%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "2.82",
%%%     date            = "28 February 2014",
%%%     time            = "17:27:13 MST",
%%%     filename        = "cacm1990.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     checksum        = "49949 51352 195709 2199944",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "bibliography; BibTeX; CACM; Communications of
%%%                        the ACM",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a bibliography of Communications of
%%%                        the ACM (CODEN CACMA2, ISSN 0001-0782
%%%                        (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)), covering
%%%                        (nearly completely) 1990 -- 1999.
%%%
%%%                        The ACM maintains Web pages with journal
%%%                        tables of contents at:
%%%
%%%                            http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/
%%%                            http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79
%%%
%%%                        At version 2.82, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
%%%
%%%                             1976 (   1)    1984 (   0)    1992 ( 157)
%%%                             1977 (   2)    1985 (   0)    1993 ( 179)
%%%                             1978 (   0)    1986 (   0)    1994 ( 157)
%%%                             1979 (   0)    1987 (   0)    1995 ( 208)
%%%                             1980 (   0)    1988 (   1)    1996 ( 226)
%%%                             1981 (   1)    1989 (   1)    1997 ( 263)
%%%                             1982 (   0)    1990 ( 126)    1998 ( 242)
%%%                             1983 (   0)    1991 ( 134)    1999 ( 252)
%%%
%%%                             Article:       1947
%%%                             Book:             1
%%%                             MastersThesis:    1
%%%                             TechReport:       1
%%%
%%%                             Total entries: 1950
%%%
%%%                        The size of the original cacm.bib file
%%%                        covering 1958--1996 became too large (about
%%%                        4000 entries) for BibTeX and TeX to handle,
%%%                        so at version 1.44, it was split into
%%%                        cacm1950.bib, cacm1960.bib, cacm1970.bib,
%%%                        cacm1980.bib, and cacm1990.bib, each covering
%%%                        the decade starting with the year embedded in
%%%                        the filename.  Version numbers for these
%%%                        files begin at 2.00.
%%%
%%%                        Volumes from the 1990s average more than 200
%%%                        articles yearly, so a complete bibliography
%%%                        for this journal could contain more than 6000
%%%                        entries from 1958 to 2000.
%%%
%%%                        These bibliographies also include ACM
%%%                        Algorithms 1--492.  For Algorithms 493--686,
%%%                        including Algorithm 568, published in ACM
%%%                        Transactions on Programming Languages and
%%%                        Systems (TOPLAS), see the companion
%%%                        bibliographies, toms.bib and toplas.bib.
%%%
%%%                        All published Remarks and Corrigenda are
%%%                        cross-referenced in both directions, so
%%%                        that citing a paper will automatically
%%%                        generate citations for those Remarks and
%%%                        Corrigenda.  Cross-referenced entries are
%%%                        duplicated in cacm19*.bib and toms.bib, so
%%%                        that each is completely self-contained.
%%%
%%%                        Source code for ACM Algorithms from 380
%%%                        onwards, with some omissions, is available
%%%                        via the Netlib service at
%%%                        http://netlib.ornl.gov/, and
%%%                        ftp://netlib.bell-labs.com/netlib/toms.
%%%
%%%                        There is a World Wide Web search facility
%%%                        for articles published in this journal from
%%%                        1959 to 1979 at
%%%                        http://ciir.cs.umass.edu/cgi-bin/web_query_form/public/cacm2.1.
%%%
%%%                        The journal's Web site data has been
%%%                        automatically converted to BibTeX form,
%%%                        corrected for spelling and page number
%%%                        errors, and merged into this file.  Thus, the
%%%                        journal coverage from 1985 to date should be
%%%                        complete.
%%%
%%%                        The initial draft of entries for 1981 -- 1990
%%%                        was extracted from the ACM Computing Archive
%%%                        CD ROM for the 1980s, with manual corrections
%%%                        and additions.  Additions were then made from
%%%                        all of the bibliographies in the TeX User
%%%                        Group collection, from bibliographies in the
%%%                        author's personal files, from tables of
%%%                        contents information at
%%%                        http://www.acm.org/pubs/cacm/, from
%%%                        Zentralblatt fur Mathematik Mathematics
%%%                        Abstracts at
%%%                        http://www.emis.de/cgi-bin/MATH/, from
%%%                        bibliographies at Internet host
%%%                        netlib.bell-labs.com, and from the computer science
%%%                        bibliography collection on ftp.ira.uka.de in
%%%                        /pub/bibliography to which many people of
%%%                        have contributed.  The snapshot of this
%%%                        collection was taken on 5-May-1994, and it
%%%                        consists of 441 BibTeX files, 2,672,675
%%%                        lines, 205,289 entries, and 6,375
%%%                        <at>String{} abbreviations, occupying 94.8MB
%%%                        of disk space.
%%%
%%%                        Numerous errors in the sources noted above
%%%                        have been corrected.   Spelling has been
%%%                        verified with the UNIX spell and GNU ispell
%%%                        programs using the exception dictionary
%%%                        stored in the companion file with extension
%%%                        .sok.
%%%
%%%                        BibTeX citation tags are uniformly chosen
%%%                        as name:year:abbrev, where name is the
%%%                        family name of the first author or editor,
%%%                        year is a 4-digit number, and abbrev is a
%%%                        3-letter condensation of important title
%%%                        words. Citation tags were automatically
%%%                        generated by software developed for the
%%%                        BibNet Project.
%%%
%%%                        In this bibliography, entries are sorted in
%%%                        publication order within each journal,
%%%                        using bibsort -byvolume.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================

@Preamble{
  "\input bibnames.sty " #
  "\input path.sty " #
  "\def \TM {${}^{\sc TM}$} " #
  "\hyphenation{
                al-pha-mer-ic
                Balz-er
                Blom-quist
                Bloom-Beck-er
                Bo-ta-fo-go
                Bran-din
                Brans-comb
                Bu-tera
                Chris-tina
                Christ-o-fi-des
                Col-lins
                Cor-dell
                data-base
                econ-omies
                Fletch-er
                flow-chart
                flow-charts
                Fry-styk
                ge-dank-en
                Gar-fink-el
                Ge-ha-ni
                Glush-ko
                Goud-reau
                Gua-dan-go
                Hari-di
                Haw-thorn
                Hem-men-ding-er
                Hor-o-witz
                Hour-vitz
                Hirsch-berg
                Ike-da
                Ka-chi-tvi-chyan-u-kul
                Kat-ze-nel-son
                Ka-zu-no-ri
                Kitz-miller
                Ko-ba-yashi
                Le-Me-tay-er
                Ken-ne-dy
                Law-rence
                Mac-kay
                Mai-net-ti
                Mar-sa-glia
                Max-well
                Mer-ner
                Mo-ran-di
                Na-ray-an
                New-ell
                Nich-ols
                para-digm
                pat-ent-ed
                Phi-lo-kyp-rou
                Prep-a-ra-ta
                pseu-do-chain-ing
                QUIK-SCRIPT
                Rad-e-mach-er
                re-eval-u-a-tion
                re-wind
                Ros-witha
                Schwach-heim
                Schob-bens
                Schon-berg
                Sho-sha-ni
                Si-tha-ra-ma
                Skwa-rec-ki
                Streck-er
                Strin-gi-ni
                Tes-ler
                Te-zu-ka
                Teu-ho-la
                Till-quist
                Town-send
                Tsi-chri-tzis
                Tur-ski
                Vuille-min
                Za-bo-row-ski
                Za-mora
  }"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:

@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:

@String{j-CACM                  = "Communications of the ACM"}

@String{j-IEEE-CGA              = "IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications"}

@String{j-SIAM-J-COMPUT         = "SIAM Journal on Computing"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Publisher abbreviations:

@String{pub-SUCSLI              = "Stanford University Center for the Study of
                                  Language and Information"}

@String{pub-SUCSLI:adr          = "Stanford, CA, USA"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries (cross-references in notes necessitate
%%% inclusion of a few additional entries published elsewhere):

@Article{Boyer:1977:FSS,
  author =       "R. S. Boyer and J. S. Moore",
  title =        "A fast string searching algorithm",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "762--772",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1977",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 29 17:38:03 1999",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/protein.pattern.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See also
                 \cite{Knuth:1977:FPM,Sunday:1990:VFS,Baeza-Yates:1992:NAT}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  comment =      "The Boyer--Moore string matching algorithm is, in the
                 worst case, linear in the length of the text + length
                 of the pattern. The average case behavior is sublinear.
                 Practical efficient implementations of this algorithm
                 exist. By starting the comparisons at the right of the
                 pattern instead of the left of the pattern, large jumps
                 can be made in the text.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "Boyer--Moore; pattern matching; string matching",
}

@Article{Gerasch:1988:IAM,
  author =       "Thomas E. Gerasch",
  title =        "An insertion algorithm for a minimal internal path
                 length binary search tree",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "579--585",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:27 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Richard:1991:GIA}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms",
  review =       "ACM CR 8903-0143",
  subject =      "E.1 Data, DATA STRUCTURES, Trees \\ F.2.2 Theory of
                 Computation, ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM
                 COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical Algorithms and Problems,
                 Sorting and searching",
}

@Article{Dijkstra:1989:CRT,
  author =       "Edsger W. Dijkstra",
  title =        "On the Cruelty of Really Teaching Computer Science",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "1398--1404",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 29 17:38:16 1999",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Bernstein:1990:AFD,Wielgus:1990:AFM}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Golshani:1990:PSC,
  author =       "Forouzan Golshani and Thaddeus Regulinski",
  title =        "Prologue: On the Synergism of Computers and
                 Communication",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "8--10",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 09 09:21:19 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The disciplines governing advancements in computers
                 and communication technologies are introduced and
                 explored, as are the topics that make up this special
                 section.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Marcellin:1990:GPT,
  author =       "Michael W. Marcellin and Thomas R. Fischer",
  title =        "Generalized predictive {TCQ} of speech",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "11--19",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/76373.html",
  abstract =     "Trellis coded quantization (TCQ) is incorporated into
                 a noise feedback coding structure, and the effects of
                 varying encoding delay measures are investigated.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf E.4}: Data, CODING AND INFORMATION THEORY, Data
                 compaction and compression. {\bf I.5.4}: Computing
                 Methodologies, PATTERN RECOGNITION, Applications.",
}

@Article{Gaitonde:1990:BDM,
  author =       "S. S. Gaitonde and Doug W. Jacobson and A. V. Pohm",
  title =        "Bounding Delay on a Multifarious Token Ring Network",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "20--28",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:37 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/76374.html",
  abstract =     "Much research has been devoted to techniques for
                 integrating voice and data on existing network
                 structures using current standards. This article
                 explores the issues involved in implementing a document
                 retrieval system on a diverse token ring network.",
  abstract2 =    "Interest in integrating voice and data on local
                 computer networks has been building in recent years.
                 Subsequently, much research has been devoted to various
                 techniques that are implementable on existing networks
                 using current standards. This exposition discusses the
                 design issues in implementing a document retrieval
                 system on a token ring network.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications. {\bf C.2.5}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION
                 NETWORKS, Local Networks, Access schemes. {\bf B.4.2}:
                 Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS,
                 Input/Output Devices, Voice. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS,
                 General, Data communications.",
}

@Article{McKinley:1990:MTC,
  author =       "Philip K. McKinley and Jane W. S. Liu",
  title =        "Multicast tree construction in bus-based networks",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "29--42",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/76375.html",
  abstract =     "Because of the multiple-access property of the media,
                 the problem of constructing multicast trees in
                 bus-based networks differs fundamentally from that in
                 point-to-point networks. This article investigates the
                 multicast tree construction for both general and
                 specific network topologies.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.1}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network Architecture
                 and Design, Network communications. {\bf C.2.5}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION
                 NETWORKS, Local Networks, Access schemes. {\bf C.2.1}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION
                 NETWORKS, Network Architecture and Design, Network
                 topology. {\bf G.2.2}: Mathematics of Computing,
                 DISCRETE MATHEMATICS, Graph Theory, Trees.",
}

@Article{Padmanabhan:1990:CSM,
  author =       "Krishnan Padmanabhan",
  title =        "Cube structures for multiprocessors",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "43--52",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/76376.html",
  abstract =     "The structural relationship between direct and
                 indirect cube networks is characterized along with the
                 differences in switching power between the two
                 classes.",
  abstract2 =    "The exact structural relationship between the
                 hypercube and multistage interconnection networks for
                 multiprocessors is characterized here. By varying the
                 node architecture, structures other than these two
                 interconnection schemes can be derived.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors), Interconnection architectures.",
}

@Article{Freeman-Benson:1990:ICS,
  author =       "Bjorn N. Freeman-Benson and John Maloney and Alan
                 Borning",
  title =        "An incremental constraint solver",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "54--63",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77531.html",
  abstract =     "An incremental constraint solver, the DeltaBlue
                 algorithm maintains an evolving solution to the
                 constraint hierarchy as constraints are added and
                 removed. DeltaBlue minimizes the cost of finding a new
                 solution after each change by exploiting its knowledge
                 of the last solution.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; languages; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf F.2.2}: Theory of Computation, ANALYSIS OF
                 ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical
                 Algorithms and Problems. {\bf D.3.2}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Classifications,
                 Data-flow languages. {\bf I.3.6}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Methodology and
                 Techniques, Languages.",
}

@Article{Sibley:1990:ENI,
  author =       "Edgar H. Sibley",
  title =        "Editorial: New and Improved Computing Practices",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "66--69",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 12:40:31 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Chung:1990:DAH,
  author =       "Chin-Wan Chung",
  title =        "{DATAPLEX}: an access to heterogeneous distributed
                 databases",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--80",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/76377.html",
  abstract =     "Diverse database management systems are used in large
                 organizations. The heterogeneous distributed database
                 system (DDS) can provide a flexible integration of
                 diverse databases for users and applications. This is
                 because it allows for retrieval and update of
                 distributed data under different data systems giving
                 the illusion of accessing a single centralized database
                 system.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "A query is partly decomposed at the user location, but
                 transactions are translated at the data location;
                 two-phase commit; the local prepare-to-commit phase
                 must be made globally visible by each local database
                 manager.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance",
  review =       "ACM CR 9012-0941",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems,
                 Distributed databases. {\bf H.2.5}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Heterogeneous Databases.
                 {\bf H.2.3}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Languages, Query languages. {\bf H.2.3}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Languages, Data
                 manipulation languages (DML).",
}

@Article{Gait:1990:PSM,
  author =       "Jason Gait",
  title =        "{Phoenix}: a Safe In-Memory File System",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--86",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/76378.html",
  abstract =     "Phoenix contains two timestamped versions of the
                 in-memory file system allowing for a reserve version
                 that ensures safety for diskless computers with
                 battery-powered memory.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Two time-stamped versions of in-memory allow for a
                 reserve version that ensures safety for diskless
                 computers.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf B.3.2}: Hardware, MEMORY STRUCTURES, Design
                 Styles, Primary memory. {\bf D.4.3}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, File Systems Management. {\bf
                 D.4.2}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Storage
                 Management, Main memory. {\bf D.4.5}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, Reliability, Fault-tolerance.",
}

@Article{Carta:1990:TFI,
  author =       "David G. Carta",
  title =        "Two Fast Implementations of the ``Minimal Standard''
                 Random Number Generator",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "87--88",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:46:37 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/76379.html",
  abstract =     "Although superficially time-consuming, on 32-bit
                 computers the minimal standard random number generator
                 can be implemented with surprising economy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; experimentation; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf G.3}: Mathematics of Computing, PROBABILITY AND
                 STATISTICS, Random number generation. {\bf G.4}:
                 Mathematics of Computing, MATHEMATICAL SOFTWARE,
                 Efficiency.",
}

@Article{Press:1990:WMS,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Wings for the Mind: The 1989 {SIGCHI} National
                 Conference",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "115--119",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 22 07:13:30 MST 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm33.html#Press90c;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  oldlabel =     "Press90c",
  XMLdata =      "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Press90c",
}

@Article{Hoadley:1990:IEC,
  author =       "Ellen Hoadley",
  title =        "Investigating the Effects of Color",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "120--125",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:38 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75578.html",
  abstract =     "Color can have lasting effects on a decision maker's
                 ability to extract and retain information from
                 different graphical and tabular presentations. This
                 study illustrates where color succeeds and where black
                 and white are just as applicable.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; experimentation; performance",
  subject =      "I.3.7 Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS,
                 Three-Dimensional Graphics and Realism, Color, shading,
                 shadowing, and texture \\ H.4.2 Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Types of Systems,
                 Decision support",
}

@Article{Batra:1990:CRR,
  author =       "Dinesh Batra and Jeffrey A. Hoffler and Robert P.
                 Bostrom",
  title =        "Comparing Representations with Relational and {EER}
                 Models",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "126--139",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:37 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75579.html",
  abstract =     "The diffusion of technology now makes it easier for
                 end users to develop their own information systems.
                 This progress, however, raises concerns over the
                 efficacy and hidden costs of these self-built
                 systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Overwhelming evidence is in favor of the graphic E-R
                 model for correctness.",
  annote2 =      "The study involved several semantic abstractions for
                 DBMS design. The result is a discussion of the ease of
                 use, and accuracy of the abstractions for the design
                 and specification of a relational DBMS. The results of
                 a study on the ease of use of these two approaches by
                 users of various levels of expertise is included. Each
                 model won some of the comparisons, and lost others.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation; human factors; languages",
  owner =        "curtis",
  review =       "ACM CR 9012-0979",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Logical Design, Data models. {\bf H.2.3}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Languages, Query
                 languages. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems.",
}

@Article{Gifford:1990:PSM,
  author =       "David K. Gifford",
  title =        "Polychannel systems for mass digital communications",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "141--151",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/CCR.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75580.html",
  abstract =     "A new type of distributed computer system looks beyond
                 workstation and local area network assumptions toward
                 the time when computers will be used by everyone
                 everywhere.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; distributed systems; experimentation;
                 performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems,
                 Distributed databases. {\bf C.0}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, GENERAL, System architectures. {\bf
                 C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General, Data
                 communications. {\bf H.3.4}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Systems and
                 Software, Information networks.",
}

@Article{Kierulf:1990:SGB,
  author =       "Anders Kierulf and Ken Chen and Jurg Nievergelt",
  title =        "{Smart Game Board} and {Go Explorer}: a study in
                 software and knowledge engineering",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "152--166",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:38 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75581.html",
  abstract =     "The Smart Game Board and the Oriental game of Go are
                 employed to study the interaction between software
                 engineering and knowledge engineering.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems, Games.
                 {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, General.
                 {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques. {\bf I.2.5}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Programming Languages and
                 Software, Expert system tools and techniques.",
}

@Article{Joyce:1990:IAB,
  author =       "Rick Joyce and Gopal Gupta",
  title =        "Identity authentication based on keystroke latencies",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "168--176",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75582.html",
  abstract =     "A digital signature is as unique an identifier as its
                 human counterpart, according to the authors who offer a
                 user verification method to support their claim.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; security; verification",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.m}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Miscellaneous,
                 Security*.",
}

@Article{Gavish:1990:DFM,
  author =       "Bezalel Gavish and Olivia R. {Liu Sheng}",
  title =        "Dynamic file migration in distributed computer
                 systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "177--189",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75583.html",
  abstract =     "With the cost/capacity revolution in data
                 communication networks, file management operations have
                 become technically viable and deserve more research
                 efforts.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "File migration can improve the performance of
                 distributed office, manufacturing and hospital
                 information systems; the authors summarize
                 accomplishments and identify areas of research; assume
                 fragmented airlines databases.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; distributed file systems; performance",
  review =       "ACM CR 9012-0956",
  subject =      "{\bf D.4.3}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, File Systems
                 Management, Distributed file systems. {\bf D.4.7}:
                 Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Organization and Design,
                 Distributed systems. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS,
                 Distributed Systems, Distributed databases. {\bf
                 H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems, Transaction processing. {\bf D.4.3}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, File Systems Management, Access
                 methods.",
}

@Article{Rosenberg:1990:SAP,
  author =       "J. Rosenberg and A. L. Ananda and B. Srinivasan",
  title =        "{Self-Assessment Procedure XX}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "190--201",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75584.html",
  abstract =     "The topic this time is operating systems, and the
                 questions concern such areas as terminology, memory
                 management, and process management.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Self-assessment. {\bf D.4.0}: Software, OPERATING
                 SYSTEMS, General.",
}

@Article{Kumar:1990:PIE,
  author =       "Kuldeep Kumar",
  title =        "Post implementation evaluation of computer-based
                 information systems: current practices",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "203--212",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75585.html",
  abstract =     "This study suggests that closure of a project rather
                 than long-term impact is the main reason for a
                 summative evaluation of computer-based information
                 systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.4}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, System Management,
                 Management audit. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Project and People Management, Management techniques.
                 {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING
                 AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management,
                 Life cycle.",
}

@Article{Tillman:1990:SOT,
  author =       "Matthew A. Tillman and David Chi-Chung Yen",
  title =        "{SNA} and {OSI}: Three Strategies for
                 Interconnection",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "214--224",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:42 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/CCR.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/CCR.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "{\em Computing Reviews}, Vol. 31, No. 10, October
                 1990",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75586.html",
  abstract =     "IBM's current efforts and future plans in connectivity
                 between SNA and OSI are examined.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; multiprotocol environments; multiprotocol
                 gateways; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.1}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network Architecture
                 and Design, SNA. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General,
                 Open System Interconnection reference model (OSI). {\bf
                 C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors), Interconnection architectures. {\bf
                 C.2.2}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network Protocols.",
}

@Article{Martin:1990:FIR,
  author =       "Johnny Martin and W. T. Tsai",
  title =        "${N}$-Fold Inspection: a Requirements Analysis
                 Technique",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "225--232",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:38 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/75587.html",
  abstract =     "A cost-effective method for detecting errors in the
                 User Requirement Document (URD) is designed for
                 mission-critical software.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management, Systems development. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software development.
                 {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management, Programming teams.",
}

@Article{Bernstein:1990:AFD,
  author =       "Danielle R. Bernstein and Joshua Stern and William
                 Ehrich and Michael R. Dunlavey and Leonard Zettel and
                 Bruce B. Herbert and Mark Nelson and W. F. Smyth and
                 Bruce W. Walker and Robert M. Gordon and Stephen N.
                 Cole and David B. Lightstone",
  title =        "{ACM Forum}: Debatable",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "264--271",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 12:37:20 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Dijkstra:1989:CRT,Wielgus:1990:AFM}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Press:1990:STP,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "{SIGGRAPH '89} --- {Tomorrows}'s {PC} Today",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "274--279",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 22 07:13:31 MST 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm33.html#Press90d;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  oldlabel =     "Press90d",
  XMLdata =      "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Press90d",
}

@Article{Science:1990:SRA,
  author =       "{Computer Science and Technology Board}",
  title =        "Scaling Up: a Research Agenda for Software
                 Engineering",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "281--293",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 02 15:46:17 1997",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77482.html",
  abstract =     "A recent report issued by the Computer Science and
                 Technology Board summarizes the priorities in software
                 research as determined by a diverse group of software
                 engineers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "mega relevant; the gap between practice and theory is
                 caused by theory's lack of understanding of practice;
                 recommends more than a dozen actions",
  annote2 =      "Overview of the problems in data sharing, mostly deals
                 with the non-computer issues. A bit of a side issue is
                 the problems in sharing computerized files.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; languages; management;
                 theory",
  review =       "ACM CR 9012-0947",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, General.
                 {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT
                 OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and
                 People Management. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Software Management, Software development.",
}

@Article{Nielsen:1990:ANT,
  author =       "Jakob Nielsen",
  title =        "The art of navigating through hypertext",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "296--310",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77483.html",
  abstract =     "Hypertext technology offers a world of information at
                 one's fingertips. The problem is sometimes the user has
                 trouble deciding where to go and how to get there. This
                 article presents some new approaches to the problem of
                 hypertext navigation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors. {\bf
                 H.3.4}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND
                 RETRIEVAL, Systems and Software. {\bf H.3.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Information Search and Retrieval, Search process. {\bf
                 D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, User interfaces.",
}

@Article{Carlson:1990:HNF,
  author =       "David A. Carlson and Sudha Ram",
  title =        "{HyperIntelligence}: The Next Frontier",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "311--321",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77484.html",
  abstract =     "A hypermedia system called SPRINT supports an explicit
                 representation of a mental model as a network of
                 associations among the elements of a strategic plan.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.4}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Systems and Software. {\bf H.4.2}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Types of Systems, Decision support. {\bf I.2.1}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Applications and Expert Systems. {\bf I.2.4}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Knowledge
                 Representation Formalisms and Methods, Semantic
                 networks.",
}

@Article{Dhar:1990:IPV,
  author =       "Vasant Dhar and Nicky Ranganathan",
  title =        "Integer programming vs. expert systems: an
                 experimental comparison",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "323--336",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77485.html",
  abstract =     "Expert system and integer programming formulations of
                 an NP-complete constraint satisfaction problem are
                 explored by generating a plan for assuming faculty to
                 courses given a variety of tentative data.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; experimentation; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf G.1.6}: Mathematics of Computing, NUMERICAL
                 ANALYSIS, Optimization, Integer programming. {\bf
                 I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems. {\bf
                 G.1.6}: Mathematics of Computing, NUMERICAL ANALYSIS,
                 Optimization, Constrained optimization. {\bf I.2.3}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Deduction and Theorem Proving.",
}

@Article{Molich:1990:IHC,
  author =       "Rolf Molich and Jakob Nielsen",
  title =        "Improving a Human-Computer Dialogue",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "338--348",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77486.html",
  abstract =     "A survey, an exercise, a solution and suggestions for
                 improved design are all included in an attempt to focus
                 on potential problems with the human-computer
                 dialogue.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems. {\bf D.2.2}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques.",
}

@Article{Arefi:1990:AGV,
  author =       "Farahangiz Arefi and Charles E. Hughs and David A.
                 Workman",
  title =        "Automatically Generating Visual Syntax-Directed
                 Editors",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "349--360",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:37 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77487.html",
  abstract =     "Since inexpensive computers possessing sophisticated
                 graphics were introduced in the late 1970s, program
                 development research has focused on syntax-directed
                 editors that are based on the grammars of their
                 underlying languages. The system presented here
                 automatically generates object-oriented,
                 syntax-directed editors for visual languages, which are
                 described by a family of editing operations.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.3}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Coding,
                 Program editors. {\bf D.3.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 LANGUAGES, Language Constructs and Features. {\bf
                 D.3.1}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Formal
                 Definitions and Theory, Syntax. {\bf D.2.1}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Requirements/Specifications. {\bf
                 I.7.1}: Computing Methodologies, TEXT PROCESSING, Text
                 Editing, Languages.",
}

@Article{VanWyk:1990:LPA,
  author =       "Christopher J. {Van Wyk}",
  title =        "Literate Programming\emdash{}An Assessment",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "361, 365",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Wielgus:1990:AFM,
  author =       "Martin Wielgus and Marvin L. Watkins and Edward
                 Sacharuk and Srinivasarao Damerla",
  title =        "{ACM Forum}: More Debatable",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "396--397",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 01 12:34:26 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Dijkstra:1989:CRT,Bernstein:1990:AFD}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1990:CSB,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computer Security in the Business World",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "399--401",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 22 07:29:52 MST 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm33.html#Wilkes90c;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  oldlabel =     "Wilkes90c",
  XMLdata =      "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wilkes90c",
}

@Article{Frenkel:1990:ECI,
  author =       "Karen A. Frenkel",
  title =        "The {European} community and information technology",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "404--410",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77557.html",
  abstract =     "An overview of events that have shaped the
                 long-awaited movement toward fusing European industries
                 and competitive markets.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; legal aspects; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Jeelof:1990:EFF,
  author =       "Gerrit Jeelof",
  title =        "{Europe} 1992: Fraternity or Fortress?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "412--416",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77558.html",
  abstract =     "The following 1989 William K. McInally Memorial
                 lecture was presented at the University of Michigan by
                 Gerrit Jeelof, a champion of the movement toward
                 European economic unity. He discusses the upcoming
                 European integration and its implications for world
                 trade.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Chiarodo:1990:SME,
  author =       "Roger A. Chiarodo and Judee M. Mussehl",
  title =        "The semiconductor market in the {European} community",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "417--423",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77559.html",
  abstract =     "Several factors, including three primary rulings
                 recently declared by the EC Commission, will influence
                 future investment and trade patterns in the global
                 semiconductor market.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; legal aspects; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Ono:1990:JVE,
  author =       "Eiichi Ono",
  title =        "{Japan}'s view of {EC '92}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "424--425",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77561.html",
  abstract =     "The unification of European nations should strengthen
                 the tri-polar system that exists between Japan, the US,
                 and the EC, as well as heighten Japan's newfound
                 Euro-optimism.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; legal aspects; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:ECC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{EC} commission communication on establishing an
                 information services market",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "426--432",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77562.html",
  abstract =     "The following is an excerpt from the communication
                 sent by the European Commission to the Council of
                 Ministers explaining the rationale for an internal
                 information services market. It is followed by the
                 Council's formal decision and budget allocation
                 totalling \$36 million.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; legal aspects; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:CDJ,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Council} decision of {July} 26, 1988",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "434--438",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77563.html",
  abstract =     "The Council of European Communities establishes a plan
                 of action for constructing a common information
                 services market.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; legal aspects; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Geihs:1990:RD,
  author =       "Kurt Geihs and Ulf Hollberg",
  title =        "A Retrospective on {DACNOS}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "439--448",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77564.html",
  abstract =     "Heterogeneity of hardware and software is a fact in
                 most distributed computing environments. The DACNOS
                 prototype is a network operating system that enables
                 resource sharing in such environments. It extends the
                 local operating systems without interfering with
                 existing programs. It provides comprehensive system
                 level support for distributed applications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems,
                 Network operating systems. {\bf D.4.7}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, Organization and Design, Distributed
                 systems. {\bf D.4.6}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS,
                 Security and Protection, Access controls. {\bf D.4.0}:
                 Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, General, DACNOS.",
}

@Article{Hirschberg:1990:EDP,
  author =       "Daniel S. Hirschberg and Debra A. Lelewer",
  title =        "Efficient decoding of prefix codes",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "449--459",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/77566.html",
  abstract =     "A special case of the data compression problem is
                 presented, in which a powerful encoder transmits a
                 coded file to a decoder that has severely constrained
                 memory. A data structure that achieves minimum storage
                 is presented, and alternative methods that sacrifice a
                 small amount of storage to attain faster decoding are
                 described.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; bzip2; performance",
  remark =       "This is the first of four key papers behind the {\tt
                 bzip2} compression tools. The others are listed in the
                 {\tt bzip2} manual.",
  subject =      "{\bf E.4}: Data, CODING AND INFORMATION THEORY, Data
                 compaction and compression. {\bf E.1}: Data, DATA
                 STRUCTURES, Tables. {\bf E.2}: Data, DATA STORAGE
                 REPRESENTATIONS. {\bf H.1.1}: Information Systems,
                 MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, Systems and Information Theory,
                 Information theory.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1990:SLF,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson and Robert J. Glushko",
  title =        "Survey on the Look and Feel Lawsuits",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "483--487",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 22 07:18:54 MST 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm33.html#SamuelsonG90;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  oldlabel =     "SamuelsonG90",
  XMLdata =      "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SamuelsonG90",
}

