%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "1.60",
%%%     date            = "25 August 2014",
%%%     time            = "10:44:07 MDT",
%%%     filename        = "ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "13582 24773 93594 1014368",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "BibTeX; bibliography; IEEE Annals of the
%%%                        History of Computing",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a COMPLETE bibliography of the
%%%                        quarterly journal IEEE Annals of the History
%%%                        of Computing (CODEN IAHCEX, ISSN 1058-6180),
%%%                        which began publishing with volume 14, number
%%%                        1, in 1992 as the continuation of the journal
%%%                        Annals of the History of Computing (CODEN
%%%                        AHCOE5, ISSN 0164-1239), published by
%%%                        Springer-Verlag for the American Federation
%%%                        of Information Processing Societies (AFIPS).
%%%                        That journal started with volume 1, number 1,
%%%                        in July 1979, and is covered in a separate
%%%                        bibliography, annhistcomput.bib.
%%%
%%%                        There is a World Web Wide site for this
%%%                        journal at
%%%
%%%                            http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/magazines/annals
%%%                            http://www.computer.org/portal/web/computingnow/annals
%%%                            http://www.computer.org/portal/site/annals/
%%%                            http://www.computer.org/pubs/annals
%%%                            http://computer.org/annals
%%%
%%%                        with (pagenumber-less) tables of contents,
%%%                        links to article abstracts, subject and
%%%                        author indexes for 1992--date, and
%%%                        occasionally, links to full text of selected
%%%                        articles.  That data, and the IEEE Xplore
%%%                        database, serves as the primary source of
%%%                        data for this bibliography.
%%%
%%%                        At version 1.60, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
%%%
%%%                             1946 (   1)    1969 (   0)    1992 (  60)
%%%                             1947 (   0)    1970 (   0)    1993 (  48)
%%%                             1948 (   0)    1971 (   0)    1994 (  38)
%%%                             1949 (   0)    1972 (   0)    1995 (  39)
%%%                             1950 (   0)    1973 (   0)    1996 (  50)
%%%                             1951 (   0)    1974 (   1)    1997 (  36)
%%%                             1952 (   0)    1975 (   1)    1998 (  44)
%%%                             1953 (   0)    1976 (   4)    1999 (  47)
%%%                             1954 (   0)    1977 (   3)    2000 (  54)
%%%                             1955 (   0)    1978 (   1)    2001 (  49)
%%%                             1956 (   0)    1979 (   0)    2002 (  46)
%%%                             1957 (   0)    1980 (   0)    2003 (  59)
%%%                             1958 (   0)    1981 (   0)    2004 (  49)
%%%                             1959 (   1)    1982 (   0)    2005 (  50)
%%%                             1960 (   0)    1983 (   0)    2006 (  53)
%%%                             1961 (   0)    1984 (   1)    2007 (  51)
%%%                             1962 (   0)    1985 (   0)    2008 (  46)
%%%                             1963 (   0)    1986 (   1)    2009 (  55)
%%%                             1964 (   0)    1987 (   0)    2010 (  46)
%%%                             1965 (   0)    1988 (   0)    2011 (  50)
%%%                             1966 (   0)    1989 (   0)    2012 (  49)
%%%                             1967 (   0)    1990 (   0)    2013 (  54)
%%%                             1968 (   0)    1991 (   0)    2014 (  26)
%%%
%%%                             Article:       1109
%%%                             Book:             4
%%%
%%%                             Total entries: 1113
%%%
%%%                        In this bibliography, entries are sorted in
%%%                        publication order, using ``bibsort
%%%                        -byvolume''.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================

%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:

@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:

@String{j-AM-SCI                = "American Scientist"}

@String{j-BRITISH-J-HIST-SCI    = "British Journal for the History of Science"}

@String{j-CENTAURUS             = "Centaurus: An International Journal of the
                                  History of Science and its Cultural Aspects"}

@String{j-COMPUTER              = "Computer"}

@String{j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT  = "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing"}

@String{j-IEEE-MICRO            = "IEEE Micro"}

@String{j-ISIS                  = "Isis"}

@String{j-MATH-TABLES-OTHER-AIDS-COMPUT = "Mathematical Tables and Other Aids
                                  to Computation"}

@String{j-PERSPECT-SCI          = "Perspectives on Science"}

@String{j-SCI-AMER              = "Scientific American"}

@String{j-TECH-CULTURE          = "Technology and Culture"}

@String{j-TRANS-AM-PHILOS-SOC-N-S = "Transactions of the American Philosophical
                                  Society, New Series"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Publisher abbreviations:

@String{pub-HARVARD             = "Harvard University Press"}
@String{pub-HARVARD:adr         = "Cambridge, MA, USA"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries:

@Article{Lee:1992:AIa,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grosch:1992:CQD,
  author =       "Herb Grosch",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {O, AFIPS}!",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--7",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Hyman:1992:CQD,
  author =       "Anthony Hyman",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: The Private {Babbage}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "7--7",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Berg:1992:CQD,
  author =       "Herman Berg",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: On Locating the
                 {Babbage--Quetelet} Letter",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "7--9",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Hall:1992:CQD,
  author =       "Charles Hall",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: a Mechanical Delay
                 Line?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "9--9",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:ITL,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Introduction: Time Line",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "13--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1013.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:CTT,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Claims to the Term ``Time-Sharing''",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "16--54",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.145316",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4016.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a1016abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:B,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee and John McCarthy and J. C. R.
                 Licklider",
  title =        "The Beginnings at {MIT}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "18--54",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.145317",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See correction \cite{Rosin:1992:CQD}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1018.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:CCT,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "{CTSS} --- The {Compatible Time-Sharing System}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--54",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.145324",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1031.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rosin:1992:CI,
  author =       "Robert Rosin and J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "The {CTSS} Interviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "33--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1033.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a1033abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:RBa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "References and Bibliography",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1052.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{ONeill:1992:Ha,
  author =       "Judy O'Neill",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "55--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1055.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1992:H,
  author =       "E. W. Weiss",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "55--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1055.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1992:Aa,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "56--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1056.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1992:Ba,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "61--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1061.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1992:Ra,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "69--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:53 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a1069.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:AIb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1992:IPa,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "From {IEEE}'s Perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "5--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2005.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:BPA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Biographies of Participants and Authors",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:PM,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee and R. M. Fano and A. L. Scherr and F. J.
                 Corbat{\'o} and V. A. Vyssotsky",
  title =        "{Project MAC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "9--13",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.150016",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2009.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:PMI,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee and Robert Rosin",
  title =        "The {Project MAC} Interviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "14--35",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1992.4460593",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2014.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a2014abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:SI,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "The Social Impact",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "36--41",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.150022",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2036.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:PF,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Prolog to the Future",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "42--50",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.150026",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2042.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{ONeill:1992:HRB,
  author =       "Judy O'Neill and Brian Randell and Geoffrey C. Bowker
                 and J.-P. Poitou and Pierre-E. Mounier-Kuhn and Brian
                 Crozier",
  title =        "Happenings: Reunion at {Bletchley Park}; {UK National
                 Archive for the History of Computing}; {Center for
                 Research, Information, and Archives on Computer-Aided
                 Design}; {DPMA} Donates Records; {European Conference
                 on the History of Computing}; {Television Series on the
                 History of Computing}; {Hartley} Computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "51--55",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1992.4460713",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2051.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1992:Ab,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "55--56",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1992.4460716",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2055.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1992:Bb,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "56--59",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1992.4460717",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2056.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1992:Rb,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi and P. Forman and K. W. Smillie and J. A.
                 N. Lee",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "60--63",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1992.4460718",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a2060.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:AIc,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1992:IPb,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "From {IEEE}'s Perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "5--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3005.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1992:CQD,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss and Mervin Frank",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: a Mechanical Delay
                 Line?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Eklund:1992:CQD,
  author =       "Jon Eklund",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: The Final Word on {`The
                 Bug'}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--7",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kistermann:1992:CQDa,
  author =       "F. W. Kistermann",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: The Size of the
                 {Hollerith} Punched Card",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "7--7",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Carter:1992:CQD,
  author =       "Robert Donald Carter",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {German} Ferrite Cores
                 from {World War II}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "8--8",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rosin:1992:CQD,
  author =       "Robert F. Rosin",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Time-Sharing at {MIT}
                 (Correction)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "8--8",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Lee:1992:B}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Crawford:1992:ASA,
  author =       "David J. Crawford and Philip E. Fox",
  title =        "The {Autoscritcher} and the {Superscritcher}: aids to
                 cryptanalysis of the {German Enigma} cipher machine,
                 1944--6",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "9--22",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.150065",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3009.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a3009abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  keywords =     "Bletchley Park; cryptography",
}

@Article{vandenEnde:1992:TCN,
  author =       "Jan van den Ende",
  title =        "Tidal Calculations in {The Netherlands}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "23--33",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.150066",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3023.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a3023abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grattan-Guinness:1992:CBA,
  author =       "Ivor Grattan-Guinness",
  title =        "{Charles Babbage} as an Algorithmic Thinker",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "34--48",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.150067",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  MRclass =      "01A55 (68-03)",
  MRnumber =     "1227194 (94d:01024)",
  MRreviewer =   "Henry S. Tropp",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 15 11:49:13 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/adabooks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3034.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a3034abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{ONeill:1992:Hc,
  author =       "Judy O'Neill",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "49--56",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3049.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1992:Ac,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "52--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3052.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1992:BEA,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: Eloge: {Arthur Lee Samuel} (1901--90)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "55--69",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.150082",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3055.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1992:BJC,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "Biographies --- {Joseph Clement}: the first computer
                 engineer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "69--76",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.150083",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 13 18:40:51 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/adabooks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Joseph Clement was Charles Babbage's superb machinist
                 who worked for years on building Babbage's Difference
                 Engine.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1992:Rc,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "77--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a3077.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1992:AId,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1992:IPc,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "From {IEEE}'s Perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4005.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kistermann:1992:CQDb,
  author =       "F. W. Kistermann",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: More on Mechanical
                 Delay Lines",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "7--7",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4007.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1992:ICU,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Introduction: Computing at the {University of
                 Cambridge}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "8--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4008.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:1992:ECS,
  author =       "Mary G. Croarken",
  title =        "The Emergence of Computing Science Research and
                 Teaching at {Cambridge}, 1936--1949",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "10--15",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194050",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4010.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a4010abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1992:ATE,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "The {Airy} Tape: An Early Chapter in the History of
                 Debugging",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "16--26",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194051",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4016.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a4016abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wheeler:1992:AE,
  author =       "Joyce M. Wheeler",
  title =        "Applications of the {EDSAC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "27--33",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194052",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4027.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a4027abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wheeler:1992:EPS,
  author =       "David J. Wheeler",
  title =        "The {EDSAC} Programming Systems",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "34--40",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194053",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4034.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a4034abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Pinkerton:1992:ICM,
  author =       "John M. M. Pinkerton and Derek Hemy and Ernest H.
                 Lenaerts",
  title =        "The Influence of the {Cambridge Mathematical
                 Laboratory} on the {LEO} Project",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "41--48",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194054",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4041.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a4041abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1992:CBI,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "{The Charles Babbage Institute Reprint Series} for the
                 history of computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "44--48",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.969962",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4008.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1992:PEE,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Programming the {EDSAC}: early programming activity at
                 the {University of Cambridge}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "46--67",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.728229",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4008.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1992:E,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "{EDSAC 2}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "49--56",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194055",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4049.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a4049abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  remark =       "From page 54: ``When the machine was initialized for a
                 new program to be run, every bit in the memory was set
                 to a 1, rather than to a 0. Since, according to the
                 format used for floating numbers, no floating number
                 could consist entirely of 1's, any attempt to read a
                 floating-point number from part of the memory that had
                 not been written into caused the machine to stop. Many
                 a programmer must have been grateful to [David J.]
                 Wheeler for his foresight in making this happen.''",
}

@Article{Needham:1992:LDC,
  author =       "Roger M. Needham",
  title =        "Later Developments at {Cambridge}: {Titan}, {CAP}, and
                 the {Cambridge Ring}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "57--58",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194056",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4057.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/a4057abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:HSC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "How to Start a Computer Museum: {Chinese} Calculators
                 Made During the {Kangxi} Reign in the {Quing} Dynasty",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "59--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4059.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1992:Bd,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "67--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4067.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1992:Rd,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "76--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4076.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:Ia,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "1991 Index",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "78--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4078.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:Ib,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "1992 Index",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "86--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1992/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1992/pdf/a4086.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1993:AIa,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1993:IPa,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "From {IEEE}'s Perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1005.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grosch:1993:CQD,
  author =       "Herb Grosch",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: a History of Scientific
                 Computation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "7--9",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1007.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tropp:1993:CQD,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Turing}'s Visit to the
                 {United States}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "10--10",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See correction \cite{Tropp:1995:CQD}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1007.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Godfrey:1993:CNP,
  author =       "M. D. Godfrey and D. F. Hendry",
  title =        "The Computer as {von Neumann} Planned It",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "11--21",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194088",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:40:59 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1011.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a1011abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1993:OUF,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "The Origins, Uses, and Fate of the {EDVAC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "22--38",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194089",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1022.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a1022abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Carlson:1993:TIT,
  author =       "Walter M. Carlson",
  title =        "Transforming an Industry Through Information
                 Technology",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "39--43",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194090",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1039.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a1039abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fisher:1993:DEB,
  author =       "Amy Weaver Fisher and James L. McKenney",
  title =        "The Development of the {ERMA} Banking System: Lessons
                 from History",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "44--57",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194091",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1044.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a1044abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{ONeill:1993:Ha,
  author =       "Judy E. O'Neill",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "58--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1058.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1993:Aa,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1059.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1993:BEW,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: Eloge: {An Wang, 1920--1990}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--69",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.194094",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1060.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1993:R,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a1070.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1993:AIb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1993:IPb,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "From {IEEE}'s Perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "5--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2005.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Jacobi:1993:CQD,
  author =       "George T. Jacobi",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Joe Desch}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bennett:1993:CQDa,
  author =       "J. M. Bennett",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Computing at the
                 {University of Cambridge}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "6--7",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Roberts:1993:CQD,
  author =       "C. J. D. Roberts",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Babbage} and
                 {Clement}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bennett:1993:CQDb,
  author =       "J. M. Bennett",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Still More on
                 Mechanical Delay Lines",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "7--7",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Small:1993:GPE,
  author =       "James S. Small",
  title =        "General-Purpose Electronic Analog Computing:
                 1945--1965",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "8--18",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.207740",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2008.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a2008abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Clymer:1993:MAC,
  author =       "A. Ben Clymer",
  title =        "The Mechanical Analog Computers of {Hannibal Ford} and
                 {William Newell}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "19--34",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.207741",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2019.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a2019abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1993:EHA,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "{Edwin L. Harder} and the {Anacom}: Analog Computing
                 at {Westinghouse}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "35--52",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.207742",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2035.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a2035abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{ONeill:1993:Hb,
  author =       "Judy E. O'Neill",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "53--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2053.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1993:Ab,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "54--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2054.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1993:Bb,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "55--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2055.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1993:Ra,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "62--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:54 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a2062.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1993:AI,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1993:IPc,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "From {IEEE}'s Perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3004.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1993:BWM,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Birthday Wishes to {Maurice V. Wilkes}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "5--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3005.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowker:1993:GI,
  author =       "Geof Bowker and Richard Giordano",
  title =        "General Introduction",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Pickstone:1993:MH,
  author =       "J. V. Pickstone and Geof Bowker",
  title =        "The {Manchester} Heritage",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "7--8",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.222834",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3007.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a3007abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:1993:BMC,
  author =       "Mary Croarken",
  title =        "The Beginnings of the {Manchester} Computer
                 Phenomenon: People and Influences",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "9--16",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.222835",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3009.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a3009abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowker:1993:ITK,
  author =       "Geof Bowker and Richard Giordano",
  title =        "Interview with {Tom Kilburn}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "17--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3017.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a3017abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Saunders:1993:ATB,
  author =       "P. T. Saunders",
  title =        "{Alan Turing} and Biology",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "33--36",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.222839",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3033.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a3033abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tweedale:1993:MCP,
  author =       "Geoffrey Tweedale",
  title =        "A {Manchester} Computer Pioneer: {Ferranti} in
                 Retrospect",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "37--43",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.222840",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3037.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a3037abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lavington:1993:MCA,
  author =       "Simon H. Lavington",
  title =        "{Manchester} Computer Architectures, 1948--75",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "44--54",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.222841",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3044.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a3044abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Giordano:1993:ICR,
  author =       "Richard Giordano",
  title =        "Institutional Change and Regeneration: a Biography of
                 the {Computer Science Department} at the {University of
                 Manchester}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "55--62",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.222844",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3055.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a3055abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1993:Bc,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "70--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3070.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1993:Rb,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "72--??",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a3072.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1993:AIc,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1993:IPd,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "From {IEEE}'s Perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4004.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Todd:1993:CQD,
  author =       "John Todd",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Alwin Walther}
                 (1898--1967)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--6",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4005.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{McKenney:1993:MEB,
  author =       "James L. McKenney and Amy Weaver Fisher",
  title =        "Manufacturing the {ERMA} Banking System: Lessons from
                 History",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "7--26",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.238388",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4007.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a4007abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{vonNeumann:1993:FDR,
  author =       "John von Neumann",
  title =        "First Draft of a Report on the {EDVAC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "28--75",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Edited and corrected by Michael D. Godfrey.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4027.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/a4027abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  xxpages =      "27--??",
}

