%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "2.43",
%%%     date            = "19 August 2013",
%%%     time            = "06:14:08 MDT",
%%%     filename        = "annhistcomput.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "10753 24483 95181 987297",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "BibTeX; bibliography; Annals of the History
%%%                        of Computing",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a COMPLETE bibliography of
%%%                        publications in the quarterly journal Annals
%%%                        of the History of Computing (CODEN AHCOE5,
%%%                        ISSN 0164-1239), which began publishing with
%%%                        volume 1, number 1, in July 1979.  The
%%%                        journal was published by the American
%%%                        Federation of Information Processing
%%%                        Societies (AFIPS).
%%%
%%%                        Publication ceased with volume 13, number 4,
%%%                        in 1991, but was continued in 1992 as volume
%%%                        14, number 1, of the IEEE Annals of the
%%%                        History of Computing (CODEN IAHCEX, ISSN
%%%                        1058-6180).  That journal is covered in a
%%%                        companion bibliography,
%%%                        ieeeannhistcomput.bib.  The two journals have
%%%                        a joint Web site at
%%%
%%%                            http://www.computer.org/annals/
%%%
%%%                        This bibliography also contains entries for
%%%                        articles published in books on the history
%%%                        of computing.
%%%
%%%                        Metropolis and Worlton [Metropolis:1980:TEH]
%%%                        offer this good advice to historians:
%%%
%%%                            ``Remember that the basis of scientific
%%%                            history is bibliography. Start with a
%%%                            good bibliography and end with a better
%%%                            one.''
%%%
%%%                        At version 2.43, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
%%%
%%%                             1907 (   1)    1942 (   1)    1977 (   2)
%%%                             1908 (   1)    1943 (   0)    1978 (   2)
%%%                             1909 (   0)    1944 (   0)    1979 (  28)
%%%                             1910 (   0)    1945 (   1)    1980 ( 101)
%%%                             1911 (   0)    1946 (   2)    1981 (  60)
%%%                             1912 (   0)    1947 (   2)    1982 ( 109)
%%%                             1913 (   0)    1948 (   3)    1983 ( 131)
%%%                             1914 (   0)    1949 (   1)    1984 (  86)
%%%                             1915 (   0)    1950 (   1)    1985 (  83)
%%%                             1916 (   0)    1951 (   1)    1986 (  85)
%%%                             1917 (   0)    1952 (   0)    1987 (  55)
%%%                             1918 (   0)    1953 (   1)    1988 (  71)
%%%                             1919 (   0)    1954 (   0)    1989 (  71)
%%%                             1920 (   0)    1955 (   0)    1990 (  77)
%%%                             1921 (   0)    1956 (   0)    1991 (  71)
%%%                             1922 (   0)    1957 (   0)    1992 (  11)
%%%                             1923 (   0)    1958 (   1)    1993 (   4)
%%%                             1924 (   0)    1959 (   2)    1994 (   1)
%%%                             1925 (   0)    1960 (   0)    1995 (   1)
%%%                             1926 (   0)    1961 (   0)    1996 (   2)
%%%                             1927 (   0)    1962 (   1)    1997 (   4)
%%%                             1928 (   0)    1963 (   0)    1998 (   1)
%%%                             1929 (   0)    1964 (   1)    1999 (   1)
%%%                             1930 (   0)    1965 (   1)    2000 (  30)
%%%                             1931 (   0)    1966 (   1)    2001 (   2)
%%%                             1932 (   0)    1967 (   0)    2002 (   1)
%%%                             1933 (   0)    1968 (   0)    2003 (   1)
%%%                             1934 (   0)    1969 (   0)    2004 (   1)
%%%                             1935 (   0)    1970 (   3)    2005 (   3)
%%%                             1936 (   0)    1971 (   1)    2006 (   1)
%%%                             1937 (   0)    1972 (   2)    2007 (   1)
%%%                             1938 (   0)    1973 (   2)    2008 (   1)
%%%                             1939 (   0)    1974 (   0)    2009 (   1)
%%%                             1940 (   1)    1975 (   1)    2010 (   2)
%%%                             1941 (   1)    1976 (   4)    2011 (   1)
%%%                             19xx (   1)
%%%
%%%                             Article:        789
%%%                             Book:           225
%%%                             InCollection:   108
%%%                             InProceedings:    1
%%%                             Manual:           3
%%%                             Misc:             3
%%%                             Periodical:       1
%%%                             PhdThesis:        4
%%%                             Proceedings:      5
%%%                             TechReport:       1
%%%
%%%                             Total entries: 1140
%%%
%%%                        This bibliography was prepared by merging
%%%                        data from the TeX Users Group bibliography
%%%                        archive, the BibNet Project archive, the OCLC
%%%                        Contents1st database, the Compendex database,
%%%                        and the huge Karlsruhe computer science
%%%                        bibliography archive.  At version 1.02,
%%%                        another 67 entries were added from an
%%%                        extensive Web page search.
%%%
%%%                        At version 2.00, data from the IEEE Annals of
%%%                        the History of Computing Web site covering
%%%                        this predecessor journal completely was
%%%                        merged in.  The journal text of more than 155
%%%                        articles was checked to correct errors or to
%%%                        complete missing information.
%%%
%%%                        During this work, several instances of
%%%                        missing article were uncovered in the IEEE
%%%                        archives; it is expected that a few more such
%%%                        articles remain undiscovered.  The Tables of
%%%                        Contents for volumes 1--10 in bibliography
%%%                        entry Anonymous:1988:TYT were responsible for
%%%                        some of these discoveries.  I have yet to
%%%                        check the contents of volumes 11--14 for
%%%                        further discrepancies.
%%%
%%%                        Book reviews in this journal are often
%%%                        detailed and lengthy.  In some cases, they
%%%                        have been included twice, once in a collected
%%%                        entry, and once with the individual review.
%%%                        Similar remarks apply to the Comments and
%%%                        Biographies entries.
%%%
%%%                        Books that received only cursory mention in
%%%                        reviews (often listed in a section ``Capsule
%%%                        Reviews'') are not listed in the bibliography
%%%                        entries, although, ultimately, it would be
%%%                        possible to extract them from the article
%%%                        text.
%%%
%%%                        This bibliography also contains entries for
%%%                        books on the history of computing, and
%%%                        article reprints therein, and for all of the
%%%                        articles and books listed in review titles,
%%%                        since they too record part of the history of
%%%                        this field.  Entries are often provided for
%%%                        multiple editions of these books.
%%%
%%%                        Numerous errors in the sources noted above
%%%                        have been corrected.  Spelling has been
%%%                        verified with the UNIX spell and GNU ispell
%%%                        programs using the exception dictionary
%%%                        stored in the companion file with extension
%%%                        .sok.
%%%
%%%                        BibTeX citation tags are uniformly chosen as
%%%                        name:year:abbrev, where name is the family
%%%                        name of the first author or editor, year is a
%%%                        4-digit number, and abbrev is a 3-letter
%%%                        condensation of important title
%%%                        words. Citation tags were automatically
%%%                        generated by software developed for the
%%%                        BibNet Project.
%%%
%%%                        In this bibliography, entries are sorted in
%%%                        publication order, using ``bibsort
%%%                        -byvolume'' within the Annals section.  The
%%%                        review section is sorted by citation label,
%%%                        with ``bibsort -bylabel''.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================

%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:

@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 585 1640, +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Publisher abbreviations:

@String{pub-ACADEMIC            = "Academic Press"}
@String{pub-ACADEMIC:adr        = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-ACM                 = "ACM Press"}
@String{pub-ACM:adr             = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-AMS                 = "American Mathematical Society"}
@String{pub-AMS:adr             = "Providence, RI, USA"}

@String{pub-ARTECH              = "Artech House Inc."}
@String{pub-ARTECH:adr          = "Norwood, MA, USA"}

@String{pub-AW                  = "Addison-Wesley"}

@String{pub-AW                  = "Ad{\-d}i{\-s}on-Wes{\-l}ey"}
@String{pub-AW:adr              = "Reading, MA, USA"}

@String{pub-BANTAM              = "Bantam Books"}
@String{pub-BANTAM:adr          = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-BASIC               = "Basic Books"}
@String{pub-BASIC:adr           = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-BERKLEY-BOOKS       = "Berkley Books"}
@String{pub-BERKLEY-BOOKS:adr   = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-BIRKHAUSER          = "Birkh{\"a}user Verlag"}
@String{pub-BIRKHAUSER:adr      = "Basel, Switzerland"}

@String{pub-BOOLE               = "Boole Press"}
@String{pub-BOOLE:adr           = "Dublin, Ireland"}

@String{pub-CAMBRIDGE           = "Cambridge University Press"}
@String{pub-CAMBRIDGE:adr       = "Cambridge, UK"}

@String{pub-CLARENDON           = "Clarendon Press"}
@String{pub-CLARENDON:adr       = "Oxford, UK"}

@String{pub-COLLINS             = "Collins"}
@String{pub-COLLINS:adr         = "London, UK"}

@String{pub-COLUMBIA            = "Columbia University Press"}
@String{pub-COLUMBIA:adr        = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-CSP                 = "Computer Science Press, Inc."}
@String{pub-CSP:adr             = "Rockville, MD, USA"}

@String{pub-DOUBLEDAY           = "Doubleday"}
@String{pub-DOUBLEDAY:adr       = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-DOVER               = "Dover Publications, Inc."}
@String{pub-DOVER:adr           = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-DP                  = "Digital Press"}
@String{pub-DP:adr              = "12 Crosby Drive, Bedford, MA 01730, USA"}

@String{pub-ELSEVIER            = "Elsevier"}
@String{pub-ELSEVIER:adr        = "Amsterdam, The Netherlands"}

@String{pub-GREENWOOD           = "Greenwood Press"}
@String{pub-GREENWOOD:adr       = "88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881, USA"}

@String{pub-HANSER              = "Carl Hanser"}
@String{pub-HANSER:adr          = "M{\"u}nchen, Germany"}

@String{pub-HARPER-ROW          = "Harper \& Row"}
@String{pub-HARPER-ROW:adr      = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-HARVARD             = "Harvard University Press"}
@String{pub-HARVARD:adr         = "Cambridge, MA, USA"}

@String{pub-HBJ                 = "Harcourt Brace Jovanovich"}
@String{pub-HBJ:adr             = "San Diego, CA, USA"}

@String{pub-IE                  = "InterEditions"}
@String{pub-IE:adr              = "Paris, France"}

@String{pub-IEEE                = "IEEE Computer Society Press"}
@String{pub-IEEE:adr            = "1109 Spring Street, Suite 300, Silver
                                  Spring, MD 20910, USA"}

@String{pub-MANCHESTER-UNIV-PRESS = "Manchester University Press"}
@String{pub-MANCHESTER-UNIV-PRESS:adr = "Manchester, UK"}

@String{pub-MATH-ASSOC-AMER     = "Mathematical Association of America"}
@String{pub-MATH-ASSOC-AMER:adr = "Washington, DC, USA"}

@String{pub-MCGRAW-HILL         = "Mc{\-}Graw-Hill"}
@String{pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr     = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-MIT                 = "MIT Press"}
@String{pub-MIT:adr             = "Cambridge, MA, USA"}

@String{pub-NAL                 = "New American Library"}
@String{pub-NAL:adr             = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-NORTH-HOLLAND       = "North-Hol{\-}land"}
@String{pub-NORTH-HOLLAND:adr   = "Amsterdam, The Netherlands"}

@String{pub-NORTON              = "W. W. Norton \& Co."}
@String{pub-NORTON:adr          = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-NTIS                = "National Technical Information Service"}
@String{pub-NTIS:adr            = "Washington, DC, USA"}

@String{pub-OXFORD              = "Oxford University Press"}
@String{pub-OXFORD:adr          = "Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK"}

@String{pub-PETROCELLI-CHARTER  = "Petrocelli\slash Charter"}
@String{pub-PETROCELLI-CHARTER:adr = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-PH                  = "Prentice-Hall, Inc."}

@String{pub-PH                  = "Pren{\-}tice-Hall"}
@String{pub-PH:adr              = "Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA"}
@String{pub-PH:adr              = "Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458, USA"}

@String{pub-PRIMA               = "Prima Publishing"}
@String{pub-PRIMA:adr           = "Rocklin, CA, USA"}

@String{pub-PRINCETON           = "Princeton University Press"}
@String{pub-PRINCETON:adr       = "Princeton, NJ, USA"}

@String{pub-ROUTLEDGE           = "Routledge \& Kegan Paul"}
@String{pub-ROUTLEDGE:adr       = "London, UK and New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER      = "Simon and Schuster"}
@String{pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER:adr  = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-SV                  = "Spring{\-}er-Ver{\-}lag"}
@String{pub-SV:adr              = "Berlin, Germany~/ Heidelberg,
                                  Germany~/ London, UK~/ etc."}

@String{pub-TICKNOR             = "Ticknor and Fields"}
@String{pub-TICKNOR:adr         = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-U-MICHIGAN          = "University of Michigan Press"}
@String{pub-U-MICHIGAN:adr      = "Ann Arbor, MI, USA"}

@String{pub-VIKING              = "Viking"}
@String{pub-VIKING:adr          = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-VNR                 = "Van Nostrand Reinhold Co."}
@String{pub-VNR:adr             = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-W-H-FREEMAN         = "W. H. Freeman"}
@String{pub-W-H-FREEMAN:adr     = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-WADSWORTH           = "Wadsworth Publishing Company"}
@String{pub-WADSWORTH:adr       = "Pacific Grove, CA, USA"}

@String{pub-WARNER-BOOKS        = "Warner Books"}
@String{pub-WARNER-BOOKS:adr    = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-WILEY               = "John Wiley and Sons, Inc."}
@String{pub-WILEY:adr           = "New York, NY, USA"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:

@String{j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY     = "American Mathematical Monthly"}

@String{j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT       = "Annals of the History of Computing"}

@String{j-ANN-SCIENCE           = "Annals of Science"}

@String{j-BELL-SYST-TECH-J      = "The Bell System Technical Journal"}

@String{j-CACM                  = "Communications of the ACM"}

@String{j-COMP-J                = "The Computer Journal"}

@String{j-COMP-REV              = "Computing Reviews"}

@String{j-COMPUTER              = "Computer"}

@String{j-CRYPTOLOGIA           = "Cryptologia"}

@String{j-HIST-MATH             = "Historia Mathematica"}

@String{j-IEEE-MICRO            = "IEEE Micro"}

@String{j-IEEE-SPECTRUM         = "IEEE Spectrum"}

@String{j-INT-J-ENG-SCI         = "International journal of engineering
                                  science"}

@String{j-IRE-TRANS-ELEC-COMPUT = "IRE Transactions on Electronic Computers"}

@String{j-J-AM-STAT-ASSOC       = "Journal of the American Statistical
                                  Association"}

@String{j-NEW-SCIENTIST         = "New Scientist"}

@String{j-SIGPLAN               = "ACM SIG{\-}PLAN Notices"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries:

@Article{Finerman:1979:F,
  author =       "Aaron Finerman",
  title =        "Foreword",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1979:AIa,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--5",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1979:GAH,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "General {AFIPS} History of Computing Activities",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--8",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1006.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1006abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Stern:1979:BCS,
  author =       "Nancy Stern",
  title =        "The {BINAC}: a Case Study in the History of
                 Technology",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "9--20",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1009.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1009abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Backus:1979:HFI,
  author =       "John Backus",
  title =        "The History of {FORTRAN I}, {II}, and {III}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "21--37",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Math/sparse.linear.systems.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1021.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1021abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Good:1979:EWC,
  author =       "I. J. Good",
  title =        "Early Work on Computers at {Bletchley}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "38--48",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/turing-alan-mathison.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cryptography.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1038.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1038abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Bletchley; Bombe; chessplayers as cryptanalysts;
                 Colossus; cryptanalysis; Enigma; Geheimschreiber;
                 Government Code and Cypher School; history of
                 computers; Turing; Ultra",
}

@Article{Gruenberger:1979:HJ,
  author =       "F. J. Gruenberger",
  title =        "The History of the {JOHNNIAC}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--60",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See minor correction \cite{Anonymous:1980:CRM}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1049.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1049abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "AVIDAC; BESK; CSIRAC; DASK; IAS; ILLIAC; JOHNNIAC
                 (1953); JOSS (JOHNNIAC Open Shop System); MANIAC;
                 ORACLE; ORDVAC; SEAC ((National Bureau of) Standards
                 Eastern Automatic Computer); WEIZAC",
}

@Article{Williams:1979:HJA,
  author =       "John Williams",
  title =        "The History of the {JOHNNIAC}: Appendix {A}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--64:",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1049.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1049abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Memorandum Dated 12 June 1953. From John Williams
                 (Then Head of the Mathematics Division of RAND). To
                 Vice President J. R. Goldstein",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Walker:1979:WCR,
  author =       "Virginia C. Walker",
  title =        "{Washington} Computer Reminiscences",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--67",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1065.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1065abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Stern:1979:HHP,
  author =       "Nancy Stern and James J. Horning",
  title =        "{HOPL}: History of Programming Languages Conference",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "68--71",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1068.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1068abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bright:1979:FCW,
  author =       "Herb Bright",
  title =        "{FORTRAN} Comes to {Westinghouse-Bettis}, 1957",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--74",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1072.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1072abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hyman:1979:RDM,
  author =       "Anthony Hyman and N. T. Gridgeman",
  title =        "Reviews: {D. L. Moore: Ada, Countess of Lovelace}; {J.
                 M. Dubbey: The Mathematical Work of Charles Babbage}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "75--76",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1075.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1075abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1979:NNC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: 1949 Conference Proceedings
                 Reprinted; {EDSAC} Film Available; {Contemporary
                 Scientific Archives Centre}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "77--78",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1077.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1077abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1979:CQD,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Comments, Queries and Debate: Early Machines",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--78",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1078.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1078abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1979:CAH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributions to the {Annals of the History of
                 Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "79--80",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a1079.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a1079abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1979:AIb,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "82--82",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a2082.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a2082abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomash:1979:BEE,
  author =       "Erwin Tomash and Arnold A. Cohen",
  title =        "The Birth of an {ERA}: {Engineering Associates, Inc.}
                 1946--1955",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "83--97",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a2083.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a2083abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Douglas:1979:ASM,
  author =       "Sandy Douglas",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Some Memories of {EDSAC I}: 1950--1952",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "98--99, 208",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a2098.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a2098abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "A. S. Douglas; Alexander Shafto Douglas; D. J.
                 Wheeler; D. R. Hartree; E. C. Page; EDSAC; J. C. P.
                 Miller; M. Phister; R. A. Brooker; S. Gill; V. E.
                 Price",
}

@Article{Hamming:1979:RZW,
  author =       "Richard W. Hamming",
  title =        "Reviews: {Z. W. Pylyshyn: Perspectives on the Computer
                 Revolution}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "100, 208",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a2100.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a2100abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Randell:1979:ABO,
  author =       "Brian Randell",
  title =        "An Annotated Bibliography on the Origins of Digital
                 Computers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "101--207",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a2101.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a2101abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1979:NNR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: Recordings by Pioneers of Computing;
                 Historic Film on {MANIAC I}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "208--208",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1979/pdf/a2208.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1979/a2208abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1980:AIa,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10004",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Stern:1980:PCR,
  author =       "Nancy Stern",
  title =        "Preserving Computer-Related Source Material",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--6",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10010",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1980:PEE,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Programming the {EDSAC}: Early Programming Activity at
                 the {University of Cambridge}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "7--36",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10009",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1007.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1007abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Marczynski:1980:FSY,
  author =       "R. W. Marczy{\'n}ski",
  title =        "The First Seven Years of {Polish} Digital Computers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "37--48",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10008",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See minor correction \cite{Anonymous:1980:CRM}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1037.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1037abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Metropolis:1980:TEH,
  author =       "N. Metropolis and J. Worlton",
  title =        "A Trilogy on Errors in the History of Computing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--59",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10007",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  MRclass =      "68-03 (01A55)",
  MRnumber =     "MR554490 (81a:68003)",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/metropolis-nicholas.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/adabooks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "An earlier version is published in
                 \cite{Metropolis:1972:TEH}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1049.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1049abs.htm",
  ZMnumber =     "0998.68501",
  abstract =     "This article identifies published errors and
                 misunderstandings in three areas of the history of
                 computing and provides the results of research intended
                 to correct these errors. The three areas addressed are:
                 (1) awareness of the work of Charles Babbage among the
                 originators of modern computers; (2) the origins of the
                 stored-program concept; (3) the distinction between the
                 MANIAC and the IAS machine. The conclusions reached
                 are: (1) some of the originators of modern computers
                 were indeed aware of the work of Babbage, but some were
                 not; (2) the stored-program concept was an integral
                 part of the EDVAC design, the result of the work of the
                 ENIAC design team; (3) the term MANIAC was properly
                 applied only to the computer designed and built at Los
                 Alamos Scientific Laboratory, not to the IAS machine.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Charles Babbage; EDVAC; MANIAC (Los Alamos computer)",
}