@Article{Sibley:1990:SSA,
  author =       "Edgar H. Sibley",
  title =        "Special Section on Alphabets and Language:
                 Introduction",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "488--490",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 09 09:26:38 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78608.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf I.7.2}: Computing Methodologies, TEXT PROCESSING,
                 Document Preparation, Languages and systems. {\bf
                 B.4.2}: Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS,
                 Input/Output Devices.",
}

@Article{Qiao:1990:SDC,
  author =       "Jinan Qiao and Yizheng Qiao and Sanzheng Qiao",
  title =        "Six-digit coding method",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "491--494",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78609.html",
  abstract =     "The Six-Digit Coding Method (SDCM) is a new coding
                 method for Chinese characters. It is based on the
                 structural analysis of Chinese characters. We recently
                 developed this method and have successfully used it to
                 code 11,100 characters, including the simplified,
                 traditional, and variant forms found in Xin Hua
                 Dictionary [7]. This article illustrates the basic
                 principles, features, and some viewpoints concerning
                 the method.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf I.7.1}: Computing Methodologies, TEXT PROCESSING,
                 Text Editing, Languages. {\bf H.4.1}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Office
                 Automation, Equipment. {\bf H.4.1}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Office
                 Automation, Equipment. {\bf J.5}: Computer
                 Applications, ARTS AND HUMANITIES, Linguistics.",
}

@Article{Tayli:1990:BBM,
  author =       "Murat Tayli and Abdulla I. Al-Salamah",
  title =        "Building Bilingual Microcomputer Systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "495--504",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:42 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78610.html",
  abstract =     "In the Arab world the need for bilingual microcomputer
                 systems is ever increasing. In addition to the ability
                 to process the Arabic and English scripts, an ideal
                 system should support the use of existing applications
                 with Arabic data and the access to the system
                 facilities through Arabic interfaces. The Integrated
                 Arabic System (IAS) was developed to study the
                 feasibility of building such systems using existing
                 microcomputers and software solutions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf I.7.1}: Computing Methodologies, TEXT PROCESSING,
                 Text Editing, Languages. {\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION,
                 Microcomputers. {\bf H.4.1}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Office Automation,
                 Equipment. {\bf J.5}: Computer Applications, ARTS AND
                 HUMANITIES, Linguistics.",
}

@Article{Oman:1990:TSM,
  author =       "Paul W. Oman and Curtis R. Cook",
  title =        "Typographic Style is More than Cosmetic",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "506--520",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 09 09:25:40 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78611.html",
  abstract =     "There is disagreement about the role and importance of
                 typographic style (source code formatting and
                 commenting) in program comprehension. Results from
                 experiments and opinions in programming style books are
                 mixed. This article presents principles of typographic
                 style consistent and compatible with the results of
                 program comprehension studies. Four experiments
                 demonstrate that the typographic style principles
                 embodied in the book format significantly aid program
                 comprehension and reduce maintenance effort.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.3}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Coding.
                 {\bf D.2.7}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Distribution and Maintenance.",
}

@Article{Raman:1990:ABA,
  author =       "Subramanian Raman and Narayanan Alwar",
  title =        "An {AI}-based approach to machine translation in
                 {Indian} languages",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "521--527",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:41 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78612.html",
  abstract =     "Primarily illustrated as an approach to translate the
                 Indian languages, a focus on AI techniques for building
                 semantic representational structures of sentences is
                 presented.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.7}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Natural Language Processing, Machine
                 translation.",
}

@Article{Kumar:1990:CCC,
  author =       "Kuldeep Kumar and Niels Bjorn-Andersen",
  title =        "A Cross-Cultural Comparison of {IS} Designer Values",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "528--538",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78613.html",
  abstract =     "The values that systems designers bring to their craft
                 play a significant role in the information systems they
                 create and the organizations for which they work.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems. {\bf K.6.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management.
                 {\bf H.4.0}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, General. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts. {\bf
                 D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications.",
}

@Article{Karp:1990:MPP,
  author =       "Alan H. Karp and Horace P. Flatt",
  title =        "Measuring parallel processor performance",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "539--543",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78614.html",
  abstract =     "Many metrics are used for measuring the performance of
                 a parallel algorithm running on a parallel processor.
                 This article introduces a new metric that has some
                 advantages over the others. Its use is illustrated with
                 data from the Linpack benchmark report and the winners
                 of the Gordon Bell Award.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; economics; measurement;
                 performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE
                 OF SYSTEMS, Measurement techniques. {\bf C.4}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE OF SYSTEMS,
                 Performance attributes. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data
                 Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors), Parallel
                 processors.",
}

@Article{Frand:1990:SAU,
  author =       "Jason L. Frand and Julia A. Britt",
  title =        "Sixth annual {UCLA} survey of business school computer
                 usage",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "544--562",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78615.html",
  abstract =     "Providing the most comprehensive picture to date of
                 the business school computing, communication, and
                 information environment, this year's survey extends the
                 focus of the Fourth Survey (1987) and raises the
                 question: how to most effectively manage these
                 resources.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; economics; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Information systems education. {\bf K.6.0}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, General.",
}

@Article{Rudolph:1990:SAP,
  author =       "Brain A. Rudolph",
  title =        "Self-assessment procedure {XXI}: a self-assessment
                 procedure on concurrency",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "563--576",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78616.html",
  abstract =     "The topic now focuses on concurrency and questions
                 that relate to areas of general concepts, classic
                 concurrency problems, formal concurrency and specifying
                 concurrency.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Self-assessment. {\bf F.1.2}: Theory of Computation,
                 COMPUTATION BY ABSTRACT DEVICES, Modes of Computation,
                 Probabilistic computation. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple
                 Data Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors), Parallel
                 processors.",
}

@Article{Lehman:1990:TCU,
  author =       "M. M. Lehman",
  title =        "Technical Correspondence: Uncertainty in Computer
                 Application",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "584--586",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 17:42:15 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Denning:1990:AJP,
  author =       "Peter J. Denning",
  title =        "{Alan J. Perlis}: 1922--1990: a founding father of
                 computer science as a separate discipline",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "604--605",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214943.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "documentation; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING,
                 Alan J. Perlis. {\bf A.0}: General Literature, GENERAL,
                 Biographies/autobiographies.",
}

@Article{Kocher:1990:PLE,
  author =       "Bryan Kocher",
  title =        "{President}'s Letter: Eschew Obfuscation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "625--625",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 26 22:39:36 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Gladney:1990:LEM,
  author =       "H. M. Gladney and M. L. Rinehart and F. Wagner and
                 David H. Thornley and Justin H. Coven",
  title =        "Letters to the Editor: More on the Cruelty",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "628--630, 633",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 01 07:56:28 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1990:NEF,
  author =       "Maurice Wilkes",
  title =        "Networks, Email and Fax",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "631--633",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 26 22:39:36 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Parnas:1990:ESC,
  author =       "David L. Parnas and A. John {van Schouwen} and Shu Po
                 Kwan",
  title =        "Evaluation of safety-critical software",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "636--648",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78974.html",
  abstract =     "Methods and approaches for testing the reliability and
                 trustworthiness of software remain among the most
                 controversial issues facing this age of high
                 technology. The authors present some of the crucial
                 questions faced by software programmers and eventual
                 users.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation; human factors; measurement;
                 reliability",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.4}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Program
                 Verification, Reliability. {\bf J.7}: Computer
                 Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS, Real time.
                 {\bf D.2.5}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Testing
                 and Debugging.",
}

@Article{Rohde:1990:DRP,
  author =       "Renate Rohde and Jim Haskett",
  title =        "Disaster recovery planning for academic computing
                 centers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "652--657",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/security.1.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78975.html",
  abstract =     "Planning for recovery from a disaster is quickly
                 becoming recognized as a necessity for higher education
                 computing installations. This article presents a
                 structural framework, describes the stages, and tells
                 how to implement a disaster recovery plan specifically
                 geared to an academic computing organization.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "backup files; computer security; management; recovery;
                 security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.4}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, System Management.
                 {\bf E.5}: Data, FILES, Backup/recovery.",
}

@Article{Swanson:1990:DSD,
  author =       "E. Burton Swanson and Cynthia Mathis Beath",
  title =        "Departmentalization in software development and
                 maintenance",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "658--667",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78976.html",
  abstract =     "Exploring the strengths and weaknesses of three
                 alternative bases for systems staff departmentalization
                 suggests the benefits of an organizational form in
                 which maintenance is separate from new system
                 development.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "organizational forms, departmentalization by work
                 type, by application domain and by life-cycle phase",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management,
                 Software maintenance. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Software Management, Software development. {\bf K.6.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management,
                 Systems development.",
}

@Article{Pugh:1990:SLP,
  author =       "William Pugh",
  title =        "Skip Lists: a Probabilistic Alternative to Balanced
                 Trees",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "668--676",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:41 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/ProbAlgs.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "This paper presents skip lists, a list in which a node
                 may have a pointer to a node some number of places
                 ahead of it on the list. Such pointers, called
                 ``forward pointers'', therefore ``skip'' over
                 intermediate nodes. A node with $k$ forward pointers is
                 said to be a {\em level} $k$ node. Skip lists are
                 probabilistic in that the level of a node is chosen
                 randomly with the property that a node's $i$th forward
                 pointer points to the next node of level $i$ or higher.
                 It is shown that skips lists can efficiently implement
                 abstract data types such as dictionaries and ordered
                 lists in that the expected time to search for an item
                 is $O(\log n)$.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78977.html",
  abstract =     "Skip lists are data structures that use probabilistic
                 balancing rather than strictly enforced balancing. As a
                 result, the algorithms for insertion and deletion in
                 skip lists are much simpler and significantly faster
                 than equivalent algorithms for balanced trees.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf E.1}: Data, DATA STRUCTURES, Lists. {\bf E.1}:
                 Data, DATA STRUCTURES, Trees. {\bf F.2.2}: Theory of
                 Computation, ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM
                 COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical Algorithms and Problems,
                 Sorting and searching.",
}

@Article{Pearson:1990:FHV,
  author =       "Peter K. Pearson",
  title =        "Fast hashing of variable-length text strings",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "677--680",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 29 17:41:24 1999",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/protein.pattern.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See
                 \cite{Dittmer:1976:IEP,Dittmer:1991:NFH,Litsios:1991:NFH,Pearson:1991:NFH,Savoy:1991:NFH}.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78978.html",
  abstract =     "Tailored to variable-length text strings, this hashing
                 function uses very little arithmetic and can be used
                 where perfect hashing is desired.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Based on exclusive OR (XOR).",
  comment =      "A simple fast hashing algorithm is given for variable
                 length text strings. Essentially an xor is done over
                 all of the characters of the string and the result is
                 the hash value. Some analysis is done and a practical
                 implementation is reported on.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design",
  review =       "ACM CR 9012-0958",
  subject =      "{\bf E.2}: Data, DATA STORAGE REPRESENTATIONS,
                 Hash-table representations. {\bf F.2.2}: Theory of
                 Computation, ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM
                 COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical Algorithms and Problems,
                 Sorting and searching. {\bf G.3}: Mathematics of
                 Computing, PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS, Probabilistic
                 algorithms (including Monte Carlo).",
}

@Article{Kumar:1990:COE,
  author =       "Vijay Kumar",
  title =        "Concurrent operations on extendible hashing and its
                 performance",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "681--694",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/78979.html",
  abstract =     "Extendible hashing is a dynamic data structure which
                 accommodates expansion and contraction of any stored
                 data efficiently. In this article, an algorithm has
                 been developed for managing concurrent operations on
                 extendible hashing by achieving optimal memory
                 utilization by supporting directly expansion and
                 contraction, page split, and merge. The results of this
                 study have been encouraging in the sense that it seems
                 to provide a higher degree of concurrency compared to
                 other algorithms on an extendible hash file.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Includes simulation results and code for algorithms.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance",
  review =       "ACM CR 9012-0959",
  subject =      "{\bf E.2}: Data, DATA STORAGE REPRESENTATIONS,
                 Hash-table representations. {\bf E.1}: Data, DATA
                 STRUCTURES. {\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Systems, Concurrency. {\bf F.2.2}: Theory
                 of Computation, ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM
                 COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical Algorithms and Problems,
                 Sorting and searching. {\bf E.5}: Data, FILES,
                 Sorting/searching.",
}

@Article{Press:1990:PCS,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal Computing: Simple Complexity and {COMDEX}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "21--26",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79205.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf K.8}: Computing Milieux, PERSONAL COMPUTING. {\bf
                 C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM
                 IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers.",
}

@Article{Crawford:1990:WBF,
  author =       "Diane Crawford",
  title =        "From {Washington} -- Budget {FY} 1991: The Numbers
                 Tell the {R\&D} Story",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "27--29",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79206.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf K.4.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 General.",
}

@Article{Linehan:1990:DID,
  author =       "Thomas E. Linehan",
  title =        "Digital Image: Digital Cinema",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "30--37",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79207.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design",
  subject =      "{\bf J.5}: Computer Applications, ARTS AND HUMANITIES.
                 {\bf I.3.0}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, General. {\bf I.3.7}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Three-Dimensional
                 Graphics and Realism, Animation. {\bf J.6}: Computer
                 Applications, COMPUTER-AIDED ENGINEERING,
                 Computer-aided design (CAD).",
}

@Article{Frenkel:1990:PSE,
  author =       "Karen A. Frenkel",
  title =        "The Politics of Standards and the {EC}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "40--51",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79208.html",
  abstract =     "European legislation and power struggles in the
                 standards arena are sparking fear of technical barriers
                 to trade and prompting the American standards community
                 to reevaluate its infrastructure. The National
                 Institute of Standards and Technology may step up its
                 role in order to negotiate at a governmental level with
                 the EC.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; legal aspects; reliability;
                 standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Standards. {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS
                 AND SOCIETY, Public Policy Issues, Regulation.",
}

@Article{Cohen:1990:CLP,
  author =       "Jacques Cohen",
  title =        "Constraint logic programming languages",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "52--68",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79209.html",
  abstract =     "Constraint Logic Programming (CLP) is an extension of
                 Logic Programming aimed at replacing the pattern
                 matching mechanism of unification, as used in Prolog,
                 by a more general operation called constraint
                 satisfaction. This article provides a panoramic view of
                 the recent work done in designing and implementing CLP
                 languages. It also presents a summary of their
                 theoretical foundations, discusses implementation
                 issues, compares the major CLP languages, and suggests
                 directions for further work.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
                 AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic, Logic
                 programming. {\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation,
                 MATHEMATICAL LOGIC AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical
                 Logic, Prolog. {\bf D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 LANGUAGES, Processors, Compilers.",
}

@Article{Colmerauer:1990:IPI,
  author =       "Alain Colmerauer",
  title =        "An introduction to {Prolog III}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "69--90",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79210.html",
  abstract =     "The Prolog III programming language extends Prolog by
                 redefining the fundamental process at its heart:
                 unification. This article presents the specifications
                 of this new language and illustrates its
                 capabilities.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
                 AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic, Prolog. {\bf
                 D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors,
                 Interpreters. {\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation,
                 MATHEMATICAL LOGIC AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical
                 Logic, Prolog III. {\bf I.2.3}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Deduction and
                 Theorem Proving, Logic programming. {\bf I.2.8}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Problem Solving, Control Methods, and Search. {\bf
                 I.1.3}: Computing Methodologies, ALGEBRAIC
                 MANIPULATION, Languages and Systems, Nonprocedural
                 languages.",
}

@Article{Newborn:1990:AAN,
  author =       "Monty Newborn and Danny Kopec",
  title =        "The {20th Annual ACM North American Computer Chess
                 Championship}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "92--104",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 09 09:25:24 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79211.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems, Games.",
}

@Article{Kaplan:1990:API,
  author =       "S. Jerrold Kaplan and Mitchell D. Kapor and Edward J.
                 Belove and Richard A. Landsman and Todd R. Drake",
  title =        "{AGENDA}: a Personal Information Manager",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "105--116",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:38 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79212.html",
  abstract =     "The free-form, evolving, personal information that
                 people deal with in the course of their daily
                 activities requires more flexible data structures and
                 data management systems than tabular data structures
                 provide. A tool for managing personal information must
                 conveniently handle free-textual data; allow for
                 structure to evolve gracefully as the database grows;
                 represent unnormalized data; and support data entry
                 through database {\em views}. We have designed a new
                 type of database that serves these
                 needs---``item/category'' database---and realized this
                 design in a commercial personal computer software
                 product named ``Agenda.''",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "handle free-textual data; allow for structure to
                 evolve gracefully as the database grows; represent
                 unnormalized data; support data entry through database
                 views; called an ``item/category'' database",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  review =       "ACM CR 9101-0021",
  subject =      "{\bf E.1}: Data, DATA STRUCTURES. {\bf H.2.1}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical
                 Design, Data models. {\bf H.2.0}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, General. {\bf K.8}: Computing
                 Milieux, PERSONAL COMPUTING.",
}

@Article{Kung:1990:OSH,
  author =       "Chenho Kung",
  title =        "Object Subclass Hierarchy in {SQL}: a Simple
                 Approach",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "117--125",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79213.html",
  abstract =     "The object subclass hierarchy is a useful way of
                 modeling property and behavior inheritance. It can be
                 implemented on a relational DBMS using views.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Principles, guidelines, and examples of how to model
                 and implement subsets using SQL views; four types of
                 subclass relationship; since the views are joins over
                 primary keys, updates are not difficult.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  review =       "ACM CR 9102-0098",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.3}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Languages, SQL. {\bf D.1.0}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, General. {\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Requirements/Specifications. {\bf H.2.1}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical
                 Design.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1990:IRS,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Some reflections on a telephone
                 switching problem",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "154--154",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79214.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General. {\bf C.2.4}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION
                 NETWORKS, Distributed Systems.",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1990:BF,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "The bandwidth famine",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "19--21",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79174.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS, Signal
                 processing systems. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General,
                 Data communications. {\bf B.4.0}: Hardware,
                 INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS, General.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1990:LSS,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Legally speaking: Should Program Algorithms be
                 Patented?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "23--27",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:41 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79175.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.1}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Software Protection, Copyrights.",
}

@Article{Lenat:1990:CTP,
  author =       "Douglas B. Lenat and Ramanathan V. Guha and Karen
                 Pittman and Dexter Pratt and Mary Shepherd",
  title =        "{Cyc}: Toward Programs With Common Sense",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "30--49",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:38 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79176.html",
  abstract =     "Cyc is a bold attempt to assemble a massive knowledge
                 base (on the order of $10^{8}$ axioms) spanning human
                 consensus knowledge. This article examines the need for
                 such an undertaking and reviews the authors' efforts
                 over the past five years to begin its construction. The
                 methodology and history of the project are briefly
                 discussed, followed by a more developed treatment of
                 the current state of the representation language used
                 (epistemological level), techniques for efficient
                 inferencing and default reasoning (heuristic level),
                 and the content and organization of the knowledge
                 base.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.4}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Knowledge Representation Formalisms and
                 Methods, Representation languages. {\bf I.2.4}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Knowledge Representation Formalisms and Methods,
                 Relation systems. {\bf I.2.8}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Problem Solving, Control
                 Methods, and Search, Heuristic methods. {\bf I.2.4}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Knowledge Representation Formalisms and Methods,
                 Semantic networks.",
}

@Article{Barnett:1990:KNL,
  author =       "Jim Barnett and Kevin Knight and Inderjeet Mani and
                 Elaine Rich",
  title =        "Knowledge and natural language processing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "50--71",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79177.html",
  abstract =     "KBNL is a knowledge-based natural language processing
                 system that is novel in several ways, including the
                 clean separation it enforces between linguistic
                 knowledge and world knowledge, and its use of knowledge
                 to aid in lexical acquisition. Applications of KBNL
                 include intelligent interfaces, text retrieval, and
                 machine translation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.7}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Natural Language Processing, Language
                 parsing and understanding. {\bf I.2.7}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Natural
                 Language Processing, Language generation. {\bf I.2.4}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Knowledge Representation Formalisms and Methods,
                 Representation languages.",
}

@Article{White:1990:NLU,
  author =       "George M. White",
  title =        "Natural language understanding and speech
                 recognition",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "72--82",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79178.html",
  abstract =     "Natural language understanding must be an integral
                 part of any automatic speech recognition system that
                 attempts to deal with interactive problem solving. The
                 methods for representing and integrating knowledge from
                 different sources may be valuable for the understanding
                 process as well as speech recognition.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.7}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Natural Language Processing, Speech
                 recognition and synthesis. {\bf I.2.1}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Applications
                 and Expert Systems, Natural language interfaces. {\bf
                 I.2.7}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Natural Language Processing, Text
                 analysis. {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS,
                 Real-time systems. {\bf I.5.4}: Computing
                 Methodologies, PATTERN RECOGNITION, Applications, Text
                 processing.",
}

@Article{Frenkel:1990:HSA,
  author =       "Karen A. Frenkel",
  title =        "Highlights from The {Second Annual Computer Bowl}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "84--95",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:37 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79179.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf A.0}: General Literature, GENERAL.",
}

@Article{Hill:1990:CCM,
  author =       "Mark D. Hill and James R. Larus",
  title =        "Cache considerations for multiprocessor programmers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "97--102",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/distmem.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79180.html",
  abstract =     "Although caches in most computers are invisible to
                 programmers, they significantly affect program
                 performance. This is particularly true for
                 cache-coherent, share-memory multiprocessors. This
                 article presents recent research into the performance
                 of parallel programs and its implications for
                 programmers who may know little about caches.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf B.3.2}: Hardware, MEMORY STRUCTURES, Design
                 Styles, Cache memories. {\bf B.3.2}: Hardware, MEMORY
                 STRUCTURES, Design Styles, Shared memory. {\bf C.1.2}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES,
                 Multiple Data Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors),
                 Parallel processors.",
}

@Article{Valiant:1990:BMP,
  author =       "Leslie G. Valiant",
  title =        "A bridging model for parallel computation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "103--111",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79181.html",
  abstract =     "The success of the von Neumann model of sequential
                 computation is attributable to the fact that it is an
                 efficient bridge between software and hardware:
                 high-level languages can be efficiently compiled on to
                 this model; yet it can be efficiently implemented in
                 hardware. The author argues that an analogous bridge
                 between software and hardware in required for parallel
                 computation if that is to become as widely used. This
                 article introduces the bulk-synchronous parallel (BSP)
                 model as a candidate for this role, and gives results
                 quantifying its efficiency both in implementing
                 high-level language features and algorithms, as well as
                 in being implemented in hardware.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; languages; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf F.1.2}: Theory of Computation, COMPUTATION BY
                 ABSTRACT DEVICES, Modes of Computation, Parallelism and
                 concurrency. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data
                 Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors), Parallel
                 processors. {\bf C.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 GENERAL, Hardware/software interfaces. {\bf F.1.1}:
                 Theory of Computation, COMPUTATION BY ABSTRACT DEVICES,
                 Models of Computation.",
}

@Article{Sterling:1990:SSD,
  author =       "Theodor D. Sterling and James J. Weinkam",
  title =        "Sharing scientific data",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "112--119",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79182.html",
  abstract =     "The willingness of one scientist to share data with
                 another scientist continues to be influenced by a
                 number of economic, social, psychological and political
                 factors.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; experimentation; legal aspects;
                 verification",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.5}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Online Information Services, Data bank
                 sharing. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General, Data
                 communications. {\bf H.2.3}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Languages, Data manipulation
                 languages (DML). {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Public Policy Issues, Privacy.
                 {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Transborder data flow. {\bf
                 K.7.m}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING PROFESSION,
                 Miscellaneous, Ethics.",
}

@Article{Gillenson:1990:PDE,
  author =       "Mark L. Gillenson",
  title =        "Physical design equivalencies in database conversion",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "120--131",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79183.html",
  abstract =     "As relational technology becomes increasingly accepted
                 in commercial data processing, conversion of some of
                 the huge number of existing navigational databases to
                 relational databases is inevitable. It is thus
                 important to understand how to recognize physical
                 design modifications and enhancements in the
                 navigational databases and how to convert them to
                 equivalent relational terms as applicable.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "convert network of hierarchical databases to
                 relational database; a five-stage process recognizing
                 new designs for performance, factors, undoing the
                 modification to obtain the logical schema, and
                 selecting appropriate indexes, denormalization, table
                 splitting, and so on.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management; performance",
  review =       "ACM CR 9104-0295",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.2}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Physical Design. {\bf H.2.0}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, General, Security, integrity, and
                 protection. {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Logical Design, Data models. {\bf H.2.5}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Heterogeneous
                 Databases, Data translation.",
}

@Article{Sunday:1990:VFS,
  author =       "Daniel M. Sunday",
  title =        "A Very Fast Substring Search Algorithm",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "132--142",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See also
                 \cite{Boyer:1977:FSS,Knuth:1977:FPM,Baeza-Yates:1992:NAT}.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79184.html",
  abstract =     "This article describes a substring search algorithm
                 that is faster than the Boyer--Moore algorithm. This
                 algorithm does not depend on scanning the pattern
                 string in any particular order. Three variations of the
                 algorithm are given that use three different pattern
                 scan orders. These include: (1) a ``Quick Search''
                 algorithm; (2) a ``Maximal Shift'' and (3) an ``Optimal
                 Mismatch'' algorithm.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf F.2.2}: Theory of Computation, ANALYSIS OF
                 ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical
                 Algorithms and Problems, Pattern matching.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1990:IAS,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Insecurity about security?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "170--170",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/79113.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.m}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Miscellaneous,
                 Security*.",
}

@Article{White:1990:PLR,
  author =       "J. R. White",
  title =        "{President}'s Letter: Reflections on {Snowbird}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "19--20",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:46:24 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Crawford:1990:EDA,
  author =       "Diane Crawford",
  title =        "{EC} directives aim for market harmony",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "21--24",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84452.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS.",
}

@Article{Press:1990:CT,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Compuvision or Teleputer?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "29--36",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:41 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84453.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General, Data
                 communications. {\bf I.7.0}: Computing Methodologies,
                 TEXT PROCESSING, General.",
}

@Article{McGregor:1990:ISI,
  author =       "John D. McGregor and Tim Korson",
  title =        "Introduction to the Special Issue on Object-Oriented
                 Design",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "38--39",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214946.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming. {\bf D.2.10}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design, Methodologies. {\bf
                 D.3.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Constructs and Features.",
}

@Article{Korson:1990:UOO,
  author =       "Tim Korson and John D. McGregor",
  title =        "Understanding Object-Oriented: a Unifying Paradigm",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "40--60",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:38 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84459.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Object-oriented languages. {\bf
                 D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design.",
}

@Article{Jordan:1990:IBC,
  author =       "David Jordan",
  title =        "Implementation benefits of {C++} language mechanisms",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "61--64",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84460.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, C++. {\bf D.3.2}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Classifications, C.
                 {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Object-oriented languages. {\bf
                 D.3.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Constructs and Features.",
}

@Article{Kilian:1990:TTD,
  author =       "Michael F. Kilian",
  title =        "{Trellis}: turning designs into programs",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "65--67",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84462.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Programming Environments, Trellis. {\bf D.1.0}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, General.",
}

@Article{Meyer:1990:LDE,
  author =       "Bertrand Meyer",
  title =        "Lessons from the design of the {Eiffel} libraries",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "68--88",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84464.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Software libraries. {\bf D.2.10}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design. {\bf D.1.0}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, General.",
}

@Article{Gibbs:1990:CMS,
  author =       "Simon Gibbs and Dennis Tsichritzis and Eduardo Casais
                 and Oscar Nierstrasz and Xavier Pintado",
  title =        "Class management for software communities",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "90--103",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Nierstrasz.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "ftp://cui.unige.ch/OO-articles/classManagement.ps.Z;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84525.html",
  abstract =     "Object-oriented programming is considered in the
                 context of software communities -- groups of designers
                 and developers sharing knowledge and experience. One
                 way of fostering reuse of this experience is by
                 establishing large collections of reusable object
                 classes. Resulting problems include: Class packaging
                 and class organization -- how can classes and their
                 methods be represented to simplify reuse. Class
                 selection and exploration -- what query and browsing
                 facilities are needed by developers in order to
                 facilitate software reuse. Class evolution -- how may
                 the class hierarchy be reorganized as a result of
                 changes introduced by developers. These issues are
                 illustrated by examining prototype tools and systems
                 intended to aid object-oriented programming.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; olit-reuse osg-ftp osg-book",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming. {\bf D.2.m}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Miscellaneous, Reusable
                 software.",
}

@Article{Wirfs-Brock:1990:SCR,
  author =       "Rebecca J. Wirfs-Brock and Ralph E. Johnson",
  title =        "Surveying current research in object-oriented design",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "104--124",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84526.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation; languages; management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming. {\bf D.1.0}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, General. {\bf D.2.1}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Requirements/Specifications. {\bf
                 D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design,
                 Methodologies. {\bf D.3.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 LANGUAGES, Language Constructs and Features.",
}

@Article{Agha:1990:COO,
  author =       "Gul Agha",
  title =        "Concurrent object-oriented programming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "125--141",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84528.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "CACM; design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.0}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 General. {\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Concurrent Programming. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data
                 Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors), Parallel
                 processors.",
}

@Article{Henderson-Sellers:1990:OOS,
  author =       "Brian Henderson-Sellers and Julian M. Edwards",
  title =        "The object-oriented systems life cycle",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "142--159",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/is.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84529.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management, Life cycle. {\bf D.1.0}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, General. {\bf D.2.10}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design, Methodologies.
                 {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Object-oriented languages.",
}

@Article{Gries:1990:TSR,
  author =       "David Gries and Dorothy Marsh",
  title =        "The 1988--89 {Taulbee} survey report",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "160--169",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84531.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.7.0}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTING PROFESSION, General.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1990:FOC,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "A few old coincidences",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "202--202",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84533.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.5}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Testing
                 and Debugging.",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1990:CPA,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing Perspectives: It's All Software, Now",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "19--21",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84539.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf B.1.0}: Hardware, CONTROL STRUCTURES AND
                 MICROPROGRAMMING, General. {\bf B.7.2}: Hardware,
                 INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, Design Aids. {\bf J.6}: Computer
                 Applications, COMPUTER-AIDED ENGINEERING. {\bf C.0}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, GENERAL,
                 Hardware/software interfaces.",
}

@Article{Rettig:1990:PPS,
  author =       "Marc Rettig",
  title =        "Practical Programmer: Software Teams",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "23--27",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84543.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; management; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management.",
}

@Article{Heidelberger:1990:IDE,
  author =       "Philip Heidelberger",
  title =        "Introduction: discrete event simulation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "28--29",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214948.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.6.8}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Types of Simulation, Discrete event. {\bf
                 C.3}: Computer Systems Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE
                 AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS.",
}

@Article{Fujimoto:1990:PDE,
  author =       "Richard M. Fujimoto",
  title =        "Parallel discrete event simulation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "30--53",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1990.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84545.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  descriptors =  "Distributed simulation; survey; time warp;",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.6.8}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Types of Simulation, Parallel. {\bf C.3}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND
                 APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple
                 Data Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors). {\bf
                 C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems.",
}

