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@Article{Abbasbandy:2004:USA,
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=W #//e357E
;G/eQarticlefparith.bibLaughlin:1930:LNDHarry H. LaughlinLarge-Number Division by Calculating Machinej-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY376287--293jun61930AMMYAE0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic) OR 00029890 (print), 19300972 (electronic)0002-9890D7Y ##;357E
;GI9articlefparith.bibJ:1930:RPRbR. A. J.Recent Publications: Reviews: em Standard Table of Square Roots, by L. M. Milne-Thomsonj-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY376314--314jun61930AMMYAE0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic) OR 00029890 (print), 19300972 (electronic)0002-9890 OR 00029890Mon Jun 28 12:35:55 MDT 1999http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JST@ivision by Calculating Machine",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "37",
number = "6",
pages = "287--293",
month = jun # "\slash " # jul,
year = "1930",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:35:55 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}
rL&&zu
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author = "O. Ahmadi and D. Hankerson and F.
RodK3g
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author = "D. P. Agrawal",
title = "High-Speed Arithmet}
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author = "D. P. Agrawal",
title = "Comments on {``A No A
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author = "V. K. Agrawal and S. Murugesan",
title = "AlI
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author = "D. P. Agrawal and T. R. N. Rao",
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@Article{Aharony:2012:IFP,
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@Article{Agrawal:1974:NCL,
author = "D. P. Agrawal",
title = "Negabinary carry-lo F OR 00029890Mon Jun 28 12:35:55 MDT 1999http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1999.06.28 12:35:55 MDTAmerican Mathematical Monthlyack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.htmlHarry H. LaughlinLarge-Number Division by Calculating Machine
@Article{Laughlin:1930:LND,
author = "Harry H. Laughlin",
title = "Large-Number Division by Calculating Machine",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "37",
number = "6",
pages = "287--293",
month = jun # "\slash " # jul,
year = "1930",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:35:55 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "American Mathematical Monthly",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
}ions, and Notes: a Square Root
Method and Continued Fractions",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "39",
number = "9",
pages = "533--535",
month = nov,
year = "1932",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:36:47 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "American Mathematical Monthly",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
}du/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1999.06.28 12:36:47 MDTAmerican Mathematical Monthlyack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.htmlRaymond GarverQuestions, Discussions, and Notes: a Square Root Method and Continued Fractions
@Article{Garver:1932:QDNb,
author = "Raymond Garver",
title = "Questions, Discussions, and Notes: a Square Root
Method and Continued Fractions",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "39",
number = "9",
pages = "533--535",
month = nov,
year = "1932",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:36:47 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "American Mathematical Monthly",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
}
XNY #3'-'=m;''/
bookfparith.bibCouffignal:1933:MCLL. CouffignalLes machines a calculer, leurs principes, leur evolution. (French) [Calculating machines, their principles, their evolution]Gauthier-VillarsParis, France533--5351933Wed Oct 13 11:19:11 2010http://www.mIY #-)+357E
;G)+
articlefparith.bibGarver:1932:QDNbRaymond GarverQuestions, Discussions, and Notes: a Square Root Method and Continued Fractionsj-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY399533--535nov111932AMMYAE0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic) OR 00029890 (print), 19300972 (electronic)0002-9890 OR 00029890Mon Jun 28 12:36:47 MDT 1999http://www.math.utah.eFcalculer, leurs principes, leur
{\'e}volution. ({French}) [{Calculating} machines,
their principles, their evolution]",
publisher = "Gauthier-Villars",
address = "Paris, France",
year = "1933",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:19:11 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Extracts reprinted in \cite[\S 3.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.
Translated by Mr. R. Basu.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
language = "French",
}ath.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:19:11 ???Extracts reprinted in cite [ 3.2]Randell:1982:ODC. Translated by Mr. R. Basu.Frenchack-nhfbL. CouffignalExtracts reprinted in \cite[\S 3.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}. Translated by Mr. R. Basu.Les machines {\`a} calculer, leurs principes, leur {\'e}volution. ({French}) [{Calculating} machines, their principles, their evolution]
@Book{Couffignal:1933:MCL,
author = "L. Couffignal",
title = "Les machines {\`a} calculer, leurs principes, leur
{\'e}volution. ({French}) [{Calculating} machines,
their principles, their evolution]",
publisher = "Gauthier-Villars",
address = "Paris, France",
year = "1933",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:19:11 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Extracts reprinted in \cite[\S 3.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.
Translated by Mr. R. Basu.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
language = "French",
}sions and Notes: On a Method for
Calculating Square Roots",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "41",
number = "8",
pages = "504--506",
month = oct,
year = "1934",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:37:31 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "American Mathematical Monthly",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
}th.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1999.06.28 12:37:31 MDTAmerican Mathematical Monthlyack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.htmlD. C. KalbfellQuestions, Discussions and Notes: On a Method for Calculating Square Roots
@Article{Kalbfell:1934:QDN,
author = "D. C. Kalbfell",
title = "Questions, Discussions and Notes: On a Method for
Calculating Square Roots",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "41",
number = "8",
pages = "504--506",
month = oct,
year = "1934",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:37:31 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "American Mathematical Monthly",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
}
eeY #/)!357E
;G)!articlefparith.bibKalbfell:1934:QDND. C. KalbfellQuestions, Discussions and Notes: On a Method for Calculating Square Rootsj-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY418504--506oct101934AMMYAE0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic) OR 00029890 (print), 19300972 (electronic)0002-9890 OR 00029890Mon Jun 28 12:37:31 MDT 1999http://www.maK Scales before the Metric System",
journal = j-ISIS,
volume = "25",
number = "2",
pages = "433--436",
month = sep,
year = "1936",
CODEN = "ISISA4",
ISSN = "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0021-1753",
bibdate = "Tue Jul 30 21:21:25 MDT 2013",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
http://www.jstor.org/stable/i211115;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1930.bib",
URL = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/225380",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Isis",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
}ack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.htmlH. R. CalvertDecimal Division of Scales before the Metric System
@Article{Calvert:1936:DDS,
author = "H. R. Calvert",
title = "Decimal Division of Scales before the Metric System",
journal = j-ISIS,
volume = "25",
number = "2",
pages = "433--436",
month = sep,
year = "1936",
CODEN = "ISISA4",
ISSN = "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0021-1753",
bibdate = "Tue Jul 30 21:21:25 MDT 2013",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
http://www.jstor.org/stable/i211115;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1930.bib",
URL = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/225380",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Isis",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
}
**iU #-)117=m;_W)g1A#articlefparith.biQ]W #-'s57E;Qo'sarticlefparith.bibCalvert:1936:DDSH. R. CalvertDecimal Division of Scales before the Metric Systemj-ISIS252433--436sep91936ISISA40021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic) OR 00211753 (print), 15456994 (electronic)0021-1753 OR 00211753Tue Jul 30 21:21:25 MDT 2013http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis; http://www.jstor.org/stable/i211115; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1930.bib2013.07.30 21:21:25 MDThttp://www.jstor.org/stable/225380IsisN",
journal = j-J-INST-ACTUARIES,
volume = "67",
number = "??",
pages = "187--221",
year = "1936",
ISSN = "0020-2681",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:33:16 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.1]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Journal of the Institute of Actuaries",
}bPhillips:1936:BCE. W. PhillipsBinary calculationj-J-INST-ACTUARIES67187--22119360020-2681 OR 00202681Wed Oct 13 11:33:16 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:33:16 ???Reprinted in cite [ 7.1]Randell:1982:ODC.Journal of the Institute of Actuariesack-nhfbE. W. PhillipsReprinted in \cite[\S 7.1]{Randell:1982:ODC}.Binary calculation
@Article{Phillips:1936:BC,
author = "E. W. Phillips",
title = "Binary calculation",
journal = j-J-INST-ACTUARIES,
volume = "67",
number = "??",
pages = "187--221",
year = "1936",
ISSN = "0020-2681",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:33:16 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.1]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Journal of the Institute of Actuaries",
}n Durchfuhrung von
Rechnungen mit Hilfe von Rechenmaschinen}. ({German})
[{Procedure} for automatic execution of calculations by
calculating machines]",
howpublished = "German patent application Z23624.",
day = "11",
month = apr,
year = "1936",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:22:03 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 4.1]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
language = "German",
}fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:22:03 ???Reprinted in cite [ 4.1]Randell:1982:ODC.Germanack-nhfbGerman patent application Z23624.K. ZuseReprinted in \cite[\S 4.1]{Randell:1982:ODC}.{Verfahren zur selbstt{\"a}tigen Durchfuhrung von Rechnungen mit Hilfe von Rechenmaschinen}. ({German}) [{Procedure} for automatic execution of calculations by calculating machines]
@Misc{Zuse:1936:VSD,
author = "K. Zuse",
title = "{Verfahren zur selbstt{\"a}tigen Durchfuhrung von
Rechnungen mit Hilfe von Rechenmaschinen}. ({German})
[{Procedure} for automatic execution of calculations by
calculating machines]",
howpublished = "German patent application Z23624.",
day = "11",
month = apr,
year = "1936",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:22:03 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 4.1]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
language = "German",
}
Y #+%%357E
;G%%articlefparith.bibEscott:1937:QDNE. B. EscottQuestions, Discussions, and Notes: Rapid Method for Extracting a Square Rootj-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY4410644--646dec121937AMMYAE0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic) OR 00029890 (print), 19300972 (electronic)0002-9890 OR 00029890Mon Jun 28 12:38:44 MDT 1999http://www.mVqW #'c=m;_Ogw?#miscfparith.bibZuse:1936:VSDK. ZuseVerfahren zur selbsttatigen Durchfuhrung von Rechnungen mit Hilfe von Rechenmaschinen. (German) [Procedure for automatic execution of calculations by calculating machines]187--22111apr41936Wed Oct 13 11:22:03 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/Ss, and Notes: Rapid Method for
Extracting a Square Root",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "44",
number = "10",
pages = "644--646",
month = dec,
year = "1937",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:38:44 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "American Mathematical Monthly",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
}ath.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1999.06.28 12:38:44 MDTAmerican Mathematical Monthlyack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.htmlE. B. EscottQuestions, Discussions, and Notes: Rapid Method for Extracting a Square Root
@Article{Escott:1937:QDN,
author = "E. B. Escott",
title = "Questions, Discussions, and Notes: Rapid Method for
Extracting a Square Root",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "44",
number = "10",
pages = "644--646",
month = dec,
year = "1937",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:38:44 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "American Mathematical Monthly",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
}Xbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits",
type = "{Master of Science}",
school = "Department of Electrical Engineering, MIT",
address = "Cambridge, MA, USA",
pages = "72",
day = "10",
month = aug,
year = "1937",
bibdate = "Thu Nov 18 10:35:20 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Not submitted until 1940",
URL = "http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/11173/34541425.pdf",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
author-dates = "April 30, 1916--February 24, 2001",
remark = "Smiley \cite[p. 91]{Smiley:2010:MWI} claims: ``He
[Shannon] also had the insight, like Atanasoff, that
the binary arithmetic that relay switches represented
would simplify information systems. His master's
thesis, written when he as twenty-one and published
when he was twenty-two, is considered to be one of the
most important, if not the most important, master's
thesis of the twentieth century.''\par
Pages 59--61 of the thesis are a section called
``Electric Adder to the Base Two'', and pages 62--68,
``A Factor Table Machine'', describe a machine that
will print a table of factors and primes of all the
integers from 1 to 100,000,000. Shannon notes on page
68: ``As to the practicality of such a device, it might
be said that J. P. Kulik spent 20 years in constructing
a table of primes up to 100,000,000 and when finished
it was found to contain so many errors that it was not
worth publishing. The machine described here could
probably be made to handle 5 numbers per second so that
the table would require only about 2 months to
construct.''",
}Zlished when he was twenty-two, is considered to be one of the most important, if not the most important, master's thesis of the twentieth century.''par Pages 59--61 of the thesis are a section called ``Electric Adder to the Base Two'', and pages 62--68, ``A Factor Table Machine'', describe a machine that will print a table of factors and primes of all the integers from 1 to 100,000,000. Shannon notes on page 68: ``As to the practicality of such a device, it might be said that J. P. Kulik spent 20 years in constructing a table of primes up to 100,000,000 and when finished it was found to contain so many errors that it was not worth publishing. The machine described here could probably be made to handle 5 numbers per second so that the table would require only about 2 months to construct.''ack-nhfbApril 30, 1916--February 24, 2001Claude Elwood ShannonNot submitted until 1940A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits
@MastersThesis{Shannon:1937:SAR,
author = "Claude Elwood Shannon",
title [= "A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits",
type = "{Master of Science}",
school = "Department of Electrical Engineering, MIT",
address = "Cambridge, MA, USA",
pages = "72",
day = "10",
month = aug,
year = "1937",
bibdate = "Thu Nov 18 10:35:20 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Not submitted until 1940",
URL = "http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/11173/34541425.pdf",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
author-dates = "April 30, 1916--February 24, 2001",
remark = "Smiley \cite[p. 91]{Smiley:2010:MWI} claims: ``He
[Shannon] also had the insight, like Atanasoff, that
the binary arithmetic that relay switches represented
would simplify information systems. His master's
thesis, written when he as twenty-one and published
when he was twenty-two, is considered to be one of the
most important, if not the most important, master's
thesis of the twentieth century.''\par
Pages 59--61 of the thesis are a section called
``Electric Adder to the Base Two'', and pages 62--68,
``A Factor Table Machine'', describe a machine that
will print a table of factors and primes of all the
integers from 1 to 100,000,000. Shannon notes on page
68: ``As to the practicality of such a device, it might
be said that J. P. Kulik spent 20 years in constructing
a table of primes up to 100,000,000 and when finished
it was found to contain so many errors that it was not
worth publishing. The machine described here could
probably be made to handle 5 numbers per second so that
the table would require only about 2 months to
construct.''",
}
**CW '#-7s/_1=m;=
=O7=s%mastersthesisfparith.bibShannon:1937:SARClaude Elwood ShannonA Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching CircuitsMaster of ScienceDepartment of Electrical Engineering, MITCambridge, MA, USA7210aug81937Thu Nov 18 10:35:20 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.11.18 10:35:20 ???Not submitted until 1940http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/11173/34541425.pdfSmiley cite [p. 91]Smiley:2010:MWI claims: ``He [Shannon] also had the insight, like Atanasoff, that the binary arithmetic that relay switches represented would simplify information systems. His master's thesis, written when he as twenty-one and pubY^s Numbers",
journal = j-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC,
volume = "78",
number = "4",
pages = "551--572",
month = mar,
year = "1938",
CODEN = "PAPCAA",
ISSN = "0003-049X (print), 2326-9243 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0003-049X",
bibdate = "Thu Feb 15 16:28:28 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
URL = "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-049X%2819380331%2978%3A4%3C551%3ATLOAN%3E2.0.CO%3B2-G",
abstract = "It has been observed that the first pages of a table
of common logarithms show more wear than do the last
pages, indicating that more used numbers begin with the
digit 1 than with the digit 9. A compilation of some
20,000 first digits taken from widely divergent sources
shows that there is a logarithmic distribution of first
digits when the numbers are composed of four or more
_ digits. An analysis of the numbers from different
sources shows that the numbers taken from unrelated
subjects, such as a group of newspaper items, show a
much better agreement with a logarithmic distribution
than do numbers from mathematical tabulations or other
formal data. There is here the peculiar fact that
numbers that individually are without relationship are,
when considered in large groups, in good agreement with
a distribution law---hence the name ``Anomalous
Numbers.''\par
A further analysis of the data shows a strong tendency
for bodies of numerical data to fall into geometric
series. If the series is made up of numbers containing
three or more digits the first digits form a
logarithmic series. If the numbers contain only single
` digits the geometric relation still holds but the
simple logarithmic relation no longer applies.\par
An equation is given showing the frequencies of first
digits in the different orders of numbers 1 to 10, 10
to 100, etc.\par
The equation also gives the frequency of digits in the
second, third + place of a multi-digit number, and it
is shown that the same law applies to
reciprocals.\par
There are many instances showing that the geometric
series, or the logarithmic law, has long been
recognized as a common phenomenon in factual literature
and in the ordinary affairs of life. The wire gauge and
drill gauge of the mechanic, the magnitude scale of the
astronomer and the sensory response curves of the
psychologist are all particular examples of a
a relationship that seems to extend to all human affairs.
The Law of Anomalous Numbers is thus a general
probability law of widespread application.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Proceedings of the {American Philosophical Society}
held at {Philadelphia} for promoting useful knowledge",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/journal/procamerphilsoci",
keywords = "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
remark = "From \cite{Logan:1978:FDP}: ``Benford's paper was
published in 1938 in a journal of rather limited
circulation and not usually read by mathematicians. It
so happened that it was immediately followed in the
same issue by a physics paper which became of some
importance for secret nuclear work during World War II
[H. A. Bethe, M. E. Rose, and L. P. Smith, `The
Multiple Scattering of Electrons', Proc. Amer. Phil.
Soc. 78(4), 573--585 (1938)]. That is why Benford's
paper caught the attention of physicists in the early
1940's and was much discussed. This led to the notes in
Nature by Goudsmit and Furry [3] and Furry and Hurwitz
[4] containing an effort to explain Benford's law. We
considered it at that time merely a welcome diversion
and did not expect that over thirty papers would be
devoted to this subject in subsequent years.'' The 2006
bibliography \cite{Hurlimann:2006:BLB} cites 325
publications about Benford's Law.",
}c.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-049X%2819380331%2978%3A4%3C551%3ATLOAN%3E2.0.CO%3B2-GIt has been observed that the first pages of a table of common logarithms show more wear than do the last pages, indicating that more used numbers begin with the digit 1 than with the digit 9. A compilation of some 20,000 first digits taken from widely divergent sources shows that there is a logarithmic distribution of first digits when the numbers are composed of four or more digits. An analysis of the numbers from different sources shows that the numbers taken from unrelated subjects, such as a group of newspaper items, show a much better agreement with a logarithmic distribution than do numbers from mathematical tabulations or other formal data. There is here the peculiar fact that numbers that individually are without relationship are, when considered in large groups, in good agreement with a distribution law---hence the name ``Anomalous Numbers.''par A further analysis of the data shows a strong tendency for bodies of numedrical data to fall into geometric series. If the series is made up of numbers containing three or more digits the first digits form a logarithmic series. If the numbers contain only single digits the geometric relation still holds but the simple logarithmic relation no longer applies.par An equation is given showing the frequencies of first digits in the different orders of numbers 1 to 10, 10 to 100, etc.par The equation also gives the frequency of digits in the second, third + place of a multi-digit number, and it is shown that the same law applies to reciprocals.par There are many instances showing that the geometric series, or the logarithmic law, has long been recognized as a common phenomenon in factual literature and in the ordinary affairs of life. The wire gauge and drill gauge of the mechanic, the magnitude scale of the astronomer and the sensory response curves of the psychologist are all particular examples of a relationship that seems to extend to all human affairs. The Law of Anomalous Numbeers is thus a general probability law of widespread application.Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society held at Philadelphia for promoting useful knowledgeBenford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's LawFrom cite Logan:1978:FDP: ``Benford's paper was published in 1938 in a journal of rather limited circulation and not usually read by mathematicians. It so happened that it was immediately followed in the same issue by a physics paper which became of some importance for secret nuclear work during World War II [H. A. Bethe, M. E. Rose, and L. P. Smith, `The Multiple Scattering of Electrons', Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 78(4), 573--585 (1938)]. That is why Benford's paper caught the attention of physicists in the early 1940's and was much discussed. This led to the notes in Nature by Goudsmit and Furry [3] and Furry and Hurwitz [4] containing an effort to explain Benford's law. We considered it at that time merely a welcome diversion and did not expect that over thirty papers would be devoted to this sfubject in subsequent years.'' The 2006 bibliography cite Hurlimann:2006:BLB cites 325 publications about Benford's Law.ack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/journal/procamerphilsociIt has been observed that the first pages of a table of common logarithms show more wear than do the last pages, indicating that more used numbers begin with the digit 1 than with the digit 9. A compilation of some 20,000 first digits taken from widely divergent sources shows that there is a logarithmic distribution of first digits when the numbers are composed of four or more digits. An analysis of the numbers from different sources shows that the numbers taken from unrelated subjects, such as a group of newspaper items, show a much better agreement with a logarithmic distribution than do numbers from mathematical tabulations or other formal data. There is here the peculiar fact that numbers that individually are without relationship are, when considered in large groups, in good agreement with a distribution law---hence the name ``Anomgalous Numbers.''\par A further analysis of the data shows a strong tendency for bodies of numerical data to fall into geometric series. If the series is made up of numbers containing three or more digits the first digits form a logarithmic series. If the numbers contain only single digits the geometric relation still holds but the simple logarithmic relation no longer applies.\par An equation is given showing the frequencies of first digits in the different orders of numbers 1 to 10, 10 to 100, etc.\par The equation also gives the frequency of digits in the second, third + place of a multi-digit number, and it is shown that the same law applies to reciprocals.\par There are many instances showing that the geometric series, or the logarithmic law, has long been recognized as a common phenomenon in factual literature and in the ordinary affairs of life. The wire gauge and drill gauge of the mechanic, the magnitude scale of the astronomer and the sensory response curves of the psychologist are all particularh examples of a relationship that seems to extend to all human affairs. The Law of Anomalous Numbers is thus a general probability law of widespread application.Frank BenfordThe Law of Anomalous Numbers
@Article{Benford:1938:LAN,
author = "Frank Benford",
title = "The Law of Anomalous Numbers",
journal = j-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC,
volume = "78",
number = "4",
pages = "551--572",
month = mar,
year = "1938",
CODEN = "PAPCAA",
ISSN = "0003-049X (print), 2326-9243 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0003-049X",
bibdate = "Thu Feb 15 16:28:28 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
URL = "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-049X%2819380331%2978%3A4%3C551%3ATLOAN%3E2.0.CO%3B2-G",
abstract = "It has been observed that the first pages of a table
of common logarithms show more wear than do the last
pages, indicating that more used numbers begiin with the
digit 1 than with the digit 9. A compilation of some
20,000 first digits taken from widely divergent sources
shows that there is a logarithmic distribution of first
digits when the numbers are composed of four or more
digits. An analysis of the numbers from different
sources shows that the numbers taken from unrelated
subjects, such as a group of newspaper items, show a
much better agreement with a logarithmic distribution
than do numbers from mathematical tabulations or other
formal data. There is here the peculiar fact that
numbers that individually are without relationship are,
when considered in large groups, in good agreement with
a distribution law---hence the name ``Anomalous
Numbers.''\par
A further analysis of the data shows a strong jtendency
for bodies of numerical data to fall into geometric
series. If the series is made up of numbers containing
three or more digits the first digits form a
logarithmic series. If the numbers contain only single
digits the geometric relation still holds but the
simple logarithmic relation no longer applies.\par
An equation is given showing the frequencies of first
digits in the different orders of numbers 1 to 10, 10
to 100, etc.\par
The equation also gives the frequency of digits in the
second, third + place of a multi-digit number, and it
is shown that the same law applies to
reciprocals.\par
There are many instances showing that the geometric
series, or the logarithmic law, has long been
recognized as a common phenomenon in factkual literature
and in the ordinary affairs of life. The wire gauge and
drill gauge of the mechanic, the magnitude scale of the
astronomer and the sensory response curves of the
psychologist are all particular examples of a
relationship that seems to extend to all human affairs.
The Law of Anomalous Numbers is thus a general
probability law of widespread application.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Proceedings of the {American Philosophical Society}
held at {Philadelphia} for promoting useful knowledge",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/journal/procamerphilsoci",
keywords = "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
remark = "From \cite{Logan:1978:FDP}: ``Benford's paper was
published in 1938 in a journal of rather limited
circulation and not usually read by mathematicians. It
so happened that it was immediately followed in the
same issue by a physics paper which became of some
importance for secret nuclear work during World War II
[H. A. Bethe, M. E. Rose, and L. P. Smith, `The
Multiple Scattering of Electrons', Proc. Amer. Phil.
Soc. 78(4), 573--585 (1938)]. That is why Benford's
paper caught the attention of physicists in the early
1940's and was much discussed. This led to the notes in
Nature by Goudsmit and Furry [3] and Furry and Hurwitz
[4] containing an effort to explain Benford's law. We
considered it at that time merely a welcome diversion
and did not expect that over thirty papers would be
devoted to this subject in subsequent years.'' The 2006
bibliography \cite{Hurlimann:2006:BLB} cites 325
publications about Benford's Law.",
}
QQ[ #-'E557=m;C]WsEge'ESarticlefparith.bibBenford:1938:LANFrank BenfordThe Law of Anomalous Numbersj-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC784551--572mar31938PAPCAA0003-049X (print), 2326-9243 (electronic) OR 0003049X (print), 23269243 (electronic)0003-049X OR 0003049XThu Feb 15 16:28:28 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.02.15 16:28:28 ???http://linksbm{\'e}canique. Application aux machines
{\`a} calculer et aux calculs de la m{\'e}canique
c{\'e}leste. ({French}) [{On} mechanical analysis.
Application to calculating machines and to calculation
in celestial mechanics]",
publisher = "Gauthier-Villars",
school = "Facult{\'e} des Sciences de Paris",
address = "Paris, France",
year = "1938",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:17:22 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Extracts reprinted in \cite[\S 2.7]{Randell:1982:ODC}.
Translated by Mr. R. Basu.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
language = "French",
}
+&+Lr
@Article{Ahmadifar:2015:NRN,
author = "H. Ahmadifar and G. Jaberipur",
title = "AU}9s
@Article{Akbarpour:2002:FCS,
author = "Behzad Akbarpour and Abdelkader Dekdouk and
<9
@Article{Akamine:1983:SMQ,
author = "Masami Akamine and Tatsuo Higuchi",
title = )D
@Article{Ait-Ameur:1999:RRE,
author = "Y. Ait-Ameur",
title = "Refinement of rati5 X1
@Article{Aird:1973:SUM,
author = "T. Aird and D. Dodson and E. Houstis and J. Rice",
titK>}
@Article{Aiken:1964:PAC,
author = "H. H. Aiken",
title = "Proposed automatic calc;A
@Article{Aiken:1946:ASC,
author = "H. H. Aiken and G. M. Hopper",
title = "The {Azu
@Article{Ahmadi:2008:PFS,
author = "O. Ahmadi and D. Hankerson and F.
RodK
@Article{Ahmad:1987:IDA,
author = "M. Ahmad",
title = "Implementable Decimal Aritx machines {\`a} calculer et aux calculs de la m{\'e}canique c{\'e}leste. ({French}) [{On} mechanical analysis. Application to calculating machines and to calculation in celestial mechanics]
@PhdThesis{Couffignal:1938:AMA,
author = "L. Couffignal",
title = "Sur l'analyse m{\'e}canique. Application aux machines
{\`a} calculer et aux calculs de la m{\'e}canique
c{\'e}leste. ({French}) [{On} mechanical analysis.
Application to calculating machines and to calculation
in celestial mechanics]",
publisher = "Gauthier-Villars",
school = "Facult{\'e} des Sciences de Paris",
address = "Paris, France",
year = "1938",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:17:22 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Extracts reprinted in \cite[\S 2.7]{Randell:1982:ODC}.
