*DECK DEABM
SUBROUTINE DEABM (F, NEQ, T, Y, TOUT, INFO, RTOL, ATOL, IDID,
+ RWORK, LRW, IWORK, LIW, RPAR, IPAR)
C***BEGIN PROLOGUE DEABM
C***PURPOSE Solve an initial value problem in ordinary differential
C equations using an Adams-Bashforth method.
C***LIBRARY SLATEC (DEPAC)
C***CATEGORY I1A1B
C***TYPE SINGLE PRECISION (DEABM-S, DDEABM-D)
C***KEYWORDS ADAMS-BASHFORTH METHOD, DEPAC, INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS,
C ODE, ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, PREDICTOR-CORRECTOR
C***AUTHOR Shampine, L. F., (SNLA)
C Watts, H. A., (SNLA)
C***DESCRIPTION
C
C This is the Adams code in the package of differential equation
C solvers DEPAC, consisting of the codes DERKF, DEABM, and DEBDF.
C Design of the package was by L. F. Shampine and H. A. Watts.
C It is documented in
C SAND79-2374 , DEPAC - Design of a User Oriented Package of ODE
C Solvers.
C DEABM is a driver for a modification of the code ODE written by
C L. F. Shampine and M. K. Gordon
C Sandia Laboratories
C Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185
C
C **********************************************************************
C ** DEPAC PACKAGE OVERVIEW **
C **************************************************
C
C You have a choice of three differential equation solvers from
C DEPAC. The following brief descriptions are meant to aid you
C in choosing the most appropriate code for your problem.
C
C DERKF is a fifth order Runge-Kutta code. It is the simplest of
C the three choices, both algorithmically and in the use of the
C code. DERKF is primarily designed to solve non-stiff and mild-
C ly stiff differential equations when derivative evaluations are
C not expensive. It should generally not be used to get high
C accuracy results nor answers at a great many specific points.
C Because DERKF has very low overhead costs, it will usually
C result in the least expensive integration when solving
C problems requiring a modest amount of accuracy and having
C equations that are not costly to evaluate. DERKF attempts to
C discover when it is not suitable for the task posed.
C
C DEABM is a variable order (one through twelve) Adams code.
C Its complexity lies somewhere between that of DERKF and DEBDF.
C DEABM is primarily designed to solve non-stiff and mildly stiff
C differential equations when derivative evaluations are
C expensive, high accuracy results are needed or answers at
C many specific points are required. DEABM attempts to discover
C when it is not suitable for the task posed.
C
C DEBDF is a variable order (one through five) backward
C differentiation formula code. It is the most complicated of
C the three choices. DEBDF is primarily designed to solve stiff
C differential equations at crude to moderate tolerances.
C If the problem is very stiff at all, DERKF and DEABM will be
C quite inefficient compared to DEBDF. However, DEBDF will be
C inefficient compared to DERKF and DEABM on non-stiff problems
C because it uses much more storage, has a much larger overhead,
C and the low order formulas will not give high accuracies
C efficiently.
C
C The concept of stiffness cannot be described in a few words.
C If you do not know the problem to be stiff, try either DERKF
C or DEABM. Both of these codes will inform you of stiffness
C when the cost of solving such problems becomes important.
C
C **********************************************************************
C ** ABSTRACT **
C **************
C
C Subroutine DEABM uses the Adams-Bashforth-Moulton predictor-
C corrector formulas of orders one through twelve to integrate a
C system of NEQ first order ordinary differential equations of the
C form
C DU/DX = F(X,U)
C when the vector Y(*) of initial values for U(*) at X=T is given. The
C subroutine integrates from T to TOUT. It is easy to continue the
C integration to get results at additional TOUT. This is the interval
C mode of operation. It is also easy for the routine to return with
C the solution at each intermediate step on the way to TOUT. This is
C the intermediate-output mode of operation.