@Article{Jain:1990:ESL,
  author =       "Sanjay Jain and Karon Barber and David Osterfeld",
  title =        "Expert simulation for on-line scheduling",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "54--60",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84547.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems,
                 Industrial automation. {\bf I.6.3}: Computing
                 Methodologies, SIMULATION AND MODELING, Applications.
                 {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER
                 SYSTEMS, Industrial control.",
}

@Article{Dupuy:1990:NNS,
  author =       "Alexander Dupuy and Jed Schwartz and Yechiam Yemini
                 and David Bacon",
  title =        "{NEST}: a Network Simulation and Prototyping Testbed",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "63--74",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:37 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1990.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84549.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "NEST is a graphical environment for simulation and
                 rapid prototyping of distributed networked systems and
                 protocols.",
  country =      "USA",
  descriptors =  "Simulation; communication network; protocol
                 engineering; animation; performance evaluation; routing
                 algorithm;",
  enum =         "4023",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; measurement; performance;
                 verification",
  references =   "14",
  subject =      "{\bf I.6.3}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Applications. {\bf C.2.1}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network
                 Architecture and Design. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS,
                 Distributed Systems. {\bf C.2.2}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network
                 Protocols, Protocol verification. {\bf C.4}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE OF SYSTEMS. {\bf
                 B.4.4}: Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS,
                 Performance Analysis and Design Aids, Simulation.",
}

@Article{Glynn:1990:LRG,
  author =       "Peter W. Glynn",
  title =        "Likelihood ratio gradient estimation for stochastic
                 systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "75--84",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1990.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84552.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  descriptors =  "Simulation; optimization; sensitivity analysis;",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; measurement; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.6.1}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Simulation Theory. {\bf G.3}: Mathematics of
                 Computing, PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS, Probabilistic
                 algorithms (including Monte Carlo).",
}

@Article{LEcuyer:1990:RNS,
  author =       "Pierre L'Ecuyer",
  title =        "Random Numbers for Simulation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "85--97",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 09 09:23:42 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1990.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84555.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "This paper gives a survey of the pros and cons of
                 pseudo-RNGs.",
  descriptors =  "RNG; RVG; survey; method;",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms",
  subject =      "{\bf G.3}: Mathematics of Computing, PROBABILITY AND
                 STATISTICS, Random number generation. {\bf I.6.3}:
                 Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND MODELING,
                 Applications.",
}

@Article{Miller:1990:SSM,
  author =       "David J. Miller",
  title =        "Simulation of a semiconductor manufacturing line",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "98--108",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84556.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; experimentation; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.6.3}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Applications. {\bf B.7.2}: Hardware,
                 INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, Design Aids, Simulation.",
}

@Article{Nielsen:1990:TDD,
  author =       "Jakob Nielsen",
  title =        "Traditional Dialogue Design Applied to Modern User
                 Interfaces",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "109--118",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 29 10:03:13 1994",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84559.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, User interfaces. {\bf I.3.6}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Methodology and
                 Techniques, Interaction techniques. {\bf H.1.2}:
                 Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems, Human factors.",
}

@Article{Lynch:1990:EAM,
  author =       "Brian D. Lynch and H. Rarghav Rao and Winston T. Lin",
  title =        "Economic Analysis of Microcomputer Hardware",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "119--129",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84561.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; economics; management",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers. {\bf K.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY, Statistics.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1990:IRG,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Ghosts, Mysteries, and Uncertainty",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "170--170",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:38 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/84563.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS, Signal
                 processing systems.",
}

@Article{Press:1990:PCW,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal computing: {Windows}, {DOS} and the {MAC}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "19--26",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92783.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf K.8}: Computing Milieux, PERSONAL COMPUTING. {\bf
                 D.4.0}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, General, DOS.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1990:LSH,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Legally speaking: how to interpret the {Lotus}
                 decision (and how not to)",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "27--33",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92784.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.0}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, General. {\bf H.4.1}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Office Automation,
                 Lotus 1-2-3.",
}

@Article{Frenkel:1990:WC,
  author =       "Karen A. Frenkel",
  title =        "Women and computing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "34--46",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92756.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues. {\bf K.7.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTING PROFESSION, Occupations. {\bf K.3.2}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer
                 and Information Science Education.",
}

@Article{Pearl:1990:BCS,
  author =       "Amy Pearl and Martha E. Pollack and Eve Riskin and
                 Becky Thomas and Elizabeth Wolf and Alice Wu",
  title =        "Becoming a Computer Scientist",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "47--57",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92757.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; Women in Computing CACM",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Computer science education. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues,
                 Employment. {\bf K.7.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTING PROFESSION, Occupations.",
}

@Article{Knight:1990:CIA,
  author =       "Kevin Knight",
  title =        "Connectionist Ideas and Algorithms",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "58--74",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  MRclass =      "68T05",
  MRnumber =     "1 079 393",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 03 18:25:17 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92764.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.1.3}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Other Architecture Styles. {\bf I.2.0}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 General. {\bf I.2.6}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Learning, Connectionism and
                 neural nets.",
}

@Article{Bernstein:1990:TPM,
  author =       "Philip A. Bernstein",
  title =        "Transaction processing monitors",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "75--86",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92767.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems, Transaction processing. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS,
                 Distributed Systems, Distributed databases.",
}

@Article{Jacobs:1990:SEI,
  author =       "Paul S. Jacobs and Lisa F. Rau",
  title =        "{SCISOR}: Extracting Information from On-line News",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "88--97",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92769.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Scans Dow Jones with a top-down 150 keyword topic
                 lexicon; only a general lexicon of 10,000 word roots
                 with 75 affixes, linked to a core concept hierarchy of
                 1,000 categories.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; performance",
  review =       "ACM CR 9104-0298",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Content Analysis and Indexing,
                 Linguistic processing. {\bf H.3.5}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Online
                 Information Services. {\bf I.2.7}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Natural
                 Language Processing, Text analysis.",
}

@Article{Premerlani:1990:OOR,
  author =       "William J. Premerlani and Michael R. Blaha and James
                 E. Rumbaugh and Thomas A. Varwig",
  title =        "An Object-Oriented Relational Database",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "99--109",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92772.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "A proposal for an implementation of a `OODBMS' by
                 having the SQL calls to an RDB embedded in the
                 procedures of a class. The most interesting feature is
                 a buffering of the requests to create and manipulate
                 objects in memory before sending them to the DB to cut
                 down on the number of calls to the RDB procedures.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems. {\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming. {\bf H.2.1}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical Design. {\bf
                 D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Object-oriented languages.",
}

@Article{Weiss:1990:XSA,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "The {XXII Self-Assessment}: The Ethics of Computing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "110--132",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92780.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; human factors; legal
                 aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Self-assessment. {\bf K.7.m}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTING PROFESSION, Miscellaneous, Ethics.",
}

@Article{Wiederhold:1990:OAS,
  author =       "Gio Wiederhold and John McCarthy and Ed Feigenbaum",
  title =        "Obituary: {Arthur Samuel} (1901--1990). Pioneer in
                 machine learning",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "137--138",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  MRclass =      "01A70",
  MRnumber =     "1 079 394",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 03 18:26:28 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Neumann:1990:IRR,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Risks in Computerized Elections",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "170--170",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/92787.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1990:CPR,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing perspectives: the rise of the {VLSI}
                 processor",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "16--17, 44",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/96286.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design",
  subject =      "{\bf B.7.1}: Hardware, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, Types and
                 Design Styles, Microprocessors and microcomputers. {\bf
                 B.7.1}: Hardware, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, Types and Design
                 Styles, VLSI (very large scale integration).",
}

@Article{Muratore:1990:RTD,
  author =       "John F. Muratore and Troy A. Heindel and Terri B.
                 Murphy and Arthur Rasmussen and Robert Z. McFarland",
  title =        "Real-time data acquisition at mission control",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "18--31",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/96277.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design",
  subject =      "{\bf J.2}: Computer Applications, PHYSICAL SCIENCES
                 AND ENGINEERING, Aerospace. {\bf D.4.0}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, General, UNIX. {\bf J.7}: Computer
                 Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS, Command and
                 control. {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN
                 OTHER SYSTEMS, Real time.",
}

@Article{Miller:1990:ESR,
  author =       "Barton P. Miller and Lars Fredriksen and Bryan So",
  title =        "An empirical study of the reliability of {UNIX}
                 utilities",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "32--44",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 25 09:24:48 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "This is a fascinating paper on what happens when
                 random input streams are fed into important UNIX
                 utilities on several commercial UNIX systems. In some
                 cases, the tests were able to crash the entire
                 operating system. In 1995, a (sadly, unpublished)
                 followup study showed that many of the failures
                 diagnosed in 1990 still had not been repaired in the
                 commercial systems, and that the GNU implementations
                 were generally more robust. Both 1990 and 1995 papers,
                 and the fuzz-generating software, are available at the
                 authors' FTP site at
                 \path|ftp://grilled.cs.wisc.edu/technical_papers/fuzz.ps|
                 and
                 \path|ftp://grilled.cs.wisc.edu/technical_papers/fuzz-revisited.ps|.",
  URL =          "ftp://grilled.cs.wisc.edu/technical_papers/fuzz-revisited.ps;
                 ftp://grilled.cs.wisc.edu/technical_papers/fuzz.ps;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/96279.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; reliability; security",
  note2 =        "[25-Sep-2002]: The fuzz software archive has been
                 moved to
                 \path|ftp://ftp.cs.wisc.edu/pub/paradyn/fuzz/|, and the
                 technical reports to
                 \path|ftp://ftp.cs.wisc.edu/pub/paradyn/technical_papers/fuzz*|.",
  subject =      "{\bf D.4.5}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Reliability.
                 {\bf D.4.0}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, General,
                 UNIX. {\bf D.4.9}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Systems
                 Programs and Utilities. {\bf D.2.5}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Testing and Debugging.",
}

@Article{Tanenbaum:1990:EAD,
  author =       "Andrew S. Tanenbaum and Robbert {van Renesse} and Hans
                 {van Staveren} and Gregory J. Sharp and Sape J.
                 Mullender and Jack Jansen and Guido {van Rossum}",
  title =        "Experiences with the {Amoeba} distributed operating
                 system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "46--63",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Wed Nov 04 08:13:14 1998",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/networks.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/Dcs-1.0.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/96281.html",
  abstract =     "Amoeba 4.0 is a prototype of a distributed operating
                 system that is used by researchers to analyze the
                 process of connecting multiple computers to produce the
                 illusion of one high-level timesharing system. The
                 Amoeba project was developed jointly by the Vrije
                 Universiteit and the Centrum voor Wiskunde en
                 Informatica, both in Amsterdam. The central goal of the
                 project is to design a distributed system that is
                 transparent to its users. Components include diskless
                 workstations, pool processors that can be allocated as
                 needed, specialized servers, and gateways that link
                 systems from different sites and even different
                 countries.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "This paper gives a technical overview of Amoeba,
                 describing the system architecture, objects and
                 capabilities, remote procedure call operations, and
                 finally outlines the various servers available for the
                 system. Some timing measurements of the RPC mechanism
                 are provided also. This paper is a very good,
                 up-to-date overview of Amoeba.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; measurement; performance",
  notes =        "Amoeba is an operational distributed system based upon
                 the client-server model with a specialised RPC tuned
                 for good execution over LANs. The RPC requests to a
                 server for a remote operation can contain upto 30Kb of
                 data. Eight bytes are reserved in the header for the
                 common case when only a few parameters need be sent; in
                 this case, only a header is required. The user
                 processes in Amoeba 4.0 make use of stub procedures to
                 handle the marshalling of parameters and data and the
                 actual message passing mechanism from the users. An
                 Amoeba process is based on the use of parallel threads,
                 which all share the same address space but have their
                 own private stacks. Threads appear to application
                 programmers as traditional sequential processes with
                 the ability to communication among themselves using
                 shared memory. Scheduling of threads is performed by
                 code in the process itself, and so Amoeba threads are
                 effectively co-routines. Amoeba processes are
                 homogeneous in that they specify the required
                 instruction set of the processor on which they are
                 executed among the list of required resources in the
                 ``process descriptor''. Amoeba has the concept of
                 ``memory servers'' that will fetch remote code and data
                 memory segments based on their capabilities. For WAN
                 usage, Amoeba systems are treated as clusters which can
                 access each other through gateways called SWANs
                 (Service for Wide-Area Networks). The use of
                 broadcasting to locate services only operates within a
                 local Amoeba system and if services are to be made
                 available over a WAN, they must be published at the
                 SWAN. This prevents inadvertent use of remote resources
                 instead of local ones and also gives sites
                 administrative control over the services that their
                 users are providing on the wide area network. The
                 Amoeba RPC has a delay one sixth that of traditional
                 SunRPC and a throughput which is twice as good for user
                 process to user process RPC communications on otherwise
                 identical workstations (Sun 3/60s). The maximum user to
                 kernel bandwidth is certainly higher than the maximum
                 813 Kbytes/sec on the Sun 3/60 hardware, but the
                 communication overhead and kernel to user mode context
                 switches reduces this to a little over 700 kbytes/sec
                 for user process to user process communications.
                 ``Although it has long since been corrected, we made a
                 truly dreadful decision in having asynchronous RPC in
                 Amoeba 2.0. In that system the sender transmitted a
                 message to the receiver and then continued executing.
                 When the reply came in, the sender was interrupted.
                 This scheme allowed considerable parallelism, but it
                 was impossible to program correctly. Our advice to
                 future designers is to avoid asynchronous messages like
                 the plague.'' Amoeba 4.0 does not operate efficiently
                 on a network topology with a large number of local area
                 networks interconnected by many bridges and gateways,
                 mainly due the way port location and message handling
                 is performed.",
  subject =      "{\bf D.4.0}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, General,
                 Amoeba. {\bf D.4.7}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS,
                 Organization and Design, Distributed systems. {\bf
                 D.4.8}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Performance,
                 Measurements. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS,
                 Distributed Systems.",
}

@Article{Gurbaxani:1990:DCN,
  author =       "Vijay Gurbaxani",
  title =        "Diffusion in computing networks: the case of
                 {BITNET}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "65--75",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/96283.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; economics; measurement; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General, BITNET. {\bf
                 K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING. {\bf
                 C.2.1}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network Architecture
                 and Design.",
}

@Article{Jacky:1990:IRR,
  author =       "Jonathan Jacky",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: risks in medical electronics",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "138--138",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/96290.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf J.3}: Computer Applications, LIFE AND MEDICAL
                 SCIENCES, Health.",
}

@Article{Bernstein:1991:PDS,
  author =       "A. J. Bernstein and J. C. Sharp",
  title =        "A Policy-Driven Scheduler for a Time-Sharing System",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "74--78",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Load.Balance.1.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Goodman:1991:IPG,
  author =       "Seymour E. Goodman",
  title =        "International Perspectives: The Globalization of
                 Computing: Perspectives on a Changing World",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--21",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Clemons:1991:ESI,
  author =       "Eric K. Clemons",
  title =        "Evaluation of strategic investments in information
                 technology",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "22--36",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/99985.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.0}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, General. {\bf
                 H.4.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Office Automation.",
}

@Article{Ellis:1991:GSI,
  author =       "C. A. Ellis and S. J. Gibbs and G. L. Rein",
  title =        "Groupware: Some Issues and Experiences",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "38--58",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/99987.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces. {\bf
                 H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems, Human information processing.
                 {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications. {\bf K.4.0}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, General.",
}

@Article{Gurbaxani:1991:IIS,
  author =       "Vijay Gurbaxani and Seungjin Whang",
  title =        "The impact of information systems on organizations and
                 markets",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--73",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/99990.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY, Markets. {\bf H.4.0}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 General.",
}

@Article{Gould:1991:MUU,
  author =       "John D. Gould and Stephen J. Boies and Clayton Lewis",
  title =        "Making usable, useful, productivity-enhancing computer
                 applications",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--85",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/99993.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors. {\bf
                 K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management,
                 Systems analysis and design. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software development.
                 {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces.",
}

@Article{Jarvenpaa:1991:SDD,
  author =       "Sirkka L. Jarvenpaa and Blake Ives and Gordon B.
                 Davis",
  title =        "Supply\slash Demand of {IS} Doctorates in the 1990s",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "86--99",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 27 18:14:44 1994",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/99996.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Information systems education. {\bf K.7.0}: Computing
                 Milieux, THE COMPUTING PROFESSION, General.",
}

@Article{Eerkes:1991:PCS,
  author =       "Gary L. Eerkes",
  title =        "Profiling {Computer Science Master's Programs}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "100--109",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:44 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/99999.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Computer science education. {\bf K.3.0}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.7.0}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING PROFESSION, General.",
}

@Article{Lamport:1991:MEP,
  author =       "Leslie Lamport",
  title =        "The Mutual Exclusion Problem has been Solved
                 (letter)",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "110--113",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:49:38 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Neumann:1991:IRCa,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: The Clock Grows at Midnight",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "170--170",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/100000.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf B.7.m}: Hardware, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS,
                 Miscellaneous. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Steinberg:1991:VSV,
  author =       "Steve Steinberg",
  title =        "Viewpoint: a Student's View of Cryptography in
                 Computer Science",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "15--17",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:51:51 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Press:1991:PCPa,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal computing: personal computers and the world
                 software market",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "23--28",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; economics",
  subject =      "{\bf K.8.0}: Computing Milieux, PERSONAL COMPUTING,
                 General. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER
                 INDUSTRY, Markets.",
}

@Article{Soloway:1991:LEQ,
  author =       "Elliot Soloway",
  title =        "Log on education: {Quick}, where do the computers
                 go?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "29--33",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102797.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education.
                 {\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education,
                 Computer-assisted instruction (CAI).",
}

@Article{Leveson:1991:SSE,
  author =       "Nancy G. Leveson",
  title =        "Software safety: in embedded computer systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "34--46",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/safety.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102799.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Human safety. {\bf J.7}: Computer
                 Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS.",
}

@Article{Yu:1991:SED,
  author =       "K. W. Yu and Tong Lai Yu",
  title =        "Superimposing Encrypted Data",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "48--54",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  MRclass =      "68P25",
  MRnumber =     "1 093 271",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 29 17:44:08 1999",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Boyd:1992:RDE}.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102800.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; security; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf E.3}: Data, DATA ENCRYPTION, Data encryption
                 standard (DES).",
}

@Article{Cristian:1991:UFT,
  author =       "Flaviu Cristian",
  title =        "Understanding fault-tolerant distributed systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "56--78",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102801.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems.
                 {\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE
                 OF SYSTEMS, Reliability, availability, and
                 serviceability. {\bf D.4.7}: Software, OPERATING
                 SYSTEMS, Organization and Design, Distributed systems.
                 {\bf D.4.5}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Reliability,
                 Fault-tolerance.",
}

@Article{Richard:1991:GIA,
  author =       "Isabelle Richard",
  title =        "On {Gerasch}'s Insertion Algorithm",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "79--80",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:51:19 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Gerasch:1988:IAM}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Neumann:1991:IRCb,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Certifying Professionals",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "130--130",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102798.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf K.7.3}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING
                 PROFESSION, Testing, Certification, and Licensing.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1991:LSI,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Legally speaking: is information property?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "15--18",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102875.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.0}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, General.",
}

@Article{Barlow:1991:EFC,
  author =       "John P. Barlow",
  title =        "Electronic frontier: coming into the country",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "19--21",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102876.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Regulation.",
}

@Article{Denning:1991:USV,
  author =       "Dorothy E. Denning and Donn B. Parker and Steven Levy
                 and Eugene Spafford and Paula Hawthorn and Marc
                 Rotenberg and J. J. Buck BloomBecker and Richard
                 Stallman",
  title =        "The {United States} vs. {Craig Neidorf}: a debate on
                 electronic publishing, {Constitutional} rights and
                 hacking",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "22--43",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102869.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues. {\bf K.5.2}:
                 Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING,
                 Governmental Issues, Regulation. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications, Bulletin boards.",
}

@Article{Parker:1991:CDD,
  author =       "Donn D. Parker and Stephen Levy and Eugene Spafford
                 and Paula Hawthorn and Marc Rotenberg and J. J. Buck
                 BloomBecker and Richard Stallman",
  title =        "Colleagues Debate {Denning}'s Comments",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "33--41",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Sidebar in \cite{Denning:1991:USV}.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Denning:1991:DR,
  author =       "Dorothy E. Denning",
  title =        "Denning's Rebuttal",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "42--43",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Gries:1991:TCD,
  author =       "David Gries",
  title =        "Teaching Calculation and Discrimination: a More
                 Effective Curriculum",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "44--55",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:44 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See letters \cite{Marquart:1992:AFR}.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102870.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Curriculum. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General. {\bf F.4.0}: Theory of
                 Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC AND FORMAL LANGUAGES,
                 General.",
}

@Article{Nussbaum:1991:SPM,
  author =       "Daniel Nussbaum and Anant Agarwal",
  title =        "Scalability of Parallel Machines",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "56--61",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  MRclass =      "68Q10",
  MRnumber =     "1 095 874",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 03 18:25:41 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102871.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "For a given algorithm and problem size, we derive the
                 inherent parallelism as the ratio of the serial
                 execution time and the runtime on an ideal realization
                 of a parallel random access machine; hardware
                 scalability is based on this ratio.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors), Parallel processors. {\bf F.1.2}:
                 Theory of Computation, COMPUTATION BY ABSTRACT DEVICES,
                 Modes of Computation, Parallelism and concurrency. {\bf
                 C.4}: Computer Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE OF
                 SYSTEMS, Modeling techniques.",
}

@Article{Teuhola:1991:MSA,
  author =       "Jukka Teuhola and Lutz Wegner",
  title =        "Minimal Space, Average Linear Time Duplicate
                 Deletion",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "62--73",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  MRclass =      "68P10",
  MRnumber =     "1 095 875",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 03 18:25:48 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102872.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Hashing, with collision moved to tail end of the file
                 can be made stable.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; experimentation; measurement;
                 theory",
  subject =      "{\bf E.5}: Data, FILES, Sorting/searching. {\bf E.5}:
                 Data, FILES, Organization/structure. {\bf H.3.2}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Information Storage. {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical Design. {\bf F.2.2}:
                 Theory of Computation, ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS AND
                 PROBLEM COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical Algorithms and
                 Problems, Sorting and searching.",
}

@Article{Hix:1991:HCI,
  author =       "Deborah Hix and Robert S. Schulman",
  title =        "Human-Computer Interface Development Tools: {A}
                 Methodology for Their Evaluation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "74--87",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 12 14:34:40 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102873.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; human factors; management;
                 measurement; verification",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, User
                 interface management systems (UIMS).",
}

@Article{Blostein:1991:JPM,
  author =       "Dorothea Blostein and Lippold Haken",
  title =        "Justification of printed music",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "88--99",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102874.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design",
  subject =      "{\bf J.5}: Computer Applications, ARTS AND HUMANITIES,
                 Music. {\bf I.3.4}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Graphics Utilities, Application packages.
                 {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER
                 SYSTEMS, Publishing.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1991:IRP,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: putting on your best interface",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "138--138",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/102877.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, User interfaces. {\bf H.5.1}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION,
                 Multimedia Information Systems.",
}

@Article{Press:1991:PCPb,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal Computing: Personal Computers as Research
                 Tools: {SIG CHI} and {CSCW}'90",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "19--25",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103087.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf K.8.0}: Computing Milieux, PERSONAL COMPUTING,
                 General. {\bf J.2}: Computer Applications, PHYSICAL
                 SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING.",
}

@Article{Fox:1991:GEI,
  author =       "Edward A. Fox",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction: Standards and the
                 Emergence of Digital Multimedia Systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "26--29",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 12:48:12 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/ATM.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Fox:1992:PMP}.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103086.html",
  abstract =     "Standards will have far-reaching effects on the
                 multimedia technology industry. The scope of computers
                 and communications will expand into the areas of
                 television and publishing. Integrated digital archives
                 will store video, audio, and images, as well as data
                 and text now recorded. Hypertext will develop into
                 hypermedia and will be vital in document processing.
                 Every branch of computer science will have a role in
                 this growing field and will contribute to the
                 development of digital multimedia systems. Interactive
                 digital multimedia applications will change the way
                 people learn and will have the potential to motivate
                 them to learn and discover more. Research involving
                 analog videodiscs will lead to more effective digital
                 versions. [this article summarizes the other articles
                 in this issue]",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "compression ADPCM (adaptive pulse code modulation)
                 DPCM; design; digital JPEG MPEG DVI video; multimedia
                 video; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems.",
}

@Article{Wallace:1991:JSP,
  author =       "Gregory K. Wallace",
  title =        "The {JPEG} still picture compression standard",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "30--44",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/misc.1.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103089.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Describes in simple terms the JPEG compression
                 algorithm. Useful in that it gives an introduction to
                 the DCT.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; jpeg compression; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf I.4.2}: Computing Methodologies, IMAGE
                 PROCESSING, Compression (Coding). {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems. {\bf
                 K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Standards. {\bf I.3.3}: Computing Methodologies,
                 COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Picture/Image Generation.",
}

@Article{Cockroft:1991:NPJ,
  author =       "Greg Cockroft and Leo Hourvitz",
  title =        "{NeXTstep}: Putting {JPEG} to Multiple Uses",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "45, 116",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 29 14:34:38 1994",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103097.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.4.9}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Systems
                 Programs and Utilities, JPEG. {\bf D.4.0}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, General, NeXTstep. {\bf I.4.2}:
                 Computing Methodologies, IMAGE PROCESSING, Compression
                 (Coding). {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems. {\bf E.4}: Data, CODING AND INFORMATION
                 THEORY, Data compaction and compression.",
}

@Article{LeGall:1991:MVC,
  author =       "Didier {Le Gall}",
  title =        "{MPEG}: a video compression standard for multimedia
                 applications",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "46--58",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1991.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103090.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; packet video; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf I.4.2}: Computing Methodologies, IMAGE
                 PROCESSING, Compression (Coding), Approximate methods.
                 {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Standards. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General, Data
                 communications. {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia
                 Information Systems.",
}

@Article{Liou:1991:OKV,
  author =       "Ming Liou",
  title =        "Overview of the $p \times 64$ kbit/s Video Coding
                 Standard",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "59--63",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/misc.1.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1991.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103091.html",
  abstract =     "Simple description of the salient features of the ISDN
                 video standard",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "ANNOTE: Packet video. H.261. [Schulzrinne]",
  descriptors =  "NIL;",
  enum =         "8820",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; standardization",
  references =   "0",
  subject =      "{\bf I.4.2}: Computing Methodologies, IMAGE
                 PROCESSING, Compression (Coding), Approximate methods.
                 {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General, Data
                 communications. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTER INDUSTRY, Standards.",
}

@Article{Harney:1991:IVP,
  author =       "Kevin Harney and Mike Keith and Gary Lavelle and
                 Lawrence D. Ryan and Daniel J. Stark",
  title =        "The {i750} Video Processor: a Total Multimedia
                 Solution",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "64--78",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:46 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103092.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Video (e.g., tape, disk, DVI). {\bf B.4.2}:
                 Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS,
                 Input/Output Devices, Image display. {\bf I.4.2}:
                 Computing Methodologies, IMAGE PROCESSING, Compression
                 (Coding), Approximate methods. {\bf I.3.6}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Methodology and
                 Techniques, Interaction techniques. {\bf I.3.1}:
                 Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Hardware
                 architecture.",
}

@Article{Sijstermans:1991:CFM,
  author =       "Frans Sijstermans and Jan {van der Meer}",
  title =        "{CD}-{I} full-motion video encoding on a parallel
                 computer",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "81--91",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103093.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; experimentation; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.4.2}: Computing Methodologies, IMAGE
                 PROCESSING, Compression (Coding), Approximate methods.
                 {\bf B.4.2}: Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA
                 COMMUNICATIONS, Input/Output Devices. {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems, Video
                 (e.g., tape, disk, DVI). {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data
                 Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors), Parallel
                 processors. {\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Concurrent Programming, Parallel
                 programming.",
}

@Article{Lippman:1991:FSI,
  author =       "Andrew Lippman",
  title =        "Feature sets for interactive images",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "92--102",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/misc.1.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103094.html",
  abstract =     "In addition to describing necessary features, it also
                 gives quick overviews of most of the compression
                 algorithms available today.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  contents =     "video compression",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf I.4.2}: Computing Methodologies, IMAGE
                 PROCESSING, Compression (Coding), Approximate methods.
                 {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Video (e.g., tape, disk, DVI).",
}

@Article{Liebhold:1991:TOE,
  author =       "Michael Liebhold and Eric M. Hoffert",
  title =        "Toward an open environment for digital video",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "103--112",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103095.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Video (e.g., tape, disk, DVI). {\bf I.4.2}:
                 Computing Methodologies, IMAGE PROCESSING, Compression
                 (Coding). {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications,
                 Videotex. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General, Data
                 communications.",
}

@Article{Hoffert:1991:DNS,
  author =       "Eric M. Hoffert and Greg Gretsch",
  title =        "The Digital News System at {EDUCOM}: a Convergence of
                 Interactive Computing, Newspapers, Television and
                 High-Speed Networks",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "113--116",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:46 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103096.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Video (e.g., tape, disk, DVI). {\bf C.2.0}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION
                 NETWORKS, General, Data communications. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications, Videotex. {\bf C.3}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND
                 APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS, Microprocessor/microcomputer
                 applications.",
}

@Article{Borenstein:1991:MEM,
  author =       "Nathaniel S. Borenstein",
  title =        "Multimedia electronic mail: will the dream become a
                 reality?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "117--119",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103098.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications, Electronic
                 mail. {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems. {\bf H.2.5}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Heterogeneous Databases, Data
                 translation.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1991:IRI,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {Risks}: interpreting {(MIS)information}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "144--144",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103088.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications
                 Applications, Electronic mail.",
}

@Article{Denning:1991:SCE,
  author =       "Peter J. Denning",
  title =        "Short Citedness (editorial)",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "17--19",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:47:59 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1991:CPS,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing perspectives: software and the programmer",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "23--24",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103169.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, General.
                 {\bf K.7.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING
                 PROFESSION, Occupations.",
}

@Article{Rettig:1991:PPT,
  author =       "Marc Rettig",
  title =        "Practical programmer: testing made palatable",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "25--29",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103170.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.5}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Testing
                 and Debugging.",
}

@Article{Freeman:1991:BFF,
  author =       "Peter A. Freeman and Marie-Claude Gaudel",
  title =        "Building a foundation for the future of software
                 engineering",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "30--33",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103168.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, General.
                 {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques. {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Management.",
}

@Article{Devanbu:1991:LKB,
  author =       "Premkumar Devanbu and Ronald J. Brachman and Peter G.
                 Selfridge and Bruce W. Ballard",
  title =        "{LaSSIE}: a knowledge-based software information
                 system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "34--49",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103172.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; languages; management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Software libraries. {\bf D.2.7}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Distribution and Maintenance,
                 LaSSIE. {\bf I.2.4}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Knowledge Representation
                 Formalisms and Methods, Representation languages. {\bf
                 D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Management,
                 Software configuration management.",
}