Translated by Mr. R. Basu.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
language = "French",
}
hY #3'7-G'=m;''/_ phdthesisfparith.bibCouffignal:1938:AMAL. CouffignalSur l'analyse mecanique. Application aux machines a calculer et aux calculs de la mecanique celeste. (French) [On mechanical analysis. Application to calculating machines and to calculation in celestial mechanics]Gauthier-VillarsFaculte des Sciences de ParisParis, France551--5721938Wed Oct 13 11:17:22 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:17:22 ???Extracts reprinted in cite [ 2.7]Randell:1982:ODC. Translated by Mr. R. Basu.Frenchack-nhfbL. CouffignalExtracts reprinted in \cite[\S 2.7]{Randell:1982:ODC}. Translated by Mr. R. Basu.Sur l'analyse m{\'e}canique. Application auo Maitland) Wright",
title = "An Introduction to the Theory of Numbers",
publisher = pub-OXFORD,
address = pub-OXFORD:adr,
pages = "xvi + 403",
year = "1938",
LCCN = "QA241 .H28",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 30 06:49:15 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
DD9W#)]!)!=m;]Ibookfparith.bibHardy:1938:ITNG. H. (Godfrey Harold) Hardy and E. M. (Edward Maitland) WrightAn Introduction to the Theory of Numberspub-OXFORDpub-OXFORD:adrxvi + 4031938QA241 .H28Fri Nov 30 06:49:15 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.11.30 06:49:15 ???ack-nhfbG. H. (Godfrey Harold) Hardy and E. M. (Edward Maitland) WrightAn Introduction to the Theory of Numbers
@Book{Hardy:1938:ITN,
author = "G. H. (Godfrey Harold) Hardy and E. M. (Edward
Maitland) Wright",
title = "An Introduction to the Theory of Numbers",
publisher = pub-OXFORD,
address = pub-OXFORD:adr,
pages = "xvi + 403",
year = "1938",
LCCN = "QA241 .H28",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 30 06:49:15 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}tysis of Relay and Switching Circuits",
journal = j-TRANS-AMER-INST-ELEC-ENG,
volume = "57",
number = "??",
pages = "713--723",
month = dec,
year = "1938",
CODEN = "TAEEA5",
ISSN = "0096-3860",
bibdate = "Sat Nov 20 08:54:12 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www2.research.att.com/~njas/doc/shannonbio.html",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical
Engineers",
journal-URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6413714",
remark = "This is Shannon's first published paper (his Master's
thesis). In 1940, it received the Alfred Noble Prize of
the combined engineering societies of the United
States, an award given each year to a person not over
thirty for a paper published in one of the journals of
the participating societies. H. H. Goldstine
\cite{Goldstine:1972:CPN} called this work ``one of the
most important master's theses ever written ... a
landmark in that it helped to change digital circuit
design from an art to a science.''",
} vster's thesis). In 1940, it received the Alfred Noble Prize of the combined engineering societies of the United States, an award given each year to a person not over thirty for a paper published in one of the journals of the participating societies. H. H. Goldstine cite Goldstine:1972:CPN called this work ``one of the most important master's theses ever written ... a landmark in that it helped to change digital circuit design from an art to a science.''ack-nhfbhttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6413714Claude E. ShannonA Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits
@Article{Shannon:1938:SAR,
author = "Claude E. Shannon",
title = "A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits",
journal = j-TRANS-AMER-INST-ELEC-ENG,
volume = "57",
number = "??",
pages = "713--723",
month = dec,
year = "1938",
CODEN = "TAEEA5",
ISSN = "0096-3860",
bibdate = "Sat Nov 20 08:54:12 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www2.research.att.com/~njas/doc/shannonbio.html",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical
Engineers",
journal-URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6413714",
remark = "This is Shannon's first published paper (his Master's
thesis). In 1940, it received the Alfred Noble Prize of
the combined engineering societies of the United
States, an award given each year to a person not over
thirty for a paper published in one of the journals of
the participating societies. H. H. Goldstine
\cite{Goldstine:1972:CPN} called this work ``one of the
most important master's theses ever written ... a
landmark in that it helped to change digital circuit
design from an art to a science.''",
}
Y #-/sA7=]; }/sUarticlefparith.bibShannon:1938:SARClaude E. ShannonA Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuitsj-TRANS-AMER-INST-ELEC-ENG57713--723dec121938TAEEA50096-3860 OR 00963860Sat Nov 20 08:54:12 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www2.research.att.com/~njas/doc/shannonbio.html2010.11.20 08:54:12 ???Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical EngineersThis is Shannon's first published paper (his MauThe Artificial Arithmetick in Decimals of {Robert
Jager} ({London}, 1651)",
journal = j-ISIS,
volume = "31",
number = "1",
pages = "25--31",
month = nov,
year = "1939",
CODEN = "ISISA4",
ISSN = "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0021-1753",
bibdate = "Tue Jul 30 21:26:49 MDT 2013",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
http://www.jstor.org/stable/i302217;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1930.bib",
URL = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/226014",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Isis",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
}!ficial Arithmetick in Decimals of {Robert Jager} ({London}, 1651)
@Article{Jager:1939:AAD,
author = "Robert Jager and Boyd C. Patterson",
title = "The Artificial Arithmetick in Decimals of {Robert
Jager} ({London}, 1651)",
journal = j-ISIS,
volume = "31",
number = "1",
pages = "25--31",
month = nov,
year = "1939",
CODEN = "ISISA4",
ISSN = "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0021-1753",
bibdate = "Tue Jul 30 21:26:49 MDT 2013",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
http://www.jstor.org/stable/i302217;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1930.bib",
URL = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/226014",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Isis",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
}
g!Y#)Q57E;QoQarticlefparith.bibJager:1939:AADRobert Jager and Boyd C. PattersonThe Artificial Arithmetick in Decimals of Robert Jager (London, 1651)j-ISIS31125--31nov111939ISISA40021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic) OR 00211753 (print), 15456994 (electronic)0021-1753 OR 00211753Tue Jul 30 21:26:49 MDT 2013http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis; http://www.jstor.org/stable/i302217; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1930.bib2013.07.30 21:26:49 MDThttp://www.jstor.org/stable/226014Isisack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.htmlRobert Jager and Boyd C. PattersonThe Artiydecimal Arithmetic}}, by
George S. Terry}",
journal = j-J-R-STAT-SOC,
volume = "102",
number = "2",
pages = "299--300",
month = "????",
year = "1939",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2980013",
bibdate = "Sat Jan 24 11:18:08 MST 2015",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/i349540;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/jrss-a-1930.bib",
URL = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2980013",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Journal of the Royal Statistical Society",
}"tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/jrss-a-1930.bib2015.01.24 11:18:08 MSThttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2980013Journal of the Royal Statistical Societyack-nhfbM. G. K.Book Review: {{\booktitle{Duodecimal Arithmetic}}, by George S. Terry}
@Article{K:1939:BRBd,
author = "M. G. K.",
title = "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Duodecimal Arithmetic}}, by
George S. Terry}",
journal = j-J-R-STAT-SOC,
volume = "102",
number = "2",
pages = "299--300",
month = "????",
year = "1939",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2980013",
bibdate = "Sat Jan 24 11:18:08 MST 2015",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/i349540;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/jrss-a-1930.bib",
URL = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2980013",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Journal of the Royal Statistical Society",
}
^ ^7$X #%5=m;#+5}miscfparith.bibBush:1940:AMV. BushArithmetical Machine299--3001940Wed Oct 13 11:37:32 2010http://ws#W !#1+/91'=m;_+g/qtechreportfparith.bibAtanasoff:W"X ##
)OE#;S]articlefparith.bibK:1939:BRBdM. G. K.Book Review: booktitle Duodecimal Arithmetic, by George S. Terryj-J-R-STAT-SOC1022299--3001939http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2980013Sat Jan 24 11:18:08 MST 2015http://www.jstor.org/stable/i349540; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/|chine for the solution of large systems of
linear algebraic equations",
type = "Unpublished memorandum",
institution = "Iowa State College",
address = "Ames, IA, USA",
month = aug,
year = "1940",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:36:11 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}#1940:CMSJ. V. AtanasoffComputing machine for the solution of large systems of linear algebraic equationsUnpublished memorandumIowa State CollegeAmes, IA, USA299--300aug81940Wed Oct 13 11:36:11 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:36:11 ???Reprinted in cite [ 7.2]Randell:1982:ODC.ack-nhfbJ. V. AtanasoffReprinted in \cite[\S 7.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.Computing machine for the solution of large systems of linear algebraic equations
@TechReport{Atanasoff:1940:CMS,
author = "J. V. Atanasoff",
title = "Computing machine for the solution of large systems of
linear algebraic equations",
type = "Unpublished memorandum",
institution = "Iowa State College",
address = "Ames, IA, USA",
month = aug,
year = "1940",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:36:11 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}ished = "Vannevar Bush Papers, Container 18, Folder: Caldwell,
Samuel, 1939--1940",
year = "1940",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:37:32 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}.
Copyright interest in the unpublished writings of
Vannevar Bush has been dedicated to the public.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}$ww.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:37:32 ???Reprinted in cite [ 7.3]Randell:1982:ODC. Copyright interest in the unpublished writings of Vannevar Bush has been dedicated to the public.ack-nhfbVannevar Bush Papers, Container 18, Folder: Caldwell, Samuel, 1939--1940V. BushReprinted in \cite[\S 7.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}. Copyright interest in the unpublished writings of Vannevar Bush has been dedicated to the public.Arithmetical Machine
@Misc{Bush:1940:AM,
author = "V. Bush",
title = "Arithmetical Machine",
howpublished = "Vannevar Bush Papers, Container 18, Folder: Caldwell,
Samuel, 1939--1940",
year = "1940",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:37:32 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}.
Copyright interest in the unpublished writings of
Vannevar Bush has been dedicated to the public.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}= "Unpublished memorandum",
institution = "Bell Telephone Laboratories",
address = "New York, NY, USA",
year = "1940",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:30:38 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 6.1]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}%
w%U !#)'9C/=m;_'gtechreportfparith.bibStibitz:1940:CG. R. StibitzComputerUnpublished memorandumBell Telephone LaboratoriesNew York, NY, USA299--3001940Wed Oct 13 11:30:38 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:30:38 ???Reprinted in cite [ 6.1]Randell:1982:ODC.ack-nhfbG. R. StibitzReprinted in \cite[\S 6.1]{Randell:1982:ODC}.Computer
@TechReport{Stibitz:1940:C,
author = "G. R. Stibitz",
title = "Computer",
type = "Unpublished memorandum",
institution = "Bell Telephone Laboratories",
address = "New York, NY, USA",
year = "1940",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:30:38 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 6.1]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}of electrical data recording and reading
mechanism",
type = "{M.S.} thesis",
school = "Iowa State College",
address = "Ames, IA, USA",
pages = "32",
year = "1941",
bibdate = "Thu Nov 18 11:18:18 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
author-dates = "1918--1963",
historical-note = "From
http://www.lib.iastate.edu/arch/rgrp/5-2-1-1.html:
``John Vincent Atanasoff received his M.S. (1926) in
Mathematics from Iowa State College (University) and
received his Ph.D. (1930) in Theoretical Physics from
the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He returned to
Iowa State in 1930 as Assistant Professor in
mathematics and physics and was promoted to Associate
Professor (1936). Atanasoff began developing concepts
for an electronic computing machine in 1937. It was
shortly thereafter that he, along with graduate student
Clifford Berry, started work on the world's first
electronic digital computer. The computer would later
be named the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC).
Work on the machine stopped at the start of World War
II in 1941 and the ABC was never patented. Atanasoff
and Berry were both called to support the war effort
and left Iowa State. By the end of the decade, the ABC
was removed from the basement of Physics Hall and
dismantled.
Atanasoff and the ABC were part of a major court case
between Honeywell, Inc. and Sperry Rand Corporation
which occurred 1967-1973. The case involved the ENIAC
patent which covered basic ownership rights to the
design of electronic digital computers. During the
trial, the judge concluded that the invention of the
ENIAC was derived from the work of John Vincent
Atanasoff at Iowa State University.
A replica of the Atanasoff-Berry Computer was completed
and unveiled to the public in 1996. The ABC replica was
constructed by a team of Iowa State scientists at the
Ames Laboratory and was exhibited at museums throughout
the country over the next several years.''",
remark = "This thesis may be one of the earliest surviving
records of the ABC computer built by John Atanasoff and
Clifford Berry in the late 1930s. The one-of-a-kind ABC
was destroyed in 1948, and most of its parts were lost.
Also cited in ``Charles W. Bradley Collection on the
ENIAC Trial, 1930--1966'', (found in
http://discover.lib.umn.edu/): CWB as an attorney for
the group retained by Honeywell in the Honeywell v.
Sperry Rand ENIAC trial. The ABC had a 50-bit word.",
}&ard BerryDesign of electrical data recording and reading mechanismM.S. thesisIowa State CollegeAmes, IA, USA321941Thu Nov 18 11:18:18 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.11.18 11:18:18 ???This thesis may be one of the earliest surviving records of the ABC computer built by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry in the late 1930s. The one-of-a-kind ABC was destroyed in 1948, and most of its parts were lost. Also cited in ``Charles W. Bradley Collection on the ENIAC Trial, 1930--1966'', (found in http://discover.lib.umn.edu/): CWB as an attorney for the group retained by Honeywell in the Honeywell v. Sperry Rand ENIAC trial. The ABC had a 50-bit word.ack-nhfb1918--1963Clifford Edward BerryDesign of electrical data recording and reading mechanism
@MastersThesis{Berry:1941:DED,
author = "Clifford Edward Berry",
title = "Design of electrical data recording and reading
mechanism",
type = "{M.S.} thesis",
school = "Iowa State College",
address = "Ames, IA, USA",
pages = "32",
year = "1941",
bibdate = "Thu Nov 18 11:18:18 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
author-dates = "1918--1963",
historical-note = "From
http://www.lib.iastate.edu/arch/rgrp/5-2-1-1.html:
``John Vincent Atanasoff received his M.S. (1926) in
Mathematics from Iowa State College (University) and
received his Ph.D. (1930) in Theoretical Physics from
the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He returned to
Iowa State in 1930 as Assistant Professor in
mathematics and physics and was promoted to Associate
Professor (1936). Atanasoff began developing concepts
for an electronic computing machine in 1937. It was
shortly thereafter that he, along with graduate student
Clifford Berry, started work on the world's first
electronic digital computer. The computer would later
be named the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC).
Work on the machine stopped at the start of World War
II in 1941 and the ABC was never patented. Atanasoff
and Berry were both called to support the war effort
and left Iowa State. By the end of the decade, the ABC
was removed from the basement of Physics Hall and
dismantled.
Atanasoff and the ABC were part of a major court case
between Honeywell, Inc. and Sperry Rand Corporation
which occurred 1967-1973. The case involved the ENIAC
patent which covered basic ownership rights to the
design of electronic digital computers. During the
trial, the judge concluded that the invention of the
ENIAC was derived from the work of John Vincent
Atanasoff at Iowa State University.
A replica of the Atanasoff-Berry Computer was completed
and unveiled to the public in 1996. The ABC replica was
constructed by a team of Iowa State scientists at the
Ames Laboratory and was exhibited at museums throughout
the country over the next several years.''",
remark = "This thesis may be one of the earliest surviving
records of the ABC computer built by John Atanasoff and
Clifford Berry in the late 1930s. The one-of-a-kind ABC
was destroyed in 1948, and most of its parts were lost.
Also cited in ``Charles W. Bradley Collection on the
ENIAC Trial, 1930--1966'', (found in
http://discover.lib.umn.edu/): CWB as an attorney for
the group retained by Honeywell in the Honeywell v.
Sperry Rand ENIAC trial. The ABC had a 50-bit word.",
}
q&'W #1/i/57E;SkW/i]articlefparith.bibLancaster:1942:MMEOtis E. LancasterMachine Method for the Extraction of Cube Rootj-J-AM-STAT-ASSOC37217112--115mar31942JSTNAL0162-1459 (print), 1537-274X (electronic) OR 01621459 (print), 1537274X (electronic)0162-1459 OR 01621459Wed Jan 25 08:05:24 MST 2012http://www.jstor.org/journals/01621459.html; http://www.jstor.org/stable/i314096; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/jamstatassoc1940.bib2012.01.25 08:05:24 MSThttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2279437Journal of the American Statistical Associationack-nhfbhttp://www.tandfx&V '#)7#1'=m;-!7kmastersthesisfparith.bibBerry:1941:DEDClifford Edwd for the Extraction of Cube Root",
journal = j-J-AM-STAT-ASSOC,
volume = "37",
number = "217",
pages = "112--115",
month = mar,
year = "1942",
CODEN = "JSTNAL",
ISSN = "0162-1459 (print), 1537-274X (electronic)",
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bibdate = "Wed Jan 25 08:05:24 MST 2012",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/journals/01621459.html;
http://www.jstor.org/stable/i314096;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/jamstatassoc1940.bib",
URL = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2279437",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Journal of the American Statistical Association",
journal-URL = "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/uasa20",
}'
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@Article{Alam:1993:RTO,
author = "M. S. Alam and M. A. Karim",
title = "Real-Time(O
@Article{Al-Twaijry:1998:TSE,
author = "H. A. Al-Twaijry and M. J. Flynn",
title = 35
@Article{Al-Twaijry:1998:SPB,
author = "H. A. Al-Twaijry and S. F. Oberman and S. T. Fu an3
@Article{Al-Mouhamed:1995:ELF,
author = "Mayez Al-Mouhamed and Lubomir Bic",
title = -
@Article{Akleylek:2012:MRR,
author = "Sedat Akleylek and Ferruh Ozbudak",
title = R
@Article{Akishita:2001:FSS,
author = "Toru Akishita",
title = "Fast Simultaneous 9qc
@Article{Al-Mohy:2012:MAB,
author = "Awad H. Al-Mohy",
title = "A more accurate {R>}
@Article{Alexander:1977:SRR,
author = "V. L. Alexander",
title = "Square Root Rou#G
@Article{Aldous:2010:WCO,
author = "David Aldous and Tung Phan",
title = "When CaNxonline.com/loi/uasa20Otis E. LancasterMachine Method for the Extraction of Cube Root
@Article{Lancaster:1942:MME,
author = "Otis E. Lancaster",
title = "Machine Method for the Extraction of Cube Root",
journal = j-J-AM-STAT-ASSOC,
volume = "37",
number = "217",
pages = "112--115",
month = mar,
year = "1942",
CODEN = "JSTNAL",
ISSN = "0162-1459 (print), 1537-274X (electronic)",
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bibdate = "Wed Jan 25 08:05:24 MST 2012",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/journals/01621459.html;
http://www.jstor.org/stable/i314096;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/jamstatassoc1940.bib",
URL = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2279437",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Journal of the American Statistical Association",
journal-URL = "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/uasa20",
}speed vacuum tube devices for
calculating",
type = "Privately circulated memorandum",
institution = "Moore School of Electrical Engineering, University of
Pennsylvania",
address = "Philadelphia, PA, USA",
month = aug,
year = "1942",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:52:54 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.6]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}(calculatingPrivately circulated memorandumMoore School of Electrical Engineering, University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia, PA, USA112--115aug81942Wed Oct 13 11:52:54 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:52:54 ???Reprinted in cite [ 7.6]Randell:1982:ODC.ack-nhfbJ. W. MauchlyReprinted in \cite[\S 7.6]{Randell:1982:ODC}.The use of high speed vacuum tube devices for calculating
@TechReport{Mauchly:1942:UHS,
author = "J. W. Mauchly",
title = "The use of high speed vacuum tube devices for
calculating",
type = "Privately circulated memorandum",
institution = "Moore School of Electrical Engineering, University of
Pennsylvania",
address = "Philadelphia, PA, USA",
month = aug,
year = "1942",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:52:54 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.6]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
]B]k*Y #//357E
;G/marticlefparith.bibCrawford:1943:DNSW. S. H. CrawfordDiscussions and Notes: Square Roots from a Table of Cosinesj-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY503190--191mar31943AMMYAE0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic) OR 00029890 (print), 19300972 (electronic)0002-9890 OR 00029890Mon Jun 28 12:36:d)X!#/k +m_kg Qtechreportfpar3(V !#-'K7=m;_'g]techreportfparith.bibMauchly:1942:UHSJ. W. MauchlyThe use of high speed vacuum tube devices for
title = "Report on Electronic Predictors for Anti-Aircraft Fire
Control",
institution = "Research Laboratories, R. C. A. Manufacturing Company,
Inc.",
address = "Camden, NJ, USA",
month = apr,
year = "1942",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.4]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
})ith.bibRajchman:1942:REPJ. A. Rajchman and G. A. Morton and A. W. VanceReport on Electronic Predictors for Anti-Aircraft Fire ControlResearch Laboratories, R. C. A. Manufacturing Company, Inc.Camden, NJ, USA112--115apr41942http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bibReprinted in cite [ 7.4]Randell:1982:ODC.ack-nhfbJ. A. Rajchman and G. A. Morton and A. W. VanceReprinted in \cite[\S 7.4]{Randell:1982:ODC}.Report on Electronic Predictors for Anti-Aircraft Fire Control
@TechReport{Rajchman:1942:REP,
author = "J. A. Rajchman and G. A. Morton and A. W. Vance",
title = "Report on Electronic Predictors for Anti-Aircraft Fire
Control",
institution = "Research Laboratories, R. C. A. Manufacturing Company,
Inc.",
address = "Camden, NJ, USA",
month = apr,
year = "1942",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.4]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}d Notes: Square Roots from a Table of
Cosines",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "50",
number = "3",
pages = "190--191",
month = mar,
year = "1943",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:36:57 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "American Mathematical Monthly",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
}*57 MDT 1999http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1999.06.28 12:36:57 MDTAmerican Mathematical Monthlyack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.htmlW. S. H. CrawfordDiscussions and Notes: Square Roots from a Table of Cosines
@Article{Crawford:1943:DNS,
author = "W. S. H. Crawford",
title = "Discussions and Notes: Square Roots from a Table of
Cosines",
journal = j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
volume = "50",
number = "3",
pages = "190--191",
month = mar,
year = "1943",
CODEN = "AMMYAE",
ISSN = "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9890",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 28 12:36:57 MDT 1999",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "American Mathematical Monthly",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
}ignificant Figures of Numbers in Statistical Tables",
journal = j-NATURE,
volume = "154",
number = "3921",
pages = "800--801",
day = "23",
month = dec,
year = "1944",
CODEN = "NATUAS",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/154800a0",
ISSN = "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0028-0836",
bibdate = "Sun Sep 18 11:57:19 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
URL = "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v154/n3921/pdf/154800a0.pdf",
abstract = "A rough qualitative explanation of this fact can
easily be given. If we consider tables in which the
entries become rarer the larger they are, we can draw
the obvious conclusion that in any interval, say,
between 10 and 99, or 10,000 and 99,999, there are more
entries on the small side than on the large side.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Nature",
journal-URL = "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
keywords = "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
}+we consider tables in which the entries become rarer the larger they are, we can draw the obvious conclusion that in any interval, say, between 10 and 99, or 10,000 and 99,999, there are more entries on the small side than on the large side.NatureBenford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Lawack-nhfbhttp://www.nature.com/nature/archive/A rough qualitative explanation of this fact can easily be given. If we consider tables in which the entries become rarer the larger they are, we can draw the obvious conclusion that in any interval, say, between 10 and 99, or 10,000 and 99,999, there are more entries on the small side than on the large side.S. A. Goudsmit and W. H. FurrySignificant Figures of Numbers in Statistical Tables
@Article{Goudsmit:1944:SFN,
author = "S. A. Goudsmit and W. H. Furry",
title = "Significant Figures of Numbers in Statistical Tables",
journal = j-NATURE,
volume = "154",
number = "3921",
pages = "800--801",
day = "23",
month = dec,
year = "1944",
CODEN = "NATUAS",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/154800a0",
ISSN = "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0028-0836",
bibdate = "Sun Sep 18 11:57:19 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
URL = "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v154/n3921/pdf/154800a0.pdf",
abstract = "A rough qualitative explanation of this fact can
easily be given. If we consider tables in which the
entries become rarer the larger they are, we can draw
the obvious conclusion that in any interval, say,
between 10 and 99, or 10,000 and 99,999, there are more
entries on the small side than on the large side.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Nature",
journal-URL = "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
keywords = "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
}
_+Y#/IuQ57=m;
ysWyIu?articlefparith.bibGoudsmit:1944:SFNS. A. Goudsmit and W. H. FurrySignificant Figures of Numbers in Statistical Tablesj-NATURE1543921800--80123dec121944NATUAShttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/154800a00028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic) OR 00280836 (print), 14764687 (electronic)0028-0836 OR 00280836Sun Sep 18 11:57:19 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2011.09.18 11:57:19 ???http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v154/n3921/pdf/154800a0.pdfA rough qualitative explanation of this fact can easily be given. If ibution of Numbers and Distribution of
Significant Figures",
journal = j-NATURE,
volume = "155",
number = "??",
pages = "52--53",
day = "13",
month = jan,
year = "1945",
CODEN = "NATUAS",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/155052a0",
ISSN = "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0028-0836",
bibdate = "Sun Sep 18 11:51:37 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
URL = "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v155/n3924/pdf/155052a0.pdf",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Nature",
journal-URL = "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
keywords = "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
},com/nature/archive/W. H. Furry and Henry HurwitzDistribution of Numbers and Distribution of Significant Figures
@Article{Furry:1945:DND,
author = "W. H. Furry and Henry Hurwitz",
title = "Distribution of Numbers and Distribution of
Significant Figures",
journal = j-NATURE,
volume = "155",
number = "??",
pages = "52--53",
day = "13",
month = jan,
year = "1945",
CODEN = "NATUAS",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/155052a0",
ISSN = "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0028-0836",
bibdate = "Sun Sep 18 11:51:37 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
URL = "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v155/n3924/pdf/155052a0.pdf",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Nature",
journal-URL = "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
keywords = "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
}
q,Y#)GQ57=m;
sWG'articlefparith.bibFurry:1945:DNDW. H. Furry and Henry HurwitzDistribution of Numbers and Distribution of Significant Figuresj-NATURE15552--5313jan11945NATUAShttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/155052a00028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic) OR 00280836 (print), 14764687 (electronic)0028-0836 OR 00280836Sun Sep 18 11:51:37 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2011.09.18 11:51:37 ???http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v155/n3924/pdf/155052a0.pdfNatureBenford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Lawack-nhfbhttp://www.nature.EDVAC}",
institution = "University of Pennsylvania",
day = "30",
month = jun,
year = "1945",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 06 19:17:03 2005",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Ai/alife.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 8.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "This is the report that got von Neumann's name
associated with the serial, stored-program, general
purpose, digital architecture upon which 99.99\% of all
computers today are based.",
xxnote = "Report prepared for U.S. Army Ordinance Department
under Contract W-670-ORD-4926. Reprinted in
\cite[pp.~177--246]{Stern:1981:EUA},
\cite[pp.~399--413]{Randell:1982:ODC},
\cite{vonNeumann:1993:FDR}, and
\cite{Laplante:1996:GPC}.",
}-{EDVAC}",
institution = "University of Pennsylvania",
day = "30",
month = jun,
year = "1945",
bibdate = "Mon Jun 06 19:17:03 2005",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Ai/alife.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 8.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "This is the report that got von Neumann's name
associated with the serial, stored-program, general
purpose, digital architecture upon which 99.99\% of all
computers today are based.",
xxnote = "Report prepared for U.S. Army Ordinance Department
under Contract W-670-ORD-4926. Reprinted in
\cite[pp.~177--246]{Stern:1981:EUA},
\cite[pp.~399--413]{Randell:1982:ODC},
\cite{vonNeumann:1993:FDR}, and
\cite{Laplante:1996:GPC}.",
}
G-W !#3-UA= ;_u-gYutechreportfparith.bibvonNeumann:1945:FDRJohn von NeumannFirst Draft of a Report on the EDVACUniversity of Pennsylvania52--5330jun61945Mon Jun 06 19:17:03 2005ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Ai/alife.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.06.06 19:17:03 ???Reprinted in cite [ 8.2]Randell:1982:ODC.This is the report that got von Neumann's name associated with the serial, stored-program, general purpose, digital architecture upon which 99.99% of all computers today are based.ack-nhfbJohn von NeumannReprinted in \cite[\S 8.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.First Draft of a Report on the {EDVAC}
@TechReport{vonNeumann:1945:FDR,
author = "John von Neumann",
title = "First Draft of a Report on the utomatic Sequence Controlled Calculator}",
journal = j-ELECTR-ENG,
volume = "65",
number = "??",
pages = "384--391, 449--454, 522--528",
year = "1946",
CODEN = "ELENAC",
ISSN = "0095-9197",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:26:29 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 5.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Electrical Engineering (American Institute of
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&+Lr+&}{
@Article{Anonymous:1998:ANO,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Announcements: New Of3lY
@Article{Anonymous:1995:FEF,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Fraction eliminate fl-J
@Article{Anonymous:1996:IBT,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Inquiry Board Traces /J
@Article{Anonymous:1996:FPF,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Floating Point --- Fi/hQ
@Article{Anonymous:1995:PCH,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Program converts hex -
@Article{Anonymous:1995:MVW,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Micro View --- What l-1c
@Article{Anonymous:1995:INM,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "{IBM}'s new {Model 3C-m-
@Article{Anonymous:2002:AIVf,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Author index volume <];
@Article{Anonymous:1998:PIS,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Papers from the {13th3NAC0095-9197 OR 00959197Wed Oct 13 11:26:29 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:26:29 ???Reprinted in cite [ 5.2]Randell:1982:ODC.Electrical Engineering (American Institute of Electrical Engineers)ack-nhfbH. H. Aiken and G. M. HopperReprinted in \cite[\S 5.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.The {Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator}
@Article{Aiken:1946:ASC,
author = "H. H. Aiken and G. M. Hopper",
title = "The {Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator}",
journal = j-ELECTR-ENG,
volume = "65",
number = "??",
pages = "384--391, 449--454, 522--528",
year = "1946",
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ISSN = "0095-9197",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:26:29 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 5.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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Qn0U #+!917=m;_=!g9[articlefparith.bi/]!#)13;=q;YUi1]techreportfparith.bibBurks:1946:PDLArthur W. Burks and Herman H. Goldstine and John von NeumannPreliminary discussion of the logical design of an electronic computing instrumentinst-INST-ADV-STUDYinst-INST-ADV-STUDY:adr4228jun61946Wed Oct 13 08:17:48 2004ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Math/computer.arithm.V#)Ee%E7=m;_EgiAarticlefparith.bibAiken:1946:ASCH. H. Aiken and G. M. HopperThe Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculatorj-ELECTR-ENG65384--391, 449--454, 522--5281946ELE
Neumann",
title = "Preliminary discussion of the logical design of an
electronic computing instrument",
institution = inst-INST-ADV-STUDY,
address = inst-INST-ADV-STUDY:adr,
pages = "42",
day = "28",
month = jun,
year = "1946",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 08:17:48 2004",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Math/computer.arithmetic.bib;
ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Math/fparith.bib;
ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Theory/arith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Report to the U.S. Army Ordnance Department. Reprinted
in \cite[pp.~221--259]{Swartzlander:1976:CDD}, \cite[\S
8.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}, and
\cite[pp.~97--146]{Aspray:1987:PJN}",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "Discusses floating-point versus fixed-point
computation, and concludes that floating-point is
probably not justifiable. They wrote:\par
``There appear to be two major purposes in a `floating'
decimal point system both of which arise from the fact
that the number of digits in a word is a constant fixed
by design considerations for each particular machine.
