%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% /u/sy/beebe/tex/bib/epodd.bib, Wed Jan 22 16:58:32 1992
%%% Edit by Nelson H. F. Beebe <beebe at csc-sun.math.utah.edu>
%%%
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "2.22",
%%%     date            = "11 May 2013",
%%%     time            = "11:40:58 MDT",
%%%     filename        = "epodd.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "59511 4897 24394 223583",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "bibliography, electronic publishing",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a COMPLETE BibTeX bibliography for
%%%                        the journal Electronic Publishing---Origination,
%%%                        Dissemination, and Design, or informally,
%%%                        EP-odd.
%%%
%%%                        At version 2.22, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
%%%
%%%                             1988 (  13)    1991 (  17)    1994 (  21)
%%%                             1989 (  18)    1992 (  21)    1995 (  31)
%%%                             1990 (  17)    1993 (  45)
%%%
%%%                             Article:        183
%%%
%%%                             Total entries:  183
%%%
%%%                        Although the last published issue is dated
%%%                        December 1995, it did not appear until June
%%%                        1997.  Publication ceased with that issue.
%%%                        Copyright was later transferred from the
%%%                        publisher to the University of Nottingham,
%%%                        and the entire journal archive is now
%%%                        available online at
%%%
%%%                            http://cajun.cs.nott.ac.uk/compsci/epo/papers/epoddtoc.html
%%%
%%%                        Journal article citation tags look like
%%%                        author:abbrev-volume-number-page, where the
%%%                        author part is the last name of the first
%%%                        author: for example, Pausch:EPODD-3-4-227.
%%%
%%%                        Entries in this bibliography are sorted in
%%%                        publication order.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.
%%%
%%%                        From version 2.00 of this file, all entries
%%%                        include the journal abstracts and keywords;
%%%                        many thanks to the journal editors for
%%%                        providing most of this material in
%%%                        machine-readable form so that it was
%%%                        straightforward to reformat and copy into
%%%                        this file in a couple of evenings' work.
%%%
%%%                        A snapshot of this file was included in
%%%                        the CAJUN Project's release of the first
%%%                        six volumes of EP-odd on CD ROM in Adobe
%%%                        Acrobat form (a high-quality document
%%%                        viewing system with hypertext links and
%%%                        indexing); see the reference labelled
%%%                        Smith:EPODD-6-4-481 below.  CD ROM
%%%                        subscriptions are available starting with
%%%                        volume 7 (1994).",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================

@Preamble{
    "\input bibnames.sty " #
    "\input texnames.sty " #
    "\hyphenation{
                Gon-czar-ow-ski
                Para-met-riz-a-tion
                Wa-ka-ya-ma
    }" #
    "\def \INSCRIPT {{\sc in\-script}}" #
    "\def \PIC {{\sc pic}}" #
    "\def \registered {$^{{\ooalign{\hfil\raise.07ex
                       \hbox{\footnotesize R}\hfil\crcr
                       \mathhexbox20D}}}$}" #
    "\def \trademark {$^{\hbox{\sc tm}}$}" #
    "\def \SceX {Sc\kern-.035em \lower.5ex\hbox{E}\kern-.125em X}"
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:

@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:

@String{j-EPODD = "Electronic Pub\-lish\-ing\emdash{}Orig\-i\-na\-tion,
                 Dissemination, and Design"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries:

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-0-0-1,
  author =       "D. F. Brailsford and R. J. Beach",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "0",
  number =       "0",
  pages =        "1--3",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 23 17:23:07 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  note =         "This is a pilot issue of the journal.",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-0-0-4,
  author =       "D. F. Brailsford and R. J. Beach",
  title =        "Authoring systems for {EP}-odd",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "0",
  number =       "0",
  pages =        "4--9",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 23 17:25:41 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  note =         "This is a pilot issue of the journal.",
  note-2 =       "Pages 10--12 were advertizing.",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-0-0-13,
  author =       "D. F. Brailsford and R. J. Beach",
  title =        "Electronic Publishing and Computer Science",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "0",
  number =       "0",
  pages =        "13--21",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 16 09:27:15 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  note =         "This is a pilot issue of the journal.",
  abstract =     "Some of the common ground between electronic
                 publishing and computer science has already been
                 touched on in the editorial section of this issue.
                 Further connections between the two fields are
                 highlighted in this brief paper and it is suggested
                 that electronic publishing differs from other computer
                 application areas because it benefits not only from the
                 brute-force application of cheap computer power but
                 also from the direct application of a host of computer
                 science concepts. The history of computers and
                 typesetters is examined leading up to the electronic
                 publishing era, followed by an appraisal of those
                 computer science topics which have already been applied
                 to problems in typesetting and publishing, and those
                 which seem poised for exploitation and application in
                 the near future. The importance of abstract notions and
                 high-level ideas in the development of computer
                 science---and hence in electronic publishing---is
                 pointed out.",
  keywords =     "Electronic Publishing, Computer Science, PostScript,
                 Typesetters, Abstraction",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-1-1-1,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard J. Beach",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Bentley:EPODD-1-1-3,
  author =       "J. L. Bentley and B. W. Kernighan",
  title =        "Tools for Printing Indexes",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--18",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper describes a set of programs for processing
                 and printing the index for a book or a manual. The
                 input consists of lines containing index terms and page
                 numbers. The programs collect multiple occurrences of
                 the same terms, compress runs of page numbers, create
                 permutations (e.g., `index, book' from `book index'),
                 and sort them into proper alphabetic order. The
                 programs can cope with embedded formatting commands
                 (size and font changes, etc.), with roman numeral page
                 numbers, and with {\bf see} terms. The programs do not
                 help with the original creation of index terms. The
                 implementation runs on the UNIX\registered{} operating
                 system. It uses a long pipeline of short {\bf awk}
                 programs rather than a single program in a conventional
                 language. This structure makes the programs easy to
                 adapt or augment to meet special requirements that
                 arise in different indexing styles. The programs were
                 intended to be used with {\bf troff}, but can be used
                 with a formatter like {\TeX} with minor changes. An
                 appendix contains a complete listing of the programs,
                 which total about 200 lines.",
  keywords =     "Indexing, AWK, UNIX, Troff, Document preparation",
}

@Article{Furuta:EPODD-1-1-19,
  author =       "R. Furuta and V. Quint and J. Andr{\'{e}}",
  title =        "Interactively Editing Structured Documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--44",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "\def \WYSIWYG {{\sc WYSIWYG}} Document preparation
                 systems that are oriented to an author's preparation of
                 printed material must permit the flexible
                 specification, modification, and reuse of the contents
                 of the document. Interactive document preparation
                 systems commonly have incorporated simple
                 representations---an unconstrained linear list of
                 document objects in the `What You See Is What You Get'
                 (\WYSIWYG) systems. Recent research projects have been
                 directed at the interactive manipulation of richer
                 tree-oriented representations in which object
                 relationships are constrained through grammatical
                 specification. The advantage of such representations is
                 the increased flexibility that they provide in the
                 reusability of the document and its components and the
                 more powerful user commands that they permit. We report
                 on the experience gained from the design of two such
                 systems. Although the two systems were designed
                 independently of each other, a common set of issues,
                 representations, and techniques has been identified. An
                 important component of these projects has been to
                 examine the {\WYSIWYG} user interface, retaining the
                 naturalness of their user interface but eliminating
                 their dependencies on the physical-page representation.
                 Aspects of the design of such systems remain open for
                 further research. We describe these open research
                 problems and indicate some of the further gains that
                 may be achievable through investigation of these
                 document representations.",
  keywords =     "Document preparation systems, Structured documents,
                 Grammatically-defined generic document structures, User
                 interfaces, Design experience",
}

@Article{Brown:EPODD-1-1-45,
  author =       "P. J. Brown",
  title =        "Linking and Searching Within Hypertext",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "45--54",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The Find command is a familiar mechanism for
                 travelling round linear documents. In hypertext
                 documents, on the other hand, the primary method of
                 travel is by means of built-in links. The paper
                 considers how a Find command can be integrated into a
                 hypertext system. There are two main issues:
                 \begin{itemize} \item What does it mean to search a
                 hypertext document? \item Can the two methods of travel
                 be integrated in such a way that the user does not
                 become disoriented? \end{itemize}",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Find Command, Searching in Hypertext,
                 Guide",
}

@Article{Reid:EPODD-1-1-55,
  author =       "B. K. Reid",
  title =        "The {USENET} Cookbook\emdash{}an Experiment in
                 Electronic Publishing",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "55--76",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Much of the research taking place in the field called
                 `electronic publishing' would perhaps be better called
                 `electronic printing' or `electronic typography' or
                 `electronic drawing' or `electronic file cabinets'. The
                 word `publishing' has traditionally meant `to make
                 generally known' or `to disseminate'. In December 1985
                 I began a venture in true electronic
                 publishing\emdash{}`true' in the sense that its primary
                 goals were to explore electronic dissemination rather
                 than electronic typesetting or formatting. I wanted to
                 start a periodical that could be distributed
                 electronically, that would use computers for every
                 aspect of its production and distribution process, and
                 that would be on a topic of wide enough interest to
                 attract subscribers in as many countries as possible.
                 Furthermore the topic had to be absorbing enough to
                 engage my own interest for long enough to gain
                 substantial experience. The chosen topic was cookery. I
                 began a weekly magazine whose contents are recipes. To
                 submit a recipe for publication, a prospective author
                 mails the recipe to the editor by electronic mail. The
                 publishing process from that point is similar to more
                 ordinary magazines. A copy editor rewrites the recipe
                 for stylistic consistency and then hands it to the
                 `international desk', which checks to make sure that
                 the recipe uses only ingredients that are widely known
                 and internationally available. The international desk
                 also converts recipes to or from metric units, so that
                 every recipe will include both. From the international
                 desk, the recipe goes to a `test and proofreading'
                 office, at which an editor checks to make sure that the
                 recipe is coherent and comprehensible and that the dish
                 it describes is palatable. Finally, recipes are moved
                 to the production office, where they are bundled into
                 issues in time to meet a Thursday publication deadline.
                 During this test period I have done all of the
                 editorial tasks myself, but the internal structure of
                 the publication system is such that different people
                 could do the different tasks without disrupting the
                 flows and procedures. The recipes are distributed in a
                 text formatting language, and each subscriber is sent
                 software to format that language into some output
                 format that he can print on his machine. Subscribers
                 typically extract the recipes out of each weekly issue
                 and put them into a local database, from which they can
                 print pages for a notebook or access the recipes with
                 online retrieval commands. The text formatting language
                 is a dialect of {\em troff}, and the vast majority of
                 subscribers use a special set of {\em troff\/} macros
                 to do the formatting. The publication is called {\em
                 The USENET Cookbook}. It has about 13~000 subscribers
                 worldwide, and has had recipes contributed by about 300
                 different people. Most of the subscribers are in
                 English-speaking countries.",
  keywords =     "Magazine, Automated production, Online publication,
                 Cookbook",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-1-2-77,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard J. Beach",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "77--78",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Oakley:EPODD-1-2-79,
  author =       "A. L. Oakley and A. C. Norris",
  title =        "Page Description Languages: Development,
                 Implementation and Standardization",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "79--96",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Advances in laser technology have facilitated the
                 development of printers which accept input in the form
                 of pages rather than the lines characteristic of impact
                 printers. Concurrently, page description languages
                 (PDLs) have been designed to facilitate the integration
                 of complex text and graphics for printing. PDLs are
                 described in a variety of ways and the paper starts
                 with a rationalization of these viewpoints. It then
                 traces the development of PDLs, describes their main
                 characteristics, and looks at their relationship with
                 laser printers. A survey of current implementations is
                 then followed by an analysis of the relationship of
                 these languages to other schemes for the description of
                 printed images. Finally, the paper considers the
                 requirements for a PDL standard.",
  keywords =     "Page description languages, Laser printers, RIP,
                 Standards",
}

@Article{Brown:EPODD-1-2-97,
  author =       "H. Brown",
  title =        "Parallel Processing and Document Layout",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "97--104",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Interactive editing and layout of high quality
                 multi-media documents is a demanding application that
                 is limited by the processing power available from
                 current workstations. This short paper takes a
                 preliminary look at the opportunities for exploiting
                 parallelism within the document layout process, and
                 suggests that radically new ways of thinking may be
                 needed to take advantage of the enormous parallel
                 processing capabilities offered by a new generation of
                 workstations based on configurable networks of
                 Transputers.",
  keywords =     "Structured documents, ODA (Office Document
                 Architecture), Document layout, Parallel layout
                 algorithms, Occam, Transputers",
}

@Article{Lucarella:EPODD-1-2-105,
  author =       "D. Lucarella",
  title =        "A Search Strategy for Large Document Bases",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "105--116",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In this paper, we emphasize the need of modelling the
                 inherent {\em uncertainty\/} associated with the
                 information retrieval process. Within this context, a
                 search strategy is proposed for locating documents
                 which are {\em likely\/} to be relevant to a given
                 query. A notion of closeness between document(s) and
                 query is introduced and the implementation of an
                 improved algorithm for the identification of the
                 closest document set is presented with emphasis on
                 computational efficiency.",
  keywords =     "Information storage and retrieval, Retrieval models,
                 Similarity computation, Document access methods, Search
                 algorithms, Search efficiency",
}

@Article{Arrabito:EPODD-1-2-117,
  author =       "R. Arrabito and H. J{\"{u}}rgensen",
  title =        "Computerized {Braille} Typesetting: Another View of
                 Mark-up Standards",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "117--132",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Recent advances in computerized text processing will
                 not only revolutionize methods of publication, but may
                 also increase the availability of information for the
                 handicapped---especially for blind or visually impaired
                 individuals. In this paper we discuss the feasibility
                 of a direct translation of typesetter input into
                 Braille output with special emphasis on scientific and
                 mathematical text. To do so we use the {\TeX} computer
                 typesetting system as a paradigm; however, the essence
                 of our conclusions is true for other systems too. We
                 briefly describe the present state of a related
                 implementation project. Our study derives several
                 recommendations concerning the standards for mark-up
                 languages and for Braille encodings. They strongly
                 support the development of ``semantic'' mark-up.",
  keywords =     "Braille, Markup, Typesetting, {\TeX}",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-2-1-1,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard J. Beach",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Barron:EPODD-2-1-3,
  author =       "D. W. Barron",
  title =        "Why Use {SGML}?",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--24",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The Standard Generalised Markup Language (SGML) is a
                 recently-adopted International Standard (ISO 8879), the
                 first of a series of proposed Standards in the area of
                 Information Processing\emdash{}Text and Office Systems.
                 The paper presents some background material on markup
                 systems, gives a brief account of SGML, and attempts to
                 clarify the precise nature and purpose of SGML, which
                 are widely misunderstood. It then goes on to explore
                 the reasons why SGML should (or should not) be used in
                 preference to older-established systems.",
  keywords =     "SGML, Markup, Generalised markup, Formatters",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-2-1-25,
  author =       "D. F. Brailsford and D. R. Evans",
  title =        "Parallel Processing in Document Formatting: An
                 Experiment Using {PIC}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "25--46",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The manipulation of text and graphics within a
                 computer provides opportunities for the exploitation of
                 parallel processing. It is straightforward to identify
                 blocks of material such as complete diagrams or
                 paragraphs of text which can be processed in parallel
                 and which have modest requirements for synchronization
                 and communication between the blocks. The features of a
                 problem which lead to an elegant and efficient
                 application of parallelism are identified, including
                 good locality of reference, a small `state vector' of
                 shared global variables and a clear relationship
                 between the material on the page and the `cost' of
                 processing it. This last-named attribute enables a
                 problem to be partitioned among multiple processors by
                 a static compile-time analysis rather than relying on
                 costly run-time allocation strategies. The {\PIC}
                 program for line diagrams has been modified to allow
                 for such a static allocation and to permit
                 synchronization and rendezvous between multiple
                 invocations of the program. The aim of this was to
                 investigate whether worthwhile gains in performance
                 would result from subdividing a diagram drawn with
                 {\PIC} and then processing the various portions in
                 parallel. A series of benchmark timings is presented
                 which show the degree of overlap obtainable in
                 processing separate parts of a diagram together with
                 the inherent limits to parallelism imposed by the
                 `atomic' entities in {\PIC} and the inevitable
                 communication overheads between the parallel processes.
                 The design features of the {\PIC} language are
                 identified which made it suitable for these researches
                 and we are able to draw certain general conclusions
                 about desirable properties of text and graphic entities
                 which are to be processed in parallel. This in turn
                 enables us to identify design features of the
                 underlying software which will facilitate parallel
                 processing.",
  keywords =     "Document processing, Parallel processing, {\PIC},
                 Benchmarking",
}

