, N-I+1, NB, A( I, I ), LDA, E( I ),
\$                   TAU( I ), WORK, LDWORK )
*
*           Update the unreduced submatrix A(i+nb:n,i+nb:n), using
*           an update of the form:  A := A - V*W' - W*V'
*
CALL ZHER2K( UPLO, 'No transpose', N-I-NB+1, NB, -CONE,
\$                   A( I+NB, I ), LDA, WORK( NB+1 ), LDWORK, ONE,
\$                   A( I+NB, I+NB ), LDA )
*
*           Copy subdiagonal elements back into A, and diagonal
*           elements into D
*
DO 30 J = I, I + NB - 1
A( J+1, J ) = E( J )
D( J ) = A( J, J )
30       CONTINUE
40    CONTINUE
*
*        Use unblocked code to reduce the last or only block
*
CALL ZHETD2( UPLO, N-I+1, A( I, I ), LDA, D( I ), E( I ),
\$                TAU( I ), IINFO )
END IF
*
WORK( 1 ) = LWKOPT
RETURN
*
*     End of ZHETRD
*
END

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