%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "1.04",
%%%     date            = "25 October 2010",
%%%     time            = "17:27:12 MDT",
%%%     filename        = "supercomputing91.bib",
%%%                        University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "59497 2282 10578 106052",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at ieee.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "bibliography, BibTeX, Supercomputing '91",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a complete bibliography of papers
%%%                        published in the proceedings of
%%%                        Supercomputing '91.
%%%
%%%                        The organizers of this conference series
%%%                        maintain a World-Wide Web site at
%%%
%%%                            http://www.supercomp.org/
%%%
%%%                        where pointers to Web pages for the
%%%                        conferences from 1994 to date may be found.
%%%
%%%                        At version 1.04, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
%%%
%%%                             1991 (  92)
%%%
%%%                             InProceedings:   91
%%%                             Proceedings:      1
%%%
%%%                             Total entries:   92
%%%
%%%                        This bibliography was prepared from data
%%%                        collected from major library catalogs, from
%%%                        the IEEE INSPEC database, and from the TeX
%%%                        User Group bibliography archive.
%%%
%%%                        In this bibliography, entries are sorted in
%%%                        publication order, using ``bibsort
%%%                        -byvolume''.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:

@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@ieee.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Publishers and their addresses:

@String{pub-IEEE                = "IEEE Computer Society Press"}

@String{pub-IEEE:adr            = "1109 Spring Street, Suite 300,
                                  Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries.

@InProceedings{Pugh:1991:OTF,
  author =       "W. Pugh",
  title =        "The {Omega} test: a fast and practical integer
                 programming algorithm for dependence analysis",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "4--13",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C1180 (Optimisation techniques); C4240 (Programming
                 and algorithm theory); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing,
                 debugging and evaluating systems)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Maryland Univ., College Park,
                 MD, USA",
  keywords =     "approximate algorithms; array references;
                 computational complexity; dependence analysis;
                 Fourier-Motzkin variable elimination; integer
                 programming; integer programming algorithm; Omega test;
                 polynomial time complexity; production compilers;
                 program testing; worst-case exponential time
                 complexity",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Loeliger:1991:PTT,
  author =       "J. Loeliger and R. Metzger and M. Seligman and S.
                 Stroud",
  title =        "Pointer target tracking-an empirical study",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "14--23",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
                 processors)",
  keywords =     "C-series supercomputers; language-independent
                 interprocedural optimizer; pointer target tracking;
                 program compilers",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Mellor-Crummey:1991:ODD,
  author =       "J. Mellor-Crummey",
  title =        "On-the-fly detection of data races for programs with
                 nested fork-join parallelism",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "24--33",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5640 (Protocols); C6110P (Parallel programming);
                 C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating
                 systems)",
  corpsource =   "Center for Res. on Parallel Comput., Rice Univ.,
                 Houston, TX, USA",
  keywords =     "data races for programs; debugging; dynamic nesting;
                 monitored program execution; nested fork-join
                 parallelism; on-the-fly detection; parallel constructs;
                 parallel programming; program debugging; program
                 testing; protocol; protocols; run-time detection;
                 shared-memory programs; worst-case run-time overhead",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Picano:1991:PCE,
  author =       "S. Picano and E. D. {Brooks, III} and J. E. Hoag",
  title =        "Programming costs of explicit memory localization on a
                 large scale shared memory multiprocessor",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "36--45",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques);
                 C6110P (Parallel programming); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  corpsource =   "Sch. of Electr. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette,
                 IN, USA",
  keywords =     "BBN TC2000; buffer storage; explicit memory
                 localization; large scale shared memory multiprocessor;
                 MIMD parallel computer; multiprocessing systems;
                 network simulation program; parallel programming;
                 performance gains; programming costs; software
                 controlled cache coherence mechanism; storage
                 management",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Shing:1991:CMD,
  author =       "H. Shing and L. M. Ni",
  title =        "A conflict-free memory design for multiprocessors",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "46--55",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5310 (Storage system design); C5440 (Multiprocessor
                 systems and techniques); C6120 (File organisation)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Michigan State Univ., East
                 Lansing, MI, USA",
  keywords =     "conflict-free memory design; data consistency; file
                 organisation; hot spot problem; interconnection network
                 structure; low cost mechanism; low latency; memory
                 architecture; multiprocessing systems; multiprocessors;
                 process synchronization; shared memory organization;
                 synchronisation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{deDinechin:1991:UFE,
  author =       "B. D. {de Dinechin}",
  title =        "A ultra fast {Euclidean} division algorithm for prime
                 memory systems",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "56--65",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods); C5310 (Storage
                 system design)",
  corpsource =   "CEA, Centre d'Etudes de Limeil-Valenton, Villeneuve
                 St. George, France",
  keywords =     "address mapping; address skewing; digital arithmetic;
                 hardware implementation; image processing memory
                 systems; memory architecture; multibank memory design;
                 nonlinear skewing schemes; prime memory systems;
                 supercomputer; two's complement binary arithmetic;
                 ultra fast Euclidean division algorithm",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Cohen:1991:HSS,
  author =       "M. Cohen and M. Foster and D. Kratzer and P. Malone
                 and A. Solem",
  title =        "A high school supercomputing challenge",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "68--75",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques);
                 C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)",
  corpsource =   "Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM, USA",
  keywords =     "computational science project; educational computing;
                 high school supercomputing challenge; high-performance
                 computers; parallel processing; science and computing
                 knowledge",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Sadananda:1991:CCA,
  author =       "R. Sadananda",
  title =        "Chaotic cardiac arrhythmias",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "76--84",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A8730C (Electrical activity); C7330 (Biology and
                 medicine)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston,
                 IL, USA",
  keywords =     "cardiology; chaotic cardiac arrhythmias; computer
                 simulation; coupled biological oscillators; digital
                 simulation; fibrillations; medical computing;
                 myocardial cells; nonlinear equations; phase locking;
                 phase response behavior; physiological models;
                 piecewise linear equations",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Hiranandani:1991:COF,
  author =       "S. Hiranandani and K. Kennedy and C.-W. Tseng",
  title =        "Compiler optimizations for {FortranD} on {MIMD}
                 distributed-memory machines",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "86--100",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques);
                 C6140D (High level languages); C6150C (Compilers,
                 interpreters and other processors)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rice Univ., Houston, TX, USA",
  keywords =     "code generation strategy; communication costs;
                 compiler optimisation; data decomposition; data
                 dependence; FORTRAN; Fortran D; iPSC/860; load
                 imbalance; MIMD distributed-memory machines; node
                 programs; parallel machines; program compilers",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Koelbel:1991:CGR,
  author =       "C. Koelbel",
  title =        "Compiler-time generation of regular communications
                 patterns",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "101--110",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
                 processors); C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  corpsource =   "Center for Res. on Parallel Comput., Rice Univ.,
                 Houston, TX, USA",
  keywords =     "block-distributed arrays; communication of nonlocal
                 values; compile time analysis; compile-time generation;
                 cyclicly-distributed arrays; distributed memory
                 machine; distributed processing; global name space;
                 Kali language; mapping; numerical algorithms; program
                 compilers; regular communications patterns; run-time
                 analysis",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Ramanujan:1991:TMI,
  author =       "J. Ramanujan and P. Sadayappan",
  title =        "Tiling multidimensional iteration spaces for nonshared
                 memory machines",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "111--120",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6150C (Compilers,
                 interpreters and other processors)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Louisiana State
                 Univ., Baton Rouge, LA, USA",
  keywords =     "deadlock-free tiles; loop iterations; multiply nested
                 loops; nested loops; nonshared memory machines;
                 parallel programming; partitioning; program compilers;
                 tiling multidimensional iteration spaces",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Kung:1991:NAA,
  author =       "H. T. Kung and J. Subhlok",
  title =        "A new approach for automatic parallelization of block
                 linear algebra computations",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "122--129",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C6110P (Parallel
                 programming)",
  corpsource =   "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  keywords =     "automatic generation; automatic parallelization; block
                 linear algebra computations; block routines; data
                 distribution scheme; fine-grain parallel
                 architectures; fully automatic system; highly parallel
                 systolic algorithms; iWarp; LAPACK; linear algebra;
                 parallel programming; parallel programs; performance
                 results; sequential block routine",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Markstein:1991:WFF,
  author =       "V. Markstein and P. Markstein and T. Nguyen and S.
                 Poole",
  title =        "Wide format floating-point math libraries",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "130--138",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing); C7310
                 (Mathematics)",
  corpsource =   "ISQUARE, Inc., Austin, TX, USA",
  keywords =     "128 bit; 64 bit; accuracy evaluations; Convex C-240;
                 Cray Y-MP; digital arithmetic; floating-point formats;
                 Hewlett--Packard 9000/720; IBM 3090E/VF; IBM
                 System/6000; math libraries; mathematics computing;
                 parallel processing; performance; performance
                 evaluation; transcendental functions; wide format
                 floating point math libraries",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Nicholas:1991:DCD,
  author =       "H. Nicholas and G. Giras and V. Hartonas-Garmhausen
                 and M. Kopko and C. Maher and A. Ropelewski",
  title =        "Distributing the comparison of {DNA} and protein
                 sequences across heterogeneous supercomputers",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "139--146",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A8715 (Molecular biophysics); C7330 (Biology and
                 medicine)",
  corpsource =   "Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, PA, USA",
  keywords =     "control program; Cray Y-MP; DNA; DNA sequences;
                 heterogeneous supercomputers; libraries; MaxSegs
                 algorithm; medical computing; protein sequences;
                 proteins; Thinking Machines CM-2 system; workstation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Simmons:1991:PCT,
  author =       "M. L. Simmons and H. J. Wasserman and O. M. Lubeck and
                 C. Eoyang and R. Mendez and H. Harada and M. Ishiguro",
  title =        "A performance comparison of three supercomputers:
                 {Fujitsu VP-2600}, {NEC SX-3}, and {Cray Y-MP}",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "150--157",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Sat Oct 24 13:05:56 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  corpsource =   "Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM, USA",
  keywords =     "Cray Y-MP; Fujitsu VP-2600; highly vectorizable
                 production-type codes; memory bandwidth; Mendez Fluid
                 dynamics codes; multiple vector pipelines; NEC SX-3;
                 parallel processing; performance comparison;
                 performance evaluation; second-generation
                 supercomputers; standard Los Alamos benchmark set;
                 supercomputers; vector register organization",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; R Product Review",
}