@Article{Duan:EPODD-2-1-47,
  author =       "G. Duan and R. A. Morris",
  title =        "The Importance of Phase in the Spectra of Digital
                 Type",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "47--60",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The role of phase in the spectra of digital type is
                 examined. Characters and text are found to have more
                 information in the phase than in the magnitude, just as
                 for natural images. For letterforms, this means that
                 the position of features, not their size, has the
                 greatest influence on their discrimination. An
                 iterative reconstruction of characters from their phase
                 and from a magnitude characteristic only of the font,
                 not the individual characters, is examined.",
  keywords =     "Digital type, Signal reconstruction, Phase
                 information",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-2-2-63,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard J. Beach",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "63--64",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Warmer:EPODD-2-2-65,
  author =       "J. Warmer and S. Van Egmond",
  title =        "The Implementation of the {Amsterdam} {SGML} Parser",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "65--90",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), is an
                 ISO Standard that specifies a language for document
                 representation. This paper gives a short introduction
                 to SGML and describes the Amsterdam SGML Parser and the
                 problems we encountered in implementing the Standard.
                 These problems include interpretation of the Standard
                 in the places where it is ambiguous and the technical
                 problems in parsing SGML documents.",
  keywords =     "SGML, Structured documents, Document preparation,
                 Parser generators",
}

@Article{Brown:EPODD-2-2-91,
  author =       "P. J. Brown",
  title =        "Do We Need Maps to Navigate Round Hypertext
                 Documents?",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "91--100",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In many hypertext systems users are provided with a
                 map of the underlying directed graph of their hypertext
                 document. Arguably this is like filling a program with
                 goto statements and then placating the readers of the
                 program by providing a map of all the gotos. In this
                 paper we present an alternative approach which goes
                 some way\emdash{}but not the whole way\emdash{}towards
                 providing a hypertext user interface that distances the
                 reader from the underlying directed graph.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Navigation, Map, Guide",
}

@Article{Bruggemann-Klein:EPODD-2-2-101,
  author =       "A. Br{\"{u}}ggeman-Klein and D. Wood",
  title =        "Drawing Trees Nicely with {\TeX{}}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "101--115",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "We present a new solution to the tree drawing problem
                 that integrates an excellent tree drawing algorithm
                 into one of the best text processing systems available.
                 More precisely, we present a {\TeX} macro package
                 called Tree{\TeX} that produces drawings of trees from
                 a purely logical description. Our approach has three
                 advantages: labels for nodes can be handled in a
                 reasonable way; porting Tree{\TeX} to any site running
                 {\TeX} is a trivial operation; and modularity in the
                 description of a tree and {\TeX}'s macro capabilities
                 allow for libraries of subtrees and tree classes. In
                 addition, Tree{\TeX} has an option that produces
                 drawings that make the {\bf structure} of the trees
                 more obvious to the human eye, even though they may not
                 be as aesthetically pleasing.",
  keywords =     "Trees, Graphics, Drawing algorithms, {\TeX}",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-2-3-117,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard J. Beach",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "117--118",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Becker:EPODD-2-3-119,
  author =       "Zeev Becker and Daniel Berry",
  title =        "{{\tt triroff}}, an adaptation of the
                 device-independent {{\tt troff}} for formatting
                 tri-directional text",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "119--142",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper describes a system for formatting documents
                 consisting of text written in languages printed in
                 three different directions, left-to-right,
                 right-to-left, and top-to-bottom. For example, this
                 paper is such a document because it contains text
                 written in English, Hebrew, Japanese, and Chinese. The
                 system assumes that the input is in the order in which
                 the text is read aloud, and it produces output in which
                 each language is printed in its own correct direction,
                 but for which a human cognizant of the reading
                 conventions will reproduce the input order. The system
                 consists of three major pieces of software: Ossana and
                 Kernighan's {\tt ditroff} for formatting text
                 consisting of only left-to-right or unidirectional
                 text, Buchman and Berry's {\tt ffortid} for rearranging
                 right-to-left language text occurring in {\tt ditroff}
                 output to be printed from right to left, and a new
                 program {\tt bditroff} for rearranging top-to-bottom
                 text occurring in {\tt ditroff} output to be printed
                 from top to bottom. Below are translations of this
                 English language abstract, except for this paragraph,
                 into Hebrew, Japanese, and Chinese. The latter two are
                 printed twice, once in a modern left-to-right style,
                 and once in a more traditional top-to-bottom style. The
                 software described in this paper was used to format and
                 print this paper.",
  keywords =     "Document preparation, Multi-lingual,
                 Multi-directional, Troff, Typesetting",
}

@Article{Burrill:EPODD-2-3-143,
  author =       "Victoria A. Burrill and John A. Ogden",
  title =        "{VORTEXT}: The hard-backed screen",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "143--156",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "With the current information explosion in the number
                 of books and periodicals published annually coupled
                 with the decreasing costs and availability of
                 wordprocessors, it is authors, not publishers, who are
                 becoming the main controllers of a document. If a
                 document is written using a computer then it obviously
                 makes sense for it to be read on the same medium. But
                 how will the ordinary man-in-the-street react to this?
                 How will he react to sitting down at a terminal instead
                 of browsing through bookshelves? How will he react to
                 scanning a screenful of text rather than feeling the
                 `physicalness' of a real book? What facilities will he
                 expect? What facilities will he want? This paper is the
                 result of three and a half years research using VORTEXT
                 \emdash{} VictORias TEXT reading system \emdash{} a
                 unique interface which begins to explore the limits,
                 possibilities (and pitfalls!) of extending the `real
                 book' metaphor across from its traditional paper medium
                 to its future computerized form.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Electronic books",
}

@Article{Gonczarowski:EPODD-2-3-157,
  author =       "Jakob Gonczarowski and On G. Paradise",
  title =        "{InScript}\emdash{}a {C}-like preprocessor for
                 {PostScript}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "157--167",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "{\INSCRIPT} is a front-end for the {\POSTSCRIPT}
                 page-description language. {\INSCRIPT} is easier to
                 write (and read) than {\POSTSCRIPT} as it uses
                 high-level syntax, performs automatic stack
                 manipulation and defines a clearer interface to the
                 {\POSTSCRIPT} imaging model. {\INSCRIPT} programs for
                 graphic imaging can be developed interactively, or
                 compiled to produce {\POSTSCRIPT} code for off-line
                 use. This paper describes the {\INSCRIPT} environment,
                 its language features, its implementation, and the way
                 {\POSTSCRIPT} code is generated from its various
                 constructs. Possible enhancements to {\POSTSCRIPT} are
                 suggested which would turn it into a better `execute
                 engine' for code generated from high level languages.
                 Direct {\POSTSCRIPT} programming would then be much
                 easier as well.",
  keywords =     "High-level language interface, {\POSTSCRIPT}, Program
                 readability, Stack languages, Variable allocation",
}

@Article{Andre:EPODD-2-3-169,
  author =       "Jacques Andr{\'{e}}",
  title =        "Can structured formatters prevent train crashes?",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "169--173",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 23 22:59:56 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "A typographic layout error is analysed for its likely
                 effect as being one of the causes of a train crash.
                 Arguments are put forward to show that this error could
                 not have occurred if a structured text formatter had
                 been used.",
  keywords =     "Structured formatters, Document reliability,
                 Typographic errors",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-2-4-177,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard J. Beach",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "177--178",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Al-Hawamdeh:EPODD-2-4-179,
  author =       "Suliman Al-Hawamdeh and Peter Willett",
  title =        "Paragraph-based nearest neighbor searching in
                 full-text documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "179--192",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 23 23:00:10 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper discusses the searching of full-text
                 documents to identify paragraphs that are relevant to a
                 user request. Given a natural language query statement,
                 a nearest neighbour search involves ranking the
                 paragraphs comprising a full-text document in order of
                 descending similarity with the query, where the
                 similarity for each paragraph is determined by the
                 number of keyword stems that it has in common with the
                 query. This approach is compared with the more
                 conventional Boolean search which requires the user to
                 specify the logical relationships between the query
                 terms. Comparative searches using 130 queries and 20
                 full-text documents demonstrate the general
                 effectiveness of the nearest neighbour model for
                 paragraph-based searching. It is shown that the output
                 from a nearest neighbour search can be used to guide a
                 reader to the most appropriate segment of an online
                 full-text document.",
  keywords =     "Best match searching, Browsing, Full-text documents,
                 Information retrieval, Nearest neighbor searching,
                 Paragraph-based searching",
}

@Article{Harrison:EPODD-2-4-193,
  author =       "Michael A. Harrison and Ethan V. Munson",
  title =        "On integrated bibliography processing",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "193--209",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Bibliography processing systems are important to the
                 production of scholarly and technical documents. While
                 the existing systems are a significant aid to authors,
                 their designs are not sufficient to handle the demands
                 that have arisen with their continued use. These
                 demands include larger bibliographic databases, sharing
                 of databases among multiple authors, integration with
                 document editors, and the desire for new features. This
                 paper examines these issues as they are reflected in
                 three enhancements to the bibliography processing
                 facilities of the GNU Emacs {\BibTeX}-Mode and
                 {\TeX}-Mode integrated editing environment. The added
                 features were a reference annotation facility, support
                 of forms-based queries for automatic citation, and an
                 enhanced reference inspection facility supporting
                 WYSIWYG display of references. The design and
                 implementation of the three features are discussed in
                 detail. Their relationship to other bibliography
                 processing tools is discussed.",
  keywords =     "Bibliography processing, Document processing,
                 Integrated systems, Annotations, Forms-based query,
                 Reference inspection",
}

@Article{Furuta:EPODD-2-4-211,
  author =       "Richard K. Furuta and Catherine Plaisant and Ben
                 Shneiderman",
  title =        "Automatically transforming regularly structured
                 documents into {Hypertext}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "211--229",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Fully automatic conversion of a paper-based document
                 into hypertext can be achieved in many cases if the
                 original document is naturally partitioned into a
                 collection of small-sized pieces that are unambiguously
                 and consistently structured. We describe the
                 methodology that we have used successfully to design
                 and implement several straightforward conversions from
                 the original document's machine-readable markup.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext conversion, Document structure, Conversion
                 methodology",
}

@Article{Bench-Capon:EPODD-2-4-231,
  author =       "Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon and Paul E. Dunne",
  title =        "Some computational properties of a model for
                 electronic documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "231--256",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Differing types of documents exhibit varying
                 structures. These may arise, at one level, because of
                 the material comprising the text -- thus textbooks will
                 be organized differently from research papers -- and at
                 a lower level as a result of the layout conventions by
                 which the text is formatted. These structuring regimes
                 may be seen as defining a set of constraints which a
                 document within a specific class must satisfy. In this
                 paper we examine the model recently proposed in
                 Reference \cite{Koo} which is used for representing and
                 modifying electronic documents. This employs simple
                 graph grammars as a means of translating changes in the
                 document structure into modifications to the computer
                 representation. The aim of this approach is to provide
                 computer support which will allow the appropriate
                 structural conventions to be preserved while the
                 document is being edited. We consider the following
                 problem with this method: given a set of `constraints'
                 which the document must satisfy and a collection of
                 rules prescribing how the document representation may
                 be modified, how does one prove that {\em only\/}
                 documents which obey the constraints can be generated
                 by repeated applications of the rules? We describe one
                 way in which this question can be more precisely
                 formulated and call this the {\em consistency
                 checking\/} problem. It is shown that, in general, this
                 problem cannot be solved. We then outline how, for
                 practical applications, the consistency checking
                 problem may be solved for certain special cases.",
  keywords =     "Document models, Graph modification systems,
                 Electronic documents",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-3-1-1,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Hansen:EPODD-3-1-3,
  author =       "Bo Stig Hansen",
  title =        "A Function-based Formatting Model",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--28",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "\def \Benedick {BENEDICK} The work presented here
                 concerns a document processing model accounting for
                 aspects of an activity which is usually called
                 formatting. The core of the model, an experimental
                 formatting language called FFL, is the central topic.
                 FFL is a purely functional language in the style of FP
                 and the applicative part of APL\@. Sequences,
                 characters, and so-called boxes constitute the data
                 types and among the build-in primitives are functions
                 for aligning/spacing, breaking etc. Emphasis is put on
                 presenting the language and exemplifying its use. Also
                 considered are issues in type checking of formatting
                 function definitions and techniques for doing
                 incremental formatting with FFL formatting functions.
                 FFL is currently being implemented by the {\Benedick}
                 project group led by the author.",
  keywords =     "Text formatting, Document processing models,
                 Functional programming, Special-purpose languages",
}

@Article{Feiner:EPODD-3-1-29,
  author =       "Steven K. Feiner",
  title =        "Authoring Large Hypermedia Documents with {IGD}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "29--46",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The IGD (Interactive Graphical Documents) hypermedia
                 system was designed to make possible interactive
                 presentations that can be explored by and customized
                 for individual users. We describe IGD's authoring
                 facilities through an annotated excerpt from an editing
                 session, emphasizing how the system's document model
                 and user interface help support the creation of large
                 documents. Although we feel that IGD successfully
                 addressed some of the issues of scale, experience with
                 the system has convinced us that it is wrong to cast
                 many of the problems of authoring large hypertexts as
                 ones that can be solved by implementing editors of
                 sufficient scope and sophistication. We believe that
                 hypertext design systems based on direct editing of
                 documents inherit many of the bottlenecks associated
                 with the conventional document authoring process. These
                 problems are compounded by the added intellectual
                 burden of designing a connective structure of keyworded
                 links. We contrast the reality of the author-centered,
                 editor-based approach to document design and layout,
                 exemplified by IGD, with the promise of a
                 knowledge-based, automated alternative, and discuss why
                 we feel that many of the facilities provided by IGD
                 will still be useful even if presentations can be
                 created entirely automatically.",
  keywords =     "Hypermedia, Hypertext user interfaces, Document
                 editors, IGD, Directed-graph editors",
}