C
C DEABM uses subprograms DES, STEPS, SINTRP, HSTART, HVNRM, R1MACH and
C the error handling routine XERMSG. The only machine dependent
C parameters to be assigned appear in R1MACH.
C
C **********************************************************************
C ** DESCRIPTION OF THE ARGUMENTS TO DEABM (AN OVERVIEW) **
C *********************************************************
C
C The parameters are
C
C F -- This is the name of a subroutine which you provide to
C define the differential equations.
C
C NEQ -- This is the number of (first order) differential
C equations to be integrated.
C
C T -- This is a value of the independent variable.
C
C Y(*) -- This array contains the solution components at T.
C
C TOUT -- This is a point at which a solution is desired.
C
C INFO(*) -- The basic task of the code is to integrate the
C differential equations from T to TOUT and return an
C answer at TOUT. INFO(*) is an integer array which is used
C to communicate exactly how you want this task to be
C carried out.
C
C RTOL, ATOL -- These quantities represent relative and absolute
C error tolerances which you provide to indicate how
C accurately you wish the solution to be computed. You may
C choose them to be both scalars or else both vectors.
C
C IDID -- This scalar quantity is an indicator reporting what
C the code did. You must monitor this integer variable to
C decide what action to take next.
C
C RWORK(*), LRW -- RWORK(*) is a real work array of length LRW
C which provides the code with needed storage space.
C
C IWORK(*), LIW -- IWORK(*) is an integer work array of length LIW
C which provides the code with needed storage space and an
C across call flag.
C
C RPAR, IPAR -- These are real and integer parameter arrays which
C you can use for communication between your calling
C program and the F subroutine.
C
C Quantities which are used as input items are
C NEQ, T, Y(*), TOUT, INFO(*),
C RTOL, ATOL, RWORK(1), LRW and LIW.
C
C Quantities which may be altered by the code are
C T, Y(*), INFO(1), RTOL, ATOL,
C IDID, RWORK(*) and IWORK(*).
C
C **********************************************************************
C ** INPUT -- WHAT TO DO ON THE FIRST CALL TO DEABM **
C ****************************************************
C
C The first call of the code is defined to be the start of each new
C problem. Read through the descriptions of all the following items,
C provide sufficient storage space for designated arrays, set
C appropriate variables for the initialization of the problem, and
C give information about how you want the problem to be solved.
C
C
C F -- Provide a subroutine of the form
C F(X,U,UPRIME,RPAR,IPAR)
C to define the system of first order differential equations
C which is to be solved. For the given values of X and the
C vector U(*)=(U(1),U(2),...,U(NEQ)) , the subroutine must
C evaluate the NEQ components of the system of differential
C equations DU/DX = F(X,U) and store the derivatives in
C array UPRIME(*), that is, UPRIME(I) = * DU(I)/DX * for
C equations I=1,...,NEQ.
C
C Subroutine F must not alter X or U(*). You must declare
C the name F in an external statement in your program that
C calls DEABM. You must dimension U and UPRIME in F.
C
C RPAR and IPAR are real and integer parameter arrays which
C you can use for communication between your calling program
C and subroutine F. They are not used or altered by DEABM.
C If you do not need RPAR or IPAR, ignore these parameters
C by treating them as dummy arguments. If you do choose to
C use them, dimension them in your calling program and in F
C as arrays of appropriate length.
C
C NEQ -- Set it to the number of differential equations.
C (NEQ .GE. 1)
C
C T -- Set it to the initial point of the integration.
C You must use a program variable for T because the code
C changes its value.
C
C Y(*) -- Set this vector to the initial values of the NEQ solution
C components at the initial point. You must dimension Y at
C least NEQ in your calling program.
C
C TOUT -- Set it to the first point at which a solution
C is desired. You can take TOUT = T, in which case the code
C will evaluate the derivative of the solution at T and
C return. Integration either forward in T (TOUT .GT. T)
C or backward in T (TOUT .LT. T) is permitted.
