%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "2.36",
%%%     date            = "18 April 2014",
%%%     time            = "15:46:00 MDT",
%%%     filename        = "szilard-leo.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "55445 13475 58618 583831",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "BibTeX; bibliography; Einstein--Szilard
%%%                        refrigerator; Leo Szilard; Maxwell's demon;
%%%                        Szilard--Chalmers reaction; Szilard engine",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a bibliography of the works of Leo
%%%                        Szilard (February 11, 1898 -- May 30, 1964),
%%%                        distinguished physicist, inventor, and
%%%                        biologist.  The Hungarian form of his name is
%%%                        Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}, and is used that way in
%%%                        Hungarian-language publications in this
%%%                        bibliography.  The accents are almost always
%%%                        dropped in English publications.
%%%
%%%                        At version 2.36, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
%%%
%%%                             1917 (   1)    1950 (   9)    1983 (   4)
%%%                             1918 (   0)    1951 (   2)    1984 (   2)
%%%                             1919 (   0)    1952 (   1)    1985 (  10)
%%%                             1920 (   0)    1953 (   0)    1986 (   4)
%%%                             1921 (   0)    1954 (   3)    1987 (   7)
%%%                             1922 (   1)    1955 (   7)    1988 (   3)
%%%                             1923 (   0)    1956 (   1)    1989 (   6)
%%%                             1924 (   0)    1957 (   5)    1990 (   5)
%%%                             1925 (   2)    1958 (   4)    1991 (   0)
%%%                             1926 (   1)    1959 (   4)    1992 (  11)
%%%                             1927 (   0)    1960 (  12)    1993 (  29)
%%%                             1928 (   0)    1961 (   7)    1994 (  16)
%%%                             1929 (   3)    1962 (   6)    1995 (  11)
%%%                             1930 (   1)    1963 (   9)    1996 (  18)
%%%                             1931 (   1)    1964 (  10)    1997 (  10)
%%%                             1932 (   0)    1965 (   4)    1998 (  55)
%%%                             1933 (   0)    1966 (   0)    1999 (   8)
%%%                             1934 (   4)    1967 (   0)    2000 (   7)
%%%                             1935 (   4)    1968 (   2)    2001 (  10)
%%%                             1936 (   1)    1969 (   3)    2002 (  16)
%%%                             1937 (   1)    1970 (   3)    2003 (   8)
%%%                             1938 (   0)    1971 (   2)    2004 (  12)
%%%                             1939 (   7)    1972 (   2)    2005 (  14)
%%%                             1940 (   0)    1973 (   2)    2006 (   7)
%%%                             1941 (   7)    1974 (   4)    2007 (   5)
%%%                             1942 (  14)    1975 (   3)    2008 (   6)
%%%                             1943 (   2)    1976 (   8)    2009 (   7)
%%%                             1944 (   4)    1977 (   1)    2010 (   3)
%%%                             1945 (   3)    1978 (   4)    2011 (  10)
%%%                             1946 (   8)    1979 (   9)    2012 (  14)
%%%                             1947 (  10)    1980 (   5)    2013 (   1)
%%%                             1948 (   3)    1981 (   4)    2014 (   1)
%%%                             1949 (   6)    1982 (   1)
%%%                             19xx (   1)
%%%                             20xx (   1)
%%%
%%%                             Article:        309
%%%                             Book:            70
%%%                             InCollection:    23
%%%                             InProceedings:    7
%%%                             Misc:            90
%%%                             PhdThesis:        6
%%%                             Proceedings:      4
%%%                             TechReport:      34
%%%
%%%                             Total entries:  543
%%%
%%%                        See
%%%
%%%                            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_Szilard
%%%                            http://www.nndb.com/people/472/000104160/
%%%
%%%                        for a brief biography of Leo Szilard, and
%%%                        some of the book entries in this file for
%%%                        more detailed biographies, as well as the
%%%                        memoir (entry Wigner:1969:BML), the Szilard
%%%                        archive (entry Anonymous:1998:RLS), and the
%%%                        Szilard centenary volume (entry
%%%                        Marx:1998:LSC).
%%%
%%%                        On September 12, 1933, after reading a London
%%%                        Times article that quoted the Nobel Prize
%%%                        winning physicist Ernest Rutherford saying
%%%                        ``anyone who looked for a source of power in
%%%                        the transformation of the atoms was talking
%%%                        moonshine'', Leo Szilard became the first to
%%%                        conceive of the possibility of a neutron
%%%                        chain reaction, and a few months later, in
%%%                        March 1934, he filed a British patent
%%%                        application on the neutron chain reaction
%%%                        (entry Szilard:1935:PSN), the first in that