@Article{Dodd:EPODD-3-1-47,
  author =       "W. P. Dodd",
  title =        "Convergent Publication, or the Hybrid Journal: Paper
                 plus Telecommunications",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "47--60",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The majority of research studies of `the electronic
                 journal' have concentrated on producing a
                 computer-based near-replica of the printed paper
                 journal. This article argues that such an approach is
                 inappropriate and suggests that a complementary,
                 computer plus paper, approach might have advantages.
                 The article discusses the advantages and disadvantages
                 of the paper product, then briefly reviews the research
                 on electronic journals before discussing their
                 advantages and disadvantages. The strengths and
                 weaknesses of both paper and electronic formats are
                 then compared, and from this comparison a proposal is
                 made for the creation of a hybrid journal system
                 combining the strengths of both media.",
  keywords =     "Learned journals, Electronic publishing, Electronic
                 journals, Computer teleconferencing",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-3-2-63,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "63--64",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Habusha:EPODD-3-2-65,
  author =       "Uri Habusha and Daniel Berry",
  title =        "Vi.iv, a bi-directional version of the vi full-screen
                 editor",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "65--91",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper describes the semantics, design, and
                 implementation of {\bf vi.iv}, a bi-directional
                 revision of {\bf vi}, the standard, full-screen editor
                 available in UNIX\trademark{} systems. The main goal
                 was to produce the new program with as little change as
                 possible to the semantics and implementation of the
                 original {\bf vi}.",
  keywords =     "Bi-directional, Editing, Full-screen editor,
                 Multi-lingual, {\bf vi}",
}

@Article{Kaelbling:EPODD-3-2-93,
  author =       "Michael J. Kaelbling",
  title =        "On improving {SGML}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "93--98",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Several improvements are suggested to the syntax of
                 SGML, the recent international standard for the
                 description of electronic document types. These
                 improvements ease processing by existing tools, remove
                 ambiguity cleanly, and increase human usability. They
                 also indicate some guidelines that should be followed
                 in the design and specification of computer-software
                 standards. By following accepted computer-science
                 conventions for the description of languages the design
                 of a standard may be improved, and the subsequent
                 implementation task simplified.",
  keywords =     "Ambiguity, LALR(1), Grammars, Language Definitions,
                 Parsing, SGML, Standards",
}

@Article{Knuth:EPODD-3-2-99,
  author =       "Donald E. Knuth",
  title =        "A note on digitized angles",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "99--104",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "We study the configurations of pixels that occur when
                 two digitized straight lines meet each other. The exact
                 number of different configurations is calculated when
                 the lines have rational slopes. This theory helps to
                 explain the empirically observed phenomenon that the
                 two ``halves'' of an arrowhead don't look the same.",
  keywords =     "Pixels (pels), Digitized images, Arrows, Angle
                 bisection, Bresenham algorithm",
}

@Article{Terry:EPODD-3-2-105,
  author =       "Douglas B. Terry and Donald G. Baker",
  title =        "Active {Tioga} documents: an exploration of two
                 paradigms",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "105--122",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The advent of electronic media has changed the way we
                 think about documents. Documents with illustrations,
                 spreadsheets, and mathematical formulae have become
                 commonplace, but documents with active components have
                 been rare. This paper focuses on our extensions to the
                 Tioga editor to support two very different styles of
                 active documents. One paradigm involves dynamically
                 computing, or at least transforming, the contents of a
                 document as it is displayed. A second paradigm uses
                 notifications of edits to a document to trigger
                 activities. Document activities can include database
                 queries, which are evaluated and placed in the document
                 upon opening the document, or constraints between
                 portions of a document, which are maintained as the
                 user edits the document. The resulting active documents
                 can be viewed, edited, filed, and mailed in the same
                 way as regular documents, while retaining their
                 activities.",
  keywords =     "Active documents, Structured document editors, User
                 interfaces, Databases",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-3-3-123,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "123--124",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Rada:EPODD-3-3-125,
  author =       "Roy Rada",
  title =        "Hypertext writing and document reuse: the role of a
                 semantic net",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "125--140",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "When document components are classified and then
                 recombined during document reuse, a semantic net may
                 serve as the classification language. A theory of
                 analogical inheritance, applied to this semantic net,
                 guides the reorganization of document components.
                 Authors index paragraphs from various sources with
                 node-link-node triples from a semantic net and then use
                 programs to traverse the semantic net and generate
                 various outlines. The program examines node and link
                 names in deciding which path to take. This paper
                 describes how these techniques helped the author to
                 reuse parts of an existing book to write a new one.",
  keywords =     "Semantic net, Document reuse, Linearization",
}

@Article{Rossiter:EPODD-3-3-141,
  author =       "B. N. Rossiter and T. J. Sillitoe and M. A. Heather",
  title =        "Database support for very large hypertexts",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "141--154",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Current hypertext systems have been widely and
                 effectively used on relatively small data volumes. The
                 potential of database technology is explored for aiding
                 the implementation of hypertext systems holding very
                 large amounts of complex data. Databases meet many
                 requirements of the hypermedium: persistent data
                 management, large volumes, data modelling, multi-level
                 architecture with abstractions and views, metadata
                 integrated with operational data, short-term
                 transaction processing and high-level end-user
                 languages for searching and updating data. To
                 illustrate the potential for the use of databases, a
                 system implementing the storage, retrieval and recall
                 of trails through hypertext comprising textual complex
                 objects is described. Weaknesses in current database
                 systems for handling the complex modelling required are
                 discussed.",
  keywords =     "Databases, Hypertext, Paths, Trail management,
                 Composite objects",
}

@Article{Pollard:EPODD-3-3-155,
  author =       "Richard Pollard",
  title =        "Hypertext presentation of thesauri used in online
                 searching",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "155--172",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In this article we explore the strengths and
                 limitations of hypertext for the online presentation of
                 thesauri used in information retrieval. We examine the
                 ability of hypertext to support each of three common
                 types of thesaurus display: graphic, alphabetical, and
                 hierarchical. Graphic displays generated by hypertext
                 browsers appear to be inferior to their printed
                 counterparts. The simple alphabetical display can be
                 easily mapped onto hypertext systems but has the
                 inherent disadvantage of not showing a full hierarchy
                 at the entry point for a term. Hierarchical displays
                 are well suited to hypertext presentation but do not
                 include definitional or complete relational
                 information. We present a design for a hypertext-based
                 hierarchical display that addresses many inadequacies
                 of printed hierarchical displays. We also illustrate
                 how this design might be implemented using a
                 commercially available hypertext system. Finally, we
                 consider issues related to the implementation and
                 evaluation of hypertext-based thesauri.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Thesauri, Online searching, Guide",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-3-4-177,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "177--178",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Furuta:EPODD-3-4-179,
  author =       "Richard K. Furuta and P. David Stotts",
  title =        "A functional meta-structure for hypertext models and
                 systems",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "179--205",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "We describe a hypertext `meta-structure'---one that
                 provides an organization for the architecture of
                 hypertext models and systems. The meta-structure was
                 initially developed to help us understand the
                 architecture of a specific hypertext model (the Trellis
                 hypertext model). However, its organization seems
                 generally applicable to a wide range of other models
                 and systems as well. As such, the meta-structure is a
                 good candidate for a high-level hypertext {\it
                 reference model}, and so we refer to it as the {\it
                 Trellis hypertext reference model}, or the {\it
                 r-model}. The r-model represents a hypertext at five
                 levels of abstraction---two abstract levels, two
                 concrete levels, and one visible level. In this paper,
                 we present the r-model, use it to classify four
                 different hypertext (and hypertext-like) systems, and
                 then discuss its relationship to various
                 hypertext-defined concepts.",
  keywords =     "Hypermedia, Hypertext, Meta-model, Model, Reference
                 model, Structure, Trellis",
}

@Article{Jones:EPODD-3-4-207,
  author =       "Tricia Jones and Ben Shneiderman",
  title =        "Examining usability for a training-oriented hypertext:
                 Can hyper-activity be good?",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "207--225",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "We describe the design and evaluation of a
                 hypertext-based tutorial for hypertext authors. This
                 85-article tutorial represents an innovative
                 application of hypertext to procedural learning. The
                 work has been influenced by Carroll's minimalist model,
                 and by the syntactic/semantic semantic model of user
                 behavior. The usability study involved eight subjects
                 who studied the Hyperties Author Tutorial (HAT) for
                 approximately one hour and then performed a set of
                 authoring tasks in an average of 21 minutes. All users
                 successfully completed the tasks. As a result of the
                 study, we provide a characterization of appropriate
                 uses of hypertext for training, and describe the
                 meaning of a hyper-active environment.",
  keywords =     "Hypermedia, Hypertext, Hyperties, Training",
}

@Article{Pausch:EPODD-3-4-227,
  author =       "R. Pausch and J. Detmer",
  title =        "Node popularity as a hypertext browsing aid",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "227--234",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "We have performed a user study where the popularity of
                 each node in a hypertext database was presented with
                 the links leading to that node. Popularity was computed
                 by counting the number of users who had previously
                 visited the node. Our users clearly incorporated
                 popularity information in their decisions; we compare
                 their browsing patterns with a control group for whom
                 the popularity information was not provided. One
                 possible use of popularity can be to offset the
                 previously documented trait of users to over-select
                 items near the top or bottom of a linear list. We
                 document that popularity information affects user
                 behavior, but we do not necessarily advocate its use.
                 Incorporating popularity information raises other
                 questions of design and ethics which are beyond the
                 scope of this paper.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Browsing, Node relevance, User study,
                 Popularity",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-4-1-1,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Warmer:EPODD-4-1-3,
  author =       "Jos Warmer and Hans van Vliet",
  title =        "Processing {SGML} Documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--26",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) is an ISO
                 Standard that specifies a language for document
                 representation. The main idea behind SGML is to
                 strictly separate the structure and contents of a
                 document from the processing of that document. This
                 results in application-independent and thus reusable
                 documents. To gain the full benefit of this approach,
                 tools are needed to support a wide range of
                 applications. The Standard itself does not define how
                 to specify the processing of documents. Many existing
                 SGML systems allow for a simple translation of an SGML
                 document, which exhibits a 1--1 correspondence between
                 elements in the SGML document and its translation. For
                 many applications this does not suffice. In other
                 systems the processing can be expressed in a
                 special-purpose programming language. In this paper the
                 various approaches to processing SGML documents are
                 assessed. We also discuss a novel approach, taken in
                 the Amsterdam SGML Parser. In this approach, processing
                 actions are embedded in the grammar rules that specify
                 the document structure, much like processing actions
                 are embedded in grammars of programming languages that
                 are input to a parser generator. The appendix contains
                 an extended example of the use of this approach.",
  keywords =     "SGML, Parser generators, Application generators, Data
                 translation, Structured documents, Reusability",
}

@Article{Mamrak:EPODD-4-1-27,
  author =       "Sandra A. Mamrak and J. A. Barnes",
  title =        "Considerations for the preparation of {SGML} Document
                 Type Definitions",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "27--42",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The Standard Generalized Markup Language, SGML, is
                 being adopted by various international organizations as
                 the medium for exchange of electronically encoded
                 documents. An exchange is accomplished by way of a
                 Document Type Definition, DTD, that describes the
                 content of documents targeted for an exchange. In this
                 paper we suggest considerations for the designers of
                 SGML DTDs. The considerations emphasize uniformity and
                 simplicity without sacrificing expressive power. The
                 considerations are not comprehensive: they address
                 minimization features, attributes, inclusion and
                 exclusion exceptions, and the CONCUR feature of SGML.",
  keywords =     "Data representation, Document Type Definitions,
                 Standard Generalized Markup Language",
}

@Article{Harrison:EPODD-4-1-43,
  author =       "Michael A. Harrison and Ethan V. Munson",
  title =        "Numbering document components",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "43--60",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Numbering document components such as sections,
                 subsections, figures and equations gives each component
                 a unique identifier and helps the user locate the
                 component when it is cross-referenced. This paper
                 discusses ways in which such numbering can be described
                 and proposes a simple paradigm for declarative
                 specification of how components should be numbered. The
                 class of algorithms for incremental update of component
                 numbers is studied and the ``best'' such algorithm is
                 developed in detail.",
  keywords =     "Structured documents, Component numbering, Incremental
                 update, Interactive systems, Last/previous algorithm,
                 Declarative specification",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-4-2-61,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "61--62",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Barnes:EPODD-4-2-63,
  author =       "Julie A. Barnes and Sandra A. Mamrak",
  title =        "A model and toolset for the uniform tagging of encoded
                 documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "63--85",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In this paper we present a new, abstract model for
                 textual data objects with embedded markup. Based on the
                 model, we propose a uniform representation for these
                 objects that borrows its concrete syntax from the ISO
                 standard SGML\@. Such a uniform representation will
                 greatly facilitate the development of software that
                 analyzes, formats or otherwise processes these objects.
                 We then describe a toolset that supports the retagging
                 of existing encoded data objects to the new uniform
                 representation. Our experience with the toolset
                 demonstrates a savings of approximately 10:1 over a
                 retagging effort without the toolset.",
  keywords =     "Data translation, Lexical analysis, Automatic code
                 generation",
}

@Article{Savoy:EPODD-4-2-87,
  author =       "Jacques Savoy and Daniel Desbois",
  title =        "Information retrieval in hypertext systems: an
                 approach using {Bayesian} networks",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "87--108",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The emphasis in most hypertext systems is on the
                 navigational methods, rather than on the global
                 document retrieval mechanisms. When a search mechanism
                 is provided, it is often restricted to simple string
                 matching or to the Boolean model. As an alternate
                 method, we propose a retrieval mechanism using Bayesian
                 inference networks. The main contribution of our
                 approach is the automatic construction of this network
                 using the expected mutual information measure to build
                 the inference tree, and using Jaccard's formula to
                 define fixed conditional probability relationships.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Information retrieval, Information
                 retrieval in hypertext, Bayesian network, Probabilistic
                 retrieval model, Probabilistic inference, Uncertainty
                 processing",
}

@Article{Brown:EPODD-4-2-109,
  author =       "P. J. Brown",
  title =        "Using logical objects to control hypertext
                 appearance",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "109--118",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "It is accepted wisdom that documents should be
                 represented in terms of their logical structure rather
                 than their appearance. Nevertheless most of the popular
                 document processing systems concentrate on appearance
                 rather than structure, mainly because most users opt
                 for a user interface that is interactive, simple and
                 direct. This paper considers issues related to fonts
                 and other appearance attributes within hypertext
                 documents. It first presents the relevant differences
                 between hypertext systems and document preparation
                 systems whose end product is paper. It then goes on to
                 describe a scheme for representing appearance through
                 logical structure. The scheme aims to meet the extra
                 needs of hypertext systems, and yet still to be simple
                 enough to attract wide usage.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Logical object, Font, Guide",
}

