Iterative methods that can be expressed in the simple form

(where neither nor depend upon the iteration count ) are
called *stationary* iterative methods.
In this section, we present the four main stationary iterative
methods: the *Jacobi method*, the *Gauss-Seidel method*, the *Successive
Overrelaxation
(SOR) method* and
the *Symmetric Successive Overrelaxation
(SSOR) method*.
In each case,
we summarize their convergence behavior and their effectiveness, and
discuss how and when they should be used. Finally,
in §, we give some historical background and
further notes and references.

- The Jacobi Method
- The Gauss-Seidel Method
- The Successive Overrelaxation Method
- The Symmetric Successive Overrelaxation Method
- Notes and References

Mon Nov 20 08:52:54 EST 1995