@InProceedings{Bailey:1991:NPB,
  author =       "D. H. Bailey and E. Barszcz and J. T. Barton and D. S.
                 Browning and R. L. Carter and L. Dagum and R. A.
                 Fatoohi and P. O. Frederickson and T. A. Lasinski and
                 R. S. Schreiber and H. D. Simon and V. Venkatakrishnan
                 and S. K. Weeratunga",
  title =        "The {NAS} parallel benchmarks-summary and preliminary
                 results",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "158--165",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A4710 (General theory, simulation and other
                 computational methods); C5440 (Multiprocessor systems
                 and techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation and
                 testing); C7460 (Aerospace engineering)",
  corpsource =   "NASA Ames Res. Centr, Moffett Field, CA, USA",
  keywords =     "aerospace computing; CFD codes; computational
                 aerosciences applications; computer fluid dynamics;
                 data motions; flow simulation; highly parallel systems;
                 NAS parallel benchmarks; numerical aerodynamic
                 simulation; parallel kernels; parallel processing;
                 performance evaluation; supercomputers",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Bailey:1991:PRT,
  author =       "D. H. Bailey and P. O. Frederickson",
  title =        "Performance results for two of the {NAS} parallel
                 benchmarks",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "166--173",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A4710 (General theory, simulation and other
                 computational methods); C1140G (Monte Carlo methods);
                 C4190 (Other numerical methods); C5440 (Multiprocessor
                 systems and techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation
                 and testing); C7460 (Aerospace engineering)",
  corpsource =   "NASA Ames Res. Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA",
  keywords =     "aerospace computing; Connection Machine-2; Cray Y-MP;
                 fast Fourier transforms; flow simulation;
                 implementation schemes; Intel iPSC/860; Monte Carlo
                 methods; Monte Carlo statistical calculation; numerical
                 aerodynamic simulation; parallel benchmarks; parallel
                 computer systems; parallel processing; performance
                 evaluation; performance results; Poisson partial
                 differential equation solver; three-dimensional fast
                 Fourier transforms",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Baer:1991:EOP,
  author =       "J.-L. Baer and T.-F. Chen",
  title =        "An effective on-chip preloading scheme to reduce data
                 access penalty",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "176--186",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5310 (Storage system design); C6120 (File
                 organisation)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci. and Eng., Washington Univ.,
                 Seattle, WA, USA",
  keywords =     "buffer storage; clock cycles; data access penalty
                 reduction; data cache misses; file organisation;
                 hardware support function; instruction stream; look-
                 ahead program counter; memory access models; memory
                 architecture; memory latency; on-chip data cache;
                 on-chip preloading scheme; operand references;
                 reference prediction table; trace-driven simulation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Bird:1991:ULR,
  author =       "P. L. Bird and R. A. Uhlig",
  title =        "Using lookahead to reduce memory bank contention for
                 decoupled operand references",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "187--196",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory); C5310
                 (Storage system design); C6120 (File organisation)",
  corpsource =   "Adv. Comput. Res. Inst., Lyon, France",
  keywords =     "bank management hardware; complexity; computational
                 complexity; decoupled operand references; high
                 throughput memory designs; lookahead; memory
                 architecture; memory bank contention reduction; operand
                 references; simulation; storage management; storage
                 system control structure; table lookup",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Dubois:1991:DCE,
  author =       "M. Dubois and J.-C. Wang and L. A. Barroso and K. Lee
                 and Y.-S. Chen",
  title =        "Delayed consistency and its effects on the miss rate
                 of parallel programs",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "197--206",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4240P (Parallel programming and algorithm theory);
                 C5640 (Protocols); C6110P (Parallel programming)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Electr. Eng. Syst., Univ. of Southern
                 California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
  keywords =     "cache-based systems; complexity; computational
                 complexity; delayed consistency; delayed protocols;
                 execution-driven simulations; miss rate; parallel
                 algorithms; parallel programming; parallel programs;
                 performance comparison; protocols; weakly ordered
                 consistency model",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Hatcher:1991:ASP,
  author =       "P. J. Hatcher and M. J. Quinn and R. J. Anderso and A.
                 J. Lapadula and B. K. Seevers and A. F. Bennett",
  title =        "Architecture-independent scientific programming in
                 dataparallel {C}: three case studies",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "208--217",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6140D (High level
                 languages); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
                 processors); C7340 (Geophysics)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., New Hampshire Univ., Durham,
                 NC, USA",
  keywords =     "architecture independent scientific programming; C
                 code; C language; compiled programs; dataparallel C;
                 geophysics computing; Intel iPSC/2; multicomputers;
                 multiprocessors; nCUBE 3200; ocean circulation model;
                 parallel programming; performance; program compilers;
                 Sequent Symmetry S81; shallow-water atmospheric model;
                 Sharks World model; SIMD programming language",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Hirayama:1991:SFP,
  author =       "H. Hirayama and M. Ikeda and N. Sagawa",
  title =        "Solution functions of {PDEQSOL} (partial differential
                 equation solver language) for fluid problems",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "218--227",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4170 (Differential equations)C4185 (Finite element
                 analysis); C6110P (Parallel programming); C6115
                 (Programming support); C7320 (Physics and Chemistry)",
  corpsource =   "Hitachi VLSI Eng. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan",
  keywords =     "benchmark; finite element analysis; finite element
                 method; fluid problems; Fortran 77 program; integrated
                 problem-solving environment; integrated software;
                 parallel programming; partial differential equation
                 solver language; partial differential equations;
                 performance evaluation; physics computing; problem
                 solving; programming environments; solution algorithms;
                 supercomputers; translator; vectorization ratios; very
                 high-level descriptions",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Sethian:1991:CTF,
  author =       "J. A. Sethian and J.-P. Brunet and A. Greenberg and J.
                 P. Mesirov",
  title =        "Computing turbulent flow in complex geometries on a
                 massively parallel processor",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "230--241",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A4710 (General theory, simulation and other
                 computational methods); A4725 (Turbulent flows,
                 convection, and heat transfer); C5440 (Multiprocessor
                 systems and techniques); C7320 (Physics and
                 Chemistry)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Math., California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA",
  keywords =     "adaptive creation; complex geometries; computational
                 element; Connection Machine CM-2; flow simulation;
                 Lagrangian schemes; massively parallel processor;
                 merger; parallel data structures; parallel elliptic
                 solvers; parallel N- body solvers; parallel processing;
                 physics computing; random vortex method; rollup;
                 turbulence; turbulent flow computing; vortex shedding",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Elton:1991:LBM,
  author =       "B. H. Elton",
  title =        "A lattice {Boltzmann} method for a two-dimensional
                 viscous {Burgers} equation: computational results",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "242--252",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A5110 (Kinetic and transport theory); C4170
                 (Differential equations); C7320 (Physics and
                 Chemistry)",
  corpsource =   "Fujitsu America Inc., San Jose, CA, USA",
  keywords =     "Boltzmann equation; computational results;
                 conditionally monotone finite difference method;
                 difference equations; flow simulation; kinetic theory
                 of gases; l/sub 1/-norm; lattice Boltzmann method;
                 nonlinear advection-diffusion equation; physics
                 computing; two-dimensional viscous Burgers equation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Mechoso:1991:DCM,
  author =       "C. R. Mechoso and C.-C. Ma and J. D. Farrar and J. A.
                 Saphr and Moore and R. W.",
  title =        "Distribution of a climate model across high-speed
                 networks",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "253--260",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A9260S (Climatology); A9385 (Instrumentation and
                 techniques for geophysical, hydrospheric and lower
                 atmosphere research); A9575P (Mathematical and computer
                 techniques); C7340 (Geophysics); C7350 (Astronomy and
                 astrophysics)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Atmos. Sci., Los Angeles Univ., CA, USA",
  keywords =     "astrophysics computing; atmospheric techniques;
                 climate model; climatology; coupled atmosphere-ocean
                 general circulation model; geographically separated
                 locations; geophysics computing; heterogeneous
                 computing environments; high-speed networks;
                 parallelism",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Cann:1991:RFD,
  author =       "D. Cann",
  title =        "Retire {FORTRAN}? {A} debate rekindled",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "264--272",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6140D (High level
                 languages)",
  corpsource =   "Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab., CA, USA",
  keywords =     "abstraction; Cray Sisal; FORTRAN; functional language;
                 parallel execution; parallel programming; performance;
                 programming language; scientific computing",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "G General Review; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Lee:1991:OOP,
  author =       "J. K. Lee and D. Gannon",
  title =        "Object oriented parallel programming experiments and
                 results",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "273--282",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110J (Object-oriented programming); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming); C6115 (Programming support)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN,
