.TH CPTEQR 1 "November 2006" " LAPACK routine (version 3.1) " " LAPACK routine (version 3.1) "
.SH NAME
CPTEQR - all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a symmetric positive definite tridiagonal matrix by first factoring the matrix using SPTTRF and then calling CBDSQR to compute the singular values of the bidiagonal factor
.SH SYNOPSIS
.TP 19
SUBROUTINE CPTEQR(
COMPZ, N, D, E, Z, LDZ, WORK, INFO )
.TP 19
.ti +4
CHARACTER
COMPZ
.TP 19
.ti +4
INTEGER
INFO, LDZ, N
.TP 19
.ti +4
REAL
D( * ), E( * ), WORK( * )
.TP 19
.ti +4
COMPLEX
Z( LDZ, * )
.SH PURPOSE
CPTEQR computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a
symmetric positive definite tridiagonal matrix by first factoring the
matrix using SPTTRF and then calling CBDSQR to compute the singular
values of the bidiagonal factor.
This routine computes the eigenvalues of the positive definite
tridiagonal matrix to high relative accuracy. This means that if the
eigenvalues range over many orders of magnitude in size, then the
small eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors will be computed
more accurately than, for example, with the standard QR method.
The eigenvectors of a full or band positive definite Hermitian matrix
can also be found if CHETRD, CHPTRD, or CHBTRD has been used to
reduce this matrix to tridiagonal form. (The reduction to
tridiagonal form, however, may preclude the possibility of obtaining
high relative accuracy in the small eigenvalues of the original
matrix, if these eigenvalues range over many orders of magnitude.)
.SH ARGUMENTS
.TP 8
COMPZ (input) CHARACTER*1
= \(aqN\(aq: Compute eigenvalues only.
.br
= \(aqV\(aq: Compute eigenvectors of original Hermitian
matrix also. Array Z contains the unitary matrix
used to reduce the original matrix to tridiagonal
form.
= \(aqI\(aq: Compute eigenvectors of tridiagonal matrix also.
.TP 8
N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrix. N >= 0.
.TP 8
D (input/output) REAL array, dimension (N)
On entry, the n diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix.
On normal exit, D contains the eigenvalues, in descending
order.
.TP 8
E (input/output) REAL array, dimension (N-1)
On entry, the (n-1) subdiagonal elements of the tridiagonal
matrix.
On exit, E has been destroyed.
.TP 8
Z (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDZ, N)
On entry, if COMPZ = \(aqV\(aq, the unitary matrix used in the
reduction to tridiagonal form.
On exit, if COMPZ = \(aqV\(aq, the orthonormal eigenvectors of the
original Hermitian matrix;
if COMPZ = \(aqI\(aq, the orthonormal eigenvectors of the
tridiagonal matrix.
If INFO > 0 on exit, Z contains the eigenvectors associated
with only the stored eigenvalues.
If COMPZ = \(aqN\(aq, then Z is not referenced.
.TP 8
LDZ (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if
COMPZ = \(aqV\(aq or \(aqI\(aq, LDZ >= max(1,N).
.TP 8
WORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (4*N)
.TP 8
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit.
.br
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
.br
> 0: if INFO = i, and i is:
<= N the Cholesky factorization of the matrix could
not be performed because the i-th principal minor
was not positive definite.
> N the SVD algorithm failed to converge;
if INFO = N+i, i off-diagonal elements of the
bidiagonal factor did not converge to zero.