```      SUBROUTINE ZLARFG( N, ALPHA, X, INCX, TAU )
*
*  -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.1) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd..
*     November 2006
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
INTEGER            INCX, N
COMPLEX*16         ALPHA, TAU
*     ..
*     .. Array Arguments ..
COMPLEX*16         X( * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  ZLARFG generates a complex elementary reflector H of order n, such
*  that
*
*        H' * ( alpha ) = ( beta ),   H' * H = I.
*             (   x   )   (   0  )
*
*  where alpha and beta are scalars, with beta real, and x is an
*  (n-1)-element complex vector. H is represented in the form
*
*        H = I - tau * ( 1 ) * ( 1 v' ) ,
*                      ( v )
*
*  where tau is a complex scalar and v is a complex (n-1)-element
*  vector. Note that H is not hermitian.
*
*  If the elements of x are all zero and alpha is real, then tau = 0
*  and H is taken to be the unit matrix.
*
*  Otherwise  1 <= real(tau) <= 2  and  abs(tau-1) <= 1 .
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  N       (input) INTEGER
*          The order of the elementary reflector.
*
*  ALPHA   (input/output) COMPLEX*16
*          On entry, the value alpha.
*          On exit, it is overwritten with the value beta.
*
*  X       (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension
*                         (1+(N-2)*abs(INCX))
*          On entry, the vector x.
*          On exit, it is overwritten with the vector v.
*
*  INCX    (input) INTEGER
*          The increment between elements of X. INCX > 0.
*
*  TAU     (output) COMPLEX*16
*          The value tau.
*
*  =====================================================================
*
*     .. Parameters ..
DOUBLE PRECISION   ONE, ZERO
PARAMETER          ( ONE = 1.0D+0, ZERO = 0.0D+0 )
*     ..
*     .. Local Scalars ..
INTEGER            J, KNT
DOUBLE PRECISION   ALPHI, ALPHR, BETA, RSAFMN, SAFMIN, XNORM
*     ..
*     .. External Functions ..
DOUBLE PRECISION   DLAMCH, DLAPY3, DZNRM2
*     ..
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
INTRINSIC          ABS, DBLE, DCMPLX, DIMAG, SIGN
*     ..
*     .. External Subroutines ..
EXTERNAL           ZDSCAL, ZSCAL
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
IF( N.LE.0 ) THEN
TAU = ZERO
RETURN
END IF
*
XNORM = DZNRM2( N-1, X, INCX )
ALPHR = DBLE( ALPHA )
ALPHI = DIMAG( ALPHA )
*
IF( XNORM.EQ.ZERO .AND. ALPHI.EQ.ZERO ) THEN
*
*        H  =  I
*
TAU = ZERO
ELSE
*
*        general case
*
BETA = -SIGN( DLAPY3( ALPHR, ALPHI, XNORM ), ALPHR )
SAFMIN = DLAMCH( 'S' ) / DLAMCH( 'E' )
RSAFMN = ONE / SAFMIN
*
IF( ABS( BETA ).LT.SAFMIN ) THEN
*
*           XNORM, BETA may be inaccurate; scale X and recompute them
*
KNT = 0
10       CONTINUE
KNT = KNT + 1
CALL ZDSCAL( N-1, RSAFMN, X, INCX )
BETA = BETA*RSAFMN
ALPHI = ALPHI*RSAFMN
ALPHR = ALPHR*RSAFMN
IF( ABS( BETA ).LT.SAFMIN )
\$         GO TO 10
*
*           New BETA is at most 1, at least SAFMIN
*
XNORM = DZNRM2( N-1, X, INCX )
ALPHA = DCMPLX( ALPHR, ALPHI )
BETA = -SIGN( DLAPY3( ALPHR, ALPHI, XNORM ), ALPHR )
TAU = DCMPLX( ( BETA-ALPHR ) / BETA, -ALPHI / BETA )
ALPHA = ZLADIV( DCMPLX( ONE ), ALPHA-BETA )
CALL ZSCAL( N-1, ALPHA, X, INCX )
*
*           If ALPHA is subnormal, it may lose relative accuracy
*
ALPHA = BETA
DO 20 J = 1, KNT
ALPHA = ALPHA*SAFMIN
20       CONTINUE
ELSE
TAU = DCMPLX( ( BETA-ALPHR ) / BETA, -ALPHI / BETA )
ALPHA = ZLADIV( DCMPLX( ONE ), ALPHA-BETA )
CALL ZSCAL( N-1, ALPHA, X, INCX )
ALPHA = BETA
END IF
END IF
*
RETURN
*
*     End of ZLARFG
*
END

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