%%%                        new area of physics.
%%%
%%%                        According to Enrico Fermi, the idea of using
%%%                        graphite as a nuclear reaction moderator,
%%%                        instead of hydrogen, occurred independently
%%%                        to George Pegram, Leo Szilard, Enrico Fermi,
%%%                        and George Placzek (see page 108 of entry
%%%                        Segre:1970:EFPb).  According to entry
%%%                        Schwarzschild:2000:BHS, Szilard was the one
%%%                        who figured out that boron contamination of
%%%                        graphite poisoned it as moderator, and
%%%                        removing the boron was the key to successful
%%%                        use of graphite in the first successful
%%%                        nuclear pile on 2 December 1942 under the
%%%                        Stagg Field Stadium at the University of
%%%                        Chicago.
%%%
%%%                        Szilard was enough of a maverick that General
%%%                        Groves, the military head of the Manhattan
%%%                        Project, in 1942 wanted Szilard arrested and
%%%                        detained for the duration of the war. For
%%%                        similar reasons, British Prime Minister
%%%                        Winston Churchill wanted the same treatment
%%%                        for Niels Bohr.  Fortunately for both
%%%                        scientists, neither was detained during World
%%%                        War II.
%%%
%%%                        In 1944, Szilard coined the term ``breeder
%%%                        reactor'' for a power-generating device that
%%%                        generates more fuel than it consumes.  The
%%%                        idea of the breeder reactor is due to
%%%                        Princeton University physicist Louis Turner.
%%%                        See entry Lanouette:1983:DM for an excellent
%%%                        account of the history and development of
%%%                        fast breeder reactors.
%%%
%%%                        In 1945, Szilard wrote the final version of
%%%                        the Franck Report (see entry Franck:1945:RCP)
%%%                        that was signed by 68 scientists in
%%%                        opposition to use of atomic weapons on Japan,
%%%                        and warning of the dangers of a nuclear arms
%%%                        race.
%%%
%%%                        In 1946, Leo Szilard, Albert Einstein, and
%%%                        others founded the Emergency Committee of
%%%                        Atomic Scientists. According to Jeremy
%%%                        Bernstein on page 93 his book, ``Prophet of
%%%                        Energy: Hans Bethe,'' Einstein was officially
%%%                        the chairman, but Szilard was the actual
%%%                        director.
%%%
%%%                        In 1947, Szilard left physics research for
%%%                        molecular biology, a field in which he worked
%%%                        the rest of his life.  In 1948, he invented
%%%                        the chemostat, a device for continuous
%%%                        production of bacterial cultures under
%%%                        controlled conditions (see entries
%%%                        Novick:1950:DC and Novick:1950:ECS).
%%%                        Szilard's last paper is entry
%%%                        Szilard:1964:MR.
%%%
%%%                        Entry Dannen:1998:LSI describes many of
%%%                        Szilard's inventions.  Dannen quotes Dennis
%%%                        Gabor, winner of the 1971 Nobel Prize in
%%%                        Physics for the invention of holography:
%%%                        ``Had he pushed through to success all his
%%%                        new inventions, we would now talk of him as
%%%                        the Edison of the twentieth century''.
%%%
%%%                        Dannen goes on to note ``Leo Szilard
%%%                        conceived, and filed patent applications on,
%%%                        many of the key inventions of the 20th
%%%                        century. His ideas included the cyclotron,
%%%                        linear accelerator, electron microscope,
%%%                        nuclear chain reaction, and nuclear
%%%                        reactor. Szilard himself did not build all of
%%%                        these devices, or publish these ideas in
%%%                        scientific journals, and so their credit
%%%                        often went to others. As a result, Szilard
%%%                        never received the Nobel Prize, but two of
%%%                        his inventions did. Ernest Lawrence received
%%%                        the 1939 Nobel Prize [in Physics] for the
%%%                        cyclotron. Ernst Ruska received the 1986
%%%                        Nobel Prize [in Physics] for the electron
%%%                        microscope. ... Szilard filed his first
%%%                        patent in Germany in 1923 on an x-ray
%%%                        sensitive cell. ... His next inventions were
%%%                        improvements to mercury vapor lamps ...''.
%%%
%%%                        See
%%%
%%%                            http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1939/
%%%                            http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1986/
%%%
%%%                        In 1926, Albert Einstein was distressed by