@Article{Gabrielian:1991:MSR,
  author =       "Armen Gabrielian and Matthew K. Franklin",
  title =        "Multilevel specification of real time systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "50--60",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103173.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; verification",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications, Methodologies. {\bf
                 F.3.1}: Theory of Computation, LOGICS AND MEANINGS OF
                 PROGRAMS, Specifying and Verifying and Reasoning about
                 Programs, Specification techniques. {\bf D.4.7}:
                 Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Organization and Design,
                 Real-time and embedded systems.",
}

@Article{Lafontaine:1991:EFS,
  author =       "Christine Lafontaine and Yves Ledru and Pierre-Yves
                 Schobbens",
  title =        "An experiment in formal software development: using
                 the {B} theorem prover on a {VDM} case study",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "62--71, 87",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103174.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; verification",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications, Methodologies. {\bf
                 F.3.1}: Theory of Computation, LOGICS AND MEANINGS OF
                 PROGRAMS, Specifying and Verifying and Reasoning about
                 Programs, Specification techniques. {\bf F.4.1}: Theory
                 of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC AND FORMAL
                 LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic. {\bf D.2.6}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Programming Environments. {\bf
                 D.2.4}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Program
                 Verification, Assertion checkers.",
}

@Article{Wileden:1991:SLI,
  author =       "Jack C. Wileden and Alexander L. Wolf and William R.
                 Rosenblatt and Peri L. Tarr",
  title =        "Specification-level interoperability",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "72--87",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103175.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; languages; management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications, Methodologies. {\bf
                 D.2.7}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Distribution
                 and Maintenance, Extensibility. {\bf D.2.6}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Programming Environments. {\bf
                 D.3.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Constructs and Features, Abstract data types.",
}

@Article{Prieto-Diaz:1991:IFC,
  author =       "Rub{\'e}n Prieto-D{\'\i}az",
  title =        "Implementing faceted classification for software
                 reuse",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "88--97",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103176.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; economics; experimentation; management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.m}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Miscellaneous, Reusable software. {\bf D.2.2}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques,
                 Software libraries. {\bf H.3.1}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Content Analysis and
                 Indexing, Indexing methods. {\bf D.2.9}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Management, Productivity.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1991:IRE,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Expecting the Unexpected Mayday",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "128--128",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103171.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, General.
                 {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Crawford:1991:WCU,
  author =       "Diane Crawford",
  title =        "From {Washington}: {CEOs} unite to influence {U.S.}
                 technology policy",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "15--18",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:44 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103702.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Governmental Issues. {\bf K.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1991:LSF,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Legally speaking: {First Amendment} rights for
                 information providers?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "19--23",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103703.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Governmental Issues, Regulation.",
}

@Article{Goodman:1991:IPS,
  author =       "S. E. Goodman and W. K. McHenry",
  title =        "International Perspectives: The {Soviet} Computer
                 Industry: a Tale of Two Sectors",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "25--28",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/122192.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Kotov:1991:PS,
  author =       "Vadim E. Kotov",
  title =        "{Project START}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "30--31",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103706.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors), Parallel processors. {\bf D.1.3}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Concurrent
                 Programming. {\bf I.2.0}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, General.",
}

@Article{Kotov:1991:CMP,
  author =       "Vadim E. Kotov",
  title =        "Concurrency + modularity + programmability = {MARS}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "32--45",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103707.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; economics; experimentation; performance;
                 standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors), Multiple-instruction-stream,
                 multiple-data-stream processors (MIMD). {\bf D.1.3}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Concurrent
                 Programming. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data
                 Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors), Parallel
                 processors. {\bf C.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 GENERAL, Instruction set design.",
}

@Article{Tyugu:1991:TNG,
  author =       "Enn Tyugu",
  title =        "Three New-Generation Software Environments",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "46--59",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Oop.log.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "The system {PRIZ} has been under development at the
                 Institute of Cybernetics, Tallinn, Estonia since
                 mid-seventies. This article describes three
                 environments of different sophistication based on this
                 system: {ExpertPRIZ}, a simple expert system shell;
                 {C-PRIZ}, a language integrating imperative programming
                 ({C}); and {NUT} (New UTopist; {Utopist} was the
                 initial programming language of {PRIZ}), an
                 object-oriented environment.\\ Data elements in
                 {Utopist} (attributes of objects) can be bound by both
                 inter- and intra-object relations. These relations are
                 used by a propositional theorem prover to generate a
                 proof that it is possible to compute a certain datum
                 given some other data. This (constructive) proof is
                 used to synthesize a program which computes the datum.
                 So {PRIZ} has a quite non-standard logic component:
                 compile-time proof and program generation instead of
                 run-time clause resolution. These technique are called
                 Propositional Logic Programming and Structural Program
                 Synthesis. {NUT} is a prototype-based (as opposed to
                 class-based) language: any object can be used as a
                 template (type) for a new object (and of course as a
                 component of a new object). Limited polymorphism is
                 supported through a generic type ({\tt any}). It is
                 notable that some of the modern programming paradigms
                 (constraint programming, object-orientation, employing
                 logic in computation) have been considered so early",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103708.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Programming Environments. {\bf I.2.3}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Deduction and
                 Theorem Proving, Logic programming. {\bf D.3.2}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Very high-level languages.",
}

@Article{Narinyani:1991:IST,
  author =       "Alexander S. Narin'yani",
  title =        "Intelligent software technology for the new decade",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "60--67",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103709.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.0}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, General. {\bf I.2.4}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Knowledge
                 Representation Formalisms and Methods. {\bf I.2.1}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Applications and Expert Systems, Natural language
                 interfaces.",
}

@Article{Tucker:1991:SAI,
  author =       "Allen B. Tucker and Bruce H. Barnes and Robert M.
                 Aiken and Keith Barker and Kim B. Bruce and J. Thomas
                 Cain and Susan E. Conry and Gerald L. Engel and Richard
                 G. Epstein and Doris K. Lidtke and Michael C. Mulder
                 and Jean B. Rogers and Eugene H. Spafford and A. Joe
                 Turner",
  title =        "A Summary of the {ACM}\slash {IEEE}-{CS} Joint
                 Curriculum Task Force Report: Computing Curricula
                 1991",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "68--84",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 13:08:59 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103710.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Curriculum. {\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS
                 AND EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science
                 Education, Computer science education. {\bf A.2}:
                 General Literature, REFERENCE.",
}

@Article{Charette:1991:IRR,
  author =       "Robert N. Charette",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Risks with Risk Analysis",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "106--106",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/103705.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management,
                 Software development.",
}

@Article{Rettig:1991:PPN,
  author =       "Marc Rettig",
  title =        "Practical Programmer: Nobody Reads Documentation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "19--24",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/105788.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.7}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Distribution and Maintenance, Documentation.",
}

@Article{Press:1991:PCN,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal Computing: Notes from {COMDEX}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "25--29",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/105789.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf K.8.0}: Computing Milieux, PERSONAL COMPUTING,
                 General.",
}

@Article{Kerlow:1991:ADC,
  author =       "Isaac V. Kerlow",
  title =        "Art + design + computer graphics technology",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "30--39",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/siggraph/91.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/105786.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Introduce the {SIGGRAPH '91} art show",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "art; design",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.0}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, General.",
}

@Article{Nunamaker:1991:EMS,
  author =       "J. F. Nunamaker and Alan R. Dennis and Joseph S.
                 Valacich and Douglas R. Vogel and Joey F. George",
  title =        "Electronic Meeting Systems to Support Group Work",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "40--61",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/gesturing.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/105793.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications, Computer
                 conferencing and teleconferencing. {\bf K.4.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts. {\bf H.1.2}: Information
                 Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems,
                 Human information processing. {\bf H.5.3}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group
                 and Organization Interfaces.",
}

@Article{George:1991:ECC,
  author =       "Joey F. George and John L. King",
  title =        "Examining the computing and centralization debate",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "62--72",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/105796.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.4}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, System Management,
                 Centralization/decentralization. {\bf K.4.0}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, General. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational
                 Impacts.",
}

@Article{Phillips:1991:MGM,
  author =       "Richard L. Phillips",
  title =        "{MediaView}: a General Multimedia Digital Publication
                 System",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "74--83",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:48 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/105799.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation; multimedia",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems. {\bf I.7.2}: Computing Methodologies, TEXT
                 PROCESSING, Document Preparation, MediaView. {\bf
                 I.7.2}: Computing Methodologies, TEXT PROCESSING,
                 Document Preparation, Desktop publishing. {\bf I.4.0}:
                 Computing Methodologies, IMAGE PROCESSING, General.
                 {\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers, NeXT.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1991:IRCc,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Computers, Ethics and Values",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "106--106",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/105791.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.7.m}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING
                 PROFESSION, Miscellaneous, Ethics.",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1991:CPR,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing Perspectives: Revisiting Computer Security
                 in the Business World",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "19--22",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108519.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.5}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Security and
                 Protection. {\bf J.1}: Computer Applications,
                 ADMINISTRATIVE DATA PROCESSING.",
}

@Article{Barlow:1991:EFP,
  author =       "John Perry Barlow",
  title =        "Electronic Frontier: Private Life in Cyberspace",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "23--25",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108520.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.4.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Public Policy Issues,
                 Regulation.",
}

@Article{Schoppers:1991:RTK,
  author =       "Marcel Schoppers",
  title =        "Real-time knowledge-based control systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "26--30",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108517.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.4.7}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Organization
                 and Design, Real-time and embedded systems. {\bf J.7}:
                 Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS,
                 Command and control. {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications,
                 COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS, Real time.",
}

@Article{Chandrasekaran:1991:RTD,
  author =       "B. Chandrasekaran and R. Bhatnagar and D. D. Sharma",
  title =        "Real-time disturbance control",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "32--47",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108524.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER
                 SYSTEMS, Real time. {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications,
                 COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS, Process control. {\bf J.7}:
                 Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS,
                 Command and control. {\bf I.2.1}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Applications
                 and Expert Systems.",
}

@Article{Payton:1991:IRT,
  author =       "David W. Payton and Thomas E. Bihari",
  title =        "Intelligent real-time control of robotic vehicles",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "48--63",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108527.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER
                 SYSTEMS, Real time. {\bf I.2.1}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Applications
                 and Expert Systems. {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications,
                 COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS, Command and control. {\bf
                 I.2.8}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Problem Solving, Control Methods, and
                 Search, Plan execution, formation, generation. {\bf
                 I.2.10}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Vision and Scene Understanding. {\bf
                 I.2.9}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Robotics, Manipulators.",
}

@Article{Kohn:1991:DCA,
  author =       "Wolf Kohn",
  title =        "Declarative control architecture",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "64--79",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108530.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS, Process
                 control systems. {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED
                 SYSTEMS, Real-time systems. {\bf I.2.1}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Applications
                 and Expert Systems, Industrial automation.",
}

@Article{Paul:1991:RPS,
  author =       "C. J. Paul and Anurag Acharya and Bryan Black and Jay
                 K. Strosnider",
  title =        "Reducing problem-solving variance to improve
                 predictability",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "80--93",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108531.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.8}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Problem Solving, Control Methods, and
                 Search. {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN
                 OTHER SYSTEMS, Real time. {\bf D.4.7}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, Organization and Design, Real-time
                 and embedded systems. {\bf I.2.4}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Knowledge
                 Representation Formalisms and Methods.",
}

@Article{Kottemann:1991:SAM,
  author =       "Jeffrey E. Kottemann and Michael D. Gordon and Jack W.
                 Stott",
  title =        "A storage and access manager for ill-structured data",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "94--103",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108534.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Information Storage, File organization.
                 {\bf E.2}: Data, DATA STORAGE REPRESENTATIONS, Linked
                 representations. {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search
                 and Retrieval, Search process. {\bf H.2.2}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Physical Design, Access
                 methods. {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Logical Design.",
}

@Article{Bersoff:1991:ILC,
  author =       "Edward H. Bersoff and Alan M. Davis",
  title =        "Impacts of Life Cycle Models on Software Configuration
                 Management",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "104--118",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108537.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management, Software configuration management. {\bf
                 D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Management,
                 Life cycle.",
}

@Article{Rosenberg:1991:IRM,
  author =       "Ronni Rosenberg",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Mixed Signals about Social
                 Responsibility",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "146--146",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/108521.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Goodman:1991:IPU,
  author =       "Seymour E. Goodman",
  title =        "International Perspectives: From Under the Rubble:
                 Computing and the Resuscitation of {Romania}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "19--22",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114715.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 General. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER
                 INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Soloway:1991:LEH,
  author =       "Elliot Soloway",
  title =        "Log on Education: How the {Nintendo} Generation
                 Learns",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "23--26, 95",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114717.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education.
                 {\bf K.8.0}: Computing Milieux, PERSONAL COMPUTING,
                 General, Games.",
}

@Article{Foderaro:1991:LI,
  author =       "John Foderaro",
  title =        "{LISP}: introduction",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "27--27",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114670.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, LISP.",
}

@Article{Gabriel:1991:CIO,
  author =       "Richard P. Gabriel and Jon L. White and Daniel G.
                 Bobrow",
  title =        "{CLOS}: integrating object-oriented and functional
                 programming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "28--38",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114671.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "Common Lisp; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Common Lisp. {\bf D.1.5}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented Programming.
                 {\bf D.1.1}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Applicative (Functional) Programming.",
}

@Article{Sinclair:1991:PL,
  author =       "Kenneth H. Sinclair and David A. Moon",
  title =        "The philosophy of {Lisp}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "40--47",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/133119.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, LISP.",
}

@Article{Gajek:1991:MS,
  author =       "Oliver Gajek",
  title =        "The {Metal} system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "46--47",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114673.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Sidebar in \cite{Sinclair:1991:PL}.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, LISP. {\bf I.2.7}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Natural
                 Language Processing.",
}

@Article{Layer:1991:LS,
  author =       "D. Kevin Layer and Chris Richardson",
  title =        "{Lisp} Systems in the 1990s",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "48--57",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:46 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114674.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, LISP. {\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Programming Environments, Interactive.",
}

@Article{McKay:1991:CCL,
  author =       "Scott McKay",
  title =        "{CLIM}: the {Common Lisp} interface manager",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "58--59",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114675.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Common Lisp. {\bf D.2.2}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques, User
                 interfaces. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, User interface management systems (UIMS).",
}

@Article{Muller:1991:LLT,
  author =       "Hans Muller",
  title =        "{LispView}: leverage through integration",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "59--61",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/126333.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Common Lisp. {\bf D.2.2}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques, User
                 interfaces.",
}

@Article{Barber:1991:DGL,
  author =       "Richard Barber and George Imlah",
  title =        "Delivering the goods with {Lisp}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "61--63",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114677.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, LISP.",
}

@Article{Allard:1991:RTP,
  author =       "James R. Allard and Lowell B. Hawkinson",
  title =        "Real-time programming in {Common Lisp}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "64--69",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114679.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Common Lisp. {\bf I.2.1}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Applications
                 and Expert Systems. {\bf D.4.7}: Software, OPERATING
                 SYSTEMS, Organization and Design, Real-time and
                 embedded systems.",
}

@Article{Stewart:1991:BNS,
  author =       "Rocky L. Stewart",
  title =        "{Biosphere} 2 nerve system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "69--71",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114680.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Common Lisp. {\bf J.2}: Computer
                 Applications, PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING. {\bf
                 I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems. {\bf
                 D.4.7}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Organization and
                 Design, Real-time and embedded systems.",
}

@Article{Corbato:1991:BSW,
  author =       "Fernando J. Corbat{\'o}",
  title =        "On building systems that will fail",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "72--81",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/114669.114686",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114686.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management; performance;
                 reliability; security",
  remark =       "This is the 1990 ACM Turing Award Lecture.",
  subject =      "{\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE
                 OF SYSTEMS, Reliability, availability, and
                 serviceability. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General.
                 {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING
                 AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management.
                 {\bf D.4.5}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS,
                 Reliability.",
}

@Article{Frenkel:1991:IFJ,
  author =       "Karen A. Frenkel",
  title =        "An Interview with {Fernando Jos{\'e} Corbat{\'o}}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "82--90",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/114669.114688",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:44 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/114688.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management; performance;
                 reliability",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING.
                 {\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE
                 OF SYSTEMS. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General. {\bf D.4.0}:
                 Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, General.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1991:IRA,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: The Not-So-Accidental Holist",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "122--122",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214895.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "performance; reliability",
  subject =      "{\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE
                 OF SYSTEMS. {\bf C.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 GENERAL.",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1991:CPC,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing Perspectives: Could it Have Been
                 Predicted?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "19--21",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125288.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Markets.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1991:LSD,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Legally Speaking: Digital Media and the Law",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "23--28",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125289.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.1}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Software Protection.",
}

@Article{Cattell:1991:NGD,
  author =       "R. G. G. Cattell",
  title =        "Next-generation database systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "30--33",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125228.html",
  abstract =     "This issue illustrates some of the most popular
                 approaches to next-generation database management
                 systems, sometimes called object-oriented or extended
                 relational DBMSs. These new DBMSs are designed to widen
                 the applicability of database technology to new kinds
                 of applications. These applications include
                 computer-aided software engineering (CASE), mechanical
                 and electrical computer-aided design (CAD), scientific
                 and medical applications, graphics representation,
                 office automation, knowledge representation for
                 artificial intelligence, and business applications
                 where traditional DBMSs have proven inadequate.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; theory",
  owner =        "suchen",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.0}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 General. {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Logical Design. {\bf H.2.3}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Languages. {\bf H.2.4}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Systems. {\bf
                 H.2.8}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Database applications. {\bf D.1.5}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented Programming.
                 {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques.",
}

@Article{Deux:1991:S,
  author =       "O. Deux and others",
  title =        "The ${O}_2$ system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "34--48",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 29 11:58:54 2001",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125238.html",
  abstract =     "The $O_2$ system is an objected-oriented database
                 management system (OODBMS) with a complete development
                 environment and a set of user interface tools. As an
                 OODBMS, it satisfies the rules of [2] as do other
                 systems such as Orion, Iris or GemStone",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "From the paper: ``$O_2$ is the result of a group
                 effort. For this reason, we have chosen to attribute
                 the paper to a pen name. The following persons
                 participated in the design or implementation of this
                 version of the system: Gustavo Arango, Fran{\c{c}}ois
                 Bancilhon, Christian Barnardi, Pascale Biriotti,
                 Patrick Borras, Philippe Bridon, Sophie Cluet, Vineeta
                 Darnis, David DeWitt, Edouard Duviller, Guy Ferran,
                 Philippe Futtersack, Sophie Gamerman, Constance
                 Grosselin, Gilbert Harrus, Laurence Haux, Mark James,
                 Catherine Lanquette, Didier L{\'e}v{\^e}que, Jo{\"e}lle
                 Madec, David Maier, Shaun Marsh, Didier Plateau, Bruno
                 Poyet, Michel Raoux, Didier Tallot, and Fernando
                 V{\'e}lez.''",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems. {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Logical Design, Data models. {\bf H.2.3}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Languages.
                 {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Logical Design, Schema and subschema. {\bf H.2.8}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Database
                 applications. {\bf H.3.0}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, General. {\bf J.1}:
                 Computer Applications, ADMINISTRATIVE DATA PROCESSING,
                 Business. {\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented Programming.",
}

@Article{Lamb:1991:ODS,
  author =       "Charles Lamb and Gordon Landis and Jack Orenstein and
                 Dan Weinreb",
  title =        "The {ObjectStore} database system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "50--63",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125244.html",
  abstract =     "ObjectStore is an objected-oriented database
                 management system (OODBMS) that provides a tightly
                 integrated language interface to the traditional DBMS
                 features of persistent storage, transaction management
                 (concurrency control and recovery), distributed data
                 access, and associative queries. ObjectStore was
                 designed to provide a unified programmatic interface to
                 both persistently allocated data (i.e., data that lives
                 beyond the execution of an application program) and
                 transiently allocated data (i.e., data that does not
                 survive beyond an application's execution), with
                 object-access speed for persistent data usually equal
                 to that of an in-memory dereference of a pointer to
                 transient data.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; management",
  owner =        "suchen",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems, ObjectStore. {\bf D.1.5}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented Programming.
                 {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Logical Design. {\bf H.2.3}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Languages, Query languages. {\bf
                 D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, C++. {\bf H.2.3}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Languages, Database (persistent)
                 programming languages. {\bf H.2.8}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Database applications.
                 {\bf H.3.0}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, General.",
}

@Article{Butterworth:1991:GOD,
  author =       "Paul Butterworth and Allen Otis and Jacob Stein",
  title =        "The {GemStone} Object Database Management System",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "64--77",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Nierstrasz.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125254.html",
  abstract =     "GemStone, a commercially available object database
                 management system (ODBMS), was developed to satisfy the
                 needs of the commercial and MIS markets as well as the
                 engineering market. Therefore, several distinct areas
                 are emphasized.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; management; olit-oodb gemstone
                 (smc)",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems. {\bf H.3.0}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, General. {\bf H.2.1}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical
                 Design. {\bf H.2.3}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Languages. {\bf H.2.8}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Database applications.
                 {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications. {\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented Programming.",
}

@Article{Stonebraker:1991:PNG,
  author =       "Michael Stonebraker and Greg Kemnitz",
  title =        "The {POSTGRES} Next-Generation Database Management
                 System",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "78--92",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125262.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; management",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems. {\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming. {\bf H.2.3}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Languages, Query
                 languages. {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Logical Design, Data models. {\bf H.2.8}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Database
                 applications.",
}

@Article{Lohman:1991:ESO,
  author =       "Guy M. Lohman and Bruce Lindsay and Hamid Pirahesh and
                 K. Bernhard Schiefer",
  title =        "Extensions to {Starburst}: objects, types, functions,
                 and rules",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "94--109",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125266.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; management",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems. {\bf H.2.3}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Languages, Query languages. {\bf H.2.1}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical
                 Design, Data models. {\bf H.2.8}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Database applications. {\bf
                 H.3.0}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND
                 RETRIEVAL, General. {\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented Programming.",
}

@Article{Silberschatz:1991:DSA,
  author =       "Avi Silberschatz and Michael Stonebraker and Jeff
                 Ullman",
  title =        "Database systems: achievements and opportunities",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "110--120",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125272.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.0}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 General.",
}

@Article{Simons:1991:RAR,
  author =       "Barbara Simons and Dennis J. Frailey and A. Joe Turner
                 and Stuart H. Zweben and Peter J. Denning",
  title =        "Report: An {ACM} Response: The Scope and Directions
                 for Computer Science",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "121--131",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125276.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.7.0}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING
                 PROFESSION, General. {\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer and Information
                 Science Education. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Weissman:1991:IRN,
  author =       "Clark Weissman",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: a National Debate on Encryption
                 Exportability",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "162--162",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/IMMD_IV.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125294.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "standardization; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf E.3}: Data, DATA ENCRYPTION, Data encryption
                 standard (DES).",
}

@Article{White:1991:PLM,
  author =       "John R. White",
  title =        "{President}'s Letter: Maintaining Free Access to
                 Scientific and Professional Activities",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "13--14, 16",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 26 21:55:53 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Gore:1991:VHP,
  author =       "Senator Albert {Gore, Jr.}",
  title =        "Viewpoint: {HPCC} Policy Champion Forsees Networked
                 Nation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "15--16",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 26 21:55:53 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Crawford:1991:WSP,
  author =       "Diane Crawford",
  title =        "From {Washington}: Supercomputing Policy Links Science
                 and the `{C}' Word",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "25--28",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125512.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.1}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Large and Medium (``Mainframe'')
                 Computers, Super (very large) computers. {\bf K.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Lander:1991:RCM,
  author =       "Eric S. Lander and Robert Langridge and Damian M.
                 Saccocio",
  title =        "A Report on Computing in Molecular Biology: Mapping
                 and Interpreting Biological Information",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "32--39",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125491.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; management",
  subject =      "{\bf J.3}: Computer Applications, LIFE AND MEDICAL
                 SCIENCES, Biology. {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search
                 and Retrieval.",
}

@Article{Frenkel:1991:MSA,
  author =       "Karen A. Frenkel",
  title =        "A Monumental Science Adventure: The {Human Genome
                 Project} and Informatics",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "40--51",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:44 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125492.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf J.3}: Computer Applications, LIFE AND MEDICAL
                 SCIENCES. {\bf H.1.0}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, General. {\bf H.2.0}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, General. {\bf H.2.8}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Database applications.
                 {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval. {\bf
                 D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Object-oriented languages. {\bf
                 I.2.3}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Deduction and Theorem Proving.",
}

@Article{Pancake:1991:SSP,
  author =       "Cherri M. Pancake",
  title =        "Software Support for Parallel Computing: Where Are We
                 Headed?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "52--64",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 27 18:28:52 1994",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125493.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Scientific computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Concurrent Programming, Parallel programming. {\bf
                 C.0}: Computer Systems Organization, GENERAL. {\bf
                 D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques. {\bf D.2.5}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Testing and Debugging. {\bf D.3.4}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors. {\bf K.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Newcomb:1991:HHT,
  author =       "Steven R. Newcomb and Neill A. Kipp and Victoria T.
                 Newcomb",
  title =        "The {``HyTime''}: hypermedia\slash time-based document
                 structuring language",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "67--83",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125495.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  affiliation =  "TechnoTeacher Inc., Tallahassee, FL, USA",
  classification = "C6130D (Document processing techniques); C6130E
                 (Data interchange); C6140D (High level languages);
                 C6160Z (Other DBMS); C7108 (Desktop publishing)",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "Active references; Data importation facility; Digital
                 documents; Document access; Document maintenance;
                 Hyperlinks; Hypermedia time-based document structuring
                 language; HyTime; Interoperability; ISO/IEC Draft
                 International Standard 10744; Nonsequential browsing;
                 Notation; Querying; SGML; SGML ODA Synchronisation;
                 Standard Generalized Markup Language; standardization;
                 Version control",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems. {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 Language Classifications. {\bf H.3.1}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Content
                 Analysis and Indexing, Indexing methods. {\bf H.2.1}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical
                 Design, Data models. {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications,
                 COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS, SGML.",
  thesaurus =    "Electronic data interchange; High level languages;
                 Hypermedia; Standards",
}

@Article{Newborn:1991:ANA,
  author =       "Monty Newborn and Danny Kopec",
  title =        "The 21st {ACM North American} computer chess
                 championship",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "84--92",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125497.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems, Games.",
}

@Article{Silverman:1991:MDC,
  author =       "Robert D. Silverman",
  title =        "Massively Distributed Computing and Factoring Large
                 Integers: a Pracnique",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "94--103",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  MRclass =      "11Y05 (68Q22)",
  MRnumber =     "92j:11152",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 12 14:51:39 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125504.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; performance; security; theory",
  reviewer =     "Samuel S. {Wagstaff, Jr.}",
  subject =      "{\bf F.2.1}: Theory of Computation, ANALYSIS OF
                 ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM COMPLEXITY, Numerical Algorithms
                 and Problems, Number-theoretic computations. {\bf
                 F.1.2}: Theory of Computation, COMPUTATION BY ABSTRACT
                 DEVICES, Modes of Computation, Parallelism and
                 concurrency. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS,
                 Distributed Systems. {\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Concurrent Programming.",
}

@Article{Lumpp:1991:CCA,
  author =       "James E. {Lumpp, Jr.} and Samuel A. Fineberg and Wayne
                 G. Nation and Thomas L. Casavant and Edward C. Bronson
                 and Howard Jay Siegel and Pierre H. Pero and Thomas
                 Schwederski and Dan C. Marinescu",
  title =        "{CAPS}: a Coding Aid for {PASM}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "104--117",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 12 14:34:40 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/debug_3.1.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125507.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "measurement; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.5}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Testing
                 and Debugging. {\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Concurrent Programming, Parallel
                 programming. {\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 PERFORMANCE OF SYSTEMS. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data
                 Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors). {\bf C.5.0}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM
                 IMPLEMENTATION, General. {\bf D.2.6}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Programming Environments,
                 Interactive.",
}

@Article{Dittmer:1991:NFH,
  author =       "I. Dittmer",
  title =        "Note on Fast Hashing of Variable Length Text Strings",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "118--118",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 29 17:39:01 1999",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "Points out that Pearson's hashing algorithm
                 \cite{Pearson:1990:FHV} was discovered fourteen years
                 earlier by this author \cite{Dittmer:1976:IEP}. See
                 also comments in
                 \cite{Savoy:1991:NFH,Litsios:1991:NFH,Pearson:1991:NFH}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Savoy:1991:NFH,
  author =       "Jacques Savoy",
  title =        "Note on Fast Hashing of Variable Length Text Strings",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "118--119",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 29 17:43:31 1999",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "Suggests an improvement to Pearson's hashing algorithm
                 \cite{Pearson:1990:FHV} that avoids secondary
                 clustering. Exhibits a key set for which Pearson's
                 algorithm produces alarming clustering. See also
                 comments in
                 \cite{Dittmer:1991:NFH,Litsios:1991:NFH,Pearson:1991:NFH},
                 and early work in \cite{Dittmer:1976:IEP}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Litsios:1991:NFH,
  author =       "James Litsios",
  title =        "Note on Fast Hashing of Variable Length Text Strings",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "119--120",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 29 17:40:42 1999",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "Suggests a simple extension of Pearson's hashing
                 algorithm \cite{Pearson:1990:FHV} that supports
                 non-character data. See also comments in
                 \cite{Dittmer:1991:NFH,Savoy:1991:NFH,Pearson:1991:NFH},
                 and early work in \cite{Dittmer:1976:IEP}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Pearson:1991:NFH,
  author =       "Peter Pearson",
  title =        "Note on Fast Hashing of Variable Length Text Strings",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "120--120",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 29 17:43:03 1999",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "Responds to several comments
                 \cite{Dittmer:1991:NFH,Litsios:1991:NFH,Savoy:1991:NFH}
                 on the author's earlier paper \cite{Pearson:1990:FHV},
                 and early work \cite{Dittmer:1976:IEP}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Neumann:1991:IRH,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: The Human Element",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "150--150",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125514.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors. {\bf
                 C.0}: Computer Systems Organization, GENERAL.",
}

@Article{Press:1991:PCW,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal Computing: Wide-Area Collaboration",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "21--24",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125403.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.8.0}: Computing Milieux, PERSONAL COMPUTING,
                 General. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces. {\bf
                 C.2.m}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Miscellaneous.",
}

@Article{Goodman:1991:IPC,
  author =       "Seymour E. Goodman",
  title =        "International Perspectives: Computing in a
                 Less-Developed Country",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "25--29",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125408.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.m}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Miscellaneous. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Grudin:1991:CI,
  author =       "Jonathan Grudin",
  title =        "{CSCW} Introduction",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "30--34",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125320.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications.",
}

@Article{Ishii:1991:TOS,
  author =       "Hiroshi Ishii and Naomi Miyake",
  title =        "Toward an open shared workspace: computer and video
                 fusion approach of {TeamWorkStation}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "37--50",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/gesturing.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125321.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group and Organization
                 Interfaces, Synchronous interaction. {\bf H.5.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Group and Organization Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology. {\bf H.5.1}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION,
                 Multimedia Information Systems, Video (e.g., tape,
                 disk, DVI). {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications
                 Applications, Computer conferencing and
                 teleconferencing. {\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION,
                 Microcomputers, Workstations.",
}

