%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "1.07",
%%%     date            = "07 February 2014",
%%%     time            = "06:23:16 MST",
%%%     filename        = "bstj1990.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "39630 14482 66261 669663",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "AT\&T Technical Journal; BibTeX;
%%%                        bibliography; Bell Labs Technical Journal;
%%%                        Bell System Technical Journal",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a bibliography of publications for
%%%                        1990--1996 in the AT&T Technical Journal
%%%                        (CODEN ATJOEM, ISSN 8756-2324).  Publication
%%%                        ceased in 1996.
%%%
%%%                        The journal reappeared that year as the Bell
%%%                        Labs Technical Journal (CODEN BLTJFD, ISSN
%%%                        1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)),
%%%                        with volume numbers starting from 1, and
%%%                        published by Wiley.  Publication is usually
%%%                        quarterly, and each volumes may span two
%%%                        years, with the fourth issue assigned to the
%%%                        next year.  The Wiley Web site for the new
%%%                        journal is
%%%
%%%                            http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/
%%%
%%%                        At version 1.07, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
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%%%                             1990 (  43)    1994 (  30)    1998 (  56)
%%%                             1991 (  43)    1995 (  53)    1999 (  61)
%%%                             1992 (  42)    1996 (  43)
%%%                             1993 (  39)    1997 (  62)
%%%
%%%                             Article:        470
%%%                             Book:             2
%%%
%%%                             Total entries:  472
%%%
%%%                        Data for this bibliography have been
%%%                        collected for the journal Web site, the TeX
%%%                        User Group bibliography archives, the
%%%                        MathSciNet database, and the Compendex
%%%                        database.
%%%
%%%                        Numerous errors in the sources noted above
%%%                        have been corrected.   Spelling has been
%%%                        verified with the UNIX spell and GNU ispell
%%%                        programs using the exception dictionary
%%%                        stored in the companion file with extension
%%%                        .sok.
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%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
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%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
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%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:

@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:

@String{j-ATT-TECH-J            = "AT\&T Technical Journal"}

@String{j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J      = "Bell Labs Technical Journal"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Publisher abbreviations:

@String{pub-CAMBRIDGE           = "Cambridge University Press"}
@String{pub-CAMBRIDGE:adr       = "Cambridge, UK"}

@String{pub-KLUWER              = "Kluwer Academic Publishers Group"}
@String{pub-KLUWER:adr          = "Norwell, MA, USA, and Dordrecht,
                                  The Netherlands"}

@String{pub-OXFORD              = "Oxford University Press"}
@String{pub-OXFORD:adr          = "Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries sorted in publication order:
%%%
%%% Although coverage is nearly complete, there are still several
%%% unresolved issues, and missing entries, as evidenced by keys
%%% beginning xx in several entries, and by this coverage report:
%%%
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@Article{Uyar:1990:AVI,
  author =       "M. U. Uyar and A. Lapone and K. K. Sabnani",
  title =        "Algorithmic verification of {ISDN} network layer
                 protocol",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "17--31",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors present an algorithmic procedure for
                 checking logical correctness of communication protocols
                 and discuss its application to the Q.931 integrated
                 services digital network (ISDN) network layer protocol.
                 A protocol is specified as a collection of
                 communicating finite-state machines (FSMs). The FSMs in
                 the protocol are composed into a global FSM using the
                 incremental composition and reduction (ICR) method.
                 This method minimizes the state explosion problem by
                 reducing the number of states in the global FSM by
                 approximately one to two orders of magnitude while
                 maintaining its observational equivalence. It also
                 checks whether the behavior of the service FSM, an FSM
                 that models the services expected from the protocol, is
                 a subset of the global FSM's behavior. A software tool,
                 called APROVE (a protocol verifier), implements this
                 procedure. They present the formal specification of
                 Q.931 as a collection of 14 communicating FSMs. The
                 results of its verification using APROVE are also
                 reported.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "algorithm theory; finite automata; ISDN; program
                 verification; protocols",
  subject =      "logical correctness checking; algorithmic
                 verification; q.931 ISDN layer protocol; incremental
                 composition/reduction; communication protocols;
                 communicating finite-state machines; software tool;
                 APROVE",
}

@Article{Holzmann:1990:AAP,
  author =       "G. J. Holzmann",
  title =        "Algorithms for automated protocol verification",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "32--44",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The author studies the four basic types of algorithm
                 for the automated verification of the logical
                 consistency of data communication protocols. The
                 algorithms are compared on memory usage, CPU time
                 requirements, and the quality of the search for errors.
                 It is shown that the best algorithm, according to above
                 criteria, can be improved further in a significant way,
                 by avoiding a known performance bottleneck. The
                 algorithm derived in this manner works in a fixed-size
                 memory arena, it is up to two orders of magnitude
                 faster than the previous methods, and it has superior
                 coverage of the state space when analyzing large
                 protocol systems. The algorithm is the first for which
                 the search efficiency does not depend on the size of
                 the state space: there is no time penalty for analyzing
                 very large state spaces. The practicality of the new
                 algorithm has been tested in verification of portions
                 of AT\&T's 5ESS switch.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "conformance testing; electronic switching systems;
                 program verification; protocols; telecommunications
                 computing",
  subject =      "error search quality; AT\&T 5ESS switch; state space
                 coverage; automated protocol verification; memory
                 usage; CPU time requirements; search efficiency",
}

@Article{Bush:1990:CTM,
  author =       "M. Bush and K. Rasmussen and Fai Wong",
  title =        "Conformance testing methodologies for {OSI}
                 protocols",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "84--100",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors examine the test methods applicable to OSI
                 conformance testing as defined by the International
                 Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the
                 International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative
                 Committee (CCITT). The advantages and disadvantages of
                 each test method are discussed. Each test method is
                 analyzed in terms of its technique in providing
                 synchronization between the test system and the system
                 under test (SUT), and its ability to supply a
                 controlled environment for comprehensive protocol
                 testing. They also discuss the applicability of each
                 test method to different OSI protocols, and the generic
                 aspects of test system architecture common to all test
                 methods. Specific attention is paid to those test
                 methods that are used to test X.25 implementations and
                 network management protocols.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "conformance testing; open systems; protocols;
                 telecommunications computing",
  subject =      "common management information protocol; OSI
                 conformance testing; International Organization for
                 Standardization; ISO; international telegraph and
                 telephone consultative committee; CCITT;
                 synchronization; test system; system under test;
                 protocol testing; OSI protocols; test system
                 architecture; x.25 implementations; network management
                 protocols",
}

@Article{Dahbura:1990:AGP,
  author =       "A. T. Dahbura and K. K. Sabnani",
  title =        "Algorithmic generation of protocol conformance tests",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "101--118",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors describe an algorithmic method (which is
                 based on unique input/output sequences and Rural
                 Postman tours) for generating conformance-test
                 sequences that require minimum cost (i.e. run time) and
                 completely cover the state transitions defined by the
                 protocol specification. The technique, which has been
                 implemented as the POSTMAN software package, has been
                 widely used in AT\&T Bell Laboratories to generate
                 protocol-conformance tests. This approach can be used
                 to generate tests for valid, inopportune, and illegal
                 messages; for error recovery; and for
                 window-flow-control procedures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "conformance testing; program verification; protocols;
                 standards",
  subject =      "algorithmic generation; protocol conformance tests;
                 unique input/output sequences; rural postman tours;
                 state transitions; protocol specification; postman
                 software package; AT\&T bell laboratories; error
                 recovery; window-flow-control",
}

@Article{Belanger:1990:ESD,
  author =       "D. G. Belanger and S. G. Chappell and M. Wish",
  title =        "Evolution of software development environments",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--6",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software development technology is, increasingly, a
                 key element in AT\&T's ability to compete across
                 products. New technology and methodology being brought
                 to bear on problems of specification, design,
                 implementation, testing and maintenance are outlined.
                 Three dominant trends are emerging in software
                 development environment technology: tools are growing
                 more powerful, technology is being applied across the
                 software life cycle, and development environments are
                 becoming more closely integrated within an open
                 architecture.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "programming environments; software engineering;
                 software tools",
  subject =      "AT\&T; software development environments;
                 specification; design; implementation; testing;
                 maintenance; tools; software life cycle; open
                 architecture",
}

@Article{Bergland:1990:IFE,
  author =       "G. David Bergland and Geoffrey H. Krader and D. Paul
                 Smith and Paul M. Zislis",
  title =        "Improving the front end of the software-development
                 process for large-scale systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "7--21",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "For large-scale systems, diverse customer needs must
                 be communicated and translated into precise
                 implementations that are consistent with the existing
                 system. Typically, we have relied on English-language
                 text as a communications medium. But requirements
                 written in English are often imprecise, and translating
                 them into a finished product is largely a manual
                 effort. As a result, the front end of the software
                 development process --- from analysis of customer
                 requirements to high-level design --- is generally time
                 consuming, labor intensive, and error prone. In this
                 paper, we discuss ways to apply computer-aided
                 software-engineering technologies to the front-end
                 process. We discuss ways to capture customer
                 requirements in a machine-processable form where they
                 can be reviewed, revised, analyzed, and refined into
                 clear, unambiguous descriptions of what needs to be
                 done and how to do it. Our goal in applying new and
                 existing technologies is to mechanize much of the
                 front-end process and thus reduce development costs and
                 improve product quality.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer systems, digital--real time operation;
                 systems science and cybernetics--large scale systems",
  subject =      "English-language text; front-end process",
  topic =        "computer software",
}

@Article{Belanger:1990:TSI,
  author =       "David G. Belanger and Ronald J. Brachman and Yih-Farn
                 Chen and Prekumar T. Devanbu and Peter G. Selfridge",
  title =        "Toward a software information system",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22--41",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A software information system collects information
                 about large software systems in knowledge and data
                 bases. It includes applications built on these bases to
                 provide easy access to software information or to
                 automate elements of the software development process.
                 Work in this area is proceeding at AT\&T Bell
                 Laboratories in three related directions. The C
                 Information Abstraction system automatically extracts
                 information from C language programs and stores it in a
                 relational database. It includes a growing collection
                 of applications of this information. The MView system
                 provides graphical views of interrelated software and
                 lets a user quickly browse software systems. The LaSSIE
                 system represents large amounts of software information
                 in a formal language and provides intelligent
                 assistance in retrieving software components. Progress
                 in these three directions is reviewed in this paper.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer programming languages; database
                 systems--relational; expert systems; information
                 retrieval systems; information science; relational
                 databases; software tools; telecommunications
                 computing; telephone systems",
  subject =      "5ESS electronic switching system; C information
                 abstraction system; C language programs; Integrated
                 Services Digital Network (ISDN); large software
                 systems; software information",
  topic =        "computer software",
}

@Article{Kowalski:1990:IEO,
  author =       "T. J. Kowalski and Yean-Ming Huang and H. V.
                 Diamantidis",
  title =        "An interpretive environment for operations support
                 systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "42--51",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors have developed an interactive C
                 programming environment (cens) with integrated
                 facilities to create, edit, browse, execute, and debug
                 C programs. At the heart of cens is a C source-code
                 interpreter, cin, that implements correct and complete
                 C semantics; enables rapid prototyping; performs
                 extensive error checks; facilitates incremental update;
                 manages multiple software views; and provides a
                 programmable command language. The authors discuss how
                 a medium-sized software project, the switched access
                 remote test system (SARTS), has benefited from using
                 cin for debugging, software manufacturing, and rapid
                 prototyping. Using SARTS as a case study, they also
                 describe how the interactive environment catches errors
                 and allows corrections `on the fly', thereby shortening
                 the debug cycle by a factor of 500 percent.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "c language; program debugging; program interpreters;
                 programming environments; software engineering",
  subject =      "on-the-fly corrections; interpretive environment;
                 operations support systems; interactive c programming
                 environment; cens; c source-code interpreter; cin; c
                 semantics; rapid prototyping; extensive error checks;
                 incremental update; multiple software views;
                 programmable command language; medium-sized software
                 project; switched access remote test system; debugging;
                 software manufacturing; SARTS",
}

@Article{Barnard:1990:CDP,
  author =       "H. Jack Barnard and Robert B. Collicott",
  title =        "{COMPAS}. a development-process support system",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "52--64",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "COMPAS is a development-process support system that
                 provides quick access to documents and document-related
                 information produced at discrete times throughout the
                 development cycle. The system is designed to aid the
                 development of documentation products; aid the
                 planning, scheduling, and tracking of project progress;
                 support activities that verify and validate development
                 products as they are produced; and provide metrics
                 about the document-development process for controlling
                 the current project and data for planning future
                 projects. As a result of using COMPAS, developers have
                 achieved improvements in productivity and product
                 quality. Also, the development cycle now is more
                 visible to managers, and they have more control over
                 it.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer operating systems; computer programming
                 languages; information retrieval systems; project
                 support environments; system documentation",
  subject =      "document-development process; document-related
                 information",
  topic =        "computer systems programming",
}

@Article{Hayden:1990:SDA,
  author =       "C. C. Hayden and J. C. Mitchell and J. Mukerji and F.
                 A. Schmidt",
  title =        "The {Software Development Assistant}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "76--89",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The Software Development Assistant (SDA) is an
                 exploratory software development environment. It
                 employs new hardware and software technology to help
                 developers of the Definity 75/85 communications system
                 manage the complexities of software design. The authors
                 describe an integrated set of tools to be used during
                 the design and implementation stages of the development
                 process, and the architectural components on which
                 these tools are based. They then discuss current work
                 to develop new user capabilities and to incorporate new
                 technology. The Software Development Assistant
                 prototype is general enough to be adapted for use by
                 other software development projects with modest
                 effort.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "programming environments; telecommunication systems;
                 telecommunications computing",
  subject =      "software development assistant; exploratory software
                 development environment; software technology; Definity
                 75/85 communications system; software design;
                 integrated set of tools; user capabilities",
}

@Article{Gatenby:1990:DXD,
  author =       "D. A. Gatenby and G. Foo",
  title =        "{Design for X (DFX)}: key to competitive, profitable
                 products",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "2--13",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A key to competitive, profitable product realization
                 is design for <i>X</i> (DFX); i.e., design for
                 manufacturability, testability, installability,
                 compliance, reliability, and other downstream
                 considerations. DFX is a philosophy and practice that
                 ensures quality products and services, reduces the time
                 to market for a product, and minimizes life-cycle
                 costs. Therefore, it is crucial to achieving customer
                 satisfaction. The authors introduce DFX as a strategic
                 concept for product realization, provide a framework
                 and example of techniques for supporting DFX.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cad/cam; design engineering; economics;
                 electromagnetic compatibility; project engineering;
                 quality control; reliability; telecommunication
                 equipment",
  subject =      "EMC design; maintainability; AT\&T; competitive
                 products; quality design; CAE/CAD; profitable product
                 realization; Design for X; DFX; manufacturability;
                 testability; installability; reliability; life-cycle
                 costs",
}

@Article{Heirman:1990:DME,
  author =       "D. N. Heirman and R. C. Morris and S. M. Crosby",
  title =        "Design for multinational {EMC} compliance",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "28--45",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Successful competition for global markets depends in
                 part on corporations such as AT\&T competing
                 effectively in a world of diminished trade barriers,
                 competitive pricing, and-the subject of the present
                 discussion-complying with a variety of multinational
                 electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) standards and
                 regulations. The authors present a successful design
                 process for EMC regulatory compliance that may be used
                 as a model for developing new products. The EMC design
                 process, testing for ensuring compliance, and
                 appropriate quality metrics are discussed from the
                 perspectives of the circuit designer, printed wiring
                 board (PWB) layout designer, and compliance test
                 engineer.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "circuit layout cad; design engineering;
                 electromagnetic compatibility; electronic equipment
                 manufacture; electronic equipment testing; legislation;
                 printed circuit design",
  subject =      "circuit design; PWB layout design; EMC compliance;
                 multinational electromagnetic compatibility",
}

@Article{Yu:1990:SPM,
  author =       "W. D. Yu and P. Smith and S. T. Huang",
  title =        "Software productivity measurements",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "110--120",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Reliable operational measurements are needed to
                 analyze a software product and its development process.
                 To improve both the quality of the software product and
                 the productivity of its development process, the input
                 to and output from the development process must be
                 measured accurately and appropriate productivity
                 factors must be identified and understood. To measure
                 productivity accurately, the software development
                 process must be well understood and the measurements
                 should be closely linked to the development process and
                 the development environment. The authors describe the
                 software productivity measurement metrics, the
                 important productivity factors, and some applications
                 of the software productivity data for the 5ESS switch
                 developed for the United States market. The measurement
                 of production rate and the study of productivity
                 factors have established a solid foundation for the
                 pursuit of productivity and quality improvement within
                 the 5ESS switch development community.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "electronic switching systems; programming
                 environments; quality control; software metrics",
  subject =      "software productivity measurement metrics;
                 productivity factors; 5ESS switch; production rate",
}

@Article{Cohen:1990:SME,
  author =       "Melvin I. Cohen and Laurence C. Seifert",
  title =        "Striving for Manufacturing Excellence",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "2--4",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Carboy:1990:SME,
  author =       "James D. Carboy and George Foo and Lynn P. Jones and
                 Lawrence E. Kinney and Dan C. Krupka",
  title =        "Striving for Manufacturing Excellence at the {Denver
                 Works}: A Summary",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "5--18",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Kinney:1990:MP,
  author =       "Lawrence E. Kinney",
  title =        "Material Planning",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "19--32",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Hendrix:1990:MET,
  author =       "Stanley A. Hendrix",
  title =        "Manufacturing Execution: Theory and Concepts",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "33--52",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Albano:1990:MEE,
  author =       "Robert E. Albano and David J. Friedman and Stanley A.
                 Hendryx",
  title =        "Manufacturing execution: equipment",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "53--63",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Assembling PBX power distribution systems was the
                 first application of just-in-time (JIT) and total
                 quality control (TQC) principles at AT\&T's Denver
                 works. Integrating the power shop manufacturing process
                 with succeeding operations was achieved by
                 consolidating the three shops into a single equipment
                 assembly shop. Work in process (WIP) was controlled
                 with kanban cards that pulled inventory from the feeder
                 shops, and production disruptions were systematically
                 eliminated. Critical to the success of the project were
                 coordinating good production line design, implementing
                 kanbans for WIP and inventory control, and applying TQC
                 by an interdisciplinary team of shop and engineering
                 personnel. The success of JIT/TQC in the equipment shop
                 was evidenced in higher quality, fewer manufacturing
                 disruptions, reduced floor space needs, greater
                 production capacity, a higher product velocity, and a
                 more uniform production interval. The consolidated
                 equipment shop proved JIT/TQC's feasibility as a
                 competitive strategy for manufacturing.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "assembling; manufacturing data processing; private
                 telephone exchanges; production control; quality
                 control; stock control",
  subject =      "work in process; AT\&T Denver works; PBX power
                 distribution systems; just-in-time; JIT; total quality
                 control; power shop manufacturing process; equipment
                 assembly shop; kanbans; inventory control; competitive
                 strategy",
}

@Article{Albano:1990:MEC,
  author =       "R. E. Albano and C. Buyukkoc and B. T. Doshi and D. X.
                 Callaway and D. J. Friedman and T. R. McClure and L. A.
                 Schmitt and J. J. Svitak",
  title =        "Manufacturing execution: circuit packs",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "64--80",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The architecture of AT\&T telecommunications switching
                 systems is designed to be flexible so that system
                 configurations can be designed to match customers'
                 specific needs. One aspect of this flexibility is
                 achieved through physically standard modules or
                 building blocks, of which there are several hundred. A
                 customer interface engineer can select from these to
                 design a customized PBX for the prospective user. As a
                 result, there is great variability from one customer
                 system to another. At the manufacturing level, this
                 variability is reflected by highly volatile weekly
                 demands for specific circuit pack codes. The high
                 variability of circuit-pack demand, coupled with the
                 high value of circuit packs, makes the efficient
                 manufacture of circuit packs a high priority for
                 competitive PBX manufacturing. The authors review the
                 circuit-pack manufacturing initiatives that were
                 launched at AT\&T's Denver Works to respond to the
                 competitive challenges of the business.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "assembling; printed circuit manufacture; private
                 telephone exchanges",
  subject =      "AT\&T; customized PBX; circuit-pack manufacturing;
                 Denver works",
}

@Article{Burman:1990:MES,
  author =       "David Y. Burman and Ke-Tsai Edward Chin and John Huber
                 and Gerald M. Barr and Robert D. Storrs and Kaveh
                 Hushyar and Barbara A. Binder",
  title =        "Manufacturing execution. storeroom",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "81--89",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The interval for execution of a parts pick lists in
                 the AT\&T Denver Works storeroom has been shortened
                 from 1 week to 2 days or less-often as little as 2
                 hours. This has been achieved without costly automated
                 storage retrieval systems. Instead, storeroom
                 operations now use weigh counting, naturally balanced
                 picking zones, and information automation. Storeroom
                 information automation supports and synchronizes
                 parallel activities in addition to tapping information
                 from material requirements planning, integrated pull
                 manufacturing, and shop operations to achieve prompt
                 response to shop requirements. material is now pulled
                 from the storeroom as requested by the shops instead of
                 being pushed to the shops according to forecasts as was
                 previously done.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "electronic equipment manufacture",
  subject =      "manufacturing execution; storerooms",
  topic =        "production engineering",
}

@Article{Doshi:1990:IPE,
  author =       "Bharat T. Doshi and Dan C. Krupka",
  title =        "Integration of planning and execution operations.
                 theory and concepts",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "90--98",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "On the surface, material requirements planning (MRP)
                 systems, generally associated with push manufacturing,
                 appear to be incompatible with pull manufacturing,
                 often identified with just-in-time (JIT) techniques. In
                 this paper, we clarify these concepts and demonstrate
                 how MRP and pull can be made to coexist in a system
                 that we have dubbed integrated pull manufacturing
                 (IPM). In IPM, MRP is used for planning, while pull is
                 used for shop-floor execution. IPM is also used to
                 synchronize the operation of feeder lines having
                 disparate manufacturing intervals. The conditions at
                 AT\&T's Denver Works that allowed the implementation of
                 IPM are described and a high-level description is given
                 of day-to-day IPM operations.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "industrial management",
  subject =      "JIT (just-in-time); Materials Requirement Planning
                 (MRP)",
  topic =        "production engineering",
}

@Article{Luss:1990:IPE,
  author =       "Hanan Luss and Moshe B. Rosenwein and Elizabeth T.
                 Wahls",
  title =        "Integration of Planning and Execution Operations:
                 Final-Assembly Sequencing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "99--109",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Kinney:1990:HOM,
  author =       "Lawrence E. Kinney and Elizabeth T. Denning and George
                 Foo",
  title =        "High-Option Manufacturing: The {Denver Works
                 Information System Architecture}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "110--116",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Flanagan:1990:SPP,
  author =       "J. L. Flanagan and C. J. {Del Riesgo}",
  title =        "Speech processing: a perspective on the science and
                 its applications",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "2--13",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Though AT\&T has broadened its scope to embrace
                 information signals as varied as image, audio, data,
                 facsimile, and medical diagnostics, voice
                 communications remain central to the AT\&T network. But
                 even the applications of voice are shifting
                 dramatically from the original `plain old telephone
                 service' (POTS) into new services and capabilities for
                 communication, computation, and information management.
                 In particular, evolving techniques for human-machine
                 communication by voice are opening new market
                 opportunities, and are stimulating mass deployment of
                 sophisticated systems that are easy to use and that
                 will serve society's complex needs. The authors draw a
                 perspective on the science of voice processing, and on
                 some of AT\&T's contributions to the fundamental
                 understanding. They then discuss new applications that
                 are now supported by this understanding, and by the
                 remarkable advances that are being made in
                 microelectronics. Finally, they speculate on scientific
                 advances and the resulting technology expected in the
                 coming decade.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "speech analysis and processing; voice communication",
  subject =      "AT\&T; speech processing; speech synthesis; speech
                 recognition; voice communications; communication;
                 information management; human-machine communication;
                 voice processing; microelectronics",
}

@Article{Wilpon:1990:SRL,
  author =       "Jay G. Wilpon and Rajendra P. Mikkilineni and David B.
                 Roe and Sedat Gokcen",
  title =        "Speech Recognition: From the Laboratory to the Real
                 World",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "14--24",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Jayant:1990:CSW,
  author =       "N. S. Jayant and V. B. Lawrence and D. P. Prezas",
  title =        "Coding of speech and wideband audio",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "25--41",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Advances in coding algorithms and digital signal
                 processing have led to sophisticated technologies for
                 speech communication for a variety of applications, as
                 well as to greater flexibilities in the design of ISDN
                 terminals for integrated communication of speech,
                 images, and data. For traditional telephony with a
                 signal bandwidth of 3.2 kHz, the transmission rate for
                 network-quality speech is now down to 16 kb/s. Robust
                 communications-quality speech appropriate for cellular
                 radio has been realized at 8 kb/s. Research attention
                 is shifting toward 4 kb/s, focused on improving speaker
                 identification and the naturalness of coded speech. For
                 wideband audio with a signal bandwidth of 7 kHz,
                 high-quality coding is now possible at 32 kb/s, which
                 implies stereo teleconferencing or dual-language
                 programming over a 64 kb/s channel. Transparent coding
                 of 20 kHz audio has been demonstrated at 128 kb/s, with
                 near-transparent performance at rates as low as 64 kb/s
                 for some classes of signals. The authors review this
                 technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "audio signals; digital communication systems;
                 encoding; speech analysis and processing; telephony",
  subject =      "speech coding; wideband audio coding; transparent
                 coding; telephony; coding algorithms; digital signal
                 processing; speech communication; ISDN terminals;
                 integrated communication; telephony; signal bandwidth;
                 transmission rate; network-quality speech;
                 communications-quality speech; cellular radio; speaker
                 identification; stereo teleconferencing; dual-language
                 programming; 3.2 kHz; 7 kHz; 16 kbit/s; 20 kHz; 32
                 kbit/s; 4 kbit/s; 64 kbit/s; 128 kbit/s",
}

@Article{Hirschberg:1990:VRS,
  author =       "Julia B. Hirschberg and Stephen A. Riederer and James
                 E. Rowley and Ann K. Syrdal",
  title =        "Voice Response Systems: Technologies and
                 Applications",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "42--51",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Perdue:1990:AVP,
  author =       "R. J. Perdue and J. M. Leikness and J. B. Sharp",
  title =        "{AT\&T} voice processing system architectures",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "52--60",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The voice processing equipment market has expanded to
                 include both large and small businesses, and the
                 influence of voice processing-evidenced in voice mail
                 messages and voice response systems-has become
                 widespread. AT\&T systems such as the Conversant Voice
                 Information System and the AUDIX voice messaging system
                 have been designed to enhance both business and
                 personal telecommunications. The authors explore the
                 architectures of AT\&T's Conversant and AUDIX systems
                 in terms of hardware, software, and application
                 design.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "speech analysis and processing; voice equipment; voice
                 mail",
  subject =      "AT\&T; business telecommunications; voice processing
                 system architectures; voice mail messages; voice
                 response systems; conversant voice information system;
                 AUDIX voice messaging system; personal
                 telecommunications; hardware; software",
}

@Article{Fischell:1990:IVT,
  author =       "David R. Fischell and Sarbmeet S. Kanwal and Daniel
                 Furman",
  title =        "Interactive Voice Technology Applications",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "61--76",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Verma:1990:NAS,
  author =       "Mahendra K. Verma and Dimitrios P. Prezas and Thomas
                 L. {Russell, Jr.} and Mostafa Hasham Sherif and Reed
                 Thorkildsen",
  title =        "Novel Applications of Speech Processing in {AT\&T}
                 Network Systems Products",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "77--86",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Berkley:1990:HEH,
  author =       "David A. Berkley and James L. Flanagan",
  title =        "{Humanet}: An Experimental Human-Machine
                 Communications Network Based on {ISDN} Wideband Audio",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "87--99",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Siller:1990:AMB,
  author =       "Curtis A. {Siller, Jr.} and Walter {Debus, Jr.}",
  title =        "Application of Memory-Based Digital Filtering to
                 High-Speed Digital Radio",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "100--115",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Patel:1990:MPC,
  author =       "C. Kumar N. Patel",
  title =        "Materials and Processing: Core Competencies and
                 Strategic Resources",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "2--8",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Laudise:1990:CRP,
  author =       "R. A. Laudise and D. W. McCall and S. R. Nagel",
  title =        "The critical role of processing in leading-edge
                 product capability",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "9--15",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "To remain a world leader in the information movement
                 and management (IM\&M) industry, AT\&T must continue to
                 develop world class processing capabilities to
                 fabricate products and systems that can be used
                 anywhere in the world, and that are more flexible, cost
                 effective, and user-friendly than its competitors'. The
                 fabrication of communications equipment has
                 increasingly become a sequence of chemical and physical
                 processes. The performance, quality and durability of
                 electronic equipment depend critically on the materials
                 and processes used in their manufacture. Integrated
                 circuits, optoelectronic devices, optical fibers,
                 printed circuit boards, hybrid interconnections, and
                 wires and cables are among the principal building
                 blocks of AT\&T's IM\&M systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "electronic equipment manufacture; telecommunication
                 equipment",
  subject =      "information movement industry; integrated circuits;
                 information management industry; ic; AT\&T; processing;
                 communications equipment; electronic equipment;
                 optoelectronic devices; optical fibers; printed circuit
                 boards; hybrid interconnections; wires; cables",
}

@Article{Benson:1990:RLS,
  author =       "Kenneth E. Benson and Lionel C. Kimerling and Peter T.
                 Panousis",
  title =        "Reaching the limits in silicon processing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "16--31",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The trend in silicon device fabrication of employing
                 increasing numbers of more complex processes to produce
                 materials systems with narrower tolerances of
                 performance has produced encounters with some
                 fundamental limits of materials processing. This paper
                 examines the role of materials processing in defining
                 the ultimate limits in feature size, compositional and
                 structural heterogeneity, and device performance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "integrated circuit manufacture; lithography;
                 semiconductor device manufacture",
  subject =      "silicon devices; silicon wafers",
  topic =        "semiconducting silicon",
}

@Article{Reichmanis:1990:CLM,
  author =       "Elsa Reichmanis and Larry F. Thompson",
  title =        "Challenges in lithographic materials and processes",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "32--45",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "In the last decade, major advances in fabricating VLSI
                 electronic devices have placed increasing demands on
                 microlithography, the technology used to generate
                 today's integrated circuits. In 1976, state-of-the-art
                 devices contained several thousand transistors with
                 minimum features of 5 to 6 $\mu$m. Today, they have
                 several million transistors and minimum features of
                 less than 0.7 $\mu$m. Within the next 10 to 15 years, a
                 new form of lithography will be required that routinely
                 produces features of less than 0.25 $\mu$m.
                 Short-wavelength (deep-UV) photolithography and
                 scanning electron-beam, X-ray, and scanning ion-beam
                 lithography are the possible alternatives to
                 conventional photolithography. However, each needs new
                 resists and processes. When deep-UV photolithography is
                 implemented, it will represent the first widespread use
                 in manufacture of a lithographic technology that
                 requires an entirely new resist technology. We describe
                 the development of a resist system that meets all
                 requirements of the deep-UV technique.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "integrated circuit manufacture; photoresists;
                 ultraviolet radiation",
  subject =      "deep-UV photolithography",
  topic =        "lithography",
}

@Article{Blonder:1990:IPM,
  author =       "G. E. Blonder and R. A. Gottscho and K. L. Tai",
  title =        "Interconnection processes and materials",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "46--59",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The performance of today's electronic and photonic
                 systems is largely limited by interconnection
                 technology. Using silicon-based multichip modules and
                 hybrid optical packaging as exemplary models, the
                 authors show how high-performance interconnection
                 technology can be achieved at low cost. The key is to
                 choose materials and processes that are compatible with
                 today's very-large-scale integrated-circuit
                 manufacturing.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "electron device manufacture; modules; optical
                 interconnections; packaging; VLSI",
  subject =      "electronic systems; VLSI; interconnection processes;
                 interconnection materials; performance; photonic
                 systems; interconnection technology; multichip modules;
                 hybrid optical packaging; manufacturing; si",
}

@Article{Manzione:1990:PEP,
  author =       "Louis T. Manzione and David J. Lando",
  title =        "Polymers in Electronics Packaging",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "60--76",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Cho:1990:PMP,
  author =       "Alfred Y. Cho and Alastair M. Glass",
  title =        "Photonic Materials and Processing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "77--91",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Walker:1990:DOF,
  author =       "Kenneth L. Walker",
  title =        "Directions in Optical Fibers",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "92--100",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Mitchell:1990:BPS,
  author =       "James W. Mitchell and Jorge Louis Valdes and Gary
                 Cadet",
  title =        "Benign Precursors for Semiconductor Processing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "101--112",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Comizzoli:1990:RMP,
  author =       "Robert B. Comizzoli and James M. Landwehr and J.
                 Douglas Sinclair",
  title =        "Robust Materials and Processes: Key to Reliability",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "113--128",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Graedel:1990:IEI,
  author =       "Thomas E. Graedel and Leslie A. Guth",
  title =        "The Impact of Environmental Issues on Materials and
                 Processes",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "69",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "129--140",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Foster:1991:CCA,
  author =       "Jeffrey C. Foster",
  title =        "{CAE\slash CAD} at {AT\&T}: An Introduction",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--8",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Toth:1991:MAG,
  author =       "Michael S. Toth",
  title =        "{MAKCAL}: An Application Generator For Advice",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "9--20",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Agrawal:1991:LSM,
  author =       "Prathima Agrawal and Chong Hoc Hao and Michel
                 Remillard",
  title =        "Logic Simulation on the {MARS} Multicomputer",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "21--35",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Bierbauer:1991:SSM,
  author =       "John W. Bierbauer and Jonathan A. Eiseman and Faiq A.
                 Fazal and James J. Kulikowski",
  title =        "System Simulation with {MIDAS}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--51",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Coplien:1991:IIS,
  author =       "James O. Coplien",
  title =        "{ISHMAEL}. an integrated software\slash hardware
                 maintenance and evolution environment",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--63",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This system-development environment is a companion to
                 SysCAD that permits users to specify, prototype,
                 simulate, develop, and document a complex digital
                 system. ISHMAEL can manage the simultaneous evolution
                 of a system's software and hardware. ISHMAEL users can
                 develop faithful models of system performance that
                 simulate the interaction of hardware and software at
                 any level of detail. They can iterate hardware and
                 software designs during a simulation, which permits
                 realistic evaluation of design tradeoffs and
                 implementation alternatives early in a system's life
                 cycle and, thus, reduces system costs. ISHMAEL's
                 integrated, graphical interface provides several views
                 of the application being developed: a high-level or a
                 detailed (i.e., schematic) hardware view, and the
                 application-user's view. The system was used for
                 prototyping, specification, evaluation, and
                 implementation of a highly distributed,
                 telecommunications system.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer graphics; computer hardware --- applications;
                 computer interfaces; computer simulation ---
                 applications; computer software --- applications",
  subject =      "graphical interface; high-level design; integrated
                 software/hardware maintenance; soft logic analyzer;
                 software package 'ISHMAEL'; system life cycle",
  topic =        "computer systems, digital",
}

