%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%% BibTeX-file{
%%% author = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%% version = "2.34",
%%% date = "13 January 2011",
%%% time = "17:33:39 MDT",
%%% filename = "cacm1970.bib",
%%% address = "University of Utah
%%% Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%% 155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%% Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%% USA",
%%% telephone = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%% FAX = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%% checksum = "48281 45368 209760 2079426",
%%% email = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%% beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%% codetable = "ISO/ASCII",
%%% keywords = "bibliography, CACM, Communications of the
%%% ACM",
%%% license = "public domain",
%%% supported = "yes",
%%% docstring = "This is a bibliography of the journal
%%% Communications of the ACM (CODEN CACMA2, ISSN
%%% 0001-0782), covering (incompletely) 1970 --
%%% 1979.
%%%
%%% At version 2.34, the year coverage looked
%%% like this:
%%%
%%% 1961 ( 1) 1972 ( 179) 1983 ( 1)
%%% 1962 ( 1) 1973 ( 162) 1984 ( 0)
%%% 1963 ( 5) 1974 ( 138) 1985 ( 3)
%%% 1964 ( 4) 1975 ( 121) 1986 ( 1)
%%% 1965 ( 2) 1976 ( 96) 1987 ( 0)
%%% 1966 ( 3) 1977 ( 121) 1988 ( 1)
%%% 1967 ( 3) 1978 ( 120) 1989 ( 0)
%%% 1968 ( 6) 1979 ( 81) 1990 ( 2)
%%% 1969 ( 8) 1980 ( 1) 1991 ( 4)
%%% 1970 ( 157) 1981 ( 2) 1992 ( 1)
%%% 1971 ( 106) 1982 ( 1)
%%%
%%% Article: 1324
%%% Book: 3
%%% InProceedings: 1
%%% Manual: 1
%%% MastersThesis: 1
%%% PhdThesis: 1
%%%
%%% Total entries: 1331
%%%
%%% The size of the original cacm.bib file
%%% covering 1958--1996 became too large (about
%%% 4000 entries) for BibTeX and TeX to handle,
%%% so at version 1.44, it was split into
%%% cacm1950.bib, cacm1960.bib, cacm1970.bib,
%%% cacm1980.bib, and cacm1990.bib, each covering
%%% the decade starting with the year embedded in
%%% the filename. Version numbers for these
%%% files begin at 2.00.
%%%
%%% Volumes from the 1990s average more than 200
%%% articles yearly, so a complete bibliography
%%% for this journal could contain more than 6000
%%% entries from 1958 to 2000.
%%%
%%% These bibliographies also include ACM
%%% Algorithms 1--492. For Algorithms 493--686,
%%% including Algorithm 568, published in ACM
%%% Transactions on Programming Languages and
%%% Systems (TOPLAS), see the companion
%%% bibliographies, toms.bib and toplas.bib.
%%%
%%% All published Remarks and Corrigenda are
%%% cross-referenced in both directions, so
%%% that citing a paper will automatically
%%% generate citations for those Remarks and
%%% Corrigenda. Cross-referenced entries are
%%% duplicated in cacm19*.bib and toms.bib, so
%%% that each is completely self-contained.
%%%
%%% Source code for ACM Algorithms from 380
%%% onwards, with some omissions, is available
%%% via the Netlib service at
%%% http://netlib.ornl.gov/, and
%%% ftp://netlib.bell-labs.com/netlib/toms.
%%%
%%% There is a World Wide Web search facility
%%% for articles published in this journal from
%%% 1959 to 1979 at
%%% http://ciir.cs.umass.edu/cgi-bin/web_query_form/public/cacm2.1.
%%%
%%% The initial draft of entries for 1981 --
%%% 1990 was extracted from the ACM Computing
%%% Archive CD ROM for the 1980s, with manual
%%% corrections and additions. Additions were
%%% then made from all of the bibliographies in
%%% the TeX User Group collection, from
%%% bibliographies in the author's personal
%%% files, from the Compendex database
%%% (1970--1979), from the IEEE INSPEC database
%%% (1970--1979), from tables of contents
%%% information at http://www.acm.org/pubs/cacm/,
%%% from Zentralblatt fur Mathematik Mathematics
%%% Abstracts at
%%% http://www.emis.de/cgi-bin/MATH/, from
%%% bibliographies at Internet host
%%% netlib.bell-labs.com, and from the computer
%%% science bibliography collection on
%%% ftp.ira.uka.de in /pub/bibliography to which
%%% many people of have contributed. The
%%% snapshot of this collection was taken on
%%% 5-May-1994, and it consists of 441 BibTeX
%%% files, 2,672,675 lines, 205,289 entries, and
%%% 6,375 String{} abbreviations, occupying
%%% 94.8MB of disk space.
%%%
%%% Numerous errors in the sources noted above
%%% have been corrected. Spelling has been
%%% verified with the UNIX spell and GNU ispell
%%% programs using the exception dictionary
%%% stored in the companion file with extension
%%% .sok.
%%%
%%% BibTeX citation tags are uniformly chosen
%%% as name:year:abbrev, where name is the
%%% family name of the first author or editor,
%%% year is a 4-digit number, and abbrev is a
%%% 3-letter condensation of important title
%%% words. Citation tags were automatically
%%% generated by software developed for the
%%% BibNet Project.
%%%
%%% In this bibliography, entries are sorted in
%%% publication order within each journal,
%%% using bibsort -byvolume.
%%%
%%% The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%% checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%% equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%% count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%% characters. This is produced by Robert
%%% Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%% }
%%% ====================================================================
@Preamble{
"\input bibnames.sty " #
"\input path.sty " #
"\def \TM {${}^{\sc TM}$} " #
"\hyphenation{
al-pha-mer-ic
Balz-er
Blom-quist
Bo-ta-fo-go
Bran-din
Brans-comb
Bu-tera
Chris-tina
Christ-o-fi-des
Col-lins
Cor-dell
data-base
econ-omies
Fletch-er
flow-chart
flow-charts
Fry-styk
ge-dank-en
Gar-fink-el
Ge-ha-ni
Glush-ko
Goud-reau
Gua-dan-go
Hari-di
Haw-thorn
Hem-men-ding-er
Hor-o-witz
Hour-vitz
Hirsch-berg
Ike-da
Ka-chi-tvi-chyan-u-kul
Kat-ze-nel-son
Kitz-miller
Ko-ba-yashi
Le-Me-tay-er
Ken-ne-dy
Law-rence
Mac-kay
Mai-net-ti
Mar-sa-glia
Max-well
Mer-ner
Mo-ran-di
Na-ray-an
New-ell
Nich-ols
para-digm
pat-ent-ed
Phi-lo-kyp-rou
Prep-a-ra-ta
pseu-do-chain-ing
QUIK-SCRIPT
Rad-e-mach-er
re-eval-u-a-tion
re-wind
Ros-witha
Scheu-er-mann
Schwach-heim
Schob-bens
Schon-berg
Sho-sha-ni
Si-tha-ra-ma
Skwa-rec-ki
Streck-er
Strin-gi-ni
Tes-ler
Te-zu-ka
Teu-ho-la
Till-quist
Town-send
Tsi-chri-tzis
Tur-ski
Vuille-min
Wald-ing-er
Za-bo-row-ski
Za-mora
}"}
%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:
@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
University of Utah,
Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
155 S 1400 E RM 233,
Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
\path|beebe@acm.org|,
\path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}
@String{ack-nj = "Norbert Juffa,
2445 Mission College Blvd.
Santa Clara, CA 95054
USA
email: \path=norbert@iit.com="}
%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:
@String{j-CACM = "Communications of the ACM"}
@String{j-COMP-SURV = "Computing Surveys"}
@String{j-J-ACM = "Journal of the ACM"}
@String{j-MANAGEMENT-SCIENCE = "Management Science"}
@String{j-SIAM-J-COMPUT = "SIAM Journal of Computing"}
@String{j-SPE = "Software --- Practice and Experience"}
@String{j-TOMS = "ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software"}
%%% ====================================================================
%%% Publisher abbreviations:
@String{pub-ANSI = "American National Standards Institute"}
@String{pub-ANSI:adr = "1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018, USA"}
@String{pub-AW = "Ad{\-d}i{\-s}on-Wes{\-l}ey"}
@String{pub-AW:adr = "Reading, MA, USA"}
@String{pub-MORGAN-KAUFMANN = "Morgan Kaufmann Publishers"}
@String{pub-MORGAN-KAUFMANN:adr = "Los Altos, CA 94022, USA"}
@String{pub-SUCSLI = "Stanford University Center for the Study of
Language and Information"}
@String{pub-SUCSLI:adr = "Stanford, CA, USA"}
%%% ====================================================================
%%% Bibliography entries (cross-references in notes necessitate
%%% inclusion of a few additional entries published elsewhere):
@Article{Herndon:1961:AASa,
author = "J. R. Herndon",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 49}: Spherical {Neumann} Function",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "4",
number = "4",
pages = "179",
month = apr,
year = "1961",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:50 1994",
note = "See also \cite{Coleman:1978:RAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Merner:1962:AAC,
author = "J. N. Merner",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 149}: Complete Elliptic Integral",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "5",
number = "12",
pages = "605",
month = dec,
year = "1962",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:50 1994",
note = "See also \cite{Skovgaard:1978:RCE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Arthurs:1963:AAL,
author = "T. D. Arthurs",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 176}: Least Squares Surface Fit",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "6",
number = "6",
pages = "313",
month = jun,
year = "1963",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:31:33 1994",
note = "See remark \cite{Schuegraf:1972:RAL}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Ludwig:1963:AAI,
author = "O. G. Ludwig",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 179}: Incomplete Beta Ratio",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "6",
number = "6",
pages = "314",
month = jun,
year = "1963",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:50 1994",
note = "See also \cite{Pike:1976:RIB,Bosten:1974:RAI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Relph:1963:AAH,
author = "A. P. Relph",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 191}: Hypergeometric",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "6",
number = "7",
pages = "388--389",
month = jul,
year = "1963",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:02 1994",
note = "See certification \cite{Koppelaar:1974:CRA}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Thurnau:1963:AAB,
author = "D. H. Thurnau",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 195}: {BANDSOLVE}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "6",
number = "8",
pages = "441",
month = aug,
year = "1963",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:11 1994",
note = "See remark \cite{Schuegraf:1972:RAB}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Kase:1963:AAT,
author = "R. H. Kase",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 219}: Topological Ordering for {Pert}
Networks",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "6",
number = "12",
pages = "738--739",
month = dec,
year = "1963",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:51 1994",
note = "See also \cite{Tenney:1977:RAT}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Gautschi:1964:AAI,
author = "W. Gautschi",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 222}: Incomplete Beta Function Ratios",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "7",
number = "3",
pages = "143--144",
month = mar,
year = "1964",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:19 1994",
note = "See remark \cite{Kolm:1971:MAL,Ellis:1974:RAHb}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Gautschi:1964:AAB,
author = "W. Gautschi",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 236}: {Bessel} Functions of the First
Kind",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "7",
number = "8",
pages = "479--480",
month = aug,
year = "1964",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994",
note = "See also \cite{Skovgaard:1975:RBF}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Boothroyd:1964:AAG,
author = "J. Boothroyd",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 246}: Graycode",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "7",
number = "12",
pages = "701",
month = dec,
year = "1964",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994",
note = "See also \cite{Misra:1975:RG,Er:1985:RG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Floyd:1964:AAT,
author = "R. W. Floyd",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 245}: Treesort 3",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "7",
number = "12",
pages = "701",
month = dec,
year = "1964",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:18 1994",
note = "See certification \cite{London:1970:CAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Gautschi:1965:AAL,
author = "W. Gautschi",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 259}: {Legendre} Functions for
Arguments Larger than One",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "8",
number = "8",
pages = "488--492",
month = aug,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994",
note = "See also \cite{Jansen:1977:RLF}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Pike:1965:AAP,
author = "M. C. Pike and I. D. Hill",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 266}: Pseudo-Random Numbers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "8",
number = "10",
pages = "605--606",
month = oct,
year = "1965",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:34 1994",
note = "See certification \cite{Sullins:1972:CAP}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Gautschi:1966:AD,
author = "Walter Gautschi",
title = "{Algorithm 282}: {Derivatives} of $e^x/x$,
$\cos(x)/x$, and $\sin(x)/x$",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "9",
number = "4",
pages = "272--272",
month = apr,
year = "1966",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Nov 25 18:20:05 MST 2005",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib;
http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/",
note = "See remark \cite{Gautschi:1970:RAD}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "$\cos(x)/x$; $\sin(x)/x$; $e^x/x$; elementary
functions",
}
@Article{Fletcher:1966:AAI,
author = "W. Fletcher",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 284}: Interchange of Two Blocks of
Data",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "9",
number = "5",
pages = "326",
month = may,
year = "1966",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994",
note = "See also \cite{Ito:1976:RIT}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Hill:1967:AAC,
author = "I. D. Hill and M. C. Pike",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 299}: Chi-Squared Integral",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "10",
number = "4",
pages = "243--244",
month = apr,
year = "1967",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994",
note = "See also \cite{Lozy:1976:RCS,Hill:1985:RCS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Gunn:1967:AAC,
author = "J. H. Gunn",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 300}: {Coulomb} Wave Functions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "10",
number = "4",
pages = "244--245",
month = apr,
year = "1967",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:53 1994",
note = "See remark \cite{Vos:1973:RAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Brown:1967:AAS,
author = "K. M. Brown",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 316}: Solution of Simultaneous
Nonlinear Equations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "10",
number = "11",
pages = "728--729",
month = nov,
year = "1967",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:50 1994",
note = "See remark \cite{Raduchel:1971:RAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Ord-Smith:1968:AAG,
author = "R. J. Ord-Smith",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 323}: Generation of Permutations in
Lexicographic Order",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "11",
number = "2",
pages = "117",
month = feb,
year = "1968",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:33:05 1994",
note = "See certification \cite{Leitch:1969:CGP} and remark
\cite{Roy:1973:RAG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Bayer:1968:AAM,
author = "G. Bayer",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 324}: Maxflow",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "11",
number = "2",
pages = "117--118",
month = feb,
year = "1968",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:59 1994",
note = "See remark \cite{Bayer:1973:RAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Dijkstra:1968:GSC,
author = "Edsger Wybe Dijkstra",
title = "Go to statement considered harmful",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "11",
number = "3",
pages = "147--148",
month = mar,
year = "1968",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
note = "This paper inspired scores of others, published mainly
in SIGPLAN Notices up to the mid-1980s. The best-known
is \cite{Knuth:1974:SPG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Witte:1968:AAJ,
author = "B. F. W. Witte",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 332}: {Jacobi} Polynomials",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "11",
number = "6",
pages = "436--437",
month = jun,
year = "1968",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:33:08 1994",
note = "See remark \cite{Skovgaard:1975:RAJ}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Salazar:1968:AAM,
author = "R. C. Salazar and S. K. Sen",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 333}: Minit Algorithm For Linear
Programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "11",
number = "6",
pages = "437--440",
month = jun,
year = "1968",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:33:06 1994",
note = "See remark
\cite{Holmgren:1973:RAM,Obradovic:1973:RAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Grad:1968:AAE,
author = "J. Grad and M. A. Brebner",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 343}: Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a
Real Generator Matrix",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "11",
number = "12",
pages = "820--826",
month = dec,
year = "1968",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Mar 24 21:38:51 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Niessner:1972:RAE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Computer Services, Univ. Birmingham, UK",
keywords = "eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; matrix algebra",
}
@Article{Singleton:1969:AAEa,
author = "R. C. Singleton",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 347}: An Efficient Algorithm for
Sorting with Minimal Storage",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "12",
number = "3",
pages = "185--187",
month = mar,
year = "1969",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Mar 24 21:38:51 MST 1997",
note = "See remarks \cite{Griffin:1970:RME,Peto:1970:RAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150E (General utility programs)",
corpsource = "Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA, USA",
keywords = "digital computer sorting; minimal storage sorting;
sorting; subroutines",
}
@Article{ANSI:1969:CFS,
author = "{ANSI Subcommittee X3J3}",
title = "Clarification of {Fortran} Standards --- Initial
Progress",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "12",
number = "5",
pages = "289--294",
month = may,
year = "1969",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Aug 29 18:26:25 1994",
note = "See also \cite{ANSI:1966:AF}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Clemm:1969:AAC,
author = "D. S. Clemm",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 352}: Characteristic Values and
Associated Solutions of {Mathieu}'s Differential
Equation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "12",
number = "7",
pages = "399--407 (or 399--406??)",
month = jul,
year = "1969",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Mar 24 21:38:51 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Frisch:1972:RAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations); C7300 (Natural
sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, USA",
keywords = "differential equations; function evaluation;
subroutines",
}
@Article{Wirth:1969:MMC,
author = "N. Wirth",
title = "On Multiprogramming, Machine Coding, and Computer
Organization",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "12",
number = "9",
pages = "489--498",
month = sep,
year = "1969",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:23:22 1997",
note = "See corrigendum \cite{Wirth:1970:CMM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Leitch:1969:CGP,
author = "I. M. Leitch",
title = "Certification of {ACM Algorithm 323 [G6]}: Generation
of Permutations in Lexicographic Order",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "12",
number = "9",
pages = "512--512",
month = sep,
year = "1969",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Sat Feb 01 07:26:28 1997",
note = "See \cite{Ord-Smith:1968:AAG,Roy:1973:RAG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "direct lexicographic order; lexicographic generation;
permutations; reverse lexicographic order",
}
@Article{Singleton:1969:AAEb,
author = "R. C. Singleton",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 357}: An Efficient Prime Number
Generator",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "12",
number = "10",
pages = "563--564",
month = oct,
year = "1969",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Mar 24 21:38:51 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{DeMorgan:1973:RAE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA, USA",
keywords = "algebra; number theory; subroutines",
}
@Article{Gautschi:1969:AAC,
author = "W. Gautschi",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 363}: Complex Error Function",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "12",
number = "11",
pages = "635",
month = nov,
year = "1969",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:33:14 1994",
note = "See certification \cite{Kolbig:1972:CAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Lowe:1970:ASC,
author = "T. C. Lowe",
title = "Automatic segmentation of cyclic program structures
based on connectivity and processor timing",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "3--6",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
processors)",
corpsource = "Informatics Inc., Bethesda, MD, USA",
keywords = "input-output programs; multiprogramming; program
processors; time-sharing programs",
}
@Article{Gautschi:1970:RCC,
author = "Walter Gautschi and Bruce J. Klein",
title = "Recursive computation of certain derivatives --- {A}
study of error propagation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "7--9",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65Q05",
MRnumber = "46 1115",
MRreviewer = "D. F. Mayers",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
abstract = "A brief study is made of the propagation of errors in
linear first-order difference equations. The recursive
computation of successive derivatives of $(e^x)/x$ and
$(\cos x)/x$ is considered as an illustration.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4110 (Error analysis in numerical methods)",
corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA",
keywords = "difference equations; error analysis; error
propagation; recursive computation; successive
derivatives",
}
@Article{Mullery:1970:PAM,
author = "A. P. Mullery and G. C. Driscoll",
title = "A processor allocation method for time-sharing",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "10--14",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "IBM, Thomas J. Watson Res. Center Yorktown Heights,
NY, USA",
keywords = "storage allocation; time-sharing programs",
}
@Article{Simmons:1970:NLQ,
author = "R. F. Simmons",
title = "Natural Language Question-Answering Systems: 1969",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "15--30",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; computational linguistics;
language; translation and linguistics",
}
@Article{Irons:1970:EEL,
author = "E. T. Irons",
title = "Experience with an extensible language",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "31--40",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "Inst. Defense Analyses Princeton, NJ, USA",
keywords = "procedure oriented languages",
}
@Article{Montanari:1970:NML,
author = "Ugo Montanari",
title = "A note on minimal length polygonal approximation to a
digitized contour",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "41--47",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.20",
MRnumber = "44\#2311",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:22 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Montanari70",
abstract = "A method for extracting a smooth polygonal contour
from a digitized image is illustrated. The ordered
sequence of contour points and the connection graph of
the image are first obtained by a modified Ledley
algorithm in one image scan. A minimal perimeter
polygon subjected to specified constraints is then
chosen as the approximating contour. The determination
of the minimal polygon can be reduced to a nonlinear
programming problem, solved by an algorithm which takes
into account the weak bonds between variables. Some
examples are presented, and the corresponding computing
times are listed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)",
corpsource = "Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche, Pisa, Italy",
keywords = "connection tree; digitized image; minimal polygon;
nonlinear programming; optimal approximation; pattern
recognition",
oldlabel = "Montanari70",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Montanari70",
}
@Article{Stehfest:1970:AAN,
author = "Harald Stehfest",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 368}: Numerical Inversion of {Laplace}
Transforms",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "47--49",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "J. W. Goethe Univ. Frankfurt am Main, West Germany",
keywords = "Laplace transforms; subroutines",
}
@Article{Schaffer:1970:AAG,
author = "H. E. Schaffer",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 369}: Generator of Random Numbers
Satisfying the {Poisson} Distribution",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "49--49",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
corpsource = "North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC, USA",
keywords = "random number generation; subroutines",
}
@Article{Butler:1970:AAG,
author = "E. L. Butler",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 370}: General Random Number Generator",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "49--52",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Proll:1972:RAA}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
corpsource = "Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX, USA",
keywords = "random number generation; subroutines",
}
@Article{McKay:1970:AAP,
author = "J. K. S. McKay",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 371}: Partitions in Natural Order",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "52--52",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "California Inst. Technol. Pasadena, CA, USA",
keywords = "number theory; subroutines",
}
@Article{Dunham:1970:AAA,
author = "K. B. Dunham",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 372}: An Algorithm to Produce Complex
Primes {CSIEVE}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "52--54",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Georgia Inst. Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA",
keywords = "number theory; subroutines",
xxnote = "Check pages??",
}
@Article{Gautschi:1970:RAD,
author = "Walter Gautschi and Bruce J. Klein",
title = "Remark on {Algorithm 282, Derivatives of $e^x / x$,
$\cos(x) / x$, and $\sin(x) / x$}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "53--54",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Sat Oct 30 07:27:17 2010",
note = "See \cite{Gautschi:1966:AD}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
citedby = "Fullerton:1980:BEM",
remark = "Fullerton: Corrections are given for several Algol
procedures.",
}
@Article{Griffin:1970:RME,
author = "R. Griffin and K. A. Redich",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 347}: {An Efficient Algorithm
for Sorting with Minimal Storage [{M1}]}, by {R. C.
Singleton}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "54--54",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:26:41 1997",
note = "See \cite{Singleton:1969:AAEa,Peto:1970:RAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "digital computer sorting; minimal storage sorting;
sorting",
}
@Article{Anonymous:1970:RCD,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Representation for calendar date for
machine-to-machine data interchange",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "55--55",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
keywords = "codes; standards",
}
@Article{Anonymous:1970:IRP,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Interchange rolls of perforated tape for information
interchange",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "56--56",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5320Z (Other digital storage); C5560 (Data
preparation equipment); C7250 (Information storage and
retrieval)",
keywords = "digital storage; equipment; information retrieval;
punched tape; standards",
}
@Article{Payne:1970:FTP,
author = "W. H. Payne",
title = "{Fortran Tausworthe} pseudorandom number generator",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "1",
pages = "57--57",
month = jan,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
corpsource = "Washington State Univ. Pullman, WA, USA",
keywords = "random number generation",
}
@Article{Hsiao:1970:FSI,
author = "David K. Hsiao and Frank D. Harary",
title = "A Formal System for Information Retrieval from Files",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "67--73",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib",
note = "See corrigenda \cite{Hsiao:1970:CFS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage
and retrieval)",
corpsource = "Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA",
keywords = "file organisation; information retrieval",
}
@Article{vonGlaserfeld:1970:MPH,
author = "E. {von Glaserfeld} and P. P. Pisani",
title = "The multistore parser for hierarchical syntactic
structures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "74--82",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Univ. Georgia, Athens, GA, USA",
keywords = "computational linguistics",
}
@Article{Vere:1970:TE,
author = "Steven Vere",
title = "Translation equations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "83--89",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A30",
MRnumber = "45 4925",
MRreviewer = "H. Maurer",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See errata \cite{Vere:1970:TEE},",
abstract = "Input limited transduction expressions, or translation
equations, are used to describe the syntax and
left-context sensitive semantics for context-free
languages. A formal procedure is given for deriving
from a set of translation equations the specifications
for a pushdown translator. The translator consists of
Mealy form finite-state automata interacting by means
of a pushdown stack. Within the framework described
string recognition and parsing may be treated as
special cases of the translation problem.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
keywords = "automata; computational linguistics; context-free
languages; finite state automata; formal languages;
meta-compilers; parsing; pushdown transducer;
recognizers; regular expression; syntax directed
compilers; transduction expression; translation; Turing
machines",
}
@Article{Morgan:1970:SCS,
author = "H. L. Morgan",
title = "Spelling correction in systems programs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "90--94",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:33:52 1997",
abstract = "Several specialized techniques are shown for
efficiently incorporating spelling correction
algorithms in to compilers and operating systems. These
include the use of syntax and semantics information,
the organization of restricted keyword and symbol
tables, and the consideration of a limited class of
spelling errors. Sample 360 coding for performing
spelling correction is presented. By using systems
which perform spelling correction, the number of
debugging runs per program has been decreased, saving
both programmer and machine time.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating
systems)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "compilers; computer science and automata; debugging;
diagnostics; error correction; error detection; lexical
analysis systems programming; misspelling; operating
systems; program debugging; spelling correction;
subroutines",
}
@Article{Earley:1970:ECF,
author = "Jay Earley",
title = "An Efficient Context-Free Parsing Algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "94--102",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Earley70",
abstract = "A parsing algorithm which seems to be the most
efficient general context-free algorithm known is
described. It is similar to both Knuth's LR(k)
algorithm and the familiar top-down algorithm. It has a
time bound proportional to $n^3$ (where $n$ is the
length of the string being parsed) in general; it has a
$n^2$ bound for unambiguous grammars; and it runs in
linear time on a large class of grammars, which seems
to include most practical context-free programming
language grammars. In an empirical comparison it
appears to be superior to the top-down and bottom-up
algorithms studied by Griffiths and Petrick.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters
and other processors)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
keywords = "compilers; computational complexity; computational
linguistics; context-free grammar; parsing; program
compilers; syntax analysis",
oldlabel = "Earley70",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Earley70",
}
@Article{Radke:1970:UQR,
author = "C. E. Radke",
title = "The Use of Quadratic Residue Research",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "103--105",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "IBM, Endicott, NY, USA",
keywords = "data handling; programming",
}
@Article{Jones:1970:VSA,
author = "B. Jones",
title = "A Variation on Sorting by Address Calculation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "105--107",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Martin Marietta Corp., Orlando, FL, USA",
keywords = "sorting",
}
@Article{Bell:1970:QQM,
author = "James R. Bell",
title = "The Quadratic Quotient Method: {A} Hash Code
Eliminating Secondary Clustering",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "107--109",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Bell70",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA, USA",
keywords = "table lookup",
oldlabel = "Bell70",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bell70",
}
@Article{Ness:1970:CEG,
author = "D. N. Ness and R. S. Green and W. A. Martin and G. A.
Moulton",
title = "Computer education in a graduate school of
management",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "110--114, 19",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "education; management; simulation",
}
@Article{Robbins:1970:ICS,
author = "M. F. Robbins and J. D. Beyer",
title = "An interactive computer system using graphical
flowchart input",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "115--119",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7400 (Engineering computing); C5540 (Terminals and
graphic displays)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
keywords = "applications of computers; computers; control system
synthesis; electrical engineering; engineering
applications of; online operation; sampled data
systems; simulation",
}
@Article{White:1970:AAN,
author = "J. S. White",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 373}: Number of Doubly Restricted
Partitions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "120--120",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA",
keywords = "combinatorial mathematics; subroutines",
}
@Article{White:1970:AAR,
author = "J. S. White",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 374}: Restricted Partition Generator",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "120--120",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA",
keywords = "combinatorial mathematics; subroutines",
}
@Article{Spath:1970:AAF,
author = "H. Sp{\"{a}}th",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 375}: Fitting Data to One Exponential",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "120--121",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4150 (Nonlinear and functional equations); C7300
(Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Inst. Neutronenphysik Reaktortechnik, Karlsruhe, West
Germany",
keywords = "least squares approximations; nonlinear equations;
subroutines",
}
@Article{Spath:1970:AAL,
author = "H. Sp{\"{a}}th",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 376}: Least Squares Fit by
{$f(x)=A\cos(Bx+C)$}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "121--122",
month = feb,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4150 (Nonlinear and functional equations); C7300
(Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Inst. Neutronenphysik, Reaktortechnik, Karlsruhe, West
Germany",
keywords = "least squares approximations; nonlinear equations;
subroutines",
}
@Article{Fenichel:1970:PTP,
author = "R. R. Fenichel and J. Weizenbaum and J. C. Yochelson",
title = "A Program to Teach Programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "141--146",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "The TEACH system was developed at MIT to ease the cost
and improve the results of elementary instruction in
programming. To the student, TEACH offers loosely
guided experience with a conversational language which
was designed with teaching in mind. Faculty involvement
is limited. At the heart of the TEACH system is an
interactive language which somewhat resembles Joss, but
is somewhat more amenable to rational explanation.
Surrounding the language processor is a teaching system
which presents lessons to the student, supervises his
progress, and permits him to exercise his skills. A
term of experience with TEACH is discussed.
Pedagogically, the system appears to be successful;
straightforward reimplementation will make it
economically successful as well.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management); C6150Z (Other systems
operation programs)",
corpsource = "Massachusetts Inst. Technol., Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer applications; computer-assisted learning;
computers, programming; education; elementary
programming; engineering education; programming; TEACH;
UNCL; utility programs",
}
@Article{Slagle:1970:EMT,
author = "J. R. Slagle and J. K. Dixon",
title = "Experiments with the {M \& N} Tree-Searching Program",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "147--154, 159",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "The M \& N procedure is an improvement to the mini-max
backing-up procedure widely used in computer programs
for game-playing and other purposes. It is based on the
principle that it is desirable to have many options
when making decisions in the face of uncertainty. The
mini-max procedure assigns to a MAX (MIN) node the
value of the highest (lowest) valued successor to that
node. The M \& N procedure assigns to a MAX (MIN) node
some function of the M (N) highest (lowest) valued
successors. An M \& N procedure was written in LISP to
play the game of kalah, and it was demonstrated that
the M \& Nprocedure is significantly superior to the
mini-max procedure. The statistical significance of
important conclusions is given. Since information on
statistical significance has often been lacking in
papers on computer experiments in the artificial
intelligence field, these experiments can perhaps serve
as a model for future work.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence)",
corpsource = "Education Welfare, Bethesda, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "arg; artificial intelligence; automata theory;
computers; game theory; heuristic programming;
optimisation; programming; trees (mathematics)",
}
@Article{Batson:1970:MSS,
author = "A. Batson and Shy-Ming M. Ju and D. C. Wood",
title = "Measurements of Segment Size",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "155--159",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Distributions of segment sizes measured under routine
operating conditions on a computer system which
utilizes variable sized segments (the Burroughs B5500)
are discussed. The most striking feature of the
measurements is the large number of small
segments-about 60\% of the segments in use contain less
than 40 words. Although the results are certainly not
installation independent, and although they are
particularly influenced by features of the B5500 ALGOL
system, they should be relevant to the design of new
computer systems, especially with respect to the
organization of paging schemes.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Univ. Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; dynamic memory management; operating
systems; storage allocation",
}
@Article{Watson:1970:ANM,
author = "G. A. Watson",
title = "On an Algorithm for Nonlinear Minimax Approximation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "160--162",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "90.50 (65.00)",
MRnumber = "44\#3694",
MRreviewer = "R. W. Cottle",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Certain nonlinear minimax approximation problems are
characterized by properties which permit the
application of special algorithms, mainly, based on the
exchange algorithms of E. Y. Remes (1934, 1935), for
their solution. The application to problems of this
type of a general nonlinear algorithm due to M. R.
Osborne and G. A. Watson (1969) is considered. Examples
are given to illustrate that this algorithm can give
satisfactory results and, in particular, can
successfully solve problems which lead to difficulties
with the more conventional specialist methods.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques)",
corpsource = "Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra, Australia",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "linear programming; mathematics; minimax
approximation; nonlinear approximation; numerical
methods; optimisation; THO",
}
@Article{Schweikert:1970:CEI,
author = "D. G. Schweikert",
title = "A Comparison of Error Improvement Estimates for
Adaptive Trapezoid Integration",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "163--166",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.55",
MRnumber = "44\#7751",
MRreviewer = "R. E. Barnhill",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Various simple choices of error improvement estimates
for the trapezoid rule are studied to demonstrate a
comparison procedure which is relatively independent of
the profusion of adaptive search and stopping
strategies. Comparisons are based on $x^r1$; the
inclusion of the noninteger powers makes this more
realistic than the usual polynomial based comparison.
Behavior near the singularity was found to be the
dominant factor, and a new estimate, based on a
constant curvature assumption and parametric
differences, was considered slightly better than the
other choices considered.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4110 (Error analysis in numerical methods); C4160
(Numerical integration and differentiation)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "adaptive integration; error analysis; error
improvement estimate; integration; mathematics;
nonpolynomial error criteria; numerical methods; re;
trapezoid rule",
}
@Article{Schwarcz:1970:DQA,
author = "Robert M. Schwarcz and John F. Burger and Robert F.
Simmons",
title = "A Deductive Question Answerer for Natural Language
Inference",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "167--183",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib",
abstract = "The question-answering aspects of the Protosynthex III
prototype language processing system are described and
exemplified in detail. The system is written in LISP 1.
5 and operates on the Q-32 time-sharing system. The
system's data structures and their semantic
organization, the deductive question-answering
formalism of relational properties and
complex-relation-forming operators, and the
question-answering procedures which employ these
features in their operation are all described and
illustrated. Examples of the system's performance and
of the limitations of its question-answering capability
are presented and discussed. It is shown that the use
of semantic information in deductive question answering
greatly facilitates the process, and that a top-down
procedure which works from question to answer enables
effective use to be made of this information.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Deductive inference driven by English: PROTOSYNTHEX
III",
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "System Dev. Corp., Santa Monica, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; automata theory;
computational linguistics; information retrieval;
language translation and linguistics",
}
@Article{Cardenas:1970:PLP,
author = "A. F. Cardenas and W. J. Karplus",
title = "{PDEL} --- a Language for Partial Differential
Equations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "184--191",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:33:36 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Conventional computer methods available to solve
continuous system problems characterized by partial
differential equations are very time-consuming and
cumbersome. A convenient, easy to learn and to use,
high level problem oriented language to solve and study
partial differential equation problems has been
designed; a practical translator for the language has
also been designed, and a working version of it has
been constructed for a significant portion of the
language. This Partial Differential Equation Language,
PDEL, is outlined, and the highlights of the translator
are briefly summarized. PDEL can handle a large variety
of fields. Time-dependent and time-independent fields
can be defined. Any size of grid can be used to
approximate regular and irregular geometries. Linear,
nonlinear, uniform and nonuniform fields can be
treated.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; differential equations; mathematics;
problem oriented languages",
}
@Article{Levine:1970:AAS,
author = "Michael J. Levine and Stanley M. Swanson",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 377}: Symbolic Expansion of Algebraic
Expressions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "191--192",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:35:50 1997",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
keywords = "algebra; subroutines",
}
@Article{Kailas:1970:AMC,
author = "M. V. Kailas",
title = "Another method of converting from hexadecimal to
decimal",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "193--193",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
keywords = "digital arithmetic",
}
@Article{Pager:1970:NSP,
author = "D. Pager",
title = "A number system for the permutations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "193--193",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA",
keywords = "number theory",
}
@Article{Dempster:1970:CPA,
author = "J. R. H. Dempster",
title = "Comment on a Paging Anomaly",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "193--194",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
corpsource = "Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada",
keywords = "computation theory; demand paging; paging machines;
replacement algorithm; storage allocation",
}
@Article{Maurer:1970:NCI,
author = "H. A. Maurer",
title = "A Note on the Complement of Inherently Ambiguous
Context-Free Languages",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "194--194",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada",
keywords = "ambiguity; bounded language; Chomsky-language;
complement; context-free language; formal languages;
inherent ambiguity; phrase structure language;
production system; type 2 language",
}
@Article{Hsiao:1970:CFS,
author = "D. K. Hsiao and F. D. Harary",
title = "Corrigenda: {``A Formal System for Information
Retrieval from Files''}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "3",
pages = "266--266",
month = mar,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Dec 26 18:33:42 1995",
note = "See \cite{Hsiao:1970:FSI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{DeSalvio:1970:CCI,
author = "A. J. DeSalvio and J. G. Purdy and J. Rau",
title = "Creation and Control of Internal Data Bases Under a
{Fortran} Programming Environment",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "211--215",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A method is described for the definition of a user's
COMMON structure and the automatic generation of the
necessary COMMON, DIMENSION, EQUIVALENCE, and type
declarations for each of the user's routines. The
definition for the COMMON is contained in an easy to
modify form, thus allowing the control of general
communications of data between routines. The described
system has been implemented on the IBM 7094, CDC 6000
series, and the IBM 360. The method has proved to be
invaluable for the definition and control of COMMON in
many large-scale programs.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6140D (High level
languages)",
corpsource = "TRW Systems, Redondo Beach and Sunnyvale, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; data handling; data structures; FORTRAN",
}
@Article{Mills:1970:SDP,
author = "H. D. Mills",
title = "Syntax-Directed Documentation for {PL360}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "216--222",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "The language PL360, together with its phrase structure
grammar, is used as a concrete basis for illustrating
an idea called syntax-directed documentation. This idea
is-to use the phrase structure of a program to define
the structure of a formal documentation for that
program; to use the syntactic types and identifiers in
the resulting structure to trigger the automatic
formation of questions to the programmer, whose answers
will become part of that documentation; and to provide
automatic storage and retrieval facilities so that
other programmers who want to understand or modify the
index in various ways by syntactic types and objects. A
small PL360 program, already found in the literature,
is worked out as an example.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150G (Diagnostic,
testing, debugging and evaluating systems)",
corpsource = "IBM, Gaithersburg, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; computers, programming; documentation;
procedure oriented languages; Program and system",
}
@Article{Bayer:1970:SCC,
author = "Rudolf Bayer and Christoph Witzgall",
title = "Some Complete Calculi for Matrices",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "223--237",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/reynolds.bib",
abstract = "A matrix calculus is introduced with the intention of
developing data structures suitable for a high level
algorithmic language for mathematical programming. It
is shown how the special structure of matrices can be
described and utilized for efficient computing by
saving memory space and superfluous operations.
Sequences of matrices (and sequences of sequences of
matrices) are considered, and matrix operators are
extended to sequence operators and cumulative
operators. Algorithms are given which use symbol
manipulation of matrix expressions so as to find the
forms best suited for computation. These forms are
called normalforms. Several completeness results are
obtained in the sense that for each expression an
equivalent expression in normal form can be found
within a specified calculus.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
checked = "29 June 1993",
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques)",
corpsource = "Boeing Sci. Res. Labs., Seattle, WA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "algorithmic languages; computers; computers,
programming; data structures; mathematical;
mathematics; matrix algebra; programming",
}
@Article{BrinchHansen:1970:NMS,
author = "P. {Brinch Hansen}",
title = "The Nucleus of a Multiprogramming System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "238--241, 250",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/os.bib",
abstract = "The philosophy and structure is described of a
multiprogramming system that can be extended with a
hierarchy of operating systems to suit diverse
requirements of program scheduling and resource
allocation. The system nucleus simulates an environment
in which program execution and input\slash output are
handled uniformly as parallel, cooperating processes. A
fundamental set of primitives allows the dynamic
creation and control of a hierarchy of processes as
well as the communication among them.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "A/S Regnecentralen, Copenhagen, Denmark",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; computers, time sharing; multiprogramming;
operating systems",
}
@Article{Eastman:1970:RSP,
author = "C. M. Eastman",
title = "Representations for Space Planning",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "242--250",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Problems involving the arrangement of objects in
two-or three-space where the objective function
primarily consists of derivatives of the distance
between objects or their arrangement are called space
planning problems. The representational requirements
for this problem area are defined and compared with
current computer graphic languages. Four alternative
data structures that allow automated space planning are
described and compared.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer-aided design; computers; computers, language;
data structures; design automation; graphic methods;
graphics",
}
@Article{Pomeranz:1970:CMP,
author = "J. E. Pomeranz and R. L. {Weil, Jr.}",
title = "The cyclical majority problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "251--254",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "The unsolved combinational problem of the cyclical
majority is presented and some mew, simulated results
for 3, 4, 5,\ldots{}, 40 issues and 3, 5, 7,\ldots{},
37 judges are reported. The method devised for
simulating the voting process to estimate the
probabilities does not solve the problem, but appears
much more efficient than one previous simulation and
more accurate than another.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics)",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "combinatorial mathematics; computers, simulation;
simulation; statistical methods",
}
@Article{Nilson:1970:CSU,
author = "E. N. Nilson",
title = "Cubic Splines on Uniform Meshes",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "255--258",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.20",
MRnumber = "44\#1189",
MRreviewer = "C. A. Hall",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A very simple procedure is presented for constructing
cubic splines, periodic or nonperiodic, on uniform
meshes. Arcs of two cubics suffice to construct a basis
of cardinal splines. An algorithm is given which
requires only minimal storage and computation and
permits easy trade-off of one against the other. The
application of these devices is of fundamental
importance in the area of computer graphics where
substantial savings in computing time and storage
requirements have special significance.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
corpsource = "Pratt and Whitney Aircraft, East Hartford, CT, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "cardinal splines; computers; mathematics; numerical
methods; polynomials; simple spline representation;
uniform mesh splines",
}
@Article{Pankiewicz:1970:AAD,
author = "W. Pankiewicz",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 378}: Discretized {Newton}-like Method
for Solving a System of Simultaneous Nonlinear
Equations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "259--260",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4150 (Nonlinear and functional equations); C7300
(Natural sciences computing)",
keywords = "nonlinear equations; numerical methods; subroutines",
}
@Article{Lyness:1970:AAS,
author = "J. N. Lyness",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 379}: {SQUANK (Simpson Quadrature Used
Adaptively-Noise Killed)}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "260--263",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:37:51 1997",
note = "See certification \cite{Hallet:1972:CAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA",
keywords = "integration; subroutines",
}
@Article{Heess:1970:CPW,
author = "W. F. {Heess, Jr.}",
title = "Comments on a paper by {Wallace} and {Mason}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "264--265",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
keywords = "multiprogramming; storage allocation",
}
@Article{Smith:1970:CMU,
author = "J. L. Smith",
title = "Comment on multiprogramming under a page on demand
strategy",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "265--265",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "CSIRO, Canberra City, ACT, Australia",
keywords = "multiprogramming",
}
@Article{deVries:1970:CLM,
author = "Ronald C. {de Vries}",
title = "Comment on {Lawler}'s Multilevel {Boolean}
minimization",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "265--266",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68.00 (94.00)",
MRnumber = "44\#7801",
MRreviewer = "E. Maliszewski",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4230 (Switching theory)",
corpsource = "Univ. New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA",
keywords = "generalized prime implicants; incompletely specified
functions; minimal forms; minimisation of switching
nets; minimization; multilevel logic design",
}
@Article{Knight:1970:ACP,
author = "K. R. Knight",
title = "An {Algol} construction for procedures as parameters
of procedures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "266--266",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. Surrey, Guildford, UK",
keywords = "ALGOL; programming",
}
@Article{Wirth:1970:CMM,
author = "N. Wirth",
title = "Corrigenda: {``On Multiprogramming, Machine Coding,
and Computer Organization''}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "4",
pages = "266--266",
month = apr,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Jan 06 09:47:03 1998",
note = "See \cite{Wirth:1969:MMC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Hodes:1970:PSO,
author = "L. Hodes",
title = "Programming System for the On-Line Analysis of
Biomedical Images",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "5",
pages = "279--283, 286",
month = may,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A preliminary description of the software for a
computer-display system is given with special emphasis
on the man-machine interaction. This system is intended
for a wide variety of biomedical applications. As an
example, the methods are applied to the karyotyping of
chromosomes. The system is separated into four
programming tasks-picture transformations, file
maintenance, picture structuring, and display
management. Picture structuring is considered as the
vehicle for man-machine communication. A prototype data
format for pictures, called a picture-form, is
developed. Structure operators are defined which
manipulate picture-forms to produce new picture-forms.
Many of the ideas are taken from the symbolic
mathematical laboratory at MIT conceived by M.
Minsky.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Dept. Health, Education Welfare, Bethasda, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "bioengineering, computer applications; biology;
computers; computers, programming; data handling; data
reduction and analysis; graphics; image processing;
machine systems; man-; medicine; pattern recognition",
}
@Article{Sitton:1970:OGA,
author = "G. A. Sitton",
title = "Operations on Generalized Arrays with the {Genie}
Compiler",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "5",
pages = "284--286",
month = may,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Operations on vectors, matrices, and higher
dimensional storage arrays are standard features of
most compilers today. The elements of such structures
are usually restricted to be scalars For many
sophisticated applications this restriction can impose
cumbersome data representations. An efficient system
has been devised and implemented which allows the
elements of multidimensional arrays to themselves be
multidimensional arrays. This system was developed from
a storage structure in which the location, length, and
content of each array is described by a codeword which
can be interpreted by the system. Codewords may
describe arrays containing more codewords, thus
providing all needed descriptive information for
hyperstructures of any form.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150C (Compilers,
interpreters and other processors)",
corpsource = "Rice Univ., Houston, TX, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; computers, operating systems; data
handling; data structures; E P; matrix operations;
multidimensional arrays; program compilers;
programming",
}
@Article{Vere:1970:TEE,
author = "S. Vere",
title = "Translation Equations (Errata)",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "5",
pages = "286--286",
month = may,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:28:27 1997",
note = "See \cite{Vere:1970:TE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Sasser:1970:ASS,
author = "W. E. Sasser and D. S. Burdick and D. A. Graham and T.
H. Naylor",
title = "Application of Sequential Sampling to Simulation. an
Example Inventory Model",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "5",
pages = "287--296",
month = may,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Four different sequential sampling procedures are
applied to the analysis of data generated by a computer
simulation experiment with a multi-item inventory
model. For each procedure the cost of computer time
required to achieve given levels of statistical
precision is calculated. Also the cost of computer time
using comparable fixed sample size methods is
calculated. The computer costs of fixed sample size
procedures vs sequential sampling procedures are
compared. Details are given for the inventory model and
sampling procedures.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1220 (Simulation, modelling and identification)",
corpsource = "Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; control; data reduction and analysis;
industrial management, data processing; inventory
control; modelling; sequential sampling; simulation;
statistical methods; stock",
}
@Article{Loeckx:1970:ACB,
author = "J. Loeckx",
title = "Algorithm for the Construction of Bounded-Context
Parsers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "5",
pages = "297--307",
month = may,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "An algorithm is described which accepts an arbitrary
context-free grammar and constructs a bounded-context
parser for it whenever such a parser exists. The
definition of a context-free grammar and the working of
a bounded-context parser are recalled. The notion of
reduction class for a context-free grammar is then
introduced and its connection with the structure of a
bounded-context parser is indicated. Next, pushdown
automata which generate the different reduction classes
of a context-free grammar are defined. Finally, the
algorithm is described; it essentially carries out an
exhaustive study of all possible runs of the pushdown
automata generating the reduction classes. The utility
of the algorithm is discussed in the light of the
experience gained from its use in compiler design.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "MBLE Res. Lab., Brussels, Belgium",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automata theory; compilers; computational linguistics;
computers, language; context-free grammars; formal
languages; grammars; low",
}
@Article{Reynolds:1970:GST,
author = "John C. Reynolds",
title = "{GEDANKEN} --- {A} Simple Typeless Language Based on
the Principle of Completeness and the Reference
Concept",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "5",
pages = "308--319",
month = may,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/reynolds.bib",
abstract = "In this experimental programming language, any value
which is permitted in some context of the language is
permissible in any other meaningful context. In
particular, functions and labels are permissible
results of functions and values of variables.
Assignment and indirect addressing are formalized by
introducing values, called references, which in turn
possess other values. The assignment operation always
affects the relation between some reference and its
values. All composed data structures are treated as
functions. Type declarations are not permitted. Any
data structure may be implicit; i.e., it may be
specified by giving an arbitrary algorithm for
computing or accessing its components. The existence of
label variables permits the construction of coroutines,
quasi-parallel processes, and other unorthodox control
mechanisms. A variety of programming examples
illustrates the generality of the language. Limitations
and possible extensions are discussed briefly.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
checked = "4 September 1990",
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; data structures; gedanken; procedure
oriented languages; programming languages",
}
@Article{Crespi-Reghizzi:1970:LTG,
author = "S. Crespi-Reghizzi and R. Morpurgo",
title = "A language for treating graphs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "5",
pages = "319--323",
month = may,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A language for the representation of graphs is
described, and the formulation of graph operations such
as node and\slash or link deletion or insertion, union,
intersection, comparison, and traversal of graphs is
given. Graphs are represented by linked lists. The
language is syntactically defined as an extension to
ALGOL 60, and it is translated into ALGOL by means of a
syntax-driven compiler. Application areas for this
language are operation research, network problems,
control theory, traffic problems, etc.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6140D (High level
languages)",
corpsource = "Politecnico di Milano, Italy",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automatic control, analysis; computers; data handling;
data structures; electric circuits, analysis; graph
theory; operations research; procedure oriented
languages",
}
@Article{Laflin:1970:AAS,
author = "S. Laflin and M. A. Brebner",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 380}: In-situ Transposition of a
Rectangular Matrix",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "5",
pages = "324--326",
month = may,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:38:00 1997",
note = "See certification \cite{Macleod:1972:STR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Birmingham, UK",
keywords = "matrix algebra; subroutines",
}
@Article{Knop:1970:AAR,
author = "R. E. Knop",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 381}: Random Vectors Uniform In Solid
Angle",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "5",
pages = "326--326",
month = may,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Schrack:1972:RAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
corpsource = "Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ, USA",
keywords = "random number generation; subroutines",
}
@Article{Elder:1970:FVI,
author = "H. A. Elder",
title = "On the Feasibility of Voice Input to an On-Line
Computer Processing System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "339--346",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "An on-line digital computer processing system is
considered in which an ordinary telephone is the
complete terminal device, input to the computer being
provided as a sequence of spoken words, and output to
the user being audio responses from the machine. The
feasibility of implementing such a system with a
FORTRAN-like algebraic compiler as the object processor
is considered. Details of a specific word recognition
program are given. This technique \ldots{} between each
input word. Experimental results are presented giving
error rates for different experimental conditions as
well as the machine resources required to accommodate
several users at a time. The results show that at this
time it is both economically and logically feasible to
handle at least 40 users at a time with an IBM
360\slash 65 computer.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5590 (Other computer peripheral equipment)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer peripheral equipment; computers; computers,
input-output device; computers, pattern recognition;
data processing; man-machine interfaces; online
operation; recognition; speech; speech, recognition;
telephony; voice input",
}
@Article{Muthukrishnan:1970:CDT,
author = "C. R. Muthukrishnan and V. Rajaraman",
title = "On the Conversion of Decision Tables to Computer
Programs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "347--351",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "The use of execution time diagnostics in pinpointing
ambiguities in decision tables is discussed. It is
pointed out that any attempt at resolving ambiguities
at compile time will, in general, be impossible. It is
shown that, as a consequence, three methods of
converting decision tables to programs are inadequate
in regard to ambiguity detection. Two algorithms for
programming decision tables whose merits are simplicity
of implementation and detection of ambiguities at
execution time are presented. The first algorithm is
for limited entry decision tables and clarifies the
importance of proper coding of the information in the
decision table. The second algorithm programs a mixed
entry decision table directly without going through the
intermediate step of conversion to a limited entry
form, thereby resulting in storage economy. A
comparison of the algorithms and others proposed in the
literature is made. Some features of a decision table
to FORTRAN IV translator developed for the IBM 7044 are
given.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6100 (Software techniques and systems)",
corpsource = "Indian Inst. Technol., Kanpur, India",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; decision tables; operations research;
programming",
}
@Article{Grimes:1970:SRC,
author = "J. E. Grimes",
title = "Scheduling to Reduce Conflict in Meetings",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "351--352",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Conflicts in scheduling can be treated as defining an
undirected linear graph independently of the relation
of the activities in conflict to additional constraints
of time and space. Each connected component of such a
graph, which can be found by an algorithm described by
S. C. Gotlieb and D. C. Corneil, corresponds to a set
of events that must be scheduled at different times.
Applications are discussed in scheduling the
presentation of papers at meetings and scheduling
examinations.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "co; computers; graph theory; programming; undirected
linear graphs",
}
@Article{Frantz:1970:PPA,
author = "D. G. Frantz",
title = "A {PL\slash} 1 program to assist the comparative
linguist",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "353--356",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Alberta, Arrowwood, Alta., Canada",
keywords = "language translation and linguistics",
}
@Article{Damerau:1970:APC,
author = "F. J. Damerau",
title = "Automatic Parsing for Content Analysis",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "356--360",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Although automatic syntactic and semantic analysis is
not yet possible for all of an unrestricted natural
language text, some applications, of which content
analysis is one, do not have such a stringent coverage
requirement. Preliminary studies show that the Harvard
Syntactic Analyzer can produce correct and unambiguous
identification of the subject and object of certain
verbs for approximately half of the relevant
occurrences. This provides a degree of coverage for
content analysis variables which compares favorably to
manual methods, in which only a sample of the total
available text is normally processed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers, data processing; content analysis; E L;
information storage and retrie; language translation
and linguistics; linguistics; natural language
processing; syntactic analysis",
}
@Article{Linz:1970:AFP,
author = "Peter Linz",
title = "Accurate Floating-Point Summation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "361--362",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.25",
MRnumber = "44\#3468",
MRreviewer = "R. P. Brent",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1970.bib",
abstract = "This paper describes an alternate method for summing a
set of floating-point numbers. Comparison of the error
bound for this method with that of the standard
summation method shows that it is considerably less
sensitive to propagation of round-off error.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-nj,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "New York Univ., NY, USA",
descriptors = "Simulation; statistics; numeric calculation;",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "accurate floating-point summation; computers, data
processing; digital arithmetic; floating point
arithmetic; floating-point addition; mathematics;
numerical methods; round-off error; round-off errors;
round-off propagation; summation",
}
@Article{Hillstrom:1970:CSA,
author = "K. E. Hillstrom",
title = "Comparison of Several Adaptive {Newton--Cotes}
Quadrature Routines in Evaluating Definite Integrals
with Peaked Integrands",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "362--365",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "It is shown, by numerical experiment only, that there
are certain quadratures for which the rate of
convergences increases with the use of higher degree
Newton--Cotes rules, used adaptively. The advantage of
adaptive methods over a nonadaptive rule in
approximating integrals having peaked integrands is
demonstrated. The performance of five different
adaptive quadrature schemes, based on Newton--Cotes (2N
plus 1) point rules (N equals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5), in
approximating a set of definite integrals is
compared.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation)",
corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers, data processing; convergence of numerical
methods; integral evaluation; integration; mathematics;
methods; numerical; numerical integration; numerical
methods; quadrature schemes",
}
@Article{Stewart:1970:IOS,
author = "G. W. Stewart",
title = "Incorporating Origin Shifts into the {QR} Algorithm
for Symmetric Tridiagonal Matrices",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "365--367",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/gvl.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib",
abstract = "The QR iteration for the eigenvalues of a symmetric
tridiagonal matrix can be accelerated by incorporating
a sequence of origin shifts. The origin shift may be
either subtracted directly from the diagonal elements
of the matrix or incorporated by means of an implicit
algorithm. Both methods have drawbacks-the direct
method can unnecessarily degrade small eigenvalues,
while the implicit method can effectively loose the
shift and thereby retard the convergence. A new method
which has neither drawback is presented. Both the
algorithm proposed here and the implicit algorithm are
safer than the explicit algorithm. The implicit
algorithm requires somewhat less computation, but the
new algorithm will give faster convergence in some
cases, an important consideration when eigenvectors are
being calculated.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)",
corpsource = "Univ. Tex., Austin, TX, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers, data processing; convergence of numerical
methods; eigenfunctions; eigenvalues; eigenvalues and;
eigenvectors; iterative methods; mathematics; matrix
algebra; origin shifts; QR method; symmetric
tridiagonal matrix; tridiagonal matrices",
kwds = "nla, eig, QR algorithm, symmetric matrix, tridiagonal
matrix",
}
@Article{Chase:1970:AAC,
author = "P. J. Chase",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 382}: Combinations of ${M}$ Out of
${N}$ Objects",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "368--368",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Dept. Defense, Fort Meade, MD, USA",
keywords = "algebra; subroutines",
}
@Article{Chase:1970:AAP,
author = "P. J. Chase",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 383}: Permutations of a Set with
Repetitions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "368--369",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Dept. Defense, Fort Meade, MD, USA",
keywords = "algebra; subroutines",
}
@Article{Stewart:1970:AAE,
author = "G. W. Stewart",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 384}: Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a
Real Symmetric Matrix [{F2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "369--371",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See errata \cite{Stewart:1970:RAF}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C7300 (Natural sciences
computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "eigenvalues; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions;
eigenvectors; matrix algebra; QR algorithm; real
symmetric matrix; subroutines",
kwds = "nla, eig, QR algorithm, symmetric matrix",
}
@Article{London:1970:CAM,
author = "R. L. London",
title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 245: Treesort 3
[{M1}]}'': Proof of Algorithms --- {A} New Kind of
Certification",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "371--374",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:26:39 1997",
note = "See \cite{Floyd:1964:AAT}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Chandler:1970:RS,
author = "J. P. Chandler and W. C. Harrison",
title = "{R201}--{SHELLSORT}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "373--374",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:28:53 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "digital computer sorting; minimal storage sorting;
sorting",
}
@Article{Codd:1970:RMD,
author = "E. F. Codd",
title = "A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data
Banks",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "377--387",
month = jun,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
DOI = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/362384.362685",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:31:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Codd70",
note = "Reprinted in \cite[pp.~5--15]{Stonebraker:1988:RDS}.",
URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/Codd70.html",
abstract = "Future users of large data banks must be protected
from having to know how the data is organized in the
machine (the internal representation). A prompting
service which supplies such information is not a
satisfactory solution. Activities of users at terminals
and most application programs would remain unaffected
when the internal representation of data is changed and
even when some aspects of the external representation
are changed. Changes in data representation will often
be needed as a result of changes in query, update, and
report traffic and natural growth in the types of
stored information. Existing noninferential, formatted
data systems provide users with tree-structured files
or slightly more general network models of the data. In
Section 1, inadequacies of these models are discussed.