@Article{Stotts:EPODD-4-2-119,
  author =       "P. David Stotts and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Hypertext 2000: Databases or Documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "119--121",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-4-3-123,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "123--124",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Cowan:EPODD-4-3-125,
  author =       "D. D. Cowan and E. W. Mackie and G. M. Pianosi and G.
                 de V. Smit",
  title =        "Rita\emdash{}an editor and user interface for
                 manipulating structured documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "125--150",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 30 10:23:51 1999",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Cole:EPODD-5-4-209}.",
  abstract =     "Structured documents such as those developed for SGML,
                 GML or {\LaTeX} usually contain a combination of text
                 and tags. Since various types of documents require tags
                 with different placement, the creator of a document
                 must learn and retain a large amount of knowledge. Rita
                 consists of an editor and user interface which are
                 controlled by a grammar or description of a document
                 type and its tags, and which guide the user in
                 preparing a document, thus avoiding the problems of
                 tags being used or placed incorrectly. The user
                 interface contains a display which is almost WYSIWYG so
                 that the appearance of the document can be examined
                 while it is being prepared. This paper describes Rita,
                 its user interface and some of its internal structure
                 and algorithms, and relates anecdotal user experiences.
                 Comparisons are also made with other commercial and
                 experimental systems.",
  keywords =     "Document manipulation, Finite state automata, User
                 interfaces, Incomplete documents, Structured documents,
                 Syntax-directed editing, Partial documents",
}

@Article{Karow:EPODD-4-3-151,
  author =       "Peter Karow",
  title =        "Digital punch cutting",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "151--170",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Digital punch cutting is today's font technology.
                 There are three different methods available for getting
                 alphabets into digital form: hand-digitizing,
                 auto-tracing and direct design on a workstation screen.
                 The advent of intelligent font scaling requires us to
                 ensure the `optical' quality of a font and also the
                 `numerical' quality of its data; this, in turn, means
                 that new procedures have to be added to the font
                 production process. Furthermore, a given typeface has
                 to be rendered on a wide variety of output devices
                 ranging from computer displays, printers (dot-matrix,
                 laser, inkjet or thermal-transfer) and typesetters (CRT
                 or laser) to the more exotic devices such as plotters,
                 vinyl-cutters and routers. To deal with this it is
                 necessary to set up a database of font data, in a
                 machine-independent format such as IKARUS\@. This
                 enables us to cope with the long life cycles of
                 typefaces and also to serve present and future
                 applications by converting the IKARUS data into various
                 machine-specific formats.",
  keywords =     "Digital typefaces, Hand-digitizing, IKARUS format,
                 Auto-tracing, Font technology, Intelligent font
                 scaling",
}

@Article{Bigelow:EPODD-4-3-171,
  author =       "Charles A. Bigelow and Kris Holmes",
  title =        "Notes on {Apple 4} Fonts",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "171--181",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Lucarella:EPODD-4-4-183,
  author =       "Dario Lucarella",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "183--184",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Cringean:EPODD-4-4-185,
  author =       "Janey K. Cringean and Roger England and Gordon A.
                 Manson and Peter Willett",
  title =        "Nearest-neighbour searching in files of text
                 signatures using transputer networks",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "185--203",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper discusses the implementation of
                 nearest-neighbour document retrieval in serial files
                 using transputer networks. The system uses a two-stage
                 retrieval algorithm in which an initial text-signature
                 search is used to exclude large numbers of documents
                 from the detailed and time-consuming pattern-matching
                 search. The latter is implemented using a processor
                 farm, so that documents which match at the signature
                 level can be examined in parallel to determine whether
                 they are, in fact, a good match for the query. The
                 results demonstrate that communication is the critical
                 factor in all of the transputer networks that were
                 investigated. A high degree of speed-up can be obtained
                 when only the pattern-matching search is carried out.
                 When text signatures are used, however, the speed-up is
                 less, decreasing in line with an increase in the size
                 of the text signatures that are used.",
  keywords =     "Best-match searching, Full-text documents, Geometric
                 parallelism, Information retrieval, Nearest-neighbour
                 searching, Parallel processing",
}

@Article{Sanderson:EPODD-4-4-205,
  author =       "Mark Sanderson and C. J. van Rijsbergen",
  title =        "{NRT}: news retrieval tool",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "205--217",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The amounts of information that mankind produces are
                 vast, running into billions of documents. Traditional
                 ways of holding this information have become
                 impracticable and so methods of storage are being
                 switched from paper and microfiche to magnetic and
                 optical disks. In the last thirty years, as more
                 information has been put onto computers, work has gone
                 into using the computer to get away from the
                 restrictiveness of manual indexing and move towards a
                 more flexible system of information acquisition. Many
                 companies offer (for a price) the opportunity to access
                 the information stored on their systems. Unfortunately,
                 most of these companies use software that was developed
                 in the sixties when the field of information retrieval
                 (IR) was still very young. This means that the services
                 they offer are rather primitive. The {\em Financial
                 Times'\/} IR service, Profile is typical of such
                 commercial systems. It has been the aim of the NRT
                 project to investigate ways of incorporating into
                 Profile the new ideas in IR, that have occurred in the
                 last ten to fifteen years.",
  keywords =     "Weighted key term information retrieval, Relevance
                 feedback, Wide area networks, User interfaces",
}

@Article{Agosti:EPODD-4-4-219,
  author =       "M. Agosti and R. Colotti and G. Gradenigo",
  title =        "Issues of data modelling in information retrieval",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "219--237",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper addresses the problem of data modelling in
                 information retrieval. The study introduces various
                 aspects and issues that are necessarily taken into
                 account when designing and developing an information
                 retrieval system. Particular attention is paid to the
                 representation of the different types of data managed
                 by an information retrieval application: structured and
                 unstructured data. A recently introduced information
                 retrieval, data modelling approach supports the notion
                 of a schema permitting representation of the
                 information retrieval data on two different levels:
                 intensional and extensional. The characteristics of
                 this data modelling approach are presented here
                 together with examples of its use in a working
                 prototype.",
  keywords =     "Data modelling in information retrieval, Data
                 representation by content, Text representation by
                 content, Information retrieval model, Information
                 retrieval conceptual architecture",
}

@Article{Salton:EPODD-5-1-1,
  author =       "Gerard Salton and Chris Buckley and James Allan",
  title =        "Automatic structuring of text files",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--17",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In many practical information retrieval situations, it
                 is necessary to process heterogeneous text databases
                 that vary greatly in scope and coverage, and deal with
                 many different subjects. In such an environment it is
                 important to provide flexible access to individual text
                 pieces, and to structure the collection so that related
                 text elements are identified and appropriately linked.
                 Methods are described in this study for the automatic
                 structuring of heterogeneous text collections, and the
                 construction of browsing tools and access procedures
                 that facilitate collection use. The proposed methods
                 are illustrated by performing searches with a large
                 automated encyclopedia.",
  keywords =     "Text structuring, Text retrieval, Automatic indexing,
                 Automatic text analysis, Automatic text linking,
                 Automatic hypertext construction",
}

@Article{Furuta:EPODD-5-1-19,
  author =       "Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Important papers in the history of document
                 preparation systems: basic sources",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--44",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This report provides a narrative description of
                 influential papers that discuss computer-based document
                 preparation systems. The report's focus is on the
                 systems actually used to prepare documents---editors
                 and formatters, and the goal is to provide an
                 introduction to the papers that have been influential
                 on the community of researchers who investigate such
                 systems.",
  keywords =     "Document preparation, Text processing, Document
                 manipulation, Formatting",
}

@Article{Rahtz:EPODD-5-1-45,
  author =       "Sebastian Rahtz",
  title =        "Book Review: {Philip Crookes, {\em Ventura
                 Publisher}}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "45--46",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 09:16:22 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Weir:EPODD-5-1-47,
  author =       "Thomas E. {Weir, Jr.}",
  title =        "Book Review: {A. Rizk, N. Streitz, and J. Andr{\'e},
                 editors, {\em First European Conference on
                 Hypertext}}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "47--48",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 09:16:20 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Pickering:EPODD-5-1-49,
  author =       "Adrian Pickering",
  title =        "Book Review: {David Collier, {\em Collier's Rules for
                 Desktop Design and Typography}}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--50",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 09:16:28 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Rahtz:EPODD-5-1-51,
  author =       "Sebastian Rahtz",
  title =        "Book Review: {Norbert Schwartz, {\em Introduction to
                 {\TeX}}}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "51--52",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 09:17:07 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Andre:EPODD-5-2-53,
  author =       "Jacques Andr{\'e}",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "53--54",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{McCleery:EPODD-5-2-55,
  author =       "Alistair McCleery",
  title =        "Teaching electronic publishing: a {Scottish} example",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "55--61",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper outlines the background to the introduction
                 of an electronic (non-print) publishing strand to an
                 undergraduate degree in publishing. The degree has
                 already successfully incorporated desktop publishing
                 throughout its editorial, production and marketing
                 strands. Desktop publishing had enabled fulfilment of a
                 primary educational aim of the course to integrate
                 theory and practice but challenges remain before the
                 commercial production of electronic (non-print)
                 publications can be undertaken by students with equal
                 facility.",
  keywords =     "Publishing, Teaching, Electronic publishing, Desktop
                 publishing, Non-print publishing, Simulation",
}

@Article{Dyson:EPODD-5-2-63,
  author =       "Mary C. Dyson",
  title =        "The curriculum as hypertext",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "63--72",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In this paper the interdisciplinary nature of
                 electronic publishing is addressed by raising two
                 issues relating to the content and structure of an
                 electronic publishing course. The first is whether it
                 is possible to agree upon a generic curriculum, based
                 on a set of headings or topics, which may be treated
                 quite differently by those in different disciplines
                 (e.g., typographers, computer scientists). The second
                 related issue is whether it is appropriate to set down
                 a single structure which puts topics under specific
                 headings, given the interdisciplinary nature of the
                 subject. A course on the theory of electronic
                 publishing given to typography students is used as an
                 example of the type of material that might be covered
                 and how it may be structured. A HyperCard has been
                 developed alongside part of this course. The way in
                 which this subject fits in with the course in
                 Typography \& Graphic Communication as a whole is
                 briefly described. It is proposed that hypertext
                 systems go some way towards providing students with
                 alternative structures for organizing their knowledge
                 of electronic publishing. This platform could therefore
                 be used as the basis for a core curriculum from which
                 various material is developed and structures created.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Electronic publishing, Curriculum, Document
                 preparation, Information retrieval",
}

@Article{Brown:EPODD-5-2-73,
  author =       "P. J. Brown and R. E. Jones",
  title =        "Marking {EP} coursework using electronic
                 communication",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "73--78",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper discusses experience of getting students
                 undertaking EP coursework to submit their work
                 electronically. This has a surprising number of
                 advantages, beyond the obvious saving of paper, though
                 there are disadvantages too.",
  keywords =     "Assessment, Coursework, Electronic publishing,
                 Hypertext, Test harness, Virus",
}

@Article{Andre:EPODD-5-2-79,
  author =       "Jacques Andr{\'e} and Roger D. Hersch",
  title =        "Teaching digital typography",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "79--89",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Digital typography is a very specialized field that
                 offers two widely different yet complementary aspects:
                 art and computer science. This paper presents Project
                 Didot, which is all about teaching digital typography.
                 While taking into account recent experience, the
                 authors explore some subjects that should be included
                 in a digital typography course and describe the various
                 trades it would be aimed at. This paper concentrates on
                 the computer science aspect and gives a basic
                 bibliography.",
  keywords =     "Digital typography, Curriculum, Tuition",
}

@Article{Brown:EPODD-5-2-91,
  author =       "H. Brown and I. A. Utting",
  title =        "Teaching electronic publishing to computer
                 scientists",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "91--96",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper discusses some of the issues involved in
                 teaching electronic publishing to undergraduates
                 specializing in computer science. It attempts to
                 identify the significant differences between a course
                 designed primarily for users and a course designed for
                 specialists who may also become future developers and
                 implementers.",
  keywords =     "Computer scientists, Electronic publishing,
                 Principles, Design",
}

@Article{Hammersley:EPODD-5-2-97,
  author =       "P. Hammersley",
  title =        "{EP}-odds and ends: {A} Curriculum in Electronic
                 Publishing",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "97--102",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 6 18:24:46 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-5-3-103,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "103--104",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 23 17:18:10 1993",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Nicholas:EPODD-5-3-105,
  author =       "Charles K. Nicholas and Lawrence A. Welsch",
  title =        "On the interchangeability of {SGML} and {ODA}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "105--130",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 20 16:54:15 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "SGML and ODA are international standards for the
                 markup and interchange of electronic documents. These
                 standards are incompatible, in the sense that in
                 general a document encoded using SGML cannot be used
                 directly in an ODA-based system, and vice versa. We
                 first describe these two standards, and suggest
                 criteria under which a bridge between the two standards
                 could be evaluated. We then evaluate the Office
                 Document Language (ODL), an SGML application
                 specifically designed for ODA documents, with respect
                 to these criteria. We describe conditions under which
                 reliable automatic translation between SGML and ODA can
                 be achieved, and describe a translation program that
                 converts SGML documents to ODA and back.",
  keywords =     "SGML, ODA, ODL, Document interchange",
}

@Article{Pozzi:EPODD-5-3-131,
  author =       "Silvano Pozzi and Augusto Celentano and Luisa
                 Salemme",
  title =        "{ALIVE}: {A} distributed live-link documentation
                 system",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "131--142",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 23 17:18:10 1993",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper presents the {\bf ALIVE} project, which has
                 been developed at Italtel to provide the means for
                 automatic management of technical documentation. The
                 main goal of {\bf ALIVE} is to enable the user of a
                 technical publishing system to establish live-links
                 with data stored on remote databases. Live-links allow
                 for automatic update of a document with database
                 contents: whenever a modification occurs in the
                 database data referenced from the document text, the
                 document is updated accordingly. The {\bf ALIVE} user
                 interface has been implemented by exploiting the
                 functionality offered by the Interleaf\registered{}
                 technical publishing environment, providing the user
                 with a fully integrated environment. It allows the user
                 to browse through a description of the available
                 databases and to formulate queries related to data
                 stored in them by means of a menu-based interface. By
                 enriching technical publishing features with data
                 consistency controls in a uniform way, {\bf ALIVE}
                 moves towards the integrated desktop concept.",
  keywords =     "Desktop publishing, Hypertext links, Relational
                 databases, Network communication, User-friendly
                 interface",
}

@Article{Heeman:EPODD-5-3-143,
  author =       "Frans C. Heeman",
  title =        "Granularity in Structured Documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "143--155",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Mar 23 17:18:10 1993",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Structured documents have become a widely accepted
                 concept for document manipulation applications like
                 editing, formatting, and archiving. However, some
                 aspects of structured documents are still not well
                 understood. In particular, the transition in structured
                 documents from logical structure to contents, is a grey
                 area in which different systems use different
                 interpretations. In this article, we discuss this {\em
                 granularity\/} aspect of structured documents. We focus
                 on the underlying concepts of structured documents
                 without referring to any application, so that this
                 discussion is kept clear from aspects that are not
                 related to structured documents.",
  keywords =     "Structured documents, Granularity, Generic logical
                 structure, Grif, ODA, SGML",
}

