 LAPACK  3.4.2 LAPACK: Linear Algebra PACKage
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## Functions/Subroutines

subroutine dsyev (JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, W, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
DSYEV computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices
subroutine dsyevd (JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, W, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO)
DSYEVD computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices
subroutine dsyevr (JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, A, LDA, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, ISUPPZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO)
DSYEVR computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices
subroutine dsyevx (JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, A, LDA, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO)
DSYEVX computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices
subroutine dsygv (ITYPE, JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, W, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
DSYGST
subroutine dsygvd (ITYPE, JOBZ, UPLO, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, W, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO)
DSYGST
subroutine dsygvx (ITYPE, JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO)
DSYGST

## Detailed Description

This is the group of double eigenvalue driver functions for SY matrices

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

 subroutine dsyev ( character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision, dimension( * ) W, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO )

DSYEV computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Download DSYEV + dependencies [TGZ] [ZIP] [TXT]
Purpose:
``` DSYEV computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a
real symmetric matrix A.```
Parameters:
 [in] JOBZ ``` JOBZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.``` [in] UPLO ``` UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.``` [in,out] A ``` A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A. On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A. If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is destroyed.``` [in] LDA ``` LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).``` [out] W ``` W is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LWORK ``` LWORK is INTEGER The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,3*N-1). For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+2)*N, where NB is the blocksize for DSYTRD returned by ILAENV. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, the algorithm failed to converge; i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal form did not converge to zero.```
Date:
November 2011

Definition at line 133 of file dsyev.f.

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 subroutine dsyevd ( character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision, dimension( * ) W, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer LIWORK, integer INFO )

DSYEVD computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Download DSYEVD + dependencies [TGZ] [ZIP] [TXT]
Purpose:
``` DSYEVD computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a
real symmetric matrix A. If eigenvectors are desired, it uses a
divide and conquer algorithm.

The divide and conquer algorithm makes very mild assumptions about
floating point arithmetic. It will work on machines with a guard
digit in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard
digits which subtract like the Cray X-MP, Cray Y-MP, Cray C-90, or
Cray-2. It could conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines
without guard digits, but we know of none.

Because of large use of BLAS of level 3, DSYEVD needs N**2 more
workspace than DSYEVX.```
Parameters:
 [in] JOBZ ``` JOBZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.``` [in] UPLO ``` UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.``` [in,out] A ``` A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A. On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A. If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is destroyed.``` [in] LDA ``` LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).``` [out] W ``` W is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LWORK) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LWORK ``` LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. If N <= 1, LWORK must be at least 1. If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK must be at least 2*N+1. If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be at least 1 + 6*N + 2*N**2. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] IWORK ``` IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LIWORK.``` [in] LIWORK ``` LIWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array IWORK. If N <= 1, LIWORK must be at least 1. If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 1. If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 3 + 5*N. If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'N', then the algorithm failed to converge; i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal form did not converge to zero; if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'V', then the algorithm failed to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix lying in rows and columns INFO/(N+1) through mod(INFO,N+1).```
Date:
September 2012
Contributors:
Jeff Rutter, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA
Modified by Francoise Tisseur, University of Tennessee
Modified description of INFO. Sven, 16 Feb 05.

Definition at line 185 of file dsyevd.f.

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 subroutine dsyevr ( character JOBZ, character RANGE, character UPLO, integer N, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision VL, double precision VU, integer IL, integer IU, double precision ABSTOL, integer M, double precision, dimension( * ) W, double precision, dimension( ldz, * ) Z, integer LDZ, integer, dimension( * ) ISUPPZ, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer LIWORK, integer INFO )