                 USA",
  keywords =     "data distribution; distributed collection model;
                 massive parallelism; memory locality; object oriented
                 parallel programming; object-oriented programming;
                 parallel programming; PC++; performance; programming
                 environments",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Gursoy:1991:HLS,
  author =       "A. Gursoy and L. V. Kale",
  title =        "High level support for divide-and-conquer
                 parallelism",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "283--292",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6140D (High level
                 languages)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL,
                 USA",
  keywords =     "C language; Chare Kernel parallel programming;
                 divide-and-conquer parallelism; dynamic load balancing;
                 high level languages; high level support; iPSC/2;
                 machine-independent execution; NCUBE/two; parallel
                 programming; Sequent symmetry; synchronisation;
                 synchronization; translator",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Ewing:1991:VPI,
  author =       "R. Ewing and P. O'Leary and J. Sochacki",
  title =        "Vector\slash parallel implementation of a porous media
                 flow code",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "294--303",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A4710 (General theory, simulation and other
                 computational methods); A4755M (Flow through porous
                 media); C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory); C7340
                 (Geophysics)",
  corpsource =   "Inst. for Sci. Comput., Wyoming Univ., Laramie, WY,
                 USA",
  keywords =     "computational complexity; computational model; flow
                 simulation; flow through porous media; geophysics
                 computing; large-scale simulation; miscible fluids; oil
                 recovery processes; porous media flow code;
                 supercomputing; timings; viscous fingering",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Young:1991:HPV,
  author =       "L. C. Young and S. E. Zaratonello",
  title =        "High performance vector processing in reservoir
                 simulation",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "304--315",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A4710 (General theory, simulation and other
                 computational methods); A4755M (Flow through porous
                 media); C4170 (Differential equations); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C7340
                 (Geophysics)",
  corpsource =   "Reservoir Simulation Research Corp., Tulsa, OK, USA",
  keywords =     "600 MFLOPS; black-oil problems; computational
                 performance; difference equations; finite-difference
                 formulation; flow simulation; flow through porous
                 media; Fujitsu VP2600/10 supercomputer; geophysics
                 computing; high performance vector processing; parallel
                 processing; reservoir simulation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Myczkowski:1991:SMA,
  author =       "J. Myczkowski and G. Steele",
  title =        "Seismic modeling at {15 Gigaflops} on the {Connection
                 Machine}",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "316--326",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A9130 (Seismology); C4170 (Differential equations);
                 C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C7340
                 (Geophysics)",
  corpsource =   "Thinking Machines Corp., Cambridge, MA, USA",
  keywords =     "14 GFLOPS; acoustic wave equation; CM-2 supercomputer;
                 Connection Machine; difference equations; finite
                 difference algorithm; floating point unit; geophysics
                 computing; instruction sequence; interprocessor grid
                 communication; massively parallel machine; memory
                 interface; parallel processing; seismic modelling code;
                 seismology; sponge boundary conditions; stencil
                 compiler",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Dongarra:1991:GBP,
  author =       "J. J. Dongarra and A. Karp and K. Miura and H. D.
                 Simon",
  title =        "{Gordon Bell Prize} lectures (supercomputer
                 applications)",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "328--337",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN,
                 USA",
  keywords =     "128-node Intel iPSC/860; compiler speedup; Connections
                 Machine; electronic structure; floating point
                 processors; Fortran 77; Fortran 90; grid generation
                 program; parallel processing; partial differential
                 equation; price/performance award; scientific and
                 engineering problems; supercomputers",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "G General Review; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Sabot:1991:CPE,
  author =       "G. Sabot and L. Tennies and A. Vasilevsky and R.
                 Shapiro",
  title =        "Compiler parallelization of an elliptic grid generator
                 for {1990 Gordon Bell Prize}",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "338--346",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques);
                 C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)",
  corpsource =   "Thinking Machines Corp., Cambridge, MA, USA",
  keywords =     "1990 Gordon Bell Prize; application code;
                 automatically parallelizing compiler; compiler
                 parallelisation; Connection Machine Fortran 1.0
                 compiler; cycle counting analysis; elliptic grid
                 generator; FORTRAN; Fortran program; numerical
                 simulation; parallel processing; program compilers; Sun
                 workstation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Beal:1991:GAP,
  author =       "D. Beal and C. Lambrinoudakis",
  title =        "{GPFP}: an array processing element for the next
                 generation of massively parallel supercomputer
                 architectures",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "348--357",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "B1265F (Microprocessors and microcomputers); B2570D
                 (CMOS integrated circuits); C5130 (Microprocessor
                 chips); C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5230 (Digital
                 arithmetic methods)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Queen Mary and Westfield Coll.,
                 London Univ., UK",
  keywords =     "1.6 micron; 2.5 GFLOPS; 50 MHz; 50-MHz clock; ALU;
                 arithmetic and logic unit; array processing element;
                 CMOS integrated circuits; CMOSIC; cost-effective extra
                 functionality; digital arithmetic; floating point
                 arithmetic; general purpose with floating point
                 support; GPFP; MasPar; massively parallel SIMD arrays;
                 massively parallel supercomputer architectures;
                 microprocessor chips; on-chip memory; parallel
                 architectures; processing element; VLSI",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Karmarkar:1991:NPA,
  author =       "N. Karmarkar",
  title =        "A new parallel architecture for sparse matrix
                 computation based on finite projective geometries",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "358--369",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C5220P (Parallel
                 architecture)",
  corpsource =   "AT and T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
  keywords =     "data-routing; finite projective geometries; load
                 balancing; mathematical structure; matrix algebra;
                 memory-access conflicts; parallel architecture;
                 parallel architectures; parallel systems; pattern of
                 interconnection; sparse matrix computation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Jordan:1991:TMO,
  author =       "H. F. Jordan and V. P. Heuring",
  title =        "Time multiplexed optical computers",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "370--378",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "B4125 (Fibre optics); B4180 (Optical logic devices
                 and optical computing techniques); C5270 (Optical
                 computing techniques)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Electr. and Comput. Eng., Colorado Univ.,
                 Boulder, CO, USA",
  keywords =     "architecture; bit serial; directional couplers;
                 interconnection; logic devices; optical counter;
                 optical fibers; optical fibres; optical information
                 processing; proof-of-principle experiment; temporal
                 latency; time division multiplexing; time multiplexed
                 optical computers",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Fiduccia:1991:UMN,
  author =       "C. M. Fiduccia and E. M. Jacobson",
  title =        "Universal multistage networks via linear
                 permutations",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "380--389",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics); C4230M
                 (Multiprocessor interconnection)",
  corpsource =   "Supercomputing Res. Center, Bowie, MD, USA",
  keywords =     "de Bruijn graph; directed 2-graphs; directed graphs;
                 invertible linear operator; linear permutations;
                 multiprocessor interconnection networks; N/2 nodes;
                 shuffle-exchange network; universal multistage
                 networks",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Wei:1991:DAE,
  author =       "S. Wei and S. Levy",
  title =        "Design and analysis of efficient hierarchical
                 interconnection networks",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "390--399",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4230M (Multiprocessor interconnection); C5670
                 (Network performance)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick,
                 NJ, USA",
  keywords =     "average internode distance; design parameters;
                 diameter; fault tolerance capability; hierarchical
                 interconnection networks; intercluster traffic density;
                 interface nodes; message-passing architectures;
                 multiprocessor interconnection networks; performance
                 evaluation; performance measures",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Farrens:1991:ATS,
  author =       "M. Farrens and B. Wetmore and A. Woodruff",
  title =        "Alleviation of tree saturation in multistage
                 interconnection networks",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "400--409",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics); C4230M
                 (Multiprocessor interconnection); C5670 (Network
                 performance)",
  corpsource =   "Div. of Comput. Sci., California Univ., Davis, CA,
                 USA",
  keywords =     "bleeding; feedback damping scheme; feedback threshold
                 value; hot spot contention; memory modules; memory
                 queue size; multiprocessor interconnection networks;
                 multistage interconnection networks; network
                 simulation; performance evaluation; system performance;
                 tree saturation alleviation; trees (mathematics)",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Cheng:1991:EAI,
  author =       "D. Y. Cheng and D. M. Pase",
  title =        "An evaluation of automatic and interactive parallel
                 programming tools",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "412--423",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5470 (Performance evaluation and testing); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming); C6115 (Programming support);
                 C7460 (Aerospace engineering)",