@Article{ONeill:1993:Hc,
  author =       "Judy E. O'Neill",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "76--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4076.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1993:Ac,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "79--83",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.238393",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4079.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1993:Bd,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "84--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4084.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1993:Rc,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "87--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4087.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:I,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "1993 Index",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "89--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1993/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1993/pdf/a4089.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1994:AIa,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a1003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Crowe:1994:LBS,
  author =       "Gregory D. Crowe and Seymour E. Goodman",
  title =        "{S. A. Lebedev} and the Birth of {Soviet} Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--24",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.251852",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fritz:1994:EPS,
  author =       "W. Barkley Fritz",
  title =        "{ENIAC} --- {A} Problem Solver",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "25--45",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.251853",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a1025.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a1025abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Elzen:1994:SLS,
  author =       "Boelie Elzen and Donald MacKenzie",
  title =        "The Social Limits of Speed: The Development and Use of
                 Supercomputers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "46--61",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.251854",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a1046.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a1046abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Eklund:1994:RAA,
  author =       "Jon Eklund",
  title =        "The {Reservisor Automated Airline Reservation System}:
                 Combining Communications and Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--69",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.251855",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a1062.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a1062abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{ONeill:1994:H,
  author =       "Judy E. O'Neill",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--??",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a1070.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1994:Ba,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "71--??",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a1071.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1994:Ra,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--??",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a1076.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weierud:1994:RCI,
  author =       "Frode Weierud",
  title =        "Reviews: {{\em Codebreakers: The Inside Story of
                 Bletchley Park}} --- {A} Book Review",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--79",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a1076.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1994:UFU,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "{UTEC} and {Ferut}: The {University of Toronto}'s
                 {Computation Centre}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "4--24",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.279226",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a2004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a2004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Hume:1994:DSS,
  author =       "J. N. Patterson Hume",
  title =        "Development of Systems Software for the {Ferut}
                 Computer at the {University of Toronto}, 1952 to 1955",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "13--19",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.279227",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a2013.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a2013abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Vardalas:1994:DFT,
  author =       "John Vardalas",
  title =        "From {DATAR} to the {FP-6000}: Technological Change in
                 a {Canadian} Industrial Context",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "20--30",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.279228",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a2020.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a2020abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Dornian:1994:RTC,
  author =       "Alan Dornian",
  title =        "{ReserVec}: {Trans-Canada Air Lines}' Computerized
                 Reservation System",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "31--42",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.279229",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a2031.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a2031abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Petiot:1994:DGD,
  author =       "Linda Petiot",
  title =        "{Dirty Gertie}: The {DRTE} Computer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "43--52",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.279230",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a2043.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a2043abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Griffith:1994:MED,
  author =       "B. A. Griffith",
  title =        "My early days in {Toronto}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "55--64",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.279237",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:41:08 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1994:Bb,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "55--64",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.279237",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a2055.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1994:Rb,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "73--??",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:55 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a2073.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1994:AIb,
  author =       "John A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Dumey:1994:CQD,
  author =       "Arnold I. Dumey",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Scritchers}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--4",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3004.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  keywords =     "Bletchley Park; cryptography",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1994:CBA,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "{Charles Babbage} and the Assurance of Lives",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "5--14",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1994.298416",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3005.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a3005abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{vandenEnde:1994:NFP,
  author =       "Jan van den Ende",
  title =        "The Number Factory: Punched-Card Machines at the
                 {Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "15--15",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1994.298417",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3015.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a3015abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Luebke:1994:LVO,
  author =       "David Martin Luebke and Sybil Milton",
  title =        "Locating the Victim: An Overview of Census-Taking,
                 Tabulation Technology, and Persecution in {Nazi
                 Germany}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "25--25",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1994.298418",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3025.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a3025abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Krull:1994:OCG,
  author =       "Fred N. Krull",
  title =        "The Origin of Computer Graphics within {General
                 Motors}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "40--40",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1994.298419",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3040.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a3040abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowker:1994:Ha,
  author =       "Geoffrey C. Bowker",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "57--??",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3057.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1994:A,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "59--??",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3059.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1994:Bc,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "61--??",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3061.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1994:Rc,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "70--??",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a3070.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1994:AI,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:1994:SIP,
  author =       "Thomas J. Bergin",
  title =        "Special Issue on Programming Languages",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--12",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4004.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Randell:1994:OCP,
  author =       "Brian Randell",
  title =        "The Origins of Computer Programming",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "6--14",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.329752",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4006.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a4006abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cowlishaw:1994:EHR,
  author =       "Mike Cowlishaw",
  title =        "The Early History of {REXX}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "15--24",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.329753",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4015.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a4015abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Holmevik:1994:CSH,
  author =       "Jan Rune Holmevik",
  title =        "Compiling {SIMULA}: a Historical Study of
                 Technological Genesis",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "25--37",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.329756",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4025.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a4025abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Whiting:1994:HDF,
  author =       "Paul G. Whiting and Robert S. V. Pascoe",
  title =        "A History of Data-Flow Languages",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "38--59",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.329757",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4038.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a4038abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1994:AAS,
  author =       "William Aspray and Bernard O. Williams",
  title =        "Arming {American} Scientists: {NSF} and the Provision
                 of Scientific Computing Facilities for Universities,
                 1950--1973",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "60--74",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.329758",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4060.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/a4060abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowker:1994:Hb,
  author =       "Geoffrey C. Bowker",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "75--??",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4075.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1994:Bd,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "76--??",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4076.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1994:Rd,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "88--??",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4088.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:I,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "1994 Index",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "95--??",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:22:56 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1994/pdf/a4095.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1995:AIa,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.10000",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1995:CQDa,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--5",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.10005",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Stout:1995:PWF,
  author =       "Thomas M. Stout and Theodore J. Williams",
  title =        "Pioneering Work in the Field of Computer Process
                 Control",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--18",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.366507",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Buck:1995:DIC,
  author =       "George Buck and Steve Hunka",
  title =        "Development of the {IBM} 1500 Computer-Assisted
                 Instructional System",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--31",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.366508",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1995:YAB,
  author =       "John A. N. Lee and Golde Holtzman",
  title =        "50 Years After Breaking the Codes: Interviews with Two
                 of the {Bletchley Park} Scientists",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "32--43",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.366512",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{McPherson:1995:NWM,
  author =       "John McPherson",
  title =        "New Ways of Multiplying",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "44--46",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.366513",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Worthy:1995:CDC,
  author =       "James C. Worthy",
  title =        "Control Data Corporation: The Norris Era",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "47--53",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.366514",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowker:1995:H,
  author =       "Geoffrey Bowker",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "54--61",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.10004",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1995:Aa,
  author =       "James Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "61--64",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.10003",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:56:34 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1995:Ba,
  author =       "Eric Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "64--73",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.10002",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1995:R,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "73--78",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.10001",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{DeWit:1995:CBH,
  author =       "D. {De Wit}",
  title =        "Caught between historical experience and high hopes:
                 automation at the {Dutch Postal Cheque and Clearing
                 Service}, 1950--1965",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "9--21",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.380268",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8635/00380268.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{VanDenEnde:1995:CIO,
  author =       "J. {Van Den Ende}",
  title =        "Computers and industrial organization: early sources
                 of `just in time' production in the {Dutch} steel
                 industry",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22--32",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.380269",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8635/00380269.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kistermann:1995:WFA,
  author =       "F. W. Kistermann",
  title =        "The way to the first automatic sequence-controlled
                 calculator: the 1935 {DEHOMAG D 11} tabulator",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "33--49",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.380270",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8635/00380270.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1995:JPE,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "{J. Presper Eckert}, 1919--1995",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3, 5",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397053",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397053.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1995:JVA,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "{John V. Atanasoff}, 1903--1995",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397052",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397052.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1995:CQDb,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Editorial Note:
                 {William Friedman}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397054",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397054.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tropp:1995:CQD,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Correction: {Turing}'s
                 Visit to the {United States}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397054",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Tropp:1993:CQD}.",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397054.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Mackenzie:1995:APH,
  author =       "D. Mackenzie",
  title =        "The automation of proof: a historical and sociological
                 exploration",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "7--29",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.397057",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397057.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1995:R,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Resolution",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "10--10",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397058",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397058.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Copeland:1995:SDI,
  author =       "D. G. Copeland and R. O. Mason and J. L. McKenney",
  title =        "{Sabre}: the development of information-based
                 competence and execution of information-based
                 competition",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "30--57",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.397059",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397059.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Greenstein:1995:LCS,
  author =       "S. M. Greenstein",
  title =        "Lock-in and the costs of switching mainframe computer
                 vendors in the {US} federal government in the 1970s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "58--66",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.397061",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397061.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Polachek:1995:HJM,
  author =       "H. Polachek",
  title =        "History of the journal {Mathematical Tables and other
                 Aids to Computation}, 1959--1965",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "67--74",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.397062",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397062.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Swartzlander:1995:Ca,
  author =       "E. Swartzlander",
  title =        "Calculators",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "75--77",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397076",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397063.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  doi-2 =        "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.397063",
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Swartzlander:1995:GC,
  author =       "Earl Swartzlander",
  title =        "Generations of calculators",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "75--77",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397076",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397076.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  doi-2 =        "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.397063",
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1995:Ab,
  author =       "J. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "77",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397064.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1995:Ac,
  author =       "James Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "77--77",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397064",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 08:55:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1994/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1995:Bb,
  author =       "Eric Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "79",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397065.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1995:BCM,
  author =       "Eric Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: {Calvin Mooers} (1919--1994)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "79--81",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397065",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:43 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  doi-2 =        "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397066",
  doi-3 =        "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.397079",
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  url-2 =        "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397066.pdf",
  url-3 =        "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/8988/00397079.pdf",
}

@Article{Lee:1995:AIb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About this issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.477429",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477429.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Swartzlander:1995:Cb,
  author =       "E. Swartzlander",
  title =        "Calculators",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--4",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.477430",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477430.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Seidel:1995:CBI,
  author =       "R. W. Seidel",
  title =        "{Charles Babbage Institute Director}'s Column",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--5",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.477431",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477431.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wood:1995:CSC,
  author =       "H. M. Wood",
  title =        "{Computer Society} Celebrates 50 Years",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1995.477432",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477432.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1995:BKH,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "On {``Babbage and Kings''} and {``How sausage was
                 made''}: and now for the rest of the story",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "7--23",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.477433",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477433.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1995:RFG,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "The rise and fall of the {General Electric
                 Corporation} computer department",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "24--45",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.477434",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477434.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Oldfield:1995:GEE,
  author =       "H. R. Oldfield",
  title =        "{General Electric} enters the computer business ---
                 revisited",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "46--55",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.477435",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477435.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Couleur:1995:CBC,
  author =       "J. Couleur",
  title =        "The core of the {Black Canyon Computer Corporation}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "56--60",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.477436",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477436.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{McKenney:1995:DCM,
  author =       "J. L. McKenney",
  title =        "Developing a common machine language for banking: the
                 {ABA} technical subcommittee story",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "61--75",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.477621",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477621.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{ONeill:1995:RAD,
  author =       "Judy E. O'Neill",
  title =        "The role of {ARPA} in the development of the
                 {ARPANET}, 1961--1972",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "76--81",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.477437",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10129/00477437.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1996:NE,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "New {EIC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.476554",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476554.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1996:AI,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--4",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.476555",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476555.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Winegrad:1996:CBM,
  author =       "D. Winegrad",
  title =        "Celebrating the birth of modern computing: the
                 fiftieth anniversary of a discovery at the {Moore
                 School of Engineering} of the {University of
                 Pennsylvania}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--9",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.476556",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476556.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Goldstine:1996:ENI,
  author =       "H. H. Goldstine and A. Goldstine",
  title =        "The {Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer}
                 ({ENIAC})",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "10--16",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.476557",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 28 16:50:50 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Reprint of 1946 technical report and
                 \cite{Goldstine:1946:ENI}.",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476557.pdf",
  abstract =     "It is our purpose in the succeeding pages to give a
                 brief description of the ENIAC and an indication of the
                 kinds of problems for which it can be used. This
                 general purpose electronic computing machine was
                 recently made public by the Army Ordnance Department
                 for which it was developed by the Moore School of
                 Electrical Engineering. The machine was developed
                 primarily for the purpose of calculating firing tablcs
                 for the armed forces. Its design is, however,
                 sufficiently general to permit the solution of a large
                 class of numerical problems which could hardly be
                 attempted by more conventional computing tools.\par