@Article{Snyder:1980:CAP,
  author =       "Samuel S. Snyder",
  title =        "Computer Advances Pioneered by Cryptologic
                 Organizations",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--70",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10012",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1060.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1060abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Gullard:1980:CBI,
  author =       "Pamela Gullard",
  title =        "The {Charles Babbage Institute for the History of
                 Information Processing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "71--74",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10002",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1071.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1071abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1980:AAH,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Activities of {AFIPS} History of Computing Committee",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "75--76",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10006",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1075.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1075abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Raines:1980:NNH,
  author =       "Jane M. Raines and Raymond W. Smilor",
  title =        "News and Notices: {History of Computing at the Science
                 Museum, London}; {CBI Awards Fellowship for
                 1979--1980}; {CBI Fellowship 1980--1981}; {Analysis of
                 a U.S.-U.S.S.R. Exchange Program}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--78",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10005",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1076.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1076abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Walker:1980:MRC,
  author =       "Virginia C. Walker",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {COBOL---A Monument to
                 Cooperation: 1979 NCC Pioneer Day}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "79--82",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10003",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1079.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1079abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anderson:1980:CQD,
  author =       "Florence R. Anderson and Jerry Mendelson and Erwin
                 Tomash and Arnold A. Cohen",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {BNAC at Northrop};
                 {More Thoughts on BKVAC}; {Addendum on ERA}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "83--88",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10000",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1083.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1083abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1980:RMG,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz",
  title =        "Reviews: {M. Graef: 350 Years of Computing Machines};
                 {Capsule Reviews}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88--94",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10011",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See minor corrections \cite{Anonymous:1980:CRM}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1088.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1088abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1980:CAH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributions to the {Annals of the History of
                 Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "95--96",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10001",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a1095.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a1095abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1980:AIb,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "99--99",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10015",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2099.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2099abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Stern:1980:JWM,
  author =       "Nancy Stern",
  title =        "{John William Mauchly}, 1907--1980",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "100--103",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10014",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2100.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2100abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Todd:1980:JHC,
  author =       "John Todd",
  title =        "{John Hamilton Curtiss}, 1909--1977",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "104--110",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10019",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2104.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2104abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Huskey:1980:NBS,
  author =       "Harry D. Huskey",
  title =        "The {National Bureau of Standards Western Automatic
                 Computer} ({SWAC})",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "111--121",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10022",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2111.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2111abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Armer:1980:SEC,
  author =       "Paul Armer",
  title =        "{SHARE} --- {A} Eulogy to Cooperative Effort",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "122--129",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10013",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by M. I. Bernstein.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2122.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2122abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1980:PME,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Programming the {Mark I}: Early Programming Activity
                 at the {University of Manchester}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "130--168",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10018",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See minor correction \cite{Anonymous:1980:CRM}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2130.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2130abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{VanSinderen:1980:PPC,
  author =       "Alfred W. {Van Sinderen}",
  title =        "The Printed Papers of {Charles Babbage}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "169--185",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10020",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2169.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2169abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Nagler:1980:ANB,
  author =       "Harry Nagler",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {Napier} and {Babbage}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "186--187",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10017",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2186a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2186aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Zuse:1980:CQD,
  author =       "Konrad Zuse",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Comments on {Randell}'s
                 Bibliography",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "186--187",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10021",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2186b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2186babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1980:RKH,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz",
  title =        "Reviews: {K. H. Czawderna: Konrad Zuse}; Capsule
                 Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "187--190",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10016",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a2187.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a2187abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Check: Czawderna or Czauderna??",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1980:GA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Guidelines for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "191--191",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1980:AIc,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "195--195",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10034",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3195.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3195abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tonik:1980:EHL,
  author =       "Albert B. Tonik",
  title =        "Eulogy: {Herman Lukoff}, 1923--1979",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "196--197",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10030",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Further Comment by Louis D. Wilson.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3196.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3196abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Chase:1980:HMC,
  author =       "George C. Chase",
  title =        "History of Mechanical Computing Machinery",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "198--226",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10024",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by I. Bernard Cohen.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3198.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3198abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Minker:1980:OBE,
  author =       "Jack Minker and Rita G. Minker",
  title =        "Optimization of {Boolean} Expressions --- Historical
                 Developments",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "227--238",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10029",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3227.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3227abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Zuse:1980:IGC,
  author =       "Konrad Zuse",
  title =        "Installation of the {German} Computer {Z4} in {Zurich}
                 in 1950",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "239--241",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10028",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3239.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3239abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Speiser:1980:RCZ,
  author =       "A. P. Speiser",
  title =        "The Relay Calculator {Z4}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "242--245",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10026",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3242.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3242abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Gruenberger:1980:SHD,
  author =       "Fred J. Gruenberger",
  title =        "A Short History of Digital Computing in {Southern
                 California}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "246--250",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10031",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3246.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3246abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Gruenberger:1980:HES,
  author =       "Fred J. Gruenberger",
  title =        "History of Eighteen Symposia",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "251--252",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10027",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3251.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3251abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Phelps:1980:EEC,
  author =       "Byron E. Phelps",
  title =        "Early electronic computer developments at {IBM}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "253--267",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10035",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/dershowitz.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/rewrite.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See minor correction \cite{Anonymous:1980:CEE}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3253.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3253abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sprague:1980:CQD,
  author =       "Dick Sprague",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Response to Comments on
                 {BINAC}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "268--271",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10033",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3268.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3268abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Thompson:1980:AHC,
  author =       "David W. Thompson",
  title =        "Anecdotes: How Not to Conserve Memory (or What
                 Elegance Is Not)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "272--273",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10023",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3272.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3272abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1980:NNO,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "News and Notices: Opening of {Digital Computer
                 Museum}; {Strachey Collection} Completed; Anniversary
                 of {Hamming} Codes; {CBI} Chooses Permanent Site;
                 Honorary Degree Awarded to {Konrad Zuse}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "273--274",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10025",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3273.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3273abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1980:CRM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Corrections: {Reviews: M. Graef: 350 Years of
                 Computing Machines, 2(1) 90, 93}; {The First Seven
                 Years of Polish Digital Computers, 2(1) 41};
                 {Programming the Mark I: Early Programming Activity at
                 the University of Manchester, 2(2), 155}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "274--280",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10032",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See
                 \cite{Gruenberger:1979:HJ,Anonymous:1980:CEE,Buchholz:1980:RMG,Campbell-Kelly:1980:PME,Marczynski:1980:FSY}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3274.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3274abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Klarner:1980:RPM,
  author =       "David A. Klarner and H. S. Tropp",
  title =        "Reviews: {P. McCorduck: Machines Who Think}; {A. P.
                 Ershov: The British Lectures}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "274--280",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a3274.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a3274abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1980:AId,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "283--283",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10045",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4283.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4283abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Oblonsky:1980:EAS,
  author =       "Jan G. Oblonsky",
  title =        "Eloge: {Antonin Svoboda}, 1907--1980",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "284--298",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10039",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Missing from IEEE Web site.",
}

@Article{Blachman:1980:CAD,
  author =       "N. M. Blachman",
  title =        "{Czechoslovak} Automatic Digital Computer, {SAP0}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "284--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Missing from IEEE Web site.",
}

@Article{Oblonsky:1980:DRI,
  author =       "J. G. Oblonsky",
  title =        "The Development of the {Research Institute of
                 Mathematical Machines} in {Prague}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "284--??",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Missing from IEEE Web site.",
}

@Article{Huskey:1980:LLC,
  author =       "Velma R. Huskey and Harry D. Huskey",
  title =        "{Lady Lovelace} and {Charles Babbage}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "299--329",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10042",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  MRclass =      "01A55 (68-03)",
  MRnumber =     "640773 (83d:01030)",
  MRreviewer =   "Willard Parker",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 15 11:49:13 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/adabooks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4299.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4299abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Takahasi:1980:SIC,
  author =       "Hidetosi Takahasi",
  title =        "Some Important Computers of {Japanese} Design",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "330--337",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10043",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Richard I. Tanaka.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4330.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4330abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Thornton:1980:CP,
  author =       "James E. Thornton",
  title =        "The {CDC 6600} Project",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "338--348",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10044",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4338.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4338abs.htm",
  abstract =     "This article is an account of the development of the
                 Control Data 6600 computer first developed in 1964. Of
                 historical interest is the design team approach adopted
                 by Control Data in which a small staff of engineers was
                 isolated from the main operations of the company. Some
                 review is made of the design process as well as the
                 unique features of the machine. The article also
                 includes some comments in retrospect about the results
                 of certain of the initial design objectives.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Stern:1980:JNI,
  author =       "Nancy Stern",
  title =        "{John von Neumann}'s Influence on Electronic Digital
                 Computing, 1944--1946",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "349--362",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10036",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4349.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4349abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Mapstone:1980:MRF,
  author =       "Bobbi Mapstone and Morton I. Bernstein",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: The Founding of {SHARE},
                 {NCC'80 Pioneer Day}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "363--372",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10041",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4363.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4363abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1980:NGR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News: {Galler} Receives {ACM Award}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "372--372",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10047",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4372.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4372abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Kessler:1980:ARE,
  author =       "Gary C. Kessler",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Recollections of the Early Days of Machine
                 Tabulating",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "373--374",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10038",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4373.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4373abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Stern:1980:CQD,
  author =       "Nancy Stern and Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Who ``Invented'' the
                 First Electronic Digital Computer?; {Mauchly}'s
                 Position on {von Neumann}'s Role in Drafting the {EDVAC
                 Report}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "375--377",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10048",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Math/sparse.linear.systems.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4375.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4375abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1980:Ra,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Referees",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "377--377",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10046",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4377.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4377babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1980:CEE,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Corrections: {Early electronic computer developments
                 at IBM, 2(3) 256}; {Corrections, 2(3) 274, 279}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "377--377",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10037",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Phelps:1980:EEC,Anonymous:1980:Ca}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4377.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4377babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1980:Rb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Referees",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "377--377",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4377.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4377aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Suekane:1980:RHT,
  author =       "Ryota Suekane and K. W. Smillie",
  title =        "Reviews: {H. Takahasi: The Birth of Electronic
                 Computers in Japan}; {M. Beika: History of Office
                 Mechanization in Japan}; {A. D. Falkoff and K. E.
                 Iverson: The Evolution of APL}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "378--384",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1980.10040",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:17 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1980/pdf/a4378.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1980/a4378abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1981:AIa,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10010",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Brown:1981:EHL,
  author =       "Gordon S. Brown",
  title =        "Eloge: {Harold Locke Hazen}, 1901--1980",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--12",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10009",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Book:1981:F,
  author =       "Ronald V. Book",
  title =        "Foreword",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "13--13",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10011",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1013.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1013abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Greibach:1981:FLO,
  author =       "S. A. Greibach",
  title =        "Formal Languages: Origins and Directions",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "14--41",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10006",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1014.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1014abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hartmanis:1981:OAD,
  author =       "Juris Hartmanis",
  title =        "Observations about the development of theoretical
                 computer science",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "42--51",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10005",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1042.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1042abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Kleene:1981:ORF,
  author =       "Stephen Cole Kleene",
  title =        "Origins of Recursive Function Theory",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--67",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10004",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1052.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1052abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Luebbert:1981:MRC,
  author =       "William F. Luebbert and Deirdre La Porte",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: Commemoration of 7940 Remote
                 Computing Demonstration by {Stibitz}; Science and
                 Technology Studies: {Toronto 1980}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "68--71",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10000",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1068.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1068abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1981:AOW,
  author =       "W. Buchholz",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Origin of the Word Byte",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--72",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10012",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Math/acc-stab-num-alg.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Historical notes: The word ``byte'' was first used in
                 a published article by Brooks, Blaauw, and Buchholz in
                 1959 \cite{Brooks:1959:PDB}. The word ``software'' was
                 coined by John W. Tukey \cite{Tukey:1958:TCM}. The word
                 ``bit'' was also coined by Tukey in 1946 at Bell
                 Laboratories. See also \cite{Tropp:1984:OTB}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1072a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1072aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:NNH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: {History and Philosophy of Logic
                 Award to Erwin Tomash}; {CBI} Moves to {Minneapolis}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--72",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10002",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1072b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1072babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Usdin:1981:CQD,
  author =       "Eugene Usdin and Alfred W. {Van Sinderen}",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: More on the {CPC}
                 Configuration; The {Trinity House}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "73--73",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10001",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1073.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1073abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Goldstine:1981:RKC,
  author =       "Herman H. Goldstine and John A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Reviews: {K. C. Redmond and T. M. Smith: Project
                 Whirlwind}; {S. H. Lavington: Early British Computers};
                 Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--75, 77, 79--80",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10008",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1074.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1074abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:GA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Guidelines for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--82",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:CAH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributions to the {Annals of the History of
                 Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "83--84",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10003",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1083.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1083abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:AIV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Author Index to Volumes 1 and 2, {Annals of the
                 History of Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "85--85",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10007",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1085.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1085abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:CVA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contents of Volumes 1 and 2, {Annals of the History of
                 Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "86--86",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1085.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1085abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:IV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Indexes to Volumes 1 and 2, {Annals of the History of
                 Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "87--109",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a1085.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a1085abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1981:AIb,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "115--115",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10018",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2115.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2115abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1981:DCU,
  author =       "M. V. Wilkes",
  title =        "The Design of a Control Unit --- Reflections on
                 Reading {Babbage}'s Notebooks",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "116--120",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10019",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2116.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2116abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Schwarz:1981:EYC,
  author =       "H. R. Schwarz",
  title =        "The Early Years of Computing in {Switzerland}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "121--132",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10013",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2121.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2121abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  content =      "Schwartz describes two early computers used at the
                 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (whose German
                 acronym is ETH) during the 1950s. Despite the more
                 general title, he does not mention any non-ETH
                 computers in this article. According to Schwartz, the
                 first programmable computer in Switzerland was the Z4
                 developed by Konrad Zuse in Germany during World War II
                 and installed at the ETH in 1950. Except for the ERMETH
                 (also at the ETH), he does not mention any subsequent
                 Swiss installations during the period, leaving a weak
                 implication that there were none.\par

                 The Z4 was an electromechanical machine with a total
                 data memory of 64 32-bit words and no program memory.
                 Programs were executed while being read from punched
                 tape. Conditional test instructions permitted
                 instructions on the tape to be skipped; other control
                 instructions caused an alternate tape reader to begin
                 processing a program (a form of subroutine-call). The
                 arithmetic unit could perform true floating-point
                 operations. This arithmetic unit contained built-in
                 functions for computing squares, reciprocals, and
                 square roots. (Ten years later, mere integer division
                 was still optional at an extra cost on the IBM 1401.)
                 There were special representations for infinity and
                 ``undefined'' so that operations such as division by
                 zero could continue without interruption but with a
                 meaningful result.",
  CRclass =      "K.2.7 ERMETH; K.2 Hardware; K.2 Software",
  CRnumber =     "39473",
  descriptor =   "Computing Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING; Computing
                 Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING, ERMETH; Computing
                 Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING, Hardware; Computing
                 Milieux, HISTORY OF COMPUTING, Software",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  reviewer =     "D. Ross",
  subject =      "K. Computing Milieux; K.2 HISTORY OF COMPUTING",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1981:PPA,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Programming the {Pilot ACE}: {Early} Programming
                 Activity at the {National Physical Laboratory}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "133--162",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10015",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Math/acc-stab-num-alg.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See correction supplying six missing references
                 \cite{Anonymous:1983:CPP}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2133.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2133abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hurd:1981:EIC,
  author =       "Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "Early {IBM} Computers: Edited Testimony",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "163--182",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10021",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2163.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2163abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Testimony of C.C. Hurd in U.S. v. IBM anti-trust case
                 (District of S.New York, 1979)",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Defense Calculator; IBM 1401; IBM 1710; IBM 650; IBM
                 701; IBM 702; IBM 704; IBM 705; IBM 7090; RAMAC
                 (Random-Access Memory Automatic Computer); SAGE
                 (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment); STRETCH",
}

@Article{Walker:1981:MRH,
  author =       "Virginia C. Walker and James L. Rogers",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {To Honor Our Beginnings ---
                 ACM'80}; {Atanasoff Speaks at Digital Computer
                 Museum}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "183--186",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10020",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2183.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2183abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Austrian:1981:AMC,
  author =       "Geoffrey D. Austrian",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {The Machine that Carried IBM into the
                 Electronics Business}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "186--188",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10017",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2186.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2186abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "Anecdotes: {IBM 701}",
}

@Article{Bennett:1981:CQD,
  author =       "John M. Bennett and Jack Minker and Kenneth H. Cowan",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Comments on Programming
                 the {Manchester Mark I}; ``Old-Timers'' in 1967; More
                 on ``Inventing'' the First Electronic Digital
                 Computer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "189--192",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10014",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2189.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2189abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:NNS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: Survey of Sources in the History of
                 Information Processing; History of Computing at the
                 {University of Warwick}; {Zuse} at {Digital Museum}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "192--193",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10016",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2192.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2192abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1981:RMA,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee and Hal Berghel",
  title =        "Reviews: {N. Metropolis, et al.: A History of
                 Computing in The Twentieth Century}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "193--208",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10022",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a2193.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a2193abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1981:AIc,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "211--211",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10024",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3211.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3211abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:ES,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "An Editorial Statement",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "212--212",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10026",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3212.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3212abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rejewski:1981:HPM,
  author =       "Marian Rejewski",
  title =        "How {Polish} Mathematicians Deciphered the {Enigma}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "213--234",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10033",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Afterwords by Cipher A. Deavours and I. J. Good. This
                 article was entitled ``Jak matematycy polscy
                 rozszyfrowz Enigmg{\c{e}}'' in the Annals of the Polish
                 Mathematical Society, Series II, Wiadomo{\'s}ci
                 Matematyczne, Volume 23, 1980, 1-28, translated by Joan
                 Stepenske. See minor correction
                 \cite{Anonymous:1981:CHP}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3213.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3213abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1981:SLC,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "The Scientific Library of {Charles Babbage}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "235--240",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10028",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3235.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3235abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1981:ECK,
  author =       "Paul E. Ceruzzi",
  title =        "The Early Computers of {Konrad Zuse}, 1935 to 1945",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "241--262",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10034",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3241.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3241abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{vonNeumann:1981:PLS,
  author =       "John von Neumann",
  title =        "The Principles of Large-Scale Computing Machines",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "263--273",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10025",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Nancy Stern.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3263.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3263abs.htm",
  ZMnumber =     "998.01558,",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{vonNeumann:1981:NPH,
  author =       "John von Neumann",
  title =        "The {NORC} and Problems in High-Speed Computing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "274--279",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10023",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Herman H. Goldstine.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3274.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3274abs.htm",
  ZMnumber =     "0998.01557",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1981:MRN,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp and William Aspray",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {NCC History Session};
                 {Wilkinson Lecture on Pilot ACE}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "280--282",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10030",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3280.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3280abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Baker:1981:ASH,
  author =       "C. L. Baker and Grace Murray Hopper",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {Stories from the HOPL Banquet: Dear John};
                 Meeting {JOSS}; The First Bug; {SOAP} Assembler;
                 Debugging",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "283--286",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10032",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3283.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3283abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:NNN,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: New {CBI Director}; {CBI Fellowship
                 Award}; {Digital Computer Museum}; {Pioneers of
                 Computing}; {HOPL Tapes}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "286--287",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10027",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3286.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3286abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:CQD,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Query on {Babbage}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "288--288",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10029",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3288.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3288abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Salzer:1981:RHH,
  author =       "Herbert E. Salzer and Eric A. Weiss and Henry S. Tropp
                 and Jane Smith and Robert W. Rector",
  title =        "Reviews: {H. H. Goldstine: A History of Numerical
                 Analysis}; {Electronics: An Age of Innovation}; {J. A.
                 N. Lee: Banquet Anecdotes and Conference Excerpts}; {R.
                 L. Wexelblat: History of Programming Languages}:
                 Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "289--302",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10031",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See minor correction \cite{Anonymous:1981:CHP}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a3289.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a3289abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1981:AId,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "307--307",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10042",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4307.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Phillips:1981:EJG,
  author =       "Norman A. Phillips",
  title =        "Eloge: {Jule G. Charney}, 1917--1981",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "308--309",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10037",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4308.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a4308abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Burks:1981:EFG,
  author =       "Arthur W. Burks and Alice R. Burks",
  title =        "The {ENIAC}: First General-Purpose Electronic
                 Computer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "310--389",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10043",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See comments
                 \cite{Randell:1981:CEF,Burks:1982:CEA,Phelps:1982:CQDa}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4310.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/a4310abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Atanasoff:1981:CRA,
  author =       "John V. Atanasoff and John Grist Brainerd and J.
                 Presper Eckert and Kathleen R. Mauchly and Brian
                 Randell and Konrad Zuse",
  title =        "Commentary (With Replies by the Authors)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "389--399",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10039",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4389.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Eniac",
}

@Article{Randell:1981:CEF,
  author =       "B. Randell",
  title =        "Comment on {``The ENIAC: The First General-Purpose
                 Electronic Computer, by A. W. Burks and A. R.
                 Burks''}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "396--397",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See
                 \cite{Burks:1981:EFG,Burks:1982:CEA,Phelps:1982:CQDa}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4389.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Walker:1981:MRB,
  author =       "Virginia C. Walker",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: Blueprint for Success ---
                 {Pioneer Day 1981}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "400--407",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10036",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4400.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "{Pioneer Day 1981}: {UNIVAC I}",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:CHP,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Corrections: {How Polish Mathematicians Deciphered the
                 Enigma, 3(3) 232}, {Reviews: H. H. Goldstine: A History
                 of Numerical Analysis, 3(3) 293}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "407--407",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Rejewski:1981:HPM,Salzer:1981:RHH}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4400.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rogers:1981:CQD,
  author =       "James L. Rogers and J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: The {Sumador Chino};
                 History of {FORTRAN}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "408--410",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10041",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4408.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "sumador chino [(Spanish) Chinese adder]",
}