@Article{Barron:EPODD-5-3-157,
  author =       "David W. Barron",
  title =        "Book Review: {Joan M. Smith and Robert Stutely, {\em
                 {SGML}: the user's guide to {ISO} 8879}}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "157",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 09:17:13 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-5-4-161,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "161--162",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jun 15 11:33:37 1993",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Srouji:EPODD-5-4-163,
  author =       "Johny Srouji and Daniel Berry",
  title =        "{Arabic} formatting with {\tt ditroff/ffortid}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "163--208",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 06 18:25:34 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper describes an Arabic formatting system that
                 is able for format multilingual scientific documents,
                 containing text in Arabic or Persian, as well as other
                 languages, plus pictures, graphs, formulae, tables,
                 bibliographical citations, and bibliographies. The
                 system is an extension of {\tt ditroff/ffortid} that is
                 already capable of handling Hebrew in the context of
                 multilingual scientific documents. {\tt
                 ditroff/ffortid} itself is a collection of pre- and
                 postprocessors for the UNIX {\tt ditroff} (Device
                 Independent Typesetter RunOFF) formatter. The new
                 system is built without changing {\tt ditroff} itself.
                 The extension consists of a new preprocessor, fonts,
                 and a modified existing postprocessor. The preprocessor
                 transliterates from a phonetic rendition of Arabic
                 using only the two cases of the Latin alphabet. The
                 preprocessor assigns a position, stand-alone,
                 connected-previous, connected-after, or connected-both,
                 to each letter. It recognizes ligatures and assigns
                 vertical positions from a standard Arabic keyboard
                 using the standard ASMO encoding. In any case, the
                 output has each positioned letter or ligature and each
                 diacritical mark encoded according to the font's
                 encoding scheme. The fonts are assumed to be designed
                 to connect letters that should be connected when they
                 are printed adjacent to each other. The postprocessor
                 is an enhancement of the {\tt ffortid} program that
                 arranges for right-to-left printing of identified
                 right-to-left fonts. The major enhancement is
                 stretching final letters of lines or words instead of
                 inserting extra inter-word spaces, in order to justify
                 the text. As a self-test, this paper was formatted
                 using the described system, and it contains many
                 examples of text written in Arabic, Hebrew, and
                 English.",
  keywords =     "Arabic, Bidirectional, Formatting, Multi-lingual,
                 Troff",
}

@Article{Cole:EPODD-5-4-209,
  author =       "Fred Cole and Heather Brown",
  title =        "{EP}-odds and ends: Editing structured
                 documents\emdash problems and solutions",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "209--216",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 11 10:16:31 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Creating structured documents---where every document
                 element belongs to a class---has many well-known
                 advantages. Using generic document styles to define and
                 constrain the hierarchical relationships between the
                 different classes of element also has many advantages,
                 but causes significant problems in interactive editing.
                 The recent {\bf EP-odd} paper on Rita
                 \cite{Cowan:EPODD-4-3-125} provided new insights into
                 the possibilities and problems of editing structured
                 documents. This `EP-odds~and~ends' sketches some
                 additional problems and suggests alternative solutions
                 based on the idea of {\bf fall-back classes}.",
  keywords =     "Structured documents, Editing, Document classes",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-6-1-1,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Mandel:EPODD-6-1-3,
  author =       "Ladislas Mandel",
  title =        "Developing an awareness of typographics letterforms",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--22",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper examines the r{\^o}le of letterforms as a
                 means of communication, starting with hand-set metal
                 type and mechanical typesetting in hot metal.
                 Present-day techniques of phototypesetting, and of
                 digital typesetting, via cathode-ray tube and laser
                 machines, are also discussed. Careful attention is paid
                 to the cultural impact of these techniques, with
                 particular reference to traditional French typefaces
                 which often have small x-height and very thin hairlines
                 (which can disappear at small point sizes). Reference
                 is also made to the impact of each of these modern
                 typesetting methods on both `informational' and
                 `cultural' texts. A strong argument is presented that a
                 nation's typefaces encapsulate its national spirit and
                 its culture. For this reason, it is regrettable that
                 the advent of laser-driven imaging devices has brought
                 with it an `anglicization' of many fonts, via an
                 increase in x-height, and a reluctance to countenance a
                 non-linear variation of letterforms and set-width with
                 point size \emdash{} a characteristic so crucial to the
                 readability of classic texts. A plea is made for the
                 rapidly developing computer technology to be deployed
                 in the interests of {\em quality\/} as well as {\em
                 quantity}. Modern techniques have all the advantages of
                 photographic sharpness but this must be harnessed to
                 the traditional subtleties of the original typeface
                 design if the intentions, and the cultural identity, of
                 the typeface designer are to be truly respected.",
  keywords =     "Typographic `writing', Functions, Technique,
                 Visibility, Legibility, Cultural identity",
}

@Article{Lamb:EPODD-6-1-23,
  author =       "David Alex Lamb and Margaret Anne Lamb",
  title =        "Separation of concerns for indexing",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "23--34",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Separation of concerns is a fundamental principle for
                 managing conplex tasks. Previous tools for assisting in
                 generating back-of-the-book indexes do not apply this
                 principle as thoroughly as they might; in particular,
                 most confuse two issues: recording where references
                 occur in the main text, and deciding what terms should
                 appear in the index. This paper describes a general
                 facility for multi-level indexes that embodies this
                 principle, usable in any document formatter that can
                 produce a secondary output file recording page numbers
                 where references occur. {\LaTeX}, {\bf Scribe}, and
                 {\bf nroff}/{\bf troff} fall in this category.",
  keywords =     "Document preparation, Indexes",
}

@Article{Schnase:EPODD-6-1-35,
  author =       "John L. Schnase and John J. Leggett and David L. Hicks
                 and Peter J. Nuernberg and J. Alfredo S{\'a}nchez",
  title =        "Design and Implementation of the {HB1} hyperbase
                 management system",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--63",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Hypermedia systems manage interconnected information
                 residing within a potentially wide range of data types,
                 including text, graphics, animations, and digitized
                 sound and images. Effective database support for
                 hypermedia-based computing environments is essential.
                 In order to be effective, this support must provide a
                 variety of capabilities that are not offered by the
                 current generation of database management systems. We
                 report on a prototypic system called HB1 that has been
                 designed to meet the storage needs of advanced
                 hypermedia system architectures. HB1 is referred to as
                 a hyperbase management system (HBMS) because it stores
                 and manipulates information and the connectivity data
                 that link information together to form hypermedia. HB1
                 is composed of three subsystems: the Object Manager
                 (OM), Association Set Manager (ASM), and Storage
                 Manager (SM). OM and ASM are both server processes
                 accessible to distributed client processes via IPC
                 interfaces. OM is an object server. ASM manages
                 structural data applicable to the objects within OM's
                 repository that are involved in hypermedia connections.
                 Physical storage is managed by SM which, in this
                 implementation, is a semantic network database
                 management system. HB1 instantiates a conceptual model
                 of hypermedia that is distinctly computational, has a
                 strong notion of anchor and link, and abstracts
                 information, behavior, and structure from hypermedia.
                 It has been used as a back-end for an open,
                 object-based hypermedia system that implements
                 distributed, inter-application linking. HB1 is proving
                 to be an effective vehicle for research on HBMS
                 organization.",
  keywords =     "Hyperbase management system, Hypermedia, Hypertext,
                 Open hypermedia system, Architecture, Inter-application
                 linking, Semantic object-oriented database management
                 system",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-6-2-65,
  author =       "David F. Brailsford and Richard K. Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "65--66",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Park:EPODD-6-2-67,
  author =       "Seung Woon Park and Seung Ryoul Maeng",
  title =        "Structure extraction and automatic hinting of
                 {Chinese} outline characters",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "67--91",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In spite of a worldwide trend towards the use of
                 outline fonts for displays and for printing devices,
                 they are still not very common in the east Asian
                 countries where Chinese characters are used. The reason
                 for this is that the complex, structured shapes of
                 Chinese characters take a long time to design and
                 develop. Several systems have proposed automatic
                 generation of outline fonts from the original master
                 fonts. These systems have the serious problem of
                 quality degradation when rasterizing the font at small
                 point sizes, because they do not incorporate a hinting
                 mechanism to adjust the outlines under these
                 circumstances. In this paper, we present an
                 experimental study on a hinting mechanism specially
                 designed for Chinese-style characters. We propose a
                 scheme which automatically generates the hinted outline
                 data from the plain outline fonts. We have implemented
                 and experimented with four sets of Korean Myungjo
                 (Ming) and Gothic style fonts, and have obtained good
                 results with respect to font quality and development
                 time.",
  keywords =     "Automatic hinting, Font rasterization, Outline font,
                 Chinese character",
}

@Article{Nicholas:EPODD-6-2-93,
  author =       "Charles K. Nicholas and Linda H. Rosenberg",
  title =        "{Canto}: a hypertext data model",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "93--113",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 06 18:27:18 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The Canto hypertext data model is characterized by a
                 hierarchical schema mechanism that allows a
                 predetermined, open-ended schema to be embedded in the
                 hyperdocument. Canto uses two types of nodes: concept
                 nodes, which provide organizational structure, and
                 information nodes, which contain text and other data.
                 The operations provided by the Canto Data Model are
                 defined formally using the Z specification language.
                 The Canto Schema Language gives the hypertext designer
                 access to these operations. We show that a hypertext
                 system developed with Canto was easier to use than an
                 otherwise similar system that did not employ a schema
                 mechanism. Several applications have been developed
                 using Canto. One such application, which we describe in
                 more detail, involves the use of Canto to teach
                 students the skill of program reading.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext data model, Hypertext schema, Hypertext
                 testing, Z specification",
}

@Article{Andre:EPODD-6-3-115,
  author =       "Jacques Andr{\'e} and Jakob Gonczarowski and Richard
                 Southall",
  title =        "Editorial: Special issue: {Proceedings of the Raster
                 Imaging and Digital Typography Conference}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "115--116",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This issue of {\em Electronic Publishing\/} contains
                 the papers presented during the third Raster Imaging
                 and Digital Typography conference, held at Darmstadt,
                 Germany, from 11 to 13 April 1994. Earlier conferences
                 in the series took place in 1989 at Lausanne,
                 Switzerland (organized by Roger D. Hersch, EPFL) and in
                 1991 at Boston, Massachussets (organized by Robert A.
                 Morris, University of Massachussets at Boston). The
                 corresponding proceedings are published by Cambridge
                 University Press (see below). Digital typography is a
                 relatively new field: the first commercial
                 cathode-ray-tube photo\-composing machine appeared in
                 1966. Since that time, the field has been growing very
                 fast, and is still active. During the RIDT'89
                 conference, emphasis was laid on the rasterisation of
                 outline characters and on rendering techniques. RIDT'91
                 concentrated more on digital halftoning and on
                 greyscale characters. However, both of these
                 conferences bore in mind that beyond the mathematics of
                 shapes and their rendering, printing types exist with
                 their own aesthetic rules. That is why the
                 presentations were made by a mix of technologists,
                 scientists and designers. The RIDT'94 programme
                 committee tried to attract a similar mix of papers when
                 this conference was launched. As expected, the fields
                 have moved on since the last conference, but we hope
                 that the selected papers adequately exhibit the present
                 state of the art in raster imaging and digital
                 typography. In the recent past, formal research in
                 digital typography has dealt with graphical algorithms,
                 such as the rendering of outline characters and the
                 generation of outline characters from bit-mapped
                 drawings, to name but two. Present research focuses on
                 models and methods for concise but precise font
                 description and modelling. That trend began in industry
                 with font interpolation programs and font systems such
                 as Adobe Systems' Multiple Master technology. This
                 research definitively belongs to computer science, with
                 keywords such as {\em object orientation}, {\em regular
                 expressions}, {\em string matching\/} and {\em shape
                 parameterization}. A look at related fields, such as
                 computer-aided design, shows that there still remains
                 plenty of mathematical research to be done in digital
                 typography. Mathematics is already used in CAD to
                 express aesthetic criteria, both at the local
                 (individual curves/surfaces) and the global level, for
                 ensuring overall appearance and design consistency.
                 \ldots{}.",
}

@Article{McQueen:EPODD-6-3-117,
  author =       "Clyde D. {McQueen III} and Raymond G. Beausoleil",
  title =        "{Infinifont}: a parametric font generation system",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "117--132",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "We have developed a high-performance parametric font
                 generation system for the creation and commercial
                 supply of digital fonts, and in particular, for
                 generating a wide variety of digital typefaces using a
                 single compact representation of typographic knowledge
                 and characteristics. Typographic feature detail can be
                 added or removed, depending on the application. The
                 system does not rely on master outlines for
                 interpolation between or extrapolation from static
                 typefaces. Our current implementation of this
                 technology generates 50 Latin text characters per
                 second on a 25-MHz 80386 platform without the use of a
                 mathematics coprocessor.",
  keywords =     "Infinifont, Parametric, Font generation system",
}

@Article{Durst:EPODD-6-3-133,
  author =       "Martin J. D{\"u}rst",
  title =        "Coordinate-independent font description using {Kanji}
                 as an example",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "133--143",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Abstract, font-independent character descriptions are
                 important for a systematic approach to automated and
                 semi-automated font design. This is particularly so for
                 large character sets such as Kanji. The paper defines a
                 completely coordinate-independent notation for Kanji,
                 which contains all the necessary information to produce
                 legible character sketches.",
  keywords =     "Abstract character description, Coordinate-independent
                 font, Large fonts, Kanji, Prolog",
}

@Article{Haralambous:EPODD-6-3-145,
  author =       "Yannis Haralambous",
  title =        "Parametrization of {PostScript} fonts through
                 {\MF}\emdash an alternative to {Adobe Multiple Master
                 Fonts}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "145--157",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 12 08:17:44 1999",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In this paper we present a new method of parametrizing
                 PostScript fonts in order to create font families. By
                 changing parameter values one can obtain different
                 weights, condensed or expanded versions, small caps as
                 well as optically scaled fonts. The tool used to
                 parametrize PostScript fonts is D.~E. Knuth's {\MF}
                 program. Instead of designing a font from scratch,
                 {\MF} is used as an extrapolator of existing PostScript
                 fonts: out of the information contained in them we
                 build a meta-font; for every choice of parameter
                 values, special versions of {\MF} allow us to return to
                 PostScript and produce a new PostScript font.",
  keywords =     "Font design, PostScript, {\MF}",
}

@Article{Stamm:EPODD-6-3-159,
  author =       "Beat Stamm",
  title =        "Object-orientation and extensibility in a
                 font-scaler",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "159--170",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Today's font-scalers generate screenfonts with
                 acceptable quality on-the-fly from a generic font
                 representation. However, as closed systems they
                 discourage the integration of separate solutions to
                 different aspects of font-scaling. This paper
                 illustrates an {\em object-oriented approach\/} that
                 allows for both {\em contour and rendering
                 independence}. Refined solutions can be packaged
                 separately into intelligent contour and rendering
                 objects. The approach results in a {\em small and
                 efficient font-scaling system\/} that masters
                 complexity by concept rather than industriousness.",
  keywords =     "Font representation, Medium and low-resolution
                 font-scaling, Object-orientation, Contour and rendering
                 independence",
}

@Article{Hussain:EPODD-6-3-171,
  author =       "Fiaz Hussain and Michael L. V. Pitteway",
  title =        "Rasterizing the outlines of fonts",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "171--181",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Two mathematical descriptions of outlines which have
                 found acceptability and widespread usage are the
                 B{\'e}zier cubic and the general conic forms (which
                 include the distinctive parabolic format). Though there
                 are good reasons for employing just the general conic,
                 PostScript characterises fonts in terms of splines
                 based on four-point B{\'e}zier cubics. In order to
                 improve the efficiency with which these PostScript
                 fonts can be rendered, the equation of the B{\'e}zier
                 cubic is here reduced to the non-parametric form
                 required to exploit an efficient cubic tracking
                 algorithm first presented in 1968. Although successful
                 in most cases, the occasional breakdowns are both
                 spectacular and disastrous. The cause of the problem is
                 analysed, and possible solutions suggested.",
  keywords =     "Algorithm, B\'ezier, Conic, Fonts, Rasterize, Spline",
}