                 In order easily to obtain sufficient accuracy for
                 scientific computations, the ENIAC was designed as a
                 digital device. The equipment normally handles signed
                 10-digit numbers expressed in the decimal system. It
                 is, however, so constructed that operations with as
                 many as 20 digits are possible.\par

                 The machine is automatically sequenced in the sense
                 that all instructions needed to carry out a computation
                 are given to it before the computation commences. It
                 will be seen below how these instructions are given to
                 the machine.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Marcus:1996:EAE,
  author =       "Mitchell Marcus and Atsushi Akera",
  title =        "Exploring the Architecture of an Early Machine: The
                 Historical Relevance of the {ENIAC} Machine
                 Architecture",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "17--24",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.476558",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476558.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Eckstein:1996:JPE,
  author =       "P. Eckstein",
  title =        "{J. Presper Eckert}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "25--44",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.476559",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476559.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Costello:1996:TBE,
  author =       "J. Costello",
  title =        "As the twig is bent: the early life of {John
                 Mauchly}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "45--50",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.476560",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476560.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:1996:EVP,
  author =       "D. A. Grier",
  title =        "The {ENIAC}, the verb ``to program'' and the emergence
                 of digital computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "51--55",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.476561",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476561.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowker:1996:Ha,
  author =       "G. Bowker",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "56--56",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.476562",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476562.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1996:OGS,
  author =       "Eric Weiss",
  title =        "Obituaries: {Gerard Salton}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "67--67",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.476564",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476564.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Smillie:1996:HCS,
  author =       "K. Smillie and E. Weiss",
  title =        "The History of Computing Science at the {University of
                 Alberta}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--70",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.476568",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476568.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1996:GCT,
  author =       "Eric Weiss",
  title =        "{Grosch} Claims Title of {``Oldest Living
                 Computer''}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--70",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.476567",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476567.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1996:NWM,
  author =       "Eric Weiss",
  title =        "{Neil Wiseman Memorial Fund}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--70",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.476566",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476566.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Takahashi:1996:BHJ,
  author =       "S. Takahashi",
  title =        "A Brief History of the {Japanese} Computer Industry
                 Before 1985",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--76",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.476569",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10202/00476569.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1996:KZO,
  author =       "Eric Weiss",
  title =        "{Konrad Zuse} Obituary",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.489747",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00489747.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Seidel:1996:GEI,
  author =       "R. W. Seidel",
  title =        "{Guest Editor}'s Introduction",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.490111",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00490111.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Pugh:1996:CCI,
  author =       "E. W. Pugh and W. Aspray",
  title =        "Creating the Computer Industry",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "7--17",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.489720",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00489720.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  doi-2 =        "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.490112",
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  url-2 =        "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00490112.pdf",
}

@Article{Cortada:1996:CAD,
  author =       "J. W. Cortada",
  title =        "Commercial applications of the digital computer in
                 {American} corporations, 1945--1995",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "18--29",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.489721",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00489721.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Usselman:1996:FCC,
  author =       "S. W. Usselman",
  title =        "Fostering a capacity for compromise: business,
                 government, and the stages of innovation in {American}
                 computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "30--39",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.489748",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00489748.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Norberg:1996:CCC,
  author =       "A. L. Norberg",
  title =        "Changing computing: the computing community and
                 {DARPA}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "40--53",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.489723",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00489723.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1996:WFL,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "{``Those who forget the lessons of history are doomed
                 to repeat it''}: or, Why {I} study the history of
                 computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "54--62",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.489724",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00489724.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1996:BRL,
  author =       "Eric Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: {Roger Lee Sisson}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "67--70",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.489725",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00489725.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1996:BAR,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "{BYTE}, 20th Anniversary Report [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "77--77",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.489727",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00489727.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1996:CPR,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Computing Perspectives [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "77--77",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.489726",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/10525/00489726.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Toole:1996:ABL,
  author =       "B. A. Toole",
  title =        "{Ada Byron, Lady Lovelace}, an analyst and
                 metaphysician",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--12",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.511939",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11096/00511939.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Barkley-Fitz:1996:WE,
  author =       "W. Barkley-Fitz",
  title =        "The Women of {Eniac}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "13--23",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:40:59 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fritz:1996:WE,
  author =       "W. Barkley Fritz",
  title =        "The women of {ENIAC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "13--28",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.511940",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11096/00511940.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Gurer:1996:WCE,
  author =       "D. W. Gurer",
  title =        "Women's contributions to early computing at the
                 {National Bureau of Standards}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "29--35",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.511941",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11096/00511941.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Goyal:1996:WCH,
  author =       "A. Goyal",
  title =        "Women in computing: historical roles, the perpetual
                 glass ceiling, and current opportunities",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "36--42",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.511942",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11096/00511942.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Estrin:1996:WSC,
  author =       "T. Estrin",
  title =        "Women's studies and computer science: their
                 intersection",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "43--46",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.511943",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11096/00511943.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Adam:1996:CGH,
  author =       "A. Adam",
  title =        "Constructions of gender in the history of artificial
                 intelligence",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "47--53",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.511944",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11096/00511944.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1996:EHD,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "The Early History of Data Networks [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "77--77",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.511945",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11096/00511945.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1996:ER,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "{Enigma} [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "77--77",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.511946",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11096/00511946.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Nyce:1996:GEI,
  author =       "J. M. Nyce",
  title =        "{Guest Editor}'s Introduction",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.539910",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539910.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowles:1996:UTE,
  author =       "M. D. Bowles",
  title =        "{U.S.} technological enthusiasm and {British}
                 technological skepticism in the age of the analog
                 brain",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--15",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.539911",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539911.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Holst:1996:SRO,
  author =       "P. A. Holst",
  title =        "{Svein Rosseland} and the {Oslo} analyzer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "16--26",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.539912",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539912.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Johansson:1996:EAC,
  author =       "M. Johansson",
  title =        "Early analog computers in {Sweden} --- with examples
                 from {Chalmers University of Technology} and the
                 {Swedish} aerospace industry",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "27--33",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.539913",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539913.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Owens:1996:WWG,
  author =       "L. Owens",
  title =        "Where are we going, {Phil Morse}? {Changing} agendas
                 and the rhetoric of obviousness in the transformation
                 of computing at {MIT}, 1939--1957",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "34--41",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.539914",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539914.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tympas:1996:DAB,
  author =       "A. Tympas",
  title =        "From digital to analog and back: the ideology of
                 intelligent machines in the history of the electrical
                 analyzer, 1870s--1960s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "42--48",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.539915",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539915.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Puchta:1996:RMM,
  author =       "S. Puchta",
  title =        "On the role of mathematics and mathematical knowledge
                 in the invention of {Vannevar Bush}'s early analog
                 computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "49--59",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.539916",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539916.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1996:CVH,
  author =       "J. Tomayko",
  title =        "Computers vs. the Human Race",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "60--60",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.539917",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539917.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1996:O,
  author =       "Eric Weiss",
  title =        "Obituaries",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "61--61",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.539918",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539918.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Preston:1996:C,
  author =       "F. Preston",
  title =        "Calculators",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "62--64",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.539919",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539919.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Burns:1996:CQD,
  author =       "Coral Burns and Natalie Simpson",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Another Difference
                 Engine, or Who Was {Berry}?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "65--65",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.539920",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539920.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Good:1996:CQD,
  author =       "I. J. Good and Donald Michie",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: 50 Years After Breaking
                 the Codes: a Disclaimer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "65--66",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.539920",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539920.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowker:1996:Hb,
  author =       "G. Bowker",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "67--67",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.539921",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539921.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1996:CWM,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Collected works of {A. M. Turing} --- morphogenesis",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "69--69",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.539923",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539923.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1996:TCU,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "The trouble with computers: {Usefulness}, usability
                 and productivity",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "69--69",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.539922",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/11673/00539922.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1996:ISV,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Information and secrecy: {Vannevar Bush}, {Ultra} and
                 the other {Memex}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "70--70",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1996.539924",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 09:17:32 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Holzmann:1996:EHD,
  author =       "Gerald J. Holzmann and Bjorn Pehrson",
  title =        "The Early History of Data Networks",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:40:59 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1997:CDA,
  author =       "P. Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Crossing the divide: architectural issues and the
                 emergence of the stored program computer, 1935--1955",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--12",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.560724",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560724.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1997:AE,
  author =       "M. V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Arithmetic on the {EDSAC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "13--15",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.560726",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560726.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Katz:1997:HCC,
  author =       "Kaila Katz",
  title =        "Historical content in computer science texts: a
                 concern",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "16--19",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.560727",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560727.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Shapiro:1997:SDH,
  author =       "S. Shapiro",
  title =        "Splitting the difference: the historical necessity of
                 synthesis in software engineering",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "20--54",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.560729",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560729.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Reitwiesner:1997:FOS,
  author =       "G. W. Reitwiesner",
  title =        "The first operating system for the {EDVAC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "55--59",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.560738",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560738.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:A,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--64",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.560740",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560740.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:B,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--73",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.560742",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560742.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1997:KSD,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "{King of the Seven Dwarfs}, {General Electric}'s
                 Ambiguous Challenge to the Computer Industry [Book
                 Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.560749",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560749.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1997:ICS,
  author =       "M. Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "The International Computer Software Industry: a
                 Comparative Study of Industry Evolution and Structure
                 [Book Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "79--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.560750",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560750.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Seidel:1997:KME,
  author =       "R. W. Seidel",
  title =        "Knowing Machines: Essays on Technical Change",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "79--80",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.560751",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560751.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:BGH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "A Bibliographic Guide to the History of Computer
                 Applications, 1950--1990 [Book Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.560754",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 09:32:21 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:CBP,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{The Colossus of Bletchley Park}, {IEEE Rev.}, vol.
                 41, no. 2, pp. 55--59 [Book Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.560758",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560758.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:SBE,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{I} Sing the Body Electronic: a Year With {Microsoft}
                 on the Multimedia Frontier [Book Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.560757",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560757.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:WLM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "The World's Largest Machine: Global Telecommunications
                 and the Human Condition [Book Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.560755",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12228/00560755.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:1997:KZL,
  author =       "R. Rojas",
  title =        "{Konrad Zuse}'s legacy: the architecture of the {Z1}
                 and {Z3}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "5--16",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.586067",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12737/00586067.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Giloi:1997:KZP,
  author =       "Wolfgang K. Giloi",
  title =        "{Konrad Zuse}'s {Plankalk{\"u}l}: the first
                 high-level, ``non {von Neumann}'' programming
                 language",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "17--24",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.586068",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12737/00586068.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Polachek:1997:BEW,
  author =       "H. Polachek",
  title =        "Before the {ENIAC} [weapons firing table
                 calculations]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "25--30",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.586069",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12737/00586069.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kistermann:1997:LVN,
  author =       "F. W. Kistermann",
  title =        "Locating the victims: the nonrole of punched card
                 technology and census work",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "31--45",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.586070",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12737/00586070.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Huskey:1997:SDF,
  author =       "H. D. Huskey and R. Thorensen and B. F. Ambrosio and
                 E. C. Yowell",
  title =        "The {SWAC} design features and operating experience",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "46--50",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.586072",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12737/00586072.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Huskey:1997:SSW,
  author =       "H. D. Huskey",
  title =        "{SWAC} --- {Standards Western Automatic Computer}: the
                 {Pioneer Day} session at {NCC July 1978}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "51--61",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.586073",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12737/00586073.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1997:A,
  author =       "E. Kaplan",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "62--69",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.586074",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12737/00586074.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Forest:1997:B,
  author =       "R. B. Forest",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "70--73",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.586075",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:44 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/12737/00586075.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1997:RNB,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Review: {Nicolas Bion: The Construction and Principal
                 Uses of Mathematical Instruments}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--83",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.586076",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 09:29:56 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1997:IMW,
  author =       "W. Aspray",
  title =        "The {Intel 4004} microprocessor: what constituted
                 invention?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--15",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.601727",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13172/00601727.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Barnes:1997:DCE,
  author =       "S. B. Barnes",
  title =        "{Douglas Carl Engelbart}: developing the underlying
                 concepts for contemporary computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "16--26",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.601730",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13172/00601730.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cortada:1997:EPM,
  author =       "J. W. Cortada",
  title =        "Economic preconditions that made possible application
                 of commercial computing in the {United States}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "27--40",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.601734",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13172/00601734.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{MacKenzie:1997:MTT,
  author =       "D. MacKenzie and G. Pottinger",
  title =        "Mathematics, technology, and trust: formal
                 verification, computer security, and the {U}.{S}.
                 military",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "41--59",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.601735",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13172/00601735.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Yates:1997:EIB,
  author =       "J. Yates",
  title =        "Early interactions between the life insurance and
                 computer industries: the {Prudential}'s {Edmund C.
                 Berkeley}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "60--73",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.601736",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13172/00601736.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1997:RDG,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Review: {David G. Stork, Ed., HAL's Legacy: 2001's
                 Computer as Dream and Reality}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "78--78",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.601738",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 09:40:16 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1997:AI,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "About this Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--4",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1997.627894",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13659/00627894.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Baber:1997:CEE,
  author =       "R. L. Baber",
  title =        "Comparison of electrical ``engineering'' of
                 {Heaviside}'s times and software ``engineering'' of our
                 times",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--17",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.627895",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13659/00627895.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:1997:GBM,
  author =       "D. A. Grier",
  title =        "{Gertrude Blanch} of the {Mathematical Tables
                 Project}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "18--27",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.627896",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13659/00627896.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Heide:1997:STA,
  author =       "L. Heide",
  title =        "Shaping a technology: {American} punched card systems
                 1880--1914",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "28--41",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.627897",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13659/00627897.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{King:1997:FHH,
  author =       "J. King and W. A. Shelly",
  title =        "A family history of {Honeywell}'s large-scale computer
                 systems",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "42--46",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.627898",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13659/00627898.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Holmes:1997:TA,
  author =       "N. Holmes",
  title =        "A tale of assembly",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "47--49",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.627899",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/13659/00627899.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Raman:1997:KFM,
  author =       "Anand V. Raman",
  title =        "The {Katapayadi} Formula and the Modern Hashing
                 Technique",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "49--52",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.627900",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:40:59 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  xxnote =       "Check page number overlap with
                 \cite{Shapiro:1997:SDH}.",
}