@Article{Burchard:1981:NNF,
  author =       "Hank Burchard",
  title =        "News and Notices: {Finerman and Lee Receive ACM
                 Awards}; Summer Positions at {Digital Computer Museum};
                 {CBI Fellowship 1982--1983}; {GMD} Activities in the
                 History of Computing; Request for Articles; {Edwards}
                 Speaks at {Digital Computer Museum}; Exhibit of Cipher
                 Machines",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "410--413",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10038",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4410.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Strachey:1981:AIP,
  author =       "C. Strachey and Velma R. Huskey and Harry D. Huskey",
  title =        "Anecdotes: An Impossible Program; {Charles Babbage and
                 Lady Lovelace}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "414--415",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10040",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/turing-alan-mathison.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/compj1960.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4414.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  remark =       "In this reprint of a short letter
                 \cite{Strachey:1965:LEI}, Christopher S. Strachey
                 (1916--1975) recalls a short proof that Alan Turing
                 once gave him on a railway journal in 1953 that ``it is
                 impossible to write a program which can examine any
                 other program and tell, in every case, if it will
                 terminate or get into a closed loop when it is run.''
                 That is Turing's famous uniform halting problem, also
                 called by its German name Entscheidungsproblem
                 [decision problem].",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1981:R,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Referees",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "415",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ledin:1981:RJG,
  author =       "George {Ledin, Jr.} and Henry S. Tropp and Paul
                 Ceruzzi and Martin Campbell-Kelly and K. W. Smillie",
  title =        "Reviews: {J. G. Santesmases: Obra e Inventos de Torres
                 Quevedo}; {C. Evans: Pioneers of Computing}; {N.
                 Metropolis, et al.: A History of Computing in the
                 Twentieth Century}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "416--430",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1981.10035",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:18 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1981/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1981/pdf/a4416.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1982:AIa,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{LaPorte:1982:EGA,
  author =       "Deirdre {La Porte} and George R. Stibitz",
  title =        "Eloge: {E. G. Andrews}, 1898--1980",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--5",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Andrews:1982:URD,
  author =       "E. G. Andrews and H. W. Bode",
  title =        "Use of the Relay Digital Computer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--13",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Wed Nov 06 09:34:15 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from Electrical Engineering, February 1950,
                 pp. 158--163.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Andrews:1982:TSE,
  author =       "E. G. Andrews",
  title =        "Telephone Switching and the Early {Bell Laboratories}
                 Computers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "13--19",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from the Bell System Technical Journal,
                 March 1963, pp. 341--353.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Slotnick:1982:CDP,
  author =       "D. L. Slotnick",
  title =        "The Conception and Development of Parallel Processors:
                 {A} Personal Memoir",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "20--30",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1020.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1020abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Santesmases:1982:ECD,
  author =       "Jose Garcia Santesmases",
  title =        "Early Computer Developments in {Madrid}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--34",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1031.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1031abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Marks:1982:JCC,
  author =       "Shirley L. Marks",
  title =        "{JOSS}: Conversational Computing for the
                 Nonprogrammer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--52",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1035.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1035abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1982:MRJ,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes and I. J. Good",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {J. G. Brainerd on the ENIAC};
                 {A Report on T. H. Flowers's Lecture on Colossus}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "53--59",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1053.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1053abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Baker:1982:AAB,
  author =       "C. L. Baker and Richard P. Feynman and Bernice Brode",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {The Adventures of a Blunder 9};
                 {Reminiscences of Los Alamos}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--64",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1060.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1060abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1982:B,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--65",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1065.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1065abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McCarthy:1982:CQD,
  author =       "John McCarthy and William B. Kehl and Brian Randell",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Corrections on Early
                 IBM Computers}; {The Case of the Missing Memoranda}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "66--67",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1066.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1066abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Randell:1982:CMM,
  author =       "B. Randell",
  title =        "The Case of the Missing Memoranda",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "67--68",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1066.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1066abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1982:NNR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: {Research Projects in the History of
                 Computing}; {New Publisher for History and Philosophy
                 of Logic}; {Pioneer Day at 1982 NCC}; {Digital Computer
                 Museum Opens to Public}; {History of Solid-State
                 Physics}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "68--68",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1068.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1068abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Smillie:1982:RMA,
  author =       "K. W. Smillie and Saul Rosen",
  title =        "Reviews: {N. Metropolis, et al.: A History of
                 Computing in the Twentieth Century}; {R. L. Wexelblat:
                 History of Programming Languages}; {T. Forester: The
                 Microelectronics Revolution}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "69--78",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1069.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1069abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1982:IA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Instructions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "79--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1982:SA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Suggestions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1982:IV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index to Volume 3",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--96",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a1081.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a1081abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1982:AIb,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "99--99",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2099.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2099abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Zemanek:1982:EVM,
  author =       "Heinz Zemanek",
  title =        "Eloge: {Victor Mikhaylovich Glushkov}, 1923--1982",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "100--101",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2100.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2100abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rees:1982:CPO,
  author =       "Mina Rees",
  title =        "The {Computing Program of the Office of Naval
                 Research}, 1946--1953",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "102--120",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2102.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2102abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1982:DCP,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "The Development of Computer Programming in {Britain}
                 (1945 to 1955)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "121--139",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2121.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2121abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Stibitz:1982:ACM,
  author =       "George R. Stibitz",
  title =        "Automatic Computing Machinery",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "140--142",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2140.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2140abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Holst:1982:GPP,
  author =       "Per A. Holst",
  title =        "{George A. Philbrick} and {Polyphemus}: The First
                 Electronic Training Simulator",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "143--156",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2143.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2143abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ulam:1982:BJN,
  author =       "S. Ulam",
  title =        "Biographies: {John von Neumann}, 1903--1957",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "157--181",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1982.10022",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/ulam-stanislaw-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2157.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2157abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rogers:1982:MRC,
  author =       "James L. Rogers and Nancy Stern",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {Clark on the LINC}; {Burks on
                 the Stored-Program Concept}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "182--183",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2182.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2182abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1982:NNPa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: {Pioneer Award Established by
                 Computer Society}; {Undergraduate Paper Competition in
                 Cryptology}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "184--184",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2184.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2184abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rosin:1982:CQD,
  author =       "Robert F. Rosin and C. J. Bashe and Konrad Zuse",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Comments on Early
                 Computers and IBM}; {A} Note on the {SSEC}; Comments",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "185--187",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2185.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2185abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Dorn:1982:RKS,
  author =       "Philip H. Dorn",
  title =        "Reviews: {T. Kidder: The Soul of a New Machine};
                 Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "188--192",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a2188.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a2188abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "American Book Award; IBM Stretch at Brigham Young
                 University; Pulitzer Prize; Tracy Kidder",
}

@Article{Galler:1982:AIc,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "195--195",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3195.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3195abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bromley:1982:CBA,
  author =       "Allan G. Bromley",
  title =        "{Charles Babbage}'s {Analytical Engine}, 1838",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "196--217",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3196.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3196abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1982:DRB,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Defense Research at {Bell Laboratories}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "218--218",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Eric A. Weiss.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3218.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3218abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Missing from IEEE Web site.",
}

@Article{Higgins:1982:ECF,
  author =       "W. H. C. Higgins and B. D. Holbrook and J. W. Emling",
  title =        "Electrical Computers for Fire Control",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "218--236",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from ``A History of Engineering and Science
                 in the Bell System'' (Volume II, National Service in
                 War and Peace (1925--1975)).",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3218.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3218abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Wrong page numbers at IEEE Web site.",
  xxpages =      "218--244",
}

@Article{Warren:1982:MSE,
  author =       "C. A. Warren and B. McMillan and B. D. Holbrook",
  title =        "Military Systems Engineering and Research",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "236--244",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3218.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3218abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1982:MUR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Mauchly}: Unpublished Remarks: {Letter to Henry
                 Tropp, September 28, 1978}; {Letter to H. Helm Clayton,
                 November 15, 1940}; {Fireside Chat, November 13, 1973
                 (Introduction by Carl Hammer)}; {Afterword by Arthur W.
                 Burks and Alice R. Burks}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "245--256",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Henry S. Tropp.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3245.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3245abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Fix author list in this entry.",
}

@Article{Albers:1982:BCD,
  author =       "Donald J. Albers and Lynn Arthur Steen",
  title =        "Biographies: a Conversation with {Don Knuth}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "257--274",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  MRclass =      "01A70",
  MRnumber =     "84g:01047",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 MathSciNet database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3257.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3257abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "algorithms; human factors",
  subject =      "A.0 General Literature, GENERAL,
                 Biographies/Autobiographies \\ K.2 Computing Milieux,
                 HISTORY OF COMPUTING, People",
}

@Article{Williams:1982:MRC,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {CIPS '82 --- History
                 Session}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "274--274",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3274.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3274abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{vanderPoel:1982:ANM,
  author =       "W. L. van der Poel and Maurice V. Wilkes and C. L.
                 Baker",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {Notes from the Mathematical Centre};
                 {First SHARE 709 Committee Meeting}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "275--283",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Morton I. Bernstein.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3275.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3275abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Phelps:1982:CQDa,
  author =       "Byron E. Phelps",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Comment on {ENIAC}
                 Article",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "284--285",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See
                 \cite{Burks:1981:EFG,Randell:1981:CEF,Burks:1982:CEA}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3284.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3284abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Burks:1982:CEA,
  author =       "Arthur W. Burks and Alice R. Burks",
  title =        "Comment on {ENIAC} Article: Author's Reply",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "285--287",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3284.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3284abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1982:NNH,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "News and Notices: {Hammer Chairs AFIPS History
                 Committee}; {ACM Symposium to Honor Church and Rosser};
                 {CBI Reprint Series}; {CBI Fellowship, 1983--1984};
                 {Museum Lecture Series}; {Annals using New CR
                 Categories}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "287--288",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3287.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3287abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1982:RJWa,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "Reviews: {J. W. de Bakker, et al.: MC-25 Informatics
                 Symposium}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "289--291",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a3289.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a3289abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1982:AId,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "295--295",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4295.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4295abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bashe:1982:SHP,
  author =       "Charles J. Bashe",
  title =        "The {SSEC} in Historical Perspective",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "296--312",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4296.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4296abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McPherson:1982:LSG,
  author =       "John C. McPherson and Frank E. Hamilton and Robert R.
                 {Seeber, Jr.}",
  title =        "A Large-Scale, general-Purpose Electronic Digital
                 calculator: The {SSEC}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "313--326",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4313.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4313abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Randell:1982:AEE,
  author =       "Brian Randell",
  title =        "From {Analytical Engine} to Electronic Digital
                 Computer: The Contributions of {Ludgate}, {Torres} and
                 {Bush}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "327--341",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/adabooks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4327.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4327abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Drucker:1982:WT,
  author =       "Peter Drucker",
  title =        "Work and Tools",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "342--347",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Nancy Stern.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4342.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4342abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Metropolis:1982:ECA,
  author =       "N. Metropolis and E. C. Nelson",
  title =        "Early Computing at {Los Alamos}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "348--357",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1982.10035",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  MRclass =      "01A60 (68-03)",
  MRnumber =     "MR685005 (84f:01037)",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/metropolis-nicholas.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4348.pdf;
                 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4640758;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4348abs.htm",
  ZMnumber =     "0998.01520",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5488650",
}

@Article{Aspray:1982:MRP,
  author =       "William F. Aspray and Virginia C. Walker",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {Pioneer Day, NCC '82: History
                 of the Stored-Program Concept}; {The 25th Anniversary
                 of FORTRAN}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "358--367",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4358.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4358abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Phelps:1982:CQDb,
  author =       "Byron E. Phelps and Isaac L. Auerbach and Martin
                 Davis",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Computer Circuit
                 Design in the 1940s}; {Victor M. Glushkov}; {Lectures
                 at ``Atlanta State''}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "368--370",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4368.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4368abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tee:1982:AAC,
  author =       "Garry J. Tee and Henry S. Tropp and Bernard A.
                 Galler",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {Alexander Craig Aitken}; {Leslie John
                 Comrie}; {MAD Compiler}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "371--372",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4371.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4371abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1982:NNPb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: {Pioneer Day to Celebrate Harvard at
                 1983 NCC}; {Meeting on Charles Babbage}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "373--373",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4373.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4373abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1982:R,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Referees",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "373--373",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4374.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4374abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1982:RJWb,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "Reviews: {J. W. de Bakker and J. C. van Wet:
                 Algorithmic Languages}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "374--384",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1982/pdf/a4374.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1982/a4374abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1983:AIa,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Evans:1983:ISR,
  author =       "Bob O. Evans",
  title =        "Introduction to the {SPREAD} Report",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--5",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Haanstra:1983:PPF,
  author =       "John W. Haanstra and Bob O. Evans and Joes D. Aron and
                 Frederick P. {Brooks, Jr.} and John W. Fairclough and
                 William P. Heising and Herbert Hellerman and Walter H.
                 Johnson and Martin J. Kelly and Douglas V. Newton and
                 Bruce G. Oldfield and Seymour A. Rosen and Jerome
                 Svigals",
  title =        "Processor Products --- Final Report of the {SPREAD
                 Task Group, December 28, 1961}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--26",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1006.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1006abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aron:1983:DSR,
  author =       "Joel D. Aron and Frederick P. {Brooks, Jr.} and Bob O.
                 Evans and John W. Fairclough and Aaron Finerman and
                 Bernard A. Galler and William P. Heising and Walter H.
                 Johnson and Nancy Stern",
  title =        "Discussion of the {SPREAD Report, June 23, 1982}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "27--44",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1027.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1027abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tee:1983:HCB,
  author =       "Garry J. Tee",
  title =        "The Heritage of {Charles Babbage} in {Australasia}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "45--59",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/allison.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1045.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1045abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "jrnl, Babbage, difference engine, analytical engine",
}

@Article{Randell:1983:MA,
  author =       "Brian Randell",
  title =        "A Mysterious Advertisement",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--63",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1060.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1060abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Evans:1983:CJM,
  author =       "Christopher Evans",
  title =        "Conversation: {J. M. M. Pinkerton}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "64--72",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Henry S. Tropp.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1064.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1064abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Zemanek:1983:AAP,
  author =       "Heinz Zemanek",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Algorithmic Perfection",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "73--73",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1073.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1073abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bashe:1983:CQD,
  author =       "C. J. Bashe",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: The {IBM 7080}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--74",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1074.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1074abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:NNAa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: {AFIPS Award Nominations Invited};
                 {CBI Appoints Associate Director}; {Journal of Robotics
                 Announced}; {CBI Begins Development of Historical
                 Database}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "75--75",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1075.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1075abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{VanSinderen:1983:RHC,
  author =       "Alfred W. {Van Sinderen} and Allan G. Bromley and
                 Bernard Cohen and Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Reviews: {A. Hyman: Charles Babbage}; {N. Stern: from
                 ENIAC to UNIVAC I}; {C. Baum: The System Builders};
                 Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--85",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1076.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1076abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:IA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Instructions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "87--87",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:SA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Suggestions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88--89",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:IVA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index, Volume 4, {Annals of the History of
                 Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "89--102",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:19 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a1089.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a1089abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "Index to Volume 4",
}

@Article{Hurd:1983:AIS,
  author =       "Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "About This Issue: Special Issue on the {IBM 701}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "107--107",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2107a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2107aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:Ca,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "107--109",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2107b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2107babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hurd:1983:P,
  author =       "Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "Prologue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "110--111",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2110.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2110abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENPa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: Planning",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "112--112",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2112a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2112aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Birkenstock:1983:PP,
  author =       "James W. Birkenstock",
  title =        "Preliminary Planning for the 701",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "112--114",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2112b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2112babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:LHL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Letter from {L. H. LaMotte}, {May 21, 1952}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "114--114",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2114.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2114abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENAa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: Architecture",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "115--115",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2115a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2115aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rochester:1983:PSC,
  author =       "Nathaniel Rochester",
  title =        "The {701 Project} as Seen by Its {Chief Architect}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "115--117",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2115b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2115babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McClelland:1983:RA,
  author =       "William F. McClelland",
  title =        "Remarks on Assemblers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "117--117",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2117.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2117abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENE,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: Engineering",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "118--118",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2118a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2118aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Haddad:1983:R,
  author =       "Jerrier A. Haddad",
  title =        "701 Recollections",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "118--124",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2118b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2118babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Evans:1983:C,
  author =       "Bob O. Evans",
  title =        "Comments",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "124--124",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2124.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2124abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENPb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: Programming",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "125--125",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2125a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2125aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McClelland:1983:AAS,
  author =       "William F. McClelland",
  title =        "Activities of the {Applied Science Mathematical
                 Committee} on the 701",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "125--127",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2125b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2125babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McClelland:1983:TPS,
  author =       "William F. McClelland",
  title =        "A Tracing Program Subordinate to the Given Program",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "127--131",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2127.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2127abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McClelland:1983:FDA,
  author =       "William F. McClelland",
  title =        "Further Developments in Assembly Programs",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "132--132",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2132.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2132abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rochester:1983:CPP,
  author =       "N. Rochester",
  title =        "Computer Programs Produced by the {Planning Group}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "133--133",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2133a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2133aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Johnston:1983:OCB,
  author =       "Floyd E. Johnston",
  title =        "The One-Card Binary Loader for the {IBM 701}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "133--135",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2133b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2133babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ISS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{IBM Speedcoding System} (from {IBM} Manual)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "135--139",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2135.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2135abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ACC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Los Angeles Cooperative Compiler Project Policy
                 Committee} Minutes",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "139--141",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2139.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2139abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENAb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: Application Testing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "142--142",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2142a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2142aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ladd:1983:NSP,
  author =       "D. W. Ladd and J. W. Sheldon",
  title =        "The Numerical Solution of a Partial Differential
                 Equation on the {IBM Type 701} Electronic Data
                 Processing Machine",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "142--145",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2142b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2142babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "The Numerical Solution of a Partial Differential on
                 the {IBM Type 701} Electronic Data Processing Machine",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: Installation",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "146--146",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2146a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2146aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rosenheim:1983:IFP,
  author =       "D. E. Rosenheim",
  title =        "Installation of the First Production 701",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "146--147",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2146b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2146babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENTa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: {Technical Computing Bureau}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "148--149",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2148.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2148abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Greenstadt:1983:RTC,
  author =       "John Greenstadt",
  title =        "Recollections of the {Technical Computing Bureau}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "149--152",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2149.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2149abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Greenstadt:1983:TL,
  author =       "J. Greenstadt and John W. {Carr III} and D. W. Ladd",
  title =        "Three Letters",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "152--153",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2152.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2152abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "1954 Letters",
}

@Article{McClelland:1983:RCC,
  author =       "William F. McClelland",
  title =        "Report of 10/18/51 Conference on Checking with {von
                 Neumann}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "153--154",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2153.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2153abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "Report of 10/18/51 Conference on Checking",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENAc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: Announcement and Dedication",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "155--155",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2155.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2155abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:FPA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Front Page of the {April 1953 IBM Record}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "156--156",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2156.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2156abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Oppenheimer:1983:S,
  author =       "J. Robert Oppenheimer and Thomas J. {Watson, Jr.}",
  title =        "Speeches",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "157--160",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2157.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2157abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: Sales and Customer Installation",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "161--161",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2161.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2161abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:CEC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Customer Education Classes",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "162--163",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2162.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2162abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "{IBM} Classes for Customers",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:POT,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Principles of Operation: {Type 701} and Associated
                 Equipment (from {IBM} manual)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "164--166",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2164.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2164abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McClelland:1983:IW,
  author =       "W. F. McClelland and D. W. Pendery",
  title =        "701 Installation in the {West}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "167--170",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2167.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2167abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Smith:1983:IMC,
  author =       "R. Blair Smith",
  title =        "The {IBM 701} --- Marketing and Customer Relations",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "170--172",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2170.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2170abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Petrie:1983:WFD,
  author =       "George W. {Petrie III}",
  title =        "The 701 in the {Washington Federal District}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "172--173",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2172.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2172abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Luke:1983:R,
  author =       "John W. Luke",
  title =        "Recollections",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "173--173",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2173a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2173aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hunter:1983:R,
  author =       "G. Truman Hunter",
  title =        "Recollections",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "173--174",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2173b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2173babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: Customer Experiences",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "175--175",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2175.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2175abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Mason:1983:ITC,
  author =       "Daniel R. Mason",
  title =        "1. The 701 in the {IBM Technical Computing Bureau}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "176--177",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2176.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2176abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Voorhees:1983:CAS,
  author =       "Edward A. Voorhees",
  title =        "2 \& 13. Computing at {Los Alamos Scientific
                 Laboratory} with the 701",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "177--178",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2177a.pdf;
                 http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2177b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2177aabs.htm;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2177babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxpages =      "177--177",
  xxtitle =      "Recollections of the 701 at {Los Alamos}",
}

@Article{Sweeney:1983:ACS,
  author =       "Dura A. Sweeney",
  title =        "{Los Alamos} Coding System and Assembly Program for
                 the {IBM 701}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "178--180",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2178.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2178abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Voorhees:1983:ADP,
  author =       "Edward A. Voorhees",
  title =        "{Los Alamos} Debugging Programs and Techniques as Used
                 on the {IBM 701}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "180--182",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2180.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2180abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:DCS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Dual Coding System ({Los Alamos} Manual)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "182--184",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2182.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2182abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Amaya:1983:ILA,
  author =       "Leland H. Amaya",
  title =        "3 \& 18. The 701 Installation at {Lockheed Aircraft}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "184--185",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2184.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2184abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McCool:1983:NDC,
  author =       "Thomas E. McCool",
  title =        "4. {NSA}'s {Defense Calculator}, 1952--1953",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "186--187",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2186.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2186abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Baker:1983:DSM,
  author =       "C. L. Baker",
  title =        "5. The 701 at {Douglas}, {Santa Monica}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "187--193",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2187.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2187abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:CEM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Computing Engineering Manual ({Douglas Aircraft
                 Company})",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "193--194",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2193.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2193abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Grosch:1983:GE,
  author =       "H. R. J. Grosch",
  title =        "6. The 701 at {General Electric}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "195--197",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2195.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2195abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:CFW,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "7. The 701 at {Convair}, {Fort Worth}, {Editor}'s
                 Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "197--198",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2197.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2197abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tillett:1983:UNC,
  author =       "Harley E. Tillett",
  title =        "8. The 701 at the {U.S. Navy China Lake} Installation,
                 {Inyokern, California}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "198--200",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2198.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2198abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:UAE,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "9. The 701 at {United Aircraft}, {Editor}'s Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "201--201",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2201a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2201aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Strong:1983:NAA,
  author =       "Jack A. Strong",
  title =        "10. The 701 at {North American Aviation}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "201--201",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2201b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2201babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Armer:1983:DCR,
  author =       "Paul Armer",
  title =        "11. The {Defense Calculator} at the {Rand
                 Corporation}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "202--202",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2202a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2202aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Porter:1983:FEB,
  author =       "Randall E. Porter",
  title =        "12. First Encounter with the 701 (for {Boeing
                 Aircraft})",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "202--204",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2202b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2202babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Schlieser:1983:DS,
  author =       "Walter C. Schlieser",
  title =        "14. The 701 at {Douglas}, {El Segundo}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "204--205",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2204.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2204abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:UNA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "15. {U.S. Naval Aviation} Supply, {Editor}'s Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "206--206",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2206a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2206aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Kishi:1983:LLL,
  author =       "Tad Kishi",
  title =        "16. The 701 at {Lawrence Livermore Laboratory}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "206--210",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2206b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2206babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ryckman:1983:ICG,
  author =       "George F. Ryckman",
  title =        "17. The {IBM 701} Computer at the {General Motors
                 Research Laboratories}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "210--212",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2210.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2210abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:UWB,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "19. The 701 at the {U.S. Weather Bureau}, {Editor}'s
                 Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "212--212",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2212.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2212abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ENTb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note: The {Type 701A (704)}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "213--213",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2213a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2213aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Amdahl:1983:R,
  author =       "Gene M. Amdahl",
  title =        "Recollections of the {701A}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "213--215",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2213b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2213babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Wrong page numbers at IEEE Web site.",
  xxpages =      "213--217",
}