@Article{Cheng:1991:MST,
  author =       "Kwang-Ting Cheng and Vishwani D. Agrawal",
  title =        "Methods for Synthesizing Testable Sequential
                 Circuits",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "64--86",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Wu:1991:PTI,
  author =       "E. Wu",
  title =        "{PEST}: a tool for implementing pseudo-exhaustive
                 self-test",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "87--100",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Multichip modules, wafer-scale integration, and
                 three-dimensional connections are the latest solutions
                 to building faster computers. These new technologies
                 will shorten electron travel distance, but they will
                 compound an existing problem: testing. Without a
                 systematic approach, testing even a single very
                 large-scale integrated (VLSI) chip could be impossible.
                 The paper describes a superior built-in self-test
                 (BIST) design methodology that solves the VLSI testing
                 problem. Pseudo-exhaustive self-test (PEST) is a design
                 methodology that provides effective, 100-percent fault
                 coverage without the need for fault simulation or
                 deterministic test generation. PEST, an existing
                 software package based on the algorithms discussed
                 here, was used to implement the PEST function in three
                 VLSI designs at AT\&T.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "automatic testing; software packages; VLSI",
  subject =      "pseudoexhaustive self test; VLSI chip; multichip
                 modules; wafer-scale integration; three-dimensional
                 connections; very large-scale integrated; built-in
                 self-test; BIST; VLSI testing; pest; fault coverage;
                 software package; algorithms; AT\&T",
}

@Article{Schmidt:1991:IEC,
  author =       "Judith L. Schmidt and Thaddeus J. Kowalski and David
                 S. Smull",
  title =        "An Incremental Environment for Computer-Aided Design
                 Tools",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "101--110",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Subrahmanyam:1991:ASM,
  author =       "Pasupathi A. Subrahmanyam",
  title =        "Automated Synthesis of Mixed-Mode (Asynchronous and
                 Synchronous) Systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "111--124",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Feiner:1991:DPA,
  author =       "Alec Feiner and Katherine A. Edward",
  title =        "Development processes and applications at {AT\&T}. An
                 overview",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--6",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Market dynamics and shorter product-development life
                 cycles are challenging AT\&T to recast its project
                 structures and establish well-defined processes and
                 methodologies for developing new technology. AT\&T's
                 success in competitive markets, today, depends on how
                 it determines the processes required to produce and
                 deliver the 'right' products and services to its
                 customers, at a price they are willing to pay, when
                 they want them. This issue of the AT\&T Technical
                 Journal focuses on current initiatives that are under
                 way in the AT\&T R\&D community to define the processes
                 and methodologies used in developing new technology.
                 The papers document the activities of a variety of
                 hardware and software development and manufacturing
                 projects and showcase methodologies that affect the
                 technology that AT\&T offers commercially.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "industrial economics; industrial management--research
                 and development application",
  subject =      "AT\&T; competitive markets; new technologies",
  topic =        "telecommunication",
}

@Article{Infosino:1991:MAP,
  author =       "William J. Infosino and Sam H. Parker and David G.
                 Unger",
  title =        "Market Analysis and Product Design for
                 Telecommunications Equipment and Services",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "7--17",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Brown:1991:QEV,
  author =       "P. G. Brown",
  title =        "{QFD}: echoing the voice of the customer",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "18--32",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "One of the most promising techniques in contemporary,
                 customer-driven engineering is quality-function
                 deployment (QFD). This product-realization approach
                 helps ensure that customer needs and expectations
                 directly influence the definition, design,
                 implementation, and deployment of products and
                 services. QFD comprises a system of highly traceable
                 engineering procedures in a cross-functional team
                 framework that use graphical displays to drive all
                 phases of product deployment without stifling the voice
                 of the customer. QFD-based product realization yields
                 clear competitive advantages over more traditional
                 processes by promoting greater customer satisfaction,
                 shorter time to market, and improved product
                 performance. Within AT\&T, QFD has been used in such
                 diverse applications as planning software-development
                 environments, specifying the characteristics of
                 transmission systems, and guiding the definition of
                 more tangible products like batteries. The paper
                 highlights the QFD process, drawing examples from
                 recent projects that used QFD in refining a software
                 development environment and in realizing computing
                 services.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "quality control; software reliability",
  subject =      "customer-driven engineering; quality-function
                 deployment; product-realization approach; engineering
                 procedures; graphical displays; customer satisfaction;
                 shorter time to market; product performance; AT\&T;
                 software-development environments; transmission
                 systems; batteries; computing services",
}

@Article{Sieli:1991:MPP,
  author =       "Eileen M. Sieli",
  title =        "Managing a project as a process",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "33--39",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T's experience with process management suggests
                 that using it to redefine our current project
                 management practices will help the company remain
                 competitive in the future. Process management has
                 advantages over the traditional approach that manages
                 projects as unique events. AT\&T has employed process
                 management principles and techniques on many projects,
                 and has increased their success rate. The AT\&T
                 organizations practicing process management have
                 benefited from greater customer satisfaction, improved
                 product quality and performance, increased
                 productivity, reduced costs, and increased revenue and
                 market share. By defining project management as a
                 process, we identify a mechanism to learn from
                 experience. From project to project, we can sustain
                 what works and improve what does not. The results are
                 continuous improvement and products and services that
                 exceed the customers' expectations. This paper
                 discusses why and how we can manage a project as a
                 process and the advantages gained when we do.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "industrial management; telecommunication--marketing",
  subject =      "AT\&T; process management",
  topic =        "electrical engineering",
}

@Article{Rexing:1991:SPM,
  author =       "Gerald L. Rexing",
  title =        "Software project management. moving beyond project
                 plans",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "40--48",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Project managers (PMs) normally regard the creation of
                 project plans as a means to improve software delivery
                 performance. After managing many large software
                 development projects, however, we have found that a
                 project plan should be written after the
                 project-management process has been defined. To plan
                 and manage a software project successfully, we must
                 view project management as a process, and the project
                 plan as an activity that prepares data for the process.
                 In our experience, a project plan written early in this
                 process was out of date before it was released, and the
                 project was not managed according to the plan.
                 Recently, our training and experience has focused on a
                 work-breakdown structure (WBS) for managing a project.
                 We have developed methods and responsibility matrices
                 to clarify the tasks associated with project management
                 and to write clear, revisable project plans to fulfill
                 the specific needs of the project-management staff.
                 Thus, we can complete project planning more quickly,
                 define and agree on management techniques, and
                 understand the roles and responsibilities of each
                 member of the project. As a result, we can satisfy our
                 customers by delivering high-quality products on
                 time.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer software--management; industrial management",
  subject =      "project planning; software development projects",
  topic =        "electrical engineering",
}

@Article{Marion:1991:MPM,
  author =       "Edwin D. Marion and Eric J. Riddleberger",
  title =        "Modular project management",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "49--62",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Typically, the management process changes throughout
                 the life of an R\&D project and varies from one project
                 to the next, which increases the cost and reduces the
                 value added for the project-management process. We
                 present a modular approach that makes project
                 management flexible yet predictable and more
                 cost-effective. This methodology, which we call modular
                 project management (MPM), defines four management
                 modes. Each is a collection of specific procedures and
                 operations (i.e., the management functions), but all
                 modes share a set of core functions. Thus, moving from
                 a simpler management mode to a more complex one means
                 including more functions or more formal versions of the
                 same functions. MPM enables a project manager to select
                 a management process before a project is started, based
                 on the project's scope and complexity. The selection
                 process, which quantifies a project's attributes
                 (including customer requirements), recommends a nominal
                 management mode that managers may want to fine-tune.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "industrial economics; industrial management--research
                 and development application",
  subject =      "modular project management; r\&d projects",
  topic =        "electrical engineering",
}

@Article{Brunsen:1991:ASH,
  author =       "Lynn J. Brunsen and Arthur A. Frigo and Dennis J.
                 Fitch and Frank K. Graff and Thomas P. Groszczyk",
  title =        "{AT\&T 5ESS} switch hardware development methodology.
                 a procedure for ensuring quality",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "63--72",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Hardware design for AT\&T's 5ESS digital switch is
                 governed by a methodology that provides a common design
                 approach for all hardware development engineers on the
                 5ESS switch project. It enables engineers to produce
                 quality hardware designs that are completed in a timely
                 way, are cost effective, and are easily introduced into
                 manufacturing. The methodology uses the concept of a
                 design team that addresses all issues of product design
                 and manufacturing. It streamlines the design process by
                 eliminating redundant tasks and paperwork. The
                 methodology focuses on early reviews and minimizing
                 changes late in the development process. Although the
                 framework of the methodology is shared among all 5ESS
                 switch organizations, it still allows flexibility to
                 encourage engineers to apply their own initiative and
                 creativity to the design process.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "digital communication systems; digital
                 devices--switching; electronic equipment manufacture;
                 electronic switching systems; telephone exchanges,
                 automatic",
  subject =      "5ESS; AT\&T; digital switches",
  topic =        "telephone switching equipment",
}

@Article{Vehse:1991:MRC,
  author =       "Robert C. Vehse and Stephen F. Nygren and A. Duane
                 Butherus",
  title =        "Managing an {R\&D} contract with the government",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "84--98",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Formal project-management procedures, required for
                 U.S. Government contract execution, provide a basis for
                 management of R\&D-intensive projects within AT\&T. A
                 \$19.7-million R\&D contract, awarded by the Defense
                 Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), provided an
                 opportunity for the gallium arsenide (GaAs),
                 integrated-circuit (IC) project team to develop basic
                 project-management procedures that extend well beyond
                 the realm of government-contract management. For
                 example, the project-management approach developed for
                 execution of the DARPA contract is directly applicable
                 to the product-realization process, to emerging quality
                 and productivity initiatives, and to fiscal
                 accountability in AT\&T's strategic business units
                 (SBUs). Baseline planning becomes the cornerstone for
                 critical SBU projects, and formal milestone tracking
                 and control ensure high-level visibility of project
                 progress. Product-development teams become customer
                 champions for specific deliverables, and the core
                 strength of a project-management department emphasizes
                 a business-like approach to the R\&D challenges of the
                 1990s.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "contracts--legislation; industrial
                 management--research and development application;
                 integrated circuits; semiconducting gallium arsenide;
                 telecommunication equipment",
  subject =      "AT\&T; DARPA; R\&D contracts; US government
                 contracts",
  topic =        "electrical engineering",
}

@Article{Fallah:1991:DPA,
  author =       "M. H. Fallah and J. P. Holtman and J. F. Maranzano and
                 D. P. Smith and G. T. Tucker",
  title =        "Development process audits and reviews",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "99--108",
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Developing and enhancing AT\&T's products and services
                 involves many disciplines and technologies (e.g.,
                 hardware, software, and firmware devices). Reviews and
                 audits during the development process are among the
                 tools that ensure that development projects produce
                 products and services that meet customers expectations
                 effectively and efficiently, and drive continuous
                 quality improvement. The audits and reviews routinely
                 used by projects include project management audits,
                 software process assessments, technical reviews (e.g.,
                 architecture reviews), and postmortems. The article
                 discusses the nature of these tools, their applications
                 in the AT\&T development community, and the lessons
                 learned from the company's experience with them.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "management; project engineering",
  subject =      "development process audits; development process
                 reviews; hardware; firmware devices; development
                 projects; products; services; quality; project
                 management audits; software process assessments;
                 technical reviews; architecture reviews; postmortems;
                 AT\&T",
}

@Article{Sable:1991:IND,
  author =       "Edward G. Sable and Herbert W. Kettler",
  title =        "Intelligent network directions",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "2--10",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The main emphasis of the global products issue of the
                 AT\&T Technical Journal on intelligent networking is on
                 the directions, platforms, and technologies needed to
                 support the graceful introduction of intelligent
                 networks (INs) by public switched telephone network
                 (PSTN) providers. This paper introduces the objectives,
                 principles, and attributes of IN, and offers a
                 'roadmap' to AT\&T's future IN architecture planning.
                 The key attributes of IN architecture are
                 service-independence, compatibility and synergy with
                 existing networks, flexibility, and distributed
                 intelligence. These qualities make it ideal for future
                 network needs. We describe a scenario for an
                 intelligent network built on standards, customer needs,
                 and our experience with earlier versions of IN.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer architecture; telephone systems--computer
                 applications",
  subject =      "distributed intelligence; in architecture planning;
                 intelligent network (IN); Public Switched Telephone
                 Network (PSTN)",
  topic =        "telephone systems",
}

@Article{Wyatt:1991:EGI,
  author =       "George Y. Wyatt and Alvin Barshefsky and Robert V.
                 Epley and Marc P. Kaplan and Krish P. Krishnan",
  title =        "The Evolution of Global Intelligent Network
                 Architecture",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "11--25",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  xxmonth =      "Summer",
}

@Article{Russo:1991:INP,
  author =       "Ernest G. Russo and M. Tawfik Abdel-Moneim and Linda
                 L. Sand and Laura J. Shaw and Patricia D. Taska and
                 Ronald J. Wojcik",
  title =        "Intelligent network platforms in the {US}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "26--43",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "To the local-exchange carriers (LECs), the
                 intelligent-network concept is a strategic goal for
                 building new services and becoming more responsive to
                 their customers. To meet the LECs' objectives, AT\&T
                 has introduced its A-I-Net advanced-services-platform
                 (ASP) products. AT\&T's offering for the ASP supports
                 the intelligent-network concept while still
                 interworking with existing switch-based features. Thus,
                 the LECs can maximize use of their previous investment
                 in network-switching hardware and software while still
                 offering new services through the ASP's distributed
                 network intelligence. AT\&T has also been working with
                 the Regional Holding Companies and Bellcore to plan
                 their Advanced Intelligent Network Release 1
                 architecture, which has been proposed as the
                 next-generation, intelligent-network platform. Advanced
                 Intelligent Network Release 1 makes possible an even
                 wider variety of services than the ASP by defining a
                 more flexible switch interface with a corresponding
                 expansion of the communications interface between the
                 switches and external-service-logic nodes. This paper
                 describes the architecture, features, and services
                 provided by AT\&T's ASP as well as the new capabilities
                 planned with Advanced Intelligent Network Release 1. We
                 focus primarily on AT\&T's 5ESS switch features.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer architecture--applications; computer
                 hardware--applications; computer
                 software--applications; computer systems,
                 digital--distributed; telephone exchanges",
  subject =      "a-i-net advanced-services-platform (asp); distributed
                 network intelligence; intelligent network (in); local
                 exchange carriers (lec's)",
  topic =        "telephone systems",
}

@Article{Workman:1991:IAA,
  author =       "Alexandra M. Workman and Murthy V. Kolipakam and Janis
                 B. Sharpless and Vilma Stoss and Hans {van der Veer}",
  title =        "International Applications of {AT\&T}'s Intelligent
                 Network Platforms",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "44--57",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  xxmonth =      "Summer",
}

@Article{Morgan:1991:SCT,
  author =       "Michael J. Morgan and Michael J. Cosky and Thomas M.
                 Gruenenfelder and T. Curtis {Holmes, Jr.} and Gerald A.
                 Raack",
  title =        "Service creation technologies for the intelligent
                 network",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "58--71",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "An intelligent network lets a switch query a network
                 node for help in completing a call. Such a node, for
                 example, can translate an 800 number into a true
                 network address. The network service provider often
                 creates the logic in an intelligent network, but
                 frequently that logic is written by sophisticated
                 subscribers (business customers). Since subscribers can
                 create their own service logic, the service creation
                 system must ensure that such customized logic will not
                 cause the network node to fail or in any way affect the
                 service of other subscribers. Service creation
                 technologies are the tools and technical infrastructure
                 designed specifically to help create and update
                 services. AT\&T has created software tools to support
                 application-oriented languages. Its service creation
                 technologies are evolving to meet service provider and
                 service subscriber demands for more control over the
                 services they provide and use.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer programming languages--applications; computer
                 programming--applications; computer
                 software--applications",
  subject =      "a-i-net technology; decision graph programming;
                 decision nodes; intelligent network (in); platform
                 software; service creation technologies",
  topic =        "telephone systems",
}

@Article{Hall:1991:ASC,
  author =       "Harry M. Hall and Christopher D. Carson and Earle H.
                 West and Lonnie D. Whitehead",
  title =        "The {AT\&T} Service Ciruit Node: A New Element for
                 Providing Intelligent Network Services",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "72--84",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  xxmonth =      "Summer",
}

@Article{Joyce:1991:MDC,
  author =       "John A. Joyce and Marc C. Ayres and Robert F.
                 {Cruickshank, III}",
  title =        "Managing Design Changes",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "73--83",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  xxnote =       "Does this entry belong to another issue number or
                 volume??",
}

@Article{Bennett:1991:INO,
  author =       "Ronnie L. Bennett and Jerry C. Chen and Thomas B.
                 Morawski",
  title =        "Intelligent Network {OAM\&P} Capabilities and
                 Evolutions for Network Elements",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "85--98",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  xxmonth =      "Summer",
}

@Article{Mayer:1991:SNI,
  author =       "Robert L. Mayer and Ronald G. Appleton and E. Lee
                 Sneed and Stanley Y. Yeh",
  title =        "{Service Net-2000}: An Intelligent Network Evolution",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "99--110",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  xxmonth =      "Summer",
}

@Article{Ryva:1991:CNE,
  author =       "George J. Ryva and Brian T. Howard and John A. Newell
                 and John H. Sun",
  title =        "Corporate networking. Evolution and architecture",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "2--13",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Corporate networks are growing in popularity and
                 providing more benefits to their users. These networks
                 are based on leading edge, digital communications
                 technology and provide a smooth migration to the
                 Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) --- the
                 intelligent, corporate network of the 1990s. As the
                 papers in this issue on intelligent networking will
                 show, AT\&T has been and continues to be at the
                 forefront of intelligent, corporate networking with
                 business-communications solutions that provide a rich
                 set of capabilities and an excellent application
                 platform to meet customer needs in the future. To set
                 the framework for the issue, we describe the history of
                 corporate networking and the 1990s' corporate-network
                 architecture. We also discuss the role of AT\&T's
                 Definity communications system in modern,
                 corporate-network applications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "artificial intelligence; computer networks; industrial
                 economics; industrial management; intelligent networks;
                 ISDN",
  subject =      "corporate networks; intelligent networking; ISDN",
  topic =        "digital communication systems",
}

@Article{Miller:1991:DNS,
  author =       "John A. Miller and Chung Ping Cheng",
  title =        "Designing Networking Solutions for the Nineties: A
                 New Approach",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "14--26",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Rubinstein:1991:CNA,
  author =       "Charles B. Rubinstein and George J. Ryva and Peter S.
                 Warwick",
  title =        "Corporate Networking Applications",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "27--35",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  xxauthor =     "{Rubinstein, Charles B., Ryva, George J.} and Peter S.
                 Warwick",
}

@Article{Harvey:1991:CCS,
  author =       "Dean E. Harvey and Shannon M. Hogan and John Y.
                 Payseur",
  title =        "Call Center Solutions",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "36--44",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Foard:1991:SCN,
  author =       "Christopher F. Foard and Leslie A. Spindel and Pramode
                 K. Verma",
  title =        "Switch-to-Computer Networking in the Nineties: The
                 Evolution of {AT\&T}'s Switch-Computer Interface",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "45--58",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Grimes:1991:SID,
  author =       "Gary J. Grimes and Mark S. Russo and Christopher
                 Lanzafame and Christopher D. Near and Bryan S.
                 Moffitt",
  title =        "Synchronization in Intelligent Digital Networks",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "59--68",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Schmalzried:1991:CVT,
  author =       "T. E. Schmalzried and D. S. Stewart",
  title =        "Characterizing voice transmission performance for
                 evolving business networks",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "69--80",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The authors describe a new approach to computer
                 modeling of network performance, one in which the
                 expected transmission performance of all voice calls
                 throughout a given network can be displayed easily and
                 analyzed collectively. They use probability of
                 occurrence information for call origination and routing
                 to assess network performance realistically. The
                 approach augments existing tools and techniques to give
                 network designers and network managers a better
                 understanding of the voice transmission performance
                 experienced in today's business networks. It also gives
                 planners of new network architectures or elements a
                 better understanding of the performance of future
                 business networks. They illustrate their technique with
                 examples, explain how they represent and select
                 connections, and describe the elements that determine
                 voice transmission performance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "telephone networks; voice communication",
  subject =      "network performance modeling; occurrence probability;
                 telephone networks; voice transmission performance;
                 business networks; computer modeling; call origination;
                 routing",
}

@Article{Narayanamurti:1991:UST,
  author =       "Venkatesh Narayanamurti and Dan E. Arvizu",
  title =        "Using {Sandia} Technologies to Improve National
                 Competitiveness",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "2--9",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Eicker:1991:IST,
  author =       "P. J. Eicker and D. J. Miller and D. R. Strip",
  title =        "Intelligent systems and technologies for
                 manufacturing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "10--22",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Issues as diverse as occupational safety, waste
                 minimization, and product quality are forcing the
                 Department of Energy (DOE) to increase the level of
                 automation in its defense production facilities. The
                 authors describe the development necessary to allow a
                 specific automation technology-the standard industrial
                 robot-to be used effectively in DOE manufacturing
                 operations. They describe Sandia's research and
                 development efforts on automated planning and
                 programming, and on programming models and languages
                 for `intelligent' manufacturing systems that use
                 robots. They conclude by discussing the application of
                 these concepts to machines and processes other than
                 robots. They also mention how these technologies affect
                 the more general manufacturing technology base.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "industrial robots; knowledge based systems;
                 manufacturing computer control; military computing;
                 robot programming",
  subject =      "USA; automated programming; programming languages;
                 Sandia National Laboratories; intelligent manufacturing
                 systems; occupational safety; waste minimization;
                 product quality; Department of Energy; DOE; defense
                 production facilities; automation technology;
                 industrial robot; manufacturing operations; research
                 and development; automated planning; programming
                 models; machines; processes; manufacturing technology",
}

@Article{Weissman:1991:ECM,
  author =       "S. H. Weissman and J. C. Sekutowski",
  title =        "Environmentally conscious manufacturing: a technology
                 for the nineties",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "23--30",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Environmentally conscious manufacturing involves
                 developing and implementing manufacturing processes
                 that minimize or eliminate hazardous chemical waste,
                 reduce scrap, or are operationally safer. The benefits
                 include safer and cleaner factories, reduced future
                 costs for disposal and worker protection, reduced
                 environmental and health risks, improved product
                 quality at lower cost, and higher productivity. Sandia
                 and AT\&T are committed to environmentally conscious
                 manufacturing.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "environmental engineering; manufacturing processes",
  subject =      "environmentally conscious manufacturing; safety;
                 environmental risks; manufacturing processes; hazardous
                 chemical waste; factories; costs; worker protection;
                 health risks; product quality; productivity; Sandia;
                 AT\&T",
}

@Article{Jorgensen:1991:RHM,
  author =       "James L. Jorgensen and David S. Yaney",
  title =        "Radiation-Hardened Microelectronics",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "31--36",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Stulen:1991:DSX,
  author =       "Richard H. Stulen and Richard R. Freeman",
  title =        "Developing a soft {X}-ray projection lithography
                 tool",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "37--48",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The circuit-integration densities needed for
                 semiconductor devices in the late 1990s will require
                 advanced patterning technologies that can print line
                 widths of 0.2 micrometers or less. Because it uses
                 shorter wavelengths, X-ray lithography is one of the
                 most promising methods for volume production of such
                 circuits. X-ray projection lithography, which uses
                 reflective optics, offers the added advantage of image
                 reduction. AT\&T Bell Laboratories has used X-ray
                 projection lithography for diffraction-limited imaging
                 with 140-angstrom radiation from a synchrotron. Now,
                 Sandia National Laboratories and AT\&T Bell
                 Laboratories are developing a soft X-ray projection
                 lithography tool that uses a compact source of X-rays;
                 the laser-plasma source. A possible alternative to the
                 expensive, complex synchrotrons, the laser-plasma
                 source could influence the future commercialization of
                 X-ray projection lithography. This paper describes soft
                 X-ray projection lithography and our progress in
                 combining projection optics at 140 {\aa}ngstroms with a
                 laser-plasma source.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "integrated circuit manufacture;
                 plasmas--laser-produced",
  subject =      "AT\&T; laser-plasma sources; Sandia National Lab;
                 X-ray projection lithography",
  topic =        "lithography",
}

@Article{Peercy:1991:SLS,
  author =       "Paul S. Peercy",
  title =        "Strained-layer semiconductor research and development
                 at {Sandia}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "49--58",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Sandia National Laboratories pioneered work in
                 strained-layer superlattice systems for electronics and
                 optoelectronics. Based on that work, it now conducts
                 research and development in compound semiconductor and
                 optoelectronics physics, materials science, and device
                 technology. Although Sandia's research relies heavily
                 on theoretical and experimental solid state physics,
                 this paper will emphasize applications that exploit the
                 properties of strained-layer systems. This research
                 allows the microelectronics and photonics community to
                 use the special properties of strained-layer systems in
                 an engineering, rather than an empirical, manner. The
                 number of electronic and optoelectronic devices that
                 depend on strained-layer systems for their highest
                 performance with device applications indicates their
                 importance. Selected strained-layer structures and
                 devices developed at Sandia will be discussed.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "integrated circuit manufacture; optoelectronic
                 devices; semiconductor device manufacture",
  subject =      "Sandia National Lab; strained-layer systems",
  topic =        "superlattices",
}

@Article{Benner:1991:AAS,
  author =       "Robert E. Benner and Joe M. Harris",
  title =        "Applications, Algorithms, and Software for Massively
                 Parallel Computing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "59--72",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Brickell:1991:IID,
  author =       "E. F. Brickell and K. S. McCurley",
  title =        "Interactive identification and digital signatures",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "73--86",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "An interactive identification scheme is a method for
                 remotely (or locally) verifying an individual's
                 identity. Interaction prevents the person who is doing
                 the verifying from collecting information that could be
                 used later to impersonate the individual. It also
                 prevents anyone else from gaining such information.
                 Interactive identification schemes have many potential
                 applications-from providing more secure remote computer
                 logins to providing more secure band-card transactions.
                 Such schemes can also be used to construct digital
                 signatures, a way of signing an electronic document
                 that makes the signature easy to check but difficult
                 for an unauthorized person to forge. The authors
                 describe the general problems of identification and
                 signatures, explain some shortcomings of current
                 methods, and discuss how interactive identification
                 schemes address them. They also describe an interactive
                 identification scheme discovered at Sandia National
                 Laboratories in which the security is based on the
                 computational difficulty of solving two hard
                 problems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "interactive systems; security of data",
  subject =      "digital signatures; interactive identification;
                 electronic document; Sandia National Laboratories;
                 security; computational difficulty",
}

@Article{Miyoshi:1991:STB,
  author =       "Dennis S. Miyoshi and Mary W. Green",
  title =        "Security and technology. {A} better mousetrap",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "87--91",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Sandia National Laboratories is the Department of
                 Energy's lead laboratory in physical security research
                 and development. It is now working to transfer this
                 technology base to the private sectors, where we
                 believe society will benefit greatly from improved
                 security systems. We discuss projects that typify
                 Sandia's efforts and exemplify the opportunities this
                 technology provides.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "accident prevention; alarm systems; industrial plants;
                 management--research and development application;
                 safety systems; security systems;
                 technology--technology transfer",
  subject =      "Dept of Energy; private sector; Sandia National Lab",
  topic =        "data processing",
}

@Article{Cohen:1992:LTU,
  author =       "Melvin I. Cohen and Herwig Kogelnik and Tingye Li",
  title =        "Lightwave Technology: An Update",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--4",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  xxauthor =     "Herwig {Cohen, Melvin I., Kogelnik} and Tingye Li",
}

@Article{Runge:1992:ULS,
  author =       "Peter K. Runge",
  title =        "Undersea lightwave systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--13",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Undersea lightwave systems have been in service since
                 1988 across the Atlantic Ocean, and since 1989 across
                 the Pacific Ocean. These high-capacity, 280-Mb/s
                 (megabit per second) digital communications systems
                 have brought about a revolution in available system
                 capacity and service quality compared to prior analog
                 coaxial systems. In 1991, the technological progress
                 continued as we began to install the higher capacity
                 systems (i.e., 560 Mb/s) that use advances in laser and
                 fiber technology. On the drawing board are systems
                 targeted for service in 1995 that are based on
                 revolutionary optical-amplifier technology with
                 5,000-Mb/s capacity. This paper will capture this
                 unprecedented progress in undersea communications
                 history. We start with the experience gained with
                 today's undersea lightwave systems, then describe plans
                 for the next-generation systems, and conclude with a
                 look at the newest amplifier-based system technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "digital communication systems; fiber optics; laser
                 beams; light--amplifiers; oceanography",
  subject =      "optical amplifiers; undersea communications; undersea
                 lightwave technology",
  topic =        "optical communication",
}

@Article{DeDuck:1992:FOL,
  author =       "Peter F. DeDuck and Steven R. Johnson",
  title =        "The {FT-2000 OC-48 Lightwave System}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "14--22",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{McGrath:1992:LT,
  author =       "Carl J. McGrath",
  title =        "{AM} lightwave technology",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "23--30",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The rapid evolution of lightwave transmission systems,
                 from the early 45-megabit-per-second FT-3 to the
                 present 2.4-gigabit-per-second FT-2000, took place
                 during a period in which telephone networks have added
                 only digital capacity. As a result, the primary
                 applications for lightwave transmission technology, and
                 the infrastructure required to support it, have been
                 almost entirely digital. The applicability of available
                 lightwave technology to CATV systems is not obvious. In
                 this paper, we compare broadband analog systems to
                 available digital technology, focusing on critical
                 parameters for each application. We report on the
                 significant improvements in electronic and media
                 components that are part of a working AM broadband
                 system, and on the architectural flexibilities that
                 result from having broadband analog as well as
                 high-speed digital facilities available for future
                 lightwave system architectures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "amplitude modulation; digital communication systems;
                 fiber optics; telephone systems; television systems,
                 cable",
  subject =      "AM broadband systems; CATV systems; lightwave
                 technology; lightwave transmission",
  topic =        "optical communication",
}

@Article{Bohn:1992:FL,
  author =       "Joseph M. Bohn and Peter P. Kania and Michael J.
                 Nemchik and Robert C. Purkey",
  title =        "Fiber in the Loop",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--45",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Wasser:1992:OD,
  author =       "Daniel J. Wasser",
  title =        "Optical datalinks",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "46--52",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper discusses optical datalinks, the
                 electro-optic devices that are the interfaces between
                 electrical circuits and fiber optic cables. To meet the
                 market-driven requirements of cost, performance, and
                 early availability, datalinks must be designed and
                 manufactured using Design for X (DFX) techniques, and
                 well-controlled processes and easily incorporated
                 improvements from research. These datalinks are used in
                 both multimode and single mode systems, depending on
                 the demands of physical distance and desired data
                 rates. This paper will present an overview of the
                 currently available products and technologies,
                 including optical switches that can be used in local
                 area networks.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer networks--local area networks;
                 electro-optical devices; electrooptical devices; fiber
                 optics; optical switches; telecommunication cables;
                 telecommunication equipment; transceivers",
  subject =      "optical datalinks; optical switches",
  topic =        "telecommunication links, optical",
}

@Article{Zyskind:1992:EDF,
  author =       "John L. Zyskind and C. Randy Giles and Jay R. Simpson
                 and David J. DiGiovanni",
  title =        "Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers and the Next Generation
                 of Lightwave Systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "53--62",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Koch:1992:PIC,
  author =       "Thomas L. Koch and Uziel Koren",
  title =        "Photonic integrated circuits",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "63--74",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A semiconductor laser contains a light-amplifying gain
                 medium and a miniature waveguide that confines the
                 light to the laser cavity. With today's
                 laser-fabrication technology, one can integrate lasers
                 with other active optical elements --- such as
                 detectors, optical amplifiers, optical modulators, and
                 switches --- on one semiconductor chip. The
                 interconnections are miniature, transparent, passive
                 waveguides that pipe light from one device to the next,
                 playing a role similar to the metal lines that carry
                 electricity in conventional integrated circuits. An
                 exploratory technology to create such photonic
                 integrated circuits is emerging from advances in
                 vapor-phase crystal growth and large-area wafer
                 processing. Initial research efforts are focused on
                 relatively simple devices such as laser-modulator,
                 laser-detector, and laser-amplifier photonic integrated
                 circuits. These configurations enhance the functional
                 capabilities of a single laser, promising advantages in
                 cost, compactness, and ease of packaging. Although
                 today's complex optical systems require large optical
                 benches and many delicate optical alignments, one can
                 also envision these systems transformed into miniature,
                 inexpensive, and robust photonic integrated circuits.
                 Recent research demonstrations of such single-chip
                 circuits include wavelength-division-multiplexing
                 transmission sources and balanced heterodyne
                 receivers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "integrated optics; integrated optoelectronics; optical
                 communication; optical communication equipment; optical
                 interconnections; optical waveguides; resonators,
                 cavity; semiconductor junction lasers; waveguides,
                 optical",
  subject =      "heterodyne receivers; laser cavities; miniature
                 waveguides; photonic ic",
  topic =        "lasers, semiconductor",
}

@Article{Geusic:1992:QWL,
  author =       "J. E. Geusic and R. L. Hartman and Uziel Koren and
                 Won-Tien Tsang and D. P. Wilt",
  title =        "Quantum well lasers in telecommunications",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "75--83",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Quantum well (QW) lasers are semiconductor lasers that
                 use the special two-dimensional physical properties of
                 very thin semiconductor layers in their light emitting
                 regions to enhance their performance. The superior
                 performance of the QW laser has made it the laser of
                 choice for future lightwave communications systems.
                 This paper deals historically with the concept of the
                 QW laser by first looking in depth at its major
                 antecedent, the bulk active diode laser. It then turns
                 to the specific properties and advantages of the QW
                 laser in modern optical communications systems, and
                 studies the fabrication of QW lasers. Finally, the
                 paper briefly explores future directions in QW laser
                 research.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "optical communication; quantum theory; semiconductor
                 diodes; semiconductor junction lasers;
                 telecommunication equipment",
  subject =      "quantum well laser; telecommunications; bulk active
                 diode laser; optical communications systems; QW lasers;
                 diode lasers; lightwave communication; quantum-well
                 lasers",
  topic =        "lasers, semiconductor",
  xxauthor =     "J. E. Geusic and R. L. Hartman and Uziel Koren and
                 Won-Hen Tsang and Daniel P. Wlit",
}

@Article{Hinton:1992:FSP,
  author =       "H. Scott Hinton and David A. B. Miller",
  title =        "Free-space photonics in switching",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "84--92",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Free-space digital optics is a new technology that
                 exploits the ability of optics to handle thousands of
                 light beams, or information channels, at once. This and
                 other features of optics complement the strengths and
                 weaknesses of purely electronic systems. Especially
                 when combined with electronics, free-space optics
                 allows the development of new architectures in digital
                 systems. In particular, it offers large numbers of
                 closely spaced interconnections inside digital
                 processors that can be used to make large digital
                 switching fabrics. In this paper, we outline some of
                 the strengths and weaknesses of this emerging
                 technology, and we briefly describe some of its
                 experimental systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "digital communication systems; fiber optics; light;
                 optics",
  subject =      "digital optics; digital switching; free-space optics;
                 light beams",
  topic =        "optical communication",
}