The first of these purposes is to retain in a sum or
product as many significant digits as possible and the
second of these is to free the human operator from the
burden of estimating and inserting into a problem
`scale factors' --- multiplicative constants which
serve to keep numbers within the limits of the
machine.\par
There is, of course, no denying the fact that human
time is consumed in arranging for the introduction of
suitable scale factors. We only argue that the time so
consumed is a very small percentage of the total time
we will spend in preparing an interesting problem for
our machine. The first advantage of the floating point
is, we feel, somewhat illusory. In order to have such a
floating point, one must waste memory capacity which
could otherwise be used for carrying more digits per
word. It would therefore seem to us not at all clear
whether the modest advantages of a floating binary
point offset the loss of memory capacity and the
increased complexity of the arithmetic and control
circuits.''",
}/metic.bib; ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Math/fparith.bib; ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Theory/arith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2004.10.13 08:17:48 ???Report to the U.S. Army Ordnance Department. Reprinted in cite [pp.~221--259]Swartzlander:1976:CDD, cite [ 8.3]Randell:1982:ODC, and cite [pp.~97--146]Aspray:1987:PJNDiscusses floating-point versus fixed-point computation, and concludes that floating-point is probably not justifiable. They wrote:par ``There appear to be two major purposes in a `floating' decimal point system both of which arise from the fact that the number of digits in a word is a constant fixed by design considerations for each particular machine. The first of these purposes is to retain in a sum or product as many significant digits as possible and the second of these is to free the human operator from the burden of estimating and inserting into a problem `scale factors' --- multiplicative constants which serve to keep numbers within the limits of the machine.par There is, of course, no denying the fact that human time is consumed in arranging for the introduction of suitable scale factors. We only argue that the time so consumed is a very small percentage of the total time we will spend in preparing an interesting problem for our machine. The first advantage of the floating point is, we feel, somewhat illusory. In order to have such a floating point, one must waste memory capacity which could otherwise be used for carrying more digits per word. It would therefore seem to us not at all clear whether the modest advantages of a floating binary point offset the loss of memory capacity and the increased complexity of the arithmetic and control circuits.''ack-nhfbArthur W. Burks and Herman H. Goldstine and John von NeumannReport to the U.S. Army Ordnance Department. Reprinted in \cite[pp.~221--259]{Swartzlander:1976:CDD}, \cite[\S 8.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}, and \cite[pp.~97--146]{Aspray:1987:PJN}Preliminary discussion of the logical design of an electronic computing instrument
@TechReport{Burks:1946:PDL,
author = "Arthur W. Burks and Herman H. Goldstine and John von
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title = "Preliminary discussion of the logical design of an
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note = "Report to the U.S. Army Ordnance Department. Reprinted
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8.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}, and
\cite[pp.~97--146]{Aspray:1987:PJN}",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "Discusses floating-point versus fixed-point
computation, and concludes that floating-point is
probably not justifiable. They wrote:\par
``There appear to be two major purposes in a `floating'
decimal point system both of which arise from the fact
that the number of digits in a word is a constant fixed
by design considerations for each particular machine.
The first of these purposes is to retain in a sum or
product as many significant digits as possible and the
second of these is to free the human operator from the
burden of estimating and inserting into a problem
`scale factors' --- multiplicative constants which
serve to keep numbers within the limits of the
machine.\par
There is, of course, no denying the fact that human
time is consumed in arranging for the introduction of
suitable scale factors. We only argue that the time so
consumed is a very small percentage of the total time
we will spend in preparing an interesting problem for
our machine. The first advantage of the floating point
is, we feel, somewhat illusory. In order to have such a
floating point, one must waste memory capacity which
could otherwise be used for carrying more digits per
word. It would therefore seem to us not at all clear
whether the modest advantages of a floating binary
point offset the loss of memory capacity and the
increased complexity of the arithmetic and control
circuits.''",
},
journal = j-BELL-LABS-RECORD,
volume = "23",
number = "??",
pages = "457--460",
year = "1946",
CODEN = "BLRCAB",
ISSN = "0005-8564",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:31:47 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 6.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Bell Laboratories Record",
}0bCesareo:1946:RIO. CesareoThe Relay Interpolatorj-BELL-LABS-RECORD23457--4601946BLRCAB0005-8564 OR 00058564Wed Oct 13 11:31:47 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:31:47 ???Reprinted in cite [ 6.2]Randell:1982:ODC.Bell Laboratories Recordack-nhfbO. CesareoReprinted in \cite[\S 6.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.The Relay Interpolator
@Article{Cesareo:1946:RI,
author = "O. Cesareo",
title = "The Relay Interpolator",
journal = j-BELL-LABS-RECORD,
volume = "23",
number = "??",
pages = "457--460",
year = "1946",
CODEN = "BLRCAB",
ISSN = "0005-8564",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:31:47 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 6.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Bell Laboratories Record",
}r Rechenautomat Ipm. Entwicklung Mathematischer
Instrumente in Deutschland 1939 bis 1945}. ({German})
[{The} {Ipm} Calculator. {The} development of
mathematical instruments in {Germany} 1939--1945]",
type = "{Bericht}",
number = "A3",
institution = "Institut f{\"u}r Praktische Mathematik, Technische
Hochschule",
address = "Darmstadt, West Germany",
day = "19",
month = aug,
year = "1946",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:20:15 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 3.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}.
Translated by Mr. and Mrs. P. Jones",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
language = "German",
}11945}. ({German}) [{The} {Ipm} Calculator. {The} development of mathematical instruments in {Germany} 1939--1945]
@TechReport{Dreyer:1946:REM,
author = "H.-J. Dreyer and A. Walther",
title = "{Der Rechenautomat Ipm. Entwicklung Mathematischer
Instrumente in Deutschland 1939 bis 1945}. ({German})
[{The} {Ipm} Calculator. {The} development of
mathematical instruments in {Germany} 1939--1945]",
type = "{Bericht}",
number = "A3",
institution = "Institut f{\"u}r Praktische Mathematik, Technische
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address = "Darmstadt, West Germany",
day = "19",
month = aug,
year = "1946",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:20:15 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 3.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}.
Translated by Mr. and Mrs. P. Jones",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
language = "German",
}
:1Y!#+C;=m;'C/#techreportfparith.bibDreyer:1946:REMH.-J. Dreyer and A. WaltherDer Rechenautomat Ipm. Entwicklung Mathematischer Instrumente in Deutschland 1939 bis 1945. (German) [The Ipm Calculator. The development of mathematical instruments in Germany 1939--1945]BerichtA3Institut fur Praktische Mathematik, Technische HochschuleDarmstadt, West Germany457--46019aug81946Wed Oct 13 11:20:15 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:20:15 ???Reprinted in cite [ 3.3]Randell:1982:ODC. Translated by Mr. and Mrs. P. JonesGermanack-nhfbH.-J. Dreyer and A. WaltherReprinted in \cite[\S 3.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}. Translated by Mr. and Mrs. P. Jones{Der Rechenautomat Ipm. Entwicklung Mathematischer Instrumente in Deutschland 1939 bis "The {Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
(ENIAC)}",
journal = j-MATH-TABLES-OTHER-AIDS-COMPUT,
volume = "2",
number = "15",
pages = "97--110",
month = jul,
year = "1946",
CODEN = "MTTCAS",
ISSN = "0891-6837",
bibdate = "Tue Oct 13 08:44:19 MDT 1998",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.7]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation",
journal-URL = "http://www.ams.org/mcom/",
}2 cite [ 7.7]Randell:1982:ODC.Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computationack-nhfbhttp://www.ams.org/mcom/H. H. Goldstine and Adele GoldstineReprinted in \cite[\S 7.7]{Randell:1982:ODC}.The {Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC)}
@Article{Goldstine:1946:ENI,
author = "H. H. Goldstine and Adele Goldstine",
title = "The {Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
(ENIAC)}",
journal = j-MATH-TABLES-OTHER-AIDS-COMPUT,
volume = "2",
number = "15",
pages = "97--110",
month = jul,
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CODEN = "MTTCAS",
ISSN = "0891-6837",
bibdate = "Tue Oct 13 08:44:19 MDT 1998",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 7.7]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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journal-URL = "http://www.ams.org/mcom/",
}
V3Y!#1]-3;=m;;]Ctechreportfpa2W#1S}K7E
;_o=Sgarticlefparith.bibGoldstine:1946:ENIH. H. Goldstine and Adele GoldstineThe Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC)j-MATH-TABLES-OTHER-AIDS-COMPUT21597--110jul71946MTTCAS0891-6837 OR 08916837Tue Oct 13 08:44:19 MDT 1998http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1998.10.13 08:44:19 MDTReprinted inle = "Planning and coding of problems for an electronic
computing instrument",
type = "Technical report",
number = "1",
institution = inst-INST-ADV-STUDY,
address = inst-INST-ADV-STUDY:adr,
pages = "69",
day = "1",
month = apr,
year = "1947",
bibdate = "Wed Jun 01 17:41:33 2005",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Report prepared for U.S. Army Ordnance Department
under contract W-36-034-OKD-7481. Reprinted in
\cite[80--151]{Taub:1963:JNCa}. Knuth
\cite[p.~278]{Knuth:1997:SA} cites pp.~142--151 of this
report as the first published treatment of
double-precision arithmetic on digital computers.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}3rith.bibGoldstine:1947:PCPHerman H. Goldstine and John von NeumannPlanning and coding of problems for an electronic computing instrumentTechnical report1inst-INST-ADV-STUDYinst-INST-ADV-STUDY:adr691apr41947Wed Jun 01 17:41:33 2005http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.06.01 17:41:33 ???Report prepared for U.S. Army Ordnance Department under contract W-36-034-OKD-7481. Reprinted in cite [80--151]Taub:1963:JNCa. Knuth cite [p.~278]Knuth:1997:SA cites pp.~142--151 of this report as the first published treatment of double-precision arithmetic on digital computers.ack-nhfbHerman H. Goldstine and John von NeumannReport prepared for U.S. Army Ordnance Department under contract W-36-034-OKD-7481. Reprinted in \cite[80--151]{Taub:1963:JNCa}. Knuth \cite[p.~278]{Knuth:1997:SA} cites pp.~142--151 of this report as the first published treatment of double-precision arithmetic on digital computers.Planning and coding of problems for an electronic computing instrument
@TechReport{Goldstine:1947:PCP,
author = "Herman H. Goldstine and John von Neumann",
title = "Planning and coding of problems for an electronic
computing instrument",
type = "Technical report",
number = "1",
institution = inst-INST-ADV-STUDY,
address = inst-INST-ADV-STUDY:adr,
pages = "69",
day = "1",
month = apr,
year = "1947",
bibdate = "Wed Jun 01 17:41:33 2005",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Report prepared for U.S. Army Ordnance Department
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\cite[80--151]{Taub:1963:JNCa}. Knuth
\cite[p.~278]{Knuth:1997:SA} cites pp.~142--151 of this
report as the first published treatment of
double-precision arithmetic on digital computers.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}journal = j-BELL-LABS-RECORD,
volume = "24",
number = "??",
pages = "5--9",
year = "1947",
CODEN = "BLRCAB",
ISSN = "0005-8564",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:32:38 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 6.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Bell Laboratories Record",
}4
!!\4U #'917=m;_=g9Karticlefparith.bibJuley:1947:BCJ. JuleyThe Ballistic Computerj-BELL-LABS-RECORD245--91947BLRCAB0005-8564 OR 00058564Wed Oct 13 11:32:38 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 11:32:38 ???Reprinted in cite [ 6.3]Randell:1982:ODC.Bell Laboratories Recordack-nhfbJ. JuleyReprinted in \cite[\S 6.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}.The Ballistic Computer
@Article{Juley:1947:BC,
author = "J. Juley",
title = "The Ballistic Computer",
journal = j-BELL-LABS-RECORD,
volume = "24",
number = "??",
pages = "5--9",
year = "1947",
CODEN = "BLRCAB",
ISSN = "0005-8564",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:32:38 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 6.3]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Bell Laboratories Record",
}of a Symposium on Large Scale Digital
Calculating Machinery, 7--10 January 1947}",
title = "Preparation of problems for {EDVAC}-type machines",
publisher = "Harvard University Press",
address = "Cambridge, MA, USA",
year = "1947",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:55:58 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in {\em Annals of the Computation Laboratory
of Harvard University}, {\bf 16}, 203--207 (1948).
Reprinted in \cite[\S 8.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}5roceedings of a Symposium on Large Scale Digital Calculating Machinery, 7--10 January 1947}Reprinted in {\em Annals of the Computation Laboratory of Harvard University}, {\bf 16}, 203--207 (1948). Reprinted in \cite[\S 8.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.Preparation of problems for {EDVAC}-type machines
@InProceedings{Mauchly:1947:PPE,
author = "J. W. Mauchly",
booktitle = "{Proceedings of a Symposium on Large Scale Digital
Calculating Machinery, 7--10 January 1947}",
title = "Preparation of problems for {EDVAC}-type machines",
publisher = "Harvard University Press",
address = "Cambridge, MA, USA",
year = "1947",
bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 11:55:58 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in {\em Annals of the Computation Laboratory
of Harvard University}, {\bf 16}, 203--207 (1948).
Reprinted in \cite[\S 8.2]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}6table/226161Isisack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.htmlA. W. RichesonThe First Arithmetic Printed in {English}
@Article{Richeson:1947:FAP,
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articlefparith.bibRicheson:1947:FAPA. W. RichesonThe First Arithmetic Printed in Englishj-ISIS371--247--56may51947ISISA40021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic) OR 00211753 (print), 15456994 (electronic)0021-1753 OR 00211753Tue Jul 30 21:27:09 MDT 2013http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis; http://www.jstor.org/stable/i302230; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1940.bib2013.07.30 21:27:09 MDThttp://www.jstor.org/s = "Numerical Inverting of Matrices of High Order",
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volume = "53",
number = "11",
pages = "1021--1099",
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year = "1947",
CODEN = "BAMOAD",
ISSN = "0002-9904 (print), 1936-881X (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0002-9904",
MRclass = "65.0X",
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MRreviewer = "E. Bodewig",
bibdate = "Thu Nov 8 14:49:36 2007",
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note = "See \cite{Goldstine:1951:NIM} for Part II. Reprinted
in \cite[v.~5, pp.~479--557]{Taub:1961:JNC}.",
ZMnumber = "0031.31402",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # " and " # ack-jg,
fjournal = "Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society",
kwds = "nla, linear system, rounding error",
referred = "[Markov1999a].",
remark = "This may be the first journal publication about the
use of double-precision arithmetic on computers, used
for the accumulation of inner products and matrix
products. On pp.~1035--1038, the authors show that when
the sum of $m$ products of two $s$-digit numbers is
accumulated in precision $ 2 s $, with rounding to $s$
digits only after the final sum is complete, then the
rounding error is essentially one unit in the last
place, instead of $m$ times that value. Cited in
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}7e final sum is complete, then the rounding error is essentially one unit in the last place, instead of $m$ times that value. Cited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.0031.31402ack-nhfbJohn von Neumann and Herman H. GoldstineSee \cite{Goldstine:1951:NIM} for Part II. Reprinted in \cite[v.~5, pp.~479--557]{Taub:1961:JNC}.Numerical Inverting of Matrices of High Order
@Article{vonNeumann:1947:NIM,
author = "John von Neumann and Herman H. Goldstine",
title = "Numerical Inverting of Matrices of High Order",
journal = j-BULL-AMS,
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bibdate = "Thu Nov 8 14:49:36 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "See \cite{Goldstine:1951:NIM} for Part II. Reprinted
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # " and " # ack-jg,
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remark = "This may be the first journal publication about the
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products. On pp.~1035--1038, the authors show that when
the sum of $m$ products of two $s$-digit numbers is
accumulated in precision $ 2 s $, with rounding to $s$
digits only after the final sum is complete, then the
rounding error is essentially one unit in the last
place, instead of $m$ times that value. Cited in
\cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
}
8897Y#3]g!!571!;m;Ggm!]Og3Oarticlefparith.bibvonNeumann:1947:NIMJohn von Neumann and Herman H. GoldstineNumerical Inverting of Matrices of High Orderj-BULL-AMS53111021--1099nov111947BAMOAD0002-9904 (print), 1936-881X (electronic) OR 00029904 (print), 1936881X (electronic)0002-9904 OR 0002990465.0XMR0024235 (9,471b)E. BodewigThu Nov 8 14:49:36 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.11.08 14:49:36 ???See cite Goldstine:1951:NIM for Part II. Reprinted in cite [v.~5, pp.~479--557]Taub:1961:JNC.Bulletin of the American Mathematical SocietyThis may be the first journal publication about the use of double-precision arithmetic on computers, used for the accumulation of inner products and matrix products. On pp.~1035--1038, the authors show that when the sum of $m$ products of two $s$-digit numbers is accumulated in precision $ 2 s $, with rounding to $s$ digits only after thatories}' Computing
Machine---{I}",
journal = j-MATH-TABLES-OTHER-AIDS-COMPUT,
volume = "3",
number = "21",
pages = "1--13",
month = jan,
year = "1948",
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author = "Franz L. Alt",
title = "A {Bell Telephone Laboratories}' Computing
Machine---{I}",
journal = j-MATH-TABLES-OTHER-AIDS-COMPUT,
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month = jan,
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bibdate = "Tue Oct 13 08:44:19 MDT 1998",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
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note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 6.4]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}
dEdd;X #+%[C773!=;+gy!%/[
articlefparith.bibTuring:1948:REMA. M. TuringRounding-Off Errors in Matrix Processesj-QUART-J-MECH-APPLIED-MATH1287--308sep91948QJMMAV0033-5614 OR 003356140033-5614 OR 0033561465.0XMR0028100 (10,405c)E. BodewigSat Nov 19 12:09:58 2005http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authoЈB:V !#)'S7)1=Q;'S3techreportfparith͈9U #)%?'7=m;_9%g? articlefparith.biˊB8V #'%uK7E
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author = "W. J. Eckert",
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pages = "315--323",
month = nov,
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fjournal = "The Scientific Monthly",
}re-root iteration",
type = "SRG Memorandum report",
number = "10",
institution = inst-PRINCETON,
address = inst-PRINCETON:adr,
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year = "1948",
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@TechReport{Tukey:1948:NSR,
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}n Matrix Processes",
journal = j-QUART-J-MECH-APPLIED-MATH,
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ISSN = "0033-5614",
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bibdate = "Sat Nov 19 12:09:58 2005",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/a/turing-alan-mathison.bib;
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note = "Reprinted in \cite{Turing:1992:PM} with summary and
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ZMnumber = "0033.28501",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied
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mynote = "The notes are not very good. They mainly correct
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wrong.",
};rs/a/turing-alan-mathison.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/subjects/acc-stab-num-alg-2ed.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/subjects/acc-stab-num-alg.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.11.19 12:09:58 ???Reprinted in cite Turing:1992:PM with summary and notes (including corrections)http://turing.ecs.soton.ac.uk/browse.php/B/18Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics0033.28501ack-nhfbA. M. TuringReprinted in \cite{Turing:1992:PM} with summary and notes (including corrections)Rounding-Off Errors in Matrix Processes
@Article{Turing:1948:REM,
author = "A. M. Turing",
title = "Rounding-Off Errors in Matrix Processes",
journal = j-QUART-J-MECH-APPLIED-MATH,
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bibdate = "Sat Nov 19 12:09:58 2005",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/a/turing-alan-mathison.bib;
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http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/subjects/acc-stab-num-alg.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite{Turing:1992:PM} with summary and
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URL = "http://turing.ecs.soton.ac.uk/browse.php/B/18",
ZMnumber = "0033.28501",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied
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wrong.",
}ectronic digital computers",
journal = j-NATURE,
volume = "162",
number = "487",
pages = "??--??",
year = "1948",
CODEN = "NATUAS",
ISSN = "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0028-0836",
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fjournal = "Nature",
journal-URL = "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}< 00280836 (print), 14764687 (electronic)0028-0836 OR 00280836Wed Oct 13 12:00:02 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.10.13 12:00:02 ???Reprinted in cite [ 8.4]Randell:1982:ODC.Natureack-nhfbhttp://www.nature.com/nature/archive/F. C. Williams and T. KilburnReprinted in \cite[\S 8.4]{Randell:1982:ODC}.Electronic digital computers
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author = "F. C. Williams and T. Kilburn",
title = "Electronic digital computers",
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volume = "162",
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year = "1948",
CODEN = "NATUAS",
ISSN = "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
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bibdate = "Wed Oct 13 12:00:02 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[\S 8.4]{Randell:1982:ODC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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iarticlefparith.؇}=W #-S{=m;SIarticlefparith.b։ybibHuskey:1949:PCPH. D. HuskeyOn the Precision of a Certain Procedure of Numerical Integrationj-J-RES-NATL-BUR-STAND4257--621949JRNBAG0091-0635 OR 00910635Fri Aug 20 09:32:34 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.08.20 09:32:34 ???Cited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.ack-nhfbH. D. HuskeyOn the Precision of a Certain Procedure of Numerical Integration
@Article{Huskey:1949:PCP,
author = "H. D. Huskey",
title = "On the Precision of a Certain Procedure of Numerical
Integration",
journal = j-J-RES-NATL-BUR-STAND,
volume = "42",
number = "??",
pages = "57--62",
year = "1949",
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ISSN = "0091-0635",
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}Transformation related to the angular and the
square-root",
type = "SRG Memorandum report",
number = "24",
institution = inst-PRINCETON,
address = inst-PRINCETON:adr,
pages = "??",
year = "1949",
bibdate = "Tue May 15 08:00:09 2012",
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http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
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}?h.bibTukey:1949:TRAJohn W. Tukey and M. F. FreemanTransformation related to the angular and the square-rootSRG Memorandum report24inst-PRINCETONinst-PRINCETON:adr1949Tue May 15 08:00:09 2012http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/tukey-john-w.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2012.05.15 08:00:09 ???ack-nhfbJohn W. Tukey and M. F. FreemanTransformation related to the angular and the square-root
@TechReport{Tukey:1949:TRA,
author = "John W. Tukey and M. F. Freeman",
title = "Transformation related to the angular and the
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type = "SRG Memorandum report",
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address = inst-PRINCETON:adr,
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bibdate = "Tue May 15 08:00:09 2012",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}uting devices",
publisher = pub-MCGRAW-HILL,
address = pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr,
pages = "xiii + 451",
year = "1950",
LCCN = "QA75 .E5",
bibdate = "Fri Aug 20 10:18:44 MDT 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "Supervised by Charles Brown Tompkins and C. H.
Wakelin, Engineering Research Associates. The contents
of this volume were first assembled in the form of a
report to the Office of Naval Research, prepared under
a provision of contract N6-ONR-240, Task 1. Cited in
\cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
subject = "computers",
}@ of contract N6-ONR-240, Task 1. Cited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.computersack-nhfbW. W. {Stifler, Jr.}High-speed computing devices
@Book{Stifler:1950:HSC,
editor = "W. W. {Stifler, Jr.}",
title = "High-speed computing devices",
publisher = pub-MCGRAW-HILL,
address = pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr,
pages = "xiii + 451",
year = "1950",
LCCN = "QA75 .E5",
bibdate = "Fri Aug 20 10:18:44 MDT 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "Supervised by Charles Brown Tompkins and C. H.
Wakelin, Engineering Research Associates. The contents
of this volume were first assembled in the form of a
report to the Office of Naval Research, prepared under
a provision of contract N6-ONR-240, Task 1. Cited in
\cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
subject = "computers",
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NAW'#'C7Q'=m;_C;g#Oinproceedingsfparith.bibWilkes:1950:EM. V. Wilkes and W. RenwickReport of a Conference on High Speed Automatic Calculatinߌ6@W #-1E+3!E%;I5Ebookfparith.bibStifler:1950:HSCW. W. Stifler, Jr.High-speed computing devicespub-MCGRAW-HILLpub-MCGRAW-HILL:adrxiii + 4511950QA75 .E5Fri Aug 20 10:18:44 MDT 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager2010.08.20 10:18:44 MDTSupervised by Charles Brown Tompkins and C. H. Wakelin, Engineering Research Associates. The contents of this volume were first assembled in the form of a report to the Office of Naval Research, prepared under a provisioneport of a Conference on High Speed Automatic
Calculating Machines, 22--25 June 1949}",
title = "The {EDSAC}",
publisher = "University Mathematical Laboratory",
address = "Cambridge, UK",
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title = "Computer Arithmetic: 6jan11954JACOAH0004-5411 (print), 1557-735X (electronic) OR 00045411 (print), 1557735X (electronic)0004-5411 OR 00045411Fri Nov 04 00:18:27 1994http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.11.04 00:18:27 ???http://community.computerhistory.org/scc/projects/FORTRAN/paper/p4-backus.pdfThe IBM 701 Speedcoding System is a set of instructions which causes the 701 to behave like a three-address floating point calculator. Let us call this the Speedcoding calculator. In addition to operating in floating point, this Speedcoding calculator has extremely convenient means for getting information into the machine and for printing results; it has an extensive set of operations to make the job of programming as easy as possible. Speedcoding also provides automatic address modification, flexible tracing, convenient use of auxiliary storage, and built-in checking.Journal of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J401The IBM 701 Speedcoding System is a set of instructions which causes the 701 to behave like a three-address floating point calculator. Let us call this the Speedcoding calculator. In addition to operating in floating point, this Speedcoding calculator has extremely convenient means for getting information into the machine and for printing results; it has an extensive set of operations to make the job of programming as easy as possible. Speedcoding also provides automatic address modification, flexible tracing, convenient use of auxiliary storage, and built-in checking.J. W. BackusThe {IBM 701 Speedcoding} System
@Article{Backus:1954:ISS,
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abstract = "The IBM 701 Speedcoding System is a set of
instructions which causes the 701 to behave like a
three-address floating point calculator. Let us call
this the Speedcoding calculator. In addition to
operating in floating point, this Speedcoding
calculator has extremely convenient means for getting
information into the machine and for printing results;
it has an extensive set of operations to make the job
of programming as easy as possible. Speedcoding also
provides automatic address modification, flexible
tracing, convenient use of auxiliary storage, and
built-in checking.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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@Article{Freeman:1954:TSA,
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title = "Time-Sharing Analog Multiplier ({TSAM})",
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5QW#+AQQ=a;AQ]articlefparith.bibKovach:1954:AMUL. D. Kovach and W. ComleyAn Analog Multiplier Using Thyritej-T6PX #'y5E
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articlefparith.bibGorn:1954:AACSaul GornThe Automatic Analysis and Control of Computing Errorsj-J
XOX#-?WQ=a;[?[Earticlefparith.bibFreeman:1954:TSAH. Freeman and E. ParsonsTime-Sharing Analog Multiplier (TSAM)j-TRANS-IRE-PROF-GROUP-ELEC-COMPUTEC-3111--17mar31954Fri Jul 15 15:20:53 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.15 15:20:53 ???Transactions of the I.R.E. Professional Group on Electronic ComputersCited in US Patent 3,043,516 (10 July 1962): Time Summing Device for Division, Multiplication, Root Taking and Interpolation, by Harold W. Abbo
Control of Computing
Errors",
journal = j-J-SIAM,
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month = jun,
year = "1954",
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ISSN = "0368-4245 (print), 1095-712X (electronic)",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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author = "L. D. Kovach and W. Comley",
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}Rdback dividerj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-3117--20mar31954IRELAO0367-9950 OR 03679950Sun Jul 17 09:52:58 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.17 09:52:58 ???IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbM. A. Mayer and B. M. Gordon and R. N. NicolaAn operational digital feedback divider
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title = "An operational digital feedback divider",
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bibdate = "Sun Jul 17 09:52:58 2011",
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LCCN = "QA76 .E25",
bibdate = "Fri Aug 20 08:57:56 MDT 2010",
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-z-fXX #-1W57=m;1e1W-articlefparith.bibParsons:1955:SDCFrances L. ParsonsA Simple Desk-Calculator Method for Checking Binary Results of Digital Computer Arithmetic Operationsj-J-ACM23205--207jul71955JACOAH0004-5411 (print), 1557-735X (electronic) OR 00045411 (print), 1557735X (electronic)0004- dWV #/)=)7;K;9)=articlefparith.b?VX#/U'/!=K;U_bookfparith.{UX#+wM#E%;M!wM bookfparith.bibEckert:1955:FFSW. J. (Wallace John) Eckert and Rebecca Bradley JonesFaster, faster; a simple description of a giant electronic calculator and the problems it solvespub-IBMpub-IBM:adr1601955QA76 .E25Fri Aug 20 08:57:56 MDT 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; z39 James P. {Wong, Jr.}",
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}VbibHastings:1955:ADCCecil B. Hastings, Jr. and Jeanne T. Hayward and James P. Wong, Jr.Approximations for Digital Computerspub-PRINCETONpub-PRINCETON:adrviii + 2011955QA76 .H33Mon Sep 30 14:51:50 1996ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1996.09.30 14:51:50 ???ack-njCecil B. {Hastings, Jr.} and Jeanne T. Hayward and James P. {Wong, Jr.}Approximations for Digital Computers
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journal = j-ELECTRON-ENG,
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6YU #/)a+/'=m;)akbookfparith.bibRichards:1955:AODR. K. RichardsArithmetic Operations in Digital ComputersD. Van NostrandNew York, NY, USAiv + 3971955QA75 .R5 1955Fri Nov 28 18:46:37 2003http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2003.11.28 18:46:37 ???ack-nhfbR. K. RichardsArithmetic Operations in Digital Computers
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@Article{Estrin:1956:NHS,
author = "G. Estrin and B. Gilchrist and J. H. Pomerene",
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bibdate = "Fri Aug 20 09:19:58 MDT 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
series = "International series in pure and applied mathematics",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "See also second edition
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}\ 09:19:58 MDT 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager2010.08.20 09:19:58 MDTInternational series in pure and applied mathematicsSee also second edition cite Hildebrand:1974:INA,Hildebrand:1987:INA.Numerical analysisack-nhfbFrancis Begnaud HildebrandIntroduction to numerical analysis
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**b_U #1+[;7=m;]+[_ articlefparith.bi5^X #-)?57=m;1Oqe)Ggarticlefparith.bibPerkins:1956:EPCRobert PerkinsEASIAC, A Pseudo-Computerj-J-ACM3265--72apr41956JACOAH0004-5411 (print), 1557-735X (electronic) OR 00045411 (print), 1557735X (electronic)00J]W #//A;a7Ea;]/A articlefparith.bibLilamand:1956:TDMM. Lejet LilamandA Time-Division Multiplierj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-5126--34mar31956IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1956.52197890367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jun 30 15:46:18 MDT 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/,m\W #3AQ+3E%;u1AQ}bookfparith.bibHildebrand:1956:INAFrancis Begnaud HildebrandIntroduction to numerical analysispub-MCGRAW-HILLpub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr5111956QA300 .H5Fri Aug 20)n Multiplier",
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bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "One of the primary functions of the MIDAC installation
at the University of Michigan is the instruction of
beginners in the various aspects of digital machine use
including programming and coding. \ldots{} In
conducting these courses it was soon found to be
extremely difficult, in five or six instruction
periods, to bring a complete newcomer up to the point
where he can code and check out on MIDAC anything more
than a rather trivial routine. As might be expected the
difficulty centers around problems of scaling,
instruction modification and binary representation.