@Article{Hurd:1983:ILM,
  author =       "Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "{IBM} Letter \#4571 [May 7, 1954]; {IBM} Letter \#4666
                 [October 1, 1954]",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "215--217",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2213b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2213babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Missing from IEEE Web site [included in PDF file for
                 \cite{Amdahl:1983:R}].",
}

@Article{Hurd:1983:E,
  author =       "Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "Epilogue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "218--219",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2218.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2218abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1983:NNP,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz",
  title =        "News and Notices: {Program Announced for Pioneer Day
                 at 1983 NCC}: [Obituaries] {Kurt O. Friedrichs},
                 {Frederick E. Terman}, and {Albert L. Williams}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "220--220",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a2220.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a2220abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1983:AIb,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "223--223",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3223.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3223abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Curtis:1983:JRP,
  author =       "Kent K. Curtis and N. C. Metropolis and William G.
                 Rosen and Yoshio Shimamoto and James N. Snyder",
  title =        "{John R. Pasta}, 1918--1981 --- An Unusual Path Toward
                 Computer Science",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "224--238",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1983.10078",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/metropolis-nicholas.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Eric A. Weiss.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3224.pdf;
                 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4640708;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3224abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5488650",
}

@Article{Flowers:1983:DC,
  author =       "Thomas H. Flowers",
  title =        "The Design of {Colossus}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "239--253",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Howard Campaigne.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3239.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3239abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxpages =      "239--252",
}

@Article{Coombs:1983:MC,
  author =       "Allen W. M. Coombs",
  title =        "The Making of {Colossus}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "253--259",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3253.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3253abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Chandler:1983:IMC,
  author =       "W. W. Chandler",
  title =        "The Installation and Maintenance of {Colossus}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "260--262",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3260.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3260abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{VanSinderen:1983:BLQ,
  author =       "Alfred W. {Van Sinderen}",
  title =        "{Babbage}'s Letter to {Quetelet}, {May 1835}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "263--267",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3263.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3263abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ascher:1983:LNS,
  author =       "Marcia Ascher",
  title =        "The Logical-Numerical System of {Inca} Quipus",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "268--278",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3268.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3268abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1983:NLU,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "From {Napier} to {Lucas}: The Use of {Napier}'s Bones
                 in Calculating Instruments",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "279--296",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3279.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3279abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Evans:1983:CJW,
  author =       "Christopher Evans",
  title =        "Conversation: {Jay W. Forrester}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "297--301",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Henry S. Tropp.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3297.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3297abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:SSQa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "302--303, 308--309",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3302.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3302abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bromley:1983:CQD,
  author =       "Allan G. Bromley and Richard E. Smith and Clark A.
                 Elliott and Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Comments, Questions, and Debate: {What Defines a
                 ``General-Purpose'' Computer?}; {Early ONR Publications
                 About Computers}; {History of Science Centers};
                 {Information Sought on the Bell ``2-B Regrettor''}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "303--306",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3303.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3303abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "From the article: ``An anonymous spoof description of
                 an imaginary electronic device, the 2-B Regrettor, was
                 written in 1937 by someone in the Bell System family of
                 companies.''",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:NNM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: {Mina Rees Awarded NAS Public
                 Welfare Medal}; {Historical Dictionary on Data
                 Processing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "307--307",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3307.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3307abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ASSa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Answers to Self-Study Questions",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "308--309",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3302.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3302abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1983:RRH,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly and K. W. Smillie and M. R.
                 Williams",
  title =        "Reviews: {R. Hull: The Unfortunate Murderer}; {B. J.
                 Bleackley and J. LaPrairie: Entering the Computer Age};
                 {H. Zemanek: Al-Khorezmi}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "310--316",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3310.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3310abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "The murderer in Hull's mystery is a Hollerith punched
                 card machine.",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ARIa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Announcement of Rate Increase",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "316--316",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:20 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a3310.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a3310abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Everett:1983:AI,
  author =       "Robert R. Everett",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "319--320",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4319.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4319abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:Cb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "320--322",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4320.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4320abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Jacobs:1983:SO,
  author =       "John F. Jacobs",
  title =        "{SAGE} Overview",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "323--329",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4323.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4323abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Everett:1983:SDP,
  author =       "Robert R. Everett and Charles A. Zraket and Herbert D.
                 Benington",
  title =        "{SAGE} --- {A} Data Processing System for Air
                 Defense",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "330--339",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4330.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4330abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Astrahan:1983:HDS,
  author =       "Morton M. Astrahan and John F. Jacobs",
  title =        "History of the Design of the {SAGE} Computer --- The
                 {AN\slash FSQ-7}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "340--349",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4340.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4340abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Benington:1983:PLC,
  author =       "Herbert D. Benington",
  title =        "Production of Large Computer Programs",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "350--361",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4350.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4350abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Wieser:1983:CCS,
  author =       "C. Robert Wieser",
  title =        "The {Cape Cod} System",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "362--369",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4362.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4362abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Harrington:1983:RDT,
  author =       "John V. Harrington",
  title =        "Radar Data Transmission",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "370--374",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4370.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4370abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1983:PSD,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp and Herbert D. Benington and Robert
                 Bright and Robert P. Crago and Robert R. Everett and
                 Jay W. Forrester and John V. Harrington and John F.
                 Jacobs and Albert R. Shiely and Norman H. Taylor and C.
                 Robert Wieser",
  title =        "A Perspective on {SAGE}: Discussion",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "375--398",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4375.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4375abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Forrester:1983:RC,
  author =       "Jay W. Forrester",
  title =        "Reliability of Components",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "399--401",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4399.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4399abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1983:SNB,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "{SAGE} at {North Bay}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "401--403",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4401.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4401abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Everett:1983:E,
  author =       "Robert R. Everett",
  title =        "Epilogue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "403--403",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4403.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4403abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rosin:1983:CQD,
  author =       "Robert F. Rosin and Bernard A. Galler and J. G.
                 Brainerd",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Query on {TSS}; First
                 Paper on Computer Business Applications",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "404--405",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4404.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4404abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:CPP,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Correction: {Programming the Pilot ACE: Early
                 Programming Activity at the National Physical
                 Laboratory, 3(2) 162}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "405--405",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Campbell-Kelly:1981:PPA}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4404.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4404abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:II,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index Information",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "405--405",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4404.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4404abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Missing from IEEE Web site.",
}

@Article{Tropp:1983:AJC,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {L. J. Comrie}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "406--406",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4406.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4406abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:SSQb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "407, 409--411",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4407a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4407aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:NNAb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices: {Associate Director for CBI};
                 {Computer Museum Moving to Boston}; {AFIPS Presents
                 Awards to Andahl, Kemeny, and Tanaka}; {Abacus to Begin
                 Publication}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "407--408",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4407b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4407babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ASSb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Answers to Self-Study Questions",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "409--410",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4411.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4411abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1983:ARIb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Announcement of Rate Increase",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "411--411",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4411.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4411abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bromley:1983:RFM,
  author =       "Allan G. Bromley and Martin Campbell-Kelly and K. W.
                 Smillie and Eric A. Weiss and Saul Rosen and Cipher A.
                 Deavours",
  title =        "Reviews: {O. I. Franksen: Mr. Babbage, the Difference
                 Engine, and the Problem of Notation: An Account of the
                 Origin of Recursiveness and Conditionals in Computer
                 Programming}; {H. Lukoff: from Dits to Bits}; {I.
                 Asimov: Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science
                 and Technology}; {J. Futrelle: Thinking Machine}; {R.
                 M. Hord: The Illiac IV}; {C. H. Meyer and S. M. Matyas:
                 Cryptography}; {T. J. Peters and R. H. Waterman: In
                 Search of Excellence}; {J. W. Stokes: 70 Years of Radio
                 Tubes and Valves}; {G. Welchman: The Hut Six Story};
                 Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "411--427",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 04 09:22:16 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1983/pdf/a4411.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1983/a4411abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1984:AI,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee and Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--4",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:C,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--6",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1984:PD,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "{Pioneer Day, 1982}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "7--14",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1007.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1007abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Backus:1984:EDF,
  author =       "John Backus",
  title =        "Early Days of {FORTRAN}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "15--15",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1015.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1015abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Missing from IEEE Web site.",
}

@Article{McPherson:1984:ECC,
  author =       "John C. McPherson",
  title =        "Early Computers and Computing Institutions",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "15--16",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1015.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1015abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bemer:1984:CPF,
  author =       "Robert W. Bemer",
  title =        "Computing Prior to {FORTRAN}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "16--18",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1015.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1015abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Goldberg:1984:RAF,
  author =       "Richard Goldberg",
  title =        "Register Allocation in {FORTRAN I}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--20",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1015.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1015abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Nutt:1984:CTA,
  author =       "Roy Nutt",
  title =        "Compiler Techniques Available in 1954",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "20--22",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1015.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1015abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Allen:1984:TRE,
  author =       "Frances E. Allen",
  title =        "A Technological Review of the Early {FORTRAN}
                 Compilers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "22--25",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1015.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1015abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Backus:1984:A,
  author =       "John Backus",
  title =        "Afterword",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "26--27",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1015.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1015abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "FORTRAN",
}

@Article{Adams:1984:IF,
  author =       "Jeanne Adams",
  title =        "Institutionalization of {FORTRAN}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "28--28",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1028.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1028abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bright:1984:EFU,
  author =       "Herbert S. Bright",
  title =        "Early {FORTRAN} User Experience",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "28--30",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1028.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1028abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hughes:1984:EFL,
  author =       "Robert A. Hughes",
  title =        "Early {FORTRAN} at {Livermore}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--30",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1028.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1028abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Heising:1984:EFI,
  author =       "William P. Heising",
  title =        "The Emergence of {FORTRAN IV} from {FORTRAN II}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--32",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1028.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1028abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Greenfield:1984:IFS,
  author =       "Martin N. Greenfield",
  title =        "The Impact of {FORTRAN} Standardization",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "33--33",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1028.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1028abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McCracken:1984:EHF,
  author =       "Daniel D. McCracken",
  title =        "The Early History of {FORTRAN} Publications",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "33--34",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1028.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1028abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Davidson:1984:ELG,
  author =       "Charles Davidson",
  title =        "The Emergence of Load-and-Go Systems for {FORTRAN}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--37",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1028.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1028abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "Missing from IEEE Web site.",
}

@Article{Sakoda:1984:DSA,
  author =       "James M. Sakoda",
  title =        "A Dynamic Storage Allocation Language --- {DYSTAL}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "37--38",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1028.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1028abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "DYSTAL (Dynamic Storage Allocation Language)",
}

@Article{Rosenblatt:1984:SFW,
  author =       "Bruce Rosenblatt",
  title =        "The Successors to {FORTRAN}---Why Does {FORTRAN}
                 Survive?",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "39--40",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1028.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1028abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Leeson:1984:IFE,
  author =       "Daniel N. Leeson",
  title =        "{IBM FORTRAN} Exhibit and Film",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "41--48",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1041.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1041abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1984:ABF,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "An Annotated Bibliography of {FORTRAN}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--58",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1049.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1049abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1984:FA,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "{FORTRAN} Anecdotes",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--64",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Math/acc-stab-num-alg.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1059.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1059abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Nohr:1984:MRF,
  author =       "Elliott C. Nohr",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect; {FORTRAN Celebration at IBM
                 Santa Teresa Laboratory}; {FORTRAN Activities at SHARE
                 59 Meeting}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--69",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1065.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1065abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:SSQa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "69, 72--73",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1069.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1069abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:NNa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--71",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1070.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1070abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Smillie:1984:RFP,
  author =       "K. W. Smillie",
  title =        "Reviews: {FORTRAN Papers from NCC `82 Proceedings};
                 Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--80",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1074.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1074abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:IA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Instructions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--81",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1083.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1083abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:SA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Suggestions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "82--82",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1083.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1083abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:IVA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index to Volume 5, {Annals of the History of
                 Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "83--96",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a1083.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a1083abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "Index to Volume 5",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:AIa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "99--99",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2099.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2099abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Blum:1984:EWW,
  author =       "Joseph Blum and Robert L. Kirby and Jack Minker",
  title =        "Eloge: {Walter W. Jacobs}, 1914--1982",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "100--105",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2100.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2100abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Beard:1984:GES,
  author =       "M. Beard and T. Pearcey",
  title =        "The Genesis of an Early Stored-Program Computer:
                 {CSIRAC}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "106--115",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2106.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2106abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Mauchly:1984:JME,
  author =       "Kathleen R. Mauchly",
  title =        "{John Mauchly}'s Early Years",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "116--138",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Eric A. Weiss.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2116.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2116abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Morris:1984:EPP,
  author =       "F. L. Morris and C. B. Jones",
  title =        "An Early Program Proof by {Alan Turing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "139--143",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1984.10017",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/CLiCS.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/dershowitz.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/eureca.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2139.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2139abs.htm",
  abstract =     "From the technical point of view this was the first
                 ``program proof'', anticipating the ideas of the
                 1960s.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Hodges page 407 note 7.16. Proceedings published in
                 duplicated form by the Mathematical Laboratory (now the
                 Computer Laboratory) of the University of Cambridge in
                 1950.",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hellerman:1984:SDC,
  author =       "Herbert Hellerman and Robert W. O'Neill and Gene M.
                 Amdahl and Jerome Svigals",
  title =        "The {SPREAD} Discussion Continued",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "144--151",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2144.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2144abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1984:AOT,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp and John Grist Brainerd",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Origin of the Term {{\em Bit}}; {The
                 Soviets and the ENIAC}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "152--156",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Math/acc-stab-num-alg.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Buchholz:1981:OWB}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2152.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2152abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxpages =      "152--155",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:SSQb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "156, 164--165",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2156.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2156abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1984:MRH,
  author =       "M. R. Williams and Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "Meeting in Retrospect: {Howard Aiken} and the {Harvard
                 Computation Laboratory}; {Aiken} Observed",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "157--162",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2157.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2157abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bromley:1984:CQD,
  author =       "Allan G. Bromley and Fred R. Shapiro",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Origins of Antiaircraft
                 Analog Computers; {``The First Bug'' Examined}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "163--164",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2163.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2163abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:NNb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "166--167",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2166.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2166abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1984:RPC,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp and Philip H. Dorn and Martin
                 Campbell-Kelly and Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Reviews: {P. E. Ceruzzi, Reckoners: The Prehistory of
                 the Digital Computer from Relays to the Stored Program
                 Concept, 1935--1945}; {E. A. Feigenbaum and P.
                 McCorduck, The Fifth Generation}; {A. Hodges, Alan
                 Turing: The Enigma}; {S. S. Husson, 25th Anniversary
                 Issue, IBM Journal of Research and Development}; {M.
                 Ledger, The Case of the ENIAC and The ENIAC's Muddled
                 History}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "167--187",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/turing-alan-mathison.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2167.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2167abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1984:RAT,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Review of {``Alan Turing: The Enigma'', by Andrew
                 Hodges}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "176--178",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:11:40 2001",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Math/acc-stab-num-alg.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2167.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2167abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:CIV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Cumulative Index to Volumes 1--5, {Annals of the
                 History of Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "189--224",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a2189.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a2189abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "Cumulative Index to Volumes 1--5",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:AIb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "227--228",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3227.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3227abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Finerman:1984:NOF,
  author =       "Aaron Finerman",
  title =        "A Note on Our Fifth Anniversary",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "228--228",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3228.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3228abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Atanasoff:1984:AED,
  author =       "John Vincent Atanasoff",
  title =        "Advent of Electronic Digital Computing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "229--282",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by Gordon Bell.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3229.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3229abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Dorfman:1984:DLP,
  author =       "Robert Dorfman",
  title =        "The Discovery of Linear Programming",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "283--295",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by George B. Dantzig.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3283.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3283abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Orchard-Hays:1984:HMP,
  author =       "William Orchard-Hays",
  title =        "History of Mathematical Programming Systems",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "296--312",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Foreword by George B. Dantzig.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3296.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3296abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Stewart:1984:MRJ,
  author =       "Robert M. Stewart and Heinz Zemanek",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {John Vincent Atanasoff
                 Celebration}; {Al-Khorezmi Anniversary in Turkestan}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "313--315",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3313.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3313abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:SSQc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "316, 318",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3316a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3316aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:NNc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "316--316",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3316b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3316babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Steward:1984:AEA,
  author =       "Robert M. Steward",
  title =        "Anecdotes: The End of the {ABC}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "317--317",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3317.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3317abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1984:RFM,
  author =       "Paul E. Ceruzzi and Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Reviews: {F. M. Fisher, J. W. McKie, R. B. Mancke. IBM
                 and the U.S. Data Processing Industry}; {IBM
                 Corporation, Computer Technology Exhibit}; Capsule
                 Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "319--325",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:21 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a3319.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a3319abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:AIc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "331--331",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4331.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4331abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Auerbach:1984:ENI,
  author =       "Isaac L. Auerbach",
  title =        "Eloge: {Niels Ivar Bech}, 1920--1975",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "332--334",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4332.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4332abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Addison:1984:EAT,
  author =       "J. W. Addison",
  title =        "Eloge: {Alfred Tarski}, 1901--1983",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "335--336",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4335.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4335abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rosser:1984:HHL,
  author =       "J. Barkley Rosser",
  title =        "Highlights of the History of the Lambda-Calculus",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "337--349",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4337.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4337abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Huskey:1984:AG,
  author =       "Harry D. Huskey",
  title =        "From {ACE} to the {G-15}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "350--371",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4350.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4350abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Brown:1984:AR,
  author =       "Gordon S. Brown and Norbert Wiener",
  title =        "Automation, 1955: a Retrospective",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "372--383",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4372.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4372abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Trakhtenbrot:1984:SRA,
  author =       "B. A. Trakhtenbrot",
  title =        "A Survey of {Russian} Approaches to Perebor
                 (Brute-force Search) Algorithms",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "384--400",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Partial English translation of L. Levin, {\em
                 Universal Search Problems\/} (in Russian), Problemy
                 Peredachi Informatsii (= Problems of Information
                 Transmission), 9(3), pp. 265--266, (1973).",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4384.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4384abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:SSQd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "401, 405--407",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4401.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4401abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Knuth:1984:CQD,
  author =       "Donald E. Knuth and Erwin Tomash and M. R. Williams",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {FORTRAN}
                 implementations; The {Madrid} promptuary; {Edouard
                 Lucas} Vindicated; Photo Essays",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "402--405",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4402.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4402abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Knuth:1984:FIL,
  author =       "Donald E. Knuth",
  title =        "{FORTRAN} implementations (letter)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "402--403",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 12 23:24:40 1994",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/FORTRAN/fortran2.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/fortran2.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/knuth-donald-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4402.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4402abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:NNd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "408--408",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4408.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4408abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1984:AWB,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Whence the ``Bug''?",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "409--409",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4409.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4409abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bell:1984:RRM,
  author =       "Gordon Bell and K. W. Smillie and Nancy Stern",
  title =        "Reviews: {R. Moreau, The Computer Comes of Age}; {A.
                 Ralston and E. D. Reilly, Jr., Encyclopedia of Computer
                 Science and Engineering}; {Joel Shurkin, Engines of the
                 Mind}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "410--424",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See response to Bell's review in
                 \cite{Moreau:1986:CQD}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1984/pdf/a4410.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1984/a4410abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:AIa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Auerbach:1985:EDC,
  author =       "Isaac L. Auerbach",
  title =        "Eloge: {Dov Chevion}, 1917--1983",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "4--6",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1004.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1004abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1985:NMS,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "{NASA}'s Manned Spacecraft Computers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "7--18",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1007.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1007abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1985:CSB,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "{Christopher Strachey} 1916--1975: a biographical
                 note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--42",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1019.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1019abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Graham:1985:HMS,
  author =       "R. L. Graham and Pavol Hell",
  title =        "On the History of the Minimum Spanning Tree Problem",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "43--57",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/Intro.Algorithms.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/online.competitive.algorithms.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1043.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1043abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  mon =          jan,
}

