SUBROUTINE DGBSV( N, KL, KU, NRHS, AB, LDAB, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO ) * * -- LAPACK driver routine (version 3.1) -- * Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of California Berkeley and NAG Ltd.. * November 2006 * * .. Scalar Arguments .. INTEGER INFO, KL, KU, LDAB, LDB, N, NRHS * .. * .. Array Arguments .. INTEGER IPIV( * ) DOUBLE PRECISION AB( LDAB, * ), B( LDB, * ) * .. * * Purpose * ======= * * DGBSV computes the solution to a real system of linear equations * A * X = B, where A is a band matrix of order N with KL subdiagonals * and KU superdiagonals, and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices. * * The LU decomposition with partial pivoting and row interchanges is * used to factor A as A = L * U, where L is a product of permutation * and unit lower triangular matrices with KL subdiagonals, and U is * upper triangular with KL+KU superdiagonals. The factored form of A * is then used to solve the system of equations A * X = B. * * Arguments * ========= * * N (input) INTEGER * The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the * matrix A. N >= 0. * * KL (input) INTEGER * The number of subdiagonals within the band of A. KL >= 0. * * KU (input) INTEGER * The number of superdiagonals within the band of A. KU >= 0. * * NRHS (input) INTEGER * The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns * of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0. * * AB (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDAB,N) * On entry, the matrix A in band storage, in rows KL+1 to * 2*KL+KU+1; rows 1 to KL of the array need not be set. * The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the * array AB as follows: * AB(KL+KU+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KU)<=i<=min(N,j+KL) * On exit, details of the factorization: U is stored as an * upper triangular band matrix with KL+KU superdiagonals in * rows 1 to KL+KU+1, and the multipliers used during the * factorization are stored in rows KL+KU+2 to 2*KL+KU+1. * See below for further details. * * LDAB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= 2*KL+KU+1. * * IPIV (output) INTEGER array, dimension (N) * The pivot indices that define the permutation matrix P; * row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). * * B (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) * On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. * On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X. * * LDB (input) INTEGER * The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). * * INFO (output) INTEGER * = 0: successful exit * < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value * > 0: if INFO = i, U(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization * has been completed, but the factor U is exactly * singular, and the solution has not been computed. * * Further Details * =============== * * The band storage scheme is illustrated by the following example, when * M = N = 6, KL = 2, KU = 1: * * On entry: On exit: * * * * * + + + * * * u14 u25 u36 * * * + + + + * * u13 u24 u35 u46 * * a12 a23 a34 a45 a56 * u12 u23 u34 u45 u56 * a11 a22 a33 a44 a55 a66 u11 u22 u33 u44 u55 u66 * a21 a32 a43 a54 a65 * m21 m32 m43 m54 m65 * * a31 a42 a53 a64 * * m31 m42 m53 m64 * * * * Array elements marked * are not used by the routine; elements marked * + need not be set on entry, but are required by the routine to store * elements of U because of fill-in resulting from the row interchanges. * * ===================================================================== * * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL DGBTRF, DGBTRS, XERBLA * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MAX * .. * .. Executable Statements .. * * Test the input parameters. * INFO = 0 IF( N.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -1 ELSE IF( KL.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -2 ELSE IF( KU.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -3 ELSE IF( NRHS.LT.0 ) THEN INFO = -4 ELSE IF( LDAB.LT.2*KL+KU+1 ) THEN INFO = -6 ELSE IF( LDB.LT.MAX( N, 1 ) ) THEN INFO = -9 END IF IF( INFO.NE.0 ) THEN CALL XERBLA( 'DGBSV ', -INFO ) RETURN END IF * * Compute the LU factorization of the band matrix A. * CALL DGBTRF( N, N, KL, KU, AB, LDAB, IPIV, INFO ) IF( INFO.EQ.0 ) THEN * * Solve the system A*X = B, overwriting B with X. * CALL DGBTRS( 'No transpose', N, KL, KU, NRHS, AB, LDAB, IPIV, $ B, LDB, INFO ) END IF RETURN * * End of DGBSV * END