\ldots{} To alleviate these problems it was decided
that a new computer was needed: one designed to make
programming easier. At the cost of some of MIDAC's
speed and capacity plus two or three man-months of
programming time EASIAC, the EASy Instruction Automatic
Computer, was realized as a translation-interpretation
program in MIDAC.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Journal of the ACM",
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}^
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title = %y1004-5411 OR 00045411Fri Nov 04 23:46:26 1994http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.11.04 23:46:26 ???One of the primary functions of the MIDAC installation at the University of Michigan is the instruction of beginners in the various aspects of digital machine use including programming and coding. ldots In conducting these courses it was soon found to be extremely difficult, in five or six instruction periods, to bring a complete newcomer up to the point where he can code and check out on MIDAC anything more than a rather trivial routine. As might be expected the difficulty centers around problems of scaling, instruction modification and binary representation. ldots To alleviate these problems it was decided that a new computer was needed: one designed to make programming easier. At the cost of some of MIDAC's speed and capacity plus two or three man-months of programming time EASIAC, the EASy Instruction Automatic Computer, was realized as a translation-interpretation program in MIDAC.Journa2l of the ACMdecimal floating-point arithmeticEarly example of a decimal floating-point machine.ack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J401One of the primary functions of the MIDAC installation at the University of Michigan is the instruction of beginners in the various aspects of digital machine use including programming and coding. \ldots{} In conducting these courses it was soon found to be extremely difficult, in five or six instruction periods, to bring a complete newcomer up to the point where he can code and check out on MIDAC anything more than a rather trivial routine. As might be expected the difficulty centers around problems of scaling, instruction modification and binary representation. \ldots{} To alleviate these problems it was decided that a new computer was needed: one designed to make programming easier. At the cost of some of MIDAC's speed and capacity plus two or three man-months of programming time EASIAC, the EASy Instruction Automatic Computer, was realized as a translation-3interpretation program in MIDAC.Robert Perkins{EASIAC}, {A} Pseudo-Computer
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journal = j-J-ACM,
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bibdate = "Fri Nov 04 23:46:26 1994",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "One of the primary functions of the MIDAC installation
at the University of Michigan is the instruction of
beginners in the various aspects of digital machine use
including programming and coding. \ldots{} In
conducting these courses it was soon found to be
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periods, to bring a complete newcomer up to the point
where he can code and check out on MIDAC anything more
than a rather trivial routine. As might be expected the
difficulty centers around problems of scaling,
instruction modification and binary representation.
\ldots{} To alleviate these problems it was decided
that a new computer was needed: one designed to make
programming easier. At the cost of some of MIDAC's
speed and capacity plus two or three man-months of
programming time EASIAC, the EASy Instruction Automatic
Computer, was realized as a translation-interpretation
program in MIDAC.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}_bRobertson:1956:NCDJ. E. RobertsonA new class of digital division methodsj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-565--73jun61956IRELAO0367-9950 OR 03679950Fri Nov 09 19:14:45 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.11.09 19:14:45 ???IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbJ. E. RobertsonA new class of digital division methods
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title = "A new class of digital division methods",
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} "Pitfalls in computation",
journal = "Journal of the Society for Industrial and Applied
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volume = "4",
pages = "207--219",
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articlefparith.bibStegun:1956:PCIrene A. Stegun and Milton AbramowitzPitfalls in computationJournal of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics4207--2191956Tue Aug 28 06:16:28 2001http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2001.08.28 06:16:28 ???Cited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.ack-nhfbIrene A. Stegun and Milton AbramowitzPitfalls in computation
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journal = "Journal of the Society for Industrial and Applied
Mathematics",
volume = "4",
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bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
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}tle = "Analog Multipliers and Squarers Using a Multigrid
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journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-5",
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year = "1956",
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author = "R. L. Sydnor and T. R. O'Meara and J. Strathman",
title = "Analog Multipliers and Squarers Using a Multigrid
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ppJbU#3Gw;7=m;]Gw; articlefparith.b<aY#+k;a7Ea;]k%articlefparith.bibSydnor:1956:AMSR. L. Sydnor and T. R. O'Meara and J. StrathmanAnalog Multipliers and Squarers Using a Multigrid Modulatorj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-5282--85jun61956IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1956.52198040367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jun 30 15:46:21 MDT 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.06.30 15:46:21 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.js9A One-Microsecond Adder Using One-Megacycle
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udW #'%C=m;cs%c%articlefparith.bibGini:1957:SFDCorrado GiniSulla frequenza delle cifre iniziali dei numeri osservati. (Italian) [On the frequency of initial digits of observed numbers]Bull. Inst. Internat. Stat.3557--761957Sun Sep 18 11:54:25 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2011.09.18AVcX#+IO57=m;M1SeIQSarticlefparith.bibErcoli:1957:EDOPaolo Ercoli and Roberto VaccaErrors Due to Overflow in Arithmetic Operations Particularly as Regards FINAC Electronic Computerj-J-ACM44450--455oct101957JACOAH0004-5411 (print), 1557-735X (electronic) OR 00045411 (print), 1557735X (electronic)0004-5411 OR 00045411Thu Dec 08 09:28:48 2005http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.12.08 09:28:48 ???See letter cite Ercoli:1960:LEE.Journal of the ACMfloating-point arithmetic; overflowack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/brows>ifre iniziali dei numeri
osservati. (Italian) [{On} the frequency of initial
digits of observed numbers]",
journal = "Bull. Inst. Internat. Stat.",
volume = "35",
number = "??",
pages = "57--76",
year = "1957",
bibdate = "Sun Sep 18 11:54:25 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "29th session, 2nd delivery, Rio de Janerio.",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}d 11:54:25 ???29th session, 2nd delivery, Rio de Janerio.Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's LawItalianack-nhfbCorrado Gini29th session, 2nd delivery, Rio de Janerio.Sulla frequenza delle cifre iniziali dei numeri osservati. (Italian) [{On} the frequency of initial digits of observed numbers]
@Article{Gini:1957:SFD,
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title = "Sulla frequenza delle cifre iniziali dei numeri
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bibdate = "Sun Sep 18 11:54:25 2011",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}ella cifre iniziali dei numeri
statistici. ({Italian}) [{On} the frequency of initial
digits of statistical numbers]",
journal = "Atti dell XV e XVII Riunione, Societa Italiana di
Statistica",
volume = "??",
number = "??",
pages = "??--??",
year = "1957",
bibdate = "Sun Sep 18 12:00:07 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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language = "Italian",
}etistica??--??1957Sun Sep 18 12:00:07 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2011.09.18 12:00:07 ???Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's LawItalianack-nhfbAmato HerzelSulla distribuzione della cifre iniziali dei numeri statistici. ({Italian}) [{On} the frequency of initial digits of statistical numbers]
@Article{Herzel:1957:SDD,
author = "Amato Herzel",
title = "Sulla distribuzione della cifre iniziali dei numeri
statistici. ({Italian}) [{On} the frequency of initial
digits of statistical numbers]",
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volume = "??",
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bibdate = "Sun Sep 18 12:00:07 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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fY#'E%;a7Ea;]E%articlefparith.bibHowe:1957:TRAR. M. Howe and E. G. GilbertTrigonometric Resolution in Analog Computers by Means of Multiplier Elementsj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-6286--92jun61957IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1957.52215760367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jun 30 16:07:27 MDT 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.06.30 16:07:27 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stF;eX #+%=m;s%warticlefparith.bibHerzel:1957:SDDAmato HerzelSulla distribuzione della cifre iniziali dei numeri statistici. (Italian) [On the frequency of initial digits of statistical numbers]Atti dell XV e XVII Riunione, Societa Italiana di StaCmetric Resolution in Analog Computers by Means
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@Article{Kalbfell:1957:EAM,
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yhZ #71/57=K;[13carticlefparith.bibKogbetliantz:1957:CENE. G. KogbetliantzComputation of $ e^n $ for $ - infty < n < + infty $ Using an Electronic Computerj-IBM-JRD12110--115apr41957IBMJAE0018-8646 (print), 2151-8556 (electronic) OR 00188646 (print), 21518556 (electronic)0018-8646 OR 00188646Tue Sep 06 18:04:49 1994ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.09.06 18:04:49 ???K]gW #//K;a7Ea;]/Karticlefparith.bibKalbfell:1957:EAMDavid C. KalbfellAn Electronic Analog Multiplierj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-62100--103jun61957IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1957.52215790367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jun 30 16:07:27 MDT 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparHon of $ e^n $ for $ - \infty < n < + \infty $
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@Article{Lehman:1957:HSD,
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2kX !#)Cs+=m;cC+techreportfparith.bibMetze:1957:SPOG. MetzeA Study of Parallel One's Complement Arithmetic Units with Separate Carry or Borrow StorageReport81Digital Computer Laboratory, University of IllinoisUrbana, IL, USA771957Thu Nov 18 09:07:07 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.11.18 09:07:07 ???Flores' book cite [p. 485]Flores:1963:LCASMjV #'!mK7;K;o=!yarticlefparith.bibLuke:1957:CLZY. L. LukeOn the Computation of $ log Z $ and $ arctan Z $j-MATH-TABLES-OTHER-AIDS-COMPUT11QGiW #+O;a7Ea;]Oarticlefparith.bibLehman:1957:HSDM. LehmanHigh-Speed Digital Multiplicationj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-63204--205sep91957IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1957.52220250367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jun 30 16:07:34 MDT 2011http://www.math.utah.edu/puNlog {Z} $ and $ \arctan {Z}
$",
journal = j-MATH-TABLES-OTHER-AIDS-COMPUT,
volume = "11",
number = "??",
pages = "16--18",
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bibdate = "Thu Sep 1 10:16:09 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
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@Article{Luke:1957:CLZ,
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}'s Complement Arithmetic Units
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type = "Report",
number = "81",
institution = "Digital Computer Laboratory, University of Illinois",
address = "Urbana, IL, USA",
pages = "77",
year = "1957",
bibdate = "Thu Nov 18 09:07:07 2010",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "Flores' book \cite[p. 485]{Flores:1963:LCA} cites this
report, and says that its conclusion is that the
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}k cites this report, and says that its conclusion is that the disadvantages of one's complement arithmetic outweigh the advantages.ack-nhfbG. MetzeA Study of Parallel One's Complement Arithmetic Units with Separate Carry or Borrow Storage
@TechReport{Metze:1957:SPO,
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title = "A Study of Parallel One's Complement Arithmetic Units
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bibdate = "Thu Nov 18 09:07:07 2010",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}Uithmetic for Data Processing",
journal = j-IBM-JRD,
volume = "1",
number = "2",
pages = "158--170",
month = apr,
year = "1957",
CODEN = "IBMJAE",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1147/rd.12.0158",
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MRnumber = "18,939d",
bibdate = "Tue Sep 11 15:35:33 MDT 2012",
bibsource = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber=5288520;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
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URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5392735;
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abstract = "It is hypothesized that positive numbers suffice for
the expression of quantities in accounting. New
arithmetic operations are devised that yield
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studied. These operations permit a wide variety of
functions to be computed with fewer and less complex
steps and imply the feasibility of constructing less
complex data-processing machines.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}lWber=5392735; http://www.research.ibm.com/journal/rd/012/ibmrd0102G.pdfIt is hypothesized that positive numbers suffice for the expression of quantities in accounting. New arithmetic operations are devised that yield non-negative results in computation, and the applicability of these operations to data processing is studied. These operations permit a wide variety of functions to be computed with fewer and less complex steps and imply the feasibility of constructing less complex data-processing machines.IBM Journal of Research and Developmentack-nhfbhttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5288520http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5288520C. C. GotliebIt is hypothesized that positive numbers suffice for the expression of quantities in accounting. New arithmetic operations are devised that yield non-negative results in computation, and the applicability of these operations to data processing is studied. These operations permit a wide variety of functions to be computed withX fewer and less complex steps and imply the feasibility of constructing less complex data-processing machines.R. W. MurphyA Positive-Integer Arithmetic for Data Processing
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the expression of quantities in accounting. New
arithmetic operations are devised that yield
non-negative results in computation, and the
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functions to be computed with fewer and less complex
steps and imply the feasibility of constructing less
complex data-processing machines.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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arithmometer of a digital computer",
journal = "Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci., Ser. Sci. Tech.",
volume = "5",
number = "??",
pages = "232--236",
month = "????",
year = "1957",
bibdate = "Thu Nov 06 05:56:32 2014",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}mbibPawlak:1957:UENZ. PawlakUse of expansions with a negative basis in the arithmometer of a digital computerBull. Acad. Pol. Sci., Ser. Sci. Tech.5232--2361957Thu Nov 06 05:56:32 2014http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2014.11.06 05:56:32 ???negative baseack-nhfbZ. PawlakUse of expansions with a negative basis in the arithmometer of a digital computer
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title = "Use of expansions with a negative basis in the
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}-Interpreter): an automatic
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}n^rith.bibTaylor:1957:CCAW. Bruce TaylorCOIN (Compile-Interpreter): an automatic programming, fixed and floating-point library of subroutines for the ERA 1103 computerOperations Research Office, Johns Hopkins UniversityBethesda, MD, USA431957Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1996.02.24 15:01:45 MSTStaff paper / Johns Hopkins University, Operations Research Office; ORO-SP-32 Staff paper (Johns Hopkins University. Operations Research Office); ORO-SP-32.Military art and science --- Data processing.; Military research --- Data processing.Cover title. ``Operating under contract with the Department of the Army.'' ``Project COMPLAB.'' ``October 1957.'' ORO-SP-32ack-nhfbW. Bruce Taylor{COIN} (Compile-Interpreter): an automatic programming, fixed and floating-point library of subroutines for the {ERA} 1103 computer
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journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
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title = "An Experimental 50-Megacycle Arithmetic Unit",
journal = j-IBM-JRD,
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number = "3",
pages = "257--278",
month = jul,
year = "1957",
CODEN = "IBMJAE",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1147/rd.13.0257",
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bibdate = "Tue Sep 11 15:35:35 MDT 2012",
bibsource = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber=5288520;
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URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5392687;
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abstract = "An experimental 50-megacycle arithmetic unit has been
built which performs a repetitive mcultiplication
program and checks the results for errors. The unit
uses pulse circuitry which has been developed to
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arithmetic system and the circuits which perform the
required functions. These circuits include a full
binary adder, a phase-locked frequency divider which
provides a 3.125-megacycle secondary timing source, a
reshaping and retiming circuit using germanium diodes
and capacitive storage, a high-speed shift register, a
high-speed indicator register, and a binary word
generator.\par
Various novel features of a digital system operating at
these high speeds are described. These include the use
of coaxial delay lines for the distribution of signals
d and as storage elements, and the use of secondary
emission tubes in amplifier and multivibrator
circuits.\par
In a 50-megacycle system the interdependence of the
space and time dimensions is marked, and although this
introduces problems which are not ordinarily
encountered in computing systems, it may be used
advantageously to provide features such as the
variable-phase clock system used in the arithmetic
unit.\par
The performance and reliability of the arithmetic unit
are discussed as well as the reliability of the
components and circuits which make up the system.
Although the techniques and circuitry discussed here
have been applied only to a relatively simple
arithmetic unit, it is felt that they could be useful
in a variety of high-speed computing and measurements
applications.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
book-URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5288520",
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}pfstamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5392687; http://www.research.ibm.com/journal/rd/013/ibmrd0103H.pdfAn experimental 50-megacycle arithmetic unit has been built which performs a repetitive multiplication program and checks the results for errors. The unit uses pulse circuitry which has been developed to perform digital operations at a 50-megacycle pulse-repetition rate. This paper describes the arithmetic system and the circuits which perform the required functions. These circuits include a full binary adder, a phase-locked frequency divider which provides a 3.125-megacycle secondary timing source, a reshaping and retiming circuit using germanium diodes and capacitive storage, a high-speed shift register, a high-speed indicator register, and a binary word generator.par Various novel features of a digital system operating at these high speeds are described. These include the use of coaxial delay lines for the distribution of signals and as storage elements, and the use of secondary emission tubes in amplifier and multgivibrator circuits.par In a 50-megacycle system the interdependence of the space and time dimensions is marked, and although this introduces problems which are not ordinarily encountered in computing systems, it may be used advantageously to provide features such as the variable-phase clock system used in the arithmetic unit.par The performance and reliability of the arithmetic unit are discussed as well as the reliability of the components and circuits which make up the system. Although the techniques and circuitry discussed here have been applied only to a relatively simple arithmetic unit, it is felt that they could be useful in a variety of high-speed computing and measurements applications.IBM Journal of Research and Developmentack-nhfbhttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5288520http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5288520An experimental 50-megacycle arithmetic unit has been built which performs a repetitive multiplication program and checks the results for errorhs. The unit uses pulse circuitry which has been developed to perform digital operations at a 50-megacycle pulse-repetition rate. This paper describes the arithmetic system and the circuits which perform the required functions. These circuits include a full binary adder, a phase-locked frequency divider which provides a 3.125-megacycle secondary timing source, a reshaping and retiming circuit using germanium diodes and capacitive storage, a high-speed shift register, a high-speed indicator register, and a binary word generator.\par Various novel features of a digital system operating at these high speeds are described. These include the use of coaxial delay lines for the distribution of signals and as storage elements, and the use of secondary emission tubes in amplifier and multivibrator circuits.\par In a 50-megacycle system the interdependence of the space and time dimensions is marked, and although this introduces problems which are not ordinarily encountered in computing systems, it may be used advantiageously to provide features such as the variable-phase clock system used in the arithmetic unit.\par The performance and reliability of the arithmetic unit are discussed as well as the reliability of the components and circuits which make up the system. Although the techniques and circuitry discussed here have been applied only to a relatively simple arithmetic unit, it is felt that they could be useful in a variety of high-speed computing and measurements applications.R. M. Walker and D. E. Rosenheim and P. A. Lewis and A. G. AndersonAn Experimental 50-Megacycle Arithmetic Unit
@Article{Walker:1957:EMA,
author = "R. M. Walker and D. E. Rosenheim and P. A. Lewis and
A. G. Anderson",
title = "An Experimental 50-Megacycle Arithmetic Unit",
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URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5392687;
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abstract = "An experimental 50-megacycle arithmetic unit has been
built which performs a repetitive multiplication
program and checks the results for errors. The unit
uses pulse circuitry which has been developed to
perform digital operations at a 50-megacycle
pulse-repetition rate. This paper describes the
arithmetic system and the circuits which pkerform the
required functions. These circuits include a full
binary adder, a phase-locked frequency divider which
provides a 3.125-megacycle secondary timing source, a
reshaping and retiming circuit using germanium diodes
and capacitive storage, a high-speed shift register, a
high-speed indicator register, and a binary word
generator.\par
Various novel features of a digital system operating at
these high speeds are described. These include the use
of coaxial delay lines for the distribution of signals
and as storage elements, and the use of secondary
emission tubes in amplifier and multivibrator
circuits.\par
In a 50-megacycle system the interdependence of the
space and time dimensions is marked, and although this
introduces problems which are not ordinarily
encountered in computing systems, it may be used
advantageously to provide features such as the
variable-phase clock system used in the arithmetic
unit.\par
The performance and reliability of the arithmetic unit
are discussed as well as the reliability of the
components and circuits which make up the system.
Although the techniques and circuitry discussed here
have been applied only to a relatively simple
arithmetic unit, it is felt that they could be useful
in a variety of high-speed computing and measurements
applications.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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FFp^#+eU57E;S[YeYarticlefparith.bibWalker:1957:EMAR. M. Walker and D. E. Rosenheim and P. A. Lewis and A. G. AndersonAn Experimental 50-Megacycle Arithmetic Unitj-IBM-JRD13257--278jul71957IBMJAEhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1147/rd.13.02570018-8646 (print), 2151-8556 (electronic) OR 00188646 (print), 21518556 (electronic)0018-8646 OR 00188646Tue Sep 11 15:35:35 MDT 2012http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber=5288520; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ibmjrd.bib; http://www.research.ibm.com/journal/2012.09.11 15:35:35 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/eog Multiplier Using Carriers",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
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number = "1",
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month = mar,
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bibdate = "Thu Jun 30 16:07:23 MDT 2011",
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@Article{Weibel:1957:EAM,
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type = "{AR} Memo",
number = "294 (AD 207929)",
institution = "Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Naval
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address = "Cambridge, MA, USA",
pages = "7",
day = "23",
month = oct,
year = "1958",
bibdate = "Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}r.bibAnonymous:1958:ARMAnonymousAnalysis and research memorandum 294AR Memo294 (AD 207929)Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Naval Supersonic LaboratoryCambridge, MA, USA723oct101958Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1996.02.24 15:01:45 MSTError functions.; Floating-point arithmetic.ack-nhfbAnonymousAnalysis and research memorandum 294
@TechReport{Anonymous:1958:ARM,
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day = "23",
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bibdate = "Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}r Square-Root Computation",
journal = j-CACM,
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number = "1",
pages = "6--7",
month = jan,
year = "1958",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
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bibdate = "Thu Sep 15 18:35:46 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
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acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}s5577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Thu Sep 15 18:35:46 1994ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.09.15 18:35:46 ???Communications of the ACMack-njhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79Robert W. BemerA Machine Method for Square-Root Computation
@Article{Bemer:1958:MMS,
author = "Robert W. Bemer",
title = "A Machine Method for Square-Root Computation",
journal = j-CACM,
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number = "1",
pages = "6--7",
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} Calculating Logarithms",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "1",
number = "5",
pages = "5--7",
month = may,
year = "1958",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 1 10:16:09 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}t
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author = "Michael F. Cowlishaw",
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volume = "2",
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author = "Shay Gueron",
title = "Flying in a floating (6!pa
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author = "Johann Gro{\ss}sch{\"a}dl",
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@Article{Gu:2009:SDB,
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@Article{Guffin:1962:CSL,
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@Article{Guest:1984:RNS,
author = "C. C. Guest and M. M. Mirsalehi and T. K. Gaylord",
txK
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author = "Li Zhen Gu and Xing Yuan Chen",
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@Article{Gruner:1980:IUC,
author = "K. Gr{\"u}ner",
title = "Implementation of Unput.bib2011.07.14 15:34:11 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219830IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbJohn E. CroyImproved Arrangement of a Decimal Multiplier
@Article{Croy:1960:IAD,
author = "John E. Croy",
title = "Improved Arrangement of a Decimal Multiplier",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-9",
number = "2",
pages = "263--263",
month = jun,
year = "1960",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1960.5219830",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 15:34:11 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
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URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219830",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}}: {Errors} Due to Overflow in
Arithmetic Operations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "3",
number = "12",
pages = "A9--A9",
month = dec,
year = "1960",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 25 18:19:29 MST 2005",
bibsource = "http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "See \cite{Ercoli:1957:EDO}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}tal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79Paolo ErcoliSee \cite{Ercoli:1957:EDO}.Letter to the {Editor}: {Errors} Due to Overflow in Arithmetic Operations
@Article{Ercoli:1960:LEE,
author = "Paolo Ercoli",
title = "Letter to the {Editor}: {Errors} Due to Overflow in
Arithmetic Operations",
journal = j-CACM,
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month = dec,
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note = "See \cite{Ercoli:1957:EDO}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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YY #+%57E5;??c%Ccarticlefparith.bibErcoli:1960:LEEPaolo ErcoliLetter to the Editor: Errors Due to Overflow in Arithmetic Operationsj-CACM312A9--A9dec121960CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Fri Nov 25 18:19:29 MST 2005http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.11.25 18:19:29 MSTSee cite Ercoli:1957:EDO.Communications of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://porion Process for Digital
Computers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "3",
number = "4",
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month = apr,
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}icle{Gurzi:1960:HSM,
author = "Fred Gurzi",
title = "A High-Speed Multiplication Process for Digital
Computers",
journal = j-CACM,
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number = "4",
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WW #)!57E1;?c!articlefparith.bibGurzi:1960:HSMFred GurziA High-Speed Multiplication Process for Digital Computersj-CACM34241--245apr41960CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Fri Nov 25 18:19:26 MST 2005http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm3.html#Gurzi60; http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.11.25 18:19:26 MSTCommunications of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79Fred GurziA High-Speed Multiplication Process for Digital Computers
@Arts for floating point trigonometric,
inverse trigonometric hyperbolic and exponential
functions",
type = "Group report",
number = "30G-0009",
institution = "Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lincoln
Laboratory",
address = "Lexington, MA, USA",
pages = "7",
year = "1960",
bibdate = "Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "Trigonometrical functions --- Computer programs.",
remark = "Cover title. ``Millstone Hill Radar Station.'' ``1
November 1960.'' Air Force Contract",
}``Millstone Hill Radar Station.'' ``1 November 1960.'' Air Force Contractack-nhfbB. A. JensenCoding instructions for floating point trigonometric, inverse trigonometric hyperbolic and exponential functions
@TechReport{Jensen:1960:CIF,
author = "B. A. Jensen",
title = "Coding instructions for floating point trigonometric,
inverse trigonometric hyperbolic and exponential
functions",
type = "Group report",
number = "30G-0009",
institution = "Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lincoln
Laboratory",
address = "Lexington, MA, USA",
pages = "7",
year = "1960",
bibdate = "Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
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ll| [ #)+A57-E[;7q?cq+WAarticlefparith.bibKnuth:1960:INSDonald E. KnuthAn Imaginary Number Systemj-CACM34245--247apr41960CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 0001078265.9923\#B554C. B. HaselgroveFri Nov 25 18:19:26 MST 2005http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journalxX !#+%m%1Em;m9%mktechreportfparith.bibJensen:1960:CIFB. A. JensenCoding instructions for floating point trigonometric, inverse trigonometric hyperbolic and exponential functionsGroup report30G-0009Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lincoln LaboratoryLexington, MA, USA71960Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1996.02.24 15:01:45 MSTTrigonometrical functions --- Computer programs.Cover title. System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "3",
number = "4",
pages = "245--247",
month = apr,
year = "1960",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.99",
MRnumber = "23\#B554",
MRreviewer = "C. B. Haselgrove",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 25 18:19:26 MST 2005",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm3.html#Knuth60;
http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
MathSciNet database",
note = "Errata, {\sl Commun\-i\-ca\-tions of the ACM\/ \bf 4}
(August 1961), 355 \cite{Knuth:1961:EIN}. See
\cite{Nadler:1961:DSR} for extension to division and
square root.",
abstract = "For centuries the decimal number system reigned
supreme, except, perhaps, among the Mayan Indians,
until the advent of digital computers brought the
binary and octal systems into the limelight. This paper
introduces another number system which may prove useful
for manipulating complex numbers on machines.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}s/cacm/cacm3.html#Knuth60; http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; MathSciNet database2005.11.25 18:19:26 MSTErrata, sl Communications of the ACM bf 4 (August 1961), 355 cite Knuth:1961:EIN. See cite Nadler:1961:DSR for extension to division and square root.For centuries the decimal number system reigned supreme, except, perhaps, among the Mayan Indians, until the advent of digital computers brought the binary and octal systems into the limelight. This paper introduces another number system which may prove useful for manipulating complex numbers on machines.Communications of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79For centuries the decimal number system reigned supreme, except, perhaps, among the Mayan Indians, until the advent of digital computers brought the binary and octal systems into the limelight. This paper introduces another number system which may prove useful for manipulating complex numbers on machines.Donald E. KnuthErrata, {\sl Commun\-i\-ca\-tions of the ACM\/ \bf 4} (August 1961), 355 \cite{Knuth:1961:EIN}. See \cite{Nadler:1961:DSR} for extension to division and square root.An Imaginary Number System