%%%                        the death of a family killed by gases leaking
%%%                        from a refrigerator (that was pre-Freon
%%%                        days), and began a seven-year collaboration
%%%                        with Szilard.  ``Einstein and Szilard would
%%%                        file more than 45 patent applications in at
%%%                        least six countries. In the end, none of
%%%                        their refrigerator designs would reach
%%%                        consumers. ... One of their inventions, the
%%%                        Einstein--Szilard pump, later found a higher
%%%                        use cooling breeder reactors.''
%%%
%%%                        About the later use in refrigerators of the
%%%                        inert Freon, Dannen writes ``Only decades
%%%                        later, of course, would it be realized that
%%%                        such chlorofluorocarbons might endanger the
%%%                        ozone layer of the entire planet.  So you see
%%%                        that perhaps Einstein and Szilard had a
%%%                        better idea.''
%%%
%%%                        Dannen later continues about Szilard:
%%%                        ``During his Berlin years, ... he also filed
%%%                        for patent on three other major inventions.
%%%                        It is well known that he filed patent
%%%                        applications on the linear accelerator and
%%%                        the cyclotron --- two devices that
%%%                        revolutionized 20th century physics. It is
%%%                        not as well known that Szilard also foresaw,
%%%                        and filed for patent on, the electron
%%%                        microscope.''
%%%
%%%                        Dannen writes: ``In ... London, in the fall
%%%                        of 1933, that Szilard conceived his greatest
%%%                        invention. After reading in the newspaper
%%%                        that Ernest Rutherford called the possibility
%%%                        of atomic energy `moonshine,' Szilard
%%%                        conceived the neutron chain
%%%                        reaction. ... British patent 440,023
%%%                        ... discussed nuclear transmutation only by
%%%                        individual neutrons. Szilard considered the
%%%                        idea of the chain reaction too dangerous for
%%%                        publication. He moved that idea into a
%%%                        separate patent [British patent 630,726], and
%%%                        assured its secrecy by assigning it to the
%%%                        British Admiralty.''
%%%
%%%                        Finally, Dannen reports ``In 1955 Szilard and
%%%                        Enrico Fermi, as assignors to the U.S. Atomic
%%%                        Energy Commission, were awarded the joint
%%%                        patent on that first nuclear reactor. When it
%%%                        issued this patent, the U.S. Patent Office
%%%                        compared its significance to the patents by
%%%                        Samuel Morse for the telegraph and Alexander
%%%                        Graham Bell for the telephone.'' That patent
%%%                        is recorded in this file in entry
%%%                        Fermi:1955:NR.
%%%
%%%                        All U.S. patents known to have been awarded
%%%                        to Szilard are recorded in this bibliography,
%%%                        although there might be omissions due to
%%%                        poor-quality text conversion from patent
%%%                        scans.  His German and British patents have
%%%                        yet to be identified from sources that are
%%%                        sufficiently reliable to record in this file.
%%%
%%%                        Because of Szilard's wartime work in nuclear
%%%                        physics, it is likely that there remain many
%%%                        classified documents authored by him that
%%%                        have not been identified, and thus are absent
%%%                        from this file.  However, all 31 of the
%%%                        Szilard reports from the Manhattan Project
%%%                        era that are listed in Wigner's memoir (entry
%%%                        Wigner:1969:BML) are included in this file.
%%%
%%%                        Leo Szilard shared the 1959 Atoms for Peace
%%%                        Award with Eugene Wigner.  Szilard was
%%%                        elected to the US National Academy of
%%%                        Sciences in 1961.
%%%
%%%                        There are several Web sites devoted to
%%%                        Szilard:
%%%
%%%                            http://www.dannen.com/szilard.html
%%%                            http://www.dannen.com/chronbio.html
%%%                            http://www.dannen.com/home.html
%%%                            http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/SzilardPhoto.shtml
%%%                            http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Begin/Einstein.shtml
%%%
%%%                        There are biographies and bibliographies at
%%%
%%%                            http://alsos.wlu.edu/qsearch.aspx?browse=people/Szilard,+Leo
%%%                            http://www.magyarorszag.hu/angol/orszaginfo/magyarok/hiresek/szilardleo/szilard_a.html
%%%
%%%                        The famous letter from Albert Einstein