A model based on $n$-ary relations, a normal form for
data base relations, and the concept of a universal
data sublanguage are introduced. In Section 2, certain
operations on relations (other than logical inference)
are discussed and applied to the problems of redundancy
and consistency in the user's model.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Shows problems of hierarchical data organization,
presents a non-hierarchical `normal' structure, and
discusses languages for describing relations of such
normal structures.",
cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM13/P377.pdf",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage
and retrieval)",
corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "composition; computers, data storage; consistency;
data bank; data banks; data base; data integrity; data
organization; data structure; data structures;
derivability; file organisation; hierarchies of data;
information retrieval; information storage and retrie;
join; networks of data; NOI; predicate calculus;
redundancy; relations; retrieval language; security;
systems",
oldlabel = "Codd70",
review = "ACM CR 8905-0329",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Codd70",
}
@Article{Grant:1970:ICG,
author = "C. A. Grant",
title = "An interactive command generating facility",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "403--406",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A facility to permit conversationally controlled tasks
to be executed in a noninteractive environment is
proposed. A means by which programs can generate
interactive time-sharing commands and receive the
corresponding output response is presented. The
commands will be invoked as if they had been typed at a
console keyboard. It is argued that this facility will
help overcome some of the current limitations in
man-computer communication. A set of functions to
accomplish the above which could be embedded into any
string processing language is suggested, and necessary
information pertinent to implementation of the facility
on existing time-sharing systems is given.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140B (Machine-oriented languages); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; computers, time sharing; interactive
computing; machine oriented languages; operating
systems; time-sharing systems",
}
@Article{Wilkes:1970:CAM,
author = "M. A. Wilkes",
title = "Conversational Access to a 2048-Word Machine",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "407--414",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "LAP6 is an on-line system running on 2048- word LINC
which provides full facilities for text editing,
automatic filing and file maintenance, and program
preparation and assembly. It focuses on the preparation
and editing of continuously displayed 23,040- character
text strings (manuscripts) which can be positioned
anywhere by the user and edited by simply adding and
deleting lines as though working directly on an elastic
scroll. Other features are available through a uniform
command set which itself can be augmented by the user.
The machine, although small, aids program design by
providing display scope and premarked randomly
addressable LINC tapes as standard items, in an
environment similar to that of a sophisticated
terminal. The tapes are logically similar to a disk.
Priority was given to the design of efficient tape
algorithms to minimize the limitations of the small
memory. Techniques developed for handling scroll
editing, filing, and the layered system structure are
outlined.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Washington Univ., St. Louis, MS, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; interactive computing; OD; online
operation; operating systems; operating systems
(computers); text editing",
}
@Article{Waite:1970:MPS,
author = "W. M. Waite",
title = "The mobile programming system: {STAGE} 2",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "415--421",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "STAGE 2 is the second level of a bootstrap sequence
which is easily implemented on any computer. It is a
flexible, powerful macro processor designed
specifically as a tool for constructing
machine-independent software. The features provided by
STAGE 2 are summarized, and the implementation
techniques which have made it possible to have STAGE 2
running on a new machine with less than one man-week of
effort are discussed. The approach has been successful
on over 15 machines of widely varying
characteristics.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140E (Other programming languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "bootstrapping; computers; macro processors;
programming languages; system",
}
@Article{Bloom:1970:STT,
author = "Burton H. Bloom",
title = "Space\slash Time Trade-offs in Hash Coding with
Allowable Errors",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "422--426",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Bloom70",
URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/Bloom70.html",
abstract = "Trade-offs among certain computational factors in hash
coding are analyzed. The paradigm problem considered is
that of testing a series of messages one-by-one for
membership in a given set of messages. Two new
hash-coding methods are examined and compared with a
particular conventional hash-coding method. The
computational factors considered are the size of the
hash area (space), the time required to identify a
message as a nonmember of the given set (reject time),
and an allowable error frequency. The new methods are
intended to reduce the amount of space required to
contain the hash-coded information from that associated
with conventional methods. The reduction in space is
accomplished by exploiting the possibility that a small
fraction of errors of commission may be tolerable in
some applications, in particular, applications in which
a large amount of data is involved and a core resident
hash area is consequently not feasible using
conventional methods. An example is discussed which
illustrates possible areas of application for the new
method.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Phantom use of a direct access list.",
cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM13/P422.pdf",
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Computer Usage Co. Newton Upper Falls, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "bit vector filter CACM; codes; computers; computers,
errors; hash coding; inf",
oldlabel = "Bloom70",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bloom70",
}
@Article{Coffman:1970:FSU,
author = "E. G. {Coffman, Jr.} and J. Eve",
title = "File Structures Using Hashing Functions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "427--432, 436",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib",
abstract = "A general method of file structuring is proposed which
uses a hashing function to define tree structure. Two
types of such trees are examined, and their relation to
trees studied in the past is explained. Results for the
probability distributions of path lengths are derived
and illustrated.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Tree structure with branching based on bit values of
key code.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; data processing; data structures; file
organization; hash coding; information storage and
retrie; tree structures; trees (mathematics)",
}
@Article{Bradley:1970:ABG,
author = "Gordon H. Bradley",
title = "Algorithm and Bound for the Greatest Common Divisor of
$n$ Integers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "433--436",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "10A30",
MRnumber = "45 3313",
MRreviewer = "A. M. Cohen",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A new version of the Euclidean algorithm for finding
the greatest common divisor of $n$ integers $a(i)$ and
multipliers $x(i)$ such that $\mbox{gcd} = x(1)a(1) +
\ldots + x(n)a(n)$ is presented. The number of
arithmetic operations and the number of storage
locations are linear in $n$. A theorem of Lame that
gives a bound for the number of iterations of the
Euclidean algorithm for two integers is extended to the
case of $n$ integers. An algorithm to construct a
minimal set of multipliers is presented. A Fortran
program for the algorithm appears as Comm. ACM
Algorithm 386.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4190 (Other numerical methods)",
corpsource = "Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers, data processing; diophantine equations;
Euclidean algorithm; greatest common divisor; iterative
methods; mathematics; number theory; numerical
methods",
}
@Article{Woods:1970:CSP,
author = "W. A. Woods",
title = "Context-Sensitive Parsing",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "437--445",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "This paper presents a canonical form for
context-sensitive derivations and a parsing algorithm
which finds each context-sensitive analysis once and
only once. The amount of memory required by the
algorithm is essentially no more than the required to
store a single complete derivation. In addition, a
modified version of the basic algorithm is presented
which blocks infinite analyses for grammars which
contain loops. The algorithm is also compared with
several previous parsers for context-sensitive grammars
and general rewriting systems, and the difference
between the two types of analyses is discussed. The
algorithm appears to be complementary to an algorithm
by S. Kuno in several respects, including the
space-time trade-off and the degree of context
dependence involved.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automata theory; computational linguistics;
context-sensitive grammars; context-sensitive parsing;
formal grammars; formal language theory; parsing;
parsing algorithms; recognition algorithms",
}
@Article{Paciorek:1970:AAE,
author = "K. A. Paciorek",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 385}: Exponential Integral ${E}_i(x)$",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "446--447",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Frisch:1972:RAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA",
keywords = "integration; subroutines",
}
@Article{Bradley:1970:AAG,
author = "G. H. Bradley",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 386}: Greatest Common Divisor of $n$
Integers and Multipliers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "447--448",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See certification \cite{Ragland:1973:CAG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4190 (Other numerical methods); C7300 (Natural
sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Yale Univ. New Haven, CT, USA",
keywords = "number theory; subroutines",
}
@Article{Bray:1970:CAR,
author = "T. Bray",
title = "Certification of {Algorithm 22, Ricatti--Bessel
Functions of First and Second Kind}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "448--448",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Oct 29 21:49:15 2010",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
citedby = "Fullerton:1980:BEM",
remark = "Fullerton: An error in an Algol procedure is
reported.",
}
@Article{Ng:1970:CAE,
author = "E. N. Ng",
title = "Certification of {Algorithm 385, Exponential Integral
{${\rm Ei}(x)$}}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "448--449",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Sat Oct 30 09:18:14 2010",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
citedby = "Fullerton:1980:BEM",
remark = "Fullerton: Comments on a FORTRAN routine.",
}
@Article{Sattley:1970:CPL,
author = "K. Sattley and R. Millstein",
title = "Comments on a paper by {Lowe}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "450--451",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
corpsource = "Applied Data Res. Inc., NY, USA",
keywords = "computation theory; graph theory",
}
@Article{Baecker:1970:NDB,
author = "H. D. Baecker",
title = "A note on data base deadlocks",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "451--451",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)",
corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada",
keywords = "information retrieval",
}
@Article{Pomeranz:1970:NAP,
author = "J. E. Pomeranz",
title = "Note on an Anomaly in Paging",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "451--451",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
keywords = "demand paging; paging machines; replacement algorithm;
storage allocation",
}
@Article{Hunt:1970:CAA,
author = "B. R. Hunt",
title = "A Comment on Axiomatic Approaches to Programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "7",
pages = "452--452",
month = jul,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Alamos, NM, USA",
keywords = "axiomatic method; computability and decidability;
homomorphic structure in programming; programming;
proofs of programs",
}
@Article{Nielsen:1970:ACR,
author = "N. R. Nielsen",
title = "Allocation of Computer Resources. is Pricing the
Answer",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "467--474",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "The extent to which a pricing mechanism fits the mold
is discussed. Inasmuch as pricing must serve as a
rationing mechanism at times, consideration is given to
the means by which prices can be adjusted flexibly in
order to make a dynamic allocation of resources.
Consideration is given to the means by which users can
be insulated from the harmful effects of frequent price
fluctuations. Two illustrative pricing systems are
discussed in order to demonstrate the applicability of
pricing in quite different environments.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computers; cost accounting; digital computers;
economics; industrial management; installation
management; resource allocation; resources",
}
@Article{Nagy:1970:NTH,
author = "G. Nagy and N. Tuong",
title = "Normalization Techniques for Handprinted Numerals",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "475--481",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A family of pattern standardization techniques based
on geometrical projection is applied to a file of
digitized handprinted numerals obtained from sales
clerks. The principle involves transforming a
quadrilateral specified in terms of the convex hull of
each pattern into a square. The amount of overlap
within each class of characters vs the amount between
classes is used to evaluate the degree of normalization
achieved with respect to other published methods
including size and shear normalization through
moments.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)",
corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computers digital, character R; computers,
digital; pattern recognition; pattern recognition
systems",
}
@Article{Day:1970:FTQ,
author = "A. C. Day",
title = "Full Table Quadratic Searching for Scatter Storage",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "481--482",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "The quadratic residue search method for hash tables
avoids much of the clustering experienced with a linear
search method. The simple quadratic search only
accesses half the table. It has been shown that when
the length of the table is a prime of the form 4n plus
3, where n is an integer, the whole table may be
accessed by two quadratic searches plus a separate
access for the original entry point. A search method is
presented which is computationally simple, has all the
advantages of the quadratic search, and yet accesses
all the table in one sweep.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Univ. Coll. London, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computers; computers, data storage; hash
coding; programming; table look-up; table lookup",
}
@Article{Brawn:1970:SPE,
author = "B. S. Brawn and F. G. Gustavson and E. S. Mankin",
title = "Sorting in a Paging Environment",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "483--494",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib",
abstract = "This sorting study was part of an extensive
measurement project undertaken on the M44\slash 44X, an
experimental paging system which was conceived and
implemented at IBM Research in order to explore the
virtual machine concept. The study was concerned with
the implementation of sorting procedures in the context
of the dynamic paging environment characteristic of
virtual memory machines. Descriptions of the
experimental sort programs and analysis of the
performance measurement results obtained for them are
presented. The insight gained from the experimental
effort is used to arrive at a set of broad guidelines
for writing sort programs for a paging environment.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computer, memories; computers; computers,
programming; dynamic memory management; External sort
virtual memory CACM; operating systems; sorting;
virtual machines",
}
@Article{Saltzer:1970:IM,
author = "J. H. Saltzer and J. W. Gintell",
title = "The instrumentation of {Multics}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "495--500",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/monitor.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib",
abstract = "An array of measuring tools devised to aid in the
implementation of a prototype computer utility is
discussed. These tools include special hardware clocks
and data channels, general purpose programmed probing
and recording tools, and specialized measurement
facilities. Some particular measurements of interest in
a system which combines demand paging with
multiprogramming are described in detail. Measuring
techniques described here have been directed primarily
toward understanding what goes on inside the operating
system, rather than on measuring `throughput' system
capacity, or the characteristics of system load.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "An array of measuring tools devised to aid in the
implementation of a prototype computer utility is
discussed. These tools include (1) a hardware calendar
clock (52 bit, 1 microsecond resolution) and an
associated match register; (2) a memory reference
counter; (3) an input/output channel which can be used
by an attached processor to read memory; (4) a general
metering package which records time spent executing
selectable supervisor modules while the system is
running; (5) a segment utilization metering facility
which periodically probes for the current segment
number; (6) a facility which records on a per-segment
basis the number of missing pages and segments
encountered during execution in that segment; (7) a
tool which counts the number of times procedures are
called; (8) a software package implemented on a PDP-8
which utilizes the special I/O channel (3); (9) the
CLI, which prints out the time of day, the CPU time,
and the number of times the process had to wait for a
page to be brought in after every `ready message'; (10)
a ring buffer containing the segment, page number, and
time of day of the last 256 missing pages of the
process under measurement; (11) a package to monitor
the effect of the system's multiprogramming effort of
an individual program; (12) a script driver implemented
on a PDP-8; and (13) an internal script driver.",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computers; multiprogramming systems; operating
distributed performance paging CACM; operating systems;
operating systems (computers); performance measurement;
system analysis",
}
@Article{Ichbiah:1970:TGA,
author = "J. D. Ichbiah and S. P. Morse",
title = "A technique for generating almost optimal
{Floyd-Evans} productions for precedence grammars",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "501--508",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Co. Internat. l'Informatique, Les Clayes-sous-Bois,
France",
keywords = "computational linguistics; grammars; optimisation",
}
@Article{Fielding:1970:AAF,
author = "K. Fielding",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 387}: Function Minimization and Linear
Search",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "509--510",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, UK",
keywords = "optimisation; subroutines",
}
@Article{Hubner:1970:AAR,
author = "H. H{\"{u}}bner and H. Kremer and K. O. Linn and W.
Schwering",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 388}: {Rademacher} Function",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "510--511",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
keywords = "mathematics; subroutines",
}
@Article{Hubner:1970:AAB,
author = "H. H{\"{u}}bner and H. Kremer and K. O. Linn and W.
Schwering",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 389}: Binary Ordered {Walsh}
Functions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "511--511",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
keywords = "mathematics; subroutines",
}
@Article{Hubner:1970:AAS,
author = "H. H{\"{u}}bner and H. Kremer and K. O. Linn and W.
Schwering",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 390}: Sequency Ordered {Walsh}
Functions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "511--511",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:38:16 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
keywords = "mathematics; subroutines",
}
@Article{McKay:1970:AAU,
author = "J. McKay",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 391}: Unitary Symmetric Polynomials",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "512--512",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Schrack:1972:RAU}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA",
keywords = "polynomials; subroutines",
}
@Article{Anonymous:1970:ISU,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Identification of {States of the United States}
(including the {District of Columbia}) for information
interchange",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "8",
pages = "514--515",
month = aug,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
keywords = "code standards",
}
@Article{Bouknight:1970:PGT,
author = "W. Jack Bouknight",
title = "A Procedure for Generation of Three-Dimensional
Half-Toned Computer Graphics Presentations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "527--536",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/siggraph/pre75.bib",
abstract = "A description is given of an algorithm for producing
computer generated halftone presentations of
three-dimensional polygonal surface structures. The
history leading to the algorithm development and then
the algorithm itself are described. Results are
presented and are compared with computer runs achieved
by the Warnock approach. An extension of the procedure
to variable position illumination sources is also
given.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4190 (Other numerical methods)",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computer graphics; computers; half-tone images;
hidden surface; image processing",
}
@Article{Bracchi:1970:ISS,
author = "G. Bracchi and M. Somalvico",
title = "Interactive Software System for Computer-Aided Design.
an Application to Circuit Project",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "537--545",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Characteristics of an interactive software system,
intended to constitute an interface between designer
and computer during various steps of the design
process, are presented. Main emphasis is given to the
description of the features of the two high level user
oriented languages, operating at different levels, on
which the interaction is based. The first one is IMOL,
an interactive monitor language, which is designed to
perform the overall and control functions of the
software system. The second one is COIF, a circuit
oriented graphic language, which is designed to
describe, generate, and manipulate graphic problem
specifications. The application to computer-aided
circuit design is in particular examined.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B1130B (Computer-aided circuit analysis and design);
C7410D (Electronic engineering computing)",
corpsource = "Politecnico, Milano, Italy",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computer aided circuit design; computer-aided
circuit design; computers; computers, graphics;
computers, programming; electric circuits, analysis;
language; online operation",
}
@Article{Hirschsohn:1970:AHL,
author = "I. Hirschsohn",
title = "{AMESPLOT}, a Higher Level Data Plotting Software
System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "546--555",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "System described is hardware independent. Elements
common to all types of data plots are outlined and the
way in which these elements may be combined into a
system based on simple modules is demonstrated. Basic
syntax of AMESPLOT is outlined, and a brief description
is given of its current utility software, consisting of
`macros' to produce self-scaled plots, formal tablets
of text, interspersed with subplots, map coastlines and
3-D plots. Structuring of plots from multiple,
independent, self-contained subplots is described.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computer graphics; computers; computers,
language; data plotting; graphics; interactive
computing; problem oriented languages",
}
@Article{Moler:1970:ISR,
author = "Cleve B. Moler and Louis P. Solomon",
title = "Integrating Square Roots",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "556--557",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.60",
MRnumber = "44\#1223",
MRreviewer = "J. C. Butcher",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "Differential equation of the $(y')^2 = f(y)$ are
difficult to integrate numerically because of the
singularity at points where $f(y)$ vanishes. A
technique is described for removing the singularity and
evaluating the expressions through the use of standard
numerical methods for second order ordinary
differential equations.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)",
corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; differential equations; mathematics; numerical
methods; quadrature; Y F",
}
@Article{Kimble:1970:VGL,
author = "G. W. Kimble",
title = "A Variation of the {Goodman-Lance} Method for the
Solution of Two-Point Boundary Value Problems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "557--558",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.62",
MRnumber = "44\#3500",
MRreviewer = "F. Odeh",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A recently published method for the interpolative
solution of nonlinear equations is improved, and
applied to give a significant variation of the
Goodman-Lance method for the solution of two-point
boundary value problems. The resulting method applies
in particular to the numerical solution of optimal
control problems in the Euler--Lagrange formulation.
Quantitative estimates are presented which indicate
that the variation is nearly twice as fast on some
problems in the latter context.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)",
corpsource = "Univ. Nevada, Reno, NV, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automatic control; boundary value problems;
boundary-value problems; CACMA; differential equations;
Goodman-Lance; interpolative solution; Newton's method;
nonlinear equations; numerical methods; optimal
control; optimization; ordinary differential equations;
orthogonal matrices; secant method",
}
@Article{Wilson:1970:OSA,
author = "M. Wayne Wilson",
title = "Optimal Starting Approximations for Generating Square
Root for Slow or No Divide",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "559--560",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.50",
MRnumber = "44\#2338",
MRreviewer = "J. E. {Dennis, Jr.}",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:38:30 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip",
abstract = "On computing machines with slow or no division, it is
preferable to use an iterative scheme for the square
root different from the classical Heron scheme. The
problem of optimal initial approximants is considered,
and some optimal polynomial initial approximations are
tabulated.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "IBM, Houston, TX, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; digital arithmetic; ele; iterative methods;
mathematics; numerical methods; optimisation",
}
@Article{Ehrlich:1970:CMI,
author = "L. W. Ehrlich",
title = "Complex Matrix Inversion Versus Real",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "561--562",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.35",
MRnumber = "44\#1196",
MRreviewer = "C. G. Cullen",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A comparison of complex matrix with real matrix
inversion is made. It is shown that the complex
inversion can be up to twice as fast as the real
inversion. Further, the rounding error bound for
complex inversion is about one-eighth that of real, for
Gaussian elimination. Using extended inner product
accumulation the bound is half of the real system.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)",
corpsource = "Johns Hopkins Univ., Silver Spring, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; complex matrix inversion; complex rounding
error bounds; error bounds; GUL; inversion;
mathematics; matrix algebra; matrix inversion;
numerical methods; rounding error bound; rounding
errors",
}
@Article{vanEmden:1970:IEQ,
author = "M. H. {van Emden}",
title = "Increasing the Efficiency of Quicksort",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "563--567",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:38:44 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "The average asymptotic number of comparisons needed is
shown to be $! n log_2 (n)$. A formula is derived
expressing $!$ in terms of the probability distribution
of the `bound' of a partition. Another generalization
of quicksort is presented which uses a bounding
interval instead of a single element as bound. This
generalization turns out to be easy to implement in a
computer program. A numerical approximation shows that
$!$ equals 1.140 for this version of quicksort compared
with 1.386 for the original. This implies a decrease in
number of comparisons of 18\%; actual tests showed
about 15\% saving in computing time.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Math. Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computers; programming; SAL; sorting",
}
@Article{Smith:1970:AAS,
author = "Robert R. Smith and Dennis McCall",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 392}: Systems of Hyperbolic {P.D.E.}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "567--570",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Frisch:1972:RAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "US Naval Electronics Lab. Center, San Diego, CA, USA",
keywords = "boundary-value problems; partial differential
equations",
}
@Article{Abdali:1970:AAS,
author = "S. K. Abdali",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 393}: Special Series Summation with
Arbitrary Precision",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "570--570",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Sale:1972:RAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA",
keywords = "function approximation; function evaluation;
subroutines",
}
@Article{Dial:1970:AAD,
author = "R. B. Dial",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 394}: Decision Table Translation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "571--572",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Marshall:1972:RAD}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
processors)",
corpsource = "Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA, USA",
keywords = "decision tables; program interpreters; subroutines",
}
@Article{Lamport:1970:CBQ,
author = "Leslie Lamport and J. R. Bell",
title = "Comment on {Bell}'s Quadratic Quotient Method for Hash
Code Searching",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "573--574",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
keywords = "codes; data handling",
}
@Article{Bavel:1970:NAS,
author = "Z. Bavel",
title = "On the Number of Automorphisms of a Singly Generated
Automaton",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "574--575",
month = sep,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4220 (Automata theory)",
corpsource = "Univ. Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA",
keywords = "automata; automorphisms; finite automata; generators;
length of state; minimal-length generators; orbit;
singly generated automata",
}
@Article{Woods:1970:TNG,
author = "W. A. Woods",
title = "Transition Network Grammars for Natural Language
Analysis",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "591--606",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "grammars; language translation and linguistics",
}
@Article{Earley:1970:FTI,
author = "J. Earley and H. Sturgis",
title = "A formalism for translator interactions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "607--617",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "Compendex database",
abstract = "A formalism is presented for describing the actions of
processors for programming languages-compilers,
interpreters, assemblers-and their interactions in
complex systems such as compiler-compilers or
extendible languages. An algorithm is presented for
deciding whether or not a given system can be produced
from a given set of component processors.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters
and other processors)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; compilers; computational linguistics; computer,
digital; computers, digital, languages; computers,
digital, operating; pre; program; program assemblers;
program interpreters; program processors; programming
languages",
}
@Article{Hill:1970:AASa,
author = "G. W. Hill",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 395}: {Student}'s $t$-Distribution",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "617--619",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See also \cite{Lozy:1979:RSD,Hill:1981:RSD}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "CSIRO, Glen Osmond, Australia",
keywords = "statistics; subroutines",
}
@Article{Hill:1970:AASb,
author = "G. W. Hill",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 396}: {Student}'s $t$-Quantiles",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "619--620",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See also
\cite{Hill:1981:RSD,Hill:1981:RSQ,Lozy:1979:RSD}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "CSIRO, Glen Osmond, Australia",
keywords = "function evaluation; statistics; subroutines",
}
@Article{Chang:1970:AAI,
author = "S. K. Chang and A. Gill",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 397}: An Integer Programming Problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "620--621",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Johnson:1972:RAI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
keywords = "integer programming; subroutines",
}
@Article{Stone:1970:AAT,
author = "R. A. Stone",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 398}: Tableless Date Conversion",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "621--621",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Robertson:1972:RAT}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Western Electric Co., Princeton, NJ, USA",
keywords = "code convertors; subroutines",
}
@Article{Seppanen:1970:AAS,
author = "J. J. Sepp{\"{a}}nen",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 399}: Spanning Tree",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "621--622",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Helsinki Univ. Technol., Otaniemi, Finland",
keywords = "graph theory; subroutines; trees (mathematics)",
}
@Article{Wallick:1970:AAM,
author = "G. C. Wallick",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 400}: Modified {H{\aa}vie}
Integration",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "622--624",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Piessens:1974:RAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Mobil Res. Dev. Corp., Dallas, TX, USA",
keywords = "integration; subroutines",
}
@Article{Peto:1970:RAM,
author = "R. Peto",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 347}: {An} Efficient Algorithm
for Sorting with Minimal Storage [{M1}]''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "624",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue May 28 09:23:57 1996",
note = "See \cite{Griffin:1970:RME,Singleton:1969:AAEa}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "digital computer sorting; minimal storage sorting;
ranking; sorting",
}
@Article{Smith:1970:UIG,
author = "L. B. Smith",
title = "The use of interactive graphics to solve numerical
problems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "10",
pages = "625--634",
month = oct,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "CERN, Geneva, Switzerland",
keywords = "analysis; computer graphics; least squares
approximations; numerical; online operation",
}
@Article{LaFata:1970:IDA,
author = "P. LaFata and J. B. Rosen",
title = "An interactive display for approximation by linear
programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "651--659",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68.00 (90.00)",
MRnumber = "42\#2712",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
abstract = "An interactive program with a graphical display has
been developed for the approximation of data by means
of a linear combination of functions (including
splines) selected by the user. The coefficients of the
approximation are determined by linear programming so
as to minimize the error in either the $L_1$ or
$L-\infty$ norm. Auxiliary conditions such as
monotonicity or convexity of the approximation can also
be imposed. This interactive system is described and
several examples of its use are given.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA",
keywords = "approximation; data fitting; function approximation;
functional approximation; interactive graphical
display; linear programming; online operation; spline
functions",
}
@Article{Lum:1970:MAR,
author = "Vincent Y. Lum",
title = "Multi-Attribute Retrieval with Combined Indexes",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "660--665",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Lum70",
URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/Lum70.html",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Construction of combined indexes with formulas for
number needed.",
cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM13/P660.pdf",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage
and retrieval)",
corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA",
keywords = "file organisation; information retrieval",
oldlabel = "Lum70",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lum70",
}
@Article{Mifsud:1970:MDA,
author = "C. J. Mifsud",
title = "A multiple-precision division algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "666--668",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Mitre Corp., McLean, VA, USA",
keywords = "digital arithmetic",
}
@Article{Conrow:1970:NPS,
author = "K. Conrow and R. G. Smith",
title = "{NEATER2}: {A PL/I} Source Statement Reformatter",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "669--675",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
abstract = "NEATER2 accepts a PL/I source program and operates on
it to produce a reformatted version. When in the
LOGICAL mode, NEATER2 indicates the logical structure
of the source program in the indentation pattern of its
output. Logic errors discovered through NEATER2 logical
analysis are discovered much more economically than is
possible through compilation and trial runs. A number
of options are available to give the user full control
over the output format and to maximize the utility of
NEATER2 as an aid during the early stages of
development of a PL/I source deck. One option, USAGE,
causes NEATER2 to insert into each logical unit of
coding a statement which will case the number of times
each one is executed to be recorded during execution.
This feature is expected to provide a major aid in
optimization of PL/I programs.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
processors)",
corpsource = "Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS, USA",
keywords = "documentation aid; execution time usage data; logical
analysis of PL/I source; optimisation; PL/1;
prettyprinter; program processors; reformatting of PL/I
source",
}
@Article{Bell:1970:LQH,
author = "James R. Bell and Charles H. Kaman",
title = "The Linear Quotient Hash Code",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "675--677",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "Independent discovery of technique of secondary hash
functions first proposed by
\cite{deBalbine:1969:CAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA, USA",
keywords = "codes",
}
@Article{Cheney:1970:NLC,
author = "C. J. Cheney",
title = "A Nonrecursive List Compacting Algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "677--678",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Cheney70",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Univ. Cambridge, UK",
keywords = "data structures; list processing; storage management",
oldlabel = "Cheney70",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cheney70",
}
@Article{Anonymous:1970:PANa,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Proposed {American National Standard}. Recorded
magnetic tape for information interchange (1600 {CPI},
phase encoded)",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "679--685",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5320C (Storage on moving magnetic media)",
keywords = "magnetic recording; standards",
}
@Article{Anonymous:1970:PANb,
author = "Anonymous",
title = "Proposed {American National Standard}. Unrecorded
magnetic tape for information interchange (9 track-200
and 800 {CPI}, {NRZI} and 1600 {CPI}, {P.E.})",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "686--692",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5320C (Storage on moving magnetic media)",
keywords = "magnetic recording; standards",
}
@Article{Bratley:1970:AAI,
author = "P. Bratley",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 401}: An Improved Algorithm to Produce
Complex Primes",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "693--693",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Montreal, Que., Canada",
keywords = "number theory; subroutines",
}
@Article{vanEmden:1970:AAI,
author = "M. H. {van Emden}",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 402}: Increasing the Efficiency of
{Quicksort}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "693--694",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remark \cite{Wheeler:1973:IEQ}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Math. Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands",
keywords = "sorting; subroutines",
}
@Article{Wilson:1970:GMG,
author = "W. J. Wilson",
title = "A generalized method for generating argument\slash
function values",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "696--697",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Univac Div. Sperry Rand, Huntsville, AL, USA",
keywords = "decision tables; table lookup",
}
@Article{Ehrman:1970:CAC,
author = "J. R. Ehrman",
title = "Correction to 'logical' arithmetic on computers with
two's complement binary arithmetic",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "697--698",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, CA, USA",
keywords = "digital arithmetic",
}
@Article{Bernstein:1970:CWS,
author = "A. Bernstein",
title = "Comment on the working set model for program
behavior",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "698--699",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "State Univ. New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA",
keywords = "storage management",
}
@Article{Rokne:1970:CNP,
author = "J. Rokne",
title = "Condition numbers of {Pei} matrices",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "11",
pages = "699--699",
month = nov,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)",
corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada",
keywords = "matrix algebra",
}
@Article{Mathews:1970:GPC,
author = "M. V. Mathews and F. R. Moore",
title = "{GROOVE-A} program to compose, store, and edit
functions of time",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "715--721",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7420 (Control engineering computing); C7820
(Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
keywords = "compose store, edit, time functions; computer music;
computers; conductor program; control engineering
applications of computers; digital control; GROOVE;
hybrid; hybrid systems; interactive software;
luminescence; man computer system; man-machine systems;
periodic functions; real-time; real-time control;
sampled data systems; systems",
treatment = "P Practical",
}
@Article{Tiernan:1970:ESA,
author = "James C. Tiernan",
title = "An Efficient Search Algorithm to Find the Elementary
Circuits of a Graph",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "722--726",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "94.30 (05.00)",
MRnumber = "42\#7427",
MRreviewer = "J. Mor{\'a}vek",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
abstract = "A theoretically most efficient search algorithm is
presented which uses an exhaustive search to find all
of the elementary circuits of a graph. The algorithm
can be easily modified to find all of the elementary
circuits with a particular attribute such as length. A
rigorous proof of the algorithm is given as well as an
example of its application. Empirical bounds are
presented relating the speed of the algorithm to the
number of vertices and the number of arcs. The speed is
also related to the number of circuits in the graph to
give a relation between speed and complexity.
Extensions to undirected and s-graphs are discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160
(Combinatorial mathematics)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; circuit search algorithm; elementary
circuits; graph theory; path search; path search
algorithm; searching",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Betourne:1970:PMR,
author = "C. Betourne and J. Boulenger and J. Ferrie and C.
Kaiser and S. Krakowiak and J. Mossiere",
title = "Process management and resource sharing in the
multiaccess system {ESOPE}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "727--733",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
keywords = "ESOPE; multi-access systems; multiprogramming;
parallel processes; parallel processing; primitive
operations; process scheduling; programs; resource
allocation; system; time sharing system; time-sharing",
treatment = "P Practical",
}
@Article{Morgan:1970:IBO,
author = "H. L. Morgan",
title = "An interrupt based organization for management
information systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "734--739",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "data handling; integrated data processing; interrupt
scheduling; management information systems; monitoring;
parallel; parallel processing; processing; supervisory
programs; supervisory systems; systems",
}
@Article{Thompson:1970:IRR,
author = "R. J. Thompson",
title = "Improving round-off in {Runge--Kutta} computations
with {Gill}'s method",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "739--740",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)",
corpsource = "Sandia Labs., Albuquerque, NM, USA",
keywords = "differential equations; error analysis; methods;
numerical mathematics; ordinary differential equations;
predictor-corrector; round-off error;
Runge--Kutta--Gill methods",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Shapiro:1970:LSG,
author = "S. C. Shapiro",
title = "The list set generator: a construct for evaluating set
expressions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "741--744",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA",
keywords = "construct; file; list processing; processing;
programming; programming techniques; set generation;
set manipulating",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Black:1970:OMM,
author = "N. A. Black",
title = "Optimum Merging from Mass Storage",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "745--749",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Computer Sci. Corp., Huntsville, AL, USA",
keywords = "access time; drum merging; magnetic storage systems;
mass storage; merging; optimisation; optimum merging;
sort timing; sorting",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Redish:1970:RAE,
author = "K. A. Redish",
title = "Remark on {Algorithm 385, Exponential Integral ${\rm
Ei}(x)$}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "750--750",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Sat Oct 30 09:56:59 2010",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
note = "See \cite{Paciorek:1970:AEI,Frisch:1972:RAR}",
citedby = "Fullerton:1980:BEM",
remark = "Fullerton: Minor corrections to a FORTRAN routine.",
}
@Article{Stewart:1970:RAF,
author = "G. W. Stewart",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 384}: Eigenvalues and
Eigenvectors of a Real Symmetric Matrix [{F2}]''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "750--750",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:40:01 1997",
note = "See \cite{Stewart:1970:AAE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "eigenvalues; eigenvectors; QR algorithm; real
symmetric matrix",
kwds = "nla, eig, QR algorithm, symmetric matrix",
}
@Article{Fuchs:1970:EDR,
author = "E. A. Fuchs and P. E. Jackson",
title = "Estimates of Distributions of Random Variables for
Certain Computer Communications Traffic Models",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "752--757",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/network.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1970.bib",
note = "Reproduced in Advances in Computer Commun., Chu, W.
W., (Ed (1974), 2-7; in Computer Commun., Green, P. E.,
and Lucky, R. W. (Eds.), (1975), 577-582).",
abstract = "A study of multiaccess computer communications has
characterized the distributions underlying an
elementary model of the user-computer interactive
process. The model used is elementary in the sense that
many of the random variables that generally are of
interest in computer communications studies can be
decomposed into the elements of this model. Data were
examined from four operational multiaccess systems, and
the model is shown to be robust; that is each of the
variables of the model has the same distribution
independent of which of the four systems is being
examined. It is shown that the gamma distribution can
be used to describe the discrete variables.
Approximations to the gamma distribution by the
exponential distribution are discussed for the systems
studied.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
descriptors = "Random Process; Computer Communication; Traffic Model;
Distribution; Estimation;",
keywords = "computation theory; computer communications;
distribution of random variables; modelling;
multi-access systems; multiaccess systems; operating
systems; operating systems (computers); optimisation
models; optimization models; time-sharing; time-sharing
systems; user computer interactive processes",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Pinter:1970:DBF,
author = "C. C. Pinter",
title = "On decomposing a {Boolean} function and simplifying
the components separately",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "758--758",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4230 (Switching theory)",
corpsource = "Bucknell Univ., Lewisburg, PA, USA",
keywords = "basic cells; Boolean functions; minimisation;
minimisation of switching nets; of Boolean functions;
prime implicants; simplification; vertices",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Raduchel:1970:EHB,
author = "W. J. Raduchel",
title = "Efficient handling of binary data",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "758--759",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "binary variables; bit strings; cross-; data handling;
dummy variables; efficiency; programming; programming
techniques; tabulations",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Wagner:1970:FAI,
author = "Robert A. Wagner",
title = "Finiteness Assumptions and Intellectual Isolation of
Computer Scientists",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "13",
number = "12",
pages = "759--760",
month = dec,
year = "1970",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "ALGOL versus FORTRAN; Algol vs. Fortran; finite;
finite word size; finiteness assumptions; integer
variable range; intellectual; intellectual isolation;
isolation; memory finiteness; personnel; philosophical
aspects; word size",
}
@Article{Lowry:1971:OCO,
author = "E. Lowry and C. W. Medlock",
title = "Object Code Optimization",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "12",
number = "1",
pages = "13--22",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Dec 26 16:35:14 1995",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/opt.compiler.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Galbi:1971:SPS,
author = "Elmer W. Galbi",
title = "Software and patents: a status report",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "??",
pages = "274--278",
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Oct 22 14:07:06 MDT 1999",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Hammer:1971:SSC,
author = "Carl Hammer",
title = "Signature Simulation and Certain Cryptographic Codes",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "3--14",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hammer71",
abstract = "Three cyphers allegedly authored by Thomas Jefferson
Beale in 1822 have been the subject of intensive study
for over 100 years. Generations of cryptanalysts have
expended untold man-years, thus far without success,
attempting tode code them; vast armies of fortune
hunters and treasure seekers have devoted Herculean
labors to digging up the rolling hills of Virginia
trying to locate the promised bonanza. \par
The history of pertinent activities would fill volumes,
yet serious students of cryptography have always had
nagging doubts about the cyphers' authenticity. It has
been alleged that the ``known solution'' to Cypher
Number Two: 115, 73, 24, 818, 37, 52, 49, \ldots{} (``I
have deposited in the County of Bedford about four
miles from Buford's in an excavation or vault
\ldots{}'') with the aid of an unsanitized version of
the Declaration of Independence was merely a superb,
imaginative, and grandiose hoax perpetrated ages ago
for whatever reasons. Modern computer technology could
obviously perform signature analyses the process of
encoding itself so as to yield new clues and deeper
insights into their construction. For the benefit of
the uninitiated, the encoding method used in the second
cypher employs a specified document whose words are
simply numbered consecutively, and first letters of
these words are sought out at random to match the
letters of these words are sought out at random to
match the letters of the clear text or message.
\par
The sequence of numbers corresponding to these matches
is then written down as the final code. While
primitive, the process has the advantage of relative
security until the source document becomes known; at
that moment the cypher can be decoded even by second
graders. The work now completed with the help of our
UNIVAC 1108 includes numerous analytical studies of the
Beale cyphers and various types of simulations.
\par
For example, we have turned the entire process of
simulated encoding by various schemes over to the
machine and analyzed the signatures of these synthetic
codes; we have also encoded various messages by hand,
using different texts and a variety of methods to
obtain their signatures. These simulations provide
convincing evidence that the signatures are both
process and data dependent; they indicate also very
strongly that Mr. Beale's cyphers are for real and that
it is merely a matter of time before someone finds the
correct source document and locates the right vault in
the common-wealth of Virginia.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6120B (Codes); C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
keywords = "Beale Cyphers codes; codes; computer applications;
computer signature simulation; cryptanalysis; cyphers;
Declaration of Independence; decoding; encoding; Magna
Carta; numerical cryptographic codes; pseudotext;
results analysis; signature; simulation; Thomas
Jefferson Beale; treasure site identification",
oldlabel = "Hammer71",
treatment = "A Application",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hammer71",
}
@Article{Klinger:1971:PWG,
author = "Allen Klinger",
title = "Pattern Width at a Given Angle",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "15--20",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Klinger71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
keywords = "extent integral projections; feature extraction;
figure properties; functions; geometrical concept;
integral geometry; linear pattern measures; pattern
recognition; picture processing; width; width at angle;
word description",
oldlabel = "Klinger71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Klinger71",
}
@Article{Chang:1971:RBP,
author = "Shi-Kuo Chang",
title = "The Reconstruction of Binary Patterns from Their
Projections",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "21--25",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68.00",
MRnumber = "44\#2379",
MRreviewer = "G. D. Chakerian",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Chang71",
abstract = "Given the horizontal and vertical projections of a
finite binary pattern $f$, can we construct the
original pattern $f$? In this paper we give a
characterization of patterns that are reconstructible
from their projection. Three algorithms are developed
to reconstruct both unambiguous and ambiguous patterns.
It is shown that an unambiguous pattern can be
perfectly reconstructed in time $m \times n$ and that a
pattern similar to an ambiguous pattern can also be
constructed in time $m \times n$, where $m$, $n$ are
the dimensions of the pattern frame.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)",
corpsource = "IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "ATI; CACMA; computers, digital; data compression;
finite binary pattern; image reconstruction; integral
geometry; original pattern reconstruction; pattern
frame dimensions; pattern recognition; pattern
recognition systems; pattern reconstruction",
oldlabel = "Chang71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Chang71",
}
@Article{Bracchi:1971:LTG,
author = "Giampio Bracchi and Domenico Ferrari",
title = "Language for Treating Geometric Patterns in a
Two-Dimensional Space",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "26--32",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BracchiF71",
abstract = "In this paper CADEP, a problem-oriented language for
positioning geometric patterns in a two-dimensional
space, is presented. Although the language has been
specifically designed for the automatic generation of
integrated circuit masks, it turns out to be well
suited also for such other placement problems as
architecture design, urban planning, logical and block
diagram representation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "Politecnico Milano, Italy",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "2-dimensional space; architecture design; automation;
block diagrams; CACMA; CADEP; computers, digital;
computers, digital, pattern re; Fortran; Fortran
extension; generation; geometric patterns; graphic;
graphic displays; integrated circuit masks; integrated
circuits; language; languages; layout problems; logic
diagrams representation; pattern recognition; pattern
recognition systems; planning; positioning; problem
oriented language; problem oriented languages; urban;
urban planning",
oldlabel = "BracchiF71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BracchiF71",
}
@Article{Broucke:1971:CRN,
author = "R. A. Broucke",
title = "Construction of Rational and Negative Powers of a
Formal Series",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "32--35",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Brucke71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
keywords = "binomial; Chebyshev approximation; Chebyshev series;
construction; convergence; convergence of numerical
methods; Fourier series; inversion; iterative methods;
Newton iterations; Poisson's; rational negative power;
root extraction; series; series expansion; theorem",
oldlabel = "Brucke71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Brucke71",
xxauthor = "R. A. Brucke",
}
@Article{Holt:1971:CPS,
author = "Richard C. Holt",
title = "Comments on Prevention of System Deadlocks",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "36--38",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Holt71",
abstract = "A. N. Habermann's method of deadlock prevention is
discussed, where deadlock is defined as a system state
from which resource allocations to certain processes
are not possible. It is shown that the scheduler may
introduce `artificial' deadlocks which Habermann's
method does not prevent. Permanent blocking is the
situation where certain processes never receive their
resource requests. It is shown that deadlock prevention
does not necessarily eliminate permanent blocking. A
method of preventing permanent blocking is given.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ. Ithaca, NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computers, digital; computers, digital,
operation; deadly embrace; Habermann's method;
interlock; knotting; layout; multiprogramming;
operating systems (computers); permanent blocking
preventions; resource allocation; scheduling; storage
allocation; system deadlock prevention; system
recovery; time sharing",
oldlabel = "Holt71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Holt71",
}
@Article{Hoare:1971:PPF,
author = "C. A. R. Hoare",
title = "Proof of a Program: {FIND}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "39--45",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:22 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/ml.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hoare71",
abstract = "An informal description is given of the purpose of the
program and the method used. A systematic technique is
described for constructing and the program proof during
the process of coding it, in such a way as to prevent
the intrusion of logical errors. The proof of
termination is treated as a separate exercise. Some,
conclusions relating to general programming methodology
are drawn.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
corpsource = "Queen's Univ. Belfast, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "algorithm correctness; algorithm theory; CACMA;
coding; computers, digital; computers, digital,
programming; documentation; FIND; ITI; languages;
logical errors intrusion; programming methodology;
programming theory; programs proofs",
oldlabel = "Hoare71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hoare71",
}
@Article{Proll:1971:FEA,
author = "L. G. Proll",
title = "Further evidence for the analysis of algorithms for
the zero-one programming problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "46--47",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Proll71",
abstract = "The purpose of this note is to report computational
experience additional to that recently summarized R. L.
Gue et al, with two algorithms for the zero-one linear
programming problem. An error in Gue's paper is
corrected. The utility of one of the algorithms as a
suboptimizer is indicated.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques)",
corpsource = "Univ. Southampton, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "algorithm analysis; algorithm theory; CACMA;
computational; ES,; experience; integer programming;
linear programming; mathematics; operations research;
suboptimisation; zero one variables",
oldlabel = "Proll71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Proll71",
}
@Article{Coleman:1971:AAC,
author = "M. W. Coleman and M. S. Taylor",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 403}: Circular Integer Partitioning
[{A1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "48--48",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:14 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#ColemanT71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA",
keywords = "circular integer partitioning; combinations; design;
experiments design; number theory; statistical;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "ColemanT71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ColemanT71",
}
@Article{Lucas:1971:AAC,
author = "C. W. {Lucas, Jr.} and C. W. Terrill",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 404}: Complex Gamma Function [{S14}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "48--49",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#LucasT71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "Coll. William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; CGAMMA; complex gamma function evaluation;
formula; function evaluation; poles of gamma function;
recursion formula; reflection; Stirling's asymptotic
series; subroutine in ALGOL; subroutines",
oldlabel = "LucasT71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LucasT71",
}
@Article{Kolm:1971:MAL,
author = "{\AA}. Kolm and T. Dahlstrand",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 333: Minit Algorithm For Linear
Programming ([H])}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "50--50",
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:39 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib;
ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1970.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#KolmD71",
note = "See \cite{Gautschi:1964:AAI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "KolmD71",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KolmD71",
}
@Article{Redish:1971:ACL,
author = "K. A. Redish",
title = "Algorithms: Comment on {London}'s Certification of
{Algorithm 245}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "50--51",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:16 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Redish71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "certification; debugging; in-place sorting;
metatheory; proof of algorithms; sorting",
oldlabel = "Redish71",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Redish71",
}
@Article{Pollack:1971:CCD,
author = "S. L. Pollack",
title = "Comment on the conversion of decision tables to
computer programs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "52--52",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Pollack71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "S. D. Leidesdorf and Co., NY, USA",
keywords = "aids; application; business; comments; communication;
computer program; conversion; decision tables;
diagnostic; systems analysis",
oldlabel = "Pollack71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pollack71",
}
@Article{Aho:1971:POP,
author = "A. V. Aho and P. J. Denning and J. D. Ullman",
title = "Principles of optimal page replacement",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "1",
pages = "80--93",
month = jan,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/cache.bib",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Shwayder:1971:CLE,
author = "Keith Shwayder",
title = "Conversion of Limited-Entry Decision Tables to
Computer Programs. a Proposed Modification to
{Pollack}'s Algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "2",
pages = "69--73",
month = feb,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Shwayder71",
abstract = "S. Pollack has proposed an algorithm for converting
decision tables into flowcharts which minimize
subsequent execution time when compiled into a computer
program. Two modifications to this algorithm are
proposed. The first relies on Shannon's noiseless
coding theorem and the communications concept of
entropy but does not completely test the ELSE Rule. The
second modification completely tests the ELSE Rule but
results in more executions than the first modification.
Both modifications result in lower execution time than
Pollack's algorithm. However, neither modification
guarantees a globally optimal solution.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; communication channels; computer; computers,
digital; conversion; decision tables; flow charting;
flowcharting; information theory; modifications;
Pollack's algorithm; programming; programs",
oldlabel = "Shwayder71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shwayder71",
}
@Article{Bernstein:1971:PDS,
author = "Arthur J. Bernstein and J. C. Sharp",
title = "A Policy-Driven Scheduler for a Time-Sharing System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "2",
pages = "74--78",
month = feb,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BernsteinS71",
abstract = "A scheduling and swapping algorithm which keeps the
resource count of each process above its policy
function will provide the specified level of service.
Overhead can be reduced by avoiding swaps of processes
which have received at least this level of service. The
algorithm has been implemented in a general purpose
operating system, and it has provided significantly
better service to interactive and to batch jobs than
the previous scheduler.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "General Electric, Schenectady, NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computation theory; computers, digital;
computers, digital, operating; operating; operating
systems (computers); policy driven; scheduler;
scheduling algorithm; supervisory and executive
programs; supervisory programs; systems; time sharing;
time sharing systems; time-sharing systems",
oldlabel = "BernsteinS71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BernsteinS71",
}
@Article{Nielsen:1971:AST,
author = "Norman R. Nielsen",
title = "An Analysis of Some Time-Sharing Techniques",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "2",
pages = "79--90",
month = feb,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Nielsen71",
abstract = "The effectiveness of certain time-sharing techniques
such as program relocation, disk rotational delay
minimization, and swap volume minimization is
investigated. Summary data is presented, and the
findings are discussed. The vehicle for this
investigation was a SI-MULA based simulation model
reflecting an early framework for a planned Burroughs
B6500 time-sharing system. Inasmuch as the B6500 system
is based upon the use of variable sized segments and a
dynamic overlay procedure, data is also presented which
provides some indication of the effectiveness of this
type of organization in a time-sharing environment. The
design characteristics and operational capabilities of
the simulation model are also described.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; capabilities; computers, digital; computers,
digital, operating; design characteristics; disk
rotational delay; minimization; operating systems;
operating systems (computers); operational; program
relocation; simulation; simulation model; swap volume
minimization; systems analysis; techniques; time
sharing; time sharing systems; time-sharing systems",
oldlabel = "Nielsen71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Nielsen71",
}
@Article{Slagle:1971:EAL,
author = "James R. Slagle and Carl D. Farrell",
title = "Experiments in Automatic Learning for a Multipurpose
Heuristic Program",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "2",
pages = "91--99",
month = feb,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#SlagleF71",
abstract = "An automatic learning capability has been developed
and implemented for use with the MULTIPLE (MULTIpurpose
Program that LEarns) heuristic tree-searching program,
which is presently being applied to resolution
theorem-proving in predicate calculus. MULTIPLE's
proving program (PP) uses two evaluation functions to
guide its search for a proof of whether or not a
particular goal is achievable. Thirteen general
features of predicate calculus clauses were created for
use in the automatic learning of better evaluation
functions for PP. A multiple regression program was
used to produce optimal coefficients for linear
polynomial functions in terms of the
features.\par
Also, automatic data-handling routines were written for
passing data between the learning program and the
proving program, and for analyzing and summarizing
results. Data was generally collected for learning
(regression analysis) from the experience of PP. A
number of experiments were performed to test the
effectiveness and generality of the learning program.
Results showed that the learning produced dramatic
improvements in the solutions to problems which were in
the same domain as those used for collection learning
data. Learning was also shown to generalize
successfully to domains other than those used for data
collection. Another experiment demonstrated that the
learning program could simultaneously improve
performance on problems in a specific domain and on
problems in a variety of domains. Some variations of
the learning program were also tested.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence)",
corpsource = "Nat. Inst. Health, Bethesda, MD, USA",
keywords = "adaptive; artificial intelligence; automatic learning;
computer aided instruction; computer aided learning;
education; experimental development; heuristic;
heuristic programming; heuristic tree searching
program; learning; learning systems; LISP; multiple
regression; multipurpose heuristic program;
problem-solving; resolution; self-modifying; system;
theorem-providing; tree-searching; trees; trees
(mathematics)",
oldlabel = "SlagleF71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SlagleF71",
}
@Article{Hurwitz:1971:PDV,
author = "H. {Hurwitz, Jr.}",
title = "On the Probability Distribution of the Values of
Binary Trees",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "2",
pages = "99--102",
month = feb,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hurwitz71",
abstract = "\ldots{}unction for binary tree values, the values
reflecting sorting effort. The analysis does not assume
uniformly distributed branching ratios, and therefore
is applicable to a family of sorting algorithms
discussed by Hoare, Singleton, and van Emden. \par
The solution to the integral equation indicates that
using more advanced algorithms in the family makes only
minor reductions in the expected sorting effort, but
substantially reduces the variance in sorting effort.
Statistical tests of the values of several thousand
trees containing up to 10,000 points have given first,
second, and third moments of the value distribution
function in satisfactory agreement with the moments
computed from the generating function. The empirical
tests, as well as the analytical results, are in
agreement with previously published results for the
first moment in the cases of uniform and nonuniform
distribution of branching ratio, and for the second
moment in the case of uniform distribution of branching
ratio.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "General Electric, Schenectady, NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "binary tree; binary trees; CACMA; generation; integral
equation: function; integral equations; N T;
probability distribution; sorting; statistical
analysis; statistical tests; statistics; trees; trees
(mathematics); values",
oldlabel = "Hurwitz71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hurwitz71",
}
@Article{Slagle:1971:AGT,
author = "James R. Slagle and Richard C. T. Lee",
title = "Application of Game Tree Searching Techniques to
Sequential Pattern Recognition",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "2",
pages = "103--110",
month = feb,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#SlagleL71",
abstract = "A sequential pattern recognition (SPR) procedure does
not test all the features of a pattern at once.
Instead, it selects a feature to be tested. After
receiving the result of that test, the procedure either
classifies the unknown pattern or selects another
feature to be tested, etc. Medical diagnosis is an
example of SPR. In this paper the authors suggest that
SPR be viewed as a one-person game played against
nature (chance). Virtually all the powerful techniques
developed for searching two-person, strictly
competitive game trees can easily be incorporated
either directly or by analogy into SPR procedures.
\par
In particular, one can incorporate the ``mini average
backing-up procedure'' and the ``gamma procedure,''
which are the analogues of the ``minimax backing-up
procedure'' and the ``alpha-beta procedure,''
respectively. \par
Some computer simulated experiments in character
recognition are presented. The results indicate that
the approach is promising.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)",
corpsource = "Nat. Inst. Health, Bethesda, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "bioengineering, computer applications;
branch-and-bound approach; CACMA; CAL; computers,
digital, character; dynamic programming; game against
nature; game theory; game theory application; game tree
searching; gamma procedure; mini average backing-up
procedure; optimal solution; pattern; pattern
recognition; pattern recognition systems; recognition;
sequential pattern recognition; techniques; trees;
trees (mathematics)",
oldlabel = "SlagleL71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SlagleL71",
}
@Article{Rokne:1971:CIA,
author = "J. Rokne and P. Lancaster",
title = "Complex Interval Arithmetic",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "2",
pages = "111--112",
month = feb,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:53 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#RokneL71",
abstract = "Complex interval arithmetic is defined using real
interval arithmetic. Complex interval division is
defined so as to assure smallest possible resulting
intervals.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "complex interval arithmetic; complex intervals;
digital arithmetic; mathematics; numerical mathematics;
numerical methods; on; real interval arithmetic; real
intervals",
oldlabel = "RokneL71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RokneL71",
}
@Article{Dell:1971:AAR,
author = "Alice M. Dell and Roman L. Weil and Gerald L.
Thompson",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 405}: Roots of Matrix Pencils: The
Generalized Eigenvalue Problem [{F2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "2",
pages = "113--117",
month = feb,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:59 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#DellWT71",
note = "See remark \cite{Heiberger:1972:RAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
keywords = "algebra; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; generalised
eigenvalue; linear; matrix algebra; problem; roots of
matrix pencils; subroutines",
oldlabel = "DellWT71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DellWT71",
}
@Article{Noll:1971:SDC,
author = "A. Michael Noll",
title = "Scanned-Display Computer Graphics",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "3",
pages = "143--150",
month = mar,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Noll71",
abstract = "A television-like scanned-display system has been
successfully implemented on a Honeywell DDP-224
computer installation. The scanned image is stored in
the core memory of the computer, and software scan
conversion is used to convert the rectangular
coordinates of a point to the appropriate work and bit
in an output display array in core storage. Results
thus far indicate that flicker-free displays of large
amounts of data are possible with reasonably fast
graphical interaction. A scanned image of size 240x254
points is displayed at a 30 frame-per-second rate.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B7260 (Display technology and systems); C5540
(Terminals and graphic displays)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computer; computer graphics; computers,
digital; core memory; display systems; ed.; graphical
interaction; installation; raster displays; scan
conversion; scanned image; software; stored; television
like scanned display",
oldlabel = "Noll71",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Noll71",
}
@Article{Manna:1971:TAP,
author = "Zohar Manna and Richard J. Waldinger",
title = "Toward Automatic Program Synthesis",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "3",
pages = "151--165",
month = mar,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#MannaW71",
abstract = "An elementary outline of the theorem-proving approach
to automatic program synthesis is given, without
dwelling on technical details. The method is
illustrated by the automatic construction of both
recursive and iterative programs operating on natural
numbers,lists, and trees, In order to construct a
program satisfying certain specifications a theorem
induced by those specifications is proved, and the
desired program is extracted from the proof. The same
technique is applied to transform recursively defined
functions into iterative programs, frequently with a
major gain inefficiency. It is emphasized that in order
to construct a program with loops or with recursion,
the principle of mathematical induction must be
applied. The relation between the version of the
induction rule used and the form of the program
constructed is explored in some detail.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "answer extraction; artificial; artificial
intelligence; automata theory; automatic program
synthesis; CACMA; computer metatheory; computers,
languages; computers, programming; intelligence; lists;
mathematical induction; mathematical induction
principle; natural numbers; principle; problem solving;
programs; recursive and iterative; theorem proving;
trees",
oldlabel = "MannaW71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MannaW71",
}
@Article{Winters:1971:SAC,
author = "William K. Winters",
title = "Scheduling Algorithm for a Computer Assisted
Registration System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "3",
pages = "166--171",
month = mar,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Winters71",
abstract = "This paper presents the scheduling algorithm used in
the Computer Assisted Registration System at the
University of Tennessee. Notation is defined and the
logic of the algorithm necessary to implement
educational policy is described. Results from the first
term's implementation are presented.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7110 (Educational administration)",
corpsource = "Univ. Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "administrative data processing; CACMA; computer
assisted registration system; data processing;
educational administrative data processing; educational
policy; implementation; logic; scheduling algorithm;
timetable",
oldlabel = "Winters71",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Winters71",
}
@Article{Williams:1971:SUM,
author = "John G. Williams",
title = "Storage Utilization in a Memory Hierarchy When Storage
Assignment is Performed by a Hashing Algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "3",
pages = "172--175",
month = mar,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:07 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Williams71",
abstract = "The utilization of storage is studied in a two-level
memory hierarchy. The first storage level, which is the
fast store, is divided into a number of storage areas.
