SUBROUTINE DGEHRD( N, ILO, IHI, A, LDA, TAU, WORK, LWORK, INFO ) * * -- LAPACK routine (version 3.1) -- * Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd.. * November 2006 * * .. Scalar Arguments .. INTEGER IHI, ILO, INFO, LDA, LWORK, N * .. * .. Array Arguments .. DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), TAU( * ), WORK( * ) * .. * * Purpose * ======= * * DGEHRD reduces a real general matrix A to upper Hessenberg form H by * an orthogonal similarity transformation: Q' * A * Q = H . * * Arguments * ========= * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. * * ILO (input) INTEGER * IHI (input) INTEGER * It is assumed that A is already upper triangular in rows * and columns 1:ILO-1 and IHI+1:N. ILO and IHI are normally * set by a previous call to DGEBAL; otherwise they should be * set to 1 and N respectively. See Further Details. * 1 <= ILO <= IHI <= N, if N > 0; ILO=1 and IHI=0, if N=0. * * A (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the N-by-N general matrix to be reduced. * On exit, the upper triangle and the first subdiagonal of A * are overwritten with the upper Hessenberg matrix H, and the * elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAU, * represent the orthogonal matrix Q as a product of elementary * reflectors. See Further Details. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). * * TAU (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N-1) * The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors (see Further * Details). Elements 1:ILO-1 and IHI:N-1 of TAU are set to * zero. * * WORK (workspace/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LWORK) * On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,N). * For optimum performance LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the * optimal blocksize. * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns * this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error * message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. * * Further Details * =============== * * The matrix Q is represented as a product of (ihi-ilo) elementary * reflectors * * Q = H(ilo) H(ilo+1) . . . H(ihi-1). * * Each H(i) has the form * * H(i) = I - tau * v * v' * * where tau is a real scalar, and v is a real vector with * v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1 and v(ihi+1:n) = 0; v(i+2:ihi) is stored on * exit in A(i+2:ihi,i), and tau in TAU(i). * * The contents of A are illustrated by the following example, with * n = 7, ilo = 2 and ihi = 6: * * on entry, on exit, * * ( a a a a a a a ) ( a a h h h h a ) * ( a a a a a a ) ( a h h h h a ) * ( a a a a a a ) ( h h h h h h ) * ( a a a a a a ) ( v2 h h h h h ) * ( a a a a a a ) ( v2 v3 h h h h ) * ( a a a a a a ) ( v2 v3 v4 h h h ) * ( a ) ( a ) * * where a denotes an element of the original matrix A, h denotes a * modified element of the upper Hessenberg matrix H, and vi denotes an * element of the vector defining H(i). * * This file is a slight modification of LAPACK-3.0's DGEHRD * subroutine incorporating improvements proposed by Quintana-Orti and * Van de Geijn (2005). * * ===================================================================== * * .. Parameters .. INTEGER NBMAX, LDT PARAMETER ( NBMAX = 64, LDT = NBMAX+1 ) DOUBLE PRECISION ZERO, ONE PARAMETER ( ZERO = 0.0D+0, $ ONE = 1.0D+0 ) * .. * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL LQUERY INTEGER I, IB, IINFO, IWS, J, LDWORK, LWKOPT, NB, $ NBMIN, NH, NX DOUBLE PRECISION EI * .. * .. Local Arrays .. DOUBLE PRECISION T( LDT, NBMAX ) * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL DAXPY, DGEHD2, DGEMM, DLAHR2, DLARFB, DTRMM, $ XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MAX, MIN * .. * .. External Functions .. INTEGER ILAENV EXTERNAL ILAENV * .. * .. Executable Statements .. * * Test the input parameters * INFO = 0 NB = MIN( NBMAX, ILAENV( 1, 'DGEHRD', ' ', N, ILO, IHI, -1 ) ) LWKOPT = N*NB WORK( 1 ) = LWKOPT LQUERY = ( LWORK.EQ.-1 ) IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -1 ELSE IF( ILO.LT.1 .OR. ILO.GT.MAX( 1, N ) ) THEN INFO = -2 ELSE IF( IHI.LT.MIN( ILO, N ) .OR. IHI.GT.N ) THEN INFO = -3 ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, N ) ) THEN INFO = -5 ELSE IF( LWORK.LT.MAX( 1, N ) .AND. .NOT.LQUERY ) THEN INFO = -8 END IF IF( INFO.NE.0 ) THEN CALL XERBLA( 'DGEHRD', -INFO ) RETURN ELSE IF( LQUERY ) THEN RETURN END IF * * Set elements 1:ILO-1 and IHI:N-1 of TAU to zero * DO 10 I = 1, ILO - 1 TAU( I ) = ZERO 10 CONTINUE DO 20 I = MAX( 1, IHI ), N - 1 TAU( I ) = ZERO 20 CONTINUE * * Quick return if possible * NH = IHI - ILO + 1 IF( NH.LE.1 ) THEN WORK( 1 ) = 1 RETURN END IF * * Determine the block size * NB = MIN( NBMAX, ILAENV( 1, 'DGEHRD', ' ', N, ILO, IHI, -1 ) ) NBMIN = 2 IWS = 1 IF( NB.GT.1 .AND. NB.LT.NH ) THEN * * Determine when to cross over from blocked to unblocked code * (last block is always handled by unblocked code) * NX = MAX( NB, ILAENV( 3, 'DGEHRD', ' ', N, ILO, IHI, -1 ) ) IF( NX.LT.NH ) THEN * * Determine if workspace is large enough for blocked code * IWS = N*NB IF( LWORK.LT.IWS ) THEN * * Not enough workspace to use optimal NB: determine the * minimum value of NB, and reduce NB or force use of * unblocked code * NBMIN = MAX( 2, ILAENV( 2, 'DGEHRD', ' ', N, ILO, IHI, $ -1 ) ) IF( LWORK.GE.N*NBMIN ) THEN NB = LWORK / N ELSE NB = 1 END IF END IF END IF END IF LDWORK = N * IF( NB.LT.NBMIN .OR. NB.GE.NH ) THEN * * Use unblocked code below * I = ILO * ELSE * * Use blocked code * DO 40 I = ILO, IHI - 1 - NX, NB IB = MIN( NB, IHI-I ) * * Reduce columns i:i+ib-1 to Hessenberg form, returning the * matrices V and T of the block reflector H = I - V*T*V' * which performs the reduction, and also the matrix Y = A*V*T * CALL DLAHR2( IHI, I, IB, A( 1, I ), LDA, TAU( I ), T, LDT, $ WORK, LDWORK ) * * Apply the block reflector H to A(1:ihi,i+ib:ihi) from the * right, computing A := A - Y * V'. V(i+ib,ib-1) must be set * to 1 * EI = A( I+IB, I+IB-1 ) A( I+IB, I+IB-1 ) = ONE CALL DGEMM( 'No transpose', 'Transpose', $ IHI, IHI-I-IB+1, $ IB, -ONE, WORK, LDWORK, A( I+IB, I ), LDA, ONE, $ A( 1, I+IB ), LDA ) A( I+IB, I+IB-1 ) = EI * * Apply the block reflector H to A(1:i,i+1:i+ib-1) from the * right * CALL DTRMM( 'Right', 'Lower', 'Transpose', $ 'Unit', I, IB-1, $ ONE, A( I+1, I ), LDA, WORK, LDWORK ) DO 30 J = 0, IB-2 CALL DAXPY( I, -ONE, WORK( LDWORK*J+1 ), 1, $ A( 1, I+J+1 ), 1 ) 30 CONTINUE * * Apply the block reflector H to A(i+1:ihi,i+ib:n) from the * left * CALL DLARFB( 'Left', 'Transpose', 'Forward', $ 'Columnwise', $ IHI-I, N-I-IB+1, IB, A( I+1, I ), LDA, T, LDT, $ A( I+1, I+IB ), LDA, WORK, LDWORK ) 40 CONTINUE END IF * * Use unblocked code to reduce the rest of the matrix * CALL DGEHD2( N, I, IHI, A, LDA, TAU, WORK, IINFO ) WORK( 1 ) = IWS * RETURN * * End of DGEHRD * END