SUBROUTINE DSPSV( UPLO, N, NRHS, AP, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO ) * * -- LAPACK driver routine (version 3.1) -- * Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd.. * November 2006 * * .. Scalar Arguments .. CHARACTER UPLO INTEGER INFO, LDB, N, NRHS * .. * .. Array Arguments .. INTEGER IPIV( * ) DOUBLE PRECISION AP( * ), B( LDB, * ) * .. * * Purpose * ======= * * DSPSV computes the solution to a real system of linear equations * A * X = B, * where A is an N-by-N symmetric matrix stored in packed format and X * and B are N-by-NRHS matrices. * * The diagonal pivoting method is used to factor A as * A = U * D * U**T, if UPLO = 'U', or * A = L * D * L**T, if UPLO = 'L', * where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) * triangular matrices, D is symmetric and block diagonal with 1-by-1 * and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. The factored form of A is then used to * solve the system of equations A * X = B. * * Arguments * ========= * * UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; * = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. * * N (input) INTEGER * The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the * matrix A. N >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0. * * AP (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) * On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the symmetric matrix * A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A * is stored in the array AP as follows: * if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; * if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. * See below for further details. * * On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used * to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization * A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T as computed by DSPTRF, stored as * a packed triangular matrix in the same storage format as A. * * IPIV (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D, as * determined by DSPTRF. If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns * k and IPIV(k) were interchanged, and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 * diagonal block. If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, * then rows and columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and * D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and * IPIV(k) = IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and * -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 * diagonal block. * * B (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. * On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is * exactly singular, so the solution could not be * computed. * * Further Details * =============== * * The packed storage scheme is illustrated by the following example * when N = 4, UPLO = 'U': * * Two-dimensional storage of the symmetric matrix A: * * a11 a12 a13 a14 * a22 a23 a24 * a33 a34 (aij = aji) * a44 * * Packed storage of the upper triangle of A: * * AP = [ a11, a12, a22, a13, a23, a33, a14, a24, a34, a44 ] * * ===================================================================== * * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME EXTERNAL LSAME * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL DSPTRF, DSPTRS, XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MAX * .. * .. Executable Statements .. * * Test the input parameters. * INFO = 0 IF( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) .AND. .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' ) ) THEN INFO = -1 ELSE IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -2 ELSE IF( NRHS.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -3 ELSE IF( LDB.LT.MAX( 1, N ) ) THEN INFO = -7 END IF IF( INFO.NE.0 ) THEN CALL XERBLA( 'DSPSV ', -INFO ) RETURN END IF * * Compute the factorization A = U*D*U' or A = L*D*L'. * CALL DSPTRF( UPLO, N, AP, IPIV, INFO ) IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN * * Solve the system A*X = B, overwriting B with X. * CALL DSPTRS( UPLO, N, NRHS, AP, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO ) * END IF RETURN * * End of DSPSV * END