When an entry is to be filed in the hierarchy, a
hashing algorithm will attempt to place the entry into
one of these areas. If this particular area is full,
then the entry will be placed into the slower
second-level store, even though other areas in the
first-level store may have space available. Given that
N entries have been filed in the entire hierarchy, an
expression is derived for the expected number of
entries filed in the first-level store. This expression
gives a measure of how effectively the first-level
store is being used. By means of examples, storage
utilization is then studied as a function of the
hashing algorithm, the number of storage areas into
which the first-level store is divided and the total
size of the first-level store.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "RCA Labs., Princeton, NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computers, digital; hashing algorithm;
hierarchical systems; memory allocation; memory
hierarchy; storage allocation; storage assignment;
storage units; storage utilization",
oldlabel = "Williams71",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williams71",
}
@Article{Gear:1971:AIO,
author = "C. William Gear",
title = "The Automatic Integration of Ordinary Differential
Equations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "3",
pages = "176--179",
month = mar,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65L05",
MRnumber = "52 9612",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:27 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gear71",
abstract = "A criterion for the selection of the order of
approximation is proposed. The objective of the
criterion is to increase the step size so as to reduce
solution time. An option permits the solution of
`stiff' differential equations. A program embodying the
techniques discussed appears as an algorithm which is
specified.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automatic; boundary value problems; boundary-value
problems; CACMA; differential equations; initial value;
integration; mathematics; numerical methods; order
control; order of approximation; ordinary differential
equations; problem; selection; step control; stiff
equations",
oldlabel = "Gear71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gear71",
}
@Article{Howell:1971:AAE,
author = "Jo Ann Howell",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 406}: Exact Solution of Linear
Equations Using Residue Arithmetic [{F4}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "3",
pages = "180--184",
month = mar,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Howell71",
note = "See remark \cite{Howell:1973:RAE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "adjoint matrix; determinant; Gaussian elimination; ill
condition; inversion; linear equations; matrix; matrix
algebra; modulus; prime number; residue arithmetic;
subroutine; subroutines; symmetric mixed radix
representation; symmetric residue",
oldlabel = "Howell71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Howell71",
}
@Article{Gear:1971:AAD,
author = "C. William Gear",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 407}: {DIFSUB} for Solution of Ordinary
Differential Equations [{D2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "3",
pages = "185--190",
month = mar,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:28 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gear71a",
note = "See certification \cite{Nikolai:1973:CAD}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA",
keywords = "control; differential equations; DIFSUB; estimated
error; method; multistep predictor corrector; ordinary
differential equations; stiff differential equations;
subroutine; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Gear71a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gear71a",
}
@Article{Wirth:1971:PDS,
author = "Niklaus Wirth",
title = "Program Development by Stepwise Refinement",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "4",
pages = "221--227",
month = apr,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:25 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/conc.scientific.computing.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Wirth71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Eidgenossische Tech. Hochschule, Zurich, Switzerland",
keywords = "development; education; programming; programming
techniques; refinement; stepwise",
oldlabel = "Wirth71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wirth71",
}
@Article{Lum:1971:KAT,
author = "Vincent Y. Lum and P. S. T. Yuen and M. Dodd",
title = "Key-to-Address Transform Techniques: {A} Fundamental
Performance Study on Large Existing Formatted Files",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "4",
pages = "228--239",
month = apr,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:18 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/hash.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#LumYD71",
note = "Survey of several hash functions, with performance
results.",
abstract = "The results of a study of eight different
keyto-address transformation methods applied to a set
of existing files are presented. As each method is
applied to a particular file, load factor and bucket
size are varied over a wide range. Appropriate
variables pertinent only to a specific method take on
different values. The performance of each method is
summarized in terms of the number of accesses required
to get to a record and the number of overflow records
created by a transformation. Peculiarities of each
method are discussed. Practical guidelines obtained
from the results are stated. A proposal for further
quantitative fundamental study is outlined.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Measurement of direct access methods",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computers, digital; computers, digital codes;
file management; file organisation; file organization;
formatted files; has codes; information retrieval;
information storage and retrie; key to address
transform; random access storage; techniques",
oldlabel = "LumYD71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LumYD71",
}
@Article{Tucker:1971:DMP,
author = "Allen B. Tucker and Michael J. Flynn",
title = "Dynamic Microprogramming. Processor Organization and
Programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "4",
pages = "240--250",
month = apr,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:26:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#TuckerF71",
abstract = "A microassembly language is developed and the overhead
involved in subroutine linkages is analyzed. The
efficiency of a flexible software linkage scheme is
examined as to its overhead for various subroutine
characteristics. Three examples of problem-oriented
programming are considered and the resulting coding is
compared against a System/360 assembly language
version, with the technology normalized.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
processors)",
corpsource = "Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computers, digital; dynamically microprogrammed
processor; microassembly language; microprogramming;
microstorage; problem oriented programming;
problem-oriented languages; program processors; read
write; subroutine linkage",
oldlabel = "TuckerF71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/TuckerF71",
}
@Article{Talbot:1971:ALT,
author = "Peggy Anne Talbot and John W. {Carr III} and Richard
R. {Coulter, Jr.} and Rosa C. Hwang",
title = "Animator: An On-Line Two-dimensional Film Animation
System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "4",
pages = "251--259",
month = apr,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#TalbotCCH71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)",
corpsource = "Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA",
keywords = "computer animation; computer graphics; dimensional
languages; microfilm recorder; on line system; online
operation; programming languages; two",
oldlabel = "TalbotCCH71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/TalbotCCH71",
}
@Article{Stein:1971:CD,
author = "Marvin L. Stein and William D. Munro",
title = "On Complement Division",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "4",
pages = "260--264",
month = apr,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#SteinM71",
abstract = "The division algorithm theorem is expressed in a form
that permits it to serve as the basis for devising
division operations that produce both quotient and
remainder in complement form. Algorithms for division
yielding complement results are derived for numbers
represented in any base greater than one. Both radix
and radix-less-one complementation schemes are
considered. The binary form of the algorithms thus
includes both two's and one's complement
implementation. The problem of quotient overflow for
complement results is dealt with as is that of
selecting an appropriate form of the remainder
condition for complement division.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "algorithmic languages; CACMA; complement; digital
arithmetic; division; division algorithm; mathematics;
radix complementation schemes",
oldlabel = "SteinM71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SteinM71",
}
@Article{McNamee:1971:AAS,
author = "J. M. McNamee",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 408}: {A} Sparse Matrix Package (Part
{I})",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "4",
pages = "265--273",
month = apr,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
note = "See remarks
\cite{Sale:1973:SMP,Lawrence:1973:RAS,Sipala:1977:RAS,Gustavson:1978:RAS,Harms:1980:RSM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7410B (Power engineering computing)",
corpsource = "York Univ., Downsview, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "algebra; electrical engineering applications of
computers; electrical network problems; Fortran
subroutines; matrix; sparse matrix manipulation;
subroutines; tests",
treatment = "P Practical",
}
@Article{Olle:1971:IFA,
author = "T. William {Olle (Chairman)} and {Codasyl Systems
Committee}",
title = "Introduction to ``Feature Analysis of Generalized Data
Base Management Systems''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "308--318",
month = may,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#CODASYL71",
abstract = "This introduction gives a review of the current state
of the art in the systems and discusses the differences
and similarities between capabilities found in host
language systems and those found in self-contained
systems. Technical problems facing future designers are
described. The use of Cobol as a basis for further
development work is considered at some length with
respect to data structures, host language capabilities,
and self-contained capabilities.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling
techniques)",
keywords = "data structures; feature analysis; generalised data
base management systems; information; programming
languages; retrieval; standards; storage management;
transaction processing",
oldlabel = "CODASYL71",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CODASYL71",
}
@Article{Nielsen:1971:MRC,
author = "Norman R. Nielsen",
title = "The Merit of Regional Computing Networks",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "319--326",
month = may,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Nielsen71a",
abstract = "One of the suggested means for stimulating the spread
of computing capabilities in institutions of higher
learning is through the construction of regional
computing networks. One such network has been
constructed in the San Francisco Bay Area of Stanford
University. This paper reports upon the lessons learned
from the operation of that network over the past 2
yr.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C5600 (Data
communication equipment and techniques); C7810C
(Computer-aided instruction)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; computer aided instruction; computer
applications; computer sharing; computer utility;
computers, digital, data proce; computing; cooperative
networks; curriculum development; digital communication
systems; education; educational computing; engineering
education; R C; remote",
oldlabel = "Nielsen71a",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Nielsen71a",
}
@Article{Krolak:1971:MMA,
author = "Patrick Krolak and Wayne Felts and George Marble",
title = "A Man-Machine Approach Toward Solving the Traveling
Salesman Problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "327--334",
month = may,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#KrolakFM71",
abstract = "This paper describes a computer aided heuristic
technique which uses only a modest amount of computer
time in real-time to solve large (100 to 200) point
problems. This technique takes advantage of both the
computer's and the human's problem-solving abilities.
The computer is not asked to solve the problem in a
brute force way as in many of today's heuristics, but
it is asked to organize the data for the human so that
the human can solve the problem easily. The technique
used in this paper seems to point to new directions in
the field of man-machine interaction and in the field
of artificial intelligence.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C1270 (Man-machine
systems)",
corpsource = "Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; assignment; CACMA; computer
aided heuristic techniques; computer applications;
cybernetics; heuristic procedure; heuristic
programming; interaction process; man machine
interaction; man-machine systems; operations research;
optimisation; problem; production planning and control;
rubber band tour generator; travelling salesman
problem",
oldlabel = "KrolakFM71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KrolakFM71",
}
@Article{Montanari:1971:ODC,
author = "Ugo Montanari",
title = "On the Optimal Detection of Curves in Noisy Pictures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "335--345",
month = may,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:28 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/Reverse.eng.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Montanari71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)",
corpsource = "Istituto Elaborazione Informazione, Pisa, Italy",
keywords = "curve; description; dynamic programming; edge; global
recognition; heuristic; heuristic programming;
interaction graph; line; methods; noise; optimal
detection; optimisation; optimisation problem; parallel
processing; pattern recognition; picture; picture
processing; picture recognition; secondary",
oldlabel = "Montanari71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Montanari71",
}
@Article{Richards:1971:HKA,
author = "Donald L. Richards",
title = "How To Keep the Addresses Short",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "346--349",
month = may,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/Compiler.Lins.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Richards71",
abstract = "This paper demonstrates that a wide class of problems
can be formulated as covering problems solvable by
means of elementary arithmetic operations on the column
vectors of a ternary matrix.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150C (Compilers,
interpreters and other processors)",
corpsource = "Leasco Systems Corp., Tustin, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "addressing; assembler; CACMA; compilers; computers,
digital; covering problem; data handling; integer;
integer programming; minimisation; program; program
assemblers; programming; variable length addressing",
oldlabel = "Richards71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Richards71",
}
@Article{Fenichel:1971:ILV,
author = "Robert R. Fenichel",
title = "On Implementation of Label Variables",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "349--350",
month = may,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:18 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Fenichel71",
abstract = "Variables of label mode are conventionally implemented
with a technique which fails to trap certain
programming errors. Fine-grained calender clocks have
recently become available; these allow implementation
of label variables via a new technique which traps all
programming errors of this variety.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
processors)",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACMA; compiler; computers, digital; DS; fine grained
calendar clocks; go; interpreter; label variables
implementation; program compilers; program debugging;
to; transfer",
oldlabel = "Fenichel71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fenichel71",
}
@Article{Morris:1971:ARI,
author = "James H. {Morris, Jr.}",
title = "Another Recursion Induction Principle",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "351--354",
month = may,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "02F25 (94A25)",
MRnumber = "45 57",
MRreviewer = "H. R. Strong",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Morris71",
abstract = "An inductive method for proving things about
recursively defined functions is described. It is shown
to be useful for proving partial functions equivalent
and thus applicable in proofs about interpreters for
programming languages.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C4210 (Formal
logic)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automata theory; CACMA; compiler correctness; compiler
correctness proofs; computational linguistics;
computers, digital, languages; computers, digital,
programming; correctness; induction; interpreters;
proofs; proving; recursion; recursion induction
principle; recursive functions; theorem",
oldlabel = "Morris71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morris71",
}
@Article{Schmitt:1971:AAD,
author = "H. Schmitt",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 409}: Discrete {Chebychev} Curve Fit
[{E2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "355--356",
month = may,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:29 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Schmitt71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Tech. Hochschule, Darmstadt, West Germany",
keywords = "ALGOL procedure; algorithm; Chebyshev approximation;
discrete Chebychev curve fit; exchange; Remez
algorithm; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Schmitt71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schmitt71",
}
@Article{Chambers:1971:AAP,
author = "J. M. Chambers",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 410}: Partial Sorting [{M1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "357--358",
month = may,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Chambers71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
keywords = "FORTRAN routine; order statistics; partial sorting;
partial sorting order statistics; sorting;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Chambers71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Chambers71",
}
@Article{Harada:1971:GRP,
author = "Kazuaki Harada",
title = "Generation of rosary permutations expressed in
{Hamiltonian} circuits",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "6",
pages = "373--379",
month = jun,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "90.30 (05.00)",
MRnumber = "44\#3675",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:28 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Harada71",
abstract = "Systematic generation of a specific class of
permutations fundamental to scheduling problems is
described. In a nonoriented complete graph with n
vertices, Hamiltonian circuits equivalent to $.5(n -
1)!$ specific permutations of $n$ elements, termed
rosary permutations, can be defined. Each of them
corresponds to two circular permutations which
mirror-image each other, and is generated successively
by a number system covering $3*4*\ldots*(n-1)$ sets of
edges. Every set of edges $\{E[k]\}, 1 <= E[k] <= k, 3
<= k <= (n-1)$ is determined recursively by
constructing a Hamiltonian circuit with $k$ vertices
from a Hamiltonian circuit with $k-1$ vertices,
starting with the Hamiltonian circuit of 3 vertices.
The basic operation consists of transposition of a pair
of adjacent vertices where the position of the pair in
the permutation is determined by $\{E[k]\}$. Two
algorithms treating the same example for five vertices
are presented. It is very easy to derive all possible
n! permutations from the $.5(n - 1 )!$ rosary
permutations be cycling the permutations and by taking
them in the reverse order-procedures which can be
performed fairly efficiently by computer.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics)",
corpsource = "Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO, USA",
keywords = "circuits; combinatorial algebra; graph theory;
Hamiltonian; nonoriented complete graph; permutation;
rosary permutations generation; scheduling",
oldlabel = "Harada71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Harada71",
}
@Article{Foley:1971:AOD,
author = "James D. Foley",
title = "An approach to the optimum design of computer graphics
systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "6",
pages = "380--390",
month = jun,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:07 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Foley71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
corpsource = "Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA",
keywords = "average response time prediction; computer graphics;
computer graphics systems; computer metatheory;
mathematical; model; optimisation; optimum design",
oldlabel = "Foley71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Foley71",
}
@Article{Amarel:1971:CSC,
author = "Saul Amarel",
title = "Computer Science: {A} Conceptual Framework for
Curriculum Planning",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "6",
pages = "391--401",
month = jun,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Amarel71",
abstract = "Two views of computer science are considered: a global
view which attempts to capture broad characteristics of
the field and its relationships to other fields, and a
local view which focuses on the inner structure of the
field. This structure is presented in terms of the
kinds of knowledge, problems, and activities that exist
within the discipline, as well as the relations between
them. An approach to curriculum planning in computer
science is presented which is guided by the structure
of the field, by the fact that change is an important
feature of the situation, and by the expectation that
computer science will continue to increase its working
contacts with other disciplines.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ, USA",
keywords = "computer science; curriculum planning; education",
oldlabel = "Amarel71",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Amarel71",
}
@Article{Bosarge:1971:NPR,
author = "W. E. {Bosarge, Jr.} and O. G. Johnson",
title = "Numerical properties of the {Ritz--Trefftz} algorithm
for optimal control",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "6",
pages = "402--406",
month = jun,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.30",
MRnumber = "44\#7714",
MRreviewer = "A. Pasquali",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BosargeJ71",
abstract = "In this paper the Ritz--Trefftz algorithm is applied
to the computer solution of the state regulator
problem. The algorithm represents a modification of the
Ritz direct method and is designed to improve the speed
of solution and the storage requirements to the point
where real-time implementation becomes feasible. The
modification is shown to be more stable computationally
than the traditional Ritz approach. \par
The first concern of the paper is to describe the
algorithm and establish its properties as a valid and
useful numerical technique. In particular such useful
properties as definiteness and reasonableness of
condition are established for the method. The second
part of the paper is devoted to a comparison of the new
techniques with the standard procedure of numerically
integrating a matrix Riccati equation to determine a
feedback matrix. The new technique is shown to be
significantly faster for comparable accuracy.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1330 (Optimal control); C4190 (Other numerical
methods)",
corpsource = "IBM Sci. Center, Houston, TX, USA",
keywords = "control theory; equation; feedback matrix; matrix
Riccati; numerical; numerical analysis; numerical
integration; numerical methods; optimal control;
properties; regulator problem; Ritz Trefftz algorithm;
splines; state regulator problem",
oldlabel = "BosargeJ71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BosargeJ71",
}
@Article{Gladwin:1971:NCF,
author = "H. Tim Gladwin",
title = "A Note on Compiling Fixed Point Binary
Multiplications",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "6",
pages = "407--408",
month = jun,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Glaswin71",
abstract = "An algorithm is developed for compiling, as a sequence
of shifts, additions,and subtractions, many fixed point
binary multiplications involving a constant. The most
significant characteristics of the algorithm are the
simplicity of the test which determines if the
algorithm should be applied and the degree to which it
``suggests'' efficient object code.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA, USA",
keywords = "additions; compiling fixed point binary
multiplications; compiling multiplications; digital
arithmetic; fixed point arithmetic; program compilers;
shifts; subtractions",
oldlabel = "Glaswin71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Glaswin71",
xxauthor = "H. Tim Glaswin",
}
@Article{Fraser:1971:MNP,
author = "A. G. Fraser",
title = "On the Meaning of Names in Programming Systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "6",
pages = "409--416",
month = jun,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/Functional.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Fraser71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
keywords = "computational linguistics; context manipulation; data
names; file; functional; lambda calculus; names;
operating system; operating systems (computers);
programming; programming systems; programming theory;
theory",
oldlabel = "Fraser71",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fraser71",
}
@Article{Walker:1971:BS,
author = "R. J. Walker",
title = "Binary Summation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "6",
pages = "417--417",
month = jun,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Walker71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "binary summation; digital arithmetic; floating point;
roundoff errors; space; storage",
oldlabel = "Walker71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Walker71",
}
@Article{Zelkowitz:1971:IDP,
author = "Marvin V. Zelkowitz",
title = "Interrupt Driven Programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "6",
pages = "417--418",
month = jun,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:37 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Zelkowitz71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "associative; control; debugging; interrupt drive
programming; memories; microprogramming; parallel
processing; program execution",
oldlabel = "Zelkowitz71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Zelkowitz71",
}
@Article{McKenney:1971:SCO,
author = "J. L. McKenney and Fred M. Tonge",
title = "The State of Computer-Oriented Curricula in Business
Schools 1970",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "443--448",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#McKenneyT71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "business schools; computer curricula; education;
reviews",
oldlabel = "McKenneyT71",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McKenneyT71",
}
@Article{Bernstein:1971:PTP,
author = "Arthur J. Bernstein",
title = "A Programmer Training Project",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "449--452",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:25:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Bernstein71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "General Electric Res. and Dev. Center, Schenectady,
NY, USA",
keywords = "black; course organisation; curriculum; jobs;
programmer training project; programming; residents;
training",
oldlabel = "Bernstein71",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bernstein71",
}
@Article{DeRemer:1971:SLK,
author = "Franklin L. DeRemer",
title = "Simple {LR(k)} Grammars",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "453--460",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A30",
MRnumber = "47 9893",
MRreviewer = "J. E. L. Peck",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#DeRemer71",
abstract = "A class of context-free grammars, called the ``Simple
LR(k)'' or SLR(k) grammars is defined.\par
This class has been shown to include weak precedence
and simple precedence grammars as proper subsets.
\par
How to construct parsers for the SLR(k) grammars is
also shown. These parser-construction techniques are
extendible to cover all of the LR(k) grammars of Knuth;
they have been implemented and by direct comparison
proved to be superior to precedence techniques, not
only in the range of grammars covered, but also in the
speed of parser construction and in the size and speed
of the resulting parsers.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA",
keywords = "context free grammars; context-free grammar;
context-free grammars; deterministic pushdown
automaton; finite-state machine; grammars; LR(k)
grammar; parser; parser construction; parsing
algorithm; precedence; precedence grammar; simple LR(K)
grammars; syntactic analysis",
oldlabel = "DeRemer71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DeRemer71",
}
@Article{Pratt:1971:LEG,
author = "Terrence W. Pratt and Daniel P. Friedman",
title = "A Language Extension for Graph Processing, and Its
Formal Semantics",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "460--467",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A30",
MRnumber = "46 6657",
MRreviewer = "A. D. Booth",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:13:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/lisp.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#PrattF71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "data structure; directed graph; flowchart; formal
semantics; graph processing; Graspe; language
extension; Lisp; problem oriented languages; syntax",
oldlabel = "PrattF71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/PrattF71",
}
@Article{Paton:1971:ABC,
author = "Keith Paton",
title = "An algorithm for the blocks and cut nodes of a graph",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "468--475",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "05-04",
MRnumber = "46 5135",
MRreviewer = "E. M. Reingold",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Paton71",
note = "See corrigendum \cite{Paton:1971:CAB}.",
abstract = "An efficient method is presented for finding blocks
and cutnodes of an arbitrary undirected graph. The
graph may be represented either (i) as an ordered list
of edges or (ii) as a packed adjacency matrix. If $w$
denotes the word length of the machine employed, the
storage (in machine words) required for a graph with
$n$ nodes and $m$ edges increases essentially as
$2(m+n)$ in case (i), or $(n^2)/w$ in case (ii). A
spanning tree with labeled edges is grown, two edges
finally bearing different labels if and only if they
belong to different blocks. For both representations
the time required to analyze a graph on $n$ nodes
increases as $n^G$ where $G$ depends on the type of
graph, $1 <= G <= 2$, and both bounds are attained.
\par
Values of G are derived for each of several suitable
families of test graphs, generated by an extension of
the web grammar approach. The algorithm is compared in
detail with that proposed by Read for which 1 <= G <=
3.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics)",
corpsource = "Medical Res. Council, London, UK",
keywords = "algorithm; block; block-cutpoint-tree; blocks; cut
nodes; cutnode; fundamental cycle set; graph; graph
theory; labelled edges; lobe; lobe decomposition; lobe
decomposition graph; ordered list of edges; packed
adjacency matrix; separable; spanning tree; undirected;
web grammar",
oldlabel = "Paton71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Paton71",
}
@Article{Ferguson:1971:BAM,
author = "David E. Ferguson",
title = "Buffer Allocation in Merge-Sorting",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "476--478",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Ferguson71",
abstract = "A fixed buffer allocation for merge-sorting is
presented here which minimizes the number of
input-output operations for a given order of merge.
\par
When sorting on movable arm disks, the number of seeks
is equal to the number of input-output operations, and
the seek time usually controls the sort time. First
some standard terminology is introduced. Then the input
buffer allocation method is described, followed by an
analysis of the improvement to be expected over more
conventional allocation. This analysis makes use of a
particular distribution function. An analysis of a
completely different distribution is given which yields
similar results. This suggests that the results do not
depend on a particular distribution function. An
optimum output buffer size is also determined. It is
concluded that this buffering allocation can
significantly reduce the time of merge sorting on
movable arm disks when the input data are not random,
and that this output buffer allocation should be used
whether the data is random or not.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Programmatics Inc., Los Angeles, CA, USA",
keywords = "file; fixed buffer allocation; gamma distribution
function; input output operations; item; merge sort;
movable arm disks; optimum; output buffer size; seek
time; sorting; storage allocation; string",
oldlabel = "Ferguson71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ferguson71",
}
@Article{Ramamoorthy:1971:SOE,
author = "C. V. Ramamoorthy and M. J. Gonzalez",
title = "Subexpression ordering in the execution of arithmetic
expressions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "479--485",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A20",
MRnumber = "46 6650",
MRreviewer = "A. D. Booth",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:53 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#RamamoorthyG71",
abstract = "An arithmetic expression can often be broken down into
its component subexpressions. Depending on the hardware
environment in which the expression is to be executed,
these subexpressions can be evaluated in serials, in
parallel, or in a combination of these modes. This
paper shows that expression execution time can be
minimized only if consideration is given to the
ordering of the subexpressions. In particular,
subexpressions should be executed in order of
decreasing memory and processor time requirements. This
observation is valid for configurations ranging from a
uniprocessor with an unbuffered main memory to
multiprocessor with a ``cache'' buffer memory. If the
number of subexpressions which can be executed in
parallel exceeds the number of available processors,
then execution of some of these subexpressions must be
postponed. A procedure is given which combines this
requirement with the earlier ordering considerations to
provide an optimal execution sequence.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "arithmetic expression; arithmetic expressions; cache;
compilers; computational trees; data handling; digital
arithmetic; execution time; parallel processing;
subexpression ordering",
oldlabel = "RamamoorthyG71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RamamoorthyG71",
}
@Article{McVitie:1971:SMP,
author = "D. G. McVitie and L. B. Wilson",
title = "The Stable Marriage Problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "486--490",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "90B99 (68A10)",
MRnumber = "46 6808",
MRreviewer = "R. B. Potts",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#McVitieW71",
abstract = "The original work of Gale and Shapley on an assignment
method using the stable marriage criterion has been
extended to find all the stable marriage
assignments.\par
The algorithm derived for finding all the stable
marriage assignments is proved to satisfy all the
conditions of the problem. Algorithm 411 applies to
this paper.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK",
keywords = "assignment; assignment problems; assignment
procedures; combinatorial mathematics; combinatorics;
discrete mathematics; operational research; operations
research; stable marriage problem; university
entrance",
oldlabel = "McVitieW71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McVitieW71",
}
@Article{McVitie:1971:AAT,
author = "D. G. McVitie and L. B. Wilson",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 411}: Three Procedures for the Stable
Marriage Problem [{H}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "491--492",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#McVitieW71a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK",
keywords = "ALGOL procedures; assignment; combinatorial
mathematics; operations research; stable marriage
problem; subroutines",
oldlabel = "McVitieW71a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McVitieW71a",
}
@Article{Cermak:1971:AAG,
author = "J. {\v{C}}erm{\'{a}}k",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 412}: Graph Plotter [{J6}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "492--493",
month = jul,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Cermak71",
note = "See remark \cite{Watkins:1973:RAG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150E (General utility programs)",
corpsource = "Univ. Chem. Technol., Pardubice, Czechoslovakia",
keywords = "ALGOL procedure; computer graphics; graph; line;
multivalued function; plot; printer; subroutines;
utility programs",
oldlabel = "Cermak71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cermak71",
}
@Article{Raduchel:1971:RAS,
author = "William J. Raduchel",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 316}: Solution of Simultaneous
Nonlinear Equations [{C5}]''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "7",
pages = "493--??",
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Raduchel71",
note = "See \cite{Brown:1967:AAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Raduchel71",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Raduchel71",
}
@Article{Morris:1971:PSS,
author = "Robert Morris",
title = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and
algebraic manipulation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "8",
pages = "509--510",
month = aug,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:42:05 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0210 (Algebra); C1110 (Algebra)",
conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and
algebraic manipulation",
keywords = "algebra; algebraic expressions; equivalence; greatest
common divisors; polynomial; polynomials; resultants;
roots; subresultants; symbolic and algebraic
manipulation; zero",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Hearn:1971:ASM,
author = "Anthony C. Hearn",
title = "Applications of symbol manipulation in theoretical
physics",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "8",
pages = "511--516",
month = aug,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:06 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/reduce.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hearn71",
abstract = "This paper surveys the applications of symbolic
computation techniques to problems in theoretical
physics. Particular emphasis is placed on applications
in quantum electrodynamics where the most activity has
occurred.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and
algebraic manipulation",
corpsource = "Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA",
keywords = "algebraic; algebraic simplification; computational
physics; data handling; physics; quantum
electrodynamics; simplification; symbol manipulation;
symbolic computation; symbolic manipulation;
theoretical physics",
oldlabel = "Hearn71",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hearn71",
}
@Article{Hall:1971:ASR,
author = "Andrew D. {Hall, Jr.}",
title = "The {Altran} system for rational function manipulation
--- a survey",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "8",
pages = "517--521",
month = aug,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hall71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6140D (High level
languages); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and
algebraic manipulation",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
keywords = "algebra; Altran; coefficients; computation; data
structures; integer; language; languages; polynomial
manipulation; polynomials; problem oriented; rational
function manipulation; run time data structures;
symbolic",
oldlabel = "Hall71",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery",
treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hall71",
}
@Article{Fenichel:1971:LTS,
author = "Robert R. Fenichel",
title = "List Tracing in Systems Allowing Multiple Cell Types",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "8",
pages = "522--526",
month = aug,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:19 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Fenichel71a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and
algebraic manipulation",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "configuration; list processing; list tracing; multiple
cell types; size; storage allocation",
oldlabel = "Fenichel71a",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fenichel71a",
}
@Article{Moses:1971:ASG,
author = "Joel Moses",
title = "Algebraic Simplification: {A} Guide for the
Perplexed",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "8",
pages = "527--537",
month = aug,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A15",
MRnumber = "46 8465",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:18 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Comp.Alg.1.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Moses71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0210 (Algebra); C1110 (Algebra)",
conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and
algebraic manipulation",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "algebra; algebraic simplification; automatic;
simplification capabilities; substitution",
oldlabel = "Moses71",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moses71",
}
@Article{Jefferys:1971:AAM,
author = "William H. Jefferys",
title = "Automatic algebraic manipulation in celestial
mechanics",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "8",
pages = "538--541",
month = aug,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Jefferys71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7320 (Physics and chemistry computing)",
conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and
algebraic manipulation",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "algebra; automated algebraic manipulation; celestial
mechanics; integration; perturbation theory; physics;
Poisson series; processors",
oldlabel = "Jefferys71",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Jefferys71",
xxtitle = "Automated Algebraic Manipulation in Celestial
Mechanics",
}
@Article{Barton:1971:GRA,
author = "David Barton and John P. Fitch",
title = "General relativity and the application of algebraic
manipulative systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "8",
pages = "542--547",
month = aug,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "83.53",
MRnumber = "48 1640",
MRreviewer = "I. K. Marek",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:42 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BartonF71",
abstract = "The paper describes some applications of symbolic
algebra systems to problems of general relativity
including the derivation of the field equations, the
Petrov classification of a metric, and the solution of
the field equations in the presence of matter in a
simple case. Attention is drawn to the strictly
algebraic difficulties encountered in this work.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0210 (Algebra); C1110 (Algebra)",
conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and
algebraic manipulation",
corpsource = "Computer Lab., Cambridge, UK",
keywords = "algebra; algebraic manipulation; algebraic
manipulative systems; equation manipulation; field
equations; general relativity; nonnumerical
mathematics; Petrov classification; symbolic; symbolic
mathematics",
oldlabel = "BartonF71",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BartonF71",
}
@Article{Moses:1971:SIS,
author = "Joel Moses",
title = "Symbolic Integration: The Stormy Decade",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "8",
pages = "548--560",
month = aug,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A15",
MRnumber = "46 8466",
MRreviewer = "D. B. Hunter",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Moses71a",
abstract = "Three approaches to symbolic integration in the 1960's
are described. The first, from artificial intelligence,
led to Slagle's SAINT and to a large degree to Moses'
SIN. The second, from algebraic manipulation, led to
Manove's implementation and to Horowitz' and Tobey's
reexamination of the Hermite algorithm for integrating
rational functions. The third, from mathematics, led to
Richardson's proof of the unsolvability of the problem
for a class of functions and for Risch's decision
procedure for the elementary functions.Generalizations
of Risch's algorithm to a class of special functions
and programs for solving differential equations and for
finding the definite integral are also described.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C4160 (Numerical
integration and differentiation)",
conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and
algebraic manipulation",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; artificial intelligence; definite; definite
integrals; differential equations; Hermite; integral;
integrating rational functions; integration; Manove's
implementation; Moses' SIN; proof; rational functions;
Richardson's; Risch's decision procedure; SAINT;
Slagle's; symbolic integration; unsolvability",
oldlabel = "Moses71a",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery",
treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moses71a",
}
@Article{Teichroew:1971:ERU,
author = "Daniel Teichroew",
title = "Education Related to the Use of Computers in
Organizations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "9",
pages = "573--588",
month = sep,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Teichroew71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Learn about data bases and management. Extensive
bibliography.",
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
keywords = "colleges; computer education; curriculum development;
education; information systems; management; management
information systems; professional; societies;
universities",
oldlabel = "Teichroew71",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Teichroew71",
}
@Article{Isoda:1971:EBT,
author = "Sadahiro Isoda and Eiichi Goto and Izumi Kimura",
title = "An Efficient Bit Table Technique for Dynamic Storage
Allocation of $2^n$-word Blocks",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "9",
pages = "589--592",
month = sep,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:08 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#IsodaG71",
abstract = "An efficient bit table technique for dynamic storage
allocation of $2^n$-word blocks, which requires a
minimized amount of memory for bookkeeping purposes, is
described. The technique has been tested in an
implementation of the list processing language $L^6$. A
number of ideas incorporated in the processor are also
described.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Tokyo Univ., Japan",
keywords = "$L^6$; 2/sup n/ word blocks; bit table; bit table
technique; bookkeeping; buddy system; dynamic storage
allocation; free storage; L/sup 6/; list processing;
list processing language; minimum memory; storage
allocation",
oldlabel = "IsodaG71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/IsodaG71",
}
@Article{Paton:1971:CAB,
author = "Keith Paton",
title = "Corrigendum: ``{An algorithm for the blocks and
cutnodes of a graph}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "9",
pages = "592--592",
month = sep,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:33:19 1997",
note = "See \cite{Paton:1971:ABC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Wong:1971:CSA,
author = "Eugene Wong and T. C. Chiang",
title = "Canonical Structure in Attribute Based File
Organization",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "9",
pages = "593--597",
month = sep,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#WongC71",
note = "Also published in/as: PhD Th., UCB, EECS, 1973.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Combinatorial retrieval of multi-attribute subsets,
applicable when there are few keyword choices. Thisis
of T. C. Chiang.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
keywords = "arbitrary Boolean functions; atoms; attribute based;
boolean algebra; canonical structure; file
organisation; file organization; intersections; lists;
queries",
oldlabel = "WongC71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/WongC71",
}
@Article{Phillips:1971:NBO,
author = "David L. Phillips",
title = "A Note on Best One-Sided Approximations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "9",
pages = "598--600",
month = sep,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D15",
MRnumber = "45 6158",
MRreviewer = "H. L. Loeb",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:32 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Phillips71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA",
keywords = "best; best approximation; best approximations; error;
function approximation; goodness of fit; logarithmic;
multiplicative constant; one sided approximations;
one-sided approximation; relationship; relative error;
uniform norm",
oldlabel = "Phillips71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Phillips71",
}
@Article{Liniger:1971:SCN,
author = "Werner Liniger",
title = "A stopping criterion for the {Newton--Raphson} method
in implicit multistep integration algorithms for
nonlinear systems of ordinary differential equations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "9",
pages = "600--601",
month = sep,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65.60",
MRnumber = "44\#7754",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:11 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Liniger71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)",
corpsource = "IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA",
keywords = "implicit multistep integration; integration; linear
multistep formulas; Newton--Raphson method; nonlinear
differential equations; nonlinear systems; ordinary
differential equations; stopping criterion",
oldlabel = "Liniger71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Liniger71",
}
@Article{Flores:1971:ABS,
author = "Ivan Flores and George Madpis",
title = "Average Binary Search Length for Dense Ordered Lists",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "9",
pages = "602--603",
month = sep,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:59 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#FloresM71",
note = "See corrigendum \cite{Flores:1972:CAB}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "City Univ. New York, NY, USA",
keywords = "average length; binary search; dense ordered lists;
information retrieval; list processing",
oldlabel = "FloresM71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FloresM71",
}
@Article{Fenichel:1971:CCL,
author = "Robert R. Fenichel",
title = "Comment on {Cheney}'s List-Compaction Algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "9",
pages = "603--604",
month = sep,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Fenichel71b",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "garbage collector; LISP; list processing; storage
allocation; virtual memory",
oldlabel = "Fenichel71b",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fenichel71b",
}
@Article{Earley:1971:TUD,
author = "Jay Earley",
title = "Toward an Understanding of Data Structures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "10",
pages = "617--627",
month = oct,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:11 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Earley71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
keywords = "data structures; formalism; graph; implementation;
programming language; semantic",
oldlabel = "Earley71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Earley71",
}
@Article{ANSI:1971:CFS,
author = "{ANSI Subcommittee X3J3}",
title = "Clarification of {Fortran} Standards --- Second
Report",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "10",
pages = "628--642",
month = oct,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:07 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#X3J371",
note = "See also \cite{ANSI:1966:AF}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics); C6140D (High level
languages)",
keywords = "American National Standard; Basic Fortran; Fortran;
FORTRAN; language; language standard; language standard
interpretation; language standard maintenance;
programming language; specification; standard
clarification; standardization; standardization
committee; standards",
oldlabel = "X3J371",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/X3J371",
}
@Article{Oldehoeft:1971:EAI,
author = "Arthur E. Oldehoeft and Samuel D. Conte",
title = "Experiments with an automated instructional system for
numerical methods",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "10",
pages = "643--650",
month = oct,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:32 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#OldehoeftC71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)",
corpsource = "Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, USA",
keywords = "computer aided; computer aided instruction;
instruction; instructional systems; numerical methods",
oldlabel = "OldehoeftC71",
treatment = "X Experimental",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/OldehoeftC71",
}
@Article{Newman:1971:DP,
author = "William M. Newman",
title = "Display Procedures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "10",
pages = "651--660",
month = oct,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:16 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Newman71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)",
corpsource = "Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA",
keywords = "computer graphics; display files; display systems;
programming languages",
oldlabel = "Newman71",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Newman71",
}
@Article{Nemeth:1971:UPM,
author = "Alan G. Nemeth and Paul D. Rovner",
title = "User program measurement in a time-shared
environment",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "10",
pages = "661--666",
month = oct,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:07:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/monitor.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1971.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#NemethR71",
abstract = "A general discussion of the measurement of software
systems is followed by a description of a hardware and
software scheme for measuring user programs in a
time-shared environment. The TX-2 computer at MIT
Lincoln Laboratory was used for the implementation of
such a system and the characteristics of this
implementation are reported. Finally, it is shown how
other time-sharing systems may provide similar
measuring facilities.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "A general discussion of the measurement of software
systems is followed by a description of a hardware and
software scheme for measuring user programs in a
time-shared environment.",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "MIT, Lexington, MA, USA",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "Performance evaluation; software monitor; time
sharing; operating system; multiprogramming;
measurement; technology; virtual computer; performance
improvement;",
enum = "2252",
keywords = "computer software; measurement; multiprogramming
systems; operating systems; performance improvement;
sharing systems; software; technology; time;
time-sharing systems; TX2 computer; user program
measurement; virtual computers",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "NemethR71",
references = "11",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/NemethR71",
}
@Article{Courtois:1971:CCR,
author = "P. J. Courtois and F. Heymans and David Lorge Parnas",
title = "Concurrent Control with ``Readers'' and ``Writers''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "10",
pages = "667--668",
month = oct,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/softeng.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#CouroisHP71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Algorithms for scheduler design for multi accessed
database",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "MBLE Res. Lab., Brussels, Belgium",
keywords = "critical section; mutual exclusion; operating systems
(computers); programs; resources; shared access to;
supervisory and executive",
oldlabel = "CouroisHP71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CouroisHP71",
}
@Article{Lyness:1971:AAE,
author = "J. N. Lyness and G. Sande",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 413}: {ENTCAF} and {ENTCRE}: Evaluation
of Normalized {Taylor} Coefficients of an Analytic
Function ({C5})",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "10",
pages = "669--675",
month = oct,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:28 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Lyness71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA",
keywords = "Cauchy integral; complex arithmetic; complex
variables; fast; Fourier transform; interpolation;
mathematics; numerical differentiation; numerical
integration; subroutines; Taylor coefficients; Taylor
series",
oldlabel = "Lyness71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lyness71",
}
@Article{Branquart:1971:CSA,
author = "P. Branquart and J. Lewi and Michel Sintzoff and P. L.
Wodon",
title = "The composition of semantics in {Algol 68}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "11",
pages = "697--708",
month = nov,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:59 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BranquartLSW71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "MBLE, Brussels, Belgium",
keywords = "ALGOL; Algol 68; data; design of programming
languages; programming languages; programming
primitives; recursive composition; semantics;
structures",
oldlabel = "BranquartLSW71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BranquartLSW71",
}
@Article{Hamblen:1971:UCH,
author = "John W. Hamblen",
title = "Using computers in higher education: past
recommendations, status, and needs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "11",
pages = "709--712",
month = nov,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:06 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hamblen71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA, USA",
keywords = "computer science; computers; data processing; degree
programs; education; educational technology; higher
education; laboratory; national goals; testing",
oldlabel = "Hamblen71",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hamblen71",
}
@Article{Shell:1971:OPS,
author = "Donald L. Shell",
title = "Optimizing the Polyphase Sort",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "11",
pages = "713--719",
month = nov,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Shell71",
note = "See corrigendum \cite{Shell:1972:COP}.",
abstract = "Various dispersion algorithms for the polyphase
sorting procedure are examined.The optimum algorithm
based on minimizing the total number of unit strings
read is displayed. The logic of this algorithm is
rather complicated; hence, several other new dispersion
algorithms with more straightforward logic are
presented. Of the simple dispersion algorithms
discussed, the Horizontal is best. It does
approximately one-fourth to one and one-half percent
less reading and writing than most algorithms in use
today. An additional two and one-fourth to three
percent improvement can be achieved by utilizing the
Modified Optimum Algorithm. This algorithm is
relatively straightforward, but it requires a fairly
close estimate of the total number of unit strings
before the dispersion begins.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY, USA",
keywords = "dispersion algorithm; dispersion algorithms;
minimizing; optimisation; optimum; optimum dispersion
algorithm; polyphase sorting; repetition operator;
sorting; unit strings",
oldlabel = "Shell71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shell71",
}
@Article{Aramaki:1971:AEP,
author = "Itaru Aramaki and Tomokazu Kawabata and Kazuhiko
Arimoto",
title = "Automation of Etching-Pattern Layout",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "11",
pages = "720--730",
month = nov,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#AramakiKA71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B1130B (Computer-aided circuit analysis and design);
B2210 (Printed circuits); C7410D (Electronic
engineering computing)",
corpsource = "Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd., Osaka, Japan",
keywords = "computer-aided circuit design; etching; heuristic
etching pattern layout; ICs; Lee's algorithm; maze
running; printed circuit board; printed circuits;
wiring design",
oldlabel = "AramakiKA71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AramakiKA71",
}
@Article{Malcolm:1971:AFP,
author = "Michael A. Malcolm",
title = "On Accurate Floating-Point Summation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "11",
pages = "731--736",
month = nov,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65G05 (68-XX)",
MRnumber = "47 4434",
MRreviewer = "P. Brock",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:06 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Malcolm71",
acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "accurate floating-point summation; digital arithmetic;
error analysis",
oldlabel = "Malcolm71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Malcolm71",
}
@Article{Golub:1971:AAC,
author = "G. H. Golub and L. B. Smith",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 414}: {Chebyshev} Approximation of
Continuous Functions by a {Chebyshev} System of
Functions [{E2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "11",
pages = "737--746",
month = nov,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:17 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BolubS71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "ALGOL 60; approximation; Chebyshev approximation;
critical points; minimax; numerical properties;
orthogonal polynomials; Remez algorithm; subroutines",
oldlabel = "BolubS71",
treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BolubS71",
}
@Article{Gordon:1971:RPT,
author = "Richard Gordon and Gabor T. Herman",
title = "Reconstruction of Pictures from Their Projections",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "759--768",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:45:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#GordonH71",
note = "See corrigendum \cite{Gordon:1972:CRP}.",
abstract = "There are situations in the natural sciences and
medicine (e.g. in electron microscopy and X-ray
photography) in which it is desirable to estimate the
gray levels of a digital picture at the individual
points from the sums of the gray levels along straight
lines (projections) at a few angles. Usually, in such
situations, the picture is far from determined and the
problem is to find the ``most representative'' picture.
Three algorithms are described (all using Monte Carlo
methods) which were designed to solve this problem. The
algorithms are applicable in a large and varied number
of fields. The most important uses may be the
reconstruction of possibly asymmetric particles from
electron micrographs and three-dimensional X-ray
analysis.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "State Univ., New York, Buffalo, NY, USA",
keywords = "approximation; biomedical image processing; efficient
encoding; electron microscopy; image; image processing;
linear programming; mathematical programming; medicine;
Monte Carlo; Monte Carlo methods; Monte Carlo
techniques; natural sciences; optical information;
optimization; physics; picture compression; picture
description; picture processing; processing;
projections; reconstruction of pictures; stereology;
techniques; X-ray analysis; X-ray photography",
oldlabel = "GordonH71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GordonH71",
}
@Article{Amidon:1971:ASB,
author = "E. L. Amidon and G. S. Akin",
title = "Algorithmic Selection of the Best Method for
Compressing Map Data Strings",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "769--774",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:16 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#AmidonA71",
abstract = "The best of a dozen different methods for compressing
map data is illustrated. The choices are generated by
encoding data strings-sequence of like codes-by three
methods and in four directions. Relationships are
developed between compression alternatives to avoid
comparing all of them. The technique has been used to
compress data from forest resource maps, but is widely
applicable to map and photographic data reduction.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C7890 (Other special
applications of computing)",
corpsource = "Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,
Berkeley, CA, USA",
keywords = "data compression; data reduction; data reduction and
analysis; data strings; forest resource maps;
information retrieval; input/output; map; map storage;
run coding; storage",
oldlabel = "AmidonA71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AmidonA71",
}
@Article{Mullin:1971:RUS,
author = "James K. Mullin",
title = "Retrieval-Update Speed Tradeoffs Using Combined
Indices",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "775--776",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:43 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Mullin71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)",
corpsource = "Univ. Western Ontario, London, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "combined index files; file; file organisation; file
update; indexing; information retrieval; information
retrieval systems; inverted files; minimal cost;
organisation; query; retrieval time; speed tradeoffs",
oldlabel = "Mullin71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Mullin71",
xxtitle = "Retrieval-Update Speed Tradeoffs Using Combined
Indexes",
}
@Article{Harrison:1971:IST,
author = "Malcolm C. Harrison",
title = "Implementation of the Substring Test by Hashing",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "777--779",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:43 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Harrison71",
note = "See also \cite{Tharp:1982:PTS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "New York Univ., NY, USA",
keywords = "compression; data handling; hashing; information;
information retrieval; programming; searching;
signature; subset; substring test",
oldlabel = "Harrison71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Harrison71",
}
@Article{Wulf:1971:BLS,
author = "W. A. (William A.) Wulf and D. B. Russell and A. N.
Habermann",
title = "{BLISS}: {A} Language for Systems Programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "780--790",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05",
MRnumber = "46 8463",
MRreviewer = "P. Deussen",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/Ai.misc.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#WulfR71",
URL = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/362919.362936",
abstract = "A language, BLISS, is described. This language is
designed so as to be especially suitable for use in
writing production software systems for a specific
machine (the PDP-10): compilers, operating systems,
etc. Prime design goals of the design are the ability
to produce highly efficient object code, to allow
access to all relevant hardware features of the host
machine, and to provide a rational means by which to
cope with the evolutionary nature of systems programs.
A major feature which contributes to the realization of
these goals is a mechanism permitting the definition of
the representation of all data structures in terms of
the access algorithm for elements of the structure.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5420 (Mainframes and minicomputers); C6120 (File
organisation); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and
other processors); C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
keywords = "BLISS; compilers; data structures; implementation
language; language; minicomputers; operating systems;
program processors; programming languages; software
systems; supervisory and executive programs; systems
programming",
oldlabel = "WulfR71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/WulfR71",
}
@Article{Rochfeld:1971:NLT,
author = "Arnold Rochfeld",
title = "New {LISP} Techniques for a Paging Environment",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "791--795",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:42 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Rochfeld71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6140D (High level
languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. Edinburgh, UK",
keywords = "block segment; collection; compact; core
fragmentation; garbage; LISP; list processing; list
structures; management; paging environment; procedure
oriented languages; storage; virtual memory",
oldlabel = "Rochfeld71",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rochfeld71",
}
@Article{Blumberg:1971:NMN,
author = "John W. Blumberg and Clinton R. Foulk",
title = "A note on `a modification of {Nordsieck}'s method
using an ``off-step'' point'",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "796--796",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BlumbergF71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)",
corpsource = "Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, USA",
keywords = "corrector; corrector methods; differential equations;
modification; multistep methods; Nordsieck's method;
numerical methods; off error; ordinary differential
equations; predictor; predictor-; round",
oldlabel = "BlumbergF71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BlumbergF71",
}
@Article{Gustafson:1971:RCG,
author = "Sven-{\AA}ke A. Gustafson",
title = "Rapid Computation of General Interpolation Formulas
and Mechanical Quadrature Rules",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "797--801",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D05",
MRnumber = "46 10167a",
MRreviewer = "V. Pereyra",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:29 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
corpsource = "Royal Inst. Technol., Stockholm, Sweden",
keywords = "divided differences; formula; functionals; general
interpolation formulas; Hermitian; interpolation;
Lagrangian; linear; mechanical quadrature rules;
Newton's interpolation; rapid computation",
oldlabel = "Gustafson71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71",
}
@Article{Bourgeois:1971:EMA,
author = "Fran{\c{c}}ois Bourgeois and Jean-Claude Lassalle",
title = "An extension of the {Munkres} algorithm for the
assignment problem to rectangular matrices",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "802--804",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "90C05",
MRnumber = "47 4628",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:39 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BourgeoisL71",
abstract = "The assignment problem, together with Munkres proposed
algorithm for its solution in square matrices, is
presented first. Then the authors develop an extension
of this algorithm which permits a solution for
rectangular matrices. Timing results obtained by using
an adapted version of Silver's Algol procedure are
discussed, and a relation between solution time and
problem size is given.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)",
corpsource = "CERN, Geneva, Switzerland",
keywords = "algorithm; assignment problem; matrix algebra; Munkres
algorithm; operations research; optimisation;
optimization theory; rectangular matrices",
oldlabel = "BourgeoisL71",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BourgeoisL71",
}
@Article{Bourgeois:1971:AAA,
author = "Fran{\c{c}}ois Bourgeois and John-Claude C. Lassalle",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 415}: Algorithm for the Assignment
Problem (Rectangular Matrices) [{H}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "805--806",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BourgeoisL71a;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BourgeoisL71b",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)",
corpsource = "CERN, Geneva, Switzerland",
keywords = "algorithm; assignment problem; matrix algebra;
operations research; optimization; rectangular
matrices; subroutines",
oldlabel = "BourgeoisL71a; BourgeoisL71b",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BourgeoisL71a;
ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BourgeoisL71b",
}
@Article{Gustafson:1971:AARa,
author = "Sven-{\AA}ke Gustafson",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 416}: Rapid Computation of Coefficients
of Interpolation Formulas [{E1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "806--807",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D05",
MRnumber = "46 10167b",
MRreviewer = "V. Pereyra",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:32 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71a;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71c",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; coefficients; divided differences;
interpolation; interpolation formula; rapid
computation; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Gustafson71a; Gustafson71c",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71a;
ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71c",
}
@Article{Gustafson:1971:AARb,
author = "Sven-{\AA}ke Gustafson",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 417}: Rapid Computation of Weights of
Interpolatory Quadrature Rules [{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "14",
number = "12",
pages = "807--807",
month = dec,
year = "1971",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D05",
MRnumber = "46 10167c",
MRreviewer = "V. Pereyra",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71b;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71d",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; divided differences; interpolation;
interpolation formulae; mechanical quadrature rules;
rapid computation; subroutines; weights",
oldlabel = "Gustafson71b; Gustafson71d",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71b;
ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71d",
}
@Article{Lesk:1972:PPR,
author = "Arthur M. Lesk",
title = "Pictorial pattern recognition and the phase problem of
{X}-ray crystallography",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "3--6",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:31 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Lesk72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "A6100 (Structure of liquids and solids;
crystallography); A6150 (Crystalline state); B6140C
(Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)",
corpsource = "Princeton Univ., NJ, USA",
keywords = "calculation methods; cross correlation;
crystallography; hypotheses; molecular model building;
pattern recognition; phase problem; physics; pictorial
pattern recognition; structural; X-ray; X-ray
crystallography",
oldlabel = "Lesk72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lesk72",
}
@Article{Levialdi:1972:SBP,
author = "Stefano Levialdi",
title = "On Shrinking Binary Picture Patterns",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "7--10",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Levialdi72",
abstract = "A parallel processing algorithm for shrinking binary
patterns to obtain single isolated elements, one for
each pattern, is presented. This procedure may be used
for counting patterns on a matrix, and a hardware
implementation of the algorithm using large scale
integrated technology is envisioned. The principal
features of this method are the very small window
employed (two-by-two elements), the parallel nature of
the process, and the possibility of shrinking any
pattern, regardless of the complexity of its
configuration. Problems regarding merging and
disconnection of patterns during the process as well as
the determination of the maximum number of steps
necessary to obtain a single isolated element from a
pattern, are reviewed and discussed. An analogy with a
neural network description, in terms of McCulloch-Pitts
``neurons'' is presented.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)",
corpsource = "CNR, Napoli, Italy",
keywords = "counting binary patterns; counting patterns;
disconnection; isolated element; large scale
integrated; matrix; merging; multiple connected;
multiple connected pictures; neural network; parallel
processing; pattern recognition; pictures; shrinking;
shrinking binary picture patterns; single; small
window; technology",
oldlabel = "Levialdi72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Levialdi72",
}
@Article{Duda:1972:UHT,
author = "Richard O. Duda and Peter E. Hart",
title = "Use of the {Hough} transformation to detect lines and
curves in pictures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "11--15",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/Reverse.eng.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#DudaH72",
abstract = "Hough has proposed an interesting and computationally
efficient procedure for detecting lines in pictures.