  corpsource =   "NASA Ames Res. Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA",
  keywords =     "aerospace computing; aerospace simulation; automatic
                 tools; benchmarks; code transformation; Cray Y-MP;
                 interactive parallel programming tools; interactive
                 systems; machine-specific optimizations; NAS; Numerical
                 Aerodynamics Simulation; parallel programming;
                 performance; performance degradation; performance
                 evaluation; software tools",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Hall:1991:ITP,
  author =       "M. W. Hall and K. Kennedy and K. S. McKinley",
  title =        "Interprocedural transformations for parallel code
                 generation",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "424--434",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6150C (Compilers,
                 interpreters and other processors); C6150G (Diagnostic,
                 testing, debugging and evaluating systems)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rice Univ., Houston, TX, USA",
  keywords =     "compiler optimization; interprocedural
                 transformations; loop parallelization; machine model;
                 parallel code generation; parallel programming;
                 parallelism-enhancing transformations; Perfect
                 Benchmarks; performance evaluation; performance
                 improvements; procedure calls; program compilers;
                 scientific programs; shared-memory multiprocessor",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Beguelin:1991:GDT,
  author =       "A. Beguelin and J. J. Dongarra and G. A. Geist and R.
                 Manchek and V. S. Sunderam",
  title =        "Graphical development tools for network-based
                 concurrent supercomputing",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "435--444",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6115 (Programming
                 support); C6180G (Graphical user interfaces)",
  corpsource =   "Oak Ridge Nat Lab., TN, USA",
  keywords =     "application program; graphical development tools;
                 graphical user interfaces; HeNCE; heterogeneous network
                 computing environment; integrated graphical tools;
                 network-based concurrent supercomputing; parallel
                 programming; parallel programs; Parallel Virtual
                 Machine; process management and communication;
                 programming environments; PVM; software package;
                 X-window-based software environment",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Plimpton:1991:SAR,
  author =       "S. Plimpton and G. Mastin and D. Ghiglia",
  title =        "Synthetic aperture radar image processing on parallel
                 supercomputers",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "446--452",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "B6140C (Optical information and image processing);
                 B6320 (Radar equipment, systems and applications);
                 C5260B (Computer vision and picture processing); C7410F
                 (Communications)",
  corpsource =   "Sandia Nat. Labs., Albuquerque, NM, USA",
  keywords =     "2-D FFTs; CM-2; computerised picture processing; fast
                 Fourier transforms; nCUBE 2 hypercube; parallel
                 processing; parallel supercomputers; performance data;
                 phase gradient autofocusing; polar reformatter; radar
                 applications; synthetic aperture radar image
                 processing; telecommunications computing; uncompensated
                 phase errors",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Hotchkiss:1991:ASI,
  author =       "R. S. Hotchkiss and C. L. Wampler",
  title =        "The auditorialization of scientific information",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "453--461",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "B6130 (Speech analysis and processing techniques);
                 B6140 (Signal processing and detection); C5260 (Digital
                 signal processing); C5585 (Speech recognition and
                 synthesis)",
  corpsource =   "Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM, USA",
  keywords =     "auditorialization; computerised signal processing;
                 cryptography; encoding; encrypt; functional data;
                 mathematical functions; scientific information;
                 sequences of music; sound errors; speech analysis and
                 processing; speech recognition",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Tamayo:1991:PAS,
  author =       "P. Tamayo and J. P. Mesirov and B. M. Boghosian",
  title =        "Parallel approaches to short range molecular dynamics
                 simulations",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "462--470",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A6120J (Computer simulation of static and dynamic
                 behaviour); C4240P (Parallel programming and algorithm
                 theory); C7320 (Physics and Chemistry)",
  corpsource =   "Thinking Machine Corp., Cambridge, MA, USA",
  keywords =     "coarse-grained cells; computational requirements;
                 Connection Machine CM-2; linked lists; molecular
                 dynamics method; parallel algorithms; parallel
                 machines; performance evaluation; physics computing;
                 short range molecular dynamics simulations; Verlet
                 neighbor lists",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "A Application; P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Friedell:1991:VBM,
  author =       "M. Friedell and M. LaPolla and S. Kochhar and S.
                 Sistare and Juda and J.",
  title =        "Visualizing the behavior of massively parallel
                 programs",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "472--480",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6115 (Programming
                 support); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and
                 evaluating systems)",
  corpsource =   "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA",
  keywords =     "behaviour visualization; computer-aided design system;
                 conceptual framework; Connection Machine; debugging;
                 integrated visualization environment; massively
                 parallel programs; parallel programming; program
                 debugging; program testing; programming environments;
                 prototype system; SIMD programs; user-interaction
                 paradigm",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Goldberg:1991:PDS,
  author =       "A. J. Goldberg and J. L. Hennessy",
  title =        "Performance debugging shared memory multiprocessor
                 programs with {MTOOL}",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "481--490",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6115 (Programming
                 support); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and
                 evaluating systems); C6180G (Graphical user
                 interfaces)",
  corpsource =   "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
  keywords =     "graphical user interfaces; low overhead
                 instrumentation; MTOOL; parallel programming;
                 performance evaluation; performance losses; program
                 debugging; shared memory parallel programs; Silicon
                 Graphics multiprocessors; software tool; software
                 tools; synchronisation; synchronization bottlenecks;
                 time bottlenecks; window-based user interface",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Utter-Honig:1991:GAP,
  author =       "S. Utter-Honig and C. M. Pancake",
  title =        "Graphical animation of parallel {Fortran} programs",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "491--500",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6130B (Graphics
                 techniques); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and
                 evaluating systems)",
  corpsource =   "Cornell Nat. Supercomputer Facility, Cornell Univ.,
                 Itahca, NY, USA",
  keywords =     "computer animation; FORTRAN; hierarchically organized
                 source code; lock/event synchronization; parallel
                 Fortran programs; parallel programming; performance
                 analysis; performance evaluation; PF-View; program
                 behavior; software tools; synchronisation; textural
                 trace information; tool; visualizing the behavior",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Chang:1991:SPP,
  author =       "Yao-Jen Chang and J.-L. C. Wu and Jingshown Wu",
  title =        "Scheduling parallel programs with non-uniform
                 parallelism profiles",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "502--511",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6150J (Operating
                 systems)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei,
                 Taiwan",
  keywords =     "databases; job turnaround time; multiprocessing
                 systems; nonuniform parallelism profiles; operating
                 system; parallel algorithms; parallel programming;
                 parallel programs scheduling; parallelizing compilers;
                 performance evaluation; processor allocation;
                 scheduling; speedup; task graphs",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Ieumwananonthachai:1991:IMC,
  author =       "A. Ieumwananonthachai and A. N. Aizawa and S. R.
                 Schwartz and Wah and B. W. and J. C. Yan",
  title =        "Intelligent mapping of communicating processes in
                 distributed computing systems",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "512--521",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C4240 (Programming
                 and algorithm theory); C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  corpsource =   "Coord. Sci. Lab., Illinois Univ., Champaign, IL, USA",
  keywords =     "automatically designing heuristics; communicating
                 processes; computational complexity; distributed
                 computing systems; distributed processing; heuristic
                 programming; NP-hard; optimal routing of messages;
                 post-game analysis; real-time systems; simulations;
                 solution quality; statistical method; TEACHER 4.1",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Kodama:1991:LBF,
  author =       "Y. Kodama and S. Sakai and Y. Yamaguchi",
  title =        "Load balancing by function distribution on the {EM-4}
                 prototype",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "522--531",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems)",
  corpsource =   "Electrotech. Lab., Ibaraki, Japan",
  keywords =     "allocation functions; divide-and-conquer program;
                 dynamic characteristics; EM-4; function distribution;
                 game tree program; load balancing methods;
                 local-minimum load; MLPE packets; parallel dataflow
                 machine; parallel processing; performance evaluation;
                 resource allocation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Meindl:1991:GIG,
  author =       "J. D. Meindl",
  title =        "Gigascale integration ({GSI}) technology",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "534--538",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "B1265 (Digital electronics); B2570 (Semiconductor
                 integrated circuits); C5120 (Logic and switching
                 circuits)",
  corpsource =   "Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA",
  keywords =     "chip area; chip performance index; delays; gigascale
                 integration; integrated circuit technology;
                 macrovariables; minimum feature size; number of
                 transistors per minimum feature area; power-delay
                 product; reciprocal length versus delay; singular
                 metric; switching operations; technological
                 forecasting; transmission operations; VLSI",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "G General Review",
}