@Article{Wenger:1992:ASA,
  author =       "G. M. Wenger and D. A. Dickinson and G. C. Munie and
                 G. P. Tashjian and R. G. Furrow",
  title =        "Aqueous and semi-aqueous cleaning processes",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "45--51",
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T's efforts to eliminate environmentally unsound
                 manufacturing processes have included development of
                 alternative fluxing and cleaning operations for use
                 during printed-circuit board assembly. For
                 wave-soldered through-hole assembly, elimination of
                 solvent cleaning processes has been facilitated by
                 detergent underbrush cleaning. Waste disposal problems
                 associated with the detergent have been alleviated by
                 `semi-aqueous' underbrush cleaning that uses an
                 emulsion of water and a naturally-derived terpene
                 hydrocarbon solvent. Improved surface insulation
                 resistance of aggressive water soluble fluxes has
                 allowed aqueous cleaning for products compatible with
                 total immersion. Low-solids, no-clean fluxes that leave
                 minimal residue have eliminated the cleaning step for
                 many products. For surface mount applications, where
                 underbrush cleaning is not applicable, spray cleaning
                 with terpene followed by water rinse has proven
                 effective. Safety concerns about spray flammability and
                 low flash temperature have been resolved, and excellent
                 cleaning results have been obtained with a production
                 machine running at AT\&T's Merrimack Valley facility.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "assembling; printed circuit manufacture; surface mount
                 technology; surface treatment",
  subject =      "semi-aqueous underbrush cleaning; low-solids no-clean
                 fluxes; AT\&T Merrimack Valley facility;
                 printed-circuit board assembly; wave-soldered
                 through-hole assembly; detergent underbrush cleaning;
                 aqueous cleaning; surface mount applications; spray
                 cleaning; terpene; water rinse",
}

@Article{Feiner:1992:OQP,
  author =       "Alec Feiner and Ketherine A. Edward",
  title =        "An Overview of Quality and Project Management
                 Processes at {AT\&T}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "2--7",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Farley:1992:SUM,
  author =       "D. L. Farley",
  title =        "The {5ESS} switch {US} market front end process",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "8--14",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The 5ESS switch US market front end process (FEP) is a
                 new method AT\&T uses to work in partnership with its
                 customers during the early stages of new product
                 planning and development. The FEP is a disciplined
                 approach to evaluating new product or service
                 opportunities, and ensures that development and
                 deployment resources are allocated to the best
                 available opportunities for AT\&T and the local
                 exchange carriers (LECs). Customer input and feedback
                 is emphasized throughout the FEP. The process gives
                 management the basis to make informed decisions about
                 the products and services AT\&T offers its customers,
                 and improves the company's responsiveness to those
                 customers by decreasing time to market, and by
                 improving customer satisfaction with the new features
                 and services offered.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "electronic switching systems; marketing",
  subject =      "product development; lec; us market; front end
                 process; 5ESS switch; AT\&T; product planning; local
                 exchange carriers; time to market",
}

@Article{DAbadie:1992:FDP,
  author =       "Catherine A. D'Abadie and Michael W. Funk and Francine
                 S. Litofsky and David E. Nelsen",
  title =        "The Fast Decision Process",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "15--21",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Glass:1992:MOH,
  author =       "K. K. Glass and L. M. Sanders",
  title =        "Management organizational handoffs with empowered
                 teams",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "22--30",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Describes a way to form empowered teams around
                 traditional organizational boundaries, i.e. by
                 organizing the team into a subproject team. The
                 subproject concept was used effectively in the
                 development of a hardware, firmware, and operating
                 system platform for a new PBX. The authors did not
                 create the usual artificial deliveries between hardware
                 and software organizations through contractual
                 obligations. Instead, they formed a subproject that
                 encompassed all the development work needed to
                 formulate, test, and deploy the new PBX vehicle.
                 Quality metrics data for the subproject showed an
                 increase in customer satisfaction, high team morale,
                 and a reduction in necessary rework.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "private telephone exchanges; project management",
  subject =      "hardware development; quality metrics data;
                 organizational handoffs management; empowered teams;
                 subproject team; operating system platform; PBX",
}

@Article{Greenspan:1992:PDT,
  author =       "Steven L. Greenspan and John J. Wisowaty and Raymond
                 E. {Bright, Jr.}",
  title =        "Product Definition Through the Design-by-Use Process",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "31--40",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Brownlie:1992:RTA,
  author =       "Robert Brownlie and James Prowse and Madhav S.
                 Phadke",
  title =        "Robust Testing of {AT\&T} {PMX\slash StarMAIL} Using
                 {OATS}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "41--47",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Colson:1992:TQM,
  author =       "J. S. {Colson, Jr.} and E. M. Prell",
  title =        "Total quality management for a large software
                 project",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "48--56",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The 5ESS switch project faces a challenge increasingly
                 common to many industries-how to simultaneously improve
                 quality, shorten the interval between product
                 development and delivery, reduce costs, and increase
                 revenues. Over the past several years, the authors have
                 realized that they must design and manage the
                 development process with the same rigor and effort that
                 they currently design and manage their products. The
                 paper summarizes the approach, current status, and some
                 early results of their efforts to conceptualize,
                 design, and achieve a quality management system for the
                 international and US 5ESS switch projects.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "electronic switching systems; software quality",
  subject =      "total quality management; software project; 5ESS
                 switch; product development; quality management
                 system",
}

@Article{Elmendorf:1992:MQQ,
  author =       "David C. Elmendorf",
  title =        "Managing Quality and Quality Improvement",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "57--65",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Sansone:1992:ITM,
  author =       "Frank P. Sansone and Howard M. Singer",
  title =        "Improving Time to Market in Consumer Products",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "66--72",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Foo:1992:VCF,
  author =       "George Foo and David J. Friedman",
  title =        "Variability and Capability: The Foundation of
                 Competitive Operations Performance",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "2--9",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Parker:1992:QIU,
  author =       "T. Paul Parker and Gordon L. Harrison",
  title =        "Quality Improvement Using Environmental Stress
                 Testing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "10--23",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Anderson:1992:ACA,
  author =       "Carl R. Anderson and Allan R. Brown and Gary G.
                 Seaman",
  title =        "An Automated Cable Assembly Machine",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "24--29",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Amir:1992:TDI,
  author =       "Israel Amir and Frank P. Higgins and John B. Macdonald
                 and Howard N. Gaston and Rodney E. Griffin",
  title =        "Three-Dimensional Imaging for Circuit-Board Assembly",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "30--36",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Farrell:1992:ISE,
  author =       "Brian L. Farrell and William Kahan and Jay W.
                 Reightler and Alan C. Woodard",
  title =        "Improving Service Efficiency in Manufacturing
                 Integrated Circuits",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "37--44",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Elliott:1992:PHA,
  author =       "W. Andrew Elliott",
  title =        "Progressive Hand Assembly of Circuit Packs in a
                 Small-Lot, High-Mix Environment",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "45--50",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Bess:1992:DDP,
  author =       "C. Greg Bess and Walter W. Jones and Edward E. Lewis",
  title =        "Design and Development of a Program-and-Place
                 Surface-Mount-Assembly Machine",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "51--60",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Tull:1992:QPI,
  author =       "Bernie D. {Tull, Jr.}",
  title =        "Quality and Productivity in Injection Mold Tool
                 Construction: A View from Manufacturing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "61--68",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Mayo:1992:PSE,
  author =       "J. S. Mayo",
  title =        "Partnering: a strategic element of globalization
                 [international telecommunications]",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "2--5",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "During the past ten years, technological progress and
                 political changes have accelerated the development of
                 globally interconnected telecommunications networks.
                 AT\&T's active participation in the growth of
                 international telecommunications requires close
                 cooperation among its business units, as well as
                 between the company and its overseas partners-which, in
                 some circumstances, may also be its competitors. This
                 cooperation is an essential element of a globalization
                 strategy that recognizes that no company, by itself,
                 will be able to meet the expanding information movement
                 and management needs of ever-greater numbers of global
                 customers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "commerce; telecommunication networks;
                 telecommunication services",
  subject =      "information management; AT\&T; globally interconnected
                 telecommunications networks; international
                 telecommunications; business units; company; overseas
                 partners; globalization strategy",
}

@Article{Sykes:1992:GIN,
  author =       "Jack S. Sykes and Eldred J. Visser",
  title =        "Globalization of Intelligent Network Services",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "6--12",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Fossett:1992:ERC,
  author =       "L. D. Fossett and A. Kasper and S. Civaniar and W. D.
                 Radwill",
  title =        "Evolution of routing and capacity management in
                 international switched networks",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "13--23",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A great challenge for telecommunications providers is
                 to translate revolutionary advances in switching,
                 transmission, and signaling technologies into advanced
                 network services, failure transparency, high
                 transmission quality, and affordable prices. The
                 companies and government agencies that provide
                 international telecommunications services face diverse
                 expectations from their customers, differences in
                 regulatory environments, and a multitude of equipment
                 choices. Hence, a service provider's globalization
                 strategy will become a key to its overall success.
                 Substantial disparities exist among providers in the
                 development of their national telecommunications
                 infrastructures and in their political, economic, and
                 regulatory environments. Therefore, distinct
                 network-evolution strategies will emerge for each such
                 service provider. The paper surveys a variety of
                 possible evolution strategies for an international
                 network and their effect on network design.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "switching networks; telecommunication network
                 management; telecommunication network routing;
                 telecommunication services",
  subject =      "network evolution; capacity management; international
                 switched networks; telecommunications providers;
                 network services; failure transparency; high
                 transmission quality; companies; government agencies;
                 international telecommunications services;
                 globalization strategy; national telecommunications
                 infrastructures; service provider; network design",
}

@Article{Lie:1992:GTD,
  author =       "Gwan K. Lie and Thomas L. McRoberts and Jan Neuteboom
                 and Robert E. Schleicher and Jeffrey D. Wiggs",
  title =        "Global Teamwork: Developing International {ISDN}
                 Capabilities for the {5ESS} Switch",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "24--29",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Kettler:1992:AGI,
  author =       "H. W. Kettler and G. Natarajan and E. W. Scher and P.
                 Y. Shih and P. Marr Wainscott",
  title =        "{AT\&T}'s global intelligent network architecture",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "30--35",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Increased international business competition, combined
                 with the worldwide proliferation of multinational
                 corporations, has accelerated the demand for universal,
                 uniform, global telecommunications services, AT\&T has
                 designed an intelligent network platform that
                 facilitates consolidating various national networks
                 into a global system that will provide advanced
                 universal network-based services on a worldwide basis.
                 This platform will permit global carriers to offer
                 multinational business customers a full portfolio of
                 global information movement and management services.
                 Based on the International Telephone and Telegraph
                 Consultative Committee (CCITT) recommendations, the
                 architecture is flexible and evolvable and offers
                 telecommunications carriers the capability to connect
                 with one another and provide functionally equivalent
                 services on a worldwide basis. This architecture can
                 accommodate the many types of possible national network
                 infrastructures and configurations, ranging from
                 networks offering only basic telephone service to those
                 offering the advanced capabilities of an intelligent
                 network.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "information services; intelligent networks;
                 telecommunication services",
  subject =      "CCITT recommendations; network configurations;
                 information management services; global intelligent
                 network architecture; multinational corporations;
                 global telecommunications services; AT\&T; intelligent
                 network platform; national networks; global system;
                 universal network-based services; global carriers;
                 multinational business customers; telecommunications
                 carriers; telephone service",
}

@Article{Philen:1992:OFS,
  author =       "D. L. Philen and M. Q. Garvin and J. Garcia-Arce and
                 W. M. M. Botermans and E. Gomez Chili",
  title =        "Optical fiber system design for {TelMex}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "36--44",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Telefonos de Mexico (TelMex) has embarked on a program
                 to modernize its telecommunications network. At the
                 heart of this modernization is a 13500-kilometer
                 optical fiber backbone that uses state-of-the-art
                 technology. AT\&T will provide about 60 percent of the
                 required network for TelMex using dispersion-shifted
                 fibers that operate at 1550 nanometers. The network
                 will be installed to run at 565 megabits per second,
                 with future upgrades possible to synchronous digital
                 hierarchy optical network rates of 2.5 gigabits per
                 second. The total turnkey system provided by AT\&T
                 includes optical fiber cable, splicing, installation,
                 terminals, repeaters, training, maintenance, and
                 documentation. This effort, which represents a
                 collaboration among AT\&T Network Systems-USA, AT\&T
                 Systems International-Netherlands, AT\&T Network
                 Systems-Espana, and AT\&T Mexico, is also the first
                 example of AT\&T-Espana and AT\&T working together to
                 satisfy the rigorous requirements of TelMex. When
                 completed, this will be the largest long distance
                 network in the world using dispersion-shifted fibers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "optical cables; optical fibres; optical links;
                 telecommunication networks",
  subject =      "optical fibre system design; SDH; Telefonos de Mexico;
                 TelMex; telecommunications network; optical fiber
                 backbone; AT\&T; dispersion-shifted fibers; synchronous
                 digital hierarchy; optical network rates; turnkey
                 system; optical fiber cable; splicing; installation;
                 terminals; repeaters; training; maintenance;
                 documentation; long distance network; 1550 nm; 565
                 Mbit/s; 2.5 Gbit/s",
}

@Article{Ebner:1992:ATP,
  author =       "G. C. Ebner and T. K. Lybarger and P. Coville",
  title =        "{AT\&T} and telesystemes partnering in {France}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "45--56",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "How do you make the sale and satisfy a customer in
                 another country who is interested in your product but
                 wants the technology and support to be in that country?
                 One solution is described in the paper. By joining
                 forces, AT\&T and TELESYSTEMES (a subsidiary of France
                 Telecom) were able to provide the technology-an AT\&T
                 NetMinder network-traffic-management system-and local
                 support that meet the needs of France Telecom. Today,
                 France Telecom's new international network management
                 center uses a NetMinder system to monitor and control
                 telephone traffic between France and the rest of the
                 world. AT\&T provided the knowledge, training, and
                 technology that TELESYSTEMES needed to support and
                 enhance the system once it was introduced in France.
                 Besides its ability to provide close customer support,
                 TELESYSTEMES contributed its knowledge of the customer
                 and its experience in managing telecommunications
                 projects. The blending of both partners' approaches to
                 software development led to mutual process
                 improvements. The paper discusses the partnership and
                 cultural issues faced and resolved them, the benefits
                 that resulted, and the lessons learned.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "software engineering; telecommunication network
                 management; telecommunication services;
                 telecommunications computing",
  subject =      "AT\&T; telesystemes; France Telecom; AT\&T NetMinder;
                 network-traffic-management system; international
                 network management center; telephone traffic; training;
                 France; customer support; telecommunications projects;
                 software development; partnership; cultural issues",
}

@Article{Gelman:1992:CLS,
  author =       "Stacey J. Gelman and Fred M. Lax and Joseph F.
                 Maranzano",
  title =        "Competing in Large-Scale Software Development",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "2--11",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Arnold:1992:RNP,
  author =       "George W. Arnold and Mark C. Floyd",
  title =        "Reengineering the New Product Introduction Process",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "12--19",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Culver-Lozo:1992:EAM,
  author =       "Kathleen Culver-Lozo and Vicki Glezman",
  title =        "Experiences Applying Methods Supported by {CASE}
                 Tools",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "20--26",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Castillo:1992:OOD,
  author =       "Cecilia M. Castillo and Elizabeth B. Flanagan and
                 Nancy W. Wilkinson",
  title =        "Object-Oriented Design and Programming",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "27--33",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Beck:1992:ALS,
  author =       "R. P. Beck and S. R. Desai and D. R. Ryan and R. W.
                 Tower and D. Q. Vroom and L. M. Wood",
  title =        "Architectures for large-scale reuse",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "34--45",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Large-scale reuse of software architectures and
                 components is an important element for improving
                 software productivity and reducing the time needed to
                 design, develop, and deploy software systems. For
                 maximum benefit, the application of reuse technologies
                 must be coupled with effective process changes. The
                 authors focus on AT\&T's approach to software reuse,
                 particularly the use of the AT\&T BaseWorX applications
                 platform to achieve reuse. They also discuss the
                 process changes associated with software reuse, and the
                 results that have been achieved from applying reuse to
                 a wide range of software products.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "software reusability",
  subject =      "software components; large-scale reuse; software
                 architectures; software productivity; software systems;
                 reuse technologies; software reuse; AT\&T BaseWorX
                 applications platform; software products",
}

@Article{Fowler:1992:TTB,
  author =       "Glenn S. Fowler and James E. Humelsine and Carl H.
                 Olson",
  title =        "Tools and Techniques for Building and Testing Software
                 Systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "46--61",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Belanger:1992:RS,
  author =       "D. G. Belanger and E. E. {Sumner, Jr.} and P. J.
                 Weinberger",
  title =        "Research in software",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "62--71",
  month =        nov # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Computer-aided software engineering (CASE) tools are
                 providing new and more effective resources for product
                 development in a rapidly changing software industry.
                 They are a critical part of an increasingly competitive
                 environment in which software has become a significant
                 part of all telecommunications products, and in which
                 complex problems require solutions that, paradoxically,
                 reflect complexity of structure while making it easier
                 to find quick and effective solutions to design
                 problems. The paper examines trends in software
                 research in the 1990s in terms of problems and the
                 technologies to help solve them.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "software engineering; software tools;
                 telecommunication equipment",
  subject =      "case tools; software production technologies; software
                 production problems; computer aided software
                 engineering; software industry; telecommunications
                 products; design problems",
}

@Article{Aldermeshian:1993:VCD,
  author =       "Hrair Aldermeshian and William H. Ninke and Randolph
                 J. Pilc",
  title =        "The Video Communications Decade",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--6",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Allen:1993:VVD,
  author =       "James R. Allen and Blaise L. Heltai and Arthur H.
                 Koenig and Donald F. Snow and James R. Warson",
  title =        "{VCTV}: a video-on-demand market test",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "7--14",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The market potential for interactive video services
                 and broadband networks necessary to support these
                 services are of great interest to both the
                 telecommunications and cable television (CATV)
                 industries. Both industries are involved in intensive
                 evaluations of interactive video services. The cost to
                 provide and maintain broadband networks is being
                 compared to potential consumer demand and willingness
                 to pay. This paper presents these issues and describes
                 a market trial being jointly conducted by AT\&T Network
                 Systems, US West, and Telecommunications, Inc.(TCI),
                 under the name of Viewer-Controlled Cable Television
                 (VCTV).",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cable television systems; interactive computer
                 systems; telecommunication services; television
                 equipment",
  subject =      "broadband networks; interactive video services; market
                 trial; Viewer-Controlled Cable Television (VCTV)",
  topic =        "visual communication",
}

@Article{An:1993:MDL,
  author =       "Chungming An and Brian T. Barcelo and Joyce A. Inkrott
                 and Arthur R. Snowdon and Kenneth J. Trojniar",
  title =        "A Multimedia Distance Learning Trial Using {ISDN}
                 {BRI}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "15--21",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Early:1993:VVT,
  author =       "S. H. Early and A. Kuzma and E. Dorsey",
  title =        "The {VideoPhone 2500} --- video telephony on the
                 public switched telephone network",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "22--32",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The AT\&T VideoPhone 2500 is the first video telephone
                 to provide color, motion video over the analog loop on
                 the public switched telephone network. The enabling
                 technologies include video and audio compression, as
                 well as a high-speed modem (modulator-demodulator). The
                 authors describe the overall architecture of the
                 VideoPhone 2500 and operation of individual subsystems,
                 including design considerations. They also provide
                 details about the market research and business decision
                 process that led to AT\&T's entry into the
                 video-telephone market.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "data compression; image coding; modems; speech coding;
                 videotelephony",
  subject =      "AT\&T; colour motion video; video compression;
                 VideoPhone 2500; video telephony; public switched
                 telephone network; audio compression; high-speed modem;
                 architecture",
}

@Article{Crouch:1993:IPV,
  author =       "Paul E. Crouch and J. Al Hicks and John J. Jetzt",
  title =        "{ISDN} Personal Video",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "33--40",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Horn:1993:SBM,
  author =       "D. N. Horn and T. G. Lyons and J. C. Mitchell and D.
                 L. Skran",
  title =        "A standards-based multimedia conferencing bridge",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "41--49",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Standardizing video, audio, and data exchange formats
                 under the auspices of the International Telegraph and
                 Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT) will make
                 possible a large new market in standard
                 videoconferencing devices. The authors describe a
                 possible solution for multipoint, multimedia
                 conferencing in such an environment.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "multimedia systems; telecommunication standards;
                 teleconferencing",
  subject =      "video communication; audio communication;
                 standards-based multimedia conferencing bridge; data
                 exchange; international telegraph and telephone
                 consultative committee; CCITT; videoconferencing",
}

@Article{Ackland:1993:VCC,
  author =       "B. D. Ackland and R. Aghevli and I. Eldumiati and A.
                 C. Englander and E. {Scuteri, Jr.}",
  title =        "A video-codec chip set for multimedia applications",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "50--66",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The multimedia, video-codec chip described represents
                 the first generation in a family of devices that will
                 make possible reliable, cost- effective storage and
                 transmission of multimedia data, including video.
                 AT\&T's multimedia video-codec complies with
                 international video standards. It supports still-image
                 and audio compression over a wide range of quality and
                 bit rates; multiplexing of audio, video, and data; and
                 protocol control for a variety of telecommunications
                 options. The codec consist of three chips-a video
                 encoder, a video decoder, and a systems controller-plus
                 one or two digital-signal processors and a modest
                 amount of industry-standard, dynamic random-access
                 memory. The authors examine the potential market for
                 such a device and the performance and capability
                 requirements. They also describe the overall
                 multimedia-codec architecture and review the
                 video-signal-processing operations for
                 standards-compliant video compression. Finally, they
                 describe the architecture of the encoder, decoder, and
                 systems controller.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "codes; data compression; image coding; multimedia
                 systems; signal processing; video signals",
  subject =      "data storage; data transmission; still-image
                 compression; video-codec chip set; multimedia
                 applications; audio compression; digital-signal
                 processors; dynamic random-access memory;
                 video-signal-processing; video compression;
                 architecture; encoder; decoder; systems controller",
}

@Article{Aravind:1993:IVC,
  author =       "R. Aravind and G. L. Cash and D. L. Duttweiler and
                 Hsueh-Ming Hang and B. G. Haskell and A. Puri",
  title =        "Image and video coding standards",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "67--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Most image or video applications involving
                 transmission or storage require some form of data
                 compression to reduce the otherwise inordinate demand
                 on bandwidth and storage. Compatibility among different
                 applications and manufacturers is very desirable, and
                 often essential. The authors describes several standard
                 compression algorithms including: JBIG progressive
                 bilevel image coding; JPEG still-colour-image coding;
                 videoconferencing coding standard H.261; and the MPEG
                 first-phase standard.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "data compression; image coding; telecommunication
                 standards; video signals",
  subject =      "image coding standards; data compression; jbig
                 progressive bilevel image coding; jpeg
                 still-colour-image coding; videoconferencing coding
                 standard h.261; mpeg first-phase standard",
}

@Article{Fenton:1993:DDG,
  author =       "Frank M. Fenton and Kenneth T. Fong and Albert
                 Mizrahi",
  title =        "Design and Development for a Global Market",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--5",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Silverio:1993:EGK,
  author =       "Vincent J. Silverio and Sandra J. Brown and Warren B.
                 Houck and Giorgio Marinzoli and Stacey D. Sern",
  title =        "Evolution of Global Key-System Platforms",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "6--16",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Frisch:1993:ICP,
  author =       "Howard D. Frisch and Bryan S. Katz and James L.
                 Knight",
  title =        "International considerations in {PBX} design",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "17--23",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Private Branch Exchanges (PBXs) designed for the
                 global marketplace must be adaptable to differences
                 among the technical and cultural environments in which
                 they will be sold. In this paper we describe some of
                 the challenges arising from these differences, and
                 illustrate approaches taken to address them.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "design; management; marketing",
  subject =      "cultural environments; global marketplace; Private
                 Branch Exchanges (PBXs); world class",
  topic =        "private telephone exchanges",
}

@Article{Heirman:1993:IMP,
  author =       "Donald N. Heirman and Steven M. Crosby and Douglas C.
                 Smith",
  title =        "International Mandatory Product Standards",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "25--40",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Horenkamp:1993:SCS,
  author =       "John J. Horenkamp and J. Scott Eudy",
  title =        "Structured Cabling Systems for the Global Premises
                 Distribution Market",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "41--49",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Dorato:1993:IDG,
  author =       "Karen H. Dorato and Lisa J. Klau",
  title =        "{ISDN} design for global markets",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "50--61",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper reviews the differences found worldwide in
                 the ISDN PRI standards, and describes the flexibility
                 that can be designed into an ISDN PRI implementation to
                 accommodate these inconsistencies.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer software; data communication systems;
                 interactive computer systems; marketing; private
                 telephone exchanges",
  subject =      "digital connectivity; global markets; Integrated
                 Services Digital Network (ISDN); multivendor
                 environment; primary-rate interface",
  topic =        "telecommunication services",
}

@Article{Berg:1993:WCH,
  author =       "Mark R. Berg and Neil E. Gallensky and Greg D.
                 Hamilton and Won U. Huh and James L. {Knight, Jr.} and
                 John J. Sangermano",
  title =        "World-Class Hardware and Transmission Design",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "62--73",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Farber:1993:UTA,
  author =       "J. M. Farber",
  title =        "Using technology to achieve ease of use",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--6",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The user interface is a critical determiner of the
                 success of AT\&T's products and services. Customers
                 demand interfaces that are attractive, entertaining,
                 and easy to use. New technologies promise significant
                 improvements in the interfaces between people and
                 systems. However, care is needed to ensure that these
                 technologies produce results that are in fact easy to
                 use. The article describes a number of ways to achieve
                 high quality user interfaces in AT\&T products and
                 services. These include a user centered approach to
                 design and development, the use of standard interfaces
                 to provide a common look and feel across products, and
                 the use of software tools that promote good design
                 principles.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "software tools; telecommunication equipment;
                 telecommunications computing; user interfaces",
  subject =      "user interface; AT\&T; software tools;
                 telecommunication products; telecommunication
                 services",
}

@Article{Angiolillo:1993:VT,
  author =       "Joel S. Angiolillo and Harry E. Blanchard and Edmond
                 W. Israelski",
  title =        "Video Telephony",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "7--20",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Millen:1993:PBU,
  author =       "David R. Millen",
  title =        "Pen-Based User Interfaces",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "21--27",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Wattenbarger:1993:SCA,
  author =       "Blake L. Wattenbarger and Roger B. Garberg and Edward
                 S. Halpern and Barry L. Lively",
  title =        "Serving Customers with Automatic Speech Recognition --
                 Human-Factors Issues",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "28--41",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Benimoff:1993:MUI,
  author =       "N. I. Benimoff and M. J. Burns",
  title =        "Multimedia user interfaces for telecommunications
                 products and services",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "42--49",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The emergence of multimedia systems, which incorporate
                 media types such as text, graphics, audio, video, and
                 animation, has great potential to change how people
                 interact with systems and with each other. As
                 multimedia technologies and their applications in
                 telecommunications products and services evolve, some
                 critical human factors challenges in designing these
                 systems are emerging. This paper describes how the use
                 of new multimedia technologies, complemented by the
                 proper application of human factors design principles,
                 can enhance the usability of AT\&T products and
                 services. Examples of three types of
                 applications-multimedia-based training,
                 multimedia-based performance support, and multimedia
                 conferencing-highlight challenges specific to the
                 design of multimedia user interfaces.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "human factors; multimedia systems; telecommunication
                 services; telecommunications computing;
                 teleconferencing; training; user interfaces",
  subject =      "telecommunications products; multimedia user
                 interfaces; multimedia systems; telecommunications
                 services; text; graphics; audio; video; animation;
                 human factors; AT\&T; multimedia-based training;
                 multimedia-based performance support; multimedia
                 conferencing",
}

@Article{Henneman:1993:NDT,
  author =       "Richard L. Henneman and David M. Rubini",
  title =        "New Directions in Transaction Terminal Interfaces",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "50--56",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Cunningham:1993:GIN,
  author =       "J. P. Cunningham and C. D. Blewett and J. S.
                 Anderson",
  title =        "Graphical interfaces for network operations and
                 management",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "57--66",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The paper describes the advantages to the network
                 manager of using graphical user interface systems, and
                 ways to alleviate the software development challenges
                 they present. The authors discuss some of the graphical
                 techniques and tools that allow developers to
                 efficiently summarize, manipulate, and navigate complex
                 network data. The paper encourages development
                 organizations to consider an iterative refinement
                 development style for graphics applications.
                 Applications built using this style are constructed
                 from small, reusable processes that can be
                 incrementally specified by members of the application
                 team.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "graphical user interfaces; telecommunication network
                 management; telecommunications computing",
  subject =      "network operations and management; network manager;
                 graphical user interface systems; software development;
                 complex network data; development organizations;
                 iterative refinement development style; graphics
                 applications",
}

@Article{Baldasare:1993:DEU,
  author =       "J. Baldasare",
  title =        "Designing easy-to-use online documentation systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "67--74",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Many products and services now include online
                 documentation, which is rapidly gaining acceptance
                 among users. To compete successfully with paper
                 documentation, online documentation systems must be
                 designed to be as easy to use as traditional paper
                 documents. To develop this ease of use, designers of
                 online documentation must draw upon user interface
                 design principles and established techniques for
                 effective technical writing. The paper describes some
                 advantages of online document systems, several factors
                 that influence their usability, and developments in
                 online documentation within AT\&T. It also presents
                 some examples of AT\&T online documentation products.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "hypermedia; system documentation; technical
                 presentation; telecommunications computing; user
                 interfaces",
  subject =      "online documentation systems design; AT\&T products;
                 user interface design; technical writing; usability",
}

@Article{Opaluch:1993:TWI,
  author =       "R. E. Opaluch and Yao-Chung Tsao",
  title =        "Ten ways to improve usability engineering-designing
                 user interfaces for ease of use",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "75--88",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper discusses 10 methods for improving a
                 product's or service's ease of use. These methods can
                 benefit not only human-factors engineers, but also
                 project managers and system developers. The methods are
                 general user-interface (UI) principles that engineers
                 and designers have applied to many projects with
                 excellent results. These methods demonstrate proven
                 techniques for ensuring effective UI design. Although
                 each one is important, the extent to which designers
                 apply them to individual projects depends on many
                 variables. These variables are also discussed. Not all
                 UI issues can be resolved simply and easily, but the 10
                 methods presented in this paper will help to improve
                 usability and end-user acceptance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "ergonomics; human factors; production engineering
                 computing; user interfaces",
  subject =      "usability engineering; user interfaces design; human
                 factors; end-user acceptance; project management
                 support",
}

@Article{Bernstein:1993:ITP,
  author =       "Lawrence Bernstein",
  title =        "Innovative technologies for preventing network
                 outages",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--10",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T and companies engaged in similar communications
                 enterprises are in business for two principal reasons:
                 to satisfy customers by providing the products and
                 services they desire, including uninterrupted
                 end-to-end telecommunication services; and, in so
                 doing, to earn the best possible return on investment,
                 thereby rewarding shareholders and employees alike. As
                 the fields of computing and telecommunications converge
                 in the emerging new global networks, scientific
                 advances often result from the aggressive pursuit of
                 these goals.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "outages; technology; telecommunication networks;
                 telecommunication services",
  subject =      "global networks; innovative technologies",
  topic =        "telecommunication networks",
}

@Article{Chang:1993:WST,
  author =       "J. J. C. Chang and R. A. Miska and R. A. Shober",
  title =        "Wireless systems and technologies: an overview",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "11--18",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The wondrous inventions of Marconi brought about the
                 first wireless revolution, which dramatically
                 transformed the ways people worked and played. The
                 telecommunications industry is now in the midst of a
                 second wireless revolution, which is projected to have
                 an impact as large as that of the original. The current
                 revolution began with the invention of cellular
                 communications technology. As new discoveries were made
                 and cellular technology advanced, another generation of
                 wireless applications has emerged during the past
                 decade. Recent developments, including AT\&T's proposed
                 \$12.6 billion merger with McCaw Cellular
                 Communications Inc., whose network now spans nearly
                 one-third of the United States, provide overwhelming
                 proof of the tremendous potential of these
                 technologies. Future applications will make it easier
                 than ever for people to avail themselves of anywhere,
                 anytime voice, data, and messaging services through the
                 telecommunications network. The paper discusses the
                 development of current cellular applications and
                 technologies, and also explores the expanding wireless
                 telecommunications network of the future.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cellular radio; data communication systems; radio
                 networks; voice communication",
  subject =      "Marconi; wireless systems; telecommunications
                 industry; cellular communications; wireless
                 applications; AT\&T; McCaw Cellular Communications;
                 United States; messaging services; wireless
                 telecommunications network; voice services; data
                 services",
}

@Article{Bursh:1993:DRM,
  author =       "Talmage P. {Bursh, Jr.} and Fredrick F. Kunzinger and
                 LaJeana N. Roberts and Wesley L. Shanks and Lisa A.
                 Tantillo",
  title =        "Digital radio for mobile application",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "19--26",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The technology of time-division multiple access (TDMA)
                 and code-division multiple-access (CDMA) promises to
                 significantly improve the capacity and operation of
                 existing analog cellular networks. AT\&T has been on
                 the leading edge of these breakthroughs, developing
                 trial and commercial systems for both of these advanced
                 digital radio technologies. This paper describes TDMA
                 and CDMA, their advantages, specific features,field
                 test results, and speculations on their futures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cellular radio systems; digital communication systems;
                 time division multiplexing",
  subject =      "AT\&T; code division multiple access",
  topic =        "mobile radio systems",
}

@Article{Tuch:1993:DWI,
  author =       "Bruce Tuch",
  title =        "Development of {WaveLAN}, an {ISM} band wireless
                 {LAN}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "27--37",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Wireless voice communications has seen a great many
                 changes in the last few years, including the evolution
                 of cordless telephones, cellular systems, and the
                 development of standards for personal communications
                 services (PCS). Recently, high-speed wireless local
                 area networks (WLANs) have been getting more attention,
                 both in marketing and research. This paper discusses
                 the design philosophy in the development of NCR's
                 WaveLAN, and the technical tradeoffs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cellular radio systems; digital communication systems;
                 telecommunication networks",
  subject =      "WaveLAN; wireless LAN",
  topic =        "local area networks",
}