@Article{Klassen:EPODD-6-3-183,
  author =       "R. Victor Klassen",
  title =        "Variable width splines: a possible font
                 representation?",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "183--194",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Many fonts derive from stroke-based ancestry. Pressure
                 applied to the pen or brush provided some variation in
                 the stroke width, which defined a region on each side
                 of a centreline. A simple representation of fonts as
                 variable width strokes is presented in this paper.
                 Advantages include a good first step toward typographic
                 scaling (stroke width scales independently of overall
                 scale factor), and preservation of topology at low
                 resolutions (minimum stroke width can be enforced). A
                 chief disadvantage is the lack of experience designing
                 fonts in this paradigm, or building routines to convert
                 from other paradigms.",
  keywords =     "Strokes, Scaling, Typography, Offset curves, Variable
                 width splines",
}

@Article{Itoh:EPODD-6-3-195,
  author =       "Koichi Itoh and Yoshio Ohno",
  title =        "A curve fitting algorithm for character fonts",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "195",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper presents an algorithm that automatically
                 generates outline fonts from a grey-level image of a
                 character obtained by a scanner. Our algorithm begins
                 by extracting contour points from the image and
                 dividing the points into a number of segments at the
                 corner points. The next step is fitting a piecewise
                 cubic B\'ezier curve to each segment. To fit cubic
                 B\'ezier curves to segments, we use least-squares
                 fitting, without fixing the end points of the curves.
                 We locate the end points by computing the intersection
                 of the adjoining curves. This algorithm greatly
                 improves the shape of the corner of the outline
                 fonts.",
  keywords =     "Curve fitting algorithm, Grey-level characters, Kanji
                 characters",
}

@Article{Scheermesser:EPODD-6-3-207,
  author =       "Thomas Scheermesser and Olof Bryngdahl",
  title =        "Digital Halftoning with texture control",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "207--212",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Depending on the characteristics of the output device
                 and the specific application, various expectations from
                 halftoned images exist. Good reproduction of average
                 grey values is usually demanded from images intended
                 for visual perception. Because textures can drastically
                 influence the appearance of a binary image, it is
                 desirable to control their occurrence. In this paper we
                 present a spectral approach to this problem, and an
                 algorithm which is able to control the occurrence of
                 specific textures as well as ensuring good
                 continuous-tone reproduction.",
  keywords =     "Halftoning, Texture, Fourier spectrum",
}

@Article{Zeggel:EPODD-6-3-213,
  author =       "Thomas Zeggel and Olof Bryngdahl",
  title =        "Error diffusion on an adaptive raster",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "213--218",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The principles of a new halftoning algorithm are
                 presented. The idea is to use error diffusion not on a
                 fixed raster, but to adapt the raster to the properties
                 of the original continuous-tone image, e.g., the local
                 intensity. Examples show the advantages of this
                 approach.",
  keywords =     "Halftoning, Error diffusion",
}

@Article{Stamm:EPODD-6-3-219,
  author =       "Beat Stamm",
  title =        "Dynamic regularisation of intelligent outline fonts",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "219--230",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper introduces a novel way to perform dynamic
                 regularisation of outline fonts. In the proposed font
                 representation, the characters are decomposed into the
                 components {\em glyph}, {\em contour}, {\em knot}, and
                 {\em number}. These components are scaled and mostly
                 {\em rounded before they are assembled}. Together with
                 {\em adroitly-defined B\'{e}zier curves}, this implies
                 regularisation of the outlines without explicit
                 grid-fitting, instructions, or hints. As a result, a
                 single font representation permits font-scaling at
                 increasing levels of detail, along with increasing type
                 size and resolution.",
  keywords =     "Font representation, Dynamic regularisation, Medium
                 and low-resolution font-scaling",
}

@Article{Dyson:EPODD-6-3-231,
  author =       "Mary C. Dyson",
  title =        "Improving discrimination of symbols for display at low
                 resolution",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "231--239",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This research draws attention to the fact that the
                 issues involved in rendering characters on screen at
                 low resolution are as relevant to symbols or icons as
                 they are to letterforms. The results of research aimed
                 at improving the perceptibility of letterforms on
                 screen are used to develop a set of modifications that
                 can be applied to symbols that have been scanned from
                 an original design on paper. These modifications are
                 implemented in two stages: rule-based modifications,
                 followed by individual pixel editing. The effectiveness
                 of these modifications in improving the
                 discriminability of symbols varying in graphic
                 complexity is evaluated by a perceptual experiment
                 which compares the unmodified versions with the two
                 modified versions. Subjective judgements of each of the
                 versions are also obtained. The results suggest that
                 these modifications can improve the discrimination of
                 symbols on screen. However, the graphic complexity of
                 symbols affects the type and extent of modifications
                 that can be made. This factor must therefore be
                 considered in any development of automatic instructions
                 for the rendering of symbols at low resolution.",
  keywords =     "Symbols, Perception, Screen, Hinting",
}

@Article{DeLange:EPODD-6-3-241,
  author =       "Rudi W. De Lange and Hendry L. Esterhuizen and Derek
                 Beatty",
  title =        "Performance differences between {Times} and
                 {Helvetica} in a reading task",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "241--248",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 06 18:28:52 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Typographers and printers often regard seriffed or
                 roman typefaces as more legible and appropriate for
                 reading material than typefaces without serifs. Authors
                 contend that readers prefer roman above sans serif,
                 that it is read faster, and that the comprehension rate
                 is possibly higher when text is set in a roman
                 typeface. The absence of satisfactory empirical data to
                 prove these assumptions, and the importance of
                 legibility in academic reading material, motivated this
                 study. The aim of the study was to determine the
                 comparative legibility of sans serif and roman
                 typefaces. Four hundred and fifty primary school
                 subjects from nine different schools were used in a
                 control group pre-test, post-test research design where
                 four different experiments were completed. Romans and
                 sans serifs were found to be equally legible, as no
                 significant statistical difference was found between
                 the reading speed, scanning speed, accuracy and
                 comprehension at the 0.05 level. These results are in
                 contrast to the assumption that romans are more legible
                 than sans serifs. They can be interpreted as promising
                 for graphic designers and typographers, as it appears
                 that legibility will not necessarily be sacrificed when
                 certain reading material is set in a sans serif
                 typeface.",
  keywords =     "Legibility, Sans serif typeface, Roman typeface,
                 Reading task, Times Roman, Helvetica",
}

@Article{Zramdini:EPODD-6-3-249,
  author =       "Abdel Wahab Zramdini and Rolf Ingold",
  title =        "Optical font recognition from projection profiles",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "249--260",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper presents a statistical approach for font
                 attribute recognition based on features extracted from
                 projection profiles of text lines and using a Bayesian
                 classifier. The presented features allow the
                 discrimination of the font weight, slope and size.",
  keywords =     "Font recognition, Projection profiles, Discrimination
                 power, Bayesian classifier",
}

@Article{Herz:EPODD-6-3-261,
  author =       "Jacky Herz and Roger D. Hersch",
  title =        "Analysing character shapes by string matching
                 techniques",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "261--272",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Preliminary attempts at automatic analysis and
                 synthesis of typographic shapes are described. String
                 matching techniques are used to recover implicit
                 relationships between character parts. A knowledge base
                 describing local character shape parts is created and
                 is used in order to propagate local shape modifications
                 across different characters.",
  keywords =     "Digital typography, Shape analysis, String matching,
                 Shape similarities, Implicit design intentions",
}

@Article{Sennhauser:EPODD-6-3-273,
  author =       "Ren{\'e} Sennhauser",
  title =        "Improving the recognition accuracy of text recognition
                 systems using typographical constraints",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "273--282",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 24 08:59:27 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Spelling correction techniques can be used to improve
                 the recognition accuracy of text recognition systems.
                 In this paper a new spelling-error model is proposed
                 that is especially suited to the correction of
                 recognition errors occurring during the recognition of
                 printed documents. An implementation of this model is
                 described that exploits typographical constraints
                 derived from character shapes. In particular, the fact
                 is used that vertical strokes in character images are
                 seldom misrecognised. Experimental results show: (1)
                 that the sizes of candidate word sets are substantially
                 reduced; and (2) that the probability that the wrong
                 candidate word is chosen is reduced by an average
                 factor of approximately 2 when compared to spelling
                 correction techniques without the use of typographical
                 constraints.",
  keywords =     "Text recognition, Recognition accuracy, Spelling
                 correction, Typographical constraints, Stem matching,
                 Typographical distance measure",
}

@Article{Zapf:EPODD-6-3-283,
  author =       "Hermann Zapf",
  title =        "About micro-typography and the {\em hz\/}-program",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "283--288",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Desktop publishing has changed the production of books
                 in recent years. For the first time the author has the
                 possibility of preparing and influencing the design of
                 his text. A publisher will not always be happy about
                 this, especially if the author does not want to follow
                 the strict rules of the publishing house which it may
                 have \ldots{}.",
  keywords =     "Micro-typography, {\em hz\/}-program,",
}

@Article{Bigelow:EPODD-6-3-289,
  author =       "Charles Bigelow and Kris Holmes",
  title =        "The design of a {Unicode} font",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "289--305",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The international scope of computing, digital
                 information interchange, and electronic publishing has
                 created a need for world-wide character encoding
                 standards. Unicode is a comprehensive standard designed
                 to meet such a need. To be readable by humans,
                 character codes require fonts that provide visual
                 images\,---\,glyphs\,---\,corresponding to the codes.
                 The design of a font developed to provide a portion of
                 the Unicode standard is described and discussed.",
  keywords =     "Unicode, International character standard, Type
                 design, Lucida",
}

@Article{Andre:EPODD-6-3-307,
  author =       "Jacques Andr{\'e} and Richard Southall",
  title =        "Colophon",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "307--308",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 26 09:57:08 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Quint:EPODD-6-4-313,
  author =       "Vincent Quint and Christoph H{\"u}ser and Wiebke
                 M{\"o}hr",
  title =        "Editorial: Special issue: {Proceedings of EP'94, the
                 Electronic Publishing, Document Manipulation, and
                 Typography Conference}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "313--314",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jun 7 18:36:23 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Groves:EPODD-6-4-315,
  author =       "Michael J. Groves and David F. Brailsford",
  title =        "Separate compilation of structured documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "315--326",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper draws a parallel between document
                 preparation and the traditional processes of
                 compilation and link editing for computer programs. A
                 block-based document model is described which allows
                 for separate compilation of various portions of a
                 document. These portions are brought together and
                 merged by a linker program, called {\tt dlink}, whose
                 pilot implementation is based on {\tt ditroff} and on
                 its underlying intermediate code. In the light of
                 experiences with {\tt dlink} the requirements for a
                 universal `object-module language' for documents are
                 discussed. These requirements often resemble the
                 characteristics of the intermediate codes used by
                 programming-language compilers but with interesting
                 extra constraints which arise from the way documents
                 are `executed'.",
  keywords =     "Link editing, Separate compilation, Structured
                 documents, Formatting, Troff, PDF",
}

@Article{Roisin:EPODD-6-4-327,
  author =       "C{\'e}cile Roisin and Ir{\`e}ne Vatton",
  title =        "Merging logical and physical structures in documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "327--337",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Although it is well established that structured
                 documents and generic models bring benefits to
                 applications involving documents, integrating these
                 document models in the formatting process of
                 interactive editors is still an open problem. In this
                 paper, the problem of laying out and formatting
                 structured documents is investigated, taking into
                 account the DSSSL standard. One key point of this model
                 is the possibility of expressing the logical structure
                 of documents independently from their graphical aspect.
                 However, this approach induces a more complex
                 formatting process, as two independent structures have
                 to be merged. This discussion is illustrated by our
                 experience of dynamic formatting in the Grif editor.",
  keywords =     "Structured documents, Interactive editing, Formatting
                 process",
}

@Article{Levy:EPODD-6-4-339,
  author =       "David M. Levy",
  title =        "Document reuse and document systems",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "339--348",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "While reuse is currently the focus of much attention
                 in the programming language community, it is also a
                 central, but less noticed, issue in the creation and
                 use of documents, and therefore in the design of
                 document systems. To a great extent, the work of
                 producing new documents, and new versions of old
                 documents, involves reusing pieces of previously
                 existing documents, where reuse involves finding the
                 relevant material, modifying it as needed, and
                 stitching the pieces together. The objective of this
                 paper is to demonstrate how a focus on reuse can shed
                 light on current efforts to build structured document
                 systems and to design and use standards, such as SGML,
                 ODA, and OLE, that address structured and compound
                 documents.",
  keywords =     "Reuse, Structured documents, Compound documents,
                 Document standards, ODA, SGML, OLE",
}

@Article{Morris:EPODD-6-4-349,
  author =       "Robert A. Morris and Edward M. Blachman and Charles
                 Meyer",
  title =        "A constraint-based editor for linguistic scholars",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "349--360",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "A constraint-based interactive structure editor for
                 use by linguists is described. Multiple, inter-related
                 constraint sets are supported. A novel search mechanism
                 is introduced which modifies itself locally dependent
                 on document structure as the search progresses.",
  keywords =     "Constraint-based, Corpus linguistics, Markup, SGML,
                 ICE, Text Encoding Initiative",
}

@Article{Feng:EPODD-6-4-361,
  author =       "An Feng and Toshiro Wakayama",
  title =        "{SIMON}: {A} grammar-based transformation system for
                 structured documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "361--372",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "SIMON is a grammar-based transformation system for
                 restructuring documents. Its target applications
                 include meta-level specification of document assembly,
                 view definition and retrieval for multiview documents,
                 and document type evolution. The internal document
                 model is based on attribute grammars, and it interfaces
                 with external document models such as SGML through
                 input and output conversion. The transformation engine
                 of SIMON is an amalgamation of syntax-directed
                 computation and content-oriented computation: the
                 former is through higher-order (and related) extensions
                 of attribute grammars whereas the latter is done by
                 externally defined programs and it is for computation
                 not naturally amenable to the syntax-directed paradigm.
                 The current implementation of SIMON employs the
                 higher-order extension proposed in \cite{Vogt-89} for
                 the syntax-directed computation, and C++ for the
                 content-oriented computation.",
  keywords =     "Structured documents, Document transformation,
                 Document type evolution, Document assembly, Multiview
                 documents, Attribute grammars",
}

@Article{Kuikka:EPODD-6-4-373,
  author =       "Eila Kuikka and Martti Penttonen",
  title =        "Transformation of structured documents with the use of
                 grammar",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "373--383",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In structured text processing systems the need for
                 transformation of document instances is obvious if the
                 structure definition of the document type changes. This
                 article presents a transformation method with the use
                 of an extended syntax-directed translation schema and
                 its implementation to certain modifications in a
                 syntax-directed document processing system created by
                 the authors. The method uses grammars to define both
                 the structure of documents and transformation between
                 structures.",
  keywords =     "Type transformations, Structured documents,
                 Syntax-directed translation schema",
}