C
C The code advances the solution from T to TOUT using
C step sizes which are automatically selected so as to
C achieve the desired accuracy. If you wish, the code will
C return with the solution and its derivative following
C each intermediate step (intermediate-output mode) so that
C you can monitor them, but you still must provide TOUT in
C accord with the basic aim of the code.
C
C The first step taken by the code is a critical one
C because it must reflect how fast the solution changes near
C the initial point. The code automatically selects an
C initial step size which is practically always suitable for
C the problem. By using the fact that the code will not
C step past TOUT in the first step, you could, if necessary,
C restrict the length of the initial step size.
C
C For some problems it may not be permissible to integrate
C past a point TSTOP because a discontinuity occurs there
C or the solution or its derivative is not defined beyond
C TSTOP. When you have declared a TSTOP point (see INFO(4)
C and RWORK(1)), you have told the code not to integrate
C past TSTOP. In this case any TOUT beyond TSTOP is invalid
C input.
C
C INFO(*) -- Use the INFO array to give the code more details about
C how you want your problem solved. This array should be
C dimensioned of length 15 to accommodate other members of
C DEPAC or possible future extensions, though DEABM uses
C only the first four entries. You must respond to all of
C the following items which are arranged as questions. The
C simplest use of the code corresponds to answering all
C questions as YES ,i.e. setting all entries of INFO to 0.
C
C INFO(1) -- This parameter enables the code to initialize
C itself. You must set it to indicate the start of every
C new problem.
C
C **** Is this the first call for this problem ...
C YES -- Set INFO(1) = 0
C NO -- Not applicable here.
C See below for continuation calls. ****
C
C INFO(2) -- How much accuracy you want of your solution
C is specified by the error tolerances RTOL and ATOL.
C The simplest use is to take them both to be scalars.
C To obtain more flexibility, they can both be vectors.
C The code must be told your choice.
C
C **** Are both error tolerances RTOL, ATOL scalars ...
C YES -- Set INFO(2) = 0
C and input scalars for both RTOL and ATOL
C NO -- Set INFO(2) = 1
C and input arrays for both RTOL and ATOL ****
C
C INFO(3) -- The code integrates from T in the direction
C of TOUT by steps. If you wish, it will return the
C computed solution and derivative at the next
C intermediate step (the intermediate-output mode) or
C TOUT, whichever comes first. This is a good way to
C proceed if you want to see the behavior of the solution.
C If you must have solutions at a great many specific
C TOUT points, this code will compute them efficiently.
C
C **** Do you want the solution only at
C TOUT (and not at the next intermediate step) ...
C YES -- Set INFO(3) = 0
C NO -- Set INFO(3) = 1 ****
C
C INFO(4) -- To handle solutions at a great many specific
C values TOUT efficiently, this code may integrate past
C TOUT and interpolate to obtain the result at TOUT.
C Sometimes it is not possible to integrate beyond some
C point TSTOP because the equation changes there or it is
C not defined past TSTOP. Then you must tell the code
C not to go past.
C
C **** Can the integration be carried out without any
C restrictions on the independent variable T ...
C YES -- Set INFO(4)=0
C NO -- Set INFO(4)=1
C and define the stopping point TSTOP by
C setting RWORK(1)=TSTOP ****
C
C RTOL, ATOL -- You must assign relative (RTOL) and absolute (ATOL)
C error tolerances to tell the code how accurately you want
C the solution to be computed. They must be defined as
C program variables because the code may change them. You
C have two choices --
C both RTOL and ATOL are scalars. (INFO(2)=0)
C both RTOL and ATOL are vectors. (INFO(2)=1)
C In either case all components must be non-negative.
C
C The tolerances are used by the code in a local error test
C at each step which requires roughly that
C ABS(LOCAL ERROR) .LE. RTOL*ABS(Y)+ATOL
C for each vector component.
C (More specifically, a Euclidean norm is used to measure
C the size of vectors, and the error test uses the magnitude
C of the solution at the beginning of the step.)