@Article{Huskey:1985:AWW,
  author =       "Velma R. Huskey",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Who Was the Mysterious Countess?",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "58--59",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1058.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1058abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Freitag:1985:CQD,
  author =       "Harlow Freitag and Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Comment on the Review
                 of {IBM Journal} and a Response",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "60--62",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1060.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1060abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1985:MRH,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: History of Computers in
                 {Canada}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "63--65",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1063.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1063abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:SSQa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65, 68--69",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1065.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1065abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:NNa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "66--67",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1066.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1066abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Todd:1985:CPS,
  author =       "John Todd and Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Comment on Previous Self-Study Answer and Response",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65, 68--69",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1065.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1065abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rees:1985:RRR,
  author =       "Mina Rees and Eric A. Weiss and K. W. Smillie and M.
                 R. Williams",
  title =        "Reviews: {N. Reingold, Refugee Mathematicians in the
                 United States of America 1933--1947}; {R. Rosenberg,
                 The Origins of EE Education}; {A. Bullock and R. B.
                 Woodings, The Fontana Biographical Companion to Modern
                 Thought}; {D. de Solla Price, A History of Calculating
                 Machines}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1070.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1070abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:IA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Instructions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--81",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1083.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1083abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:SA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Suggestions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "82--82 (??)",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1083.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1083abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:IVA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index to Volume 6, {Annals of the History of
                 Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "83--95",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a1083.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a1083abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "Index to Volume 6",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:AIb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "99--99",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2099.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2099abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Stern:1985:MPC,
  author =       "Nancy Stern",
  title =        "Minutes of {1947 Patent Conference, Moore School of
                 Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "100--116",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2100.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2100abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1985:SCI,
  author =       "William F. Aspray",
  title =        "The Scientific Conceptualization of Information: a
                 Survey",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "117--140",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2117.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2117abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hurd:1985:NEM,
  author =       "Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "A Note on Early {Monte Carlo} Computations and
                 Scientific Meetings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "141--155",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2141.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2141abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Burks:1985:CEM,
  author =       "Arthur W. Burks and Alston S. Householder and N.
                 Metropolis and S. M. Ulam",
  title =        "Comments on Early {Monte Carlo} Computations and
                 Scientific Meetings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "147--148",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2141.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2141abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Richtmeyer:1985:SMN,
  author =       "R. D. Richtmyer and J. von Neumann",
  title =        "Statistical Methods in Neutron Diffusion",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "148--155",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Reprint of report with letters of March 11, 1947 and
                 April 2, 1947.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2141.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2141abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rees:1985:FCM,
  author =       "Mina Rees",
  title =        "The {Federal Computing Machine Program}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "156--163",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2156.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2156abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1985:JSC,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "{Jonathan Swift}'s Computing Invention",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "164--165",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2164.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2164abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:SSQb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "166, 177--178",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2166.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2166abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1985:CQD,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: The Number {2-B}
                 Regrettor",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "167--176",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2167.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2167abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1985:ASS,
  author =       "Paul E. Ceruzzi and Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Answers to Self-Study Questions: Comment on Previous
                 Self-Study Answer and Response",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "177--178",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2166.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2166abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1985:MRP,
  author =       "M. R. Williams and Rosamond W. Dana",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {Pioneer Day 7984: Lawrence
                 Livermore National Laboratory}; {Twentieth Anniversary
                 of DODCI}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "179--183",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2179.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2179abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "DODCI (Department of Defense Computer Institute)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:NNb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "184--184",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2184.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2184abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Smillie:1985:RFM,
  author =       "K. W. Smillie and F. L. Bauer and Ralph Erskine and
                 Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "Reviews: {O. I. Franksen, Mr. Babbage's Secret}; {F.
                 H. Hinsley, British Intelligence in the Second World
                 War}; {T. M. Thompson, From Error-Correcting Codes
                 Through Sphere Packings to Simple Groups}; Capsule
                 Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "185--191",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a2185.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a2185abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "The Thompson book review describes Hamming's July 1947
                 work in developing error-correcting codes, and
                 Shannon's later use of them in work on information
                 theory.",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:AIc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "195--195",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3195.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3195abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Valley:1985:HSD,
  author =       "George E. {Valley, Jr.}",
  title =        "How the {SAGE} Development Began",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "196--226",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3196.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3196abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1985:HHF,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "{Helmut Hoelzer}'s Fully Electronic Analog Computer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "227--240",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3227.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3227abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1985:CHC,
  author =       "M. R. Williams",
  title =        "A Course in the History of Computation",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "241--244",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3241.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3241abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Milligan:1985:BDP,
  author =       "Margaret Milligan",
  title =        "Biographies: Data Processing Digest: Thirty Years
                 Before the Masthead",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "245--250",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3245.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3245abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Griffith:1985:CQD,
  author =       "John E. Griffith and Herbert R. J. Grosch and Werner
                 Buchholz",
  title =        "Comments, Queries and Debate: More Comment on Review
                 of {IBM Journal}; Still More About {IBM}; {Editor}'s
                 Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "251--252",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3251.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3251abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:NNc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "News and Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "253--255",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3253.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3253abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:SSQc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "255, 257--258",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3255.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3255abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1985:AIC,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler and P. M. Murphy",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {I/O in the IBM 799 Computer}; {A 1940 Word
                 Processor}; {}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "256--256",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3256.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3256abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1985:RCM,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss and Henry S. Tropp and Ralph Erskine and
                 John A. N. Lee and Gwen Bell and M. R. Williams",
  title =        "Reviews: {The Computer Museum} and {J. Bernstein,
                 Three Degrees Above Zero: Bell Labs in the Information
                 Age} and {D. R. Hartree, Calculating Machines: Recent
                 and Prospective Developments and Their Impact on
                 Mathematical Physics, and, Calculating Instruments and
                 Machines} and {W. Kozaczuk, Enigma: How the German
                 Machine Cipher Was Broken and How It Was Read by the
                 Allies in World War Two} and {S. Levy, Hackers} and {A.
                 Osborne and J. Dvorak, Hypergrowth: The Rise and Fall
                 of Osborne Computer Corporation} and {E. W. Pugh,
                 Memories that Shaped an Industry} and Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "258--277",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a3258.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a3258abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:AId,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "283--283",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4283.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4283abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:C,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "284--285",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4284.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4284abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1985:SIC,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Special issue, {COBOL: 25th Anniversary}:
                 Introduction",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "286--287",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4286.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4286abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1985:BSE,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Brief Summary of the Early History of {COBOL}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "288--303",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4288.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4288abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Phillips:1985:RED,
  author =       "Charles A. Phillips and Joseph F. Cunningham and John
                 L. Jones",
  title =        "Recollections on the Early Days of {COBOL} and
                 {CODASYL}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "304--310",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4304.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4304abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "CODASYL (Conference (or Committee) on Data Systems
                 Languages)",
}

@Article{Cunningham:1985:CCRa,
  author =       "Joseph F. Cunningham",
  title =        "Reminiscences (Plus a Few Facts)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "304--309",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4304.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4304abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "CODASYL (Conference (or Committee) on Data Systems
                 Languages)",
}

@Article{Cunningham:1985:CCRb,
  author =       "Joseph F. Cunningham",
  title =        "{COBOL} and {CODASYL} Revisited",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "310--313",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4304.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4304abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "CODASYL (Conference (or Committee) on Data Systems
                 Languages)",
}

@Article{Jones:1985:VRC,
  author =       "John L. Jones",
  title =        "Viewpoint and Reminiscences of the {Chairman of
                 CODASYL}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "313--315",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4304.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4304abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "CODASYL (Conference (or Committee) on Data Systems
                 Languages)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:EMC,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Early Meetings of the {Conference on Data Systems
                 Languages}: Languages: Summary of Meeting, {May 28--29,
                 1959}; Minutes of Meeting, {July 7, 1959}; Minutes of
                 Meeting, {January 7--8, 1960}; Minutes of Meeting,
                 {February 12, 1960}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "316--325",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4316.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4316abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Strong:1985:RIR,
  author =       "Jack A. Strong and Richard F. Clippinger",
  title =        "Recollections on the {Intermediate-Range Committee}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "326--328",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4326.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4326abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "CODASYL (Conference (or Committee) on Data Systems
                 Languages)",
}

@Article{Strong:1985:TND,
  author =       "Jack A. Strong",
  title =        "The Tale of the Near Demise of {COBOL} at Birth",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "326--327",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4326.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4326abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "CODASYL (Conference (or Committee) on Data Systems
                 Languages)",
}

@Article{Clippinger:1985:CMO,
  author =       "Richard F. Clippinger",
  title =        "Comments on Meeting of {October 14, 1959}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "327--328",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4326.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4326abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "CODASYL (Conference (or Committee) on Data Systems
                 Languages)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:MIR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Meetings of the Intermediate-Range Committee: Minutes
                 of Meeting {October 8--9, 1959}; Minutes of Meeting
                 {October 14, 1959}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "329--341",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4329.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4329abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1985:SCC,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet and Jerome Garfunkel",
  title =        "Summary of Changes in {COBOL}, 1960--1985",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "342--347",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4342.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4342abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Schneiderman:1985:RBC,
  author =       "Ben Schneiderman",
  title =        "The Relationship Between {COBOL} and Computer
                 Science",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "348--352",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4348.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4348abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Albinus:1985:AIC,
  author =       "Hans-Joachim Albinus and Isaac L. Auerbach",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {Islamic} Calendar; {Howard Aiken}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "353--355",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4353.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4353abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:SSQd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "355, 361",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4355.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4355abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1985:MRH,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "Meetings in Retrospect: {Heinz Zemanek Honored in
                 Vienna}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "356--360",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4356.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4356abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:N,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "362--363",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4362.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4362abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rosen:1985:CQD,
  author =       "Saul Rosen and J. G. Brainerd",
  title =        "Comments, Questions, and Debate: {Alfred Tarski in
                 1940}; Comments on {Minutes of Patent Conference at
                 Moore School}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "364--365",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4364.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4364abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Grosch:1985:RWJ,
  author =       "H. R. J. Grosch and John C. McPherson and Henry S.
                 Tropp",
  title =        "Reviews: {W. J. Eckert, Punched Card Methods in
                 Scientific Computation}; {Comment on Review}; {Reprint
                 of Mathematical Operations with Punched Cards}; {D. J.
                 Albers and G. L. Alexanderson, Mathematical People};
                 Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "365--374, 376",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:22 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1985/pdf/a4365.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1985/a4365abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hurd:1986:AIS,
  author =       "Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "About This Issue: Special Issue: {IBM 650} ---{IBM}
                 Expands the Computing World",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1003a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1003aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:Ca,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--6",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1003b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1003babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hurd:1986:P,
  author =       "Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "Prologue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--7",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1006.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1006abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:AEN,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Announcement: {Editor}'s Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "8--8",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1008a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1008aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Learson:1986:IL,
  author =       "T. V. Learson and C. C. Hurd",
  title =        "{IBM} Letter \#4396",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "8--9",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1008b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1008babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:EEN,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Engineering: {Editor}'s Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "10--11",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1010.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1010abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hughes:1986:SCE,
  author =       "Ernest S. Hughes",
  title =        "The {SSEC} and Its Carry-Over Effects on the {IBM Type
                 650}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "12--13",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1012.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1012abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hamilton:1986:IMD,
  author =       "F. E. Hamilton and E. C. Kubie",
  title =        "The {IBM Magnetic Drum Calculator Type 650}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "14--19",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1014.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1014abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Trimble:1986:IMD,
  author =       "George R. Trimble",
  title =        "The {IBM 650} Magnetic Drum Calculator",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "20--29",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1020.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1020abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Glaser:1986:IW,
  author =       "E. L. Glaser",
  title =        "The {IBM 650} and the {Woodenwheel}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--31",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1030.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1030abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:OPI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{``Optimum Programming''} from {IBM 650 Manual of
                 Operation}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "32--34",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1032.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1032abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:ENa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--35",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1035.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1035abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1986:IU,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "The {IBM 650} and the Universities",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--38",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1036.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1036abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bach:1986:CC,
  author =       "G. L. Bach",
  title =        "A Computer for {Carnegie}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "39--41",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1039.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1039abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Perlis:1986:TTW,
  author =       "Alan J. Perlis",
  title =        "Two Thousand Words and Two Thousand Ideas --- The 650
                 at {Carnegie}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "42--46",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1042.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1042abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Simon:1986:IPL,
  author =       "Herbert A. Simon and Allen Newell",
  title =        "{Information Processing Language V} on the {IBM 650}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "47--49",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1047.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1047abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Knuth:1986:IAF,
  author =       "Donald E. Knuth",
  title =        "The {IBM 650}: An Appreciation from the Field",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "50--55",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1050.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1050abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Arden:1986:GEC,
  author =       "Bruce Arden",
  title =        "{GAT}: An Early Compiler and Operating System",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "56--58",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1056.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1056abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Herriot:1986:EEI,
  author =       "John G. Herriot",
  title =        "Educational Experience with the {IBM 650}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--61",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1059.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1059abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:PAA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Programming Aids and Applications: {Editor}'s Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--62",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1062a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1062aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:ENb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Editor}'s Note",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--62",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1062b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1062babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:CSA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Computation Seminar, {August 1955}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--65",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1062b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1062babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bemer:1986:NM,
  author =       "R. W. Bemer",
  title =        "Nearly 650 Memories of the 650",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "66--69",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1066.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1066abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hemmes:1986:FR,
  author =       "David Hemmes",
  title =        "{FORTRANSIT} Recollections",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--73",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1070.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1070abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:WBI,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Wolontis-Bell} Interpreter",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--76",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1074.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1074abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Gordon:1986:IMS,
  author =       "Barry Gordon",
  title =        "The {IBM MDDPM} --- Some Recollections of a Great
                 Machine",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "77--83",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1077.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1077abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Haefner:1986:ISR,
  author =       "R. R. Haefner",
  title =        "The {IBM 650} at {Savannah River}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "84--85",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1084.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1084abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "IEEE Web page missing 650 in title",
}

@Article{Hunter:1986:SSE,
  author =       "George Truman Hunter",
  title =        "The Solution of Simultaneous Equations",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "86--87",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1086.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1086abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hurd:1986:E,
  author =       "Cuthbert C. Hurd",
  title =        "Epilogue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88--88",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1088.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1088abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:SSQa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "89, 92--93",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1089a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1089aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:Na,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "89--90",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1089b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1089babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Moreau:1986:CQD,
  author =       "R. Moreau",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Author's Comment on
                 Review",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "91--92",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See highly-critical review in \cite{Bell:1984:RRM}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1091.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1091abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Kessler:1986:CPS,
  author =       "Gary C. Kessler",
  title =        "Comment on Previous Self-Study Answer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "93--93",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1089a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1089aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1986:RKW,
  author =       "M. V. Wilkes and K. W. Smillie",
  title =        "Reviews: {K. L. Wildes and N. Lindgren, A Century of
                 Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT};
                 {J. G. Kemeny and T. E. Kurtz, Back to BASIC}; Capsule
                 Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "94, 96--98",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1094.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1094abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:IA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Instructions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "99--99",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1101.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1101abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:SA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Suggestions for Authors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "100--100",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1101.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1101abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:IVAa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index to Volume 7, 1985: Annals of the History of
                 Computing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "101--111",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a1101.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a1101abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "Index to Volume 7, 1985",
}

@Article{Galler:1986:AIa,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "115--115",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2115.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2115abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1986:GM,
  author =       "M. V. Wilkes",
  title =        "The Genesis of Microprogramming",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "116--126",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2116.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2116abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "IEEE Web page has incorrect M. V. Milkes.",
}

@Article{Aspray:1986:MMA,
  author =       "William Aspray and Donald deB. Beaver",
  title =        "Marketing the Monster: Advertising Computer
                 Technology",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "127--143",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2127.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2127abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Takahashi:1986:ETC,
  author =       "Sigeru Takahashi",
  title =        "Early Transistor Computers in {Japan}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "144--154",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2144.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2144abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Evans:1986:SRV,
  author =       "Bob O. Evans",
  title =        "{System\slash 360}: a Retrospective View",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "155--179",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2155.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2155abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Auerbach:1986:SIP,
  author =       "Isaac L. Auerbach",
  title =        "The Start of {IFIP} --- Personal Recollections",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "180--192",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2180.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2180abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:Nb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "193--194",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2193.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2193abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:SSQb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "194, 196--197",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2194.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2194abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Carlson:1986:ACC,
  author =       "Walter M. Carlson",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Computing Capacity",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "195--196",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2195.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2195abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Mills:1986:CQD,
  author =       "Roger L. Mills",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Los Angeles ACM
                 Chapter}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "198--198",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2198.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2198abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Smillie:1986:RWA,
  author =       "K. W. Smillie and Ralph Erskine",
  title =        "Reviews: {W. Aspray, Should the Term Fifth Generation
                 Computers Be Banned?}; {C. A. Deavours and L. Kruh,
                 Machine Cryptography and Modern Cryptanalysis}; Capsule
                 Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "199--200, 202, 204--205",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a2199.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a2199abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1986:AIS,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue: {Special Issue: AFIPS 1961--1986 ---
                 25th Anniversary}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "211--211",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3211.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3211abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:Cb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "212--215",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3212.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3212abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Yau:1986:I,
  author =       "Stephen S. Yau",
  title =        "Introduction",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "216--216",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3216.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3216abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Dana:1986:P,
  author =       "Rosamond W. Dana and Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "Prologue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "217--218",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3217.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3217abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:BHA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Brief History of {AFIPS} and Its Constituent
                 Societies",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "219--224",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3219.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3219abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Armer:1986:RQC,
  author =       "Paul Armer and Morton M. Astrahan and Isaac L.
                 Auerbach and Walter M. Carlson and Arnold A. Cohen and
                 Margaret R. Fox and Claude A. R. Kagan and Morris
                 Rubinoff and Jack Sherman and Willis H. Ware",
  title =        "Reflections on a Quarter-Century: {AFIPS} Founders",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "225--256",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3225.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3225abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Auerbach:1986:HHG,
  author =       "Isaac L. Auerbach",
  title =        "{Harry H. Goode, June 30, 1909--October 30, 1960}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "257--260",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3257.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3257abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rector:1986:PRF,
  author =       "Robert W. Rector",
  title =        "Personal Recollections on the First Quarter-Century of
                 {AFIPS}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "261--269",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3261.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3261abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Carlson:1986:WAI,
  author =       "Walter M. Carlson",
  title =        "Why {AFIPS} Invested in History",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "270--274",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3270.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3270abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ware:1986:PQC,
  author =       "Willis H. Ware and Edwin L. Harder and Bruce Gilchrist
                 and Paul Armer and Richard I. Tanaka and Keith W.
                 Uncapher and Walter L. Anderson and George Glaser and
                 Anthony Ralston and Theodore J. Williams and Albert S.
                 Hoagland and J. Ralph Leatherman and Sylvia Charp and
                 Stephen S. Yau",
  title =        "Perspectives on a Quarter-Century: {AFIPS
                 Presidents}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "275--302",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3275.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3275abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ware:1986:AR,
  author =       "Willis H. Ware",
  title =        "{AFIPS} in Retrospect",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "303--310",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3303.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3303abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:SSQc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "311, 313--314",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3311.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3311abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rees:1986:CQD,
  author =       "Mina Rees and G. D. Austrian",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: a Correction to a
                 Review; {Hollerith at Computing-Tabulating-Recording}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "312--313",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3312.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3312abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1986:RMC,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes and J. A. N. Lee and Paul E.
                 Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Reviews: {M. Campbell-Kelly and M. R. Williams (eds.),
                 The Moore School Lectures}; {Computer Museum Slide
                 Set}; {K. Zuse. Der Computer, Mein Lebenswerk}; Capsule
                 Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "315--319",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:23 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a3315.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a3315abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1986:AIb,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "323--323",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4323.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4323abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Evesham:1986:ODN,
  author =       "H. Ainsley Evesham",
  title =        "Origins and Development of Nomography",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "324--333",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4324.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4324abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{deBeauclair:1986:AWI,
  author =       "Wilfried de Beauclair",
  title =        "{Alwin Walther}, {IPM}, and the Development of
                 Calculator\slash Computer Technology in {Germany},
                 1930--1945",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "334--350",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4334.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4334abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1986:IDC,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "International Diffusion of Computer Technology,
                 1945--1955",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "351--360",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4351.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4351abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Berry:1986:CEB,
  author =       "Jean R. Berry",
  title =        "{Clifford Edward Berry}, 1918--1963: His Role in Early
                 Computers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "361--369",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4361.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4361abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Foy:1986:ABR,
  author =       "Nancy Foy and Leon Lukaszewicz",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {Britain's Real-Time Club}; {Recollections
                 About IFIP People}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "370--373",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4370.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4370abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:SSQd,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "373, 376--377",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4373.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4373abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Phister:1986:CQD,
  author =       "Montgomery {Phister, Jr.} and Edward W. {Ver Hoef}",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {EDSAC Program};
                 {Memories of the 650}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "374--375",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4374.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4374abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:Nc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "377--379",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4377.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4377abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Zemanek:1986:RSA,
  author =       "Heinz Zemanek and James E. Tomayko",
  title =        "Reviews: {Stan Augarten, Bit by Bit}; {Dorothy Stein,
                 Ada, A Life and a Legacy}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "380, 382--383",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4380.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4380abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:R,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Referees",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "383--384",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4383.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4383abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1986:IVAb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index to Volume 8, 1986, {Annals of the History of
                 Computing}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "385--397",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1986/pdf/a4385.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1986/a4385abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "Index to Volume 8, 1986",
}

@Article{Galler:1987:AIS,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "About This Issue: Special Issue: The {Burroughs B
                 5000}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--1",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1001.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1001abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1987:C,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "2--5",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1002.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1002abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Rosin:1987:PBB,
  author =       "Robert F. Rosin",
  title =        "Prologue: The {Burroughs B 5000}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--7",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1006.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1006abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bement:1987:AB,
  author =       "Ken T. Bement",
  title =        "Announcing the {B 5000}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "8--9",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1008.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1008abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Barton:1987:NAF,
  author =       "R. S. Barton",
  title =        "New Approach to the Functional Design of a Digital
                 Computer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "11--15",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1011.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1011abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lonergan:1987:DBS,
  author =       "William Lonergan and Paul King",
  title =        "Design of the {B 5000} System",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "16--22",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1016.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1016abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Oliphint:1987:OSB,
  author =       "Clark Oliphint",
  title =        "Operating System for the {B 5000}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "23--28",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1023.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1023abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{MacKenzie:1987:ASS,
  author =       "F. B. MacKenzie",
  title =        "Automated Secondary Storage Management",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "29--35",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1987.10005",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1029.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1029abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Barton:1987:DBB,
  author =       "Robert S. Barton and Henri Berc{\'e} and George A.
                 Collins and Bobby A. Creech and David M. Dahm and
                 Benjamin A. Dent and V. James Ford and Bernard A.
                 Galler and John E. S. Hale and Erwin A. Hauck and
                 Joseph T. Hootman and Paul D. King and Norman L.
                 Kreuder and William R. Lonergan and Duncan MacDonald
                 and F. Bradley MacKenzie and Clark Oliphint and Ralph
                 Pearson and Robert F. Rosin and Lloyd D. Turner and
                 Richard Waychoff",
  title =        "Discussion: The {Burroughs B 5000} in Retrospect",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "37--92",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1037.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1037abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Galler:1987:E,
  author =       "Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "Epilogue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "93--93",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1093.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1093abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1987:SSQa,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "95, 107--109",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1095.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1095abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Dorn:1987:N,
  author =       "Philip H. Dorn",
  title =        "Notices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "96--100",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1096.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1096abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1987:RMG,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp and K. W. Smillie and Philip H. Dorn
                 and James W. Cortada and Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Reviews: {MacHale: George Boole. His Life and Work};
                 {Sobel: IBM vs. Japan: The Struggle for the Future};
                 {Williams: A History of Computing Technology};
                 {Winston: Misunderstanding Media}; Capsule Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "100--107",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a1100.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a1100abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1987:AIa,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "111--112",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2111.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2111abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bromley:1987:EBC,
  author =       "Allan G. Bromley",
  title =        "The Evolution of {Babbage}'s Calculating Engines",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "113--136",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2113.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2113abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Humphrey:1987:MF,
  author =       "Watts S. Humphrey",
  title =        "{MOBIDIC} and {Fieldata}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "137--182",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2137.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2137abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "{MOBIDIC} and {FIELDATA}",
}