@InProceedings{Willen:1991:EGP,
  author =       "D. E. Willen",
  title =        "Exploration geophysics, parallel computing and
                 reality",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "540--??",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A9130R (Explosion seismology); A9365 (Data
                 acquisition, processing and storage); A9385
                 (Instrumentation and techniques for geophysical,
                 hydrospheric and lower atmosphere research); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C7340
                 (Geophysics)",
  corpsource =   "EXXON Production Research Co., Houston, TX, USA",
  keywords =     "complex near surface; density effects; elastic
                 effects; exploration geophysics; geophysical
                 prospecting; geophysics computing; inverse problems;
                 layered Earth approximations; parallel processing;
                 seismic data; seismology; structured models; TeraFLOPS;
                 TFLOPS; traveltime calculations; wave propagation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "G General Review",
}

@InProceedings{Rutledge:1991:AIL,
  author =       "J. M. Rutledge and D. R. Jones and W. H. Chen and E.
                 Y. Chung",
  title =        "Application issues for large scale reservoir
                 simulation on massively parallel computers",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "541--??",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A9385 (Instrumentation and techniques for
                 geophysical, hydrospheric and lower atmosphere
                 research); C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and
                 techniques); C6150N (Distributed systems); C7340
                 (Geophysics); C7450 (Chemical engineering)",
  keywords =     "chemical engineering computing; computational speed;
                 distributed memory machines; geophysics computing;
                 indirect addressing; intensive computational needs;
                 large scale reservoir simulation; linear equation
                 solver; load balancing; massively parallel computers;
                 oil technology; parallel processing; petroleum
                 reservoir models; resource allocation; robustness;
                 shared memory computers; unit stride; vector
                 supercomputers",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "G General Review",
}

