SUBROUTINE CHETRD( UPLO, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAU, WORK, LWORK, INFO ) * * -- LAPACK routine (version 3.1) -- * Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd.. * November 2006 * * .. Scalar Arguments .. CHARACTER UPLO INTEGER INFO, LDA, LWORK, N * .. * .. Array Arguments .. REAL D( * ), E( * ) COMPLEX A( LDA, * ), TAU( * ), WORK( * ) * .. * * Purpose * ======= * * CHETRD reduces a complex Hermitian matrix A to real symmetric * tridiagonal form T by a unitary similarity transformation: * Q**H * A * Q = T. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the Hermitian matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading * N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower * triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the * leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower * triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper * triangular part of A is not referenced. * On exit, if UPLO = 'U', the diagonal and first superdiagonal * of A are overwritten by the corresponding elements of the * tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements above the first * superdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary * matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; if UPLO * = 'L', the diagonal and first subdiagonal of A are over- * written by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal * matrix T, and the elements below the first subdiagonal, with * the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product * of elementary reflectors. See Further Details. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * D (output) REAL array, dimension (N) * The diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: * D(i) = A(i,i). * * E (output) REAL array, dimension (N-1) * The off-diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: * E(i) = A(i,i+1) if UPLO = 'U', E(i) = A(i+1,i) if UPLO = 'L'. * * TAU (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) * The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors (see Further * Details). * * WORK (workspace/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= 1. * For optimum performance LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the * optimal blocksize. * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns * this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error * message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * * Further Details * =============== * * If UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary * reflectors * * Q = H(n-1) . . . H(2) H(1). * * Each H(i) has the form * * H(i) = I - tau * v * v' * * where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with * v(i+1:n) = 0 and v(i) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in * A(1:i-1,i+1), and tau in TAU(i). * * If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary * reflectors * * Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n-1). * * Each H(i) has the form * * H(i) = I - tau * v * v' * * where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with * v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+2:n) is stored on exit in A(i+2:n,i), * and tau in TAU(i). * * The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples * with n = 5: * * if UPLO = 'U': if UPLO = 'L': * * ( d e v2 v3 v4 ) ( d ) * ( d e v3 v4 ) ( e d ) * ( d e v4 ) ( v1 e d ) * ( d e ) ( v1 v2 e d ) * ( d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d ) * * where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of T, and vi * denotes an element of the vector defining H(i). * * ===================================================================== * * .. Parameters .. REAL ONE PARAMETER ( ONE = 1.0E+0 ) COMPLEX CONE PARAMETER ( CONE = ( 1.0E+0, 0.0E+0 ) ) * .. * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL LQUERY, UPPER INTEGER I, IINFO, IWS, J, KK, LDWORK, LWKOPT, NB, $ NBMIN, NX * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL CHER2K, CHETD2, CLATRD, XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MAX * .. * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME INTEGER ILAENV EXTERNAL LSAME, ILAENV * .. * .. Executable Statements .. * * Test the input parameters * INFO = 0 UPPER = LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) LQUERY = ( LWORK.EQ.-1 ) IF( .NOT.UPPER .AND. .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' ) ) THEN INFO = -1 ELSE IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -2 ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, N ) ) THEN INFO = -4 ELSE IF( LWORK.LT.1 .AND. .NOT.LQUERY ) THEN INFO = -9 END IF * IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN * * Determine the block size. * NB = ILAENV( 1, 'CHETRD', UPLO, N, -1, -1, -1 ) LWKOPT = N*NB WORK( 1 ) = LWKOPT END IF * IF( INFO.NE.0 ) THEN CALL XERBLA( 'CHETRD', -INFO ) RETURN ELSE IF( LQUERY ) THEN RETURN END IF * * Quick return if possible * IF( N.EQ.0 ) THEN WORK( 1 ) = 1 RETURN END IF * NX = N IWS = 1 IF( NB.GT.1 .AND. NB.LT.N ) THEN * * Determine when to cross over from blocked to unblocked code * (last block is always handled by unblocked code). * NX = MAX( NB, ILAENV( 3, 'CHETRD', UPLO, N, -1, -1, -1 ) ) IF( NX.LT.N ) THEN * * Determine if workspace is large enough for blocked code. * LDWORK = N IWS = LDWORK*NB IF( LWORK.LT.IWS ) THEN * * Not enough workspace to use optimal NB: determine the * minimum value of NB, and reduce NB or force use of * unblocked code by setting NX = N. * NB = MAX( LWORK / LDWORK, 1 ) NBMIN = ILAENV( 2, 'CHETRD', UPLO, N, -1, -1, -1 ) IF( NB.LT.NBMIN ) $ NX = N END IF ELSE NX = N END IF ELSE NB = 1 END IF * IF( UPPER ) THEN * * Reduce the upper triangle of A. * Columns 1:kk are handled by the unblocked method. * KK = N - ( ( N-NX+NB-1 ) / NB )*NB DO 20 I = N - NB + 1, KK + 1, -NB * * Reduce columns i:i+nb-1 to tridiagonal form and form the * matrix W which is needed to update the unreduced part of * the matrix * CALL CLATRD( UPLO, I+NB-1, NB, A, LDA, E, TAU, WORK, $ LDWORK ) * * Update the unreduced submatrix A(1:i-1,1:i-1), using an * update of the form: A := A - V*W' - W*V' * CALL CHER2K( UPLO, 'No transpose', I-1, NB, -CONE, $ A( 1, I ), LDA, WORK, LDWORK, ONE, A, LDA ) * * Copy superdiagonal elements back into A, and diagonal * elements into D * DO 10 J = I, I + NB - 1 A( J-1, J ) = E( J-1 ) D( J ) = A( J, J ) 10 CONTINUE 20 CONTINUE * * Use unblocked code to reduce the last or only block * CALL CHETD2( UPLO, KK, A, LDA, D, E, TAU, IINFO ) ELSE * * Reduce the lower triangle of A * DO 40 I = 1, N - NX, NB * * Reduce columns i:i+nb-1 to tridiagonal form and form the * matrix W which is needed to update the unreduced part of * the matrix * CALL CLATRD( UPLO, N-I+1, NB, A( I, I ), LDA, E( I ), $ TAU( I ), WORK, LDWORK ) * * Update the unreduced submatrix A(i+nb:n,i+nb:n), using * an update of the form: A := A - V*W' - W*V' * CALL CHER2K( UPLO, 'No transpose', N-I-NB+1, NB, -CONE, $ A( I+NB, I ), LDA, WORK( NB+1 ), LDWORK, ONE, $ A( I+NB, I+NB ), LDA ) * * Copy subdiagonal elements back into A, and diagonal * elements into D * DO 30 J = I, I + NB - 1 A( J+1, J ) = E( J ) D( J ) = A( J, J ) 30 CONTINUE 40 CONTINUE * * Use unblocked code to reduce the last or only block * CALL CHETD2( UPLO, N-I+1, A( I, I ), LDA, D( I ), E( I ), $ TAU( I ), IINFO ) END IF * WORK( 1 ) = LWKOPT RETURN * * End of CHETRD * END