@Article{Francik:1991:PIW,
  author =       "Ellen Francik and Susan Ehrlich Rudman and Donna
                 Cooper and Stephen Levine",
  title =        "Putting innovation to work: adoption strategies for
                 multimedia communication systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "52--63",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125322.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group and Organization
                 Interfaces, Evaluation/methodology. {\bf H.5.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Group and Organization Interfaces,
                 Asynchronous interaction. {\bf H.5.1}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION,
                 Multimedia Information Systems, Audio input/output.
                 {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications, Electronic
                 mail. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Input
                 devices and strategies. {\bf H.5.2}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Interaction styles. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational
                 Impacts.",
}

@Article{Kyng:1991:DCC,
  author =       "Morten Kyng",
  title =        "Designing for cooperation: cooperating in design",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "65--73",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125323.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group and Organization
                 Interfaces, Theory and models. {\bf H.5.3}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group
                 and Organization Interfaces, Organizational design.
                 {\bf H.5.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group and Organization
                 Interfaces, Evaluation/methodology. {\bf K.4.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Project and People Management, Systems analysis and
                 design. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management, Systems development.",
}

@Article{Perin:1991:ESF,
  author =       "Constance Perin",
  title =        "Electronic social fields in bureaucracies",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "74--82",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125324.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts. {\bf H.4.3}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications. {\bf H.5.3}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group
                 and Organization Interfaces. {\bf K.4.m}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Miscellaneous. {\bf
                 H.5.0}: Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, General.",
}

@Article{Rosenberg:1991:UNS,
  author =       "Laurence C. Rosenberg",
  title =        "Update on {National Science Foundation} funding of the
                 ``{Collaboratory}''",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "83--83",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125392.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group and Organization
                 Interfaces. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS
                 AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Kling:1991:CCC,
  author =       "Rob Kling",
  title =        "Cooperation, coordination and control in
                 computer-supported work",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "83--88",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125396.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts. {\bf
                 H.4.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Types of Systems.",
}

@Article{Norman:1991:CCC,
  author =       "Donald A. Norman",
  title =        "Collaborative computing: collaboration first,
                 computing second",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "88--90",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125398.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts. {\bf H.4.3}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications. {\bf H.4.2}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Types of
                 Systems.",
}

@Article{LaMalva:1991:APC,
  author =       "Patrick M. LaMalva and David R. Reyes-Guerra",
  title =        "Accredited Programs in Computing, Followed by Year of
                 Initial Accreditation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "91--96",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 08:19:18 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Peterson:1991:MED,
  author =       "W. Wesley Peterson",
  title =        "More Error-Detecting Decimal Digits",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "110--113",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:50:51 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Neumann:1991:IRCd,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Collaborative Efforts",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "162--162",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/125411.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; legal aspects; standardization; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts. {\bf H.4.3}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications. {\bf K.5.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Software
                 Protection. {\bf E.3}: Data, DATA ENCRYPTION, Data
                 encryption standard (DES).",
}

@Article{Frailey:1991:AHA,
  author =       "Frailey and Turner and Zweben",
  title =        "Adequacy and Health of Academic-Industry Coupling",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Seiferas/1991.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Simons:1991:BRA,
  author =       "Simons",
  title =        "Building a Research Agenda",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Seiferas/1991.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Stallman:1992:ASP,
  author =       "R. Stallman and S. Garfinkel",
  title =        "Against Software Patents",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "17",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "League for Programming Freedom see June article CACM",
}

@Article{Barlow:1992:EFG,
  author =       "John Perry Barlow",
  title =        "Electronic Frontier: The Great Work",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "25--28",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129625.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.1}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network Architecture
                 and Design, ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network).
                 {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues.",
}

@Article{Rettig:1992:PPI,
  author =       "Marc Rettig",
  title =        "Practical Programmer: Interface Design When You Don't
                 Know How",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "29--34",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129626.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces. {\bf
                 H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems.",
}

@Article{Haan:1992:IHS,
  author =       "Bernard J. Haan and Paul Kahn and Victor A. Riley and
                 James H. Coombs and Norman K. Meyrowitz",
  title =        "{IRIS} hypermedia services",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--51",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129618.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Hypertext navigation and maps. {\bf D.2.2}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques,
                 IRIS. {\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Programming Environments. {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED
                 SYSTEMS. {\bf H.3.0}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, General.",
}

@Article{Green:1992:EDS,
  author =       "James L. Green",
  title =        "The evolution of {DVI} system software",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--67",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129619.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Video (e.g., tape, disk, DVI). {\bf C.3}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND
                 APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS, Microprocessor/microcomputer
                 applications. {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS,
                 Real-time systems. {\bf I.3.1}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Hardware
                 architecture. {\bf I.4.0}: Computing Methodologies,
                 IMAGE PROCESSING, General.",
}

@Article{Doerschler:1992:RBS,
  author =       "Jeffrey S. Doerschler and Herbert Freeman",
  title =        "A rule-based system for dense-map name placement",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "68--79",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/space.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129620.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "geography cartography CACM",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; documentation; human factors",
  owner =        "bassili",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Hypertext navigation and maps. {\bf I.2.1}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Applications and Expert Systems. {\bf J.2}: Computer
                 Applications, PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING, Earth
                 and atmospheric sciences. {\bf H.4.0}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, General.",
}

@Article{Lapalme:1992:GGI,
  author =       "Guy Lapalme and Jean-Marc Rousseau and Suzanne
                 Chapleau and Michel Cormier and Pierre Cossette and
                 Serge Roy",
  title =        "{GeoRoute}: a Geographic Information System for
                 Transportation Applications",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--88",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:00 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129624.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Types of Systems, Decision support. {\bf
                 J.1}: Computer Applications, ADMINISTRATIVE DATA
                 PROCESSING, Business.",
}

@Article{Subramanian:1992:CDT,
  author =       "Girish H. Subramanian and John Nosek and Sankaran P.
                 Raghunathan and Santosh S. Kanitkar",
  title =        "A comparison of the decision table and tree",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "89--94",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129621.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Decision tables. {\bf D.2.10}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design, Methodologies. {\bf
                 D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design,
                 Representation. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems,
                 MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human
                 factors. {\bf H.4.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Types of Systems, Decision
                 support. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management, Systems analysis and design. {\bf K.8.0}:
                 Computing Milieux, PERSONAL COMPUTING, General,
                 Games.",
}

@Article{Bunton:1992:PDM,
  author =       "Suzanne Bunton and Gaetano Borriello",
  title =        "Practical dictionary management for hardware data
                 compression",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "95--104",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129622.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf E.4}: Data, CODING AND INFORMATION THEORY, Data
                 compaction and compression. {\bf B.6.1}: Hardware,
                 LOGIC DESIGN, Design Styles, Memory control and access.
                 {\bf B.7.1}: Hardware, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, Types and
                 Design Styles, Algorithms implemented in hardware. {\bf
                 E.1}: Data, DATA STRUCTURES, Trees.",
}

@Article{Fox:1992:PMP,
  author =       "Edward A. Fox and Lenwood S. Heath and Qi Fan Chen and
                 Amjad M. Daoud",
  title =        "Practical minimal perfect hash functions for large
                 databases",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "105--121",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 20 17:19:08 1993",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/ProbAlgs.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "This is the first published algorithm for computing
                 minimal perfect hash functions for lists of millions of
                 words; previous algorithms were computationally
                 infeasible for more than a few hundred words.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129623.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; experimentation; performance",
  note2 =        "This paper presents two randomized algorithm for
                 minimal perfect hashing functions that are designed for
                 use with data bases with as many as a million keys. The
                 algorithms have been experimentally evaluated. The
                 first algorithm generates hash functions that are less
                 than $O(n)$ computer words long, and the second
                 generates functions that approach the theoretical lower
                 bound of $\Omega(n/\log{n})$ words. This work is a
                 predecessor of \cite{Fox:1991:GEI}.",
  subject =      "{\bf E.2}: Data, DATA STORAGE REPRESENTATIONS,
                 Hash-table representations. {\bf H.2.2}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Physical Design, Access
                 methods.",
}

@Article{Frand:1992:SAU,
  author =       "Jason L. Frand and Julia A. Britt",
  title =        "{Seventh Annual UCLA Survey of Business School
                 Computer Usage}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "123--131",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:57 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129628.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf A.1}: General Literature, INTRODUCTORY AND
                 SURVEY. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER
                 INDUSTRY, Markets. {\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 HISTORY OF COMPUTING, Hardware. {\bf K.3.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer and
                 Information Science Education, Information systems
                 education.",
}

@Article{Gries:1992:TR,
  author =       "D. Gries and D. Marsh",
  title =        "The 1989-1990 {Taulbee} Report",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "132",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "CS academic graduations salary income CACM",
}

@Article{Gries:1992:TS,
  author =       "David Gries and Dorothy Marsh",
  title =        "The {1989--90 Taulbee} Survey",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "133--143",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:58 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129629.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf A.1}: General Literature, INTRODUCTORY AND
                 SURVEY. {\bf K.0}: Computing Milieux, GENERAL. {\bf
                 K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION,
                 General. {\bf K.7.0}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING
                 PROFESSION, General.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1992:IRWa,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside Risks: What's in a Name?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "186--186",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129627.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.0}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 General. {\bf H.3.m}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Miscellaneous. {\bf E.m}: Data,
                 MISCELLANEOUS.",
}

@Article{Marquart:1992:AFR,
  author =       "R. Gary Marquart and Anthony Fedanzo and Robert V.
                 Binder and C. J. Paul and David Ibbetson",
  title =        "{ACM Forum}: Readers Take Exception to Rejoinder: And
                 the {Surgeon General} Warns \ldots{}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22, 26",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 12:42:04 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Gries:1991:TCD}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Wolinsky:1992:WPT,
  author =       "Carol Wolinsky and James Sylvester",
  title =        "From {Washington}: Privacy in the Telecommunications
                 Age",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "23--25",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129638.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1992:LSC,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Legally Speaking: Copyright Law and Electronic
                 Compilations of Data",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "27--32",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129639.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.1}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Software Protection, Copyrights. {\bf
                 K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING,
                 Governmental Issues, Regulation. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications.",
}

@Article{Igbaria:1992:DME,
  author =       "Magid Igbaria and Jeffrey H. Greenhaus",
  title =        "Determinants of {MIS} Employees' Turnover Intentions:
                 {A} Structural Equation Model",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "34--49",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:00 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129631.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management, Staffing. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTER INDUSTRY, Statistics. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues,
                 Employment. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS
                 AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Lederer:1992:NMG,
  author =       "Albert L. Lederer and Jayesh Prasad",
  title =        "Nine management guidelines for better cost
                 estimating",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "51--59",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129632.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; human factors; management; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.0}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, General, Economics.
                 {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING
                 AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management.
                 {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management, Cost estimation.",
}

@Article{Clark:1992:CSM,
  author =       "Thomas D. {Clark, Jr.}",
  title =        "Corporate systems management: an overview and research
                 perspective",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "61--75",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129633.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management, Management techniques. {\bf K.6.0}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, General, Economics. {\bf K.6.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management,
                 Staffing.",
}

@Article{Liker:1992:DTM,
  author =       "Jeffrey K. Liker and Mitchell Fleischer and Mitsuo
                 Nagamachi and Michael S. Zonnevylle",
  title =        "Designers and Their Machines: {CAD} Use and Support in
                 the {U}.{S}. and Japan",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "77--95",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:00 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129634.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf J.6}: Computer Applications, COMPUTER-AIDED
                 ENGINEERING, Computer-aided design (CAD). {\bf A.1}:
                 General Literature, INTRODUCTORY AND SURVEY. {\bf
                 K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management.",
}

@Article{Gelernter:1992:CLT,
  author =       "David Gelernter and Nicholas Carriero",
  title =        "Coordination languages and their significance",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "97--107",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129635.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Concurrent, distributed, and parallel
                 languages. {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 LANGUAGES, Language Classifications, Linda. {\bf
                 D.3.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Constructs and Features, Modules, packages. {\bf
                 D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Concurrent
                 Programming, Parallel programming.",
}

@Article{Choobineh:1992:FBA,
  author =       "Joobin Choobineh and Michael V. Mannino and Veronica
                 P. Tseng",
  title =        "A form-based approach for database analysis and
                 design",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "108--120",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129636.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management, Systems analysis and design. {\bf D.2.1}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications, Methodologies. {\bf
                 H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Logical Design, Data models. {\bf H.2.1}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical Design, Schema
                 and subschema. {\bf H.2.3}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Languages, Data description
                 languages (DDL). {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques.",
}

@Article{Gray:1992:ECF,
  author =       "Robert W. Gray and Vincent P. Heuring and Steven P.
                 Levi and Anthony M. Sloane and William M. Waite",
  title =        "{Eli}: a Complete, Flexible Compiler Construction
                 System",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "121--130",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 03 11:51:14 1997",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129637.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 Processors, Eli. {\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Programming Environments. {\bf D.3.2}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Specialized application languages.
                 {\bf D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 Processors, Translator writing systems and compiler
                 generators.",
}

@Article{Goodman:1992:PAI,
  author =       "Seymour E. Goodman",
  title =        "Political activity and international computer
                 networks",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "174--174",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129640.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Transborder data flow. {\bf
                 K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications
                 Applications, Electronic mail.",
}

@Article{Quesada:1992:ANP,
  author =       "Antonio R. Quesada and Paul Pritchard and Richard E.
                 {James, III}",
  title =        "Additional notes on a practical sieve algorithm",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "11--14",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 26 10:47:46 1995",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1992:CPC,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing Perspectives: {Charles Babbage}: The Great
                 Uncle of Computing?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "15--16, 21",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  MRclass =      "01A70 (68-03)",
  MRnumber =     "1 148 946",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 03 18:25:58 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214839.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING,
                 Charles Babbage. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Press:1992:PCD,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal Computing: {Dynabook} Revisited: Portable
                 Computers Past, Present and Future",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "25--32",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:55:29 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214840.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers, Personal
                 computers. {\bf K.8.2}: Computing Milieux, PERSONAL
                 COMPUTING, Hardware.",
}

@Article{Cohen:1992:FST,
  author =       "Jacques Cohen",
  title =        "First specialize, then generalize: introduction",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "34--39",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214842.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "documentation",
  subject =      "{\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
                 AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic, Logic
                 programming. {\bf I.2.3}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Deduction and Theorem Proving,
                 Logic programming. {\bf A.1}: General Literature,
                 INTRODUCTORY AND SURVEY.",
}

@Article{Robinson:1992:LLP,
  author =       "J. A. Robinson",
  title =        "Logic and Logic Programming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "40--65",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  MRclass =      "68N17 (01A60 03B70 68-03)",
  MRnumber =     "1 148 947",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 03 18:26:07 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131296.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
                 AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic, Computational
                 logic. {\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL
                 LOGIC AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic, Logic
                 programming. {\bf I.2.3}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Deduction and Theorem Proving,
                 Logic programming. {\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 HISTORY OF COMPUTING, Software. {\bf D.1.6}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Logic Programming.",
}

@Article{Grant:1992:ILP,
  author =       "John Grant and Jack Minker",
  title =        "The Impact of Logic Programming on Databases",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "66--81",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  MRclass =      "68P15",
  MRnumber =     "1 148 948",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 03 18:26:18 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131297.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; languages; management;
                 performance; theory",
  owner =        "curtis",
  subject =      "{\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
                 AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic, Logic
                 programming. {\bf I.2.3}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Deduction and Theorem Proving,
                 Logic programming. {\bf H.2.m}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Miscellaneous.",
}

@Article{Furukawa:1992:LPI,
  author =       "Koichi Furukawa",
  title =        "Logic programming as the integrator of the {Fifth
                 Generation Computer Systems} project",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "82--92",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131298.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation",
  subject =      "{\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
                 AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic, Logic
                 programming. {\bf I.2.3}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Deduction and Theorem Proving,
                 Logic programming. {\bf D.1.6}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Logic Programming. {\bf D.1.3}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Concurrent Programming. {\bf
                 C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors), Multiple-instruction-stream,
                 multiple-data-stream processors (MIMD).",
}

@Article{Warren:1992:MLP,
  author =       "David S. Warren",
  title =        "Memoing for logic programs",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "93--111",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131299.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.6}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Logic
                 Programming. {\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation,
                 MATHEMATICAL LOGIC AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical
                 Logic, Logic programming. {\bf I.2.3}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Deduction and
                 Theorem Proving, Logic programming. {\bf D.3.4}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors.",
}

@Article{Munakata:1992:NIS,
  author =       "Toshinori Munakata",
  title =        "Notes on implementing sets in {Prolog}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "112--120",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131300.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Prolog. {\bf D.1.1}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Applicative (Functional)
                 Programming. {\bf I.2.5}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Programming Languages and
                 Software.",
}

@Article{Linn:1992:CCS,
  author =       "Marcia C. Linn and Michael J. Clancy",
  title =        "The case for case studies of programming problems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "121--132",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131301.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.7}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Distribution and Maintenance, Documentation. {\bf
                 K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION,
                 Computer and Information Science Education, Curriculum.
                 {\bf D.m}: Software, MISCELLANEOUS, Software
                 psychology.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1992:IRI,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: inside {``RISKS of RISKS''}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "160--160",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 06 09:50:08 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214843.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications. {\bf A.0}:
                 General Literature, GENERAL.",
}

@Article{LaRovere:1992:IPC,
  author =       "Renata L. {La Rovere} and S. E. Goodman",
  title =        "International Perspectives: Computing in the
                 {Brazilian Amazon}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "21--24",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 31 17:17:17 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129862.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Markets. {\bf K.4.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 SOCIETY, General.",
}

@Article{Norman:1992:ASD,
  author =       "Ronald J. Norman and Gene Forte",
  title =        "Automating the software development process: {CASE} in
                 the 90's",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "27--27",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129853.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Computer-aided software engineering (CASE).
                 {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Forte:1992:SAS,
  author =       "Gene Forte and Ronald J. Norman",
  title =        "A self-assessment by the software engineering
                 community",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "28--32",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129854.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Computer-aided software engineering (CASE).
                 {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Shepard:1992:VSP,
  author =       "Terry Shepard and Steve Sibbald and Colin Wortley",
  title =        "A visual software process language",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "37--44",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129855.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; management; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Computer-aided software engineering (CASE).
                 {\bf D.0}: Software, GENERAL. {\bf D.1.7}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Visual Programming. {\bf
                 D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Management.
                 {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING
                 AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management.",
}

@Article{Huff:1992:ERC,
  author =       "Clifford C. Huff",
  title =        "Elements of a realistic {CASE} tool adoption budget",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "45--54",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129856.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Computer-aided software engineering (CASE).
                 {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management, Cost estimation. {\bf D.2.9}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Management, Life cycle. {\bf
                 D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Management,
                 Time estimation. {\bf K.6.0}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 General, Economics. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Project and People Management, Life cycle. {\bf K.6.2}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Installation Management, Computing
                 equipment management. {\bf K.6.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Installation Management, Pricing and resource
                 allocation. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT
                 OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software
                 Management. {\bf K.6.4}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT
                 OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, System
                 Management.",
}

@Article{Maiden:1992:ERS,
  author =       "Neil A. Maiden and Alistair G. Sutcliffe",
  title =        "Exploiting reusable specifications through analogy",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "55--64",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129857.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications, Tools. {\bf D.2.2}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques,
                 Computer-aided software engineering (CASE). {\bf
                 D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Software libraries. {\bf D.2.m}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Miscellaneous, Reusable software.
                 {\bf D.m}: Software, MISCELLANEOUS, Software
                 psychology.",
}

@Article{Tate:1992:CTM,
  author =       "Graham Tate and June Verner and Ross Jeffery",
  title =        "{CASE}: a Testbed for Modeling, Measurement and
                 Management",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "65--72",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:04 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129858.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; economics; management; measurement;
                 performance; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Computer-aided software engineering (CASE).
                 {\bf D.2.8}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Metrics.
                 {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management.",
}

@Article{Baxter:1992:DMS,
  author =       "Ira D. Baxter",
  title =        "Design maintenance systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "73--89",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129859.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation; management; performance;
                 standardization; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.7}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Distribution and Maintenance. {\bf D.1.2}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Automatic Programming. {\bf
                 D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Computer-aided software engineering (CASE).
                 {\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design.
                 {\bf D.2.m}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Miscellaneous, Reusable software. {\bf J.6}: Computer
                 Applications, COMPUTER-AIDED ENGINEERING,
                 Computer-aided design (CAD). {\bf K.6.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software development.
                 {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING
                 AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software
                 maintenance.",
}

@Article{Vessey:1992:EVP,
  author =       "Iris Vessey and Sirkka L. Jarvenpaa and Noam
                 Tractinsky",
  title =        "Evaluation of vendor products: {CASE} tools as
                 methodology companions",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "90--105",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129860.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; documentation; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Computer-aided software engineering (CASE).
                 {\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications, Methodologies. {\bf
                 D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications, Tools. {\bf D.2.10}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design, Methodologies.
                 {\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design,
                 Representation. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Software Management, Software development.",
}

@Article{Silverman:1992:SEC,
  author =       "Barry G. Silverman",
  title =        "Survey of expert critiquing systems: practical and
                 theoretical frontiers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "106--127",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129861.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; human factors; languages; verification",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.5}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Programming Languages and Software,
                 Expert system tools and techniques. {\bf A.1}: General
                 Literature, INTRODUCTORY AND SURVEY. {\bf D.2.5}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Testing and Debugging,
                 Debugging aids. {\bf D.2.5}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Testing and Debugging, Error handling and
                 recovery. {\bf H.4.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Types of Systems, Decision
                 support. {\bf I.2.6}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Learning, Knowledge
                 acquisition. {\bf J.0}: Computer Applications,
                 GENERAL.",
}

@Article{Sammet:1992:FGH,
  author =       "Jean Sammet",
  title =        "Farewell to {Grace Hopper}: end of an era!",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "128--131",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214846.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING,
                 Grace Murray Hopper. {\bf A.0}: General Literature,
                 GENERAL, Biographies/autobiographies.",
}

@Article{Baeza-Yates:1992:TCN,
  author =       "Ricardo Baeza-Yates and Fred T. Krogh and Bernard
                 Ziegler and Peter R. Sibbald and Daniel M. Sunday",
  title =        "Technical Correspondence: Notes on a Very Fast
                 Substring Search Algorithm",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "132--137",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:52:45 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Rotenberg:1992:IRP,
  author =       "Marc Rotenberg",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Protecting privacy",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "164--164",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129863.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Rettig:1992:SPI,
  author =       "Marc Rettig",
  title =        "A succotash of projections and insights",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "25--30",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129886.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces. {\bf
                 K.6.0}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, General.",
}

@Article{Glinert:1992:CPD,
  author =       "Ephraim P. Glinert and Bryant W. York",
  title =        "Computers and people with disabilities",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "32--35",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129876.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; human factors; management; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues, Handicapped persons/special needs. {\bf
                 K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues, Employment.",
}

@Article{Brown:1992:ATC,
  author =       "Carl Brown",
  title =        "Assistive technology computers and persons with
                 disabilities",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "36--45",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129877.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues, Handicapped persons/special needs. {\bf
                 K.3.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION,
                 Computer Uses in Education. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts.
                 {\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Alm:1992:PCM,
  author =       "Norman Alm and John L. Arnott and Alan F. Newell",
  title =        "Prediction and conversational momentum in an
                 augmentative communication system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "46--57",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 31 17:21:18 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129878.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues, Handicapped persons/special needs. {\bf
                 C.3}: Computer Systems Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE
                 AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS,
                 Microprocessor/microcomputer applications. {\bf H.1.2}:
                 Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems, Human factors. {\bf H.1.2}:
                 Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems, Human information processing.
                 {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval. {\bf
                 I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems, Medicine
                 and science.",
}

@Article{Alm:1992:IAT,
  author =       "Norman Alm and John L. Arnott and Alan F. Newell",
  title =        "Input acceleration techniques for severely physically
                 disabled nonspeakers using a communication system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "54--55",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129879.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Sidebar in \cite{Alm:1992:PCM}.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues, Handicapped persons/special needs. {\bf
                 H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Input devices and strategies. {\bf C.3}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND
                 APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS.",
}

@Article{Pausch:1992:GCC,
  author =       "Randy Pausch and Ronald D. Williams",
  title =        "Giving {CANDY} to children: user-tailored gesture
                 input driving an articulator-based speech synthesizer",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "58--66",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129880.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues, Handicapped persons/special needs. {\bf
                 B.4.2}: Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS,
                 Input/Output Devices, Voice. {\bf I.2.7}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Natural
                 Language Processing, Language generation. {\bf C.3}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND
                 APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS, Microprocessor/microcomputer
                 applications.",
}

@Article{Demasco:1992:GTC,
  author =       "Patrick W. Demasco and Kathleen F. McCoy",
  title =        "Generating text from compressed input: an intelligent
                 interface for people with severe motor impairments",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "68--78",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/nlg.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129881.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.7}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Natural Language Processing, Language
                 parsing and understanding. {\bf B.4.2}: Hardware,
                 INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS, Input/Output
                 Devices, Data terminals and printers. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications. {\bf I.2.7}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Natural
                 Language Processing, Language models. {\bf K.6.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management,
                 Systems development. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues, Handicapped
                 persons/special needs. {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED
                 SYSTEMS, Microprocessor/microcomputer applications.
                 {\bf I.7.0}: Computing Methodologies, TEXT PROCESSING,
                 General.",
}

@Article{Kukich:1992:SCT,
  author =       "Karen Kukich",
  title =        "Spelling correction for the telecommunications network
                 for the deaf",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "80--90",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129882.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; human factors; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues, Handicapped persons/special needs. {\bf
                 I.2.6}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Learning, Connectionism and neural nets.
                 {\bf I.2.7}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Natural Language Processing, Text
                 analysis. {\bf I.5.4}: Computing Methodologies, PATTERN
                 RECOGNITION, Applications, Text processing. {\bf
                 I.7.1}: Computing Methodologies, TEXT PROCESSING, Text
                 Editing, Spelling.",
}

@Article{Dipner:1992:AA,
  author =       "Randy Dipner",
  title =        "{ADA} and the {ACM}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "90--90",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129883.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Governmental Issues, Regulation. {\bf
                 K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues, Handicapped persons/special needs.",
}

@Article{Davies:1992:AMS,
  author =       "Daniel K. Davies and Randy W. Dipner",
  title =        "{ACM} membership survey of disability and disability
                 issues",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "91--93",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129884.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf A.1}: General Literature, INTRODUCTORY AND
                 SURVEY. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 SOCIETY, Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Anderson:1992:ACE,
  author =       "Ronald E. Anderson",
  title =        "{ACM} code of ethics and professional conduct",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "94--99",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129885.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.7.m}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING
                 PROFESSION, Miscellaneous, Ethics. {\bf K.4.2}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social
                 Issues, Handicapped persons/special needs. {\bf K.7.m}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING PROFESSION,
                 Miscellaneous, Codes of good practice.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1992:SS,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Survivable systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "130--130",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129887.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.1}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network Architecture
                 and Design, ARPANET. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General.
                 {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 AT\&T. {\bf C.2.5}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Local Networks.",
}

@Article{Tichy:1992:TCC,
  author =       "Walter F. Tichy and Michael Philippsen and Phil
                 Hatcher and James L. Frankel",
  title =        "Technical Correspondence: a Critique of the
                 Programming Language {C*}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "21--24",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 01 08:01:29 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Boyd:1992:RDE,
  author =       "Colin Boyd and Tong Lai Yu",
  title =        "Remarks on a Data Encryption Scheme of {Yu} and {Yu}
                 (letters)",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "24--25",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:53:17 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Yu:1991:SED}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Press:1992:CD,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Collective dynabases",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "26--32",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129898.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Office Automation. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1992:DIP,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson and Michel Denber and Robert J.
                 Glushko",
  title =        "Developments on the intellectual property front",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "33--39",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129899.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.1}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Software Protection, Copyrights. {\bf
                 K.5.1}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING,
                 Software Protection, Patents. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental
                 Issues, Regulation. {\bf A.1}: General Literature,
                 INTRODUCTORY AND SURVEY.",
}

@Article{Hart:1992:VNE,
  author =       "John C. Hart",
  title =        "Visualization in networked environments",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "42--43",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129889.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.2}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Graphics Systems, Distributed/network
                 graphics. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems.
                 {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS. {\bf
                 I.6.3}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Applications.",
}

@Article{Smarr:1992:M,
  author =       "Larry Smarr and Charles E. Catlett",
  title =        "Metacomputing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "44--52",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/networks.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129890.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.2}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Graphics Systems, Distributed/network
                 graphics. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems,
                 Distributed applications. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS,
                 Distributed Systems, Distributed databases. {\bf C.3}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND
                 APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS. {\bf I.3.2}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Graphics Systems,
                 Remote systems. {\bf I.6.3}: Computing Methodologies,
                 SIMULATION AND MODELING, Applications. {\bf J.2}:
                 Computer Applications, PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND
                 ENGINEERING. {\bf J.3}: Computer Applications, LIFE AND
                 MEDICAL SCIENCES.",
}

@Article{Mercurio:1992:DLI,
  author =       "Philip J. Mercurio and T. T. Elvins and Stephen J.
                 Young and Philip S. Cohen and Kevin R. Fall and Mark H.
                 Ellisman",
  title =        "The Distributed Laboratory: An Interactive
                 Visualization Environment for Electron Microscopy and
                 {3D} Imaging",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "54--63",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129891.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.2}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Graphics Systems. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS,
                 Distributed Systems. {\bf I.3.6}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Methodology and
                 Techniques. {\bf J.3}: Computer Applications, LIFE AND
                 MEDICAL SCIENCES.",
}

@Article{Cruz-Neira:1992:CAV,
  author =       "Carolina Cruz-Neira and Daniel J. Sandin and Thomas A.
                 DeFanti and Robert V. Kenyon and John C. Hart",
  title =        "The {CAVE}: audio visual experience automatic virtual
                 environment",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "64--72",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129892.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.2}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Graphics Systems, Distributed/network
                 graphics. {\bf I.3.7}: Computing Methodologies,
                 COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Three-Dimensional Graphics and
                 Realism, Virtual reality.",
}

@Article{Carlbom:1992:MAE,
  author =       "Ingrid Carlbom and William M. Hsu and Gudrun Klinker
                 and Richard Szeliski and Keith Waters and Michael Doyle
                 and Jim Gettys and Kristen M. Harris and Thomas M.
                 Levergood and Ricky Palmer and Larry Palmer and Marc
                 Picart and Demetri Terzopoulos and David Tonnesen and
                 Michael Vannier and Greg Wallace",
  title =        "Modeling and analysis of empirical data in
                 collaborative environments",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "74--84",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129893.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf I.6.8}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Types of Simulation, Animation. {\bf D.2.2}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques,
                 User interfaces. {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia
                 Information Systems, Audio input/output. {\bf I.2.10}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Vision and Scene Understanding, Shape. {\bf I.3.5}:
                 Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS,
                 Computational Geometry and Object Modeling, Physically
                 based modeling. {\bf I.3.7}: Computing Methodologies,
                 COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Three-Dimensional Graphics and
                 Realism, Raytracing. {\bf I.4.3}: Computing
                 Methodologies, IMAGE PROCESSING, Enhancement,
                 Registration. {\bf I.4.6}: Computing Methodologies,
                 IMAGE PROCESSING, Segmentation, Edge and feature
                 detection.",
}