This paper points out that the use of angle-radius
rather than slope-intercept parameters simplifies the
computation further. It also shows how the method can
be used for more general curve fitting, and gives
alternative interpretations that explain the source of
its efficiency.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)",
corpsource = "Stanford Res. Inst., Menlo Park, CA, USA",
keywords = "angle radius; colinear points; curve detection;
curves; detecting lines; Hough transformation; line
detection; pattern recognition; picture processing;
pictures; point-line transformation",
oldlabel = "DudaH72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DudaH72",
}
@Article{Irons:1972:CES,
author = "Edgar T. Irons and Frans M. Djorup",
title = "A {CRT} Editing System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "16--20",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#IronsD72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Inst. Defense Analyses, Princeton, NJ, USA",
keywords = "CRT editing system; entry display; manipulation
program; text; text editing; time sharing",
oldlabel = "IronsD72",
treatment = "A Application; E Economic; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/IronsD72",
}
@Article{Dwyer:1972:TSA,
author = "T. A. Dwyer",
title = "Teacher\slash student authored {CAI} using the
{NEWBASIC} system",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "21--28",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Dwyer72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)",
corpsource = "Univ. Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
keywords = "CAI; capability; CATALYST; computer aided instruction;
flexible CAI scan; interactive; NEWBASIC system;
secondary school",
oldlabel = "Dwyer72",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Dwyer72",
}
@Article{Shell:1972:COP,
author = "Donald L. Shell",
title = "Corrigendum: {``Optimizing the Polyphase Sort''}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "28--28",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:37:36 1997",
note = "See \cite{Shell:1971:OPS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{McCalla:1972:MMU,
author = "Gordon I. McCalla and Jeffrey R. Sampson",
title = "{MUSE}: {A} Model To Understand Simple {English}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "29--40",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:25 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#McCallaS72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Alta., Canada",
keywords = "ambiguity; computer model; English sentences;
generalization; information addition to memory;
interpretation; intersection procedure; language
translation and linguistics; MUSE; natural language
processing; network; resolution; semantic memory;
syntactic analysis; text",
oldlabel = "McCallaS72",
treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McCallaS72",
}
@Article{Shrager:1972:QPN,
author = "Richard I. Shrager",
title = "Quadratic Programming for Nonlinear Regression",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "41--45",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Shrager72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques)",
corpsource = "Dept. Health and Education, Bethesda, MD, USA",
keywords = "diagonal method; linear constraints; magnified;
nonlinear regression; quadratic programming",
oldlabel = "Shrager72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shrager72",
}
@Article{Salzer:1972:OFF,
author = "Herbert E. Salzer",
title = "Ordering +-f(+-f(+-f(\ldots{}+-f(x)..))) When f(x) Is
Positive Monotonic",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "45--46",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:11 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Salzer72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4190 (Other numerical methods)",
keywords = "combination; numerical methods; ordering; positive
monotonic; real arguments; signs",
oldlabel = "Salzer72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Salzer72",
xxtitle = "Ordering +or-f(+or-f(+or-f(\ldots{}+or-f(x)\ldots{})))
when f(x) is positive monotonic",
}
@Article{Einarsson:1972:AAC,
author = "Bo Einarsson",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 418}: Calculation of {Fourier}
Integrals [{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "47--48",
month = jan,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:40 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Einarsson72",
note = "See remark
\cite{Einarsson:1972:RAC,Piessens:1974:RAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Res. Inst. Nat. Defense, Tumba, Sweden",
keywords = "calculation; FORTRAN routine; Fourier integrals;
integration; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Einarsson72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Einarsson72",
}
@Article{Macleod:1972:STR,
author = "I. D. G. Macleod",
title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 380}: In-Situ
Transposition of a Rectangular Matrix [{F1}]''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "49--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:43 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Macleod72",
note = "See \cite{Laflin:1970:AAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Macleod72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Macleod72",
}
@Article{Schrack:1972:RAU,
author = "G{\"u}nther F. Schrack",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 391}: Unitary Symmetric
Polynomials [{Z}]''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "1",
pages = "49--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Schrack72",
note = "See \cite{McKay:1970:AAU}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Schrack72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schrack72",
}
@Article{Pager:1972:PCB,
author = "David Pager",
title = "A Proposal for a Computer-Based Interactive Scientific
Community",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "71--75",
month = feb,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Pager72",
abstract = "Because of the problems created by the explosion of
papers in the mathematical sciences and the drawbacks
that this places on research, it is suggested that a
tree of all mathematical results and terminology be
maintained in a multiterminal computer
system.\par
Users of the system can store in the computer an
updated file of their current knowledge, and on
selecting a paper to read, they can obtain from the
computer the minimum subtree of theorems required to
bring them from what they already know to the
background knowledge which the paper assumes. Under
certain conditions, means are also provided for the
contribution of useful comments by the readers of a
work and for interaction between commentators and with
the author. \par
This paper describes how the system can be organized
and the role required of readers, writers, and
commentators.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)",
corpsource = "Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA",
keywords = "commentators; computer utility; data structures;
information retrieval; information retrieval systems;
interactive system; organization of scientific
community; readers; trees; trees (mathematics);
writers",
oldlabel = "Pager72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pager72",
}
@Article{Eastman:1972:PRS,
author = "Charles M. Eastman",
title = "Preliminary report on a system for general space
planning",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "76--87",
month = feb,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:16 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Eastman72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C7400 (Engineering
computing)",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
keywords = "ALGOL; architects; CAD; computer language;
computer-aided design; engineering; extension of ALGOL;
general space planning; heuristic programming;
orthographic drawings; set of programs; urban
designers",
oldlabel = "Eastman72",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Eastman72",
}
@Article{Martin:1972:OBT,
author = "William A. Martin and D. N. Ness",
title = "Optimizing Binary Trees Grown with a Sorting
Algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "88--93",
month = feb,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#MartinN72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; binary trees; data handling; optimisation;
optimization; recursion; retrieving information;
sorting; trees (mathematics)",
oldlabel = "MartinN72",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MartinN72",
}
@Article{Oldehoeft:1972:MCP,
author = "Arthur E. Oldehoeft and Maurice H. Halstead",
title = "Maximum computing power and cost factors in the
centralization problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "94--96",
month = feb,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#OldehoeftH72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management)",
corpsource = "Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, USA",
keywords = "centralisation; computer management; cost factors;
decentralisation; economics; economies of scale;
installations; large single machine installations;
management; maximum computing power; multimachine",
oldlabel = "OldehoeftH72",
treatment = "E Economic",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/OldehoeftH72",
}
@Article{Jenkins:1972:AAZ,
author = "Michael A. Jenkins and J. F. Traub",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 419}: Zeros of a Complex Polynomial
[{C2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "97--99",
month = feb,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#JenkinsT72",
note = "See remark \cite{Withers:1974:RAZ}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4150 (Nonlinear and functional equations); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Queen's Univ., Kingston, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "complex polynomial; FORTRAN; poles and zeros;
polynomials; roots; subroutine; subroutines; zeros",
oldlabel = "JenkinsT72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/JenkinsT72",
}
@Article{Williamson:1972:AAH,
author = "Hugh Williamson",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 420}: Hidden-Line Plotting Program
[{J6}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "100--103",
month = feb,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:14 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1972.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Williamson72",
note = "See remarks
\cite{Macleod:1973:RAH,Williamson:1973:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHa,Gaither:1974:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHb}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Tracor Computing Corp., Austin, TX, USA",
descriptors = "Fortran; graphics; iterative method; application;
method; human factors; diagram manipulation; hidden
line algorithm;",
keywords = "computer graphics; data handling; FORTRAN; hidden line
plotting; subroutine; subroutines; surface plot",
oldlabel = "Williamson72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williamson72",
}
@Article{Moorer:1972:MCC,
author = "James Anderson Moorer",
title = "Music and Computer Composition",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "104--113",
month = feb,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:49 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Moorer72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C7820 (Humanities
computing)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; composition; computer music;
harmony; heuristic; humanities; models of cognitive
processes; music theory; program; programming",
oldlabel = "Moorer72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moorer72",
}
@Article{Flores:1972:CAB,
author = "Ivan Flores and George Madpis",
title = "Corrigendum: {``Average Binary Search Length for Dense
Ordered Lists''}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "113--113",
month = feb,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:37:46 1997",
note = "See \cite{Flores:1971:ABS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Gordon:1972:CRP,
author = "Richard Gordon and Gabor T. Herman",
title = "Corrigendum: {``Reconstruction of Pictures from Their
Projections''}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "113--113",
month = feb,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:38:30 1997",
note = "See \cite{Gordon:1971:RPT}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Denning:1972:PAS,
author = "Peter J. Denning and Brian Randell",
title = "Papers from the 3rd {ACM} symposium on operating
systems principles",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "3",
pages = "133--134",
month = mar,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:44:30 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems
principles",
keywords = "access; computer; operating systems; operating systems
(computers); parallel processing supervisory;
partitioning; storage; time sharing systems",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery",
treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Bobrow:1972:TPT,
author = "Daniel G. Bobrow and Jerry D. Burchfiel and Daniel L.
Murphy and Raymond S. Tomlinson",
title = "{TENEX}, {A} Paged Time-Sharing System for the
{PDP-10}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "3",
pages = "135--143",
month = mar,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:04 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BobrowBMT72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Includes description of file system aspects and
protection.",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems
principles",
corpsource = "Computer Sci. Div., Cambridge, UK",
keywords = "minicomputers; paged time sharing system; PDP 10;
TENEX; time-sharing programs",
oldlabel = "BobrowBMT72",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BobrowBMT72",
}
@Article{Liskov:1972:DVO,
author = "Barbara H. Liskov",
title = "The Design of the {Venus} Operating System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "3",
pages = "144--149",
month = mar,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:22 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/os.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Liskov72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems
principles",
corpsource = "MITRE Corporation. Bedford, MA, USA",
keywords = "architecture; computer architecture; operating systems
(computers); small computer; software; Venus operating
system",
oldlabel = "Liskov72",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Liskov72",
}
@Article{Gaines:1972:OSB,
author = "R. Stockton Gaines",
title = "An Operating System Based on the Concept of a
Supervisory Computer",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "3",
pages = "150--156",
month = mar,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gaines72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems
principles",
corpsource = "Inst. Defense Analyses, von Neumann Hall, Princeton,
NJ, USA",
keywords = "independent; operating system; operating systems
(computers); processes; supervisory computer",
oldlabel = "Gaines72",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery",
treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gaines72",
}
@Article{Schroeder:1972:HAI,
author = "Michael D. Schroeder and Jerome H. Saltzer",
title = "A Hardware Architecture for Implementing Protection
Rings",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "3",
pages = "157--170",
month = mar,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#SchroederS72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture)",
conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems
principles",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "access control; access privileges; architecture;
computer architecture; digital storage; Multics;
protection rings; system",
oldlabel = "SchroederS72",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SchroederS72",
}
@Article{Habermann:1972:SCP,
author = "A. Nico Habermann",
title = "Synchronization of Communicating Processes",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "3",
pages = "171--176",
month = mar,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Nierstrasz.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Habermann72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems
principles",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburg, PA, USA",
keywords = "buffer store; communication; concurrency; operating
systems (computers); parallel processes; parallel
processing; synchronisation; synchronization",
oldlabel = "Habermann72",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Habermann72",
}
@Article{Teorey:1972:CAD,
author = "Toby J. Teorey and Tad B. Pinkerton",
title = "A Comparative Analysis of Disk Scheduling Policies",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "3",
pages = "177--184",
month = mar,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:26:01 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/is.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#TeoreyP72",
URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/TeoreyP72.html",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Analysis, design of hardware. Minimizing seeks and
latencies.",
cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM15/P177.pdf",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems
principles",
corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA",
keywords = "criteria; disk scheduling policies; magnetic storage
systems; multiprogramming; performance; seek time;
waiting time",
oldlabel = "TeoreyP72",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/TeoreyP72",
}
@Article{Coffman:1972:SSP,
author = "Edward G. {Coffman, Jr.} and T. A. {Ryan, Jr.}",
title = "A study of storage partitioning using a mathematical
model of locality",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "3",
pages = "185--190",
month = mar,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/cache.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#CoffmanR72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1220 (Simulation, modelling and identification);
C6150J (Operating systems)",
conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems
principles",
corpsource = "Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA",
keywords = "dynamic; fixed; mathematical model of locality;
modelling; multiprogramming; storage allocation;
storage partitioning",
oldlabel = "CoffmanR72",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CoffmanR72",
xxauthor = "Edward G. {Coffman, Jr.} and T. A. Ryan",
xxauthor = "E. G. {Coffman, Jr.} and T. A. {Ryan, Jr.}",
}
@Article{Denning:1972:PWS,
author = "Peter J. Denning and Stuart C. Schwartz",
title = "Properties of the Working Set Model",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "3",
pages = "191--198",
month = mar,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05",
MRnumber = "47 6119",
MRreviewer = "A. D. Booth",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:35:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#DenningS72",
note = "See corrigendum \cite{Denning:1973:CWM}.",
abstract = "A program's working set $W(t,T)$ at time $t$ is the
set of distinct pages among the T most recently
referenced pages. Relations between the average
working-set size, the missing-page rate, and the
interreference-interval distribution may be derived
both from time-average definitions and from
ensemble-average (statistical) definitions. An
efficient algorithm for estimating these quantities is
given. The relation to LRU (least recently used) paging
is characterized. The independent-reference model, in
which page references are statistically independent, is
used to assess the effects to interpage dependencies on
working-set size observations. Under general
assumptions, working-set size is shown to be normally
distributed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971",
conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems
principles",
corpsource = "Princeton Univ., NJ, USA",
keywords = "model; modelling; paging; paging algorithms; program
behavior; program modeling; programming theory;
supervisory programs; working set; working-set model",
oldlabel = "DenningS72",
sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DenningS72",
}
@Article{Conway:1972:ISM,
author = "Richard W. Conway and William L. Maxwell and Howard L.
Morgan",
title = "On the Implementation of Security Measures in
Information Systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "211--220",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ConwayMM72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "access control confidentiality; access management;
data banks; information systems; management; model;
modelling; operating systems; privacy; security;
security of data",
oldlabel = "ConwayMM72",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ConwayMM72",
}
@Article{Walden:1972:SIC,
author = "David C. Walden",
title = "A system for interprocess communication in a resource
sharing computer network",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "221--230",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1972.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/network.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Walden72",
note = "Reproduced in ``Advances in Computer Communications'',
W. W. Chu, (Ed.), (1974), 340--349.",
abstract = "A system of communication between processes in a
time-sharing system is described and the communication
system is extended so that it may be used between
processes distributed throughout a computer network.
\par
The hypothetical application of the system to an
existing network is discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "A system of communication between processes in a
time-sharing system is described and the communication
is extended so that it may be used between processes
distributed throughout a computer network. The
hypothetical application of the system to an existing
network is discussed.",
classcodes = "C5490 (Other aspects of analogue and digital
computers); C5620 (Computer networks and techniques)",
corpsource = "Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "Resource management; computer network; time sharing;
interprocess communication;",
enum = "3213",
keywords = "computer networks; digital communication systems;
hypothetical application; interprocess communication;
resource sharing; time sharing; time-sharing;
time-sharing systems",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "Walden72",
references = "10",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Walden72",
}
@Article{Herbst:1972:ELP,
author = "N. M. Herbst and P. M. Will",
title = "An experimental laboratory for pattern recognition and
signal processing",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "231--244",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HerbstW72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5490 (Other aspects of analogue and digital
computers)",
corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
NY, USA",
keywords = "analogue input and output facilities; computer;
design; display systems; image; interactive terminal;
pattern recognition; process control digital;
processing; programming support; pseudorandom displays;
scanner control; scanners; signal processing; system;
TV camera",
oldlabel = "HerbstW72",
treatment = "A Application; X Experimental",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HerbstW72",
}
@Article{Matsushita:1972:HLE,
author = "Yutaka Matsushita",
title = "Hidden Lines Elimination for a Rotating Object",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "245--252",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A10",
MRnumber = "47 7945",
MRreviewer = "Rani Siromoney",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Matsushita72",
abstract = "A method is presented of determining which parts of
three-dimensional objects are visible and which are
invisible when the objects are rotated about some axis.
This paper describes a polygon comparison scheme in
which the relationships of two polygons can be
classified into tree types, and also discusses how the
relationship is changed for each pair of polygons under
rotation about some axis. A rotation table is defined
for each pair of polygons, which remains fixed as long
as rotation is about one axis and provides a means of
rapidly determining the visible and hidden line
relationship between two polygons. \par
Additional work must be done to extend this approach to
simultaneous rotation about several axes.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
keywords = "computer drawn picture; computer graphics; data
handling; display programming; displays; graphics;
hidden line; hidden line problem; polygon comparison
scheme; problem; rotating object",
oldlabel = "Matsushita72",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Matsushita72",
}
@Article{Chase:1972:IGA,
author = "Stephen M. Chase",
title = "An implemented graph algorithm for winning {Shannon
Switching Games}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "253--256",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Chase72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence)",
corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
NY, USA",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; computer; game playing; graph
algorithm; programme; Shannon Switching Games; winning
strategy",
oldlabel = "Chase72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Chase72",
}
@Article{Horowitz:1972:CSP,
author = "Ellis Horowitz and Howard L. Morgan and Alan C. Shaw",
title = "Computers and Society: {A} Proposed Course for
Computer Scientists",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "257--261",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HorowitzMS72",
abstract = "The purpose of this paper is to describe a course
concerned with both the effects of computers on society
and the responsibilities of computer scientists to
society. The impact of computers is divided into five
components: political, economic, cultural, social, and
moral; the main part of the paper defines each
component and presents examples of the relevant issues.
In the remaining portions the possible formats for such
a course are discussed, a topic by topic outline is
given, and a selected set of references is listed. It
is hoped that the proposal will make it easier to
initiate courses on this subject.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "computer scientists; computers and society; course;
course proposal; cultural; economic; economic and
sociological effects; education; moral; political;
social; social implications",
oldlabel = "HorowitzMS72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HorowitzMS72",
}
@Article{Kuki:1972:CGF,
author = "Hirondo Kuki",
title = "Complex Gamma Function with Error Control [{S14}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "262--267",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D20",
MRnumber = "47 1249",
MRreviewer = "L. Fox",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kuki72a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; complex; complex gamma function; complex
loggamma; error control; FORTRAN; function; function
approximation; loggamma function; programme;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Kuki72a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kuki72a",
}
@Article{Moler:1972:MCF,
author = "Cleve B. Moler",
title = "Matrix Computations with {Fortran} and Paging",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "268--270",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:06 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Moler72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C6140D (High level
languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
keywords = "FORTRAN; Fortran; linear equations; matrix algebra;
matrix computations; memory hierarchy; nested loops;
nla; paged memory; virtual memory",
oldlabel = "Moler72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moler72",
}
@Article{Kuki:1972:AAC,
author = "Hirondo Kuki",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 421}: Complex Gamma Function with Error
Control [{S14}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "271--272",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D20",
MRnumber = "47 1249",
MRreviewer = "L. Fox",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kuki72a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; complex; complex gamma function; complex
loggamma; error control; FORTRAN; function; function
approximation; loggamma function; programme;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Kuki72a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kuki72a",
}
@Article{Whitney:1972:AAM,
author = "V. Kevin M. Whitney",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 422}: Minimal Spanning Tree [{H}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "273--274",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:29:29 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Whitney72",
note = "See remark \cite{Kernighan:1973:RAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; FORTRAN; maximal spanning tree; minimal
spanning tree; spanning tree; subroutines; trees
(mathematics); undirected graph",
oldlabel = "Whitney72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Whitney72",
}
@Article{Moler:1972:AAL,
author = "Cleve B. Moler",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 423}: Linear Equation Solver [{F4}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "274--274",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Moler72a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)",
corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
keywords = "array processing; Fortran; linear algebra; linear
equation solver; memory; paged memory; subroutines;
virtual",
oldlabel = "Moler72a",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moler72a",
}
@Article{Walden:1972:NCN,
author = "David C. Walden",
title = "A Note on {Cheney}'s Nonrecursive List-Compacting
Algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "275--275",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:50 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Walden72a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "A/S Norsk Data-Elektronikk, Oslo, Norway",
keywords = "algorithm; garbage collection; list compacting; list
processing; nonrecursive; storage management",
oldlabel = "Walden72a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Walden72a",
}
@Article{Hu:1972:CDC,
author = "T. C. Hu",
key = "file searching, double-chained tree, binary search
tree",
title = "A Comment on the Double-Chained Tree",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "4",
pages = "276--276",
month = apr,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:14 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Hu72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA",
keywords = "binary search tree; double chained tree; file
organisation; file searching; trees (mathematics)",
oldlabel = "Hu72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hu72",
}
@Article{Mullin:1972:IIS,
author = "James K. Mullin",
title = "An Improved Indexed-Sequential Access Method Using
Hashed Overflow",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "301--307",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/hash.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Mullin72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Univ. Western Ontario, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "cylinder; file management systems; file organisation;
hashed overflow; improved index sequential access
method; long overflow chains; movable head disc
devices; overflow records; record keys; scatter; space
allocation; storage; storage allocation; storage
management; treating",
oldlabel = "Mullin72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Mullin72",
xxtitle = "An Improved Index Sequential Access Method Using
Hashed Overflow",
}
@Article{Bensoussan:1972:MVM,
author = "A. Bensoussan and C. T. Clingen and Robert C. Daley",
title = "The {Multics} Virtual Memory: Concepts and Design",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "308--318",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:53 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BensoussanCD72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Honeywell Information Systems Inc., Cambridge, MA,
USA",
keywords = "concepts; design; hierarchy; information sharing;
memory; memory management; Multics virtual memory;
online operating systems; Operating segments paging
sharing management CACM; operating systems (computers);
paging; segmentation",
oldlabel = "BensoussanCD72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BensoussanCD72",
}
@Article{Christman:1972:MSA,
author = "Ronald D. Christman",
title = "{MUX}, a Simple Approach to On-Line Computing",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "319--329",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:31:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Christman72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Alamos, NM, USA",
keywords = "batch system; CDC 6600 computer; cost; design
criteria; economics; implementation; input; modify
files; multi-access systems; multiplexer; MUX; online
computing; online operation; operating; overhead;
systems (computers); user reactions",
oldlabel = "Christman72",
treatment = "E Economic; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Christman72",
}
@Article{Parnas:1972:TSM,
author = "David Lorge Parnas",
title = "A technique for software module specification with
examples",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "330--336",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/obscure.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Parnas72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
keywords = "programming; software design; software module
specification; technique",
oldlabel = "Parnas72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Parnas72",
}
@Article{Gentleman:1972:ICCa,
author = "W. Morven Gentleman",
title = "Implementing {Clenshaw--Curtis} quadrature. {I}.
Methodology and experience",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "337--342",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D30",
MRnumber = "48 5343",
MRreviewer = "D. F. Mayers",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Comp.Alg.1.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gentleman72",
abstract = "Clenshaw--Curtis quadrature is a particularly
important automatic quadrature scheme for a variety of
reasons, especially the high accuracy obtained from
relatively few integrand values. However, it has
received little use because it requires the computation
of a cosine transformation and the arithmetic cost of
this has been prohibitive. This paper is in two parts;
a companion paper, ``II Computing the Cosine
Transformation,'' shows that this objection can be
overcome by computing the cosine transformation by a
modification of the fast Fourier transform algorithm.
\par
This first part discusses the strategy and various
error estimates, and summarizes experience with a
particular implementation of the scheme.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4110 (Error analysis in numerical methods); C4160
(Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "automatic quadrature; Chebyshev series; Clenshaw
Curtis; Clenshaw--Curtis quadrature; error analysis;
error estimates; experience; implementation;
integration; numerical integration; numerical methods;
strategy",
oldlabel = "Gentleman72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gentleman72",
}
@Article{Gentleman:1972:ICCb,
author = "W. Morven Gentleman",
title = "Implementing {Clenshaw--Curtis} quadrature. {II}.
Computing the cosine transformation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "343--346",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D30",
MRnumber = "48 5344",
MRreviewer = "D. F. Mayers",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gentleman72a",
abstract = "In a companion paper to this, ``I Methodology and
Experiences,'' the automatic Clenshaw--Curtis
quadrature scheme was described and how each quadrature
formula used in the scheme requires a cosine
transformation of the integrand values was shown. The
high cost of these cosine transformations has been a
serious drawback in using Clenshaw--Curtis quadrature.
\par
Two other problems related to the cosine transformation
have also been trouble some. First, the conventional
computation of the cosine transformation by recurrence
relation is numerically unstable, particularly at the
low frequencies which have the largest effect upon the
integral. Second, in case the automatic scheme should
require refinement of the sampling, storage is required
to save the integrand values after the cosine
transformation is computed. This second part of the
paper shows how the cosine transformation can be
computed by a modification of the fast Fourier
transform and all three problems overcome. The
modification is also applicable in other circumstances
requiring cosine or sine transformations, such as
polynomial interpolation through the Chebyshev
points.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "Chebyshev series; Clenshaw Curtis quadrature;
Clenshaw--Curtis quadrature; cosine; cosine
transformation; fast Fourier transformation; fast
Fourier transforms; FFT; implementation; integration;
numerical methods; polynomial interpolation;
transformation",
oldlabel = "Gentleman72a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gentleman72a",
}
@Article{Greenspan:1972:FFD,
author = "D. Greenspan and D. Schultz",
title = "Fast finite-difference solution of biharmonic
problems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "347--350",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65N05",
MRnumber = "47 2829",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:46:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#GreenspanS72",
abstract = "Setting the Reynolds number equal to zero, in a method
for solving the Navier-Strokes equations numerically,
results in a fast numerical method for biharmonic
problems. The equation is treated as a system of two
second order equations and a simple smoothing process
is essential for convergence. An application is made to
a crack-type problem.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)",
corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA",
keywords = "biharmonic equation; biharmonic problems; boundary
value problem; boundary-value problems; convergence;
convergence of numerical methods; crack type problem;
difference equations; fast finite difference solution;
Navier Stokes equations; numerical analysis; partial
differential equations; process; smoothing; two second
order equations",
oldlabel = "GreenspanS72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GreenspanS72",
}
@Article{Dunham:1972:MNA,
author = "Charles B. Dunham",
title = "Minimax nonlinear approximation by approximation on
subsets",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "351--351",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Dunham72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
corpsource = "Univ. Western Ontario, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "function approximation; minimax nonlinear
approximation; optimisation; subsets",
oldlabel = "Dunham72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Dunham72",
}
@Article{Harter:1972:OWF,
author = "Richard Harter",
title = "The Optimality of {Winograd}'s Formula",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "352--352",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "352.65F05",
MRnumber = "47 2801",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Harter72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)",
keywords = "inner product; linear algebra; numerical analysis;
optimality; vectors; Winograd's formula",
oldlabel = "Harter72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Harter72",
}
@Article{Gentleman:1972:AAC,
author = "W. Morven Gentleman",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 424}: {Clenshaw--Curtis} Quadrature
[{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "353--355",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gentleman72b",
note = "See remark \cite{Good:1973:RAC,Geddes:1979:RCC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "Chebyshev series; Clenshaw Curtis quadrature; cosine
transform; FFT; FORTRAN subroutine; integration;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Gentleman72b",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gentleman72b",
}
@Article{Hurst:1972:AAG,
author = "Rex L. Hurst and Robert E. Knop",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 425}: Generation of Random Correlated
Normal Variables [{G5}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "355--357",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:29 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HurstK72",
note = "See remark \cite{Page:1974:GRC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Utah State Univ., Logan, UT, USA",
keywords = "algorithms; FORTRAN subroutine; generation;
multivariate normal density; random correlated normal
variables; statistics; subroutines; timing",
oldlabel = "HurstK72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HurstK72",
}
@Article{Bron:1972:AAM,
author = "Coenraad Bron",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 426}: Merge Sort Algorithm [{M1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "357--358",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Bron72",
note = "See remark \cite{Bron:1974:RAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Technol. Univ., Eindhoven, Netherlands",
keywords = "ALGOL 60 procedure; merge sort algorithm; merging;
recursion; sorting; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Bron72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bron72",
}
@Article{Linz:1972:AAF,
author = "Peter Linz",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 427}: {Fourier} Cosine Integral
[{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "358--360",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Linz72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Davis, CA, USA",
keywords = "FORTRAN procedure; Fourier cosine integral;
integration; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Linz72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Linz72",
}
@Article{Yohe:1972:AAH,
author = "J. M. Yohe",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 428}: {Hu-Tucker} Minimum Redundancy
Alphabetic Coding Method [{Z}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "360--362",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Yohe72",
note = "See remark \cite{Byrne:1973:RAH}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6120B (Codes); C1260 (Information theory)",
corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA",
keywords = "codes; encoding; FORTRAN subroutine; Hu Tucker minimum
redundancy alphabetic binary coding; method;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Yohe72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Yohe72",
}
@Article{Ashenhurst:1972:RAC,
author = "Robert L. Ashenhurst",
title = "A report of the {ACM} curriculum committee on computer
education for management. Curriculum recommendations
for graduate professional programs in information
systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "5",
pages = "363--398",
month = may,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ashenhurst72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
keywords = "course descriptions; curriculum recommendations;
education; implementation; information systems; systems
analysis",
oldlabel = "Ashenhurst72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ashenhurst72",
xxtitle = "Curriculum Recommendations for Graduate Professional
Programs in Information Systems",
}
@Article{Blatny:1972:OPT,
author = "J. Blatny and S. R. Clark and T. A. Rourke",
title = "On the optimization of performance of time-sharing
systems by simulation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "411--420",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BlatnyCR72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
corpsource = "Univ. Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man., Canada",
keywords = "computation theory; finite; infinite auxiliary store;
job scheduling algorithm; noncontiguous store; number
of jobs allowed to execute simultaneously;
optimisation; optimization of performance; optimum
round robin cycle time selection; programs; sharing
systems; simulation; slice techniques; store size;
time; time-sharing; variable time",
oldlabel = "BlatnyCR72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BlatnyCR72",
}
@Article{Spacek:1972:PEP,
author = "Thomas R. Spacek",
title = "A proposal to establish a pseudo virtual memory via
writable overlays",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "421--426",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:31 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Spacek72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "CIA, Washington, DC, USA",
keywords = "collector; display; establishment; executable storage
size problems; folding; graphic; linkage editor;
loader; overlay structure; paging; pseudovirtual
memory; segmentation; storage allocation; writable
overlays",
oldlabel = "Spacek72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Spacek72",
}
@Article{Gilbert:1972:IBC,
author = "Philip Gilbert and W. J. Chandler",
title = "Interference between Communicating Parallel
Processes",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "427--437",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:16 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#GilbertC72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
corpsource = "Univ. Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
keywords = "computation theory; concurrent programming control;
cooperating processes; formal programs; inclusion;
interference between communicating parallel processes;
mutual exclusion; operating systems; parallel
processing; problem; sequences of states; transition
rule",
oldlabel = "GilbertC72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GilbertC72",
}
@Article{Gimpel:1972:BND,
author = "James F. Gimpel",
title = "Blocks --- {A} New Data type for {SNOBOL4}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "438--447",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:25 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gimpel72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6140D (High level
languages)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
keywords = "blocks; character; composing printable output;
datatype; dimensional aggregate of characters;
manipulation; overstriking; problem oriented languages;
right parallelepiped; SNOBOL 4; string processing; text
editing; text processing; three",
oldlabel = "Gimpel72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gimpel72",
}
@Article{Martin:1972:BMM,
author = "David F. Martin",
title = "A {Boolean} matrix method for the computation of
linear precedence functions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "448--454",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A30",
MRnumber = "54 9175",
MRreviewer = "Daniel J. Rosenkrantz",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:57 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Martin72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
keywords = "analysis; Boolean functions; boolean matrix method;
conflict free matrix; context; context-free grammars;
free parsing; linear precedence functions; matrix
algebra; precedence grammars; syntax",
oldlabel = "Martin72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Martin72",
}
@Article{OReagan:1972:CAC,
author = "Robert T. O'Reagan",
title = "Computer Assigned Codes from Verbal Responses",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "455--459",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:18 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#OReagan72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "US Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC, USA",
keywords = "codes; computer coding; concept; data handling;
historical response patterns; reference list;
translation; verbal responses; word coding; word
strings",
oldlabel = "OReagan72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/OReagan72",
}
@Article{Iguchi:1972:SMS,
author = "Ken Iguchi",
title = "A starting method for solving nonlinear {Volterra}
integral equations of the second kind",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "460--461",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Iguchi72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation)",
corpsource = "Nagoya Univ., Japan",
keywords = "algorithm; fourth order method; integral equations;
nonlinear Volterra integral equations; numerical
methods; starting method",
oldlabel = "Iguchi72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Iguchi72",
}
@Article{Pohl:1972:SPC,
author = "Ira Pohl",
title = "A Sorting Problem and Its Complexity",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "462--464",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Pohl72",
abstract = "A technique for proving min-max norms of sorting
algorithms is given. One new algorithm for finding the
minimum and maximum elements of a set with fewest
comparisons is proved optimal with this technique.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA",
keywords = "complexity; computational; computational
combinatorics; computational combinatories;
computational complexity; minimax norms; minimum and
maximum elements; sorting",
oldlabel = "Pohl72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pohl72",
}
@Article{Kolbig:1972:CAC,
author = "K. S. K{\"o}lbig",
title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 363}: {Complex} error
function''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "465--466",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kolbig72",
note = "See \cite{Gautschi:1969:AAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "CERN, Geneva, Switzerland",
keywords = "complex error function; function evaluation; special
functions; subroutines; Voigt function",
oldlabel = "Kolbig72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kolbig72",
}
@Article{Niessner:1972:RAE,
author = "Herbert Niessner",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 343}: Eigenvalues and
eigenvectors of a real general matrix''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "466--466",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Niessner72",
note = "See \cite{Grad:1968:AAE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "Brown, Boveri and Co., Baden, Switzerland",
keywords = "eigenvalues; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions;
eigenvectors; FORTRAN; general; matrices; matrix
algebra; nonsymmetric matrices; QR algorithm;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Niessner72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Niessner72",
}
@Article{Proll:1972:RAA,
author = "L. G. Proll",
title = "Remark on ``{ACM Algorithm 370}: {General} random
number generator [{G5}]''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "467--468",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:04 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1972.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Proll72",
note = "See \cite{Butler:1970:AAG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Southampton, UK",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "RVG;",
enum = "7783",
keywords = "cumulative distribution function; probability density
function; random number generation; random number
generator; subroutines; transformation",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "Proll72",
references = "0",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Proll72",
}
@Article{Schrack:1972:RAR,
author = "G{\"u}nther F. Schrack",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 381}: Random vectors uniform in
solid angle''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "468--468",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Schrack72a",
note = "See \cite{Knop:1970:AAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada",
keywords = "points uniform on; random number generation; random
vector generator; solid angle; sphere; spherically
symmetric probability distribution; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Schrack72a",
treatment = "A Application",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schrack72a",
}
@Article{Sale:1972:RAS,
author = "Arthur H. J. Sale",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 393}: Special series summation
with arbitrary precision''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "468--469",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sale72",
note = "See \cite{Abdali:1970:AAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Sydney, NSW, Australia",
keywords = "approximation; function evaluation; harmonic series;
series summation; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Sale72",
treatment = "A Application",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sale72",
}
@Article{Einarsson:1972:RAC,
author = "Bo Einarsson",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 418}: Calculation of {Fourier}
integrals''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "469--469",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Einarsson72a",
note = "See \cite{Einarsson:1972:AAC,Piessens:1974:RAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Res. Inst. Nat. Defense, Tumba, Sweden",
keywords = "approximation; coefficients; Filon integration; Filon
quadrature; Fourier; Fourier integrals; Fourier series;
integration; numerical methods; quadrature; Richardson
extrapolation; spline; splines (mathematics);
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Einarsson72a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Einarsson72a",
}
@Article{Johnson:1972:RAI,
author = "Stephen C. Johnson and Brian W. Kernighan",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 397}: An integer programming
problem''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "469--469",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#JohnsonK72",
note = "See \cite{Chang:1970:AAI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
keywords = "acm; cacm; change making problem; integer programming;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "JohnsonK72",
treatment = "A Application",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/JohnsonK72",
}
@Article{Kandel:1972:CSV,
author = "Abraham Kandel",
title = "Computer Science --- {A} Vicious Circle",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "470--471",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:53:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kandel72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "New Mexico Inst. Mining and Technol., Socorro, NM,
USA",
keywords = "computer engineering; computer personnel; computer
science curriculum; education; personnel; systems
design",
oldlabel = "Kandel72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kandel72",
}
@Article{Koffman:1972:IIG,
author = "Elliot B. Koffman",
title = "Individualizing instruction in a generative {CAI}
tutor",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "472--473",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Koffman72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C7810C
(Computer-aided instruction)",
corpsource = "Univ. Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA",
keywords = "adaptive instruction; and sequential design;
combinational; computer aided instruction; computer
assisted instructions; education; generative CAI tutor;
machine language programming",
oldlabel = "Koffman72",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Koffman72",
}
@Article{Houstis:1972:AAP,
author = "E. N. Houstis and W. F. Mitchell and J. R. Rice",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 438}: Product Type Two-point
{Gauss--Legendre--Simpson}'s Integration",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "6",
pages = "1071",
month = jun,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:34:02 1994",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Revens:1972:FTF,
author = "Lee Revens",
title = "The first twenty-five years: {ACM} 1947--1962",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "485--490",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68-03",
MRnumber = "52 16081",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Revens72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Revens72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Revens72",
xxtitle = "The First Twenty-Five Years",
xxtitle = "The first twenty-five years {ACM} 1947--1962",
}
@Article{Weiss:1972:PCI,
author = "Eric A. Weiss",
title = "Publications in Computing: An Informal Review",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "491--497",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68-03",
MRnumber = "52 16083",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:29:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Weiss72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
keywords = "digital computers; publications in computing; review",
oldlabel = "Weiss72",
treatment = "B Bibliography",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Weiss72",
}
@Article{Ralston:1972:NTY,
author = "Anthony Ralston",
title = "The Next Two Years ({ACM President}'s Letter)",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "499--500",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ralston72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Ralston72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ralston72",
}
@Article{Ershov:1972:AHF,
author = "Andrei P. Ershov",
title = "Aesthetics and the Human Factor in Programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "501--505",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:08 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ershov72",
note = "See corrigendum \cite{Ershov:1972:CAH}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Novosibirsk Univ., USSR",
keywords = "aesthetics; human factor; human factors; programming",
oldlabel = "Ershov72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ershov72",
}
@Article{Probst:1972:ISI,
author = "G. G. Probst and Robert S. Oelman and Sam Wyly and C.
Lester Hogan and F. T. Cary and Gordon Bell and Donald
P. Kircher",
title = "As the Industry Sees It",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "506--517",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ProbstOWHCBK72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
keywords = "digital computers; future of computers; industry",
oldlabel = "ProbstOWHCBK72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ProbstOWHCBK72",
}
@Article{Arbib:1972:TAT,
author = "Michael A. Arbib",
title = "Toward an Automata Theory of Brains",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "521--527",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A25 (92A05)",
MRnumber = "53 7131",
MRreviewer = "Jill Humphries",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Arbib72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4220 (Automata theory)",
corpsource = "Univ. Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA",
keywords = "automata theory; brain models; brains",
oldlabel = "Arbib72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Arbib72",
}
@Article{Manna:1972:FPA,
author = "Zohar Manna and Jean Vuillemin",
title = "Fix Point Approach to the Theory of Computation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "528--536",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05",
MRnumber = "55 13859",
MRreviewer = "Andrea Maggiolo-Schettini",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:29 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/semantics.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#MannaV72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery.",
abstract = "Following the fix point theory of Scott, the semantics
of computer programs are defined in terms of the least
fix points of recursive programs. This allows not only
the justification of all existing verification
techniques, but also their extension to the handling,
in a uniform manner of various properties of computer
programs, including correctness, termination, and
equivalence.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "computation; computational induction; computational
linguistics; correctness; equivalence; fixpoints;
least; least fix points; program diagnostics;
programming; recursive programs; semantics of computer
programs; semantics of programming languages;
termination; theory; verification techniques",
oldlabel = "MannaV72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MannaV72",
xxtitle = "Fixpoint Approach to the Theory of Computation",
}
@Article{Traub:1972:NMC,
author = "J. F. Traub",
title = "Numerical Mathematics and Computer Science",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "537--541",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65-03",
MRnumber = "54 4031",
MRreviewer = "R. H. Bartels",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:26:31 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Traub72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4100 (Numerical analysis)",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
keywords = "algorithms; computer science; foundations; numerical
mathematics; numerical methods; reviews; synthesis and
analysis",
oldlabel = "Traub72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Traub72",
}
@Article{Shanno:1972:MSV,
author = "David F. Shanno and Roman L. Weil",
title = "Management science: a view from nonlinear
programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "542--549",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "90C10 (90C30)",
MRnumber = "55 9970",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ShannoW72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques)",
corpsource = "Univ. Toronto, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "integer; management science; mathematical programming;
nonlinear programming; reviews",
oldlabel = "ShannoW72",
treatment = "B Bibliography; G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ShannoW72",
}
@Article{Moses:1972:TGT,
author = "Joel Moses",
title = "Toward a General Theory of Special Functions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "550--554",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "34-02 12H05",
MRnumber = "53 3384",
MRreviewer = "K. Okugawa",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Moses72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1100 (Mathematical techniques)",
keywords = "general theory; mathematics; special functions",
oldlabel = "Moses72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moses72",
}
@Article{Foster:1972:VCA,
author = "Caxton C. Foster",
title = "A View of Computer Architecture",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "557--565",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:14 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Foster72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture)",
corpsource = "Univ. Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA",
keywords = "computer architecture; microcomputers; predict;
reviews",
oldlabel = "Foster72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Foster72",
}
@Article{Fraser:1972:IBC,
author = "A. G. Fraser",
title = "On the interface between computers and data
communications systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "566--573",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/network.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Fraser72",
abstract = "Reproduced in Advances in Computer Commun., Chu,W.W
(Ed.), (1974), 246-253.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5610 (Computer interfaces)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
keywords = "computer interfaces; computers; data communication
systems; data communications; interface; specifying",
oldlabel = "Fraser72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fraser72",
}
@Article{BrinchHansen:1972:SM,
author = "Per {Brinch Hansen}",
title = "Structured Multiprogramming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "574--578",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Nierstrasz.bib
and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Os/os.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Hansen72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "This paper presents a proposal for structured
representation of multiprogramming in a high level
language. Shared variables are introduced, and their
role in `critical regions (denoted by the structured
statement region var do Statement)' is discussed. A
synchronization primitive `await Boolean' delays a
process until the components of a shared variable
satisfy the boolean expression. For explicit control of
the scheduling of resources, an event queue is
associated with a shared variable, and two procedures
await (event) (leave a critical region associated with
the shared variable and join the event queue) and cause
(event) (enable all processes in the event queue to
reenter their critical regions) are provided, which can
control process scheduling to any degree desired.",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA",
keywords = "concurrency; critical regions; event variables; high
level; language; multiprogramming; operating systems;
structured multiprogramming",
oldlabel = "Hansen72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hansen72",
}
@Article{Lynch:1972:OSP,
author = "William C. Lynch",
title = "Operating System Performance",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "579--585",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Lynch72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Case Western Res. Univ., Cleveland, OH, USA",
keywords = "computer; model; operating system performance;
operating systems (computers); reviews; systems; total
system",
oldlabel = "Lynch72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lynch72",
}
@Article{Kimbleton:1972:RCS,
author = "Stephen R. Kimbleton",
title = "The role of computer system models in performance
evaluation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "586--590",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kimbleton72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management); C1220 (Simulation, modelling
and identification); C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "UNIV. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
keywords = "computer selection and evaluation; computer system
models; evaluation; modelling; operating; operating
systems; performance; systems (computers)",
oldlabel = "Kimbleton72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kimbleton72",
}
@Article{Rosen:1972:PSL,
author = "Saul Rosen",
title = "Programming Systems and Languages (1965--1975)",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "591--600",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:00 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Rosen72",
abstract = "In spite of impressive gains by PL/I, Fortran and
Cobol remain the languages in which most of the world's
production programs are written and will remain so into
the foreseeable future. There is a great deal of
theoretical interest in Algol 68 and in extensible
languages, but so far at least they have had little
practical impact. Problem-oriented languages may very
well become the most important language development
area in the next five to ten years.\par
In the operating system area all major computer
manufacturers set out to produce very ambitious
multiprogramming systems, and they all ran into similar
problems. A number of university projects,though not
directly comparable to those of the manufacturers, have
contributed greatly to a better understanding of
operating system principles. Important trends include
the increased interest in the development of system
measurement and evaluation techniques,and increased use
of microprogramming for some programming system
functions.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140 (Programming languages); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA",
keywords = "history; languages; microprogramming;
multiprogramming; operating system; operating systems;
operating systems (computers); problem oriented
languages; programming; programming systems; reviews",
oldlabel = "Rosen72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rosen72",
}
@Article{Sammet:1972:PLH,
author = "Jean E. Sammet",
title = "Programming Languages: History and Future",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "601--610",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:22 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sammet72",
abstract = "This paper discusses both the history and future of
programming languages (= higher level languages).
\par
Some of the difficulties in writing such a history are
indicated. A key part of the paper is a tree showing
the chronological development of languages and their
interrelationships. Reasons for the proliferation of
languages are given. The major languages are listed
with the reasons for their importance. A section on
chronology indicates the happenings of the significant
previous time periods and the major topics of 1972. Key
concepts other than specific languages are discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140 (Programming languages)",
corpsource = "IBM Corp., Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "chronological; development; future; future directions;
higher level languages; history; language
interrelationships; languages; programming language
future; programming language history; programming
language tree; programming languages; reviews",
oldlabel = "Sammet72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sammet72",
}
@Article{Fosdick:1972:PBM,
author = "Lloyd D. Fosdick",
title = "The Production of Better Mathematical Software",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "611--617",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Fosdick72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Univ. Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA",
keywords = "computer software; mathematical software; mathematics;
production; programming",
oldlabel = "Fosdick72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fosdick72",
}
@Article{Bobrow:1972:RAP,
author = "Daniel G. Bobrow",
title = "Requirements for Advanced Programming Systems for List
Processing",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "618--627",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/lisp.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Bobrow72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Xerox, Palo Alto, CA, USA",
keywords = "advanced programming systems; list processing;
requirements",
oldlabel = "Bobrow72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bobrow72",
}
@Article{Bachman:1972:ESS,
author = "Charles W. Bachman",
title = "The Evolution of Storage Structures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "628--634",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Bachman72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Good overview of basic definitions and their
relationships",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Honeywell Information Systems, Billerica, MA, USA",
keywords = "data base management systems; Data Structure Diagram
graphic technique; data structures; evolution; storage
management; storage structures",
oldlabel = "Bachman72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bachman72",
}
@Article{Rice:1972:PFS,
author = "John R. Rice",
title = "On the Present and Future of Scientific Computation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "637--639",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:53 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Rice72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7320 (Physics and chemistry computing); C7490
(Computing in other engineering fields)",
corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA",
keywords = "engineering applications of computers; future; natural
sciences; physical sciences; physics; present;
scientific computation",
oldlabel = "Rice72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rice72",
}
@Article{Benjamin:1972:GPI,
author = "Robert I. Benjamin",
title = "A generational perspective of information system
development",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "640--643",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:50 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Benjamin72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7100 (Business and administration)",
corpsource = "Xerox Corp., Rochester, NY, USA",
keywords = "computing milieu; generational perspective;
information system development; management data
processing; management information systems",
oldlabel = "Benjamin72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Benjamin72",
}
@Article{Sedelow:1972:LAH,
author = "Sally Yeates Sedelow",
title = "Language Analysis in the Humanities",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "644--647",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:16 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sedelow72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA",
keywords = "concordances; humanities; indices; language analysis;
language translation and linguistics; pattern
generation; pattern recognition",
oldlabel = "Sedelow72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sedelow72",
}
@Article{Zinn:1972:CIP,
author = "Karl L. Zinn",
title = "Computers in the instructional process: directions for
research and development",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "648--651",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Zinn72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)",
corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
keywords = "computer aided instruction; computers; development;
directions; education; instructional process; research
and",
oldlabel = "Zinn72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Zinn72",
}
@Article{Sturman:1972:CUS,
author = "Gerald M. Sturman",
title = "Computers and Urban Society",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "652--657",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sturman72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7000 (Computer applications); C7130 (Public
administration)",
corpsource = "Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade and Douglas Inc., NY, USA",
keywords = "administrative data processing; brief survey;
computers; engineering analysis; engineering
applications of computers; government; information
systems; sciences; social and behavioural; urban
society; urban systems",
oldlabel = "Sturman72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sturman72",
}
@Article{Salton:1972:DDP,
author = "Gerard Salton",
title = "Dynamic Document Processing",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "658--668",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Salton72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "automatic; automatic indexing; automatic search and;
clustered files; collection growth; dynamic document;
indexing; information; information retrieval;
interactive user controlled search process; iterative
searching; library automation; library mechanisation;
processing; query modification; retrieval",
oldlabel = "Salton72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Salton72",
}
@Article{Knuth:1972:ABA,
author = "Donald E. Knuth",
title = "Ancient {Babylonian} algorithms",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "671--677",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRnumber = "52 13132",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Knuth72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery. See errata
\cite{Knuth:1976:EAB}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1100 (Mathematical techniques)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "ancient Babylonian algorithms; Babylonian; computer
science; history of computation; mathematics; origins
of mathematics; sexagesimal number system; tablets",
oldlabel = "Knuth72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Knuth72",
}
@Article{Bauer:1972:PKZ,
author = "Friedrich L. Bauer and H. W{\"o}ssner",
title = "The {``Plankalk{\"u}l''} of {Konrad Zuse}: a
forerunner of today's programming languages.",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "678--685",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05 (68-03)",
MRnumber = "52 16093",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:57 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BauerW72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140 (Programming languages)",
corpsource = "Tech. Univ. M{\"u}nchen, West Germany",
keywords = "history of; Konrad Zuse; languages; notational and
conceptual system; Plankalkul; programming; programming
languages; programming theory",
oldlabel = "BauerW72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BauerW72",
xxpages = "679--685",
}
@Article{Sprague:1972:WVC,
author = "Richard E. Sprague",
title = "A {Western} View of Computer History",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "686--692",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68-03",
MRnumber = "52 16082",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sprague72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
corpsource = "Litton ARS, Morristown, NJ, USA",
keywords = "1945 to 1955; computer history; digital computers",
oldlabel = "Sprague72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sprague72",
}
@Article{Alt:1972:ACR,
author = "Franz L. Alt",
title = "Archaeology of computers --- reminiscences,
1945--1947",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "693--694",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68-03",
MRnumber = "52 16079",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:11 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Alt72",
note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for
Computing Machinery",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5420 (Mainframes and minicomputers)",
corpsource = "American Inst. Phys., NY, USA",
keywords = "1945 to 1947; digital computers; ENIAC; history of
computers; reminiscences; special purpose computers",
oldlabel = "Alt72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Alt72",
}
@Article{Borodin:1972:CE,
author = "Allan Borodin and C. C. Gotlieb",
title = "Computers and Employment",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "7",
pages = "695--702",
month = jul,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:32 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BorodinG72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)",
corpsource = "Univ. Toronto, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "computers; economic and sociological effects;
employment; social implications; unemployment",
oldlabel = "BorodinG72",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BorodinG72",
}
@Article{Herriot:1972:MGF,
author = "John G. Herriot",
title = "In Memory of {George E. Forsythe}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "719--720",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "01A70",
MRnumber = "52 7801",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:40 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Herrit72",
note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E.
Forsythe} ({ACM} Student Competition Award Papers).",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Herrit72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Herrit72",
xxauthor = "John G. Herrit",
}
@Article{Knuth:1972:GFD,
author = "Donald E. Knuth",
title = "{George Forsythe} and the development of Computer
Science",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "721--726",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "01A70 (68-03)",
MRnumber = "52 7802",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:25 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Knuth72a",
note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E.
Forsythe} ({ACM} Student Competition Award Papers).",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Knuth72a",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Knuth72a",
}
@Article{Crowe:1972:GPA,
author = "David Crowe",
title = "Generating Parsers for Affix Grammars",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "728--734",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A30",
MRnumber = "53 4635",
MRreviewer = "Ole Lehrmann Madsen",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:07 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Crowe72",
note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E. Forsythe
(ACM Student Competition Award Papers)}.",
abstract = "Koster, the inventor of affix grammars, suggests a
top-down scheme for parsing them, based on recursive
procedures. This paper presents a bottom-up scheme for
parsing them, based on an extension of Floyd Production
Language (FPL). Included is an algorithm, similar to
that of DeRemer's, for covering a large class of affix
grammars into FPL. The paper discusses the
applicabilities of the conversion algorithm and affix
grammars in general, and some possible extensions to
Koster's definition of affix grammars.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
classification = "721; 723",
corpsource = "Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "affix grammars; algorithmic language processing;
algorithmic languages; automata theory --- Grammars;
bottom up; computer metatheory; grammars; parsers;
syntax directed compiling; translator writing systems;
two level grammars",
oldlabel = "Crowe72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Crowe72",
}
@Article{Helbig:1972:PRC,
author = "Robert E. Helbig and Patrick K. Orr and Robert R.
Roediger",
title = "Political Redistricting by Computer",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "735--741",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:25 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HelbigOR72",
abstract = "Criteria for acceptable redistricting are discussed,
including population equality, compactness, contiguity,
and preservation of natural and\slash or political
boundaries. Only nonpartisan criteria are considered.
Using 1970 Bureau of Census population data, specific
results are given for the ten Congressional Districts
in the state of Missouri and for the seven St. Louis
county Council seats. Results from the use of the
algorithm indicate the feasibility of political
redistricting with the aid of a computer.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7810 (Social and behavioural sciences computing)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "algorithm; compactness; computer; contiguity; data
processing, business; equal population; legislative
districts; political redistricting; reapportionment;
social and behavioural sciences; transportation",
oldlabel = "HelbigOR72",
treatment = "A Application",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HelbigOR72",
}
@Article{Benjamin:1972:EES,
author = "Arthur J. Benjamin",
title = "Extensible Editor for a Small Machine with Disk
Storage",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "742--747",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:50 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Benjamin72a",
abstract = "A design philosophy for developing a sophisticated
utility program is illustrated by the actual design and
implementation of a text editor. A versatile data
structure is employed so that only a small number of
programmed subroutines are necessary for all types of
data manipulation. Such a data structure is described,
and its merits are illustrated by the ease with which
powerful extensions can be implemented in terms of a
few basic editing functions.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling
techniques); C6150E (General utility programs)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "collection; command; computer programming --- Macros;
computer systems programming --- Supervisory and
Executive Programs; context searching; data processing;
data storage, magnetic --- Disk Storage; data
structures; design; disc storage; executive program;
extensible editor; garbage; interpreter; list
processing; macro language; paging; parameter
substitution; philosophy; processing; programs;
recursion; small machine; state table; storage
allocation; string manipulation; text editing; text
editor; utility; utility program; virtual memory",
oldlabel = "Benjamin72a",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Benjamin72a",
}
@Article{Rosin:1972:ERM,
author = "Robert F. Rosin and Gideon Frieder and Richard H.
{Eckhouse, Jr.}",
title = "Environment for Research in Microprogramming and
Emulation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "748--760",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#RosinFE72",
abstract = "The development of the research project in
microprogramming and emulation at State University of
New York at Buffalo consisted of three phases: the
evaluation of various possible machines to support this
research; the decision to purchase one such machine,
which appears to be superior to the others considered;
and the organization and definition of goals for each
group in the project. Each of these phases is reported,
with emphasis placed on the early results achieved in
this research.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C7430 (Computer
engineering)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "State Univ. New York, Buffalo, NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer architecture; computer systems; computer
systems, digital; emulation; engineering applications
of computers; environment for research; hardware
evaluation; language processors; management;
microprogramming; nanoprogram; project; simulation",
oldlabel = "RosinFE72",
treatment = "X Experimental",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RosinFE72",
}
@Article{Oden:1972:MMC,
author = "P. H. Oden and Gerald S. Shedler",
title = "A Model of Memory Contention in a Paging Machine",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "761--771",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A50",
MRnumber = "55 13903",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:28 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#OdenS72",
note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E.
Forsythe} ({ACM} Student Competition Award Papers).",
abstract = "In the model presented, the number of page-frames of
main memory allocated to a problem program varies in
time. These changes in memory configuration are
represented explicitly in the model, CPU requirements
and page exception characteristics of program material
being described statistically. Expressions for the
distribution of the number of page-frames allocated to
an executing program, the long run expected fraction of
a program's execution time in a given number of
page-frames, and the average execution interval of the
multiprogrammed load are obtained. It is pointed out
heuristically and demonstrated numerically that an
increase is obtainable in the average execution
interval of the multiprogrammed load over that
resulting from equal fixed partitioning of main
memory.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer operating systems; demand paging; file
organisation; management; memory; memory contention;
modelling; multiprogrammed; operating; paging machines;
probability --- Queueing Theory; queuing analysis;
storage; storage allocation; systems studies",
oldlabel = "OdenS72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/OdenS72",
}
@Article{Bernstein:1972:CFM,
author = "H. J. Bernstein and H. T. Gladwin",
title = "Compiling fixed-point multiplications",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "772--772",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods); C6110 (Systems
analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Brookhaven Nat. Lab., Upton, NY, USA",
keywords = "compiling multiplications; digital arithmetic; fixed
point arithmetic; programming",
treatment = "P Practical",
}
@Article{vanderPoel:1972:CCS,
author = "W. L. {van der Poel}",
title = "Comment on the composition of semantics in {Algol
68}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "772--772",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Poel72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. Technol. Delft, Netherlands",
keywords = "ALGOL; ALGOL 68; composition of semantics; data;
design; programming languages; programming primitives;
recursive composition; structures",
oldlabel = "Poel72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Poel72",
}
@Article{Bernstein:1972:CFP,
author = "Herbert J. Bernstein",
title = "Compiling Fixed-Point Multiplications",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "772--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:25:57 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Bernstein72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Bernstein72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bernstein72",
}
@Article{Morris:1972:BVW,
author = "James H. {Morris, Jr.}",
title = "A Bonus from {van Wijngaarden}'s Device",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "773--773",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/reynolds.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Morris72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
keywords = "ALGOL; ALGOL 60 programs; eliminate all labels;
nonlocal transfers; procedure returns",
oldlabel = "Morris72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morris72",
}
@Article{Jones:1972:CAB,
author = "Peter R. Jones",
title = "Comment on Average Binary Search Length",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "774--774",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:53:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Jones72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
keywords = "binary searching; data handling; record retrieval;
search length",
oldlabel = "Jones72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Jones72",
}
@Article{Read:1972:NGR,
author = "Ronald C. Read and K. Harada",
title = "A Note on the Generation of Rosary Permutations. With
a Response by {K. Harada}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "775--775",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A10",
MRnumber = "53 9706",
MRreviewer = "Dennis White",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Read72",
note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E.
Forsythe} ({ACM} Student Competition Award Papers).",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160
(Combinatorial mathematics)",
corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "associating an integer; combinatorial mathematics;
generation; rosary permutations",
oldlabel = "Read72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Read72",
}
@Article{Squire:1972:AAL,
author = "W. Squire",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 429}: Localization of the Roots of a
Polynomial [{C2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "776--777",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Squire72",
note = "See \cite{Williams:1973:RAL,Driessen:1973:RAL}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Squire72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Squire72",
}
@Article{Purdom:1972:AAI,
author = "Paul Walton {Purdom, Jr.} and Edward F. Moore",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 430}: Immediate Predominators in a
Directed Graph [{H}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "8",
pages = "777--778",
month = aug,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:11 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#PurdomM72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "PurdomM72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/PurdomM72",
}
@Article{Levitt:1972:CAS,
author = "Karl N. Levitt and William H. Kautz",
title = "Cellular Arrays for the Solution of Graph Problems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "789--801",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:39 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#LevittK72",
abstract = "Several parallelized algorithms are presented for the
solution of certain spanning tree, distance, and path
problems, with direct applications to wire routing,
PERT chart analysis, and the analysis of many types of
networks. These algorithms exhibit a computation time
that in many cases grows at a rate not exceeding log//2
n, where n is the number of nodes in the graph.