@Article{Arnon:EPODD-6-4-385,
  author =       "Dennis S. Arnon",
  title =        "{Scrimshaw}: {A} language for document queries and
                 transformations",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "385--396",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "We present a new language for tree pattern matching
                 and transformation called Scrimshaw. It extends to
                 trees the familiar notions of regular expressions,
                 pattern matching, and pattern replacement for strings.
                 As we show by examples, it serves well as both a
                 structured document query language and as a language
                 for expressing document transformations. Scrimshaw has
                 been implemented in a C-like language and is in ongoing
                 use.",
  keywords =     "Tree pattern matching, Document query languages,
                 Document conversion, SGML",
}

@Article{Erfle:EPODD-6-4-397,
  author =       "Robert Erfle",
  title =        "Specification of temporal constraints in multimedia
                 documents using {HyTime}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "397--411",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Multimedia documents also include time dependent media
                 like audio and video. In contrast to traditional text
                 documents temporal constraints have to be determined
                 that tell a presentation application when and for how
                 long certain parts of the document have to be
                 presented. The paper shows how temporal constraints may
                 be specified with HyTime. An analysis of different
                 approaches covering the specification of temporal
                 constraints resulted in a catalogue of relevant issues.
                 They are explained in the context of an abstract
                 document model. Then it is shown how each issue may be
                 specified with HyTime introducing and explaining all
                 necessary constructs and principles. Several HyTime
                 encoded example scenarios illustrate the actual usage
                 of HyTime building blocks.",
  keywords =     "Multimedia, Structured documents, HyTime, SGML, MHEG",
}

@Article{Sullow:EPODD-6-4-413,
  author =       "Klaus S{\"u}llow and Ingrid Gabel-Becker and Marlies
                 Ockenfeld and Wolfgang Putz and Gisela Roth",
  title =        "{MultiMedia Forum}: an interactive online journal",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "413--422",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The MultiMedia Forum (MMF) is an all digital journal
                 supporting the information types text, image, audio,
                 and video. All editing and reading of the MMF is taking
                 place via online access to a central database
                 containing SGML documents, which are connected by
                 hyperlinks enabling the creation of issues by
                 clustering information. The MMF is used as an in-house
                 journal at the Integrated Publication and Information
                 Systems Institute (IPSI) and thus serves as the basis
                 of a field experiment furnishing results based on
                 practical experience.",
  keywords =     "Online publishing, In-house journal, SGML, Multimedia
                 editing, Field test",
}

@Article{Hayashi:EPODD-6-4-423,
  author =       "Koichi Hayashi and Akifumi Sekijima",
  title =        "Mediating interface between hypertext and structured
                 documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "423--434",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "In this paper we describe a unified document model for
                 an authoring system that takes advantage of both
                 hypertext and structured document models: hypertext,
                 which represents a document as a network of information
                 fragments freely referencing one another, helps users
                 create ideas; and structured document models, which
                 represent a document as a rigid tree structure of
                 document components, help users organize documents and
                 make layouts. Our document model comprises the
                 underlying structure and the surface: the underlying
                 structure is a network structure; and the surface is an
                 interface providing a view of the underlying structure.
                 The key features of our document model are: (1) the
                 surface defines tree structures as marked parts of the
                 underlying structure, and maintains consistency between
                 the network and tree structures; (2) the surface
                 monitors users' walks in the underlying network and
                 marks the trails to define tree structures; and (3) the
                 defined tree structures work as structured documents.
                 Nelumbo, a prototype system, integrates different types
                 of editors that handle features of hypertext and
                 structured documents. Users can choose any of the tools
                 at will, and editing with the tools affects the
                 underlying structure consistently.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Structured documents, Authoring system,
                 Writing process model, Document model, History tree,
                 Multi-level formatting",
}

@Article{Belaid:EPODD-6-4-435,
  author =       "Abdel Bela{\"\i}d and Julian C. Anigbogu and Yannich
                 Chenevoy",
  title =        "Qualitative analysis of low-level logical structures",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "435--446",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper presents a qualitative approach to logical
                 structure recognition of library references. The system
                 is driven by a generic model of a reference class and
                 by an {\sc ocr} flow, given in {\sc sgml} format, that
                 include {\sc ascii} code of the characters and
                 information about the typographic style and the lexical
                 affiliation of words. The approach used is based on
                 hypotheses production and verification about the
                 existence of sub-field limits in the reference area. At
                 each step of the analysis, the generated hypotheses are
                 sorted on the basis of their confidence scores and the
                 most likely hypothesis is analyzed. The result is a
                 structured flow containing, in {\sc unimarc} format,
                 the list of different sub-fields recognized,
                 accompanied with their confidence score.",
  keywords =     "Document analysis, Low-level logical structure,
                 Qualitative analysis, ODA formalism, Library
                 reference",
}

@Article{Fankhauser:EPODD-6-4-447,
  author =       "Peter Fankhauser and Yi Xu",
  title =        "{\em {MarkItUp}!\/} An incremental approach to
                 document structure recognition",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "447--456",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 27 10:40:29 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper presents {\sl MarkItUp!}, a system to
                 recognize the structure of untagged electronic
                 documents which contain sub--documents with similar
                 format. For these kinds of documents manual structure
                 recognition is a highly repetitive task. On the other
                 hand, the specification of recognition grammars
                 requires significant intellectual effort. Our approach
                 uses manually structured examples to incrementally
                 generate recognition grammars by means of techniques
                 for learning by example. Users can structure example
                 portions of a document by inserting mark--ups. {\em
                 MarkItUp!\/} then abstracts and unifies the structure
                 of the examples. On this basis it tries to structure
                 another example with similar format. Users can correct
                 or accept the produced structure. With every accepted
                 example thereby a grammar is acquired and gradually
                 refined, which can be used to successfully structure
                 the other portions of the document.",
  keywords =     "Document structure recognition, Learning by example,
                 Structure unification, SGML",
}

@Article{Hu:EPODD-6-4-457,
  author =       "Tao Hu and Rolf Ingold",
  title =        "A mixed approach toward an efficient logical structure
                 recognition from document images",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "457--468",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper presents our efforts to improve the
                 efficiency of a document structure analysis system,
                 which intends to analyse the complete logical structure
                 of a document. The usage of fuzzy logic improves the
                 system robustness; however, the problem of system
                 efficiency was revealed to be critical. Different
                 techniques have been studied to overcome this problem.
                 Dynamic programming, heuristics, and dynamic threshold
                 are used for parsing, which achieves a linear
                 complexity. A new concept of key step, based on the
                 principle of sub-goals, is incorporated with a
                 multi-pass and mixed top-down analysis strategy, which
                 avoids the combinatorial explosion of the number of
                 search paths. Finally, the paper shows that the
                 error-tolerating parser based on an analysis graph
                 seems more realistic and efficient than an
                 error-correcting parser.",
  keywords =     "Document structure analysis, Logical structure
                 recognition, System architecture, Fuzzy logic, Top-down
                 analysis, Analysis strategy, Dynamic programming,
                 Heuristics, Error-tolerating parser",
}

@Article{Aberer:EPODD-6-4-469,
  author =       "Karl Aberer and Klemens B{\"o}hm and Christoph
                 H{\"u}ser",
  title =        "The prospects of publishing using advanced database
                 concepts",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "469--480",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Publishing is a distributed process which is
                 characterized by the cooperation of different experts.
                 The approach of the Integrated Publication and
                 Information Systems Institute (IPSI) in supporting
                 electronic publishing is to build an integrated
                 publication environment. The publication of electronic
                 documents demands enhanced support from publishing
                 tools and imposes new challenges on database
                 technology. Taking a hypermedia reference publication
                 as an example, requirements on database technology for
                 the production of electronic publications are
                 discussed. Those can be met by using an object-oriented
                 database management system like VODAK\@. We present an
                 efficient, flexible and application-independent
                 database application for structured document handling
                 (D-STREAT). Our focus is on dynamic Document Type
                 Definition management.",
  keywords =     "SGML, Object-oriented database systems, Structured
                 document storage, Document type definition handling",
}

@Article{Smith:EPODD-6-4-481,
  author =       "Philip N. Smith and David F. Brailsford and David R.
                 Evans and Leon Harrison and Steve G. Probets and Peter
                 E. Sutton",
  title =        "Journal publishing with {Acrobat}: the {CAJUN}
                 project",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "481--493",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The publication of material in `electronic form'
                 should ideally preserve, in a unified document
                 representation, all of the richness of the printed
                 document while maintaining enough of its underlying
                 structure to enable searching and other forms of
                 semantic processing. Until recently it has been hard to
                 find a document representation which combined these
                 attributes and which also stood some chance of becoming
                 a {\em de facto\/} multi-platform standard. This paper
                 sets out experience gained within the Electronic
                 Publishing Research Group at the University of
                 Nottingham in using Adobe Acrobat software and its
                 underlying PDF (Portable Document Format) notation. The
                 CAJUN project began in 1993 and has used Acrobat
                 software to produce electronic versions of journal
                 papers for network and CD-ROM dissemination. The paper
                 describes the project's progress so far and also gives
                 a brief assessment of PDF's suitability as a universal
                 document interchange standard.",
  keywords =     "Acrobat, PostScript, CD-ROM, Networks, Archiving,
                 Automatic linking",
}

@Article{Rostek:EPODD-6-4-495,
  author =       "Lothar Rostek and Wiebke M{\"o}hr and Dietrich H.
                 Fischer",
  title =        "Weaving a web: the structure and creation of an object
                 network representing an electronic reference work",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "495--505",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "For the improvement of large-scale electronic
                 publications, such as encyclopaedic reference works, we
                 propose an object-oriented document model that in
                 addition to the SGML-structured text corpus represents
                 other access structures, in particular a fine-grained,
                 highly structured, tightly interconnected network of
                 domain-specific objects and facts. The paper presents
                 strategies and tools for efficient acquisition of the
                 desired object network into an Editor's Workbench. The
                 application context is the {\it Dictionary of Art}, to
                 be published as a print edition by Macmillan Publishers
                 Ltd.\ in 1996.",
  keywords =     "Object-oriented document model, Hypermedia
                 publication, Knowledge acquisition, Object network",
}

@Article{Filgueiras:EPODD-6-4-507,
  author =       "Miguel Filgueiras and Jos{\'e} Paulo Leal",
  title =        "Representation and manipulation of music documents in
                 {\SceX}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "507",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 2 10:04:26 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "We present the ideas underlying \SceX, a music
                 typesetting system that we are developing at the
                 University of Porto. The focus is on the languages used
                 for representing music documents and on the graphic
                 editor that provides a means for their preparation.",
  keywords =     "Music typesetting, Music symbolic notation, Music
                 graphic editors",
}

@Article{Huser:EPODD-6-4-519,
  author =       "Christoph H{\"u}ser and Wiebke M{\"o}hr",
  title =        "Colophon",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "519--520",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 4 17:16:01 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Furuta:EPODD-7-1-1,
  author =       "Richard K. Furuta and David F. Brailsford",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Wonneberger:EPODD-7-1-3,
  author =       "Reinhard Wonneberger",
  title =        "{\TeX} in an industrial environment",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--19",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "During its first decade, {\TeX} has been at home
                 mainly in the academic world. Therefore it comes as a
                 surprise to find that it has been spreading into
                 industry during the last few years, and we try to
                 outline some highlights of this development first. Then
                 criteria for an industrial environment application area
                 and reasons for using the structured document
                 processing approach are discussed. It is shown what
                 r{\^{o}}le {\TeX} can play in an integrated document
                 processing environment, and this r{\^{o}}le is
                 exemplified by a case study from application at EDS.",
  keywords =     "{\TeX}, {\LaTeX}, SGML, Computer services industry,
                 Structured document processing",
}

@Article{Richy:EPODD-7-1-21,
  author =       "H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Richy",
  title =        "A hypertext electronic index based on the {Grif}
                 structured editor",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "21--34",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper presents an electronic index service that
                 was developed in the Grif editor by taking advantage of
                 the hypertext facilities available in the system. Grif
                 is a structured document editor based on the generic
                 structure concept that supports both hierarchical
                 structures and non-hierarchical links. The active
                 cross-reference within the Grif index makes activation
                 and browsing through indexing more powerful than in
                 other systems: the index tables, helpful as a medium
                 for supporting search by keywords in paper documents,
                 support browsing in electronic documents. These indexes
                 are easy to use as they are displayed in the same form
                 as indexes in a paper document.",
  keywords =     "Grif, Hypertext, Index, Structured document",
}

@Article{Hatzimanikatis:EPODD-7-1-35,
  author =       "A. Hatzimanikatis and I. Gaviotis and D.
                 Christodoulakis",
  title =        "{Distributed Documents}: an architecture for open
                 distributed hypertext",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--48",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "A conceptual design for our architecture centered
                 around the entities of a hypermedia node, link, anchor
                 and document is initially presented. Each entity has a
                 well-defined interface so that the respective instances
                 can cooperate despite the number of different media
                 types. Virtual documents are created as views on other
                 documents borrowing from their content and customizing
                 their behavior during navigation and editing. The
                 system functionality is provided by hypertext document
                 objects, acting as providers of hypermedia services.
                 There are store and display services which are
                 accessible and consumable by the local and remote
                 clients spanning the operating systems and workstation
                 boundaries. Due to the object-based approach taken at
                 design and implementation, the incorporation of new
                 types of services (general and media specific) is
                 straightforward and integrates smoothly with the rest
                 of the system.",
  keywords =     "Hypermedia systems, Hypermedia services, Distributed
                 systems, Open architectures",
}

@Article{Barron:EPODD-7-1-49,
  author =       "David W. Barron",
  title =        "Book Review: {Michael R. Gabriel, {\em A Guide to the
                 Literature of Electronic Publishing: CD-ROM, Desktop
                 Publishing, and Electronic Mail, Books and Journals}}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--49",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Pickering:EPODD-7-1-51,
  author =       "Adrian Pickering",
  title =        "Book Review: {Antoni Diller, {\em {\LaTeX} Line by
                 Line, Tips and Techniques for Document Processing}}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "51--52",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "",
  keywords =     "",
}

@Article{Quint:EPODD-7-2-53,
  author =       "Vincent Quint",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "53--54",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "",
  keywords =     "",
}

@Article{Quint:EPODD-7-2-55,
  author =       "Vincent Quint and Ir{\`{e}}ne Vatton",
  title =        "Making structured documents active",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "55--74",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Active documents result from a combination of some
                 specific features in documents and some mechanisms in a
                 document manipulation system. In this paper we present
                 the possibilities offered by a structured model of
                 documents and a structured editor for making active
                 documents. Several application are described
                 (annotations, electronic indexes, cooperative editing,
                 documents as user interfaces, etc.) which show how a
                 document's logical structure may be exploited for
                 developing a variety of active document applications.",
  keywords =     "Active documents, Structured documents, Editors, User
                 interfaces, Grif",
}

@Article{English:EPODD-7-2-75,
  author =       "Paul M. English and Raman Tenneti",
  title =        "{Interleaf} active documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "75--87",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "A commercial structured document processing system has
                 been built with an extensible object system. This
                 system is an excellent platform for the design,
                 implementation, and delivery of active documents.
                 Examples are discussed.",
  keywords =     "Active documents, Document-based applications, User
                 interfaces, Document-object systems, Lisp",
}

