.TH ZGEBD2 1 "November 2006" " LAPACK routine (version 3.1) " " LAPACK routine (version 3.1) "
.SH NAME
ZGEBD2 - a complex general m by n matrix A to upper or lower real bidiagonal form B by a unitary transformation
.SH SYNOPSIS
.TP 19
SUBROUTINE ZGEBD2(
M, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, WORK, INFO )
.TP 19
.ti +4
INTEGER
INFO, LDA, M, N
.TP 19
.ti +4
DOUBLE
PRECISION D( * ), E( * )
.TP 19
.ti +4
COMPLEX*16
A( LDA, * ), TAUP( * ), TAUQ( * ), WORK( * )
.SH PURPOSE
ZGEBD2 reduces a complex general m by n matrix A to upper or lower
real bidiagonal form B by a unitary transformation: Q\(aq * A * P = B.
If m >= n, B is upper bidiagonal; if m < n, B is lower bidiagonal.
.SH ARGUMENTS
.TP 8
M (input) INTEGER
The number of rows in the matrix A. M >= 0.
.TP 8
N (input) INTEGER
The number of columns in the matrix A. N >= 0.
.TP 8
A (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the m by n general matrix to be reduced.
On exit,
if m >= n, the diagonal and the first superdiagonal are
overwritten with the upper bidiagonal matrix B; the
elements below the diagonal, with the array TAUQ, represent
the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary
reflectors, and the elements above the first superdiagonal,
with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as
a product of elementary reflectors;
if m < n, the diagonal and the first subdiagonal are
overwritten with the lower bidiagonal matrix B; the
elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAUQ,
represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of
elementary reflectors, and the elements above the diagonal,
with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as
a product of elementary reflectors.
See Further Details.
LDA (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).
.TP 8
D (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N))
The diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
D(i) = A(i,i).
.TP 8
E (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)-1)
The off-diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
if m >= n, E(i) = A(i,i+1) for i = 1,2,...,n-1;
if m < n, E(i) = A(i+1,i) for i = 1,2,...,m-1.
.TP 8
TAUQ (output) COMPLEX*16 array dimension (min(M,N))
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
represent the unitary matrix Q. See Further Details.
TAUP (output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (min(M,N))
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
represent the unitary matrix P. See Further Details.
WORK (workspace) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (max(M,N))
.TP 8
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
.br
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
.SH FURTHER DETAILS
The matrices Q and P are represented as products of elementary
reflectors:
.br
If m >= n,
.br
Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n) and P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(n-1)
Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:
.br
H(i) = I - tauq * v * v\(aq and G(i) = I - taup * u * u\(aq
where tauq and taup are complex scalars, and v and u are complex
vectors; v(1:i-1) = 0, v(i) = 1, and v(i+1:m) is stored on exit in
A(i+1:m,i); u(1:i) = 0, u(i+1) = 1, and u(i+2:n) is stored on exit in
A(i,i+2:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).
If m < n,
.br
Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(m-1) and P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(m)
Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:
.br
H(i) = I - tauq * v * v\(aq and G(i) = I - taup * u * u\(aq
where tauq and taup are complex scalars, v and u are complex vectors;
v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1, and v(i+2:m) is stored on exit in A(i+2:m,i);
u(1:i-1) = 0, u(i) = 1, and u(i+1:n) is stored on exit in A(i,i+1:n);
tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).
.br
The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples:
m = 6 and n = 5 (m > n): m = 5 and n = 6 (m < n):
( d e u1 u1 u1 ) ( d u1 u1 u1 u1 u1 )
( v1 d e u2 u2 ) ( e d u2 u2 u2 u2 )
( v1 v2 d e u3 ) ( v1 e d u3 u3 u3 )
( v1 v2 v3 d e ) ( v1 v2 e d u4 u4 )
( v1 v2 v3 v4 d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d u5 )
( v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 )
.br
where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B, vi
denotes an element of the vector defining H(i), and ui an element of
the vector defining G(i).
.br