DSYEVR computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Download DSYEVR + dependencies [TGZ] [ZIP] [TXT]
Purpose:
``` DSYEVR computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors
of a real symmetric matrix A.  Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be
selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of
indices for the desired eigenvalues.

DSYEVR first reduces the matrix A to tridiagonal form T with a call
to DSYTRD.  Then, whenever possible, DSYEVR calls DSTEMR to compute
the eigenspectrum using Relatively Robust Representations.  DSTEMR
computes eigenvalues by the dqds algorithm, while orthogonal
eigenvectors are computed from various "good" L D L^T representations
(also known as Relatively Robust Representations). Gram-Schmidt
orthogonalization is avoided as far as possible. More specifically,
the various steps of the algorithm are as follows.

For each unreduced block (submatrix) of T,
(a) Compute T - sigma I  = L D L^T, so that L and D
define all the wanted eigenvalues to high relative accuracy.
This means that small relative changes in the entries of D and L
cause only small relative changes in the eigenvalues and
eigenvectors. The standard (unfactored) representation of the
tridiagonal matrix T does not have this property in general.
(b) Compute the eigenvalues to suitable accuracy.
If the eigenvectors are desired, the algorithm attains full
accuracy of the computed eigenvalues only right before
the corresponding vectors have to be computed, see steps c) and d).
(c) For each cluster of close eigenvalues, select a new
shift close to the cluster, find a new factorization, and refine
the shifted eigenvalues to suitable accuracy.
(d) For each eigenvalue with a large enough relative separation compute
the corresponding eigenvector by forming a rank revealing twisted
factorization. Go back to (c) for any clusters that remain.

The desired accuracy of the output can be specified by the input
parameter ABSTOL.

For more details, see DSTEMR's documentation and:
- Inderjit S. Dhillon and Beresford N. Parlett: "Multiple representations
to compute orthogonal eigenvectors of symmetric tridiagonal matrices,"
Linear Algebra and its Applications, 387(1), pp. 1-28, August 2004.
- Inderjit Dhillon and Beresford Parlett: "Orthogonal Eigenvectors and
Relative Gaps," SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications, Vol. 25,
2004.  Also LAPACK Working Note 154.
- Inderjit Dhillon: "A new O(n^2) algorithm for the symmetric
tridiagonal eigenvalue/eigenvector problem",
Computer Science Division Technical Report No. UCB/CSD-97-971,
UC Berkeley, May 1997.

Note 1 : DSYEVR calls DSTEMR when the full spectrum is requested
on machines which conform to the ieee-754 floating point standard.
DSYEVR calls DSTEBZ and SSTEIN on non-ieee machines and
when partial spectrum requests are made.

Normal execution of DSTEMR may create NaNs and infinities and
hence may abort due to a floating point exception in environments
which do not handle NaNs and infinities in the ieee standard default
manner.```
Parameters:
 [in] JOBZ ``` JOBZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.``` [in] RANGE ``` RANGE is CHARACTER*1 = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found. = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU] will be found. = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found. For RANGE = 'V' or 'I' and IU - IL < N - 1, DSTEBZ and DSTEIN are called``` [in] UPLO ``` UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.``` [in,out] A ``` A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A. On exit, the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is destroyed.``` [in] LDA ``` LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).``` [in] VL ` VL is DOUBLE PRECISION` [in] VU ``` VU is DOUBLE PRECISION If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.``` [in] IL ` IL is INTEGER` [in] IU ``` IU is INTEGER If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned. 1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.``` [in] ABSTOL ``` ABSTOL is DOUBLE PRECISION The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues. An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b] of width less than or equal to ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) , where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place, where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained by reducing A to tridiagonal form. See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3. If high relative accuracy is important, set ABSTOL to DLAMCH( 'Safe minimum' ). Doing so will guarantee that eigenvalues are computed to high relative accuracy when possible in future releases. The current code does not make any guarantees about high relative accuracy, but future releases will. See J. Barlow and J. Demmel, "Computing Accurate Eigensystems of Scaled Diagonally Dominant Matrices", LAPACK Working Note #7, for a discussion of which matrices define their eigenvalues to high relative accuracy.``` [out] M ``` M is INTEGER The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N. If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1.``` [out] W ``` W is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) The first M elements contain the selected eigenvalues in ascending order.``` [out] Z ``` Z is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M)) If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used. Supplying N columns is always safe.