Straightforward cellular implementations of the
well-known serial algorithms for these problems require
about n steps, and noncellular implementations require
from n**2 to n**3 steps.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5420 (Mainframes and minicomputers); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "Stanford Res. Inst., Menlo Park, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "cellular arrays; data storage, digital; graph
problems; graph theory; mathematical techniques ---
Graph Theory; special purpose computers",
oldlabel = "LevittK72",
treatment = "A Application",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LevittK72",
}
@Article{Ghosh:1972:FOC,
author = "Sakti P. Ghosh",
title = "File Organization --- The Consecutive Retrieval
Property",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "802--808",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ghosh72",
abstract = "Some important theorems on the consecutive retrieval
property are proved. Conditions under which the
consecutive retrieval property exists and remain
invariant have been established. An outline for
designing an information retrieval system based on the
consecutive retrieval property is discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "721; 723",
corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "consecutive; consecutive retrieval; data processing;
file organisation; file organization; information
retrieval; information retrieval system; information
retrieval systems; minimum access; query structure;
record; storage; storage on tapes; storage space;
structure; time",
oldlabel = "Ghosh72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ghosh72",
}
@Article{Mor:1972:NAA,
author = "Moshe Mor and T. Lamdan",
title = "A New Approach to Automatic Scanning of Contour Maps",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "809--812",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/imager/imager.75.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#MorL72",
abstract = "The structure of a general contour map is analyzed,
and its topological properties are utilized in
developing a new scanning algorithm. The problem of
detection and recognition of contour lines is solved by
a two color labeling method. It is shown that for maps
containing normal contour lines only, it suffices to
distinguish between so-called ``even'' and ``odd''
lines. The ``tangency problem'' involved in practical
scanning is discussed, and a solution base on
minimizing computer memory space and simplifying
control program is suggested.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C7890 (Other special
applications of computing)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Israeli Min. Defense, Tel-Aviv, Israel",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automatic scanning; cartography; computer graphics;
contour maps; data handling; digitizing; image
processing; topology",
oldlabel = "MorL72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MorL72",
}
@Article{Richman:1972:AEA,
author = "Paul L. Richman",
title = "Automatic Error Analysis for Determining Precision",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "813--817",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65G05",
MRnumber = "47 2808",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Richman72",
abstract = "The problem considered is that of evaluating a
rational expression to within any desired tolerance on
a computer which performs variable-precision
floating-point arithmetic operations. An automatic
error analysis technique is given for determining,
directly from the results of a trial low-precision
interval arithmetic calculation, just how much
precision and data accuracy are required to achieve a
desired final accuracy. The technique given generalize
easily to the evaluation of many nonrational
expressions.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290B (Error analysis in numerical methods); C4110
(Error analysis in numerical methods); C5230 (Digital
arithmetic methods)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Denver, CO, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automatic error analysis; control; digital arithmetic;
error analysis; floating point arithmetic; interval
arithmetic; mathematical techniques; precision;
precision control",
oldlabel = "Richman72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Richman72",
}
@Article{Ravindran:1972:AAC,
author = "Arunachalam Ravindran",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 431}: {A} Computer Routine for
Quadratic and Linear Programming Problems [{H}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "818--820",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:08 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ravindran72",
note = "See remark \cite{Ravindran:1974:RAC,Proll:1974:RAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Ravindran72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ravindran72",
}
@Article{Bartels:1972:AAS,
author = "Richard H. Bartels and G. W. Stewart",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 432}: Solution of the Matrix Equation
{\boldmath {$AX+XB=C$}} [{F4}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "820--826",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:37 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/par.lin.alg.bib;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BartelsS72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
keywords = "linear algebra; linear equations; matrices",
kwds = "nla, Schur form, Sylvester equation, Lyapunov
equation, matrix equation",
oldlabel = "BartelsS72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BartelsS72",
}
@Article{Deutsch:1972:TAR,
author = "Edward S. Deutsch",
title = "Thinning Algorithms on Rectangular, Hexagonal, and
Triangular Arrays",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "827--837",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:35:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Deutsch72",
abstract = "Three thinning algorithms are developed: one each for
use with rectangular, hexagonal, and triangular arrays.
The approach to the development of each algorithm is
the same. Pictorial results produced by each of the
algorithms are presented and the relative performances
of the algorithms are compared. It is found that the
algorithm operating with the triangular array is the
most sensitive to image irregularities and noise, yet
it will yield a thinned image with an overall reduced
number of points. It is concluded that the algorithm
operating in conjunction with the hexagonal array has
features which strike a balance between those of the
other two arrays.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Maryland, College Park, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "accurate floating-point summation; comparison; digital
arithmetic; error; error propagation; floating point
summation methods; truncation",
oldlabel = "Deutsch72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Deutsch72",
}
@Article{Gregory:1972:CFP,
author = "James Gregory",
title = "A Comparison of Floating Point Summation Methods",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "838--838",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:46:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gregory72",
acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA",
descriptors = "Simulation; statistics; numeric calculation;",
keywords = "comparison; digital arithmetic; error; error
propagation; floating point summation methods;
truncation",
oldlabel = "Gregory72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gregory72",
}
@Article{Khalil:1972:EBT,
author = "Hatem M. Khalil",
title = "The Eigenproblem of Block Tridiagonal Matrices",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "839--839",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "839.65F15",
MRnumber = "47 2802",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Khalil72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra)",
corpsource = "Univ. Delaware, Newark, DE, USA",
keywords = "block tridiagonal matrices; eigenvalues; eigenvalues
and eigenfunctions; eigenvalues and eigenvectors;
eigenvectors; linear algebra; matrix algebra; partial
differential equations",
oldlabel = "Khalil72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Khalil72",
}
@Article{Parnas:1972:CDP,
author = "David Lorge Parnas and A. Nico Habermann and R. C.
Holt",
title = "Comment on Deadlock Prevention Method",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "840--841",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:28 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ParnasH72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
keywords = "deadlock; deadlock prevention method; deadly embrace;
interlock; knotting; lockout; multiprogramming;
resource allocation; scheduling; time sharing;
time-sharing; time-sharing systems",
oldlabel = "ParnasH72",
treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ParnasH72",
xxauthor = "David Lorge Parnas and A. Nico Habermann",
xxauthor = "D. L. Parnas and A. N. Habermann and R. C. Holt",
}
@Article{Rubinstein:1972:CBT,
author = "Richard Rubinstein and Julian Feldman",
title = "A controller for a {Braille} terminal",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "841--842",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#RubinsteinF72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C5610
(Computer interfaces)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Irvine, CA, USA",
keywords = "blind programming aid; braille; computer interfaces;
computer peripheral equipment; computer terminal;
controller; tactile terminal; terminal",
oldlabel = "RubinsteinF72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RubinsteinF72",
}
@Article{Tan:1972:FIS,
author = "K. C. Tan",
title = "On {Foster}'s Information Storage and Retrieval Using
{AVL} Trees",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "9",
pages = "843--843",
month = sep,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Tan72",
note = "See C. C. Foster, Proc. ACM 20th National Conference,
pp. 192--205 (1965).",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA",
keywords = "(mathematical); AVL trees; binary trees; file
organisation; information retrieval; information
storage; search trees; trees",
oldlabel = "Tan72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Tan72",
}
@Article{Dijkstra:1972:HP,
author = "Edsger W. Dijkstra",
title = "The Humble Programmer",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "859--866",
month = oct,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
DOI = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/355604.361591",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:07 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Dijkstra72",
abstract = "We shall do a much better programming job, provided
that we approach the task with a full appreciation if
its tremendous difficulty, provided that we stick to
modest and elegant programming languages, provided that
we respect the intrinsic limitations of the human mind
and approach the task as Very Humble Programmers.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Dijkstra72",
remark = "This is the 1972 ACM Turing Award Lecture. John
McCarthy's 1971 ACM Turing Award lecture was not
published until 1987.",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Dijkstra72",
}
@Article{Morris:1972:DPT,
author = "James B. Morris",
title = "Demand Paging Through Utilization of Working Sets on
the {Maniac II}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "867--872",
month = oct,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Morris72a",
abstract = "A hardware implementation on the Maniac II computer of
the working set model for demand paging, as introduced
by Denning, is discussed. characteristics of the Maniac
II are given, along with a description of the basic
demand paging scheme and the associative memory which
has been added to the Maniac II hardware. A description
of the hardware design for implementation of the
working set model is discussed and a specification of
the actions taken under various conditions which may
arise during the operation of the full working set
model, demand paging system is given.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C6120 (File
organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Alamos, NM, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "associative memory; associative storage; computer
architecture; computer operating systems; data storage,
digital; demand paging; dynamic storage allocation;
file; hardware implementation; MANIAC II; model;
organisation; storage allocation; storage management;
utilization of working sets; virtual memory; working
set",
oldlabel = "Morris72a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morris72a",
}
@Article{Ahrens:1972:CMS,
author = "Joachim H. Ahrens and Ulrich Dieter",
title = "Computer Methods for Sampling from the Exponential and
Normal Distributions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "873--882",
month = oct,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65C10",
MRnumber = "49 1728",
MRreviewer = "V. Dupac",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1972.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#AhrensD72",
abstract = "Various methods are known for transforming uniformly
distributed random numbers into exponentially and
normally distributed quantities. The most efficient
ones are compared, in terms of memory requirements and
speed, with some new algorithms. A number of procedures
convert Taylor series expansions directly into sampling
steps, an approach which may be used for sampling from
any continuous distribution. For the exponential
distribution a definite recommendation can be made,
whereas in the case of the normal distribution there
remains a choice between slower and shorter algorithms
and faster but space consuming methods.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
classification = "913; 922",
corpsource = "Nova Scotia Tech. Coll., Halifax, NS, Canada",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "RVG;",
enum = "6926",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer aided sampling; computer methods; distributed
random numbers; distributions; exponential; normal
distributions; random number generation; sampled data
systems; sampling; sampling steps; uniformly",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "AhrensD72",
references = "0",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AhrensD72",
}
@Article{Hanson:1972:IEI,
author = "Richard J. Hanson",
title = "Integral Equations of Immunology",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "883--890",
month = oct,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65R05",
MRnumber = "48 10166",
MRreviewer = "S. Malon",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Hanson72",
abstract = "The inversion of a particular integral equation of the
first (Fredholm) kind is the basic problem considered.
The strategy which yielded success consisted of three
essential points: (1) fit the known experimental data
by a curve with properties which derive from properties
of the (as yet unknown) function; (2) stabilize the
computation for the unknown function by using singular
value decomposition; (3) constrain the unknown function
approximation (since it represents a probability
distribution) to be nonnegative. \par
A number of test cases are presented. One set of actual
experimental data is analyzed with the procedures
presented.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290R (Integral equations); C4180 (Integral
equations)",
classification = "461; 921",
corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "biomedical engineering; curve fitting; decomposition;
experimental data; first kind; immunology; integral
equation of; integral equations; integral equations of
the first kind; inversion; mathematical techniques;
medicine; nonnegative constraints; numerical methods;
singular value; singular value analysis",
oldlabel = "Hanson72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hanson72",
}
@Article{Simmons:1972:GED,
author = "Robert F. Simmons and Jonathan Slocum",
title = "Generating {English} Discourse from Semantic
Networks",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "891--905",
month = oct,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:47 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/lisp.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#SimmonsS72",
abstract = "A system is described for generating English sentences
from a form of semantic nets in which the nodes are
word-sense meanings and the paths are primarily deep
case relations. The grammar used by the system is in
the form of a network that imposes an ordering on a set
of syntactic transformations that are expressed as LISP
functions. The generation algorithm uses the
information in the semantic network to select
appropriate generation paths through the grammar. The
system is designed for use as a computational tool that
allows a linguist to develop and study methods for
generating surface strings from an underlying semantic
structure. Initial findings with regard to form
determiners such as voice, form, tense, and mood, some
rules for embedding sentences, and some attention to
pronominal substitution are reported. The system is
programmed in LISP 1.5 and is available from the
authors.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
classification = "721; 723; 901",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automata theory; computer applications; computer
programming languages --- lisp; data processing ---
Humanities Applications; deep case relations; English
sentence generation; information science --- Language
Translation and Linguistics; language translation and
linguistics; LISP functions; semantic generation;
semantic networks",
oldlabel = "SimmonsS72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SimmonsS72",
xxauthor = "Reid G. Simmons and Jonathan Slocum",
}
@Article{Dathe:1972:CDT,
author = "Gert Dathe",
title = "Conversion of Decision Tables by Rule Mask Method
without Rule Mask",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "906--909",
month = oct,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Dathe72",
abstract = "Two algorithms for generating computer programs from
decision tables are described. The algorithms allow
handling limited entry, extended entry, and mixed entry
tables. The algorithms are based on the rule mask
method but need not have the masks at execution time.
They perform the logical operations immediately rather
than at the end of the interpreting process. Execution
time can be considerably reduced by instantly marking
rules which are not applicable or conditions which are
already tested. The new algorithms combine to a certain
degree the advantages of mask methods with those of
tree methods.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6150C
(Compilers, interpreters and other processors)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Software AG, Darmstadt, West Germany",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming; conversion; decision tables;
mask; program generation; program processors; rule mask
method without rule",
oldlabel = "Dathe72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Dathe72",
}
@Article{Frazer:1972:SNS,
author = "W. D. Frazer and C. K. Wong",
title = "Sorting by Natural Selection",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "910--913",
month = oct,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:39 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#FrazerW72",
abstract = "A family of sorting algorithms is proposed, the
members of which make fuller use of the memory space
and thus yield longer sorted strings. Extensive
simulation results are presented, and various
implications and further applications are discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "IBM Thomas J.Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY,
USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACM; computer programming --- Subroutines; computer
systems programming; natural selection; sorting",
oldlabel = "FrazerW72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FrazerW72",
}
@Article{Ershov:1972:CAH,
author = "A. P. Ershov",
title = "Corrigendum: {``Aesthetics and the Human Factor in
Programming''}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "913--913",
month = oct,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Sat Jan 18 14:08:57 1997",
note = "See \cite{Ershov:1972:AHF}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Akima:1972:AAI,
author = "Hiroshi Akima",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 433}: Interpolation and Smooth Curve
Fitting Based on Local Procedures [{E2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "914--918",
month = oct,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Akima72",
note = "See also \cite{Anderson:1976:RIS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Akima72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Akima72",
}
@Article{Robertson:1972:RAT,
author = "J. Douglas Robertson",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 398}: Tableless Date
Conversion''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "10",
pages = "918--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:28 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Robertson72",
note = "See \cite{Stone:1970:AAT}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Robertson72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Robertson72",
}
@Article{Fox:1972:CSC,
author = "Phyllis Fox",
title = "Comparative Study of Computer Programs for Integrating
Differential Equations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "941--948",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Fox72",
abstract = "The integration methods represented include multistep
methods (predictor-correctors), single-step methods
(Runge--Kutta) and extrapolation methods (both
polynomial and rational). The testing procedure is
described together with the evaluation criteria
applied. A set of test problems on which the programs
were tested is included in appendix. For the particular
problems and criteria used in the investigation it was
found that a program based on rational extrapolation
showed the best performance.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290P (Differential equations); C4170 (Differential
equations)",
classification = "723; 921",
corpsource = "Newark Coll. Engng., NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "comparative study; computer programming; computer
programs; differential; differential equations;
equations; extrapolation methods; integration methods;
mathematical techniques --- Differential Equations;
mathematical techniques --- Integration;
predictor-corrector methods",
oldlabel = "Fox72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fox72",
}
@Article{Malcolm:1972:ARP,
author = "Michael A. Malcolm",
title = "Algorithms to Reveal Properties of Floating-Point
Arithmetic",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "949--951",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:07 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Malcolm72",
note = "See also \cite{Gentleman:1974:MAR}.",
abstract = "Two algorithms are presented in the form of Fortran
subroutines. Each subroutine computes the radix and
number of digits of the floating-point numbers and
whether rounding or chopping is done by the machine on
which it is run. The methods are shown to work on any
``reasonable'' floating-point computer.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "chopping; computer programming; computer programming
languages --- Fortran; digital arithmetic; digits;
floating point arithmetic; Fortran subroutines;
mathematical techniques --- Digital Arithmetic; number
of; properties; radix; rounding",
oldlabel = "Malcolm72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Malcolm72",
}
@Article{Patrick:1972:HPA,
author = "Merrell L. Patrick",
title = "A Highly Parallel Algorithm for Approximating All
Zeros of a Polynomial with Only Real Zeros",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "952--955",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65H05",
MRnumber = "48 1455",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Patrick72",
abstract = "An algorithm is described based on Newton's method
which simultaneously approximates all zeros of a
polynomial with only real zeros. The algorithm, which
is conceptually suitable for parallel computation,
determines its own starting values so that convergence
to the zeros is guaranteed. Multiple zeros and their
multiplicity are readily determined. At no point in the
method is polynomial deflation used.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
classification = "723; 921",
corpsource = "Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "approximation with real zeros; computer programming;
function approximation; guaranteed convergence; highly;
mathematical techniques --- Poles and Zeros;
mathematical techniques --- Polynomials; multiple
zeros; Newton's method; parallel algorithm; parallel
numerical algorithms; poles and zeros; polynomial
zeros; polynomials; real polynomials; real zeros;
starting values",
oldlabel = "Patrick72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Patrick72",
}
@Article{Ledgard:1972:MTC,
author = "Henry F. Ledgard",
title = "Model for Type Checking --- with an Application to
{Algol 60}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "956--966",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ledgard72",
abstract = "This paper attempts to isolate the notion of type
checking and presents a partial solution to the type
checking problem based on the notions of abstraction
and application of functions. A program is mapped into
an expression within a decidable subset of the
lambda-calculus, which characterizes the type relations
within the program and eliminates all other
information. The determination of the type-wise
correctness or incorrectness of the program is resolved
by reducing its corresponding lambda-calculus
expression to one of two normal forms, the constant
``correct'' for a type-wise correct program or the
constant ``error.'' An application to type checking in
Algol 60 is made, and the attendant problems faced for
any notion of type checking are discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
processors)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "abstraction; ALGOL; ALGOL 60; application of
functions; compilation; computer programming languages;
execution; lambda calculus; model; program compilers;
type checking",
oldlabel = "Ledgard72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ledgard72",
}
@Article{Henderson:1972:DSS,
author = "Peter B. Henderson",
title = "Derived Semantics for Some Programming Language
Constructs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "967--973",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Henderson72",
abstract = "The constructs of a simple programming language are
introduced and described informally in terms of values
and side-effects. a translator is defined which
translates the language into flowcharts for a simple
machine. The action of the machine in executing a
flowchart is defined. A proof is constructed that the
effect of translating and executing any program can be
expressed solely in terms of the value and side-effect
of the program. during the course of constructing the
proof, formal definitions of the concepts of value and
side-effect are derived in order to make the proof
rigorous. Correctness of the implementation involves
checking that the definitions derived in the step above
are an acceptable formalization of the informal
description given in the first step.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming languages; constructs; derived
semantics; flowcharts; lambda calculus; programming
language; programming theory; side effects; translator;
values",
oldlabel = "Henderson72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Henderson72",
}
@Article{Verhelst:1972:CLE,
author = "M. Verhelst",
title = "The Conversion of Limited-Entry Decision Tables to
Optimal and Near-Optimal Flowcharts: Two New
Algorithms",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "974--980",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Verhelst72",
abstract = "The algorithms are first derived for treating decision
tables not containing an ELSE-rule, but the
optimum-approaching algorithm is shown to be equally
valid for tables including such a rule. Both algorithms
are compared with existing ones and are applied to a
somewhat large decision table derived from a real
case.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Louvain, Belgium",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "algorithm; computer programming --- Subroutines;
computer programming languages; conversion; decision
tables; flowcharting; limited entry decision tables;
minimum execution time; near; optimal flowcharts;
optimisation; optimum approaching algorithm; optimum
finding",
oldlabel = "Verhelst72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Verhelst72",
}
@Article{Baecker:1972:GCV,
author = "H. D. Baecker",
title = "Garbage Collection for Virtual Memory Computer
Systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "981--986",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Baecker72",
abstract = "In list processing there is typically a growing demand
for space during program execution. This paper examines
the practical implications of this growth within a
virtual memory computer system, proposes two new
garbage collection techniques for virtual memory
systems, and compares them with traditional methods by
discussion and by simulation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer operating systems --- Storage Allocation;
computer programming languages; data storage, digital;
file organisation; garbage collection; list; paging;
processing; segmentation; storage allocation; storage
management; virtual memory; virtual memory computer
systems",
oldlabel = "Baecker72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Baecker72",
}
@Article{Ramberg:1972:AMG,
author = "John S. Ramberg and Bruce W. Schmeiser",
title = "Approximate Method for Generating Symmetric Random
Variables",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "987--990",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#RambergS72",
abstract = "A method for generating values of continuous symmetric
random variables that is relatively fast, requires
essentially no computer memory, and is easy to use is
developed. The method, which uses a uniform zero-one
random number source, is based on the inverse function
of the lambda distribution of Tukey. Since it
approximates many of the continuous theoretical
distributions and empirical distributions frequently
used in simulations, the method should be useful to
simulation practitioners.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
classification = "922",
corpsource = "Univ. Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "approximate method; inverse function; lambda
distribution of Tukey; mathematical models;
mathematical statistics; random number generation;
random number source; simulation; symmetric random
variable generation; uniform zero one",
oldlabel = "RambergS72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RambergS72",
}
@Article{March:1972:AAE,
author = "David L. March",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 434}: Exact Probabilities for
${R\times{C}}$ Contingency Tables [{G2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "991--992",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#March72",
note = "See remark
\cite{Boulton:1974:RAE,Hancock:1975:RAE,Boulton:1976:REP}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "March72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/March72",
}
@Article{Fullerton:1972:AAM,
author = "Wayne Fullerton",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 435}: Modified Incomplete Gamma
Function [{S14}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "993--995",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Fullerton72",
note = "See also \cite{Schoene:1978:RMI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Fullerton72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fullerton72",
}
@Article{Lum:1972:ARK,
author = "Vincent Y. Lum and P. S. T. Yuen",
title = "Additional results on key-to-address transform
techniques: a fundamental performance study on large
existing formatted files",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "996--997",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:17 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#LumY72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "IBM Res. Lab., San Jose, CA, USA",
keywords = "file; file organisation; fundamental performance; hash
coding; key to address transform techniques; large
existing formatted files; organization; study",
oldlabel = "LumY72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LumY72",
}
@Article{Kennedy:1972:NOD,
author = "Steve Kennedy",
title = "A Note on Optimal Doubly-Chained Trees",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "997--998",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kennedy72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA",
keywords = "binary search; file organisation; file searching;
optimal doubly chained trees; tree; trees
(mathematical)",
oldlabel = "Kennedy72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kennedy72",
}
@Article{Eisenberg:1972:FCD,
author = "Murray A. Eisenberg and Michael R. McGuire",
title = "Further comments on {Dijkstra}'s concurrent
programming control problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "999--999",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#EisenbergM72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
keywords = "critical; Dijkstra's concurrent programming control
problem; multiprocessing; multiprocessing programs;
section",
oldlabel = "EisenbergM72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/EisenbergM72",
}
@Article{Smoliar:1972:CMM,
author = "Stephen W. Smoliar",
title = "Comments on {Moorer's Music} and computer
composition",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "11",
pages = "1000--1001",
month = nov,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:00 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Smoliar72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "Tech. Israel Inst. Technol., Haifa, Israel",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; computer composition;
computer music; heuristic; humanities; programming",
oldlabel = "Smoliar72",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Smoliar72",
}
@Article{Phillips:1972:DPA,
author = "J. Richard Phillips and H. C. Adams",
title = "Dynamic Partitioning for Array Languages",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1023--1032",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#PhillipsA72",
abstract = "The classical process of partitioning an array into
subarrays is extended to a more useful array language
operation. Various modes of partitioning are defined
for different types of arrays, so that subarrays may
vary over the original array in a nearly arbitrary
manner. These definitions are motivated with several
realistic examples to illustrate the value of
partitioning for array languages. Of general interest
is the data structure for partitioning. This consists
of dynamic tree structures which are used to derive and
maintain the array control information. These are
described in sufficient detail to be of value in the
design of other array languages. The description
presented in this paper is implemented in a new array
language, OL/2, currently under development at the
University of Illinois.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6140D (High level
languages)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "array languages; array partitioning; computer
programming languages; data processing --- Data
Structures; data structure; data structures; dynamic
partitioning; dynamic tree structures; OL/2;
programming languages",
oldlabel = "PhillipsA72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/PhillipsA72",
}
@Article{Bayer:1972:IRM,
author = "Rudolf Bayer and C. Witzgall",
title = "Index Ranges for Matrix Calculi",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1033--1039",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BayerW72",
abstract = "The paper describes a scheme for symbolic manipulation
of index expressions which arise as a by-product of the
symbolic manipulation of expressions in the matrix
calculi described by the authors in a previous paper.
This scheme attempts program optimization by
transforming the original algorithm rather than the
machine code. The goal is to automatically generate
code for handling the tedious address calculations
necessitated by complicated data structures. The paper
is therefore preoccupied with ``indexing by position.''
The relationship of ``indexing by name'' and ``indexing
by position'' is discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Boeing Sci. Res. Labs., Seattle, WA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "address calculations; algorithm; computer programming
languages; data handling; data processing; data
structures; expressions; index; index ranges; indexing
by name; indexing by position; matrix algebra; matrix
calculi; program optimization; symbolic manipulation;
transformation",
oldlabel = "BayerW72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BayerW72",
}
@Article{Earley:1972:MIC,
author = "Jay Earley and Paul Caizergues",
title = "Method for Incrementally Compiling Languages with
Nested Statement Structure",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1040--1044",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#EarleyC72",
abstract = "The method permits editing of the source language
using a general purpose text editor, and incremental
processing of changes without frequent recompilation of
entire routines. The essential points of the method
are: the syntax of the language is restricted insofar
as which constructs may occur on lines; an internal
data structure (called the skeleton) is maintained to
represent the statement structure; the recompilation is
partially batched in the sense that recompilation of
modified lines does not occur until the last of a set
of editing commands has been received; and the parsing
and compilation are factored into two parts, that done
on individual lines and that done globally to handle
the relationships between the lines.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other
processors)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "ALGOL; computer operating systems --- Program
Compilers; computer programming languages; data
processing --- Data Structures; editor; general purpose
text; incremental compilation; nested statement
structure; PL/I; program compilers; programming
languages; source language",
oldlabel = "EarleyC72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/EarleyC72",
}
@Article{Luccio:1972:WIL,
author = "Fabrizio Luccio",
title = "Weighted Increment Linear Search for Scatter Tables",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1045--1047",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:04 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Luccio72",
abstract = "A new linear search for hash tables whose increment
step is a function of the key being addressed is
presented. Comparisons with known methods are given, in
terms of efficiency and computation complexity. In
particular, the new method applies to tables of size n
equals 2**r. It allows full table searching, and
practically eliminates primary clustering at a very low
cost.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Pisa, Italy",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "clustering; computer programming; hash; information
retrieval systems; information searching techniques;
scatter tables; table lookup; tables; weighted
increment linear search",
oldlabel = "Luccio72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Luccio72",
}
@Article{Barr:1972:CMN,
author = "Donald R. Barr and Norman L. Sezak",
title = "A Comparison of Multivariate Normal Generators",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1048--1049",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:32 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BarrS72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
corpsource = "Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA",
keywords = "comparison; covariance matrix; Gaussian random number
generator; multivariate; multivariate normal
generators; normal random vectors; random number
generation; simulation; triangular factorization",
oldlabel = "BarrS72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BarrS72",
}
@Article{Moore:1972:NMS,
author = "John Moore and Prentiss Robinson",
title = "New Method for the Solution of the {Cauchy} Problem
for Parabolic Equations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1050--1052",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#MooreR72",
abstract = "An integral equation representation is given for
parabolic partial differential equations. When the
equations are defined in unbounded domains, as in the
initial value (Cauchy) problem, the solution of the
integral equation by the method of successive
approximation has inherent advantages over other
methods. Error bounds for the method are of order
h**3**/**2 and h**7**/**2 (h is the increment size)
depending on the finite difference approximations
involved.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290P (Differential equations); C4170 (Differential
equations)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "Cauchy problem; initial value problem; integral
equation representation; mathematical techniques;
parabolic; partial differential equations; successive
approximation",
oldlabel = "MooreR72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MooreR72",
}
@Article{Parnas:1972:CUD,
author = "David Lorge Parnas",
title = "On the Criteria To Be Used in Decomposing Systems into
Modules",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1053--1058",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/softeng.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Parnas72a",
abstract = "This paper discusses modularization as a mechanism for
improving the flexibility and comprehensibility of a
system while allowing the shortening of its development
time. The effectiveness of a ``modularization'' is
dependent upon the criteria used in dividing the system
into modules. A system design problem presented and
both a conventional and unconventional decomposition
are described. It is shown that the unconventional
decompositions have distinct advantages for the goals
outlined. The criteria used in arriving at the
decompositions are discussed. The unconventional
decomposition, if implemented with the conventional
assumption that a module consists of one or more
subroutines, will be less efficient in most cases. An
alternative approach to implementation which does not
this effect is sketched.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "comprehensibility; computer programming; criteria;
decomposition; flexibility; modularization; modules;
programming; software engineering; systems",
oldlabel = "Parnas72a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Parnas72a",
}
@Article{Brown:1972:LLP,
author = "P. J. Brown",
title = "Levels of Language for Portable Software",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1059--1062",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Brown72",
abstract = "An increasing amount of software is being implemented
in a portable form. A popular way of accomplishing this
is to encode the software in a specially designed
machine-independent language and then to map this
language, often using a macro processor, into the
assembly language of each desired object machine. The
design of the machine-independent language is the key
factor in this operation. This paper discusses the
relative merits of pitching this language at a high
level or a low level, and presents some comparative
results.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Kent, Canterbury, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "assembly language; computer programming; levels of
language; machine independent language; macro
processor; portable software; procedure oriented
languages",
oldlabel = "Brown72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Brown72",
}
@Article{Sherman:1972:TDM,
author = "Stephen Sherman and Forest {Baskett III} and James C.
Browne",
title = "Trace-Driven Modeling and Analysis of {CPU} Scheduling
in a Multiprogramming System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1063--1069",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ShermanBB72",
abstract = "The scheduling methods tested included the best
possible and worst possible methods, the traditional
methods of multiprogramming theory, round-robin,
first-come-first-served, and dynamic predictors. The
relative and absolute performances of these scheduling
methods are given. It is concluded that a successful
CPU scheduling method must be preemptive and must
prevent a given job from holding the CPU for too long a
period.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "analysis; computer systems programming; CPU
scheduling; first come first served; microscopic level
job stream data; modelling; multiprogramming;
multiprogramming system; round robin; trace driven
modelling",
oldlabel = "ShermanBB72",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ShermanBB72",
xxtitle = "Trace-Driven Modeling and Analysis of {CPU} Scheduling
in Multiprogramming System",
}
@Article{Boland:1972:AAPa,
author = "W. Robert Boland",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 436}: Product Type Trapezoidal
Integration",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1070--1070",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Boland72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72",
}
@Article{Boland:1972:AAPb,
author = "W. Robert Boland",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 437}: Product Type {Simpson}'s
Integration [{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1070--1071",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:14 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Boland72a",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72a",
}
@Article{Boland:1972:AAPc,
author = "W. Robert Boland",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 438}: Product Type Two-Point
{Gauss--Legendre--Simpson}'s Integration [{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1071--??",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72b",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Boland72b",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72b",
xxpages = "1072",
}
@Article{Sullins:1972:CAP,
author = "Walter L. Sullins",
title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 266}: Pseudo-Random
Numbers [{G5}]''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1072--1073",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sullins72",
note = "See \cite{Pike:1965:AAP}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Sullins72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sullins72",
}
@Article{Boland:1972:AAPd,
author = "W. Robert Boland",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 439}: Product Type Three-point
{Gauss--Legendre--Simpson}'s Integration [{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1072--??",
month = dec,
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:16 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72b;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72c",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Boland72b; Boland72c",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72b;
ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72c",
xxpages = "1071--??",
}
@Article{Hallet:1972:CAS,
author = "P. Hallet and E. Mund",
title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 379}: Squank''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1073--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:00 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HalletM72",
note = "See \cite{Lyness:1970:AAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "HalletM72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HalletM72",
}
@Article{Schuegraf:1972:RAL,
author = "Ernst Schuegraf",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 176}: Least Squares Surface
Fit''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1073--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Schuegraf72",
note = "See \cite{Arthurs:1963:AAL}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Schuegraf72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schuegraf72",
}
@Article{Frisch:1972:RAR,
author = "Michael J. Frisch",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithms 352, 385, 392}: Remarks on
Characteristic Values and Associated Solutions of
{Mathieu}'s Differential Equation, Exponential
Integral, and Systems of Hyperbolic {P.D.E.}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1074--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Frisch72",
note = "See
\cite{Clemm:1969:AAC,Paciorek:1970:AAE,Smith:1970:AAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Frisch72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Frisch72",
}
@Article{Marshall:1972:RAD,
author = "D. R. T. Marshall",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 394}: Decision Table
Translation''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1074--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:53 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Marshall72",
note = "See remark \cite{Dial:1970:AAD}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Marshall72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Marshall72",
}
@Article{Schuegraf:1972:RAB,
author = "Ernst Schuegraf",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 195}: {BANDSOLVE}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1074--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:59 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Schuegraf72a",
note = "See \cite{Thurnau:1963:AAB}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Schuegraf72a",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schuegraf72a",
}
@Article{Heiberger:1972:RAR,
author = "Richard M. Heiberger",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 405}: Roots of Matrix
Pencils''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "12",
pages = "1075--??",
year = "1972",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Heiberger72",
note = "See \cite{Dell:1971:AAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Heiberger72",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Heiberger72",
}
@Article{Denning:1973:CWM,
author = "Peter J. Denning and Stuart C. Schwartz",
title = "Corrigendum: ``{Properties of the working-set
model}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "15",
number = "2",
pages = "191--198",
month = feb,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue May 28 11:37:15 1996",
note = "See \cite{Denning:1972:PWS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Shedler:1973:QMM,
author = "Gerald S. Shedler",
title = "A Queuing Model of a Multiprogrammed Computer with a
Two-Level Storage System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "3--10",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A50",
MRnumber = "51 14680",
MRreviewer = "K. Vairaran",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Shedler73",
abstract = "The results are presented of an analysis of a
probabilistic model of a multiprogrammed computer
system with a two-level storage system in which there
is sequential dependency of accesses between the
devices. Expressions are obtained for the long-run
probability that both the CPU and each of the storage
devices are busy. Some numerical results are given
which quantify the gains in CPU utilization obtainable
by multiprogramming in the presence of this type of
storage system.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)",
classification = "723; 922",
corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer systems programming --- Multiprogramming;
data storage, digital; dependency of accesses;
hierarchical index ses; hierarchical index sets;
modelling; multiprogrammed computer; multiprogrammed
computer system; multiprogramming; probability;
queueing theory; queuing model; sequential; storage
system; two level",
oldlabel = "Shedler73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shedler73",
}
@Article{Bays:1973:RHC,
author = "Carter Bays",
title = "The Reallocation of Hash-Coded Tables",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "11--14",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bays73",
abstract = "When the space allocation for a hash-coded table is
altered, the table entries must be rescattered over the
new space. A technique for accomplishing this
rescattering is presented. The technique is independent
of both the length of the table and the hashing
function used, and can be utilized in conjunction with
a linear reallocation of the table being rescattered.
Moreover, it can be used to eliminate previously
flagged deletions from any hash-coded table, or to
change from one hashing method to another. The
efficiency of the technique is discussed and
theoretical statistics are given.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Algorithm to handle increase or decrease within a
direct access table containing entries.",
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6120 (File
organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer systems programming; data storage, digital;
deletions; dynamic storage; hash code; programming;
reallocation; scatter storage; storage allocation",
oldlabel = "Bays73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bays73",
}
@Article{Morris:1973:PPL,
author = "James H. {Morris, Jr.}",
title = "Protection in Programming Languages",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "15--21",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Morris73",
abstract = "Linguistic mechanisms which can be used to protect one
subprogram from another's malfunctioning are described.
Function-producing functions and various type-tagging
schemes are considered. An attempt is made to
distinguish between access limitation and
authentication.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6100 (Software techniques and systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "access control; access keys; authentication; computer
programming languages; environments; programming
languages; protection; seals; secrecy; security of
data; trademarks; types",
oldlabel = "Morris73",
treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morris73",
}
@Article{Muraoka:1973:TRS,
author = "Yoichi Muraoka and David J. Kuck",
title = "On the Time Required for a Sequence of Matrix
Products",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "22--26",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A20",
MRnumber = "51 2347",
MRreviewer = "M. Tetruasvili",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:07:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MuraokaK73",
abstract = "This paper discusses the multiplication of conformable
sequences of row vectors, column vectors, and square
matrices. The minimum time required to evaluate such
products on ordinary serial computers as well as
parallel computers is discussed. Algorithms are
presented which properly parse such matrix sequences
subject to the constraints of the machine
organization.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming; computer programming languages;
computers; digital arithmetic; matrix algebra; matrix
expressions; matrix multiplication; operation
minimization; parallel computers; parallel machine;
parallel processing; sequence of matrix products;
serial; time required",
oldlabel = "MuraokaK73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MuraokaK73",
}
@Article{James:1973:ACP,
author = "E. B. James and Derek P. Partridge",
title = "Adaptive Correction of Program Statements",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "27--37",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#JamesP73",
abstract = "A method of analyzing statements in a programming
language which can tolerate a considerable inaccuracy
in their specification is proposed. This method
involves principles at present mainly confined to
studies in the area of artificial intelligence such as
feature extraction, approximate tree matching, and
strategy improvement by feedback from the matching
process. A pilot program incorporating the principles
is described and preliminary operating results are
presented. A final section surveys further principles
which are currently being investigated.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Imperial Coll. Sci. and Technol., London, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "adaptive correction; artificial intelligence;
automatic parsing; compiler; computer metatheory;
computer programming languages; linguistic pattern
matching; program statements; programming; programming
languages; syntax analysis; theory",
oldlabel = "JamesP73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/JamesP73",
}
@Article{Richman:1973:VPE,
author = "Paul L. Richman",
title = "Variable-Precision Exponentiation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "38--40",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D20",
MRnumber = "51 4631",
MRreviewer = "V. V. Ivanov",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:57 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Richman73",
abstract = "A previous paper presented an efficient algorithm,
called the Recomputation Algorithm, for evaluating a
rational expression to within any desired tolerance on
a computer which performs variable-precision arithmetic
operations. The Recomputation Algorithm can be applied
to expressions involving any variable-precision
operations having $O(10^(-p) + \sum_i|E_i|)$ error
bounds, where $p$ denotes the operation's precision and
$E_i$ denotes the error in the operation's $i$-th
argument. \par
This paper presents an efficient variable-precision
exponential operation with an error bound of the above
order. Other operations such as log, sin, and cos,
which have simple series expansions, can be handled
similarly.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
classification = "723; 921",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Denver, CO, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming; digital arithmetic; error
analysis; exponential function; exponentiation;
interval arithmetic; mathematical programming; variable
precision; variable-precision",
oldlabel = "Richman73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Richman73",
}
@Article{Crawford:1973:RBS,
author = "C. R. Crawford",
title = "Reduction of a Band-Symmetric Generalized Eigenvalue
Problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "41--44",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65F15",
MRnumber = "51 7266",
MRreviewer = "W. Niethammer",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:33:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/gvl.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Crawford73",
abstract = "An algorithm is described for reducing a generalized
eigenvalue problem to an ordinary problem, in case A
and B are symmetric band matrices with B positive
definite. If n is the order of the matrix and m the
bandwidth, the matrices A and B are partitioned into
m-by-m blocks; and the algorithm is described in terms
of these blocks. The algorithm reduces the generalized
problem to an ordinary eigenvalue problem for a
symmetric band matrix C whose bandwidth is the same as
A and B. The algorithm is similar to those of
Rutishauser and Schwartz for the reduction of symmetric
matrices to band form. The calculation of C requires
order N**2m operation. The round-off error in the
calculation of C is of the same order as the sum of the
errors at each of the n/m steps of the algorithm, the
latter errors being largely determined by the condition
of B with respect to inversion.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra)",
classification = "723; 921",
corpsource = "Univ. Toronto, Ont., Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming --- Subroutines; eigenvalues and
eigenfunctions; generalized eigenvalues; mathematical
techniques; matrix algebra; reduction; symmetric band
matrices",
kwds = "nla, geig, band matrix, symmetric matrix",
oldlabel = "Crawford73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Crawford73",
}
@Article{Blount:1973:PAC,
author = "Sumner E. Blount and Louis Fein",
title = "The practical aspect of computer science education ---
discussion",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "45--46",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BlountF73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "Digital Equipment Corp., Acton, MA, USA",
keywords = "computer engineering; computer science; curriculum;
digital computers; education; systems design",
oldlabel = "BlountF73",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BlountF73",
}
@Article{Bays:1973:NWC,
author = "Carter Bays",
title = "A note on when to chain overflow items within a
direct-access table",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "46--47",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:06 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bays73a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Univ. South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA",
keywords = "chaining; collision; data handling; direct access
table; hash code; information; open hash; overflow
items; retrieval",
oldlabel = "Bays73a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bays73a",
}
@Article{Atkins:1973:MRA,
author = "M. Stella Atkins",
title = "Mutual recursion in {Algol 60} using restricted
compilers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "47--48",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Atkins73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150C (Compilers,
interpreters and other processors)",
corpsource = "Univ. Warwick, Coventry, UK",
keywords = "ALGOL; ALGOL 60; mutual recursion; program compilers;
restricted compilers",
oldlabel = "Atkins73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Atkins73",
}
@Article{Gallaher:1973:AAM,
author = "L. J. Gallaher",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 440}: {A} Multidimensional {Monte
Carlo} Quadrature with Adaptive Stratified Sampling
[{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "49--50",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:57 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Gallaher73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Georgia Inst. Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA",
keywords = "adaptive quadrature; ALGOL; integral; integration;
Monte Carlo methods; Monte Carlo Quadrature;
multidimensional; sampling; sequential stratification;
stratified; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Gallaher73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gallaher73",
}
@Article{Knop:1973:AAR,
author = "Robert E. Knop",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 441}: Random Deviates from the Dipole
Distribution [{G5}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "51--51",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:18 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1973.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Knop73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL, USA",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "RVG;",
enum = "7514",
keywords = "dipole distribution; FORTRAN; probability density;
random deviates; random number; statistics;
subroutines",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "Knop73",
references = "0",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Knop73",
}
@Article{Hill:1973:AAN,
author = "G. W. Hill and A. W. Davis",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 442}: Normal Deviate [{S14}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "1",
pages = "51--52",
month = jan,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1973.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HillD73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "CSIRO, Glen Osmond, Australia",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "RVG;",
enum = "7393",
keywords = "ALGOL; normal deviate; normal distribution inverse;
probit; statistics; subroutines; Taylor series
approximation; transform",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "HillD73",
references = "0",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HillD73",
}
@Article{Merrill:1973:RCR,
author = "R. D. Merrill",
title = "Representation of Contours and Regions for Efficient
Computer Search",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "2",
pages = "69--82",
month = feb,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A10",
MRnumber = "51 7362",
MRreviewer = "Arnold Griffith",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/imager/imager.75.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Merrill73",
abstract = "A novel computer-searchable representation for the
three basic pictorial features, contour maps, region
coverage, and line structures, is described. The
representation, which has practical storage
requirements, provides a rapid means of searching large
files for data associated with geometric position as
well as with attribute value. An application of this
representation to handling terrain information
illustrates its utility. The algebraic properties of
the data structure make it computationally easy to
determine whether a point lies within a closed
boundary; compute the area contained by a closed
boundary; generate the closed boundary representing the
union or intersection of two closed boundaries; and
determine the neighboring boundaries to a point and the
minimum distances between them and the point. Pertinent
to mapping.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C7400 (Engineering
computing)",
classification = "405; 723",
corpsource = "Lockheed Palo Alto Res. Laboratory, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "applications of computers; cartography; computer
graphics; computer searchable structure; contour map
representation; data handling; data processing --- Data
Handling; data processing --- Data Structures;
engineering; graphic data retrieval; maps and mapping;
region boundary representation",
oldlabel = "Merrill73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Merrill73",
}
@Article{Crespi-Reghizzi:1973:UGI,
author = "Stefano Crespi-Reghizzi and Michel A. Melkanoff and L.
Lichten",
title = "The Use of Grammatical Inference for Designing
Programming Languages",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "2",
pages = "83--90",
month = feb,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A30",
MRnumber = "50 15446",
MRreviewer = "Leon Levy",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:00 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/colt.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Crespi-ReghizziML73",
abstract = "Both in designing a new programming language and in
extending an existing language, the designer is faced
with the problem of deriving a ``natural'' grammar for
the language. We are proposing an interactive approach
to the grammar design problem wherein the designer
presents a sample of sentences and structures as input
to a grammatical inference algorithm. The algorithm
then constructs a grammar which is a reasonable
generalization of the examples submitted by the
designer. \par
The implementation is presently restricted to a
subclass of operator precedence grammars, but a second
algorithm is outlined which applies to a larger class
of context-free grammars.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6140 (Programming languages)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming languages; context; context-free
grammars; extensible languages; free grammars; grammar
design; grammatical inference; identification in the
limit; inference; language definition; operator;
precedence grammars; programming languages",
oldlabel = "Crespi-ReghizziML73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Crespi-ReghizziML73",
}
@Article{Gimpel:1973:TDP,
author = "James F. Gimpel",
title = "A Theory of Discrete Patterns and Their Implementation
in {SNOBOL4}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "2",
pages = "91--100",
month = feb,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A15 (68A45)",
MRnumber = "52 7198",
MRreviewer = "John K. Debenham",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Gimpel73",
abstract = "The notion of a discrete pattern is formalized and
certain properties deduced. A pattern is shown to be a
generalization of a formal language. Algorithms for
implementing the kinds of patterns in SNOBOL4 are
given. The general approach is to create, in-so-far as
possible, a bottom-up parse from a top-down
specification.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6140 (Programming languages)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming languages; data processing ---
Data Structures; discrete patterns; formal language;
formal languages; parsing; pattern implementation;
pattern matching; pattern recognition systems; pattern
theory; patterns; programming languages; SNOBOL4;
string processing",
oldlabel = "Gimpel73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gimpel73",
}
@Article{Rokne:1973:AES,
author = "J. Rokne",
title = "Automatic Errorbounds for Simple Zeros of Analytic
Functions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "2",
pages = "101--104",
month = feb,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65E05",
MRnumber = "51 4638",
MRreviewer = "E. Maliszewski",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Rokne73",
abstract = "The Cauchy-Ostrowski theorem on convergence of Newton
iterates for an analytic function in one variable is
extended to include computational errors using complex
interval arithmetic. Several numerical examples are
given for polynomials with real and complex roots and
one example for the Bessel function of the first
kind.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290B (Error analysis in numerical methods); B0290D
(Functional analysis); B0290K (Nonlinear and functional
equations); C4110 (Error analysis in numerical
methods); C4120 (Functional analysis); C4150 (Nonlinear
and functional equations)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "analysis; analytic functions; automatic errorbounds;
Bessel functions; Cauchy-Ostrowski theorem; complex
interval arithmetic; complex intervals; convergence of
numerical methods; data processing --- Data Handling;
data processing --- Data Structures; error; interval
arithmetic; iterative methods; mathematical techniques;
Newton's method; poles and zeros; polynomials; real
interval arithmetic; real intervals; simple zeros;
zeros of Bessel functions; zeros of polynomials",
oldlabel = "Rokne73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rokne73",
}
@Article{Brent:1973:RRT,
author = "Richard P. Brent",
title = "Reducing the Retrieval Time of Scatter Storage
Techniques",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "2",
pages = "105--109",
month = feb,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:04 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Brent73",
note = "Modification of open addressing with double hashing to
reduce the average number of probes for a successful
search.",
abstract = "A new method for entering and retrieving information
in a hash table is described. The method is intended to
be efficient if most entries are looked up several
times. The expected number of probes to look up an
entry, predicted theoretically and verified by Monte
Carlo experiments, is considerably less than for other
comparable methods if the table is nearly full. An
example of a possible Fortran implementation is
given.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723; 901",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "address; address calculation; addressing; calculation;
computer programming languages --- Fortran; content
addressing; data storage, digital --- Random Access;
file organisation; file searching; has; has code; hash
addressing; information retrieval systems; linear
probing; linear quotient; linear quotient method;
method; retrieval time; scatter storage techniques;
storage management; symbol table",
oldlabel = "Brent73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Brent73",
}
@Article{Graham:1973:SDE,
author = "Robert M. Graham and Gerald J. {Clancy, Jr.} and David
B. DeVaney",
title = "A Software Design and Evaluation System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "2",
pages = "110--116",
month = feb,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:45:59 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#GrahamCD73",
abstract = "A critical failure of current software system design
and implementation methodology is that the performance
of a proposed design is not evaluated before it is
actually implemented. In this paper the reasons for
this failure are explored, and a new methodology which
overcomes many of the difficulties is proposed. A
system which integrates performance evaluation with
design and implementation is described. This system is
based on a simple, high level language which is used to
describe the evolving system at all stages of its
development. The source language description is used as
direct input to performance analysis and simulation
routines. using the performance information obtained
from these routines as feedback, the problems which
adversely affect performance are detected early enough
so that they can be corrected without costly major
reimplementation of the proposed system.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors);
C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "compilers; computer programming languages; computer
software; computer systems programming; computer
systems programming --- Supervisory and Executive
Programs; data processing --- Data Structures;
debugging; des language; evaluation; executive
programs; high level language; performance analysis;
program maintenance; program processors; simulation;
software design; supervisory and; supervisory systems;
system programming",
oldlabel = "GrahamCD73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GrahamCD73",
}
@Article{Balzer:1973:OIC,
author = "Robert M. Balzer",
title = "An Overview of the {ISPL} Computer System Design",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "2",
pages = "117--122",
month = feb,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:01 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Balzer73",
abstract = "This paper explores the advantages of the concurrent
design of the language, operating system, and machine
(via microcode) to create an interactive programming
laboratory. It describes the synergistic effect that
the freedom to move and alter features from one of
these domains to another has had on the design of this
system (which has not been implemented). This freedom
simplified both incremental compilation and the
system's addressing structure, and centralized the
communication mechanisms enabling the construction of
hierarchical subsystems. It also suggested an important
new concept for operating systems: separation of the
scheduling from the maintenance functions in resource
allocation. This separation enables incorporation of
new scheduling algorithms (decision of what to do)
without endangering the system integration (correctly
performing the scheduling decisions).",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6100 (Software techniques and systems); C6150J
(Operating systems)",
classification = "723",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming languages; computer system
design; computer systems, digital --- Time Sharing;
computers --- Data Communication Systems; hierarchical
subsystems; incremental compilation; interactive
programming laboratory; interprogram communication;
ISPL; language; machine; operating system; operating
systems (computers); programming",
oldlabel = "Balzer73",
treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Balzer73",
}
@Article{Fritsch:1973:AAS,
author = "Fred N. Fritsch and R. E. Shafer and W. P. Crowley",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 443}: Solution of the Transcendental
Equation $w e^w = x$ [{C5}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "2",
pages = "123--124",
month = feb,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:27 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#FritschSC73",
note = "See remarks \cite{Einarsson:1974:STE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290D (Functional analysis); C4120 (Functional
analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Livermore, CA, USA",
keywords = "FORTRAN; function evaluation; iteration; iterative
methods; subroutines; transcendental equation",
oldlabel = "FritschSC73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FritschSC73",
}
@Article{Austing:1973:CSC,
author = "Richard H. Austing and Gerald L. Engel",
title = "A Computer Science Course Program for Small Colleges",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "139--147",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:22 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#AustingE73",
abstract = "This report gives recommendations for the content,
implementation, and operation of a program of computer
science courses specifically directed to small
colleges. Implementation problems are discussed,
specifically within the constraints of limited faculty
and for the purposes of satisfying a wide variety of
objectives. Detailed descriptions of four courses are
given; suggestions are made for more advanced work; and
an extensive library list is included.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "Univ. Maryland, College Park, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer organization course; computer science course;
computer science education; data processing; education;
file organization course; programming course; reviews;
small colleges; social implications course;
universities",
oldlabel = "AustingE73",
treatment = "B Bibliography; G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AustingE73",
}
@Article{Wagner:1973:CPM,
author = "Robert A. Wagner",
title = "Common Phrases and Minimum-Space Text Storage",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "148--152",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:42 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Wagner73",
abstract = "A method for saving storage space for text strings,
such as compiler diagnostic messages, is described. The
method relies on hand selection of a set of text
strings which are common to one or more messages. These
phrases are then stored only once. The storage
technique gives rise to a mathematical optimization
problem: determine how each message should use the
available phrases to minimize its storage requirement.
This problem is nontrivial when phrases which overlap
exist. However, a dynamic programming algorithm is
presented which solves the problem in time which grows
linearly with the number of characters in the text.
Algorithm 444 applies to this paper.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C6120 (File organisation); C6150G
(Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "common phrases; computer operating systems --- Program
Compilers; computer programming; diagnostic messages;
dynamic programming; error messages; file organisation;
minimum space; optimization; program diagnostics; text
storage",
oldlabel = "Wagner73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wagner73",
}
@Article{Feinroth:1973:TUF,
author = "Y. Feinroth and E. Franceschini and M. Goldstein",
title = "Telecommunications Using a Front-End Minicomputer",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "153--160",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:08 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#FeinrothFG73",
abstract = "The use of a front-end minicomputer to provide varied
remote terminal access to a large scale computer is
considered. The problems of embedding
telecommunications I/O within an operating system are
discussed, and it is shown how the decentralization of
intelligence acquired by front-end processing vastly
simplifies the problem. A specific implementation is
discussed with emphasis on the main
processor-minicomputer link, the hardware-software
implementation, the effect on the main processor
operating system, and an assessment of the advantages
over a hardwired line controller.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5600 (Data communication equipment and techniques)",
classification = "718; 723",
corpsource = "New York Univ., NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computers; computers, miniature; digital communication
systems; front end processor; front-end processor;
large scale computer; minicomputer; minicomputers;
operating; operating system; remote; remote job entry;
systems (computers); telecommunication systems;
telecommunications; terminals",
oldlabel = "FeinrothFG73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FeinrothFG73",
xxauthor = "Y. Feinroth and Ed Franceschini and M. Goldstein",
}
@Article{Pack:1973:EMC,
author = "Charles D. Pack",
title = "The Effects of Multiplexing on a
Computer-Communications System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "161--168",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/network.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Pack73",
abstract = "A study is made of the way in which asynchronous time
division multiplexing changes the stochastic nature of
the arrival process from a user to the computer and,
consequently, affects the performance of a time-shared
computer-communications system. It is concluded that
while, for certain values of system parameters, there
is noticeable improvement in the performance of the
computer (model), in the sense that time-shared
scheduling delays are reduced, these improvements are
offset by the transmission delays imposed by
multiplexing so that there may be little or no change
in the computer-communications system performance.
Analytical and simulation results are based on the
model of the computer-communications system being an
M/D/I queue (the multiplexor) in tandem with a single
exponential server (the computer). Analytical results
include a general description of the output process of
an M/D/1 queue and the conditions under which this
output process is approximately Poisson.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5600 (Data communication equipment and techniques)",
classification = "718; 722; 723",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACm",
keywords = "computer communications; computer programming ---
Subroutines; computers; digital communication systems;
multiplexing; operating systems; scheduling algorithms;
systems; time sharing; time-sharing",
oldlabel = "Pack73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pack73",
}
@Article{Conway:1973:DID,
author = "Richard W. Conway and Thomas R. Wilcox",
title = "Design and Implementation of a Diagnostic Compiler for
{PL/I}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "169--179",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#ConwayW73",
abstract = "PL/C is a compiler for a dialect for PL/I. The design
objective was to provide a maximum degree of diagnostic
assistance in a batch processing environment. For the
most part this assistance is implicit and is provided
automatically by the compilers. The most remarkable
characteristic of PL/C is its perseverance --- it
completes translation of every program submitted and
continues execution until a user-established error
limit is reached. This requires that the compiler
repair errors encountered during both translation and
execution, and the design of PL/C is dominated by this
consideration. PL/C also introduces several explicit
user-controlled facilities for program testing. To
accommodate these extensions to PL/I without abandoning
compatibility with the IBM compiler, PL/C permits
``pseudo comments'' --- constructions whose contents
can optionally be considered either source text or
comment. In spite of the diagnostic effort PL/C is a
fast and efficient processor. It effectively
demonstrates that compilers can provide better
diagnostic assistance than is customarily offered, even
when a sophisticated source language is employed, and
that this assistance need not be prohibitively
costly.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150C (Compilers,
interpreters and other processors); C6150G (Diagnostic,
testing, debugging and evaluating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., NY, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "batch processing environment; batch-processing;
computer operating systems; computer programming
languages --- Program Debugging; computer programming
languages --- Program Diagnostics; design; diagnostic
compiler; diagnostics; implementation; PL/1; PL/C;
PL/I; program; program compilers",
oldlabel = "ConwayW73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ConwayW73",
}
@Article{Salzer:1973:GCS,
author = "Herbert E. Salzer",
title = "{Gray} code and the $\pm$ sequence when $\pm f(\pm
f(\pm f(\cdots \pm f(x) \cdots)))$ is ordered",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "180--180",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Salzer73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
keywords = "binary sequences; binary system; codes; functions;
Galois sum; Gray code; ordering; positive monotonic;
sign sequences",
oldlabel = "Salzer73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Salzer73",
}
@Article{Bookstein:1973:HST,
author = "Abraham Bookstein",
title = "On {Harrison}'s Substring Testing Technique",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "180--181",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bookstein73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
keywords = "data handling; hashing; information storage;
retrieval; substring testing technique",
oldlabel = "Bookstein73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bookstein73",
}
@Article{Payne:1973:GEP,
author = "William H. Payne",
title = "Graduate Education: The Ph.{D}. Glut",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "181--182",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:43 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Payne73",
note = "See response and rebuttal \cite{Freeman:1974:GEP}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
keywords = "accreditation; education; graduate education; Ph.D.
glut; Ph.D. production",
oldlabel = "Payne73",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Payne73",
}
@Article{Wagner:1973:AAA,
author = "Robert A. Wagner",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 444}: An Algorithm for Extracting
Phrases in a Space-Optimal Fashion [{Z}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "183--185",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:43 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Wagner73a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; coding; data handling; extracting phrases;
information retrieval; PARSE; PL/I; subroutines; text
compression",
oldlabel = "Wagner73a",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wagner73a",
}
@Article{Chang:1973:AAB,
author = "Shi-Kuo Chang",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 445}: Binary Pattern Reconstruction
from Projections [{Z}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "185--186",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Chang73",
note = "See remark \cite{Lau:1973:RAB}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition); C7800 (Other
computer applications)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "ALGOL; binary pattern; compression; data; picture
processing; projections; reconstruction; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Chang73",
treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Chang73",
}
@Article{Lau:1973:RAB,
author = "John Lau",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 445: Binary Pattern
Reconstruction from Projections [{Z}]}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "3",
pages = "186--186",
month = mar,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:57:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lau73",
note = "See \cite{Chang:1973:AAB}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition); C7800 (Other
computer applications)",
corpsource = "Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada",
keywords = "ALGOL; binary pattern reconstruction; compression;
data; picture processing; projections; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Lau73",
treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lau73",
}
@Article{Hassitt:1973:IHL,
author = "Anthony Hassitt and J. W. Lageschulte and Leonard E.