@Article{Gauldin:1993:WMS,
  author =       "Mark A. Gauldin and Jon H. Horwedel and Jack P. Kozik
                 and Robin J. Thompson and Randall J. Wilson",
  title =        "{5ESS} wireless mobile switching center",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "38--47",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Currently, three digital wireless standards are
                 specified. Each includes a mobile switching center
                 (MSC) as the centralized network switching and call
                 control entity. AT\&T's 5ESS Switch supports the MSC
                 function for two of the three digital wireless
                 standards, and is an integral component of the AT\&T
                 MSC product for the third standard. Reuse of the
                 existing hardware platform, designing wireless
                 functionality as incremental extensions of the existing
                 software architecture, and support of intelligent
                 network (IN) capabilities on the 5ESS MSC, results in a
                 uniquely matches solution for providing wireless
                 services in a wide variety of network environments and
                 applications.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer software; digital communication systems;
                 standards; switching systems",
  subject =      "AT\&T; digital wireless standards",
  topic =        "mobile telephone exchanges",
}

@Article{Seshadri:1993:ATM,
  author =       "Nambi Seshadri and Carl-Erik W. Sundberg and Vijitha
                 Weerackody",
  title =        "Advanced Techniques for Modulation, Error Correction,
                 Channel Equalization, and Diversity",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "48--63",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Gould:1993:RSC,
  author =       "Kevin W. Gould and Richard V. Cox and Nikil S. Jayant
                 and Melvin J. Melchner",
  title =        "Robust Speech Coding for the Indoor Wireless Channel",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "64--73",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Hornbach:1993:SNG,
  author =       "Barbara H. Hornbach and William J. Bielawski and
                 Ronald J. Canniff and Paul A. Stiling",
  title =        "{5ESS-2000} Switch: The Next Generation Switching
                 System",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "4--13",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Kamath:1993:RBO,
  author =       "Yogeesh H. Kamath and Ruth E. Smilan and Jean G.
                 Smith",
  title =        "Reaping Benefits with Object-Oriented Technology",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "14--24",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Lee:1993:SBL,
  author =       "Chin-Hui Lee and Jean-Luc Gauvain and Roberto
                 Pieraccini and Lawrence R. Rabiner",
  title =        "Subword-Based Large-Vocabulary Speech Recognition",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "25--36",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Nordin:1993:SDP,
  author =       "Ronald A. Nordin and Anthony F. J. Levi",
  title =        "A System Design Perspective on Optical Interconnection
                 Technology",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "37--49",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Warwick:1993:TGS,
  author =       "Collin A. Warwick and Ran-Hong Yan and Young Ock Kim
                 and Abbas Ourmazd",
  title =        "Toward giga-scale silicon integrated circuits",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "50--58",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Silicon integrated circuits now permeate our daily
                 lives, in ways that seem surprising. Today, a 'notepad'
                 computer is small enough to be used on an airplane to
                 perform tasks that, a few years ago, would have
                 required a machine heavier than the combined weights of
                 all the passengers on board. In reality, however,
                 silicon technology has followed unremitting and
                 predictable trends since its inception over 30 years
                 ago. Here, we outline these trends, assess their
                 implications, and examine their potential limits.
                 Beyond the question of limits, however, lies the
                 important role that silicon technology can play in
                 aggressive companies like AT\&T. In an essential sense,
                 silicon is the embodiment of intellectual property.
                 Appropriate, concurrent engineering-based use of this
                 technology enables vertically integrated companies to
                 erect barriers against rapid duplication, which will
                 extend the initial, highly profitable stages of the
                 product cycle. As such, silicon technology can be a
                 formidable weapon in rapidly evolving competitive
                 markets.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "silicon",
  subject =      "giga-scale silicon circuits; notepad computer; silicon
                 integrated circuits; silicon technology",
  topic =        "integrated circuits",
}

@Article{Agazzi:1993:PTD,
  author =       "Oscar E. Agazzi and Shyh-shiaw Kuo",
  title =        "Pseudo two-dimensional hidden {Markov} models for
                 document recognition",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "60--72",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Hidden Markov models (HMM) have become the most
                 popular technique for automatic speech recognition.
                 Extending this technique to the two-dimensional domain
                 is a promising approach to solving difficult problems
                 in optical character recognition (OCR), such as
                 recognizing poorly printed text. Hidden Markov models
                 are robust for OCR applications due to: their inherent
                 tolerance to noise and distortion, their ability to
                 segment blurred and connected text into words and
                 characters as an integral part of the recognition
                 process, their invariance to size, slant, and other
                 transformation of the basic characters, and the ease
                 which conceptual information language models can be
                 incorporated into the recognition algorithms. We give a
                 brief overview of OCR algorithms based on
                 two-dimensional hidden Markov models, and we present
                 three case studies that show their remarkable
                 strengths.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "algorithms",
  subject =      "document recognition models; hidden Markov models;
                 Optical Character Recognition (OCR); pseudo-two
                 dimensional models",
  topic =        "speech recognition",
}

@Article{Zimmerman:1993:TMM,
  author =       "Michael A. Zimmerman",
  title =        "The Technology of Molded Multichip Modules",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "73--83",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 21:59:42 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/eslib/journals/ATTBLTJ/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
}

@Article{Demaio:1993:BAS,
  author =       "M. Demaio and H. J. Kafka",
  title =        "Broadband applications and services prospectus",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "23--28",
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper discusses some of the expected broadband
                 applications and services enabled with ATM technology,
                 as well as applications and services involving more
                 than a 1-Mbit/s peak transport capability. In addition,
                 the prospects for broadband services and applications
                 deployment are also presented.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "asynchronous transfer mode; broadband networks;
                 interactive video; multimedia systems;
                 telecommunication services; visual communication",
  subject =      "broadband applications; broadband services;
                 high-bandwidth traffic; conventional voice traffic;
                 information-network services; network-service
                 providers; new networking technologies; asynchronous
                 transfer mode; ATM technology; 1-mbit/s peak transport
                 capability; 1 mbit/s",
}

@Article{Fallah:1994:SPA,
  author =       "M. Hosein Fallah and Ahmad M. Jrad",
  title =        "{SQA} --- a proactive approach to assuring software
                 quality",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "26--33",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "As AT\&T participates in increasingly competitive
                 global markets, the need to provide consistently
                 high-quality software products becomes more crucial.
                 Use of the Best Current Practices (BCP) guide is a key
                 element of the AT\&T Bell Laboratories approach to
                 world-class quality. Software quality assurance (SQA)
                 is a function that helps product-development
                 organizations proactively measure, utilize, and improve
                 development processes in order to produce high-quality
                 software. The goals of SQA are to: --- Facilitate the
                 establishment of process standards, --- Achieve the
                 desired level of product quality, --- Assess compliance
                 with established standards and processes, --- Identify
                 instances of noncompliance for corrective action, and
                 --- Take corrective action as required. This paper
                 presents the essential elements of an SQA function, and
                 summarizes industry and AT\&T experiences with SQA. The
                 paper also discusses approaches for customizing SQA to
                 differently sized projects and various phases of the
                 software-development process.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "competition; computer software; societies and
                 institutions; software engineering; standardization;
                 standards",
  subject =      "AT\&T; corrective action; customers; ISO 9000
                 certification; software development processes; software
                 quality assurance",
  topic =        "quality assurance",
}

@Article{Gatenby:1994:CEE,
  author =       "David A. Gatenby and Paul M. Lee and Randall E. Howard
                 and Kaveh Hushyar and Rich Layendecker and John
                 Wesner",
  title =        "Concurrent engineering: an enabler for fast,
                 high-quality product realization",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "34--47",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Concurrent engineering (CE) is a proven approach for
                 product realization that results in reduced time to
                 bring a product to market, improved product and service
                 quality, and reduced life-cycle costs. Time-to-market
                 improvements of 30\% to 60\% are typical of a
                 disciplined approach to concurrent engineering.
                 Concurrent engineering integrates and synchronizes
                 activities and the information required to define,
                 design, produce, deliver the product or service, and to
                 maintain the product or service over its life cycle.
                 This paper reaches beyond a simple explanation of CE
                 and provides examples of how powerful CE
                 implementations can be. The paper: --- Describes the
                 elements of an infrastructure and supporting
                 technologies for a CE-based product realization process
                 (PRP), --- Provides guidance for deploying CE by
                 explaining a broad-based CE implementation process, and
                 --- Shares tips and ideas on how an individual or small
                 team can catalyze CE in an organization.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "competition; costs; manufacture; marketing;
                 optimization; product design; production control;
                 quality assurance; societies and institutions;
                 synchronization",
  subject =      "concurrent engineering; infrastructure; product life
                 cycle; product realization; product time-to-market;
                 services",
  topic =        "industrial engineering",
}

@Article{Boza:1994:ACS,
  author =       "L. B. Boza and T. J. Ciaccia and D. A. Gatenby and R.
                 W. Muise and K. K. Ng and G. M. Yanizeski",
  title =        "Achieving customer satisfaction through robust
                 design",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--58",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A winning product has to consistently outperform its
                 rivals by providing value in today's highly competitive
                 markets. At the heart of consistent value is robust
                 design --- the process of ensuring that a product will
                 perform well despite variations in raw materials,
                 components, manufacturing, and operating conditions. It
                 consists of steps for identifying key parameters that
                 affect the customer, analyzing to predict and improve
                 robustness, and measuring to confirm performance. As it
                 exists in AT\&T's Transmission Systems Business Unit
                 (TSBU) for hardware development, robust design is a
                 real, effective process. It should be used to ensure
                 design robustness for all designs, especially those
                 intended for multi-use platforms.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "concurrent engineering; design engineering; quality
                 control",
  subject =      "customer satisfaction; robust design; raw materials;
                 components; manufacturing; operating conditions; key
                 parameters; AT\&T; transmission systems business unit;
                 hardware development; multi-use platforms",
}

@Article{Hsueh:1994:SPA,
  author =       "T. Richard Hsueh and Thomas F. Houghton and Joseph F.
                 Maranzano and Gerald P. Pasternack",
  title =        "Software production: from art\slash craft to
                 engineering",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--68",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software-development organizations throughout industry
                 are striving for better ways to develop, deploy, and
                 maintain their products. Changing an organization's
                 well-established operating procedures --- to improved
                 methods and techniques --- is always a substantial
                 challenge. But, quite often, change is crucial for
                 maintaining competitiveness and ensuring long-term
                 success. This paper analyzes the challenge, and
                 identifies key elements of a typical migration path to
                 creating a new operating paradigm. The paper also
                 provides a framework for technology insertion, a
                 methodology that helps develop a disciplined
                 engineering process, allowing software projects to
                 advance systematically in their journey to success.
                 Experience with the AT\&T mosaic of integrated software
                 processes, known as MOSAIC, and the
                 software-development environment (SDE), shows how
                 MOSAIC and SDE support project teams undergoing
                 organizational change.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "competition; computer programming; computer software;
                 marketing; process engineering; production;
                 productivity; quality assurance; societies and
                 institutions; technology",
  subject =      "competitiveness; integrated software processes;
                 migration success; software development environment;
                 software industry; software production; technology
                 insertion",
  topic =        "software engineering",
}

@Article{Berman:1994:CPS,
  author =       "Jay I. Berman and Harry H. IV Moore and Jon R.
                 Wright",
  title =        "Classic and prose stories: enabling technologies for
                 knowledge-based systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "69--80",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The complexity and scope of telecommunications systems
                 equipment brings special challenges for the
                 order-realization process. In particular, one wants to
                 maintain a simple-to-use interaction between the sales
                 force and the customer, and yet supply downstream
                 engineering and manufacturing processes with sufficient
                 information for manufacturing, billing, and
                 installation. In this paper, we describe a unique
                 approach to developing expert configurators for AT\&T
                 Network Systems equipment, using knowledge-based
                 technology that meets the needs of a diverse set of
                 users.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer software; control systems; data processing;
                 database systems; expert systems; installation; logic
                 programming; manufacture; marketing; technology;
                 telecommunication equipment",
  subject =      "billing; configurators; customer; downstream
                 engineering; order realization process; product
                 offerings expertise configurator platform; rule base
                 programming; sales force",
  topic =        "knowledge based systems",
}

@Article{Crane:1994:TDD,
  author =       "F. Edward {Crane III} and Scott Davidson and Jack Kane
                 and Charles E. Stroud and Shianling Wu",
  title =        "Trends in digital device test methodologies",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "10--18",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The rapid movement toward ultra-large-scale
                 integration (ULSI) is significantly increasing the
                 demands on testing technology for digital devices.
                 Evolving test methodologies must be well integrated
                 into the overall product realization process --- from
                 initial concept, through design, to field support. To
                 maintain ever-increasing quality standards,
                 high-quality tests must identify defective units at
                 each level of system hierarchy. In addition, they must
                 isolate faults to allow for efficient replacement and
                 repair. Future demands on testing technology can be
                 divided into six major areas: product quality, device
                 technology, testability scope, process integration,
                 efficiency, and automation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "application specific integrated circuits; automatic
                 testing; boundary scan testing; built-in self test;
                 digital integrated circuits; integrated circuit
                 testing; product design; quality control; standards;
                 ULSI circuits; VLSI",
  subject =      "digital device test methodologies; ultra-large-scale
                 integration; ULSI; testing technology; product
                 realization process; high-quality tests; defective
                 units; product quality; device technology; testability
                 scope; process integration",
  topic =        "digital devices",
}

@Article{Yau:1994:BST,
  author =       "C. W. Yau and J. Beausang and F. E. {Crane III} and N.
                 T. Jarwala and R. E. Tulloss",
  title =        "Boundary-scan testing for electronic subassemblies and
                 systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "40--48",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Since 1990, an important change in electronic design
                 and test methodologies has been under way. The change
                 is facilitated by ANSI/IEEE 1149.1, which is known as
                 the test-access port and boundary-scan architecture
                 standard. AT\&T Bell Laboratories played a major role
                 in the promulgation of this standard, and AT\&T design
                 and manufacturing engineers have been implementing its
                 provisions for several years. This paper reports on the
                 ways in which the standard has been employed in
                 developing AT\&T products, the benefits that have been
                 achieved, and the future opportunities available using
                 the technology it details.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "automatic testing; boundary scan testing; design for
                 testability; multichip modules; printed circuit
                 testing; production testing; standards",
  subject =      "boundary-scan testing; electronic subassemblies;
                 electronic systems; electronic design; test
                 methodologies; ANSI/IEEE 1149.1; test-access port and
                 boundary-scan architecture standard; AT\&T bell
                 laboratories; AT\&T products",
}

@Article{Carver:1994:NDO,
  author =       "G. E. Carver and M. L. Gray and J. Levkoff and B. W.
                 Miller and S. B. Phatak",
  title =        "Non-destructive optical techniques for characterizing
                 semiconductor materials and devices",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "66--76",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "In the information age, communications technology
                 depends on the efficient manufacture of photonic and
                 electronic devices. Optical testing promotes
                 manufacturing efficiency by controlling the quality of
                 incoming materials, providing rapid feedback for
                 process improvements, and analyzing why a product has
                 failed. New, non-destructive optical techniques are
                 being used to measure key properties of semiconductor
                 materials and devices. Optical mapping reveals
                 defective regions in various types of wafers, as well
                 as in semiconductor-based lasers and detectors used in
                 AT\&T's lightwave communication systems. New optical
                 testing techniques include optical beam-induced
                 reflectance (OBIR), whose signals are used to map
                 silicon, and spatially resolved photoluminescence
                 (SRPL), which performs high-resolution mapping of III-V
                 semiconductor materials.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "gallium arsenide; nondestructive testing;
                 semiconductor devices; semiconductor materials;
                 semiconductor technology",
  subject =      "non-destructive optical techniques; semiconductor
                 materials; semiconductor devices; optical testing;
                 optical mapping; defective regions; wafers;
                 semiconductor-based lasers; semiconductor-based
                 detectors; AT\&T's lightwave communication systems;
                 optical beam-induced reflectance; OBIR; spatially
                 resolved photoluminescence; SRPL; high-resolution
                 mapping; iii-v semiconductor materials",
}

@Article{Croak:1994:ETM,
  author =       "M. R. Croak",
  title =        "Emerging technologies and the messaging market",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "4--6",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "As electronic messaging becomes an increasingly common
                 means of communication, users are placing new demands
                 on messaging products and services. New technologies
                 promise innovative solutions to meet these customer
                 expectations. The papers in this issue of the AT\&T
                 Technical Journal explore some of the emerging
                 technological advances in the messaging arena. Areas
                 addressed include messaging security, wireless
                 messaging, international messaging standards, and
                 illustrations of technological innovations applied in
                 an AT\&T messaging products, Definity PBX Audix
                 voice-mail system, and AT\&T Message Service.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "electronic messaging; radio data systems; security of
                 data; telecommunication standards; voice mail",
  subject =      "messaging market; electronic messaging; messaging
                 products; messaging security; messaging services;
                 wireless messaging; international messaging standards;
                 AT\&T messaging products; Definity PBX AUDIX voice-mail
                 system; AT\&T message service",
}

@Article{DAngelo:1994:SEM,
  author =       "Diana M. D'Angelo and Bruce McNair and Joseph E.
                 Wilkes",
  title =        "Security in electronic messaging systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "7--13",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Electronic messaging systems are quickly overtaking
                 paper-based systems, not only in large businesses, but
                 also in small businesses, residential offices, and the
                 consumer marketplace. As they do, the security of
                 electronic messaging will become an ever-increasing
                 issue. Large businesses typically have a complete
                 infrastructure in place, to deal with security issues.
                 Small businesses, however, are just beginning to use
                 electronic messaging and electronic payment systems,
                 and residential office users and consumers have
                 generally had no exposure to this level of technology.
                 This paper describes both the historical background of
                 security controls in paper-based systems, and the
                 current market needs, technology, standards, and future
                 directions of security controls in electronic messaging
                 systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cryptography; data privacy; electronic mail;
                 electronic messaging; facsimile; information
                 dissemination; management information systems; security
                 of data; telecommunication standards",
  subject =      "infrastructure; messaging systems; security",
  topic =        "telecommunication services",
}

@Article{Benimoff:1994:AMS,
  author =       "N. I. Benimoff and R. E. {Carlin, Jr.} and A. N.
                 Daudelin and F. {Remite, Jr.} and S. P. Shinners and D.
                 J. {Daniro, Jr.}",
  title =        "{AT\&T} message service",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "46--56",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T message service (AMS) allows a caller to use an
                 800 number, or a four-digit service code, to deliver a
                 one-minute recorded message to a specific telephone, or
                 person. The message can be delivered immediately or at
                 a scheduled time, via either menu prompts or a service
                 attendant. The caller can opt for the recipient to
                 record a reply for up to one minute. Delivery attempts
                 are made at 15-minute intervals, for up to four hours,
                 with delivery status available to the caller for up to
                 24 hours. The transaction can be billed to the caller's
                 telephone, or to an AT\&T, local exchange, or other
                 commercial credit card. Architectural components
                 include the AT\&T conversant voice information system
                 (CVIS) and an AT\&T Definity G.2 private branch
                 exchange (PBX) with automatic call distributor (ACD)
                 capabilities. Components communicate over a StarLAN
                 local area network.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "automatic telephone systems; electronic messaging;
                 local area networks; private telephone exchanges;
                 telecommunication services; voice communication",
  subject =      "AT\&T message service; AMS; four-digit service code;
                 one-minute recorded message; menu prompts; service
                 attendant; AT\&T local exchange; architectural
                 components; AT\&T conversant voice information system;
                 CVIS; AT\&T Definity G.2 private branch exchange; PBX;
                 automatic call distributor; ACD; StarLAN local area
                 network",
}

@Article{Mitra:1994:IAM,
  author =       "Nilotpal Mitra",
  title =        "Introduction to the {ASN.1} macro replacement
                 notation",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "66--79",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Syntax notation one (ASN.1) is used to specify
                 application-layer protocols for Open-Systems
                 Interconnection (OSI) applications. These applications
                 include message-handling services (MHS) and OSI-based
                 integrated services digital network (ISDN) signaling
                 protocols, such as transaction capabilities (TC). One
                 common aspect of these protocols in that they use the
                 remote-operations service element (ROSE), which is
                 based on a request/reply paradigm.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "digital communication systems; electronic mail;
                 network protocols; voice/data communication systems",
  subject =      "Abstract Syntax Notation (ASN); application layer
                 protocols; Open Systems Interconnection (OSI)",
  topic =        "telecommunication services",
}

@Article{Stanzione:1994:OSP,
  author =       "Dan Stanzione",
  title =        "Operations systems: a perspective",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--13",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The U.S. communications industry today is experiencing
                 great change. Telecommunications companies are vying
                 with --- and in some cases merging with or acquiring
                 --- cable television companies to bring interactive
                 broadband services into the home. Computer companies
                 are developing products to provide video-conferencing
                 and other interactive broadband capabilities. In
                 Washington, lawmakers are grappling with such issues as
                 the `Information Highway,' loop communication, access,
                 local service monopolies, and equipment manufacturing.
                 One result is that the telecommunications industry will
                 soon evolve into a new industry, with less regulation
                 and more intense competition. These developments will
                 lead to rapid technological innovation and plummeting
                 prices --- the same phenomena that shaped the computing
                 industry in recent years. Like other parts of the
                 telecommunications industry, operations systems will be
                 dramatically affected by these events. To respond to
                 the changes and to remain innovative and competitive,
                 AT\&T's Operations Systems Business Unit (OSBU) is
                 revamping not only its methods for developing software,
                 but its entire business strategy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "competition; operations research; strategic planning;
                 telecommunication links; telecommunication services",
  subject =      "business strategy; Operations Systems Business Unit
                 (OSBU); technological innovation; telecommunications
                 industry",
  topic =        "telecommunication systems",
}

@Article{Scribner:1994:OSE,
  author =       "N. Scribner",
  title =        "The {Operations System Evolution Laboratory}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "29--34",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The Operations System Evolution Laboratory was
                 established as a showcase for the Operations Systems
                 Business Unit (OSBU) new products, ideas, and
                 technology. The laboratory contributes to the evolution
                 of operations systems products by providing a forum for
                 direct customer feedback and by supporting the
                 dissemination of new product ideas across the business
                 unit. This paper discusses the motivation and
                 objectives of the Evolution Laboratory, its logical and
                 physical design, some of the projects undertaken, the
                 organization of customer demonstrations, and a
                 discussion of the benefits of the facility to both
                 customers and employees.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer facilities; laboratories; network operating
                 systems; research initiatives; telecommunication
                 network management",
  subject =      "operations system evolution laboratory; Operations
                 Systems Business Unit; OSBU; operations systems
                 products; physical design; logical design; customer
                 demonstrations",
}

@Article{Gelman:1994:SBI,
  author =       "Stacey Gelman",
  title =        "Silver bullet: an iterative model for process
                 definition and improvement",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "35--45",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T's competitive advantage depends upon its
                 capacity to respond to customers' escalating demands
                 for high-performance, high-quality, and timely software
                 products. An adaptable, robust software development
                 process is a key means to succeed. The Silver Bullet
                 project was designed to show the Operations Systems
                 Business Unit how to create and adapt processes that
                 employ the most productive technologies to help project
                 teams serve their customers. Our insight was to build
                 upon the concept of a customer-supplier partnership
                 between a small group of full-time process engineers
                 (the supplier) and the product development teams (the
                 customers). The iterative model for process definition
                 and improvement, which is described here, emerged as we
                 institutionalized processes to facilitate the creative
                 dialog between these two groups.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "data processing; iterative methods; mathematical
                 models; telecommunication services; telecommunication
                 systems",
  subject =      "customer supplier relationship concept; Operations
                 Systems Business Unit (OSBU); process definition;
                 process improvement; silver bullet project; Software
                 Technology Center (STC)",
  topic =        "software engineering",
}

@Article{Becker:1994:SIN,
  author =       "Daniel C. Becker and William J. {Liss, Jr.} and Arthur
                 Weinstein and Elizabeth A. Wilson",
  title =        "{StarKeeper II NMS} --- management of a cell relay
                 network",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "46--55",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The StarKeeper II Network Management System (NMS) was
                 developed to manage cell relay networks. Network
                 administrators use this distributed graphical system to
                 monitor, administer, and troubleshoot the network.
                 StarKeeper II NMS manages a single AT\&T BNS-2000 data
                 switch or a network of BNS-2000 data switches. This
                 paper describes how designers of StarKeeper II NMS
                 incorporated customers' requirements for network
                 management systems into the architecture of their
                 product and its software.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cellular radio systems; computer architecture;
                 distributed computer systems; management; management
                 information systems; standards; switching systems;
                 systems analysis; telecommunication networks",
  subject =      "broadband networking; cell relay networks; data
                 switches; distributed graphical systems; Network
                 Management System (NMS)",
  topic =        "telecommunication systems",
}

@Article{Barbier:1994:SM,
  author =       "Susan Barbier",
  title =        "Systems management in the 1990s",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "82--96",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "During the late 1980s, business customers increasingly
                 viewed systems-management tools as a means to increase
                 staff productivity while lowering operational costs. In
                 this regard, AT\&T Global Business Communications
                 Systems (GBCS) designed a suite of site-management
                 applications to facilitate control of the hardware and
                 software elements providing network voice
                 communications. For example, systems-administration
                 products simplify and accelerate the addition,
                 deletion, and modification of stations and trunks.
                 Traffic-management and fault-management tools help to
                 optimize the voice network while minimizing maintenance
                 costs. Call-accounting products allocate costs and help
                 manage calling patterns. Since 1992, a new operational
                 environment has begun to appear among the largest GBCS
                 customers. This environment integrates control of voice
                 and data communications under a single management
                 group. Moreover, while networks have become more
                 complex, the number of communication managers has not
                 increased significantly. End-user demand has grown,
                 however, for management applications that are flexible
                 and easy to use, as well as for applications providing
                 simple access and control of both voice and data
                 elements. In response to these market needs, GBCS is
                 developing a suite of network-management tools using
                 industry-standard protocols to support its wide variety
                 of core products in the integrated network. These
                 applications will be part of the AT\&T OneVision
                 network-management solutions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer hardware; computer software; costs; data
                 communication systems; large scale systems; management
                 information systems; network protocols; optimization;
                 protocols; telecommunication control; telecommunication
                 network management; telecommunication services;
                 telecommunication traffic; telecommunications computer
                 control; voice communication",
  subject =      "systems management tools; AT\&T global business
                 communications systems; GBCS; site-management
                 applications; network voice communications;
                 traffic-management tools; fault management tools; voice
                 network; voice/data communications control;
                 communication managers; end-user demand; management
                 applications; industry-standard protocols; integrated
                 network; AT\&T OneVision network-management solutions",
  topic =        "voice/data communication systems",
}

@Article{Brooks:1994:ST,
  author =       "Thomas A. Brooks and Michael M. Kaplan",
  title =        "Security technologies",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "4--8",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The growing popularity of such products as wireless
                 telephones, laptop computers, and local area networks
                 has an attendant drawback --- the increased threat to
                 privacy and secure communications. End customers are
                 just beginning to become aware of these problems, and
                 are demanding improved security. Encryption technology
                 has evolved to the point at which it is both
                 technically and economically feasible to be employed in
                 public communications products and systems. AT\&T,
                 whose work in encryption can be traced back to the turn
                 of the century, is at the forefront in developing
                 products and services that provide encoding
                 capabilities. This issue reviews just a small portion
                 of that work.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "codes (symbols); cryptography; decoding; electronic
                 mail; encoding (symbols); information services; local
                 area networks; personal computers; radio telephone;
                 telecommunication networks; voice/data communication
                 systems",
  subject =      "paperless electronic messaging",
  topic =        "security of data",
}

@Article{Odlyzko:1994:PKC,
  author =       "Andrew M. Odlyzko",
  title =        "Public key cryptography",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "17--23",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.research.att.com/~amo/doc/arch/public.key.crypto.pdf;
                 http://www.research.att.com/~amo/doc/arch/public.key.crypto.ps;
                 http://www.research.att.com/~amo/doc/arch/public.key.crypto.tex",
  abstract =     "The concern for secure communications has moved
                 cryptology from an arcane science, best known to the
                 military and diplomatic services, to an integral
                 component for business and personal communications.
                 Public key cryptography, developed within the last two
                 decades for commercial use, has become an exciting
                 technology for the communications industry, as wired
                 and wireless voice, data, and image networks continue
                 to proliferate and interconnect. Public key
                 cryptography helps provide secure communications, at
                 reasonable costs, for general communications. It solves
                 several important technical problems, especially those
                 of key management and digital signatures, that are
                 vital for information processing, but it also presents
                 some drawbacks. This article explains public key
                 cryptography, its benefits and limitations.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computational complexity; data communication; data
                 communication systems; data privacy; decoding;
                 information management; personal communication
                 networks; public key cryptography; random number
                 generation; security of data; visual communication;
                 voice communication",
  subject =      "public key cryptography; secure communications;
                 business communications; personal communications;
                 communications industry; key management; digital
                 signature; information processing; wired networks;
                 wireless networks; voice networks; data networks; image
                 networks",
  topic =        "cryptography",
}

@Article{Blaze:1994:IMT,
  author =       "M. Blaze and J. Lacy and T. London and M. Reiter",
  title =        "Issues and mechanisms for trustworthy systems:
                 creating transparent mistrust",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "30--39",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Traditionally, security in distributed systems is
                 viewed as an `extra' that comes only at the expense of
                 convenience, performance, or functionality. Security
                 mechanisms are often provided only at the highest
                 levels of abstraction, and are poorly integrated into
                 whole systems. Consequently, comprehensive security is
                 rarely available except in the most critical
                 applications, where threats are deemed serious enough
                 to warrant the development of special-purpose
                 protection mechanisms. This paper introduces the
                 concept of `transparent mistrust,' an approach that
                 includes security as an underlying part of distributed
                 system interfaces and services. Transparent mistrust
                 relies on security mechanisms that minimize trust in
                 system components without incurring costs commonly
                 associated with security. The scalable mistrust
                 mechanisms described in this paper support a wide range
                 of trust models and security policies in communications
                 networks, file systems, and distributed services.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer networks; data privacy; network interfaces;
                 records management; security of data",
  subject =      "trustworthy systems; transparent mistrust; distributed
                 system security; security mechanisms; special-purpose
                 protection mechanisms; distributed system interfaces;
                 distributed system services; scalable mistrust
                 mechanisms; trust models; security policies;
                 communications networks; file systems",
}

@Article{Amoroso:1994:EAS,
  author =       "E. Amoroso and W. E. Kleppinger and D. Majette",
  title =        "An engineering approach to secure system analysis,
                 design, and integration",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "40--51",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A system security engineering (SSE) methodology is
                 used within the Secure Systems Engineering Department
                 of AT\&T Bell Laboratories during the analysis, design,
                 and integration of computer and network systems. This
                 evolving methodology focuses on how threats,
                 vulnerabilities, and attacks on these systems are
                 identified and mitigated, and how safeguards based on
                 engineering estimates of risk are identified and
                 integrated.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer networks; data privacy; security of data",
  subject =      "engineering approach; secure system analysis; system
                 security engineering; secure systems engineering
                 department; AT\&T bell laboratories; secure system
                 design; secure system integration; computer systems;
                 network systems; engineering estimates of risk",
}

@Article{Sharp:1994:NSH,
  author =       "Ronald L. Sharp and Steven R. Eisen and W. E.
                 Kleppinger and Mark E. Smith",
  title =        "Network security in a heterogeneous environment",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "52--60",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper provides a framework for enhancing the
                 security of networks, large and small. It delves into
                 the problems faced when adding new network-security
                 mechanisms. It also defines a process that can be used
                 to determine what security mechanisms are required, and
                 where to place them, within a network. A large portion
                 of the paper describes the types of mechanisms that are
                 available, and provides examples of AT\&T
                 network-security products.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer networks; computer operating systems;
                 computer software selection and evaluation; data
                 structures; interfaces (computer); network protocols",
  subject =      "security mechanisms",
  topic =        "security of data",
}

@Article{Sherman:1994:SNA,
  author =       "S. A. Sherman and R. Skibo and R. S. Murray",
  title =        "Secure network access using multiple applications of
                 {AT\&T}'s {Smart Card}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "61--72",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Fraud amounting annually to billions of dollars occurs
                 due to the failure of conventional network access
                 security systems, including data, voice, and credit
                 card authorization networks. At the same time,
                 consumers demand greater convenience in their daily
                 lives, where a multitude of passwords and personal
                 identification numbers, badges, keys, and other devices
                 have become unmanageable. In response to the obviously
                 conflicting needs, AT\&T has developed a credit card
                 sized device, the contactless AT\&T Smart Card. By
                 means of an internal microprocessor, the card provides
                 the secure partitioning of authentication codes and
                 data files, as well as encryption capabilities, using
                 the data encryption standard. This paper provides a
                 basic description of the card technology, and the
                 overall architecture of securing access to multiple
                 networks with the AT\&T Smart Card.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cryptography; data privacy; fraud; message
                 authentication; Smart Cards",
  subject =      "secure network access; multiple applications; internal
                 microprocessor; credit card sized device; contactless
                 AT\&T Smart Card; secure partitioning; authentication
                 codes; data files; encryption capabilities; data
                 encryption standard; card technology; overall
                 architecture; fraud",
}

@Article{Maxemchuk:1994:EDD,
  author =       "N. F. Maxemchuk",
  title =        "Electronic Document Distribution",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "73--80",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:04:55 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~fapp2/steganography/bibliography;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~fapp2/steganography/bibliography/034157.html",
  abstract =     "Computers, printers, and high-rate data-transmission
                 facilities are becoming less expensive and more
                 generally available. It is now possible to distribute
                 customized newspapers and magazines electronically,
                 instead of using a fleet of trucks and a network of
                 vendors to disseminate a common paper version. A major
                 obstacle to the use of electronic distribution is the
                 ease of copying and redistributing electronic
                 documents. This capability can affect a publisher's
                 subscription revenues. The AT\&T Distributed Systems
                 Research Department is making it more difficult to
                 redistribute electronic documents by: (1) Distinctive
                 marking, so documents can be traced back to the
                 original recipient; (2) Using cryptographic techniques,
                 so the form of the document, available to a recipient,
                 costs more to redistribute than that disseminated by
                 the publisher; and (3) Requiring someone who
                 redistributes a document to divulge personal,
                 identifying information with the document. These
                 techniques are being applied in experiments to
                 distribute an issue of a technical journal
                 electronically, and to mark and register paper copies
                 of confidential executive memoranda.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cryptography; document handling; electronic data
                 interchange; information hiding; publishing;
                 steganography",
  subject =      "electronic document distribution; high-rate
                 data-transmission facilities; subscription revenues;
                 AT\&T distributed systems research department;
                 distinctive marking; cryptographic techniques; personal
                 identifying information; confidential executive
                 memoranda; technical journal",
}

@Article{Basinger:1994:TQM,
  author =       "Ronald G. Basinger and Michael J. DiMario and Thomas
                 C. Pingel and Michael J. Urban",
  title =        "Total quality management in the switching systems
                 business unit",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "7--18",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T's Quality Policy is based on two fundamental
                 axioms --- unqualified customer satisfaction and
                 continuous quality improvement. The Switching Systems
                 Business Unit implements its quality policy through
                 Total Quality Management (TQM), which ensures
                 improvement in those areas most important to our
                 customers. This paper includes: --- an overview of the
                 TQM system, identifying eight system elements and
                 focusing on policy deployment and process management,
                 --- how TQM produces products and services that exceed
                 customers' expectations, and --- how the Malcolm
                 Baldrige criteria and ISO 9000 standards support
                 continuous improvement. Following are two examples of
                 process quality improvements, root cause analysis and
                 product quality assessment. The paper concludes with a
                 look at the evolving concept of customer value added.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "quality assurance; standards; systems analysis;
                 telecommunication services; total quality management",
  subject =      "customer value added concept; process quality
                 improvements; product quality assessment; root cause
                 analysis technique",
  topic =        "switching systems",
}