``` [in] LDZ ``` LDZ is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N).``` [out] ISUPPZ ``` ISUPPZ is INTEGER array, dimension ( 2*max(1,M) ) The support of the eigenvectors in Z, i.e., the indices indicating the nonzero elements in Z. The i-th eigenvector is nonzero only in elements ISUPPZ( 2*i-1 ) through ISUPPZ( 2*i ). Implemented only for RANGE = 'A' or 'I' and IU - IL = N - 1``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LWORK ``` LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,26*N). For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+6)*N, where NB is the max of the blocksize for DSYTRD and DORMTR returned by ILAENV. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] IWORK ``` IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LIWORK ``` LIWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array IWORK. LIWORK >= max(1,10*N). If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the IWORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the IWORK array, and no error message related to LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: Internal error```
Date:
September 2012
Contributors:
Inderjit Dhillon, IBM Almaden, USA
Osni Marques, LBNL/NERSC, USA
Ken Stanley, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA
Jason Riedy, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Definition at line 324 of file dsyevr.f.

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 subroutine dsyevx ( character JOBZ, character RANGE, character UPLO, integer N, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision VL, double precision VU, integer IL, integer IU, double precision ABSTOL, integer M, double precision, dimension( * ) W, double precision, dimension( ldz, * ) Z, integer LDZ, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IFAIL, integer INFO )

DSYEVX computes the eigenvalues and, optionally, the left and/or right eigenvectors for SY matrices

Download DSYEVX + dependencies [TGZ] [ZIP] [TXT]
Purpose:
``` DSYEVX computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors
of a real symmetric matrix A.  Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be
selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of indices
for the desired eigenvalues.```
Parameters:
 [in] JOBZ ``` JOBZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.``` [in] RANGE ``` RANGE is CHARACTER*1 = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found. = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU] will be found. = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found.``` [in] UPLO ``` UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.``` [in,out] A ``` A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A. On exit, the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is destroyed.``` [in] LDA ``` LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).``` [in] VL ` VL is DOUBLE PRECISION` [in] VU ``` VU is DOUBLE PRECISION If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.``` [in] IL ` IL is INTEGER` [in] IU ``` IU is INTEGER If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned. 1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.``` [in] ABSTOL ``` ABSTOL is DOUBLE PRECISION The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues. An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b] of width less than or equal to ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) , where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place, where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained by reducing A to tridiagonal form. Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is set to twice the underflow threshold 2*DLAMCH('S'), not zero. If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to 2*DLAMCH('S'). See "Computing Small Singular Values of Bidiagonal Matrices with Guaranteed High Relative Accuracy," by Demmel and Kahan, LAPACK Working Note #3.``` [out] M ``` M is INTEGER The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N. If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1.``` [out] W ``` W is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) On normal exit, the first M elements contain the selected eigenvalues in ascending order.``` [out] Z ``` Z is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M)) If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and the index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL. If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used.``` [in] LDZ ``` LDZ is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N).``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LWORK ``` LWORK is INTEGER The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= 1, when N <= 1; otherwise 8*N. For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+3)*N, where NB is the max of the blocksize for DSYTRD and DORMTR returned by ILAENV. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] IWORK ` IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (5*N)` [out] IFAIL ``` IFAIL is INTEGER array, dimension (N) If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of IFAIL are zero. If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge. If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced.``` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, then i eigenvectors failed to converge. Their indices are stored in array IFAIL.```
Date:
November 2011

