*
************************************************************************
*
SUBROUTINE ECHER ( UPLO, N, ALPHA, X, INCX, A, LDA )
* .. Scalar Arguments ..
REAL ALPHA
INTEGER INCX, LDA, N
CHARACTER*1 UPLO
* .. Array Arguments ..
COMPLEX*16 X( * )
COMPLEX A( LDA, * )
* ..
*
* Purpose
* =======
*
* ECHER performs the hermitian rank 1 operation
*
* A := alpha*x*conjg( x' ) + A,
*
* where alpha is a real scalar, x is an n element vector and A is an
* n by n hermitian matrix. Additional precision arithmetic is used in
* the computation.
*
* Parameters
* ==========
*
* UPLO - CHARACTER*1.
* On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower
* triangular part of the array A is to be referenced as
* follows:
*
* UPLO = 'U' or 'u' Only the upper triangular part of A
* is to be referenced.
*
* UPLO = 'L' or 'l' Only the lower triangular part of A
* is to be referenced.
*
* Unchanged on exit.
*
* N - INTEGER.
* On entry, N specifies the order of the matrix A.
* N must be at least zero.
* Unchanged on exit.
*
* ALPHA - REAL .
* On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
* Unchanged on exit.
*
* X - COMPLEX*16 array of dimension at least
* ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) ).
* Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the n
* element vector x.
* Unchanged on exit.
*
* INCX - INTEGER.
* On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
* X. INCX must not be zero.
* Unchanged on exit.
*
* A - COMPLEX array of DIMENSION ( LDA, n ).
* Before entry with UPLO = 'U' or 'u', the leading n by n
* upper triangular part of the array A must contain the upper
* triangular part of the hermitian matrix and the strictly
* lower triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, the
* upper triangular part of the array A is overwritten by the
* upper triangular part of the updated matrix.
* Before entry with UPLO = 'L' or 'l', the leading n by n
* lower triangular part of the array A must contain the lower
* triangular part of the hermitian matrix and the strictly
* upper triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, the
* lower triangular part of the array A is overwritten by the
* lower triangular part of the updated matrix.
* Note that the imaginary parts of the diagonal elements need
* not be set, they are assumed to be zero, and on exit they
* are set to zero. At least double precision arithmetic is
* used in the computation of A.
*
* LDA - INTEGER.
* On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
* in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
* max( 1, n ).
* Unchanged on exit.
*
*
* Level 2 Blas routine.
*
* -- Written on 20-July-1986.
* Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
* Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
*
*
* .. Parameters ..
COMPLEX*16 ZERO
PARAMETER ( ZERO = ( 0.0D+0, 0.0D+0 ) )
* .. Local Scalars ..
COMPLEX*16 TEMP
INTEGER I, INFO, IX, J, JX, KX
* .. External Functions ..
LOGICAL LSAME
EXTERNAL LSAME
* .. External Subroutines ..
EXTERNAL XERBLA
* .. Intrinsic Functions ..
INTRINSIC DCONJG, DBLE, MAX, REAL
* ..
* .. Executable Statements ..
*
* Test the input parameters.
*
INFO = 0
IF ( .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ).AND.
$ .NOT.LSAME( UPLO, 'L' ) ) THEN
INFO = 1
ELSE IF ( N.LT.0 ) THEN
INFO = 2
ELSE IF ( INCX.EQ.0 ) THEN
INFO = 5
ELSE IF ( LDA.LT.MAX(1,N) ) THEN
INFO = 7
END IF
IF( INFO.NE.0 )THEN
CALL XERBLA( 'ECHER ', INFO )
RETURN
END IF
*
* Quick return if possible.
*
IF( ( N.EQ.0 ).OR.( ALPHA.EQ.REAL( ZERO ) ) )
$ RETURN
*
* Set the start point in X if the increment is not unity.
*
IF( INCX.LE.0 )THEN
KX = 1 - ( N - 1 )*INCX
ELSE IF( INCX.NE.1 )THEN
KX = 1
END IF
*
* Start the operations. In this version the elements of A are
* accessed sequentially with one pass through the triangular part
* of A.
*
IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) )THEN
*
* Form A when A is stored in upper triangle.
*
IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
DO 20, J = 1, N
IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
TEMP = ALPHA*DCONJG( X( J ) )
DO 10, I = 1, J - 1
A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( I )*TEMP
10 CONTINUE
A( J, J ) = REAL( A( J, J ) ) + DBLE( X( J )*TEMP )
ELSE
A( J, J ) = REAL( A( J, J ) )
END IF
20 CONTINUE
ELSE
JX = KX
DO 40, J = 1, N
IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
TEMP = ALPHA*DCONJG( X( JX ) )
IX = KX
DO 30, I = 1, J - 1
A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( IX )*TEMP
IX = IX + INCX
30 CONTINUE
A( J, J ) = REAL( A( J, J ) ) + DBLE( X( JX )*TEMP )
ELSE
A( J, J ) = REAL( A( J, J ) )
END IF
JX = JX + INCX
40 CONTINUE
END IF
ELSE
*
* Form A when A is stored in lower triangle.
*
IF( INCX.EQ.1 )THEN
DO 60, J = 1, N
IF( X( J ).NE.ZERO )THEN
TEMP = ALPHA*DCONJG( X( J ) )
A( J, J ) = REAL( A( J, J ) ) + DBLE( TEMP*X( J ) )
DO 50, I = J + 1, N
A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( I )*TEMP
50 CONTINUE
ELSE
A( J, J ) = REAL( A( J, J ) )
END IF
60 CONTINUE
ELSE
JX = KX
DO 80, J = 1, N
IF( X( JX ).NE.ZERO )THEN
TEMP = ALPHA*DCONJG( X( JX ) )
A( J, J ) = REAL( A( J, J ) ) + DBLE( TEMP*X( JX ) )
IX = JX
DO 70, I = J + 1, N
IX = IX + INCX
A( I, J ) = A( I, J ) + X( IX )*TEMP
70 CONTINUE
ELSE
A( J, J ) = REAL( A( J, J ) )
END IF
JX = JX + INCX
80 CONTINUE
END IF
END IF
*
RETURN
*
* End of ECHER .
*
END