@InProceedings{Kendall:1991:LSR,
  author =       "R. P. Kendall and J. R. Wallis and J. A. Foster and J.
                 S. Nolen",
  title =        "Large scale reservoir simulation in the concurrent
                 processing milieu",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "542--??",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C7340 (Geophysics); C7450 (Chemical engineering)",
  keywords =     "chemical engineering computing; concurrent processing
                 milieu; fine granularity; geophysics computing;
                 numerical reservoir simulation; oil technology;
                 parallel processing; performance gains; simulation
                 technology",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "G General Review",
}

@InProceedings{Smith:1991:VCC,
  author =       "L. L. Smith",
  title =        "Vectorizing {C} compilers: how good are they?",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "544--553",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6140D (High level
                 languages); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
                 processors)",
  corpsource =   "Supercomputing Res. Center, Bowie, MD, USA",
  keywords =     "automatic vectorization; C language; C loop kernels;
                 Convex Application Compiler; Convex cc compiler; Cray 2
                 scc compiler; Cray YMP scc compiler; parallel
                 programming; pipeline processing; program compilers;
                 program testing; vectorizing C compilers",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Glen:1991:CMH,
  author =       "R. R. Glen and D. V. Pryor and J. M. Conroy and T.
                 Johnson",
  title =        "Characterizing memory hot spots in a shared memory
                 {MIMD} machine",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "554--566",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems)",
  corpsource =   "Supercomputing Res. Center, Bowie, MD, USA",
  keywords =     "bistability; critical section; first come/first serve
                 queuing mechanism; massively parallel MIMD computers;
                 memory hot spot; memory stride; multiprocessing
                 systems; pseudorandom interleaving; separate memory
                 accesses; shared memory locations; shared memory MIMD
                 machine; split transaction; storage management;
                 supercomputers; threads; throughput prediction",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Miller:1991:IOB,
  author =       "E. L. Miller and R. H. Katz",
  title =        "Input\slash output behavior of supercomputing
                 applications",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "567--576",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques);
                 C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., California
                 Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA",
  keywords =     "access pattern; buffer storage; bursty I/O request
                 pattern; caching simulations; CPU utilization; Cray
                 computers; Cray Y-MP CPU; digital simulation; file
                 cache; file references; input-output programs;
                 parallel processing; read-ahead; solid-state disk;
                 storage management; supercomputer I/O traces;
                 write-behind",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Chronopoulos:1991:TEP,
  author =       "A. T. Chronopoulos",
  title =        "Towards efficient parallel implementation of the {CG}
                 method applied to a class of block tridiagonal linear
                 systems",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "578--587",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C4170 (Differential
                 equations); C4240P (Parallel programming and algorithm
                 theory); C5220P (Parallel architecture)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput, Sci., Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis,
                 MN, USA",
  keywords =     "block tridiagonal linear systems; conjugate gradient
                 methods; CRAY-2; elliptic partial differential
                 equation; Hypercube parallel computers; memory
                 hierarchy; message passing private memory machines;
                 parallel algorithms; parallel architectures; parallel
                 machines; parameterized vector architecture; partial
                 differential equations; shared memory machines; vector
                 processors",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Pommerell:1991:PIL,
  author =       "C. Pommerell and W. Fichtner",
  title =        "{PILS}: an iterative linear solver package for
                 ill-conditioned systems",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "588--599",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310 (Mathematics)",
  corpsource =   "Integrated Syst. Lab., ETH, Zurich, Switzerland",
  keywords =     "equation solution; ill-conditioned systems; iterative
                 linear solver package; linear algebra; linear
                 equations; mathematics computing; multidimensional
                 solution; ordering; partial differential equations;
                 PILS; preconditioning; production; software
                 implementation; software package; software packages",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Malard:1991:TPD,
  author =       "J. Malard",
  title =        "Threshold pivoting for dense {LU} factorization on
                 distributed memory multiprocessor",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "600--607",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C4240P (Parallel programming
                 and algorithm theory)",
  corpsource =   "Sch. of Comput. Sci., McGill Univ., Montreal, Que.,
                 Canada",
  keywords =     "block column wrapping; dense LU factorization;
                 distributed memory multiprocessor; matrix algebra;
                 multicasts; parallel algorithms; parallel programming;
                 row wrapping",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Hummel:1991:FPR,
  author =       "S. F. Hummel and E. Schonberg and L. E. Flynn",
  title =        "Factoring: a practical and robust method for
                 scheduling parallel loops",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "610--619",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6150C (Compilers,
                 interpreters and other processors)",
  corpsource =   "CRI, Ecole Nat. Sup{\'e}rieure des Mines de Paris,
                 Fontainebleau, France",
  keywords =     "factoring; guided self-scheduling; independent
                 iterations; optimal finishing time; parallel languages;
                 parallel programming; parallel-loop characteristics;
                 program compilers; PTRAN restructuring compiler;
                 resource allocation; RP3 runtime system; scheduling;
                 scheduling parallel loops; static chunking",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Chen:1991:ESD,
  author =       "D.-K. Chen and P.-C. Yew",
  title =        "An empirical study on {DOACROSS} loops",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "620--632",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6150C (Compilers,
                 interpreters and other processors)",
  corpsource =   "Center for Supercomput. Res. and Dev., Illinois Univ.,
                 Urbana, IL, USA",
  keywords =     "concurrent DOACROSS loop execution; cross-iteration
                 dependences; digital simulation; execution-driven
                 simulation; KAP; MaxPar; optimizing compilers; parallel
                 machines; parallel programming; parallelizing compiler;
                 program compilers",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Yang:1991:FSS,
  author =       "T. Yang and A. Gerasoulis",
  title =        "A fast static scheduling algorithm for {DAGs} on an
                 unbounded number of processors",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "633--642",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics); C4240P (Parallel
                 programming and algorithm theory); C6110P (Parallel
                 programming); C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick,
                 NJ, USA",
  keywords =     "coarse tree graphs; communication overhead; completely
                 connected processors; computational complexity; DAG;
                 DAGs; directed acyclic task graphs; directed graphs;
                 dominant sequences clustering; fork; heuristic
                 algorithm; join; parallel algorithms; parallel
                 programming; parallel time; scheduling; static
                 scheduling algorithm",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Qiao:1991:TOC,
  author =       "C. Qiao and R. G. Melham",
  title =        "Time-division optical communications in multiprocessor
                 arrays",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "644--653",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "B6150C (Switching theory); B6260 (Optical links and
                 equipment); C4230M (Multiprocessor interconnection);
                 C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6150N
                 (Distributed systems)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Pittsburgh Univ., PA, USA",
  keywords =     "clock distribution method; high communication
                 bandwidth; message pipelining; multiprocessing systems;
                 multiprocessor arrays; optical communication; optical
                 signal transmission; optical waveguides; predictable
                 propagation delays; synchronisation; synchronization;
                 time division multiplexing; time-division multiplexing;
                 unidirectional propagation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Felperin:1991:FRP,
  author =       "S. A. Felperin and L. Gravano and G. D. Pifarre and J.
                 C. L. Sanz",
  title =        "Fully-adaptive routing: packet switching performance
                 and wormhole algorithms",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "654--663",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "B6150C (Switching theory); C4230M (Multiprocessor
                 interconnection); C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing)",
  keywords =     "deadlock-free adaptive routing; fully adaptive minimal
                 worm-hole routing algorithm; hypercube; injection
                 models; latency; livelock-free adaptive routing; mesh;
                 packet switching; packet switching performance;
                 parallel architectures; performance evaluation;
                 saturation point; simulation study; telecommunication
                 traffic; throughput; traffic models; wormhole
                 algorithms",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Kung:1991:NME,
  author =       "H. T. Kung and R. Sansom and S. Schlick and P.
                 Steenkiste and M. Arnould and F. J. Bitz and
                 F. Christianson and E. C. Cooper and
                 {\"O}. Menzilcio{\u{g}}lu and D. Ombres and B. Zill",
  title =        "Network-based multicomputers: an emerging parallel
                 architecture",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "664--673",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C5620
                 (Computer networks and techniques)",
  corpsource =   "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  keywords =     "computer networks; copy operations; high bandwidth;
                 high-speed crossbar switches; host interrupts;
                 host-network interface overhead; low latency;
                 multicomputer applications; multiprocessing systems;
                 Nectar; network-based multicomputers; parallel
                 architecture; parallel architectures; protocol;
                 system-specific interconnects",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Chervin:1991:CMP,
  author =       "R. Chervin",
  title =        "Climate modeling with parallel vector supercomputers",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "677--??",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A9260B (General circulation); A9260S (Climatology);
                 A9365 (Data acquisition, processing and storage); C7340
                 (Geophysics)",
  corpsource =   "Nat. Center for Atmos. Res., Boulder, CO, USA",
  keywords =     "atmospheric movements; climate modeling; climatology;
                 global atmospheric models; global climate system; model
                 performance enhancement; National Center for
                 Atmospheric Research; NCAR; ocean models; parallel
                 processing; parallel vector supercomputers; performance
                 evaluation; reduced execution time",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "G General Review",
}