@Article{Knuth:1960:INS,
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bibdate = "Fri Nov 25 18:19:26 MST 2005",
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http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib;
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MathSciNet database",
note = "Errata, {\sl Commun\-i\-ca\-tions of the ACM\/ \bf 4}
(August 1961), 355 \cite{Knuth:1961:EIN}. See
\cite{Nadler:1961:DSR} for extension to division and
square root.",
abstract = "For centuries the decimal number system reigned
supreme, except, perhaps, among the Mayan Indians,
until the advent of digital computers brought the
binary and octal systems into the limelight. This paper
introduces another number system which may prove useful
for manipulating complex numbers on machines.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
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} of Round-Off Errors in the
Numerical Integration of the Heat Equation",
journal = j-MATH-COMPUT,
volume = "14",
number = "70",
pages = "139--146",
month = apr,
year = "1960",
CODEN = "MCMPAF",
ISSN = "0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0025-5718",
bibdate = "Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Mathematics of Computation",
journal-URL = "http://www.ams.org/mcom/",
}
&Lr
@Article{Knuth:1960:INS,
author = "Donald E. Knuth",
title = "An Imaginary Number=
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title = "Less Complex Elementary%00255718Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1998.10.13 08:06:19 MDTMathematics of Computationack-nhfbhttp://www.ams.org/mcom/Arnold N. LowanOn the Propagation of Round-Off Errors in the Numerical Integration of the Heat Equation
@Article{Lowan:1960:PREa,
author = "Arnold N. Lowan",
title = "On the Propagation of Round-Off Errors in the
Numerical Integration of the Heat Equation",
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pages = "139--146",
month = apr,
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""`"Y #++9'57E
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55G#W #+Y=m;''articlefparith.bibPawlak:1960:ODCZ. PawlakThe organization of a digital computer based on the `$ - 2 $' systemBull. Acad. Pol. Sci., Ser. Tech. Sci.8253--2581960Thu Nov 06 06:00:08 2014http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2014.11.06 06:00:08 ???negative baseack-nhfbZ. PawlakThe organization of a digital computer based on the `$ - 2 $' system
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}h Precision Calculation of $ \operatorname {Arcsin}
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@Article{Perlin:1960:HPC,
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title = "High Precision Calculation of $ \operatorname {Arcsin}
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UU%V #)o57;m;?cowarticlefparith.bibPerry:1960:CBFC. PerryConversion between floating poin x$Y#+I;'57Ek;A=IQGarticlefparith.bibPerlin:1960:HPCI. E. Perlin and J. R. GarrettHigh Precision Calculation of $ operatorname Arcsin x $, $ operatorname Arccos x $, and $ operatorname Arctan x $ (in Technical Notes and Short Papers)j-MATH-COMPUT1471270--274jul71960MCMPAF0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic) OR 00255718 (print), 10886842 (electronic)0025-5718 OR 00255718Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1998.10.13 08:06:19 MDTMathematics of Computationack-njhttp://www.ams.org/mcom/I. E. Perlin and J. R. GarrettHigh Precision Calculation of $ \operatorname {Arcsin} x $, $ \operg point representations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "3",
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JJ*(Y #/)57E5;?Mc)articlefparith.bibSarafyan:1960:DCSDiran SarafyanDivisionless computation of square roots through continued squaringj-CACM35319--321may51960CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 0001078265.0022\#8639Fri Nov 25 18:19:26 MST 2005http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.11.25 18:19:26 MSTCommunications of the ACM$sqrt (x)$; elementary functionsack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79Diran SarafyanDivisionlesr}: Rounding in Floating-Point
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?)Y #+'57E5;?ac'karticlefparith.bibSilver:1960:LERRoland SilverLetter to the Editor: Rounding in Floating-Point Arithmeticj-CACM312A9--A9dec121960CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Fri Nov 25 18:19:29 MST 2005http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.11.25 18:19:29 MSTCommunications of the ACMfloating-point arithmetic;tion Logic",
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/*U #/#I#=m;;#Iarticlefparith.bibSklansky:1960:CSAJ. SklanskyConditional Sum Addition Logicj-TRANS-IREEC-92226--230jun61960Fri Nov 09 19:17:08 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.11.09 19:17:08 ???Transactions of the IREack-nhfbJ. SklanskyConditional Sum Addition Logic
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T+Y #)#S57E1;C?c#GWkarticlefparith.bibTraub:1960:CNMJ. F. TraubComments on a recent paper [``A New Method of Computation of Square Roots Without Using Division'']j-CACM3286--86feb21960CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Fri Nov 25 18:19:25 MST 2005http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm3.html#Traub60; http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.11.25 18:19:25 MSTSee cite Sarafyan:1959:NMC.Communications of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79J. F. TraubSee \cite{Sarafyan:1959:NMC}.Comments on a recent paper [{``A New Method of Computation of Square Roots Without Using Division''}]
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abstract = "Three types of floating-point arithmetics with error
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T T@-W #1+e!577-=;7U+emarticlefparith.bibWilkinson:1960:EAFJ. H. WilkinsonError Analysis of Floating-Point Computationj-NUM-MATH2319--340dec121960NUMMA70029-599X (print), 0945-3245 (electronic) OR 0029599X (print), 09453245 (electronic)0029-599X OR 0029599X65.00MR0116477 (22 \#7264)C. B. HaselgroveFri May 14 17:18:08 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wilkinson-james-ha P,X #'#A57'=m;)1Me-)#A
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DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01933434",
ISSN = "0006-3835 (print), 1572-9125 (electronic)",
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}#. 87--88]j-NORDISK-TIDSKR-INFORM-BEHAND13220--222sep91961BITTEL, NBITABhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF019334340006-3835 (print), 1572-9125 (electronic) OR 00063835 (print), 15729125 (electronic)0006-3835 OR 00063835Wed Jan 4 18:52:07 MST 2006http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=issue&issn=0006-3835&volume=1&issue=3; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bit.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2006.01.04 18:52:07 MSTSee cite Garwick:1961:AFP,Garwick:1961:RAF.http://www.springerlink.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0006-3835&volume=1&issue=3&spage=220floating-point accuracy; floating-point arithmeticack-nhfbhttp://link.springer.com/journal/10543O. Amble and Jan V. GarwickSee \cite{Garwick:1961:AFP,Garwick:1961:RAF}.On the Accuracy of Floating Point Computers {[BIT {\bf 1}(2), 1961, pp. 87--88]}
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year = "1961",
bibdate = "Fri Aug 20 10:05:25 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "Cited in \cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
}
OO-/U !#1==E[=m;M= techreportfparith.bibAnonymous:1961:MCMAnonymousModern Computing MethodsNotes on Applied Science16National Physical LaboratoryHer Majesty's Stationery Office, London220--2221961Fri Aug 20 10:05:25 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2010.08.20 10:05:25 ???Cited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.ack-nhfbAnonymousModern Computing Methods
@TechReport{Anonymous:1961:MCM,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Modern Computing Methods",
type = "Notes on Applied Science",
number = "16",
institution = "National Physical Laboratory",
address = "Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London",
year = "1961",
bibdate = "Fri Aug 20 10:05:25 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "Cited in \cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
}-Digit Number Representations for Fast Parallel
Arithmetic",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-10",
number = "3",
pages = "389--400",
month = sep,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.5219227",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 14:45:04 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219227",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}
c/=cwo
@Article{Boldo:2009:FVA,
author = "S. Boldo and M. Daumas and Ren-Cang Li",
title = L7
@Article{Boldo:2009:KAC,
author = "S. Boldo",
title = "{Kahan}'s Algorithm for a LO
@Article{Boldo:2011:EAE,
author = "Sylvie Boldo and Jean-Michel Muller",
title = PKm
@Article{Bomar:1995:RNA,
author = "B. W. Bomar and L. M. Smith and R. D. Joseph",
title .%"E
@Article{Boldo:2011:FVN,
author = "Sylvie Boldo and Claude March{\'e}",
title = "PS;w
@Article{Boley:1995:FPF,
author = "D. Boley and G. H. Golub and S. Makar and N. Saxena
.wo
@Article{Boldo:2008:EFC,
author = "Sylvie Boldo and Guillaume Melquiond",
title = "Emulation of a {FMA} aK
C
@Article{Boldo:2007:FPD,
author = "Sylvie Boldo and Marc Daumas and Pascal Giorgi",
title = "Formal proof for delayed finite field arithmetic using
floating point oH219227IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbAlgirdas Avi{\v{z}}ienisSigned-Digit Number Representations for Fast Parallel Arithmetic
@Article{Avizienis:1961:SDN,
author = "Algirdas Avi{\v{z}}ienis",
title = "Signed-Digit Number Representations for Fast Parallel
Arithmetic",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-10",
number = "3",
pages = "389--400",
month = sep,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.5219227",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 14:45:04 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219227",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}
10Y #11
;a7E;]=
iarticlefparith.bibAvizienis:1961:SDNAlgirdas AvizienisSigned-Digit Number Representations for Fast Parallel Arithmeticj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-103389--400sep91961IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.52192270367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jul 14 14:45:04 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 14:45:04 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5),relator Based on the Residue Number
System",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-10",
number = "1",
pages = "63--70",
month = mar,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.5219154",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 14:45:02 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219154",
abstract = "A system design for a digital correlator based on the
application of the residue number system for
computation is presented. Areas of investigation
include sampling, analog-to-residue conversion, logical
design of the arithmetic units, residue-to-analog
conversion, and modes of operation of the proposed
digital correlator. The advantages of speed of
computation and simplicity of logic due to the use of a
residue number system are shown to result in a
significantly faster and simpler system than if a
conventional number system were used. The resulting
digital correlator is designed for megacycle sampling
and computation with a 0.1 per cent system precision.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}.igation include sampling, analog-to-residue conversion, logical design of the arithmetic units, residue-to-analog conversion, and modes of operation of the proposed digital correlator. The advantages of speed of computation and simplicity of logic due to the use of a residue number system are shown to result in a significantly faster and simpler system than if a conventional number system were used. The resulting digital correlator is designed for megacycle sampling and computation with a 0.1 per cent system precision.IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbA system design for a digital correlator based on the application of the residue number system for computation is presented. Areas of investigation include sampling, analog-to-residue conversion, logical design of the arithmetic units, residue-to-analog conversion, and modes of operation of the proposed digital correlator. The advantages of speed of computation and simplicity of logic due to the use of a residue number system are shown to resul/t in a significantly faster and simpler system than if a conventional number system were used. The resulting digital correlator is designed for megacycle sampling and computation with a 0.1 per cent system precision.Philip Warren CheneyA Digital Correlator Based on the Residue Number System
@Article{Cheney:1961:DCB,
author = "Philip Warren Cheney",
title = "A Digital Correlator Based on the Residue Number
System",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-10",
number = "1",
pages = "63--70",
month = mar,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.5219154",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 14:45:02 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219154",
abstract = "A system design for a digital correlator based on the
application of the residue number system for
computation is presented. Areas of investigation
include sampling, analog-to-residue conversion, logical
design of the arithmetic units, residue-to-analog
conversion, and modes of operation of the proposed
digital correlator. The advantages of speed of
computation and simplicity of logic due to the use of a
residue number system are shown to result in a
significantly faster and simpler system than if a
conventional number system were used. The resulting
digital correlator is designed for megacycle sampling
and computation with a 0.1 per cent system precision.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}
=!2V #/)c57=m;?c)carticlefparith.bibClarkson:1961:DMIW. K. ClarksonA Divisionless Method of Inte2/1Y #+5{;a7E;=]=5{7articlefparith.bibCheney:1961:DCBPhilip Warren CheneyA Digital Correlator Based on the Residue Number Systemj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-10163--70mar31961IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.52191540367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jul 14 14:45:02 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 14:45:02 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219154A system design for a digital correlator based on the application of the residue number system for computation is presented. Areas of invest-thod of Integer Conversion",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "4",
number = "7",
pages = "315--316",
month = jul,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 08:14:59 1994",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}ger Conversionj-CACM47315--316jul71961CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Thu Sep 08 08:14:59 1994http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.09.08 08:14:59 ???Communications of the ACMack-njhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79W. K. ClarksonA Divisionless Method of Integer Conversion
@Article{Clarkson:1961:DMI,
author = "W. K. Clarkson",
title = "A Divisionless Method of Integer Conversion",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "4",
number = "7",
pages = "315--316",
month = jul,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 08:14:59 1994",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}Multiple Precision Arithmetic",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "4",
number = "8",
pages = "353",
month = aug,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 15 18:36:06 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Thu Sep 15 18:36:06 1994ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.09.15 18:36:06 ???Communications of the ACMack-njhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79A. G. Cox and H. A. LutherA Note on Multiple Precision Arithmetic
@Article{Cox:1961:NMP,
author = "A. G. Cox and H. A. Luther",
title = "A Note on Multiple Precision Arithmetic",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "4",
number = "8",
pages = "353",
month = aug,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 15 18:36:06 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}
RR4Y #'%];a7E;]%]articlefparith.bibCroy:1961:RTMJohn E. CroyRapid Technique of Manual or Machine Binary-to-Decimal Integer Conversion Using Decimal Radix Arithmeticj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-104777--777dec121961IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.52192860367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jul 14 14:45:05 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 14:45:05 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219286IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-n73W#%A[57=K;?cA[articlefparith.bibCox:1961:NMPA. G. Cox and H. A. LutherA Note on Multiple Precision Arithmeticj-CACM48353aug81961CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (4al or Machine Binary-to-Decimal
Integer Conversion Using Decimal Radix Arithmetic",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-10",
number = "4",
pages = "777--777",
month = dec,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.5219286",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 14:45:05 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219286",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}hfbJohn E. CroyRapid Technique of Manual or Machine Binary-to-Decimal Integer Conversion Using Decimal Radix Arithmetic
@Article{Croy:1961:RTM,
author = "John E. Croy",
title = "Rapid Technique of Manual or Machine Binary-to-Decimal
Integer Conversion Using Decimal Radix Arithmetic",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-10",
number = "4",
pages = "777--777",
month = dec,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.5219286",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 14:45:05 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219286",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}s of certain binary division
algorithms",
journal = j-IRE-PROC,
volume = "49",
number = "1",
pages = "91--103",
month = jan,
year = "1961",
bibdate = "Mon Sep 16 16:12:21 2002",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-sfo # " and " # ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Proceedings",
xxnote = "Check author name: I have found this paper cited both
as Freiman and as Frieman?? Hennessy and Patterson
\cite{Hennessy:2002:CAQ} have Freiman.",
}bibFreiman:1961:SACC. V. FreimanStatistical analysis of certain binary division algorithmsj-IRE-PROC49191--103jan11961Mon Sep 16 16:12:21 2002http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2002.09.16 16:12:21 ???IRE Proceedingsack-sfoC. V. FreimanStatistical analysis of certain binary division algorithms
@Article{Freiman:1961:SAC,
author = "C. V. Freiman",
title = "Statistical analysis of certain binary division
algorithms",
journal = j-IRE-PROC,
volume = "49",
number = "1",
pages = "91--103",
month = jan,
year = "1961",
bibdate = "Mon Sep 16 16:12:21 2002",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-sfo # " and " # ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Proceedings",
xxnote = "Check author name: I have found this paper cited both
as Freiman and as Frieman?? Hennessy and Patterson
\cite{Hennessy:2002:CAQ} have Freiman.",
}
T7Z #-)]I)U57C;
IqY)]{articlefpariEg6\!#+[U51=m;#yy[Uw
techreportfparith.bibGarner:1961:>[5W #-'!=m;+'
articlefparith.9U #1+_!=m;]++a_articlefparith.bibMacSorley:1961:HSAO. L. MacSorleyHigh-speed arithmetic in binary computersj-IRE-PROC4967--91jan11961Sat May 18 14:34:55 2002http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2002.05.18 14:34:55 ???Reprinted in cite Swartzlander:1976:CDD.IRE Proceedingsack-nhfbO. L. MacSorleyReprinted in \cite{Swartzlander:1976:CDD}.High-speed arithmetic in binary computers
@Article{MacSorley:1961:HSA,
author = "O. L. MacSorley",
title = "High-speed arithmetic in binary computers",
journal = j-IRE-PROC,
volume = "49",
number = "??",
pages = "67--91",
month = jan,
year = "1961",
bibdate = "Sat May 18 14:34:55 2002",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Reprinted in \cite{Swartzlander:1976:CDD}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Proceedings",
}root in the quater-imaginary
number system",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "4",
number = "4",
pages = "192--193",
month = apr,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.99",
MRnumber = "23\#B555",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 25 18:19:32 MST 2005",
bibsource = "http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "See \cite{Knuth:1960:INS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
keywords = "$\sqrt(x)$; elementary functions",
ZMreviewer = "C. B. Haselgrove",
}ber system
@Article{Nadler:1961:DSR,
author = "Morton Nadler",
title = "Division and square root in the quater-imaginary
number system",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "4",
number = "4",
pages = "192--193",
month = apr,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.99",
MRnumber = "23\#B555",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 25 18:19:32 MST 2005",
bibsource = "http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "See \cite{Knuth:1960:INS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
keywords = "$\sqrt(x)$; elementary functions",
ZMreviewer = "C. B. Haselgrove",
}
|?Y #+' 57E5;=?Mc'A qarticlefparith.bibNadler:1961:DSRMorton NadlerDivision and square root in the quater-imaginary number systemj-CACM44192--193apr41961CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 0001078265.9923\#B555Fri Nov 25 18:19:32 MST 2005http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.11.25 18:19:32 MSTSee cite Knuth:1960:INS.Communications of the ACM$sqrt (x)$; elementary functionsack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79Morton NadlerSee \cite{Knuth:1960:INS}.Division and square root in the quater-imaginary num\_ "1223--1230",
month = dec,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "AASTAD",
ISSN = "0003-4851",
bibdate = "Thu Feb 15 15:07:57 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
URL = "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-4851%28196112%2932%3A4%3C1223%3AOTDOFS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-T",
abstract = "It has been noticed by astute observers that well used
tables of logarithms are invariably dirtier at the
front than at the back. Upon reflection one is led to
inquire whether there are more physical constants with
low order first significant digits than high. Actual
counts by Benford [2] show that not only is this the
case but that it seems to be an empirical truth that
whenever one has a large body of physical data,
Farmer's Almanac, Census Reports, Chemical Rubber
Handbook, etc., the proportion` of these data with first
significant digit $n$ or less is approximately $
\log_{10}(n + 1) $. Any reader formerly unaware of this
``peculiarity'' will find an actual sampling experiment
wondrously tantalizing. Thus, for example,
approximately $ 0.7 $ of the physical constants in the
Chemical Rubber Handbook begin with $4$ or less ($
\log_{10}(4 + 1) = 0.699 $ ). This is to be contrasted
with the widespread intuitive evaluation $ 4 / 9 $
ths.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Annals of Mathematical Statistics",
keywords = "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
remark = "From p. 1223: ``\ldots{} the proportion of these data
with first significant digit $n$ or less is
approximately $ \log_{10}(n + 1) $.''\par
\ldots{} ``The only distribution for first significant
digits which is invariant under scale change of the
underlying distribution is $ \log_{10}(n + 1) $.
Contrary to suspicion this is a non-trivial
mathematical result, for the variable $n$ is
discrete.''.\par
From p. 1230: ``The foregoing results bear on questions
of round-off in computing machines. Since $ d(u v) = u
d v + v d u $, the error resulting from multiplying two
rounded numbers will be governed primarily by the first
significant digits of the two numbers being multiplied.
Now the distribution of first significant digits,
favoring as it does low order digits, tends to produce
less error than would be the case if first significant
digits were uniform as has sometimes been
assumed.''\par
Cited in \cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
}
++&Lr|y
@Article{Shen:2013:SCC,
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@Article{Shepherd:1971:RSL,
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@Article{Shenoy:1989:FBE,
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title = "FastƇkW
@Article{Shen:1984:DET,
author = "J. P. Shen and F. J. Ferguson",
title = "The Dec. Upon reflection one is led to inquire whether there are more physical constants with low order first significant digits than high. Actual counts by Benford [2] show that not only is this the case but that it seems to be an empirical truth that whenever one has a large body of physical data, Farmer's Almanac, Census Reports, Chemical Rubber Handbook, etc., the proportion of these data with first significant digit $n$ or less is approximately $ log _10(n + 1) $. Any reader formerly unaware of this ``peculiarity'' will find an actual sampling experiment wondrously tantalizing. Thus, for example, approximately $ 0.7 $ of the physical constants in the Chemical Rubber Handbook begin with $4$ or less ($ log _10(4 + 1) = 0.699 $ ). This is to be contrasted with the widespread intuitive evaluation $ 4 / 9 $ ths.Annals of Mathematical StatisticsBenford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's LawFrom p. 1223: ``ldots the proportion of these data with first significant digit $n$ or less is approximately $ log _10(nd + 1) $.''par ldots ``The only distribution for first significant digits which is invariant under scale change of the underlying distribution is $ log _10(n + 1) $. Contrary to suspicion this is a non-trivial mathematical result, for the variable $n$ is discrete.''.par From p. 1230: ``The foregoing results bear on questions of round-off in computing machines. Since $ d(u v) = u d v + v d u $, the error resulting from multiplying two rounded numbers will be governed primarily by the first significant digits of the two numbers being multiplied. Now the distribution of first significant digits, favoring as it does low order digits, tends to produce less error than would be the case if first significant digits were uniform as has sometimes been assumed.''par Cited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.ack-nhfbIt has been noticed by astute observers that well used tables of logarithms are invariably dirtier at the front than at the back. Upon reflection one is led to inquire whether there are more physical constants with elow order first significant digits than high. Actual counts by Benford [2] show that not only is this the case but that it seems to be an empirical truth that whenever one has a large body of physical data, Farmer's Almanac, Census Reports, Chemical Rubber Handbook, etc., the proportion of these data with first significant digit $n$ or less is approximately $ \log_{10}(n + 1) $. Any reader formerly unaware of this ``peculiarity'' will find an actual sampling experiment wondrously tantalizing. Thus, for example, approximately $ 0.7 $ of the physical constants in the Chemical Rubber Handbook begin with $4$ or less ($ \log_{10}(4 + 1) = 0.699 $ ). This is to be contrasted with the widespread intuitive evaluation $ 4 / 9 $ ths.Roger S. PinkhamOn the Distribution of First Significant Digits
@Article{Pinkham:1961:DFS,
author = "Roger S. Pinkham",
title = "On the Distribution of First Significant Digits",
journal = j-ANN-MATH-STAT,
volume = "32",
number = "4",
pages = f "1223--1230",
month = dec,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "AASTAD",
ISSN = "0003-4851",
bibdate = "Thu Feb 15 15:07:57 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
URL = "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-4851%28196112%2932%3A4%3C1223%3AOTDOFS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-T",
abstract = "It has been noticed by astute observers that well used
tables of logarithms are invariably dirtier at the
front than at the back. Upon reflection one is led to
inquire whether there are more physical constants with
low order first significant digits than high. Actual
counts by Benford [2] show that not only is this the
case but that it seems to be an empirical truth that
whenever one has a large body of physical data,
Farmer's Almanac, Census Reports, Chemical Rubber
Handbook, etc., the proportigon of these data with first
significant digit $n$ or less is approximately $
\log_{10}(n + 1) $. Any reader formerly unaware of this
``peculiarity'' will find an actual sampling experiment
wondrously tantalizing. Thus, for example,
approximately $ 0.7 $ of the physical constants in the
Chemical Rubber Handbook begin with $4$ or less ($
\log_{10}(4 + 1) = 0.699 $ ). This is to be contrasted
with the widespread intuitive evaluation $ 4 / 9 $
ths.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Annals of Mathematical Statistics",
keywords = "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
remark = "From p. 1223: ``\ldots{} the proportion of these data
with first significant digit $n$ or less is
approximately $ \log_{10}(n + 1) $.''\par
\ldots{} ``The only distribution for first significant
digits which is invariant under scale change of the
underlying distribution is $ \log_{10}(n + 1) $.
Contrary to suspicion this is a non-trivial
mathematical result, for the variable $n$ is
discrete.''.\par
From p. 1230: ``The foregoing results bear on questions
of round-off in computing machines. Since $ d(u v) = u
d v + v d u $, the error resulting from multiplying two
rounded numbers will be governed primarily by the first
significant digits of the two numbers being multiplied.
Now the distribution of first significant digits,
favoring as it does low order digits, tends to produce
less error than would be the case if first significant
digits were uniform as has sometimes been
assumed.''\par
Cited in \cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
}
JJmAV #3'C57=m;?c'Cuarticlefparith.bibRabinowitj@Y #--k+!7=m;CmOs7u-k5articlefparith.bibPinkham:1961:DFSRoger S. PinkhamOn the Distribution of First Significant Digitsj-ANN-MATH-STAT3241223--1230dec121961AASTAD0003-4851 OR 00034851Thu Feb 15 15:07:57 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.02.15 15:07:57 ???http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-4851%28196112%2932%3A4%3C1223%3AOTDOFS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-TIt has been noticed by astute observers that well used tables of logarithms are invariably dirtier at the front than at the backbon Division",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "4",
number = "2",
pages = "98--98",
month = feb,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 00:29:25 1994",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}z:1961:MPDP. RabinowitzMultiple-Precision Divisionj-CACM4298--98feb21961CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Thu Sep 08 00:29:25 1994http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.09.08 00:29:25 ???Communications of the ACMack-njhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79P. RabinowitzMultiple-Precision Division
@Article{Rabinowitz:1961:MPD,
author = "P. Rabinowitz",
title = "Multiple-Precision Division",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "4",
number = "2",
pages = "98--98",
month = feb,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 00:29:25 1994",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
} Time for Synchronous Binary
Division",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-10",
number = "2",
pages = "169--174",
month = jun,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.5219186",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 14:45:03 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219186",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219186IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbRoy G. SaltmanReducing Computing Time for Synchronous Binary Division
@Article{Saltman:1961:RCT,
author = "Roy G. Saltman",
title = "Reducing Computing Time for Synchronous Binary
Division",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-10",
number = "2",
pages = "169--174",
month = jun,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.5219186",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 14:45:03 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219186",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}
EE+CY #1)'57Ek;A=)M articlefparith.bibSpielberg:1961:ECFKurt SpielbergEfficient Continued Fraction Approximations To Elementary Functionsj-MATH-COMPUT1576409--417oct101961MCMPAF0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic) OR 00255718 (print), 10886842 (electronic)0025-5718 OR 00255718Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; httpoxBW #-){;a7E;]){?articlefparith.bibSaltman:1961:RCTRoy G. SaltmanReducing Computing Time for Synchronous Binary Divisionj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-102169--174jun61961IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.52191860367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jul 14 14:45:03 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 14:45:03 MDThttp://ieeexplorelued Fraction Approximations To
Elementary Functions",
journal = j-MATH-COMPUT,
volume = "15",
number = "76",
pages = "409--417",
month = oct,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "MCMPAF",
ISSN = "0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0025-5718",
bibdate = "Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR
database",
acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Mathematics of Computation",
journal-URL = "http://www.ams.org/mcom/",
}://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1998.10.13 08:06:19 MDTMathematics of Computationack-njhttp://www.ams.org/mcom/Kurt SpielbergEfficient Continued Fraction Approximations To Elementary Functions
@Article{Spielberg:1961:ECF,
author = "Kurt Spielberg",
title = "Efficient Continued Fraction Approximations To
Elementary Functions",
journal = j-MATH-COMPUT,
volume = "15",
number = "76",
pages = "409--417",
month = oct,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "MCMPAF",
ISSN = "0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0025-5718",
bibdate = "Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR
database",
acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Mathematics of Computation",
journal-URL = "http://www.ams.org/mcom/",
}Power Series in Terms of
Polynomials, Rational Approximations and Continued
Fractions",
journal = j-J-ACM,
volume = "8",
number = "4",
pages = "613--627",
month = oct,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "JACOAH",
ISSN = "0004-5411 (print), 1557-735X (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0004-5411",
bibdate = "Sat Dec 09 14:01:44 1995",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Journal of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J401",
}x/bib/fparith.bib1995.12.09 14:01:44 ???Journal of the ACMack-njhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J401K. SpielbergRepresentation of Power Series in Terms of Polynomials, Rational Approximations and Continued Fractions
@Article{Spielberg:1961:RPS,
author = "K. Spielberg",
title = "Representation of Power Series in Terms of
Polynomials, Rational Approximations and Continued
Fractions",
journal = j-J-ACM,
volume = "8",
number = "4",
pages = "613--627",
month = oct,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "JACOAH",
ISSN = "0004-5411 (print), 1557-735X (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0004-5411",
bibdate = "Sat Dec 09 14:01:44 1995",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Journal of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J401",
}
EX #'!O%-1%=m;M!MSEbookfparith.bibTaub:1961:JNCA. H. TaubJohn von Neumann: Collected Workspub-PERGAMONpub-PERGAMON:adr??? (vol. 1), 568 (vol. 2), 574 (vol. 3), 516 (vol. 4), ??? (vol. 5), ??? (vol. 6)1961t\DY #1%[57=K;1e%[Garticlefparith.bibSpielberg:1961:RPSK. SpielbergRepresentation of Power Series in Terms of Polynomials, Rational Approximations and Continued Fractionsj-J-ACM84613--627oct101961JACOAH0004-5411 (print), 1557-735X (electronic) OR 00045411 (print), 1557735X (electronic)0004-5411 OR 00045411Sat Dec 09 14:01:44 1995ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/teqd Works",
publisher = pub-PERGAMON,
address = pub-PERGAMON:adr,
pages = "??? (vol. 1), 568 (vol. 2), 574 (vol. 3), 516 (vol.