@Article{Masani:1987:WMM,
  author =       "Pesi Masani and Brian Randell and David K. Ferry and
                 Richard Saeks",
  title =        "The {Wiener} Memorandum on the Mechanical Solution of
                 Partial Differential Equations",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "183--197",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2183.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2183abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Randell:1987:CWM,
  author =       "B. Randell",
  title =        "Comments on {Wiener}'s Memorandum",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "193--194",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2183.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2183abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Maulucci:1987:HEA,
  author =       "Ruth A. Maulucci and Harry D. Huskey and Maurice V.
                 Wilkes",
  title =        "Happenings: {ENIAC 40th Anniversary}; {Celebration at
                 the Moore School}; {Eckert at the Computer Museum}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "199--202",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2199.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2199abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1987:SSQb,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "202--203, 217--218",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2202.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2202abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1987:ABE,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp and Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {Babbage's Expectations for the Difference
                 Engine}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "203--204",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Math/acc-stab-num-alg.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2203.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2203abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "acc-stab-num-alg.bib may have incorrect page
                 numbers.",
}

@Article{Golub:1987:JW,
  author =       "Gene H. Golub and Miki Neumann and James W. Demmel and
                 Paul Saylor and James M. Boyle and Iain Duff and Jack
                 Dongarra",
  title =        "{James Wilkinson} (1919--1986)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "205--210",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:11:40 2001",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Math/acc-stab-num-alg.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "From the introduction: ``A series of lightly edited
                 extracts from messages that were sent over various
                 computer networks during the period October 5,
                 1986--February 13, 1987''.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2203.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2203abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "obituary",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1987:CQDa,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and C. J. D. Roberts and Fred
                 Gruenberger and Bruce H. Bruemmer and Jakob Nielson and
                 Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Babbage}'s {Difference
                 Engine No. 1} and the Production of Sine Tables; Query
                 on Hexadecimal Notation; {Burroughs B 5000} Oral
                 History; {DASK}, the first {Danish} Computer;
                 {Smithsonian} Exhibition on Computers and Flight",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "210--213",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See response on hexadecimal query
                 \cite{Buchholz:1987:CQDb}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2210.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2210abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "DASK (Danish Arithmetic Sequential Calculator)",
}

@Article{Roberts:1987:FPU,
  author =       "C. J. D. (Jim) Roberts",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Babbage}'s {Difference
                 Engine No. 1} and the Production of Sine Tables",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "210--212",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2210.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2210abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "On the feedback principle used in {Charles Babbage}'s
                 {First Difference Engine}",
}

@Article{Aspray:1987:RPC,
  author =       "William Aspray and K. W. Smillie and Nancy Stern",
  title =        "Reviews: {Pebbles to Computers. The Thread}; {The
                 Calculating Passion of Ada Byron}; Other Literature",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "214--217",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a2214.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a2214abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1987:AIb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "219--220",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3219.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3219abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1987:DCN,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Data Communications at the {National Physical
                 Laboratory} (1965--1975)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "221--247",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3221.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3221abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1987:AMA,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp",
  title =        "The {20th Anniversary Meeting} of the {Association for
                 Computing Machinery}: {30 August 1967}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "249--270",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3249.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3249abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hopper:1987:EC,
  author =       "Grace Murray Hopper",
  title =        "The Education of a Computer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "271--281",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Introduction by David Gries. Reprint of 1952 ACM
                 conference paper.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3271.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3271abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1987:BBT,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "{Babbage} and {Bowditch}: a Transatlantic
                 Connection",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "283--290",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3283.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3283abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1987:ABS,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "An Annotated Bibliography of Secondary Sources on the
                 History of Software",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "291--343",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3291.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3291abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Maulucci:1987:HAC,
  author =       "Ruth A. Maulucci and J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Happenings: {The 25th Anniversary of Committee X3};
                 {The Code-Breaking Computers of 1944}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "345--356",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3345.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3345abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1987:HCB,
  author =       "John A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Happenings: The Code-Breaking Computers of 1944",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "354--356",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3345.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3345abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1987:SSQc,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "356--357, 381--383",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3356.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3356abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tropp:1987:AIM,
  author =       "Henry S. Tropp and Michael R. Williams and Isaac
                 Auerbach and Irving S. Reed and John von Neumann and
                 Bobbi Mapstone",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Introduction; The {MADDIDA}; {1982 Claude
                 E. Shannon Lecture}: Application Transforms to Coding
                 and Related Topics; The {von Neumann} Letter; Interview
                 with {Irving S. Reed}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "357--369",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3357.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3357abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1987:CQDb,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Ralph Erskine and Herb Grosch and
                 William Aspray and J. A. N. Lee and Paul M. McConnell",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Marian Rejewski} and
                 the Chronology of {Enigma}; Early {IBM} Computer
                 Conferences; The Computing Scene 1945--1955: Another
                 Perspective; Response; The {ENIAC} Collections;
                 Response to Query on Hexadecimal Notation",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "369--373",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See original query on hexadecimal notation
                 \cite{Buchholz:1987:CQDa}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3369.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3369abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1987:RMM,
  author =       "William Aspray and Terry S. Reynolds and H. A. Evesham
                 and K. W. Smillie and David E. Rowe",
  title =        "Reviews: {McMahon: The Making of a Profession: A
                 Century of Electrical Engineering in America};
                 {d'Ocagne: Le Calcul Simplifi{\'e}: Graphical and
                 Mechanical Methods for Simplifying Calculations};
                 {Williams (ed.): Looking Back to Tomorrow: Reflections
                 on Twenty-five Years of Computers in New Zealand};
                 {Richenhagen: Carl Runge (1856--1927): Von der reinen
                 Mathematik zur Numerik}; Other Literature",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "373--381",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3373.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3373abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1987:IV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index to Volume 9, 1987\slash 88",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "387--406",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:24 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1987/pdf/a3387.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1987/a3387abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1988:AIa,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1001.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1001abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1988:AE,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "About the Editors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--6",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Schmitt:1988:USC,
  author =       "William F. Schmitt",
  title =        "The {UNIVAC SHORT CODE}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "7--18",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1007.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1007abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "The {UNIVAC} Short Code",
}

@Article{Maier:1988:TYC,
  author =       "John H. Maier",
  title =        "Thirty Years of Computer Science Developments in the
                 {People's Republic of China}: 1956--1985",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "19--34",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1019.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1019abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1988:IPP,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "Introduction: The Promptuary Papers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "35--36",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1035.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1035abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hawkins:1988:FCM,
  author =       "W. F. Hawkins",
  title =        "The First Calculating Machine ({John Napier}, 1617)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "37--51",
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:57:35 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1035.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1035abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomash:1988:MP,
  author =       "Erwin Tomash",
  title =        "The {Madrid} Promptuary",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--67",
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:57:39 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1035.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1035abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "multiplicationes promptuario (promptuary); scacchiae
                 abaco (chessboard abacus); virgulas (rods)",
}

@Article{Maulucci:1988:HAC,
  author =       "Ruth A. Maulucci and Frederik Nebeker",
  title =        "Happenings: {The ACM Conference on the History of
                 Scientific and Numeric Computation, Princeton, New
                 Jersey, 13--15 May 1987}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "69--73",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1069.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1069abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1988:SSQa,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "73, 97--99",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1073.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1073abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1988:AIG,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Bruce H. Bruemmer and George
                 Snively",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Introduction; {General Electric} Enters the
                 Computer Business",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "74--78",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1074.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1074abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1988:BJG,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: {John Grist Brainerd}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1078.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1078abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1988:RCD,
  author =       "William Aspray and Maurice V. Wilkes and Albert C.
                 Lewis and Greg Mellen and Harold Chucker and Robert V.
                 D. Campbell and Wendy Wilkins and G. J. Tee and Ernest
                 Braun and Arthur L. Norberg",
  title =        "Reviews: {Carpenter and Doran (eds.): A. M. Turing's
                 ACE Report of 1946 and Other Papers}; {Masani (ed.):
                 Norbert Wiener: Collected Works with Commentaries};
                 {Kozaczuk: Enigma: How the German Machine Cipher Was
                 Broken and How It Was Read by the Allies in World War
                 Two}; {Worthy: William C. Norris: Portrait of a
                 Maverick}; {Harvard Computation Laboratory: A Manual of
                 Operation for the Automatic Sequence Controlled
                 Calculator}; {Proceedings of a Symposium on Large-Scale
                 Digital Calculating Machinery}; {Gardner: The Mind's
                 New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolution};
                 {Hartree: Calculating Machines: Recent and Prospective
                 Developments and Their Impact on Mathematical Physics
                 and Calculating Instruments and Machines}; {McLean and
                 Rowland: The Inmos Saga}; {Pennings and Buifendam
                 (eds.): New Technology as Organizational Innovation:
                 The Development and Diffusion of Microelectronics};
                 Other Literature",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "80--97",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See minor erratum \cite{Anonymous:1988:ERH}: Hartree
                 as a mathematical physicist, not a physical chemist.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1080.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1080abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1988:RPM,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Review: {P. Masani, ed.: Norbert Wiener: Collected
                 Works with Commentaries}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--83",
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1080.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1080abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxnote =       "???FINISH THIS???",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1988:CQDa,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Eric A. Weiss and Frances Coulborn
                 Kohler",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {IBM} Customer
                 Education Classes; Nominations Sought for {History of
                 Women in Science Prize}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "99--101",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a1099.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a1099abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1988:AIb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "103--103",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a2103.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a2103abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Medwick:1988:DHE,
  author =       "Paul A. Medwick",
  title =        "{Douglas Hartree} and Early Computations in Quantum
                 Mechanics",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "105--111",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a2105.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a2105abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Mahoney:1988:HCH,
  author =       "Michael S. Mahoney",
  title =        "The History of Computing in the History of
                 Technology",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "113--125",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a2113.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a2113abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Maulucci:1988:HCC,
  author =       "Ruth A. Maulucci and Arthur L. Norberg",
  title =        "Happenings: {Computing in the 21st Century: A Charles
                 Babbage Institute Symposium}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "127--132",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a2127.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a2127abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1988:SSQb,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "133, 153--155",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a2133a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a2133aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1988:AAT,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Peter Hilton and Richard Louis
                 Weis and Alfred {Van Sinderen}",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {Alan Turing in the Home Guard};
                 {Overcoming Murphy's Law}; {Babbage and the Scheutz
                 Machine at Dudley Observatory}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "133--139",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a2133b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a2133babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1988:BGH,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: {George H. Brown} and {Richard P.
                 Feynman}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "140--142",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a2140.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a2140abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1988:CQDb,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Herb Grosch and Saul Rosen",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Was the First
                 Microcomputer Built in {France}?; Marketing the
                 {Burroughs 5000} internationally; The {Burroughs 5000}
                 Discussion",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "142--144",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a2142.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a2142abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1988:RSP,
  author =       "William Aspray and Eric A. Weiss and A. D. Booth and
                 K. W. Smillie and Henry Lowood and James W. Cortada and
                 Shane Greenstein",
  title =        "Reviews: {Slater: Portraits in Silicon}; {Caddes:
                 Portraits of Success, impressions of Silicon Valley
                 Pioneers}; {King (ed.): Machine Translation Today: The
                 State of the Art}; {The Computer}; {Association for
                 Computing Machinery: The ACM History of Personal
                 Workstations Conference: January 9 \& 10, 1986, Palo
                 Alto, California}; {Beniger: The Control Revolution:
                 Technological and Economic Origins of the Information
                 Society} {Flamm: Targeting the Computer, Government
                 Support and International Competition}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "144--153",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:12 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a2144.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a2144abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1988:AIc,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "157--158",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3157.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3157abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Campbell-Kelly:1988:CBT,
  author =       "Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "{Charles Babbage}'s Table of Logarithms (1827)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "159--169",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3159.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3159abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Cohen:1988:BAN,
  author =       "I. Bernard Cohen",
  title =        "{Babbage} and {Aiken}: with notes on {Henry Babbage}'s
                 gift to {Harvard}, and to other institutions, of a
                 portion of his father's {Difference Engine}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "171--193",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3171.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3171abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Maulucci:1988:HOS,
  author =       "Ruth Maulucci and Amy Mastrogiovanni",
  title =        "Happenings: {Operating Systems: Some Reflections After
                 a Meeting in Chicago}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "195--209",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3195.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3195abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxauthor =     "I. Bernard Cohen",
}

@Article{Sammet:1988:SSQc,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "209, 233--234",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3209a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3209aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1988:AFP,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and A. F. Draper",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Fast Predictors: Computers and the {U.S.
                 Presidential Elections}: {UNIVAC} on {Election Night};
                 {IBM} Computers and the Election of 1960",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "209--215",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3209b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3209babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1988:BEC,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: {Edmund C. Berkeley}; {Neil D.
                 MacDonald}; {Herbert S. Bright}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "216--218",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3216.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3216abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1988:CQDc,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Maurice V. Wilkes and Alfred W.
                 {Van Sinderen} and C. J. {Fern, Jr.} and W. L. van der
                 Poel",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Babbage} and the
                 {Colossus}; {Babbage} and {Bowditch}; {Two Early
                 European Computers}; {Early Dutch Computer}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "218--221",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3218.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3218abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1988:RBB,
  author =       "William Aspray and A. R. Mackintosh and Eric A. Weiss
                 and John McCarthy and M. Woodger",
  title =        "Reviews: {Burks and Burks: The First Electronic
                 Computer: The Atanasoff Story}; {Queisser: The Conquest
                 of the Microchip}; {Bloomfield (ed.): The Question of
                 Artificial Intelligence: Philosophical and Sociological
                 Perspectives}; {Wilkes: Memoirs of a Computer Pioneer};
                 Other Literature",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "221--233",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3221.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3221abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1988:ERH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Errata: {Reviews: Hartree: Calculating Machines:
                 Recent and Prospective Developments and Their Impact on
                 Mathematical Physics and Calculating Instruments and
                 Machines, 10(1) 93}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "234--234",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/turing-alan-mathison.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cryptography.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Aspray:1988:RCD}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a3234.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a3234abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1988:AId,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "235--239",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4235.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4235abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ashmore:1988:LC,
  author =       "Eddie M. Ashmore and Erwin Tomash and Aaron Finerman
                 and Walter M. Carlson and Jolanda L. von Hagen and
                 Bernie Galler",
  title =        "Letters of Congratulations",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "240--242",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4240.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4240abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{vonNeumann:1988:PLS,
  author =       "John von Neumann",
  title =        "The Principles of Large-Scale Computing Machines",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "243--256",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1988.10045",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Introduction by Michael R. Williams and foreword by
                 Nancy Stern.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4243.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4243abs.htm",
  ZMnumber =     "0683.01010",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1988:ETC,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Electronics Technology and Computer Science,
                 1940--1975: a Coevolution",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "257--275",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4257.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4257abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Smith:1988:HOC,
  author =       "Richard E. Smith",
  title =        "A Historical Overview of Computer Architecture",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "277--303",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4277.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4277abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1988:MAI,
  author =       "M. R. Williams and Oliver B. R. Strimpel and Paul
                 Ceruzzi and William Jacobs and Doron Swade and Joachim
                 Fisher and W. Aspray and Joyce E. Bedi and Nancy R.
                 McGovern and Geoffrey Tweedale and Walter Carlson and
                 Pierre E. Mounier-Kuhn",
  title =        "Museums and Archives: Introduction; {The Computer
                 Museum, Boston}; {Beyond the Limits: A New Gallery at
                 the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian
                 Institution, Washington, D.C.}; {The Information Age:
                 Visions and Realities}; {Deutsches Museum, Munich
                 Computer Science and Automation Hall}; {Charles Babbage
                 Institute: Center for the History of Information
                 Processing}; {The IEEE Center for the History of
                 Electrical Engineering}; {Records in the National
                 Archives Relating to the Early Involvement of the U.S.
                 Government in Data Processing, 7880s to 7950s};
                 {British National Archive for the History of
                 Computing}; {AFIPS History of Computing Committee};
                 {History of Computing in France}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "305--329",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4305.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4305abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Maulucci:1988:HND,
  author =       "Ruth A. Maulucci and Heinz Zemanek",
  title =        "Happenings: {The New Department ``Informatics and
                 Automatics'' at the Deutsches Museum in Munich}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "329--335",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4329.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4329abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1988:SSQd,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "335--336, 375--380",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4335.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4335abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1988:AOT,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Henry S. Tropp and W. Buchholz
                 and Grace Murray Hopper and C. Strachey and Eric A.
                 Weiss and Robert M. Stewart and Bernard A. Galler",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Origin of the Term Bit; Origin of the Word
                 Byte; The First Bug; Whence the ``Bug''; An Impossible
                 Program; Reminiscences of {Los Alamos}; {Los Alamos}
                 from Below; {Jonathan Swift}'s Computing Invention;
                 Debugging",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "336--348",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4336.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4336abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1988:BOP,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: Oh, Pioneers!",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "348--361",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Parallel/super.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Theory/cryptography.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cryptography.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/super.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4348.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4348abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "This paper contains a brief summary of the
                 contributions of 261 individuals to the development of
                 computing.",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "A. Porter; Aard van Wijngaarden; Adin D. Falkoff; Alan
                 J. Perlis; Alan Kay; Alan M. Turing; Allen Newell;
                 Allen W. M. Coombes; Alonzo Church; Alston Scott
                 Householder; Amedee Mannheim; Andrei P. Ershov; Andrew
                 Donald Booth; Andrew Fluegelman; Arnold A. Cohen;
                 Arthur C. Clarke; Arthur Lee Samuel; Arthur Walter
                 Burks; Arturo Rosenblueth; Augusta Ada King (nee
                 Gordon); B. M. Derfee; Blaise Pascal; Bob O. Evans;
                 Brian Havens; Brian Josephson; Brian Randell; Bruce G.
                 Oldfield; C. Gordon Bell; C. J. Date; C. Sheldon
                 Roberts; Carl Adam Petri; Carver Mead; Charles A.
                 Phillips; Charles Antony Richard Hoare; Charles
                 Babbage; Charles Bachman; Charles Xavier Thomas (Thomas
                 de Colmar); Christopher S. Strachey; Clair D. Lake;
                 Claude Elwood Shannon; Clifford E. Berry; Cuthbert C.
                 Hurd; D. W. Davies; Dana Scott; Daniel Delbert
                 McCracken; David J. Wheeler; David Packard; David
                 Sarnoff; Dennis M. Ritchie; Derrick Henry Lehmer;
                 Dionysius Lardner; Donald Ervin Knuth; Donald Lewis
                 Shell; Donald Michie; Donn B. Parker; Dorr E. Felt;
                 Douglas R. Hartree; E. H. Lennaerts; E. T. Irons; Earl
                 R. Larson; Edgar F. Codd; Edmund C. Berkeley; Edsger W.
                 Dijkstra; Edward E. Feigenbaum; Edward Joseph
                 McCluskey; Edward L. (Ted) Glaser; Emil L. Post; Ernest
                 R. Moore; Erwin Tomash; Eugene Kleiner; Fairchild Eight
                 (Julius Blank, Victor H. Grinich, Jean A. Hoerni,
                 Eugene Kleiner, Jay T. Last, Gordon E. Moore, Robert N.
                 Noyce, and C. Sheldon Roberts); Fernando J.
                 Corbat{\'o}; Fletcher Jones; Frances Elizabeth (Betty)
                 Snyder Holberton; Francis Joseph Murray; Frank E.
                 Hamilton; Frank Gray; Frank Rosenblatt; Frederic
                 Calland Williams; Frederick P. Brooks, Jr.; Friedrich
                 L. Bauer; G. B. Grant; G. Truman Hunter; Gene M.
                 Amdahl; Georg and Edvard Scheub; George Bernard
                 Dantzig; George Boole; George Elmer Forsythe; George H.
                 Philbrick; George Robert Stibitz; Gerald M. Weinberg;
                 Gerard Salton; Gordon E. Moore; Gottfried Wilhelm
                 Leibniz; Grace Murray Hopper; Harlan D. Mills; Harlan
                 L. Herrick; Harold Chestnut; Harry Douglas Huskey;
                 Harry H. Goode; Heinz Rutishauser; Helmut Schreyer;
                 Henry Briggs; Henry P. Babbage; Herbert A. Simon;
                 Herbert Leo Gelernter; Herbert R. J. Grosch; Herbert S.
                 Bright; Herman Heine Goldstine; Herman Hollerith;
                 Herman Lukoff; Howard Bromberg; Howard Hathaway Aiken;
                 I. J. Good; Irven Travis; Isaac L. Auerbach; Ivan
                 Edward Sutherland; J. Daniel Cougar; J. Presper Eckert,
                 Jr.; Jack St. Clair Kilby; Jack Tramiel; Jackson
                 Granholm [``kludge'']; James Hardy Wilkinson; James M.
                 Henry; James William Cooley; Jan Aleksander Rajchman;
                 Jay T. Last; Jay W. Forrester; Jean A. Hoerni; Jean E.
                 Sammet; Jeffrey Chuan Chu; Jerrier A. Haddad; Jim
                 Pommerene; John Bardeen; John Burns; John C. McPherson;
                 John Clifford Shaw; John Diebold; John George Kemeny;
                 John Grist Brainerd; John H. Curtiss; John McCarthy;
                 John Napier; John Powers; John R. Pierce; John Todd;
                 John Vincent Atanasoff; John von Neumann; John Warner
                 Backus; John Weber Carr, III; John Wilder Tukey; John
                 William Mauchly; Jonathan Swift; Joseph Carl Robnett
                 Licklider; Joseph Chedaker; Joseph Clement; Joseph
                 Frederick Traub; Joseph Marie Jacquard; Joseph
                 Weizenbaum; Jules I. Schwartz; Julian Bigelow; Julius
                 Blank; Karl Karlstrom; Ken Thompson; Kenneth Eugene
                 Iverson; Kenneth H. Olsen; Konrad Zuse; L. F. Meabrea;
                 Lejaren A. Hiller; Leonardo of Pisa a.k.a. Fibonacci;
                 Leonardo Torres y Quevedo; Leslie John Comrie; Lord
                 Kelvin (William Thomson); Louis Couffignal; Lynn
                 Conway; L{\'e}on Boll{\'e}e; Marian Rejewski; Marvin L.
                 Minsky; Maurice Howard Halstead; Maurice V. Wilkes; Max
                 Palevsky; Maxwell H. A. Newman; Michael O. Rabin;
                 Michael Woodger; Mina Rees; Mitchell D. Kapor; Mohammed
                 ibn Musa Al-Khowarizmi; Morton Michael Astrahan;
                 Nathaniel Rochester; Nicholas Constantine Metropolis;
                 Niklaus Wirth; Noam Chomsky; Nolan Bushnell; Norbert
                 Wiener; Oliver G. Selfridge; Orrin Edison Taulbee; Paul
                 Allen; Percy Ludgate; Perry O. Crawford; Peter Naur;
                 Ralph E. Gomory; Richard Clippinger; Richard Courant;
                 Richard Ernest Bellman; Richard J. Canning; Richard M.
                 Bloch; Richard P. Feynman; Richard Snyder; Richard V.
                 D. Campbell; Richard Wesley Hamming; Robert H. Dennard;
                 Robert N. Noyce; Robert R. Everett; Robert S. Barton;
                 Robert Sarnoff; Robert W. Bemer; Robert W. Floyd; Roy
                 Nutt; S. B. Williams; Samuel H. Caldwell; Samuel
                 Morland; Samuel N. Alexander; Saul Rosen; Seymour
                 Papert; Seymour R. Cray; Sidney Fernbach; Stanley Gill;
                 Stephen A. Cook; Stephen Frank Baldwin; Stephen
                 Wozniak; Steven Jobs; T. Vincent Learson; Thomas Eugene
                 Kurtz; Thomas H. Flowers; Thomas J. Watson, Jr.; Thomas
                 J. Watson, Sr.; Thomas Kite Sharpless; Tom Kilburn;
                 Vannevar E Bush; Victor H. Grinich; Vladimar Zworykin;
                 W. J. Deerhake; W. Renwick; W. T. Odhner; Wallace J,
                 Eckert; Walter Pitts; Warren Sturgis McCulloch; Warren
                 Weaver; Wassily Leontieff; Watson Davis; Werner
                 Buchholz; Wilhelm Schickard; William C. Norris; William
                 F. McClelland; William Gates; William Hewlett; William
                 Leybourn; William Orchard-Hays; William Oughtred;
                 William P. Heising; William Seward Burroughs",
  remark =       "Norbert Wiener appears incorrectly as Norbert Weiner
                 in this article.",
}

