.TH DLATRD 1 "November 2006" " LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.1) " " LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.1) "
.SH NAME
DLATRD - NB rows and columns of a real symmetric matrix A to symmetric tridiagonal form by an orthogonal similarity transformation Q\(aq * A * Q, and returns the matrices V and W which are needed to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of A
.SH SYNOPSIS
.TP 19
SUBROUTINE DLATRD(
UPLO, N, NB, A, LDA, E, TAU, W, LDW )
.TP 19
.ti +4
CHARACTER
UPLO
.TP 19
.ti +4
INTEGER
LDA, LDW, N, NB
.TP 19
.ti +4
DOUBLE
PRECISION A( LDA, * ), E( * ), TAU( * ), W( LDW, * )
.SH PURPOSE
DLATRD reduces NB rows and columns of a real symmetric matrix A to
symmetric tridiagonal form by an orthogonal similarity
transformation Q\(aq * A * Q, and returns the matrices V and W which are
needed to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of A.
If UPLO = \(aqU\(aq, DLATRD reduces the last NB rows and columns of a
matrix, of which the upper triangle is supplied;
.br
if UPLO = \(aqL\(aq, DLATRD reduces the first NB rows and columns of a
matrix, of which the lower triangle is supplied.
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This is an auxiliary routine called by DSYTRD.
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.SH ARGUMENTS
.TP 8
UPLO (input) CHARACTER*1
Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
symmetric matrix A is stored:
.br
= \(aqU\(aq: Upper triangular
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= \(aqL\(aq: Lower triangular
.TP 8
N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.
.TP 8
NB (input) INTEGER
The number of rows and columns to be reduced.
.TP 8
A (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = \(aqU\(aq, the leading
n-by-n upper triangular part of A contains the upper
triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = \(aqL\(aq, the
leading n-by-n lower triangular part of A contains the lower
triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
triangular part of A is not referenced.
On exit:
if UPLO = \(aqU\(aq, the last NB columns have been reduced to
tridiagonal form, with the diagonal elements overwriting
the diagonal elements of A; the elements above the diagonal
with the array TAU, represent the orthogonal matrix Q as a
product of elementary reflectors;
if UPLO = \(aqL\(aq, the first NB columns have been reduced to
tridiagonal form, with the diagonal elements overwriting
the diagonal elements of A; the elements below the diagonal
with the array TAU, represent the orthogonal matrix Q as a
product of elementary reflectors.
See Further Details.
LDA (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= (1,N).
.TP 8
E (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N-1)
If UPLO = \(aqU\(aq, E(n-nb:n-1) contains the superdiagonal
elements of the last NB columns of the reduced matrix;
if UPLO = \(aqL\(aq, E(1:nb) contains the subdiagonal elements of
the first NB columns of the reduced matrix.
.TP 8
TAU (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N-1)
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors, stored in
TAU(n-nb:n-1) if UPLO = \(aqU\(aq, and in TAU(1:nb) if UPLO = \(aqL\(aq.
See Further Details.
W (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDW,NB)
The n-by-nb matrix W required to update the unreduced part
of A.
.TP 8
LDW (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array W. LDW >= max(1,N).
.SH FURTHER DETAILS
If UPLO = \(aqU\(aq, the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary
reflectors
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Q = H(n) H(n-1) . . . H(n-nb+1).
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Each H(i) has the form
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H(i) = I - tau * v * v\(aq
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where tau is a real scalar, and v is a real vector with
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v(i:n) = 0 and v(i-1) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in A(1:i-1,i),
and tau in TAU(i-1).
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If UPLO = \(aqL\(aq, the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary
reflectors
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Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(nb).
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Each H(i) has the form
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H(i) = I - tau * v * v\(aq
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where tau is a real scalar, and v is a real vector with
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v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+1:n) is stored on exit in A(i+1:n,i),
and tau in TAU(i).
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The elements of the vectors v together form the n-by-nb matrix V
which is needed, with W, to apply the transformation to the unreduced
part of the matrix, using a symmetric rank-2k update of the form:
A := A - V*W\(aq - W*V\(aq.
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The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples
with n = 5 and nb = 2:
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if UPLO = \(aqU\(aq: if UPLO = \(aqL\(aq:
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( a a a v4 v5 ) ( d )
( a a v4 v5 ) ( 1 d )
( a 1 v5 ) ( v1 1 a )
( d 1 ) ( v1 v2 a a )
( d ) ( v1 v2 a a a )
where d denotes a diagonal element of the reduced matrix, a denotes
an element of the original matrix that is unchanged, and vi denotes
an element of the vector defining H(i).
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