@Article{Wolcott:1998:IPM,
  author =       "P. Wolcott and M. N. Dorojevets",
  title =        "The {Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer
                 Technology} and the {El'brus} family of high-speed
                 computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--14",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.646204",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646204.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Speiser:1998:IRL,
  author =       "A. P. Speiser",
  title =        "{IBM Research Laboratory Zurich}: The Early Years",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "15--28",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.646205",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646205.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Stierhoff:1998:HIS,
  author =       "G. C. Stierhoff and A. G. Davis",
  title =        "A history of the {IBM Systems Journal}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "29--35",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.646206",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646206.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Johnson:1998:VHS,
  author =       "L. Johnson",
  title =        "A view from the 1960s: how the software industry
                 began",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--42",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.646207",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646207.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Postley:1998:MIE,
  author =       "J. A. Postley",
  title =        "Mark {IV}: evolution of the software product, a
                 memoir",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "43--50",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.646208",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646208.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:OMR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Obituary {Mina S. Rees}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--66",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.646216",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646216.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Otnes:1998:C,
  author =       "R. Otnes",
  title =        "The Calcumeter",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "67--69",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.646210",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646210.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kistermann:1998:BPA,
  author =       "F. W. Kistermann",
  title =        "{Blaise Pascal}'s adding machine: new findings and
                 conclusions",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "69--76",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.646211",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646211.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Akera:1998:BIS,
  author =       "A. Akera",
  title =        "Building {IBM}: Shaping An Industry And Its
                 Technologies [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--82",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.646212",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646212.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cortada:1998:TCC,
  author =       "J. W. Cortada",
  title =        "The timetable of computers: a chronology of the most
                 important people and events in the history of computers
                 [Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "82--83",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.646213",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646213.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Nunemacher:1998:SPC,
  author =       "J. Nunemacher and P. Kidwell",
  title =        "Selected Papers On Computer Science",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "82--83",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.646215",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14098/00646215.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kirsch:1998:SSI,
  author =       "R. A. Kirsch",
  title =        "{SEAC} and the start of image processing at the
                 {National Bureau of Standards}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "7--13",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.667290",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667290.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bissell:1998:WIF,
  author =       "D. Bissell",
  title =        "Was the {IDIIOM} the first stand-alone {CAD}
                 platform?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "14--19",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.667292",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667292.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fallon:1998:ECG,
  author =       "K. K. Fallon",
  title =        "Early computer graphics developments in the
                 architecture, engineering and construction industry",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "20--29",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.667293",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667293.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wright:1998:HTC,
  author =       "T. Wright",
  title =        "History and technology of computer fonts",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "30--34",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.667294",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667294.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bloomenthal:1998:GR,
  author =       "J. Bloomenthal and R. E. Barnhill and B. A. Barsky and
                 P. Bezier and R. Forrest and N. Max and D. M. Palyka
                 and D. F. Rogers and H. Rushmeier and A. R. Smith and
                 R. Stock and N. M. Thalmann and D. Thalmann",
  title =        "Graphics remembrances",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "35--51",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.667296",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667296.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wyvill:1998:ECG,
  author =       "B. Wyvill",
  title =        "Experiences With Computer Graphics in the {United
                 Kingdom} in the 1970's",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "52--54",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.667302",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667302.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{McTiernan:1998:EP,
  author =       "C. E. McTiernan",
  title =        "The {ENIAC} patent",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "54--58, 80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.667303",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667303.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1998:RFC,
  author =       "J. Lee",
  title =        "{Richard F. Clippinger}: 1913--1997",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "59--59",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.667308",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667308.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1998:RWH,
  author =       "Jan Lee",
  title =        "{Richard Wesley Hamming}: 1915--1998",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "60--62",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.667309",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667309.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:1998:HH,
  author =       "E. A. Weiss",
  title =        "{Helmut Hoelzer}: 1912--1996",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "62--63",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.667310",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667310.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Simon:1998:AN,
  author =       "H. A. Simon",
  title =        "{Allen Newell}: 1927--1992",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "63--76",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.667311",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667311.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowker:1998:ICS,
  author =       "G. C. Bowker",
  title =        "{IEEE Computer Society} Awards",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "79--80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.667312",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667312.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowker:1998:IMH,
  author =       "G. C. Bowker",
  title =        "1998 {IEEE Medal of Honor}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.667313",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667313.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Machover:1998:IAV,
  author =       "C. Machover",
  title =        "An Interview With {Andries Van Dam}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "81--84",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.667314",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/14609/00667314.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Shelburne:1998:EPM,
  author =       "B. J. Shelburne and C. P. Burton",
  title =        "Early programs on the {Manchester Mark I} Prototype",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--15",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.707570",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707570.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Gray:1998:SRT,
  author =       "G. Gray and R. Smith",
  title =        "{Sperry Rand}'s transistor computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "16--26",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.707571",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707571.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cohen:1998:HAN,
  author =       "I. B. Cohen",
  title =        "{Howard Aiken} on the number of computers needed for
                 the nation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "27--32",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.707572",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707572.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:1998:MTP,
  author =       "D. A. Grier",
  title =        "The {Math Tables Project} of the work projects
                 administration: the reluctant start of the computing
                 era",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "33--50",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.707573",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707573.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:1998:HMZ,
  author =       "R. Rojas",
  title =        "How to make {Zuse}'s {Z3} a universal computer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "51--54",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.707574",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707574.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Logue:1998:VTV,
  author =       "J. C. Logue",
  title =        "From vacuum tubes to very large scale integration: a
                 personal memoir",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "55--68",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.707575",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707575.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:BJM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Biographies, {John Mourice McClean Pinkerton}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "69--71",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.707576",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707576.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Flamm:1998:C,
  author =       "B. Flamm",
  title =        "Calculators",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "72--73",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.707577",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707577.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:LOW,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Larry Owens} wins {IEEE Life Member Prize} for his
                 {Annals} article on {MIT}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "76--76",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.707578",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707578.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Swerdlow:1998:CCR,
  author =       "N. M. Swerdlow",
  title =        "Calendrical Calculations [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "78--78",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.707580",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707580.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Nebeker:1998:EID,
  author =       "Frederick Nebeker",
  title =        "Electronic Inventions and Discoveries: Electronics
                 from its Earliest Beginnings to the present day
                 [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "79--79",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.707582",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:08:20 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Norberg:1998:TNU,
  author =       "A. L. Norberg",
  title =        "Trapped in the Net: The unanticipated consequences of
                 computerization [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "79--80",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.707583",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15262/00707583.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1998:SEC,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Stalking the elusive computer bug",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--9",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.728224",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15706/00728224.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1998:LWC,
  author =       "M. R. (Michael R.) Williams",
  title =        "The ``Last Word'' on {Charles Babbage}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "10--14",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.728225",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  MRclass =      "01A55",
  MRnumber =     "1657567 (99i:01021)",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 15 11:49:13 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/adabooks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15706/00728225.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Eckert:1998:SDC,
  author =       "J. P. {Eckert, Jr.}",
  title =        "A survey of digital computer memory systems",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "15--28",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.728227",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15706/00728227.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bromley:1998:CBA,
  author =       "A. G. Bromley",
  title =        "{Charles Babbage}'s {Analytical Engine}, 1838",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "29--45",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.728228",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15706/00728228.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1998:PEE,
  author =       "M. Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Programming the {EDSAC}: early programming activity at
                 the {University of Cambridge}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "46--67",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15706/00728229.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Backus:1998:HFI,
  author =       "J. Backus",
  title =        "The history of {Fortran} {I}, {II}, and {III}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "68--78",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.728232",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15706/00728232.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:1998:ASH,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "Alternate Sources of History",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "79--80",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1998.728233",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/15706/00728233.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Impagliazzo:1999:HCC,
  author =       "J. Impagliazzo and M. Campbell-Kelly and G. Davies and
                 J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "History in the computing curriculum",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--16",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.759364",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759364.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Howlett:1999:ACL,
  author =       "J. Howlett",
  title =        "The {Atlas Computer Laboratory}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "17--23",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.759365",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759365.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ibbett:1999:UMM,
  author =       "R. N. Ibbett",
  title =        "The {University of Manchester MU5} project",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "24--33",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.759366",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759366.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rohl:1999:IPL,
  author =       "J. S. Rohl",
  title =        "The influence of programming languages on the design
                 of {MU5}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "34--37",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.759367",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759367.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kirstein:1999:EEA,
  author =       "P. T. Kirstein",
  title =        "Early experiences with the {Arpanet} and {Internet} in
                 the {United Kingdom}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "38--44",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.759368",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759368.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1999:A,
  author =       "J. E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "45--47",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.759369",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759369.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1999:B,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--65",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.759370",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759370.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Zwerman:1999:POH,
  author =       "W. L. Zwerman",
  title =        "Profession/occupation without a history",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "66--70",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.759371",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759371.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:1999:ES,
  author =       "D. A. Grier",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "71--75",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.759372",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759372.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1999:EME,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Engines of the mind: the evolution of computer from
                 mainframes to microprocessors",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--77",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.759373",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759373.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1999:DAM,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "{Darwin} among the machines: {The} evolution of global
                 intelligence",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "77--78",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.759374",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759374.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1999:BRM,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Book Review: {Michael Riordan and Lillian Doddeson,
                 Crystal fire: the birth of the information age}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--78",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.759375",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:12:03 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1999:JMH,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Journey to the moon: the history of the {Apollo
                 Guidance Computer}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.759376",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:45 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16436/00759376.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Brosveet:1999:ISM,
  author =       "J. Brosveet",
  title =        "{IBM} salesman meets {Norwegian} tax collector:
                 computer entrepreneurs in the making",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "5--13",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.761790",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16485/00761790.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Johansson:1999:BBG,
  author =       "M. Johansson",
  title =        "{Big Blue} gets beaten: the technological and
                 political controversy of the first large {Swedish}
                 computerization project in a rhetoric of technology
                 perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "14--30",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.761791",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16485/00761791.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kluver:1999:RIC,
  author =       "P. V. Kluver",
  title =        "From research institute to computer company:
                 {Regnecentralen} 1946--1964",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "31--43",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.761793",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16485/00761793.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Vehvilainen:1999:GCR,
  author =       "M. Vehvilainen",
  title =        "Gender and computing in retrospect: the case of
                 {Finland}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "44--51",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.761794",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16485/00761794.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Persson:1999:TAC,
  author =       "P.-A. Persson",
  title =        "Transformation of the analog: the case of the {Saab BT
                 33} artillery fire control simulator and the
                 introduction of the digital computer as control
                 technology",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "52--64",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.761795",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16485/00761795.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kistermann:1999:WCA,
  author =       "F. W. Kistermann",
  title =        "When could anyone have seen {Leibniz}'s stepped
                 wheel?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "68--72",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.761796",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/85/16485/00761796.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Prokhorov:1999:CRS,
  author =       "S. P. Prokhorov",
  title =        "Computers in {Russia}: science, education, and
                 industry",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--15",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.778978",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778978.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Klimenko:1999:CSR,
  author =       "S. V. Klimenko",
  title =        "Computer science in {Russia}: a personal view",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "16--30",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.778979",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778979.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Telksnys:1999:CL,
  author =       "L. Telksnys and A. Zilinskas",
  title =        "Computers in {Lithuania}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "31--37",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.778980",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778980.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Dujnic:1999:HCS,
  author =       "J. Dujnic and N. Fristacky and L. Molnar and I.
                 Plander and B. Rovan",
  title =        "On the history of computer science, computer
                 engineering, and computer technology development in
                 {Slovakia}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "38--48",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.778981",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778981.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Szentgyorgyi:1999:SHC,
  author =       "Z. Szentgyorgyi",
  title =        "A short history of computing in {Hungary}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "49--57",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.778982",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778982.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:HCD,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "History of computer developments in {Romania}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "58--60",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.778983",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778983.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Stolyarov:1999:CBC,
  author =       "G. K. Stolyarov",
  title =        "Computers in {Belarus}: chronology of the main
                 events",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "61--70",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.778984",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778984.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:RJL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Robert John Lansdown}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "66--67",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.778985",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778985.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:JLO,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{John Lions} [obituary]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "67--67",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.778986",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778986.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:CMO,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Charles E. Molnar} [obituary]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "67--69",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.778987",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778987.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:JP,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Jonathan Postel}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "69--70",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.778988",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778988.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Guice:1999:JAE,
  author =       "J. Guice",
  title =        "{James A. Anderson} and {Edward Rosenfeld}, Eds.,
                 {{\em Talking Nets: An Oral History of Neural
                 Networks\/}} [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "75--75",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.778990",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778990.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Smilie:1999:DED,
  author =       "K. Smilie",
  title =        "{David Ewing Duncan}, {{\em Calendar: Humanity's Epic
                 Struggle to Determine a True and Accurate Year\/}}
                 [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "75--75",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.778989",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778989.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tympas:1999:PLS,
  author =       "A. Tympas",
  title =        "{Paul Levinson, The Soft Edge: A Natural History and
                 Future of the Information Revolution} [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "76--76",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.778991",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:14:32 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Misa:1999:SKS,
  author =       "T. J. Misa",
  title =        "{Susanne K. Schmidt} and {Raymund Werle}, {{\em
                 Coordinating Technology: Studies in the International
                 Standardization of Telecommunications\/}} [Book
                 Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "76--77",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.778992",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/16907/00778992.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:1999:CCD,
  author =       "W. Aspray",
  title =        "Command and control, documentation, and library
                 science: the origins of information science at the
                 {University of Pittsburgh}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--20",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.801528",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801528.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Buck:1999:WSJ,
  author =       "G. H. Buck and S. M. Hunka",
  title =        "{W. Stanley Jevons}, {Allan Marquand}, and the origins
                 of digital computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "21--27",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.801529",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801529.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{DeMarco:1999:ECI,
  author =       "G. {De Marco} and G. Mainetto and S. Pisani and P.
                 Savino",
  title =        "The early computers of {Italy}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "28--36",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.801530",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801530.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Gass:1999:PMM,
  author =       "S. I. Gass",
  title =        "{Project Mercury}'s man-in-space real-time computer
                 system: ``you have a go, at least seven orbits''",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "37--48",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.801531",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801531.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Harris:1999:ESS,
  author =       "J. R. Harris",
  title =        "The earliest solid-state digital computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "49--54",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.801532",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801532.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Brown:1999:FTF,
  author =       "L. C. Brown",
  title =        "Flyable {TRADIC}: the first airborne transistorized
                 digital computer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "55--61",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.801533",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801533.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kistermann:1999:LWP,
  author =       "F. W. Kistermann",
  title =        "{Leo Wenzel Pollak} (1888--1964): {Czechoslovakian}
                 pioneer in scientific data processing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "62--68",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.801534",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801534.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:OPI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Overcoming pilot-induced oscillations in the space
                 shuttle",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "69--70",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.801535",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801535.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:1999:CJC,
  author =       "M. Croarken",
  title =        "Case 5,656: {L. J. Comrie} and the origins of the
                 {Scientific Computing Service Ltd.}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "70--71",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.801536",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801536.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Meyers:1999:IFE,
  author =       "G. E. Meyers",
  title =        "{IBM} field engineering experiences: a personal
                 memoir",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "72--76",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.801537",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801537.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1999:DRE,
  author =       "Peggy Aldrich Kidwell",
  title =        "Departments --- Reviews --- Electronic Genie Rescuing
                 {Prometheus}; {Forbes}' Greatest Technology Stories;
                 Information Ages; The Mathematical Theory of
                 Communication; {LEO}: The Incredible Story of the
                 World's First Business; Computer Architects of the
                 Information Society; {Cryptologia}; The Supply of
                 Information Technology Workers in the {US}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "81--84",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.801538",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 15 09:01:30 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cryptologia.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Article1st database",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801538.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Smith:1999:TPH,
  author =       "T. M. Smith",
  title =        "{Thomas P. Hughes}, {{\em Rescuing Prometheus\/}}
                 [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "82--82",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.801539",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801539.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:1999:JYF,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "{Jeffrey Young}, {{\em Forbes' Greatest Technology
                 Stories\/}} [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "82--83",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1999.801541",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17389/00801541.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Birkenstock:2000:PFE,
  author =       "J. W. Birkenstock",
  title =        "Pioneering: on the frontier of electronic data
                 processing, a personal memoir",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--47",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.815465",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17665/00815465.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2000:ACC,
  author =       "D. A. Grier",
  title =        "Agricultural computing and the context for {John
                 Atanasoff}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--61",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.815466",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17665/00815466.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2000:HAT,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "{Howard Aiken}'s third machine: the {Howard Mark III}
                 calculator or {Aiken-Dahlgren} electronic calculator",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--81",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.815467",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17665/00815467.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:2000:IRD,
  author =       "J. E. Tomayko",
  title =        "{Ida Rhodes} and the dreams of a human computer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "82--85",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.815468",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17665/00815468.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2000:B,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "86--87",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.815469",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17665/00815469.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Smillie:2000:MTC,
  author =       "K. Smillie",
  title =        "Mapping time. the calendar and its history",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88--89",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.815470",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17665/00815470.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2000:HAP,
  author =       "M. Croarken",
  title =        "{Howard Aiken}: portrait of a computer pioneer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "89--89",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.815471",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17665/00815471.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weiss:2000:MRF,
  author =       "E. A. Weiss",
  title =        "Magnetic recording, the first 100 years",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "90--90",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.815472",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/17665/00815472.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Seidel:2000:FCE,
  author =       "R. W. Seidel",
  title =        "{Feynman} and computation: exploring the limits of
                 computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "90--91",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.815473",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:25:33 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:AMF,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "The adding machine fraternity at {St. Louis}: creating
                 a center of invention, 1880--1920",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "4--21",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.841133",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841133.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Hall:2000:FPD,
  author =       "E. C. Hall",
  title =        "From the farm to pioneering with digital control
                 computers: an autobiography",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22--31",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.841134",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841134.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2000:SHB,
  author =       "D. A. Grier and M. Campbell",
  title =        "A social history of {Bitnet} and {Listserv},
                 1985--1991",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "32--41",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.841135",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841135.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Estrin:2000:CNB,
  author =       "G. Estrin",
  title =        "Computer network-based scientific collaboration in the
                 energy research community, 1973--1977: a memoir",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "42--52",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.841136",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841136.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2000:RSG,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee and G. E. Snively",
  title =        "The rise and sale of the {General Electric Computer
                 Department}: a further look",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "53--60",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.841137",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841137.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:2000:Aa,
  author =       "J. E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "61--66",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841138",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841138.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2000:O,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Obituary",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "67--68",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841139",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841139.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:MMP,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Making microchips: policy, globalization, and economic
                 restructuring in the semiconductor industry [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "75--76",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841140",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841140.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:BRS,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "In the beginning: recollections of software pioneers
                 [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "76--77",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841141",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841141.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:LBS,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Legal battles that shaped the computer industry
                 [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "77--77",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841142",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841142.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:NBH,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "{Nerds 2.0.1}: a brief history of the {Internet}
                 [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "77--79",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841143",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841143.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:CR,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Cryptonomicon [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "79--79",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841144",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841144.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:ICR,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Illustrators on the computer [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841149",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:17:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841149.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:NIM,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "The near impossibility of making a microchip
                 [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841147",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:17:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:PLL,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "{Poor little Lisa, invention and technology}
                 [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841145",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:17:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:SNC,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "The {Swiss Nema} cipher machine [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841146",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:17:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:STC,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Sorting things out: classification and its
                 consequences [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841148",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:17:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2000:WYN,
  author =       "Peggy A. Kidwell",
  title =        "Why you need to understand {Y2k} [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.841150",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:17:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18190/00841150.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aris:2000:ISE,
  author =       "J. Aris",
  title =        "Inventing systems engineering [{LEO}]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--15",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.859522",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18655/00859522.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Land:2000:FBC,
  author =       "F. Land",
  title =        "The first business computer: a case study in
                 user-driven innovation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "16--26",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.859523",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18655/00859523.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2000:UBN,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee and C. Burke and D. Anderson",
  title =        "The {US Bombes}, {NCR}, {Joseph Desch}, and 600
                 {WAVES}: the first reunion of the {US Naval Computing
                 Machine Laboratory}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "27--41",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.859524",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18655/00859524.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:2000:WEE,
  author =       "W. Aspray",
  title =        "Was early entry a competitive advantage? {US}
                 universities that entered computing in the 1940s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "42--87",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.859525",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18655/00859525.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2000:ESa,
  author =       "A. Fitzpatrick and M. Croarken",
  title =        "Events and sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "88--92",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.859526",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:46 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/18655/00859526.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2000:AI,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "2--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:2000:AB,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "{Allan Bromley}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wilkes:2000:IBA,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Introduction to {``Babbage's Analytical Engine Plans
                 28 and 28a --- The Programmer's Interface''} by {Allan
                 Bromley}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--5",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887985",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4004.pdf;
                 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887985.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/a4004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bromley:2000:BAE,
  author =       "Allan G. Bromley",
  title =        "{Babbage's Analytical Engine Plans 28 and 28a}. {The}
                 programmer's interface",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--19",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.887986",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4005.pdf;
                 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887986.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/a4005abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:2000:CBE,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "{Charles Babbage} eulogy",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "20--21",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887987",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4020.pdf;
                 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887987.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Dodge:2000:CBE,
  author =       "Nathaniel Shatswell Dodge",
  title =        "{Charles Babbage} Eulogy (from the {Smithsonian}
                 Annual Report of 1873)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "22--43",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887988",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4022.pdf;
                 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887988.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/a4022abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2000:BNR,
  author =       "Mary Croarken and Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Beautiful numbers: the rise and decline of the
                 {British Association Mathematical Tables Committee},
                 1871--1965",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "44--61",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.887989",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4044.pdf;
                 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887989.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/a4044abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2000:RPA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Reviews: {Peggy Aldrich Kidwell: The Cogwheel Brain:
                 Charles Babbage and the Quest to Build the First
                 Computer: Endless Frontier: Vannevar Bush, Engineer of
                 the American Century: Dorothy Hodgkin: a Life: {ENIAC}:
                 The Triumphs and Tragedies of the World's First
                 Computer: Inventing the Internet: Meaning in
                 Technology}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "62--63",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887990",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4062.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wilkes:2000:CBC,
  author =       "M. V. Wilkes",
  title =        "The cogwheel brain: {Charles Babbage} and the quest to
                 build the first computer [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "62--63",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887990",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887990.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Riordan:2000:EFV,
  author =       "M. Riordan",
  title =        "Endless frontier: {Vannevar Bush}, engineer of the
                 {American} century [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "64--64",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887991",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887991.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2000:DHL,
  author =       "M. Croarken",
  title =        "{Dorothy Hodgkin}: a life",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "65--65",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887992",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887992.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Akera:2000:ETT,
  author =       "A. Akera",
  title =        "{ENIAC}: the triumphs and tragedies of the world's
                 first computer [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "65--66",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887993",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887993.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wallace:2000:IIB,
  author =       "H. D. Wallace",
  title =        "Inventing the {Internet} [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "66--67",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887994",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887994.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Post:2000:MTB,
  author =       "R. C. Post",
  title =        "Meaning in technology [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "67--68",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887995",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887995.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Buchholz:2000:WBC,
  author =       "W. Buchholz and M. Wilkes",
  title =        "Was {Babbage} caught in the act?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "69--70",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887996",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887996.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wilkes:2000:CQD,
  author =       "Maurice Wilkes",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debates: Was {Babbage} caught
                 in the act?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "69--70",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887996",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4069.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Shapiro:2000:CQD,
  author =       "Fred R. Shapiro",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debates: Origin of the term
                 ``personal computer'': evidence from the {JSTOR}
                 electronic journal archive",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "70--71",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887997",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887997.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2000:AAC,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "{Ada Augusta, Countess of Lovelace}, 1815--1852 what
                 was her family name?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "72--73",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887999",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 08:14:47 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/adabooks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/85/19196/00887999.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tomayko:2000:Ab,
  author =       "James Tomayko",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "72--73",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2000.887999",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4072.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2000:ESb,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick and Mary Croarken",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "77--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4077.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2000:AIC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "2000 Annual Index: Complete author and subject
                 listings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "80--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4080.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2000:TP,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "Think Piece",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "88--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:01 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2000/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2000/pdf/a4088.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2001:AIa,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--??",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Gray:2001:SRT,
  author =       "George T. Gray and Ronald Q. Smith",
  title =        "{Sperry Rand}'s Third-Generation Computers
                 1964--1980",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--16",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.910845",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Doyle:2001:UNF,
  author =       "Robert Doyle",
  title =        "The {US Navy}'s First Online Crypto System",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "17--21",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.910846",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1017.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a1017abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2001:CIB,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "A Career Interview with {Bernie Galler}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "22--33",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.910847",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1022.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a1022abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cortada:2001:UTD,
  author =       "James W. Cortada",
  title =        "Using Textual Demographics to Understand Computer Use:
                 1950--1990",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "34--56",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.910848",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1034.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a1034abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2001:ESa,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick and Mary Croarken",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "57--61",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.4494788",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1057.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2001:Ra,
  author =       "Peggy Aldrich Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--63",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.4494796",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1062.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2001:BOJa,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Biographies: [Obituaries: {John Weber Carr III} \&
                 {Joan Elisabeth Lowther Clarke Murray}]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "67--75",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.4497356",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1067.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Tremblay:2001:A,
  author =       "Guy Tremblay",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.4497357",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1076.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kistermann:2001:CHU,
  author =       "Friedrich W. Kistermann",
  title =        "Calculators: How to Use the {Schickard} Calculator",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--85",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.929917",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/scicontext.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1080.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2001:BOJb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Biographies: Obituaries: [{John W. Haanstra}]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "82--87",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.948914",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1067.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Edwards:2001:TP,
  author =       "Paul N. Edwards",
  title =        "Think Piece",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88--87",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.4497359",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a1088.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2001:AIE,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "About This Issue\slash From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Smith:2001:DPS,
  author =       "Alvy Ray Smith",
  title =        "Digital Paint Systems: An Anecdotal and Historical
                 Overview",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "4--30",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.929908",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a2004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Shoup:2001:SEF,
  author =       "Richard Shoup",
  title =        "{SuperPaint}: An Early Frame Buffer Graphics System",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "32--37",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.929909",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2032.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a2032abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2001:RFC,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "The Rise and Fall of the {Committee on Mathematical
                 Tables and Other Aids to Computation}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "38--49",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.929910",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2038.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a2038abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:2001:CMN,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "{Calvin Mooers}, the {NOL} Computer Project, and {John
                 Vincent Atanasoff}: An Introduction",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "50--51",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.929912",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2050.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  xxpages =      "50--50",
}