C
C The true (global) error is the difference between the true
C solution of the initial value problem and the computed
C approximation. Practically all present day codes,
C including this one, control the local error at each step
C and do not even attempt to control the global error
C directly. Roughly speaking, they produce a solution Y(T)
C which satisfies the differential equations with a
C residual R(T), DY(T)/DT = F(T,Y(T)) + R(T) ,
C and, almost always, R(T) is bounded by the error
C tolerances. Usually, but not always, the true accuracy of
C the computed Y is comparable to the error tolerances. This
C code will usually, but not always, deliver a more accurate
C solution if you reduce the tolerances and integrate again.
C By comparing two such solutions you can get a fairly
C reliable idea of the true error in the solution at the
C bigger tolerances.
C
C Setting ATOL=0.0 results in a pure relative error test on
C that component. Setting RTOL=0.0 results in a pure abso-
C lute error test on that component. A mixed test with non-
C zero RTOL and ATOL corresponds roughly to a relative error
C test when the solution component is much bigger than ATOL
C and to an absolute error test when the solution component
C is smaller than the threshold ATOL.
C
C Proper selection of the absolute error control parameters
C ATOL requires you to have some idea of the scale of the
C solution components. To acquire this information may mean
C that you will have to solve the problem more than once.
C In the absence of scale information, you should ask for
C some relative accuracy in all the components (by setting
C RTOL values non-zero) and perhaps impose extremely small
C absolute error tolerances to protect against the danger of
C a solution component becoming zero.
C
C The code will not attempt to compute a solution at an
C accuracy unreasonable for the machine being used. It will
C advise you if you ask for too much accuracy and inform
C you as to the maximum accuracy it believes possible.
C
C RWORK(*) -- Dimension this real work array of length LRW in your
C calling program.
C
C RWORK(1) -- If you have set INFO(4)=0, you can ignore this
C optional input parameter. Otherwise you must define a
C stopping point TSTOP by setting RWORK(1) = TSTOP.
C (for some problems it may not be permissible to integrate
C past a point TSTOP because a discontinuity occurs there
C or the solution or its derivative is not defined beyond
C TSTOP.)
C
C LRW -- Set it to the declared length of the RWORK array.
C You must have LRW .GE. 130+21*NEQ
C
C IWORK(*) -- Dimension this integer work array of length LIW in
C your calling program.
C
C LIW -- Set it to the declared length of the IWORK array.
C You must have LIW .GE. 51
C
C RPAR, IPAR -- These are parameter arrays, of real and integer
C type, respectively. You can use them for communication
C between your program that calls DEABM and the F
C subroutine. They are not used or altered by DEABM. If
C you do not need RPAR or IPAR, ignore these parameters by
C treating them as dummy arguments. If you do choose to use
C them, dimension them in your calling program and in F as
C arrays of appropriate length.
C
C **********************************************************************
C ** OUTPUT -- AFTER ANY RETURN FROM DEABM **
C *******************************************
C
C The principal aim of the code is to return a computed solution at
C TOUT, although it is also possible to obtain intermediate results
C along the way. To find out whether the code achieved its goal
C or if the integration process was interrupted before the task was
C completed, you must check the IDID parameter.
C
C
C T -- The solution was successfully advanced to the
C output value of T.
C
C Y(*) -- Contains the computed solution approximation at T.
C You may also be interested in the approximate derivative
C of the solution at T. It is contained in
C RWORK(21),...,RWORK(20+NEQ).
C
C IDID -- Reports what the code did
C
C *** Task Completed ***
C reported by positive values of IDID
C
C IDID = 1 -- A step was successfully taken in the
C intermediate-output mode. The code has not
C yet reached TOUT.
C
C IDID = 2 -- The integration to TOUT was successfully
C completed (T=TOUT) by stepping exactly to TOUT.
