As some of the minor European countries only bought one or two machines, we grouped them to blocks. The leader of the European gang is Germany again, 48 systems makes 10% of the worldwide base, followed by France 25 (5%) and United Kingdom (UK) 17 (3%).
Breaking these figures down to Europe only, Germany again has installed 36%, the same figure as last year. This year France had changed the situation and is number 2 with 17%, UK fell back to 12%. Scandinavia, Austria/Switzerland and Benelux lie close together: 14, 12 and 11 supercomputers. That means around 10% of the European machines. Eastern Europe is still underdeveloped in the supercomputer field. One of the reasons might be the technical export laws that do not allow the eastern countries to buy high-speed machines. The other reason might be the lack of money.
Looking at the measure a more different picture can be seen. Clearly Germany is No. 1 with 277 Gflops/s (34%) now followed by UK 144 Gflops/s (18%) and France 124 Gflops/s (15), Austria/Switzerland now come up to 106 Gflops/s (13%), as Benelux (53 GFlops/s, 7%) and Scandinavia (59 Gflops/s, 7%) are falling back. Nearly the same figures can be found for .
The comparison of number of machines and in a country shows a quite interesting new aspect. If one introduces the medium Gflpos/s per machine, the results are surprising, Austria/Switzerland comes to 8.8 Gflops/s/computer, UK 8.5, Germany 5.4, France 5.2, Benelux 4.8 and Scandinavia 4. If one takes Switzerland only, the medium speed of their machines exceeds 10 Gflops/s. This means Switzerland is equipped with the most powerful machines in Europe. Comparing this figure with the Japanese one of nearly 17 Gflops/s and the USA with 10 Gflops/s, once again, Europe does not have much powerful machines.
This means that Europe has lacks in the field of extremely powerful supercomputers. First results and activities to improve this bad situation can be found in the chapter of Germany.