```      SUBROUTINE SPBSTF( UPLO, N, KD, AB, LDAB, INFO )
*
*  -- LAPACK routine (version 3.1) --
*     Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd..
*     November 2006
*
*     .. Scalar Arguments ..
CHARACTER          UPLO
INTEGER            INFO, KD, LDAB, N
*     ..
*     .. Array Arguments ..
REAL               AB( LDAB, * )
*     ..
*
*  Purpose
*  =======
*
*  SPBSTF computes a split Cholesky factorization of a real
*  symmetric positive definite band matrix A.
*
*  This routine is designed to be used in conjunction with SSBGST.
*
*  The factorization has the form  A = S**T*S  where S is a band matrix
*  of the same bandwidth as A and the following structure:
*
*    S = ( U    )
*        ( M  L )
*
*  where U is upper triangular of order m = (n+kd)/2, and L is lower
*  triangular of order n-m.
*
*  Arguments
*  =========
*
*  UPLO    (input) CHARACTER*1
*          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
*          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.
*
*  N       (input) INTEGER
*          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.
*
*  KD      (input) INTEGER
*          The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U',
*          or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'.  KD >= 0.
*
*  AB      (input/output) REAL array, dimension (LDAB,N)
*          On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the symmetric band
*          matrix A, stored in the first kd+1 rows of the array.  The
*          j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB
*          as follows:
*          if UPLO = 'U', AB(kd+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-kd)<=i<=j;
*          if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j)    = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(n,j+kd).
*
*          On exit, if INFO = 0, the factor S from the split Cholesky
*          factorization A = S**T*S. See Further Details.
*
*  LDAB    (input) INTEGER
*          The leading dimension of the array AB.  LDAB >= KD+1.
*
*  INFO    (output) INTEGER
*          = 0: successful exit
*          < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
*          > 0: if INFO = i, the factorization could not be completed,
*               because the updated element a(i,i) was negative; the
*               matrix A is not positive definite.
*
*  Further Details
*  ===============
*
*  The band storage scheme is illustrated by the following example, when
*  N = 7, KD = 2:
*
*  S = ( s11  s12  s13                     )
*      (      s22  s23  s24                )
*      (           s33  s34                )
*      (                s44                )
*      (           s53  s54  s55           )
*      (                s64  s65  s66      )
*      (                     s75  s76  s77 )
*
*  If UPLO = 'U', the array AB holds:
*
*  on entry:                          on exit:
*
*   *    *   a13  a24  a35  a46  a57   *    *   s13  s24  s53  s64  s75
*   *   a12  a23  a34  a45  a56  a67   *   s12  s23  s34  s54  s65  s76
*  a11  a22  a33  a44  a55  a66  a77  s11  s22  s33  s44  s55  s66  s77
*
*  If UPLO = 'L', the array AB holds:
*
*  on entry:                          on exit:
*
*  a11  a22  a33  a44  a55  a66  a77  s11  s22  s33  s44  s55  s66  s77
*  a21  a32  a43  a54  a65  a76   *   s12  s23  s34  s54  s65  s76   *
*  a31  a42  a53  a64  a64   *    *   s13  s24  s53  s64  s75   *    *
*
*  Array elements marked * are not used by the routine.
*
*  =====================================================================
*
*     .. Parameters ..
REAL               ONE, ZERO
PARAMETER          ( ONE = 1.0E+0, ZERO = 0.0E+0 )
*     ..
*     .. Local Scalars ..
LOGICAL            UPPER
INTEGER            J, KLD, KM, M
REAL               AJJ
*     ..
*     .. External Functions ..
LOGICAL            LSAME
EXTERNAL           LSAME
*     ..
*     .. External Subroutines ..
EXTERNAL           SSCAL, SSYR, XERBLA
*     ..
*     .. Intrinsic Functions ..
INTRINSIC          MAX, MIN, SQRT
*     ..
*     .. Executable Statements ..
*
*     Test the input parameters.