@Article{Mooers:2001:CPN,
  author =       "Calvin N. Mooers",
  title =        "The Computer Project at the {Naval Ordnance
                 Laboratory}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "51--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2051.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a2051abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1919--1994",
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2001:ESb,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick and Mary Croarken",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "68--73",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.929913",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2068.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a2068x1.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2001:Rb,
  author =       "Peggy Aldrich Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "74--75",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.929914",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2074.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2001:A,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "78--79",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.929916",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2078.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2001:Bb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2080.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cortada:2001:TP,
  author =       "James Cortada",
  title =        "Think Piece",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "88--??",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 06:23:02 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a2088.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2001:AIb,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3002abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2001:YIA,
  author =       "Peggy Aldrich Kidwell",
  title =        "`Yours for Improvement' --- The Adding Machines of
                 {Chicago}, 1884--1930",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3--21",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.948903",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3003abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Irvine:2001:EDC,
  author =       "M. M. Irvine",
  title =        "Early Digital Computers at {Bell Telephone
                 Laboratories}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "22--42",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.948904",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3022abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3022.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Trimble:2001:BHC,
  author =       "George R. {Trimble, Jr.}",
  title =        "A Brief History of Computing: Memoirs of Living on the
                 Edge",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "44--59",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.948905",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3044abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3044.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Head:2001:UPS,
  author =       "Robert V. Head.",
  title =        "{Univac}: a {Philadelphia} Story",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "60--63",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.948906",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3060abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3060.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Head:2001:ELB,
  author =       "Robert V. Head",
  title =        "{ERMA}'s Lost Battalion",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "64--72",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.948907",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3064abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3064.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Denning:2001:OVM,
  author =       "Peter J. Denning",
  title =        "Origin of Virtual Machines and Other Virtualities",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "73--73",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.948908",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3073abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3073.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2001:ES,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "74--77",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.948909",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3074abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3074.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:2001:CBE,
  author =       "M. Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "{Charles Babbage} and the engines of perfection
                 [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "78--78",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.948910",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3078abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3078.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Smillie:2001:CSC,
  author =       "K. Smillie",
  title =        "The complete story of codebreaking in {World War II}
                 [Reviews]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "78--79",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.948911",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:28:34 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2001:R,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "78--81",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3078abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3078.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2001:B,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "82--86",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3082abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3082.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Abbate:2001:HM,
  author =       "Janet Abbate",
  title =        "Hands on the Machine",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "88, 87",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a3088abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a3088.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:2001:AET,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "{Adelle and Erwin Tomash}: Honoring a Couple's
                 Contributions to Computer History",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.969956",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4002.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a4002abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:2001:ETH,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "{Erwin Tomash}: His Life and Work",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--11",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.969957",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a4004abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4004.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Norberg:2001:PHC,
  author =       "Arthur L. Norberg",
  title =        "A Perspective on the History of the {Charles Babbage
                 Institute} and the {Charles Babbage Foundation}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "12--23",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.969958",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4012.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a4012abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Yost:2001:CTF,
  author =       "Jeffrey R. Yost",
  title =        "{CBI\slash Tomash Fellowship}: Sponsoring a Generation
                 of Scholars in the History of Information Processing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "24--28",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.969959",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4024.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a4024abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bruemmer:2001:RCH,
  author =       "Bruce H. Bruemmer and Elisabeth Kaplan",
  title =        "Realizing the Concept: a History of the {CBI}
                 Archives",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "29--38",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.969960",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4029.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a4029abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:2001:BWC,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "Building a World-Class Book Collection: The {Tomash
                 Library}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "39--43",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.969961",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4039.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/a4039abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:2001:CBI,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "The {Charles Babbage Institute} Reprint Series for the
                 History of Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "44--48",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a4044abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4044.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:2001:VYH,
  author =       "Paul E. Ceruzzi",
  title =        "A View from 20 Years as a Historian of Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "49--55",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.969963",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a4049abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4049.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ensmenger:2001:QPC,
  author =       "Nathan L. Ensmenger",
  title =        "The `Question of Professionalism' in the Computer
                 Fields",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "56--74",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.969964",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a4056abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4056.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2001:CPT,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "The Chromium-Plated Tabulator: Institutionalizing an
                 Electronic Revolution, 1954--1958",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "75--104",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.969965",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a4075abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4075.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aspray:2001:ES,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "105--106",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.969966",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a4105abs.htm;
                 http://computer.org/annals/articles/a4-2001/eands.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4105.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2001:AI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Annual Index",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "107--108",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2001.969967",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2001/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2001/a4107abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2001/pdf/a4107.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  xxpages =      "107--112",
}