@Article{DeWitt:1992:PDS,
  author =       "David DeWitt and Jim Gray",
  title =        "Parallel database systems: the future of high
                 performance database systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "85--98",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Parallel.io.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129894.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  comment =      "They point out that the comments of boral:critique ---
                 that database machines were doomed --- did really not
                 come true. Their new thesis is that specialized
                 hardware is not necessary and has not been successful,
                 but that parallel database systems are clearly
                 successful. In particular, they argue for
                 shared-nothing layouts. They survey the
                 state-of-the-art parallel DB systems. Earlier version
                 in Computer Architecture News 12/90.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "database; design; measurement; parallel computing;
                 parallel I/O; pario bib",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems,
                 Distributed databases. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS,
                 Distributed Systems, Distributed applications. {\bf
                 C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors), Parallel processors. {\bf H.3.0}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 General. {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE
                 MANAGEMENT, Logical Design.",
}

@Article{Higa:1992:OOM,
  author =       "Kunihiko Higa and Mike Morrison and Joline Morrison
                 and Olivia R. {Liu Sheng}",
  title =        "An Object-Oriented Methodology for Knowledge
                 Base\slash Database Coupling",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "99--113",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129895.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.4}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Knowledge Representation Formalisms and
                 Methods, Representations (procedural and rule-based).
                 {\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Logical Design, Data models. {\bf H.2.1}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical Design, Schema
                 and subschema. {\bf H.2.8}: Information Systems,
                 DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Database applications. {\bf
                 H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND
                 RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval, Query
                 formulation. {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search
                 and Retrieval, Retrieval models. {\bf H.3.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Information Search and Retrieval, Search process.",
}

@Article{Ferguson:1992:BTD,
  author =       "David E. Ferguson",
  title =        "{Bit-Tree}: a data structure for fast file
                 processing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "114--120",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/bibdb.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129896.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; performance",
  notes =        "Idee ist die Kompression der zu speichernden
                 Schl{\"u}ssel durch Speicherung des ersten
                 unterscheidenden Bits",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval, Search
                 process. {\bf D.4.3}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, File
                 Systems Management, File organization. {\bf E.5}: Data,
                 FILES, Sorting/searching. {\bf E.1}: Data, DATA
                 STRUCTURES, Trees.",
}

@Article{Heckel:1992:DSP,
  author =       "Paul Heckel",
  title =        "Debunking the software patent myths",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "121--140",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129897.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.1}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Software Protection, Patents. {\bf K.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1992:LYP,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Leap-year problems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "162--162",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129900.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf J.0}: Computer Applications, GENERAL. {\bf A.0}:
                 General Literature, GENERAL.",
}

@Article{Soloway:1992:BCY,
  author =       "Elliot Soloway",
  title =        "Buying Computers for Your School: a Guide for the
                 Perplexed",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "21--24",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:04 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129909.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.6.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Installation Management, Computer selection. {\bf
                 K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software
                 selection.",
}

@Article{Barlow:1992:DPP,
  author =       "John Perry Barlow",
  title =        "Decrypting the puzzle palace",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "25--31",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/crypto.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129910.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.6.5}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Security and Protection. {\bf K.4.2}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social
                 Issues, Abuse and crime involving computers. {\bf
                 K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING,
                 Governmental Issues. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications
                 Applications.",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1992:DES,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Debating encryption standards",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "32--34",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129903.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "security; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf E.3}: Data, DATA ENCRYPTION, Data encryption
                 standard (DES).",
}

@Article{NIST:1992:DSS,
  author =       "{National Institute of Standards and Technology
                 (NIST)}",
  title =        "The {Digital Signature Standard}, Proposed by {NIST}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "36--40",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 03 11:54:09 1997",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/crypto.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129904.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "security; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf E.3}: Data, DATA ENCRYPTION, Public key
                 cryptosystems. {\bf E.3}: Data, DATA ENCRYPTION, Data
                 encryption standard (DES).",
}

@Article{Rivest:1992:RNP,
  author =       "Ronald L. Rivest and Martin E. Hellman and John C.
                 Anderson and John W. Lyons",
  title =        "Responses to {NIST}'s proposal",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "41--54",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:55:40 1997",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/crypto.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129905.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "security; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf E.3}: Data, DATA ENCRYPTION, Public key
                 cryptosystems. {\bf E.3}: Data, DATA ENCRYPTION, Data
                 encryption standard (DES).",
}

@Article{Vatti:1992:GSP,
  author =       "Bala R. Vatti",
  title =        "A generic solution to polygon clipping",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "56--63",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/imager/imager.92.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129906.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; boolean operation; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.3}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Picture/Image Generation, Display algorithms.
                 {\bf E.2}: Data, DATA STORAGE REPRESENTATIONS, Linked
                 representations. {\bf I.3.5}: Computing Methodologies,
                 COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Computational Geometry and Object
                 Modeling, Geometric algorithms, languages, and
                 systems.",
}

@Article{Chokhani:1992:TPE,
  author =       "Santosh Chokhani",
  title =        "Trusted products evaluation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "64--76",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129907.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "security; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.4.6}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Security and
                 Protection. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General, Protection mechanisms. {\bf
                 D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Management,
                 Software quality assurance (SQA). {\bf H.2.0}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, General,
                 Security, integrity, and protection. {\bf K.6.5}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Security and Protection.",
}

@Article{Sinha:1992:CSC,
  author =       "Alok Sinha",
  title =        "Client-Server Computing: Current Technology Review",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "77--98",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129908.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems,
                 Distributed applications. {\bf A.1}: General
                 Literature, INTRODUCTORY AND SURVEY. {\bf H.3.4}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Systems and Software, Information networks.",
}

@Article{Hesselink:1992:TCD,
  author =       "Wim Hesselink and Jan Jongejan and Jukka Teuhola and
                 Lutz Wegner",
  title =        "Technical Correspondence: Duplicate Deletion Derived",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "99--107",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:54:09 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Neumann:1992:ACL,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Aggravation by computer: life, death, and taxes",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "122--122",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/129911.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; reliability; verification",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.m}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Miscellaneous. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems.",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1992:CPA,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing Perspectives: Artificial Intelligence as the
                 Year 2000 Approaches",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "17--23",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 29 12:14:07 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135237.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.0}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, General, Philosophical foundations. {\bf
                 I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems.",
  xxnote =       "Check page range: overlaps with
                 \cite{Goodman:1992:CME}??",
}

@Article{Goodman:1992:CME,
  author =       "S. E. Goodman and J. D. Green",
  title =        "Computing in the {Middle East}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "21--24",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 29 12:14:05 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135236.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Markets.",
  xxnote =       "Check page range: overlaps with
                 \cite{Wilkes:1992:CPA}??",
}

@Article{Bell:1992:UTB,
  author =       "C. Gordon Bell",
  title =        "Ultracomputers: a Teraflop Before Its Time",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "26--47",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135227.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; management",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.1}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Large and Medium (``Mainframe'')
                 Computers, Super (very large) computers. {\bf C.0}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, GENERAL, Instruction set
                 design. {\bf G.1.0}: Mathematics of Computing,
                 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, General. {\bf C.1.0}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES,
                 General.",
}

@Article{Creecy:1992:TMM,
  author =       "Robert H. Creecy and Brij M. Masand and Stephen J.
                 Smith and David L. Waltz",
  title =        "Trading {MIPS} and memory for knowledge engineering",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "48--64",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135228.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems, Natural
                 language interfaces. {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Management, Productivity. {\bf D.2.m}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Miscellaneous, Rapid
                 prototyping. {\bf H.3.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information Storage,
                 Record classification. {\bf I.2.6}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Learning,
                 Concept learning. {\bf I.2.7}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Natural Language Processing,
                 Text analysis. {\bf I.5.4}: Computing Methodologies,
                 PATTERN RECOGNITION, Applications, Text processing.
                 {\bf J.1}: Computer Applications, ADMINISTRATIVE DATA
                 PROCESSING, Government.",
}

@Article{Kennedy:1992:GEI,
  author =       "Ken Kennedy",
  title =        "Guest Editor's Introduction to the Special Section on
                 Supercomputing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "65--65",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135229.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.1}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Large and Medium (``Mainframe'')
                 Computers, Super (very large) computers. {\bf C.4}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE OF SYSTEMS.
                 {\bf C.1.0}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, General.",
}

@Article{Hiranandani:1992:CFD,
  author =       "Seema Hiranandani and Ken Kennedy and Chau-Wen Tseng",
  title =        "Compiling {Fortran D} for {MIMD} distributed-memory
                 machines",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "66--80",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/par.lin.alg.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135230.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 Processors, Compilers. {\bf D.3.2}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Classifications,
                 Fortran D. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream
                 Architectures (Multiprocessors), Parallel processors.
                 {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors), Multiple-instruction-stream,
                 multiple-data-stream processors (MIMD).",
}

@Article{Cann:1992:RFD,
  author =       "David Cann",
  title =        "Retire {Fortran}? {A} Debate Rekindled",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "81--89",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/Functional.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135231.html",
  abstract =     "We compare the execution performance of Sisal, a
                 functional language for large-scale scientific
                 computing, and Fortran on a Cray Y-MP/864. We examine
                 the functional programming paradigm, discuss its
                 attribute and advantages, and highlight the salient
                 features of Sisal. In the remaining sections we
                 illustrate the potential inefficiencies of functional
                 computing, present our most recent performance data,
                 and give some closing remarks regarding Fortran and the
                 future of high-speed computing.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; languages; measurement; performance;
                 SISAL Single Assignment Performance dataflow functional
                 data flow",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, FORTRAN. {\bf D.1.3}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Concurrent Programming,
                 Parallel programming. {\bf D.3.4}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors. {\bf C.5.1}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM
                 IMPLEMENTATION, Large and Medium (``Mainframe'')
                 Computers, Super (very large) computers. {\bf D.3.2}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, SISAL.",
}

@Article{Hummel:1992:FMS,
  author =       "Susan Flynn Hummel and Edith Schonberg and Lawrence E.
                 Flynn",
  title =        "Factoring: a Method for Scheduling Parallel Loops",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "90--101",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:00 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135232.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; experimentation; measurement;
                 performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.4.1}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Process
                 Management. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream
                 Architectures (Multiprocessors). {\bf D.3.4}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors, Compilers. {\bf
                 D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors,
                 Optimization. {\bf D.4.8}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS,
                 Performance. {\bf I.1.2}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ALGEBRAIC MANIPULATION, Algorithms, Algebraic
                 algorithms. {\bf I.1.3}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ALGEBRAIC MANIPULATION, Languages and Systems,
                 Evaluation strategies. {\bf C.5.1}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Large and
                 Medium (``Mainframe'') Computers, Super (very large)
                 computers.",
}

@Article{Pugh:1992:PAE,
  author =       "William Pugh",
  title =        "A practical algorithm for exact array dependence
                 analysis",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "102--114",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135233.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms; experimentation; languages; measurement;
                 performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 Processors, Compilers. {\bf D.3.4}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors, Optimization. {\bf
                 F.3.1}: Theory of Computation, LOGICS AND MEANINGS OF
                 PROGRAMS, Specifying and Verifying and Reasoning about
                 Programs. {\bf G.1.6}: Mathematics of Computing,
                 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, Optimization, Integer programming.
                 {\bf F.4.1}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
                 AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic, Mechanical
                 theorem proving.",
}

@Article{Simmons:1992:PCF,
  author =       "Margaret L. Simmons and Harvey J. Wasserman and Olaf
                 M. Lubeck and Christopher Eoyang and Raul Mendez and
                 Hiroo Harada and Misako Ishiguro",
  title =        "A performance comparison of four supercomputers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "116--124",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135234.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; Fujitsu VP-200 VP2600 Hitachi S810/20
                 NEC SX-2 SX-3 Cray Y-MP C90 CACM; measurement;
                 performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE
                 OF SYSTEMS. {\bf C.5.1}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Large and Medium
                 (``Mainframe'') Computers, CRAY Y-MP. {\bf C.5.1}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM
                 IMPLEMENTATION, Large and Medium (``Mainframe'')
                 Computers, CRAY C90. {\bf C.5.1}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Large and
                 Medium (``Mainframe'') Computers, NEC SX-3. {\bf
                 C.5.1}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM
                 IMPLEMENTATION, Large and Medium (``Mainframe'')
                 Computers, Fujitsu VP-2600.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1992:IRF,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Fraud by Computer",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "154--154",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135238.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues, Abuse and crime involving computers.
                 {\bf K.6.5}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING
                 AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Security and Protection,
                 Authentication. {\bf K.7.m}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTING PROFESSION, Miscellaneous, Ethics.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1992:UCL,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Updating the copyright look and feel lawsuits",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "25--31",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131009.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.1}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Software Protection, Copyrights. {\bf K.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY. {\bf K.4.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Korson:1992:AMS,
  author =       "Timothy D. Korson and Vijay K. Vaishnavi",
  title =        "Analysis and modeling in software development",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "32--34",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135225.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.6.5}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Model Development, Modeling methodologies.
                 {\bf I.6.4}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Model Validation and Analysis. {\bf D.2.0}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, General.",
}

@Article{Monarchi:1992:RTO,
  author =       "David E. Monarchi and Gretchen I. Puhr",
  title =        "A Research Typology for Object-Oriented Analysis and
                 Design",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "35--47",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:00 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/130995.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design,
                 Methodologies. {\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Requirements/Specifications. {\bf I.6.3}:
                 Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND MODELING,
                 Applications. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Software Management, Software development. {\bf K.6.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management,
                 Systems analysis and design. {\bf I.6.5}: Computing
                 Methodologies, SIMULATION AND MODELING, Model
                 Development, Modeling methodologies. {\bf D.2.2}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques.",
}

@Article{Rubin:1992:OBA,
  author =       "Kenneth S. Rubin and Adele Goldberg",
  title =        "Object behavior analysis",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "48--62",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/130996.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
}

@Article{Nerson:1992:AOO,
  author =       "Jean-Marc Nerson",
  title =        "Applying object-oriented analysis and design",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "63--74",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/130997.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques. {\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Requirements/Specifications. {\bf I.6.3}:
                 Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND MODELING,
                 Applications. {\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Design, Methodologies. {\bf I.6.4}:
                 Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND MODELING, Model
                 Validation and Analysis. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software development.
                 {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING
                 AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management,
                 Systems analysis and design.",
}

@Article{Curtis:1992:PM,
  author =       "Bill Curtis and Marc I. Kellner and Jim Over",
  title =        "Process modeling",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "75--90",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/130998.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design,
                 Methodologies. {\bf I.6.3}: Computing Methodologies,
                 SIMULATION AND MODELING, Applications. {\bf K.6.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software
                 development. {\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Programming Environments. {\bf D.2.m}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Miscellaneous. {\bf
                 H.4.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Types of Systems.",
}

@Article{Krasner:1992:LLS,
  author =       "Herb Krasner and Jim Terrel and Adam Linehan and Paul
                 Arnold and William H. Ett",
  title =        "Lessons learned from a software process modeling
                 system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "91--100",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/130999.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management. {\bf D.2.8}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Metrics. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts. {\bf
                 K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management,
                 Life cycle. {\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Design, Methodologies. {\bf K.6.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software
                 development.",
}

@Article{Korson:1992:MES,
  author =       "Timothy D. Korson and Vijay K. Vaishnavi",
  title =        "Managing Emerging Software Technologies: {A}
                 Technology Transfer Framework",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "101--111",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:00 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131000.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.0}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, General. {\bf
                 H.4.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Types of Systems. {\bf D.2.2}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques. {\bf
                 K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management.",
}

@Article{Navathe:1992:EDM,
  author =       "Shamkant B. Navathe",
  title =        "Evolution of data modeling for databases",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "112--123",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131001.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.1}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Logical Design, Data models. {\bf H.2.4}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Systems.",
}

@Article{Chandrasekaran:1992:TSA,
  author =       "B. Chandrasekaran and Todd R. Johnson and Jack W.
                 Smith",
  title =        "Task-structure analysis for knowledge modeling",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "124--137",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131002.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
}

@Article{Krishnan:1992:KBM,
  author =       "Ramayya Krishnan and Xiaoping Li and David Steier",
  title =        "A knowledge-based mathematical model formulation
                 system",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "138--146",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131003.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.5}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Programming Languages and Software. {\bf
                 I.6.5}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, Model Development. {\bf I.2.4}: Computing
                 Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Knowledge
                 Representation Formalisms and Methods, Representation
                 languages.",
}

@Article{Page-Jones:1992:CTM,
  author =       "Meilir Page-Jones",
  title =        "Comparing techniques by means of encapsulation and
                 connascence",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "147--151",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131004.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; measurement; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software development.
                 {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Structured programming. {\bf D.2.8}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Metrics, Complexity
                 measures.",
}

@Article{Coad:1992:OOP,
  author =       "Peter Coad",
  title =        "Object-Oriented Patterns",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "152--159",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131006.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation",
  subject =      "{\bf I.5.2}: Computing Methodologies, PATTERN
                 RECOGNITION, Design Methodology, Pattern analysis. {\bf
                 D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT
                 OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and
                 People Management, Systems development.",
}

@Article{Nierstrasz:1992:COS,
  author =       "Oscar Nierstrasz and Simon Gibbs and Dennis
                 Tsichritzis",
  title =        "Component-Oriented Software Development",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "160--165",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/par.object.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131005.html",
  abstract =     "Object-oriented programming techniques promote a new
                 approach to software engineering in which reliable,
                 open applications can be largely constructed, rather
                 than programmed, by reusing ``frameworks'' of
                 plug-compatible software components. We outline a
                 series of ongoing research projects at the University
                 of Geneva that address component-oriented software
                 development at the levels of languages, tools and
                 frameworks, in particular, (1) the integration of
                 object-oriented language features that support software
                 composition with features concerned with other issues,
                 like obc, (2) application development tools to support
                 composition and reuse, and (3) the development of
                 reusable application frameworks, specifically in the
                 domain of multimedia applications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; management; olit chloe",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Programming Environments, Interactive. {\bf D.2.2}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques,
                 Software libraries. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Software Management. {\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented Programming.",
}

@Article{Scheer:1992:EDM,
  author =       "August-Wilhelm Scheer and Alexander Hars",
  title =        "Extending data modeling to cover the whole
                 enterprise",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "166--172",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 31 17:24:48 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131007.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design,
                 Methodologies. {\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Requirements/Specifications. {\bf I.6.0}:
                 Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND MODELING,
                 General. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management,
                 Software development. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Project and People Management, Systems development.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1992:IRAa,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Accidental Financial Losses",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "194--194",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 31 17:25:21 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/131008.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 General. {\bf J.1}: Computer Applications,
                 ADMINISTRATIVE DATA PROCESSING, Financial. {\bf K.6.5}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Security and Protection.",
}

@Article{Rettig:1992:PPR,
  author =       "Marc Rettig",
  title =        "Practical Programmer: Hat Racks for Understanding",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "21--24",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 31 17:26:04 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135247.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management,
                 Software development. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Project and People Management, Systems analysis and
                 design. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Tools and Techniques. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems,
                 MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems.",
}

@Article{Barlow:1992:EFW,
  author =       "John Perry Barlow",
  title =        "Electronic Frontier: Will {Japan} Jack In?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "27--29",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 31 17:26:16 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135248.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; security; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Artificial realities. {\bf K.4.0}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, General. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications. {\bf H.1.2}: Information
                 Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems.
                 {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General.",
}

@Article{Stylianou:1992:SCE,
  author =       "Anthony C. Stylianou and Gregory R. Madey and Robert
                 D. Smith",
  title =        "Selection Criteria for Expert System Shells: {A}
                 Socio-Technical Framework",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "30--48",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:04 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135240.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; human factors; management; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management,
                 Software selection. {\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Requirements/Specifications, Tools. {\bf
                 I.2.5}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Programming Languages and Software,
                 Expert system tools and techniques. {\bf I.2.1}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Applications and Expert Systems.",
}

@Article{Touretzky:1992:VEA,
  author =       "David S. Touretzky and Peter Lee",
  title =        "Visualizing evaluation in applicative languages",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "49--59",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/Functional.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135241.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "functional languages; lisp",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.1}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Applicative (Functional) Programming. {\bf D.2.5}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Testing and Debugging,
                 Tracing. {\bf D.3.1}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 Formal Definitions and Theory, Semantics. {\bf D.3.2}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, LISP. {\bf F.3.2}: Theory of
                 Computation, LOGICS AND MEANINGS OF PROGRAMS, Semantics
                 of Programming Languages.",
}

@Article{Feldman:1992:SMM,
  author =       "Yosee Feldman and Ehud Shapiro",
  title =        "Spatial Machines: a More Realistic Approach to
                 Parallel Computation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "60--73",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:57 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135242.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf F.1.1}: Theory of Computation, COMPUTATION BY
                 ABSTRACT DEVICES, Models of Computation,
                 Unbounded-action devices. {\bf F.1.2}: Theory of
                 Computation, COMPUTATION BY ABSTRACT DEVICES, Modes of
                 Computation, Parallelism and concurrency.",
}

@Article{Baeza-Yates:1992:NAT,
  author =       "Ricardo Baeza-Yates and Gaston H. Gonnet",
  title =        "A new approach to text searching",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "74--82",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "This paper describes a new linear-time string search
                 algorithm that can handle limited regular-expression
                 pattern matching {\em without\/} backtracking. See also
                 \cite{Knuth:1977:FPM}, \cite{Boyer:1977:FSS},
                 \cite{Karp:1981:ERP}, \cite{Sunday:1990:VFS}, and
                 \cite{Wu:1992:FTS}.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135243.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms",
  subject =      "{\bf F.2.2}: Theory of Computation, ANALYSIS OF
                 ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical
                 Algorithms and Problems, Pattern matching. {\bf H.3.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Information Search and Retrieval, Retrieval models.
                 {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval, Search
                 process. {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and
                 Retrieval, Selection process. {\bf I.5.4}: Computing
                 Methodologies, PATTERN RECOGNITION, Applications, Text
                 processing.",
}

@Article{Wu:1992:FTS,
  author =       "Sun Wu and Udi Manber",
  title =        "Fast text searching allowing errors",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "83--91",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 06 09:13:52 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "This algorithm in this paper is implemented in the
                 \path|agrep| program, publicly available via ANONYMOUS
                 FTP to \path|cs.arizona.edu| in the \path|agrep|
                 subdirectory. See also \cite{Baeza-Yates:1992:NAT}.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135244.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "algorithms",
  subject =      "{\bf F.2.2}: Theory of Computation, ANALYSIS OF
                 ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical
                 Algorithms and Problems, Pattern matching. {\bf H.3.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Information Search and Retrieval, Search process. {\bf
                 I.5.4}: Computing Methodologies, PATTERN RECOGNITION,
                 Applications, Text processing.",
}

@Article{Dori:1992:DAT,
  author =       "Dov Dori",
  title =        "Dimensioning analysis: toward automatic understanding
                 of engineering drawings",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "92--103",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135245.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.5}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Computational Geometry and Object Modeling,
                 Geometric algorithms, languages, and systems. {\bf
                 I.3.5}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS,
                 Computational Geometry and Object Modeling, Curve,
                 surface, solid, and object representations. {\bf
                 I.3.7}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS,
                 Three-Dimensional Graphics and Realism.",
}

@Article{Palvia:1992:TTF,
  author =       "Shailendra C. Palvia and Steven R. Gordon",
  title =        "Tables, trees and formulas in decision analysis",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "104--113",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135246.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.4.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Types of Systems,
                 Decision support. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Evaluation/methodology.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1992:IRWb,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Where to Place Trust",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "138--138",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/135249.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.m}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Miscellaneous.",
}

@Article{Zweben:1992:PLW,
  author =       "Stuart Zweben",
  title =        "{President}'s Letter: We Overplanting Our Seed Corn?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "15--16",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:54:48 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Likins:1992:VBS,
  author =       "Peter Likins",
  title =        "Viewpoint: a Breach of the Social Contract",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "17--18, 111",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 08:00:21 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Knowles:1992:AFC,
  author =       "Brad Knowles and Roger Schlafly and Grant D. Schultz
                 and Lynn Zelvin and Paul Heckel and E. Robert Yoches",
  title =        "{ACM Forum}: Comments on Cryptography",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "19--24, 112",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 01 07:59:00 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1992:CPL,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing Perspectives. The Long-Term Future of
                 Operating Systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "23--24, 112",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138855.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf D.4.0}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, General.",
}

@Article{Mesher:1992:IPC,
  author =       "G. M. Mesher and R. O. Briggs and S. E. Goodman and L.
                 I. Press and J. M. Snyder",
  title =        "International Perspectives: {Cuba}, Communism, and
                 Computing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "27--29, 112",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 09 15:47:33 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138856.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Markets. {\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 SOCIETY, Public Policy Issues.",
}

@Article{Hartmanis:1992:CFC,
  author =       "Juris Hartmanis",
  title =        "Computing the future: committee to assess the scope
                 and direction of computer science and technology for
                 the {National Research Council}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "30--40",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138858.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education.
                 {\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Governmental Issues. {\bf K.4.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Public Policy Issues.
                 {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Brosgol:1992:A,
  author =       "Benjamin M. Brosgol",
  title =        "{Ada}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "41--42",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:55 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138845.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Ada. {\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 HISTORY OF COMPUTING.",
}

@Article{Schonberg:1992:TTA,
  author =       "Edmond Schonberg and Mark Gerhardt and Charlene
                 Hayden",
  title =        "A technical tour of {Ada}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "43--52",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138846.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Ada. {\bf D.3.3}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Constructs and
                 Features.",
}

@Article{Feldman:1992:AEU,
  author =       "Michael B. Feldman",
  title =        "{Ada} Experience in the Undergraduate Curriculum",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "53--67",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:57 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138847.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Curriculum. {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 LANGUAGES, Language Classifications, Ada. {\bf K.3.2}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer
                 and Information Science Education, Computer science
                 education.",
}

@Article{McCormick:1992:MRA,
  author =       "John W. McCormick",
  title =        "A model railroad for {Ada} and software engineering",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "68--70",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138848.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications. {\bf D.3.2}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Classifications, Ada.
                 {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER
                 SYSTEMS, Industrial control. {\bf J.7}: Computer
                 Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS, Process
                 control. {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN
                 OTHER SYSTEMS, Real time. {\bf K.3.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer and
                 Information Science Education, Computer science
                 education.",
}

@Article{Rosen:1992:WOS,
  author =       "J. P. Rosen",
  title =        "What orientation should {Ada} objects take?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "71--76",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138849.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; reliability",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming. {\bf D.3.3}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Constructs and
                 Features, Abstract data types. {\bf D.3.3}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Constructs and
                 Features, Modules, packages. {\bf D.3.2}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Classifications, Ada.
                 {\bf D.2.m}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Miscellaneous, Rapid prototyping. {\bf D.2.10}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design, Methodologies.
                 {\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications, Languages. {\bf D.2.1}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Requirements/Specifications, Methodologies.",
}

@Article{Taft:1992:ATS,
  author =       "S. Tucker Taft",
  title =        "{Ada 9X}: a Technical Summary",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "77--82",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:04 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138850.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Ada. {\bf D.3.3}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Constructs and
                 Features. {\bf D.3.0}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 General, Standards.",
}

@Article{Anderson:1992:APM,
  author =       "Chris Anderson",
  title =        "{Ada 9X} Project Management",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "83--84",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:50 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138851.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; languages; management; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Ada. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Project and People Management. {\bf D.3.0}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, General, Standards.",
}

@Article{Ploedereder:1992:BCA,
  author =       "Erhard Ploedereder",
  title =        "Building consensus for {Ada 9X}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "85--88",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138852.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.0}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, General,
                 Standards. {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 LANGUAGES, Language Classifications, Ada. {\bf D.3.3}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Constructs
                 and Features, Abstract data types. {\bf D.3.3}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Constructs
                 and Features, Concurrent programming structures. {\bf
                 D.3.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Constructs and Features, Modules, packages.",
}

@Article{Wiederhold:1992:TM,
  author =       "Gio Wiederhold and Peter Wegner and Stefano Ceri",
  title =        "Toward megaprogramming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "89--99",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138853.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages; management; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Modules and interfaces. {\bf D.2.7}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Distribution and
                 Maintenance. {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Management. {\bf H.2.5}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Heterogeneous Databases.
                 {\bf I.2.4}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Knowledge Representation Formalisms and
                 Methods.",
}

@Article{Kopec:1992:AAI,
  author =       "Danny Kopec and Monty Newborn and Mike Valvo",
  title =        "The 22nd {Annual ACM International Computer Chess
                 Championship}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "100--110",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:00 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138854.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems, Games.",
}

@Article{Mercuri:1992:IRV,
  author =       "Rebecca Mercuri",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Voting Machine Risks",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "138--138",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138857.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf B.4.5}: Hardware,
                 INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS, Reliability,
                 Testing, and Fault-Tolerance. {\bf J.m}: Computer
                 Applications, MISCELLANEOUS.",
}

@Article{Gersting:1992:VIS,
  author =       "Judith L. Gersting",
  title =        "Viewpoint: Intangibles for Success",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "11--12",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 01 12:45:17 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Hayes:1992:AFD,
  author =       "Patrick J. Hayes and Gordon S. {Novak, Jr.} and Wendy
                 G. Lehnert",
  title =        "{ACM Forum}: In Defense of Artificial Intelligence",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "13--16",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Feb 3 17:43:06 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Traub:1992:TAN,
  author =       "Joseph F. Traub",
  title =        "A tribute to {Allen Newell}: 1927--1992",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "20--20",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214847.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING,
                 Allen Newell. {\bf A.0}: General Literature, GENERAL,
                 Biographies/autobiographies.",
  xxnote =       "Check page range??",
}

@Article{Press:1992:PCN,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal Computing: The Net: Progress and
                 Opportunity",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "21--25",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138871.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General, Data
                 communications. {\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION,
                 Microcomputers, Personal computers. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications, Electronic mail.",
}

@Article{Loeb:1992:IF,
  author =       "Shoshana Loeb and Douglas Terry",
  title =        "Information filtering",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "26--28",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138860.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval. {\bf
                 H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications. {\bf H.5.0}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, General.",
}

@Article{Belkin:1992:IFI,
  author =       "Nicholas J. Belkin and W. Bruce Croft",
  title =        "Information filtering and information retrieval: two
                 sides of the same coin?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "29--38",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138861.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; measurement; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval,
                 Retrieval models. {\bf H.3.4}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Systems and
                 Software. {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and
                 Retrieval, Search process.",
}

@Article{Loeb:1992:APD,
  author =       "Shoshana Loeb",
  title =        "Architecting personalized delivery of multimedia
                 information",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "39--47",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138862.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval, Search
                 process. {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and
                 Retrieval, Retrieval models. {\bf H.3.1}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Content
                 Analysis and Indexing. {\bf H.3.4}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Systems and
                 Software. {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Audio input/output. {\bf H.5.2}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, User interface management systems (UIMS).",
}