@Article{Haake:EPODD-7-2-89,
  author =       "Anja Haake and Christoph H{\"{u}}ser and Klaus
                 Reichenberger",
  title =        "The {Individualized Electronic Newspaper}: an example
                 of electronic publication",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "89--111",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "During the last four years the PaVE department at
                 GMD-IPSI experimented with the Individualized
                 Electronic Newspaper, an active publication that is
                 individualized and composed on demand for a reader, and
                 then delivered electronically. This work concentrated
                 on the user interface design for active electronic
                 publications and, in particular, on the investigation
                 of publishing systems architectures supporting the
                 preparation and production of active electronic
                 publications. The paper introduces two alternative
                 interfaces for an electronic publication showing the
                 potential of the electronic medium for publication
                 design. The main part of the paper presents our
                 approach to making such publications possible: a
                 combination of structured documents and knowledge-based
                 techniques based on a sound publishing model. This
                 approach guided the design of an integrated publication
                 environment for the preparation and production of
                 active documents.",
  keywords =     "Interface design, Structured documents, Publishing
                 models, Publishing architectures",
}

@Article{Hall:EPODD-7-3-113,
  author =       "Wendy Hall",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "113--115",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "",
  keywords =     "",
}

@Article{Harrison:EPODD-7-3-117,
  author =       "Leon Harrison",
  title =        "A review of multimedia technology and dissemination
                 systems",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "117--146",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The connotations of `publishing' are undergoing rapid
                 change as technology itself changes. Placing marks on
                 paper (by whatever means), and distributing the result,
                 are perhaps the first thoughts that the word evokes but
                 nowadays it encompasses an ever-widening range of
                 preparation, presentation and dissemination methods.
                 Video sources, animation, still images and sound
                 samples are now available as methods of imparting
                 knowledge---and all of these are increasingly reliant
                 on technology-dependent delivery systems. The end-user
                 of information contained in such electronic
                 publications has expectations of the delivery and
                 display mechanisms which have been shaped, in the main,
                 by exposure to the broadcast media, whose centrally
                 funded resources are capable of exploiting
                 high-technology solutions. In trying to emulate similar
                 delivery systems at a personal level, the electronic
                 publisher needs to have a general awareness of what
                 present-day technologies can achieve, together with an
                 appreciation of cost and practical issues. This paper
                 gives a brief survey of these newer technologies as
                 seen from today's perspective.",
  keywords =     "Multimedia, Electronic publishing, Delivery systems,
                 Standards",
}

@Article{Clark:EPODD-7-3-147,
  author =       "A. F. Clark and S. L. Cheah and T. K. Tan",
  title =        "Hypertext and multimedia enhancements to the {\TeX}
                 system",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "147--161",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Enhancements have been made to the {\TeX} system to
                 support hypertext and multimedia facilities. A special
                 previewer, \verb=hdvi=, has been developed to give
                 access to these facilities. Using {\TeX}'s
                 \verb=\special= mechanism, the previewer displays
                 images, line graphics, audio, and video, as well as
                 supporting hypertext; it also permits limited
                 interaction with the underlying operating system. A
                 {\LaTeX} style file has been devised to provide access
                 to all these features. Some user feedback with the
                 system is described and the effectiveness of the
                 general approach is discussed.",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Multimedia, {\TeX}",
}

@Article{Carr:EPODD-7-3-163,
  author =       "L. A. Carr and D. W. Barron and H. C. Davis and W.
                 Hall",
  title =        "Why use {HyTime}?",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "163--178",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The Hypermedia/Time-based Structuring Language
                 (HyTime) is a recently adopted International Standard
                 (ISO/IEC 10744:1992). The paper presents the need and
                 potential for HyTime, provides a brief explanation of
                 its various facilities and shows how it may be applied
                 to good effect in various situations, with particular
                 reference to hypertext interchange from Microcosm (an
                 open hypertext system). It then goes on to explore
                 several alternatives to HyTime and compare their
                 relative strengths and weaknesses.",
}

@Article{Rizk:EPODD-7-3-179,
  author =       "Antoine Rizk and Francis Malezieux and Alain Leger",
  title =        "Using the {MHEG} standard in the hypermedia system
                 {Multicard}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "179--193",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 10 07:56:18 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The MHEG standard will define a coded representation
                 of multimedia and hypermedia information objects so as
                 to facilitate exchange of hypermedia applications over
                 various platforms. This standard has been developed
                 entirely independently of existing architectures such
                 as Dexter and `Dexter like' systems such as Multicard,
                 KMS[1], etc. In order for the MHEG standard to succeed,
                 it is important that existing hypermedia systems and
                 applications can be rendered MHEG compatible, rather
                 than those applications having to be rewritten using
                 new MHEG engines. This paper provides a case study of
                 how the MHEG standard could be adopted in one such
                 hypermedia system, namely Multicard. The aim is to
                 highlight the similarities and differences of the MHEG
                 standard and Multicard and to provide an idea of the
                 work required in order for such a system to read MHEG
                 compatible streams. The paper starts with a brief
                 description of the Multicard system, the Dexter model
                 and the MHEG standard.",
  keywords =     "MHEG, Multicard, Hypermedia",
}

@Article{Hersch:EPODD-7-4-195,
  author =       "Roger D. Hersch",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "195--196",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Haralambous:EPODD-7-4-197,
  author =       "Yannis Haralambous",
  title =        "Typesetting {Khmer}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "197--215",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "Because of the complexity of Khmer script, up to now
                 there has been neither a typesetting system nor
                 standard encoding for the Khmer language. Presented in
                 this paper are: (a) a complete typesetting system for
                 Khmer based on {\TeX}, {\MF} and an ANSI~C
                 preprocessor, as well as (b) a proposal for an 8-bit
                 encoding table for Khmer information interchange.
                 Problems of phonic input, subscript and superscript
                 positioning, collating order, spelling reforms and
                 hyphenation are solved, and their solutions described.
                 Finally an alternative solution using~16-bit output
                 font tables is briefly sketched.",
  keywords =     "Khmer, {\TeX}, {\MF}, Computer typesetting",
}

@Article{Kokula:EPODD-7-4-217,
  author =       "Michael Kokula",
  title =        "Automatic generation of script font ligatures based on
                 curve smoothness optimization",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "217--229",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "The idea of type as a fixed geometrical object is
                 shown to be inadequate for script types. The method
                 presented creates ligatures between script font glyphs
                 on-the-fly, i.e. as a part of the glyph rasterization
                 process. This is done by manipulation of an existing
                 font. So the process described here can be used to give
                 existing fonts the intelligence to join characters
                 correctly when being interpreted by a standard font
                 rasterizer or print server. Of vital importance to the
                 method is the natural appearance of the curve serving
                 as the `ligature backbone'. In this article, a new
                 smoothness criterion for curves is developed. Then, a
                 method is presented that creates a curve connecting two
                 given curves in a natural-looking way --- this is done
                 by optimizing a parametric curve by means of the new
                 criterion. With this algorithm being integrated into
                 on-the-fly generation of script font ligatures, these
                 ligatures get the required level of quality.",
  keywords =     "Automatic ligatures, Script fonts, Connecting curves,
                 Curve smoothness, Curve optimization",
}

@Article{Andre:EPODD-7-4-231,
  author =       "J. Andr\'e and I. Vatton",
  title =        "Dynamic optical scaling and variable-sized
                 characters",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "231--250",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "First, a survey on optical scaling is carried out,
                 both from the traditional point of view and from that
                 of today's digital typography. Then the special case of
                 large characters, such as braces or integral signs, is
                 considered. It is shown that such variable-sized
                 symbols should be computed at print time in order to
                 approach the quality of metal typesetting. Finally, an
                 implementation of such dynamic fonts, still in progress
                 in the Grif editor, is described.",
  keywords =     "Optical scaling, Variable sized characters, Large
                 symbols, Dynamic font, Parametrized font, Grif",
}

@Article{Herz:EPODD-7-4-251,
  author =       "J. Herz and R. D. Hersch",
  title =        "Towards a universal auto-hinting system for
                 typographic shapes",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "251--260",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  abstract =     "This contribution presents a simple method for the
                 automatic recognition and hinting of character
                 structure elements such as horizontal and vertical
                 stems. Stem recognition is based on successive steps
                 such as extraction of straight or nearly straight
                 contour segments, detection of hidden segments, merging
                 of original and hidden segments into larger segments,
                 sorting of segments into classes according to their
                 slopes and, finally, composition of black and white
                 stems. Reference values required for character hinting
                 purposes are obtained by evaluating the regularity of
                 the font through statistical analysis of features such
                 as stem widths and stem angles. Knowledge about the
                 location of stems and analysis of outline parts between
                 stems is used in order to produce automatically
                 appropriate grid constraint rules (hints). The
                 presented outline analysis and stem extraction
                 techniques are very general and may be applied to
                 non-Latin characters as well.",
  keywords =     "Digital typography, Shape analysis, Stem recognition,
                 Automatic hinting",
}

@Article{Zapf:EPODD-7-4-261,
  author =       "Herman Zapf",
  title =        "Call for foundation of a `{Sir Francis Drake
                 Society}'",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "261--263",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 19 16:03:41 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Brown:EPODD-8-1-1,
  author =       "P. J. Brown and Heather Brown",
  title =        "Embedded or separate hypertext mark-up: is it an
                 issue?",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--13",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Nov 26 06:12:59 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Mark-up, Guide, WWW, CD-ROM, UNIX,
                 Microcosm, Hyper-G",
}

@Article{Chiba:EPODD-8-1-15,
  author =       "Kazuya Chiba and Masaki Kyojima",
  title =        "Document transformation based on syntax-directed tree
                 translation",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "15--29",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Nov 26 06:12:59 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  keywords =     "Class-level document transformation, Context-free
                 grammar, Document transformation, Structured document,
                 Syntax-directed translation",
}

@Article{Kacmar:EPODD-8-1-31,
  author =       "Charles J. Kacmar",
  title =        "A process approach for providing hypermedia services
                 to existing, non-hypermedia applications",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--48",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Tue Nov 26 06:12:59 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
  keywords =     "Hypertext, Hypermedia, Retrofit, Conversion,
                 Migration",
}

@Article{Brown:EPODD-8-2/3-49,
  author =       "Allen Brown and Anne Br{\"u}ggemann-Klein and An
                 Feng",
  title =        "Editorial: Special Issue: {Proceedings of EP'96, the
                 Electronic Publishing, Document Manipulation, and
                 Typography Conference}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "49--50",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:32 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{vanOssenbruggen:EPODD-8-2/3-51,
  author =       "Jacco {van Ossenbruggen} and Anton Eli{\"e}ns and
                 Bastian Sch{\"o}nhage",
  title =        "{Web} Applications and {SGML}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "51--62",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Francois:EPODD-8-2/3-63,
  author =       "Patricia Fran{\c{c}}ois and Philippe Futtersack and
                 Christophe Espert",
  title =        "{SGML\slash HyTime} Repositories and Object
                 Paradigms",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "63--79",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Richy:EPODD-8-2/3-81,
  author =       "H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Richy and Jacques Andr{\'e}",
  title =        "Typographic Sheets and Structured Documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "81--93",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{King:EPODD-8-2/3-95,
  author =       "P. R. King",
  title =        "Modelling Multimedia Documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "95--110",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Haralambous:EPODD-8-2/3-111,
  author =       "Yannis Haralambous",
  title =        "The Traditional {Arabic} Typecase Extended to the
                 {Unicode} Set of Glyphs",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "111--123",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Munson:EPODD-8-2/3-125,
  author =       "Ethan V. Munson",
  title =        "A New Presentation Language for Structured Documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "125--138",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Bruggemann-Klein:EPODD-8-2/3-139,
  author =       "Anne Br{\"u}ggemann-Klein and Rolf Klein and Stefan
                 Wohlfeil",
  title =        "Pagination Reconsidered",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "139--152",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Smith:EPODD-8-2/3-153,
  author =       "Philip N. Smith and David N. Brailsford",
  title =        "Towards Structured, Block-Based {PDF}",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "153--165",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Wang:EPODD-8-2/3-167,
  author =       "Xinxin Wang and Derick Wood",
  title =        "{\sc Xtable} --- {A} Tabular Editor and Formatter",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "167--179",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Kuikka:EPODD-8-2/3-181,
  author =       "E. Kuikka and A. Salminen",
  title =        "Filtering Structured Documents in the {SYNDOC}
                 Environment",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "181--193",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Ahonen:EPODD-8-2/3-195,
  author =       "Helena Ahonen",
  title =        "Automatic Generation of {SGML} Content Models",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "195--206",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Lovegrove:EPODD-8-2/3-207,
  author =       "William S. Lovegrove and David F. Brailsford",
  title =        "Document Analysis of {PDF} Files: Methods, Results and
                 Implications",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "207--220",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Zhang:EPODD-8-2/3-221,
  author =       "Qin Zhang and John M. Danskin",
  title =        "A Pattern-Based Lossy Compression Scheme for Document
                 Images",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "221--233",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:02 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Kumar:EPODD-8-2/3-235,
  author =       "Vijay Kumar and Richard Furuta and Robert B. Allen",
  title =        "Interactive Interfaces for Knowledge-rich Domains",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "235--246",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:03 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Allen:EPODD-8-2/3-247,
  author =       "R. B. Allen",
  title =        "Retrieval from Facet Spaces",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "247--257",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:03 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Brown:EPODD-8-2/3-259,
  author =       "P. J. Brown",
  title =        "The {Stick-e} Document: {A} Framework for Creating
                 Context-aware Applications",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "259--272",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:03 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Bruggemann-Klein:EPODD-8-2/3-273,
  author =       "Anne Br{\"u}ggemann-Klein",
  title =        "Colophon",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "273--273",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:03 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Anonymous:EPODD-8-2/3-275,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{EP'96} Author Index",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "275--275",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:03 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Anonymous:EPODD-8-2/3-277,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{EP'96} Key Word Index",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2/3",
  pages =        "277--277",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 11 07:26:03 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Brailsford:EPODD-8-4-279,
  author =       "David Brailsford and Richard Furuta",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "279--280",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 10 14:25:06 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Devroye:EPODD-8-4-281,
  author =       "Luc Devroye and Michael McDougall",
  title =        "Random fonts for the simulation of handwriting",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "281--294",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 10 14:25:06 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Murata:EPODD-8-4-295,
  author =       "Makoto Murata",
  title =        "File format for documents containing both logical
                 structures and layout structures",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "295--317",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 10 14:25:06 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Kuikka:EPODD-8-4-319,
  author =       "E. Kuikka and M. Penttonen",
  title =        "Transformation of structured documents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "319--341",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 10 14:25:06 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Barron:EPODD-8-4-343,
  author =       "David W. Barron",
  title =        "Portable documents: problems and (partial) solutions",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "343--367",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 10 14:25:06 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Anonymous:EPODD-8-4-369,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Author Index",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "369--369",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 10 14:25:06 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Anonymous:EPODD-8-4-371,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Keyword Index",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "371--372",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 10 14:25:06 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}

@Article{Anonymous:EPODD-8-4-i,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Volume Contents",
  journal =      j-EPODD,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "i--iii",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "EPODEU",
  ISSN =         "0894-3982",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 10 14:25:06 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/epodd.bib",
}