4), ??? (vol. 5), ??? (vol. 6)",
year = "1961--1963",
LCCN = "????",
bibdate = "Wed Jun 01 16:58:29 2005",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Six volumes. Volume I: Logic, Theory of Sets and
Quantum Mechanics (1961); Volume II: Operators, Ergodic
Theory and Almost Periodic Functions in a Group (1961);
Volume III: Rings of Operators (1961); Volume IV:
Continuous Geometry and Other Topics (1962); Volume V:
Design of Computers, Theory of Automata and Numerical
Analysis (1963); Volume VI: Theory of Games,
Astrophysics, Hydrodynamics and Meteorology (1963).",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}u -- 1963Wed Jun 01 16:58:29 2005http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.06.01 16:58:29 ???Six volumes. Volume I: Logic, Theory of Sets and Quantum Mechanics (1961); Volume II: Operators, Ergodic Theory and Almost Periodic Functions in a Group (1961); Volume III: Rings of Operators (1961); Volume IV: Continuous Geometry and Other Topics (1962); Volume V: Design of Computers, Theory of Automata and Numerical Analysis (1963); Volume VI: Theory of Games, Astrophysics, Hydrodynamics and Meteorology (1963).ack-nhfbA. H. TaubSix volumes. Volume I: Logic, Theory of Sets and Quantum Mechanics (1961); Volume II: Operators, Ergodic Theory and Almost Periodic Functions in a Group (1961); Volume III: Rings of Operators (1961); Volume IV: Continuous Geometry and Other Topics (1962); Volume V: Design of Computers, Theory of Automata and Numerical Analysis (1963); Volume VI: Theory of Games, Astrophysics, Hydrodynamics and Meteorology (1963).{John von Neumann}: Collected Works
@Book{Taub:1961:JNC,
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address = pub-PERGAMON:adr,
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bibdate = "Wed Jun 01 16:58:29 2005",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Six volumes. Volume I: Logic, Theory of Sets and
Quantum Mechanics (1961); Volume II: Operators, Ergodic
Theory and Almost Periodic Functions in a Group (1961);
Volume III: Rings of Operators (1961); Volume IV:
Continuous Geometry and Other Topics (1962); Volume V:
Design of Computers, Theory of Automata and Numerical
Analysis (1963); Volume VI: Theory of Games,
Astrophysics, Hydrodynamics and Meteorology (1963).",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}Square Root Expansions for the Inverse Cosine
and Inverse Hyperbolic Cosine",
journal = j-MATH-COMPUT,
volume = "15",
number = "76",
pages = "399--403",
month = oct,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "MCMPAF",
ISSN = "0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0025-5718",
bibdate = "Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
JSTOR database",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Mathematics of Computation",
journal-URL = "http://www.ams.org/mcom/",
}ue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1998.10.13 08:06:19 MDTMathematics of Computationack-nhfbhttp://www.ams.org/mcom/Henry C. {Thacher, Jr.}Iterated Square Root Expansions for the Inverse Cosine and Inverse Hyperbolic Cosine
@Article{Thacher:1961:ISR,
author = "Henry C. {Thacher, Jr.}",
title = "Iterated Square Root Expansions for the Inverse Cosine
and Inverse Hyperbolic Cosine",
journal = j-MATH-COMPUT,
volume = "15",
number = "76",
pages = "399--403",
month = oct,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "MCMPAF",
ISSN = "0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic)",
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sFY #-75'57E
;A=;5Warticlefparith.bibThacher:1961:ISRHenry C. Thacher, Jr.Iterated Square Root Expansions for the Inverse Cosine and Inverse Hyperbolic Cosinej-MATH-COMPUT1576399--403oct101961MCMPAF0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic) OR 00255718 (print), 10886842 (electronic)0025-5718 OR 00255718TwzDomestic Electronic Digital
Computing Systems",
type = "Report",
number = "1115",
institution = "Ballistic Research Laboratories",
address = "Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA",
pages = "1131",
month = mar,
year = "1961",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 28 19:37:51 2003",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "Based on the results of a third survey, the
engineering and programming characteristics of two
hundred twenty-two different electronic digital
computing systems are given. The data are presented
from the point of view of application, numerical and
arithmetic characteristics, input, output and storage
systems, construction and checking features, power,
space, weight, and site preparation and personnel
requirements, production records, cost and rental
rates, sale and lease policy, reliability, operating
experience, and time availability, engineering
modifications and improvements and other related
topics. An analysis of the survey data, fifteen
comparative tables, a discussion of trends, a revised
bibliography, and a complete glossary of computer
engineering and programming terminology are included.",
acknowledgement = ack-mfc # " and " # ack-nhfb,
}| output and storage systems, construction and checking features, power, space, weight, and site preparation and personnel requirements, production records, cost and rental rates, sale and lease policy, reliability, operating experience, and time availability, engineering modifications and improvements and other related topics. An analysis of the survey data, fifteen comparative tables, a discussion of trends, a revised bibliography, and a complete glossary of computer engineering and programming terminology are included.ack-mfcBased on the results of a third survey, the engineering and programming characteristics of two hundred twenty-two different electronic digital computing systems are given. The data are presented from the point of view of application, numerical and arithmetic characteristics, input, output and storage systems, construction and checking features, power, space, weight, and site preparation and personnel requirements, production records, cost and rental rates, sale and lease policy, rel}iability, operating experience, and time availability, engineering modifications and improvements and other related topics. An analysis of the survey data, fifteen comparative tables, a discussion of trends, a revised bibliography, and a complete glossary of computer engineering and programming terminology are included.Martin H. WeikA Third Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing Systems
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systems, construction and checking features, power,
space, weight, and site preparation and personnel
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rates, sale and lease policy, reliability, operating
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GY !#')KM=m;]])atechreportfparith.bibWeik:1961:TSDMartin H. WeikA Third Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing SystemsReport1115Ballistic Research LaboratoriesAberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA1131mar31961Fri Nov 28 19:37:51 2003http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2003.11.28 19:37:51 ???Based on the results of a third survey, the engineering and programming characteristics of two hundred twenty-two different electronic digital computing systems are given. The data are presented from the point of view of application, numerical and arithmetic characteristics, input,{lgorithm for Rapid Binary Division",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-10",
number = "4",
pages = "662--670",
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}4 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219271IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbJ. B. Wilson and R. S. LedleyAn Algorithm for Rapid Binary Division
@Article{Wilson:1961:ARB,
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aHW#+GY;a7E;]GY articlefparith.bibWilson:1961:ARBJ. B. Wilson and R. S. LedleyAn Algorithm for Rapid Binary Divisionj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-104662--670dec121961IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1961.52192710367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jul 14 14:45:04 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 14:45:0niac III} Arithmetic System",
crossref = "AFIPS:1962:APS",
pages = "192--202",
year = "1962",
bibdate = "Wed Feb 14 17:14:21 2007",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
--OIU '#3-M)=m;-Qcinproceedingsfparith.bibAshenhurst:1962:MIAR. L. AshenhurstThe Maniac III Arithmetic SystemAFIPS:1962:APS192--2021962Wed Feb 14 17:14:21 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.02.14 17:14:21 ???ack-nhfbR. L. AshenhurstThe {Maniac III} Arithmetic System
@InProceedings{Ashenhurst:1962:MIA,
author = "R. L. Ashenhurst",
title = "The {Maniac III} Arithmetic System",
crossref = "AFIPS:1962:APS",
pages = "192--202",
year = "1962",
bibdate = "Wed Feb 14 17:14:21 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}r system: {Project Stretch}",
publisher = pub-MCGRAW-HILL,
address = pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr,
pages = "xvii + 322",
year = "1962",
LCCN = "1876",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 19 10:02:31 MST 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/tukey-john-w.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ibmjrd.bib;
library.ox.ac.uk:210/ADVANCE",
note = "This important book is the primary description of the
influential IBM 7030 Stretch computer, written by its
architects.",
URL = "http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/IBM-7030-Planning-McJones.pdf",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "The text of the book is in the public domain, with the
permission of the author in 2003.
See \cite{MacKenzie:1991:IAL} for a remark about the
noisy mode for floating-point arithmetic in the IBM
7030 Stretch. That mode is first mentioned on page 25
of this book, and described in detail on page 102,
which states:
``By definition of ordinary normalized FLP operations,
numbers are frequently extended on the right by
attaching zeros. During addition the n-digit operand
that is not preshifted is extended with n zeros, so as
to provide the extra positions to which the preshifted
operand can be added. Any operand or result that is
shifted left to be normalized requires a corresponding
number of zeros to be shifted in at the right. Both
sets of zeros tend to produce numbers smaller in
absolute value than they would have been if more digits
had been carried. In the noisy mode these numbers are
simply extended with 1 s instead of zeros (1 s in a
binary machine, 9s in a decimal machine). So all
numbers tend to be too large in absolute value. The
true value, if there had been no significance loss,
should lie between these two extremes. Hence, two runs,
one made without and one made with the noisy mode,
should show differences in result that indicate which
digits may have been affected by significance loss.
The principal weakness of the noisy-mode procedure is
that it requires two runs for the same problem. A much
less important weakness is that the loss of
significance cannot be guaranteed to show up --- it
merely has a very high probability of showing up ---
whereas built-in significance checks can be made
slightly pessimistic, so that actual significance loss
will not be greater than indicated. On the other hand,
little extra hardware and no extra storage are required
for the noisy-mode approach. Furthermore, significance
loss is relatively rare, so that running a problem
twice when Significance loss is suspected does not pose
a serious problem. What is serious is the possibility
of unsuspected significance loss.
In discussions of significance two points are often
overlooked. The first of these is trivial: the best way
of ensuring significant results is to use an adequate
number of fraction digits. The second is almost equally
mundane: for a given procedure, normalized FLP
arithmetic will ordinarily produce the greatest
precision possible for the number of fraction digits
used. Normalized FLP arithmetic has been criticized
with respect to significance loss, because such loss is
not indicated by the creation of leading zeros, as it
is with fixed-point arithmetic. In other words, the
contention is not that normalized FLP arithmetic is
more prone to significance loss than equivalent
fixed-point arithmetic, which would be untrue, but that
an equivalent indication of such loss is not provided.
Loss of significance, however, is also a serious
problem in fixed-point arithmetic; multiplication and
division do not handle it at all correctly by means of
leading zeros. (In particular, fixed-point
multiplication may lead to serious or even total
significance loss, which would not have occurred with
normalized FLP arithmetic: and although leading zeros
in addition and subtraction of fixed-point operands do
give correct significance indications, the use of other
operations and of built-in scaling loops frequently
destroys entirely the leading-zeros method of counting
significance.)''",
subject = "Computer architecture",
tableofcontents = "Foreword v \\
Preface vii \\
1. Project Stretch 1 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
2. Architectural Philosophy 5 \\
[by F. P. Brooks, Jr.] \\
2.1. The Two Objectives of Project Stretch 5 \\
2.2. Resources 6 \\
2.3. Guiding Principles 7 \\
2.4. Contemporary Trends in Computer Architecture 10
\\
2.5. Hindsight 15 \\
3. System Summary of IBM 7030 17 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
3.1. System Organization 17 \\
3.2. Memory Units 17 \\
3.3. Index Memory 19 \\
3.4. Special Registers 19 \\
3.5. Input and Output Facilities 19 \\
3.6. High-speed Disk Units 20 \\
3.7. Central Processing Unit 20 \\
3.8. Instruction Controls 21 \\
3.9. Index-arithmetic Unit 21 \\
3.10. Instruction Look-ahead 21 \\
3.11. Arithmetic Unit 22 \\
3.12. Instruction Set 24 \\
3.13. Data Arithmetic 24 \\
3.14. Radix-conversion Operations 27 \\
3.15. Connective Operations 27 \\
3.16. Index-arithmetic Operations 27 \\
3.17. Branching Operations 28 \\
3.18. Transmission Operations 28 \\
3.19. Input-Output Operations 29 \\
3.20. New Features 29 \\
3.21. Performance 32 \\
4. Natural Data Units 33 \\
[by G. P. Blaauw, F. P. Brooks, Jr., and W. Buchholz]
\\
4.1. Lengths and Structures of Natural Data Units 33
\\
4.2. Procedures for Specifying Natural Data Units 36
\\
4.3. Data Hierarchies 39 \\
4.4. Classes of Operations 40 \\
5. Choosing a Number Base 42 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
5.1. Introduction 42 \\
5.2. Information Content 45 \\
5.3. Arithmetic Speed 49 \\
5.4. Numerical Data 50 \\
5.5. Nonnumerical Data 51 \\
5.6. Addresses 52 \\
5.7. Transformation 53 \\
5.8. Partitioning of Memory 54 \\
5.9. Program Interpretation 56 \\
5.10. Other Number Bases 58 \\
5.11. Conclusion 58 \\
6. Character Set 60 \\
[by R. W. Bemer and W. Buchholz] \\
6.1. Introduction 60 \\
6.2. Size of Set 62 \\
6.3. Subsets 62 \\
6.4. Expansion of Set 63 \\
6.5. Code 63 \\
6.6. Parity Bit 66 \\
6.7. Sequence 66 \\
6.8. Blank 67 \\
6.9. Decimal Digits 68 \\
6.10. Typewriter Keyboard 68 \\
6.11. Adjacency 69 \\
6.12. Uniqueness 69 \\
6.13. Signs 70 \\
6.14. Tape-recording Convention 71 \\
6.15. Card-punching Convention 71 \\
6.16. List of 7030 Character Set 72 \\
7. Variable-field-length Operation 75 \\
[by G. P. Blaauw, F. P. Brooks, Jr., and W. Buchholz]
\\
7.1. Introduction 75 \\
7.2. Addressing of Variable-field-length Data 76 \\
7.3. Field Length 77 \\
7.4. Byte Size 78 \\
7.5. Universal Accumulator 79 \\
7.6. Accumulator Operand 79 \\
7.7. Binary and Decimal Arithmetic 80 \\
7.8. Integer Arithmetic 81 \\
7.9. Numerical Signs 82 \\
7.10. Indicators 84 \\
7.11. Arithmetical Operations 85 \\
7.12. Radix-conversion Operation 87 \\
7.13. Logical Connectives of Two Variables 87 \\
7.14. Connective Operations 89 \\
8. Floating-point Operation 92 \\
[by S. G. Campbell] \\
General Discussion \\
8.1. Problems of Fixed-point Arithmetic 92 \\
8.2. Floating-point Arithmetic 94 \\
8.3. Normalization 97 \\
8.4. Floating-point Singularities 98 \\
8.5. Range and Precision 99 \\
8.6. Round-off Error 100 \\
8.7. Significance Checks 101 \\
8.8. Forms of Floating-point Arithmetic 103 \\
8.9. Structure of Floating-point Data 104 \\
Floating-point Features of the 7030 \\
8.10. Floating-point Instruction Format 106 \\
8.11. Floating-point Data Formats 106 \\
8.12. Singular Floating-point Numbers 108 \\
8.13. Indicators 112 \\
8.14. Universal Accumulator 113 \\
8.15. Fraction Arithmetic 114 \\
8.16. Floating-point-arithmetic Operations 114 \\
8.17. Fixed-point Arithmetic Using Unnormalized \\
Floating-point Operations 118 \\
8.18. Special Functions and Forms of Arithmetic 119 \\
8.19. Multiple-precision Arithmetic 119 \\
8.20. General Remarks 121 \\
9. Instruction Formats 122 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
9.1. Introduction 122 \\
9.2. Earlier Instruction Languages 122 \\
9.3. Evolution of the Single-address Instruction 124
\\
9.4. Implied Addresses 125 \\
9.5. Basic 7030 Instruction Formats 126 \\
9.6. Instruction Efficiency 127 \\
9.7. The Simplicity of Complexity 131 \\
9.8. Relationship to Automatic Programming Languages
132 \\
10. Instruction Sequencing 133 \\
[by F. P. Brooks, Jr.] \\
10.1. Modes of Instruction Sequencing 133 \\
10.2. Instruction Counter 134 \\
10.3. Unconditional Branching 135 \\
10.4. Conditional Branching 136 \\
10.5. Program-interrupt System 136 \\
10.6. Components of the Program-interrupt System 137
\\
10.7. Examples of Program-interrupt Techniques 140 \\
10.8. Execute Instructions 146 \\
10.9. Execute Operations in the 7030 148 \\
11. Indexing 150 \\
[by G. P. Blaauw] \\
11.1. Introduction 150 \\
11.2. Indexing Functions 151 \\
11.3. Instruction Format for Indexing 155 \\
11.4. Incrementing 157 \\
11.5. Counting 159 \\
11.6. Advancing by One 161 \\
11.7. Progressive Indexing 161 \\
11.8. Data Transmission 162 \\
11.9. Data Ordering 163 \\
11.10. Refilling 165 \\
11.11. Indirect Addressing and Indirect Indexing 167
\\
11.12. Indexing Applications 169 \\
11.13. Record-handling Applications 172 \\
11.14. File Maintenance 175 \\
11.15. Subroutine Control 177 \\
11.16. Conclusion 178 \\
12. Input-Output Control 179 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
12.1. A Generalized Approach to Connecting \\
Input-Output and External Storage 179 \\
12.2. Input-Output Instructions 180 \\
12.3. Defining the Memory Area 181 \\
12.4. Writing and Reading 182 \\
12.5. Controlling and Locating 183 \\
12.6. An Alternative Approach 184 \\
12.7. Program Interruptions 184 \\
12.8. Buffering 180 \\
12.9. Interface 188 \\
12.10. Operator Control of Input-Output Units 190 \\
13. Multiprogramming 192 \\
[by E. F. Codd, E. S. Lowry, E. McDonough, and C. A.
Scalzi] \\
13.1. Introduction 192 \\
13.2. Multiprogramming Requirements 193 \\
13.3. 7030 Features that Assist Multiprogramming 195
\\
13.4. Programmed Logic 197 \\
13.5. Concluding Remarks 200 \\
13.6. References 201 \\
14. The Central Processing Unit 202 \\
[by E. Bloch] \\
14.1. Concurrent System Operation 202 \\
14.2. Concurrency within the Central Processing Unit
204 \\
14.3. Data Flow 204 \\
14.4. Arithmetic Unit 208 \\
14.5. Checking 216 \\
14.6. Component Count 216 \\
14.7. Performance 217 \\
14.8. Circuits 218 \\
14.9. Packaging 223 \\
15. The Look-ahead Unit 228 \\
[by R. S. Balance, J. Cocke, and H. G. Kolsky] \\
15.1. General Description 228 \\
15.2. Timing-simulation Program 230 \\
15.3. Description of the Look-ahead Unit 238 \\
15.4. Forwarding 240 \\
15.5. Counter Sequences 241 \\
15.6. Recovery after Interrupt 246 \\
15.7. A Look-back at the Look-ahead 247 \\
16. The Exchange 248 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
16.1. General Description 248 \\
16.2. Starting a WRITE or READ Operation 250 \\
16.3. Data Transfer during Writing 250 \\
16.4. Data Transfer during Reading 251 \\
16.5. Terminating a WRITE or READ Operation 252 \\
16.6. Multiple Operations 252 \\
16.7. CONTROL and LOCATE Operations 252 \\
16.8. Interrogating the Control Word 253 \\
16.9. Forced Termination 253 \\
17. A Nonarithmetical System Extension 254 \\
[by S. G. Campbell, P.S. Herwitz, and J. H. Pomerene]
\\
17.1. Nonarithmetical Processing 254 \\
17.2. The Set-up Mode 258 \\
17.3. Byte-sequence Formation 259 \\
17.4. Pattern Selection 260 \\
17.5. Transformation Facilities 261 \\
17.6. Statistical Aids 263 \\
17.7. The BYTE-BY-BYTE Instruction 263 \\
17.8. Monitoring for Special Conditions 264 \\
17.9. Instruction Set 265 \\
17.10. Collating Operations 266 \\
17.11. Table Look-up Operations 267 \\
17.12. Example 267 \\
Appendix A. Summary Data 273 \\
A.1. List of the Larger IBM Stored-program Computers
273 \\
A.2. Instruction Formats 275 \\
A.3. List of Registers and Special Addresses 276 \\
A.4. Summary of Operations and Modifiers 277 \\
A.5. Summary of Indicators 287 \\
Appendix B. Programming Examples 292 \\
Notation 292 \\
B.1. Polynomial Evaluation 295 \\
B.2. Cube-root Extraction 296 \\
B.3. Matrix Multiplication 298 \\
B.4. Conversion of Decimal Numbers to a \\
Floating-point Normalized Vector 299 \\
B.5. Editing a Typed Message 301 \\
B.6. Transposition of a Large Bit Matrix 303 \\
Index 305",
}k is in the public domain, with the permission of the author in 2003. See cite MacKenzie:1991:IAL for a remark about the noisy mode for floating-point arithmetic in the IBM 7030 Stretch. That mode is first mentioned on page 25 of this book, and described in detail on page 102, which states: ``By definition of ordinary normalized FLP operations, numbers are frequently extended on the right by attaching zeros. During addition the n-digit operand that is not preshifted is extended with n zeros, so as to provide the extra positions to which the preshifted operand can be added. Any operand or result that is shifted left to be normalized requires a corresponding number of zeros to be shifted in at the right. Both sets of zeros tend to produce numbers smaller in absolute value than they would have been if more digits had been carried. In the noisy mode these numbers are simply extended with 1 s instead of zeros (1 s in a binary machine, 9s in a decimal machine). So all numbers tend to be too large in absolute value. The true value, if there had been no significance loss, should lie between these two extremes. Hence, two runs, one made without and one made with the noisy mode, should show differences in result that indicate which digits may have been affected by significance loss. The principal weakness of the noisy-mode procedure is that it requires two runs for the same problem. A much less important weakness is that the loss of significance cannot be guaranteed to show up --- it merely has a very high probability of showing up --- whereas built-in significance checks can be made slightly pessimistic, so that actual significance loss will not be greater than indicated. On the other hand, little extra hardware and no extra storage are required for the noisy-mode approach. Furthermore, significance loss is relatively rare, so that running a problem twice when Significance loss is suspected does not pose a serious problem. What is serious is the possibility of unsuspected significance loss. In discussions of significance two points are often overlooked. The first of these is trivial: the best way of ensuring significant results is to use an adequate number of fraction digits. The second is almost equally mundane: for a given procedure, normalized FLP arithmetic will ordinarily produce the greatest precision possible for the number of fraction digits used. Normalized FLP arithmetic has been criticized with respect to significance loss, because such loss is not indicated by the creation of leading zeros, as it is with fixed-point arithmetic. In other words, the contention is not that normalized FLP arithmetic is more prone to significance loss than equivalent fixed-point arithmetic, which would be untrue, but that an equivalent indication of such loss is not provided. Loss of significance, however, is also a serious problem in fixed-point arithmetic; multiplication and division do not handle it at all correctly by means of leading zeros. (In particular, fixed-point multiplication may lead to serious or even total significance loss, which would not have occurred with normalized FLP arithmetic: and although leading zeros in addition and subtraction of fixed-point operands do give correct significance indications, the use of other operations and of built-in scaling loops frequently destroys entirely the leading-zeros method of counting significance.)''Computer architectureForeword v Preface vii 1. Project Stretch 1 [by W. Buchholz] 2. Architectural Philosophy 5 [by F. P. Brooks, Jr.] 2.1. The Two Objectives of Project Stretch 5 2.2. Resources 6 2.3. Guiding Principles 7 2.4. Contemporary Trends in Computer Architecture 10 2.5. Hindsight 15 3. System Summary of IBM 7030 17 [by W. Buchholz] 3.1. System Organization 17 3.2. Memory Units 17 3.3. Index Memory 19 3.4. Special Registers 19 3.5. Input and Output Facilities 19 3.6. High-speed Disk Units 20 3.7. Central Processing Unit 20 3.8. Instruction Controls 21 3.9. Index-arithmetic Unit 21 3.10. Instruction Look-ahead 21 3.11. Arithmetic Unit 22 3.12. Instruction Set 24 3.13. Data Arithmetic 24 3.14. Radix-conversion Operations 27 3.15. Connective Operations 27 3.16. Index-arithmetic Operations 27 3.17. Branching Operations 28 3.18. Transmission Operations 28 3.19. Input-Output Operations 29 3.20. New Features 29 3.21. Performance 32 4. Natural Data Units 33 [by G. P. Blaauw, F. P. Brooks, Jr., and W. Buchholz] 4.1. Lengths and Structures of Natural Data Units 33 4.2. Procedures for Specifying Natural Data Units 36 4.3. Data Hierarchies 39 4.4. Classes of Operations 40 5. Choosing a Number Base 42 [by W. Buchholz] 5.1. Introduction 42 5.2. Information Content 45 5.3. Arithmetic Speed 49 5.4. Numerical Data 50 5.5. Nonnumerical Data 51 5.6. Addresses 52 5.7. Transformation 53 5.8. Partitioning of Memory 54 5.9. Program Interpretation 56 5.10. Other Number Bases 58 5.11. Conclusion 58 6. Character Set 60 [by R. W. Bemer and W. Buchholz] 6.1. Introduction 60 6.2. Size of Set 62 6.3. Subsets 62 6.4. Expansion of Set 63 6.5. Code 63 6.6. Parity Bit 66 6.7. Sequence 66 6.8. Blank 67 6.9. Decimal Digits 68 6.10. Typewriter Keyboard 68 6.11. Adjacency 69 6.12. Uniqueness 69 6.13. Signs 70 6.14. Tape-recording Convention 71 6.15. Card-punching Convention 71 6.16. List of 7030 Character Set 72 7. Variable-field-length Operation 75 [by G. P. Blaauw, F. P. Brooks, Jr., and W. Buchholz] 7.1. Introduction 75 7.2. Addressing of Variable-field-length Data 76 7.3. Field Length 77 7.4. Byte Size 78 7.5. Universal Accumulator 79 7.6. Accumulator Operand 79 7.7. Binary and Decimal Arithmetic 80 7.8. Integer Arithmetic 81 7.9. Numerical Signs 82 7.10. Indicators 84 7.11. Arithmetical Operations 85 7.12. Radix-conversion Operation 87 7.13. Logical Connectives of Two Variables 87 7.14. Connective Operations 89 8. Floating-point Operation 92 [by S. G. Campbell] General Discussion 8.1. Problems of Fixed-point Arithmetic 92 8.2. Floating-point Arithmetic 94 8.3. Normalization 97 8.4. Floating-point Singularities 98 8.5. Range and Precision 99 8.6. Round-off Error 100 8.7. Significance Checks 101 8.8. Forms of Floating-point Arithmetic 103 8.9. Structure of Floating-point Data 104 Floating-point Features of the 7030 8.10. Floating-point Instruction Format 106 8.11. Floating-point Data Formats 106 8.12. Singular Floating-point Numbers 108 8.13. Indicators 112 8.14. Universal Accumulator 113 8.15. Fraction Arithmetic 114 8.16. Floating-point-arithmetic Operations 114 8.17. Fixed-point Arithmetic Using Unnormalized Floating-point Operations 118 8.18. Special Functions and Forms of Arithmetic 119 8.19. Multiple-precision Arithmetic 119 8.20. General Remarks 121 9. Instruction Formats 122 [by W. Buchholz] 9.1. Introduction 122 9.2. Earlier Instruction Languages 122 9.3. Evolution of the Single-address Instruction 124 9.4. Implied Addresses 125 9.5. Basic 7030 Instruction Formats 126 9.6. Instruction Efficiency 127 9.7. The Simplicity of Complexity 131 9.8. Relationship to Automatic Programming Languages 132 10. Instruction Sequencing 133 [by F. P. Brooks, Jr.] 10.1. Modes of Instruction Sequencing 133 10.2. Instruction Counter 134 10.3. Unconditional Branching 135 10.4. Conditional Branching 136 10.5. Program-interrupt System 136 10.6. Components of the Program-interrupt System 137 10.7. Examples of Program-interrupt Techniques 140 10.8. Execute Instructions 146 10.9. Execute Operations in the 7030 148 11. Indexing 150 [by G. P. Blaauw] 11.1. Introduction 150 11.2. Indexing Functions 151 11.3. Instruction Format for Indexing 155 11.4. Incrementing 157 11.5. Counting 159 11.6. Advancing by One 161 11.7. Progressive Indexing 161 11.8. Data Transmission 162 11.9. Data Ordering 163 11.10. Refilling 165 11.11. Indirect Addressing and Indirect Indexing 167 11.12. Indexing Applications 169 11.13. Record-handling Applications 172 11.14. File Maintenance 175 11.15. Subroutine Control 177 11.16. Conclusion 178 12. Input-Output Control 179 [by W. Buchholz] 12.1. A Generalized Approach to Connecting Input-Output and External Storage 179 12.2. Input-Output Instructions 180 12.3. Defining the Memory Area 181 12.4. Writing and Reading 182 12.5. Controlling and Locating 183 12.6. An Alternative Approach 184 12.7. Program Interruptions 184 12.8. Buffering 180 12.9. Interface 188 12.10. Operator Control of Input-Output Units 190 13. Multiprogramming 192 [by E. F. Codd, E. S. Lowry, E. McDonough, and C. A. Scalzi] 13.1. Introduction 192 13.2. Multiprogramming Requirements 193 13.3. 7030 Features that Assist Multiprogramming 195 13.4. Programmed Logic 197 13.5. Concluding Remarks 200 13.6. References 201 14. The Central Processing Unit 202 [by E. Bloch] 14.1. Concurrent System Operation 202 14.2. Concurrency within the Central Processing Unit 204 14.3. Data Flow 204 14.4. Arithmetic Unit 208 14.5. Checking 216 14.6. Component Count 216 14.7. Performance 217 14.8. Circuits 218 14.9. Packaging 223 15. The Look-ahead Unit 228 [by R. S. Balance, J. Cocke, and H. G. Kolsky] 15.1. General Description 228 15.2. Timing-simulation Program 230 15.3. Description of the Look-ahead Unit 238 15.4. Forwarding 240 15.5. Counter Sequences 241 15.6. Recovery after Interrupt 246 15.7. A Look-back at the Look-ahead 247 16. The Exchange 248 [by W. Buchholz] 16.1. General Description 248 16.2. Starting a WRITE or READ Operation 250 16.3. Data Transfer during Writing 250 16.4. Data Transfer during Reading 251 16.5. Terminating a WRITE or READ Operation 252 16.6. Multiple Operations 252 16.7. CONTROL and LOCATE Operations 252 16.8. Interrogating the Control Word 253 16.9. Forced Termination 253 17. A Nonarithmetical System Extension 254 [by S. G. Campbell, P.S. Herwitz, and J. H. Pomerene] 17.1. Nonarithmetical Processing 254 17.2. The Set-up Mode 258 17.3. Byte-sequence Formation 259 17.4. Pattern Selection 260 17.5. Transformation Facilities 261 17.6. Statistical Aids 263 17.7. The BYTE-BY-BYTE Instruction 263 17.8. Monitoring for Special Conditions 264 17.9. Instruction Set 265 17.10. Collating Operations 266 17.11. Table Look-up Operations 267 17.12. Example 267 Appendix A. Summary Data 273 A.1. List of the Larger IBM Stored-program Computers 273 A.2. Instruction Formats 275 A.3. List of Registers and Special Addresses 276 A.4. Summary of Operations and Modifiers 277 A.5. Summary of Indicators 287 Appendix B. Programming Examples 292 Notation 292 B.1. Polynomial Evaluation 295 B.2. Cube-root Extraction 296 B.3. Matrix Multiplication 298 B.4. Conversion of Decimal Numbers to a Floating-point Normalized Vector 299 B.5. Editing a Typed Message 301 B.6. Transposition of a Large Bit Matrix 303 Index 305ack-nhfbWerner BuchholzThis important book is the primary description of the influential IBM 7030 Stretch computer, written by its architects.Planning a computer system: {Project Stretch}
@Book{Buchholz:1962:PCS,
editor = "Werner Buchholz",
title = "Planning a computer system: {Project Stretch}",
publisher = pub-MCGRAW-HILL,
address = pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr,
pages = "xvii + 322",
year = "1962",
LCCN = "1876",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 19 10:02:31 MST 2010",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/tukey-john-w.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ibmjrd.bib;
library.ox.ac.uk:210/ADVANCE",
note = "This important book is the primary description of the
influential IBM 7030 Stretch computer, written by its
architects.",
URL = "http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/IBM-7030-Planning-McJones.pdf",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "The text of the book is in the public domain, with the
permission of the author in 2003.
See \cite{MacKenzie:1991:IAL} for a remark about the
noisy mode for floating-point arithmetic in the IBM
7030 Stretch. That mode is first mentioned on page 25
of this book, and described in detail on page 102,
which states:
``By definition of ordinary normalized FLP operations,
numbers are frequently extended on the right by
attaching zeros. During addition the n-digit operand
that is not preshifted is extended with n zeros, so as
to provide the extra positions to which the preshifted
operand can be added. Any operand or result that is
shifted left to be normalized requires a corresponding
number of zeros to be shifted in at the right. Both
sets of zeros tend to produce numbers smaller in
absolute value than they would have been if more digits
had been carried. In the noisy mode these numbers are
simply extended with 1 s instead of zeros (1 s in a
binary machine, 9s in a decimal machine). So all
numbers tend to be too large in absolute value. The
true value, if there had been no significance loss,
should lie between these two extremes. Hence, two runs,
one made without and one made with the noisy mode,
should show differences in result that indicate which
digits may have been affected by significance loss.