Definition at line 245 of file dsyevx.f.

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 subroutine dsygv ( integer ITYPE, character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, double precision, dimension( * ) W, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO )

DSYGST

Download DSYGV + dependencies [TGZ] [ZIP] [TXT]
Purpose:
``` DSYGV computes all the eigenvalues, and optionally, the eigenvectors
of a real generalized symmetric-definite eigenproblem, of the form
A*x=(lambda)*B*x,  A*Bx=(lambda)*x,  or B*A*x=(lambda)*x.
Here A and B are assumed to be symmetric and B is also
positive definite.```
Parameters:
 [in] ITYPE ``` ITYPE is INTEGER Specifies the problem type to be solved: = 1: A*x = (lambda)*B*x = 2: A*B*x = (lambda)*x = 3: B*A*x = (lambda)*x``` [in] JOBZ ``` JOBZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.``` [in] UPLO ``` UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangles of A and B are stored; = 'L': Lower triangles of A and B are stored.``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0.``` [in,out] A ``` A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A. On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the matrix Z of eigenvectors. The eigenvectors are normalized as follows: if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**T*B*Z = I; if ITYPE = 3, Z**T*inv(B)*Z = I. If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') or the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') of A, including the diagonal, is destroyed.``` [in] LDA ``` LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).``` [in,out] B ``` B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB, N) On entry, the symmetric positive definite matrix B. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of B contains the upper triangular part of the matrix B. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of B contains the lower triangular part of the matrix B. On exit, if INFO <= N, the part of B containing the matrix is overwritten by the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization B = U**T*U or B = L*L**T.``` [in] LDB ``` LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).``` [out] W ``` W is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LWORK ``` LWORK is INTEGER The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,3*N-1). For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+2)*N, where NB is the blocksize for DSYTRD returned by ILAENV. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: DPOTRF or DSYEV returned an error code: <= N: if INFO = i, DSYEV failed to converge; i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal form did not converge to zero; > N: if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= N, then the leading minor of order i of B is not positive definite. The factorization of B could not be completed and no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed.```
Date:
November 2011

Definition at line 175 of file dsygv.f.

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 subroutine dsygvd ( integer ITYPE, character JOBZ, character UPLO, integer N, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, double precision, dimension( * ) W, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer LIWORK, integer INFO )

DSYGST

Download DSYGVD + dependencies [TGZ] [ZIP] [TXT]
Purpose:
``` DSYGVD computes all the eigenvalues, and optionally, the eigenvectors
of a real generalized symmetric-definite eigenproblem, of the form
A*x=(lambda)*B*x,  A*Bx=(lambda)*x,  or B*A*x=(lambda)*x.  Here A and
B are assumed to be symmetric and B is also positive definite.
If eigenvectors are desired, it uses a divide and conquer algorithm.