@InProceedings{Dannevik:1991:CMM,
  author =       "W. Dannevik",
  title =        "Computing modeling in a {MIMD} environment",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "678--??",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A9210D (Dynamics of the deep ocean); A9210F
                 (Dynamics of the upper ocean); A9260B (General
                 circulation); A9260S (Climatology); A9365 (Data
                 acquisition, processing and storage); C6110P (Parallel
                 programming); C7340 (Geophysics)",
  corpsource =   "Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab., CA, USA",
  keywords =     "1D domain decomposition; 2D decomposition; atmospheric
                 circulation model; atmospheric movements; BBN TC2000
                 MIMD system; climate model numerical algorithms;
                 climatology; data structure definition;
                 distributed-memory programming models; finite
                 difference models; general circulation models;
                 geophysics computing; load-balancing; message-passing
                 paradigms; MIMD environment; oceanography; parallel
                 efficiency; parallel processing; Semtner-Chervin ocean
                 circulation model; shared-memory programming model;
                 spatial resolution; time-advance algorithm selection",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Smith:1991:OMC,
  author =       "R. D. Smith and J. K. Dukowicz and R. C. Malone",
  title =        "Ocean modeling on the {Connection Machine}",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "679--??",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "A9210D (Dynamics of the deep ocean); A9210F
                 (Dynamics of the upper ocean); A9260B (General
                 circulation); A9365 (Data acquisition, processing and
                 storage); C6110P (Parallel programming); C7340
                 (Geophysics)",
  corpsource =   "Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM, USA",
  keywords =     "3D primitive equations; 4-processor XMP; coastal
                 topography; Connection Machine; data structure; DOE
                 CHAMMP program; geophysics computing; global ocean
                 model; longitude-depth slab; Los Alamos CM-2 Connection
                 Machine; ocean-bottom topography; oceanography;
                 parallel processing; Semtner-Chervin ocean model;
                 stratified fluid flow; surface-pressure formulation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Chiueh:1991:IMM,
  author =       "T.-C. Chiueh",
  title =        "An integrated memory management scheme for dynamic
                 alias resolution",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "682--691",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6150J
                 (Operating systems); C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., California
                 Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA",
  keywords =     "indirect resolution; integrated memory management;
                 machine cycle time; memory mapped register;
                 multiprocessor configurations; on-chip data cache;
                 pipeline depth; processor registers; storage
                 allocation; storage management; tagged register",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Corporal:1991:MFH,
  author =       "{Corporal, H.} and H. Mulder",
  title =        "{MOVE}: a framework for high-performance processor
                 design",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "692--701",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5220P (Parallel architecture)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Electr. Eng., Delft Univ. of Technol.,
                 Netherlands",
  keywords =     "configurable; data operations; data transport;
                 hardware organization; hardware utilization;
                 high-performance processors;
                 instruction-level-parallelism; MOVE; parallel
                 architectures; pipeline processing; pipelining;
                 scalable; short cycle implementations",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Bird:1991:SPP,
  author =       "P. L. Bird and U. F. Pleban",
  title =        "A semantics-directed partitioning of a processor
                 architecture",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "702--709",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4210 (Formal logic); C4240 (Programming and
                 algorithm theory); C5220P (Parallel architecture)",
  corpsource =   "Adv. Comput. Res. Inst., Lyon, France",
  keywords =     "action semantics; computer architecture; decoupled
                 address generation; decoupled control activity;
                 denotational semantics; formal languages; formal
                 semantic model; MISD machine; parallel architectures;
                 processor architecture; programming language semantics;
                 programming theory; semantics partitioning;
                 semantics-directed partitioning",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Zagha:1991:RSV,
  author =       "M. Zagha and G. E. Blelloch",
  title =        "Radix sort for vector multiprocessors",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "712--721",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4240P (Parallel programming and algorithm theory);
                 C6110P (Parallel programming); C6130 (Data handling
                 techniques)",
  corpsource =   "Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ.,
                 Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
  keywords =     "Cray computers; CRAY-Y-MP; data-parallel algorithm;
                 parallel algorithms; pipeline processing; radix sort
                 algorithm; sorting; vector multiprocessors",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Kanada:1991:MVP,
  author =       "Y. Kanada",
  title =        "A method of vector processing for shared symbolic
                 data",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "722--731",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4210 (Formal logic); C4240P (Parallel programming
                 and algorithm theory); C6120 (File organisation)",
  corpsource =   "Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo, Japan",
  keywords =     "address calculation sorting; data structures; dynamic
                 data structures; filtering-overwritten-label method;
                 graphs; hash table; Hitachi S-810; lists; multiple
                 processings; parallel algorithms; parallel programming;
                 parallel rewriting; programming theory; rewriting
                 systems; shared elements; shared symbolic data;
                 symbolic processing algorithms; trees; vector
                 processing",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Alnuweiri:1991:OBV,
  author =       "H. M. Alnuweiri",
  title =        "Optimal bounded-degree {VLSI} networks for sorting in
                 a constant number of rounds",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "732--739",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "B2570 (Semiconductor integrated circuits); C4230M
                 (Multiprocessor interconnection); C4240P (Parallel
                 programming and algorithm theory); C6130 (Data handling
                 techniques)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Electr. Eng., British Columbia Univ.,
                 Vancouver, BC, Canada",
  keywords =     "bounded-degree VLSI networks; computational
                 complexity; enumeration-sort; I/O pins; index-mapping
                 methodology; multiple chip networks; multiprocessor
                 interconnection networks; optimal VLSI sorters;
                 parallel programming; partitioning; programming theory;
                 reduced-area shuffle networks; rotate-sort; sorting;
                 VLSI",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Theobald:1991:EPA,
  author =       "K. B. Theobald and G. R. Gao",
  title =        "An efficient parallel algorithm for all pairs
                 examination",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "742--753",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C1110 (Algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C4240P
                 (Parallel programming and algorithm theory)",
  corpsource =   "Sch. of Comput. Sci., McGill Univ., Montreal, Que.,
                 Canada",
  keywords =     "all pairs examination; automorphic transformations;
                 communication steps; computational complexity; group
                 theory; linear feedback shift registers; matrix
                 algebra; network traffic; parallel algorithm; parallel
                 algorithms; permutation groups; processor time;
                 run-time overhead",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Woo:1991:PPF,
  author =       "M.-l. Woo and R. A. Renaut",
  title =        "Parallel power-of-two {FFTs} on hypercubes",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "754--763",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4190 (Other numerical methods); C4230M
                 (Multiprocessor interconnection); C4240P (Parallel
                 programming and algorithm theory)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Math., Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, USA",
  keywords =     "computational complexity; distance one algorithm;
                 distance two algorithm; fast Fourier transforms;
                 hypercube architectures; hypercube networks;
                 interprocessor communications; ordered power-of-two
                 fast Fourier transforms; packet transmission; parallel
                 algorithms; parallel power of two FFTs; time
                 complexity",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Narayanan:1991:ARD,
  author =       "P. J. Narayanan",
  title =        "Analysis of replicated data algorithms on processor
                 array architectures",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "764--773",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C1250 (Pattern recognition); C4230M (Multiprocessor
                 interconnection); C4240P (Parallel programming and
                 algorithm theory)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Maryland Univ., College Park,
                 MD, USA",
  keywords =     "3-D mesh; array interconnection networks; computerised
                 picture processing; data parallelism; data replication;
                 hypercube connected connection machine; image
                 processing algorithms; multiprocessor interconnection
                 networks; nonglobal architectures; operation
                 parallelism; parallel algorithms; processor array
                 architectures; replicated data algorithms",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Tzeng:1991:DHR,
  author =       "N.-F. Tzeng",
  title =        "Design of a highly reliable cube-connected cycles
                 architecture",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "776--785",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4230M (Multiprocessor interconnection); C5220P
                 (Parallel architecture); C5470 (Performance evaluation
                 and testing)",
  corpsource =   "Center for Adv. Comput. Studies, Univ. of Southwestern
                 Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, USA",
  keywords =     "area overhead; cross connections; fault tolerant
                 computing; fault tolerant cube connected cycles
                 architecture; multiprocessor interconnection networks;
                 parallel architectures; processing element;
                 reconfiguration procedure; reliable cube-connected
                 cycles architecture; XCCC layout",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Taylor:1991:TFA,
  author =       "V. E. Taylor and A. Ranade and D. G. Messerschmitt",
  title =        "Three-dimensional finite-element analyses:
                 implications for computer architectures",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "786--795",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C4185 (Finite element
                 analysis); C4240P (Parallel programming and algorithm
                 theory); C5220P (Parallel architecture); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming); C6120 (File organisation)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Electr. Eng. and Comput. Sci., California
                 Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA",
  keywords =     "columns; computer architectures; data path design;
                 data structure; data structures; finite element
                 analysis; floating-point units; matrix algebra; memory
                 bandwidth; parallel architectures; parallel
                 programming; programming theory; rows; sparse matrices;
                 sparsity pattern",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Tomkins:1991:MPC,
  author =       "J. L. Tomkins and J. P. VanDyke",
  title =        "Massively parallel computing and the mid-course
                 tracking problem",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "796--804",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C7150 (Military)",
  corpsource =   "Sandia Nat. Labs., Albuquerque, NM, USA",
  keywords =     "Cray X-MP single processor; massively parallel MIMD
                 computing; mid-course tracking problem; military
                 computing; nCUBE/ten computer; parallel programming;
                 real-time solution; real-time systems; SDI; strategic
                 defence initiative; TRC code",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Bucher:1991:MMA,
  author =       "I. Y. Bucher and M. L. Simmons",
  title =        "Measurement of memory access contentions in multiple
                 vector processor systems",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "806--817",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C1140C (Queueing theory); C5440 (Multiprocessor
                 systems and techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation
                 and testing); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
                 processors)",
  corpsource =   "Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM, USA",
  keywords =     "active processors; CRAY X-MP; CRAY Y-MP; CRAY-2;
                 dynamic memory; memory access conflicts; memory bank
                 conflicts; mixed strides; multiple vector processor
                 systems; parallel machines; performance evaluation;
                 program compilers; queueing theory; queuing model;
                 static memory; stride one; vector length; vector loop
                 unrolling; vector operations; vector performance",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Chen:1991:CAS,
  author =       "Y.-C. Chen and A. V. Veidenbaum",
  title =        "Comparison and analysis of software and directory
                 coherence schemes",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "818--829",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C6110P (Parallel programming); C6120 (File
                 organisation); C6185 (Simulation techniques)",
  corpsource =   "Center for Supercomputing Res. and Dev., Illinois
                 Univ., Urbana, IL, USA",
  keywords =     "buffer storage; cache coherence problem; digital
                 simulation; directory coherence; false sharing; hit
                 ratio; MIN- based large-scale multiprocessor system;
                 multiprocessor interconnection networks; nontrivial
                 cache line size; parallel programming; performance;
                 performance evaluation; shared memory traffic;
                 software; storage management; trace-driven
                 simulation",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