@Article{Bergin:2002:EDa,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.988572",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1002abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grad:2002:SSP,
  author =       "Burton Grad and Luanne Johnson",
  title =        "The Start of the Software Products Industry",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--4",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.988573",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1003abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2002:SCS,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Software in the 1960s as Concept, Service, and
                 Product",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--13",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.988574",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1005abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1005.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Johnson:2002:CSI,
  author =       "Luanne Johnson",
  title =        "Creating the Software Industry: Recollections of
                 Software Company Founders of the 1960s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "14--42",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.988576",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1014abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1014.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Goetz:2002:MSPa,
  author =       "Martin Goetz",
  title =        "Memoirs of a Software Pioneer: Part {I}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "43--56",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.988579",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1043abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1043.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Pugh:2002:OSB,
  author =       "Emerson W. Pugh",
  title =        "Origins of Software Bundling",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "57--58",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.988580",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1057abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1057.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Humphrey:2002:SUP,
  author =       "Watts S. Humphrey",
  title =        "Software Unbundling: a Personal Perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--63",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.988582",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1059abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1059.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grad:2002:PRI,
  author =       "Burton Grad",
  title =        "A Personal Recollection: {IBM}'s Unbundling of
                 Software and Services",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "64--71",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.988583",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1064abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1064.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cortada:2002:RHS,
  author =       "James W. Cortada",
  title =        "Researching the History of Software from the 1960s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.988584",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1072abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1072.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2002:A,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--89",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010082",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1080abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1080.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2002:ESW,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Events and Sightings: {Web} Extra: {CBI} Conference
                 --- ``Unbundling history: The emergence of the software
                 product''",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "90--94",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.988586",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1090abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1090.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:2002:TP,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Think Piece",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "96, 95",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Feb 22 12:42:03 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a1096abs.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a1096.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2002:EDb,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2002.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2002abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Graham:2002:GEI,
  author =       "Rebecca Graham and W. Boyd Rayward",
  title =        "{Guest Editors}' Introduction: {Computer} Applications
                 in Libraries, {Part 1}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010065",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rayward:2002:HCA,
  author =       "W. Boyd Rayward",
  title =        "A History of Computer Applications in Libraries:
                 {Prolegomena}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "4--15",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010066",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:2002:UPC,
  author =       "Robert V. Williams",
  title =        "The Use of Punched Cards in {US} Libraries and
                 Documentation Centers, 1936--1965",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "16--33",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010067",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2016.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2016abs.htm;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/punchedcards.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{McCallum:2002:MKL,
  author =       "Sally H. McCallum",
  title =        "{MARC}: Keystone for Library Automation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "34--49",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010068",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2034.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2034abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bregzis:2002:BAU,
  author =       "Ritvars Bregzis and Calvin Gotlieb and Carole Moore",
  title =        "The Beginning of Automation in the {University of
                 Toronto Library}, 1963--1972",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "50--70",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010069",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2050.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2050abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bregman:2002:LAU,
  author =       "Alvan Bregman and Robert H. Burger",
  title =        "Library Automation at the {University of Illinois at
                 Urbana-Champaign}, 1965--2000: a Case Study of
                 Technological and Organizational Validity",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "71--85",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010070",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2071.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2071abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2002:AWI,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick",
  title =        "Anecdotes: a well-intentioned query and the
                 {Halloween Problem}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "86--89",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010071",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2086.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2086abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aldrich:2002:R,
  author =       "Peggy Aldrich",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "94--99",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010074",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2094.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2094abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Smillie:2002:BRT,
  author =       "K. Smillie",
  title =        "Book Review: {Turing and the universal machine: the
                 making of the modern computer}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "95--95",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1010075",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 19 18:25:57 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/turing-alan-mathison.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2002:ESa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "100--103",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/articles/a2-2002/eands.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2100.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2100abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Coopersmith:2002:MP,
  author =       "Jonathan Coopersmith",
  title =        "Membership Has Its Partisans",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "104, 103",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a2104.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a2104abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Marcum:2002:ALC,
  author =       "Deanna B. Marcum",
  title =        "Automating the Library: The {Council on Library
                 Resources}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "2--13",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1024758",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3002.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a3002abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Malone:2002:IIR,
  author =       "Cheryl Knott Malone",
  title =        "Imagining Information Retrieval in the Library: {Desk}
                 Set in Historical Context",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "14--22",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1024759",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3014.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a3014abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Segesta:2002:HTC,
  author =       "Jim Segesta and Keith Reid-Green",
  title =        "{Harley Tillitt} and Computerized Library Searching",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "23--34",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1024760",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3023.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a3023abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Griffiths:2002:UIR,
  author =       "Jos{\'e}-Marie Griffiths and Donald W. King",
  title =        "{US} Information Retrieval System Evolution and
                 Evaluation",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "35--55",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1024761",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3035.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a3035abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Burke:2002:FFS,
  author =       "Colin Burke",
  title =        "The {Ford Foundation}'s Search for an {American
                 Library Laboratory}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "56--74",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1024762",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3056.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a3056abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Graham:2002:GEC,
  author =       "Rebecca Graham",
  title =        "{Guest Editor}'s Conclusion: Reflections on the
                 Evolution of Library Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "75--78",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1024763",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3075.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2002:RLN,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Remembering the {LFK} Network",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "79--81",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1024764",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3079.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2002:ESb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "82--84",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3082.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Erskine:2002:LER,
  author =       "Ralph Erskine and Philip Marks and Frode Weierud",
  title =        "Letter to the Editor: Review of {US} Bombes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "85--87",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/a3letter_web/a3lettertoeditor_web.htm;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3085.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/a3085abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:2002:TPC,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Twin Pillars of Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "88, 87",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 10:13:04 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an2002/pdf/a3088.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2002:AIE,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "About This Issue\slash From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4002.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Estrin:2002:RCO,
  author =       "Gerald Estrin",
  title =        "Reconfigurable Computer Origins: The {UCLA}
                 Fixed-Plus-Variable {(F+V)} Structure Computer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--9",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114865",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4003.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4003.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Reid-Green:2002:TEA,
  author =       "Keith S. Reid-Green",
  title =        "Three early algorithms: [{Bresenham}'s line-drawing
                 algorithm; a square-root algorithm; {Machin}'s
                 algorithm: computation of $\pi$]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "10--13",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114866",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/pi.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4010.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4010.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4010abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Goetz:2002:MSPb,
  author =       "Martin Goetz",
  title =        "Memoirs of a Software Pioneer: Part 2",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "14--31",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114867",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4014.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4014.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4014abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Head:2002:GSG,
  author =       "Robert V. Head",
  title =        "Getting {Sabre} off the Ground",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "32--39",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114868",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4032.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4032.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4032abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2002:Ab,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "40--44",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114869",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4040.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4040.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2002:LE,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "Letters to the Editor",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "45--47",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114870",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4045.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4045.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kidwell:2002:R,
  author =       "Peggy Kidwell",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "48--52",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4048.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4048.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2002:B,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "53--55",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114871",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4053.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4053.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2002:ES,
  author =       "Mary Croarken and Nathan Ensmenger",
  title =        "Events \& Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "56--59",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114872",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2002/extras/a405602x.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4056.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4056.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2002:AI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "2002 Annual Index",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "60--61",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114873",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4060.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4060.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  xxpages =      "60--71",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:2002:DAS,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "{Datamation}, {Annals}, {Slashdot}, and Tomorrow's
                 History",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "72, 71",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2002.1114876",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:45 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2002/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4072.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2002/04/a4072.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2003:AIE,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "About This Issue\slash From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1002.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Eckdahl:2003:WCC,
  author =       "Donald E. Eckdahl and Irving S. Reed and Hrant H.
                 (Harold) Sarkissian",
  title =        "{West Coast} Contributions to the Development of the
                 General-Purpose Computer: Building {Maddida} and the
                 Founding of {Computer Research Corporation}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--33",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1179869",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1004.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1004.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  remark =       "Donald E. Eckdahl, Deceased 23 July 2001. Hrant H.
                 (Harold) Sarkissian, Deceased 15 February 2001.",
}

@Article{Williams:2003:SHS,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams and Erwin Tomash",
  title =        "The Sector: Its History, Scales, and Uses",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "34--47",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1179877",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1034.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1034.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1034abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Koss:2003:PUW,
  author =       "Adele Mildred Koss",
  title =        "Programming on the {Univac 1}: a Woman's Account",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--59",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1179879",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1048.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1048.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1048abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Head:2003:WHF,
  author =       "Robert V. Head",
  title =        "Working in the House that {FACT} Built",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--64",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1179881",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1060.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1060.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1060abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  remark =       "Robert V. Head, (Deceased 28 February 2003).",
}

@Article{Croarken:2003:ESa,
  author =       "Mary Croarken and Nathan Ensmenger",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--69",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1179882",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://computer.org/annals/an2003/extras/a1065.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1065.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1065.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2003:R,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--71",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1179883",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1070.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1070.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1070abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Berkovich:2003:ARS,
  author =       "S. Berkovich",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Reminiscences of superconductive
                 associative memory research in the former {Soviet
                 Union}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--75",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1179885",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2003:Aa,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a1072abs.htm;
                 http://computer.org/annals/an2003/extras/a1072.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1072.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1072.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lee:2003:BPB,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee and Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies: {Per Brinch Hansen}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--83",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1179888",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Outterson:2003:OEL,
  author =       "Sara Outterson",
  title =        "Obituary: {Edward Louis Glaser} [1929--1991]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "83--87",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1179888",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grad:2003:PSI,
  author =       "Burton Grad",
  title =        "Preserving the Software Industry's Past",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88, 3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1088.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1088.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2003:BOB,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies: Obituary: {I. Bernard Cohen}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "89--92",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253895",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:46 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1080.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/01/a1080.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2003:AIa,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2002.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Caminer:2003:BCL,
  author =       "David Tresman Caminer",
  title =        "Behind the Curtain at {LEO}: a Personal Reminiscence",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--13",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203055",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2003.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2003.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Hoare:2003:APP,
  author =       "C. A. R. Hoare",
  title =        "Assertions: a Personal Perspective",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "14--25",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203056",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2014.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2014.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2014abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Jones:2003:EST,
  author =       "Cliff B. Jones",
  title =        "The Early Search for Tractable Ways of Reasoning about
                 Programs",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "26--49",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203057",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2026.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2026.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2026abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Gray:2003:BBB,
  author =       "George T. Gray and Ronald Q. Smith",
  title =        "Before the {B5000}: {Burroughs Computers},
                 1951--1963",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "50--61",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203058",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2050.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2050.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2050abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Stachniak:2003:MMM,
  author =       "Zbigniew Stachniak",
  title =        "The Making of the {MCM/70} Microcomputer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "62--75",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203059",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2062.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2062.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2062abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2003:ESb,
  author =       "Mary Croarken and Nathan Ensmenger",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "76--79",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2076.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2076.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2076abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2003:ADT,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick",
  title =        "Anecdotes [Developing {Telnet}'s negotiated options]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "80--82",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203060",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2080.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2080.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Spicer:2003:TDT,
  author =       "D. Spicer",
  title =        "They dream tomorrow: a portrait of {Ada Lovelace}
                 [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "83--83",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203061",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:33:14 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Seitz:2003:TGL,
  author =       "F. Seitz",
  title =        "True genius: The life and science of {John Bardeen}
                 [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "83--84",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203062",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:34:18 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2003:Ra,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "83--85",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2083.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2083.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2003:BBM,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies [Building the {Manchester} differential
                 analyzers: a personal reflection]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "86--92",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203065",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2086.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2086.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Light:2003:BIT,
  author =       "Jennifer S. Light",
  title =        "Before the {Internet}, There Was Cable",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "96, 94--95",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2096.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/02/a2096.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2003:AIb,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226650",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3002.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Black:2003:WML,
  author =       "Don Black and Walter Dickson Jones",
  title =        "{Watson} and Me: a Life at {IBM}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--18",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226652",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a3004abs.htm;
                 http://computer.org/annals/an2003/extras/a3004.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3004.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3004.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Mullin:2003:DCT,
  author =       "Sherman N. Mullin",
  title =        "Into Digital Computing through the Back Door",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "20--28",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226653",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3020.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3020.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3020abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Moore:2003:CPC,
  author =       "Joe F. Moore",
  title =        "Creating Profit with Computers: My Life as {CEO} of
                 {Bonner \& Moore Associates}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "30--47",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226654",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a3030abs.htm;
                 http://computer.org/annals/an2003/extras/a3030.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3030.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3030.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2003:THC,
  author =       "Mary Croarken",
  title =        "Tabulating the Heavens: Computing the {{\em Nautical
                 Almanac\/}} in {18th-Century England}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "48--61",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226655",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3048.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3048.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3048abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kita:2003:JCR,
  author =       "Chigusa Ishikawa Kita",
  title =        "{J. C. R. Licklider}'s Vision for the {IPTO}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "62--77",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226656",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3062.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3062.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3062abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2003:ESc,
  author =       "Mary Croarken and Nathan Ensmenger",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "78--81",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3078.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3078.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3078abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2003:AO,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick",
  title =        "Anecdotes: On the origins of :-)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "82--83",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226657",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3082.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3082.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Field:2003:NWB,
  author =       "A. J. Field",
  title =        "Networking the world [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "83--83",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226658",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:36:02 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Barnes:2003:BDE,
  author =       "S. B. Barnes",
  title =        "Bootstrapping: {Douglas Engelbart}, coevolution, and
                 the origins of personal computing [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "84--85",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226660",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:36:02 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2003:Rb,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "84--89",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3084.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3084.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Polachek:2003:BOH,
  author =       "Solomon Polachek",
  title =        "Biographies: Obituary: {Harry Polachek [1913--2002]}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "90--92",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226666",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3090.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3090.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2003:BOR,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies: [Obituaries: {Rob Kling [1944--2003]}]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "92--94",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226666",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3090.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3090.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2003:GMT,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "The Great Machine Theory of History",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "96, 95",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 29 16:19:47 MST 2003",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3096.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/03/a3096.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2003:EDS,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk: Some Final Thoughts",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4002.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4002.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Abbate:2003:GEI,
  author =       "Janet Abbate",
  title =        "{Guest Editor}'s Introduction: Women and Gender in the
                 History of Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--8",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253885",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4004.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4004.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2003:MEC,
  author =       "Mary Croarken",
  title =        "{Mary Edwards}: Computing for a Living in
                 {18th-Century England}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "9--15",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253886",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4009abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4009.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4009.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fuegi:2003:LBC,
  author =       "John Fuegi and Jo Francis",
  title =        "{Lovelace} \& {Babbage} and the Creation of the 1843
                 {`Notes'}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "16--26",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253887",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4016abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4016.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4016.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:2003:SAC,
  author =       "Elizabeth Phillips Williams",
  title =        "A Systems Analyst's Computer Watch: 1943--2003",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "27--39",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253888",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4027abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4027.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4027.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Koss:2003:PBP,
  author =       "Adele Mildred Koss",
  title =        "Programming at {Burroughs} and {Philco} in the 1950s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "40--50",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253889",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4040abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4040.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4040.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell:2003:BHW,
  author =       "Scott M. Campbell",
  title =        "{Beatrice Helen Worsley}: {Canada}'s Female Computer
                 Pioneer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "51--62",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253890",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4051abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4051.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4051.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Macduff:2003:HLC,
  author =       "Valerie A. G. Macduff",
  title =        "Half a Lifetime in Computing: Experiences in {Zambia},
                 {Britain}, and {Australia}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "64--66",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253891",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4064abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4064.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4064.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Stepulevage:2003:CBO,
  author =       "Linda Stepulevage",
  title =        "Computer-Based Office Work: Stories of Gender, Design,
                 and Use",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "67--72",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253892",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4067abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4067.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4067.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2003:ES,
  author =       "Mary Croarken and Nathan Ensmenger and David Alan
                 Grier and Frederik Nebeker and David Anderson",
  title =        "Events \& Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "73--77",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4073.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4073.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2003:AHD,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick and Janet Abbate and Frank S. Preston
                 and Lucy Slater and Mary Lee Berners-Lee and Jean
                 Sammet and Dame Stephanie Shirley and Ruzena Bajcsy and
                 Ann Hardy and Adele Goldberg and Anita Borg",
  title =        "Anecdotes: How did you first get into computing?",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "78--88",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253893",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4078.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4078.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2003:B,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh and Maurice Wilkes",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "89--92",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4089.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4089.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:2003:BRD,
  author =       "Paul E. Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Book Review: {Diana H. Hook and Jeremy M. Norman, with
                 contributions by Michael R. Williams, Origins of
                 Cyberspace: A Library History of Computing, Networking,
                 and Telecommunications, historyofscience.com, 2002,
                 ISBN 0-930405-85-4, 670 pp.}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "93--93",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253896",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:30:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Winkler:2003:BRK,
  author =       "Jonathan Reed Winkler",
  title =        "Book Review: {Ken Beauchamp, A History of Telegraphy,
                 IEE History of Technology Series no. 26, IEE Press,
                 2001, ISBN 085-296-7926, xxiv + 413 pp., \$95.00}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "93--94",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253897",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 12:23:04 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Morris:2003:BRR,
  author =       "Robin Morris",
  title =        "Book Review: {Ross Knox Bassett, To the Digital Age:
                 Research Labs, Start-up Companies and the Rise of MOS
                 Technology, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002, ISBN
                 0-8018-6809-2, 421 pp., \$44.95}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "94--96",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253898",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 12:25:54 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2003:BRC,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "Book Review: {Christine A. Finn, An Archeologist's
                 Year in Silicon Valley, MIT Press, 2001, ISBN
                 0-262-06224-0, \$24.95 (hardcover).}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "96--96",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 12:25:54 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Smillie:2003:BRS,
  author =       "Keith Smillie",
  title =        "Book Review: {Severo M. Ornstein, Computing in the
                 Middle Ages: A View from the Trenches 1955--1983, 1st
                 Books Library, 2002, ISBN 1-4033-1517-5, 274 pp.,
                 \$14.95}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "96--96",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 12:25:54 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2003:IAH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{IEEE Annals of the History of Computing}, 2003 Annual
                 Index, Volume 25",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "97--103",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2003.1253901",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "a4097.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4097.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  xxpages =      "97--103",
}

