*> \brief \b DLASQ1 computes the singular values of a real square bidiagonal matrix. Used by sbdsqr. * * =========== DOCUMENTATION =========== * * Online html documentation available at * http://www.netlib.org/lapack/explore-html/ * *> \htmlonly *> Download DLASQ1 + dependencies *> *> [TGZ] *> *> [ZIP] *> *> [TXT] *> \endhtmlonly * * Definition: * =========== * * SUBROUTINE DLASQ1( N, D, E, WORK, INFO ) * * .. Scalar Arguments .. * INTEGER INFO, N * .. * .. Array Arguments .. * DOUBLE PRECISION D( * ), E( * ), WORK( * ) * .. * * *> \par Purpose: * ============= *> *> \verbatim *> *> DLASQ1 computes the singular values of a real N-by-N bidiagonal *> matrix with diagonal D and off-diagonal E. The singular values *> are computed to high relative accuracy, in the absence of *> denormalization, underflow and overflow. The algorithm was first *> presented in *> *> "Accurate singular values and differential qd algorithms" by K. V. *> Fernando and B. N. Parlett, Numer. Math., Vol-67, No. 2, pp. 191-230, *> 1994, *> *> and the present implementation is described in "An implementation of *> the dqds Algorithm (Positive Case)", LAPACK Working Note. *> \endverbatim * * Arguments: * ========== * *> \param[in] N *> \verbatim *> N is INTEGER *> The number of rows and columns in the matrix. N >= 0. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[in,out] D *> \verbatim *> D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) *> On entry, D contains the diagonal elements of the *> bidiagonal matrix whose SVD is desired. On normal exit, *> D contains the singular values in decreasing order. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[in,out] E *> \verbatim *> E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) *> On entry, elements E(1:N-1) contain the off-diagonal elements *> of the bidiagonal matrix whose SVD is desired. *> On exit, E is overwritten. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[out] WORK *> \verbatim *> WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (4*N) *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[out] INFO *> \verbatim *> INFO is INTEGER *> = 0: successful exit *> < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value *> > 0: the algorithm failed *> = 1, a split was marked by a positive value in E *> = 2, current block of Z not diagonalized after 100*N *> iterations (in inner while loop) On exit D and E *> represent a matrix with the same singular values *> which the calling subroutine could use to finish the *> computation, or even feed back into DLASQ1 *> = 3, termination criterion of outer while loop not met *> (program created more than N unreduced blocks) *> \endverbatim * * Authors: * ======== * *> \author Univ. of Tennessee *> \author Univ. of California Berkeley *> \author Univ. of Colorado Denver *> \author NAG Ltd. * *> \date December 2016 * *> \ingroup auxOTHERcomputational * * ===================================================================== SUBROUTINE DLASQ1( N, D, E, WORK, INFO ) * * -- LAPACK computational routine (version 3.7.0) -- * -- LAPACK is a software package provided by Univ. of Tennessee, -- * -- Univ. of California Berkeley, Univ. of Colorado Denver and NAG Ltd..-- * December 2016 * * .. Scalar Arguments .. INTEGER INFO, N * .. * .. Array Arguments .. DOUBLE PRECISION D( * ), E( * ), WORK( * ) * .. * * ===================================================================== * * .. Parameters .. DOUBLE PRECISION ZERO PARAMETER ( ZERO = 0.0D0 ) * .. * .. Local Scalars .. INTEGER I, IINFO DOUBLE PRECISION EPS, SCALE, SAFMIN, SIGMN, SIGMX * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL DCOPY, DLAS2, DLASCL, DLASQ2, DLASRT, XERBLA * .. * .. External Functions .. DOUBLE PRECISION DLAMCH EXTERNAL DLAMCH * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC ABS, MAX, SQRT * .. * .. Executable Statements .. * INFO = 0 IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -1 CALL XERBLA( 'DLASQ1', -INFO ) RETURN ELSE IF( N.EQ.0 ) THEN RETURN ELSE IF( N.EQ.1 ) THEN D( 1 ) = ABS( D( 1 ) ) RETURN ELSE IF( N.EQ.2 ) THEN CALL DLAS2( D( 1 ), E( 1 ), D( 2 ), SIGMN, SIGMX ) D( 1 ) = SIGMX D( 2 ) = SIGMN RETURN END IF * * Estimate the largest singular value. * SIGMX = ZERO DO 10 I = 1, N - 1 D( I ) = ABS( D( I ) ) SIGMX = MAX( SIGMX, ABS( E( I ) ) ) 10 CONTINUE D( N ) = ABS( D( N ) ) * * Early return if SIGMX is zero (matrix is already diagonal). * IF( SIGMX.EQ.ZERO ) THEN CALL DLASRT( 'D', N, D, IINFO ) RETURN END IF * DO 20 I = 1, N SIGMX = MAX( SIGMX, D( I ) ) 20 CONTINUE * * Copy D and E into WORK (in the Z format) and scale (squaring the * input data makes scaling by a power of the radix pointless). * EPS = DLAMCH( 'Precision' ) SAFMIN = DLAMCH( 'Safe minimum' ) SCALE = SQRT( EPS / SAFMIN ) CALL DCOPY( N, D, 1, WORK( 1 ), 2 ) CALL DCOPY( N-1, E, 1, WORK( 2 ), 2 ) CALL DLASCL( 'G', 0, 0, SIGMX, SCALE, 2*N-1, 1, WORK, 2*N-1, \$ IINFO ) * * Compute the q's and e's. * DO 30 I = 1, 2*N - 1 WORK( I ) = WORK( I )**2 30 CONTINUE WORK( 2*N ) = ZERO * CALL DLASQ2( N, WORK, INFO ) * IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN DO 40 I = 1, N D( I ) = SQRT( WORK( I ) ) 40 CONTINUE CALL DLASCL( 'G', 0, 0, SCALE, SIGMX, N, 1, D, N, IINFO ) ELSE IF( INFO.EQ.2 ) THEN * * Maximum number of iterations exceeded. Move data from WORK * into D and E so the calling subroutine can try to finish * DO I = 1, N D( I ) = SQRT( WORK( 2*I-1 ) ) E( I ) = SQRT( WORK( 2*I ) ) END DO CALL DLASCL( 'G', 0, 0, SCALE, SIGMX, N, 1, D, N, IINFO ) CALL DLASCL( 'G', 0, 0, SCALE, SIGMX, N, 1, E, N, IINFO ) END IF * RETURN * * End of DLASQ1 * END