@Article{Stevens:1992:ACI,
  author =       "Curt Stevens",
  title =        "Automating the creation of information filters",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "48--48",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138863.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.0}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, General. {\bf H.3.3}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information
                 Search and Retrieval, Search process. {\bf H.3.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Information Search and Retrieval, Retrieval models.
                 {\bf I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems.",
}

@Article{Stadnyk:1992:MUI,
  author =       "Irene Stadnyk and Robert Kass",
  title =        "Modeling users' interests in information filters",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "49--50",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138864.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Content Analysis and Indexing. {\bf
                 H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND
                 RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval.",
}

@Article{Baclace:1992:CAI,
  author =       "Paul E. Baclace",
  title =        "Competitive agents for information filtering",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "50--50",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138865.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Content Analysis and Indexing. {\bf
                 H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND
                 RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval, Retrieval
                 models. {\bf I.2.6}: Computing Methodologies,
                 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, Learning.",
}

@Article{Foltz:1992:PID,
  author =       "Peter W. Foltz and Susan T. Dumais",
  title =        "Personalized Information Delivery: An Analysis of
                 Information-Filtering Methods",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "51--60",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:06:57 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138866.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Content Analysis and Indexing. {\bf
                 H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND
                 RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval. {\bf
                 H.3.4}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND
                 RETRIEVAL, Systems and Software.",
}

@Article{Goldberg:1992:UCF,
  author =       "David Goldberg and David Nichols and Brian M. Oki and
                 Douglas Terry",
  title =        "Using collaborative filtering to weave an information
                 tapestry",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "61--70",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Wed Dec 02 12:19:27 1998",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138867.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.4}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Systems and Software, Current awareness
                 systems (selective dissemination of information ---
                 SDI). {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications,
                 Electronic mail. {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search
                 and Retrieval, Selection process.",
}

@Article{Bowen:1992:DA,
  author =       "T. F. Bowen and G. Gopal and G. Herman and T. Hickey
                 and K. C. Lee and W. H. Mansfield and J. Raitz and A.
                 Weinrib",
  title =        "The {Datacycle} architecture",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "71--81",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138868.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems. {\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and
                 Retrieval, Search process. {\bf H.2.1}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Logical Design.",
  xxnote =       "Check page range??",
}

@Article{Ram:1992:NLU,
  author =       "Ashwin Ram",
  title =        "Natural language understanding for
                 information-filtering systems",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "80--81",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138869.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.4}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Systems and Software. {\bf H.3.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Information Search and Retrieval. {\bf I.2.7}:
                 Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
                 Natural Language Processing.",
  xxnote =       "Check page range??",
}

@Article{Denning:1992:ENE,
  author =       "Peter J. Denning",
  title =        "Educating a new engineer",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "82--97",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138870.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; human factors; management;
                 measurement; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science
                 Education.",
}

@Article{LaMalva:1992:APC,
  author =       "Patrick M. LaMalva and David R. Reyes-Guerra",
  title =        "Accredited Programs in Computing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "98--101",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 01 07:59:30 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Neumann:1992:IRAb,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Avoiding Weak Links",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "146--146",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 13:15:59 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/138872.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf D.4.1}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Process
                 Management, Multiprocessing/multiprogramming. {\bf
                 D.4.4}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Communications
                 Management. {\bf D.2.1}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Requirements/Specifications.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1993:LSL,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Legally Speaking: Liability for Defective Electronic
                 Information",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "21--26",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151234.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.m}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Miscellaneous. {\bf K.4.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Public Policy Issues,
                 Human safety. {\bf D.2.m}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Miscellaneous.",
}

@Article{Bly:1993:MWM,
  author =       "Sara A. Bly and Steve R. Harrison and Susan Irwin",
  title =        "Multimedia In The Workplace: Media Spaces: Bringing
                 People Together in a Video, Audio, and Computing
                 Environment",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "28--47",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 13:16:32 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/mmos.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151235.html",
  abstract =     "Ongoing experiences in an informal experiment in using
                 video technology to extend the workspace (in terms of
                 opportunity for informal communications and promoting a
                 common community) are described. The key feature is the
                 creation of a virtual common area (or {\em media
                 space}) in an office environment by linking remote
                 common meeting areas using a video connection (in this
                 case, two branch offices 800 miles apart). Participants
                 are given complete control over the configuration,
                 evolution and use of the video system. The general goal
                 is to see how the system evolves, in which ways it is
                 most commonly used, how well it creates the illusion of
                 a common workspace, and what technical problems stand
                 in the way of it meeting its full potential.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf B.4.1}: Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA
                 COMMUNICATIONS, Data Communications Devices,
                 Receivers.",
  xxnote =       "Check page range??",
}

@Article{Lyles:1993:MSB,
  author =       "Bryan Lyles",
  title =        "Media spaces and broadband {ISDN}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "46--47",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151236.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf B.4.2}: Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA
                 COMMUNICATIONS, Input/Output Devices. {\bf C.2.1}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION
                 NETWORKS, Network Architecture and Design, ISDN
                 (Integrated Services Digital Network). {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems.",
  xxnote =       "Check page range??",
}

@Article{Fish:1993:VTI,
  author =       "Robert S. Fish and Robert E. Kraut and Robert W. Root
                 and Ronald E. Rice",
  title =        "Video as a technology for informal communication",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--61",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/mmos.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151237.html",
  abstract =     "An experiment exploring the use of video telephony as
                 a means for informal communication (in a work place
                 setting) is described. The goal is to use social
                 science to derive a better design for such a system.
                 Various paradigms seeking to simulate different modes
                 of face-to-face communication were implemented and
                 available for use by the subjects of the study (23
                 volunteers in a research work setting). Feedback from
                 the participants was used to evaluate the design, in
                 terms of issues such as usefulness, privacy and
                 intrusiveness. As well, novel uses for the technology
                 were noted.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors. {\bf
                 H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications, Computer
                 conferencing and teleconferencing. {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems, Video
                 (e.g., tape, disk, DVI). {\bf H.5.3}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group
                 and Organization Interfaces, Evaluation/methodology.
                 {\bf H.5.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group and Organization
                 Interfaces, Synchronous interaction.",
}

@Article{Hill:1993:RLA,
  author =       "Ralph D. Hill and Tom Brinck and John F. Patterson and
                 Steven L. Rohall and Wayne T. Wilner",
  title =        "The {Rendezvous} Language and Architecture",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--67",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/mmos.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151238.html",
  abstract =     "The {\em Rendezvous} system is a software toolkit and
                 architecture for building multiuser applications for
                 use in conversational settings. Multiuser applications
                 are viewed as providing distributed {\em conversational
                 props}. A conversational prop is an artifact used by
                 the participants in the conversation to facilitate or
                 augment the conversation. The toolkit provides an API
                 for building multiuser applications, based on the X
                 Window System. A widget set designed especially for
                 multiuser applications is provided.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems.
                 {\bf D.3.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Constructs and Features. {\bf D.4.1}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, Process Management. {\bf D.4.7}:
                 Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Organization and Design,
                 Interactive systems. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, User interface management systems (UIMS).
                 {\bf H.5.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group and Organization
                 Interfaces. {\bf I.3.2}: Computing Methodologies,
                 COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Graphics Systems.",
}

@Article{Arango:1993:TMS,
  author =       "M. Arango and L. Bahler and P. Bates and M. Cochinwala
                 and D. Cohrs and R. Fish and G. Gopal and N. Griffeth
                 and G. E. Herman and T. Hickey and K. C. Lee and W. E.
                 Leland and C. Lowery and V. Mak and J. Patterson and L.
                 Ruston and M. Segal and R. C. Sekar and M. P. Vecchi
                 and A. Weinrib and S.-Y. Wuu",
  title =        "{Touring Machine System}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "68--77",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/mmos.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151239.html",
  abstract =     "The Touring Machine$^{TM}$ was implemented to provide
                 a common platform (system infrastructure) on which to
                 build distributed multimedia applications. A principal
                 goal is to separate policy from mechanism, both to hide
                 session management details from the application
                 programmer, and to provide flexibility in policy to
                 accommodate a wide range of applications. The user
                 (application programmer) is provided an API based on a
                 client/server model. The system structure is an object
                 model with both persistent objects (e.g., station
                 objects) and transient objects (e.g., session objects).
                 Multiport connections (called {\em connectors}) are
                 enabled by mapping logical {\em endpoints} to physical
                 {\em ports} (this can be done by clients via the API).
                 A name server acts as a central repository for static
                 and dynamic information about the system (e.g., for
                 locating station objects). Cruiser$^{TM}$ and
                 Rendezvous$^{TM}$ are two examples of applications
                 built on top of The Touring Machine System. In fact,
                 Cruiser sessions can be synchronized with Rendezvous
                 applications using the common underlying system
                 infrastructure.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.0}: Computer Systems Organization, GENERAL,
                 Hardware/software interfaces. {\bf H.5.1}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION,
                 Multimedia Information Systems.",
}

@Article{Milner:1993:EIT,
  author =       "Robin Milner",
  title =        "Elements of interaction: {Turing Award Lecture}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--89",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/151233.151240",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151240.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages; theory",
  remark =       "This is the 1991 ACM Turing Award Lecture.",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.1}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Formal
                 Definitions and Theory, Semantics. {\bf D.3.2}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Concurrent, distributed, and parallel
                 languages. {\bf F.1.2}: Theory of Computation,
                 COMPUTATION BY ABSTRACT DEVICES, Modes of Computation,
                 Parallelism and concurrency. {\bf F.3.2}: Theory of
                 Computation, LOGICS AND MEANINGS OF PROGRAMS, Semantics
                 of Programming Languages, Algebraic approaches to
                 semantics. {\bf F.3.3}: Theory of Computation, LOGICS
                 AND MEANINGS OF PROGRAMS, Studies of Program
                 Constructs, Control primitives. {\bf F.3.3}: Theory of
                 Computation, LOGICS AND MEANINGS OF PROGRAMS, Studies
                 of Program Constructs, Functional constructs. {\bf
                 F.4.1}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC AND
                 FORMAL LANGUAGES, Mathematical Logic, Lambda calculus
                 and related systems.",
}

@Article{Frenkel:1993:IRM,
  author =       "Karen A. Frenkel",
  title =        "An interview with {Robin Milner}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "90--97",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151241.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf F.0}: Theory of Computation, GENERAL. {\bf K.2}:
                 Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING, People.",
}

@Article{Banatre:1993:PMT,
  author =       "Jean-Pierre Ban{\^a}tre and Daniel {Le M{\'e}tayer}",
  title =        "Programming by multiset transformation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "98--111",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151242.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.0}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 General. {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 Language Classifications, Very high-level languages.
                 {\bf D.3.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Constructs and Features.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1993:IRRa,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Risks Considered Global(ly)",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "154--154",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151243.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "performance",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.4}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, System Management,
                 Quality assurance.",
}

@Article{Kling:1993:TCB,
  author =       "Rob Kling and Peter Wegner and John R. Rice and Eric
                 A. Weiss",
  title =        "Technical Correspondence: Broadening Computer
                 Science",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "15--20",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 1 08:02:20 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1993:CPL,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing Perspectives: Light Amplifiers and
                 Solitons",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "21--23",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151221.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf B.4.1}: Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA
                 COMMUNICATIONS, Data Communications Devices,
                 Transmitters. {\bf B.4.3}: Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND
                 DATA COMMUNICATIONS, Interconnections (subsystems).
                 {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS, Signal
                 processing systems.",
}

@Article{Odedra:1993:IPS,
  author =       "M. Odedra and M. Bennett and S. Goodman and M.
                 Lawrie",
  title =        "International Perspectives: {Sub-Saharan Africa}: {A}
                 Technological Desert",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "25--29",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151222.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Markets. {\bf J.0}: Computer Applications, GENERAL.",
}

@Article{Supnik:1993:ISI,
  author =       "Robert M. Supnik",
  title =        "Introduction to Special Issue on {Digital}'s {Alpha}
                 Chip Project",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "30--32",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151223.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers, Alpha. {\bf
                 B.7.1}: Hardware, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, Types and Design
                 Styles. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream
                 Architectures (Multiprocessors).",
}

@Article{Sites:1993:AAA,
  author =       "Richard L. Sites",
  title =        "{Alpha AXP} Architecture",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "33--44",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:12 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Ooos.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151226.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers, Alpha. {\bf
                 B.7.1}: Hardware, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, Types and Design
                 Styles. {\bf C.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 GENERAL.",
}

@Article{Kronenberg:1993:POV,
  author =       "Nancy Kronenberg and Thomas R. Benson and Wayne M.
                 Cardoza and Ravindran Jagannathan and Benjamin J.
                 Thomas",
  title =        "Porting {OpenVMS} from {VAX} to {Alpha AXP}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "45--53",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151224.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; measurement; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 Processors, Optimization. {\bf D.4.0}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, General, VMS. {\bf D.3.4}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors, Interpreters. {\bf
                 D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors,
                 Compilers. {\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers, Alpha.
                 {\bf C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors), VAX.",
}

@Article{Thacker:1993:ADU,
  author =       "Charles P. Thacker and David G. Conroy and Lawrence C.
                 Stewart",
  title =        "The {Alpha} Demonstration Unit: a High-Performance
                 Multiprocessor",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "55--67",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:12 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/conc.scientific.computing.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151225.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers, Alpha. {\bf
                 C.1.2}: Computer Systems Organization, PROCESSOR
                 ARCHITECTURES, Multiple Data Stream Architectures
                 (Multiprocessors). {\bf B.7.1}: Hardware, INTEGRATED
                 CIRCUITS, Types and Design Styles.",
}

@Article{Katz:1993:TF,
  author =       "Ralph Katz",
  title =        "Tales from the Front",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "67--67",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Sites:1993:BT,
  author =       "Richard L. Sites and Anton Chernoff and Matthew B.
                 Kirk and Maurice P. Marks and Scott G. Robinson",
  title =        "Binary translation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "69--81",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151227.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES,
                 Processors, Interpreters. {\bf D.3.4}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors, Compilers. {\bf
                 D.3.4}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Processors,
                 Run-time environments. {\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION,
                 Microcomputers, Alpha. {\bf C.1.0}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, General.",
}

@Article{Dobberpuhl:1993:DE,
  author =       "Daniel Dobberpuhl and Kevin Fielding",
  title =        "Design of {EV-4}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "82--82",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151228.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers, Microprocessors.
                 {\bf B.7.m}: Hardware, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS,
                 Miscellaneous.",
}

@Article{Hollingsworth:1993:AST,
  author =       "Richard Hollingsworth",
  title =        "Advanced semiconductor technology",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "83--83",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151229.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "measurement; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf C.5.3}: Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER
                 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, Microcomputers, Microprocessors.
                 {\bf B.7.m}: Hardware, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS,
                 Miscellaneous.",
}

@Article{Kemerer:1993:RFP,
  author =       "Chris F. Kemerer",
  title =        "Reliability of Function Points Measurement: a Field
                 Experiment",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "85--97",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:10 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151230.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; management; measurement; performance;
                 reliability",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.8}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Metrics.
                 {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management. {\bf K.6.0}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT
                 OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, General,
                 Economics. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT
                 OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and
                 People Management. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Software Management.",
}

@Article{Anderson:1993:UNA,
  author =       "Ronald E. Anderson and Deborah G. Johnson and Donald
                 Gotterbarn and Judith Perrolle",
  title =        "Using the new {ACM} code of ethics in decision
                 making",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "98--107",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151231.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.7.m}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING
                 PROFESSION, Miscellaneous, Ethics. {\bf K.7.m}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING PROFESSION,
                 Miscellaneous, Codes of good practice.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1993:IRD,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Are Dependable Systems Feasible?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "146--146",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/151232.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "performance; reliability",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.4}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, System Management,
                 Quality assurance. {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Management, Software quality assurance
                 (SQA).",
}

@Article{Grover:1993:ITE,
  author =       "Varun Grover and Martin Goslar",
  title =        "Information technologies for the 1990s: the
                 executives' view",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "17--19",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153548.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.0}: Information Systems, GENERAL. {\bf K.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY. {\bf A.1}:
                 General Literature, INTRODUCTORY AND SURVEY.",
}

@Article{Barlow:1993:EFB,
  author =       "John Perry Barlow",
  title =        "Electronic Frontier: {Bill O' Rights}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "21--23",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153551.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Denning:1993:TT,
  author =       "Dorothy E. Denning",
  title =        "To tap or not to tap",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "24--33",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153523.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental
                 Issues. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 SOCIETY, Social Issues, Abuse and crime involving
                 computers.",
}

@Article{Godwin:1993:C,
  author =       "Mike Godwin and William A. Bayse and Marc Rotenberg
                 and Lewis M. Branscomb and Anne M. Branscomb and Ronald
                 L. Rivest and Andrew Grosso and Gary T. Marx",
  title =        "Commentators",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "34--41",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153526.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental
                 Issues. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 SOCIETY, Social Issues, Abuse and crime involving
                 computers.",
}

@Article{Denning:1993:FT,
  author =       "Dorothy E. Denning",
  title =        "Final thoughts",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "42--44",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153532.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental
                 Issues. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 SOCIETY, Social Issues, Abuse and crime involving
                 computers.",
}

@Article{Shapiro:1993:FGP,
  author =       "Ehud Shapiro and David H. D. Warren",
  title =        "The {Fifth Generation Project}: Personal Perspectives:
                 Introduction",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "46--49",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153534.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; languages; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING.
                 {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Concurrent C. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple
                 Data Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors), Parallel
                 processors. {\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Concurrent Programming. {\bf D.1.6}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Logic Programming.",
}

@Article{Fuchi:1993:LNE,
  author =       "Kazuhiro Fuchi and Robert Kowalski and Koichi Furukawa
                 and Kazunori Ueda and Ken Kahn and Takashi Chikayama
                 and Evan Tick",
  title =        "Launching the new era",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "49--100",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153541.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; languages; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING.
                 {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Concurrent C. {\bf D.3.2}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Classifications,
                 Data-flow languages. {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 LANGUAGES, Language Classifications, Nonprocedural
                 languages. {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 LANGUAGES, Language Classifications, Nondeterministic
                 languages. {\bf D.1.6}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Logic Programming. {\bf D.1.3}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Concurrent Programming.",
}

@Article{Shapiro:1993:E,
  author =       "Ehud Shapiro and David H. D. Warren",
  title =        "Epilogue",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "100--101",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153547.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; languages; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING.
                 {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Concurrent C. {\bf C.1.2}: Computer
                 Systems Organization, PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES, Multiple
                 Data Stream Architectures (Multiprocessors). {\bf
                 D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Concurrent
                 Programming. {\bf D.1.6}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Logic Programming.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1993:IRRb,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside Risks: Risks of Technology",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "130--130",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 31 17:27:33 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Billington:1993:UCF,
  author =       "David Billington",
  title =        "Using the context-free pumping lemma",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "21, 81",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153590.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf F.4.3}: Theory of Computation, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
                 AND FORMAL LANGUAGES, Formal Languages, Classes defined
                 by grammars or automata.",
}

@Article{Rettig:1993:PPC,
  author =       "Marc Rettig",
  title =        "Practical Programmer: Cooperative Software",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "23--28",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153593.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems. {\bf K.6.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software
                 development. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT
                 OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software
                 Management, Software selection. {\bf K.3.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer Uses in
                 Education.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1993:LSU,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Legally Speaking: The Ups and Downs of Look and Feel",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "29--35",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 13:21:51 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153595.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.1}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Software Protection, Copyrights. {\bf
                 H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, User Interfaces.",
}

@Article{Mandelkern:1993:GUI,
  author =       "David Mandelkern",
  title =        "Graphical User Interfaces: The Next Generation:
                 Introduction",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "36--39",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 13:22:08 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153574.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Screen
                 design. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems. {\bf K.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING.",
}

@Article{Johnson:1993:ABI,
  author =       "Jeff A. Johnson and Bonnie A. Nardi and Craig L.
                 Zarmer and James R. Miller",
  title =        "{ACE}: Building Interactive Graphical Interactions",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "40--55",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:10 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153576.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, User
                 interface management systems (UIMS). {\bf D.1.5}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented
                 Programming. {\bf D.1.7}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 TECHNIQUES, Visual Programming. {\bf D.2.2}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques, User
                 interfaces. {\bf D.2.m}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Miscellaneous, Rapid prototyping. {\bf
                 H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems. {\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Programming Environments. {\bf K.6.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management.",
}

@Article{Robertson:1993:IVU,
  author =       "George G. Robertson and Stuart K. Card and Jock D.
                 Mackinlay",
  title =        "Information Visualization Using {3D} Interactive
                 Animation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "56--71",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:11 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153577.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; human factors; performance;
                 theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Interaction styles. {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia
                 Information Systems, Animations. {\bf H.3.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Information Search and Retrieval, Retrieval models.
                 {\bf I.3.6}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Methodology and Techniques, Interaction
                 techniques.",
}

@Article{Morse:1993:OCG,
  author =       "Alan Morse and George Reynolds",
  title =        "Overcoming current growth limits in {UI} development",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "72--81",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153579.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Interaction styles. {\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 HISTORY OF COMPUTING. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Theory and methods. {\bf D.2.2}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques, User
                 interfaces. {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Management, Productivity.",
}

@Article{Nielsen:1993:NUI,
  author =       "Jakob Nielsen",
  title =        "Noncommand user interfaces",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "82--99",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/spatial.input.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153582.html",
  abstract =     "A good overview of what makes new interfaces *new*.
                 Lots of good references.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Input
                 devices and strategies. {\bf H.5.2}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Theory and methods. {\bf H.5.2}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Interaction styles. {\bf
                 H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems, Human factors. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications, Computer conferencing and
                 teleconferencing. {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia
                 Information Systems, Animations. {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems,
                 Artificial realities. {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia
                 Information Systems, Video (e.g., tape, disk, DVI).
                 {\bf I.2.1}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, Applications and Expert Systems. {\bf
                 K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING,
                 Software. {\bf K.8.0}: Computing Milieux, PERSONAL
                 COMPUTING, General.",
}

@Article{Marcus:1993:HCI,
  author =       "Aaron Marcus",
  title =        "Human communications issues in advanced {UIs}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "101--109",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153670.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Screen
                 design. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors. {\bf
                 K.4.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 General.",
}

@Article{Grudin:1993:IEC,
  author =       "Jonathan Grudin",
  title =        "Interface: an evolving concept",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "110--119",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153585.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Theory
                 and methods. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Training, help, and documentation. {\bf
                 H.5.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Group and Organization Interfaces. {\bf
                 K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING, Systems.
                 {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems.",
}

@Article{Martin:1993:MAT,
  author =       "C. Dianne Martin",
  title =        "The myth of the awesome thinking machine",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "120--133",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/153587.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING,
                 Systems. {\bf K.4.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 SOCIETY, General.",
}

@Article{Norman:1993:IRU,
  author =       "Donald A. Norman",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Using Names As Identifiers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "154--154",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214834.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; reliability; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Beach:1993:BF,
  author =       "Gary Beach",
  title =        "Building a foundation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "13--14",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155050.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.4.0}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, General.",
}

@Article{Grosch:1993:FDM,
  author =       "Herb Grosch",
  title =        "Forum: In Defense of {Maurice Wilkes} (letter)",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "16--16",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:56:42 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Press:1993:PCT,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal Computing: Technetronic Education: Answers on
                 the cultural Horizon",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "17--22",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 13:22:35 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155051.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education. {\bf K.4.0}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, General.",
}

@Article{Soloway:1993:LER,
  author =       "Elliot Soloway",
  title =        "Log on Education: Reading and Writing in the 21st
                 Century",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "23--27",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155052.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education. {\bf K.3.2}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer
                 and Information Science Education, Curriculum. {\bf
                 K.3.m}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION,
                 Miscellaneous, Computer literacy.",
}

@Article{Soloway:1993:IIT,
  author =       "Elliot Soloway",
  title =        "Introduction to the Issue on Technology in Education",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "28--30",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155053.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General.",
}

@Article{Hawkins:1993:TOS,
  author =       "Jan Hawkins",
  title =        "Technology and the organization of schooling",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "30--35",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155054.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Ruopp:1993:L,
  author =       "Dick Ruopp and Shahaf Gal",
  title =        "The {LabNetwork}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "35--36",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155055.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf J.2}: Computer Applications,
                 PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING.",
}

@Article{Scardamalia:1993:TKB,
  author =       "Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter",
  title =        "Technologies for knowledge-building discourse",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "37--41",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155056.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education.",
}

@Article{Hunter:1993:ICT,
  author =       "Beverly Hunter",
  title =        "Internetworking: coordinating technology for systemic
                 reform",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "42--46",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155057.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications. {\bf K.3.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer
                 Uses in Education.",
}

@Article{Pearlman:1993:DNA,
  author =       "Robert Pearlman",
  title =        "Designing the new {American} schools",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "46--49",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155058.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Newman:1993:SND,
  author =       "Denis Newman",
  title =        "School networks: delivery or access",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "49--51",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155059.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications
                 Applications.",
}

@Article{Barron:1993:TEM,
  author =       "Brigid Barron and Ronald J. Kantor",
  title =        "Tools to enhance math education: the {Jasper} series",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "52--54",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155060.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education. {\bf J.2}:
                 Computer Applications, PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND
                 ENGINEERING, Mathematics and statistics.",
}

@Article{Schank:1993:LMC,
  author =       "Roger C. Schank",
  title =        "Learning via multimedia computers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "54--56",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155061.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education. {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems.",
}

@Article{Grant:1993:WCC,
  author =       "Wayne C. Grant",
  title =        "{Wireless Coyote}: a computer-supported field trip",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "57--59",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155062.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications
                 Applications.",
}

@Article{Pea:1993:CVP,
  author =       "Roy D. Pea",
  title =        "The collaborative visualization project",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "60--63",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155063.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia
                 Information Systems. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications
                 Applications. {\bf J.2}: Computer Applications,
                 PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING.",
}

@Article{Rubin:1993:VLT,
  author =       "Andee Rubin",
  title =        "Video laboratories: tools for scientific
                 investigation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "64--65",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155064.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf I.3.6}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Methodology and
                 Techniques, Interaction techniques. {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems, Video
                 (e.g., tape, disk, DVI). {\bf J.2}: Computer
                 Applications, PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING. {\bf
                 J.2}: Computer Applications, PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND
                 ENGINEERING, Mathematics and statistics.",
}

@Article{Braun:1993:HAS,
  author =       "Ludwig Braun",
  title =        "Help for all the students",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "66--69",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155065.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education.
                 {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Becker:1993:TAC,
  author =       "Henry Jay Becker",
  title =        "Teaching with and about computers in secondary
                 schools",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "69--72",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155066.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education. {\bf K.4.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Anderson:1993:TIU,
  author =       "Ronald E. Anderson",
  title =        "The technology infrastructure of {U.S.} schools",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "72--73",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 5 10:03:00 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155067.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Hawkins:1993:AT,
  author =       "Jan Hawkins and John Frederiksen and Allan Collins and
                 Dorothy Bennett and Elizabeth Collins",
  title =        "Assessment and technology",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "74--76",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155068.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; human factors; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer and Information
                 Science Education, Self-assessment. {\bf K.3.1}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer
                 Uses in Education, Computer-managed instruction
                 (CMI).",
}

@Article{Edwards:1993:LLL,
  author =       "Carol Edwards",
  title =        "Life-long learning",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "76--78",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155069.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.3.m}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Miscellaneous, Computer
                 literacy.",
}

@Article{George:1993:CEF,
  author =       "Yolanda S. George and Shirley M. Malcolm and Laura
                 Jeffers",
  title =        "Computer equity for the future",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "78--81",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155070.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education.
                 {\bf K.3.m}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Miscellaneous, Computer literacy.",
}

@Article{Conn:1993:SS,
  author =       "Coco Conn",
  title =        "{SIGKids} at {SIGGRAPH}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "81--82",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155071.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education.
                 {\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems.",
}

@Article{Perl:1993:ATF,
  author =       "Teri Perl",
  title =        "{ACM} task force on {K-12} education and technology",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "82--83",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155072.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer and Information
                 Science Education, Curriculum.",
}

@Article{Lidtke:1993:CSP,
  author =       "Doris K. Lidtke and David Moursund",
  title =        "Computers in schools: past, present, and how we can
                 change the future",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "84--87",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155073.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer and Information
                 Science Education, Curriculum. {\bf K.3.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer Uses in
                 Education.",
}

@Article{Merritt:1993:AMH,
  author =       "Susan M. Merritt and Charles J. Buen and Philip East
                 and Darlene Grantham and Charles Rice and Viera K.
                 Proulx and Gerry Segal and Carol Wolf",
  title =        "{ACM} Model High School Computer Science Curriculum",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "87--90",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 22 07:04:06 MST 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm36.html#MerrittBEGRPSW93;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/155074.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "standardization",
  oldlabel =     "MerrittBEGRPSW93",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, General. {\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND EDUCATION, Computer and Information
                 Science Education, Curriculum.",
  XMLdata =      "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MerrittBEGRPSW93",
  xxauthor =     "{Task Force of the Pre-College Committee of the
                 Education Board of the ACM}",
}

@Article{Neumann:1993:IRRc,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: The Role of Software Engineering",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "114--114",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 13:23:53 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214836.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; reliability; security",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, General.
                 {\bf K.4.0}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 General.",
}

@Article{Nidumolu:1993:IPC,
  author =       "S. R. Nidumolu and S. E. Goodman",
  title =        "International Perspectives: Computing in {India}: An
                 {Asian} Elephant Learning to Dance",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "15--22",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163261.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Markets. {\bf H.0}: Information Systems, GENERAL. {\bf
                 K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING,
                 Governmental Issues, Regulation.",
}

@Article{Kuhn:1993:ITP,
  author =       "Sarah Kuhn and Michael J. Muller",
  title =        "Introduction with taxonomy of {PD} practices: a brief
                 practitioner's guide",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "24--28",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163263.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS
                 AND SOCIETY, Social Issues. {\bf H.1.2}: Information
                 Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems,
                 Human factors.",
}

@Article{Muller:1993:TPP,
  author =       "Michael J. Muller and Daniel M. Wildman and Ellen A.
                 White",
  title =        "Taxonomy of {PD} Practices: a Brief Practitioner's
                 Guide",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "26--27",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 01 08:03:46 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Sidebar in \cite{Kuhn:1993:ITP}.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Clement:1993:RLP,
  author =       "Andrew Clement and Peter {Van den Besselaar}",
  title =        "A retrospective look at {PD} projects",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "29--37",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163264.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management. {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS
                 IN OTHER SYSTEMS. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Miller:1993:SDD,
  author =       "Steven E. Miller",
  title =        "From system design to democracy",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "38--39",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214813.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, General.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology.",
}

@Article{Bjerknes:1993:SPA,
  author =       "Gro Bjerknes",
  title =        "Some {PD} advice",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "39--39",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214815.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General.",
}

@Article{Carmel:1993:PJA,
  author =       "Erran Carmel and Randall D. Whitaker and Joey F.
                 George",
  title =        "{PD} and Joint Application Design: {A Transatlantic}
                 Comparison",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "40--48",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:06 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163265.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management. {\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 PERFORMANCE OF SYSTEMS. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques.",
}

