SUBROUTINE DSTEVR( JOBZ, RANGE, N, D, E, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, \$ M, W, Z, LDZ, ISUPPZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, \$ LIWORK, INFO ) * * -- LAPACK driver routine (version 3.1) -- * Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd.. * November 2006 * * .. Scalar Arguments .. CHARACTER JOBZ, RANGE INTEGER IL, INFO, IU, LDZ, LIWORK, LWORK, M, N DOUBLE PRECISION ABSTOL, VL, VU * .. * .. Array Arguments .. INTEGER ISUPPZ( * ), IWORK( * ) DOUBLE PRECISION D( * ), E( * ), W( * ), WORK( * ), Z( LDZ, * ) * .. * * Purpose * ======= * * DSTEVR computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors * of a real symmetric tridiagonal matrix T. Eigenvalues and * eigenvectors can be selected by specifying either a range of values * or a range of indices for the desired eigenvalues. * * Whenever possible, DSTEVR calls DSTEMR to compute the * eigenspectrum using Relatively Robust Representations. DSTEMR * computes eigenvalues by the dqds algorithm, while orthogonal * eigenvectors are computed from various "good" L D L^T representations * (also known as Relatively Robust Representations). Gram-Schmidt * orthogonalization is avoided as far as possible. More specifically, * the various steps of the algorithm are as follows. For the i-th * unreduced block of T, * (a) Compute T - sigma_i = L_i D_i L_i^T, such that L_i D_i L_i^T * is a relatively robust representation, * (b) Compute the eigenvalues, lambda_j, of L_i D_i L_i^T to high * relative accuracy by the dqds algorithm, * (c) If there is a cluster of close eigenvalues, "choose" sigma_i * close to the cluster, and go to step (a), * (d) Given the approximate eigenvalue lambda_j of L_i D_i L_i^T, * compute the corresponding eigenvector by forming a * rank-revealing twisted factorization. * The desired accuracy of the output can be specified by the input * parameter ABSTOL. * * For more details, see "A new O(n^2) algorithm for the symmetric * tridiagonal eigenvalue/eigenvector problem", by Inderjit Dhillon, * Computer Science Division Technical Report No. UCB//CSD-97-971, * UC Berkeley, May 1997. * * * Note 1 : DSTEVR calls DSTEMR when the full spectrum is requested * on machines which conform to the ieee-754 floating point standard. * DSTEVR calls DSTEBZ and DSTEIN on non-ieee machines and * when partial spectrum requests are made. * * Normal execution of DSTEMR may create NaNs and infinities and * hence may abort due to a floating point exception in environments * which do not handle NaNs and infinities in the ieee standard default * manner. * * Arguments * ========= * * JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; * = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. * * RANGE (input) CHARACTER*1 * = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found. * = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU] * will be found. * = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found. ********** For RANGE = 'V' or 'I' and IU - IL < N - 1, DSTEBZ and ********** DSTEIN are called * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix. N >= 0. * * D (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) * On entry, the n diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix * A. * On exit, D may be multiplied by a constant factor chosen * to avoid over/underflow in computing the eigenvalues. * * E (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (max(1,N-1)) * On entry, the (n-1) subdiagonal elements of the tridiagonal * matrix A in elements 1 to N-1 of E. * On exit, E may be multiplied by a constant factor chosen * to avoid over/underflow in computing the eigenvalues. * * VL (input) DOUBLE PRECISION * VU (input) DOUBLE PRECISION * If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to * be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU. * Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'. * * IL (input) INTEGER * IU (input) INTEGER * If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the * smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned. * 1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0. * Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'. * * ABSTOL (input) DOUBLE PRECISION * The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues. * An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged * when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b] * of width less than or equal to * * ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) , * * where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than * or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place, * where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained * by reducing A to tridiagonal form. * * See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices * with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and * Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3. * * If high relative accuracy is important, set ABSTOL to * DLAMCH( 'Safe minimum' ). Doing so will guarantee that * eigenvalues are computed to high relative accuracy when * possible in future releases. The current code does not * make any guarantees about high relative accuracy, but * future releases will. See J. Barlow and J. Demmel, * "Computing Accurate Eigensystems of Scaled Diagonally * Dominant Matrices", LAPACK Working Note #7, for a discussion * of which matrices define their eigenvalues to high relative * accuracy. * * M (output) INTEGER * The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N. * If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1. * * W (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) * The first M elements contain the selected eigenvalues in * ascending order. * * Z (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M) ) * If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z * contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A * corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th * column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). * Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are * supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M * is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used. * * LDZ (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if * JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N). * * ISUPPZ (output) INTEGER array, dimension ( 2*max(1,M) ) * The support of the eigenvectors in Z, i.e., the indices * indicating the nonzero elements in Z. The i-th eigenvector * is nonzero only in elements ISUPPZ( 2*i-1 ) through * ISUPPZ( 2*i ). ********** Implemented only for RANGE = 'A' or 'I' and IU - IL = N - 1 * * WORK (workspace/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal (and * minimal) LWORK. * * LWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,20*N). * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine * only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK * arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK * and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or * LIWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * IWORK (workspace/output) INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK)) * On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal (and * minimal) LIWORK. * * LIWORK (input) INTEGER * The dimension of the array IWORK. LIWORK >= max(1,10*N). * * If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the * routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and * IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of * the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to * LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA. * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: Internal error * * Further Details * =============== * * Based on contributions by * Inderjit Dhillon, IBM Almaden, USA * Osni Marques, LBNL/NERSC, USA * Ken Stanley, Computer Science Division, University of * California at Berkeley, USA * * ===================================================================== * * .. Parameters .. DOUBLE PRECISION ZERO, ONE, TWO PARAMETER ( ZERO = 0.0D+0, ONE = 1.0D+0, TWO = 2.0D+0 ) * .. * .. Local Scalars .. LOGICAL ALLEIG, INDEIG, TEST, LQUERY, VALEIG, WANTZ, \$ TRYRAC CHARACTER ORDER INTEGER I, IEEEOK, IMAX, INDIBL, INDIFL, INDISP, \$ INDIWO, ISCALE, ITMP1, J, JJ, LIWMIN, LWMIN, \$ NSPLIT DOUBLE PRECISION BIGNUM, EPS, RMAX, RMIN, SAFMIN, SIGMA, SMLNUM, \$ TMP1, TNRM, VLL, VUU * .. * .. External Functions .. LOGICAL LSAME INTEGER ILAENV DOUBLE PRECISION DLAMCH, DLANST EXTERNAL LSAME, ILAENV, DLAMCH, DLANST * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL DCOPY, DSCAL, DSTEBZ, DSTEMR, DSTEIN, DSTERF, \$ DSWAP, XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MAX, MIN, SQRT * .. * .. Executable Statements .. * * * Test the input parameters. * IEEEOK = ILAENV( 10, 'DSTEVR', 'N', 1, 2, 3, 4 ) * WANTZ = LSAME( JOBZ, 'V' ) ALLEIG = LSAME( RANGE, 'A' ) VALEIG = LSAME( RANGE, 'V' ) INDEIG = LSAME( RANGE, 'I' ) * LQUERY = ( ( LWORK.EQ.-1 ) .OR. ( LIWORK.EQ.