Lyon",
title = "Implementation of a High Level Language Machine",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "4",
pages = "199--212",
month = apr,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HassittLL73",
abstract = "Computing machines which directly execute the
statements of a high level language have been proposed
in the past. This report describes the actual
implementation of such a machine: it is a computer
whose ``machine language'' is APL. The machine is fully
operational and correctly executes almost all of the
APL operations on scalars, vectors, and arrays. The
machine automatically allocates memory, executes
statements, calls functions, converts numbers from one
type to another, checks subscripts, and automatically
detects many types of programmer errors.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C6140D (High level
languages)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "IBM Palo Alto, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "APL; computer architecture; computer operating systems
--- Program Compilers; computer programming languages;
computing machines; emulators; high level language;
high level language machine; implementation;
interpreters; microprogramming; procedure oriented
languages",
oldlabel = "HassittLL73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HassittLL73",
xxtitle = "Implementation of High Level Language Machine",
}
@Article{Williams:1973:AMH,
author = "John G. Williams",
title = "Asymmetric Memory Hierarchies",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "4",
pages = "213--222",
month = apr,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A50",
MRnumber = "51 2378",
MRreviewer = "I. Kaufmann",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:08 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/storage.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Williams73",
abstract = "A study is presented of some of the system
implications of memory hierarchies in which the backing
or secondary store has a very small read time, relative
of both the time required for writing and to the read
time of conventional backing storage devices. Several
analytic models are introduced, and it is shown that
such hierarchies may operate in ways which differ from
those of more conventional hierarchies. In particular,
it is shown that it may not be necessary to
multiprogram in such a situation. \par
In the past, backing storage devices have been roughly
symmetric with respect to their read and write times.
This situation may not continue, as several devices are
currently under development which may have a very small
read-time/write-time ratio. This study places
particular emphasis on one such system-the RCA
read/write holographic optical memory.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5320Z (Other digital storage); C6120 (File
organisation)",
classification = "722; 723; 741",
corpsource = "RCA, Princeton, NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "asymmetric memory; asymmetric memory hierarchies;
asymmetric memory hierarchy; computer systems
programming --- Multiprogramming; data storage,
optical; demand paging; file organisation; holographic;
holographic optical memory; holography; memory device;
memory hierarchy; optical memory; optical stores;
paging; Performance Evaluation: Analytic; storage
device; storage hierarchy; virtual memory",
oldlabel = "Williams73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williams73",
}
@Article{Kuki:1973:SSA,
author = "H. Kuki and W. J. Cody",
title = "A Statistical Study of the Accuracy of Floating Point
Number Systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "4",
pages = "223--230",
month = apr,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A20 (65G05)",
MRnumber = "51 2344",
MRreviewer = "I. Kaufmann",
bibdate = "Wed Aug 31 13:47:33 1994",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib",
abstract = "This paper presents the statistical results of tests
of the accuracy of certain arithmetic systems in
evaluating sums, products and inner products, and
analytic error estimates for some of the computations.
The arithmetic systems studied are 6-digit hexadecimal
and 22-digit binary floating point number
representations combined with the usual chop and round
modes of arithmetic with various numbers of guard
digits, and with a modified round mode with guard
digits. In a certain sense, arithmetic systems
differing only in their use of binary or hexadecimal
number representations are shown to be approximately
statistically equivalent in accuracy. Further, the
usual round mode with guard digits is shown to be
statistically superior in accuracy to the usual chop
mode in all cases save one. The modified round mode is
found to be superior to the chop mode in all cases.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # " and " # ack-nj,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "accuracy; arithmetic; computer programming; digital
arithmetic; error analysis; floating point arithmetic;
floating point number systems; guard digits; number
representation; rounding; statistical study",
oldlabel = "KukiC73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KukiC73",
}
@Article{Burkhard:1973:SAB,
author = "Walter A. Burkhard and Robert M. Keller",
title = "Some Approaches to Best-Match File Searching",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "4",
pages = "230--236",
month = apr,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/siggraph/pre75.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BurkhardK73",
abstract = "The problem of searching the set of keys in a file to
find a key which is closest to a given query key is
discussed. After ``closest'', in terms of a metric on
the key space, is suitably defined, three file
structures are presented together with their
corresponding search algorithms, which are intended to
reduce the number of comparisons required to achieve
the desired result. These methods are derived using
certain inequalities satisfied by metrics and by
graph-theoretic concepts. Some empirical results are
presented which compare the efficiency of the
methods.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "Univ. California, San Diego, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "best match; data processing; file organisation; file
searching; file structuring; heuristics; information
retrieval systems",
oldlabel = "BurkhardK73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BurkhardK73",
}
@Article{Strong:1973:RCT,
author = "James P. {Strong, III} and Azriel Rosenfeld",
title = "A Region Coloring Technique for Scene Analysis",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "4",
pages = "237--246",
month = apr,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:47 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#StrongR73",
abstract = "A method of converting a picture into a ``cartoon'' or
``map'' whose regions correspond to differently
textured regions is described. Texture edges in the
picture are detected, and solid regions surrounded by
these (usually broken) edges are ``colored in'' using a
propagation process. The resulting map is cleaned by
comparing the region colors with the textures of the
corresponding regions in the picture, and also by
merging some regions with others according to criteria
based on topology and size. The method has been applied
to the construction of could cover maps from cloud
cover pictures obtained by satellites.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)",
classification = "405; 723; 741",
corpsource = "NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer graphics; data processing --- Natural
Sciences Applications; edge detection; maps and
mapping; pattern recognition systems; picture; picture
processing; processing; region colouring technique;
scene analysis",
oldlabel = "StrongR73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/StrongR73",
}
@Article{Rodriguez-Rosell:1973:DIE,
author = "Juan Rodriguez-Rosell and Jean-Pierre Dupuy",
title = "The design, implementation, and evaluation of a
working set dispatcher",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "4",
pages = "247--253",
month = apr,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Rodriguez-RosellD73",
abstract = "The behavior of a computer system is largely dependent
upon the algorithm employed to allocate the system
resources to the processes competing for them. Recent
research in time-sharing paging systems has developed
the working set model for program behavior, and a
resource allocation strategy based on this model has
been proposed. Two implementations along these
principles have been reported, but it seems that in
neither case have further results been announced. This
report discusses the design and implementation of a
dispatcher based on the working set principle, presents
data to permit analysis of its behavior, and indicates
future directions of research on methods of controlling
a computer system.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "Royal Inst. Technol., Stockholm, Sweden",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer systems, digital; computers --- Operating
Procedures; design; evaluation; implementation;
operating systems; resource allocation; scheduler;
software evaluation; supervisory and executive
programs; supervisory systems; time sharing;
time-sharing systems; working set; working set
dispatcher",
oldlabel = "Rodriguez-RosellD73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rodriguez-RosellD73",
}
@Article{Broucke:1973:AAT,
author = "R. Broucke",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 446}: Ten Subroutines for the
Manipulation of {Chebyshev} Series [{C1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "4",
pages = "254--256",
month = apr,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:17 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Broucke73",
note = "See remark and certification
\cite{Piessens:1975:RCA}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
keywords = "approximations; Chebyshev approximation; Chebyshev
series; curve fitting; Manipulation; negative powers;
series (mathematics); subroutines",
oldlabel = "Broucke73",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Broucke73",
}
@Article{Ragland:1973:CAG,
author = "Larry C. Ragland and Donald I. Good",
title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 386}: Greatest Common
Divisor of $n$ Integers and Multipliers''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "4",
pages = "257--257",
month = apr,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#RaglandG73",
note = "See \cite{Bradley:1970:AAG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "Euclidean algorithm; greatest common divisor;
inductive assertion method; integers; multipliers;
number theory; proof of algorithms",
oldlabel = "RaglandG73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RaglandG73",
}
@Article{Pager:1973:PCC,
author = "David Pager",
title = "On the Problem of Communicating Complex Information",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "275--281",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:04 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Pager73",
abstract = "The nature of the difficulty involved in communicating
mathematical results between scientists using a
computer based information retrieval system is
examined. The problem is analyzed in terms of
psychological and information-processing processes, and
what turns out to be a vicious circle of effects is
described. The paper then considers how the
presentation of information by a computer-based
information retrieval system, or by other media, can be
improved. Some trade-offs which affect the design of
the presentation are mentioned, and a number of ideas
for improvement are described. These include ways of
augmenting written language by various notational and
linguistic devices, the exhibition of the structure
inherent in the information the authors are
communicating, and a sophisticated interactive system
controlled by computer.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "communication; complex information; computer based
information retrieval; computers --- Data Communication
Systems; information; information retrieval systems;
information science --- Information Retrieval;
interactive system; language; mathematics; proof;
psychology; system",
oldlabel = "Pager73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pager73",
}
@Article{Low:1973:PQE,
author = "David W. Low",
title = "Programming by Questionnaire: an Effective Way to Use
Decision Tables",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "282--286",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:47 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Low73",
abstract = "Programming by questionnaire combines aspects of
decision table programming and general purpose
programming by using decision tables to construct an
application program through the selection of certain
source statements from a predefined file. It is
proposed that programming by questionnaire is a useful
compromise between general and special purpose
programming for a significant class of large scale
problems. The elements of the approach are discussed
and an existing application is described.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "IBM Corp., Los Angeles, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automatic program; automatic program generation;
computer systems programming; decision tables;
generation; productivity; programmer; programming;
questionnaire; simulator generation",
oldlabel = "Low73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Low73",
}
@Article{King:1973:SCU,
author = "Peter J. H. King and Roger G. Johnson",
title = "Some Comments on the Use of Ambiguous Decision Tables
and Their Conversion to Computer Programs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "287--290",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#KingJ73",
abstract = "This paper comments upon recently published work on
decision table translation using methods similar to
rule-mask technique. The applicability of these methods
under various possible conventions on overall table
meaning is discussed, and it is argued that there is a
place both for the multi-rule and the single-rule (or
action set) convention in decision table usage.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Birbeck Coll., Univ. London, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programs; computer systems programming;
conversion; decision tables",
oldlabel = "KingJ73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KingJ73",
}
@Article{Salasin:1973:HSI,
author = "John Salasin",
title = "Hierarchical Storage in Information Retrieval",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "291--295",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/storage.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Salasin73",
abstract = "A probabilistic analysis is employed to determine the
effect of hierarchical storage organizations on
information retrieval operations. The data storage
hardware is assumed to consist of n-levels of linearly
connected memory hardware with increasing data access
times and increasing data storage capabilities. A
system might, for example, consist of fast
semiconductor memory, computer core memory, extended
core storage, disk memory, and data cells. Equations
are derived to predict the effect of such a system on
data access times using sequential files, random access
files, and structured files employing
multiple-hierarchical linked lists.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Simple evaluation of record fetch costs using various
accessing sequences.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage
and retrieval)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "Univ. Minneapolis, MN, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "analysis; analytic; computer operating systems ---
Storage Allocation; data access times; file
organisation; files; hierarchical storage; information
retrieval; information retrieval systems; linked lists;
memory hierarchy; performance evaluation;
probabilistic; random access; sequential files;
structured files",
oldlabel = "Salasin73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Salasin73",
}
@Article{Corneil:1973:MEN,
author = "Derek G. Corneil and C. C. Gotlieb and Y. M. Lee",
title = "Minimal Event-Node Network of Project Precedence
Relations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "296--298",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#CorneilGL73",
abstract = "A procedure for constructing a minimal event-node
network to represent a set of precedence relations
without parallel activities is presented. A minimal
even-node network is an event-node network in which
both the number of nodes and the number of arcs are the
minima to preserve the given precedence relations.
Counterexamples are given to show that the algorithm
presented by A. C. Fisher, J. S. Liebman, and G. L.
Nemhauser (1968) produces event-node networks which are
not minimal. Since our procedure includes the
set-covering problem, the time required may grow
exponentially with the number of given activities.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7100 (Business and administration)",
classification = "912",
corpsource = "Univ. Toronto, Ont., Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "event node network; event-node network; management
science; management sciences; minimal; minimal
event-node network; network analysis; operations
research; project precedence relations",
oldlabel = "CorneilGL73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CorneilGL73",
}
@Article{Mercer:1973:AGP,
author = "Andrew Mercer and Azriel Rosenfeld",
title = "An Array Grammar Programming System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "299--305",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MercerR73",
abstract = "A package of Fortran programs has been developed that
permits a user to interactively design and test array
grammars. The user can control the rule selection
procedure in a derivation or parse, using weighted
programming matrices; he also has a choice of instance
selection schemes (raster, random, parallel). Examples
are given involving array languages consisting of
simple geometrical patterns, as well as a language of
``neuron pictures.''",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C7430 (Computer engineering)",
classification = "721; 723",
corpsource = "Kappa Systems Inc., Arlington, VA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "array grammar; array grammars; automata theory ---
Grammars; automatic testing; CAD; computer graphics;
computer programming languages; computer-aided design;
Fortran programs; grammars; interactively; picture
grammars; programming system; test",
oldlabel = "MercerR73",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MercerR73",
}
@Article{Reingold:1973:NLM,
author = "Edward M. Reingold",
title = "A Nonrecursive List Moving Algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "305--307",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:25 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Reingold73",
abstract = "An efficient, nonrecursive algorithm is given for
moving any LIST-type list. In particular, the algorithm
requires no storage other than the new nodes into which
the list is to be moved, and no additional bits per
node for marking; the algorithm runs in time
proportional to the number of nodes in the list. The
original list structure is destroyed as it is moved.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming --- Subroutines; computer
programming languages; computer programming languages
--- lisp; garbage collection; LISP; list moving; list
processing; nonrecursive algorithm; storage
management",
oldlabel = "Reingold73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Reingold73",
}
@Article{Vos:1973:RAC,
author = "H. Vos",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 300}: {Coulomb} Wave
Functions''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "308--309",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Vos73",
note = "See \cite{Gunn:1967:AAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290D (Functional analysis); C4120 (Functional
analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Vrije Univ., Amsterdam, Netherlands",
keywords = "Coulomb wave functions; function evaluation;
mathematics; wave functions",
oldlabel = "Vos73",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Vos73",
}
@Article{Bayer:1973:M,
author = "G. Bayer",
title = "Maxflow",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "309--309",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Tech. Univ., Braunschweig, West Germany",
keywords = "arcs; flows; input parameters; maxflow; network;
network analysis",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Bayer:1973:RAM,
author = "G. Bayer",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 324}: Maxflow''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "309--??",
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:01 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bayer73",
note = "See \cite{Bayer:1968:AAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Bayer73",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bayer73",
}
@Article{Holmgren:1973:RAM,
author = "B. Holmgren and D. Obradovi{\'c} and {\AA}. Kolm",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 333}: Minit Algorithm for
Linear Programming''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "310--310",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HolmgrenOK73",
note = "See \cite{Salazar:1968:AAM,Obradovic:1973:RAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "ASEA, Vasteras, Sweden",
keywords = "linear programming; minit algorithm",
oldlabel = "HolmgrenOK73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HolmgrenOK73",
xxauthor = "B. Holmgren and {\AA}. Kolm and D. Obradovi{\'c}",
}
@Article{Obradovic:1973:RAM,
author = "D. Obradovi{\'c}",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 333}: Minit Algorithm for
Linear Programming''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "310--310",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Obradovic73",
note = "See \cite{Salazar:1968:AAM,Holmgren:1973:RAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Boris Kidric Inst. Nuclear Sci., Beograd, Yugoslavia",
keywords = "linear programming; mini algorithm",
oldlabel = "Obradovic73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Obradovic73",
}
@Article{Howell:1973:RAE,
author = "Jo Ann Howell",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 406}: Exact Solution of Linear
Equations Using Residue Arithmetic''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "311--311",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Howell73",
note = "See \cite{Howell:1971:AAE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C5230
(Digital arithmetic methods); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USA",
keywords = "digital arithmetic; exact solution; inversion; linear
algebra; linear equations; matrix; mixed radix
conversion; modulus; prime number; residue arithmetic",
oldlabel = "Howell73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Howell73",
}
@Article{Sale:1973:SMP,
author = "Arthur H. J. Sale",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 408}: {A} Sparse Matrix
Package''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "311--311",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:59 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Sale73",
note = "See \cite{McNamee:1971:AAS,Lawrence:1973:RAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Sydney, NSW, Australia",
keywords = "algorithm; matrix algebra; sparse matrix package",
oldlabel = "Sale73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sale73",
}
@Article{Wheeler:1973:IEQ,
author = "Robert E. Wheeler",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 402}: Increasing the Efficiency
of {Quicksort}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "311--311",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:29:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Wheeler73",
note = "See \cite{vanEmden:1970:AAI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "E. I. du Pont Nemours and Co., Wilmington, DE, USA",
keywords = "efficiency; quicksort; sorting",
oldlabel = "Wheeler73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wheeler73",
}
@Article{Roy:1973:RPR,
author = "M. K. Roy",
title = "Reflection-free permutations, rosary permutations and
adjacent transposition algorithms",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "312--312",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160
(Combinatorial mathematics)",
corpsource = "Jadavpur Univ., Calcutta, India",
keywords = "adjacent transposition algorithms; combinatorial
analysis; combinatorial mathematics; permutation;
reflection free; rosary",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
}
@Article{Roy:1973:RFP,
author = "Mohit Kumar Roy",
title = "Reflection-Free Permutations, Rosary Permutations, and
Adjacent Transposition Algorithms",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "312--313",
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Roy73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Roy73",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Roy73",
}
@Article{McMorrow:1973:CMC,
author = "Clyde H. McMorrow",
title = "Concerning music and computer composition in
computational linguistics",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "313--313",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:29 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#McMorrow73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "Eagle Signal Corp., Davenport, IA, USA",
keywords = "computational linguistics; computer composition;
humanities; music",
oldlabel = "McMorrow73",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McMorrow73",
}
@Article{Wexelblat:1973:ACC,
author = "Richard L. Wexelblat",
title = "Another Comment on Computer Music",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "313--314",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:29:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Wexelblat73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)",
corpsource = "Bell Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
keywords = "composer; computer music; humanities; musical taste;
value judgment",
oldlabel = "Wexelblat73",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wexelblat73",
}
@Article{Estell:1973:CPA,
author = "Robert G. Estell",
title = "A comment on the practical aspects of computer science
education",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "314--315",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Estell73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
keywords = "computer science education; curriculum; digital
computers; education",
oldlabel = "Estell73",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Estell73",
}
@Article{Fajman:1973:WIT,
author = "Roger Fajman and John Borgelt",
title = "{WYLBUR}, An Interactive Text Editing and Remote Job
Entry System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "314--322",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:31 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/os.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#FajmanB73",
abstract = "WYLBUR is a comprehensive system for manipulating all
kinds of text, such as computer programs, letters, and
manuscripts, using typewriter terminals connected to a
computer. It has facilities for remote job entry and
retrieval as well as facilities for text alignment and
justification. A powerful method for addressing text by
content is provided. This paper describes the external
appearance of WYLBUR as well as its internal structure.
A short description of the major features of ORVYL, a
general purpose time-sharing system which operates in
conjunction with WYLBUR, is also included.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "addressing; computer systems programming; content;
content addressing; data entry; data handling; data
processing; document preparation; interactive text
editing; ORVYL; remote; remote job entry; remote job
retrieval; terminal; text editing",
oldlabel = "FajmanB73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FajmanB73",
}
@Article{Frailey:1973:PAM,
author = "Dennis J. Frailey",
title = "A Practical Approach to Managing Resources and
Avoiding Deadlocks",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "5",
pages = "323--329",
month = may,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Frailey73",
abstract = "Resource scheduling and allocation can be expensive
with regard to time and space in multiprogramming or
time-sharing environments involving large numbers of
tasks and resources with conflicting requirements.
\par
Detection and\slash or prevention of deadlocks can
require massive amounts of additional overhead if
efficient usage of resources is to be maintained. A
resource management program is described which uses
linked lists along with other techniques to overcome a
large portion of this overhead. The program, which is
currently running as part of a large scale general
purpose operating system, keeps resources relatively
active but does not detect or prevent all deadlocks in
its implemented state. Certain changes, which would
permit more comprehensive levels of deadlock
prevention\slash detection at additional cost, have not
been incorporated in the running system due to the
infrequency of deadlock situations.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Description of a limited implementation and good
overview.",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "(computers); allocation; computer systems programming;
deadlock; deadly embrace; file organisation;
multiprocessing; multiprogramming; operating systems;
resource; resource allocation; resource management;
resource scheduling; scheduling; storage allocation;
time sharing; time-sharing; time-sharing programs",
oldlabel = "Frailey73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Frailey73",
}
@Article{Hamlet:1973:EMR,
author = "Richard G. Hamlet",
title = "Efficient multiprogramming resource allocation and
accounting",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "337--342",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:07 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hamlet73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
corpsource = "Univ. Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA",
keywords = "accounting; efficient; executive; memory; monitor;
multiprogramming; resource allocation; storage
allocation",
oldlabel = "Hamlet73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hamlet73",
xxpages = "337--343",
}
@Article{Gelenbe:1973:MWS,
author = "Erol Gelenbe and J. C. A. Boekhorst and J. L. W.
Kessels",
title = "Minimizing Wasted Space in Partitioned Segmentation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "343--349",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Gelenbe73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
keywords = "algorithms; dynamic storage allocation; file
organisation; fragmentation; multiple; page sizes;
paged virtual memory; partitioned segmentation; storage
allocation; storage management; system; wasted space",
oldlabel = "Gelenbe73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gelenbe73",
xxauthor = "Erol Gelenbe",
xxauthor = "E. Gelenbe and J. C. A. Boekhorst and J. L. W.
Kessels",
}
@Article{Hill:1973:SPM,
author = "J. Carver Hill",
title = "Synchronizing processors with memory-content-generated
interrupts",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "350--351",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hill73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Livermore, CA, USA",
keywords = "associative memories; debugging; interrupts;
microprogramming; monitors; multiprocessing programs;
multiprocessor; parallel processing; supervisors;
synchronisation; synchronizing processors",
oldlabel = "Hill73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hill73",
}
@Article{Stone:1973:NOS,
author = "Harold S. Stone and Samuel H. Fuller",
title = "On the Near-Optimality of the
Shortest-Latency-Time-First Drum Scheduling
Discipline",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "352--353",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#StoneF73",
note = "Also published in/as: Technical Note No.12, DSL.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "computer systems; drum scheduling discipline; file
organisation; latency scheduling; minimal; shortest
latency time first; storage allocation; storage
management",
oldlabel = "StoneF73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/StoneF73",
}
@Article{Stockhausen:1973:AOC,
author = "Peter F. Stockhausen",
title = "Adapting optimal code generation for arithmetic
expressions to the instruction sets available on
present-day computers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "353--354",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:29 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Stockhausen73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Bell Labs., Murray Hill., NJ, USA",
keywords = "arithmetic expressions; codes; digital arithmetic;
instruction; optimal code generation; sets",
oldlabel = "Stockhausen73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Stockhausen73",
}
@Article{Ling:1973:CGA,
author = "Robert F. Ling",
title = "A Computer Generated Aid for Cluster Analysis",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "355--361",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Ling73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5530 (Pattern recognition and computer vision
equipment); C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
keywords = "cluster analysis; computer aided analysis; computer
graphics; factor analysis; hierarchical clustering;
numerical taxonomy; pattern; recognition",
oldlabel = "Ling73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ling73",
}
@Article{Shneiderman:1973:ODB,
author = "Ben Shneiderman",
title = "Optimum Data Base Reorganization Points",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "362--365",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Shneiderman73",
URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/Shneiderman73.html",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Criteria for file reorganization",
cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM16/P362.pdf",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "State Univ. New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA",
keywords = "cost per access; data base; file organisation; files;
information retrieval; optimum; reorganization;
strategies",
oldlabel = "Shneiderman73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shneiderman73",
}
@Article{Strunz:1973:DDT,
author = "Horst Strunz",
title = "The development of decision tables via parsing of
complex decision situations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "366--369",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Strunz73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Mathematischer Beratungs- and Programmierungsdienst
GmbH, Cologne, West Germany",
keywords = "decision grid chart; decision tables; development;
parsing; problem analysis",
oldlabel = "Strunz73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Strunz73",
}
@Article{Bell:1973:TC,
author = "James R. Bell",
title = "Threaded Code",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "370--372",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:22 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bell73",
abstract = "The concept of ``threaded code'' is presented as an
alternative to machine language code. Hardware and
software realizations of it are given. In software it
is realized as interpretive code not needing an
interpreter. Extensions and optimizations are
mentioned.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C6110 (Systems analysis
and programming); C6140B (Machine-oriented languages)",
corpsource = "Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA, USA",
keywords = "code; compiled code; hardware; interpreter; machine;
machine code; machine oriented languages;
microprogramming; programming; software; space
tradeoff; subroutine calls; threaded code; time
tradeoff",
oldlabel = "Bell73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bell73",
}
@Article{Hopcroft:1973:AAE,
author = "John E. Hopcroft and Robert Endre Tarjan",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 447}: Efficient Algorithms for Graph
Manipulation [{H}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "372--378",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HopcroftT73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA",
keywords = "ALGOL; algorithms; graph manipulation; graph theory;
mathematics; partitioning; subroutines",
oldlabel = "HopcroftT73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HopcroftT73",
}
@Article{Beyer:1973:AAN,
author = "Terry Beyer and D. F. Swinehart",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 448}: Number of Multiply-Restricted
Partitions [{A1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "379--379",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BeyerS73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Univ. Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA",
keywords = "change making; digital arithmetic; enumeration;
FORTRAN; multiply restricted partitions; positive
integer; subroutine; subroutines",
oldlabel = "BeyerS73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BeyerS73",
}
@Article{Ferguson:1973:LSP,
author = "J. Ferguson and P. A. Staley",
title = "Least Squares Piecewise Cubic Curve Fitting",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "380--382",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D10",
MRnumber = "50 15267",
MRreviewer = "Bernard H. Rosman",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#FergusonS73",
abstract = "The matrices involved in a linear least squares
formulation are determined for the problem of fitting
piecewise cubic functions, those possessing a
continuous derivative, to arrays of planar data.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
corpsource = "Teledyne Ryan Aeronaut. Co., San Diego, CA, USA",
keywords = "approximation splines; curve fitting; data; data
reduction; data reduction and analysis; function
approximation; least; least squares; piecewise cubic;
reduction; squares approximations",
oldlabel = "FergusonS73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FergusonS73",
}
@Article{Hoskins:1973:CSS,
author = "W. D. Hoskins",
title = "Cubic spline solutions to fourth-order boundary value
problems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "382--385",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65L10",
MRnumber = "58 31861",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hoskins73",
abstract = "The cubic spline approximation to the fourth-order
differential equation $y''''+p(x)y''+q(x)y'+r(x)y=t(x)$
is shown to reduce to the solution of a five-term
recurrence relationship. For some special cases the
approximation is shown to be simply related to a finite
difference representation with a local truncation error
of order $(y/720)\delta^8$.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
B0290P (Differential equations); C4130 (Interpolation
and function approximation); C4170 (Differential
equations)",
corpsource = "Univ. Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man., Canada",
keywords = "(mathematics); boundary value problem; boundary value
problems; boundary-value problems; cubic spline;
differential; differential equations; equations; fourth
order; splines",
oldlabel = "Hoskins73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hoskins73",
}
@Article{Alt:1973:CPT,
author = "Franz L. Alt and Judith Yuni Kirk",
title = "Computer Photocomposition of Technical Text",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "6",
pages = "386--391",
month = jun,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#AltK73",
note = "Describes the typesetting system used by the American
Institute of Physics.",
abstract = "In computer assisted typesetting by means of
photocomposition, special problems arise in highly
technical material such as mathematical formulas. New
solutions to several of these problems have been
devised in the information system of the American
Institute of Physics. They include: the representation
of special characters (foreign alphabets, mathematical
symbols, etc.) not available on input keyboards or on
the photocomposer; the generation of such symbols, e.g.
by overprinting; the precise positioning of accent
marks (floating diacritics); line breaks, i.e. words or
formulas placed partly at the end of one line and
partly at the beginning of the next; and certain
aspects of error correction.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7230 (Publishing and reproduction)",
corpsource = "American Inst. Phys., New York, NY, USA",
keywords = "computer; computer controlled typesetting; graphics;
photocomposition; printing; technical text; text
processing; typesetting",
oldlabel = "AltK73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AltK73",
}
@Article{Nolan:1973:MCR,
author = "Richard L. Nolan",
title = "Managing the Computer Resource: {A} Stage Hypothesis",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "399--405",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Nolan73",
abstract = "Based on the study of expenditures for data
processing, a descriptive stage hypothesis is
presented. It is suggested that the planning,
organizing, and controlling activities associated with
managing the computer resource will change in character
over a period of time, and will evolve in patterns
roughly correlated to four stages of the computer
budget: Stage I (computer acquisition), Stage II
(intense system development), Stage III (proliferation
of controls), and Stage IV (user\slash service
orientation). Each stage is described and related to
individual tasks for managing the computer resource.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Harvard Univ. Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer; computer budget; computer expenditures;
computer management; computer resource; control; data
processing; data processing, business; economics;
management; organizing; planning; resource; stage
hypothesis",
oldlabel = "Nolan73",
treatment = "E Economic",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Nolan73",
}
@Article{Huang:1973:NIO,
author = "J. C. Huang",
title = "A Note on Information Organization and Storage",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "406--410",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A50",
MRnumber = "55 13900",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Huang73",
abstract = "Since the logical structure of a data base can be
represented by a tree or graph, it is quite natural for
us to view the process of designing a data base as that
of constructing a tree or a graph. \par
A general method for constructing such a tree or a
graph is provided. There are three important elements
in this general construction method; namely, a set of
binary relations, an algorithm for constructing subsets
of a set, and an algorithm for selecting an element
from the given set of objects. The use of different
relations and algorithms results in different
information structures, as list, tree, ring, etc. Thus
the problem of information organization and storage is
reduced to that of defining relations and formulating
algorithms under a given set of constraints. \par
The results presented may be valuable to designers as
useful design concepts, and may serve as a basis for
developing a formal theory on the subject.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723; 901; 921",
corpsource = "Univ. Houston, TX, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "(mathematical); data base; data-base management; file
organisation; file organization; graph; graph theory;
information; information retrieval; information
retrieval systems; information structure; management;
mathematical techniques --- Graph Theory; storage
allocation; structure; tree; trees",
oldlabel = "Huang73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Huang73",
}
@Article{Kozdrowicki:1973:CIC,
author = "Edward W. Kozdrowicki and Dennis W. Cooper",
title = "{COKO III}: the {Cooper-Koz} Chess Program",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "411--427",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#KozdrowickiC73",
abstract = "COKO III is a chess player written entirely in
Fortran. On the IBM 360-65, COKO III plays a minimal
chess game at the rate of. 2 sec cpu time per move,
with a level close to lower chess club play. A
selective tree searching procedure controlled by
tactical chess logistics allows a deployment of
multiple minimal game calculations to achieve some
optimal move selection. In addition, an interesting
phenomenon called a tree searching catastrophe has
plagued COKO's entire development just as it troubles a
human player. Standard exponential growth is curbed to
a large extent by the definition and trimming of the
Fischer set. Representation of the chess environment is
described along with a strategic preanalysis procedure
that maps the Lasker regions. Specific chess algorithms
are described which could be used as a command
structure by anyone desiring to do some chess program
experimentation. A comparison is made of some
mysterious actions of human players and COKO III.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C7810 (Social and
behavioural sciences computing)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Davis, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; chess program; COKO III;
computer systems programming; FORTRAN; games of skill;
heuristic programming; minimal chess game; selective
searching; tree searching",
oldlabel = "KozdrowickiC73",
treatment = "A Application",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KozdrowickiC73",
}
@Article{Howard:1973:MSD,
author = "John H. {Howard, Jr.}",
title = "Mixed Solutions for the Deadlock Problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "427--430",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:04 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Howard73",
abstract = "Mixtures of detection, avoidance, and prevention
provide more effective and practical solutions to the
deadlock problem than any one of these alone. The
individual techniques can be tailored for subproblems
of resource allocation and still operate together to
prevent deadlocks. This paper presents a method, based
on the concept of the hierarchical operating system,
for constructing appropriate mixtures and suggests
appropriate subsystems for the most frequently
occurring resource allocation problems.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer operating systems; computer systems
programming --- Multiprogramming; deadlock problem;
deadlocks; hierarchical systems; mixed solutions;
multiprogramming; operating systems; operating systems
(computers); resource allocation",
oldlabel = "Howard73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Howard73",
}
@Article{Gelenbe:1973:DPP,
author = "Erol Gelenbe",
title = "Distribution of a Program in Primary and Fast Buffer
Storage",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "431--434",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Gelenbe73a",
abstract = "A virtual memory computer system with a fast buffer
(cache) memory between primary memory and central
processing unit is considered. The optimal distribution
of a program between the buffer and primary memory is
studied using the program's lifetime function.
Expressions for the distribution of a program which
maximizes the useful fraction of the cost-time integral
of primary and fast buffer storage are obtained for
swapping and nonswapping buffer management policies.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "cache; computer systems programming; cost time
integral; distribution of a program; fast buffer;
function; lifetime; lifetime function; storage; virtual
memory; virtual memory computer system; virtual
storage",
oldlabel = "Gelenbe73a",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gelenbe73a",
}
@Article{Rosin:1973:TAP,
author = "Robert F. Rosin",
title = "Teaching ``About Programming''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "435--438",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:14 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Rosin73",
abstract = "This paper presents the goals and organization of a
course about programming designed to provide entering
students in a graduate program with a cultural
enrichment in their professional lives. The students
are expected to have taken at least two programming
courses prior to this one and, therefore, to be
familiar with at least two programming languages, both
as students and users. Teaching someone how to program
is similar to teaching him to play a musical
instrument: neither skill can be taught-they must be
learned. However, the teacher still serves several
vital purposes: to present a set of rules for producing
well-formed utterances; to offer numerous
demonstrations of his own skill; and to function as an
involved critic. Finally, the teacher is the source of
information about the process in which the student is
involved.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C6110
(Systems analysis and programming)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Aarhus, Denmark",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer systems programming; education;
professionalism; programming; programming concepts;
teaching",
oldlabel = "Rosin73",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rosin73",
xxpages = "435--439",
}
@Article{McFarlan:1973:CRG,
author = "F. Warren McFarlan and Richard L. Nolan",
title = "Curriculum Recommendations for Graduate Professional
Programs in Information Systems: Recommended Addendum
on Information Systems Administration",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "439--441",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:49 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#McFarlanN73",
abstract = "An addendum to the Report of the ACM Curriculum
Committee on Computer Education for Management is
proposed. The proposed addendum is to include in the
curriculum a course on Information Systems
administration. It is important for two reasons: (1)
the systems designer must understand the administrative
framework in which he must operate to work effectively,
and (2) an important objective of the curriculum
recommendations is to prepare the future manager of the
computer activity. \par
It is felt that the importance of these two reasons
justifies the addition of the recommended course.
\par
The course is outlined in the format of the original
report.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C0310 (EDP
management); C7100 (Business and administration)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "administration; computer management; curriculum
recommendations; education; information retrieval
systems; information systems; information systems
administration; information systems management;
management; management information systems",
oldlabel = "McFarlanN73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McFarlanN73",
xxpages = "439--442",
}
@Article{Kandel:1973:CSS,
author = "Abraham Kandel",
title = "Computer Science --- Seminars for Undergraduates",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "442--442",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:53:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Kandel73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)",
corpsource = "New Mexico Inst. Mining Technol., Soccorro., NM, USA",
keywords = "computer science; curriculum; digital computers;
education; fuzzy educational structure; imprecise
synthesis; seminars; undergraduates",
oldlabel = "Kandel73",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kandel73",
}
@Article{vonBochmann:1973:MEL,
author = "Gregor von Bochmann",
title = "Multiple Exits from a Loop Without the {GOTO}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "443--444",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:07 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bochmann73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140 (Programming languages)",
corpsource = "Univ. Montreal, Que., Canada",
keywords = "control structures; exit statement; from loops; goto
free programming; multiple exits; multiple exits from
loops; programming languages",
oldlabel = "Bochmann73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bochmann73",
}
@Article{Hall:1973:EBA,
author = "Patrick A. V. Hall",
title = "Equivalence Between {AND\slash OR} Graphs and
Context-Free Grammars",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "444--445",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hall73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C4210 (Formal
logic)",
corpsource = "City Univ., London, UK",
keywords = "AND/OR graphs; artificial intelligence; context free
grammars; context-free grammars; equivalance; graph
theory; language theory",
oldlabel = "Hall73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hall73",
}
@Article{Fiala:1973:AAS,
author = "Frantisek Fiala",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 449}: Solution of Linear Programming
Problems in $0$-$1$ Variables [{H1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "445--447",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:27 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Fiala73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Alta., Canada",
keywords = "FORTRAN; linear programming; subroutine; subroutines;
zero one programming",
oldlabel = "Fiala73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fiala73",
}
@Article{Kernighan:1973:RAM,
author = "Brian W. Kernighan",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 422: Minimal Spanning Tree}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "448--448",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:32 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Kernighan73",
note = "See \cite{Whitney:1972:AAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
keywords = "minimal spanning tree; Prim algorithm; spanning tree;
subroutine; trees (mathematical)",
oldlabel = "Kernighan73",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kernighan73",
}
@Article{Macleod:1973:RAH,
author = "I. D. G. Macleod and A. M. Collins",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 420}: Hidden-Line Plotting
Program''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "448--448",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MacleodC73",
note = "See remark
\cite{Williamson:1972:AAH,Ellis:1974:RAHb,Gaither:1974:RAH,Williamson:1973:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHa}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra, Australia",
keywords = "computer graphics; data handling; hidden line; surface
plot",
oldlabel = "MacleodC73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MacleodC73",
}
@Article{Nikolai:1973:CAD,
author = "Paul J. Nikolai",
title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 407}: {DIFSUB} for
Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "7",
pages = "448--448",
month = jul,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Nikolai73",
note = "See \cite{Gear:1971:AAD}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290P (Differential equations); C4170 (Differential
equations); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, USA",
keywords = "boundary value; certification; differential equations;
DIFSUB; ordinary differential equations; problems",
oldlabel = "Nikolai73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Nikolai73",
}
@Article{Smith:1973:LPW,
author = "Michael H. Smith",
title = "A Learning Program Which Plays Partnership Dominoes",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "462--467",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Smith73",
abstract = "A learning program has been written in BASIC to play
four-player partnership dominoes. Because dominoes is a
game of incomplete information, the program uses
somewhat different principles of artificial
intelligence from those used in programs for games of
complete information, such as checkers, chess, and go.
The program was constructed to use a ``strategy
signature table'' which classifies board situations
through the interactions of game parameters. Each entry
in the table contains adaptively determined weights
indicating the advisability of various strategies. Once
chosen, a strategy then employs probability analysis
and linear polynomial evaluation to choose a move. Our
program wins approximately two-thirds of its games in
tournament situations, and has defeated championship
players.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C7890 (Other special
applications of computing)",
classification = "461; 912",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; BASIC; game playing; games of
skill; heuristic; intelligence; learning program;
learning: heuristic procedures; partnership dominoes;
problem; programming; solving; systems science and
cybernetics",
oldlabel = "Smith73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Smith73",
}
@Article{MacLennan:1973:FAB,
author = "B. J. MacLennan",
title = "{Fen} --- an Axiomatic Basis for Program Semantics",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "468--474",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05 (02G99)",
MRnumber = "51 9561",
MRreviewer = "W. D. Maurer",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MacLennan73",
abstract = "The notions of data item, function, and relation. It
is argued that the system is more suitable than set
theory (or its derivatives) for the concise and
accurate description of program semantics. It is shown
how the system can be used to build composite data
types out of simper ones with the operations of rowing,
structuring, and uniting. It is also demonstrated that
completely new primitive types can be introduced into
languages through the mechanism of singleton data
types. Both deterministic and nondeterministic
functions are shown to be definable in the system.
\par
It is described how the local environment can be
modeled as a data item and how imperative statements
can be considered functions on the environment. The
nature of recursive functions is briefly discussed, and
a technique is presented by which they can be
introduced into the system. The technique is contrasted
with the use of the paradoxical combinator, Y. The
questions of local and global environments and of
various modes of function calling and parameter passing
are touched upon. The theory is applied to the proof of
several elementary theorems concerning the semantics of
the assignment, conditional, and iterative statements.
An appendix is included which presents in detail the
formal system governing webs and fen, the abstractions
used informally in the body of the paper.",
abstract2 = "A formal system is presented which abstracts the
notions of data item, function, and relation. It is
shown how the system can be used to build composite
data types out of simpler ones with the operations of
rowing, structuring, and uniting. It is also
demonstrated that completely new primitive types can be
introduced into languages through the mechanism of
singleton data types. Both deterministic and
nondeterministic functions are shown to be definable in
the system. It is described how the local environment
can be modeled as a data item and how imperative
statements can be considered functions on the
environment. The nature of recursive functions is
briefly discussed, and a technique is presented by
which they can be introduced into the system.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "axioms; computer metatheory; correctness; data; data
structures; data types; definition; description
languages; extensible languages; fen; formal
description; formal language; formal language
definition; formal languages; formal systems;
lambda-calculus; models of computation; modes;
semantics; types",
oldlabel = "MacLennan73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MacLennan73",
}
@Article{Misunas:1973:PNS,
author = "David Misunas",
title = "{Petri} Nets and Speed Independent Design",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "474--481",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:42 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/async.circuits.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Misunas73",
abstract = "Petri nets are investigated as one method of modeling
speed independent asynchronous circuits. A study of
circuit realization of Petri nets leads to a
demonstration of their usefulness in modeling speed
independent operation. This usefulness is emphasized by
the design of a speed independent processor from
modules developed in the investigation of Petri net
implementation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4230D (Sequential switching theory); C5210 (Logic
design methods)",
classification = "721; 723",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "asynchronous circuits; asynchronous sequential logic;
design; logic design; Petri nets; speed independent",
oldlabel = "Misunas73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Misunas73",
}
@Article{Machura:1973:AAR,
author = "Marek Machura and Andrzej Mulawa",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 450}: {Rosenbrock} Function
Minimization [{E4}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "482--483",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:40 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MachuraM73",
note = "See remarks
\cite{Bultheel:1974:RAR,Klemes:1974:RAR,Ellis:1974:RAHa,Davies:1976:RAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Inst. Automation and Measurements, Warsaw, Poland",
keywords = "direct search; FORTRAN; function minimization;
minimisation; Rosenbrock; subroutine; subroutines;
unconstrained problem",
oldlabel = "MachuraM73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MachuraM73",
}
@Article{Goldstein:1973:AAC,
author = "Richard B. Goldstein",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 451}: Chi-Square Quantiles [{G1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "483--485",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:45:14 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Goldstein73",
note = "See certification \cite{Knight:1975:CAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Providence Coll., RI, USA",
keywords = "Chi square quantiles; probability; statistic;
statistics; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Goldstein73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Goldstein73",
}
@Article{Liu:1973:AAE,
author = "C. N. Liu and D. T. Tang",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 452}: Enumerating Combinations of $m$
Out of $n$ Objects [{G6}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "485--485",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#LiuT73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights,
NY, USA",
keywords = "combinations; FORTRAN; NXCBN; permutations;
statistics; subroutines",
oldlabel = "LiuT73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LiuT73",
}
@Article{Piessens:1973:AAG,
author = "Robert Piessens",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 453}: {Gaussian} Quadrature Formulas
for {Bromwich}'s Integral [{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "486--487",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:42 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Piessens73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium",
keywords = "BROMIN; Bromwich's integral; complex; FORTRAN;
Gaussian quadrature formulas; integration; Laplace
transform; Laplace transforms; numerical inversion;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Piessens73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Piessens73",
}
@Article{Richardson:1973:AAC,
author = "Joel A. Richardson and J. L. Kuester",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 454}: The Complex Method for
Constrained Optimization [{E4}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "487--489",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#RichardsonK73",
note = "See remark \cite{Shere:1974:RAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, USA",
keywords = "Box's algorithm; complex method; constrained
optimization; FORTRAN; maximum; multivariable;
nonlinear function; optimisation; subroutines",
oldlabel = "RichardsonK73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RichardsonK73",
}
@Article{Andrejkova:1973:RCA,
author = "G. Andrejkova and J. Vinar",
title = "Remark and Certification on ``{Algorithm 404}: Complex
Gamma Function''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "489--489",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:31 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#AndrejkovaV73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Safarik Univ., Kosice, Czechoslovakia",
keywords = "algorithm; certification; comment; complex gamma
function; functions",
oldlabel = "AndrejkovaV73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AndrejkovaV73",
}
@Article{DeMorgan:1973:RAE,
author = "Richard M. {De Morgan}",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 357: An Efficient Prime Number
Generator [A1]}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "489--489",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Morgan73",
note = "See \cite{Singleton:1969:AAEb}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Digital Equipment Co. Ltd., Reading, UK",
keywords = "algorithm; mathematics; prime number generator",
oldlabel = "Morgan73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morgan73",
}
@Article{Watkins:1973:RAG,
author = "Richard P. Watkins",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 412}: Graph Plotter''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "489--490",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:28:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Watkins73",
note = "See \cite{Cermak:1971:AAG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Royal Melbourne Inst. Technol., Vic., Australia",
keywords = "algorithm; computer graphics; graph plotter;
plotters",
oldlabel = "Watkins73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Watkins73",
}
@Article{Byrne:1973:HMR,
author = "J. G. Byrne",
title = "{Hu-Tucker} minimum redundancy alphabetic coding
method",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "490--490",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Trinity Coll., Dublin, Ireland",
keywords = "algorithm; alphabetic coding method; encoding; Hu;
minimum redundancy; Tucker",
treatment = "P Practical",
}
@Article{Good:1973:CQ,
author = "A. J. Good",
title = "{Clenshaw--Curtis} quadrature",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "490--490",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Systems, Sci. and Software, La Jolla, CA, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; Clenshaw Curtis quadrature; integration",
treatment = "P Practical",
}
@Article{Williams:1973:RAL,
author = "Edward J. Williams",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 429}: Localization of the Roots
of a Polynomial''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "490--490",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Williams73a",
note = "See \cite{Squire:1972:AAL,Driessen:1973:RAL}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; localization; polynomials; roots of a
polynomial",
oldlabel = "Williams73a",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williams73a",
}
@Article{Byrne:1973:RAH,
author = "J. G. Byrne",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 428}: {Hu-Tucker} Minimum
Redundancy Alphabetic Coding Method''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "490--??",
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:11 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Byrne73",
note = "See \cite{Yohe:1972:AAH}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Byrne73",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Byrne73",
}
@Article{Good:1973:RAC,
author = "Albert J. Good",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 424}: {Clenshaw--Curtis}
Quadrature''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "490--??",
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:45:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Good73",
note = "See \cite{Gentleman:1972:AAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Good73",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Good73",
}
@Article{Manna:1973:IMP,
author = "Zohar Manna and Stephen Ness and Jean Vuillemin",
title = "Inductive Methods for Proving Properties of Programs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "491--502",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05",
MRnumber = "51 2331",
MRreviewer = "W. D. Maurer",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:27 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/ml.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MannaNV73",
abstract = "There are two main purposes in this paper: first,
clarification and extension of known results about
computation of recursive programs, with emphasis on the
difference between the theoretical and practical
approaches; second, presentation and examination of
various known methods for proving properties of
recursive programs. Discussed in detail are two
powerful inductive methods, computational induction and
structural induction, including examples of their
application.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computability and decidability; computation induction;
computer metatheory; inductive methods; least
fixedpoint; programming theory; properties of programs;
proving; recursive programs; structural induction",
oldlabel = "MannaNV73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MannaNV73",
xxauthor = "Zohar Manna and Stephen Nes and Jean Vuillemin",
}
@Article{Peterson:1973:CWR,
author = "W. W. Peterson and Tadao Kasami and Nobuki Tokura",
title = "On the Capabilities of While, Repeat, and Exit
Statements",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "503--512",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05",
MRnumber = "51 4707",
MRreviewer = "J. E. L. Peck",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#PetersonKT73",
abstract = "A well-formed program is defined as a program in which
loops and if statements are properly nested and can be
entered only at their beginning. A corresponding
definition is given for a well-formed flowchart. It is
shown that a program is well formed if and only if it
can be written with if, repeat, and multi-level exit
statements for sequence control. It is also shown that
if, while, and repeat statements with single-level exit
do not suffice. It is also shown that any flowchart can
be converted to a well-formed flowchart by node
splitting. Practical implications are discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "capabilities; computer metatheory; exit; exit
statement; flowchart; go to statement; node splitting;
programming theory; repeat statement; software
reliability; statement; well formed program;
well-formed program; while statement",
oldlabel = "PetersonKT73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/PetersonKT73",
}
@Article{Foster:1973:GAT,
author = "Caxton C. Foster",
title = "A Generalization of {AVL} Trees",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "8",
pages = "513--517",
month = aug,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Foster73",
abstract = "A generalization of AVL trees is proposed in which
imbalances up to (triangle shape) is a small integer.
An experiment is performed to compare these trees with
standard AVL trees and with balanced trees on the basis
of mean retrieval time, of amount of restructuring
expected, and on the worst case of retrieval time. It
is shown that, by permitting imbalances of up to five
units, the retrieval time is increased a small amount
while the amount of restructuring required is decreased
by a factor of ten. \par
A few theoretical results are derived, including the
correction of an earlier paper, and are duly compared
with the experimental data. Reasonably good
correspondence is found.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "Univ. Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "AVL trees; balanced trees; file organisation;
generalisation; information retrieval systems;
information storage and; information storage and
retrieval; retrieval; trees (mathematical)",
oldlabel = "Foster73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Foster73",
}
@Article{Buzen:1973:CAC,
author = "Jeffrey P. Buzen",
title = "Computational Algorithms for Closed Queueing Networks
with Exponential Servers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "527--531",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A10",
MRnumber = "50 15423",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1973.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Buzen73",
abstract = "Methods are presented for computing the equilibrium
distribution of customers in closed queueing networks
with exponential servers. Expressions for various
marginal distributions are also derived. The
computational algorithms are based on two-dimensional
iterative techniques which are highly efficient and
quite simple to implement. Implementation
considerations such as storage allocation strategies
and order of evaluation are examined in some detail.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Methods are presented for computing the equilibrium
distribution of customers in closed queueing networks
with exponential servers. Expressions for various
marginal distributions are also derived.",
classcodes = "B0240C (Queueing theory); C1140C (Queueing theory)",
classification = "912; 922",
corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA",
country = "USA",
date = "14/12/79",
descriptors = "Exponential queueing network; number of elements in
system; method;",
enum = "483",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "closed queueing networks; computational algorithms;
distributions; equilibrium distributions; exponential
servers; operations research; probability; queueing
networks; queueing theory; steady state",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "Buzen73",
references = "6",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Buzen73",
}
@Article{Ganapathy:1973:ITA,
author = "S. Ganapathy and V. Rajaraman",
title = "Information Theory Applied to the Conversion of
Decision Tables to Computer Programs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "532--539",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:04 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/inductive.inference.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#GanapathyR73",
abstract = "Using ideas from information theory, this paper
develops a heuristic algorithm that converts a limited
entry decision table to a tree structured computer
program with near minimum average processing time. The
method is applicable to any limited entry decision
table and does not require that actions have single
rules or that the cost of testing conditions be equal.
It is thus more general than the previously published
heuristic algorithms. Compared to the optimal algorithm
of Reinwald and Soland, this algorithm is easy to code
and takes a much smaller translation time; it is thus
felt that it is more useful in practice. The algorithm
is well suited for manual conversion of decision tables
to flowcharts.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)",
classification = "723; 731; 922",
corpsource = "Indian Inst. Technol., New Delhi, India",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer; computer systems programming --- Decision
Tables; conversion; decision tables; decision theory
and analysis; information measure; information theory;
optimum computer programs; programming theory;
programs",
oldlabel = "GanapathyR73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GanapathyR73",
}
@Article{Cardenas:1973:ESF,
author = "Alfonso F. Cardenas",
title = "Evaluation and Selection of File Organization --- {A}
Model and System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "540--548",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Cardenas73",
abstract = "This work first discusses the factors that affect file
(data base) organization performance, an elusive
subject, and then presents a methodology, a model and a
programmed system to estimate primarily total storage
costs and average access time of several file
organizations, given a specific data base, query
characterization and device-related specifications.
Based on these estimates, an appropriate file structure
may be selected for the specific situation. The system
is a convenient tool to study file structures and to
facilitate as much as possible the process of data base
structure design and evaluation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Tree, indexed, and ring files compared for six files
and various retrieval requests.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "access time; data base; data management; data
processing; data structures; design; evaluation; file
management; file organisation; file organization; file
structures; model; selection; simulation; storage
requirement",
oldlabel = "Cardenas73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cardenas73",
xxtitle = "Evaluation and Selection of File Organization --- {A}
Model and a System",
}
@Article{Casey:1973:DTS,
author = "Richard G. Casey",
title = "Design of Tree Structures for Efficient Querying",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "549--556",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:57 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Casey73",
abstract = "This paper poses an optimization problem in the design
of such trees to serve a well-specified application.
The problem is academic in the sense that ordinarily
the optimal tree cannot be implemented by means of
practical techniques. On the other hand, it is
potentially useful for the comparison it affords
between observed performance and that of an intuitively
attractive ideal search procedure. As a practical
application of such a model this paper considers the
design of a novel tree search scheme based on a bit
vector representation of data and shows that
essentially the same algorithm can be used to design
either an ideal search tree or a bit-vector tree. An
experimental study of a small formatted file
illustrates the concepts.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage
and retrieval)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "clustering; data; data structure; data structures;
design; file organisation; information retrieval;
information retrieval systems; information storage;
information storage and; management; querying;
retrieval; search; tree file; tree structures",
oldlabel = "Casey73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Casey73",
}
@Article{Rodriguez-Rosell:1973:EWS,
author = "Juan Rodriguez-Rosell",
title = "Empirical Working Set Behavior",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "556--560",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:47 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Rodriguez-Rosell73",
abstract = "The working set model for program behavior has been
proposed in recent years as a basis for the design of
scheduling and paging algorithms. Although the words
``working set'' are now commonly encountered in the
literature dealing with resource allocation, there is a
dearth of published data on program working set
behavior. It is the purpose of this paper to present
empirical data from actual program measurements, in the
hope that workers in the field might find experimental
evidence upon which to substantiate and base
theoretical work.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Royal Inst. Technol., Stockholm, Sweden",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer metatheory; measurement; operating systems
(computers); paging; program behaviour; scheduling;
software; software measurement; virtual memory; virtual
storage; working set",
oldlabel = "Rodriguez-Rosell73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rodriguez-Rosell73",
}
@Article{Gates:1973:STS,
author = "Geoffrey W. Gates and David A. Poplawski",
title = "A Simple Technique for Structured Variable Lookup",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "561--565",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#GatesP73",
abstract = "A simple technique for the symbol-table lookup of
structured variables based on simple automata theory is
presented. The technique offers a deterministic
solution to a problem which is currently handled in a
nondeterministic manner in PL/I and COBOL compilers.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6140D (High level
languages)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automata theory; COBOL; computer programming
languages; computer systems programming; deterministic;
PL/1; PL/I; structured variable; table lookup",
oldlabel = "GatesP73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GatesP73",
}
@Article{Zelkowitz:1973:RE,
author = "Marvin V. Zelkowitz",
title = "Reversible Execution",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "566--566",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/debug.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Zelkowitz73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150G (Diagnostic,
testing, debugging and evaluating systems)",
corpsource = "Univ. Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA",
keywords = "backtracking; computer program; debugging; PL/I;
program debugging; programming language; programming
languages; reversible execution",
oldlabel = "Zelkowitz73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Zelkowitz73",
}
@Article{Barnhill:1973:SKC,
author = "Robert E. Barnhill and David T. Pilcher",
title = "{Sard} kernels for certain bivariate cubatures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "567--570",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D30",
MRnumber = "52 2150",
MRreviewer = "P. Brock",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:28 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BarnhillP73",
abstract = "An error analysis for some bivariate cubatures is
given. The remainders are obtained by the use of Sard
kernels. Numerical results and computer graphs are
given for some of the kernel functions.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290B (Error analysis in numerical methods); B0290M
(Numerical integration and differentiation); C4110
(Error analysis in numerical methods); C4160 (Numerical
integration and differentiation)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "bivariate cubatures; cubatures; error analysis;
integration; mathematical techniques; numerical
integration; numerical methods; remainder formulas;
Sard kernels",
oldlabel = "BarnhillP73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BarnhillP73",
}
@Article{Hunter:1973:AAA,
author = "D. B. Hunter and Julia M. Williams",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 455}: Analysis of Skew Representations
of the Symmetric Group",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "571--572",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:28 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HunterW73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Bradford, UK",
keywords = "ALGOL; analysis; binary model; group theory; lattice;
outer product; permutation; skew representations;
subroutines; symmetric group",
oldlabel = "HunterW73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HunterW73",
}
@Article{Fencl:1973:AAR,
author = "Zden{\v{e}}k Fencl",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 456}: Routing Problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "572--574",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:17 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Fencl73",
note = "See remark \cite{Tesch:1974:RAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "RCA, Marlborough, MA, USA",
keywords = "FORTRAN; graph theory; Hamiltonian circuit;
optimisation; routing problem; shortest path;
subroutines; travelling salesman problem",
oldlabel = "Fencl73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fencl73",
}
@Article{Bron:1973:AAF,
author = "Coen Bron and Joep Kerbosch",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 457}: Finding All Cliques of an
Undirected Graph",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "575--577",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/graph.coloring.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/clique.color.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BronK73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "An implicit enumeration algorithm for listing all
cliques in a graph. Includes easily translated code.",
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Technol. Univ., Eindhoven, Netherlands",
keywords = "ALGOL; backtracking algorithm; branch and bound
technique; cliques; clusters; fgraph coloring related
clique backtracking branch and bound; graph theory;
maximal complete; recursion; subgraph; subroutines;
undirected graph",
oldlabel = "BronK73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BronK73",
}
@Article{Roy:1973:RAG,
author = "Mohit Kumar Roy",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 323}: Generation of
Permutations in Lexicographic Order [{G6}]''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "577--578",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:27 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Roy73a",
note = "See \cite{Ord-Smith:1968:AAG,Leitch:1969:CGP}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Jadavpur Univ., Calcutta, India",
keywords = "algorithm; generation; lexicographic order;
permutations; statistics",
oldlabel = "Roy73a",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Roy73a",
}
@Article{Lawrence:1973:RAS,
author = "E. E. Lawrence",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 408}: {A} Sparse Matrix
Package''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "578--578",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:57:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lawrence73",
note = "See \cite{McNamee:1971:AAS,Sale:1973:SMP}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Mullard Ltd., Mitcham, UK",
keywords = "algorithm; matrix algebra; sparse matrix package",
oldlabel = "Lawrence73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lawrence73",
}
@Article{Williamson:1973:RAH,
author = "Hugh Williamson",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 420}: Hidden-Line Plotting
Program''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "578--579",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Williamson73",
note = "See
\cite{Williamson:1972:AAH,Macleod:1973:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHa,Ellis:1974:RAHb,Gaither:1974:RAH}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Nat. Con-Serv. Inc., Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; computer graphics; data handling; hidden
line plotting; program",
oldlabel = "Williamson73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williamson73",
}
@Article{Driessen:1973:RAL,
author = "H. B. Driessen and E. W. LeM. Hunt",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 429: Localization of the Roots
of a Polynomial}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "9",
pages = "579--579",
month = sep,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#DriessenH73",
note = "See \cite{Squire:1972:AAL,Williams:1973:RAL}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, The Hague,
Netherlands",
keywords = "algorithm; localization; polynomial; polynomials;
roots",
oldlabel = "DriessenH73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DriessenH73",
}
@Article{McGeachie:1973:MTU,
author = "John S. McGeachie",
title = "Multiple Terminals Under User Program Control in a
Time-Sharing Environment",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "587--590",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:50 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#McGeachie73",
abstract = "User-written programs on the Dartmouth Time-Sharing
System can communicate with many remote terminals
simultaneously and can control the interactions between
these terminals. Such programs can be written using
standard input and output instructions in any language
available on the system. This paper describes how this
multiple-terminal facility was implemented without
requiring any changes in the system executive or in any
of the system's compilers or interpreters.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "722",
corpsource = "Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer systems, digital; multiple terminals; on-line
interaction; remote consoles; time sharing;
time-sharing programs; user program control",
oldlabel = "McGeachie73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McGeachie73",
}
@Article{Bobrow:1973:MSI,
author = "Daniel G. Bobrow and Ben Wegbreit",
title = "A Model and Stack Implementation of Multiple
Environments",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "591--603",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:06 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BobrowW73",
abstract = "This paper presents an implementation technique using
a single stack to hold procedure activation storage
which allows retention of that storage for durations
not necessarily tied to control flow. The technique has
the property that, in the simple case, it runs
identically to the usual automatic stack allocation and
deallocation procedure. Applications of this technique
to multitasking, coroutines, backtracking, label-valued
variables, and functional arguments are discussed. In
the initial model, a single real processor is assumed,
and the implementation assumes multiple-processes
coordinate by passing control explicitly to one
another.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6120 (File
organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Xerox Palo Alto Res. Center, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming; control; coroutines; dendrarchy;
dynamic; funarg problem; label-valued variables; model;
multiple environments; multiprocessing programs;
multiprocessor; multitasking; programming; retention;
stack allocation; stack implementation; storage
allocation; structures; systems",
oldlabel = "BobrowW73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BobrowW73",
}
@Article{Lum:1973:GPA,
author = "Vincent Y. Lum",
title = "General Performance Analysis of Key-to-Address
Transformation Methods Using an Abstract File Concept",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "603--612",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:15 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lum73",
abstract = "This paper presents a new approach to the analysis of
performance of the various key-to-address
transformation methods. In this approach the keys in a
file are assumed to have been selected from the key
space according to a certain probabilistic selection
algorithm. All files with the same number of keys
selected from this key space will be suitably weighted
in accordance with the algorithm, and the average
performance of the transformation methods on these
files will be used as the potential of these methods.
