SUBROUTINE ZGEBRD( M, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, WORK, LWORK, $ INFO ) * * -- LAPACK routine (version 3.1) -- * Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd.. * November 2006 * * .. Scalar Arguments .. INTEGER INFO, LDA, LWORK, M, N * .. * .. Array Arguments .. DOUBLE PRECISION D( * ), E( * ) COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), TAUP( * ), TAUQ( * ), WORK( * ) * .. * * Purpose * ======= * * ZGEBRD reduces a general complex M-by-N matrix A to upper or lower * bidiagonal form B by a unitary transformation: Q**H * A * P = B. * * If m >= n, B is upper bidiagonal; if m < n, B is lower bidiagonal. * * Arguments * ========= * * M (input) INTEGER * The number of rows in the matrix A. M >= 0. * * N (input) INTEGER * The number of columns in the matrix A. N >= 0. * * A (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N) * On entry, the M-by-N general matrix to be reduced. * On exit, * if m >= n, the diagonal and the first superdiagonal are * overwritten with the upper bidiagonal matrix B; the * elements below the diagonal, with the array TAUQ, represent * the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary * reflectors, and the elements above the first superdiagonal, * with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as * a product of elementary reflectors; * if m < n, the diagonal and the first subdiagonal are * overwritten with the lower bidiagonal matrix B; the * elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAUQ, * represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of * elementary reflectors, and the elements above the diagonal, * with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as * a product of elementary reflectors. * See Further Details. * * LDA (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M). * * D (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)) * The diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B: * D(i) = A(i,i). * * E (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)-1) * The off-diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B: * if m >= n, E(i) = A(i,i+1) for i = 1,2,...,n-1; * if m < n, E(i) = A(i+1,i) for i = 1,2,...,m-1. * * TAUQ (output) COMPLEX*16 array dimension (min(M,N)) * The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which * represent the unitary matrix Q. See Further Details. * * TAUP (output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (min(M,N)) * The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which * represent the unitary matrix P. See Further Details. * * WORK (workspace/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,M,N). * For optimum performance LWORK >= (M+N)*NB, where NB * is the optimal blocksize. * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns * this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error * message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit. * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. * * Further Details * =============== * * The matrices Q and P are represented as products of elementary * reflectors: * * If m >= n, * * Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n) and P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(n-1) * * Each H(i) and G(i) has the form: * * H(i) = I - tauq * v * v' and G(i) = I - taup * u * u' * * where tauq and taup are complex scalars, and v and u are complex * vectors; v(1:i-1) = 0, v(i) = 1, and v(i+1:m) is stored on exit in * A(i+1:m,i); u(1:i) = 0, u(i+1) = 1, and u(i+2:n) is stored on exit in * A(i,i+2:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i). * * If m < n, * * Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(m-1) and P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(m) * * Each H(i) and G(i) has the form: * * H(i) = I - tauq * v * v' and G(i) = I - taup * u * u' * * where tauq and taup are complex scalars, and v and u are complex * vectors; v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1, and v(i+2:m) is stored on exit in * A(i+2:m,i); u(1:i-1) = 0, u(i) = 1, and u(i+1:n) is stored on exit in * A(i,i+1:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i). * * The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples: * * m = 6 and n = 5 (m > n): m = 5 and n = 6 (m < n): * * ( d e u1 u1 u1 ) ( d u1 u1 u1 u1 u1 ) * ( v1 d e u2 u2 ) ( e d u2 u2 u2 u2 ) * ( v1 v2 d e u3 ) ( v1 e d u3 u3 u3 ) * ( v1 v2 v3 d e ) ( v1 v2 e d u4 u4 ) * ( v1 v2 v3 v4 d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d u5 ) * ( v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 ) * * where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B, vi * denotes an element of the vector defining H(i), and ui an element of * the vector defining G(i). * * ===================================================================== * * .. Parameters .. COMPLEX*16 ONE PARAMETER ( ONE = ( 1.0D+0, 0.0D+0 ) ) * .. * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL LQUERY INTEGER I, IINFO, J, LDWRKX, LDWRKY, LWKOPT, MINMN, NB, $ NBMIN, NX DOUBLE PRECISION WS * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL XERBLA, ZGEBD2, ZGEMM, ZLABRD * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC DBLE, MAX, MIN * .. * .. External Functions .. INTEGER ILAENV EXTERNAL ILAENV * .. * .. Executable Statements .. * * Test the input parameters * INFO = 0 NB = MAX( 1, ILAENV( 1, 'ZGEBRD', ' ', M, N, -1, -1 ) ) LWKOPT = ( M+N )*NB WORK( 1 ) = DBLE( LWKOPT ) LQUERY = ( LWORK.EQ.-1 ) IF( M.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -1 ELSE IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -2 ELSE IF( LDA.LT.MAX( 1, M ) ) THEN INFO = -4 ELSE IF( LWORK.LT.MAX( 1, M, N ) .AND. .NOT.LQUERY ) THEN INFO = -10 END IF IF( INFO.LT.0 ) THEN CALL XERBLA( 'ZGEBRD', -INFO ) RETURN ELSE IF( LQUERY ) THEN RETURN END IF * * Quick return if possible * MINMN = MIN( M, N ) IF( MINMN.EQ.0 ) THEN WORK( 1 ) = 1 RETURN END IF * WS = MAX( M, N ) LDWRKX = M LDWRKY = N * IF( NB.GT.1 .AND. NB.LT.MINMN ) THEN * * Set the crossover point NX. * NX = MAX( NB, ILAENV( 3, 'ZGEBRD', ' ', M, N, -1, -1 ) ) * * Determine when to switch from blocked to unblocked code. * IF( NX.LT.MINMN ) THEN WS = ( M+N )*NB IF( LWORK.LT.WS ) THEN * * Not enough work space for the optimal NB, consider using * a smaller block size. * NBMIN = ILAENV( 2, 'ZGEBRD', ' ', M, N, -1, -1 ) IF( LWORK.GE.( M+N )*NBMIN ) THEN NB = LWORK / ( M+N ) ELSE NB = 1 NX = MINMN END IF END IF END IF ELSE NX = MINMN END IF * DO 30 I = 1, MINMN - NX, NB * * Reduce rows and columns i:i+ib-1 to bidiagonal form and return * the matrices X and Y which are needed to update the unreduced * part of the matrix * CALL ZLABRD( M-I+1, N-I+1, NB, A( I, I ), LDA, D( I ), E( I ), $ TAUQ( I ), TAUP( I ), WORK, LDWRKX, $ WORK( LDWRKX*NB+1 ), LDWRKY ) * * Update the trailing submatrix A(i+ib:m,i+ib:n), using * an update of the form A := A - V*Y' - X*U' * CALL ZGEMM( 'No transpose', 'Conjugate transpose', M-I-NB+1, $ N-I-NB+1, NB, -ONE, A( I+NB, I ), LDA, $ WORK( LDWRKX*NB+NB+1 ), LDWRKY, ONE, $ A( I+NB, I+NB ), LDA ) CALL ZGEMM( 'No transpose', 'No transpose', M-I-NB+1, N-I-NB+1, $ NB, -ONE, WORK( NB+1 ), LDWRKX, A( I, I+NB ), LDA, $ ONE, A( I+NB, I+NB ), LDA ) * * Copy diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B back into A * IF( M.GE.N ) THEN DO 10 J = I, I + NB - 1 A( J, J ) = D( J ) A( J, J+1 ) = E( J ) 10 CONTINUE ELSE DO 20 J = I, I + NB - 1 A( J, J ) = D( J ) A( J+1, J ) = E( J ) 20 CONTINUE END IF 30 CONTINUE * * Use unblocked code to reduce the remainder of the matrix * CALL ZGEBD2( M-I+1, N-I+1, A( I, I ), LDA, D( I ), E( I ), $ TAUQ( I ), TAUP( I ), WORK, IINFO ) WORK( 1 ) = WS RETURN * * End of ZGEBRD * END