@Article{Fegley:1988:EJG,
  author =       "Kenneth A. Fegley and S. Reid {Warren, Jr.}",
  title =        "Eloge: {John Grist Brainerd} (1906--1988)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "361--365",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Includes bibliography of Brainerd's publications.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4348.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4348abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1988:CQDd,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Herbert R. J. Grosch",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Early {Italian}
                 Computing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "365--365",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4365a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4365aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1988:RTY,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "Reviews: Ten Years of {Annals} Reviews",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "365--375",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4365b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4365babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1988:TYT,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Ten Year Tables of Contents",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "383--406",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4383.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4383abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1988:TYA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Ten Year Author Index",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "407--410",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4407.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4407abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1988:TYS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Ten Year Subject Index",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "411--415",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4411.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4411abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1988:TYIa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Ten Year Index to Self-Study Questions and Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "416--419",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4416.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4416abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1988:TYIb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Ten Year Index to Volume Indices",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "420--420",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4420.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4420abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1988:IV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index, Volume 10, 1988\slash 89",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "423--444",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4423.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4423abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Eckhouse:1988:AHC,
  author =       "Richard H. {Eckhouse, Jr.} and Ruth A. Maulucci",
  title =        "{Annals of the History of Computing}: 1989 Calendar:
                 {A} Microcosm of Computer History",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "445--473",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1988",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1988/pdf/a4445.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/a4445abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  xxtitle =      "A Microcosm of Computer History",
}

@Article{Lee:1989:AIa,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a1001.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a1001abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1989:ECN,
  author =       "William Aspray and Michael Gunderloy",
  title =        "Early Computing and Numerical Analysis at the
                 {National Bureau of Standards}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--12",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Curtis:1989:NAM,
  author =       "John H. Curtis",
  title =        "The {National Applied Mathematics Laboratories} ---
                 {A} Prospectus",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "13--18, 20--30",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a1013.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a1013abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Curtis:1989:PLC,
  author =       "John H. Curtis",
  title =        "The Program of a Large Computation Center",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--41",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a1031.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a1031abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1989:AWC,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Ralf B{\"u}low and Herbert R. J.
                 Grosch and John D. Elson",
  title =        "Anecdotes: The {Windmill Computer}---An Eyewitness
                 Report of the {Scheutz Difference Engine}; In {Von
                 Braun} Country; Origins of Terms [{Winchester} Disk and
                 {UNIX}]",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "43--48",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a1043b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a1043babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1989:SSQa,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "43, 61--64",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a1043a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a1043aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1989:BMM,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: {Morton Michael Astrahan}, 1925--1988;
                 {James L. Buie}, 1920--1988; {George S. Dively},
                 1903--1988; {Rita Goldberg Minker}, 1927--1988; {Lewis
                 Winner}, 1906--1988; {Abacus}, 1983--1988",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--51",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a1049.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a1049abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Astrahan obituary reprinted with permission from IEEE
                 Computer. Buie, Dively, and Winner obituaries reprinted
                 with permission from IEEE Institute.",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1989:CQD,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss and Rex Malik and H. E. Salzer and {The
                 Editor} and Herbert R. J. Grosch",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {The Real Time Club};
                 {New York Mathematical Tables Project}; Early Small
                 Computers; {Ada's First Stirring}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "51--54",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a1051.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a1051abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1989:RDI,
  author =       "William Aspray and Kenneth Flamm and Ralf B{\"u}low
                 and Charles Hall and Doron Swade",
  title =        "Reviews: {Dorfman: Innovation and Market Structure:
                 Lessons from the Computer and Semiconductor
                 Industries}; {Herken: The Universal Machine: A
                 Half-Century Survey}; {Lindgren: Glory and Failure: The
                 Difference Engines of Johann Muller, Charles Babbage
                 and Georg and Edvard Scheutz}; {Stein: Ada: Life and
                 Legacy}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "54--60",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a1054.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a1054abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1989:AIb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "67--68",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2067.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2067abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Curtiss:1989:NAM,
  author =       "John H. Curtiss",
  title =        "The {National Applied Mathematics Laboratories} of the
                 {National Bureau of Standards}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "69--98",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2069.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2069abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Jones:1989:MDT,
  author =       "William J. Jones",
  title =        "{MGDPS} and {DSDPS} --- two stages of an early
                 operating system",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "99--108",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2099.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2099abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Phister:1989:QIE,
  author =       "Montgomery {Phister, Jr.}",
  title =        "{Quotron II}: an early multiprogrammed multiprocessor
                 for the communication of stock market data",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "109--126",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2109.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2109abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Layer:1989:MHP,
  author =       "Harold A. Layer",
  title =        "Microcomputer history and prehistory --- an
                 archaeological beginning",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "127--130",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2127.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2127abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1989:SSQb,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "131, 155--157",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2131a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2131aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1989:ATY,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Alan Perlis and Bernard A. Galler
                 and David Gries and Doug Ross and Mary Shaw",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Twenty Year Retrospective: The {NATO
                 Software Engineering Conferences}; Thoughts on Software
                 Engineering; My Thoughts on Software Engineering in the
                 Late 1960s; The {NATO} Conferences from the Perspective
                 of an Active Software Engineer; Remembrances of a
                 Graduate Student",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "131--143",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2131b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2131babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Shaw:1989:ARG,
  author =       "Mary Shaw",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Remembrances of a Graduate Student",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "141--143",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1988/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from Panel, ``A Twenty Year Retrospective of
                 the NATO Software Engineering Conferences'', in Proc.
                 11th Int. Conf. on Software Engineering, vol. 11, pp.
                 99-100, 1989.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2131b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2131babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1989:BOC,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss and Thomas E. Kurtz",
  title =        "Biographies: Obituary: {The Computer and Information
                 Systems Program at Dartmouth College (CIS)}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "143--143",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2143.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2143abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1989:CQDa,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Saul Rosen and Benjamin L.
                 Schwartz and Saul I. Gass and Caxton C. Foster",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {The Atanasoff Story
                 --- Comment on Book Review}; {The Invention of Linear
                 Programming}; {Comments on the History of Linear
                 Programming}; {Applied Math 218}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "144--152",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2144.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2144abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1989:RFC,
  author =       "William Aspray and Martin Campbell-Kelly",
  title =        "Reviews: {Flamm: Creating the Computer: Government,
                 Industry and High Technology};",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "152, 154--155",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:13 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a2152.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a2152abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1989:AIc,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "159--159",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3159.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3159abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Brink:1989:PCB,
  author =       "Jean R. Brink and C. Roland Haden",
  title =        "Prologue: The Computer and the Brain: An International
                 Symposium in Commemoration of {John von Neumann}
                 (1903--1957)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "161--163",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.1989.10032",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3161.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3161abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1989:Ca,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "164--164",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3164.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3164abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1989:DJN,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "Discussion: {John von Neumann} --- {A} Case Study of
                 Scientific Creativity",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "165--169",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3165.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3165abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Vonneuman:1989:JNF,
  author =       "Nicholas Vonneuman",
  title =        "{John von Neumann}: Formative Years",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "171--175",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1989.10023",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3171.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3171abs.htm",
  abstract =     "This biographical essay by von Neumann's younger
                 brother traces the development of John von Neumann's
                 axiomatic method to his early environment. Nicholas
                 Vonneuman sees the early contact with eminent
                 scientists and scholars in their parents' house and the
                 discussion of management practices at dinner
                 conversations as shaping experiences in his brother's
                 life. His mother's motto ``to make the impossible
                 possible'' also exerted great influence on his
                 brother.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Brink:1989:IET,
  author =       "Jean R. Brink and Roland Haden",
  title =        "Interviews with {Edward Teller} and {Eugene P.
                 Wigner}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "177--178",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3177.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3177abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Brink:1989:JNR,
  author =       "Jean R. Brink",
  title =        "{John von Neumann} Reconsidered",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "179--181",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3179.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3179abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Nagy:1989:NOC,
  author =       "D{\'e}nes Nagy and P{\'e}ter Horvath and Ferenc Nagy",
  title =        "The {von Neumann--Ortvay} Connection",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "183--188",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3183.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3183abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1989:JNC,
  author =       "William Aspray",
  title =        "{John von Neumann}'s Contributions to Computing and
                 Computer Science",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "189--195",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3189.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3189abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sejnowski:1989:CBR,
  author =       "Terrence J. Sejnowski",
  title =        "The Computer and the Brain Revisited",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "197--201",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3197.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3197abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Maulucci:1989:H,
  author =       "Ruth Maulucci",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "203--206",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3203.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3203abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1989:SSQc,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "206--207, 232--233",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3206.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3206abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1989:ACI,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Lawrence W. Langley and Juris
                 Reinfelds",
  title =        "Anecdotes: a Critical Incident; The First Port of
                 {UNIX}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "207--210",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3207.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3207abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1989:BEA,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss and Heinz Zemanek",
  title =        "Biographies: Eloge: {Adriaan van Wijngaarden}
                 (1916--1987); {Robert A. Henle}, 1925--1989",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "210--225",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3210.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3210abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1989:CQDb,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Anthony Hyman and Ralf B{\"u}low
                 and Bernard A. Galler and Jack Minker",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Babbage Studies}; {An
                 Ecological Computing Machine}; {The University of
                 Michigan's B-5000 Decision}; {ACM 20th Anniversary
                 Meeting}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "225--229",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3225.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3225abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Aspray:1989:RSA,
  author =       "William Aspray and Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Reviews: {Smith and Alexander: Fumbling the Future:
                 How Xerox Invented, then Ignored the First Personal
                 Computer}; {Nash: A History of Scientific
                 Computation}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "230--232",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a3230.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a3230abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1989:AId,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "235--235",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4235.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4235abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1989:HCF,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "History of Computing in {France}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "237--240",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4237.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4237abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1989:Cc,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Contributors",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "241--242",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4241.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4241abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Boucher:1989:G,
  author =       "Henri Boucher",
  title =        "Glossary",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "243--245",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4243.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4243abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ramunni:1989:LCI,
  author =       "Girolamo Ramunni",
  title =        "{Louis Couffignal}, 1902--1966: Informatics Pioneer in
                 {France?}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "247--256",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4247.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4247abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Mounier-Kuhn:1989:IBP,
  author =       "Pierre E. Mounier-Kuhn",
  title =        "The {Institut Blaise-Pascal} (1946--1969) from
                 {Couffignal}'s Machine to Artificial Intelligence",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "257--261",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4257.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4257abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Raymond:1989:ASE,
  author =       "Fran{\c{c}}ois-Henri Raymond",
  title =        "An Adventure with a Sad Ending: The {SEA}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "263--277",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4263.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4263abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Mounier-Kuhn:1989:BWW,
  author =       "Pierre E. Mounier-Kuhn",
  title =        "{Bull}: a World-Wide Company Born in {Europe}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "279--297",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4279.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4279abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Vernay:1989:IF,
  author =       "Jacques Vernay",
  title =        "{IBM France}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "299--311",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4299.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4299abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1989:MA,
  author =       "Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "Museums and Archives",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "313--319",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4313.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4313abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1989:H,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "319--321",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4319.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4319abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1989:SSQd,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "321--322, 333--335",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4321.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4321abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1989:ACA,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Nicholas C. Metropolis and R. D.
                 Richtmyer and John A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Anecdotes: The Case Against Automatic Programming",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "322--326",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4322.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4322abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1989:BOW,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: Obituaries: {William B. Shockley},
                 1910--1989; {Jan A. Rajchman}, 1911--1989; {Gordon D.
                 Goldstein}, 1917--1989; {John E. Ward}, 1920--1988;
                 {Kent K. Curtis}, 1927--1987",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "326--329",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4326.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4326abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1989:RNB,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi and John A. N. Lee and Susan A. Bradley
                 and Donald deB. Beaver",
  title =        "Reviews: a New Beginning; {Reid: Computers and
                 Chips}; {Howell: John von Neumann, Inventors and
                 Discoverers}; {Lundstrom: A Few Good Men from Univac};
                 {Perrolle: Computers and Social Change: Information,
                 Property, and Power}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "329--338",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4329.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4329abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1989:IV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index to Volume 11, 1989",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "337, 339--354",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1989/pdf/a4337.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1989/a4337abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1990:AIa,
  author =       "John A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--1",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1001.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1001abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Mounier-Kuhn:1990:STE,
  author =       "Pierre-E. Mounier-Kuhn",
  title =        "Specifications of Twelve Early Computers Made in
                 {France}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--4",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Computers -- History -- Periodicals; Electronic data
                 processing -- History -- Periodicals",
}

@Article{Leclerc:1990:GGB,
  author =       "Bruno Leclerc",
  title =        "From {Gamma 2} to {Gamma E.T.}: The Birth of
                 Electronic Computing at {Bull}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "5--22",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1005.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1005abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Starynkevitch:1990:SCC,
  author =       "Dimitri Starynkevitch",
  title =        "The {SEA CAB 500} Computer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "23--29",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1023.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1023abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Kidwell:1990:ASC,
  author =       "Peggy Aldrich Kidwell",
  title =        "{American} Scientists and Calculating Machines ---
                 From Novelty to Commonplace",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--40",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1031.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1031abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bauer:1990:CPS,
  author =       "F. L. Bauer",
  title =        "The Cellar Principle of State Transition and Storage
                 Allocation",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "41--49",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1041.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1041abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1990:Ha,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "51--55",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1051.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1051abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1990:SSQa,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "55--55",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1055a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1055aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1990:AEC,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Bruce H. Bruemmer and Herbert S.
                 Bright",
  title =        "Anecdotes: Early Computer User Groups; Computer User
                 Groups [1960]",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "55--61",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See corrections \cite{Buchholz:1991:CQDa}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1055b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1055babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1990:BAP,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss and David Gries",
  title =        "Biographies: {Andri Petrovich Ershov} (1931--1988)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "61--62",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from Computing Research News 1, 1, Summer
                 1989, with permission.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1061.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1061abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1990:CQDa,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and R. Anthony Hyman and Maurice V.
                 Wilkes and Richard E. Smith and George T. Jacobi and
                 Alice R. Burks and Arthur W. Burks and I. Bernard Cohen
                 and I. O. Grattan-Guinness and S. I. Gass and Mike
                 Woodger",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Whiggism in the
                 History of Science and the Study of the Life and Work
                 of Charles Babbage}; {Whirlwind and Microprogramming};
                 {More on Wilkes, Whirlwind, and Microprogramming};
                 {Pioneer Biographies}; {The Atanasoff Story --- A
                 Response}; {Notes on Babbage, Aiken, and Bowditch};
                 {Joseph Fourier's Anticipation of Linear Programming};
                 {What Does BNF Stand for?}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "62--72",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1062.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1062abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "BNF (Backus-Naur Form, NOT Backus Normal Form)",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1990:RNC,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi and Ralf B{\"u}low",
  title =        "Reviews: {Nijholt: Computers and Languages: Theory and
                 Practice}; {Kawasaki: The Macintosh Way}; {Fang: Tools
                 of Communication: The Computer Story}; {Otnes: Keuffel
                 and Esser Slide Rules}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "72--73",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a1072.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a1072abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1990:AIb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "77--77",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2077.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2077abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Baron:1990:CSC,
  author =       "Georges-Louis Baron and Pierre-E. Mounier-Kuhn",
  title =        "Computer science at the {CNRS} and in {French}
                 universities. {A} {gradual} institutional recognition",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "79--87",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2079.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2079abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Computers -- History -- Periodicals; Electronic data
                 processing -- History -- Periodicals",
}

@Article{Mounier-Kuhn:1990:CSU,
  author =       "Pierre E. Mounier-Kuhn",
  title =        "Computer Sciences at the {University of Grenoble}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "89--89",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2089.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2089abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Kuntzmann:1990:IUG,
  author =       "Jean Kuntzmann",
  title =        "Informatics at the {University of Grenoble}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "91--93",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2091.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2091abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Verjus:1990:PGW,
  author =       "Jean-Pierre Verjus",
  title =        "Programming in {Grenoble} in the 1960s and those who
                 Flew from the Nest",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "95--101",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2095.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2095abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lukaszewicz:1990:BCD,
  author =       "Leon Lukaszewicz",
  title =        "On the Beginnings of Computer Development in
                 {Poland}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "103--107",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  note =         "See correction \cite{Buchholz:1990:CQDc}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2103.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2103abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Bulow:1990:TIS,
  author =       "Ralf B{\"u}low",
  title =        "Three Inventors --- Scenes from Early {German}
                 Computing History",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "109--126",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2109.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2109abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1990:Hb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "127--128",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2127.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2127abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1990:SSQb,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "128--130",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2128.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2128abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1990:AMG,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Bob Bemer and Ernie Lassen and
                 Robert Johnson",
  title =        "Anecdotes: More on {General Electric}'s Start in the
                 Computer Business; {Dr. Robert Johnson} Interview;
                 Comments on Interview",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "130--137",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2130.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2130abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR) fonts",
}

@Article{Weiss:1990:BAJ,
  author =       "Eric E. Weiss and Geoffrey Tweedale and Heinz
                 Zemanek",
  title =        "Biographies: {Alan J. Perlis}, 1922--1990; {Bertram
                 Vivian Bowden}, 1910--1989; {William P. Hanf},
                 1933--1989; {Marcel Linsman}, 1913--1989; {Harriett B.
                 Rigas}, 1933--1989; {Louis Robinson}, 1926--1985; An
                 Interview with {Jan Rajchman}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "137--146",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2137.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2137abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1990:CQDb,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Donald Watts Davies and Mark
                 Halpern",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Babbage}'s Friend;
                 Errors in the {FORTRAN} Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "147--147",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2147a.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2147aabs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1990:RCB,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi and Martin Campbell-Kelly and Charles
                 Susskind and K. W. Smillie",
  title =        "Reviews: {Ceruzzi: Beyond the Limits: Flight Enters
                 the Computer Age}; {Staudenmaier: Technology's
                 Storytellers: Reweaving the Human Fabric}; {Bijker,
                 Hughes, and Pinch: The Social Construction of
                 Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology
                 and History of Technology}; {Van Creveld, Martin.
                 Technology and War: From 2000 B.C. to the Present};
                 {Rifkin and Harrar: The Ultimate Entrepreneur: The
                 Story of Ken Olsen and Digital Equipment Corporation};
                 {Time-Life Books, eds. Understanding Computers Vol. 24:
                 Illustrated Chronology and Index}; {Lee: Winning with
                 People: The First 40 Years of Tektronix}; {Searle: The
                 Bombsight War: Norden vs. Sperry}; {Kruh: Tales of
                 Yardley: Some Sidelights to his Career}; {IEEE
                 Scientific Supercomputer Subcommittee. The Computer
                 Spectrum: A perspective on the Evolution of Computing};
                 {Forester. High-Tech Society}; {The Computer: A
                 Hawkhill Learning Power Book}; {Molina: The Social
                 Basis of the Microelectronics Revolution}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "147--152",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:14 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a2147b.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a2147babs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1990:AIc,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "157--157",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a3157.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a3157abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Pair:1990:CHL,
  author =       "C. Pair",
  title =        "{CRIN}: The History of a Laboratory",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "159--166",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a3159.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a3159abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Computers -- History -- Periodicals; CRIN (Centre de
                 Recherche en Informatique de Nancy); Electronic data
                 processing -- History -- Periodicals",
  xxnote =       "IEEE Web site has incorrect GRIN.",
}