*
INFO = 0
UPPER = LSAME( UPLO, 'U' )
IF( .NOT.UPPER .AND. .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' ) ) THEN
INFO = -1
ELSE IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN
INFO = -2
ELSE IF( KD.LT.0 ) THEN
INFO = -3
ELSE IF( LDAB.LT.KD+1 ) THEN
INFO = -5
END IF
IF( INFO.NE.0 ) THEN
CALL XERBLA( 'SPBSTF', -INFO )
RETURN
END IF
*
*     Quick return if possible
*
IF( N.EQ.0 )
\$   RETURN
*
KLD = MAX( 1, LDAB-1 )
*
*     Set the splitting point m.
*
M = ( N+KD ) / 2
*
IF( UPPER ) THEN
*
*        Factorize A(m+1:n,m+1:n) as L**T*L, and update A(1:m,1:m).
*
DO 10 J = N, M + 1, -1
*
*           Compute s(j,j) and test for non-positive-definiteness.
*
AJJ = AB( KD+1, J )
IF( AJJ.LE.ZERO )
\$         GO TO 50
AJJ = SQRT( AJJ )
AB( KD+1, J ) = AJJ
KM = MIN( J-1, KD )
*
*           Compute elements j-km:j-1 of the j-th column and update the
*           the leading submatrix within the band.
*
CALL SSCAL( KM, ONE / AJJ, AB( KD+1-KM, J ), 1 )
CALL SSYR( 'Upper', KM, -ONE, AB( KD+1-KM, J ), 1,
\$                 AB( KD+1, J-KM ), KLD )
10    CONTINUE
*
*        Factorize the updated submatrix A(1:m,1:m) as U**T*U.
*
DO 20 J = 1, M
*
*           Compute s(j,j) and test for non-positive-definiteness.
*
AJJ = AB( KD+1, J )
IF( AJJ.LE.ZERO )
\$         GO TO 50
AJJ = SQRT( AJJ )
AB( KD+1, J ) = AJJ
KM = MIN( KD, M-J )
*
*           Compute elements j+1:j+km of the j-th row and update the
*           trailing submatrix within the band.
*
IF( KM.GT.0 ) THEN
CALL SSCAL( KM, ONE / AJJ, AB( KD, J+1 ), KLD )
CALL SSYR( 'Upper', KM, -ONE, AB( KD, J+1 ), KLD,
\$                    AB( KD+1, J+1 ), KLD )
END IF
20    CONTINUE
ELSE
*
*        Factorize A(m+1:n,m+1:n) as L**T*L, and update A(1:m,1:m).
*
DO 30 J = N, M + 1, -1
*
*           Compute s(j,j) and test for non-positive-definiteness.
*
AJJ = AB( 1, J )
IF( AJJ.LE.ZERO )
\$         GO TO 50
AJJ = SQRT( AJJ )
AB( 1, J ) = AJJ
KM = MIN( J-1, KD )
*
*           Compute elements j-km:j-1 of the j-th row and update the
*           trailing submatrix within the band.
*
CALL SSCAL( KM, ONE / AJJ, AB( KM+1, J-KM ), KLD )
CALL SSYR( 'Lower', KM, -ONE, AB( KM+1, J-KM ), KLD,
\$                 AB( 1, J-KM ), KLD )
30    CONTINUE
*
*        Factorize the updated submatrix A(1:m,1:m) as U**T*U.
*
DO 40 J = 1, M
*
*           Compute s(j,j) and test for non-positive-definiteness.
*
AJJ = AB( 1, J )
IF( AJJ.LE.ZERO )
\$         GO TO 50
AJJ = SQRT( AJJ )
AB( 1, J ) = AJJ
KM = MIN( KD, M-J )
*
*           Compute elements j+1:j+km of the j-th column and update the
*           trailing submatrix within the band.
*
IF( KM.GT.0 ) THEN
CALL SSCAL( KM, ONE / AJJ, AB( 2, J ), 1 )
CALL SSYR( 'Lower', KM, -ONE, AB( 2, J ), 1,
\$                    AB( 1, J+1 ), KLD )
END IF
40    CONTINUE
END IF
RETURN
*
50 CONTINUE
INFO = J
RETURN
*
*     End of SPBSTF
*
END

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