SUBROUTINE DLAQR2( WANTT, WANTZ, N, KTOP, KBOT, NW, H, LDH, ILOZ, $ IHIZ, Z, LDZ, NS, ND, SR, SI, V, LDV, NH, T, $ LDT, NV, WV, LDWV, WORK, LWORK ) * * -- LAPACK auxiliary routine (version 3.1) -- * Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd.. * November 2006 * * .. Scalar Arguments .. INTEGER IHIZ, ILOZ, KBOT, KTOP, LDH, LDT, LDV, LDWV, $ LDZ, LWORK, N, ND, NH, NS, NV, NW LOGICAL WANTT, WANTZ * .. * .. Array Arguments .. DOUBLE PRECISION H( LDH, * ), SI( * ), SR( * ), T( LDT, * ), $ V( LDV, * ), WORK( * ), WV( LDWV, * ), $ Z( LDZ, * ) * .. * * This subroutine is identical to DLAQR3 except that it avoids * recursion by calling DLAHQR instead of DLAQR4. * * * ****************************************************************** * Aggressive early deflation: * * This subroutine accepts as input an upper Hessenberg matrix * H and performs an orthogonal similarity transformation * designed to detect and deflate fully converged eigenvalues from * a trailing principal submatrix. On output H has been over- * written by a new Hessenberg matrix that is a perturbation of * an orthogonal similarity transformation of H. It is to be * hoped that the final version of H has many zero subdiagonal * entries. * * ****************************************************************** * WANTT (input) LOGICAL * If .TRUE., then the Hessenberg matrix H is fully updated * so that the quasi-triangular Schur factor may be * computed (in cooperation with the calling subroutine). * If .FALSE., then only enough of H is updated to preserve * the eigenvalues. * * WANTZ (input) LOGICAL * If .TRUE., then the orthogonal matrix Z is updated so * so that the orthogonal Schur factor may be computed * (in cooperation with the calling subroutine). * If .FALSE., then Z is not referenced. * * N (input) INTEGER * The order of the matrix H and (if WANTZ is .TRUE.) the * order of the orthogonal matrix Z. * * KTOP (input) INTEGER * It is assumed that either KTOP = 1 or H(KTOP,KTOP-1)=0. * KBOT and KTOP together determine an isolated block * along the diagonal of the Hessenberg matrix. * * KBOT (input) INTEGER * It is assumed without a check that either * KBOT = N or H(KBOT+1,KBOT)=0. KBOT and KTOP together * determine an isolated block along the diagonal of the * Hessenberg matrix. * * NW (input) INTEGER * Deflation window size. 1 .LE. NW .LE. (KBOT-KTOP+1). * * H (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDH,N) * On input the initial N-by-N section of H stores the * Hessenberg matrix undergoing aggressive early deflation. * On output H has been transformed by an orthogonal * similarity transformation, perturbed, and the returned * to Hessenberg form that (it is to be hoped) has some * zero subdiagonal entries. * * LDH (input) integer * Leading dimension of H just as declared in the calling * subroutine. N .LE. LDH * * ILOZ (input) INTEGER * IHIZ (input) INTEGER * Specify the rows of Z to which transformations must be * applied if WANTZ is .TRUE.. 1 .LE. ILOZ .LE. IHIZ .LE. N. * * Z (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDZ,IHI) * IF WANTZ is .TRUE., then on output, the orthogonal * similarity transformation mentioned above has been * accumulated into Z(ILOZ:IHIZ,ILO:IHI) from the right. * If WANTZ is .FALSE., then Z is unreferenced. * * LDZ (input) integer * The leading dimension of Z just as declared in the * calling subroutine. 