@Article{Grier:2003:CJN,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "The Computer: From {John von Neumann} to {Irma S.
                 Rombauer}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "104, 103",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2003",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 27 09:33:30 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2003/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4104.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2003/04/a4104.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2004:EDa,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278845",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/01/a1002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Galler:2004:AHF,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "{Annals}: How the First Issue Came to Be",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--7",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278846",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/01/a1004abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1004.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Mahoney:2004:FHS,
  author =       "Michael S. Mahoney",
  title =        "Finding a History for Software Engineering",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "8--19",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278847",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/01/a1008abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1008.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Frana:2004:BWT,
  author =       "Philip L. Frana",
  title =        "Before the {Web} There Was {Gopher}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "20--41",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278848",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/01/a1020abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1020.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ralston:2004:FEE,
  author =       "Anthony Ralston",
  title =        "Four Editions and Eight Publishers: a History of the
                 {Encyclopedia of Computer Science}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "42--52",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278849",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/01/a1042abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1042.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cortada:2004:HDC,
  author =       "James W. Cortada",
  title =        "How Did Computing Go Global? {The} Need for an Answer
                 and a Research Agenda",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "53--58",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278850",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/01/a1053abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1053.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2004:A,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick and Joe E. Rogers and Bob Bemer",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--67",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278851",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1059.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Croarken:2004:ES,
  author =       "Mary Croarken and Dorian Rutter and Tony Mann and Alex
                 Fedorec and Brian Wichmann",
  title =        "Events \& Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "68--70",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278853",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1068.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Gerovitch:2004:BHM,
  author =       "S. Gerovitch",
  title =        "{Between Human and Machine: Feedback, Control, and
                 Computing Before Cybernetics} [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "71--73",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278856",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 14 10:41:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2004:RPJ,
  author =       "Raul Rojas and Jon Agar and Slava Gerovitch and Ross
                 Bassett and Tim Bergin and Nathan L. Ensmenger and
                 Kenneth Lipartito and J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Reviews: {Pamela J. Hinds and Sara Kiesler (eds.),
                 {\em Distributed Work}, MIT Press, 2002, ISBN
                 0-262-08305-1}; {David Mindell, {\em Between Human and
                 Machine: Feedback, Control, and Computing Before
                 Cybernetics}, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002,
                 ISBN 0-801-86895-5}; {Jeffrey Zygmont, {\em Microchip:
                 An Idea, Its Genesis, and the Revolution It Created},
                 Peresus Publishing, 2003, ISBN 0-7382-0561-3}; {Atsushi
                 Akera and Frederick Nebeker, eds., {\em From 0 to 1: An
                 Authoritative History of Modern Computing}, Oxford
                 Univ. Press, 2002, ISBN 0-19-514025-7}; {Martin
                 Campbell-Kelly, {\em From Airline Reservations to Sonic
                 the Hedgehog}, MIT Press, 2003, ISBN 0-262-03303-8};
                 {Narain Gehani, {\em Bell Labs: Life in the Crown
                 Jewel}, Silicon Press, 2003, ISBN 0-929306-27-9}; {{\em
                 Smart Computing, People in Computing: Biographies of
                 Technology's Pioneers\/} (Computing Encyclopedia), vol.
                 5, Sandhill Publishing Company, 2002}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "71--77",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1071.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2004:BAS,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies: {ADAPSO} and the Service Bureau Industry,
                 1961--1968; {Bernard ``Bernie'' Goldstein}; {Frank
                 Lautenberg}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--93",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1278873",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1078.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ensmenger:2004:PPT,
  author =       "Nathan Ensmenger",
  title =        "Power to the People: Toward a Social History of
                 Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "96, 94--95",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 06:58:35 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/01/a1096.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2004:EDb,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299653",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/02/a2002.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2002.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Jones:2004:FBB,
  author =       "Allan Jones",
  title =        "Five 1951 {BBC} Broadcasts on Automatic Calculating
                 Machines",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--15",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299654",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/02/a2003abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2003.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Head:2004:DGD,
  author =       "Robert V. Head",
  title =        "{Datamation}'s Glory Days",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "16--21",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299655",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/02/a2016abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2016.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2016.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Henry:2004:SVD,
  author =       "Albert J. Henry and Henry Venture and Glenn E.
                 Bugos",
  title =        "{Sydis} and the Voice\slash Data Terminal Craze of
                 1984",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22--33",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299656",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/02/a2022abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2022.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2022.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rosen:2004:RPT,
  author =       "Saul Rosen",
  title =        "Recollections of the {Philco Transac S-2000}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "34--47",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299658",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/02/a2034abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2034.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2034.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  remark =       "Saul Rosen, (Deceased 9 June 1991).",
}

@Article{Rice:2004:CSP,
  author =       "John R. Rice and Saul Rosen",
  title =        "Computer Sciences at {Purdue University}---1962 to
                 2000",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "48--61",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299659",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/02/a2048abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2048.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2048.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  remark =       "Saul Rosen, (Deceased 9 June 1991).",
}

@Article{Smillie:2004:PLC,
  author =       "Keith Smillie",
  title =        "People, Languages, and Computers: a Short Memoir",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "62--74",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299660",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/02/a2062abs.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2062.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2062.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2004:BRW,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies: {Robert W Floyd}, in Memoriam",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "75--83",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299661",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2075.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2075.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2004:ES,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "84--85",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299662",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2084.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2084.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Robertson:2004:Aa,
  author =       "Laurie Robertson",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "86--89",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299663",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2086.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2086.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2004:RRE,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "{Raul Rojas, Encyclopedia of Computers and Computer
                 History} [Book Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "90--90",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299664",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2004:KGI,
  author =       "R. Rojas",
  title =        "{Karl E. Ganzhorn, The IBM Laboratories Boeblingen
                 Foundation and Build-Up: A Personal Review} [Book
                 Review]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "90--91",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.1299665",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2090.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2090.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2004:R,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "90--93",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2090.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2090.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Downey:2004:JCS,
  author =       "Greg Downey",
  title =        "Jumping Contexts of Space and Time",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "96, 94--95",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2096.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/02/a2096.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2004:ED,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "From the Editor's Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.9",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/03/a3002.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3002.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ganzhorn:2004:BIB,
  author =       "Karl E. Ganzhorn",
  title =        "The Buildup of the {IBM Boeblingen Laboratory}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--19",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.16",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3004.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3004.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.16",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ganzhorn:2004:IBL,
  author =       "Karl E. Ganzhorn",
  title =        "{IBM Boeblingen Laboratory}: Product Development",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "20--30",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.11",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3020.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3020.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.11",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Endres:2004:IBE,
  author =       "Albert Endres",
  title =        "{IBM Boeblingen}'s Early Software Contributions",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "31--41",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.12",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3031.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3031.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.12",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Aloisio:2004:CED,
  author =       "Mario Aloisio",
  title =        "The Calculation of {Easter Day}, and the Origin and
                 Use of the Word Computer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "42--49",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.17",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3042.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3042.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.17",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Neukom:2004:EUC,
  author =       "Hans Neukom",
  title =        "Early Use of Computers in {Swiss} Banks",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "50--59",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.7",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3050.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3050.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.7",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Campbell:2004:ES,
  author =       "Dan Campbell",
  title =        "Events \& Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "60--64",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.8",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3060.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3060.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2004:LE,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "Letters to the Editor",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "66--68",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.13",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/03/a3066.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3066.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Robertson:2004:Ab,
  author =       "Laurie Robertson",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "70--77",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.3",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3070.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3070.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2004:Ra,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "78--84",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.14",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/03/a3078.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3078.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Akera:2004:CKI,
  author =       "Atsushi Akera",
  title =        "The Circulation of Knowledge, Institutional Ecologies,
                 and the History of Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "88, 86--87",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3088.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/03/a3088.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2004:EDc,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.30",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/04/a4002.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4002.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Longo:2004:EBC,
  author =       "Bernadette Longo",
  title =        "{Edmund Berkeley}, Computers, and Modern Methods of
                 Thinking",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--18",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.28",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4004.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4004.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.28",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Gray:2004:SRF,
  author =       "George T. Gray and Ronald Q. Smith",
  title =        "{Sperry Rand}'s First Generation Computers,
                 1955--1960: Hardware and Software",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "20--34",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.34",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4020.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4020.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.34",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Copeland:2004:UA,
  author =       "B. Jack Copeland",
  title =        "Unfair to {Aiken}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "35--37",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.36",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4035.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4035.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.36",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Copeland:2004:COO,
  author =       "B. Jack Copeland",
  title =        "{Colossus}: Its Origins and Originators",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "38--45",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.26",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4038.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4038.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.26",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Keet:2004:PRS,
  author =       "Ernest E. Keet",
  title =        "A Personal Recollection of Software's Early Days
                 (1960--79), Part 1",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "46--61",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.20",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4046.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4046.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.20",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2004:ES,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "62--70",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.29",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4062.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4062.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.29",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Robertson:2004:Ac,
  author =       "Laurie Robertson",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "71--73",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.22",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4071.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4071.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.22",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2004:Rb,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "74--78",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.33",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4074.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4074.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2004:Bb,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "79--91",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.25",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4079.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4079.pdf;
                 http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.25",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2004:AI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "2004 Annual Index",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "92--100",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.19",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2004/04/a4092.pdf;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4092.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ensmenger:2004:OSL,
  author =       "Nathan Ensmenger",
  title =        "Open Source's Lessons for Historians",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "104, 102--103",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 11 18:28:43 MST 2004",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4104.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2004/04/a4104.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2005:EDa,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1002.htm;
                 http://csdl2.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/01/a1002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Takahashi:2005:RFP,
  author =       "Shigeru Takahashi",
  title =        "The Rise and Fall of Plug-Compatible Mainframes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--16",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.15",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1004.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1004.pdf",
  abstract =     "The rise and fall of plug-compatible mainframes
                 spanned more than 20 years. RCA, whose 1964 Spectra 70
                 System was compatible with the IBM System/360, chose
                 another path altogether, so Amdahl in 1970 became the
                 first true PCM manufacturer. Other companies---notably
                 Fujitsu and Hitachi---soon followed, seeking to
                 complete with IBM in the mainframe arena. This article
                 traces the history of PCMs, which includes an
                 intriguing incident of industrial espionage.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Hensch:2005:IHFa,
  author =       "Kurt Hensch",
  title =        "{IBM} History of {Far Eastern} Languages in Computing,
                 Part 1: Requirements and Initial Phonetic Product
                 Solutions in the 1960s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "17--26",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.9",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1017.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1017.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Hensch:2005:IHFb,
  author =       "Kurt Hensch and Toshiaki Igi and Masumi Iwao and Toru
                 Takeshita",
  title =        "{IBM} History of {Far Eastern} Languages in Computing,
                 Part 2: Initial Efforts for Full {Kanji} Solutions,
                 Early 1970s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "27--37",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.10",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1027.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1027.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Hensch:2005:IHFc,
  author =       "Kurt Hensch and Toshiaki Igi and Masumi Iwao and Akira
                 Oda and Toru Takeshita",
  title =        "{IBM} History of {Far Eastern} Languages in Computing,
                 Part 3: {IBM Japan} Taking the Lead, Accomplishments
                 through the 1990s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "38--55",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.11",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1038.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1038.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kistermann:2005:HPC,
  author =       "Friedrich W. Kistermann",
  title =        "{Hollerith} Punched Card System Development
                 (1905--1913)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "56--66",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.8",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1056.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1056.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2005:BAT,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies: {ADAPSO}, Time-Sharing Firms, and
                 Software Companies: 1968--1975",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "67--73",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.4",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1067.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1067.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  keywords =     "ADAPSO (Association of Data Processing Service
                 Organizations)",
}