@Article{Holland:1994:SEC,
  author =       "Hans G. Holland and C. P. Huang and Charles E. Jeschke
                 and Robert A. Pergande and Lee C. Stecher and David J.
                 Stelte",
  title =        "The {5ESS-2000} switch: exceeding customer
                 expectations",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "28--38",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The first 5ESS switch was deployed in 1982 in Seneca,
                 Illinois, initiating the global presence of AT\&T
                 digital switching equipment around the world. Today,
                 the 5ESS switch is an integral part of the
                 telecommunication networks in more than 50 countries.
                 From the beginning, the switch was designed to have a
                 flexible and evolvable architecture. And for more than
                 a decade, it has continued to meet varied and
                 ever-changing customer needs. The 5ESS-2000 platform is
                 one of the switch's most recent and significant
                 evolutions. This platform not only supports today's
                 service needs, it also accommodates future applications
                 requiring enhanced processing capacity, performance,
                 reliability, and OAM\&P (operations, administration,
                 maintenance, and provisioning). This paper outlines the
                 switch's current state of refinement, including its
                 architecture and quality improvements. Hardware and
                 software enhancements are discussed, as is the system
                 integration and verification philosophy used in
                 reducing the product-realization interval. The paper
                 also reports on quality and performance data from
                 customer field applications that have deployed the
                 5ESS-2000 platform.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "interfaces (computer); maintenance engineering; packet
                 networks; packet switching; systems analysis;
                 telecommunication computing; telecommunication network
                 management; telecommunication services;
                 telecommunication switching; voice/data communication
                 systems",
  subject =      "5ESS-2000 switch; product realization interval",
  topic =        "switching systems",
}

@Article{Crabill:1994:SPS,
  author =       "Edwin F. Crabill and James A. Kukla",
  title =        "Service processing systems for {AT\&T}'s intelligent
                 network",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "39--47",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Many advanced network-based services are being
                 provided on service processing systems that
                 interoperate with, but are separate from, the network
                 switches. The use of these systems has led to the
                 implementation of powerful intelligent networks (IN).
                 Service processing systems support the creation,
                 modification, and scripting capabilities needed to
                 provide these services. This paper: --- defines service
                 processing systems; --- describes how market forces
                 require their functionality; --- discusses IN, voice
                 recognition, and service creation technologies; ---
                 describes new services being provided through these
                 technologies; and --- lists some of the AT\&T Network
                 Systems intelligent network products and services.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "industrial applications; intelligent networks; speech
                 recognition; switching systems; telecommunication
                 control; telecommunication equipment; telecommunication
                 network management; telecommunication services;
                 voice/data communication systems",
  subject =      "advanced network based services; service processing
                 systems",
  topic =        "intelligent networks",
}

@Article{Yoder:1994:AAS,
  author =       "Keith W. Yoder and Gijs Franken and Alan W. Fulton",
  title =        "{AT\&T} {ATM} switching-network products",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "48--54",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Superior broadband functionality can be realized by
                 the economical and timely introduction of networks and
                 services, based on asynchronous transfer mode (ATM)
                 technology, into traditional and new markets. In the
                 traditional networks of voice and data, this
                 introduction may best be accomplished by extensions of
                 the embedded investment. Different configurations of
                 the same basic building blocks, however, can be used
                 for new networks that combine voice, data, and video.
                 By providing building blocks for fabric and line units,
                 provisioning, signaling, and call processing --- as
                 well as operations, administration, maintenance, and
                 provisioning (OAM\&P) --- both existing and new
                 networks can evolve economically into an information
                 superhighway having universally deployed multimedia
                 networks.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "asynchronous transfer mode; broadband networks; local
                 area networks; telecommunication services; voice/data
                 communication systems",
  subject =      "broadband functionality; information superhighway;
                 multimedia networks",
  topic =        "switching networks",
}

@Article{Wilson:1994:CPD,
  author =       "Randall J. Wilson and John J. Mac Namara",
  title =        "Cellular and {PCS} digital-mobile-services switching
                 center",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "55--61",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The AT\&T 5ESS<sup>(R)</sup>-2000 switch's distributed
                 modular architecture provides an excellent
                 mobile-switching-center platform for digital cellular
                 and personal communication services (PCS) wireless
                 applications. The high-quality, multi-application
                 product line has been proven in the field, and it meets
                 the wireless market demand for central-office (CO)
                 reliability. The continuous evolution of the 5ESS-2000
                 switch allows cellular service providers to ride the
                 technology 'wave.' Additionally, this platform provides
                 the ability to evolve rapidly into the PCS arena. This
                 paper explores the use of the 5ESS-2000 switch in key
                 wireless applications throughout the world, and it
                 illustrates how the 5ESS-2000 switch is used to meet
                 these demanding requirements.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cellular telephone systems; digital communication
                 systems; multiplexing; personal communication systems;
                 standards; telecommunication services;
                 telecommunication traffic; voice/data communication
                 systems",
  subject =      "high mobility network architecture; local exchange
                 carriers; low mobility network architecture; switching
                 center",
  topic =        "switching systems",
}

@Article{Anderson:1994:ES,
  author =       "Thomas W. Anderson and Paul D. Carestia and James H.
                 Foster and Michael N. Meyers",
  title =        "The evolution of the {4ESS} switch",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "93--100",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "On January 17, 1976, the fist 4ESS switch was placed
                 into service, culminating the single largest switch
                 development ever undertaken by Bell Systems until that
                 time. When it was introduced, the 4ESS switch was the
                 largest high-capacity digital switch in existence,
                 capable of terminating 107,520 trunks and completing
                 over 500,000 calls per hour. During the next 18 years,
                 the 4ESS switch played a pivotal role in enabling the
                 emerging US long distance market to grow into today's
                 \$60 billion industry. The hallmark reliability and
                 capacity of the 4ESS switch set the standard for
                 digital switching. Since then, neither technology nor
                 service needs have stood still. Although the classic
                 digital switch architecture pioneered by the 4ESS
                 switch has passed the test of time, every major
                 subsystem within the switch has gone through one or
                 more technology upgrades to accept new features and
                 reduce costs. This paper describes the evolution of the
                 4ESS switch, how our customers' investment has been
                 protected, and how new features have been added by
                 selectively upgrading 4ESS switch subsystems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "channel capacity; digital communication systems;
                 electronic switching systems; systems analysis;
                 telecommunication exchanges; telecommunication
                 services; telecommunication systems",
  subject =      "4ESS switch; Bell Systems; high-capacity digital
                 switch; us long distance market; digital switching;
                 classic digital switch architecture; technology
                 upgrades; customer investment; 4ESS switch subsystems",
  topic =        "switching systems",
}

@Article{Sipress:1995:UCT,
  author =       "Jack M. Sipress",
  title =        "Undersea communications technology",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--7",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This introductory paper has two objectives. The first
                 is to offer a high-level overview of AT\&T's undersea
                 cable technology, applications, products, and services,
                 including installation and maintenance. This includes a
                 relative historical cost analysis (dollars per Gbits/s
                 per mile), as well as other high-level growth and
                 deployment projections to the year 2000. The second
                 objective is to provide an overview of the articles in
                 this theme issue on undersea communications. Here, the
                 reader will gain an understanding of the topics and
                 their importance to undersea communications, as well as
                 their placement within this issue.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "fiber optics; installation; maintenance; optical
                 cables; optical fibers; submarine cables; technological
                 forecasting; technology; telecommunication services;
                 underwater equipment; voice/data communication
                 systems",
  subject =      "undersea cable technology; undersea communications",
  topic =        "optical communication",
}

@Article{Zsakany:1995:AUC,
  author =       "J. C. Zsakany and N. W. Marshall and J. M. Roberts and
                 D. G. Ross",
  title =        "The application of undersea cable systems in global
                 networking",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "8--15",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Undersea fiber-optic systems have greatly expanded the
                 capacity and capabilities of the global
                 telecommunications network. These systems facilitated
                 the exceptional growth of new services, which in turn
                 contributed to the rise of multinational corporations
                 and the development of a global economy. As they branch
                 out, these corporations require the same variety and
                 quality of services that are available in their home
                 markets. Thus, the global demand for fiber-optic
                 connectivity is increasing rapidly. This paper
                 discusses the evolution and organization of the global
                 undersea network and some of the key factors that are
                 driving the technology's progress.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "optical cables; optical fibre communication; optical
                 fibre networks; submarine cables",
  subject =      "undersea cable systems; global networking; undersea
                 fiber-optic systems; capacity; global
                 telecommunications network; multinational corporations;
                 fiber-optic connectivity; global undersea network",
}

@Article{Schesser:1995:DRC,
  author =       "Joel Schesser and Stuart M. Abbott and Robert L.
                 Easton and M. S. Stix",
  title =        "Design requirements for the current generation of
                 undersea cable systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "16--32",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This article describes the design requirements of
                 AT\&T's third generation of optical submarine cable
                 systems. Technology advances that have been
                 incorporated in the design include erbium-doped fiber
                 amplifiers, lithium niobate modulators, low-loss and
                 low-polarization mode dispersion-shifted fiber,
                 synchronous digital hierarchy terminals, and forward
                 error correction. This paper discusses: --- Optical
                 submarine cable systems, --- Customer requirements, ---
                 New technologies used in system design, --- System
                 building blocks, --- System performance, and --- System
                 and component design rules to meet customer
                 requirements.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "communication channels (information theory); error
                 correction; fiber lasers; fiber optics; fibre lasers;
                 forward error correction; laws and legislation; light
                 modulators; optical cables; optical communication;
                 optical fibre communication; optical fibre networks;
                 performance; standards; submarine cables; synchronous
                 digital hierarchy; systems analysis; technology;
                 underwater equipment",
  subject =      "customer requirements; synchronous digital hierarchy
                 terminals; system building blocks; undersea cable
                 systems",
  topic =        "optical cables",
}

@Article{Mortenson:1995:UOA,
  author =       "Robert L. Mortenson and B. Scott Jackson and Seymour
                 Shapiro and William F. Sirocky",
  title =        "Undersea optically amplified repeatered technology,
                 products, and challenges",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "33--46",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Implementing the high performance and high reliability
                 required in undersea transmission systems demands
                 careful design, as well as the careful selection and
                 management of technology. This paper explores the
                 technology used in undersea systems that support
                 optically amplified repeatered applications at rates up
                 to 5 Gbits/s. It provides a brief, high-level
                 description of a typical undersea system and its
                 subsystems, then examines each of the subsystems and
                 associated new technologies in greater detail.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "fiber lasers; fibre lasers; light transmission;
                 management; optical cables; optical communication;
                 optical fibre communication; optical fibre networks;
                 optical links; optical repeaters; performance;
                 reliability; submarine cables; systems analysis;
                 technology; telecommunication traffic; underwater
                 equipment",
  subject =      "optically amplified transmission; undersea
                 transmission system",
  topic =        "telecommunication repeaters",
}

@Article{Stafford:1995:UNR,
  author =       "E. K. Stafford and J. Mariano and M. M. Sanders",
  title =        "Undersea non-repeatered technologies, challenges, and
                 products",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "47--59",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Non-repeatered undersea lightwave transmission links,
                 whose signals don't require periodic amplification or
                 regeneration, have historically been deployed: as part
                 of larger, undersea networks that use repeaters; and in
                 domestic non-repeatered systems installed either
                 between islands or looping a shoreline. With the
                 world's transoceanic cable network rapidly expanding
                 into a global undersea network-and transoceanic systems
                 connected to regional systems, which are then connected
                 to domestic systems-the market is moving towards an
                 increased percentage of short-haul, nonrepeatered
                 systems. This paper discusses: the technologies and
                 products AT\&T Submarine Systems, Inc. (AT\&T-SSI) is
                 developing for this market; future trends in
                 non-repeatered technology and system design; and actual
                 and planned system deployment of undersea optical cable
                 throughout the world.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "optical cables; optical fibre communication; optical
                 fibre networks; submarine cables",
  subject =      "undersea non-repeatered technologies; undersea
                 lightwave transmission link; undersea networks;
                 non-repeatered systems; transoceanic cable network;
                 global undersea network; transoceanic systems; regional
                 systems; domestic systems; short-haul nonrepeatered
                 systems; AT\&T submarine systems; AT\&T-SSI; system
                 design; system deployment; undersea optical cable",
}

@Article{Kordahi:1995:IMT,
  author =       "Maurice E. Kordahi and Robert F. Gleason and Ta-Mu
                 Chien",
  title =        "Installation and maintenance technology for undersea
                 cable systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--74",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Since 1963, AT\&T has installed more than 230,000
                 kilometers of undersea cable systems. The extensive
                 experience gained from the placement of such systems,
                 as well as from their upkeep and repair, has allowed
                 AT\&T to develop and refine installation and
                 maintenance techniques to their present, high state of
                 efficiency and reliability. This paper discusses the
                 tools and techniques typically used for installing
                 undersea cable systems, as well as the ships employed
                 for transporting and placing the cable. The paper
                 concludes with a discussion of some plans for future
                 installations that are being driven by markets and
                 technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cable laying; installation; maintenance; maintenance
                 engineering; marketing; optical cables; optical
                 communication; optical fibre communication; optical
                 fibre networks; reliability; ships; submarine cables;
                 systems analysis; technology; underwater equipment",
  subject =      "undersea cable systems",
  topic =        "optical cables",
}

@Article{Liss:1995:NPO,
  author =       "Jonathan M. Liss and Kathleen A. Kurek",
  title =        "Network planning, operation, and maintenance practices
                 for undersea communication systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "75--82",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Undersea cable systems are becoming more complex as
                 they evolve from isolated systems to global networks.
                 This evolution has created new challenges for network
                 planners, cable installers, and those responsible for
                 cable maintenance. This paper describes the
                 philosophies and ensuing strategies for these
                 activities. Specifically, the AT\&T-Submarine Systems,
                 Inc. (AT\&T-SSI) maintenance, repair, management,
                 planning, operation, and administration of cable
                 systems are discussed.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "channel capacity; maintenance; maintenance
                 engineering; management; operations research; optical
                 cables; optical fibre communication; optical fibre
                 networks; philosophical aspects; repair; strategic
                 planning; submarine cables; telecommunication cables;
                 telecommunication network management; telecommunication
                 networks; telecommunication traffic; underwater
                 equipment",
  subject =      "administration; global networks; network planning;
                 undersea cable systems; undersea communication
                 systems",
  topic =        "telecommunication systems",
}

@Article{Lynch:1995:DDO,
  author =       "Robert L. Lynch and Richard L. Maybach and Philip F.
                 Walch",
  title =        "Design and deployment of optically amplified undersea
                 systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "83--92",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Applying optical amplifier technology to undersea
                 cable systems using repeaters has occurred in a
                 remarkably short time. Exploratory development of this
                 technology at AT\&T-Submarine Systems, Inc. (AT\&T-SSI)
                 began in 1989, and the first two commercial systems
                 were installed in the Caribbean Sea early in 1994.
                 Among the steps taken to support this aggressive
                 development and deployment schedule were construction
                 and performance evaluation of optical system
                 `testbeds'. Each testbed consists of an optical
                 transmitter and receiver connected by thousands of
                 kilometers of glass fiber and optical amplifiers
                 configured as they would be in an installed system.
                 This paper reports on the results of testbed
                 measurements, and how they affected network system
                 design. It also describes performance measures made
                 during installation and commissioning of the first
                 Caribbean system, to confirm design expectations, and
                 what was learned, from special `first-system' testing,
                 about the limits of this technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "glass fibers; installation; light amplifiers; optical
                 cables; optical parametric amplifiers; optical
                 repeaters; optical systems; optical transmitters;
                 performance; signal receivers; submarine cables;
                 systems analysis; telecommunication repeaters;
                 transmitters",
  subject =      "optical receiver; optical transmitter; optically
                 amplified undersea systems; undersea cable systems",
  topic =        "optical communication",
}

@Article{Kerfoot:1995:FDU,
  author =       "Franklin W. Kerfoot and Peter K. Runge",
  title =        "Future directions for undersea communications",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "93--102",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Technologies used in undersea systems have changed
                 radically in the last five years, driven primarily by
                 the emergence of the erbium-doped fiber amplifier
                 (EDFA). EDFAs have enabled long, transoceanic systems
                 to offer significantly higher capacities (5 gigabits
                 per second [Gbits/s] per fiber pair) and much longer
                 lengths in repeaterless systems. The opportunities
                 offered by EDFAs, combined with other technological
                 advances, extend far beyond those used in currently
                 planned systems. This paper describes the new
                 technologies that are expected to play a role in future
                 undersea systems, and the opportunities for applying
                 those technologies.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "channel capacity; fiber lasers; fiber optics; optical
                 fibers; technological forecasting; technology;
                 underwater equipment",
  subject =      "undersea communications",
  topic =        "telecommunication systems",
}

@Article{Rabiner:1995:TVV,
  author =       "Lawrence R. Rabiner",
  title =        "Toward {Vision 2001}: voice and audio processing
                 considerations",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "4--13",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The broad goal of Vision 2001 is to provide seamless,
                 easy-to-use, high-quality, and affordable
                 communications between people and machines-anywhere and
                 any time. To achieve this goal, the fields of
                 computing, communications, and networking must converge
                 in a variety of information terminals and network
                 services. To make Vision 2001 a reality, there must be
                 a significant number of advances in signal processing,
                 computing, processing, networking, memory, and
                 communications. This introductory paper examines the
                 voice and audio processing implications of Vision 2001.
                 It also discusses both current AT\&T capabilities and
                 areas in which these enablers are not yet sufficient to
                 realize Vision 2001.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "acoustic signal processing; data processing;
                 technological forecasting; telecommunication services;
                 user interfaces",
  subject =      "high quality communication; seamless communications;
                 vision 2001; voice and audio processing",
  topic =        "voice/data communication systems",
}

@Article{Cox:1995:SCI,
  author =       "Richard V. Cox and Peter Kroon and Juin-Hwey Chen and
                 Reed Thorkildsen and Kevin M. O'Dell and David S.
                 Isenberg",
  title =        "Speech coders: from idea to product",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "14--22",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Speech coders are used to transmit and store speech in
                 digital form for various applications. This paper
                 describes how to set requirements for given
                 applications, the interactions between research and
                 business units, and the role that standards bodies
                 play. Creating a coder that meets the requirements of
                 its customers and dealing with the issues involved in
                 implementing the coder are an integral part of the
                 development process. After the development is complete,
                 the speech coder must be integrated into a product. As
                 an example, the design and integration of the AUDIX
                 voice messaging coder (VMC) are described. The future
                 holds ever-increasing challenges and new technology in
                 which speech coders will play an integral role.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computational complexity; data compression; digital
                 signal processing; product development; redundancy;
                 technological forecasting; technology; vocoders; voice
                 communication; voice mail",
  subject =      "bit rate; voice messaging coder",
  topic =        "speech coding",
}

@Article{Jayant:1995:ACT,
  author =       "Nikil S. Jayant and Edward Y. Chen",
  title =        "Audio compression: technology and applications",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "23--34",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Recent algorithms for perceptual audio coding have
                 provided the capability of compressing compact disk
                 (CD)-stereo audio material (at 1,406 kbits/s) into
                 rates approximating 128 kbits/s. This capability has
                 enabled the development of several new classes of
                 applications in audio transmission, broadcasting, and
                 storage. In exploring the opportunities provided by
                 these applications, rapid progress is occurring in
                 three related technologies: signal processing and
                 computing, for the creation of inexpensive audio
                 decoders; communication techniques, for reliable
                 transmission of compressed audio over radio channels;
                 and, advanced memory, to supplement or replace the
                 magnetic and optical media currently used to store
                 high-quality audio. Perceptual audio coding will also
                 enable the delivery of AM to FM-grade audio signals
                 over voice-band modems at rates of about 32 kbits/s.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "algorithms; audio coding; audio recording; audio
                 signals; bandwidth; codecs; data compression; digital
                 audio broadcasting; modems; signal processing;
                 technology; voice/data communication systems",
  subject =      "audio compression; perceptual audio coding; CD stereo
                 audio; audio transmission; audio broadcasting; audio
                 storage; inexpensive audio decoders; radio channel
                 transmission; AM/FM-grade audio signals; voice-band
                 modems; 128 kbit/s; 32 kbit/s",
  topic =        "speech coding",
}

@Article{Sproat:1995:TSS,
  author =       "R. W. Sproat and J. P. Olive",
  title =        "Text-to speech synthesis",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "35--44",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper presents an overview of the problems that
                 occur during text-to-speech (TTS) conversion and
                 describes the particular solutions to these problems
                 taken within the AT\&T Bell Laboratories TTS system. In
                 addition to discussing the linguistic and speech
                 analysis issues that must be addressed in a
                 high-quality TTS system, this paper also outlines the
                 modular architecture of the AT\&T Bell Laboratories TTS
                 system and the advantages of its modular design.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "software packages; speech processing; speech
                 synthesis",
  subject =      "text-to-speech synthesis; text-to-speech conversion;
                 AT\&T Bell Laboratories TTS software system; linguistic
                 analysis; modular architecture; speech analysis",
}

@Article{Juang:1995:DAS,
  author =       "Biing-Hwang Juang and Robert J. {Perdue, Jr.} and
                 David L. Thomson",
  title =        "Deployable automatic speech recognition systems:
                 advances and challenges",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "45--56",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Advances in automatic speech recognition (ASR)
                 technology promise new products and services that
                 capitalize on the enhanced capability of human-machine
                 communication. This paper, (1) addresses several key
                 issues in the design of a deployable ASR, (2) discusses
                 new dimensions and developments of the technology, (3)
                 presents several examples of successful applications of
                 the ASR technology in AT\&T's products and services and
                 (4) describes the research effort needed to realize
                 many new telecommunications applications in years to
                 come.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "feature extraction; hidden Markov models; information
                 services; man machine systems; speech recognition;
                 speech recognition equipment; speech transmission;
                 statistical analysis; telecommunication services;
                 telephony; voice/data communication systems",
  subject =      "automatic speech recognition; human-machine
                 communication; flexible vocabulary; speech modeling;
                 statistical modeling; feature extraction; hidden Markov
                 model; context dependent modeling; barge-in; key words;
                 AT\&T 800 speech recognition service; wireless voice
                 digit dialing; connected digit recognition; automatic
                 call type processing; interactive voice custom calling
                 features",
  topic =        "speech recognition",
}

@Article{Baumhauer:1995:ATU,
  author =       "John C. {Baumhauer, Jr.} and Scott H. Early and John
                 H. Fikus and Steven L. Gay and Michael A. Zuniga",
  title =        "Audio technology used in {AT\&T}'s terminal
                 equipment",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "57--70",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper discusses the audio technology of AT\&T's
                 terminal equipment. It describes electroacoustic and
                 digital signal processing (DSP) techniques that improve
                 the perceived audio quality and ease of use of
                 telephones and speakerphones. The electroacoustic
                 techniques include directional microphones,
                 close-talking microphones, and loudspeakers of varying
                 designs. The DSP techniques include echo control,
                 speech enhancement, and active noise cancellation.
                 These techniques increase signal-to-noise ratios,
                 expand transmitted bandwidth, and reduce the effects of
                 room reverberation, echo, and other common audio
                 problems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "acoustic signal processing; acoustoelectric effects;
                 audio acoustics; audio equipment; bandwidth; digital
                 signal processing; echo suppression; loudspeakers;
                 microphones; reception quality; signal interference;
                 signal processing; signal to noise ratio; speech
                 enhancement; telecommunication terminals; telephone
                 sets",
  subject =      "audio technology; barrel effect; electroacoustics",
  topic =        "telecommunication equipment",
}

@Article{Crochiere:1995:DSP,
  author =       "Ronald E. Crochiere and James R. Boddie",
  title =        "Digital Signal Processors: Toward {Vision 2001}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "71--80",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The AT\&T concept for the 21st century --- Vision 2001
                 --- anticipates an environment in which communication
                 is both easy and convenient, and in which every type of
                 related service is ubiquitous and readily accessible.
                 Today, the increasing sophistication of telephone
                 equipment, modems, and computer multimedia is driving
                 the need for high-volume implementation of
                 application-specific digital signal processors (DSPs)
                 having particular emphasis on low-voltage battery
                 operation, moderate cost, faster time to market,
                 software flexibility and improved performance. This
                 paper discusses these factors, and it also examines the
                 engineering trends of modern DSPs as they relate to
                 Vision 2001. Several basic hardware features are
                 briefly reviewed, and the impact of advances in
                 silicon-process technology on DSP architectures is
                 considered. Evolving trends that affect the design of
                 DSP software and algorithms are presented. The paper
                 also provides some specific examples of DSP-based
                 products within the Vision 2001 environment.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer architecture; digital signal processing
                 chips; modems; multimedia communication; multimedia
                 computing; semiconductor technology; telephone
                 equipment",
  subject =      "digital signal processors; application-specific
                 digital signal processors; low-voltage battery
                 operation; moderate cost; software flexibility;
                 improved performance; engineering trends;
                 silicon-process technology; DSP software; DSP
                 algorithms; DSP-based products; telephone equipment;
                 modems; computer multimedia",
}

@Article{Cosky:1995:TMT,
  author =       "Michael J. Cosky and Barry L. Lively and Linda A.
                 Roberts and Blake L. Wattenbarger",
  title =        "Talking to Machines Today and Tomorrow: Designing for
                 the User",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "81--91",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Automatic speech recognition (ASR) is finding many new
                 applications in both products and services. Designing
                 good user interfaces with ASR poses a variety of
                 challenges. This paper, (1) addresses basic principles
                 in designing for the user, (2) describes the need for
                 appropriate dialogues between the user and ASR-based
                 systems, (3) discusses how these user-machine
                 transactions are changing due to improved ASR
                 technology and (4) discusses the direction ASR should
                 take to provide the kind of `natural' user-machine
                 dialogue that is expected in Vision 2001.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "human factors; information services; natural language
                 interfaces; speech communication; speech recognition;
                 speech transmission; technological forecasting;
                 telephony; user interfaces; voice/data communication
                 systems",
  subject =      "automatic speech recognition; user machine
                 transactions",
  topic =        "speech recognition",
}

@Article{FitzGerald:1995:AIR,
  author =       "Cary W. FitzGerald and John P. Moosmiller",
  title =        "Architecture of the {Intuity Response Application
                 Programming Interface (IRAPI)}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "92--101",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The Intuity response application programming interface
                 (IRAPI) is a central component in the Intuity
                 CONVERSANT voice processing system. It provides Intuity
                 CONVERSANT customers with the open interfaces they need
                 to apply an interactive voice response system to their
                 business problems. IRAPI's goals are flexibility, ease
                 of use, robustness, and interoperability between
                 applications and the extended environment. This paper
                 describes IRAPI, what it enables, how it was built,
                 some of its special features, and its future
                 direction.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "acoustic signal processing; application program
                 interfaces; computer networks; feedback; interactive
                 computer systems; interactive systems; open systems;
                 speech processing; speech recognition; switching
                 systems; telecommunication computing; telephony;
                 transaction processing; voice/data communication
                 systems",
  subject =      "interactive voice response system; Intuity Response
                 Application Programming Interface; open interfaces",
  topic =        "user interfaces",
}

@Article{Yeung:1995:QPU,
  author =       "Man Keung Yeung and Tanjore K. Srinivas",
  title =        "Quick Prototyping Using {JAM*} for the Customized
                 {FT-2} Project",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "102--110",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "A customized version of the Flow Through Data Manager
                 II, called FT-2, was designed by AT\&T Bell
                 Laboratories to automate many of the operations and
                 interfaces of different operations systems at Pacific
                 Bell Telephone Co. A prototype system was designed
                 using a commercial software package called
                 JAM,<sup>*</sup> which allowed customers to evaluate
                 the operational impact of FT-2, while the final system
                 was still under development. The prototype was
                 developed in five weeks, six months before the final
                 system was available for trial at the customer's site.
                 The JAM software package supports both
                 MS-DOS<sup>*</sup> and UNIX<sup>*</sup> operating
                 systems with portable source codes, allowing the
                 majority of the prototype codes to be reused in the
                 final product. To make the system easy to use, we
                 identified distinct users of the system, analyzed their
                 job functions, used their terminology in the prototype,
                 organized the information to fit their jobs, and made
                 them feel comfortable using the system.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "codes (symbols); computer operating systems; computer
                 software portability; interfaces (computer); software
                 prototyping; telecommunication systems",
  subject =      "flow through data manager ii; pacific bell telephone
                 co; software package jam",
  topic =        "computer systems",
}

@Article{Hsu:1995:ASE,
  author =       "Jiunn Carl Hsu and Larry A. Seese",
  title =        "{AT\&T} switching evolution challenge",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--9",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The 1B processor represents one of the largest single
                 investments in new network technology ever made by
                 AT\&T. The effort to make the 1B processor a reality
                 encompassed organizations throughout AT\&T, requiring,
                 from all involved, the highest levels of commitment and
                 teamwork to meet an aggressive schedule. This paper
                 provides an overview of the scope and complexity of the
                 entire project, from requirements through field
                 deployment. It focuses on the significant role that the
                 1B processor plays in the long distance network, the
                 stringent reliability requirements imposed on it, and
                 the technical and organizational challenges that were
                 successfully met. Also included are a high-level
                 summary of the 1B processor's capabilities, and a
                 discussion of the business directions that helped to
                 define them. Finally, this paper sets the stage for the
                 detailed papers that follow, providing perspective on
                 how each effort fits into the overall scheme.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "carrier telephone; computer applications; long
                 distance telephone systems; performance; project
                 management; real time systems; reliability; software
                 engineering; telecommunication services;
                 telecommunication traffic; telephone exchanges",
  subject =      "local exchange carriers; long distance network;
                 processor",
  topic =        "switching networks",
}

@Article{Betta:1995:ESI,
  author =       "Carl E. Betta and John B. Lewis and Larry A. Russell",
  title =        "The evolution of switch intelligence: an {AT\&T}
                 network perspective",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "10--17",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Since the mid-1970s, the 4ESS switch has been the
                 principal switching system --- first in the AT\&T long
                 lines network, and today in the AT\&T network as a
                 whole. Until now, its main call-processing engine has
                 been the 1A processor. The 1A is an ultra-reliable
                 central controller designed to support high-volume
                 electronic switching of simple phone calls having few
                 if any special service features, like those in AT\&T
                 800 service. In recent years, however, rising call
                 volumes and sophisticated new long-distance service
                 features have created the need for much more processing
                 capacity and `intelligence' in the 4ESS switch. To meet
                 this need, the AT\&T Network Services Division, which
                 manages the AT\&T network, chose AT\&T Network Systems
                 Group's 1B processor to replace the 1A processor in 135
                 4ESS switches. The 1B processor more than doubles the
                 call-handling capacity of the 4ESS switch while
                 performing at least as reliably as the 1A processor.
                 Not only that, the 1B processor can connect, to a
                 community of other processors, databases, and switch
                 fabrics.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer control; computer software; data storage
                 equipment; database systems; electronic switching
                 systems; intelligent networks; long distance telephone
                 systems; real time systems; software engineering;
                 switches; switching systems; telecommunication
                 computing; telecommunication control; telecommunication
                 services; telephone exchanges; telephony",
  subject =      "call handling capacity; central controller; electronic
                 switching; long distance services; main call processing
                 engine; switch intelligence",
  topic =        "switching networks",
}

@Article{Dowden:1995:IBL,
  author =       "Douglas C. Dowden and Robert E. {McLear III} and Alan
                 H. Miller and Susan D. Schlough and David A. Welch and
                 Ralph A. {Wilson III} and Stephen A. Zeile",
  title =        "Improving on the Best: ``Like a {1A}, Only Better''",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "28--39",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Since 1976 the 4ESS switch and its 1A processor had
                 been the workhorse of the network. As technology
                 advanced and customers required new services, the
                 capacity of the 4ESS switch came close to being
                 exhausted, making it necessary to develop a successor
                 to the 1A processor. Developers of the 1B processor
                 were presented with the challenge of designing and
                 implementing a system that could accommodate the new
                 network demands, that would be `like a 1A, only
                 better.' This paper describes several of the more
                 interesting technical challenges and the techniques
                 used to solve them. It also discusses how the
                 individual parts were simulated, analyzed, and verified
                 before the processor was integrated into the 4ESS
                 switch.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "channel capacity; computer systems; computers; digital
                 simulation; electronic switching systems;
                 microcontrollers; performance; project management;
                 reliability; switches; switching networks; systems
                 analysis; telecommunication computing;
                 telecommunication services",
  subject =      "fault prevention; network demands; processors",
  topic =        "switching systems",
}

@Article{Hillis:1995:IAP,
  author =       "Margaret A. Hillis and Gail W. Minkus and Craig L.
                 DeCaluwe and Michael N. Meyers and Edward T. Schafer",
  title =        "An Improved Approach to Product Quality Through
                 Testing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "40--48",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Due to the crucial importance of the 1B processor
                 project, AT\&T Network Systems (NS) implemented
                 extensive testing programs to ensure that the product
                 delivered was of the highest quality and met customers
                 needs. In addition to normal customer acceptance
                 testing, the AT\&T Network Services Division (NSD)
                 introduced an innovative new strategy called the
                 accelerated life-cycle test program (ALTP) to
                 facilitate the identification and repair of defects.
                 NSD used a 4ESS switch having 100-percent reversible
                 traffic to test the retrofit process and to ensure that
                 customer service would not be adversely affected by the
                 introduction of the 1B into the AT\&T network. This
                 paper describes the final product integration and
                 verification processes performed by NS, along with the
                 special testing programs established by NSD
                 customers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "defects; electronic equipment testing; electronic
                 switching systems; fault location; integrated circuit
                 testing; life testing; microcontrollers; personnel
                 training; product design; quality assurance; quality
                 control; repair; retrofitting; strategic planning;
                 switches; telecommunication equipment testing;
                 telecommunication traffic",
  subject =      "customer acceptance testing; network systems; product
                 quality; product testing",
  topic =        "switching networks",
}

@Article{Flynn:1995:MIP,
  author =       "Lisa A. Flynn and Thomas M. O'Leary",
  title =        "Manufacturing Issues of the {1B} Processor",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "49--60",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper outlines the critical strategies,
                 facilities, and processes put in place to meet the high
                 reliability and quick ramp-up requirements of
                 manufacturing the 1B24 processor. The intent is to
                 provide insight into several of the functions necessary
                 to support the project objectives, including
                 organization, vendor involvement, contingency planning,
                 stocking, testing, and processes.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "electronic equipment manufacture; electronic switching
                 systems; integrated circuit manufacture; integrated
                 circuit testing; microcontrollers; personnel; planning;
                 production; project management; rapid prototyping;
                 reliability; societies and institutions; stock control;
                 strategic planning; telecommunication equipment
                 testing",
  subject =      "contingency planning; processor; stocking; vendor
                 involvement",
  topic =        "computers",
}