1 .LE. LDZ. * * NS (output) integer * The number of unconverged (ie approximate) eigenvalues * returned in SR and SI that may be used as shifts by the * calling subroutine. * * ND (output) integer * The number of converged eigenvalues uncovered by this * subroutine. * * SR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension KBOT * SI (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension KBOT * On output, the real and imaginary parts of approximate * eigenvalues that may be used for shifts are stored in * SR(KBOT-ND-NS+1) through SR(KBOT-ND) and * SI(KBOT-ND-NS+1) through SI(KBOT-ND), respectively. * The real and imaginary parts of converged eigenvalues * are stored in SR(KBOT-ND+1) through SR(KBOT) and * SI(KBOT-ND+1) through SI(KBOT), respectively. * * V (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDV,NW) * An NW-by-NW work array. * * LDV (input) integer scalar * The leading dimension of V just as declared in the * calling subroutine. NW .LE. LDV * * NH (input) integer scalar * The number of columns of T. NH.GE.NW. * * T (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDT,NW) * * LDT (input) integer * The leading dimension of T just as declared in the * calling subroutine. NW .LE. LDT * * NV (input) integer * The number of rows of work array WV available for * workspace. NV.GE.NW. * * WV (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDWV,NW) * * LDWV (input) integer * The leading dimension of W just as declared in the * calling subroutine. NW .LE. LDV * * WORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension LWORK. * On exit, WORK(1) is set to an estimate of the optimal value * of LWORK for the given values of N, NW, KTOP and KBOT. * * LWORK (input) integer * The dimension of the work array WORK. LWORK = 2*NW * suffices, but greater efficiency may result from larger * values of LWORK. * * If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; DLAQR2 * only estimates the optimal workspace size for the given * values of N, NW, KTOP and KBOT. The estimate is returned * in WORK(1). No error message related to LWORK is issued * by XERBLA. Neither H nor Z are accessed. * * ================================================================ * Based on contributions by * Karen Braman and Ralph Byers, Department of Mathematics, * University of Kansas, USA * * ================================================================ * .. Parameters .. DOUBLE PRECISION ZERO, ONE PARAMETER ( ZERO = 0.0d0, ONE = 1.0d0 ) * .. * .. Local Scalars .. DOUBLE PRECISION AA, BB, BETA, CC, CS, DD, EVI, EVK, FOO, S, $ SAFMAX, SAFMIN, SMLNUM, SN, TAU, ULP INTEGER I, IFST, ILST, INFO, INFQR, J, JW, K, KCOL, $ KEND, KLN, KROW, KWTOP, LTOP, LWK1, LWK2, $ LWKOPT LOGICAL BULGE, SORTED * .. * .. External Functions .. DOUBLE PRECISION DLAMCH EXTERNAL DLAMCH * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL DCOPY, DGEHRD, DGEMM, DLABAD, DLACPY, DLAHQR, $ DLANV2, DLARF, DLARFG, DLASET, DORGHR, DTREXC * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC ABS, DBLE, INT, MAX, MIN, SQRT * .. * .. Executable Statements .. * * ==== Estimate optimal workspace. ==== * JW = MIN( NW, KBOT-KTOP+1 ) IF( JW.LE.2 ) THEN LWKOPT = 1 ELSE * * ==== Workspace query call to DGEHRD ==== * CALL DGEHRD( JW, 1, JW-1, T, LDT, WORK, WORK, -1, INFO ) LWK1 = INT( WORK( 1 ) ) * * ==== Workspace query call to DORGHR ==== * CALL DORGHR( JW, 1, JW-1, T, LDT, WORK, WORK, -1, INFO ) LWK2 = INT( WORK( 1 ) ) * * ==== Optimal workspace ==== * LWKOPT = JW + MAX( LWK1, LWK2 ) END IF * * ==== Quick return in case of workspace query. ==== * IF( LWORK.EQ.