@Article{Kita:2005:ESa,
  author =       "Chigusa Kita",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--77",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.5",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1074.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1074.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Roberston:2005:Aa,
  author =       "Laurie Roberston",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--81",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.1",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1078.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1078.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2005:Ra,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "82--87",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.12",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1082.htm;
                 http://csdl2.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/01/a1082.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Yood:2005:HCC,
  author =       "Charlie Yood",
  title =        "The History of Computing at the {Consumption
                 Junction}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88, 86--87",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1088.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/01/a1088.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2005:EDb,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.26",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2002.htm;
                 http://csdl2.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/02/a2002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Walden:2005:CBB,
  author =       "David C. Walden and Raymond S. Nickerson",
  title =        "Computing at {Bolt Beranek and Newman}: The First 40
                 Years, Part 1",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "4--5",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.23",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2004.htm;
                 http://csdl2.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/02/a2004.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Beranek:2005:BED,
  author =       "Leo L. Beranek",
  title =        "{BBN}'s Earliest Days: Founding a Culture of
                 Engineering Creativity",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "6--14",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.20",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2006.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2006.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Swets:2005:ABA,
  author =       "John A. Swets",
  title =        "The {ABC}'s of {BBN}: From Acoustics to Behavioral
                 Sciences to Computers",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "15--29",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.32",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2015.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2015.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Levy:2005:HTT,
  author =       "Stephen Levy",
  title =        "History of Technology Transfer at {BBN}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "30--38",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.28",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2030.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2030.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Heart:2005:LTN,
  author =       "Frank Heart",
  title =        "Leading a Top-Notch {R\&D} Group in the {BBN}
                 Environment",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "39--51",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.29",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2039.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2039.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Baron:2005:CSR,
  author =       "Sheldon Baron",
  title =        "Control Systems {R\&D} at {BBN}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "52--64",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.24",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2052.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2052.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Estrada:2005:YAS,
  author =       "Richard F. Estrada and Edward A. Starr",
  title =        "50 Years of Acoustic Signal Processing for Detection:
                 Coping with the Digital Revolution",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "65--78",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.16",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2065.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2065.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kita:2005:ESb,
  author =       "Chigusa Kita",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "79--81",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.25",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2079.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2079.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Robertson:2005:Ab,
  author =       "Laurie Robertson",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "82--84",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.17",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2082.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2082.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2005:Rb,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "85--88",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.30",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2085.htm;
                 http://csdl2.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/02/a2085.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Robertson:2005:ADE,
  author =       "L. Robertson",
  title =        "Anecdotes [{Difference Engine}]",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "89--92",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.22",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2089.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2089.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  xxnote =       "Check: overlaps pages of \cite{Haigh:2005:BLJ}, but
                 not in the PDF file for that paper??",
}

@Article{Haigh:2005:BLJ,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies: {Lawrence J. Schoenberg}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "89--94",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.22",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2089.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2089.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Greenberg:2005:BEL,
  author =       "Joshua M. Greenberg",
  title =        "Between Expert and Lay",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "96, 95",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 01 18:03:55 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/archives.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2096.htm;
                 http://csdl.computer.org/dl/mags/an/2005/02/a2096.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2005:EDc,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.38",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/03/a3002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Swade:2005:HR,
  author =       "Doron D. Swade",
  title =        "Historical Reconstructions",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.40",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/03/a3003.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Glusker:2005:TCM,
  author =       "Mark Glusker and David M. Hogan and Pamela Vass",
  title =        "The Ternary Calculating Machine of {Thomas Fowler}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--22",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.49",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  abstract =     "In 1840, Thomas Fowler, a self-taught English
                 mathematician and inventor, created a unique ternary
                 calculating machine. Until recently, all detail of this
                 machine was lost. A research project begun in 1997
                 uncovered sufficient information to enable the
                 recreation of a physical concept model of Fowler's
                 machine. The next step is to create a historically
                 accurate replica.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
  keywords =     "19th century; Augustus De Morgan; balanced ternary;
                 base-3; calculating machine; historical reconstruction;
                 signed ternary; ternary; Thomas Fowler",
}

@Article{Rojas:2005:RKZ,
  author =       "Raul Rojas and Frank Darius and Cuneyt Goktekin and
                 George Heyne",
  title =        "The Reconstruction of {Konrad Zuse}'s {Z3}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "23--32",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.48",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Spicer:2005:IRP,
  author =       "Dag Spicer",
  title =        "The {IBM 1620} Restoration Project",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "33--43",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.46",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Burton:2005:RMB,
  author =       "Christopher P. Burton",
  title =        "Replicating the {Manchester Baby}: Motives, Methods,
                 and Messages from the Past",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "44--60",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.42",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Sale:2005:RCB,
  author =       "Anthony E. Sale",
  title =        "The Rebuilding of {Colossus} at {Bletchley Park}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "61--69",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.47",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Swade:2005:CCB,
  author =       "Doron D. Swade",
  title =        "The Construction of {Charles Babbage}'s {Difference
                 Engine No. 2}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "70--88",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.45",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kita:2005:ESc,
  author =       "Chigusa Kita",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "89--92",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.37",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2005:Rc,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "93--95",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.43",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/03/a3093.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Robertson:2005:Ac,
  author =       "Laurie Robertson",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "96--97",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.33",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Adamson:2005:B,
  author =       "Michael R. Adamson",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "98--102",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.36",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Crowther-Heyck:2005:MN,
  author =       "Hunter Crowther-Heyck",
  title =        "Mind and Network",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "104, 103",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.41",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 18:51:49 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2005:EDd,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.61",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/04/a4002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Neukom:2005:EFS,
  author =       "Hans Neukom",
  title =        "{ERMETH}: The First {Swiss} Computer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--22",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.58",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Petersson:2005:FBB,
  author =       "Tom Petersson",
  title =        "{Facit} and the {BESK} Boys: {Sweden}'s Computer
                 Industry (1956--1962)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "23--30",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.60",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Keet:2005:PRS,
  author =       "Ernest E. (``Lee'') Keet",
  title =        "A Personal Recollection of Software's Early Days
                 (1960--1979): Part 2",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "31--45",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.51",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grudin:2005:TFH,
  author =       "Jonathan Grudin",
  title =        "Three Faces of Human-Computer Interaction",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "46--62",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.67",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Williams:2005:RR,
  author =       "Bruce O. B. Williams and Roger G. Johnson",
  title =        "Ready Reckoners",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "64--80",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.64",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kita:2005:ESd,
  author =       "Chigusa Kita",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "81--85",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.59",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2005:Rd,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "86--88",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.65",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/04/a4086.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Robertson:2005:A,
  author =       "Laurie Robertson",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "89--92",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.53",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Haigh:2005:B,
  author =       "Thomas Haigh",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "93--96",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.55",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2005:AIV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "2005 Annual Index, Volume 27",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "97--101",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.50",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2005/04/a4097.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Medina:2005:CMC,
  author =       "Eden Medina",
  title =        "Computer Memory, Collective Memory: Recovering History
                 through {Chilean} Computing",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "104, 102--103",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.56",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 21 08:47:51 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2005/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2006:EDa,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.10",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2006/01/a1002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Walden:2006:CBB,
  author =       "Dave Walden and Ray Nickerson",
  title =        "Computing at {Bolt Beranek and Newman}: The First 40
                 Years, Part 2",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--5",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.6",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Castleman:2006:MAC,
  author =       "Paul Castleman",
  title =        "Medical Application of Computers at {BBN}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--16",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.16",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Feurzeg:2006:ETB,
  author =       "Wallace Feurzeg",
  title =        "Educational Technology at {BBN}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "18--31",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.8",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.computer.org/portal/pages/annals/articles/xtras/a1-2006/a1feurzeig.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Makhoul:2006:SPB,
  author =       "John Makhoul",
  title =        "Speech Processing at {BBN}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "32--45",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.19",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Weischedel:2006:NLU,
  author =       "Ralph Weischedel",
  title =        "Natural-Language Understanding at {BBN}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "46--55",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.17",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Partridge:2006:DNB,
  author =       "Craig Partridge and Steven Blumenthal",
  title =        "Data Networking at {BBN}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "56--71",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.7",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Schantz:2006:BNC,
  author =       "Richard E. Schantz",
  title =        "{BBN}'s Network Computing Software Infrastructure and
                 Distributed Applications (1970--1990)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--88",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.4",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kita:2006:ESa,
  author =       "Chigusa Kita",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "89--92",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.9",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Patrick:2006:A,
  author =       "Robert L. Patrick",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "93--95",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.12",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Rojas:2006:Ra,
  author =       "Raul Rojas",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "96--98",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.18",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2006/01/a1096.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Adamson:2006:B,
  author =       "Michael R. Adamson",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "99--103",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.5",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Geselowitz:2006:BHN,
  author =       "Michael N. Geselowitz",
  title =        "A Busman's Holiday in {New Jersey}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "104--105",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.1",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Schlombs:2006:TIC,
  author =       "Corinna Schlombs",
  title =        "Toward International Computing History",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "108, 107",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.21",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2006:EDb,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.29",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2006/02/a2002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Neukom:2006:SLE,
  author =       "Hans Neukom",
  title =        "The Second Life of {ENIAC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "4--16",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.39",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.computer.org/portal/pages/annals/articles/xtras/a2-2006/a2neukom.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Zoppke:2006:VLE,
  author =       "Till Zoppke and Ra{\'u}l Rojas",
  title =        "The Virtual Life of {ENIAC}: Simulating the Operation
                 of the First Electronic Computer",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "18--25",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.40",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cortada:2006:EIB,
  author =       "James W. Cortada",
  title =        "The {ENIAC}'s Influence on Business Computing,
                 1940s--1950s",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "26--28",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.38",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Wilkes:2006:WRE,
  author =       "Maurice Wilkes",
  title =        "What {I} Remember of the {ENIAC}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "30--31",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.41",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Johnson:2006:CGU,
  author =       "Lyle R. Johnson",
  title =        "Coming to Grips with {Univac}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "32--42",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.27",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Lavington:2006:FCD,
  author =       "Simon Lavington",
  title =        "In the Footsteps of {Colossus}: a Description of
                 {Oedipus}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "44--55",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.34",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  abstract =     "A number of cryptanalysis projects were developed in
                 the UK during the postwar years 1945?1955. One of the
                 most significant of these was Oedipus, a
                 special-purpose rapid analytical machine using novel
                 digital storage. Oedipus was developed by GCHQ and the
                 UK companies Elliott and Ferranti. Oedipus contained a
                 large semiconductor associative memory, a magnetic drum
                 with on-the-fly searching, and a high-speed RAM cache.
                 Its history has only recently been made publicly
                 available.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Miller:2006:GSE,
  author =       "Raymond E. Miller",
  title =        "Graduate Student Experiences at {Illinois}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "56--62",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.31",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Kita:2006:ESb,
  author =       "Chigusa Kita",
  title =        "Events and Sightings",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "63--69",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.28",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2006/02/a2063.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Laplante:2006:A,
  author =       "Phillip A. {Laplante Jr.} and Stanley Mazor",
  title =        "Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "70--76",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.23",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bowen:2006:R,
  author =       "Jonathan P. Bowen and Tim Bergin and Christopher H.
                 Sterling",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "77--80",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.36",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2006/02/a2077.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bergin:2006:BCH,
  author =       "Tim Bergin",
  title =        "Biographies: {Carl Hammer} (1914--2004)",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "81--86",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.26",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2006/02/a2081.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Cortada:2006:LTT,
  author =       "James W. Cortada",
  title =        "Looking at Technology through Industry Eyes",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "88--88",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/85.586067",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Grier:2006:EDc,
  author =       "David Alan Grier",
  title =        "From the {Editor}'s Desk",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.47",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://csdl.computer.org/comp/mags/an/2006/03/a3002.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Fitzpatrick:2006:MBC,
  author =       "Anne Fitzpatrick and Simon Berkovich and Tatiana
                 Kazokova",
  title =        "{MESM} and the Beginning of the Computer Era in the
                 {Soviet Union}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--16",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.53",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Ichikawa:2006:SFS,
  author =       "Hiroshi Ichikawa",
  title =        "{Strela-1}, the First {Soviet} Computer: Political
                 Success and Technological Failure",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "18--31",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.56",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Bauer:2006:IAS,
  author =       "Walter F. Bauer",
  title =        "Informatics Acquisition by {Sterling Software}:
                 Unsolicited Offer, Takeover Attempt, and Merger",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "32--40",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.51",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Sterling:2006:PRL,
  author =       "Christopher H. Sterling",
  title =        "Pioneering Risk: Lessons from the {US} {Teletext\slash
                 Videotex} Failure",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "41--47",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.54",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Russell:2006:RCR,
  author =       "Andrew L. Russell",
  title =        "`Rough Consensus and Running Code' and the
                 {Internet--OSI} Standards War",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "48--61",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.42",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Mollick:2006:EML,
  author =       "Ethan Mollick",
  title =        "Establishing {Moore's Law}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "62--75",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.45",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeeannhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=85",
}

@Article{Hodges:2006:R,
  author =       "Andrew Hodges and James W. Cortada",
  title =        "Reviews",
  journal =      j-IEEE-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "81--83",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IAHCEX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2006.55",
  ISSN =         "1058-6180 (print), 1934-1547 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1058-6180",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 17 06:34:16 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an2006/;
                 http:/