The principal weakness of the noisy-mode procedure is
that it requires two runs for the same problem. A much
less important weakness is that the loss of
significance cannot be guaranteed to show up --- it
merely has a very high probability of showing up ---
whereas built-in significance checks can be made
slightly pessimistic, so that actual significance loss
will not be greater than indicated. On the other hand,
little extra hardware and no extra storage are required
for the noisy-mode approach. Furthermore, significance
loss is relatively rare, so that running a problem
twice when Significance loss is suspected does not pose
a serious problem. What is serious is the possibility
of unsuspected significance loss.
In discussions of significance two points are often
overlooked. The first of these is trivial: the best way
of ensuring significant results is to use an adequate
number of fraction digits. The second is almost equally
mundane: for a given procedure, normalized FLP
arithmetic will ordinarily produce the greatest
precision possible for the number of fraction digits
used. Normalized FLP arithmetic has been criticized
with respect to significance loss, because such loss is
not indicated by the creation of leading zeros, as it
is with fixed-point arithmetic. In other words, the
contention is not that normalized FLP arithmetic is
more prone to significance loss than equivalent
fixed-point arithmetic, which would be untrue, but that
an equivalent indication of such loss is not provided.
Loss of significance, however, is also a serious
problem in fixed-point arithmetic; multiplication and
division do not handle it at all correctly by means of
leading zeros. (In particular, fixed-point
multiplication may lead to serious or even total
significance loss, which would not have occurred with
normalized FLP arithmetic: and although leading zeros
in addition and subtraction of fixed-point operands do
give correct significance indications, the use of other
operations and of built-in scaling loops frequently
destroys entirely the leading-zeros method of counting
significance.)''",
subject = "Computer architecture",
tableofcontents = "Foreword v \\
Preface vii \\
1. Project Stretch 1 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
2. Architectural Philosophy 5 \\
[by F. P. Brooks, Jr.] \\
2.1. The Two Objectives of Project Stretch 5 \\
2.2. Resources 6 \\
2.3. Guiding Principles 7 \\
2.4. Contemporary Trends in Computer Architecture 10
\\
2.5. Hindsight 15 \\
3. System Summary of IBM 7030 17 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
3.1. System Organization 17 \\
3.2. Memory Units 17 \\
3.3. Index Memory 19 \\
3.4. Special Registers 19 \\
3.5. Input and Output Facilities 19 \\
3.6. High-speed Disk Units 20 \\
3.7. Central Processing Unit 20 \\
3.8. Instruction Controls 21 \\
3.9. Index-arithmetic Unit 21 \\
3.10. Instruction Look-ahead 21 \\
3.11. Arithmetic Unit 22 \\
3.12. Instruction Set 24 \\
3.13. Data Arithmetic 24 \\
3.14. Radix-conversion Operations 27 \\
3.15. Connective Operations 27 \\
3.16. Index-arithmetic Operations 27 \\
3.17. Branching Operations 28 \\
3.18. Transmission Operations 28 \\
3.19. Input-Output Operations 29 \\
3.20. New Features 29 \\
3.21. Performance 32 \\
4. Natural Data Units 33 \\
[by G. P. Blaauw, F. P. Brooks, Jr., and W. Buchholz]
\\
4.1. Lengths and Structures of Natural Data Units 33
\\
4.2. Procedures for Specifying Natural Data Units 36
\\
4.3. Data Hierarchies 39 \\
4.4. Classes of Operations 40 \\
5. Choosing a Number Base 42 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
5.1. Introduction 42 \\
5.2. Information Content 45 \\
5.3. Arithmetic Speed 49 \\
5.4. Numerical Data 50 \\
5.5. Nonnumerical Data 51 \\
5.6. Addresses 52 \\
5.7. Transformation 53 \\
5.8. Partitioning of Memory 54 \\
5.9. Program Interpretation 56 \\
5.10. Other Number Bases 58 \\
5.11. Conclusion 58 \\
6. Character Set 60 \\
[by R. W. Bemer and W. Buchholz] \\
6.1. Introduction 60 \\
6.2. Size of Set 62 \\
6.3. Subsets 62 \\
6.4. Expansion of Set 63 \\
6.5. Code 63 \\
6.6. Parity Bit 66 \\
6.7. Sequence 66 \\
6.8. Blank 67 \\
6.9. Decimal Digits 68 \\
6.10. Typewriter Keyboard 68 \\
6.11. Adjacency 69 \\
6.12. Uniqueness 69 \\
6.13. Signs 70 \\
6.14. Tape-recording Convention 71 \\
6.15. Card-punching Convention 71 \\
6.16. List of 7030 Character Set 72 \\
7. Variable-field-length Operation 75 \\
[by G. P. Blaauw, F. P. Brooks, Jr., and W. Buchholz]
\\
7.1. Introduction 75 \\
7.2. Addressing of Variable-field-length Data 76 \\
7.3. Field Length 77 \\
7.4. Byte Size 78 \\
7.5. Universal Accumulator 79 \\
7.6. Accumulator Operand 79 \\
7.7. Binary and Decimal Arithmetic 80 \\
7.8. Integer Arithmetic 81 \\
7.9. Numerical Signs 82 \\
7.10. Indicators 84 \\
7.11. Arithmetical Operations 85 \\
7.12. Radix-conversion Operation 87 \\
7.13. Logical Connectives of Two Variables 87 \\
7.14. Connective Operations 89 \\
8. Floating-point Operation 92 \\
[by S. G. Campbell] \\
General Discussion \\
8.1. Problems of Fixed-point Arithmetic 92 \\
8.2. Floating-point Arithmetic 94 \\
8.3. Normalization 97 \\
8.4. Floating-point Singularities 98 \\
8.5. Range and Precision 99 \\
8.6. Round-off Error 100 \\
8.7. Significance Checks 101 \\
8.8. Forms of Floating-point Arithmetic 103 \\
8.9. Structure of Floating-point Data 104 \\
Floating-point Features of the 7030 \\
8.10. Floating-point Instruction Format 106 \\
8.11. Floating-point Data Formats 106 \\
8.12. Singular Floating-point Numbers 108 \\
8.13. Indicators 112 \\
8.14. Universal Accumulator 113 \\
8.15. Fraction Arithmetic 114 \\
8.16. Floating-point-arithmetic Operations 114 \\
8.17. Fixed-point Arithmetic Using Unnormalized \\
Floating-point Operations 118 \\
8.18. Special Functions and Forms of Arithmetic 119 \\
8.19. Multiple-precision Arithmetic 119 \\
8.20. General Remarks 121 \\
9. Instruction Formats 122 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
9.1. Introduction 122 \\
9.2. Earlier Instruction Languages 122 \\
9.3. Evolution of the Single-address Instruction 124
\\
9.4. Implied Addresses 125 \\
9.5. Basic 7030 Instruction Formats 126 \\
9.6. Instruction Efficiency 127 \\
9.7. The Simplicity of Complexity 131 \\
9.8. Relationship to Automatic Programming Languages
132 \\
10. Instruction Sequencing 133 \\
[by F. P. Brooks, Jr.] \\
10.1. Modes of Instruction Sequencing 133 \\
10.2. Instruction Counter 134 \\
10.3. Unconditional Branching 135 \\
10.4. Conditional Branching 136 \\
10.5. Program-interrupt System 136 \\
10.6. Components of the Program-interrupt System 137
\\
10.7. Examples of Program-interrupt Techniques 140 \\
10.8. Execute Instructions 146 \\
10.9. Execute Operations in the 7030 148 \\
11. Indexing 150 \\
[by G. P. Blaauw] \\
11.1. Introduction 150 \\
11.2. Indexing Functions 151 \\
11.3. Instruction Format for Indexing 155 \\
11.4. Incrementing 157 \\
11.5. Counting 159 \\
11.6. Advancing by One 161 \\
11.7. Progressive Indexing 161 \\
11.8. Data Transmission 162 \\
11.9. Data Ordering 163 \\
11.10. Refilling 165 \\
11.11. Indirect Addressing and Indirect Indexing 167
\\
11.12. Indexing Applications 169 \\
11.13. Record-handling Applications 172 \\
11.14. File Maintenance 175 \\
11.15. Subroutine Control 177 \\
11.16. Conclusion 178 \\
12. Input-Output Control 179 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
12.1. A Generalized Approach to Connecting \\
Input-Output and External Storage 179 \\
12.2. Input-Output Instructions 180 \\
12.3. Defining the Memory Area 181 \\
12.4. Writing and Reading 182 \\
12.5. Controlling and Locating 183 \\
12.6. An Alternative Approach 184 \\
12.7. Program Interruptions 184 \\
12.8. Buffering 180 \\
12.9. Interface 188 \\
12.10. Operator Control of Input-Output Units 190 \\
13. Multiprogramming 192 \\
[by E. F. Codd, E. S. Lowry, E. McDonough, and C. A.
Scalzi] \\
13.1. Introduction 192 \\
13.2. Multiprogramming Requirements 193 \\
13.3. 7030 Features that Assist Multiprogramming 195
\\
13.4. Programmed Logic 197 \\
13.5. Concluding Remarks 200 \\
13.6. References 201 \\
14. The Central Processing Unit 202 \\
[by E. Bloch] \\
14.1. Concurrent System Operation 202 \\
14.2. Concurrency within the Central Processing Unit
204 \\
14.3. Data Flow 204 \\
14.4. Arithmetic Unit 208 \\
14.5. Checking 216 \\
14.6. Component Count 216 \\
14.7. Performance 217 \\
14.8. Circuits 218 \\
14.9. Packaging 223 \\
15. The Look-ahead Unit 228 \\
[by R. S. Balance, J. Cocke, and H. G. Kolsky] \\
15.1. General Description 228 \\
15.2. Timing-simulation Program 230 \\
15.3. Description of the Look-ahead Unit 238 \\
15.4. Forwarding 240 \\
15.5. Counter Sequences 241 \\
15.6. Recovery after Interrupt 246 \\
15.7. A Look-back at the Look-ahead 247 \\
16. The Exchange 248 \\
[by W. Buchholz] \\
16.1. General Description 248 \\
16.2. Starting a WRITE or READ Operation 250 \\
16.3. Data Transfer during Writing 250 \\
16.4. Data Transfer during Reading 251 \\
16.5. Terminating a WRITE or READ Operation 252 \\
16.6. Multiple Operations 252 \\
16.7. CONTROL and LOCATE Operations 252 \\
16.8. Interrogating the Control Word 253 \\
16.9. Forced Termination 253 \\
17. A Nonarithmetical System Extension 254 \\
[by S. G. Campbell, P.S. Herwitz, and J. H. Pomerene]
\\
17.1. Nonarithmetical Processing 254 \\
17.2. The Set-up Mode 258 \\
17.3. Byte-sequence Formation 259 \\
17.4. Pattern Selection 260 \\
17.5. Transformation Facilities 261 \\
17.6. Statistical Aids 263 \\
17.7. The BYTE-BY-BYTE Instruction 263 \\
17.8. Monitoring for Special Conditions 264 \\
17.9. Instruction Set 265 \\
17.10. Collating Operations 266 \\
17.11. Table Look-up Operations 267 \\
17.12. Example 267 \\
Appendix A. Summary Data 273 \\
A.1. List of the Larger IBM Stored-program Computers
273 \\
A.2. Instruction Formats 275 \\
A.3. List of Registers and Special Addresses 276 \\
A.4. Summary of Operations and Modifiers 277 \\
A.5. Summary of Indicators 287 \\
Appendix B. Programming Examples 292 \\
Notation 292 \\
B.1. Polynomial Evaluation 295 \\
B.2. Cube-root Extraction 296 \\
B.3. Matrix Multiplication 298 \\
B.4. Conversion of Decimal Numbers to a \\
Floating-point Normalized Vector 299 \\
B.5. Editing a Typed Message 301 \\
B.6. Transposition of a Large Bit Matrix 303 \\
Index 305",
}
nn!KV %#/)+c=+3%=%;M)g+=incollectionfparith.bibCampbell:1962:FPOS. G. CampbellWerner BuchholzPlanning lJ\ #/+c+3!E{;{C7%+{geSbookfparith.bibBuchholz:1962:PCSWerner BuchholzPlanning a computer system: Project Stretchpub-MCGRAW-HILLpub-MCGRAW-HILL:adrxvii + 32219621876Fri Nov 19 10:02:31 MST 2010http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/tukey-john-w.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ibmjrd.bib; library.ox.ac.uk:210/ADVANCE2010.11.19 10:02:31 MSTThis important book is the primary description of the influential IBM 7030 Stretch computer, written by its architects.http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/IBM-7030-Planning-McJones.pdfThe text of the booolz",
booktitle = "Planning a Computer System: {Project Stretch}",
title = "Floating-Point Operation",
publisher = pub-MCGRAW-HILL,
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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uMZ !#/#1+Em;Yy/#1#techreportfparith.bibDescloux:1962:REFJ. DesclouxRemarks on errors in first order iterative processes with floating-point computersUniversity of Illinois Graduate College, Digital Computer LaboratoryUrbana, IL, USA71962Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1996.02.24 15:01:45 MSTReport / University of Illinois, Digital Computer Laboratory; no. 113 Report (University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign campus). Digital Computer Laboratory); no. 113.Electronic digital computers.; Numerical calculations.Supported by: National Science Foundation under grant G16489. ``March 22, 1962.''ack-nhfbJ. DesclouxRemarks on errors in first order eshold Realization of Arithmetic Circuits",
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@Article{Fischler:1962:TRA,
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sNW#/Ee;a7E;]Ee%articlefparith.bibFischler:1962:TRAM. A. Fischler and E. A. PoeThreshold Realization of Arithmetic Circuitsj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-112287--288apr41962IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1962.52193660367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jul 14 09:11:50 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 09:11:50 MDThttp://r representation for use with
algorithmic languages",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "5",
number = "3",
pages = "160--161",
month = mar,
year = "1962",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
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MRnumber = "26\#4506",
bibdate = "Fri Dec 8 08:24:14 1995",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "Algorithmic languages, such as ALGOL, make provision
for two types of numbers, real and integer, which are
usually implemented on the computer by means of
floating-point and fixed-point numbers respectively.
The concepts real and integer, however, are taken from
mathematics, where the set of integers forms a proper
subset of the set of real numbers. In implementation a
real problem is posed by the fact that the set of
fixed-point numbers is not a proper subset of the set
of floating-point numbers; this problem becomes very
apparent in attempts to implement ALGOL 60.
Furthermore, the {\em one\/} mathematical operation of
addition is implemented in the machine by one of {\em
two\/} machine operations, fixed-point addition or
floating-point addition.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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} of fixed-point numbers is not a proper subset of the set of floating-point numbers; this problem becomes very apparent in attempts to implement ALGOL 60. Furthermore, the em one mathematical operation of addition is implemented in the machine by one of em two machine operations, fixed-point addition or floating-point addition.Communications of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79R. L. AshenhurstAlgorithmic languages, such as ALGOL, make provision for two types of numbers, real and integer, which are usually implemented on the computer by means of floating-point and fixed-point numbers respectively. The concepts real and integer, however, are taken from mathematics, where the set of integers forms a proper subset of the set of real numbers. In implementation a real problem is posed by the fact that the set of fixed-point numbers is not a proper subset of the set of floating-point numbers; this problem becomes very apparent in attempts to implement ALGOL 60. Furthermore, the {\em one\/} mathematical operation of addition is implemented in the machine by one of {\em two\/} machine operations, fixed-point addition or floating-point addition.A. A. GrauOn a floating-point number representation for use with algorithmic languages
@Article{Grau:1962:FNR,
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bibdate = "Fri Dec 8 08:24:14 1995",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "Algorithmic languages, such as ALGOL, make provision
for two types of numbers, real and integer, which are
usually implemented on the computer by means of
floating-point and fixed-point numbers respectively.
The concepts real and integer, however, are taken from
mathematics, where the set of integers forms a proper
subset of the set of real numbers. In implementation a
real problem is posed by the fact that the set of
fixed-point numbers is not a proper subset of the set
of floating-point numbers; this problem becomes very
apparent in attempts to implement ALGOL 60.
Furthermore, the {\em one\/} mathematical operation of
addition is implemented in the machine by one of {\em
two\/} machine operations, fixed-point addition or
floating-point addition.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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XOZ #'!%57;m;c?c-w!%articlefparith.bibGrau:1962:FNRA. A. GrauOn a floating-point number representation for use with algorithmic languagesj-CACM53160--161mar31962CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 0001078268.0026\#4506Fri Dec 8 08:24:14 1995http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1995.12.08 08:24:14 ???Algorithmic languages, such as ALGOL, make provision for two types of numbers, real and integer, which are usually implemented on the computer by means of floating-point and fixed-point numbers respectively. The concepts real and integer, however, are taken from mathematics, where the set of integers forms a proper subset of the set of real numbers. In implementation a real problem is posed by the fact that the setlving Linear Simultaneous Equations
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bibdate = "Thu Sep 1 10:15:31 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
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}sions Yielding Minimally
Represented Quotients",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-11",
number = "6",
pages = "761--764",
month = dec,
year = "1962",
CODEN = "IRELAO",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1962.5219460",
ISSN = "0367-9950",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 09:11:53 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
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}p.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219460IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbGernot MetzeA Class of Binary Divisions Yielding Minimally Represented Quotients
@Article{Metze:1962:CBD,
author = "Gernot Metze",
title = "A Class of Binary Divisions Yielding Minimally
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Logarithms",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
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number = "4",
pages = "512--517",
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bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 09:11:51 MDT 2011",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5219391IRE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbJohn N. MitchellComputer Multiplication and Division Using Binary Logarithms
@Article{Mitchell:1962:CMD,
author = "John N. Mitchell",
title = "Computer Multiplication and Division Using Binary
Logarithms",
journal = j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
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\Y #/-;a7E;]-Oarticlefparith.bibMitchell:1962:CMDJohn N. MitchellComputer Multiplication and Division Using Binary Logarithmsj-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-114512--517aug81962IRELAOhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1962.52193910367-9950 OR 03679950Thu Jul 14 09:11:51 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 09:11:51 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stampxxr~ytoje`[VQLGB=83.)$ztnhb\VPJD>82,& ~xrlf`ZTNHB<60*$߁ZXҁÚSȁQŁONMLKIH~GxFrEmChA]?Z>X=U<P;I9:75402*0&/$.-+*)(
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~}|y~x{vwuoslp`oYnOkIhDf?d:b7`*_%["YXTQNMKJGECA?;7654310-,+*'%}$z!w rpl\TOLGA>;851.% Foztnhb\VPJD>82,& ~xrlf`ZTNHB<60*$@:4.("
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author = "C. David Capps and R. Aaron Falk and Theodore L.
*U
@Article{Cappa:1973:AIA,
author = "M. Cappa and V. C. Hamacher",
title = "An Augmk(Q
@Article{Capocelli:1988:EVN,
author = "R. M. Capocelli and R. Giancarlo",
title = ҇iS
@Article{Cantor:1962:LEF,
author = "D. Cantor and G. Estrin and R. Turn",
title = @
@Article{Calvetti:1991:REF,
author = "Daniela Calvetti",
title = "Roundoff error #
={
@Article{Campbell:1986:SS,
author = "R. A. Campbell",
title = "In Search of a SinH
@Article{Campbell:1986:NSR,
author = "R. A. Campbell",
title = "{NS32000} Square
@Article{Calvert:1936:DDS,
author = "H. R. Calvert",
title = "Decimal Division ofM-
@Article{Callahan:1988:EII,
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title = Frint), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 0001078265.2531\#865Mon Oct 24 09:33:02 MDT 2005http://portal.acm.org/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.10.24 09:33:02 MDTDescribed in this paper is a system of general-purpose multiple-precision fixed-point routines and their use in subroutines which calculate exactly the quantum-mechanical 3-j, 6-j and 9-j symbols of large arguments.Communications of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79Described in this paper is a system of general-purpose multiple-precision fixed-point routines and their use in subroutines which calculate exactly the quantum-mechanical 3-j, 6-j and 9-j symbols of large arguments.Robert M. Baer and Martin G. RedlichMultiple-precision arithmetic and the exact calculation of the $ 3 - j $, $ 6 - j $ and $ 9 - j $ symbols
@Article{Baer:1964:MPA,
author = "Robert M. Baer and Martin G. Redlich",
title = "Multiple-precision arithmetic and the exact
calculation of the $ 3 - j $, $ 6 - j $ and $ 9 - j $
symbols",
journal = j-CACM,
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number = "11",
pages = "657--659",
month = nov,
year = "1964",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
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bibdate = "Mon Oct 24 09:33:02 MDT 2005",
bibsource = "http://portal.acm.org/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "Described in this paper is a system of general-purpose
multiple-precision fixed-point routines and their use
in subroutines which calculate exactly the
quantum-mechanical 3-j, 6-j and 9-j symbols of large
arguments.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
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} study of floating point arithmetic",
type = "Thesis ({M.S. in Math.})",
school = "Georgia Institute of Technology",
address = "Atlanta, GA, USA",
pages = "51",
year = "1964",
bibdate = "Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "Electronic digital computers.; Number theory.;
Numerical calculations --- Computer programs.",
}ith.bibBookhart:1964:SFPThomas Woodward BookhartA study of floating point arithmeticThesis (M.S. in Math.)Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlanta, GA, USA511964Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1996.02.24 15:01:45 MSTElectronic digital computers.; Number theory.; Numerical calculations --- Computer programs.ack-nhfbThomas Woodward BookhartA study of floating point arithmetic
@MastersThesis{Bookhart:1964:SFP,
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title = "A study of floating point arithmetic",
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bibdate = "Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
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keywords = "Electronic digital computers.; Number theory.;
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} some general modes of
arithmetic",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "7",
number = "2",
pages = "119--127",
month = feb,
year = "1964",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
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bibdate = "Mon Oct 24 09:33:00 MDT 2005",
bibsource = "http://portal.acm.org/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "An interpretive programming package is described for
computation with operands which may be real, complex,
single or double precision, or real multiple precision.
It also performs operations on matrices formed from
these elements. A simple language structure is used to
describe the computation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}K10782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Mon Oct 24 09:33:00 MDT 2005http://portal.acm.org/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.10.24 09:33:00 MDTAn interpretive programming package is described for computation with operands which may be real, complex, single or double precision, or real multiple precision. It also performs operations on matrices formed from these elements. A simple language structure is used to describe the computation.Communications of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79An interpretive programming package is described for computation with operands which may be real, complex, single or double precision, or real multiple precision. It also performs operations on matrices formed from these elements. A simple language structure is used to describe the computation.R. A. BrookerA programming package for some general modes of arithmetic
@Article{Brooker:1964:PPS,
author = "R. A. Brooker",
title = "A programming package for some general modes of
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journal = j-CACM,
volume = "7",
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abstract = "An interpretive programming package is described for
computation with operands which may be real, complex,
single or double precision, or real multiple precision.
It also performs operations on matrices formed from
these elements. A simple language structure is used to
describe the computation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}
ZZY #'+g]57;O;A?_cA/kkarticlefparith.bibCody:1964:DPSW. J. Cody, Jr.Double-Precision Square Root for the CDC-3600j-CACM712715--718dec121964CACMA2http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/355588.3651220001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Thu Sep 1 10:15:43 1994ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doQ`~X #177-=m;Ou;# manualfparith.bibBurroughs:1964:BBIBurroughs CorporationBurroughs B5500 Information Processing Systems Reference ManualBurroughs CorporatioN}[ #-'57E;[?c['S articlefparith.bibBrooker:1964:PPSR. A. BrookerA programming package for some general modes of arithmeticj-CACM72119--127feb21964CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 000Jhs B5500} Information Processing Systems
Reference Manual",
organization = "Burroughs Corporation",
address = "Detroit, MI, USA",
year = "1964",
bibdate = "Wed Nov 22 21:15:11 2006",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "decimal floating-point arithmetic",
remark = "The B5500 uses a decimal integer or fixed-point
coefficient of 21 or 22 digits, with an exponent range
of $ \pm 63 $.",
}nDetroit, MI, USA119--1271964Wed Nov 22 21:15:11 2006http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2006.11.22 21:15:11 ???decimal floating-point arithmeticThe B5500 uses a decimal integer or fixed-point coefficient of 21 or 22 digits, with an exponent range of $ pm 63 $.ack-nhfb{Burroughs Corporation}{Burroughs B5500} Information Processing Systems Reference Manual
@Manual{Burroughs:1964:BBI,
author = "{Burroughs Corporation}",
title = "{Burroughs B5500} Information Processing Systems
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organization = "Burroughs Corporation",
address = "Detroit, MI, USA",
year = "1964",
bibdate = "Wed Nov 22 21:15:11 2006",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}Pquare Root for the {CDC-3600}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "7",
number = "12",
pages = "715--718",
month = dec,
year = "1964",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
DOI = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/355588.365122",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 1 10:15:43 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/c/cody-william-j.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "In January of 1960, the late Hans J. Maehly completed
a summary of approximations to the elementary functions
for the CDC-1604 computer. The approximations and
techniques suggested by Maehly are equally applicable
to the second large computer in the CDC line, the 3600.
Unlike the 1604, however, the 3600 has built-in
double-precision floating-point arithmetic. The present
work, largely inspired by the successes of Maehly and
his associates, concerns the extension of one of
Maehly's ideas to a double-precision subroutine for the
3600.",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
keywords = "$sqrt(x)$; CDC 3600; elementary functions",
}Rc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/c/cody-william-j.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.09.01 10:15:43 ???In January of 1960, the late Hans J. Maehly completed a summary of approximations to the elementary functions for the CDC-1604 computer. The approximations and techniques suggested by Maehly are equally applicable to the second large computer in the CDC line, the 3600. Unlike the 1604, however, the 3600 has built-in double-precision floating-point arithmetic. The present work, largely inspired by the successes of Maehly and his associates, concerns the extension of one of Maehly's ideas to a double-precision subroutine for the 3600.Communications of the ACM$sqrt(x)$; CDC 3600; elementary functionsack-njhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79In January of 1960, the late Hans J. Maehly completed a summary of approximations to the elementary functions for the CDC-1604 computer. The approximations and techniques suggested by Maehly are equally applicSable to the second large computer in the CDC line, the 3600. Unlike the 1604, however, the 3600 has built-in double-precision floating-point arithmetic. The present work, largely inspired by the successes of Maehly and his associates, concerns the extension of one of Maehly's ideas to a double-precision subroutine for the 3600.W. J. {Cody, Jr.}Double-Precision Square Root for the {CDC-3600}
@Article{Cody:1964:DPS,
author = "W. J. {Cody, Jr.}",
title = "Double-Precision Square Root for the {CDC-3600}",
journal = j-CACM,
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bibdate = "Thu Sep 1 10:15:43 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
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http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "In January of 1960, the late Hans J. Maehly completed
a summary of approximations to the elementary functions
for the CDC-1604 computer. The approximations and
techniques suggested by Maehly are equally applicable
to the second large computer in the CDC line, the 3600.
