LAPACK  3.10.0
LAPACK: Linear Algebra PACKage

◆ zgebrd()

subroutine zgebrd ( integer  M,
integer  N,
complex*16, dimension( lda, * )  A,
integer  LDA,
double precision, dimension( * )  D,
double precision, dimension( * )  E,
complex*16, dimension( * )  TAUQ,
complex*16, dimension( * )  TAUP,
complex*16, dimension( * )  WORK,
integer  LWORK,
integer  INFO 
)

ZGEBRD

Download ZGEBRD + dependencies [TGZ] [ZIP] [TXT]

Purpose:
 ZGEBRD reduces a general complex M-by-N matrix A to upper or lower
 bidiagonal form B by a unitary transformation: Q**H * A * P = B.

 If m >= n, B is upper bidiagonal; if m < n, B is lower bidiagonal.
Parameters
[in]M
          M is INTEGER
          The number of rows in the matrix A.  M >= 0.
[in]N
          N is INTEGER
          The number of columns in the matrix A.  N >= 0.
[in,out]A
          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the M-by-N general matrix to be reduced.
          On exit,
          if m >= n, the diagonal and the first superdiagonal are
            overwritten with the upper bidiagonal matrix B; the
            elements below the diagonal, with the array TAUQ, represent
            the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary
            reflectors, and the elements above the first superdiagonal,
            with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as
            a product of elementary reflectors;
          if m < n, the diagonal and the first subdiagonal are
            overwritten with the lower bidiagonal matrix B; the
            elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAUQ,
            represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of
            elementary reflectors, and the elements above the diagonal,
            with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as
            a product of elementary reflectors.
          See Further Details.
[in]LDA
          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,M).
[out]D
          D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N))
          The diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
          D(i) = A(i,i).
[out]E
          E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)-1)
          The off-diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
          if m >= n, E(i) = A(i,i+1) for i = 1,2,...,n-1;
          if m < n, E(i) = A(i+1,i) for i = 1,2,...,m-1.
[out]TAUQ
          TAUQ is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (min(M,N))
          The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
          represent the unitary matrix Q. See Further Details.
[out]TAUP
          TAUP is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (min(M,N))
          The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
          represent the unitary matrix P. See Further Details.
[out]WORK
          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.
[in]LWORK
          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of the array WORK.  LWORK >= max(1,M,N).
          For optimum performance LWORK >= (M+N)*NB, where NB
          is the optimal blocksize.

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.
[out]INFO
          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit.
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
Author
Univ. of Tennessee
Univ. of California Berkeley
Univ. of Colorado Denver
NAG Ltd.
Further Details:
  The matrices Q and P are represented as products of elementary
  reflectors:

  If m >= n,

     Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n)  and  P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(n-1)

  Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:

     H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**H  and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**H

  where tauq and taup are complex scalars, and v and u are complex
  vectors; v(1:i-1) = 0, v(i) = 1, and v(i+1:m) is stored on exit in
  A(i+1:m,i); u(1:i) = 0, u(i+1) = 1, and u(i+2:n) is stored on exit in
  A(i,i+2:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).

  If m < n,

     Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(m-1)  and  P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(m)

  Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:

     H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**H  and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**H

  where tauq and taup are complex scalars, and v and u are complex
  vectors; v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1, and v(i+2:m) is stored on exit in
  A(i+2:m,i); u(1:i-1) = 0, u(i) = 1, and u(i+1:n) is stored on exit in
  A(i,i+1:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).

  The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples:

  m = 6 and n = 5 (m > n):          m = 5 and n = 6 (m < n):

    (  d   e   u1  u1  u1 )           (  d   u1  u1  u1  u1  u1 )
    (  v1  d   e   u2  u2 )           (  e   d   u2  u2  u2  u2 )
    (  v1  v2  d   e   u3 )           (  v1  e   d   u3  u3  u3 )
    (  v1  v2  v3  d   e  )           (  v1  v2  e   d   u4  u4 )
    (  v1  v2  v3  v4  d  )           (  v1  v2  v3  e   d   u5 )
    (  v1  v2  v3  v4  v5 )

  where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B, vi
  denotes an element of the vector defining H(i), and ui an element of
  the vector defining G(i).

Definition at line 203 of file zgebrd.f.