%%%                        (instigated by his old friend and fellow
%%%                        inventor, Leo Szilard) to President Franklin
%%%                        D. Roosevelt is available, with extensive
%%%                        commentary, here:
%%%
%%%                            http://www.dannen.com/ae-fdr.html
%%%
%%%                        Part 3 (broadcasts / interviews / talks about
%%%                        Leo Szilard) was added at version 2.00 of
%%%                        this bibliography, thanks to the generosity
%%%                        of historian William Lanouette, who supplied
%%%                        a list of his own many titles in this
%%%                        section.  At the same time, many additional
%%%                        papers and books from the JSTOR database that
%%%                        have at least some mention of Leo Szilard
%%%                        were added to Part 2.  That work supplied 133
%%%                        new entries between versions 1.08 and 2.00.
%%%
%%%                        Data for this bibliography have been
%%%                        collected from
%%%
%%%                            * the University of Utah Mathematics
%%%                              Department bibliography archives
%%%
%%%                            * the TeX User Group bibliography
%%%                              archives
%%%
%%%                            * the Karlsruhe Computer Science
%%%                              bibliography archives
%%%
%%%                            * the Karlsruhe virtual catalog at
%%%                              http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/kvk_en.html
%%%
%%%                            * the US Library of Congress catalog at
%%%                              http://catalog.loc.gov/
%%%
%%%                            * the author's cattobib utility, which
%%%                              provides Z39.50 interfaces to many
%%%                              large libraries around the world, at
%%%                              http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/cattobib/
%%%
%%%                            * the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear
%%%                              Issues, at Washington and Lee
%%%                              University, Lexington, VA, USA,
%%%                              http://alsos.wlu.edu/
%%%
%%%                            * the American Institute of Physics
%%%                              Scitation database at
%%%                              http://scitation.aip.org/search_scitation
%%%
%%%                            * the American Physical Society PROLA
%%%                              database at
%%%                              http://publish.aps.org/search
%%%
%%%                            * the American Mathematical Society
%%%                              MathSciNet database at
%%%                              http://ams.rice.edu/mathscinet/search.html
%%%
%%%                            * the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
%%%                              (archives available, albeit inconveniently,
%%%                              via http://books.google.com/)
%%%
%%%                            * the Canadian Journal of Physics
%%%                              database at
%%%                              http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/search/advanced
%%%
%%%                            * the European Mathematical Society
%%%                              Zentralblatt fuer Mathematik database
%%%                              at http://zb.msri.org/ZMATH/zmath/en/
%%%
%%%                            * the Europhysics journal archive at
%%%                              http://www.europhysicsnews.org/
%%%
%%%                            * the JSTOR database at
%%%                              http://www.jstor.org/, and
%%%
%%%                            * the Nature journal archive at
%%%                              http://www.nature.com/search/
%%%
%%%                            * the journal archives of the National
%%%                              Academy of Science at
%%%                              http://www.pnas.org/
%%%
%%%                            * the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System at
%%%                              http://adsabs.harvard.edu/
%%%
%%%                            * the Science journal archive at
%%%                              http://www.sciencemag.org/search
%%%
%%%                            * the SPIRES high-energy physics
%%%                              literature database at the Stanford
%%%                              Linear Accelerator at Stanford
%%%                              University at
%%%                              http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/hep/search/
%%%
%%%                            * the Springer journal database at
%%%                              http://www.springer.com/?SGWID=0-102-13-0-0
%%%
%%%                            * the Wiley journal database at
%%%                              http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
%%%
%%%                            * many online library catalogs, including
%%%                              those of the British Library, the
%%%                              Karlsruhe Virtual Library catalog, the
%%%                              Oxford University Library, the University of
%%%                              California library system, and the US
%%%                              Library of Congress.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================