-1 ) THEN WORK( 1 ) = DBLE( LWKOPT ) RETURN END IF * * ==== Nothing to do ... * ... for an empty active block ... ==== NS = 0 ND = 0 IF( KTOP.GT.KBOT ) $ RETURN * ... nor for an empty deflation window. ==== IF( NW.LT.1 ) $ RETURN * * ==== Machine constants ==== * SAFMIN = DLAMCH( 'SAFE MINIMUM' ) SAFMAX = ONE / SAFMIN CALL DLABAD( SAFMIN, SAFMAX ) ULP = DLAMCH( 'PRECISION' ) SMLNUM = SAFMIN*( DBLE( N ) / ULP ) * * ==== Setup deflation window ==== * JW = MIN( NW, KBOT-KTOP+1 ) KWTOP = KBOT - JW + 1 IF( KWTOP.EQ.KTOP ) THEN S = ZERO ELSE S = H( KWTOP, KWTOP-1 ) END IF * IF( KBOT.EQ.KWTOP ) THEN * * ==== 1-by-1 deflation window: not much to do ==== * SR( KWTOP ) = H( KWTOP, KWTOP ) SI( KWTOP ) = ZERO NS = 1 ND = 0 IF( ABS( S ).LE.MAX( SMLNUM, ULP*ABS( H( KWTOP, KWTOP ) ) ) ) $ THEN NS = 0 ND = 1 IF( KWTOP.GT.KTOP ) $ H( KWTOP, KWTOP-1 ) = ZERO END IF RETURN END IF * * ==== Convert to spike-triangular form. (In case of a * . rare QR failure, this routine continues to do * . aggressive early deflation using that part of * . the deflation window that converged using INFQR * . here and there to keep track.) ==== * CALL DLACPY( 'U', JW, JW, H( KWTOP, KWTOP ), LDH, T, LDT ) CALL DCOPY( JW-1, H( KWTOP+1, KWTOP ), LDH+1, T( 2, 1 ), LDT+1 ) * CALL DLASET( 'A', JW, JW, ZERO, ONE, V, LDV ) CALL DLAHQR( .true., .true., JW, 1, JW, T, LDT, SR( KWTOP ), $ SI( KWTOP ), 1, JW, V, LDV, INFQR ) * * ==== DTREXC needs a clean margin near the diagonal ==== * DO 10 J = 1, JW - 3 T( J+2, J ) = ZERO T( J+3, J ) = ZERO 10 CONTINUE IF( JW.GT.2 ) $ T( JW, JW-2 ) = ZERO * * ==== Deflation detection loop ==== * NS = JW ILST = INFQR + 1 20 CONTINUE IF( ILST.LE.NS ) THEN IF( NS.EQ.1 ) THEN BULGE = .FALSE. ELSE BULGE = T( NS, NS-1 ).NE.ZERO END IF * * ==== Small spike tip test for deflation ==== * IF( .NOT.BULGE ) THEN * * ==== Real eigenvalue ==== * FOO = ABS( T( NS, NS ) ) IF( FOO.EQ.ZERO ) $ FOO = ABS( S ) IF( ABS( S*V( 1, NS ) ).LE.MAX( SMLNUM, ULP*FOO ) ) THEN * * ==== Deflatable ==== * NS = NS - 1 ELSE * * ==== Undeflatable. Move it up out of the way. * . (DTREXC can not fail in this case.) ==== * IFST = NS CALL DTREXC( 'V', JW, T, LDT, V, LDV, IFST, ILST, WORK, $ INFO ) ILST = ILST + 1 END IF ELSE * * ==== Complex conjugate pair ==== * FOO = ABS( T( NS, NS ) ) + SQRT( ABS( T( NS, NS-1 ) ) )* $ SQRT( ABS( T( NS-1, NS ) ) ) IF( FOO.EQ.ZERO ) $ FOO = ABS( S ) IF( MAX( ABS( S*V( 1, NS ) ), ABS( S*V( 1, NS-1 ) ) ).LE. $ MAX( SMLNUM, ULP*FOO ) ) THEN * * ==== Deflatable ==== * NS = NS - 2 ELSE * * ==== Undflatable. Move them up out of the way. * . Fortunately, DTREXC does the right thing with * . ILST in case of a rare exchange failure. ==== * IFST = NS CALL DTREXC( 'V', JW, T, LDT, V, LDV, IFST, ILST, WORK, $ INFO ) ILST = ILST + 2 END IF END IF * * ==== End deflation detection loop ==== * GO TO 20 END IF * * ==== Return to Hessenberg form ==== * IF( NS.EQ.0 ) $ S = ZERO * IF( NS.LT.JW ) THEN * * ==== sorting diagonal blocks of T improves accuracy for * . graded matrices. Bubble sort deals well with * . exchange failures. ==== * SORTED = .false. I = NS + 1 30 CONTINUE IF( SORTED ) $ GO TO 50 SORTED = .true. * KEND = I - 1 I = INFQR + 1 IF( I.EQ.NS ) THEN K = I + 1 ELSE IF( T( I+1, I ).EQ.ZERO ) THEN K = I + 1 ELSE K = I + 2 END IF 40 CONTINUE IF( K.LE.KEND ) THEN IF( K.EQ.I+1 ) THEN EVI = ABS( T( I, I ) ) ELSE EVI = ABS( T( I, I ) ) + SQRT( ABS( T( I+1, I ) ) )* $ SQRT( ABS( T( I, I+1 ) ) ) END IF * IF( K.EQ.KEND ) THEN EVK = ABS( T( K, K ) ) ELSE IF( T( K+1, K ).EQ.ZERO ) THEN EVK = ABS( T( K, K ) ) ELSE EVK = ABS( T( K, K ) ) + SQRT( ABS( T( K+1, K ) ) )* $ SQRT( ABS( T( K, K+1 ) ) ) END IF * IF( EVI.GE.EVK ) THEN I = K ELSE SORTED = .false. IFST = I ILST = K CALL DTREXC( 'V', JW, T, LDT, V, LDV, IFST, ILST, WORK, $ INFO ) IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN I = ILST ELSE I = K END IF END IF IF( I.EQ.KEND ) THEN K = I + 1 ELSE IF( T( I+1, I ).EQ.ZERO ) THEN K = I + 1 ELSE K = I + 2 END IF GO TO 40 END IF GO TO 30 50 CONTINUE END IF * * ==== Restore shift/eigenvalue array from T ==== * I = JW 60 CONTINUE IF( I.GE.INFQR+1 ) THEN IF( I.EQ.INFQR+1 ) THEN SR( KWTOP+I-1 ) = T( I, I ) SI( KWTOP+I-1 ) = ZERO I = I - 1 ELSE IF( T( I, I-1 ).EQ.ZERO ) THEN SR( KWTOP+I-1 ) = T( I, I ) SI( KWTOP+I-1 ) = ZERO I = I - 1 ELSE AA = T( I-1, I-1 ) CC = T( I, I-1 ) BB = T( I-1, I ) DD = T( I, I ) CALL DLANV2( AA, BB, CC, DD, SR( KWTOP+I-2 ), $ SI( KWTOP+I-2 ), SR( KWTOP+I-1 ), $ SI( KWTOP+I-1 ), CS, SN ) I = I - 2 END IF GO TO 60 END IF * IF( NS.LT.JW .OR. S.EQ.ZERO ) THEN IF( NS.GT.1 .AND. S.NE.ZERO ) THEN * * ==== Reflect spike back into lower triangle ==== * CALL DCOPY( NS, V, LDV, WORK, 1 ) BETA = WORK( 1 ) CALL DLARFG( NS, BETA, WORK( 2 ), 1, TAU ) WORK( 1 ) = ONE * CALL DLASET( 'L', JW-2, JW-2, ZERO, ZERO, T( 3, 1 ), LDT ) * CALL DLARF( 'L', NS, JW, WORK, 1, TAU, T, LDT, $ WORK( JW+1 ) ) CALL DLARF( 'R', NS, NS, WORK, 1, TAU, T, LDT, $ WORK( JW+1 ) ) CALL DLARF( 'R', JW, NS, WORK, 1, TAU, V, LDV, $ WORK( JW+1 ) ) * CALL DGEHRD( JW, 1, NS, T, LDT, WORK, WORK( JW+1 ), $ LWORK-JW, INFO ) END IF * * ==== Copy updated reduced window into place ==== * IF( KWTOP.GT.1 ) $ H( KWTOP, KWTOP-1 ) = S*V( 1, 1 ) CALL DLACPY( 'U', JW, JW, T, LDT, H( KWTOP, KWTOP ), LDH ) CALL DCOPY( JW-1, T( 2, 1 ), LDT+1, H( KWTOP+1, KWTOP ), $ LDH+1 ) * * ==== Accumulate orthogonal matrix in order update * . H and Z, if requested. (A modified version * . of DORGHR that accumulates block Householder * . transformations into V directly might be * . marginally more efficient than the following.) ==== * IF( NS.GT.1 .AND. S.NE.ZERO ) THEN CALL DORGHR( JW, 1, NS, T, LDT, WORK, WORK( JW+1 ), $ LWORK-JW, INFO ) CALL DGEMM( 'N', 'N', JW, NS, NS, ONE, V, LDV, T, LDT, ZERO, $ WV, LDWV ) CALL DLACPY( 'A', JW, NS, WV, LDWV, V, LDV ) END IF * * ==== Update vertical slab in H ==== * IF( WANTT ) THEN LTOP = 1 ELSE LTOP = KTOP END IF DO 70 KROW = LTOP, KWTOP - 1, NV KLN = MIN( NV, KWTOP-KROW ) CALL DGEMM( 'N', 'N', KLN, JW, JW, ONE, H( KROW, KWTOP ), $ LDH, V, LDV, ZERO, WV, LDWV ) CALL DLACPY( 'A', KLN, JW, WV, LDWV, H( KROW, KWTOP ), LDH ) 70 CONTINUE * * ==== Update horizontal slab in H ==== * IF( WANTT ) THEN DO 80 KCOL = KBOT + 1, N, NH KLN = MIN( NH, N-KCOL+1 ) CALL DGEMM( 'C', 'N', JW, KLN, JW, ONE, V, LDV, $ H( KWTOP, KCOL ), LDH, ZERO, T, LDT ) CALL DLACPY( 'A', JW, KLN, T, LDT, H( KWTOP, KCOL ), $ LDH ) 80 CONTINUE END IF * * ==== Update vertical slab in Z ==== * IF( WANTZ ) THEN DO 90 KROW = ILOZ, IHIZ, NV KLN = MIN( NV, IHIZ-KROW+1 ) CALL DGEMM( 'N', 'N', KLN, JW, JW, ONE, Z( KROW, KWTOP ), $ LDZ, V, LDV, ZERO, WV, LDWV ) CALL DLACPY( 'A', KLN, JW, WV, LDWV, Z( KROW, KWTOP ), $ LDZ ) 90 CONTINUE END IF END IF * * ==== Return the number of deflations ... ==== * ND = JW - NS * * ==== ... and the number of shifts. (Subtracting * . INFQR from the spike length takes care * . of the case of a rare QR failure while * . calculating eigenvalues of the deflation * . window.) ==== * NS = NS - INFQR * * ==== Return optimal workspace. ==== * WORK( 1 ) = DBLE( LWKOPT ) * * ==== End of DLAQR2 ==== * END