Using this analysis, methods with the same overall
performance can be classified and key distributions
partial to certain transformations can be identified.
All this can be done analytically. The approach is
applied to a group of transformation methods using
files whose keys are selected randomly.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "analysis and results using distributions from the
entire key domain.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "IBM Res. Lab., San Jose, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "abstract file concept; access; direct addressing; file
organisation; hashing; information retrieval systems;
key to address transformation; performance analysis;
random; scatter storage; storage management",
oldlabel = "Lum73",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lum73",
}
@Article{Lampson:1973:NCP,
author = "Butler W. Lampson",
title = "A Note on the Confinement Problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "613--615",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:57:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lampson73",
abstract = "This note explores the problem of confining a program
during its execution so that it cannot transmit
information to any other program except its caller. A
set of examples attempts to stake out the boundaries of
the problem. Necessary conditions for a solution are
stated and informally justified.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Prevention of privacy leaks between programs.",
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Xerox Palo Alto Res. Center, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer systems programming; confinement; leakage of
data; operating systems (computers); privacy;
proprietary program; protection; security; security of
data",
oldlabel = "Lampson73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lampson73",
}
@Article{Hirschberg:1973:CDM,
author = "Daniel S. Hirschberg",
title = "A Class of Dynamic Memory Allocation Algorithms",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "615--618",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hirschberg73",
abstract = "A new dynamic memory allocation algorithm, the
Fibonacci system, is introduced. This algorithm is
similar to, but seems to have certain advantages over,
the ``buddy'' system. A generalization is mentioned
which includes both of these systems as special
cases.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Princeton Univ., NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "buddy system; computer operating systems; dynamic
memory allocation algorithms; dynamic storage
allocation; Fibonacci; Fibonacci system; fragmentation;
simulation; storage allocation",
oldlabel = "Hirschberg73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hirschberg73",
}
@Article{Prieve:1973:UPR,
author = "Barton G. Prieve",
title = "Using Page Residency to Select the Working Set
Parameter",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "619--620",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:13:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Prieve73",
abstract = "Denning's method for selecting the working set
parameter, which uses interreference intervals, is
examined. Several omissions in his model are noted, and
new assumptions are introduced to overcome these
omissions. Using this modified model, Denning's results
on page residency are rederived and reconsidered for
selecting the working set parameter.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory); C6120 (File
organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs., Inc., Naperville, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer operating systems; page residency; program
behaviour; programming theory; virtual storage; working
set parameter",
oldlabel = "Prieve73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Prieve73",
}
@Article{Millstein:1973:CSI,
author = "Robert E. Millstein",
title = "Control Structures in {Illiac IV Fortran}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "621--627",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Millstein73",
abstract = "As part of an effort to design and implement a Fortran
compiler on the ILLIAC IV, an extended Fortran, called
IVTRAN, has been developed. This language provides a
means of expressing data and control structures
suitable for exploiting ILLIAC IV parallelism.
\par
This paper reviews the hardware characteristics of the
ILLIAC and singles out unconventional features which
could be expected to influence language (and compiler)
design. The implications of these features for data
layout and algorithm structure are discussed, and the
conclusion is drawn that data allocation rather than
code structuring is the crucial ILLIAC optimization
problem. A satisfactory method of data allocation is
then presented. Language structures to utilize this
storage method and express parallel algorithms are
described.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150C (Compilers,
interpreters and other processors)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Massachusetts Computer Associates, Inc., Wakefield,
MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "array allocation; array processing; computer
programming languages; control structures; explicit
parallelism; FORTRAN; ILLIAC IV; ILLIAC IV Fortran;
parallel control; parallel control structures; parallel
processing; parallelism detection; procedure oriented
languages; program compilers; structures",
oldlabel = "Millstein73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Millstein73",
}
@Article{Mifsud:1973:AMP,
author = "Charles J. Mifsud and Michael J. Bohlen",
title = "Addendum to a Multiple-Precision Division Algorithm",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "628--??",
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:18 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MifsudB73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "MifsudB73",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MifsudB73",
}
@Article{Robers:1973:AAD,
author = "P. D. Robers and S. S. Robers",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 458}: Discrete Linear ${L}_1$
Approximation by Interval Linear Programming [{E2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "629--631",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:25 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#RobersR73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); B0290F (Interpolation
and function approximation); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C4130 (Interpolation and function
approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Ernst and Ernst, Washington, DC, USA",
keywords = "discrete linear; FORTRAN; function approximation;
interval linear programming; L/sub 1/ approximation;
linear programming; suboptimisation method; subroutine;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "RobersR73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RobersR73",
}
@Article{Syslo:1973:AAE,
author = "Maciej M. Syslo",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 459}: The Elementary Circuits of a
Graph [{H}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "632--633",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Syslo73",
note = "See remark \cite{Syslo:1975:RAE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Wroclaw, Poland",
keywords = "ALGOL; elementary circuits; graph; graph theory; path
search algorithm; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Syslo73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Syslo73",
}
@Article{Saylor:1973:AAC,
author = "Paul E. Saylor and James D. Sebastian",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 460}: Calculation of Optimum Parameters
for Alternating Direction Implicit Procedures [{D3}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "633--635",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#SaylorS73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290P (Differential equations); C4170 (Differential
equations); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA",
keywords = "alternating direction implicit; differential
equations; elliptic difference; equations; FORTRAN;
optimum parameters; procedures; simultaneous equations;
subroutine; subroutines",
oldlabel = "SaylorS73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SaylorS73",
}
@Article{Burkowski:1973:AAC,
author = "Forbes J. Burkowski and W. D. Hoskins",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 461}: Cubic Spline Solutions to a Class
of Functional Differential Equations [{D2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "635--637",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BurkowskiH73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
B0290P (Differential equations); C4130 (Interpolation
and function approximation); C4170 (Differential
equations); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man., Canada",
keywords = "(mathematics); boundary value problem; boundary-value
problems; cubic spline solutions; differential
equations; FORTRAN; functional differential equations;
piecewise continuous approximation; splines; SPNBVF;
subroutine; subroutines",
oldlabel = "BurkowskiH73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BurkowskiH73",
}
@Article{Donnelly:1973:AAB,
author = "Thomas G. Donnelly",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 462}: Bivariate Normal Distribution
[{S15}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "638--638",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Donnelly73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA",
keywords = "bivariate normal distribution; FORTRAN; frequency
distribution; statistics; subroutine; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Donnelly73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Donnelly73",
}
@Article{Lewart:1973:AAA,
author = "C. R. Lewart",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 463}: Algorithms {SCALE1}, {SCALE2},
and {SCALE3} for Determination of Scales on Computer
Generated Plots [{J6}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "10",
pages = "639--640",
month = oct,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lewart73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Lab., Inc., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
keywords = "algorithms; computer generated plots; computer
graphics; determination of; FORTRAN; SCALE 1; SCALE 2;
SCALE 3; scales; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Lewart73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lewart73",
}
@Article{Bachman:1973:PN,
author = "Charles W. Bachman",
title = "The Programmer as Navigator",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "653--658",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
DOI = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/355611.362534",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:31 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bachman73",
note = "This is the 1973 ACM Turing Award Lecture.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Turing award acceptance speech-general view of the
state of database work from a DBTG originator.",
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6120 (File
organisation); C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Honeywell Information Systems Inc., Waltham, MA, USA",
keywords = "access; addressing; data handling; database; file
organisation; network hierarchical data model CACM;
programmer; programming",
oldlabel = "Bachman73",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bachman73",
}
@Article{Fabry:1973:DVO,
author = "Robert S. Fabry",
title = "Dynamic Verification of Operating System Decisions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "659--668",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Fabry73",
abstract = "Dynamic verification of a decision implies that every
time the decision is made there is a consistency check
performed on the decision using independent hardware
and software. The dynamic verification of operating
system decisions is used on the PRIME system being
designed and constructed at the University of
California, Berkeley. PRIME is an experimental
time-sharing system which is to have the properties of
continuous availability, data privacy, and cost
effectiveness. The technique of dynamic verification
allows the construction of an operating system which
does not make certain decisions improperly even in the
presence of a single hardware or software fault.
Furthermore, multiple faults lead to unreliable
operation only if the faults happen to reinforce each
other. On PRIME, dynamic verification is used to ensure
that one user's information cannot become available to
another user gratuitously even in the presence of a
single hardware or software fault.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating
systems); C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer operating systems; computer systems; computer
systems, digital; data privacy; data security; dynamic
verification; fault tolerance; modular; operating
systems; operating systems (computers); program
verification; reliability; security of data; software",
oldlabel = "Fabry73",
treatment = "P Practical; X Experimental",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fabry73",
}
@Article{Mickunas:1973:PGS,
author = "M. Dennis Mickunas and Victor B. Schneider",
title = "A Parser-Generating System for Constructing Compressed
Compilers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "669--676",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MikunasS73",
abstract = "This paper describes a parser-generating system (PGS)
currently in use on the CDC-6500 computer at Purdue
University. The PGS is a FORTRAN-coded program that
accepts a translation grammar as input and constructs
from it a compact, machine-coded compiler. In the input
translation grammar, each BNF syntactic rule
corresponds to a (possibly empty) ``code generator''
realizable as an assembly language, FORTRAN or Algol,
subroutine that is called whenever that syntactic rule
is applied in the parse of a program. Typical one-pass
compilers constructed by the PGS translate source
programs at speeds approaching 14,000 cards per minute.
For an XPL compiler, the parser program and its tables
currently occupy 288 words of 60-bit core memory of
which 140 words are parsing table entries and 82 words
are links to code generators.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C4220 (Automata theory); C6150C
(Compilers, interpreters and other processors)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "BNF; compression algorithm; computer operating systems
--- Program Compilers; computer programming languages;
data compression; grammars; interpreters; parser
generators; program; program compilers; pushdown
automata; syntactic analysis; translation grammars;
translator writing systems",
oldlabel = "MikunasS73",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MikunasS73",
}
@Article{Jordan:1973:SCA,
author = "B. W. {Jordan, Jr.} and R. C. Barrett",
title = "Scan Conversion Algorithm with Reduced Storage
Requirements",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "676--682",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:53:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#JordanB73",
abstract = "The scan conversion algorithm that is described uses a
linked list data structure to process the lines of the
drawing in strips corresponding to groups of scan
lines. A relatively small primary memory buffer area is
used to accumulate the binary image for a group of scan
lines. When this portion of the drawing has been
plotted, the buffer is reused for the next portion.
Because of the list processing procedures used, only a
single pass through the XY display file is required
when generating the binary image and only a slight
increase in execution time over the fully buffered core
results. Results show that storage requirements can be
reduced by more than 80\% while causing less than a
10\% increase in execution time.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer graphics; data handling; discrete image; dot
generation; line drawing; raster plotter; reduced
storage requirements; scan conversion; scan conversion
algorithm",
oldlabel = "JordanB73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/JordanB73",
}
@Article{Slagle:1973:EAT,
author = "James R. Slagle and Lewis M. Norton",
title = "Experiments with an Automatic Theorem-Prover Having
Partial Ordering Inference Rules",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "682--688",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/nonmono.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#SlagleN73",
abstract = "This paper presents a detailed description of the
program and a comprehensive account of the experiments
that have been performed with it.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Nat. Inst. Health, Bethesda, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming; heuristics; inference rules;
paramodulation; partial ordering; resolution; theorem
proving",
oldlabel = "SlagleN73",
treatment = "X Experimental",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SlagleN73",
}
@Article{Reinsch:1973:AAE,
author = "Christian H. Reinsch",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 464}: Eigenvalues of a Real, Symmetric,
Tridiagonal Matrix [{F2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "689--689",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Reinsch73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Tech. Univ., M{\"u}nchen, West Germany",
keywords = "ALGOL; eigenvalues; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions;
matrix; matrix algebra; QR; real; subroutines;
symmetric; transformation; tridiagonal",
oldlabel = "Reinsch73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Reinsch73",
}
@Article{Hill:1973:AAS,
author = "G. W. Hill",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 465}: {Student}'s $t$ Frequency
[{S14}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "690--690",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hill73a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "CSIRO, Glen Osmond, SA, Australia",
keywords = "ALGOL; approximation; density function; series;
statistics; student's t statistic; subroutine;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Hill73a",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hill73a",
}
@Article{Ehrlich:1973:AAF,
author = "Gideon Ehrlich",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 466}: Four Combinatorial Algorithms
[{G6}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "690--691",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:32 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Ehrlich73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Weizmann Inst. Sci., Rehovot, Israel",
keywords = "combinations; combinatorial algorithms; permutations;
PL/1; statistics; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Ehrlich73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ehrlich73",
}
@Article{Brenner:1973:AAM,
author = "Norman Brenner",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 467}: Matrix Transposition in Place
[{F1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "692--694",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:03 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Brenner73",
note = "See also \cite{Leathers:1979:RAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
keywords = "in place; matrix algebra; matrix operations; number
theory; permutations; primitive; rectangular matrix;
roots; subroutines; transposition",
oldlabel = "Brenner73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Brenner73",
}
@Article{Patterson:1973:AAA,
author = "T. N. L. Patterson",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 468}: Algorithm for Automatic Numerical
Integration Over a Finite Interval [{D1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "694--699",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Patterson73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
keywords = "finite interval; FORTRAN algorithm; integration;
numerical; numerical integration; numerical methods;
quadrature; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Patterson73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Patterson73",
}
@Article{Lam:1973:AAA,
author = "C. Lam and J. McKay",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 469}: Arithmetic Overa Finite Field
[{A1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "699--699",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:57:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#LamM73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C5230
(Digital arithmetic methods); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "Caltech Univ., Pasadena, CA, USA",
keywords = "algebra; ALGOL; arithmetic; digital arithmetic; finite
field; linear algebra; rational operations;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "LamM73",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LamM73",
}
@Article{Denning:1973:NSO,
author = "Peter J. Denning and G. Scott Graham",
title = "A Note on Subexpression Ordering in the Evaluation of
Arithmetic Expressions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "700--702",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A20",
MRnumber = "50 11844",
MRreviewer = "B. S. Baker",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:35:30 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#DenningG73",
note = "Erratum, ibid. 17, 1974, 455.",
abstract = "A counterexample to the supposed optimality of an
algorithm for generating schedules for trees of tasks
with unequal execution times is presented. A comparison
with the ``critical path'' heuristic is discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory); C5230
(Digital arithmetic methods); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "arithmetic expressions; computer operating systems;
digital arithmetic; execution; multiprocessing
programs; multiprocessor scheduling; ordering;
scheduling; subexpression; task; tree scheduling",
oldlabel = "DenningG73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DenningG73",
xxtitle = "A Note on Subexpression Ordering in the Execution of
Arithmetic Expressions",
}
@Article{Feldman:1973:CBS,
author = "Jerome A. Feldman and James R. Low and R. P. Brent",
title = "Comment on {Brent}'s scatter storage algorithm (and
author's reply)",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "703--703",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#FeldmanL73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "dynamic chaining; file organisation; hashing; Hashing;
information storage and retrieval; scatter storage;
scatter storage algorithm; searching; storage
allocation; storage management; symbol table",
oldlabel = "FeldmanL73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FeldmanL73",
}
@Article{Wegner:1973:TSP,
author = "Eberhard Wegner",
title = "Tree-Structured Programs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "704--705",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:28:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Wegner73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory); C6110 (Systems analysis
and programming)",
corpsource = "Tech. Univ., Berlin, West Germany",
keywords = "compilers; control structures; data structures;
fixpoints; flowcharts; goto statements; graphs;
inductive assertion; least; program documentation;
program flow; programming; programming language design;
proof of programs; semantics of programming languages;
structured programming; tree structure",
oldlabel = "Wegner73",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wegner73",
}
@Article{Salzer:1973:RSC,
author = "Herbert E. Salzer",
title = "A recurrence scheme for converting from one orthogonal
expansion into another",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "705--707",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D05 (65Q05)",
MRnumber = "52 15956",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Salzer73a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra)",
keywords = "Chebyshev; Clenshaw recurrence; Hamming recurrence;
numerical methods; orthogonal expansions; polynomials;
recurrence; schemes; series; series (mathematics);
series interconversion",
oldlabel = "Salzer73a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Salzer73a",
}
@Article{Stenger:1973:AAS,
author = "Frank Stenger",
title = "An algorithm for the approximate solution of
{Wiener--Hopf} integral equations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "708--710",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:11 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Stenger73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290R (Integral equations); C4180 (Integral
equations)",
corpsource = "Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; approximate solution; convolution; Hopf;
integral equations; numerical methods; Wiener",
oldlabel = "Stenger73",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Stenger73",
}
@Article{Ehrlich:1973:SBE,
author = "Louis W. Ehrlich",
title = "Solving the Biharmonic Equation in a Square: a Direct
Versus a Semidirect Method",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "11",
pages = "711--714",
month = nov,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Ehrlich73a",
abstract = "Two methods for solving the biharmonic equation are
compared. One method is direct, using
eigenvalue-eigenvector decomposition. The other method
is iterative, solving a Poisson equation directly at
each iteration.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290P (Differential equations); C4170 (Differential
equations)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "biharmonic; biharmonic equation; compared; computer
systems programming; decomposition; difference;
difference equations; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions;
eigenvector; equations; iterative; iterative methods;
numerical methods; partial differential; Poisson
equation; square",
oldlabel = "Ehrlich73a",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ehrlich73a",
}
@Article{Couger:1973:CRU,
author = "J. Daniel Couger",
title = "Curriculum Recommendations for Undergraduate Programs
in Information Systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "12",
pages = "727--749",
month = dec,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:49 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Couger73",
abstract = "The need for education related to information systems
in organizations is discussed, and a curriculum is
proposed for an undergraduate program. Material
necessary for such programs is identified, and courses
incorporating it are specified.Detailed course
descriptions are presented. Program organization and a
problems of implementation are discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C0310 (EDP
management); C6110 (Systems analysis and programming);
C7100 (Business and administration)",
keywords = "curriculum; education; information analysis;
information systems; management information systems;
management systems; recommendations; system design;
systems analysis; undergraduate; undergraduate
curricula",
oldlabel = "Couger73",
treatment = "B Bibliography; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Couger73",
}
@Article{Sibley:1973:DDM,
author = "Edgar H. Sibley and Robert W. Taylor",
title = "A Data Definition and Mapping Language",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "12",
pages = "750--759",
month = dec,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#SibleyT73",
URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/SibleyT73.html",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Overview of data translation",
cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM16/P750.pdf",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
keywords = "data base management; data definition language; data
structures; data translation; file organisation; file
translation; mapping language; storage allocation;
storage structure; systems",
oldlabel = "SibleyT73",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SibleyT73",
}
@Article{Kubicek:1973:AAL,
author = "Milan Kubicek",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 470}: Linear Systems with Almost
Tridiagonal Matrix [{F4}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "12",
pages = "760--761",
month = dec,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Kubicek73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Tech. Univ., Praha, Czechoslovakia",
keywords = "almost tridiagonal matrix; FAKUB; FORTRAN; linear
systems; matrix algebra; program; sparse matrix;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Kubicek73",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kubicek73",
}
@Article{Gautschi:1973:AAE,
author = "Walter Gautschi",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 471}: Exponential Integrals [{S13}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "12",
pages = "761--763",
month = dec,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Gautschi73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA",
keywords = "ALGOL; computation; continued fractions; exponential
integrals; integration; recurrence relations;
recursive; subroutine; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Gautschi73",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gautschi73",
}
@Article{Herriot:1973:AAP,
author = "John G. Herriot and Christian H. Reinsch",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 472}: Procedures for Natural Spline
Interpolation [{E1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "16",
number = "12",
pages = "763--768",
month = dec,
year = "1973",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:39 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Herriot73",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "approximation; cubic natural spline; interpolation;
natural spline interpolation; procedures; splines
(mathematics); subroutines",
oldlabel = "Herriot73",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Herriot73",
}
@Article{Lyon:1974:SDL,
author = "Gordon Lyon",
title = "Syntax-directed least-errors analysis for context-free
languages: a practical approach",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "3--14",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:29 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Lyon74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
corpsource = "Nat. Bur. Stand., Washington, DC, USA",
keywords = "arbitrary input strings; context free grammars;
context-free languages; dynamic programming; error
analysis; least errors correction; merging; parsing;
separability; state; stored subanalyses",
oldlabel = "Lyon74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lyon74",
}
@Article{Malcolm:1974:FMS,
author = "Michael A. Malcolm and John Palmer",
title = "A fast method for solving a class of tridiagonal
linear systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "14--17",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65F05",
MRnumber = "48 10076",
MRreviewer = "D. B. Hunter",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:08 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#MalcolmP74",
abstract = "The solution of linear systems having real, symmetric,
diagonally dominant,tridiagonal coefficient matrices
with constant diagonals is considered. It is proved
that the diagonals of the LU decomposition converges
when floating-point precision. It is also proved that
the computed LU decomposition converges when
floating-point arithmetic is used and that the limits
of the LU diagonals using floating point are roughly
within machine precision of the limits using real
arithmetic. This fact is exploited to reduce the number
of floating-point operations required to solve a linear
system from $8n-7$ to $5n+2k-3$, where $k$ is much less
than $n$, the order of the matrix. If the elements of
the subdiagonals and superdiagonals are 1, then only
$4n+2k-3$ operations are needed. The entire LU
decomposition takes $k$ words of storage, and
considerable savings in array subscripting are
achieved. Upper and lower bounds on $k$ are obtained in
terms of the ratio of the coefficient matrix diagonal
constants and parameters of the floating-point number
system. Various generalizations of these results are
discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C5230
(Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "digital arithmetic; fast method; floating point;
linear systems; matrix algebra; numerical linear
algebra; operations; real arithmetic; Toeplitz
matrices; tridiagonal matrices",
kwds = "nla, linear system, tridiagonal matrix, fast
algorithm",
oldlabel = "MalcolmP74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MalcolmP74",
}
@Article{Akima:1974:MBI,
author = "Hiroshi Akima",
title = "A method of bivariate interpolation and smooth surface
fitting based on local procedures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "18--20",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:57 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/siggraph/pre75.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Akima74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
corpsource = "US Dept. Commerce, Boulder, Colo., USA",
keywords = "bivariate interpolation; interpolation; local; partial
derivative; polynomial; procedures; smooth surface
fitting",
oldlabel = "Akima74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Akima74",
}
@Article{Gibbs:1974:TP,
author = "Norman E. Gibbs and William G. {Poole, Jr.}",
title = "Tridiagonalization by Permutations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "20--24",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65F15",
MRnumber = "48 7567",
MRreviewer = "J. Hurt",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#GibbsP74",
abstract = "Tridiagonalizing a matrix by similarity
transformations is an important computational tool in
numerical linear algebra. Consider the class of sparse
matrices which can be tridiagonalized using only row
and corresponding column permutations. The advantages
of using such a transformation include the absence of
round-off errors and improved computation time when
compared with standard transformations. \par
A graph theoretic algorithm which examines an arbitrary
$n \times n$ matrix and determines whether or not it
can be permuted into tridiagonal form is given. The
algorithm requires no arithmetic while the number of
comparisons, the number of assignments, and the number
of increments are linear in $n$. This compares very
favorably with standard transformation methods. \par
If the matrix is permutable into tridiagonal form, the
algorithm gives the explicit tridiagonal form.
Otherwise, early rejection will occur.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra)",
corpsource = "College William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; bandwidth; eigenvalues; graph; matrix
algebra; permutation; sparse matrix; tridiagonal
matrix",
kwds = "nla, tridiagonal matrix, permutation matrix",
oldlabel = "GibbsP74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GibbsP74",
}
@Article{Piessens:1974:AAC,
author = "Robert Piessens",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 473}: Computation of {Legendre} Series
Coefficients [{C6}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "25--25",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:43 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Piessens74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium",
keywords = "Chebyshev; Chebyshev approximation; coefficients;
computation; FORTRAN; Legendre series; LEGSER; series;
series (mathematics); subroutines",
oldlabel = "Piessens74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Piessens74",
}
@Article{Akima:1974:AAB,
author = "Hiroshi Akima",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 474}: Bivariate Interpolation and
Smooth Surface Fitting Based on Local Procedures
[{E2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "26--31",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Akima74a",
note = "See also \cite{Anderson:1979:RBI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "US Dept Commerce, Boulder, Colo., USA",
keywords = "bivariate interpolation; FORTRAN; interpolation;
ITPLBV; local; partial derivative; polynomial;
procedures; SFCFIT; smooth surface fitting;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Akima74a",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Akima74a",
}
@Article{Sutherland:1974:RPC,
author = "Ivan E. Sutherland and Gary W. Hodgman",
title = "Reentrant Polygon Clipping",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "32--42",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:08 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#SutherlandH74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Evand and Sutherland Computer Corp., Salt Lake City,
UT, USA",
keywords = "algorithms; computer; computer graphics; data
handling; graphics; hidden line; perspective;
perspective projection; pictures; planes; polygon
clipping; reentrant polygon clipping; surface; three
dimensions",
oldlabel = "SutherlandH74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SutherlandH74",
}
@Article{King:1974:CAV,
author = "Peter J. H. King and Roger G. Johnson",
title = "Comments on the algorithms of {Verhelst} for the
conversion of limited-entry decision tables to
flowcharts (and author's reply)",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "43--45",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:53 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#KingJ74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Birkbeck Coll., Univ. London, UK",
keywords = "algorithms; conversion; decision table; decision
tables; flow charting; flowcharting; optimal programs;
preprocessor; search",
oldlabel = "KingJ74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KingJ74",
}
@Article{Knott:1974:NSC,
author = "Gary D. Knott",
title = "A Numbering System for Combinations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "45--46",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:19 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Knott74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Nat. Inst. Health, Bethesda, MD, USA",
keywords = "coding system; coding systems; combinations;
combinatorics; numbering system; programming;
programming techniques; storage mapping function;
storage mapping functions",
oldlabel = "Knott74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Knott74",
}
@Article{Lucas:1974:CRG,
author = "Henry C. {Lucas, Jr.}",
title = "A {CRT} Report Generating System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "1",
pages = "47--48",
month = jan,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:54 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Lucas74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "automated systems design; data; management;
processing; programming; report generation; report
generators; systems analysis",
oldlabel = "Lucas74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lucas74",
}
@Article{Rothnie:1974:ABF,
author = "James B. {Rothnie, Jr.} and Tomas Lozano",
title = "Attribute Based File Organization in a Paged Memory
Environment",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "2",
pages = "63--69",
month = feb,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#RothnieL74",
abstract = "This article analyzes the high cost of page accessing
and proposes a method called multiple key hashing which
attempts to minimize it. since this approach is not
always preferable to inversion, a combined method is
described. The exact specifications of this combination
for a file with given data and traffic characteristics
are formulated as a mathematical program. The proposed
heuristic solution to this program can often improve on
a simple inversion technique by a factor of 2 or 3.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "attribute based file organization; cost; data
organization; data processing; data storage, digital;
file organisation; file organization; heuristic
solution; inverted file; mathematical; mathematical
programming; multikey retrieval; multiple key hashing;
page accessing; paged memories; paged memory
environment; paging; program; retrieval algorithm;
virtual storage",
oldlabel = "RothnieL74",
treatment = "A Application; E Economic; T Theoretical or
Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RothnieL74",
}
@Article{Jordan:1974:COR,
author = "B. W. {Jordan, Jr.} and R. C. Barrett",
title = "A Cell Organized Raster Display for Line Drawings",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "2",
pages = "70--77",
month = feb,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:53:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#JordanB74",
abstract = "Raster scan computer graphics displays with ``real
time'' character generators have previously been
limited to alphanumeric characters. A display is
described which extends the capabilities of this
organization to include general graphics. The
feasibility of such a display is shown by deriving the
minimum number of patterns required in the read only
memory of the character generator to synthesize an
arbitrary line. The synthesis process does not
compromise picture quality, since the resulting dot
patterns are identical with those of a conventional
raster display. The time constraints of a raster
display are shown to be satisfied for a typical design
for very complex line drawings.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
classification = "722",
corpsource = "Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "arbitrary line; cell organized raster display; complex
line drawings; computer; computer graphic equipment;
computer graphics; computer peripheral equipment;
discrete; dot; dot generation; graphics displays;
image; line drawing; line drawings; matrix displays;
minimum; number of patterns; patterns; read only
memory; real time character generators",
oldlabel = "JordanB74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/JordanB74",
}
@Article{Ramberg:1974:AMG,
author = "John S. Ramberg and Bruce W. Schmeiser",
title = "An Approximate Method for Generating Asymmetric Random
Variables",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "2",
pages = "78--82",
month = feb,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65C10",
MRnumber = "48 10043",
MRreviewer = "J. Spanier",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1974.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#RambergS74",
abstract = "Tukey's lambda distribution is generalized to provide
an algorithm for generating values of unimodal
asymmetric random variables. This algorithm has the
same advantages as the symmetric random variable
generator previously given by the authors, except that
the addition of another parameter complicates the
problem of finding the parameter values to fit a
distribution.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
classification = "723; 922",
corpsource = "Univ. Iowa, IA, USA",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "RNG; RVG;",
enum = "2505",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "approximate method; approximations; computer
programming --- Subroutines; distribution; generating
asymmetric random variables; mathematical statistics;
moments; Monte Carlo; Monte Carlo methods; probability;
random number generation; random numbers; random
variables; simulation; statistics; Tukey's lambda
distribution; unimodal asymmetric random; variables",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "RambergS74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RambergS74",
}
@Article{Lamport:1974:PED,
author = "Leslie Lamport",
title = "The Parallel Execution of {DO} Loops",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "2",
pages = "83--93",
month = feb,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:57:13 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Lamport74",
abstract = "Methods are developed for the parallel execution of
different iterations of a DO loop. Both asynchronous
multiprocessor computers and array computers are
considered. Practical application to the design of
compilers for such computers is discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6150C
(Compilers, interpreters and other processors)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "Massachusetts Computer Associates Inc., Wakefield, MA,
USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "array computers; asynchronous multiprocessor; computer
operating systems --- Program Compilers; computer
systems, digital; computers; computing; design of
compilers; DO loops; loops; parallel; parallel
execution; parallel processing; program compilers;
programming; vector computers",
oldlabel = "Lamport74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lamport74",
}
@Article{Ledgard:1974:PSC,
author = "Henry F. Ledgard",
title = "{Production Systems}: or can we do better than
{BNF}?",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "2",
pages = "94--102",
month = feb,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:06 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Ledgard74",
abstract = "Since the development of BNF, the definition of the
syntax of programming languages has been almost
universally associated with context-free requirements.
\par
Yet numerous interesting and difficult issues in syntax
stem from the context-sensitive requirements, notably
the compatibility between the declaration of an
identifier and its uses, the correspondence between
actual and formal parameters, and issues arising from
block structure. This paper explores the use of a
formal notation called Production Systems in providing
a readable and complete formal definition of syntax. As
a practical illustration, a small but significant
subset of PL/I is considered. A more detailed
presentation, as well as the application to define
abstract syntax and translations between languages, is
given in a previous paper by the author.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
classification = "721; 723",
corpsource = "Univ. Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automata theory; BNF; compilers; computer programming
languages; context sensitive grammars; context
sensitive requirements; context-sensitive grammars;
definition; definition of syntax; formal; formal
definition; PL/I standards; Production Systems;
readable and complete formal; syntax; syntax of
programming languages; translation",
oldlabel = "Ledgard74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ledgard74",
xxpages = "93--102",
}
@Article{Wegbreit:1974:SLP,
author = "Ben Wegbreit",
title = "The Synthesis of Loop Predicates",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "2",
pages = "102--112",
month = feb,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05",
MRnumber = "49 8420",
MRreviewer = "Armin Cremers",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:28:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Wegbreit74",
abstract = "Current methods for mechanical program verification
require a complete predicate specification on each
loop. Because this is tedious and error prone,
producing a program with complete, correct predicates
is reasonably difficult and would be facilitated by
machine assistance. This paper discusses techniques for
mechanically synthesizing loop predicates. Two classes
of techniques are considered: (1) heuristic methods
which derive loop predicates from boundary conditions
and/or partially specified inductive assertions: (2)
extraction methods which use input predicates and
appropriate weak interpretations to obtain certain
classes of loop predicates by an evaluation on the weak
interpretation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory); C6150G
(Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating
systems)",
classification = "721; 723",
corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "assertions; automata theory --- Theorem Proving;
boundary conditions; computer operating systems;
computer programming; extraction methods; heuristic
methods; inductive; inductive assertions; input
predicates; interpretations; loop predicates;
mechanical program verification; program debugging;
program verification; program verifiers; programming
theory; property extraction; synthesis; synthesis of
loop predicates; theorem proving; weak; weak
interpretation; weak interpretations; well founded
sets; well-founded sets",
oldlabel = "Wegbreit74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wegbreit74",
}
@Article{Sreenivasan:1974:CRS,
author = "K. Sreenivasan and A. J. Kleinman",
title = "On the Construction of a Representative Synthetic
Workload",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "127--133",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:46 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#SreenivasanK74",
abstract = "A general method of constructing a drive workload
representative of a real workload is described. The
real workload is characterized by its demands on the
various system resources. These characteristics of the
real workload are obtained from the system accounting
data. The characteristics of the drive workload are
determined by matching the joint probability density of
the real workload with that of the drive workload. The
drive workload is realized by using a synthetic program
in which the characteristics can be varied by varying
the appropriate parameters. Calibration experiments are
conducted to determine expressions relating the
synthetic program parameters with the workload
characteristics. The general method is applied to the
case of two variables, cpu seconds and number of I/O
activities; and a synthetic workload with 88 jobs is
constructed to represent a month's workload consisting
of about 6000 jobs.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating
systems); C7430 (Computer engineering)",
classification = "722",
corpsource = "MITRE Corp., Bedford, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "activities; calibration experiments; computer systems,
digital; computer testing; construction; cpu seconds;
data; drive; joint probability density; number of I/O;
real workload; representative synthetic workload;
simulation; synthetic program; synthetic workload;
system accounting; system resources; workload",
oldlabel = "SreenivasanK74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SreenivasanK74",
}
@Article{Balkovich:1974:DMR,
author = "E. Balkovich and W. Chiu and Leon Presser and R.
Wood",
title = "Dynamic Memory Repacking",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "133--138",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#BalkovichCPW74",
abstract = "A probabilistic model of a multiprogramming system is
exercised in order to determine the conditions under
which the dynamic repacking of main memory is
beneficial. An expression is derived for the maximum
interference that a repacking process may introduce
before the original performance of the system is
degraded. Alternative approaches to repacking are
discussed, and the operating conditions that lead to
improved system throughput through repacking are
delineated.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "central; computer systems programming; dynamic memory
repacking; file organisation; fragmentation; maximum
interference; multiprogramming; multiprogramming
system; multiprogramming system model; probabilistic
model; processor productivity; resource utilization;
storage; storage fragmentation; system; throughput",
oldlabel = "BalkovichCPW74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BalkovichCPW74",
}
@Article{Morgan:1974:OSA,
author = "Howard Lee Morgan",
title = "Optimal Space Allocation on Disk Storage Devices",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "139--142",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Morgan74",
abstract = "When the amount of space required for file storage
exceeds the amount which can be kept online, decisions
must be made as to which files are to be permanently
resident and which mountable. These decisions will
affect the number of mount requests issued to the
operators. This is often a bottleneck in a computing
facility, and reducing the number of mounts thus
decreases turnaround time. An optimization model for
the assignment of files to disk packs, and packs to
either resident or nonresident status is presented.
Heuristics are suggested for those cases in which it is
inefficient to compute the actual optimum.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Optimization of file allocation to mountable
diskpacks.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "bottleneck; computer operating systems; computing
facility; disc analysis; disc files; disc storage
devices; file; file systems; Heuristics; magnetic disc
storage; memory hierarchy; optimal space allocation;
optimization model; scheduling; storage; storage
allocation",
oldlabel = "Morgan74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morgan74",
}
@Article{Loeser:1974:SPT,
author = "Rudolf Loeser",
title = "Some Performance Tests of ``Quicksort'' and
Descendants",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "143--152",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Loeser74",
abstract = "Detailed performance evaluations are presented for six
ACM algorithms: quicksort (No. 64), Shellsort (No.
201), stringsort (No. 207), ``TREESORTS3'' (No. 245),
quickersort (No. 271), and qsort (No. 402). Algorithms
271 and 402 are refinements of algorithm 64, and all
three are discussed in some detail. The evidence given
here demonstrates that qsort (No. 402) requires many
more comparisons that its author claims. Of all these
algorithms, quickersort requires the fewest comparisons
to sort random arrays.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150G (Diagnostic,
testing, debugging and evaluating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Smithsonian Astrophys. Obs., Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "'quicksort'; ACM; algorithms; computer programming;
computer testing; general; performance evaluations;
performance tests; purpose sort algorithm; qsort;
quicksort; quicksort quickersort qsort CACM; random
arrays; Shellsort; sorting; sorting algorithm
documentation; sorting efficiency; sorting performance
tests; string sort; TREESORT3; utility sort algorithm",
oldlabel = "Loeser74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Loeser74",
}
@Article{Wright:1974:AAV,
author = "Thomas Wright",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 475}: Visible Surface Plotting Program
[{J6}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "152--155",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:52 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1972.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Wright74",
note = "See remarks
\cite{Frederick:1975:RA,Mashburn:1975:RAV,Doran:1975:RAV,Duta:1976:RVS,Swieten:1979:RVS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
corpsource = "Nat. Center Atmospheric Res., Boulder, CO, USA",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "FORTRAN; graphics; application; method; human factors;
hidden line algorithm; contour surface",
enum = "3343",
keywords = "computer graphics; contour surface; hidden line
problem; subroutines; visible surface plotting
program",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "Wright74",
references = "0",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wright74",
}
@Article{Bosten:1974:RAI,
author = "Nancy E. Bosten and E. L. Battiste",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 179}: Incomplete Beta Ratio''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "156--157",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#BostenB74",
note = "See \cite{Ludwig:1963:AAI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "IMSL, Houston, TX, USA",
keywords = "Algorithm 179; computer aided analysis; function
approximation; incomplete beta ratio; subroutines",
oldlabel = "BostenB74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BostenB74",
}
@Article{Barrett:1974:SCA,
author = "R. C. Barrett and B. W. {Jordan, Jr.}",
title = "Scan Conversion Algorithms for a Cell Organized Raster
Display",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "157--163",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:34 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#BarrettF74",
abstract = "Raster scan computer graphics with ``real time''
character generators have previously been limited to
alphanumeric characters. A display has been described
which extends the capabilities of this organization to
include general graphics. Two fundamentally different
scan conversion algorithms which have been developed to
support this display are presented. One is most
suitable to noninteractive applications and the other
to interactive applications. The algorithms were
implemented in Fortran on the CDC6400 computer. Results
obtained from the implementations show that the
noninteractive algorithms can significantly reduce
display file storage requirements at little cost in
execution time over that of a conventional raster
display. The interactive algorithm improve response
time and reduce storage requirements.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Hughes Aircraft Co., Culver City, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "'real time' character generators; cell organized
raster display; computer graphics; computer programming
--- Subroutines; data handling; general graphics;
interactive applications; noninteractive applications;
scan conversion algorithms",
oldlabel = "BarrettF74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BarrettF74",
}
@Article{Ravindran:1974:RAC,
author = "Arunachalam Ravindran",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 431}: {A} Computer Routine for
Quadratic and Linear Programming Problems''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "157--??",
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Ravindran74",
note = "See \cite{Ravindran:1972:AAC,Proll:1974:RAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Ravindran74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ravindran74",
}
@Article{Withers:1974:RAZ,
author = "David H. Withers",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 419}: Zeros of a Complex
Polynomial''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "157--??",
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Withers74",
note = "See \cite{Jenkins:1972:AAZ}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Withers74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Withers74",
}
@Article{Ackerman:1974:QSH,
author = "A. Frank Ackerman",
title = "Quadratic Search for Hash Tables of Size $p^n$",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "164--164",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05",
MRnumber = "48 10178",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:25 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Ackerman74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling
techniques)",
keywords = "file organisation; quadratic search for hash tables;
table lookup",
oldlabel = "Ackerman74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ackerman74",
}
@Article{Smoliar:1974:ECC,
author = "Stephen W. Smoliar",
title = "Emotional Content Considered Dangerous",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "164--165",
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:01 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Smoliar74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Smoliar74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Smoliar74",
}
@Article{Stone:1974:NCP,
author = "Harold S. Stone",
title = "A note on a combinatorial problem of {Burnett} and
{Coffman}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "165--166",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "05A05",
MRnumber = "48 10826",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Stone74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160
(Combinatorial mathematics); C6130 (Data handling
techniques)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "combinatorial analysis; combinatorial mathematics;
combinatorial problem; derangements; file organisation;
interleaved memory systems; interleaving; mean;
memories; memory bandwidth; rencontres",
oldlabel = "Stone74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Stone74",
}
@Article{Krogh:1974:EIV,
author = "Fred T. Krogh",
title = "Efficient Implementation of a Variable Projection
Algorithm for Nonlinear Least Squares Problems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "167--169",
month = mar,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65K05",
MRnumber = "49 1773",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:19 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Krogh74",
note = "See errata \cite{Krogh:1974:EEI}.",
abstract = "Nonlinear least squares problems frequently arise for
which the variables to be solved for can be separated
into a linear and a nonlinear part. A variable
projection algorithm has been developed recently which
is designed to take advantage of the structure of a
problem whose variables separate in this way. This
paper gives a slightly more efficient and slightly more
general version of this algorithm than has appeared
earlier.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
classification = "723; 921",
corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer aided analysis; computer programming; least
squares approximations; lsq; mathematical techniques
--- Least Squares Approximations; nllsq; nlop; nlsq;
nonlinear least squares; parameter estimation;
problems; variable projection; variable projection
algorithm; varpro",
oldlabel = "Krogh74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Krogh74",
}
@Article{Saltzer:1974:SLM,
author = "Jerome H. Saltzer",
title = "A Simple Linear Model of Demand Paging Performance",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "181--186",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:09 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/storage.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/cache.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Saltzer74",
abstract = "This paper proposes and analyzes a demand paged
virtual memory computer system. The simple model
combines the effect of the information reference
pattern with the effect of the automatic management
algorithm to produce a single, composite statement: the
mean number of memory references between paging
exceptions increases linearly with the size of the
paging memory. The resulting model is easy to
manipulate, and is applicable to such diverse problems
as choosing an optimum size for a paging memory,
arranging for reproducible memory usage charges, and
estimating the amount of core memory sharing.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "automatic management algorithm; automatically managed
multilevel memory system; computer metatheory; computer
testing; core memory; demand paging performance;
information; linear model; memory hierarchy; memory
models; operating systems (computers); optimum; paging;
performance; Performance Evaluation: Analytic;
performance measurement; predicting the; program
reference model; reference pattern; reproducible memory
usage charges; sharing; size; storage; virtual; virtual
memory",
oldlabel = "Saltzer74",
treatment = "A Application; X Experimental",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Saltzer74",
}
@Article{Franklin:1974:CPF,
author = "Mark A. Franklin and R. K. Gupta",
title = "Computation of Page Fault Probability from Program
Transition Diagram",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "186--191",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:26 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#FranklinG74",
abstract = "An algorithm is given for calculating page fault
probability in a virtual memory system operating under
demand paging with various memory sizes and replacement
rules. A first order Markov model of program behavior
is assumed, and a representation of the system based on
memory states, control states, and memory substates is
presented. The algorithm is general in the sense that
the page fault probabilities can be calculated for
nonpredictive replacement rules applied to any program
represented by a one-step Markov chain. A detailed
example is given to illustrate the algorithm for Random
and Least Recently Used (LRU) replacement rules.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7430 (Computer
engineering)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer metatheory; computer testing; control states;
demand paging; fault tolerant computing; Markov model;
memory; memory states; memory substates; nonpredictive
replacement rules; page fault probability; program
transition diagram; various memory sizes; virtual;
virtual storage",
oldlabel = "FranklinG74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FranklinG74",
}
@Article{Boyse:1974:ECP,
author = "John W. Boyse",
title = "Execution Characteristics of Programs in a
Page-On-Demand System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "192--196",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Boyse74",
abstract = "Data are presented which show the execution
characteristics of two types of commonly used programs
in a large-scale, time-shared computer system. A
software monitoring facility built into the supervisor
was used for data collection during normal system
operation. These data were analyzed, and results of
this analysis are presented for a FORTRAN compiler and
an interactive line file editor. Probability
distribution functions and other data are given for
such things as CPU intervals, I/O intervals, and the
number of such intervals during execution. Empirical
distributions are compared with simple theoretical
distributions (exponential, hyperexponential, and
geometric). Other data show paging characteristics of
tasks as a function of the number of pages those tasks
have in core.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150C (Compilers,
interpreters and other processors); C6150G (Diagnostic,
testing, debugging and evaluating systems); C6150J
(Operating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "characteristics; compiler execution behaviour;
computer metatheory; computer testing; CPU intervals;
demand paging; editor; execution behaviour; Fortran
compiler; I/O intervals; interactive line file; large
scale, time shared computer system; monitoring
facility; page on demand system; paging
characteristics; probability distribution functions;
program behaviour; program execution; software;
supervisory and executive programs; virtual memory;
virtual storage",
oldlabel = "Boyse74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boyse74",
}
@Article{Smith:1974:LCE,
author = "Graham Smith and Ian M. Sefton",
title = "On {Lions}' Counter Example for {Gotlieb}'s Method for
the Construction of School Timetables",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "196--197",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#SmithS74",
abstract = "The timetable problem is an essentially discrete
problem. Although the discrete problem may have no
feasible solution, there may exist a solution to the
equivalent continuous problem. An example is given, for
which the nondiscrete solution can be interpreted as a
set of timetables, differing from week to week, which
together satisfy the long-term requirements of the
timetable problem.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7110 (Educational administration); C7890 (Other
special applications of computing)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "Univ. New South Wales, Kensington, NSW, Australia",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "combinatorial; combinatorial mathematics; discrete
problem; educational administrative data; Gotlieb's
method; mathematical programming; multiindex problem;
processing; schedule; scheduling; school timetables;
timetable",
oldlabel = "SmithS74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SmithS74",
}
@Article{Lindstrom:1974:CLS,
author = "Gary Lindstrom",
title = "Copying List Structures Using Bounded Workspace",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "198--202",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:08 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Lindstrom74",
abstract = "Two new algorithms are presented for list structure
copying using bounded workspace. The first, of
primarily theoretical interest, shows that without cell
tag bits the task can be performed in time n**2. The
second algorithm, assuming one tag bit in each cell,
delivers attractive practical speed. Any noncyclic
structure is copied in linear speed, while cyclic
structures are copied in average time less than n log
n. No foreknowledge of cycle absence is necessary to
achieve linear speed. A variation of the second
algorithm solves an open problem concerning list
structure marking. That result demonstrates that
marking can be done in average time n log n without the
aid of supplemental tag bits or stacks.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling
techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "algorithms; bounded workspace; complexity; computer
programming; copying list structures; cyclic; data
structures; list; list processing; list structure
marking; noncyclic structure; one tag bit; space;
structure copying; structures",
oldlabel = "Lindstrom74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lindstrom74",
}
@Article{Even:1974:PTS,
author = "Shimon Even",
title = "Parallelism in Tape-Sorting",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "202--204",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:21 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Even74",
abstract = "Two methods for employing parallelism in tape-sorting
are presented. Method A is the natural way to use
parallelism. Method B is new. Both approximately
achieve the goal of reducing the processing time by a
divisor which is the number of processors.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Weizmann Inst. Sci., Rehovot, Israel",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer systems programming; external sorting;
parallel processing; parallelism; queues; reducing the
processing time; sorting; stacks; tape sorting",
oldlabel = "Even74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Even74",
}
@Article{Lucas:1974:SCU,
author = "Henry C. {Lucas, Jr.} and David B. Montgomery and Jean
Claude Larreche",
title = "A study of computer use in a graduate school of
business",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "205--206",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:01 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#LucasML74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C7100
(Business and administration)",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
keywords = "accounting records; commerce; computer aided
instruction; computer use; cumulative; curriculum;
education; general problem solving tool; graduate
school of business; process model; questionnaires;
research",
oldlabel = "LucasML74",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LucasML74",
}
@Article{Freeman:1974:GEP,
author = "Peter Freeman and Michael A. Malcolm and William H.
Payne",
title = "Graduate Education: The {Ph.D.} Glut: Response and
Rebuttal",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "206--207",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#FreemanMP74",
note = "See \cite{Payne:1973:GEP}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Irvine, CA, USA",
keywords = "accreditation; advanced degrees; education; graduate
education; Ph.D.; Ph.D. production; response and
rebutted; what kind",
oldlabel = "FreemanMP74",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FreemanMP74",
}
@Article{Sterling:1974:ITM,
author = "Theodor D. Sterling and Seymour V. Pollack",
title = "Ideal teaching machines --- a solution to the
pedagogic language problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "207--208",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:17 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#SterlingP74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C6140D (High
level languages)",
corpsource = "Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC, Canada",
keywords = "computer; education; ideal teaching machine; pedagogic
language problem; problem oriented languages;
simulated; teaching machines",
oldlabel = "SterlingP74",
treatment = "A Application; G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SterlingP74",
}
@Article{Abrahams:1974:SRL,
author = "Paul W. Abrahams",
title = "Some Remarks on Lookup of Structured Variables",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "209--210",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:18 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Abrahams74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling
techniques)",
corpsource = "New York Univ., NY, USA",
keywords = "compilers; data structures; deterministic; finite
state machine; lookup of structured variables;
qualified references; sequence of identifiers;
structured; symbol table; table lookup; variables",
oldlabel = "Abrahams74",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Abrahams74",
}
@Article{Simmons:1974:AMP,
author = "Grover C. Simmons",
title = "Addendum to {M. L. Patrick} Paper",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "209--??",
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Simmons74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Simmons74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Simmons74",
}
@Article{Balfour:1974:AAM,
author = "A. Balfour",
title = "An alternative approach to mutual recursion {in Algol}
60 using restricted compilers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "210--210",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:55 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Balfour74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150C (Compilers,
interpreters and other processors)",
corpsource = "Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh, UK",
keywords = "ALGOL; Algol 60; compiler; mutual recursion; program
compilers; restricted compilers; restrictions",
oldlabel = "Balfour74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Balfour74",
}
@Article{Lee:1974:IPS,
author = "R. C. T. Lee and C. L. Chang and Richard J.
Waldinger",
title = "An Improved Program-Synthesizing Algorithm and its
Correctness",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "211--217",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05 (68A40)",
MRnumber = "49 10175",
MRreviewer = "S. Amarel",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:17 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#LeeCW74",
abstract = "An improved program-synthesizing algorithm based on
the algorithm proposed by Waldinger and Lee in 1969 is
given. In the old algorithm, the program-synthesizing
problem is translated into a theorem-proving problem,
and a program is obtained by analyzing a proof.
\par
For the improved algorithm, the analysis is not
necessary, and a program is obtained as soon as the
proof is completed. This is achieved by using a
modified variable tracing mechanism invented by Green
in 1969. The correctness of the improved algorithm is
also proved; i.e. the program thus obtained always
satisfies the specification.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Nat. Inst. Health, Bethesda, MD, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer metatheory; consequence; consequence finding;
correctness; finding; modified variable tracing
mechanism; primitive resolutions; problem; program
synthesizing algorithm; program-synthesizing
algorithms; programming theory; theorem proving",
oldlabel = "LeeCW74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LeeCW74",
}
@Article{Cline:1974:SPV,
author = "A. K. Cline",
title = "Scalar- and Planar-Valued Curve Fitting Using Splines
Under Tension. {I}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "218--220",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D05",
MRnumber = "49 8274",
MRreviewer = "J. W. Jerome",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:31:43 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1974.bib;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/siggraph/pre75.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Cline74",
abstract = "The spline under tension was introduced by Schweikert
in an attempt to imitate cubic splines but avoid the
spurious critical points they induce. The defining
equations are presented here, together with an
efficient method for determining the necessary
parameters and computing the resultant spline. The
standard scalar-valued curve fitting problem is
discussed, as well as the fitting of open and closed
curves in the plane. The use of these curves and the
importance of the tension in the fitting of contour
lines are mentioned as application.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "Nat. Center Atmospheric Res., Boulder, CO, USA",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "Realization; polynomial; approximation; method;
interpolation; FORTRAN; graphics; iterative method;
information system; spline; curve fitting;",
enum = "597",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "contouring; cubic splines; curve fitting; curves in
the plane; fitting; function approximation;
interpolation; mathematical techniques; scalar valued
curve; splines; splines (mathematics); splines under
tension",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "Cline74",
references = "3",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cline74",
}
@Article{Cline:1974:AAS,
author = "A. K. Cline",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 476}: Six Subprograms for Curve Fitting
Using Splines Under Tension [{E2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "220--223",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:31:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Cline74a",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Nat. Center Atmospheric Res., Boulder, CO, USA",
keywords = "contouring; curve fitting; FORTRAN; function
approximation; interpolation; splines (mathematics);
splines under tension; subprograms; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Cline74a",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cline74a",
}
@Article{Ehrlich:1974:AAG,
author = "Gideon Ehrlich",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 477}: Generator of Set-Partitions to
Exactly {$R$} Subsets [{G7}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "224--225",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:31 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Ehrich74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160
(Combinatorial mathematics); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "Weizmann Inst. Sci., Rehovot, Israel",
keywords = "mutually exclusive subsets; PARTEXACT; partitions;
permutations; set theory; subroutines; subset
generation; subsets",
oldlabel = "Ehrich74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ehrich74",
}
@Article{Einarsson:1974:STE,
author = "Bo Einarsson",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 443}: Solution of the
Transcendental Equation $w\exp(w)=x$''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "4",
pages = "225--225",
month = apr,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:42 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Einarsson74",
note = "See \cite{Fritsch:1973:AAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Res. Inst. Nat. Defense, Tumba, Sweden",
keywords = "function evaluation; subroutines; transcendental
equation; violation of the Fortran standard",
oldlabel = "Einarsson74",
treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Einarsson74",
}
@Article{Shaw:1974:RCC,
author = "Mary Shaw",
title = "Reduction of Compilation Costs Through Language
Contraction",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "5",
pages = "245--250",
month = may,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Shaw74",
abstract = "Programming languages tailored to particular groups of
users can often be constructed by removing unwanted
features from a general purpose language. This paper
describes the use of simulation techniques to predict
the savings in compilation cost achievable by such an
approach. The results suggest a function which
describes the effect of changes in the power of a
language on the compilation cost of an algorithm
expressed in that language: when features not actually
used by the algorithm are removed from the language,
the cost of compiling the algorithm decreases
moderately, but when features that are needed are
removed, the compilation cost increases sharply.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140 (Programming languages); C6150C (Compilers,
interpreters and other processors)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "compilation costs; compiler design; computational
complexity; computer programming languages; design of
programming languages; general purpose language;
language contraction; languages; programming;
programming languages; simulation techniques",
oldlabel = "Shaw74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shaw74",
}
@Article{Wegbreit:1974:TDT,
author = "Ben Wegbreit",
title = "The Treatment of Data Types in {EL1}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "5",
pages = "251--264",
month = may,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:28:37 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Wegbreit74a",
abstract = "In constructing a general purpose programming
language, a key issue is providing a sufficient set of
data types and associated operations in a manner that
permits both natural problem-oriented notation and
efficient implementation. The EL1 language contains a
number of features specifically designed to
simultaneously satisfy both requirements. The resulting
treatment of data types includes provision for
programmer-defined data types and generic routines,
programmer control over type conversion, and very
flexible data type behavior, in a context that allows
efficient compiled code and compact data
representation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6140D (High level
languages)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "behaviour; coercion; compilation; computer programming
languages; data description language; data handling;
data type definition; data types; efficient
implementation; EL1; extensible; flexible data type;
general purpose programming language; generic routines;
language; languages; mode unions; modes; problem
oriented notation; procedure oriented languages;
programmer control; programmer defined data types; type
conversion",
oldlabel = "Wegbreit74a",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wegbreit74a",
}
@Article{Wagner:1974:OCR,
author = "Robert A. Wagner",
title = "Order-$n$ Correction for Regular Languages",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "5",
pages = "265--268",
month = may,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Wagner74",
abstract = "A method is presented for calculating a string B,
belonging to a given regular language L, which is
``nearest'' (in number of edit operations) to a given
input string $a$. $B$ is viewed as a reasonable
``correction'' for the possibly erroneous string $a$,
where a was originally intended to be a string of $L$.