C
C IDID = 3 -- The integration to TOUT was successfully
C completed (T=TOUT) by stepping past TOUT.
C Y(*) is obtained by interpolation.
C
C *** Task Interrupted ***
C reported by negative values of IDID
C
C IDID = -1 -- A large amount of work has been expended.
C (500 steps attempted)
C
C IDID = -2 -- The error tolerances are too stringent.
C
C IDID = -3 -- The local error test cannot be satisfied
C because you specified a zero component in ATOL
C and the corresponding computed solution
C component is zero. Thus, a pure relative error
C test is impossible for this component.
C
C IDID = -4 -- The problem appears to be stiff.
C
C IDID = -5,-6,-7,..,-32 -- Not applicable for this code
C but used by other members of DEPAC or possible
C future extensions.
C
C *** Task Terminated ***
C reported by the value of IDID=-33
C
C IDID = -33 -- The code has encountered trouble from which
C it cannot recover. A message is printed
C explaining the trouble and control is returned
C to the calling program. For example, this
C occurs when invalid input is detected.
C
C RTOL, ATOL -- These quantities remain unchanged except when
C IDID = -2. In this case, the error tolerances have been
C increased by the code to values which are estimated to be
C appropriate for continuing the integration. However, the
C reported solution at T was obtained using the input values
C of RTOL and ATOL.
C
C RWORK, IWORK -- Contain information which is usually of no
C interest to the user but necessary for subsequent calls.
C However, you may find use for
C
C RWORK(11)--Which contains the step size H to be
C attempted on the next step.
C
C RWORK(12)--If the tolerances have been increased by the
C code (IDID = -2) , they were multiplied by the
C value in RWORK(12).
C
C RWORK(13)--Which contains the current value of the
C independent variable, i.e. the farthest point
C integration has reached. This will be dif-
C ferent from T only when interpolation has been
C performed (IDID=3).
C
C RWORK(20+I)--Which contains the approximate derivative of
C the solution component Y(I). In DEABM, it is
C obtained by calling subroutine F to evaluate
C the differential equation using T and Y(*) when
C IDID=1 or 2, and by interpolation when IDID=3.
C
C **********************************************************************
C ** INPUT -- WHAT TO DO TO CONTINUE THE INTEGRATION **
C ** (CALLS AFTER THE FIRST) **
C *****************************************************
C
C This code is organized so that subsequent calls to continue the
C integration involve little (if any) additional effort on your
C part. You must monitor the IDID parameter in order to
C determine what to do next.
C
C Recalling that the principal task of the code is to integrate
C from T to TOUT (the interval mode), usually all you will need
C to do is specify a new TOUT upon reaching the current TOUT.
C
C Do not alter any quantity not specifically permitted below,
C in particular do not alter NEQ, T, Y(*), RWORK(*), IWORK(*) or
C the differential equation in subroutine F. Any such alteration
C constitutes a new problem and must be treated as such, i.e.
C you must start afresh.
C
C You cannot change from vector to scalar error control or vice
C versa (INFO(2)) but you can change the size of the entries of
C RTOL, ATOL. Increasing a tolerance makes the equation easier
C to integrate. Decreasing a tolerance will make the equation
C harder to integrate and should generally be avoided.
C
C You can switch from the intermediate-output mode to the
C interval mode (INFO(3)) or vice versa at any time.
C
C If it has been necessary to prevent the integration from going
C past a point TSTOP (INFO(4), RWORK(1)), keep in mind that the
C code will not integrate to any TOUT beyond the currently
C specified TSTOP. Once TSTOP has been reached you must change
C the value of TSTOP or set INFO(4)=0. You may change INFO(4)
C or TSTOP at any time but you must supply the value of TSTOP in
C RWORK(1) whenever you set INFO(4)=1.
C
C The parameter INFO(1) is used by the code to indicate the
C beginning of a new problem and to indicate whether integration
C is to be continued. You must input the value INFO(1) = 0
C when starting a new problem. You must input the value
C INFO(1) = 1 if you wish to continue after an interrupted task.