-1 ) ) LWMIN = MAX( 1, 20*N ) LIWMIN = MAX( 1, 10*N ) * * INFO = 0 IF( .NOT.( WANTZ .OR. LSAME( JOBZ, 'N' ) ) ) THEN INFO = -1 ELSE IF( .NOT.( ALLEIG .OR. VALEIG .OR. INDEIG ) ) THEN INFO = -2 ELSE IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -3 ELSE IF( VALEIG ) THEN IF( N.GT.0 .AND. VU.LE.VL ) \$ INFO = -7 ELSE IF( INDEIG ) THEN IF( IL.LT.1 .OR. IL.GT.MAX( 1, N ) ) THEN INFO = -8 ELSE IF( IU.LT.MIN( N, IL ) .OR. IU.GT.N ) THEN INFO = -9 END IF END IF END IF IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN IF( LDZ.LT.1 .OR. ( WANTZ .AND. LDZ.LT.N ) ) THEN INFO = -14 END IF END IF * IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN WORK( 1 ) = LWMIN IWORK( 1 ) = LIWMIN * IF( LWORK.LT.LWMIN .AND. .NOT.LQUERY ) THEN INFO = -17 ELSE IF( LIWORK.LT.LIWMIN .AND. .NOT.LQUERY ) THEN INFO = -19 END IF END IF * IF( INFO.NE.0 ) THEN CALL XERBLA( 'DSTEVR', -INFO ) RETURN ELSE IF( LQUERY ) THEN RETURN END IF * * Quick return if possible * M = 0 IF( N.EQ.0 ) \$ RETURN * IF( N.EQ.1 ) THEN IF( ALLEIG .OR. INDEIG ) THEN M = 1 W( 1 ) = D( 1 ) ELSE IF( VL.LT.D( 1 ) .AND. VU.GE.D( 1 ) ) THEN M = 1 W( 1 ) = D( 1 ) END IF END IF IF( WANTZ ) \$ Z( 1, 1 ) = ONE RETURN END IF * * Get machine constants. * SAFMIN = DLAMCH( 'Safe minimum' ) EPS = DLAMCH( 'Precision' ) SMLNUM = SAFMIN / EPS BIGNUM = ONE / SMLNUM RMIN = SQRT( SMLNUM ) RMAX = MIN( SQRT( BIGNUM ), ONE / SQRT( SQRT( SAFMIN ) ) ) * * * Scale matrix to allowable range, if necessary. * ISCALE = 0 VLL = VL VUU = VU * TNRM = DLANST( 'M', N, D, E ) IF( TNRM.GT.ZERO .AND. TNRM.LT.RMIN ) THEN ISCALE = 1 SIGMA = RMIN / TNRM ELSE IF( TNRM.GT.RMAX ) THEN ISCALE = 1 SIGMA = RMAX / TNRM END IF IF( ISCALE.EQ.1 ) THEN CALL DSCAL( N, SIGMA, D, 1 ) CALL DSCAL( N-1, SIGMA, E( 1 ), 1 ) IF( VALEIG ) THEN VLL = VL*SIGMA VUU = VU*SIGMA END IF END IF * Initialize indices into workspaces. Note: These indices are used only * if DSTERF or DSTEMR fail. * IWORK(INDIBL:INDIBL+M-1) corresponds to IBLOCK in DSTEBZ and * stores the block indices of each of the M<=N eigenvalues. INDIBL = 1 * IWORK(INDISP:INDISP+NSPLIT-1) corresponds to ISPLIT in DSTEBZ and * stores the starting and finishing indices of each block. INDISP = INDIBL + N * IWORK(INDIFL:INDIFL+N-1) stores the indices of eigenvectors * that corresponding to eigenvectors that fail to converge in * DSTEIN. This information is discarded; if any fail, the driver * returns INFO > 0. INDIFL = INDISP + N * INDIWO is the offset of the remaining integer workspace. INDIWO = INDISP + N * * If all eigenvalues are desired, then * call DSTERF or DSTEMR. If this fails for some eigenvalue, then * try DSTEBZ. * * TEST = .FALSE. IF( INDEIG ) THEN IF( IL.EQ.1 .AND. IU.EQ.N ) THEN TEST = .TRUE. END IF END IF IF( ( ALLEIG .OR. TEST ) .AND. IEEEOK.EQ.1 ) THEN CALL DCOPY( N-1, E( 1 ), 1, WORK( 1 ), 1 ) IF( .NOT.WANTZ ) THEN CALL DCOPY( N, D, 1, W, 1 ) CALL DSTERF( N, W, WORK, INFO ) ELSE CALL DCOPY( N, D, 1, WORK( N+1 ), 1 ) IF (ABSTOL .LE. TWO*N*EPS) THEN TRYRAC = .TRUE. ELSE TRYRAC = .FALSE. END IF CALL DSTEMR( JOBZ, 'A', N, WORK( N+1 ), WORK, VL, VU, IL, \$ IU, M, W, Z, LDZ, N, ISUPPZ, TRYRAC, \$ WORK( 2*N+1 ), LWORK-2*N, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO ) * END IF IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN M = N GO TO 10 END IF INFO = 0 END IF * * Otherwise, call DSTEBZ and, if eigenvectors are desired, DSTEIN. * IF( WANTZ ) THEN ORDER = 'B' ELSE ORDER = 'E' END IF CALL DSTEBZ( RANGE, ORDER, N, VLL, VUU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, D, E, M, \$ NSPLIT, W, IWORK( INDIBL ), IWORK( INDISP ), WORK, \$ IWORK( INDIWO ), INFO ) * IF( WANTZ ) THEN CALL DSTEIN( N, D, E, M, W, IWORK( INDIBL ), IWORK( INDISP ), \$ Z, LDZ, WORK, IWORK( INDIWO ), IWORK( INDIFL ), \$ INFO ) END IF * * If matrix was scaled, then rescale eigenvalues appropriately. * 10 CONTINUE IF( ISCALE.EQ.1 ) THEN IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN IMAX = M ELSE IMAX = INFO - 1 END IF CALL DSCAL( IMAX, ONE / SIGMA, W, 1 ) END IF * * If eigenvalues are not in order, then sort them, along with * eigenvectors. * IF( WANTZ ) THEN DO 30 J = 1, M - 1 I = 0 TMP1 = W( J ) DO 20 JJ = J + 1, M IF( W( JJ ).LT.TMP1 ) THEN I = JJ TMP1 = W( JJ ) END IF 20 CONTINUE * IF( I.NE.0 ) THEN ITMP1 = IWORK( I ) W( I ) = W( J ) IWORK( I ) = IWORK( J ) W( J ) = TMP1 IWORK( J ) = ITMP1 CALL DSWAP( N, Z( 1, I ), 1, Z( 1, J ), 1 ) END IF 30 CONTINUE END IF * * Causes problems with tests 19 & 20: * IF (wantz .and. INDEIG ) Z( 1,1) = Z(1,1) / 1.002 + .002 * * WORK( 1 ) = LWMIN IWORK( 1 ) = LIWMIN RETURN * * End of DSTEVR * END