Unlike the 1604, however, the 3600 has built-in
double-precision floating-point arithmetic. The present
work, largely inspired by the successes of Maehly and
his associates, concerns the extension of one of
Maehly's ideas to a double-precision subroutine for the
3600.",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
keywords = "$sqrt(x)$; CDC 3600; elementary functions",
}Built-In Square Root Method",
journal = j-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-13",
number = "2",
pages = "156--157",
month = apr,
year = "1964",
CODEN = "IEECA8",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1964.263791",
ISSN = "0367-7508",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 06:56:59 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4038119",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}7.14 06:56:59 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4038119IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbD. CowgillLogic Equations for a Built-In Square Root Method
@Article{Cowgill:1964:LEB,
author = "D. Cowgill",
title = "Logic Equations for a Built-In Square Root Method",
journal = j-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
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number = "2",
pages = "156--157",
month = apr,
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'e}V '#5/['1;m;/[mmastersthesisfparZ6W ##G!57=K;7UGaarticlefparith.bibEve:1964:EPJ. EveThe Evaluation of Polynomialsj-NUM-MATH617--211964NUMMA70029-59XMW #-!o=a7E;_!o
articlefparith.bibCowgill:1964:LEBD. CowgillLogic Equations for a Built-In Square Root Methodj-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-132156--157apr41964IEECA8http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1964.2637910367-7508 OR 03677508Thu Jul 14 06:56:59 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.0U
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bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
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@Article{Eve:1964:EP,
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acknowledgement = ack-nj,
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xxmonth = "(none)",
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}cations of division by convergence",
type = "Thesis ({M.S.})",
school = "Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Massachusetts
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address = "Cambridge, MA, USA",
pages = "44 (est.)",
month = jun,
year = "1964",
bibdate = "Thu Apr 2 08:38:35 1998",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-sfo # " and " # ack-nhfb,
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@MastersThesis{Goldschmidt:1964:ADC,
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title = "Applications of division by convergence",
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7/Y #+%i57E;E?McE%iGarticlefparith}0Z #-)=97EU;__) articlefparith.bibMerrill:1964:IDCRoy D. MerrillImproving Digital Computer Performance Using Residue Number Theoryj-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-13293--101apr41964IEECA8http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1964.263777; http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1964.2637760367-7508 OR 03677508Thu Jul 14 06:56:58 MDT 2011http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/; http://www.computer.z}
X#1[;'Em;%M[?bookfparith.bibMcCracken:1964:NMFDaniel D. McCracken and William S. DornNumerical methods and FORTRAN programming, with applications in engineering and sciencepub-WILvyComputer Performance Using Residue
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corresponding operand digits. Consequently, for these
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CC9W '#';'97Em;?gmastersthesisfparith.bibMoss:1964:RDCGeorge Joseph Moss, Jr.Recording digital counter with floating point output formatThesis (M.S.)University of MarylandCollege Park, MD, USA1551964Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1996.02.24 15:01:45 MSTack-nhfbGeorge Joseph {Moss, Jr.}Recording digital counter with floating point output format
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cV #'%I!+=K;%IIbookfparith.bibRice:1964:AFVJohn R. RiceThe Approximation of Functions1pub-AWpub-AW:adrvarious1964QA221 .R5 V.1-2Fri Dec 08 13:02:52 1995ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1995.12.08 13:02:52 ???ack-njJohn R. RiceThe Approximation of Functions
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title = "Techniques for automatic error monitoring and
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publisher = pub-WILEY,
address = pub-WILEY:adr,
pages = "43--59",
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TW #'!I57;K;?c!Ikarticlefparith.bibBlum:1965:EAPB. I. BlumAn Extended Arithmetic Packagej-CACM85318--320may51965CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-731SW #-'m=a7E;_'marticlefparith.bibAtrubin:1965:ODRA. J. AtrubinA One-Dimensional Real-Time Iterative Multiplierj-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-143394--399jun61965IEECA8http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.2641450367-7508 OR 03677508Thu Jul 14 06:26:33 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14uU '#3-!Ew';m;-E!w/inproceedingsfpareal-Time Iterative Multiplier",
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pages = "394--399",
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year = "1965",
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title = "A One-Dimensional Real-Time Iterative Multiplier",
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@Article{Blum:1965:EAP,
author = "B. I. Blum",
title = "An Extended Arithmetic Package",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "8",
number = "5",
pages = "318--320",
month = may,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
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bibdate = "Thu Sep 8 08:20:53 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
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acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
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}tle = "Computation of the Base Two Logarithm of Binary
Numbers",
journal = j-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-14",
number = "6",
pages = "863--867",
month = dec,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "IEECA8",
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}lectronic Computersack-nhfbM. Combet and H. {Van Zonneveld} and L. VerbeekComputation of the Base Two Logarithm of Binary Numbers
@Article{Combet:1965:CBT,
author = "M. Combet and H. {Van Zonneveld} and L. Verbeek",
title = "Computation of the Base Two Logarithm of Binary
Numbers",
journal = j-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-14",
number = "6",
pages = "863--867",
month = dec,
year = "1965",
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DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.264080",
ISSN = "0367-7508",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 06:26:41 MDT 2011",
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]W#+g{=a7E;_k{articlefparith.bibCombet:1965:CBTM. Combet and H. Van Zonneveld and L. VerbeekComputation of the Base Two Logarithm of Binary Numbersj-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-146863--867dec121965IEECA8http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.2640800367-7508 OR 03677508Thu Jul 14 06:26:41 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 06:26:41 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4038605IEEE Transactions on Eel Multipliers",
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author-dates = "29 April 1923--26 October 2012",
fjournal = "Alta frequenza",
remark = "According to an ARITH'21 conference attendee, this is
a recommended article for understanding the Wallace and
Dadda multipliers.",
}hemes for Parallel Multipliers
@Article{Dadda:1965:SSP,
author = "Luigi Dadda",
title = "Some Schemes for Parallel Multipliers",
journal = j-ALTA-FREQ,
volume = "34",
number = "??",
pages = "349--356",
month = mar,
year = "1965",
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note = "Reprinted in \cite[pages
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URL = "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dadda_multiplier;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/luigi_dadda",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
author-dates = "29 April 1923--26 October 2012",
fjournal = "Alta frequenza",
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}
`X #)#W#77=m;};)
I#WIarticlefparith.bibDadda:1965:SSPLuigi DaddaSome Schemes for Parallel Multipliersj-ALTA-FREQ34349--356mar31965ALFRAJ0002-6557 OR 000265570002-6557 OR 00026557Fri Nov 09 10:47:42 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.11.09 10:47:42 ???Reprinted in cite [pages 118--225]Swartzlander:1990:CAa.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dadda_multiplier; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/luigi_daddaAlta frequenzaAccording to an ARITH'21 conference attendee, this is a recommended article for understanding the Wallace and Dadda multipliers.ack-nhfb29 April 1923--26 October 2012Luigi DaddaReprinted in \cite[pages 118--225]{Swartzlander:1990:CAa}.Some Scof a Diode Squarer by Applying the
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} Applying the Criterion of Square Root of the Integral of Per Cent Error Squared
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author = "Robert M. Deiters",
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volume = "EC-14",
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pages = "456--463",
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year = "1965",
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DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.264153",
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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abstract = "Recently M. Morris Mano presented a method for
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journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
keywords = "Boolean operations; decimal arithmetic",
sjb = "Commenting on \cite{Mano:1965:PSB}.",
}
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bibdate = "Fri Nov 25 18:20:01 MST 2005",
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abstract = "Recently M. Morris Mano presented a method for
performing Boolean OR, AND and NOT operations by means
of arithmetic and conditional transfer operations in a
decimal computer lacking builtin logical
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acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
checked = "19940407",
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
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http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/tocresult.jsp?isnumber=4038385",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
keywords = "residue arithmetic; residue number system",
}mputer Arithmetic",
journal = j-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-14",
number = "4",
pages = "670--670",
month = aug,
year = "1965",
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DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.264031",
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fjournal = "IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}#anscomput.bib2011.07.14 06:26:40 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4038535IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbD. Hammel{R65-54} The Logic of Computer Arithmetic
@Article{Hammel:1965:RLC,
author = "D. Hammel",
title = "{R65-54} The Logic of Computer Arithmetic",
journal = j-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-14",
number = "4",
pages = "670--670",
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URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4038535",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
}
FGF[&[ #))57=a;?c)qarticlefparH%Z#-I=a7E ;_'Icarticlefparith.bibHamming:1965:NLBR. W. Hamming and W. L. MammelA Note on the Location of the Binary Point in a Computin&$Y #-/++O57E;S'c/7Carticlefparith.bibHammer:1965:BRBaPreston C. HammerBook Review: booktitle Experimenta-#W #+[=a7E;__yarticlefparith.bibHammel:1965:RLCD. HammelR65-54 The Logic of Computer Arithmeticj-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-144670--670aug81965IEECA8http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.2640310367-7508 OR 03677508Thu Jul 14 06:26:40 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetrd Computing and Mathematics}} by N. C.
Metropolis; A. H. Taub; John Todd; C. B. Tompkins}",
journal = j-TECHNOMETRICS,
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number = "1",
pages = "82--82",
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year = "1965",
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DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1266139",
ISSN = "0040-1706 (print), 1537-2723 (electronic)",
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bibdate = "Sat Jun 21 13:17:45 MDT 2014",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/journals/00401706.html;
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journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/journals/00401706.html",
}$l Arithmetic, High Speed Computing and Mathematics by N. C. Metropolis; A. H. Taub; John Todd; C. B. Tompkinsj-TECHNOMETRICS7182--82feb21965TCMTA2http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/12661390040-1706 (print), 1537-2723 (electronic) OR 00401706 (print), 15372723 (electronic)0040-1706 OR 00401706Sat Jun 21 13:17:45 MDT 2014http://www.jstor.org/journals/00401706.html; http://www.jstor.org/stable/i254241; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/metropolis-nicholas.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/technometrics1960.bib2014.06.21 13:17:45 MDThttp://www.jstor.org/stable/1266139Technometricsack-nhfbhttp://www.jstor.org/journals/00401706.htmlPreston C. HammerBook Review: {{\booktitle{Experimental Arithmetic, High Speed Computing and Mathematics}} by N. C. Metropolis; A. H. Taub; John Todd; C. B. Tompkins}
@Article{Hammer:1965:BRBa,
author = "Preston C. Hammer",
title = "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Experimental Arithmetic,
High Speed Computing and Mathematics}} by N. C.
Metropolis; A. H. Taub; John Todd; C. B. Tompkins}",
journal = j-TECHNOMETRICS,
volume = "7",
number = "1",
pages = "82--82",
month = feb,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "TCMTA2",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1266139",
ISSN = "0040-1706 (print), 1537-2723 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0040-1706",
bibdate = "Sat Jun 21 13:17:45 MDT 2014",
bibsource = "http://www.jstor.org/journals/00401706.html;
http://www.jstor.org/stable/i254241;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/metropolis-nicholas.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/technometrics1960.bib",
URL = "http://www.jstor.org/stable/1266139",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Technometrics",
journal-URL = "http://www.jstor.org/journals/00401706.html",
}Note on the Location of the Binary Point in a
Computing Machine",
journal = j-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-14",
number = "2",
pages = "260--261",
month = apr,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "IEECA8",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.264258",
ISSN = "0367-7508",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 06:26:22 MDT 2011",
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URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4038414",
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fjournal = "IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
remark = "The authors consider the low-level multiplication
circuit efficiency of placing the binary point before
or after the first bit. If the leading bit is equally
likely to be a 0 or a 1, then their analysis shows that
it is better to place the point before the leading bit.
However, they report that a more likely distribution is
logarithmic (as predicted by Benford's Law, although
the Newcomb / Benford work is neither mentioned nor
cited), in which case there is no advantage for either
choice of placement of the binary point. The conclude
that it would be humane to place it after the leading
digit, by analogy with how people learn decimal
arithmetic.",
}%
?e7]B
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vodg Machinej-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-142260--261apr41965IEECA8http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.2642580367-7508 OR 03677508Thu Jul 14 06:26:22 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/benfords-law.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 06:26:22 MDThttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4038414IEEE Transactions on Electronic ComputersThe authors consider the low-level multiplication circuit efficiency of placing the binary point before or after the first bit. If the leading bit is equally likely to be a 0 or a 1, then their analysis shows that it is better to place the point before the leading bit. However, they report that a more likely distribution is logarithmic (as predicted by Benford's Law, although the Newcomb / Benford work is neither mentioned nor cited), in which case there is no advantage for either choice of placement of the binary point. The conclude that it would be humane to place it after the leading digit, by analogy with how people learn decimal arithmetic.ack-nhfbR. W. Hamming and W. L. MammelA Note on the Location of the Binary Point in a Computing Machine
@Article{Hamming:1965:NLB,
author = "R. W. Hamming and W. L. Mammel",
title = "A Note on the Location of the Binary Point in a
Computing Machine",
journal = j-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-14",
number = "2",
pages = "260--261",
month = apr,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "IEECA8",
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ISSN = "0367-7508",
bibdate = "Thu Jul 14 06:26:22 MDT 2011",
bibsource = "http://www.computer.org/tc/;
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http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib",
URL = "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4038414",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers",
remark = "The authors consider the low-level multiplication
circuit efficiency of placing the binary point before
or after the first bit. If the leading bit is equally
likely to be a 0 or a 1, then their analysis shows that
it is better to place the point before the leading bit.
However, they report that a more likely distribution is
logarithmic (as predicted by Benford's Law, although
the Newcomb / Benford work is neither mentioned nor
cited), in which case there is no advantage for either
choice of placement of the binary point. The conclude
that it would be humane to place it after the leading
digit, by analogy with how people learn decimal
arithmetic.",
}sion Floating-Point Arithmetic
with 132-Bit Numbers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "8",
number = "3",
pages = "175--177",
month = mar,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68.00",
MRnumber = "30\#2707",
bibdate = "Fri Dec 08 14:32:51 1995",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/bevan.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "In a recent paper, Gregory and Raney described a
technique for double-precision floating-point
arithmetic. A similar technique can be developed for
triple-precision floating-point arithmetic and its is
the purpose of this note to describe this technique.
Only the multiplication and the division algorithms are
described, since the addition-subtraction algorithm can
be obtained by a trivial modification of the algorithm
in Gregory's and Raney's paper.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
checked = "19940404",
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}&ith.bibIkebe:1965:NTPYasuhiko IkebeNote on Triple-Precision Floating-Point Arithmetic with 132-Bit Numbersj-CACM83175--177mar31965CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 0001078268.0030\#2707Fri Dec 08 14:32:51 1995ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/bevan.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1995.12.08 14:32:51 ???In a recent paper, Gregory and Raney described a technique for double-precision floating-point arithmetic. A similar technique can be developed for triple-precision floating-point arithmetic and its is the purpose of this note to describe this technique. Only the multiplication and the division algorithms are described, since the addition-subtraction algorithm can be obtained by a trivial modification of the algorithm in Gregory's and Raney's paper.Communications of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79In a recent paper, Gregory and Raney described a technique for double-precision floating-point arithmetic. A similar technique can be developed for triple-precision floating-point arithmetic and its is the purpose of this note to describe this technique. Only the multiplication and the division algorithms are described, since the addition-subtraction algorithm can be obtained by a trivial modification of the algorithm in Gregory's and Raney's paper.Yasuhiko IkebeNote on Triple-Precision Floating-Point Arithmetic with 132-Bit Numbers
@Article{Ikebe:1965:NTP,
author = "Yasuhiko Ikebe",
title = "Note on Triple-Precision Floating-Point Arithmetic
with 132-Bit Numbers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "8",
number = "3",
pages = "175--177",
month = mar,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
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MRnumber = "30\#2707",
bibdate = "Fri Dec 08 14:32:51 1995",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/bevan.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
abstract = "In a recent paper, Gregory and Raney described a
technique for double-precision floating-point
arithmetic. A similar technique can be developed for
triple-precision floating-point arithmetic and its is
the purpose of this note to describe this technique.
Only the multiplication and the division algorithms are
described, since the addition-subtraction algorithm can
be obtained by a trivial modification of the algorithm
in Gregory's and Raney's paper.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
checked = "19940404",
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}ration of Square Roots on a Computer with
Rapid Multiplication Compared with Division (in
{Technical Notes and Short Papers})",
journal = j-MATH-COMPUT,
volume = "19",
number = "91",
pages = "497--500",
month = jul,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "MCMPAF",
ISSN = "0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0025-5718",
bibdate = "Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
garbo.uwasa.fi:/pc/doc-soft/fpbiblio.txt;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR
database",
acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Mathematics of Computation",
journal-URL = "http://www.ams.org/mcom/",
}'ication Compared with Division (in {Technical Notes and Short Papers})
@Article{James:1965:GSR,
author = "Wendy James and P. Jarratt",
title = "The Generation of Square Roots on a Computer with
Rapid Multiplication Compared with Division (in
{Technical Notes and Short Papers})",
journal = j-MATH-COMPUT,
volume = "19",
number = "91",
pages = "497--500",
month = jul,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "MCMPAF",
ISSN = "0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0025-5718",
bibdate = "Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
garbo.uwasa.fi:/pc/doc-soft/fpbiblio.txt;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR
database",
acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb,
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'Y#)A'57E?;A=Ayarticlefparith.bibJames:1965:GSRWendy James and P. JarrattThe Generation of Square Roots on a Computer with Rapid Multiplication Compared with Division (in Technical Notes and Short Papers)j-MATH-COMPUT1991497--500jul71965MCMPAF0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic) OR 00255718 (print), 10886842 (electronic)0025-5718 OR 00255718Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; garbo.uwasa.fi:/pc/doc-soft/fpbiblio.txt; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1998.10.13 08:06:19 MDTMathematics of Computationack-njhttp://www.ams.org/mcom/Wendy James and P. JarrattThe Generation of Square Roots on a Computer with Rapid Multiple Manual",
title = "The Floating-Point Over\slash Underflow Trap Routine
{{\tt FPTRP}}",
publisher = "Institute of Computer Science, University of Toronto",
address = "Toronto, Ontario, Canada",
year = "1965",
LCCN = "????",
bibdate = "Wed Feb 14 19:11:11 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/k/kahan-william-m.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "Section 4.1.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
remark = "Cited in \cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
}(14 19:11:11 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/k/kahan-william-m.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.02.14 19:11:11 ???Section 4.1.Cited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.ack-nhfbW. KahanProgrammer's Reference ManualSection 4.1.The Floating-Point Over\slash Underflow Trap Routine {{\tt FPTRP}}
@InCollection{Kahan:1965:FPO,
author = "W. Kahan",
booktitle = "Programmer's Reference Manual",
title = "The Floating-Point Over\slash Underflow Trap Routine
{{\tt FPTRP}}",
publisher = "Institute of Computer Science, University of Toronto",
address = "Toronto, Ontario, Canada",
year = "1965",
LCCN = "????",
bibdate = "Wed Feb 14 19:11:11 2007",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/k/kahan-william-m.bib;
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note = "Section 4.1.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}
7(W %#)Gu==s;%MG%incollectionfparith.bibKahan:1965:FPOW. KahanProgrammer's Reference ManualThe Floating-Point Over / Underflow Trap Routine tt FPTRPInstitute of Computer Science, University of TorontoToronto, Ontario, Canada497--5001965Wed Feb g Truncation Errors",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "8",
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year = "1965",
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})fm?idx=J79W. KahanFurther Remarks on Reducing Truncation Errors
@Article{Kahan:1965:FRR,
author = "W. Kahan",
title = "Further Remarks on Reducing Truncation Errors",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "8",
number = "1",
pages = "40--40",
month = jan,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 00:18:17 1994",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nj,
fjournal = "Communications of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
remark = "Gives summation error estimate formula `s = fl(a + b);
error = (a - s) + b', also discovered independently by
\cite{Moller:1965:QDP}. Extends Gill's earlier
fixed-point result \cite{Gill:1951:PSS}. Cited in
\cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
}
F"*V #+)y57=m;1Me)y5articlefparith.bibKanner:1965:NBCHerbert KannerNumber Base Conversion in Significant Digit Arithmeticj-J-ACM122242--246apr41965JACOAH0004-5411 (print), 1557-735X (electronic) OR 00045411 (print), 1557735X (e.)W #)g57=m;?Qcgarticlefparith.bibKahan:1965:FRRW. KahanFurther Remarks on Reducing Truncation Errorsj-CACM8140--40jan11965CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Thu Sep 08 00:18:17 1994http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.09.08 00:18:17 ???Communications of the ACMGives summation error estimate formula `s = fl(a + b); error = (a - s) + b', also discovered independently by cite Moller:1965:QDP. Extends Gill's earlier fixed-point result cite Gill:1951:PSS. Cited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.ack-njhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cion in Significant Digit
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}*lectronic)0004-5411 OR 00045411Thu Nov 03 08:47:50 1994http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.11.03 08:47:50 ???Journal of the ACMCited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.ack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J401Herbert KannerNumber Base Conversion in Significant Digit Arithmetic
@Article{Kanner:1965:NBC,
author = "Herbert Kanner",
title = "Number Base Conversion in Significant Digit
Arithmetic",
journal = j-J-ACM,
volume = "12",
number = "2",
pages = "242--246",
month = apr,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "JACOAH",
ISSN = "0004-5411 (print), 1557-735X (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0004-5411",
bibdate = "Thu Nov 03 08:47:50 1994",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
fjournal = "Journal of the ACM",
journal-URL = "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J401",
remark = "Cited in \cite{Sterbenz:1974:FPC}.",
}he Double-Precision Square
Root Routine",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "8",
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pages = "202",
month = apr,
year = "1965",
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ISSN = "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
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bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib;
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}+ck-njhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79R. KingLetter to the {Editor}: On the Double-Precision Square Root Routine
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T+Z #'57;1;?carticlefparith.bibKing:1965:LEDR. KingLetter to the Editor: On the Double-Precision Square Root Routinej-CACM84202apr41965CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Thu Sep 1 10:15:43 1994ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.09.01 10:15:43 ???Communications of the ACM$sqrt (x)$; elementary functions; floating-point arithmeticavide-and-Correct Method for Variable Precision
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abstract = "Described in this paper is a divide-and-correct method
for variable precision division in digital computers.
Unlike the earlier methods of Stein and Pope, the
present method uses a suitably rounded form of the
normalized divisor for getting an estimate of the
quotient characters. This result is a correction of at
most plus or minus one to the estimate, to obtain the
exact quotient character. It is believed that this
method will be widely applicable for division
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}, is a divide-and-correct method for variable precision division in digital computers. Unlike the earlier methods of Stein and Pope, the present method uses a suitably rounded form of the normalized divisor for getting an estimate of the quotient characters. This result is a correction of at most plus or minus one to the estimate, to obtain the exact quotient character. It is believed that this method will be widely applicable for division operations in variable word-length character-oriented machines.Communications of the ACMfloating-point arithmeticack-njhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79Described in this paper is a divide-and-correct method for variable precision division in digital computers. Unlike the earlier methods of Stein and Pope, the present method uses a suitably rounded form of the normalized divisor for getting an estimate of the quotient characters. This result is a correction of at most plus or minus one to the estimate, to obtain the exact quotient character. It is believed that this method will be widely applicable for division operations in variable word-length character-oriented machines.E. V. KrishnamurthyOn a Divide-and-Correct Method for Variable Precision Division
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ZZ".U '#+E)=m;EAinproceedingsfparith.bibLehman:1965:SATM. LehmanSerial Arithmetic TechniquesAFIPS:1965:FJC715--7251965Tue Jan 08 23:08:35 2008http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2008.01.08 23:08:35 ???ack-nhfbM. LehmanSerial Arithmetic Techniques
@InProceedings{Lehman:1965:SAT,
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<<@/U '#/?a';Em;W?amastersthesisfparith.bibLiddiard:1965:DPFLawrence Anthony LiddiardDouble precision floating point arithmeticThesis (M.S.)University of Minnesotavarious1965Sat Feb 24 15:01:45 MST 1996http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1996.02.24 15:01:45 MSTCalculators.; Numerical calculations.ack-nhfbLawrence Anthony LiddiardDouble precision floating point arithmetic
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=?=v2W#+O]=a7E;_O]'articlefparith.bibMartin:1965:SHSA. R. Martin and A. B. RosensteinA Shiftrix for High-Speed Multiplicationj-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-144639--643aug81965IEECA8http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.2640100367-7508 OR 03677508Thu Jul 14 06:26:39 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/ieeetranscomput.bib2011.07.14 06:26:39 MDThttp://iee1Y #')57E);K?c)OOarticlefparitF0Z#3c%-!!;K;))c=bookfparith.bibLyusternik:1965:HCEL. A. Lyusternik and O. A. Chervonenkis and A. R. YanpolskiHandbook for Computing Elementary Functionspub-PERGAMONpub-PERGAMON:adrxiii + 2511965QA221.L513Thu Sep 1 10:13:16 1994ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doon} of {Boolean} functions in a
decimal computer",
journal = j-CACM,
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number = "1",
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note = "See remarks \cite{Dodd:1965:RSB}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
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}1h.bibMano:1965:PSBM. Morris ManoPracniques: Simulation of Boolean functions in a decimal computerj-CACM8139--40jan11965CACMA20001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic) OR 00010782 (print), 15577317 (electronic)0001-0782 OR 00010782Fri Nov 25 18:19:58 MST 2005ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/bevan.bib; http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2005.11.25 18:19:58 MSTSee remarks cite Dodd:1965:RSB.Communications of the ACMack-nhfbhttp://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79M. Morris ManoSee remarks \cite{Dodd:1965:RSB}.Pracniques: {Simulation} of {Boolean} functions in a decimal computer
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}A Shiftrix for High-Speed Multiplication",
journal = j-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT,
volume = "EC-14",
number = "4",
pages = "639--643",
month = aug,
year = "1965",
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}2explore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4038521IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computersack-nhfbA. R. Martin and A. B. RosensteinA Shiftrix for High-Speed Multiplication
@Article{Martin:1965:SHS,
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}f Inherent Errors in Matrix Decomposition
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crossref = "Kalenich:1965:IPP",
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pages = "441--442",
year = "1965",
bibdate = "Wed Feb 14 19:21:38 2007",
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ZMnumber = "0161.35502",
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@InProceedings{Schulte:1996:PAS,
author = "M. J. Schulte and E. E. Swartzlander",
title 1
@InProceedings{Schulte:1993:ERC,
author = "M. Schulte and E. Swartzlander",
title = *:X1
@InProceedings{Schulte:1996:HDI,
author = "M. J. Schulte and K. C. Bickerstaff and E. E.
1lY
@InProceedings{Schulte:1995:PSI,
author = "Michael J. Schulte and Eearl E. {Swartzlander, /T)
@InProceedings{Schulte:1995:HDA,
author = "Michael J. Schulte and Eearl E. {Swartzlander, /_?
@InProceedings{Schulte:1995:DAV,
author = "M. J. Schulte and E. E. {Swartzlander, Jr.}",
/lY
@InProceedings{Schulte:1994:VIA,
author = "M. J. Schulte and E. E. {Swartzlander, Jr.}",
-eK
@InProceedings{Schulte:1993:TMC,
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*DJ
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*Bors in Matrix Decomposition Using Unnormalized ArithmeticKalenich:1965:IPP2441--4421965Wed Feb 14 19:21:38 2007http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/metropolis-nicholas.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib2007.02.14 19:21:38 ???Cited in cite Sterbenz:1974:FPC.0161.35502ack-nhfbN. MetropolisAnalysis of Inherent Errors in Matrix Decomposition Using Unnormalized Arithmetic
@InProceedings{Metropolis:1965:AIE,
author = "N. Metropolis",
title = "Analysis of Inherent Errors in Matrix Decomposition
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}5 19:04:40 ???Numerische Mathematikack-nhfbhttp://link.springer.com/journal/211N. MetropolisBerichtigung: {Algorithms} in unnormalized arithmetic. {I}. {Recurrence} relations
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@Article{Metropolis:1965:RCU,
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##Q6X#3Qw'57E;CA!=Qwarticlefparith.bibMetropolis:1965:RCUN. Metropolis and R. L. AshenhurstRadix Conversion in an Unnormalized Arithmetic Systemj-MATH-COMPUT1991435--441jul71965MCMPAF0025-5718 (print), 1088-6842 (electronic) OR 00255718 (print), 10886842 (electronic)0025-5718 OR 00255718Tue Oct 13 08:06:19 MDT 1998http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/metropolis-nicholas.bib; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; JSTOR database1998.10.13 08:06:19 MDThttp://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0025-5718%28196507%2919%3A91%3C435%3ARCIAUA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-DMathematics of Computation0146.14607ack-nhfbhttp://www.ams.org/mcom/N. Metropolis and R. L",
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v>9V #+!II)57=m;?Y'CI/articlefparith.bibMoller:1965:NQDOle MollerNote on Quasi Double-Precisionj-NORDISK-TIDSKR-INFORM-BEHAND5425j8W #+%S!57=K;7U%W articlefparith.bibMiller:1965:ASFG. F. MillerAlgorithms for Special Functions IIj-NUM-MATH7194--1961965NUMMA70029-599X (print), 0945-3245 (electronic)~7W #)%9=a7E;_%9Warticlefparith.bibMetze:1965:MSRGernot MetzeMinimal Square Rootingj-IEEE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUTEC-142181--185apr41965IEECA8http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PGEC.1965.2639630367-7508 OR 03677508Thu Jul 14 06:26:22 MDT 2011http://www.computer.org/tc/; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib; http://wwwl Functions {II}",
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}8 OR 0029599X (print), 09453245 (electronic)0029-599X OR 0029599XFri Sep 16 10:22:10 1994ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1994.09.16 10:22:10 ???Numerische Mathematikack-njhttp://link.springer.com/journal/211G. F. MillerAlgorithms for Special Functions {II}
@Article{Miller:1965:ASF,
author = "G. F. Miller",
title = "Algorithms for Special Functions {II}",
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}-Precision",
journal = j-NORDISK-TIDSKR-INFORM-BEHAND,
volume = "5",
number = "4",
pages = "251--255",
year = "1965",
CODEN = "BITTEL, NBITAB",
ISSN = "0006-3835 (print), 1572-9125 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0006-3835",
bibdate = "Sat Nov 14 09:14:57 1998",
bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "See \cite{Moller:1965:QDP}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb,
journal-URL = "http://link.springer.com/journal/10543",
}91--2551965BITTEL, NBITAB0006-3835 (print), 1572-9125 (electronic) OR 00063835 (print), 15729125 (electronic)0006-3835 OR 00063835Sat Nov 14 09:14:57 1998http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib1998.11.14 09:14:57 ???See cite Moller:1965:QDP.ack-njhttp://link.springer.com/journal/10543Ole M{\o}llerSee \cite{Moller:1965:QDP}.Note on Quasi Double-Precision
@Article{Moller:1965:NQD,
author = "Ole M{\o}ller",
title = "Note on Quasi Double-Precision",
journal = j-NORDISK-TIDSKR-INFORM-BEHAND,
volume = "5",
number = "4",
pages = "251--255",
year = "1965",
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bibsource = "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
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}on in Floating Point Addition",
journal = j-NORDISK-TIDSKR-INFORM-BEHAND,
volume = "5",
number = "1",
pages = "37--50",
month = mar,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "BITTEL, NBITAB",
DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01975722",
ISSN = "0006-3835 (print), 1572-9125 (electronic)",
ISSN-L = "0006-3835",
MRclass = "65.80",
MRnumber = "31\#5359",
bibdate = "Wed Jan 4 18:52:08 MST 2006",
bibsource = "http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=issue&issn=0006-3835&volume=5&issue=1;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bit.bib;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
note = "See also \cite{Moller:1965:NQD}.",
URL = "http://www.springerlink.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0006-3835&volume=5&issue=1&spage=37",
acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb,
journal-URL = "http://link.springer.com/journal/10543",
keywords = "accurate floating-point summation; floating-point
arithmetic; rounding errors",
remark = "Gives summation error estimate formula `s = fl(a + b);
error = (a - s) + b', also discovered independently by
\cite{Kahan:1965:FRR}. Extends Gill's earlier
fixed-point result \cite{Gill:1951:PSS}.",
}:b2006.01.04 18:52:08 MSTSee also cite Moller:1965:NQD.http://www.springerlink.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0006-3835&volume=5&issue=1&spage=37accurate floating-point summation; floating-point arithmetic; rounding errorsGives summation error estimate formula `s = fl(a + b); error = (a - s) + b', also discovered independently by cite Kahan:1965:FRR. Extends Gill's earlier fixed-point result cite Gill:1951:PSS.ack-njhttp://link.springer.com/journal/10543Ole M{\o}llerSee also \cite{Moller:1965:NQD}.Quasi Double-Precision in Floating Point Addition
@Article{Moller:1965:QDP,
author = "Ole M{\o}ller",
title = "Quasi Double-Precision in Floating Point Addition",
journal = j-NORDISK-TIDSKR-INFORM-BEHAND,
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bibsource = "http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=issue&issn=0006-3835&volume=5&issue=1;
http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bit.bib;
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note = "See also \cite{Moller:1965:NQD}.",
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acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb,
journal-URL = "http://link.springer.com/journal/10543",
keywords = "accurate floating-point summation; floating-point
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remark = "Gives summation error estimate formula `s = fl(a + b);
error = (a - s) + b', also discovered independently by
\cite{Kahan:1965:FRR}. Extends Gill's earlier
fixed-point result \cite{Gill:1951:PSS}.",
}
33Y;X %#+)W)~~