The divide and conquer algorithm makes very mild assumptions about
floating point arithmetic. It will work on machines with a guard
digit in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard
digits which subtract like the Cray X-MP, Cray Y-MP, Cray C-90, or
Cray-2. It could conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines
without guard digits, but we know of none.```
Parameters:
 [in] ITYPE ``` ITYPE is INTEGER Specifies the problem type to be solved: = 1: A*x = (lambda)*B*x = 2: A*B*x = (lambda)*x = 3: B*A*x = (lambda)*x``` [in] JOBZ ``` JOBZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.``` [in] UPLO ``` UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangles of A and B are stored; = 'L': Lower triangles of A and B are stored.``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0.``` [in,out] A ``` A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A. On exit, if JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, A contains the matrix Z of eigenvectors. The eigenvectors are normalized as follows: if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**T*B*Z = I; if ITYPE = 3, Z**T*inv(B)*Z = I. If JOBZ = 'N', then on exit the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') or the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') of A, including the diagonal, is destroyed.``` [in] LDA ``` LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).``` [in,out] B ``` B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB, N) On entry, the symmetric matrix B. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of B contains the upper triangular part of the matrix B. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of B contains the lower triangular part of the matrix B. On exit, if INFO <= N, the part of B containing the matrix is overwritten by the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization B = U**T*U or B = L*L**T.``` [in] LDB ``` LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).``` [out] W ``` W is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) If INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LWORK ``` LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. If N <= 1, LWORK >= 1. If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LWORK >= 2*N+1. If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK >= 1 + 6*N + 2*N**2. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] IWORK ``` IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LIWORK.``` [in] LIWORK ``` LIWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array IWORK. If N <= 1, LIWORK >= 1. If JOBZ = 'N' and N > 1, LIWORK >= 1. If JOBZ = 'V' and N > 1, LIWORK >= 3 + 5*N. If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: DPOTRF or DSYEVD returned an error code: <= N: if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'N', then the algorithm failed to converge; i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal form did not converge to zero; if INFO = i and JOBZ = 'V', then the algorithm failed to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix lying in rows and columns INFO/(N+1) through mod(INFO,N+1); > N: if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= N, then the leading minor of order i of B is not positive definite. The factorization of B could not be completed and no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed.```
Date:
November 2011
Further Details:
```  Modified so that no backsubstitution is performed if DSYEVD fails to
converge (NEIG in old code could be greater than N causing out of
bounds reference to A - reported by Ralf Meyer).  Also corrected the
description of INFO and the test on ITYPE. Sven, 16 Feb 05.```
Contributors:
Mark Fahey, Department of Mathematics, Univ. of Kentucky, USA

Definition at line 227 of file dsygvd.f.

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 subroutine dsygvx ( integer ITYPE, character JOBZ, character RANGE, character UPLO, integer N, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, double precision VL, double precision VU, integer IL, integer IU, double precision ABSTOL, integer M, double precision, dimension( * ) W, double precision, dimension( ldz, * ) Z, integer LDZ, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IFAIL, integer INFO )

DSYGST

Download DSYGVX + dependencies [TGZ] [ZIP] [TXT]
Purpose:
``` DSYGVX computes selected eigenvalues, and optionally, eigenvectors
of a real generalized symmetric-definite eigenproblem, of the form
A*x=(lambda)*B*x,  A*Bx=(lambda)*x,  or B*A*x=(lambda)*x.  Here A
and B are assumed to be symmetric and B is also positive definite.
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be selected by specifying either a
range of values or a range of indices for the desired eigenvalues.```
Parameters:
 [in] ITYPE ``` ITYPE is INTEGER Specifies the problem type to be solved: = 1: A*x = (lambda)*B*x = 2: A*B*x = (lambda)*x = 3: B*A*x = (lambda)*x``` [in] JOBZ ``` JOBZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only; = 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.``` [in] RANGE ``` RANGE is CHARACTER*1 = 'A': all eigenvalues will be found. = 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU] will be found. = 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found.``` [in] UPLO ``` UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A and B are stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A and B are stored.``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The order of the matrix pencil (A,B). N >= 0.``` [in,out] A ``` A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A. On exit, the lower triangle (if UPLO='L') or the upper triangle (if UPLO='U') of A, including the diagonal, is destroyed.``` [in] LDA ``` LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).``` [in,out] B ``` B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB, N) On entry, the symmetric matrix B. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of B contains the upper triangular part of the matrix B. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of B contains the lower triangular part of the matrix B. On exit, if INFO <= N, the part of B containing the matrix is overwritten by the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization B = U**T*U or B = L*L**T.``` [in] LDB ``` LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).``` [in] VL ` VL is DOUBLE PRECISION` [in] VU ``` VU is DOUBLE PRECISION If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.``` [in] IL ` IL is INTEGER` [in] IU ``` IU is INTEGER If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned. 1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0. Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.``` [in] ABSTOL ``` ABSTOL is DOUBLE PRECISION The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues. An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b] of width less than or equal to ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) , where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place, where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained by reducing C to tridiagonal form, where C is the symmetric matrix of the standard symmetric problem to which the generalized problem is transformed. Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is set to twice the underflow threshold 2*DLAMCH('S'), not zero. If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to 2*DLAMCH('S').``` [out] M ``` M is INTEGER The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N. If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1.``` [out] W ``` W is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) On normal exit, the first M elements contain the selected eigenvalues in ascending order.``` [out] Z ``` Z is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M)) If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced. If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i). The eigenvectors are normalized as follows: if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**T*B*Z = I; if ITYPE = 3, Z**T*inv(B)*Z = I. If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and the index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL. Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used.``` [in] LDZ ``` LDZ is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N).``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LWORK ``` LWORK is INTEGER The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,8*N). For optimal efficiency, LWORK >= (NB+3)*N, where NB is the blocksize for DSYTRD returned by ILAENV. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] IWORK ` IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (5*N)` [out] IFAIL ``` IFAIL is INTEGER array, dimension (N) If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of IFAIL are zero. If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge. If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced.``` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: DPOTRF or DSYEVX returned an error code: <= N: if INFO = i, DSYEVX failed to converge; i eigenvectors failed to converge. Their indices are stored in array IFAIL. > N: if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= N, then the leading minor of order i of B is not positive definite. The factorization of B could not be completed and no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed.```
Date:
November 2011
Contributors:
Mark Fahey, Department of Mathematics, Univ. of Kentucky, USA

Definition at line 289 of file dsygvx.f.

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