205 *
206 * -- LAPACK computational routine --
207 * -- LAPACK is a software package provided by Univ. of Tennessee, --
208 * -- Univ. of California Berkeley, Univ. of Colorado Denver and NAG Ltd..--
209 *
210 * .. Scalar Arguments ..
211  INTEGER INFO, LDA, LWORK, M, N
212 * ..
213 * .. Array Arguments ..
214  DOUBLE PRECISION D( * ), E( * )
215  COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), TAUP( * ), TAUQ( * ), WORK( * )
216 * ..
217 *
218 * =====================================================================
219 *
220 * .. Parameters ..
221  COMPLEX*16 ONE
222  parameter( one = ( 1.0d+0, 0.0d+0 ) )
223 * ..
224 * .. Local Scalars ..
225  LOGICAL LQUERY
226  INTEGER I, IINFO, J, LDWRKX, LDWRKY, LWKOPT, MINMN, NB,
227  $ NBMIN, NX, WS
228 * ..
229 * .. External Subroutines ..
230  EXTERNAL xerbla, zgebd2, zgemm, zlabrd
231 * ..
232 * .. Intrinsic Functions ..
233  INTRINSIC dble, max, min
234 * ..
235 * .. External Functions ..
236  INTEGER ILAENV
237  EXTERNAL ilaenv
238 * ..
239 * .. Executable Statements ..
240 *
241 * Test the input parameters
242 *
243  info = 0
244  nb = max( 1, ilaenv( 1, 'ZGEBRD', ' ', m, n, -1, -1 ) )
245  lwkopt = ( m+n )*nb
246  work( 1 ) = dble( lwkopt )
247  lquery = ( lwork.EQ.-1 )
248  IF( m.LT.0 ) THEN
249  info = -1
250  ELSE IF( n.LT.0 ) THEN
251  info = -2
252  ELSE IF( lda.LT.max( 1, m ) ) THEN
253  info = -4
254  ELSE IF( lwork.LT.max( 1, m, n ) .AND. .NOT.lquery ) THEN
255  info = -10
256  END IF
257  IF( info.LT.0 ) THEN
258  CALL xerbla( 'ZGEBRD', -info )
259  RETURN
260  ELSE IF( lquery ) THEN
261  RETURN
262  END IF
263 *
264 * Quick return if possible
265 *
266  minmn = min( m, n )
267  IF( minmn.EQ.0 ) THEN
268  work( 1 ) = 1
269  RETURN
270  END IF
271 *
272  ws = max( m, n )
273  ldwrkx = m
274  ldwrky = n
275 *
276  IF( nb.GT.1 .AND. nb.LT.minmn ) THEN
277 *
278 * Set the crossover point NX.
279 *
280  nx = max( nb, ilaenv( 3, 'ZGEBRD', ' ', m, n, -1, -1 ) )
281 *
282 * Determine when to switch from blocked to unblocked code.
283 *
284  IF( nx.LT.minmn ) THEN
285  ws = ( m+n )*nb
286  IF( lwork.LT.ws ) THEN
287 *
288 * Not enough work space for the optimal NB, consider using
289 * a smaller block size.
290 *
291  nbmin = ilaenv( 2, 'ZGEBRD', ' ', m, n, -1, -1 )
292  IF( lwork.GE.( m+n )*nbmin ) THEN
293  nb = lwork / ( m+n )
294  ELSE
295  nb = 1
296  nx = minmn
297  END IF
298  END IF
299  END IF
300  ELSE
301  nx = minmn
302  END IF
303 *
304  DO 30 i = 1, minmn - nx, nb
305 *
306 * Reduce rows and columns i:i+ib-1 to bidiagonal form and return
307 * the matrices X and Y which are needed to update the unreduced
308 * part of the matrix
309 *
310  CALL zlabrd( m-i+1, n-i+1, nb, a( i, i ), lda, d( i ), e( i ),
311  $ tauq( i ), taup( i ), work, ldwrkx,
312  $ work( ldwrkx*nb+1 ), ldwrky )
313 *
314 * Update the trailing submatrix A(i+ib:m,i+ib:n), using
315 * an update of the form A := A - V*Y**H - X*U**H
316 *
317  CALL zgemm( 'No transpose', 'Conjugate transpose', m-i-nb+1,
318  $ n-i-nb+1, nb, -one, a( i+nb, i ), lda,
319  $ work( ldwrkx*nb+nb+1 ), ldwrky, one,
320  $ a( i+nb, i+nb ), lda )
321  CALL zgemm( 'No transpose', 'No transpose', m-i-nb+1, n-i-nb+1,
322  $ nb, -one, work( nb+1 ), ldwrkx, a( i, i+nb ), lda,
323  $ one, a( i+nb, i+nb ), lda )
324 *
325 * Copy diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B back into A
326 *
327  IF( m.GE.n ) THEN
328  DO 10 j = i, i + nb - 1
329  a( j, j ) = d( j )
330  a( j, j+1 ) = e( j )
331  10 CONTINUE
332  ELSE
333  DO 20 j = i, i + nb - 1
334  a( j, j ) = d( j )
335  a( j+1, j ) = e( j )
336  20 CONTINUE
337  END IF
338  30 CONTINUE
339 *
340 * Use unblocked code to reduce the remainder of the matrix
341 *
342  CALL zgebd2( m-i+1, n-i+1, a( i, i ), lda, d( i ), e( i ),
343  $ tauq( i ), taup( i ), work, iinfo )
344  work( 1 ) = ws
345  RETURN
346 *
347 * End of ZGEBRD
348 *
integer function ilaenv(ISPEC, NAME, OPTS, N1, N2, N3, N4)
ILAENV
Definition: ilaenv.f:162
subroutine xerbla(SRNAME, INFO)
XERBLA
Definition: xerbla.f:60
subroutine zgemm(TRANSA, TRANSB, M, N, K, ALPHA, A, LDA, B, LDB, BETA, C, LDC)
ZGEMM
Definition: zgemm.f:187
subroutine zgebd2(M, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, WORK, INFO)
ZGEBD2 reduces a general matrix to bidiagonal form using an unblocked algorithm.
Definition: zgebd2.f:189
subroutine zlabrd(M, N, NB, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, X, LDX, Y, LDY)
ZLABRD reduces the first nb rows and columns of a general matrix to a bidiagonal form.
Definition: zlabrd.f:212
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