@Article{Hoffsaes:1990:FSC,
  author =       "Colette Hoffsaes",
  title =        "The {French Society of Computer Scientists}: {AFCET}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "167--176",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a3167.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a3167abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Grattan-Guinness:1990:WHP,
  author =       "I. Grattan-Guinness",
  title =        "Work for the Hairdressers: The Production of {de
                 Prony}'s Logarithmic and Trigonometric Tables",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "177--185",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/adabooks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a3177.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a3177abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Schreyer:1990:EME,
  author =       "Helmut T. Schreyer",
  title =        "An Experimental Model of an Electronic Computer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "187, 189--197",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a3187.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a3187abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1990:Hc,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "199--203",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a3199.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a3199abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1990:SSQc,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "204--204",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a3204.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a3204abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1990:ARP,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and A. S. (Sandy) Douglas",
  title =        "Anecdotes: For the Record: Pioneering Days in
                 {British} Computing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "205--209",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a3205.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a3205abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1990:RLT,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi and Calvin N. Mooers and Emil Friberg and
                 William Aspray and Herman Berg",
  title =        "Reviews: {Lilley and Trice. A History of Information
                 Science 1945--1985}; {Crandall and Flamm, eds: Changing
                 the Rules: Technological Change, International
                 Competition, and Regulation in Communications}; {Yates:
                 Control Through Communication: The Rise of System in
                 American Management}; {Killen: IBM: The Making of the
                 Common View}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "210--213",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a3210.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a3210abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1990:AId,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "217--218",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See corrections \cite{Weisbard:1991:CAI}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4217.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4217abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Amouyal:1990:BCA,
  author =       "Albert Amouyal",
  title =        "The Beginnings of Computing Activities at the {Atomic
                 Energy Authority}, 1952--1972",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "219--225",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4219.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4219abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Computers -- History -- Periodicals; Electronic data
                 processing -- History -- Periodicals",
}

@Article{Boucher:1990:IDI,
  author =       "Henri Boucher",
  title =        "Informatics in the Defense Industry",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "227--240",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4227.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4227abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Zemanek:1990:LFI,
  author =       "Heinz Zemanek",
  title =        "A Look into the Future of Information Processing
                 (Translated by {Werner Buchholz})",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "241--251",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4241.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4241abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Zemanek:1990:ALF,
  author =       "Heinz Zemanek",
  title =        "Another Look into the Future of Information
                 Processing, 20 Years Later",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "253--260",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  note =         "Translated by Werner Buchholz.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4253.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4253abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1990:Hd,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "261--264",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4261.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4261abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1990:SSQd,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "267--268",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4267.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4267abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1990:AES,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and David J. Koepke and James C.
                 Emery",
  title =        "Anecdotes: The Evolution of Software Design Ideas;
                 Structured Programming",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "269--276",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4269.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4269abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1990:BOJ,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss and Richard Canning and John M.
                 Bennett",
  title =        "Biographies: Obituaries: {Jos{\'e} Garcia Santesmases,
                 1907--1989}; {Roy Nutt}, 1931--1990; {Florence Jessie
                 MacWilliams}, 1917--1990; {Charlotte Boschan},
                 1920--1990; Memoirs: Early Days of Electronics at
                 {IBM}; Early Computer Days in {Britain} and {Australia}
                 --- Some Autobiographical Snippets",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "277--285",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4277.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4277abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1990:CQDc,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Gregory D. Crowe",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Soviet BESM
                 Computers}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "286--286",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Lukaszewicz:1990:BCD}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4286.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4286abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Williams:1990:MA,
  author =       "Michael Williams",
  title =        "Museums and Archives",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "287--290",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4287.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4287abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Caruzzi:1990:RHE,
  author =       "Paul Caruzzi and K. W. Smillie and Eric Weiss",
  title =        "Reviews: {Hyman, (ed.): Science and Reform. Selected
                 Works of Charles Babbage}; {Goldberg (ed.): A History
                 of Personal Workstations}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "291--293",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4291.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4291abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:IV,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Index to Volume 12",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "297, 299--309",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1990/pdf/a4297.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1990/a4297abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:AIa,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1001.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1001abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Cusumano:1991:FCP,
  author =       "Michael A. Cusumano",
  title =        "Factory Concepts and Practices in Software
                 Development",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--32",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1003.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1003abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Computers -- History -- Periodicals; Electronic data
                 processing -- History -- Periodicals",
}

@Article{Sammet:1991:SAI,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Some Approaches to, and Illustrations of, Programming
                 Language History",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "33--50",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1033.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1033abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:GDS,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Guidelines for the Documentation of Segments of the
                 History of Computing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "51--62",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1051.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1051abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Wieselman:1991:MPPa,
  author =       "Irving L. Wieselman and Erwin Tomash",
  title =        "Marks on Paper: Part 1. {A} Historical Survey of
                 Computer Output Printing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "63--79",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1063.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1063abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:Ha,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "81--88",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1081.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1081abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Swade:1991:CCB,
  author =       "Doron Swade",
  title =        "The construction of {Charles Babbage}'s difference
                 engine",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "82--83",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 17:44:19 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/felix-stabilization.bib;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/allison.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1081.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1081abs.htm",
  abstract =     "Science Museum UK is building Babbage's difference
                 engine (not his analytic engine which \ldots{}
                 computer) to celebrate 200-th anniversary of Babbage's
                 death (1771). 4000 parts, 3 tons, $10 \times 6 \times
                 1.5$ feet, being built in materials and with accuracy
                 of Babbage's day. The D.E. calculates 7th order
                 polynomials to 30 decimal places.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  annote =       "Bowen \cite{Bowen:1993:SCS} cites another text by
                 Swade towards the concerns of Charles Babbage about the
                 `table crisis' which lead to the development of the
                 difference engine.",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Babbage, difference engine",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:SSQ,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "88--90",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1088.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1088abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Glass:1991:PFS,
  author =       "Robert L. Glass",
  title =        "`Project that failed' that succeeded",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "91",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:57:40 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1091.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1091abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1991:AFC,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and J. A. N. Lee and Martin Rem and
                 David Gries and Andrzej Blikle and Robert L. Glass",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {Frontiers of Computing: A Tribute to
                 Edsger W. Dijkstra on the occasion of his 60th birthday
                 University of Texas (Austin) 10--11 May 1990}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "91--100",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1091.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1091abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1991:BOA,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: Obituary: {AFIPS}: 1961--1991",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "100--101",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1100.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1100abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Halpern:1991:MHP,
  author =       "Mark Halpern",
  title =        "Memoir: On the heels of the pioneers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "101--111",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:57:40 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See erratum \cite{Weiss:1991:EMH}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1111.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1111abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1991:RCK,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi and Kenneth Flamm and Peggy Aldrich
                 Kidwell and Herbert R. J. Grosch and John A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Reviews: {Campbell-Kelly: ICL: A Business and
                 Technical History}; {Aspray: Computing Before
                 Computers}; {Watson and Petre: Father, Son \& Co.};
                 {Asimov and Frenkel: Robots: Machines in Man's Image};
                 {McNeil: An Encyclopedia of the History of Technology};
                 {Byte: Fifteenth Anniversary Summit}; {Deavours and
                 Kruh: The Turing Bombe: Was it Enough?}; {Pearcey: A
                 History of Australian Computing}; {Aspray: The Origins
                 of John von Neumann's Theory of Automata}; {Crossley
                 and Henry: Thus Spake al-Khwarizmi: a Translation of
                 the text of Cambridge University Library Ms. li.vi.5};
                 {Fauvel and Gerdes: African Slave and Calculating
                 Prodigy: Bicentenary of the Death of Thomas Fuller};
                 {Marling: Maestro of Many Keyboards [brief biography of
                 Donald Knuth]}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "111--117",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/mirrors/ftp.ira.uka.de/bibliography/Misc/annhistcomput.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/turing-alan-mathison.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1111.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1111abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Flamm:1991:RMC,
  author =       "Kenneth Flamm",
  title =        "Review: {Martin Campbell-Kelly: {ICL}: A Business and
                 Technical History}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "111--113",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1111.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1111abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:ASS,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Answers to Self-Study Questions",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "117--120",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a1088.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a1088abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:AIb,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "123--124",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2123.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2123abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{VanSinderen:1991:HBM,
  author =       "Alfred W. {Van Sinderen} and Michael R. Williams",
  title =        "Happy Birthday {Mr. Babbage}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "125--139",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2125.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2125abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Computers -- History -- Periodicals; Electronic data
                 processing -- History -- Periodicals",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1991:BEH,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "{Babbage}'s Expectations for his {Engines}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "141--145",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  MRclass =      "01A55",
  MRnumber =     "1227192 (94c:01023)",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jan 15 11:49:13 2013",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/adabooks.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2141.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2141abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Wilkes:1991:PMB,
  author =       "Maurice V. Wilkes",
  title =        "Pray {Mr. Babbage} --- {A} character study in dramatic
                 form",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "147--154",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2147.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2147abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{McConnell:1991:SEC,
  author =       "Paul McConnell",
  title =        "Some Early Computers for Aviators",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "155--177",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2155.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2155abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{MacKenzie:1991:IAL,
  author =       "Donald MacKenzie",
  title =        "The Influence of the {Los Alamos} and {Livermore
                 National Laboratories} on the Development of
                 Supercomputing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "179--201",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1991.10014",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/super.bib;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2179.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2179abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "CDC Cyber 205; CDC STAR-100; Control Data (CDC); Cray;
                 ETA; Fujitsu FACOM VP-100 and VP-200; high performance
                 computing; IBM 7030 Stretch; ILLIAC IV; Lawrence
                 Livermore National Laboratory; Los Alamos National
                 Laboratory; Nuclear Weapons Design; Remington Rand
                 Livermore Automatic Research Computer (LARC); SOLOMON;
                 supercomputing; Texas Instruments Advanced Scientific
                 Computer (TI ASC)",
  remark =       "The author has this remark about Metropolis on page
                 194: ``What are the architectural consequences of this
                 kind of influence? [of Los Alamos on computer design]
                 One apparent in Stretch is that machine's noisy mode
                 facility (Los Alamos interviews). The inspiration of
                 these was Los Alamos Nicholas Metropolis, who in the
                 1950s developed what he called significance arithmetic:
                 the attempt to determine the consequences, for the
                 reliability of results, of errors caused by the need to
                 represent numbers by words of finite length. In noisy
                 mode the effects of truncation were handled differently
                 from in normal operation so as to allow errors caused
                 by truncation to be detected.

                 By definition of ordinary normalized [floating-point]
                 operations, numbers are frequently extended on the
                 right by attaching zeros. During addition the $n$-digit
                 operand that is not preshifted is extended with n
                 zeros, so as to provide the extra positions to which
                 the preshifted operand can be added. Any operand or
                 result that is shifted left to be normalized requires a
                 corresponding number of zeros to be shifted in at the
                 right. Both sets of zeros tend to produce numbers
                 smaller in absolute value than they would have been if
                 more digits had been carried. In the noisy mode these
                 numbers are simply extended with 1s instead of zeros
                 (1s in a binary machine, 9s in a decimal machine). Now
                 all numbers tend to be too large in absolute value. The
                 true value, if there had been no significance loss,
                 should lie between these two extremes. Hence, two runs,
                 one made without and one made with the noisy mode,
                 should show differences in result that indicate which
                 digits may have been affected by significance loss
                 (Buchholz 1962, p. 102).''

                 See \cite{Buchholz:1962:PCS} for more information about
                 the Stretch noisy mode.",
}

@Article{Wieselman:1991:MPPb,
  author =       "Irving L. Wieselman and Erwin Tomash",
  title =        "Marks on Paper: Part 2. {A} Historical Survey of
                 Computer Output Printing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "203--222",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2203.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2203abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:Hb,
  author =       "John A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Happenings",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "223--227",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2223.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2223abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1991:HBS,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "{Harvard Business School MIS} history project
                 self-study questions",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "228",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:57:40 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2228.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2228abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1991:SSQa,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions \& Answers",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "228--228",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2228.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2228abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1991:BAS,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss and Carolyn E. Tajnai",
  title =        "Biographies: {Arthur L. Samuel} (1901--1990); {John
                 Bardeen} (1908--1991); {Velma E. R. Huskey}
                 (1917--1991);",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "229--230",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2229.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2229abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1991:CQDa,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Philip H. Dorn and Paul Armer",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Correction to ``Early
                 Computer User Groups'', by Herbert S. Bright, Vol. 12,
                 No. 1, 1990}; {A Further Correction to ``Early Computer
                 User Groups'', by Herbert S. Bright, Vol. 12, No. 1,
                 1990};",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "230--231",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Tomayko:1990:AEC}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2230.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2230abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1991:RPI,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi and Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Reviews: {Penzias: Ideas and Information: Managing in
                 a High-tech World}; {Rose: West of Eden: The End of
                 Innocence at Apple Computer}; {Lindgren: Glory \&
                 Failure: the Difference Engines of Johann M{\"u}ller,
                 Charles Babbage, and Edvard Scheutz}; {Jennings: The
                 Devouring Fungus: Tales of the Computer Age}; {Norberg:
                 High Technology Calculation in the Early 20th Century:
                 Punched Card Machinery in Business and Government};
                 {Hall and Barry: Sunburst: The Ascent of Sun
                 Microsystems}; {Heppenheimer: How von Neumann Showed
                 the Way}; {Aspray: Back to Basics: The Stored Program
                 Concept}; {Rosen: The Origins of Modern Computing};
                 {Taylor: In Memoriam: J.C.R. Licklider, 1915--1990};
                 {Mounier-Kuhn: Genese de l'informatique en France
                 (1945--1965): Diffusion de l'innovation et transfert de
                 technologie}; {Eisler: My Life with the Printed
                 Circuit}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "231--234",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:15 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2231.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2231abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1991:ASSa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Answers to self-study questions",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "234",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:57:40 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a2228.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a2228abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:AIc,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "235--235",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3235.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3235abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1991:WCW,
  author =       "Paul E. Ceruzzi",
  title =        "When Computers Were Human",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "237--244",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3237.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3237abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Computers -- History -- Periodicals; Electronic data
                 processing -- History -- Periodicals",
}

@Article{Kistermann:1991:IDH,
  author =       "F. W. Kistermann",
  title =        "The Invention and Development of the {Hollerith}
                 Punched Card: In Commemoration of the 130th Anniversary
                 of the Birth of {Herman Hollerith} and for the 100th
                 Anniversary of Large Scale Data Processing",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "245--259",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3245.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3245abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Heide:1991:IPD,
  author =       "Lars Heide",
  title =        "From Invention to Production: The Development of
                 Punched-card Machines by {F. R. Bull} and {K. A.
                 Knutsen} 1918--1930",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "261--272",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3261.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3261abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{ONeill:1991:HAD,
  author =       "Judy O'Neill",
  title =        "Happenings: The 30th Anniversary of the {Digital
                 Equipment Corporation PDP-1}; {Fernando J. Corbat{\'o}}
                 Receives the {ACM}'s {A. M. Turing Award};
                 Conferences",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "273--277",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3273.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3273abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1991:ATS,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Shane Greenstein",
  title =        "Anecdotes: {The Tape Story Tapestry: Historical
                 Research with Inaccessible Digital Information
                 Technologies};",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "277--285",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3277.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3277abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Greenstein:1991:ATS,
  author =       "Shane Greenstein",
  title =        "Anecdotes: The Tape Story Tapestry: Historical
                 Research with Inaccessible Digital Information
                 Technologies",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "278--285",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:57:40 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3277.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3277abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1991:BOJ,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss and Roland Ibett and D. J. Rees",
  title =        "Biographies: Obituaries: {John Bardeen}, 1909--1991;
                 {Sidney Fernbach}, 1918--1991; {Sidney Michaelson},
                 1926--1991; {Charles R. Mollenhoff}, 1922--1991",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "285--289",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3285.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3285abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1991:EMH,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Erratum: [Mark Halpern, ``On the heels of the
                 pioneers'']",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "289--290",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Halpern:1991:HP}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3285.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3285abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Huskey:1991:MED,
  author =       "Harry D. Huskey",
  title =        "Memoir: The Early Days",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "290--306",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3285.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3285abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1991:CQDb,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Herb Grosch and Pierre Hillion and
                 Michael F. Weisbard and Alice R. Burks and Arthur W.
                 Burks and J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Early Computing
                 Courses; Computing in the {French Army}; Corrections to
                 Volume 12, Number 4; {Atanasoff} Award; Reply to
                 {Burks} and {Burks} on the {Atanasoff} Award",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "306--308",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3306.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3306abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Grosch:1991:CQD,
  author =       "Herb Grosch",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Early Computing
                 Courses",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "306--307",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 17:44:18 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3306.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3306abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Hillion:1991:CQD,
  author =       "Pierre Hillion",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Computing in the
                 {French Army}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "307--307",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 17:44:18 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3306.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3306abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weisbard:1991:CAI,
  author =       "Michael F. Weisbard",
  title =        "Corrections: {About this Issue, 12(4)}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "307--308",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  note =         "See \cite{Lee:1990:AId}.",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3306.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3306abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Burks:1991:CQD,
  author =       "Alice R. Burks and Arthur W. Burks",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: {Atanasoff} Award",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "308--308",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3306.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3306abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:CQD,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Reply to {Burks} and
                 {Burks} on the {Atanasoff} Award",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "308--308",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 10:35:25 2002",
  bibsource =    "http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3306.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3306abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1991:RBH,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi and Martin Collins and Nathan Reingold
                 and K. W. Smillie and Steven Lubar",
  title =        "Reviews: {Bruemmer and Hocheiser: The High Technology
                 Company: A Historical and Archival Guide}; {Cortada:
                 Archives of Data-Processing History, a Guide to Major
                 U.S. Collections}; {Blum and Duncan: A History of
                 Medical Informatics}; {Editor's Note: Vincenti book
                 review}; {Vincenti: What Engineers Know and How They
                 Know it: Analytical Studies from Aeronautical
                 History}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "308--313",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3308.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3308abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Collins:1991:BHH,
  author =       "Martin Collins",
  title =        "Review: {Bruemmer and Hocheiser}: The High Technology
                 Company: a Historical and Archival Guide",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "308--310",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 17:44:18 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3308.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3308abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Reingold:1991:RCA,
  author =       "Nathan Reingold",
  title =        "Review: {Cortada}: Archives of Data-Processing
                 History, a Guide to Major {U.S.} Collections",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "310--311",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 17:44:18 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3308.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3308abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Smillie:1991:RBD,
  author =       "K. W. Smillie",
  title =        "Review: {Blum} and {Duncan}: a History of Medical
                 Informatics",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "311--311",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 17:44:18 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3308.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3308abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Ceruzzi:1991:REN,
  author =       "Paul Ceruzzi",
  title =        "Review: {Editor}'s Note: {Vincenti} book review",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "311--312",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 17:44:18 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3308.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3308abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lubar:1991:RVW,
  author =       "Steven Lubar",
  title =        "Review: {Vincenti}: What Engineers Know and How They
                 Know it: Analytical Studies from Aeronautical History",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "312--313",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 17:44:18 MDT 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a3308.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a3308abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Lee:1991:AId,
  author =       "J. A. N. Lee",
  title =        "About This Issue",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "315--316",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a4315.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a4315abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Estrin:1991:WY,
  author =       "Gerald Estrin",
  title =        "The {WEIZAC} Years (1954--1963)",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "317--339",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a4317.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a4317abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
  keywords =     "Computers -- History -- Periodicals; Electronic data
                 processing -- History -- Periodicals",
}

@Article{Lesourne:1991:BHF,
  author =       "J. Lesourne and R. Armand",
  title =        "A Brief History of the First Decade of {SEMA}",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "341--349",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib;
                 OCLC Contents1st database",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a4341.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a4341abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Allison:1991:MAM,
  author =       "David Allison",
  title =        "Museums and archives. {Mus{\'e}e national des
                 techniques}. {Conservatoire national des arts et
                 M{\'e}tiers}. {National Museum of American History},
                 {Smithsonian Institution} Publications and Artifacts.
                 {Unisys} donates {Burroughs} historical records to
                 {Charles Babbage Institute}. {Digital Equipment
                 Corporation}'s historical collection program",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "351--353",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:57:39 2001",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a4351.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a4351abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{ONeill:1991:HSP,
  author =       "Judy O'Neill and J. A. N. Lee and Paul Ceruzzi and
                 Gail Jennes",
  title =        "Happenings. Sumptuous piece of engineering sculpture.
                 {Babbage} stamp issued. Fifty years of
                 program-controlled calculating machines. Celebration at
                 the {Deutsches Museum}. People and computers exhibition
                 opens at the computer museum. {Deutsches Museum}
                 workshop on the technical history of electrical
                 information technology. International congress of
                 history of science. Technological competitiveness
                 conference, {Center for the History of Electrical
                 Engineering}. {Adelle and Erwin Tomash Fellowship} in
                 the history of information processing new book in
                 progress",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "353--358",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a4353.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a4353abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Sammet:1991:SSQb,
  author =       "Jean E. Sammet",
  title =        "Self-Study Questions",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "358--359",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a4358.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a4358abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Tomayko:1991:AWF,
  author =       "James E. Tomayko and Roy R. Weil and John H. Palmer
                 and Harry Polachek",
  title =        "Anecdotes: What is this. And that? First
                 bug-discussion. {Thomas J. Watson Sr.} and the perfect
                 computer",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "359--362",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a4359.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a4359abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Weiss:1991:BOS,
  author =       "Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Biographies: Obituaries: [{Saul Rosen}, 1922--1991]",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "362--363",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/annhistcomput.bib",
  URL =          "http://dlib.computer.org/an/books/an1991/pdf/a4362.pdf;
                 http://www.computer.org/annals/an1991/a4362abs.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the History of Computing",
}

@Article{Buchholz:1991:CQDc,
  author =       "Werner Buchholz and Eric A. Weiss",
  title =        "Comments, Queries, and Debate: Free computer
                 identification service",
  journal =      j-ANN-HIST-COMPUT,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "363--363",
  month =        oct # "\slash " # dec,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AHCOE5",
  ISSN =         "0164-1239",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 1 15:29:16 MST 2002",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;