\par
The calculation of $B$ by the method presented requires
time proportional to $|a|$, the number of characters in
$a$. The method should find applications in information
retrieval, artificial intelligence, and spelling
correction systems.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6130 (Data handling
techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; compiler error recovery;
computer programming languages; context free languages;
context-free languages; correction; corrector; edit
operations; error correction; error correction codes;
errors; finite state automata; information;
nondeterministic finite state automata;
nondeterministic finite-state automata; order $n$
correction; regular events; regular languages;
retrieval; spelling correction; string best match
problem",
oldlabel = "Wagner74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wagner74",
}
@Article{Tsao:1974:DSD,
author = "Nai Kuan Tsao",
title = "On the Distributions of Significant Digits and
Roundoff Errors",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "5",
pages = "269--271",
month = may,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65G05",
MRnumber = "49 6595",
MRreviewer = "N. N. Abdelmalek",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:26:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Tsao74",
abstract = "Generalized logarithmic law is derived for the
distribution of the first $t$ significant digits of a
random digital integer. This result is then used to
determine the distribution of the roundoff errors in
floating-point operations, which is a mixture of
uniform and reciprocal distributions.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "Aerospace Res. Labs., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "Benford's Law; digital arithmetic; digital integer;
distributions; error analysis; floating point
operations; Law of Anomalous Numbers; logarithmic law;
mathematical techniques; mean value; random;
reciprocal; roundoff errors; significant digits;
uniform distribution; variance; Zipf's Law",
oldlabel = "Tsao74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Tsao74",
}
@Article{Wunderlich:1974:DNT,
author = "Marvin C. Wunderlich and J. L. Selfridge",
title = "Design for a Number Theory Package with an Optimized
Trial Division Routine",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "5",
pages = "272--276",
month = may,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:59 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#WunderlichS74",
abstract = "A number theory package is described which uses doubly
linked list structures for storing multiprecise
integers. The package has been coded in IBM's Basic
Assembly Language and makes heavy use of the macro
language and conditional assembly. An optimally coded
trial division routine is also described which can be
used to determine the unique factorization of large
integers.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "Northern Illinois Univ., Dekalb, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "arithmetic; Basic; conditional assembly; design;
doubly linked list structures; doubly linked lists;
factorization; integers; macro language; mathematical
techniques; multiprecise; number theory; number theory
package; optimally coded; optimized trial division;
pseudoprime; routine; trial division; utility
programs",
oldlabel = "WunderlichS74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/WunderlichS74",
}
@Article{Gentleman:1974:MAR,
author = "W. Morven Gentleman and Scott B. Marovich",
title = "More on Algorithms that Reveal Properties of Floating
Point Arithmetic Units",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "5",
pages = "276--277",
month = may,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:47 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#GentlemanM74",
note = "See \cite{Malcolm:1972:ARP}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)",
corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada",
keywords = "algorithms; base of the arithmetic; digital
arithmetic; floating point arithmetic units; high
level; languages; trailing digits",
oldlabel = "GentlemanM74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GentlemanM74",
}
@Article{Gold:1974:MMR,
author = "D. E. Gold and David J. Kuck",
title = "A Model for Masking Rotational Latency by Dynamic Disk
Allocation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "5",
pages = "278--288",
month = may,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:45:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#GoldK74",
abstract = "This paper presents the background and algorithms for
masking the rotational latency of a disk or drum. It
discusses the anticipatory input and output of blocks
of data to buffer and primary memories for a
mono-programmed computer system. A basic permutation
algorithm and several variations are given. Because of
the anticipatory nature of the I/O scheduling, these
algorithms are restricted to classes of programs with
predictable behavior. While the methods are not
restricted to numerical computations, matrix and
partial differential equation methods are typical
examples of their use. It is shown tha latency may be
masked using a small amount of buffer memory. The
methods discussed are independent of the overall size
of the data base being considered.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Optimal arrangement of data to minimize buffer
needs.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "(computers); algorithm; anticipatory input;
anticipatory output; behaviour; buffer; buffer memory;
computer operating systems; computer system; data
storage, magnetic --- Disk; dynamic disc allocation;
magnetic disc and drum storage; masking; memory
hierarchy; model; monoprogrammed; operating systems;
permutation; permutation algorithm; predictable;
primary memories; rotational latency; staging; storage
allocation",
oldlabel = "GoldK74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GoldK74",
}
@Article{Cohen:1974:TLE,
author = "Jacques Cohen and Carl Zuckerman",
title = "Two Languages for Estimating Program Efficiency",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "301--308",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:11 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/monitor.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1974.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#CohenZ74",
abstract = "Two languages enabling their users to estimate the
efficiency of computer programs are presented. The
program whose efficiency one wishes to estimate is
written in the first language, a go-to-less programming
language which includes most of the features of Algol
60. The second language consists of interactive
commands enabling its users to provide additional
information about the program written in the first
language and to output results estimating its
efficiency. Processors for the two languages are also
described. The first processor is a syntax-directed
translator which compiles a program into a symbolic
formula representing the execution time for that
program. The second processor is a set of procedures
for algebraic manipulation which can be called by the
user to operate on the formula produced by the first
processor. Examples of the usage of the two languages
are included. The limitations of the present system,
its relation to Knuth's work on the analysis of
algorithms, and some of the directions for further
research are also discussed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150C (Compilers,
interpreters and other processors); C6150G (Diagnostic,
testing, debugging and evaluating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA, USA",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "Programming language; runtime/storage efficiency;
analysis; algorithm;",
enum = "614",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "analysis of algorithms; computer programming
languages; efficiency; estimating program efficiency;
go to less; interactive commands; languages; procedure
oriented languages; processors; program; program
diagnostics; program efficiency; programming language;
programming languages; symbolic manipulation; syntax
directed translation; syntax-directed translation",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "CohenZ74",
references = "16",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CohenZ74",
}
@Article{Henschen:1974:TPL,
author = "Lawrence J. Henschen and Ross A. Overbeek and Larry
Wos",
title = "A Theorem-Proving Language for Experimentation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "308--314",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A40",
MRnumber = "49 6698",
MRreviewer = "K. H. V. Booth",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:32 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#HenschenOW74",
abstract = "Because of the large number of strategies and
inference rules presently under consideration in
automated theorem proving, there is a need for
developing a language especially oriented toward
automated theorem proving. This paper discusses some of
the features and instructions of this language. The use
of this language permits easy extension of automated
theorem-proving programs to include new strategies
and/or new inference rules. Such extend ability will
permit general experimentation with the various
alternative systems.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C6140D (High level
languages)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "alternative systems; automated theorem proving;
computer programming languages; experimentation;
factoring; paramodulation; problem oriented languages;
programming languages; resolution; strategies and
inference rules presently; theorem proving",
oldlabel = "HenschenOW74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HenschenOW74",
}
@Article{Gimpel:1974:MSM,
author = "James F. Gimpel",
title = "The Minimization of Spatially-Multiplexed Character
Sets",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "315--318",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:27 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Gimpel74",
abstract = "The paper describes a technique for compacting
character sets in a digital computer while retaining
fast access to individual bits. It considers the
problem of minimizing the storage needed to contain
such tables. Reduction techniques are developed, and
the problem is shown to reduce to a covering problem.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling
techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "character sets; compacting character sets; computer
programming; covering problem; data handling; data
structures; fast access to; individual bits; lexical
analysis; minimizing the storage; parsing; reduction;
scanning; spatial multiplexing; string processing;
techniques",
oldlabel = "Gimpel74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gimpel74",
}
@Article{Barrodale:1974:AAS,
author = "I. Barrodale and F. D. K. Roberts",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 478}: Solution of an Overdetermined
System of Equations in the {$L_1$} Norm [{F4}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "319--320",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#BarrodaleR74",
note = "See remark \cite{Fritsch:1975:RAS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); B0290F (Interpolation
and function approximation); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C4130 (Interpolation and function
approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Victoria, BC, Canada",
keywords = "algorithm; function approximation; l/sub 1/
approximation; l1 norm; linear programming; minimizes;
overdetermined system of equations; simplex method;
subroutines; sum of the absolute values of the
residuals",
oldlabel = "BarrodaleR74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BarrodaleR74",
}
@Article{Page:1974:AAM,
author = "R. L. Page",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 479}: {A} Minimal Spanning Tree
Clustering Method [{Z}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "321--323",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:01 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Page74",
note = "See remark \cite{Magnuski:1975:RAM,White:1976:RMS}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal
processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO, USA",
keywords = "complete graph; feature; FORTRAN; graph theory; human
perception; minimal spanning tree; pattern recognition;
selection; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Page74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Page74",
}
@Article{Gaither:1974:HPP,
author = "B. Gaither",
title = "Hidden-line plotting program",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "324--324",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "New Mexico Inst. Mining and Technol., Socorro, NM,
USA",
keywords = "algorithm; computer graphics; division by zero; hidden
line; plotting program",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
}
@Article{Piessens:1974:RAC,
author = "Robert Piessens",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 418}: Calculation of {Fourier}
Integrals''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "324--324",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Piessens74b",
note = "See \cite{Einarsson:1972:AAC,Einarsson:1972:RAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290Z (Other numerical methods); C4190 (Other
numerical methods); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium",
keywords = "algorithm; Fourier integrals; Fourier transforms;
integration",
oldlabel = "Piessens74b",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Piessens74b",
}
@Article{Piessens:1974:RAM,
author = "Robert Piessens",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 400}: Modified {Ha{\aa}vie}
Integration''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "324--324",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:44 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Piessens74a",
note = "See \cite{Wallick:1970:AAM}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation);
C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium",
keywords = "algorithm; automatic; integration; integrators;
modified H{\aa}vie integration; numerical analysis;
overflows; specified tolerances",
oldlabel = "Piessens74a",
treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Piessens74a",
}
@Article{Ellis:1974:RAHa,
author = "T. M. R. Ellis",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 420}: Hidden-Line Plotting
Program''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "324--325",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:50 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Ellis74",
note = "See remark
\cite{Williamson:1972:AAH,Macleod:1973:RAH,Williamson:1973:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHb,Gaither:1974:RAH,Machura:1973:AAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data
handling techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Sheffield, UK",
keywords = "algorithm; computer graphics; error; hidden line
plotting program; plotting program",
oldlabel = "Ellis74",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ellis74",
}
@Article{Gaither:1974:RAH,
author = "Blaine Gaither",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 420}: Hidden-Line Plotting
Program''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "324--??",
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:51 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Gaither74",
note = "See
\cite{Williamson:1972:AAH,Macleod:1973:RAH,Williamson:1973:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHa,Ellis:1974:RAHb}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Gaither74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gaither74",
}
@Article{Page:1974:GRC,
author = "R. L. Page",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 425}: Generation of Random
Correlated Normal Variables''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "325--325",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Page74a",
note = "See \cite{Hurst:1972:AAG}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)",
corpsource = "Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; array parameters; random correlated normal
variables; random number generation; revises; work",
oldlabel = "Page74a",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Page74a",
}
@Article{Boulton:1974:RAE,
author = "D. M. Boulton",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 434}: Exact Probabilities for
{$R \times C$} Contingency Tables''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "326--326",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Boulton74",
note = "See \cite{March:1972:AAE,Hancock:1975:RAE}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Monash Univ., Melbourne, Vic., Australia",
keywords = "algorithm; cell frequency combinations; contingency
tables; dimensional contingency table; exact
probabilities; inefficient; marginal sum constraints;
probability; two",
oldlabel = "Boulton74",
treatment = "G General Review; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boulton74",
}
@Article{Slysz:1974:ESS,
author = "William D. Slysz",
title = "An Evaluation of Statistical Software in the Social
Sciences",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "326--332",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Slysz74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7810 (Social and behavioural sciences computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA",
keywords = "bivariate; BMD; college; cost; DATA TEXT; descriptive
statistics; factor analysis; one way analysis of
variance; OSIRIS; Pearson correlation; performance;
regression; social and behavioural sciences; social
sciences; SPSS; statistical analysis; statistical
computation; statistical packages; statistical
software; tables; TSAR; university",
oldlabel = "Slysz74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Slysz74",
xxtitle = "An evaluation of software in the social sciences",
}
@Article{Adams:1974:CRC,
author = "John Adams and John Gary",
title = "Compact Representation of Contour Plots for Phone Line
Transmission",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "333--336",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#AdamsG74",
abstract = "Methods for the compact representation of contour
plots are described and tested. These are intended to
reduce the cost of transmitting contour plots over
phone lines. Some of these methods could be used to
transmit contour plots over voice grade phone lines.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B6210D (Telephony); C5540 (Terminals and graphic
displays); C5600 (Data communication equipment and
techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Nat. Center Atmospheric Res., Boulder, CO, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "compact representation; computer graphics; contour
plots; data compaction; data transmission; data
transmission systems; phone line; remote terminal;
transmission; voice grade phone lines",
oldlabel = "AdamsG74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AdamsG74",
}
@Article{Wulf:1974:HKM,
author = "William A. Wulf and Ellis S. Cohen and William M.
Corwin and Anita K. Jones and Roy Levin and C. Pierson
and Fred J. Pollack",
title = "{HYDRA}: The Kernel of a Multiprocessor Operating
System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "337--345",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:57 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Nierstrasz.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#WulfCCJLPP74",
abstract = "This paper describes the design philosophy of HYDRA
the kernel of an operating system for C. mmp, the
Carnegie-Mellon Multi-Mini-Processor. This philosophy
is realized through the introduction of a generalized
notion of ``resource,'' both physical and virtual,
called an ``object.'' Mechanisms are presented for
dealing with objects, including the creation of new
types, specification of new operations applicable to a
given type, sharing, and protection of any reference to
a given object against improper application of any of
the operations defined with respect to that type of
object. The mechanisms provide a coherent basis for
extension of the system in two directions: the
introduction of new facilities, and the creation of
highly secure systems.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Includes protection mechanism using capabilities
attached to references.",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "722",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer operating systems; design philosophy; highly
secure systems; HYDRA; kernel; multiprocessing
programs; multiprocessor operating system; new
facilities; nucleus; operating systems (computers);
protection; security olit hydra capabilities; sharing",
oldlabel = "WulfCCJLPP74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/WulfCCJLPP74",
}
@Article{Barton:1974:ITA,
author = "Ian J. Barton and Susan E. Creasey and Michael F.
Lynch and Michael J. Snell",
title = "An Information-Theoretic Approach to Text Searching in
Direct Access Systems",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "345--350",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#BartonCLS74",
abstract = "Using direct access computer files of bibliographic
information, an attempt is made to overcome one of the
problems often associated with information retrieval,
namely, the maintenance and use of large dictionaries,
the greater part of which is used only infrequently. A
novel method is presented, which maps the hyperbolic
frequency distribution. This is more suited to
implementation on storage devices. \par
This method treats text as a string of characters
rather than words bounded by spaces, and chooses
subsets of strings such that their frequencies of
occurrence are more even than those of word types. The
members of this subset are then used as index keys for
retrieval. The rectangular distribution of key
frequencies results in a much simplified file
organization and promises considerable cost
advantages.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage
and retrieval)",
classification = "723; 731",
corpsource = "Univ. Sheffield, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "bibliographic information; bit vector; character
string; characteristics; computer files; data
processing --- File Organization; dictionaries; direct
access; direct access systems; file organisation; file
organization; hyperbolic frequency distribution of
text; index keys; information retrieval; information
theory; large; rectangular distribution; simplified
file organization; text searching",
oldlabel = "BartonCLS74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BartonCLS74",
}
@Article{Minieka:1974:CSS,
author = "Edward Minieka",
title = "On Computing Sets of Shortest Paths in a Graph",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "6",
pages = "351--353",
month = jun,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "05C35",
MRnumber = "49 7178",
MRreviewer = "Torrence D. Parsons",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Minieka74",
abstract = "Two algorithms are presented that construct the $k$
shortest paths between every pair of vertices in a
directed graph. These algorithms generalize the Floyd
algorithm and the Dantzig algorithm for finding the
shortest path between every pair of vertices in a
directed graph.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7190 (Other fields of business and administrative
computing)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "algorithm; computer aided analysis; critical path
analysis; Dantzig algorithm; directed graph; Floyd
algorithm; graph; mathematical techniques; network;
shortest path; shortest paths",
oldlabel = "Minieka74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Minieka74",
}
@Article{Ritchie:1974:UTS,
author = "Dennis M. Ritchie and Ken Thompson",
title = "The {UNIX} Time-Sharing System",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "7",
pages = "365--375",
month = jul,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#RitchieT74",
abstract = "This paper discusses the nature and implementation of
the file system and of the user command interface. UNIX
is a general-purpose, multi-user, interactive operating
system for the Digital Equipment Corporation
PDP-11\slash 40 and 11\slash 45 computers. It offers a
number of features seldom found even in larger
operating systems, including: (1) a hierarchical file
system incorporating demountable volumes; (2)
compatible file, device, and inter-process I/O; (3) the
ability to initiate asynchronous processes; (4) system
command language selectable on a per-user basis; and
(5) over 100 subsystems including a dozen languages.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Interactive operating system for PDP-11, VAX with a
hierarchical file system incorporating demountable
volumes.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "asynchronous; command language; compatible file;
computer systems programming; demountable volumes; file
organisation; file system; hierarchical file system;
operating; operating systems (computers); processes;
sharing systems; system; system command language; time
sharing; time-; UNIX interactive operating system",
oldlabel = "RitchieT74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RitchieT74",
}
@Article{Fuller:1974:MTP,
author = "Samuel H. Fuller",
title = "Minimal-Total-Processing Time Drum and Disk Scheduling
Disciplines",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "7",
pages = "376--381",
month = jul,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Fuller74",
abstract = "This article investigates the application of
minimal-total-processing-time (MTPT) scheduling
disciplines to rotating storage units when random
arrival of requests is allowed. Fixed-head drum and
moving-head disk storage units are considered, and
emphasis is placed on the relative merits of the MTPT
scheduling discipline with respect to the
shortest-latency-time-first (SLTF) scheduling
discipline. The results of the simulation studies
presented show that neither scheduling discipline is
unconditionally superior to the other.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming languages; disc scheduling; drum
scheduling; fixed head drum; intra cylinder disc;
management; minimal total processing time; moving head
disc; operating systems (computers); rotating storage
units; scheduling; scheduling disciplines; shortest
latency time first; simulation; sorting; storage",
oldlabel = "Fuller74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fuller74",
}
@Article{Bruno:1974:SIT,
author = "John L. Bruno and Edward G. {Coffman, Jr.} and Ravi
Sethi",
title = "Scheduling Independent Tasks To Reduce Mean Finishing
Time",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "7",
pages = "382--387",
month = jul,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "90B35",
MRnumber = "50 9338",
MRreviewer = "John C. Gittins",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:38 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1974.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#BrunoCS74",
abstract = "A deterministic model of independent tasks is
introduced and new results are derived which extend and
generalize the algorithms known for minimizing mean
finishing time. In addition to presenting and analyzing
new algorithms it is shown that the most general
mean-finishing-time problem for independent tasks is
polynomial complete, hence unlikely to admit of a
non-enumerative solution.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA",
descriptors = "Scheduling; Finish Time;",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "CACM; computer programming languages; deterministic
model; independent tasks; mean finishing time;
minimisation; minimize; minimizing mean finishing time;
minimizing mean flow time; operating systems
(computers); optimal; polynomial complete; scheduling;
scheduling algorithms; scheduling independent tasks;
sequencing algorithms; storage required",
oldlabel = "BrunoCS74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BrunoCS74",
}
@Article{Saltzer:1974:PCI,
author = "Jerome H. Saltzer",
title = "Protection and the Control of Information Sharing in
{Multics}",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "7",
pages = "388--402",
month = jul,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:10 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Saltzer74a",
abstract = "The design of mechanisms to control the sharing of
information in the Multics system is described. Five
design principles help provide insight into the
tradeoffs among different possible designs. The key
mechanisms described include access control lists,
hierarchical control of access specifications,
identification and authentication of users, and primary
memory protection. The paper ends with a discussion of
several known weaknesses in the current protection
mechanism design.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management); C6130 (Data handling
techniques); C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "access control lists; authentication; computer systems
programming; control; control of access specifications;
descriptors; design principles; hierarchical;
identification; information sharing; mechanism design;
Multics system; operating systems (computers);
operating virtual memory CACM; primary memory
protection; privacy; protection; security; security of
data; storage; time sharing systems; virtual; virtual
memory",
oldlabel = "Saltzer74a",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Saltzer74a",
}
@Article{Fabry:1974:CBA,
author = "Robert S. Fabry",
title = "Capability-Based Addressing",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "7",
pages = "403--412",
month = jul,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:27 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib
and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/os.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Nierstrasz.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Fabry74",
abstract = "Various addressing schemes making use of segment
tables are examined. The inadequacies of these schemes
when dealing with shared addresses are explained. These
inadequacies are traced to the lack of an efficient
absolute address for objects in these systems. The
direct use of a capability as an address is shown to
overcome these difficulties because it provides the
needed absolute address. Implementation of
capability-based addressing is discussed. It is
predicted that the use of tags to identify capabilities
will dominate. A hardware address translation scheme
which never requires the modification of the
representation of capabilities is suggested.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "The direct use of a capability as an address is shown
to be useful when dealing with shared addresses.
Implementation of capability-based addressing is
discussed.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "address translation scheme; addresses; addressing;
addressing hardware; addressing schemes; associative;
CACM memory management segments pages operating
security olit capabilities; capabilities; capability
based addressing; code; computer utility; data
structures; hardware; hash table; information retrieval
systems; information sharing; operating systems;
programming conventions; protection; protection
hardware; registers; security of data; segment tables;
shared; storage management; tagged architecture; tags",
oldlabel = "Fabry74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fabry74",
}
@Article{Popek:1974:FRV,
author = "Gerald J. Popek and Robert P. Goldberg",
title = "Formal Requirements for Virtualizable Third Generation
Architectures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "7",
pages = "412--421",
month = jul,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
DOI = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/800009.808061",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05",
MRnumber = "49 10177",
MRreviewer = "I. Kaufmann",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:13:00 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#PopekG74",
abstract = "Virtual machine systems have been implemented on a
limited number of third generation computer systems,
for example CP-67 on the IBM 360/67. The value of
virtual machine techniques to ease the development of
operating systems, to aid in program transferability,
and to allow the concurrent running of disparate
operating systems, test and diagnostic programs has
been well recognized. However, from previous empirical
studies, it is known that many third generation
computer systems, e.g. the DEC PDP-10, cannot support a
virtual machine system. In this paper, the hardware
architectural requirements for virtual machine systems
are discussed. First, a fairly specific definition of a
virtual machine is presented which includes the aspects
of efficiency, isolation, and identical behavior. A
model of third generation-like computer systems is then
developed. The model includes a processor with
supervisor and user modes, memory that has a simple
protection mechanism, and a trap facility. In this
context, instruction behavior is then carefully
characterized.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C7430 (Computer
engineering)",
classification = "722",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "abstract model; architectures; computer architecture;
computer operating systems; formal requirements;
generation architecture; hypervisor; operating system;
sufficient conditions; systems; third; third generation
computer; virtual machine; virtual machine monitor;
virtual machines; virtual memory; virtualizable third
generation",
oldlabel = "PopekG74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/PopekG74",
}
@Article{Hahn:1974:NTC,
author = "Bruce Hahn",
title = "A New Technique for Compression and Storage of Data",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "434--436",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:50 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Hahn74",
abstract = "This paper describes techniques that can, in most
cases, decrease storage size by a factor of from two to
four. The techniques involve special handling of
leading and trailing blanks, and the encoding of other
symbols in groups of fixed size as unique fixed point
numbers. The efficiency of the system is considered and
pertinent statistics are given and compared with
statistics for other information coding techniques.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Generation of a character dictionary and its use to
minimize space.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling
techniques)",
classification = "731",
corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "coding techniques; compression; data handling; data
management; data storage; efficiency; encoding; file
maintenance; file organisation; fixed point numbers;
information coding techniques; information theory;
programs; text compression; utility",
oldlabel = "Hahn74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hahn74",
}
@Article{Evans:1974:UAS,
author = "Arthur {Evans, Jr.} and William Kantrowitz and Edwin
Weiss",
title = "A User Authentication Scheme Not Requiring Secrecy in
the Computer",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "437--442",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:18 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#EvansKW74",
abstract = "In many computer operating systems a user
authenticates himself by entering a secret password
known solely to himself and the system. The system
compares this password with one recorded in a Password
Table which is available to only the authentication
program. The integrity of the system depends on keeping
the table secret. In this paper a password scheme is
presented which does not require secrecy in the
computer. All aspects of the system, including all
relevant code and data bases, may be known by anyone
attempting to intrude. The scheme is based on using a
function H which the would-be intruder is unable to
invert. This function is applied to the user's password
and the result compared to a table entry, a match being
interpreted as authentication of the user. The intruder
may know all about H and have access to the table, but
he can penetrate the system only if he can invert H to
determine an input that produces a given output. This
paper discusses issues surrounding selection of a
suitable H.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Password protection by irreversible transformation",
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "MIT, Lexington, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "authentication; computer operating systems;
cryptology; engineering problems; human; invert; one
way encryption; operating system security; operating
systems (computers); password scheme; security;
security of data; user authentication scheme",
oldlabel = "EvansKW74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/EvansKW74",
}
@Article{Purdy:1974:HSL,
author = "George B. Purdy",
title = "A High Security Log-in Procedure",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "442--445",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Purdy74",
abstract = "The protection of time sharing systems from
unauthorized users is often achieved by the use of
passwords. By using one-way ciphers to code the
passwords, the risks involved with storing the
passwords in the computer can be avoided. The selection
of a suitable one-way cipher is discussed. It is
suggested that for this purpose polynomials over a
prime modulus are superior to one-way ciphers derived
from Shannon codes.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Password protection by irreversible cryptographic
transformation",
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "code; computer operating systems; cryptography; data
processing --- Security of Data; one way ciphers;
operating systems; operating systems (computers);
passwords; security; security of data; time sharing
systems",
oldlabel = "Purdy74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Purdy74",
}
@Article{Friedman:1974:ETR,
author = "Theodore D. Friedman and Lance J. Hoffman",
title = "Execution Time Requirements for Encipherment
Programs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "445--449",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#FriedmanH74",
note = "See letter \cite{McCarthy:1975:AFP}.",
abstract = "The time taken to decipher 20,000 words of data by
four additive methods on a Control Data 6400 computer
was measured using assembly language and Fortran
routines. Standard deviations were computed for 100
runs by each method, and from this the range of error
at the 95 percent confidence level was calculated. The
time required for selecting and fetching the plaintext
data and for storing the ciphertext was separately
measured (the ``null transformation'' ), and was then
compared with the times required by each enciphering
method. The enciphering processes required at least
four times as much cpu time when programmed in
Fortran.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "additive ciphers; assembly language; cpu;
cryptography; cryptology; data processing; double key
encipherment; enciphering time coefficient;
encipherment programs; errors; execution time;
experiments; Fortran; null; one word key; operating
systems (computers); privacy transformations;
protection; pseudo random key; security; security of
data; time; transformation",
oldlabel = "FriedmanH74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical; X
Experimental",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FriedmanH74",
}
@Article{Neufeld:1974:GCC,
author = "G. A. Neufeld and John Tartar",
title = "Graph Coloring Conditions for the Existence of
Solutions to the Timetable Problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "450--453",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "90B35",
MRnumber = "52 16594",
MRreviewer = "Ethan D. Bolker",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:07:48 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/graph.coloring.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#NeufeldT74",
abstract = "A necessary and sufficient condition is presented for
the existence of a solution to the Gotlieb
class-teacher timetable problem. Several relationships
are established between the class-teacher timetable
problem and graphs with preconditions. These
preconditions place additional restrictions on the
coloration of a graph. The preconditions correspond to
the unavailability constraints and preassigned meetings
in the class-teacher timetable problem. Using some
recent results that convert graphs with preconditions
to graphs without them, it is shown that the existence
of a coloration of a graph is the required necessary
and sufficient condition.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160
(Combinatorial mathematics); C7110 (Educational
administration)",
classification = "912; 921",
corpsource = "Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Alta., Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "class-teacher timetable problem; class-teacher
timetables; coloration; educational administrative data
processing; graph colouring conditions; graph theory;
graphs; graphs with preconditions; mathematical
techniques; necessary and; operations research;
preassignment; prevention of assignment; scheduling;
sufficient condition; timetable problem",
oldlabel = "NeufeldT74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/NeufeldT74",
}
@Article{Lamport:1974:NSD,
author = "Leslie Lamport",
title = "A New Solution of {Dijkstra}'s Concurrent Programming
Problem",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "453--455",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A05",
MRnumber = "49 8418",
MRreviewer = "James Howland",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:57:14 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Lamport74a",
abstract = "A simple solution to the mutual exclusion problem is
presented which allows the system to continue to
operate despite the failure of any individual
component.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "A solution which is more failure proof.",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "723",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer systems programming; concurrent programming;
critical section; Dijkstra's concurrent programming
problem; failure; fault tolerant computing;
multiprocessing; multiprocessing programs; mutual
exclusion; semaphores",
oldlabel = "Lamport74a",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lamport74a",
}
@Article{Cavouras:1974:CPD,
author = "John C. Cavouras",
title = "On the Conversion of Programs to Decision Tables:
Method and Objectives",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "456--462",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:02 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Cavouras74",
abstract = "The problems of converting programs to decision tables
are investigated. Objectives of these conversions are
mainly program debugging and optimization in practice.
Extensions to the theory of computation and
computability are suggested.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory); C6110 (Systems analysis
and programming); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing,
debugging and evaluating systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Glasgow, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "analysis; computability; computability and
decidability; computer systems programming; conversion
of programs; debugging; decision tables; objectives;
optimization; program; semantics; systems; theory of
programming",
oldlabel = "Cavouras74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cavouras74",
}
@Article{Lyche:1974:AAP,
author = "Tom Lyche and Larry L. Schumaker",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 480}: Procedures for computing
Smoothing and Interpolating Natural Splines [{E1}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "463--467",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#LycheS74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "Algol; approximation; coefficients; interpolating;
interpolation; natural sciences applications of
computers; natural splines; smoothing; spline
smoothing; splines (mathematics); subroutines",
oldlabel = "LycheS74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LycheS74",
}
@Article{Crandall:1974:AAA,
author = "Keith C. Crandall",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 481}: Arrow to Precedence Network
Transformation [{H}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "467--469",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Crandall74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7100 (Business and administration)",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
keywords = "arrow convention; arrow convention networks; computer
aided analysis; convention; critical path; critical
path analysis; network transformation; precedence;
precedence networks; resource allocation; scheduling;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Crandall74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Crandall74",
}
@Article{McKay:1974:AAT,
author = "John McKay and E. Regener",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 482}: Transitivity Sets [{G7}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "470--470",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:07 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#McKayR74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160
(Combinatorial mathematics); C7310 (Mathematics
computing)",
corpsource = "McGill Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada",
keywords = "Algol; algorithm; graph; natural sciences applications
of computers; orbits; semigroup; set theory; sets;
spanning tree; subroutines; transitivity; transitivity
sets",
oldlabel = "McKayR74",
page = "470",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McKayR74",
}
@Article{Bultheel:1974:RAR,
author = "Adhemar Bultheel",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 450}: {Rosenbrock} Function
Minimization''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "470--??",
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:47 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Bultheel74",
note = "See \cite{Machura:1973:AAR,Klemes:1974:RAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Bultheel74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bultheel74",
}
@Article{Stroud:1974:GHI,
author = "A. H. Stroud",
title = "{Gauss} Harmonic Interpolation Formulas",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "471--475",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D05",
MRnumber = "50 15265",
MRreviewer = "Stephen Hilbert",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:50 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Stroud74",
abstract = "Let $R$ be an open, bounded, simply connected region
in the $(x,y)$-plane and let $(x*,y*)$ be a point in
$R$. Assuming R is starlike with respect to $(x*,y*)$,
we discuss a method for computing Gauss harmonic
interpolation formulas for $R$ and the point $(x*,y*)$.
\par
Such formulas approximate a harmonic function at
$(x*,y*)$ in terms of a linear combination of its
values at certain selected points on the boundary of
$R$. Such formulas are useful for approximating the
solution of the Dirichlet problem for $R$.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classification = "921",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "Dirichlet problem; harmonic interpolation; harmonic
quadrature; interpolation; mathematical techniques;
quadrature",
oldlabel = "Stroud74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Stroud74",
}
@Article{Shere:1974:RAC,
author = "Kenneth D. Shere",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 454}: The Complex Method for
Constrained Optimization''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "471--??",
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:00 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Shere74",
note = "See \cite{Richardson:1973:AAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "Shere74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shere74",
}
@Article{Lagerlof:1974:IRR,
author = "Rolf O. E. Lagerl{\"o}f",
title = "Interpolation with Rounded Ramp Functions",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "476--479",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:59 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Lagerlof74",
abstract = "A new interpolation function is introduced. It has
infinitely many continuous derivatives and is a
composition of ramp functions with smoothed bends
called Rounded Ramp Functions. How the interpolation
function can be extended to more than one variable is
shown. An efficient Fortran program is given by which
the interpolation function can be obtained for a given
point set.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classification = "921",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "mathematical techniques",
oldlabel = "Lagerlof74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lagerlof74",
xxauthor = "Rolf O. E. Lagerlof",
xxauthor = "Rolf O. E. Lagerloef",
}
@Article{Acton:1974:RRF,
author = "Forman S. Acton",
title = "Recurrence Relations for the {Fresnel} Integral
$\int_0^\infty[\exp(-ct)dt/(t)^{1/2}(1+t^2)]$ and
Similar Integrals",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "8",
pages = "480--481",
month = aug,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65D20 (33A70)",
MRnumber = "49 6554",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:27 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Acton74",
abstract = "The class of functions defined by
$\int_0^\infty[\exp(- cX)dt/(1+Y)(t^{1/2})^k]$ where
$X$ and $Y$ are either $t$ or $t^2$ and $k$ is $-1$,
$0$, or $1$ can be evaluated by recurrences for all but
small values of the parameter $c$. These recurrences,
given here, are more efficient than the usual
asymptotic series.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classification = "921",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "exponential integral; Fresnel integral; mathematical
techniques; recurrence relations",
oldlabel = "Acton74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Acton74",
}
@Article{McCracken:1974:PLI,
author = "Daniel D. McCracken",
title = "A Problem-List of Issues Concerning Computers and
Public Policy --- {A} Report of the {ACM} Commitee on
Computers and Public Policy",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "495--503",
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:41 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#McCracken74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
oldlabel = "McCracken74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McCracken74",
}
@Article{Willers:1974:NIA,
author = "I. M. Willers",
title = "A New Integration Algorithm for Ordinary Differential
Equations Based on Continued Fraction Approximations",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "504--508",
month = sep,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "65L05",
MRnumber = "49 8367",
MRreviewer = "G. D. Byrne",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Willers74",
abstract = "A new integration algorithm is found, and an
implementation is compared with other programmed
algorithms. The new algorithm is a step-by-step
procedure for solving the initial value problem in
ordinary differential equations. It is designed to
approximate poles of small integer order in the
solutions of the differential equations by continued
fractions obtained by manipulating the sums of
truncated Taylor series expansions. The new method is
compared with Gragg-Bulirsh-Stoer, and the Taylor
series method. \par
The Taylor series method and the new method are shown
to be superior in speed and accuracy, while the new
method is shown to be most superior when the solution
is required near a singularity. The new method can
finally be seen to pass automatically through
singularities where all the other methods which are
discussed will have failed.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation);
B0290P (Differential equations); C4160 (Numerical
integration and differentiation); C4170 (Differential
equations)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "CERN, Geneve, Switzerland",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "boundary-value problems; continued fraction
approximations; continued fractions; differential
equations; initial value problem; integration;
integration algorithm; mathematical techniques;
ordinary differential equations; program comparison;
singularities; singularity; step by step procedure;
Taylor series; Taylor series expansions",
oldlabel = "Willers74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Willers74",
}
@Article{Aberth:1974:PNA,
author = "Oliver Aberth",
title = "A Precise Numerical Analysis Program",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "509--513",
month = sep,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:17 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1974.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Aberth74",
abstract = "A description is given of a program for computing the
solution to a small number of standard numerical
analysis problems to any specified accuracy, up to a
limit of 2000 correct decimal places. \par
Each computed number is bounded in an interval with a
multiple precision midpoint. Arithmetic operations
involving these numbers are executed according to
interval arithmetic concepts, with non-significant
digits automatically discarded. Details are supplied of
problem specification and problem computation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290 (Numerical analysis); C4100 (Numerical
analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
classification = "921",
corpsource = "Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX, USA",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "Method; realization; numerical method; optimization;
information system; program construction; error
control; interval arithmetic;",
enum = "3",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "arithmetic; arithmetic operations; error control;
interval; interval arithmetic; list structure;
mathematical techniques; methods; multiple; multiple
precision; natural sciences applications of computers;
numerical; numerical analysis; precision midpoint;
program; specified accuracy",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "Aberth74",
references = "11",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Aberth74",
}
@Article{Cheung:1974:IGD,
author = "To-yat. Cheung",
title = "Interactive Graphic Display for Region Partitioning by
Linear Programming",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "513--516",
month = sep,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:56 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Cheung74",
abstract = "Using linear programming, an interactive graphic
display system has been implemented to solve the region
design problem of partitioning a region into N
nonoverlapping subregions in such a way that their
areas are in specified proportions and that the total
cost of servicing them is a minimum. In a
conversational manner, a user can easily obtain
different partitionings by specifying and modifying the
boundary, the service centers' locations, the area
proportions, and the cost functions. Examples are
included.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)",
classification = "723; 921",
corpsource = "Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Alta., Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "area proportions; area specification; boundary;
computer graphics; cost; cost functions; interactive
graphic display; interactive terminals; linear; linear
programming; mathematical programming, linear; minimum;
nonoverlapping subregions; of servicing; programming;
region design; region partitioning; service centers'
locations",
oldlabel = "Cheung74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cheung74",
}
@Article{Schkolnick:1974:ERT,
author = "Mario Schkolnick",
title = "The Equivalence of Reducing Transition Languages and
Deterministic Languages",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "517--519",
month = sep,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
MRclass = "68A30",
MRnumber = "49 8436",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Schkolnick74",
abstract = "The class of reducing transition languages introduced
by Eickel, Paul, Bauer, and Samelson was shown by
Morris to be a proper superclass of the simple
precedence languages. In this paper this result is
extended, showing that, in fact, the first class is
equivalent to the class of deterministic context free
languages.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming languages; context free
languages; context-free languages; deterministic;
deterministic context free grammars; deterministic
context-free grammars; equivalence; languages;
precedence languages; reducing transition languages;
superclass; syntax controlled generators",
oldlabel = "Schkolnick74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schkolnick74",
}
@Article{Watkins:1974:AAM,
author = "Steven L. Watkins",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 483}: Masked Three-Dimensional Plot
Program with Rotations [{J6}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "520--523",
month = sep,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:28:27 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1973.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Watkins74",
note = "See also \cite{Feinstein:1975:RMT}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6150E
(General utility programs)",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
country = "USA",
descriptors = "FORTRAN; graphics; application; method; human factors;
diagram manipulation; three-dimensional plot;",
enum = "3241",
keywords = "complete computer programs; computer graphics; masked;
plot program; plotting; programs; rotations; three
dimensional plotting; three-dimensional plotting;
utility",
language = "English",
oldlabel = "Watkins74",
references = "0",
treatment = "A Application",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Watkins74",
}
@Article{Burrell:1974:AAE,
author = "Keith H. Burrell",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 484}: Evaluation of the Modified
{Bessel} Functions ${K}_0(z)$ and ${K}_1(z)$ for
Complex Arguments [{S17}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "524--526",
month = sep,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Burrell74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290D (Functional analysis); C4120 (Functional
analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA",
keywords = "algorithm; applications of computers; Bessel
functions; complex arguments; function evaluation;
Gauss-Hermite quadrature; Hankel functions; modified
Bessel functions; natural sciences; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Burrell74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Burrell74",
}
@Article{Eidson:1974:AAC,
author = "Harold D. Eidson and Larry L. Schumaker",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 485}: Computation of $g$-Splines via a
Factorization Method [{E2}]",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "526--530",
month = sep,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:36 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#EidsonS74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation);
C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310
(Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
keywords = "approximation; computation; computers; factorization
method; FORTRAN subroutines; function approximation;
g-splines; Hermite/Birkoff data; interpolating; natural
sciences applications of; spline approximation;
splines; splines (mathematics); subroutines",
oldlabel = "EidsonS74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/EidsonS74",
}
@Article{Young:1974:FOA,
author = "John W. Young",
title = "A First Order Approximation to the Optimal Checkpoint
Interval",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "530--531",
month = sep,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Young74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Martin Marietta Corp., Orlando, FL, USA",
keywords = "checkpoint; diagnostics; errors; first order
approximation; job failures; minimisation; minimize the
cost; operating systems (computers); optimum checkpoint
interval; program; programming checkpoint; random",
oldlabel = "Young74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Young74",
xxtitle = "A First Order Approximation to the Optimum Checkpoint
Interval",
}
@Article{Shwayder:1974:EIT,
author = "Keith Shwayder",
title = "Extending the Information Theory Approach to
Converting Limited-Entry Decision Tables to Computer
Programs",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "9",
pages = "532--537",
month = sep,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:31 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Shwayder74",
abstract = "This paper modifies an earlier algorithm for
converting decision tables into flowcharts which
minimize subsequent execution time when compiled into a
computer program. The algorithms considered in this
paper perform limited search and, accordingly, do not
necessarily result in globally optimal solutions. There
is an analogy between the problem of converting
decision tables into efficient flowcharts and the
well-understood problem in information theory of
noiseless coding. The results of the noiseless coding
literature are used to explore the limitations of
algorithms used to solve the decision table problem.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6130 (Data
handling techniques)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "coding; computer programs; computer systems
programming; converting; converting decision tables;
decision tables; depth of search; flowcharting;
flowcharts; information theory approach; limited
search; list processing; noiseless channel; noiseless
coding; sorting",
oldlabel = "Shwayder74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shwayder74",
}
@Article{Hoare:1974:MOS,
author = "C. A. R. Hoare",
title = "Monitors: An Operating System Structuring Concept",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "549--557",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/ProbAlgs.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib
and
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/reynolds.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Hoare74",
note = "Erratum in {\em Communications of the ACM}, Vol. 18,
No. 2 (February), p. 95, 1975. This paper contains one
of the first solutions to the Dining Philosophers
problem.",
abstract = "This paper develops Brinch-Hansen's concept of a
monitor as a method of structuring an operating system.
It introduces a form of synchronization, describes a
possible method of implementation in terms of
semaphores and gives a suitable proof rule.
Illustrative examples include a single resource
scheduler, a bounded buffer, an alarm clock, a buffer
pool, a disk head optimizer, and a version of the
problem of readers and writers.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Monitors",
checked = "7 April 1989",
classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "Queen's Univ. Belfast, UK",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "alarm clock; bounded buffer; buffer pool; CACM
synchronization communication semaphores; computer
operating systems; disc; exclusion; head optimizer;
monitors; multiprogramming; mutual; operating system
structuring concept; operating systems (computers);
proof rule; readers; scheduler; scheduling; semaphores;
single resource; structured multiprogramming;
structuring; synchronization; writers",
oldlabel = "Hoare74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hoare74",
}
@Article{Shen:1974:WBM,
author = "Kenneth K. Shen and James L. Peterson",
title = "A Weighted Buddy Method for Dynamic Storage
Allocation",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "558--562",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:58 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#ShenP74",
note = "See corrigendum \cite{Shen:1975:CWB}.",
abstract = "An extension of the buddy method, called the weighted
buddy method, for dynamic storage allocation is
presented. The weighted buddy method allows block sizes
of $2^k$ and $3(2^k)$, whereas the original buddy
method allowed only block sizes of $2^k$. This
extension is achieved at an additional cost of only two
bits per block. Simulation results are presented which
compare this method with the buddy method. These
results indicate that for a uniform request
distribution, the buddy system has less total memory
fragmentation than the weighted buddy algorithm.
However, the total fragmentation is smaller for the
weighted buddy method when the requests are for
exponentially distributed block sizes.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "722; 723",
corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "allocation; buddy; buddy systems; computer operating
systems; dynamic storage allocation; exponentially
distributed block sizes; file organisation;
fragmentation; memory allocation; operating systems
(computers); simulation; storage; system; total memory;
uniform request distribution; weighted buddy algorithm;
weighted buddy method",
oldlabel = "ShenP74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ShenP74",
}
@Article{Slutz:1974:NCA,
author = "Donald R. Slutz and Irving L. Traiger",
title = "A note on the calculation of average working set
size",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "563--565",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:33 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#SlutzT74",
abstract = "Finite-length reference string of arbitrary structure
are considered, and an exact expression for average
working set size in terms of ``corrected'' interference
interval statistics is derived. An example is
discussed; upper and lower bounds are obtained; and the
average working set size function is shown to be
efficiently obtained for a set of page sizes, in a
single pass of the reference string. This work follows
the developments of a paper by Denning and Schwartz,
who consider infinite-length reference strings which
satisfy certain statistical properties and who derive
an expression relating the asymptotic average working
set size to the asymptotic missing page rate function
under working set replacement.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "arbitrary structure; average working set size;
computer operating systems; data structures; finite
length reference string; interference interval
statistics; operating systems (computers); page;
paging; program behaviour; sizes; storage; virtual;
working set model",
oldlabel = "SlutzT74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SlutzT74",
xxtitle = "A Note on the Calculation Working Set Size",
}
@Article{Shneiderman:1974:SDS,
author = "Ben Shneiderman and Peter Scheuermann",
title = "Structured Data Structures",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "566--574",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:20 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#ShneidermanS74",
abstract = "Programming systems which permit arbitrary linked list
structures enable the user to create complicated
structures without sufficient protection. Deletions can
result in unreachable data elements, and there is no
guarantee that additions will be performed properly. To
remedy this situation, this paper proposes a data
structure description and manipulation language which
provides for the creation of a restricted class of data
structures but ensures the correctness of the program.
This is accomplished by an explicit structure
declaration facility, a restriction on the permissible
operations, and execution-time checks.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Operations on linked structures.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "arbitrary linked list; base management system; data;
data processing; Data Structure Description and
Manipulation; data structures; execution; explicit
structure declaration facility; Language; storage
management; structured data structures; structured
programming; structures; time checks",
oldlabel = "ShneidermanS74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ShneidermanS74",
}
@Article{Canaday:1974:BEC,
author = "R. H. Canaday and R. D. Harrison and Evan L. Ivie and
J. L. Ryder and L. A. Wehr",
title = "A Back-end Computer for Data Base Management",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "575--582",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:25 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#CanadayHIRW74",
abstract = "It is proposed that the data base management function
be placed on a dedicated back-end computer which
accepts commands (in a relatively high level language
such as the CODASYL Data Base Task Group, April 1971
Report) from a host computer, accesses the data base on
secondary storage, and returns results. The advantages
of such a configuration are discussed. An experimental
implementation, called the Experimental Data Management
System, XDAMS, is described and certain conclusions
about the back-end approach are drawn from this
implementation.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
annote = "Physical separation of data base management from data
processing to gain flexibility, etc. in the XDMS
system.",
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "back end computer; computer configurations; computer
networks; data base management; Data base Task; data
processing; digital communication systems; eXperimental
Data Management System; Group Language; host computer;
secondary storage; storage management",
oldlabel = "CanadayHIRW74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CanadayHIRW74",
}
@Article{Charnes:1974:GTP,
author = "A. Charnes and W. M. Raike and J. D. Stutz and A. S.
Walters",
title = "On Generation of Test Problems for Linear Programming
Codes",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "583--586",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#CharnesRSW74",
abstract = "This paper presents a theoretical justification and an
illustrative implementation of a method for generating
linear programming test problems with known solutions.
The method permits the generation of test problems that
are of arbitrary size and have a wide range of
numerical characteristics.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C6130 (Data handling techniques)",
classification = "723; 921",
corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "accuracy; codes; computer programming; data handling;
large; linear programming; linear programming codes;
LP; LP program validation; mathematical programming,
linear; program evaluation; scale linear programming
codes; test problem generation; test problems",
oldlabel = "CharnesRSW74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CharnesRSW74",
}
@Article{Veillon:1974:AAN,
author = "Francoise Veillon",
title = "{ACM Algorithm 486}: Numerical Inversion of {Laplace}
Transform",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "587--589",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:11 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Veillon74",
note = "See also \cite{Koppelaar:1976:RNI,Veillon:1977:RNI}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0230 (Integral transforms); C1130 (Integral
transforms); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Grenoble, France",
keywords = "computers; inversion; Laplace transform; Laplace
transforms; natural sciences applications of; numerical
inversion; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Veillon74",
treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Veillon74",
}
@Article{Koppelaar:1974:CRA,
author = "Henk Koppelaar",
title = "Certification and Remark on ``{Algorithm 191}:
Hypergeometric''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "589--590",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:45 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Kopelaar74",
note = "See \cite{Relph:1963:AAH}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Utrecht State Univ., Netherlands",
keywords = "algorithm; hypergeometric; improvements; inefficiency;
natural sciences applications of computers;
subroutines",
oldlabel = "Kopelaar74",
treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kopelaar74",
}
@Article{Proll:1974:RAC,
author = "L. G. Proll",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 431}: {A} Computer Routine for
Quadratic and Linear Programming Problems''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "590--590",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Proll74",
note = "See \cite{Ravindran:1972:AAC,Ravindran:1974:RAC}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "Univ. Leeds, UK",
keywords = "algorithm; computer routine; computers; linear
programming; natural sciences applications of;
programming; quadratic and linear; quadratic
programming; subroutines",
oldlabel = "Proll74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Proll74",
}
@Article{Klemes:1974:RAR,
author = "Jiri Klemes and Jaroslav Klemsa",
title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 450}: {Rosenbrock} Function
Minimization''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "590--591",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:05 MST 2001",
bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#KlemesK74",
note = "See \cite{Machura:1973:AAR,Bultheel:1974:RAR}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation
techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)",
corpsource = "CHEPOS, Brno, Czechoslovakia",
keywords = "algorithm; minimisation; natural sciences applications
of computers; Rosenbrock function minimization",
oldlabel = "KlemesK74",
treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KlemesK74",
}
@Article{Krogh:1974:EEI,
author = "Fred T. Krogh",
title = "Errata: ``{Efficient Implementation of a Variable
Projection Algorithm for Nonlinear Least Squares}''",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "591--591",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Tue May 28 14:52:27 1996",
note = "See \cite{Krogh:1974:EIV}.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}
@Article{Gilchrist:1974:EFT,
author = "Bruce Gilchrist and Richard E. Weber",
title = "Enumerating Full-Time Programmers",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "10",
pages = "592--593",
month = oct,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:18 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#GilchristW74",
abstract = "Data from the 1970 Census and the Department of
Labor's Area Wage Surveys are used to derive estimates
of the number of full-time programmers employed during
the years 1969 through 1973. The 1973 figure of 180,000
is considerably less than suggested in earlier reports.
It is recommended that educational administrators
consider whether the many courses aimed at training
programmers are justified on a vocational basis.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classification = "723; 912",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer programming",
oldlabel = "GilchristW74",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GilchristW74",
}
@Article{Sterling:1974:GHC,
author = "Theodor D. Sterling",
title = "Guidelines for Humanizing Computerized Information
Systems, {A} Report from Stanley House",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "11",
pages = "609--613",
month = nov,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:12 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Sterling74",
abstract = "This report is the result of an intensive analysis of
conditions that may humanize or dehumanize participants
in various computerized systems. The guidelines
presented here were generated during a week-long
workshop sponsored in August 1973 by Canada Council at
Canada Council's Stanley House.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics); C7100 (Business and
administration)",
classification = "723; 901",
corpsource = "Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC, Canada",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computerized information systems; economic and
sociological effects; guidelines; humanizing;
information retrieval systems; management information;
systems",
oldlabel = "Sterling74",
treatment = "G General Review",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sterling74",
}
@Article{Ferrari:1974:ILC,
author = "Domenico Ferrari",
title = "Improving Locality by Critical Working Sets",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "11",
pages = "614--620",
month = nov,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:24 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/cache.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Ferrari74",
abstract = "A new approach to program locality improvement via
restructuring is described. The method is particularly
suited to those systems where primary memory is managed
according to a working set strategy. It is based on the
concept of critical working set, a working set which
does not contain the next memory reference. The data
the method operates upon are extracted from a trace of
the program to be restructured. It is shown that,
except in some special cases, the method is not
optimum. However, the experimental results obtained by
using the method to restructure an interactive text
editor and the file system module of an operating
system have shown its substantial superiority over the
other methods proposed in the literature.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating
systems)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "computer systems programming; critical working set;
dynamic restructuring; file organisation; improvement;
locality; memory hierarchies; multiprogramming; program
restructuring; program segmentation; restructuring;
restructuring techniques; static; virtual memory;
working set strategy",
oldlabel = "Ferrari74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ferrari74",
}
@Article{Miller:1974:LOP,
author = "Perry Lowell Miller",
title = "A Locally-Organized Parser for Spoken Input",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "11",
pages = "621--630",
month = nov,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:23 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Miller74",
abstract = "This paper describes LPARS, a locally-organized
parsing system, designed for use in a continuous speech
recognizer. LPARS processes a string of phonemes which
contains ambiguity and error. The system is
locally-organized in the sense that it builds local
parse structures from reliable word candidates
recognized anywhere in an input utterance. These local
structures are used as ``islands of reliability'' to
guide the search for more highly garbled words which
might complete the utterance.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C5530 (Pattern recognition and computer vision
equipment)",
classification = "723; 751",
corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "augmented; local parsing; parsing; speech recognition;
speech understanding; transition networks",
oldlabel = "Miller74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Miller74",
}
@Article{Rader:1974:MCS,
author = "Gary M. Rader",
title = "Method for Composing Simple Traditional Music by
Computer",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "11",
pages = "631--638",
month = nov,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:35 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Rader74",
abstract = "A method is described for composing musical rounds by
computer. This method uses some music theory plus
additional heuristics. Fundamental to the method is a
set of productions together with sets of applicability
rules and weight rules which operate on the productions
deciding when and to what extent they are available for
use. Several rounds generated by the computer
implementation of the method are presented. Generally,
the resultant music sounds mediocre to the professional
although usually pleasing to the layman. It appears
that full-blown music theory is not needed for rounds
--- all the hardware required for structural levels is
not necessary for these pieces. The author has tried to
address both musicians and computer scientists.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C7820 (Humanities
computing)",
classification = "461; 723; 912",
corpsource = "Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "artificial intelligence; computer composition;
computer music; formal; heuristic programming;
humanities; languages; models of cognitive processes;
music theory; probabilistic grammars; systems science
and cybernetics; traditional musical rounds",
oldlabel = "Rader74",
treatment = "A Application; P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rader74",
}
@Article{Freiburghouse:1974:RAU,
author = "R. A. Freiburghouse",
title = "Register Allocation Via Usage Counts",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "11",
pages = "638--642",
month = nov,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:47 MST 2001",
bibsource = "Compendex database;
ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/Compiler.Lins.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Freiburghouse74",
abstract = "This paper introduces the notion of usage counts,
shows how usage counts can be developed by algorithms
that eliminate redundant computations, and describes
how usage counts can provide the basis for register
allocation. The paper compares register allocation
based on usage counts to other commonly used register
allocation techniques, and presents evidence which
shows that the usage count technique is significantly
better than these other techniques.",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6120 (File
organisation)",
classification = "723",
corpsource = "Honeywell Information Systems Inc., Cambridge, MA,
USA",
journalabr = "Commun ACM",
keywords = "common subexpressions; compilers; computations;
computer programming; demand paging; languages;
optimization; programming; redundant; register
allocation; storage allocation; usage counts; virtual
memory",
oldlabel = "Freiburghouse74",
treatment = "P Practical",
XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Freiburghouse74",
}
@Article{Dijkstra:1974:SSS,
author = "Edsger W. Dijkstra",
title = "Self-stabilizing Systems in Spite of Distributed
Control",
journal = j-CACM,
volume = "17",
number = "11",
pages = "643--644",
month = nov,
year = "1974",
CODEN = "CACMA2",
ISSN = "0001-0782",
bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:08 MST 2001",
bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/traces.bib;
http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm17.html#Dijkstra74",
acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
classcodes = "C4220 (Automata theory); C6150J (Operating systems)",
corpsource = "Burroughs Corp., Nuenen, Netherlands",
keyword