C Do not set INFO(1) = 0 on a continuation call unless you
C want the code to restart at the current T.
C
C *** Following a Completed Task ***
C If
C IDID = 1, call the code again to continue the integration
C another step in the direction of TOUT.
C
C IDID = 2 or 3, define a new TOUT and call the code again.
C TOUT must be different from T. You cannot change
C the direction of integration without restarting.
C
C *** Following an Interrupted Task ***
C To show the code that you realize the task was
C interrupted and that you want to continue, you
C must take appropriate action and reset INFO(1) = 1
C If
C IDID = -1, the code has attempted 500 steps.
C If you want to continue, set INFO(1) = 1 and
C call the code again. An additional 500 steps
C will be allowed.
C
C IDID = -2, the error tolerances RTOL, ATOL have been
C increased to values the code estimates appropriate
C for continuing. You may want to change them
C yourself. If you are sure you want to continue
C with relaxed error tolerances, set INFO(1)=1 and
C call the code again.
C
C IDID = -3, a solution component is zero and you set the
C corresponding component of ATOL to zero. If you
C are sure you want to continue, you must first
C alter the error criterion to use positive values
C for those components of ATOL corresponding to zero
C solution components, then set INFO(1)=1 and call
C the code again.
C
C IDID = -4, the problem appears to be stiff. It is very
C inefficient to solve such problems with DEABM. The
C code DEBDF in DEPAC handles this task efficiently.
C If you are absolutely sure you want to continue
C with DEABM, set INFO(1)=1 and call the code again.
C
C IDID = -5,-6,-7,..,-32 --- cannot occur with this code
C but used by other members of DEPAC or possible
C future extensions.
C
C *** Following a Terminated Task ***
C If
C IDID = -33, you cannot continue the solution of this
C problem. An attempt to do so will result in your
C run being terminated.
C
C **********************************************************************
C
C***REFERENCES L. F. Shampine and H. A. Watts, DEPAC - design of a user
C oriented package of ODE solvers, Report SAND79-2374,
C Sandia Laboratories, 1979.
C***ROUTINES CALLED DES, XERMSG
C***REVISION HISTORY (YYMMDD)
C 800501 DATE WRITTEN
C 890831 Modified array declarations. (WRB)
C 891024 Changed references from VNORM to HVNRM. (WRB)
C 891024 REVISION DATE from Version 3.2
C 891214 Prologue converted to Version 4.0 format. (BAB)
C 900510 Convert XERRWV calls to XERMSG calls. (RWC)
C 920501 Reformatted the REFERENCES section. (WRB)
C***END PROLOGUE DEABM
C
LOGICAL START,PHASE1,NORND,STIFF,INTOUT