@Article{Bullard:1995:PDL,
  author =       "Glenn S. Bullard and Stanley Golinski and Brenda D.
                 Morrison and William T. Myrick and Robert W. {Neal,
                 Jr.} and Roger L. Rose and Paul J. Rutkowski and Edward
                 T. Schafer and Walter H. Thurmond",
  title =        "{1B} processor deployment: leading the way to flawless
                 execution",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "61--72",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Deploying the 1B processor involved installing and
                 retrofitting it in a live, fully operational 4ESS
                 switch. The customer requirements for deploying the 1B
                 processor were simple, clear, and stark: `flawless
                 execution with no interruption to service.' To
                 accomplish this, special bus switches were designed to
                 allow peripheral units to be switched from the 1A to
                 the 1B processor as part of the retrofit. The
                 aggressive schedule called for installing the 1B
                 processor in 134 AT\&T switches in only 16 months. This
                 paper describes the unique customer-supplier partnering
                 approach used to meet the customer requirement of
                 `flawless execution.' It also discusses the major
                 leadership-based procedures used to improve processes
                 and eliminate risks.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "electronic switching systems; installation;
                 maintenance engineering; personnel; personnel training;
                 project management; quality assurance; retrofitting;
                 scheduling; societies and institutions; strategic
                 planning; switches; switching networks; switching
                 systems; telecommunication services",
  subject =      "customer supplier partnering; flawless execution; no
                 interruption; processor; quality improvement teams",
  topic =        "computer applications",
}

@Article{Lanzerotti:1995:SLS,
  author =       "Louis J. Lanzerotti and Lester V. Medford and Carol G.
                 Maclennan and David J. Thomson",
  title =        "Studies of large-scale {Earth} potentials across
                 oceanic distances",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "73--84",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper describes some ongoing research to
                 characterize and understand the large-scale (on the
                 order of several thousand kilometers) geo-electric
                 potentials that can be induced within the Earth by
                 fluctuations of the geomagnetic field. An understanding
                 of these induced potentials can be important for
                 carrying out some geophysical investigations, as well
                 as for solving numerous engineering problems related to
                 the design and deployment of long, conducting
                 installations on the Earth's surface. Such
                 installations include the systems used to power
                 long-distance cables, electrical power distribution
                 networks, and pipeline corrosion-control systems. The
                 magnitude of the induced potentials fluctuates
                 significantly in time and in spatial extent. It
                 reflects both the highly variable nature of the Earth's
                 space plasma environment that produces the geomagnetic
                 fluctuations and the heterogeneous nature of the
                 geological structure of the Earth's surface and upper
                 mantle. Present-day models of Earth's magnetic
                 fluctuations are insufficient to predict the
                 geopotentials reliably, particularly the extreme
                 geopotentials that might be experienced on a specific
                 long route. Thus, such geopotential measurements as
                 those described in this paper on AT\&T cables in the
                 Atlantic and Pacific Oceans can contribute important
                 knowledge of the Earth's geophysical environment, as
                 well as new geopotential information for engineering
                 design.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "charged particles; control systems; earth (planet);
                 earth atmosphere; electric field measurement; electric
                 power distribution; geomagnetic variations;
                 geomagnetism; installation; ionosphere; magnetic
                 fields; magnetosphere; models; power cables; problem
                 solving; submarine cables; tectonics; telecommunication
                 cables; terrestrial electricity",
  subject =      "earth potentials; geo-electric potentials; geomagnetic
                 fields; geomagnetic fluctuations; geopotential
                 measurements",
  topic =        "solar radiation",
}

@Article{Scheer:1995:IUS,
  author =       "Randall J. Scheer",
  title =        "Internationalizing {UNIX} software projects",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "85--94",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T's international products are providing
                 interfaces using the customer's own language and
                 cultural conventions. Providing internationalized
                 systems that support the conventions of a country, its
                 language, and culture can provide a competitive
                 advantage. Identifying customer needs and developing
                 the internationalization architecture at the beginning
                 of a project cuts life-cycle costs associated with
                 internationalization. This paper describes the problems
                 and issues of cost-effectively producing
                 internationalized software products that run under the
                 UNIX operating system, although this discussion is
                 applicable to other operating systems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "character sets; cost effectiveness; international
                 trade; marketing; project management; social aspects of
                 automation; software development management; software
                 engineering; software maintenance; software packages;
                 software quality; standards; UNIX; user interfaces",
  subject =      "international products; internationalization; locale;
                 localization; message catalogs",
  topic =        "computer software",
}

@Article{Eickmeyer:1995:NGU,
  author =       "John R. Eickmeyer and Bryson E. Epting and Matthew V.
                 Thompson",
  title =        "The next generation in underwater acoustic detection",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--15",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Following a brief summary of AT\&T's history in the
                 development and manufacture of underwater acoustic
                 detection hardware, this paper provides a technical
                 description of the latest fiber-optic system and a
                 project history describing the processes used in
                 bringing the equipment into production. During the
                 period of program execution (1989 to the present),
                 systems engineering management philosophy has evolved
                 from strict flow-down of requirements via military
                 standards to concurrent engineering and
                 product-realization teams. The fixed distributed system
                 (FDS) project has followed the same route, partly by
                 design and partly by necessity. It provided some
                 valuable lessons that have been learned and
                 incorporated into the present AT\&T advanced technology
                 systems (ATS) engineering process, which has been the
                 basis for AT\&T best current practices in systems
                 engineering.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "bandwidth; channel capacity; concurrent engineering;
                 fiber optics; military standards; oceanography; optical
                 cables; performance; project management; sonar;
                 standards; submarine cables; systems engineering;
                 underwater equipment; underwater sound",
  subject =      "fixed distributed system; military standards; systems
                 engineering management; transmission capacity;
                 underwater acoustic detection hardware; underwater
                 detection equipment",
  topic =        "underwater acoustics",
}

@Article{Jackel:1995:OCR,
  author =       "Lawrence D. Jackel and David Sharman and Charles E.
                 Stenard and B. Ivan Strom and Derek Zuckert",
  title =        "Optical character recognition for self-service
                 banking",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "16--24",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Self-service automatic teller machines (ATMs) have
                 dramatically altered the ways in which customers
                 interact with banks. ATMs provide the convenience of
                 completing some banking transactions remotely and at
                 any time. AT\&T Global Information Solutions (GIS) is
                 the world's leading provider of ATMs. These machines
                 support such familiar services as cash withdrawals and
                 balance inquiries. Further technological development
                 has extended the utility and convenience of ATMs
                 produced by GIS by facilitating check cashing and
                 depositing, as well as direct bill payment, using an
                 on-line system. These enhanced services, discussed in
                 this paper, are made possible primarily through
                 sophisticated optical character recognition (OCR)
                 technology. Developed by an AT\&T team that included
                 GIS, AT\&T Bell Laboratories Quality, Engineering,
                 Software, and Technologies (QUEST), and AT\&T Bell
                 Laboratories Research, OCR technology was crucial to
                 the development of these advanced ATMs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "automatic teller machines; banking; character sets;
                 data handling; data processing; online operation;
                 online systems; optical character recognition",
  subject =      "banking transactions; global information solutions;
                 manual processing; product innovation; self-service
                 banking",
  topic =        "optical character recognition",
}

@Article{Townsend:1995:UTB,
  author =       "Richard L. {Townsend, Jr.} and Jean-Jacques Werner and
                 Mai-Huong Nguyen",
  title =        "Using technology to bring {ATM} to the desktop",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "25--37",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "One of the newest technologies to impact both network
                 transmission systems and local area networks is
                 asynchronous transfer mode (ATM), due, in part, to the
                 fact that it is a key technology in offering multimedia
                 services. One issue is how to make the transition from
                 the current embedded network switching systems to
                 ATM-based systems, while minimizing the cost of
                 developing a new infrastructure. This paper discusses
                 how ATM capabilities can be extended to the desktop by
                 applying the latest modem technology to send
                 medium-to-high bit rates (51.84 Mb/s) on twisted-pair
                 copper wiring over distances of up to 100 meters.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "asynchronous transfer mode; bandwidth; digital signal
                 processing; electric wire; electric wiring; local area
                 networks; modems; multimedia communication; personal
                 computers; switching systems; technology;
                 telecommunication cables; telecommunication services;
                 twisted pair cables",
  subject =      "data exchange; high-speed data; key technology;
                 medium-to-high bit rates; multimedia services; network
                 switching systems; network transmission systems;
                 twisted-pair copper wiring",
  topic =        "asynchronous transfer mode",
}

@Article{Coffield:1995:LEH,
  author =       "Don R. Coffield and Robert G. Cole and Vikram R.
                 Saksena",
  title =        "The leading edge in high-speed data communications
                 services: the {Interspan Asynchronous Transfer Mode
                 Service}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "38--49",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The emergence of new high-speed client/server and
                 multimedia applications demands a new generation of
                 computer communications services. The InterSpan
                 Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) Service, first
                 introduced in May 1994, is a highly reliable, low-cost,
                 shared transport service for these and other
                 applications. Using the ATM interface protocol, the
                 service provides multiple grades of service over a wide
                 range of transmission speeds (currently up to 45 Mb/s),
                 ensuring a smooth evolution to the future. The service
                 has three main features that differentiate it from the
                 competition: the ReliaBURST traffic management method,
                 which improves data transfer performance; an
                 industry-leading Customer Network Management System,
                 which lets customers 'see' their portion of the shared
                 network; and a frame relay-to-ATM protocol conversion
                 service, which makes the evolution to ATM easier by
                 protecting the investment of customers currently using
                 the InterSpan Frame Relay Service. The service
                 development plan has a rich set of additional features,
                 including higher speeds, switched virtual circuits for
                 high-capacity bandwidth on demand, and globalization.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "asynchronous transfer mode; bandwidth; client-server
                 systems; computer network management; congestion
                 control (communication); data communication systems;
                 interfaces (computer); multimedia communication;
                 network protocols; packet networks; performance;
                 switching circuits; telecommunication services;
                 telecommunication traffic; voice/data communication
                 systems",
  subject =      "bit stream adaptation; computer communication service;
                 customer control; globalization; high-capacity
                 bandwidth; high-speed data communication services;
                 interspan asynchronous transfer mode",
  topic =        "asynchronous transfer mode",
}

@Article{Choudhury:1995:EPM,
  author =       "Gagan L. Choudhury and Kin K. Leung and Ward Whitt",
  title =        "Efficiently providing multiple grades of service with
                 protection against overloads in shared resources",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "50--63",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Multiservice telecommunications systems require
                 different grades of service for different customers,
                 including protection against overloads caused by other
                 customers. One way to provide multiple grades of
                 service, including overload protection, is by partial
                 sharing using upper-limit (UL) bounds, which specify an
                 upper limit on the number of requests a customer is
                 allowed at any time, and guaranteed-minimum (GM)
                 bounds, which guarantee that there will always be space
                 for a minimum number of requests from that customer.
                 These bounds achieve effective separation with sharing
                 and can be efficiently enforced and analyzed. Analysis
                 is made possible by a new algorithm for computing
                 blocking probabilities based on numerical transform
                 inversion.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "algorithms; bandwidth; inverse problems; mathematical
                 models; mathematical transformations; performance;
                 probability; resource allocation; switching networks;
                 systems analysis; telecommunication links;
                 telecommunication systems",
  subject =      "circuit-switch communication network; computing
                 blocking probabilities; dial-up calls;
                 guaranteed-minimum bounds; mathematical
                 resource-sharing model; multiservice telecommunication
                 systems; numerical transform inversion; overload
                 protection; upper-limit bounds",
  topic =        "telecommunication services",
}

@Article{Hassler:1995:RDC,
  author =       "Kerry W. Hassler and Cynthia C. Jones and Joylee E.
                 Kohler and Robert D. Nalbone",
  title =        "Revolutionizing {DEFINITY} call centers in the 1990s",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "64--73",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The award-winning AT\&T DEFINITY G3 Expert Agent
                 Selection (EAS) feature has fundamentally changed the
                 way in which call centers provide services for a
                 variety of business applications. The skills-matching
                 concept of EAS simplifies the problem of meeting
                 incoming caller needs with trained call center agents.
                 The Logical Agent part of EAS provides call center
                 agents with an incentive for advancement while also
                 providing newfound flexibility in how they perform
                 their jobs. Both these EAS innovations are patented,
                 with the skills-matching patent winning the 1995 AT\&T
                 Patent Recognition Award. This paper describes how EAS
                 improves the efficiency of call centers, and it
                 discusses the implementation approach used to realize
                 this important new call center feature.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "automatic telephone exchanges; automatic telephone
                 systems; business communication; estimation; expert
                 systems; knowledge based systems; performance; private
                 telephone exchanges; systems engineering;
                 telecommunication services; telephone numbering
                 systems; telephone systems; telephone traffic
                 analysis",
  subject =      "automatic call distribution; call centers; call
                 distribution features; Definity; telecommunication
                 industry; trained call center agents",
  topic =        "telecommunication services",
}

@Article{Drakopoulos:1995:EEI,
  author =       "E. Drakopoulos and M. J. Merges",
  title =        "Engineering and economic issues in managing the
                 paradigm shift in computing environments",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "74--84",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Corporate computing is shifting from traditional
                 mainframe proprietary systems to distributed computing
                 that is based on heterogeneous, networked, open-system
                 architectures. The shift is a strategic business
                 initiative supporting financial and operational needs.
                 This paper discusses the various strategic and
                 technological forces that are driving the shift to
                 distributed architectures. In this context, the paper
                 combines financial, business, design, analysis,
                 engineering, and project management techniques, in
                 order to analyze business reengineering requirements
                 and issues affecting the planning, design, engineering,
                 and implementation of information system
                 architectures.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "business communication; client-server systems;
                 commerce; computer network management; economics; open
                 systems; project management",
  subject =      "economic issues; computing environment management;
                 corporate computing; distributed computing; open-system
                 network architectures; strategic business initiative;
                 financial needs; project management techniques; client
                 server systems; network performance",
}

@Article{Thompson:1995:SCG,
  author =       "Robin J. Thompson and J. J. Schiet and Steven L.
                 Stevens",
  title =        "{5ESS-2000} switch cellular gateway",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "85--93",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "U.S. cellular networks continue to expand
                 exponentially, with subscriber growth increasing more
                 than 30 percent per year, while international wireless
                 networks are experiencing even more remarkable growth,
                 with many world networks expanding more than 100
                 percent per year. The growth in the subscriber base and
                 service demand clearly carries with it a corresponding
                 and similar growth in the network equipment used to
                 provide wireless/cellular services. And, as networks
                 grow in size, their trunk connectivity, mobile call
                 delivery, and internode signaling become more
                 complicated. As a result, some of the larger cellular
                 network operators are implementing a hierarchical
                 network structure that incorporates a cellular gateway
                 switch to optimize trunking and signaling links. This
                 paper describes the cellular gateway switch and how it
                 is being used to resolve the problems associated with
                 large cellular networks. A brief overview of a cellular
                 service network is given, followed by a comparison of
                 the switching node call traffic loads and trunking
                 requirements of a theoretical network, with and without
                 a cellular gateway switch.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cellular radio; electronic switching systems; gateways
                 (computer networks); interconnection networks;
                 optimization; switching networks; switching systems;
                 telecommunication control; telecommunication links;
                 telecommunication services; telecommunication
                 signalling; telecommunication traffic; telephone
                 traffic",
  subject =      "cellular service network; integrated signal transfer
                 points; Internetwork traffic; internode signaling;
                 mobile call delivery; mobile switching center;
                 signaling links; switch cellular gateway; trunk
                 connectivity",
  topic =        "cellular telephone systems",
}

@Article{Baker:1995:IBR,
  author =       "Albert D. Baker and James Chen and Nancy T. Radics and
                 Lee A. Vallone",
  title =        "{ISDN} basic rate interface interoperability with key
                 and hybrid systems",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "94--102",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper describes a basic rate interface (BRI)
                 solution, based on a software-emulated terminal (SET)
                 model, for customers who want the capabilities that
                 ISDN offers, as a natural extension of the digital
                 architecture of the MERLIN communications system. Its
                 system architecture and infrastructure now support
                 basic rate access from MERLIN communications systems to
                 a central office (CO). The SET model that resides
                 within the MERLIN LEGEND control unit supports both the
                 ISDN B-channel transport service and access to CO-based
                 supplementary services. The SET appears to the central
                 office as one or two physical terminals, complete with
                 handset, keypad, and feature buttons. Combining the
                 emulated terminals with the internal architecture of
                 the MERLIN LEGEND produces a seamless user interface,
                 regardless of network connectivity. With this design,
                 customers can continue to use their embedded base of
                 equipment, while gaining access to digital transport
                 and advanced services accessible through BRI.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "communication channels (information theory); computer
                 simulation; computer terminals; data communication
                 systems; hybrid computers; interfaces (computer); ISDN;
                 models; open systems; telecommunication lines;
                 telecommunication terminals; terminal emulation; user
                 interfaces",
  subject =      "basic rate interface; channel transport services;
                 circuit switched calls; customer premises equipment;
                 interoperability; primary rate interface; software
                 emulated terminal; user network interface",
  topic =        "voice/data communication systems",
}

@Article{Teger:1995:MVR,
  author =       "Sandra L. Teger",
  title =        "Multimedia --- from vision to reality",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "4--13",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Technology advances in digitization, networking, and
                 intelligent devices and servers, all supported by
                 software, are enabling expanded choices in our lives. A
                 fundamental shift is occurring, a movement from the
                 physical to the electronic realm and now to the
                 networked domain. This shift is evident in the
                 evolution of such diverse conveniences as home
                 entertainment, telecommuting, telemedicine, desktop
                 collaboration, and electronic home shopping.
                 Multimedia, the integration of multiple media types
                 coupled with interactivity, is a major beneficiary of
                 these trends. This introductory paper provides some
                 perspective on the emergence of multimedia, both in
                 industry and within AT\&T. It also introduces ideas and
                 issues that are elaborated on in the papers that
                 follow.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "home shopping; home working; interactive systems;
                 multimedia communication; multimedia computing;
                 telecommunication networks",
  subject =      "multimedia; home entertainment; telecommuting;
                 telemedicine; desktop collaboration; electronic home
                 shopping; interactivity; AT\&T; networking; intelligent
                 devices; servers",
}

@Article{Jayant:1995:MTD,
  author =       "Nikil Jayant and Bryan D. Ackland and Victor B.
                 Lawrence and Lawrence R. Rabiner",
  title =        "Multimedia: technology dimensions and challenges",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "14--33",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Multimedia services are made possible by a host of
                 underlying technologies. These include the processing
                 of speech, audio, image and video signals, and
                 handwritten data, as well as the high-quality
                 transmission of audiovisual messages and data
                 information. Audiovisual signal processing incorporates
                 the subtechnologies of coding, synthesis, and
                 recognition, and the technologies that support
                 acoustical and optical transducers. Synchronous
                 processing of component signals in real time is a
                 particularly important challenge. The communication
                 technologies used to transmit multimedia services
                 include wired and wireless modems, circuit-switched and
                 packet-switched networks, and technologies such as
                 simultaneous voice and data for seamless integration of
                 multimedia messages. All these technologies depend, for
                 their efficiency and pervasiveness, on the low-cost
                 processing power provided by submicron very large-scale
                 integration (VLSI). This paper describes the current
                 capabilities in these technologies and the future
                 challenges, in terms of quantitative metrics and
                 tradeoffs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "acoustic signal processing; data communication
                 systems; data processing; image processing; modems;
                 packet networks; speech processing; telecommunication
                 services; transducers; video signal processing; visual
                 communication; VLSI circuits",
  subject =      "audiovisual messages; audiovisual signal processing;
                 multimedia; multimedia services",
  topic =        "information technology",
}

@Article{Berkley:1995:MRP,
  author =       "David A. Berkley and J. Robert Ensor",
  title =        "Multimedia research platforms",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "34--45",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Several AT\&T Bell Laboratories research projects
                 focus on multimedia information, providing new
                 technologies for the creation, storage, transmission,
                 retrieval, presentation, and use of such data. Other
                 projects focus on inventing new ways to structure and
                 use multimedia data by developing research platforms
                 and novel applications. This paper discusses three of
                 these platforms and associated applications: Rapport
                 and MR, multimedia desktop conferencing and virtual
                 meeting room service platforms; HuMaNet, a
                 speech-controlled multitechnology conference room
                 environment; and the Nemesis information browser, which
                 provides desktop access to remotely stored papers,
                 photographs, and presentations.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "data communication systems; data storage equipment;
                 information retrieval; information retrieval systems;
                 information services; multimedia communication;
                 multimedia computing; online front-ends; personal
                 computers; project management; teleconferencing;
                 virtual reality",
  subject =      "information browser; multimedia; multimedia desktop
                 conferencing; rapport; research platforms; virtual
                 meeting room service platforms",
  topic =        "information technology",
}

@Article{Ahuja:1995:MC,
  author =       "Sudhir R. Ahuja and H. Fred Haisch and Ram S.
                 Ramamurthy and Lucinda M. Sanders",
  title =        "Multimedia collaboration",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "46--53",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Current business activities require collaboration and
                 teamwork among groups of people, some of whom are
                 geographically dispersed. This paper describes a
                 functional architecture that supports remote
                 collaborations. AT\&T has introduced leading-edge
                 products and services in this field, and this paper
                 presents how they are evolving to meet the need for a
                 common strategy and architecture.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "group decision support systems; multimedia
                 communication; multimedia computing",
  subject =      "multimedia collaboration; group teamwork; functional
                 architecture; remote collaborations; AT\&T;
                 leading-edge products",
}

@Article{Beacken:1995:PIA,
  author =       "Marc Beacken and Robert L. Doran and Michael J. Geller
                 and Julia Hirschberg",
  title =        "The provision of intelligent agent based enhanced
                 multimedia network services",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "68--77",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper describes some of the latest work in
                 developing infrastructures that will provide customers
                 with multimedia information. The paper discusses the
                 concept of providing enhanced multimedia network
                 services based upon intelligent agents (IAs), and the
                 attributes of a user interface. Examples of emerging
                 and future intelligent agent technologies are
                 discussed, and delivery options for future enhanced
                 multimedia services are examined. By evaluating trends
                 in computer, networking, and multimedia processing
                 technology, an approach is derived for creating and
                 deploying enhanced multimedia network services. The
                 paper concludes with examples of key components of the
                 proposed infrastructure.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer networks; computers; data processing;
                 database systems; information technology; intelligent
                 networks; multimedia communication; software agents;
                 telecommunication computing; telecommunication
                 services; user interfaces",
  subject =      "intelligent agent; multimedia; multimedia network
                 services; personal assistants",
  topic =        "information services",
}

@Article{Libman:1995:IVN,
  author =       "Roger E. Libman and Mowaffak T. Midani and Irene J.
                 Morgan and Hung Tan Nguyen",
  title =        "The interactive video network: an overview of the
                 {Video Manager} and the {V Protocol}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "92--105",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The AT\&T Interactive Video Network (IVN) offering
                 consists of the network elements and signaling protocol
                 necessary to provide interactive services such as video
                 on demand, home shopping, and interactive games, while
                 establishing a framework for evolution to support
                 future services. This paper introduces the network
                 architecture being developed and the two most
                 frequently deployed access technologies --- switched
                 digital video (SDV) and hybrid fiber-coax (HFC). It
                 then focuses on two major AT\&T Network Systems
                 offerings that support the interactive video network
                 --- the AT\&T Video Manager and the V Protocol.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "broadband networks; coaxial cables; digital
                 communication; home shopping; information services;
                 interactive television; interactive video; network
                 protocols; network topology; optical fibre subscriber
                 loops; protocols; resource allocation; signaling;
                 standards; telecommunication network management;
                 telecommunication services; telecommunication
                 signalling; user interfaces",
  subject =      "hybrid fiber coax; interactive services; interactive
                 video network; network elements; signaling protocol;
                 switched digital video; video manager",
  topic =        "visual communication",
}

@Article{Beyler:1995:ABP,
  author =       "Eric R. Beyler and Olivier B. Clarisse and Edward A.
                 Clark and Y. H. Levendel and Robert E. Richardson",
  title =        "An {ATM}-based platform for rapid generation of
                 multimedia applications",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "106--116",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The Software Assembly Workbench (SAW) approach is used
                 to assemble software by combining reusable building
                 blocks, much in the way some commodity hardware is
                 being designed. SAW requires a network execution
                 platform that performs network functions necessary to
                 execute typical services and provides access to
                 telecommunications and computing functionality. SAW is
                 based on two adjacent software layers, the upper
                 service layer and the intermediate component layer.
                 Both require the implementation of the lower capability
                 layer, which resides on the network execution platform.
                 This building block approach enables the rapid creation
                 and customization of software that can be dependably
                 executed in a distributed telecommunications network to
                 create both narrowband and multimedia broadband
                 services.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "asynchronous transfer mode; broadband networks;
                 computer networks; computer software; information
                 services; information technology; multimedia
                 communication; network operating systems; programming
                 environments; software engineering; software
                 reusability; telecommunication; telecommunication
                 computing; telecommunication networks;
                 telecommunication services",
  subject =      "multimedia; reusable building blocks; software
                 assembly workbench",
  topic =        "asynchronous transfer mode",
}

@Article{Szurkowski:1995:IMS,
  author =       "Edward S. Szurkowski and Jack C. Warner",
  title =        "Interactive multimedia services for consumers and
                 businesses",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "117--129",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The emergence of broadband networks for residential
                 and business customers enables a wide range of new
                 interactive services. For consumers, these new services
                 might include movies on demand, networked multiplayer
                 video games, and interactive shopping via TV. Business
                 applications might include broadcast-quality video
                 teleconferencing, distance learning, and telecommuting.
                 This paper presents the technical issues and
                 infrastructure involved in delivering several of these
                 services, along with some of the lessons learned and
                 insights gained from AT\&T's early interactive
                 broadband services trials.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "broadband networks; business communication; home
                 working; information technology; interactive systems;
                 interactive television; multimedia communication;
                 telecommunication; telecommunication services;
                 teleconferencing",
  subject =      "business applications; consumer applications;
                 interactive multimedia services; interactive shopping;
                 movies on demand; telecommuting; video games",
  topic =        "information services",
}

@Article{Seifert:1995:ATE,
  author =       "Laurence C. Seifert",
  title =        "{AT\&T} technology and the environment",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "4--7",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper explores the implications the rapid
                 integration of science, technology, and the environment
                 holds for AT\&T and its customers, its shareholders,
                 and the communities' in which AT\&T has a presence.
                 Furthermore, it also explains how AT\&T is responding
                 to the challenges of such integration now, and
                 describes some important initiatives designed to help
                 preserve the environment for future as well.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cost effectiveness; decision making; ecology;
                 environmental engineering; environmental impact;
                 environmental protection; laws and legislation;
                 manufacture; marketing; research and development
                 management; standards; telephone systems",
  subject =      "AT\&T; conservation of raw materials; design for
                 environment; environment infrastructure; environmental
                 policy; environmental vision; industrial ecology; life
                 cycle environmental quality; sustainable development",
  topic =        "product design",
}

@Article{Allenby:1995:IIE,
  author =       "Braden R. Allenby and Robert A. Laudise",
  title =        "The importance of industrial ecology and design for
                 environment to {AT\&T}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "8--16",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T recognizes that industrial ecology and design
                 for environment (DFE) are crucial competencies that are
                 vital now, and they will become keys to corporate
                 success in the next century. The importance of these
                 competencies is based on the following three
                 fundamental considerations: the need to control
                 environmental compliance costs; the need to meet
                 customer requirements and demands; and the need to
                 enlarge market access and generate continuous
                 competitive advantage. Over the long term,
                 environmental competence and offerings --- especially
                 in services that reduce material and energy consumption
                 --- will become increasingly important, and they will
                 ensure that AT\&T continues in a leadership position
                 into the next century. Thus, all AT\&T stakeholders ---
                 including customers, employees, shareowners, and the
                 communities within which AT\&T has a presence ---
                 attach crucial importance to both industrial ecology
                 and DFE. In short, environmental concerns that once
                 were considered overhead now have assumed strategic
                 importance.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "competition; cost effectiveness; design engineering;
                 economics; energy conservation; environmental factors;
                 environmental impact; environmental protection;
                 manufacture; marketing; power consumption; product
                 design; telecommunication services; telephone systems",
  subject =      "compliance costs; customer requirements and demands;
                 design for environment; industrial ecology; material
                 consumption reduction",
  topic =        "ecology",
}

@Article{Graedel:1995:GPD,
  author =       "Thomas E. Graedel and Paul Reaves Comrie and Janine C.
                 Sekutowski",
  title =        "Green product design",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "17--25",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Most of the environmental impacts of a product are
                 determined by the product designer, who is a major
                 determinant in AT\&T's manufacture of green --- that
                 is, environmentally responsible --- products. This
                 paper presents some elements of 'green design,' an
                 activity termed design for environment (DFE). DFE
                 incorporates two types of activities: generic and
                 specific. Generic activities are reliable general
                 guidelines for environmentally preferable approaches,
                 such as the minimization of energy use; specific
                 activities are related to individual products, such as
                 the choice of particular materials. AT\&T has developed
                 and applied a DFE evaluation methodology to its
                 telecommunications products. These products generally
                 rate reasonably well from a DFE standpoint, but
                 assessments show a number of areas in which
                 improvements can be made. These can be implemented not
                 only by product designers, but also by manufacturing
                 engineers and supply line managers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "design engineering; energy conservation; energy
                 management; environmental factors; environmental
                 impact; environmental protection; manufacture; printed
                 circuit boards; product development; telecommunication
                 equipment; telephone systems",
  subject =      "AT\&T; design for environment; electrical design;
                 generic activities; green product design; manufacturing
                 engineering; printed wiring board; product life cycle;
                 specific activities",
  topic =        "product design",
}

@Article{Dickinson:1995:GPM,
  author =       "David A. Dickinson and Clifton W. Draper and Manjini
                 Saminathan and John E. Sohn and George Williams",
  title =        "Green product manufacturing",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "26--35",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper describes tools, systems, and specific
                 programs put in place within AT\&T to achieve
                 end-to-end environmentally responsible, or green,
                 manufacturing. Together, these incorporate design for
                 environment (DFE) criteria in product and process
                 design phases, monitor and control manufacturing
                 processes to minimize waste and use of materials,
                 conserve water through reuse, and reduce volatile
                 organic compound (VOC) emissions through process and
                 solvent replacement.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "design engineering; environmental factors;
                 environmental protection; manufacture; monitoring;
                 online systems; pollution control; process control;
                 process engineering; product design; solvents; volatile
                 organic compounds; waste disposal; waste utilization;
                 water recycling",
  subject =      "AT\&T; design for environment; green design tool;
                 green index; green product manufacturing",
  topic =        "manufacture",
}

@Article{Borum:1995:MAG,
  author =       "John C. Borum and Barry F. Dambach",
  title =        "Meeting {AT\&T}'s global environmental goals",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "36--43",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T has successfully applied the methodologies and
                 tools of total quality management (TQM) to resolve
                 environmental issues and, with the use of policy
                 deployment, has exceeded its environmental goals. The
                 original goals were oriented toward preventing
                 pollution and specifically focused on wastes and
                 emissions. As the company continues efforts in these
                 areas, new goals are emerging that are more system
                 focused --- to fully integrate environmental concerns
                 into our business and management processes. The new
                 processes will help identify root causes of
                 environmental quality failures and help address them in
                 the up-front design of products and services.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cost effectiveness; design engineering; environmental
                 factors; environmental protection; management;
                 manufacture; pollution control; product design; product
                 development; quality control; telecommunication
                 services; telephone systems; waste disposal; waste
                 treatment",
  subject =      "AT\&T; ecolabels; environmental goals; policy
                 deployment; total quality environmental quality; waste
                 management; waste reduction",
  topic =        "total quality management",
}

@Article{Okrasinski:1995:EME,
  author =       "Thomas A. Okrasinski and Craig C. Onori and Joseph M.
                 Morabito",
  title =        "Energy management and the environment",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "44--53",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Energy use and environmental issues are significant
                 factors in operating AT\&T's world-wide facilities and
                 developing products and services. AT\&T is reducing
                 energy use to protect the environment and reduce costs.
                 This paper focuses on efforts to ensure adequate power
                 for AT\&T facilities from both conventional generating
                 sources and on-site generation, and on using renewable
                 energy sources where possible to power AT\&T's
                 products. Due to the increased use of microelectronics
                 and their sensitivity to power fluctuations, both
                 facilities and products are sensitive to power
                 aberrations and, thus, require premium power, the
                 combination of highly reliable and environmentally
                 beneficial sources of energy. A team has evolved at
                 AT\&T Bell Laboratories to integrate premium power with
                 AT\&T's facilities and products. AT\&T is also
                 exploring ways of assisting utility companies to better
                 serve their customers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cost effectiveness; electric power generation; energy
                 resources; energy storage; energy utilization;
                 environmental factors; environmental impact;
                 environmental protection; load management; power supply
                 quality; product design; renewable energy resources;
                 telecommunication services; telephone systems",
  subject =      "AT\&T; cost reduction; power aberrations",
  topic =        "energy management",
}

@Article{DAnjou:1995:DPC,
  author =       "Louis O. D'Anjou and Jae H. Choi and Werner J.
                 Glantschnig and Emil F. Stefanacci",
  title =        "Designing with plastics: considering part
                 recyclability and the use of recycled materials",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "54--60",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "It is a widely shared view that economic development
                 will not be sustainable unless industry embarks on more
                 innovative and proactive approaches to corporate
                 environmental stewardship. 'Green' product realization
                 strategies --- such as design for recycling (DFR) ---
                 and the increased use of recycled materials in the
                 manufacture of new products are viewed as crucial
                 components of such an approach. AT\&T's design and
                 engineering community is active in both fields. DFR is
                 introduced as part of a broader design for environment
                 (DFE) program. In addition, there are ambitious
                 initiatives to find suitable internal uses for plastics
                 recyclate, which AT\&T's material reclamation
                 organizations have produced from scrapped telephone
                 housings for many years. These two programs are
                 symbiotic: The greater the number of products designed
                 for recycling, the greater the amount of high-value
                 materials that can be readily recovered from them at
                 the end of their useful lives. In turn, the higher the
                 quality of the recycled materials, the easier to
                 recycle those materials into new products. This paper
                 describes strategies for DFR applicable to plastic
                 parts and discusses two initial applications of
                 post-consumer recycled plastics in new AT\&T
                 products.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "design engineering; environmental impact;
                 environmental protection; manufacture; plastics;
                 product design; recycling; telephone systems",
  subject =      "design for recycling; design for environment; recycled
                 plastics; scrapped telephone housing",
  topic =        "plastics applications",
}