@InProceedings{Ahmad:1991:PPD,
  author =       "I. Ahmad and A. Ghafor and K. Mehrotra",
  title =        "Performance prediction of distributed load balancing
                 on multicomputer systems",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "830--839",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C1140C (Queueing theory); C5440 (Multiprocessor
                 systems and techniques); C5470 (Performance evaluation
                 and testing)",
  corpsource =   "Sch. of Comput. and Inf. Sci., Syracuse Univ., NY,
                 USA",
  keywords =     "analytical models; average execution queue length;
                 central server open queuing network; local execution;
                 multicomputer systems; multiprocessing systems; newly
                 arrived task; performance evaluation; performance
                 prediction; probability; queueing theory; queuing
                 parameters; response time; sender-initiated distributed
                 load balancing strategies; simulation models;
                 statistical analysis",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Su:1991:EDE,
  author =       "H.-M. Su and P.-C. Yew",
  title =        "Efficient {Doacross} execution on distributed
                 shared-memory multiprocessors",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "842--853",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4240P (Parallel programming and algorithm theory);
                 C6110P (Parallel programming); C6120 (File
                 organisation); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and
                 other processors)",
  corpsource =   "Center for Supercomput. Res. and Dev., Illinois Univ.,
                 Urbana, IL, USA",
  keywords =     "buffer location; compile time; compiler algorithms;
                 direct communication; distributed shared-memory
                 multiprocessors; Doacross execution; Doacross loop; DSM
                 architecture; message buffers; nearest shared memory;
                 parallel algorithms; parallel programming; program
                 compilers; programming theory; static message passing;
                 storage management; UMA architecture; uniform memory
                 access",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Granston:1991:DRA,
  author =       "E. D. Granston and A. V. Veidenbaum",
  title =        "Detecting redundant accesses to array data",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "854--865",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4240P (Parallel programming and algorithm theory);
                 C6110P (Parallel programming); C6120 (File
                 organisation); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and
                 other processors)",
  corpsource =   "Center for Supercomputing Res. and Dev., Illinois
                 Univ., Urbana, IL, USA",
  keywords =     "compile-time algorithm; conditionals; dependence
                 analysis; flow analysis; flow equations;
                 interval-analysis; parallel algorithms; parallel
                 constructs; parallel programming; program compilers;
                 programming theory; redundancy analysis; redundant
                 global memory accesses; redundant reference; storage
                 management; vector constructs",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}

@InProceedings{Venugopal:1991:EPS,
  author =       "S. Venugopal and V. K. Naik",
  title =        "Effects of partitioning and scheduling sparse matrix
                 factorization on communication and load balance",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "866--875",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C4240P (Parallel programming
                 and algorithm theory)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick,
                 NJ, USA",
  keywords =     "communication; distributed memory systems; Harwell-
                 Boeing data set; load balance; load imbalance; matrix
                 algebra; parallel algorithms; partitioning; scheduling;
                 scheduling sparse matrix factorization; wrap-mapped
                 column assignment",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Myers:1991:MSR,
  author =       "T. Myers and E. Williams",
  title =        "Mass storage requirements in the intelligence
                 community",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "878--889",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5320 (Digital storage); C6110 (Systems analysis and
                 programming)",
  corpsource =   "Dept. of Defense, Ft. Meade, MD, USA",
  keywords =     "digital storage; intelligence community; mass storage
                 systems; research and development; systems analysis",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "G General Review",
}

@InProceedings{Bowen:1991:VMT,
  author =       "N. S. Bowen and D. K. Pradhan",
  title =        "A virtual memory translation mechanism to support
                 checkpoint and rollback recovery",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "890--899",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5470 (Performance evaluation and testing); C6120
                 (File organisation)",
  corpsource =   "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
                 NY, USA",
  keywords =     "address space; checkpoint interval size; checkpoint
                 recovery; fault tolerant computing; rollback recovery;
                 supercomputer applications; virtual memory translation;
                 virtual storage",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "T Theoretical or Mathematical; X Experimental",
}

@InProceedings{Annaratone:1991:KDM,
  author =       "M. Annaratone and M. Fillo and M. Halbherr and R. Ruhl
                 and Steiner and P. and M. Viredaz",
  title =        "The {K2} distributed memory parallel processor:
                 architecture, compiler and operating system",
  crossref =     "IEEE:1991:PSA",
  pages =        "900--909",
  year =         "1991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 15 16:28:01 MDT 1998",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5220P (Parallel architecture); C5440
                 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C6110P
                 (Parallel programming); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters
                 and other processors); C6150J (Operating systems);
                 C6150N (Distributed systems)",
  corpsource =   "Swiss Federal Inst. of Technol., Zurich, Switzerland",
  keywords =     "architecture; K2 distributed memory parallel
                 processor; multi tasking operating system; multi user
                 operating system; multiprogramming; operating systems
                 (computers); parallel architectures; parallel machines;
                 parallel programming; parallelizing compiler; program
                 compilers; time-sharing operating system; workbench
                 machine",
  sponsororg =   "IEEE; ACM",
  treatment =    "P Practical",
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% These entries must occur last because they are cross-referenced by
%%% entries above.

@Proceedings{IEEE:1991:PSA,
  editor =       "{IEEE}",
  booktitle =    "Proceedings, Supercomputing '91: Albuquerque, New
                 Mexico, November 18--22, 1991",
  title =        "Proceedings, Supercomputing '91: Albuquerque, New
                 Mexico, November 18--22, 1991",
  publisher =    pub-IEEE,
  address =      pub-IEEE:adr,
  pages =        "xxiii + 917",
  year =         "1991",
  ISBN =         "0-8186-9158-1 (IEEE case), 0-8186-2158-3 (IEEE paper),
                 0-8186-6158-5 (IEEE microfiche), 0-89791-459-7 (ACM)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-8186-9158-4 (IEEE case), 978-0-8186-2158-1 (IEEE
                 paper), 978-0-8186-6158-7 (IEEE microfiche),
                 978-0-89791-459-8 (ACM)",
  LCCN =         "QA76.5 .S894 1991",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 30 08:01:51 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "University of California MELVYL catalog.",
  note =         "ACM order number 415913. IEEE Computer Society Press
                 order number 2158. IEEE catalog number 91CH3058-5.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "C5440 (Multiprocessor systems and techniques); C5470
                 (Performance evaluation and testing); C6110P (Parallel
                 programming)",
  keywords =     "combinatorial algorithms; data dependence; distributed
                 memory code generation; high school environment;
                 latency tolerance; memory access; numerical algorithms;
                 parallel processing; parallel programming; performance
                 evaluation; performance tools; processor design;
                 program analysis; storage hierarchy optimization;
                 supercomputer benchmarks; supercomputer congresses;
                 supercomputing; system issues",
}