@Article{Greenbaum:1993:PPS,
  author =       "Joan Greenbaum",
  title =        "{PD} a personal statement",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "47--47",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214816.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Sidebar in \cite{Carmel:1993:PJA}.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General.",
}

@Article{Anderson:1993:EPC,
  author =       "William L. Anderson and William T. Crocca",
  title =        "Engineering practice and codevelopment of product
                 prototypes",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "49--56",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163266.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS
                 AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts. {\bf H.1.2}:
                 Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems.",
}

@Article{Euchner:1993:BIT,
  author =       "Jim Euchner and Patricia Sachs",
  title =        "The benefits of intentional tension",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "53--53",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214817.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Sidebar in \cite{Anderson:1993:EPC}.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General.",
}

@Article{Madsen:1993:EUC,
  author =       "Kim Halskov Madsen and Peter H. Aiken",
  title =        "Experiences using cooperative interactive storyboard
                 prototyping",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "57--64",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163268.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Ergonomics. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT
                 OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and
                 People Management. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems,
                 MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human
                 factors.",
}

@Article{Crane:1993:GF,
  author =       "Darlene Crane",
  title =        "Graphic facilitation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "64--65",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214820.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Sidebar in \cite{Muller:1993:EOP}.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General.",
}

@Article{Muller:1993:EOP,
  author =       "Michael J. Muller and Daniel M. Wildman and Ellen A.
                 White",
  title =        "``Equal opportunity'' {PD} using {PICTIVE}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "64--66",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214818.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General. {\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Programming Environments.",
}

@Article{Gronbaek:1993:CCC,
  author =       "Kaj Gr{\o}nb{\ae}k and Morten Kyng and Preben
                 Mogensen",
  title =        "{CSCW} challenges: cooperative design in engineering
                 projects",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "67--77",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163272.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management. {\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 PERFORMANCE OF SYSTEMS. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques. {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems. {\bf
                 H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems.",
}

@Article{Harker:1993:UPP,
  author =       "Susan Harker",
  title =        "User participation in prototyping",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "77--81",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214822.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General.",
}

@Article{Kensing:1993:PST,
  author =       "Finn Kensing and Andreas Munk-Madsen",
  title =        "{PD}: structure in the toolbox",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "78--85",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163278.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques. {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems. {\bf
                 H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems.",
}

@Article{Mumford:1993:EA,
  author =       "Enid Mumford",
  title =        "The {ETHICS} approach",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "82--82",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214824.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Sidebar in \cite{Kensing:1993:PST}.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General.",
}

@Article{Floyd:1993:SMA,
  author =       "Christiane Floyd",
  title =        "{STEPS}: a methodical approach to {PD}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "83--83",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214826.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design,
                 Methodologies.",
}

@Article{Katzenberg:1993:WLA,
  author =       "Barbara Katzenberg and Peter Piela",
  title =        "Work language analysis and the naming problem",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "86--92",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163286.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; languages",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology. {\bf H.1.2}: Information
                 Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Screen
                 design. {\bf I.6.7}: Computing Methodologies,
                 SIMULATION AND MODELING, Simulation Support Systems,
                 Environments. {\bf J.5}: Computer Applications, ARTS
                 AND HUMANITIES, Linguistics. {\bf D.2.2}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques, User
                 interfaces.",
}

@Article{Blomberg:1993:WOD,
  author =       "Jeanette Blomberg and Denise McLaughlin and Lucy
                 Suchman",
  title =        "Work-oriented design at {Xerox}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "91--91",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214828.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Sidebar in \cite{Katzenberg:1993:WLA}.",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, General. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems,
                 MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human
                 factors. {\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF
                 COMPUTING, XEROX.",
}

@Article{Novick:1993:PCP,
  author =       "David Novick and Eleanor Wynn",
  title =        "Participatory conversation in {PD}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "93--93",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214830.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf D.2.0}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, General.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Evaluation/methodology.",
}

@Article{Wagner:1993:WFP,
  author =       "Ina Wagner",
  title =        "A web of fuzzy problems: confronting the ethical
                 issues",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "94--101",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/fuzzy-scheduling.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  note =         "Analyses inter-human relations and problems related to
                 the task of scheduling rooms and persons having to do
                 with surgery in a large hospital.",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163290.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management. {\bf K.7.m}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTING PROFESSION, Miscellaneous, Ethics.",
}

@Article{Williams:1993:TBS,
  author =       "Marian G. Williams and Vivienne Begg",
  title =        "Translation between software designers and users",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "102--103",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214831.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human information
                 processing. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS
                 AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems, Human factors.
                 {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1993:IRM,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: Modeling and Simulation",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "124--124",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jan 29 09:38:19 2001",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163293.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation",
  subject =      "{\bf I.6.0}: Computing Methodologies, SIMULATION AND
                 MODELING, General.",
}

@Article{Brown:1993:LTY,
  author =       "Judith R. Brown",
  title =        "Looking toward the year 2000",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "13--14",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159548.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.0}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, General. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTER INDUSTRY.",
}

@Article{Angell:1993:ILB,
  author =       "Ian O. Angell",
  title =        "Intelligence: logical or biological",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "15--16, 119",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159550.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.2.0}: Computing Methodologies, ARTIFICIAL
                 INTELLIGENCE, General. {\bf J.3}: Computer
                 Applications, LIFE AND MEDICAL SCIENCES. {\bf H.5.0}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, General. {\bf H.1.2}: Information
                 Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems,
                 Human factors.",
}

@Article{Steele:1993:FCE,
  author =       "Guy L. {Steele, Jr.} and Danny Hillis and Richard
                 Stallman and Gerald J. Sussman and Marvin Minsky and
                 John McCarthy and John Backus and Fernando Corbat{\'o}
                 and Ronald E. Anderson",
  title =        "Forum: Code of Ethics Reconsidered",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "17--20",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:58:31 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1993:CPF,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Computing Perspectives: From {Fortran} and {Algol} to
                 Object-Oriented Languages",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "21--23",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159553.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "languages; standardization",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Object-oriented languages. {\bf
                 D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, ALGOL. {\bf D.3.2}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Classifications,
                 FORTRAN. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER
                 INDUSTRY, Standards.",
}

@Article{Wellner:1993:GEI,
  author =       "Pierre Wellner and Wendy Mackay and Rich Gold",
  title =        "Guest Editors' Introduction to the Special Issue on
                 Computer-Augmented Environments: Back to the Real
                 World",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "24--27",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159555.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.0}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, General. {\bf H.1.2}:
                 Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTER INDUSTRY. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications
                 Applications.",
}

@Article{Spreitzer:1993:SSM,
  author =       "Michael Spreitzer and Marvin Theimer",
  title =        "Scalable, secure, mobile computing with location
                 information",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "27--27",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/mobile.1.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159558.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "security",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General. {\bf D.4.6}:
                 Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Security and Protection.
                 {\bf D.4.7}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Organization
                 and Design, Distributed systems. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications.",
}

@Article{Baudel:1993:CRC,
  author =       "Thomas Baudel and Michel Beaudouin-Lafon",
  title =        "{Charade}: Remote Control of Objects using Free-Hand
                 Gestures",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "28--35",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Wed Dec 02 12:19:30 1998",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/spatial.input.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159562.html",
  abstract =     "Talks about a gesture recognition system for giving
                 computer-driven presentations. The gestures are fairly
                 few and number and generally not that complicated ---
                 they ``win'' by splitting the gestures into three
                 phases: start position, dynamics, end position. The
                 dynamics are typically a direction of motion and / or
                 finger bending. Makes a good point about using tension
                 (a la Buxton) to phrase the gestures: start in a tense
                 state (you're explicitly indicating that you want to do
                 something) and end in a relaxed state (you naturally
                 relax your arm as a gesture comes to a close).",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; performance; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Input
                 devices and strategies. {\bf H.5.2}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Interaction styles. {\bf H.5.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information Systems, Hypertext
                 navigation and maps. {\bf B.4.2}: Hardware,
                 INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS, Input/Output
                 Devices. {\bf I.3.6}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Methodology and Techniques, Interaction
                 techniques. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Theory and methods. {\bf I.5.2}: Computing
                 Methodologies, PATTERN RECOGNITION, Design Methodology.
                 {\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER
                 SYSTEMS, Command and control. {\bf J.7}: Computer
                 Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS, Consumer
                 products. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications.",
}

@Article{Krueger:1993:ETM,
  author =       "Myron W. Krueger",
  title =        "Environmental technology: making the real world
                 virtual",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "36--37",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/spatial.input.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159563.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Artificial realities. {\bf I.3.7}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Three-Dimensional
                 Graphics and Realism, Virtual reality. {\bf J.7}:
                 Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER SYSTEMS, Real
                 time. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Input
                 devices and strategies. {\bf H.5.2}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Interaction styles. {\bf I.3.6}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Methodology and
                 Techniques, Interaction techniques. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications.",
}

@Article{Fitzmaurice:1993:SIS,
  author =       "George W. Fitzmaurice",
  title =        "Situated Information Spaces and Spatially Aware
                 Palmtop Computers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "38--49",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 09 14:58:02 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/spatial.input.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159566.html",
  abstract =     "Describes a hand-held monitor tracked in free space to
                 view an imaginary 3D scene that surrounds the user. A
                 button on top of the monitor is used to select
                 commands.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces,
                 Interaction styles. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Input devices and strategies. {\bf H.3.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL,
                 Information Search and Retrieval, Retrieval models.
                 {\bf I.3.1}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Hardware architecture, Three-dimensional
                 displays. {\bf I.3.6}: Computing Methodologies,
                 COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Methodology and Techniques,
                 Interaction techniques.",
}

@Article{Azuma:1993:TRA,
  author =       "Ronald Azuma",
  title =        "Tracking requirements for augmented reality",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "50--51",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159581.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.7}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Three-Dimensional Graphics and Realism,
                 Virtual reality. {\bf I.3.1}: Computing Methodologies,
                 COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Hardware architecture,
                 Three-dimensional displays. {\bf H.1.2}: Information
                 Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems.
                 {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Input
                 devices and strategies.",
}

@Article{Feiner:1993:KBA,
  author =       "Steven Feiner and Blair Macintyre and Dor{\'e}e
                 Seligmann",
  title =        "Knowledge-based augmented reality",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "53--62",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/spatial.input.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159587.html",
  abstract =     "Describes a system which employs a see-through head
                 mounted display (augmented reality) and projects
                 wireframe graphics onto objects in the real world. An
                 example given is an application which overlays a laser
                 printer with wireframe information to help the user
                 perform maintenance tasks. The head mount is
                 constructed using a Private Eye.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.1}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Multimedia Information
                 Systems, Artificial realities. {\bf I.3.6}: Computing
                 Methodologies, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, Methodology and
                 Techniques, Interaction techniques. {\bf H.5.2}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, Interaction styles. {\bf
                 B.4.2}: Hardware, INPUT/OUTPUT AND DATA COMMUNICATIONS,
                 Input/Output Devices. {\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User
                 Interfaces, Input devices and strategies.",
}

@Article{Resnick:1993:BCK,
  author =       "Mitchel Resnick",
  title =        "Behavior construction kits",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "64--71",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159593.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "experimentation; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER
                 SYSTEMS. {\bf K.3.m}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Miscellaneous.",
}

@Article{Gold:1993:P,
  author =       "Rich Gold",
  title =        "This is not a pipe",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "72--72",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159598.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf I.3.m}: Computing Methodologies, COMPUTER
                 GRAPHICS, Miscellaneous.",
}

@Article{Weiser:1993:SCS,
  author =       "Mark Weiser",
  title =        "Some {Computer Science} Issues in Ubiquitous
                 Computing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "74--84",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 5 07:58:42 MST 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/mobile.1.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159617.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems, MODELS AND
                 PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems. {\bf H.4.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Office Automation. {\bf J.0}: Computer Applications,
                 GENERAL. {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS.",
}

@Article{Elrod:1993:ROE,
  author =       "Scott Elrod and Gene Hall and Rick Costanza and
                 Michael Dixon and Jim {Des Rivi{\`e}res}",
  title =        "Responsive office environments",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "84--85",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159626.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; management",
  subject =      "{\bf J.7}: Computer Applications, COMPUTERS IN OTHER
                 SYSTEMS. {\bf H.4.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Types of Systems. {\bf K.4.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Organizational Impacts.",
}

@Article{Wellner:1993:IPD,
  author =       "Pierre Wellner",
  title =        "Interacting with Paper on the {DigitalDesk}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "86--96",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 26 16:43:43 1995",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/spatial.input.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159630.html",
  abstract =     "Overhead projector projects paper on to the desk
                 surface; a camera system tracks where your hand is
                 positioned. A good paper.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, User
                 interface management systems (UIMS). {\bf H.4.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Office Automation. {\bf H.1.2}: Information Systems,
                 MODELS AND PRINCIPLES, User/Machine Systems. {\bf C.3}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND
                 APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS. {\bf J.0}: Computer
                 Applications, GENERAL.",
}

@Article{Mackay:1993:ARA,
  author =       "Wendy Mackay and Gilles Velay and Kathy Carter and
                 Chaoying Ma and Daniele Pagani",
  title =        "Augmenting reality: adding computational dimensions to
                 paper",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "96--97",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/spatial.input.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159638.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf H.5.2}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, User Interfaces, User
                 interface management systems (UIMS). {\bf H.4.1}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Office Automation.",
}

@Article{Denning:1993:DNP,
  author =       "Peter J. Denning",
  title =        "Designing New Principles to Sustain Research in our
                 {Universities}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "99--104",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:08 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/159640.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education.
                 {\bf K.7.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING
                 PROFESSION, Occupations. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues.",
}

@Article{Marsaglia:1993:TCR,
  author =       "George Marsaglia",
  title =        "Technical Correspondence: Remarks on Choosing and
                 Implementing Random Number Generators",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "105--108",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/159544.376068",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:57:13 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/marsaglia-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/prng.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Sullivan:1993:ATR,
  author =       "Stephen J. Sullivan",
  title =        "Another Test for Randomness",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "108--108",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/159544.376068",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Mar 03 09:06:14 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/prng.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Park:1993:ATR,
  author =       "Stephen K. Park and Keith W. Miller and Paul K.
                 Stockmeyer",
  title =        "Another Test for Randomness: Response",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "108--110",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/159544.376068",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Mar 03 09:06:14 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/prng.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Communications of the ACM",
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Neumann:1993:IRRd,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside {RISKS}: {RISKS} on the Rails",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "130--130",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 13 13:25:37 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214812.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; reliability",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Human safety. {\bf H.1.2}:
                 Information Systems, MODELS AND PRINCIPLES,
                 User/Machine Systems, Human factors.",
}

@Article{Colonna:1993:TCS,
  author =       "Jean-Fran{\c{c}}ois Colonna",
  title =        "Technical Correspondence: The subjectivity of
                 computers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "15--18",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:59:22 1997",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/nld.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "computing",
}

@Article{Rettig:1993:PPE,
  author =       "Marc Rettig and Gary Simons and John Thomson",
  title =        "Practical Programmer: Extended Objects",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "19--24",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163413.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.6}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Programming Environments. {\bf J.5}: Computer
                 Applications, ARTS AND HUMANITIES. {\bf D.1.5}:
                 Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented
                 Programming. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques.",
}

@Article{Weingarten:1993:WHH,
  author =       "Fred W. Weingarten",
  title =        "From {Washington}: Happenings on the Hill",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "25--27",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163417.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Ishida:1993:ISI,
  author =       "Haruhisa Ishida and Lawrence H. Landweber",
  title =        "Introduction to the Special Issue on Internetworking",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "28--30",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:09 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163382.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "theory",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications. {\bf C.2.0}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION
                 NETWORKS, General.",
}

@Article{Bush:1993:FTT,
  author =       "Randy Bush",
  title =        "{FidoNet}: technology, tools, and history",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "31--35",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163383.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf C.2.1}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network Architecture
                 and Design. {\bf C.3}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 SPECIAL-PURPOSE AND APPLICATION-BASED SYSTEMS. {\bf
                 K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING, Systems.
                 {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications.",
}

@Article{Murray:1993:KNG,
  author =       "Janet Murray",
  title =        "{K12} network: global education through
                 telecommunications",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "36--41",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163386.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer Uses in Education. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications, Bulletin boards. {\bf
                 H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications, Computer
                 conferencing and teleconferencing.",
}

@Article{Sadowsky:1993:NCD,
  author =       "George Sadowsky",
  title =        "Network connectivity for developing countries",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "42--47",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163388.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications. {\bf C.2.0}:
                 Computer Systems Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION
                 NETWORKS, General. {\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTER INDUSTRY, Markets. {\bf K.4.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Social Issues. {\bf
                 K.5.2}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING,
                 Governmental Issues.",
}

@Article{Kent:1993:IPE,
  author =       "Stephen T. Kent",
  title =        "{Internet} Privacy Enhanced Mail",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "48--60",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:10 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163390.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "security",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications, Electronic
                 mail. {\bf D.4.6}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS,
                 Security and Protection, Access controls. {\bf D.4.6}:
                 Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Security and Protection,
                 Authentication. {\bf D.4.6}: Software, OPERATING
                 SYSTEMS, Security and Protection, Cryptographic
                 controls. {\bf D.4.6}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS,
                 Security and Protection, Verification. {\bf K.6.5}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Security and Protection,
                 Authentication. {\bf C.2.1}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network
                 Architecture and Design, Internet.",
}

@Article{Rotenberg:1993:CPI,
  author =       "Marc Rotenberg",
  title =        "Communications privacy: implications for network
                 design",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "61--68",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163393.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues. {\bf C.2.1}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Network
                 Architecture and Design. {\bf C.2.0}: Computer Systems
                 Organization, COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General,
                 Security and protection. {\bf H.4.3}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications.",
}

@Article{Tuerkheimer:1993:UPP,
  author =       "Frank M. Tuerkheimer",
  title =        "The underpinnings of privacy protection",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "69--73",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 06 08:07:12 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163394.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental
                 Issues.",
}

@Article{Hiramatsu:1993:PTP,
  author =       "Tsuyoshi Hiramatsu",
  title =        "Protecting telecommunications privacy in {Japan}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "74--77",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163400.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY, Markets. {\bf H.4.3}:
                 Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS,
                 Communications Applications.",
}

@Article{Schwartz:1993:DSI,
  author =       "Michael F. Schwartz and David C. M. Wood",
  title =        "Discovering shared interests using graph analysis",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "78--89",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163402.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; experimentation; Internet network electronic
                 mail connectivity measurement study; measurement",
  subject =      "{\bf H.3.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE
                 AND RETRIEVAL, Information Search and Retrieval, Search
                 process. {\bf C.2.4}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, Distributed Systems,
                 Distributed applications. {\bf H.3.1}: Information
                 Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, Content
                 Analysis and Indexing, Abstracting methods. {\bf
                 H.3.4}: Information Systems, INFORMATION STORAGE AND
                 RETRIEVAL, Systems and Software, Information networks.
                 {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications, Bulletin
                 boards. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications,
                 Electronic mail. {\bf H.5.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group and
                 Organization Interfaces, Organizational design. {\bf
                 I.5.2}: Computing Methodologies, PATTERN RECOGNITION,
                 Design Methodology, Classifier design and evaluation.
                 {\bf I.5.3}: Computing Methodologies, PATTERN
                 RECOGNITION, Clustering, Algorithms. {\bf I.5.3}:
                 Computing Methodologies, PATTERN RECOGNITION,
                 Clustering, Similarity measures. {\bf I.5.4}: Computing
                 Methodologies, PATTERN RECOGNITION, Applications. {\bf
                 K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf F.2.2}: Theory of
                 Computation, ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM
                 COMPLEXITY, Nonnumerical Algorithms and Problems,
                 Pattern matching.",
}

@Article{Hesse:1993:RSC,
  author =       "Bradford W. Hesse and Lee S. Sproull and Sara B.
                 Kiesler and John P. Walsh",
  title =        "Returns to science: computer networks in
                 oceanography",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "90--101",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163409.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION SYSTEMS
                 APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications, Bulletin
                 boards. {\bf H.4.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS, Communications Applications,
                 Electronic mail. {\bf H.5.3}: Information Systems,
                 INFORMATION INTERFACES AND PRESENTATION, Group and
                 Organization Interfaces, Evaluation/methodology. {\bf
                 H.5.3}: Information Systems, INFORMATION INTERFACES AND
                 PRESENTATION, Group and Organization Interfaces,
                 Organizational design. {\bf K.4.3}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Organizational Impacts. {\bf
                 J.2}: Computer Applications, PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND
                 ENGINEERING, Earth and atmospheric sciences.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1993:IRRe,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside Risks: Risks of Surveillance",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "122--122",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163420.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects; security",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.5.0}: Computing
                 Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, General. {\bf
                 C.2.0}: Computer Systems Organization,
                 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, General, Security and
                 protection. {\bf D.4.6}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS,
                 Security and Protection.",
}

@Article{Hoffman:1993:CC,
  author =       "Lance J. Hoffman",
  title =        "Clipping {Clipper}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "15--17",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162691.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "legal aspects; theory",
  subject =      "{\bf K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Privacy. {\bf K.5.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTING, Governmental
                 Issues. {\bf E.3}: Data, DATA ENCRYPTION.",
}

@Article{Samuelson:1993:LSC,
  author =       "Pamela Samuelson",
  title =        "Legally Speaking: Computer Programs and Copyright's
                 Fair Use Doctrine",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "19--25",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162693.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; legal aspects",
  subject =      "{\bf K.5.1}: Computing Milieux, LEGAL ASPECTS OF
                 COMPUTING, Software Protection, Copyrights. {\bf
                 K.4.1}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY,
                 Public Policy Issues, Regulation.",
}

@Article{Press:1993:PCB,
  author =       "Larry Press",
  title =        "Personal Computing: Before the {Altair}: The History
                 of Personal Computing",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "27--33",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162697.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING,
                 Systems. {\bf K.2}: Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF
                 COMPUTING, People.",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:ISI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Introduction to the Special Issue on Concurrent
                 Object-Oriented Programming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "34",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 27 21:34:49 1994",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Cohen:1993:COO,
  author =       "Jacques Cohen",
  title =        "Concurrent object-oriented programming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "35--36",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/214809.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming. {\bf D.1.3}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Concurrent Programming.",
}

@Article{Lea:1993:CSS,
  author =       "Rodger Lea and Christian Jacquemot and Eric
                 Pillevesse",
  title =        "{COOL}: system support for distributed programming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "37--46",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Ooos.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162699.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Concurrent Programming. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques, Software libraries.
                 {\bf D.4.7}: Software, OPERATING SYSTEMS, Organization
                 and Design, Distributed systems. {\bf D.4.9}: Software,
                 OPERATING SYSTEMS, Systems Programs and Utilities. {\bf
                 D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming.",
}

@Article{Achauer:1993:DDO,
  author =       "Bruno Achauer",
  title =        "The {DOWL} distributed object-oriented language",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "48--55",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162703.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, DOWL. {\bf D.1.3}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Concurrent Programming. {\bf
                 D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Tools and
                 Techniques, Software libraries. {\bf H.2.4}:
                 Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Systems,
                 Concurrency.",
}

@Article{Meyer:1993:SCO,
  author =       "Bertrand Meyer",
  title =        "Systematic concurrent object-oriented programming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "56--80",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Ooos.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162705.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Concurrent Programming. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques, Software libraries.
                 {\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems, Concurrency.",
}

@Article{Lohr:1993:CAR,
  author =       "Klaus-Peter L{\"o}hr",
  title =        "Concurrency annotations for reusable software",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "81--89",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162708.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Concurrent Programming. {\bf H.2.4}: Information
                 Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT, Systems, Concurrency.
                 {\bf D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming. {\bf D.2.m}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Miscellaneous, Reusable
                 software.",
}

@Article{Caromel:1993:TMO,
  author =       "Denis Caromel",
  title =        "Toward a method of object-oriented concurrent
                 programming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "90--102",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162711.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Concurrent Programming. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques, Software libraries.
                 {\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems, Concurrency. {\bf D.1.5}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES, Object-oriented Programming.",
}

@Article{Karaorman:1993:ICS,
  author =       "Murat Karaorman and John Bruno",
  title =        "Introducing concurrency to a sequential language",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "103--115",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162715.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Concurrent Programming. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Tools and Techniques, Software libraries.
                 {\bf H.2.4}: Information Systems, DATABASE MANAGEMENT,
                 Systems, Concurrency. {\bf D.3.2}: Software,
                 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language Classifications,
                 Object-oriented languages.",
}

@Article{Campbell:1993:DIC,
  author =       "Roy H. Campbell and Nayeem Islam and David Raila and
                 Peter Madany",
  title =        "Designing and implementing {{\em Choices}}: an
                 object-oriented system in {C++}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "117--126",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 28 14:59:46 1997",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Ooos.bib;
                 http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162717.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Design,
                 Methodologies. {\bf D.4.0}: Software, OPERATING
                 SYSTEMS, General, Choices. {\bf D.2.3}: Software,
                 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Coding, Reentrant code. {\bf
                 D.1.5}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Object-oriented Programming.",
}

@Article{Muhlhauser:1993:DMA,
  author =       "Max M{\"u}hlh{\"a}user and Wolfgang Gerteis and Lutz
                 Heuser",
  title =        "{DOCASE}: a methodic approach to distributed
                 programming",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "127--138",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/162721.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.1.3}: Software, PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES,
                 Concurrent Programming, Distributed programming. {\bf
                 D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES, Language
                 Classifications, Concurrent, distributed, and parallel
                 languages. {\bf D.3.2}: Software, PROGRAMMING
                 LANGUAGES, Language Classifications, Object-oriented
                 languages. {\bf D.2.2}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Tools and Techniques, Computer-aided software
                 engineering (CASE).",
}

@Article{Neumann:1993:IRA,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside Risks: Animal Crackers",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "162--162",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163427.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "reliability",
  subject =      "{\bf C.4}: Computer Systems Organization, PERFORMANCE
                 OF SYSTEMS, Reliability, availability, and
                 serviceability. {\bf K.4.m}: Computing Milieux,
                 COMPUTERS AND SOCIETY, Miscellaneous. {\bf K.6.m}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Miscellaneous.",
}

@Article{Dekleva:1993:TCF,
  author =       "Sasa Dekleva and Stanley Martens",
  title =        "Technical Correspondence: First Normal Form
                 Reconsidered",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "19--20",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 01 08:03:53 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Soloway:1993:LES,
  author =       "Elliot Soloway",
  title =        "Log on Education: Should We Teach Students to
                 Program?",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "21--24",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/164061.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.3.2}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS AND
                 EDUCATION, Computer and Information Science Education,
                 Curriculum. {\bf K.3.m}: Computing Milieux, COMPUTERS
                 AND EDUCATION, Miscellaneous, Computer literacy.",
}

@Article{Wolcott:1993:IPU,
  author =       "P. Wolcott and S. E. Goodman",
  title =        "International Perspectives: Under the Stress of
                 Reform: High-Performance Computing in the Former
                 {Soviet Union}",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "25--29",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/164063.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics",
  subject =      "{\bf K.1}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY,
                 Markets.",
}

@Article{Constantine:1993:ISS,
  author =       "Larry L. Constantine and Lucy A. D. Lockwood",
  title =        "Introduction to the Special Section on Project
                 Organization and Management",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "30--32",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 01 08:04:03 1997",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
}

@Article{Constantine:1993:OPO,
  author =       "Larry L. Constantine and Lucy A. D. Lockwood",
  title =        "Orchestrating project organization and management",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "31--32",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163434.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.0}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, General.",
}

@Article{Constantine:1993:WOP,
  author =       "Larry L. Constantine",
  title =        "Work organization: paradigms for project management
                 and organization",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "35--43",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163435.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management. {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Management, Programming teams. {\bf
                 K.7.2}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING PROFESSION,
                 Organizations.",
}

@Article{Rettig:1993:PPD,
  author =       "Marc Rettig and Gary Simons",
  title =        "A project planning and development process for small
                 teams",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "45--55",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163440.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.7.2}: Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING
                 PROFESSION, Organizations. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software development.
                 {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING
                 AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People Management,
                 Training.",
}

@Article{Hyman:1993:CCH,
  author =       "Risa B. Hyman",
  title =        "Creative chaos in high-performance teams: an
                 experience report",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "57--60",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163444.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors; management",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management, Systems development. {\bf K.7.2}: Computing
                 Milieux, THE COMPUTING PROFESSION, Organizations. {\bf
                 D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Management,
                 Programming teams.",
}

@Article{Walz:1993:ISD,
  author =       "Diane B. Walz and Joyce J. Elam and Bill Curtis",
  title =        "Inside a software design team: knowledge acquisition,
                 sharing, and integration",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "63--77",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163447.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design; human factors; performance",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management, Programming teams. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Project and People Management. {\bf K.7.2}:
                 Computing Milieux, THE COMPUTING PROFESSION,
                 Organizations. {\bf D.2.10}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Design.",
}

@Article{Zultner:1993:TTT,
  author =       "Richard E. Zultner",
  title =        "{TQM} for technical teams",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "79--91",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/163577.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "economics; human factors; management; measurement;
                 performance",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management,
                 Software development. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux,
                 MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
                 Project and People Management, Training. {\bf D.2.9}:
                 Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, Management, Programming
                 teams.",
}

@Article{Holtzblatt:1993:MCC,
  author =       "Karen Holtzblatt and Hugh Beyer",
  title =        "Making customer-centered design work for teams",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "92--103",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/164050.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "management",
  subject =      "{\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING,
                 Management, Programming teams. {\bf K.6.1}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Project and People Management. {\bf K.6.3}:
                 Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software
                 development. {\bf K.7.2}: Computing Milieux, THE
                 COMPUTING PROFESSION, Organizations.",
}

@Article{Hutchings:1993:PIL,
  author =       "Tony Hutchings and Michael G. Hyde and David Marca and
                 Lou Cohen",
  title =        "Process improvement that lasts: an integrated training
                 and consulting method",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "104--113",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/164057.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "human factors",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management, Training. {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Management, Programming teams. {\bf
                 K.6.3}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND
                 INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Software Management, Software
                 development.",
}

@Article{Zahniser:1993:DWA,
  author =       "Richard A. Zahniser",
  title =        "Design by walking around",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "114--123",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.acm.org/pubs/toc/Abstracts/0001-0782/164060.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://portal.acm.org/browse_dl.cfm?idx=J79",
  keywords =     "design",
  subject =      "{\bf K.6.1}: Computing Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF
                 COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Project and People
                 Management. {\bf D.2.9}: Software, SOFTWARE
                 ENGINEERING, Management. {\bf K.6.3}: Computing
                 Milieux, MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION
                 SYSTEMS, Software Management.",
}

@Article{Neumann:1993:IRS,
  author =       "Peter G. Neumann",
  title =        "Inside Risks: System Development Woes",
  journal =      j-CACM,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "146--146",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "CACMA2",
  ISSN =         "0001-0782 (print), 1557-7317 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0001-0782",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 30 09:41:10 MDT 1996",
  bibsource =    "