@Article{Wightman:1995:DEA,
  author =       "Glenn C. Wightman and Gregory C. Munie and Bryan K.
                 Stolte",
  title =        "Design for environment attributes of the {AT\&T 5ESS}
                 switch",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "61--71",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "AT\&T's goal is to be a leader in applying sound
                 environmental policies in the manufacture and
                 operations of its products. To provide a benchmark
                 assessment for one of AT\&T's major product lines, this
                 paper reviews the design for environment (DFE)
                 attributes of the AT\&T 5ESS switch. Although formal
                 DFE processes did not start in 5ESS design until 1993,
                 the efforts thus far have resulted in a 5ESS design and
                 assembly process that is environmentally responsible.
                 This benchmarking exercise also is an opportunity to
                 identify items in design and assembly that can be
                 improved on, and modifications suggested by this review
                 are now being made to the design rules used by AT\&T
                 Network Systems' physical designers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "assembly; design engineering; electronic switching
                 systems; environmental factors; environmental impact;
                 environmental protection; fabrication; manufacture;
                 printed circuit boards; printed circuit manufacture;
                 product design",
  subject =      "circuit pack assembly; design for environment; life
                 cycle analysis; system assembly",
  topic =        "switching systems",
}

@Article{Hermann:1995:ECA,
  author =       "Ferdinand Hermann and Peter Kleinsorge",
  title =        "Environmental certification of {ATT-GIS} in {Augsburg,
                 Germany}",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "72--78",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "To remain competitive, organizations must increasingly
                 apply effective and efficient management systems,
                 sustain satisfactory financial `health', and achieve
                 exemplary environmental performance. A European
                 directive (EEC Regulation 1836/93) encourages
                 industrial companies to participate in a voluntary
                 community eco-management and audit scheme. The
                 Workstation Products Division (WPD) of AT\&T Global
                 Information Solutions (AT\&T-GIS) in Augsburg is a PC
                 development and production facility. It is the first
                 company in Germany to achieve both certification of its
                 environmental management system (EMS) and ISO 9001
                 registration of its quality management system (QMS).
                 Quality in the EMS/QMS integrated management system was
                 redefined as fulfillment of defined and perceived
                 requirements to delight customers and society through
                 economic and environment-friendly processes. The
                 certification of WPD's total quality management system
                 demonstrates leadership in this highly competitive
                 arena.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "certification; DP industry; economic and social
                 effects; environmental factors; environmental impact;
                 ISO standards; printed circuit manufacture; product
                 development; production; quality assurance; quality
                 control; standards",
  subject =      "environmental certification; A\&T-GIS; Augsburg;
                 Germany; AT\&T global information solutions; management
                 systems; satisfactory financial health; EEC regulation
                 1836/93; European directive; industrial companies;
                 voluntary community eco-management; audit scheme;
                 workstation products division; PC development; PC
                 production; environmental management system; ISO 9001
                 registration; quality management system;
                 environment-friendly processes; total quality
                 management system",
  topic =        "total quality management",
}

@Article{Chen:1996:ITB,
  author =       "Stephen Chen and Tsun S. Chow",
  title =        "Information technology --- best practices in design
                 and development",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--4",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software is the key integrating element in information
                 technology (IT). This paper uses IT to describe the set
                 of technologies used in the design, development, and
                 deployment of information systems. Also, it explores
                 the many aspects of IT and highlights reuse
                 technologies and their application.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer graphics; data structures; management
                 information systems; project management; software
                 engineering; systems engineering",
  subject =      "information systems",
  topic =        "information technology",
}

@Article{Bernstein:1996:SL,
  author =       "Larry Bernstein",
  title =        "Software in the large",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--14",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Large software projects --- those that require more
                 than 100 people to develop --- are difficult to manage.
                 They usually take more than one year to complete and
                 only one in ten finish on time, within budget, and with
                 the features users need. It is not the people, but how
                 they are deployed, that is the critical issue in
                 managing a large software project. One strategy is to
                 partition the project into a collection of smaller
                 ones, provide the technology and organizational
                 structures to tie these parts together, employ common
                 tools and processes, and schedule formal partial
                 product delivery dates within the project. Management
                 also must maintain a humanistic point of view to keep
                 the project workers focused on their goals, as these
                 workers typically are affiliated with different
                 business units, work in different locations, and have
                 different responsibilities.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "manufacture; performance; project management;
                 reliability; robustness (control systems); software
                 engineering",
  subject =      "control plans; project development; project manager;
                 project risks",
  topic =        "computer software",
}

@Article{Moreland:1996:STD,
  author =       "James P. Moreland and Eileen M. Sieli and Mary
                 Socratous and Susan C. Udovic",
  title =        "Small-team development in a competitive environment",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "15--23",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The telecommunications industry is undergoing rapid
                 and continuous change. To be successful in today's
                 dynamic market, competitors must quickly identify and
                 embrace new opportunities. Fortunately, companies have
                 at their disposal enormous amounts of data and
                 high-speed computers that can help them analyze
                 opportunities and hasten their entry into new markets.
                 Unfortunately, the software needed to support these
                 efforts takes precious time to design and develop.
                 Traditional software development methodologies might
                 not suffice in such a fast-paced environment. Thus,
                 alternatives are needed to shorten response time and
                 provide greater flexibility to market-driven changes.
                 This paper discusses AT\&T's successes with a
                 small-team approach to software development. Rather
                 than maintaining separate functional organizations
                 having well-defined roles and responsibilities, a
                 single, closely knit team is established consisting of
                 customers, systems engineers, and developers. The
                 team's over-arching goal is to help AT\&T customers
                 solve business problems as quickly as possible.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "competition; computer architecture; personnel; problem
                 solving; project management; response time (computer
                 systems); software development management; systems
                 engineering; telecommunication systems",
  subject =      "flexibility; telecommunications industry",
  topic =        "software engineering",
}

@Article{Deutschen:1996:AIS,
  author =       "Nelson R. Deutschen and E. Jay Bowers and Jerry W.
                 Lankford",
  title =        "{ASCC}: the impact of a silver bullet",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "24--34",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The AT\&T Network Systems Silver Bullet Project,
                 launched in August 1990, represents a major
                 breakthrough in software engineering. It optimizes and
                 accelerates the software development process by
                 incrementally improving business, organizational, and
                 technical processes used by the Operations Systems (OS)
                 Business Unit. In July 1991 OS opened the Advanced
                 Software Construction Center (ASCC) to define and
                 implement an organizational and business model based on
                 the Silver Bullet processes and to expose the model to
                 the stresses of developing products for OS. Since then,
                 the ASCC has developed more than 14 products, achieved
                 International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
                 9001 certification, and reduced its average product
                 interval from 25 to 15 weeks. It has also been
                 evaluated as one of the top three software
                 organizations in AT\&T, based on software process
                 assessments. All this was achieved while keeping its
                 costs one-third lower than the rest of the business
                 unit. The application of the Silver Bullet processes to
                 the OneOS Change Program --- an AT\&T initiative to
                 create an integrated set of OS assets that can be
                 delivered as an integrated product offering ---
                 illustrates the applicability of these processes to
                 larger, more complex systems and organizations. This
                 paper traces the evolution of the ASCC, describes how
                 it operates today, and provides current measures of the
                 interval and quality of ASCC software development.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "large scale systems; optimization; process
                 engineering; production control; quality control;
                 software development management; software engineering;
                 standardization",
  subject =      "advanced software construction center; certification;
                 international organization for standardization",
  topic =        "software engineering",
}

@Article{Sulgrove:1996:SSP,
  author =       "Robert N. Sulgrove",
  title =        "Scoping software projects",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--45",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The key to risk management is to be as complete as
                 possible in identifying project risks. This paper
                 discusses the project-scoping process, which is being
                 successfully used by software developers at AT\&T
                 Global Information Solutions. Project scoping is a
                 method or process used for identifying and assessing
                 risks to determine a project's feasibility. Lists of
                 requirement categories and risk factors are provided as
                 facilitating tools. Project scoping provides a basis
                 for defining a less risky project and for redefining or
                 discontinuing projects that are too risky. The
                 project-scoping process also provides a basis for
                 continuously monitoring risks during development to
                 detect emerging problems at the earliest possible
                 moment --- while there is still time to take effective
                 corrective action. Thus, project management can focus
                 on development problems in addition to tracking
                 schedule compliance. The bottom line is that by
                 implementing project scoping, management has better
                 control over a project.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "monitoring; production control; project management;
                 risk assessment; risk management; scheduling; software
                 development management; strategic planning",
  subject =      "project feasibility; project scoping process; risk
                 management; schedule compliance",
  topic =        "software engineering",
}

@Article{Yochum:1996:IHR,
  author =       "D. S. Yochum and E. P. Laws and G. K. Barlow",
  title =        "An integrated human resources approach to moving
                 information technology professionals toward best in
                 class",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "46--53",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software is integral to every part of AT\&T's
                 business. More than 30,000 company employees are
                 involved in some aspect of software development. Until
                 recently, however, the AT\&T information technology
                 (IT) population was not recognized and supported as a
                 professional community. In 1994, this situation began
                 to change when a group called the People Team was
                 established as part of a larger initiative to address
                 AT\&T's software competitiveness. The team comprised
                 technical managers and human resources (HR)
                 professionals appointed by the AT\&T business units and
                 divisions. Its objective was to develop different
                 approaches to migrating the IT community to
                 best-in-class HR practices. To guide its work, the
                 People Team benchmarked HR practices for software
                 professionals in selected high-technology companies.
                 Key outputs from the team included a curriculum guide,
                 recruiting and staffing strategies, and reward and
                 recognition practices. Thus, AT\&T software
                 professionals are now better able to keep their
                 technical knowledge and skills up to date and remain
                 prepared for technology changes as they occur. In
                 addition, AT\&T's future leadership in IT and software
                 development is ensured.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "human factors; personnel; software development
                 management",
  subject =      "integrated human resources; information technology
                 professionals; software development; people team; human
                 resources; software competitiveness; technical
                 managers",
}

@Article{Belanger:1996:ASS,
  author =       "D. G. Belanger and Yih-Farn Chen and N. R. Fildes and
                 B. Krishnamurthy and P. H. {Rank, Jr.} and Kiem-Phong
                 Vo and T. E. Walker",
  title =        "Architecture styles and services: an experiment
                 involving the signal operations platforms-provisioning
                 operations system",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "54--63",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The process of designing vertically integrated
                 applications is enhanced if the distinct architectures,
                 or architecture styles, and relevant performance
                 constraints and interactions can first be identified.
                 Applications, although running in varied environments,
                 also may require specific architecture services,
                 non-operational features such as portability or
                 fault-tolerance that might be common across several
                 architectural styles. The application design process
                 should be an iterative exercise of first understanding
                 system requirements and then determining how they may
                 be partitioned according to styles and services. An
                 integral part of this process is to identify software
                 components and subsystems that must be developed or can
                 be reused from other systems. This paper describes a
                 design-partitioning process applied to the new Signal
                 Operations Platforms-Provisioning (SOP-P) operations
                 system. The experiment shows that it is feasible to
                 identify large design components confined within a few
                 architecture styles that are common to network
                 management and operations software.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer network management; network operating
                 systems",
  subject =      "signal operations platforms; application design
                 process; system requirements; signal operations
                 platforms-provisioning; network management; operations
                 software",
}

@Article{Johnson:1996:USS,
  author =       "Graham I. Johnson and Mark G. Westwater",
  title =        "Usability and self-service information technology:
                 cognitive engineering in product design and
                 evaluation",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "64--73",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Self-service products such as automatic teller
                 machines are becoming more complex as they support new
                 services, are being used in new environments, and
                 employ new technologies. End-users' expectations of
                 self-service products also are being raised as they
                 gain more experience with interactive technologies.
                 This paper describes the cognitive engineering
                 activities of self-service information technology,
                 including end-user perceptions, performance, and
                 satisfaction. Such issues as specifying usability at
                 concept stages, integrating prototype evaluations, and
                 incorporating design recommendations also are
                 discussed. In addition, the paper presents practical
                 methods to design self-service products, including
                 heuristic usability evaluations, 'Wizard of Oz'
                 investigations, and formal task-based evaluations. The
                 paper also draws upon a number of usability studies
                 conducted by self-service product and advanced
                 technology developers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "cognitive systems; computer aided software
                 engineering; human computer interaction; human factors;
                 information technology; interactive computer systems;
                 performance; product design; quality assurance; user
                 interfaces",
  subject =      "cognitive engineering; end user perceptions; heuristic
                 usability evaluations; product evaluation; self service
                 information technology; self service product",
  topic =        "information technology",
}

@Article{Eick:1996:VCD,
  author =       "S. G. Eick and D. E. Fyock",
  title =        "Visualizing corporate data",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--85",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Visualization is an emerging technology for
                 understanding large, complex, information-rich data
                 sets. Just as spreadsheets revolutionized our ability
                 to understand small amounts of data, visualization is
                 revolutionizing the way we understand large data sets.
                 AT\&T has developed a suite of applications, based on a
                 common software infrastructure, to analyze strategic
                 data sets and solve key business problems. Even as
                 these software tools are being used internally, AT\&T
                 is also selling them in the commercial marketplace. The
                 four case studies presented in this paper demonstrate
                 the technology's general applicability and its use
                 within AT\&T to address strategic business problems and
                 motivate its guiding research principles.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "business data processing; data visualisation; software
                 tools",
  subject =      "visualization; information-rich data sets; large data
                 sets; AT\&T; software tools; strategic data sets;
                 strategic business problems",
}

@Article{Cleaveland:1996:DSP,
  author =       "J. Craig Cleaveland and Janet A. Fertig and George W.
                 Newsome",
  title =        "Dividing the software pie",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "8--19",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Systematic software reuse, or multiuse, is a key to
                 increasing the productivity and quality of software
                 development. In the past 20 years, reuse has
                 experienced many failures and few successes. Many
                 technological, organizational, and cultural obstacles
                 have been placed in its path. A critical step to
                 increasing software reuse is to recognize that a new
                 division of labor is required, one in which component
                 developers create reusable components and product
                 developers compose products from these components.
                 Changing organizational structure and software
                 development processes to nurture these roles is
                 challenging. Once these roles are recognized and
                 established, however, standard abstraction techniques
                 and other software reuse technologies can help separate
                 the concerns of component developers and product
                 developers. This paper illustrates the separation of
                 concerns by examining its application to interfaces, a
                 particularly difficult area in which these concerns are
                 traditionally intertwined.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "human resource management; industrial applications;
                 interfaces (computer); software development management;
                 software quality; software reusability; user
                 interfaces",
  subject =      "software components; software reuse",
  topic =        "software engineering",
}

@Article{Kythe:1996:PDB,
  author =       "Dave K. Kythe",
  title =        "The promise of distributed business components",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "20--28",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "This paper discusses the advantages of replacing
                 hand-crafted software with reusable components as a
                 solution to the software crisis. Object-oriented
                 programming provides insights on how to build
                 components. Because components must have distributed
                 implementations and well-defined interfaces, both the
                 Microsoft Component Object Model (COM) and the Object
                 Management Group (OMG) Common Object Request Broker
                 Architecture (CORBA) models are described as
                 distributed object architectures to support reusable
                 components. A transaction processing monitor is also
                 necessary for accessing business logic and the
                 information contained in relational databases.
                 Components are composed of object-oriented frameworks
                 based on models of the problem domain or business.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "administrative data processing; business data
                 processing; computer architecture; distributed
                 processing; interfaces (computer); object oriented
                 programming; object-oriented methods; object-oriented
                 programming; relational database systems; relational
                 databases; software reusability; transaction
                 processing",
  subject =      "Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA);
                 component based software development; Microsoft
                 Component Object Model (COM); Object Management Group
                 (OMG); software components; software reuse",
  topic =        "software engineering",
}

@Article{Huang:1996:CSF,
  author =       "Yennun Huang and Chandra M. R. Kintala and Lawrence
                 Bernstein and Yi-Min Wang",
  title =        "Components for software fault tolerance and
                 rejuvenation",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "29--37",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Software fault tolerance is the task of detecting and
                 recovering from failures that are not handled in the
                 underlying hardware or operating system layers of an
                 application. Software rejuvenation prevents failures by
                 periodically, and gracefully, terminating an
                 application and restarting it at a clean internal
                 state. This paper describes five reusable software
                 components that provide these capabilities. They
                 perform automatic detection and restart of failed
                 processes, checkpointing and recovery of data in
                 memory, replication and synchronization of files, and
                 software rejuvenation. These components, which have
                 been ported to a number of UNIX* platforms, can be used
                 in any application with minimal programming effort. The
                 fault tolerance capabilities of several communication
                 products and services in AT\&T have been enhanced by
                 incorporating these components. Experience with these
                 products to date indicates that the components provide
                 efficient, economical means to increase the level of
                 fault tolerance in an application.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer system recovery; fault tolerant computer
                 systems; replicated databases; software fault
                 tolerance; software reusability; synchronisation;
                 system recovery",
  subject =      "software components; software fault tolerance;
                 software rejuvenation",
  topic =        "software engineering",
}

@Article{Whetzel:1996:IWW,
  author =       "J. K. Whetzel",
  title =        "Integrating the {World Wide Web} and database
                 technology",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "38--46",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The popularity of the World Wide Web (WWW, or the Web)
                 has created a massive increase in both the supply and
                 demand of Web-based technologies. However, the
                 HyperText Markup Language (HTML) used to construct the
                 Web has limitations that challenge information content
                 providers who want to supply current, up-to-date
                 information with minimal administrative overhead. A
                 powerful, extensible solution to many of these
                 challenges is the use of a database as a back end, or
                 data source, for Web applications. Combining the Web
                 with a database maximizes the strengths of its
                 components. From the Web perspective, this combination
                 offers user friendliness, cross-platform compatibility,
                 and high-speed prototyping capabilities. From the
                 database perspective, it offers relational data
                 manipulation, high-speed search capabilities, and
                 industrial-grade data input and retrieval. This paper
                 describes experiences of application developers working
                 at NCR, formerly AT\&T Global Information Solutions. It
                 also analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of the
                 Web/database combination and seeks to prove that this
                 combination is a viable alternative for providing
                 database-oriented solutions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "human factors; hypermedia; Internet; page description
                 languages; relational databases; user interfaces",
  subject =      "world wide web; database; hypertext markup language;
                 html; information content providers; data source; user
                 friendliness; cross-platform compatibility; high-speed
                 prototyping; data manipulation; high-speed search; data
                 input; NCR; AT\&T; global information solutions;
                 relational database",
}

@Article{Bergholm:1996:SDI,
  author =       "J. O. Bergholm and J. M. Davis and B. Nadji and P. D.
                 Ting",
  title =        "{Service Design and Inventory System} --- an
                 object-oriented reusable software asset",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "47--57",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "Competition and the fast pace of technological
                 evolution in today's global telecommunications industry
                 are placing unique demands on the flexibility of
                 operations support software systems. The industry must
                 be capable of rapidly introducing new services,
                 technologies, and organizational structures. Networks
                 must be capable of being partitioned for various
                 applications and administered based on complex
                 ownership relationships among the various network
                 components. User permissions must be readily adaptable
                 to reflect various combinations of services, network
                 partitions, and work functions. To meet the time
                 constraints of the market, telecommunications providers
                 require the ability to configure systems to meet their
                 needs without relying on traditional software
                 development intervals and external software development
                 resources. Traditional software development
                 methodologies generally do not provide the timeliness
                 and flexibility required. The Service Design and
                 Inventory (SDI) system, also known as the Attribute
                 Design Database System (ADDS), has achieved a high
                 degree of reusability and customer-configurable
                 adaptability through a unique application of
                 object-oriented technology.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "computer network management; object-oriented
                 databases; object-oriented programming; software
                 reusability; telecommunication computing",
  subject =      "service design and inventory system; attribute design
                 database system; object-oriented reusable software
                 asset; competition; technological evolution; global
                 telecommunications industry; operations support
                 software; organizational structures; complex ownership
                 relationships; network components; user permissions;
                 network partitions; work functions; time constraints;
                 software development; software reuse;
                 customer-configurable",
}

@Article{Carlson:1996:EDO,
  author =       "Andrew C. Carlson and William R. Brook and Christopher
                 L. F. Haynes",
  title =        "Experiences with distributed objects",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "58--67",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "There has been much talk of the potential of object
                 (component-oriented) technology for building
                 distributed systems, especially on-line transaction
                 services, but few opportunities or imperatives to
                 actually use it in production systems. One such
                 opportunity arose in the United Kingdom (UK), when
                 legislation covering the provision of life insurance
                 quotations changed in January 1995, rendering obsolete
                 the existing national quotations service provided by
                 AT\&T. The necessity for change, even radical change,
                 in the system that produced these insurance quotations
                 had become clear nine months earlier. At that time,
                 managers and support staff of the existing service
                 became aware that the changes required by the
                 legislation could not be made rapidly enough, nor
                 reliably enough, using conventional development
                 techniques. This paper describes how a team of
                 developers in AT\&T ISTEL used distributed objects and
                 the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA)
                 standard to implement the updated system in time for
                 the change in legislation. Running across more than 50
                 Windows NT* servers, the system has given distributed
                 objects operational credibility and provided valuable
                 lessons on the technology adoption process.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "distributed computer systems; insurance; laws and
                 legislation; software engineering; standards;
                 technology transfer; telecommunication services",
  subject =      "Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA)
                 standard",
  topic =        "object oriented programming",
}

@Article{Gelman:1996:BBI,
  author =       "Stacey J. Gelman and W. Douglas Peck",
  title =        "Bringing business information to {AT\&T} network
                 systems through a data warehouse",
  journal =      j-ATT-TECH-J,
  volume =       "75",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "68--78",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "ATJOEM",
  ISSN =         "8756-2324",
  ISSN-L =       "8756-2324",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 12 13:11:10 2010",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  abstract =     "The concept of data warehousing originated from the
                 observation that the systems used to run businesses on
                 a daily basis differ fundamentally from those employed
                 to help plan and develop future businesses. For
                 example, operational systems are generally focused on
                 specific functional views based on the needs of a
                 single aspect of the business. However, managers need
                 information that shows relationships, trends, and
                 correlations about different kinds of data, integrating
                 several functions into a broader view. Historically,
                 systems and manual processes were established to gather
                 management data from the various operational data
                 sources --- one for each kind of decision. Extracting
                 and combining such data from different systems is time
                 consuming and often leads to inconsistent results.
                 Users must accommodate printed reports, manual reentry
                 of data into spreadsheets, and significant rework to
                 produce summary reports that match the way they manage
                 the business. Furthermore, by the time some of these
                 reports are ready, the data are no longer current. The
                 Warehouse of Information for Network Systems (WINS)
                 provides needed information to AT\&T Network Systems
                 (AT\&T-NS) managers world wide. WINS transforms
                 operational and financial data into consolidated
                 business views that are used to analyze certain
                 activities and to make management decisions. This paper
                 discusses the importance of WINS to the business
                 management strategy of AT\&T-NS, the WINS technical
                 architecture, the status of WINS, and plans for future
                 implementation.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "AT\&T Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  keywords =     "business data processing; computer operating systems;
                 database systems; DP industry; financial data
                 processing; management information systems; spreadsheet
                 programs; very large databases",
  subject =      "AT\&T network systems; data warehouse; Warehouse of
                 Information for Network Systems (WINS)",
  topic =        "telecommunication networks",
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal renamed, and volumes renumbered:

@Article{Fenton:1996:ATT,
  author =       "Frank M. Fenton and James D. Sipes",
  title =        "Architectural and technological trends in access: An
                 overview",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--10",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<3::AID-BLTJ2000>3.0.CO;2-7",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Aprille:1996:IBS,
  author =       "Thomas J. Aprille and Larry M. Schwerin and James D.
                 Sipes and Nancy S. Stevens",
  title =        "Interactive broadband services and {PCS} network
                 architecture",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "11--27",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<11::AID-BLTJ2001>3.0.CO;2-8",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Gagen:1996:HFC,
  author =       "Paul F. Gagen and William E. Pugh",
  title =        "Hybrid fiber-coax access networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "28--35",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<28::AID-BLTJ2002>3.0.CO;2-K",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Doshi:1996:BMA,
  author =       "Bharat T. Doshi and Subrahmanyam Dravida and Peter D.
                 Magill and Curtis A. {Siller Jr.} and Kotikalapudi
                 Sriram",
  title =        "A broadband multiple access protocol for {STM}, {ATM},
                 and variable length data services on hybrid fiber-coax
                 networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--65",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<36::AID-BLTJ2003>3.0.CO;2-M",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bankapur:1996:SDV,
  author =       "Rang J. Bankapur and Hugh J. Beuscher and James P.
                 Runyon and Amalesh C. R. Sanku and Chander S. Sehgal",
  title =        "Switched digital video access networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "66--77",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<66::AID-BLTJ2004>3.0.CO;2-G",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Alegria:1996:CTA,
  author =       "Carlos A. Alegria and Hyeon J. Lee and Richard
                 Zoccolillo",
  title =        "Current trends in access and transport architectures
                 for business customers",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--87",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<78::AID-BLTJ2005>3.0.CO;2-6",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Grzelak:1996:RDS,
  author =       "Stephen A. Grzelak and Harrison {Miles Jr.} and Edward
                 S. Szurkowski and William P. {Weber Jr.}",
  title =        "Residential data services via hybrid fiber-coax local
                 access networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88--99",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<88::AID-BLTJ2006>3.0.CO;2-2",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Lawrence:1996:BAH,
  author =       "Victor B. Lawrence and Luke J. Smithwick and
                 Jean-Jacques Werner and Nikolaos A. Zervos",
  title =        "Broadband access to the home on copper",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "100--114",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<100::AID-BLTJ2007>3.0.CO;2-T",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Zysman:1996:TWW,
  author =       "George I. Zysman and Reed Thorkildsen and David Y.
                 Lee",
  title =        "Two-way wireless broadband access",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "115--129",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<115::AID-BLTJ2008>3.0.CO;2-A",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Christenson:1996:EFC,
  author =       "Dennis A. Christenson and Steel T. Huang",
  title =        "Estimating the fault content of software using the
                 fix-on-fix model",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "130--137",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<130::AID-BLTJ2009>3.0.CO;2-K",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Harrison:1996:PPS,
  author =       "Neil B. Harrison and James O. Coplien",
  title =        "Patterns of productive software organizations",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "138--145",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<138::AID-BLTJ2010>3.0.CO;2-M",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:BLIa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "146--147",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1538-7305(199622)1:1<146::AID-BLTJ2011>3.0.CO;2-O",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:15:59 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Gitlin:1996:EWW,
  author =       "Richard D. Gitlin and George I. Zysman",
  title =        "The expanding world of wireless technology",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--6",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2012",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Riggs:1996:STF,
  author =       "Victoria G. Riggs and Robert C. Fairfield and Juan
                 Segura",
  title =        "The speech transcoding frame 2000 for {GSM} cellular
                 systems",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "7--20",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2013",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bar-David:1996:BCP,
  author =       "Israel Bar-David and Rajeev Krishnamoorthy",
  title =        "{Barker} code position modulation for high-rate
                 communication in the {ISM} bands",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "21--40",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2014",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Foschini:1996:LST,
  author =       "Gerard J. Foschini",
  title =        "Layered space-time architecture for wireless
                 communication in a fading environment when using
                 multi-element antennas",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "41--59",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2015",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chih-Lin:1996:EMS,
  author =       "{Chih-Lin I} and Charles A. {Webb III} and Howard C.
                 Huang and Stephan ten Brink and Sanjiv Nanda and
                 Richard D. Gitlin",
  title =        "{IS-95} enhancements for multimedia services",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "60--87",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2016",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Fry:1996:NGW,
  author =       "George E. Fry and Albert Jordan and David Y. Lee and
                 Anil S. Sawkar and Nitin J. Shah and William C.
                 Wiberg",
  title =        "Next generation wireless networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "88--96",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2017",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Agrawal:1996:CMP,
  author =       "Prathima Agrawal and Dinesh K. Anvekar and
                 Balakrishnan Narendran",
  title =        "Channel management policies for handovers in cellular
                 networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "97--110",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2018",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Weerackody:1996:TJC,
  author =       "Vijitha Weerackody and Christine Podilchuk and Anthony
                 Estrella",
  title =        "Transmission of {JPEG}-coded images over wireless
                 channels",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "111--126",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2019",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Porta:1996:DCP,
  author =       "Thomas F. La Porta and Krishan K. Sabnani and Anil S.
                 Sawkar",
  title =        "Distributed call processing for wireless mobile
                 networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "127--142",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2020",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Ayanoglu:1996:MII,
  author =       "Ender Ayanoglu and Kai Y. Eng and Mark J. Karol and
                 Zhao Liu and Pramod Pancha and Malathi Veeraraghavan
                 and Clark B. Woodworth",
  title =        "Mobile information infrastructure",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "143--164",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2021",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Carpenter:1996:NWB,
  author =       "Jerry R. Carpenter and Michael J. Stima",
  title =        "New wireless business communications directions",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "165--171",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2022",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Sobrinho:1996:RTT,
  author =       "Jo{\~a}o L. Sobrinho and A. S. Krishnakumar",
  title =        "Real-time traffic over the {IEEE} 802.11 medium access
                 control layer",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "172--187",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2023",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Meyer:1996:WES,
  author =       "Michael J. Meyer and Terry Jacobson and Maria E.
                 Palamara and Elizabeth A. Kidwell and Robert E. Richton
                 and Giovanni Vannucci",
  title =        "Wireless enhanced 9-1-1 service --- making it a
                 reality",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "188--202",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2024",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Evans:1996:LCR,
  author =       "James G. Evans and R. Anthony Shober and Stephen A.
                 Wilkus and Gregory A. Wright",
  title =        "A low-cost radio for an electronic price label
                 system",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "203--215",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2025",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1996:BLIb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "216--217",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2026",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Martin:1997:O,
  author =       "Robert L. Martin",
  title =        "Overview",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--4",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2027",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Dorward:1997:ITO,
  author =       "Sean M. Dorward and Rob Pike and David Leo Presotto
                 and Dennis M. Ritchie and Howard W. Trickey and Philip
                 Winterbottom",
  title =        "The {Inferno\TM} operating system",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--18",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2028",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Atkins:1997:IWT,
  author =       "David L. Atkins and Thomas Ball and Thomas R. Baran
                 and Michael A. Benedikt and Kenneth C. Cox and David A.
                 Ladd and Peter A. Mataga and Carlos Puchol and J.
                 Christopher Ramming and Kenneth G. Rehor and Curtis
                 Tuckey",
  title =        "Integrated web and telephone service creation",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--35",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2029",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bohannon:1997:ADM,
  author =       "Philip L. Bohannon and Rajeev R. Rastogi and Avi
                 Silberschatz and S. Sudarshan",
  title =        "The architecture of the {Dal{\'\i}} main memory
                 storage manager",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--47",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2030",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Veeraraghavan:1997:CCA,
  author =       "Malathi Veeraraghavan",
  title =        "Connection control in {ATM} networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "48--64",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2031",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Kruisbrink:1997:SDE,
  author =       "J. Casper Kruisbrink and Jaap Bood and Mary Ann
                 Parsons",
  title =        "On-site data evolution for a {5ESS{\reg}} switch
                 retrofit",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--73",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2032",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Ensor:1997:CMM,
  author =       "J. Robert Ensor and Sudhir R. Ahuja",
  title =        "Communication middleware for multi-party multimedia
                 applications",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--85",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2033",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Holzmann:1997:DTR,
  author =       "Gerard J. Holzmann and Doron A. Peled and Margaret H.
                 Redberg",
  title =        "Design tools for requirements engineering",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "86--95",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2034",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Flora-Holmquist:1997:VFS,
  author =       "Alan R. Flora-Holmquist and Edward Morton and James D.
                 O'Grady and Mark G. Staskauskas",
  title =        "The virtual finite-state machine design and
                 implementation paradigm",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "96--113",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2035",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Hansen:1997:CES,
  author =       "Mark H. Hansen and David A. James",
  title =        "A computing environment for spatial data analysis in
                 the microelectronics industry",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "114--129",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2036",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Brownlie:1997:TSP,
  author =       "Robert A. Brownlie and Philip E. Brown and Kathleen
                 Culver-Lozo and James J. Striegel",
  title =        "Tools for software process engineering",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "130--143",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2037",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Gana:1997:SMA,
  author =       "Akli Gana and Steel T. Huang",
  title =        "Statistical modeling applied to managing global
                 {5ESS{\reg}-2000} switch software development",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "144--153",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2038",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Midha:1997:SCM,
  author =       "Anil K. Midha",
  title =        "Software configuration management for the {21st
                 Century}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "154--165",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2039",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{vandenBroecke:1997:UDP,
  author =       "Just A. van den Broecke and James O. Coplien",
  title =        "Using design patterns to build a framework for
                 multimedia networking",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "166--187",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2040",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Lied:1997:ISR,
  author =       "Robert Lied and Lynn P. Pautler and Patrick E.
                 Helmers",
  title =        "Introducing software reuse technology",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "188--199",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2041",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{vanSoest:1997:BTW,
  author =       "Tim van Soest and Ren{\'e} Verkuil",
  title =        "The best of three worlds --- {Building} a distributed
                 application as a step toward business objects",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "200--219",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2042",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:BLIa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "220--222",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2043",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:00 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bosco:1997:O,
  author =       "Harry L. Bosco and Richard D. Gitlin",
  title =        "Overview",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--4",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2044",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Ahuja:1997:PT,
  author =       "Sudhir R. Ahuja and Krishna G. Murti",
  title =        "Packet telephony",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "5--14",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2045",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Elwalid:1997:OMC,
  author =       "Anwar I. Elwalid and Glen G. Freundlich and Paul M.
                 Gerhardt and Hassan Hagirahim and K. G. Ramakrishnan
                 and David Tse",
  title =        "An overview of the {MultiMedia Communications eXchange
                 (MMCX)} and its performance characterization",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "15--35",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2046",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Khanna:1997:PTA,
  author =       "Sanjeev Khanna",
  title =        "A polynomial time approximation scheme for the {SONET}
                 ring loading problem",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "36--41",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2047",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Rodriguez-Moral:1997:LIF,
  author =       "Antonio Rodriguez-Moral",
  title =        "{LIBRA} --- An integrated framework for type of
                 service-based adaptive routing in the {Internet} and
                 intranets",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "42--67",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2048",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Mitra:1997:HVP,
  author =       "Debasis Mitra and Ilze Ziedins",
  title =        "Hierarchical virtual partitioning --- algorithms for
                 virtual private networking",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "68--81",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2049",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chen:1997:EAI,
  author =       "Xiaoqiang Chen and Duke Thanes Tantiprasut",
  title =        "Evolution of {ATM} internetworking",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "82--110",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2050",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Baldwin:1997:ANA,
  author =       "John H. Baldwin and Behram H. Bharucha and Bharat T.
                 Doshi and Subrahmanyam Dravida and Sanjiv Nanda",
  title =        "{AAL-2} --- A new {ATM} adaptation layer for small
                 packet encapsulation and multiplexing",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "111--131",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2051",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chen:1997:VTM,
  author =       "Xiaoqiang Chen and Duke Thanes Tantiprasut",
  title =        "A virtual topology management protocol for {ATM LAN}
                 emulation",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "132--150",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2052",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Buskens:1997:RMC,
  author =       "Richard W. Buskens and Muhammad A. Siddiqui and Sanjoy
                 Paul",
  title =        "Reliable multicasting of continuous data streams",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "151--174",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2053",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Eng:1997:ASM,
  author =       "Kai Y. Eng and Mark A. Pashan",
  title =        "Advances in shared-memory designs for gigabit {ATM}
                 switching",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "175--187",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2054",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Roche:1997:HSD,
  author =       "Humberto J. La Roche and Stephen L. Myers and James P.
                 Runyon and Gerald S. Soloway and David W. Spears",
  title =        "High-speed data services using the {Switched Digital
                 Broadband Access System}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "188--202",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2055",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bielawski:1997:RPS,
  author =       "William J. {Bielawski III} and David G. Furchtgott",
  title =        "{5ESS{\reg}} packet switched network with {ATM}
                 interconnect for {CDMA}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "203--212",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2056",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anderson:1997:VPG,
  author =       "Jon Anderson and Curtis J. Newton and Tai H. Noh",
  title =        "Virtual path group protection switching --- A method
                 for fast {ATM} network survivability",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "213--233",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2057",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Roy:1997:LPT,
  author =       "Pradip K. Roy and Sailesh M. Merchant and Arun K.
                 Nanda",
  title =        "Layering processes and their applications in silicon
                 microelectronics",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "234--245",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2058",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Benning:1997:ACM,
  author =       "Roger D. Benning and M. Garry Hodgins and George G.
                 {Zipfel Jr.}",
  title =        "Active control of mechanical vibrations",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "246--257",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2059",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "3 Apr 2009",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:BLIb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "258--259",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2060",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Gitlin:1997:O,
  author =       "Richard D. Gitlin and George I. Zysman",
  title =        "Overview",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3--4",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2061",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Lanzerotti:1997:WHA,
  author =       "Louis J. Lanzerotti and David J. Thomson and Carol G.
                 Maclennan",
  title =        "Wireless at high altitudes --- environmental effects
                 on space-based assets",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "5--19",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2062",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Hlavacek:1997:AMI,
  author =       "Donna M. Hlavacek and Robert J. Zurawski",
  title =        "Alternative methods for introducing new wireless
                 intelligent network services using triggers and
                 queries",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "20--29",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2063",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Martin:1997:DNS,
  author =       "Samuel Martin and Vance D. {Archer III} and David M.
                 Boulin and Michel R. Frei and Kwok K. Ng and Ran-Hong
                 Yan",
  title =        "Device noise in silicon {RF} technologies",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "30--45",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2064",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Lee:1997:APA,
  author =       "Anne Y. Lee and Bohdan L. Bodnar",
  title =        "Architecture and performance analysis of packet-based
                 mobile switching center-to-base station traffic
                 communications for {TDMA}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "46--56",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2065",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Faynberg:1997:DWI,
  author =       "Igor Faynberg and Lawrence R. Gabuzda and Terry
                 Jacobson and Hui-Lan Lu",
  title =        "The development of the wireless intelligent network
                 {(WIN)} and its relation to the international
                 intelligent network standards",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "57--80",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2066",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Borst:1997:WSS,
  author =       "Simon C. Borst and Sudheer A. Grandhi and Colin L.
                 Kahn and Krishnan Kumaran and Boris D. Lubachevsky and
                 Donna M. Sand",
  title =        "Wireless simulation and self-organizing spectrum
                 management",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "81--98",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2067",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Kriaras:1997:TGM,
  author =       "Ioannis N. Kriaras and Andr{\'e} W. Jarvis and Vincent
                 E. Phillips and Derek J. Richards",
  title =        "Third-generation mobile network architectures for the
                 {Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS)}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "99--117",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2068",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Kamerman:1997:WRI,
  author =       "Ad Kamerman and Leo Monteban",
  title =        "{WaveLAN{\reg}-II}: a high-performance wireless {LAN}
                 for the unlicensed band",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "118--133",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2069",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Ejzak:1997:BSH,
  author =       "Richard P. Ejzak and Douglas N. Knisely and Sarath
                 Kumar and Subhasis Laha and Sanjiv Nanda",
  title =        "{BALI}: A solution for high-speed {CDMA} data",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "134--151",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2070",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Xu:1997:RST,
  author =       "Kevin Houzhi Xu",
  title =        "Reliable stream transmission protocols in mobile
                 computing environments",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "152--163",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2071",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Budka:1997:CDP,
  author =       "Kenneth C. Budka and Hong Jiang and Steven E.
                 Sommars",
  title =        "Cellular digital packet data networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "164--181",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2072",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Khetarpal:1997:SSM,
  author =       "Rakesh Khetarpal and S. Krishna Dronamraju",
  title =        "{SMART} --- a solution for managing the capacity,
                 growth, and performance of wireless networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "182--193",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2073",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bergren:1997:WWC,
  author =       "Mark H. Bergren and Brian D. Bolliger and Deborah T.
                 Earl and Dolores L. Grossmann and Bin-wen Ho and Robin
                 J. Thompson",
  title =        "Wireless and wireline convergence",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "194--206",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2074",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Garg:1997:TNA,
  author =       "Vijay K. Garg and Elbert L. Sneed",
  title =        "{TDMA} for {North American PCS} systems",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "207--220",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2075",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Yu:1997:ESS,
  author =       "Weider D. Yu and Alvin Barshefsky and Steel T. Huang",
  title =        "An empirical study of software faults preventable at a
                 personal level in a very large software development
                 environment",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "221--232",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2076",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bernstein:1997:SIS,
  author =       "Lawrence Bernstein",
  title =        "Software investment strategy",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "233--242",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2077",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:BLIc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "243--244",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2078",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:E,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Erratum",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "261--261",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2079",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Ross:1997:FSA,
  author =       "Ian M. Ross",
  title =        "The foundation of the silicon age",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--14",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2080",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Melliar-Smith:1997:KSI,
  author =       "C. Mark Melliar-Smith and Douglas E. Haggan and
                 William W. Troutman",
  title =        "Key steps to the integrated circuit",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "15--28",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2081",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Betker:1997:HM,
  author =       "Michael R. Betker and John S. Fernando and Shaun P.
                 Whalen",
  title =        "The history of the microprocessor",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "29--56",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2082",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Brinkman:1997:FSS,
  author =       "William F. Brinkman and Mark R. Pinto",
  title =        "The future of solid-state electronics",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "57--75",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2083",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Clemens:1997:SMT,
  author =       "James T. Clemens",
  title =        "Silicon microelectronics technology",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "76--102",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2084",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Dunlop:1997:MCI,
  author =       "Alfred E. Dunlop and William J. Evans and Lawrence A.
                 Rigge",
  title =        "Managing complexity in {IC} design --- past, present,
                 and future",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "103--125",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2085",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Netravali:1997:ISS,
  author =       "Arun N. Netravali",
  title =        "The impact of solid-state electronics on computing and
                 communications",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "126--154",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2086",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Penzias:1997:NFY,
  author =       "Arno A. Penzias",
  title =        "The next fifty years: {Some} likely impacts of
                 solid-state technology",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "155--168",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2087",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1997:BLId,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "169--170",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2088",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:01 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Baulier:1998:SRT,
  author =       "Gerald D. Baulier and Stephen M. Blott and Henry F.
                 Korth and Avi Silberschatz",
  title =        "Sunrise: A real-time event-processing system",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--18",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2089",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Trotter:1998:LSD,
  author =       "John A. Trotter and Mark R. Cravatts and Gary L.
                 Griffith and Paul Krzyzanowski and Wilfred E. {Lehder
                 Jr.} and Steve J. Nossen and Cormac J. Sreenan",
  title =        "Low-speed data over the {PWT} wireless phone system",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--29",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2090",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Cyr:1998:WBS,
  author =       "Bernard L. Cyr and Michael R. Simmons",
  title =        "Wireless in-building services and architectures",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--38",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2091",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Al-Salameh:1998:ON,
  author =       "Daniel Y. Al-Salameh and Mohammad T. Fatehi and
                 William J. Gartner and Stan Lumish and Bruce L. Nelson
                 and Kamal K. Raychaudhuri",
  title =        "Optical networking",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "39--61",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2092",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chen:1998:SCP,
  author =       "Xiaoqiang Chen",
  title =        "Scalable call processing architectures for {ATM}
                 switches",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--80",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2093",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Noh:1998:ASS,
  author =       "Tai H. Noh",
  title =        "{ATM} scenarios for {SDH\slash SONET} networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--93",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2094",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{He:1998:CAC,
  author =       "Linhai He and Albert K. Wong",
  title =        "Connection admission control design for
                 {GlobeView{\reg}-2000} {ATM} core switches",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "94--111",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2095",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Jackman:1998:MOF,
  author =       "Neil A. Jackman",
  title =        "Multilayer optical filters with random errors",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "112--121",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2096",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Kowalik:1998:DBT,
  author =       "John {Kowalik Jr.} and John J. Rosinski and Bradford
                 R. Siepman",
  title =        "Digital business telephones --- project laser",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "122--133",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2097",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Rising:1998:IQP,
  author =       "Linda S. Rising and Jack E. Watson",
  title =        "Improving quality and productivity in training: a new
                 model for the high-tech learning environment",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "134--143",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2098",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:BLIa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "145--146",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2099",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:E,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Errata",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "159--159",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2100",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Yu:1998:SFP,
  author =       "Weider D. Yu",
  title =        "A software fault prevention approach in coding and
                 root cause analysis",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--21",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2101",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Holzmann:1998:IRT,
  author =       "Gerard J. Holzmann and Margaret H. Smith",
  title =        "Interval reduction through requirements analysis",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "22--31",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2102",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Godefroid:1998:SST,
  author =       "Patrice Godefroid and Robert S. Hanmer and Lalita
                 Jategaonkar Jagadeesan",
  title =        "Systematic software testing using {VeriSoft} --- {An}
                 analysis of the {4ESS\TM} heart-beat monitor",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "32--46",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2103",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{He:1998:CIN,
  author =       "Taosong He and Stephen G. Eick",
  title =        "Constructing interactive network visual interfaces",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "47--57",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2104",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Narayanaswamy:1998:UDD,
  author =       "Shankar Narayanaswamy and Jianying Hu and Ramanujan S.
                 Kashi",
  title =        "Using data on digital cellular and {PCS} voice
                 networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "58--75",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2105",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Moghe:1998:TQA,
  author =       "Pratyush Mogh{\'e} and Asawaree Kalavade",
  title =        "Terminal {QoS} of adaptive applications",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "76--92",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2106",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Kocan:1998:UPA,
  author =       "Kristin F. Kocan and Patricia A. Riley and Robert J.
                 Zurawski",
  title =        "Universal premises access to voice band and {ATM}
                 networks using a broadband interworking gateway",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "93--108",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2107",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Nagel:1998:ESL,
  author =       "Menno H. Nagel",
  title =        "Environmental supply-line engineering: {Eco}-supplier
                 development coupled to {eco-design} --- A new
                 approach",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "109--123",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2108",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anderl:1998:EMN,
  author =       "Ewald C. Anderl and Craig S. Batzel and Gurmeet S.
                 Lamba and John M. Leikness and Bhaskar N. Sanakkayala",
  title =        "An enhanced message networking topology: {Multimedia}
                 messaging with the {Intuity\TM} interchange server",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "124--135",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2109",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:BLIb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "137--138",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2110",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Schultz:1998:AAD,
  author =       "Thomas A. Schultz",
  title =        "{ADEPT} --- The {Advanced Database Environment for
                 Planning and Tracking}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3--9",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2111",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Ardis:1998:SID,
  author =       "Mark A. Ardis and Janel A. Green",
  title =        "Successful introduction of domain engineering into
                 software development",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "10--20",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2112",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Zhu:1998:CQV,
  author =       "Wenwu Zhu and Kyeong Ho Yang and Marc J. Beacken",
  title =        "{CIF-to-QCIF} video bitstream down-conversion in the
                 {DCT} domain",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "21--29",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2113",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Andrews:1998:DBA,
  author =       "Matthew Andrews and Simon C. Borst and Francis
                 Dominique and Predrag R. Jelenkovic and Krishnan
                 Kumaran and K. G. Ramakrishnan and Philip A. Whiting",
  title =        "Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms for high-speed
                 data wireless networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "30--49",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2114",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "28 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Torabi:1998:TGM,
  author =       "Mohammad Torabi and Rolfe E. Buhrke",
  title =        "Third-generation mobile telecommunications and virtual
                 home environment: A prioritization analysis",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "50--62",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2115",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Knisely:1998:CTG,
  author =       "Douglas N. Knisely and Quinn Li and Nallepilli S.
                 Ramesh",
  title =        "cdma2000: A third-generation radio transmission
                 technology",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "63--78",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2116",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Wang:1998:WVI,
  author =       "Jin Wang and Peter J. McCann and Patvardhana B.
                 Gorrepati and Chung-Zin Liu",
  title =        "Wireless voice-over-{IP} and implications for
                 third-generation network design",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "79--97",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2117",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{McKinney:1998:SCN,
  author =       "R. D. McKinney and Warren A. Montgomery and Hamza
                 Ouibrahim and Paul Sijben and John J. {Stanaway Jr.}",
  title =        "Service-centric networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "98--115",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2118",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Gregus:1998:CSM,
  author =       "Jeffrey A. Gregus and Maureen Y. Lau and Yinon Degani
                 and King L. Tai",
  title =        "Chip-scale modules for high-level integration in the
                 21 st century",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "116--124",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2119",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Kirova:1998:DCS,
  author =       "Vassilka D. Kirova and Howard G. Kradjel",
  title =        "The {DirSA} case study: An introduction to software
                 architecture technology",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "125--138",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2120",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{LuValle:1998:SEA,
  author =       "Michael J. LuValle and Leon R. Copeland and Sriraman
                 Kannan and Justin B. Judkins and Paul J. Lemaire",
  title =        "A strategy for extrapolation in accelerated testing",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "139--147",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2121",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Benesty:1998:SSC,
  author =       "Jacob Benesty and Dennis R. Morgan and Joseph L. Hall
                 and M. Mohan Sondhi",
  title =        "Synthesized stereo combined with acoustic echo
                 cancellation for desktop conferencing",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "148--158",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2122",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Goyal:1998:DBC,
  author =       "Suresh Goyal and Sanjay S. Upasani and Dhiren M.
                 Patel",
  title =        "Designing best-in-class impact-tolerant cellular
                 phones and other portable products",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "159--174",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2123",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:BLIc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "175--176",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2124",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:02 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Dowden:1998:NGN,
  author =       "Douglas C. Dowden and Richard D. Gitlin and Robert L.
                 Martin",
  title =        "Next-generation networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--14",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2125",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Mitra:1998:VDT,
  author =       "Debasis Mitra and John A. Morrison and K. G.
                 Ramakrishnan",
  title =        "{VPN} {DESIGNER}: A tool for design of multiservice
                 virtual private networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "15--31",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2126",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Fendick:1998:PTI,
  author =       "Kerry W. Fendick and Vijay P. Kumar and T. V. Lakshman
                 and Dimitrios Stiliadis",
  title =        "The {PacketStar\TM 6400 IP} switch --- An {IP} switch
                 for the converged network",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "32--47",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2127",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Weiss:1998:QDS,
  author =       "Walter Weiss",
  title =        "{QoS} with differentiated services",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "48--62",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2128",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Doshi:1998:CNG,
  author =       "Bharat T. Doshi and Subrahmanyam Dravida and P.
                 Harshavardhana and M. Akber Qureshi",
  title =        "A comparison of next-generation {IP}-centric transport
                 architectures",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "63--85",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2129",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Fossaceca:1998:PTA,
  author =       "John M. Fossaceca and James D. Sandoz and Philip
                 Winterbottom",
  title =        "The {PathStar\TM} access server: {Facilitating}
                 carrier-scale packet telephony",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "86--102",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2130",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Whang:1998:VPT,
  author =       "Kevin K. Whang and William Fink and Bala Krishnamurthy
                 and I-Far Lin and David M. Rouse and Henrik V.
                 Sorensen",
  title =        "Voice over {PacketStar\TM} gateway solution for
                 service provider networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "103--123",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2131",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Kozik:1998:VSN,
  author =       "Jack Kozik and Warren A. Montgomery and John J.
                 {Stanaway Jr.}",
  title =        "Voice services in next-generation networks: {The}
                 evolution of the intelligent network and its role in
                 generating new revenue opportunities",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "124--143",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2132",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Schulzrinne:1998:SIP,
  author =       "Henning G. Schulzrinne and Jonathan D. Rosenberg",
  title =        "The {Session Initiation Protocol}: {Providing}
                 advanced telephony services across the {Internet}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "144--160",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2133",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Busschbach:1998:TQC,
  author =       "Peter B. Busschbach",
  title =        "Toward {QoS}-capable virtual private networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "161--175",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2134",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chambers:1998:VA,
  author =       "Mahdi S. Chambers and Harbans Kaur and Terry G. Lyons
                 and Brian P. Murphy",
  title =        "Voice over {ATM}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "176--191",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2135",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Sijben:1998:BGI,
  author =       "Paul G. A. Sijben and Louise F. A. Spergel",
  title =        "Bridging the gap to {IP} telephony",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "192--207",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2136",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Lin:1998:NIM,
  author =       "Geng Lin and John D. Price and Tanjore K. Srinivas",
  title =        "Network information models and {OneVision{\reg}}
                 architecture",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "208--221",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2137",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Balakrishnan:1998:QDS,
  author =       "Meera Balakrishnan and Ramanathan Venkateswaran",
  title =        "{QoS} and differentiated services in a multiservice
                 network environment",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "222--239",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2138",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Funka-Lea:1998:QRP,
  author =       "Cynthia A. Funka-Lea and Carol L. Janczewski and Wing
                 Cheong Lau and Ramesh Nagarajan and Yung-Terng Wang and
                 Zhi-Lei Xin",
  title =        "{QoS} routing and performance in packet networks: A
                 visual simulation platform and case study",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "240--254",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2139",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chen:1998:VMN,
  author =       "Zheng Chen and Kamala P. Das and Benjamin Y. C. Tang",
  title =        "Voice and multiservice network design over {ATM} and
                 {IP} networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "255--272",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2140",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Benmohamed:1998:DIN,
  author =       "Lotfi M. Benmohamed and Subrahmanyam Dravida and P.
                 Harshavardhana and Wing Cheong Lau and Ajay K. Mittal",
  title =        "Designing {IP} networks with performance guarantees",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "273--296",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2141",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Doshi:1998:PPC,
  author =       "Bharat T. Doshi and Enrique J. Hernandez-Valencia and
                 Kotikalapudi Sriram and Yung-Terng Wang and On-Ching
                 Yue",
  title =        "Protocols, performance, and controls for voice over
                 wide area packet networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "297--337",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2142",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:BLId,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "338--339",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2143",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Alferness:1999:PVO,
  author =       "Rod C. Alferness and Paul A. Bonenfant and Curtis J.
                 Newton and Kevin A. Sparks and Eve L. Varma",
  title =        "A practical vision for optical transport networking",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--18",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2144",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Goudreault:1999:IIA,
  author =       "Robert A. Goudreault and P. Harshavardhana and Ramesh
                 Nagarajan and Carol Y. Sunada-Wong and Mark R. Wilson",
  title =        "Impact of an integrated architecture for bandwidth
                 management in a broadband network infrastructure",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--41",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2145",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Alegria:1999:WTB,
  author =       "Carlos A. Alegria and Shalom S. Bergstein and Kimberly
                 A. Dixson and Christopher J. Hunt",
  title =        "The {WaveStar\TM} {BandWidth Manager}: {The} key
                 building block in the next-generation transport
                 network",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "42--57",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2146",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Doshi:1999:OND,
  author =       "Bharat T. Doshi and Subrahmanyam Dravida and P.
                 Harshavardhana and Oded Hauser and Yufei Wang",
  title =        "Optical network design and restoration",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "58--84",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2147",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Doshi:1999:SDL,
  author =       "Bharat T. Doshi and Subrahmanyam Dravida and Enrique
                 J. Hernandez-Valencia and Wassim A. Matragi and M.
                 Akber Qureshi and Jon Anderson and James S.
                 Manchester",
  title =        "A simple data link protocol for high-speed packet
                 networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "85--104",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2148",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anderson:1999:PAI,
  author =       "Jon Anderson and James S. Manchester and Antonio
                 Rodriguez-Moral and Malathi Veeraraghavan",
  title =        "Protocols and architectures for {IP} optical
                 networking",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "105--124",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2149",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Wei:1999:ECO,
  author =       "Leping Wei and Yi Chen and Gerald G. Wong",
  title =        "The evolution of {China}'s optical fiber networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "125--144",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2150",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Johnson:1999:AON,
  author =       "Steven R. Johnson and Virginia L. Nichols",
  title =        "Advanced optical networking --- {Lucent}'s {MONET}
                 network elements",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "145--162",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2151",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chen:1999:MON,
  author =       "Yi Chen and Mohammad T. Fatehi and Humberto J. La
                 Roche and Jacob Z. Larsen and Bruce L. Nelson",
  title =        "Metro optical networking",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "163--186",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2152",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Sun:1999:OFA,
  author =       "Yan Sun and Atul K. Srivastava and Jianhui Zhou and
                 James W. Sulhoff",
  title =        "Optical fiber amplifiers for {WDM} optical networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "187--206",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2153",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Giles:1999:WAD,
  author =       "C. Randy Giles and Magaly Spector",
  title =        "The wavelength add\slash drop multiplexer for
                 lightwave communication networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "207--229",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2154",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chraplyvy:1999:HCL,
  author =       "Andrew R. Chraplyvy",
  title =        "High-capacity lightwave transmission experiments",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "230--245",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2155",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Refi:1999:OFO,
  author =       "James J. Refi",
  title =        "Optical fibers for optical networking",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "246--261",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2156",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Jackman:1999:OCC,
  author =       "Neil A. Jackman and Sunita H. Patel and Benny P.
                 Mikkelsen and Steven K. Korotky",
  title =        "Optical cross connects for optical networking",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "262--281",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2157",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1999:BFA,
  author =       "D. Bruce Buchholz and Charles C. Byers and Stephen J.
                 Hinterlong and George D. Huensch and Rick L. Morrison
                 and Trent R. Nanke and James P. Runyon and Hsien-Chuen
                 Yu",
  title =        "Broadband fiber access: A fiber-to-the-customer
                 access architecture",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "282--299",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2158",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Wilson:1999:FFF,
  author =       "Gordon C. Wilson and Thomas H. Wood and J. Anthony
                 Stiles and Robert D. Feldman and Jean-Marc P. Delavaux
                 and Thomas H. Daugherty and Peter D. Magill",
  title =        "{FiberVista}: {An FTTH} or {FTTC} system delivering
                 broadband data and {CATV} services",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "300--322",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2159",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:BLIa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "323--323",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2160",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:03 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{August:1999:IFC,
  author =       "Kit G. August and Victor B. Lawrence and Burton R.
                 Saltzberg",
  title =        "An introduction to future communications services and
                 access",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--20",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2161",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Spencer:1999:DRE,
  author =       "Douglas A. Spencer and Kenneth W. Howard",
  title =        "{DEFINITY{\reg}} enterprise communications server
                 {ATM} integration",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "21--42",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2162",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bauer:1999:IES,
  author =       "Eric J. Bauer",
  title =        "{IP} exchange systems --- {Redefining} distributed
                 communications in the enterprise",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "43--56",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2163",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Baumann:1999:MNG,
  author =       "Frank V. Baumann",
  title =        "{MediaBuilder}: A next-generation multimedia service
                 creation and deployment platform",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "57--70",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2164",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Parker:1999:UMV,
  author =       "Martin F. Parker and Gordon R. Brunson and W. J.
                 {Barnett Jr.} and Gregory M. Vaudreuil",
  title =        "Unified messaging --- A value-creating engine for
                 next-generation network services",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "71--87",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2165",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Furman:1999:SBS,
  author =       "Daniel S. Furman and Michael J. Cosky and David L.
                 Thomson and Stephen A. O'Brien and Eric E. {Sumner
                 Jr.}",
  title =        "Speech-based services",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "88--97",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2166",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Clougherty:1999:ARA,
  author =       "Mark M. Clougherty and Donald E. Crowe and Kimerie W.
                 Javitt and Fred C. Kemmerer and John Tardy and John D.
                 Unruh",
  title =        "The {AnyMedia{\reg}} access system --- providing
                 solutions for distribution and network independence",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "98--127",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2167",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Tebbs:1999:RTI,
  author =       "Robert G. Tebbs",
  title =        "Real-time {IP} facsimile: {Protocol} and gateway
                 requirements",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "128--145",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2168",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Pike:1999:SRA,
  author =       "Rob Pike and Dennis M. Ritchie",
  title =        "The {Styx{\reg}} architecture for distributed
                 systems",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "146--152",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2169",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bartell:1999:MTS,
  author =       "Randy L. Bartell and Nadine A. Blackwood and Dominik
                 Eggenschwiler and Mai-Huong Nguyen and Christian
                 Schnidrig and Michael J. Yatchman",
  title =        "The {MediaXact{\TM} System} --- A framework for
                 personalized electronic commerce services",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "153--173",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2170",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Lakshmi-Ratan:1999:LTS,
  author =       "Ramnath A. Lakshmi-Ratan",
  title =        "The {Lucent Technologies Softswitch} --- {Realizing}
                 the promise of convergence",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "174--195",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2171",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Doshi:1999:PAS,
  author =       "Bharat T. Doshi and Subrahmanyam Dravida and Daniel R.
                 Jeske and Kamala P. Murti and Behrokh Samadi",
  title =        "Performance analysis of switch access systems",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "197--208",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2172",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Khoe:1999:DLC,
  author =       "Hoo-Yin Khoe and A. Craig Bolling and Arupjyoti
                 Bhuyan",
  title =        "Digital loop carrier solutions for voice and data
                 networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "209--217",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2173",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:BLIb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "218--219",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2174",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Tarallo:1999:O,
  author =       "Joseph A. Tarallo and George I. Zysman",
  title =        "Overview",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "3--5",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2175",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Pittampalli:1999:TGC,
  author =       "Eshwar Pittampalli",
  title =        "Third-generation {CDMA} wireless standards and
                 harmonization",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--18",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2176",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Balachandran:1999:PER,
  author =       "Krishna Balachandran and Keith F. Conner and Richard
                 P. Ejzak and Sanjiv Nanda",
  title =        "A proposal for {EGPRS} radio link control using link
                 adaptation and incremental redundancy",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "19--36",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2177",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Demetrescu:1999:LMA,
  author =       "Cristian Demetrescu",
  title =        "{LLC-MAC} analysis of general packet radio service in
                 {GSM}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "37--50",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2178",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chuah:1999:MVP,
  author =       "Mooi Choo Chuah and Enrique J. Hernandez-Valencia",
  title =        "Mobile virtual private dial-up services",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "51--72",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2179",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Buehrer:1999:IAW,
  author =       "R. Michael Buehrer and Achilles G. Kogiantis and
                 Shang-chieh Liu and Jiann-an Tsai and Dirck Uptegrove",
  title =        "Intelligent antennas for wireless communications ---
                 uplink",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "73--103",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2180",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Zeger:1999:CCA,
  author =       "Linda M. Zeger and Mark E. Newbury",
  title =        "{CDMA} capacity with added carriers in a cellular
                 network",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "104--119",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2181",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Garg:1999:TMC,
  author =       "Vijay K. Garg",
  title =        "Trunk management in {cellular\slash PCS} networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "120--133",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2182",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Ufongene:1999:MCA,
  author =       "Charles Mmaduka Ufongene",
  title =        "A model for the cost analysis of wireless access
                 architectures",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "134--154",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2183",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Layadi:1999:IPE,
  author =       "Nace Layadi and Jennifer I. Colonell and John
                 Tseng-Chung Lee",
  title =        "An introduction to plasma etching for {VLSI} circuit
                 technology",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "155--171",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2184",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Carr:1999:HIS,
  author =       "David C. Carr and Karen A. Folliard and Steel T. Huang
                 and Ann M. Kenney and Julie A. MacGregor",
  title =        "How to implement a successful communication program:
                 {A} case study",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "172--180",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2185",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Carter:1999:DRP,
  author =       "Galen L. Carter and Charles R. Lindemulder and John M.
                 Nichols",
  title =        "{DEFINITY{\reg}} {ProLogix TM} solutions rapid
                 development",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "181--190",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2186",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:BLIc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "191--192",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2187",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Erfani:1999:NME,
  author =       "Shervin Erfani and Victor B. Lawrence and Manu Malek
                 and Binay Sugla",
  title =        "Network management: {Emerging} trends and challenges",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--22",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2188",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Ho:1999:RTP,
  author =       "L. Lawrence Ho and Christopher J. Macey and Ronald G.
                 Hiller",
  title =        "Real-time performance monitoring and anomaly detection
                 in the {Internet}: An adaptive, objective-driven,
                 mix-and-match approach",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "23--41",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2189",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Romascanu:1999:SMN,
  author =       "Dan Romascanu and Itai E. Zilbershtein",
  title =        "Switch monitoring --- {The} new generation of
                 monitoring for local area networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "42--54",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2190",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Nissenbaum:1999:DHN,
  author =       "Henry D. Nissenbaum",
  title =        "A directory-hosted network management information
                 model: {A CIM\slash DEN} implementation",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "55--74",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2191",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Stevens:1999:PBM,
  author =       "Mark L. Stevens and Walter J. Weiss",
  title =        "Policy-based management for {IP} networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "75--94",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2192",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Hossain:1999:PBN,
  author =       "Ashfaq Hossain and Houshing F. Shu and Charles R.
                 Gasman and Randolph A. Royer",
  title =        "Policy-based network load management",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "95--108",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2193",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bieszczad:1999:MHN,
  author =       "Andrzej Bieszczad and Pratik K. Biswas and Walter Buga
                 and Manu Malek and Hai Tan",
  title =        "Management of heterogeneous networks with intelligent
                 agents",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "109--135",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2194",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Budka:1999:ELS,
  author =       "Kenneth C. Budka and Richard J. DiPasquale and Bruno
                 W. A. Rijsman and Anekal B. Sripad",
  title =        "Engineering large {SONET\slash SDH} management
                 networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "136--154",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2195",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Shankar:1999:MMC,
  author =       "Ravi V. Shankar and Ashish K. Chatterjee",
  title =        "Managing the management communications network in
                 optical transport systems",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "155--170",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2196",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Choy:1999:RMF,
  author =       "Kwok-Chien Choy and Martin S. Halkyard and Shankar
                 Krishnamoorthy and Manas R. Panda",
  title =        "Reusable management frameworks for third-generation
                 wireless networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "171--189",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2197",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Bagga:1999:NMS,
  author =       "Yudhveer S. Bagga and Arati Chaudhury and Charleen E.
                 Hird and Ted C. Lee and William W. Pretyka and Danilo
                 L. Puseljic and Reza Shafie-Khorasani and Thomas P.
                 Tignor and Rulei Ting",
  title =        "A network management system solution for diverse and
                 converged voice and data networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "190--203",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2198",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Whang:1999:NEM,
  author =       "Kevin K. W. Whang and Rajnish Jain and Paul Chan",
  title =        "Network element management architecture for the {7
                 R\slash E\TM} {Trunk Access Gateway}",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "204--224",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2199",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Denison:1999:NRN,
  author =       "Brett A. Denison and Federico Giovannetti",
  title =        "{NetCare{\reg} Network Management Services} ---
                 Managing multi-vendor networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "225--236",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2200",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Blott:1999:ULB,
  author =       "Stephen M. Blott and Clifford E. Martin and Yuri J.
                 Breitbart and Jos{\'e} C. Brustoloni and Thomas R.
                 Gramaglia and Henry F. Korth and David M. Kristol and
                 Robert H. Liao and Eben L. Scanlon and Avi
                 Silberschatz",
  title =        "User-level billing and accounting in {IP} networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "237--251",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2201",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Chang:1999:MCS,
  author =       "Edward S. Chang and Aridaman K. Jain and David M.
                 Slade and S. Lee Tsao",
  title =        "Managing cyber security vulnerabilities in large
                 networks",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "252--272",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2202",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1999:BLId,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Bell Labs} innovation briefs",
  journal =      j-BELL-LABS-TECH-J,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "273--274",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "BLTJFD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bltj.2203",
  ISSN =         "1089-7089 (print), 1538-7305 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1089-7089",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 26 16:16:04 MST 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bell Labs Technical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1538-7305/issues/",
  onlinedate =   "14 Aug 2002",
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Cross-referenced entries, and related books, must come last:

@Book{Sproat:1998:MTS,
  editor =       "Richard William Sproat",
  title =        "Multilingual text-to-speech synthesis: the {Bell Labs}
                 approach",
  publisher =    pub-KLUWER,
  address =      pub-KLUWER:adr,
  pages =        "xxvi + 300",
  year =         "1998",
  ISBN =         "0-7923-8027-4",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-7923-8027-6",
  LCCN =         "TK7882.S65 M86 1998",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 12 07:13:32 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "With a foreword by Louis Pols.",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0821/97031463-d.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0821/97031463-t.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Speech synthesis; Speech processing systems; Text
                 files; Intonation (Phonetics)",
}

@Book{Townes:1999:HLH,
  author =       "Charles H. Townes",
  title =        "How the laser happened: adventures of a scientist",
  publisher =    pub-OXFORD,
  address =      pub-OXFORD:adr,
  pages =        "200",
  year =         "1999",
  ISBN =         "0-19-512268-2 (hardcover), 0-19-515376-6,
                 1-280-47085-2",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-19-512268-8 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "QC687.2 .T68 1999",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 12 07:13:12 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bstj1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/physperspect.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0603/98022216-d.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0603/98022216-t.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0724/98022216-b.html",
  abstract =     "In \booktitle{How the Laser Happened}, Nobel laureate
                 Charles Townes provides a highly personal look at some
                 of the leading events in twentieth-century physics.
                 Townes was co-inventor of the maser, of which the laser
                 is one example; an originator of spectroscopy using
                 microwaves; and a pioneer in the study of gas clouds in
                 galaxies and around stars. This memoir traces his
                 multifaceted career from its beginnings on the family
                 farm in South Carolina. Spanning decades of
                 ground-breaking research, the book provides a hands-on
                 description of how working scientists and inventors get
                 their ideas. It also gives a behind-the-scenes look at
                 the scientific community, showing how scientists.
                 respond to new ideas and how they approach a variety of
                 issues, from priority and patents to the social and
                 political implications of their work. In addition,
                 Townes touches on the sociology of science, uncovering
                 some of the traditions and values that are invisible to
                 an outsider.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Lasers; History; Masers; Science and state; United
                 States",
  tableofcontents = "1: Light that shines straight \\
                 2: Physics, Furman, molecules, and me \\
                 3: Bell Labs and radar, a (fortunate) detour from
                 physics \\
                 4: Columbia to Franklin Park and beyond \\
                 5: Maser excitement: and a time for reflection \\
                 6: From maser to laser \\
                 7: Patent game \\
                 8: On moon dust, and other science advice \\
                 9: Rains of Orion \\
                 10: Glances both backward and forward",
}