C
DIMENSION Y(*),INFO(15),RTOL(*),ATOL(*),RWORK(*),IWORK(*),
1 RPAR(*),IPAR(*)
C
CHARACTER*8 XERN1
CHARACTER*16 XERN3
C
EXTERNAL F
C
C CHECK FOR AN APPARENT INFINITE LOOP
C
C***FIRST EXECUTABLE STATEMENT DEABM
IF ( INFO(1) .EQ. 0 ) IWORK(LIW) = 0
IF (IWORK(LIW) .GE. 5) THEN
IF (T .EQ. RWORK(21 + NEQ)) THEN
WRITE (XERN3, '(1PE15.6)') T
CALL XERMSG ('SLATEC', 'DEABM',
* 'AN APPARENT INFINITE LOOP HAS BEEN DETECTED.$$' //
* 'YOU HAVE MADE REPEATED CALLS AT T = ' // XERN3 //
* ' AND THE INTEGRATION HAS NOT ADVANCED. CHECK THE ' //
* 'WAY YOU HAVE SET PARAMETERS FOR THE CALL TO THE ' //
* 'CODE, PARTICULARLY INFO(1).', 13, 2)
RETURN
ENDIF
ENDIF
C
C CHECK LRW AND LIW FOR SUFFICIENT STORAGE ALLOCATION
C
IDID=0
IF (LRW .LT. 130+21*NEQ) THEN
WRITE (XERN1, '(I8)') LRW
CALL XERMSG ('SLATEC', 'DEABM', 'THE LENGTH OF THE RWORK ' //
* 'ARRAY MUST BE AT LEAST 130 + 21*NEQ.$$' //
* 'YOU HAVE CALLED THE CODE WITH LRW = ' // XERN1, 1, 1)
IDID=-33
ENDIF
C
IF (LIW .LT. 51) THEN
WRITE (XERN1, '(I8)') LIW
CALL XERMSG ('SLATEC', 'DEABM', 'THE LENGTH OF THE IWORK ' //
* 'ARRAY MUST BE AT LEAST 51.$$YOU HAVE CALLED THE CODE ' //
* 'WITH LIW = ' // XERN1, 2, 1)
IDID=-33
ENDIF
C
C COMPUTE THE INDICES FOR THE ARRAYS TO BE STORED IN THE WORK ARRAY
C
IYPOUT = 21
ITSTAR = NEQ + 21
IYP = 1 + ITSTAR
IYY = NEQ + IYP
IWT = NEQ + IYY
IP = NEQ + IWT
IPHI = NEQ + IP
IALPHA = (NEQ*16) + IPHI
IBETA = 12 + IALPHA
IPSI = 12 + IBETA
IV = 12 + IPSI
IW = 12 + IV
ISIG = 12 + IW
IG = 13 + ISIG
IGI = 13 + IG
IXOLD = 11 + IGI
IHOLD = 1 + IXOLD
ITOLD = 1 + IHOLD
IDELSN = 1 + ITOLD
ITWOU = 1 + IDELSN
IFOURU = 1 + ITWOU
C
RWORK(ITSTAR) = T
IF (INFO(1) .EQ. 0) GO TO 50
START = IWORK(21) .NE. (-1)
PHASE1 = IWORK(22) .NE. (-1)
NORND = IWORK(23) .NE. (-1)
STIFF = IWORK(24) .NE. (-1)
INTOUT = IWORK(25) .NE. (-1)
C
50 CALL DES(F,NEQ,T,Y,TOUT,INFO,RTOL,ATOL,IDID,RWORK(IYPOUT),
1 RWORK(IYP),RWORK(IYY),RWORK(IWT),RWORK(IP),RWORK(IPHI),
2 RWORK(IALPHA),RWORK(IBETA),RWORK(IPSI),RWORK(IV),
3 RWORK(IW),RWORK(ISIG),RWORK(IG),RWORK(IGI),RWORK(11),
4 RWORK(12),RWORK(13),RWORK(IXOLD),RWORK(IHOLD),
5 RWORK(ITOLD),RWORK(IDELSN),RWORK(1),RWORK(ITWOU),
5 RWORK(IFOURU),START,PHASE1,NORND,STIFF,INTOUT,IWORK(26),
6 IWORK(27),IWORK(28),IWORK(29),IWORK(30),IWORK(31),
7 IWORK(32),IWORK(33),IWORK(34),IWORK(35),IWORK(45),
8 RPAR,IPAR)
C
IWORK(21) = -1
IF (START) IWORK(21) = 1
IWORK(22) = -1
IF (PHASE1) IWORK(22) = 1
IWORK(23) = -1
IF (NORND) IWORK(23) = 1
IWORK(24) = -1
IF (STIFF) IWORK(24) = 1
IWORK(25) = -1
IF (INTOUT) IWORK(25) = 1
C
IF (IDID .NE. (-2)) IWORK(LIW) = IWORK(LIW) + 1
IF (T .NE. RWORK(ITSTAR)) IWORK(LIW) = 0
C
RETURN
END