@Preamble{
   "\ifx \undefined \booktitle \def \booktitle#1{{{\em #1}}} \fi" #
   "\ifx \undefined \cdprime \def \cdprime{$''$} \fi" #
   "\ifx \undefined \cprime \def \cprime{$'$} \fi" #
   "\ifx \undefined \url \input{path.sty} \fi"
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%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:

@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

@String{ack-wl = "William Lanouette,
                 e-mail: \path|wlanouette@gmail.com|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Institution abbreviations:

@String{inst-AEC                = "US Atomic Energy Commission"}
@String{inst-AEC:adr            = "Washington, DC, USA"}

@String{inst-LASL               = "Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory"}
@String{inst-LASL:adr           = "Los Alamos, NM, USA"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:

@String{j-AM-HIST-REV           = "The American Historical Review"}

@String{j-AM-SCI                = "American Scientist"}

@String{j-AMER-J-PHYSICS        = "American Journal of Physics"}

@String{j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY     = "American Mathematical Monthly"}

@String{j-AMERIKASTUDIEN        = "Amerikastudien / American Studies"}

@String{j-ANN-NY-ACAD-SCI       = "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences"}

@String{j-ANN-PHYS              = "Annals of Physics"}

@String{j-ARMS-CONTROL-TODAY    = "Arms Control Today"}

@String{j-ATLANTIC-MONTHLY      = "Atlantic Monthly"}

@String{j-BIOGR-MEM-NAT-ACAD-SCI = "Biographical memoirs --- National Academy of
                                  Sciences of the United States of America"}

@String{j-BIOGRAPH-MEMOIRS-FELLOWS-ROY-SOC = "Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of
                                  the Royal Society"}

@String{j-BIT                   = "BIT"}

@String{j-BOSTON-GLOBE          = "Boston Globe"}

@String{j-BRITISH-J-HIST-SCI    = "British Journal for the History of Science"}

@String{j-BULL-AT-SCI           = "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists"}

@String{j-CHAOS                 = "Chaos (Woodbury, NY)"}

@String{j-COLD-SPRING-HARBOR-SYMP-QUANT-BIOL = "Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on
                                  Quantitative Biology"}

@String{j-COLUMBIA-LAW-REV      = "Columbia Law Review"}

@String{j-ENVIRON-HIST          = "Environmental History"}

@String{j-EUROPHYS-LETT         = "Europhysics Letters"}

@String{j-EUROPHYS-NEWS         = "Europhysics News"}

@String{j-FIZ-SZ                = "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)"}

@String{j-FOREIGN-AFFAIRS       = "Foreign Affairs"}

@String{j-FOUND-PHYS            = "Foundations of Physics"}

@String{j-GEN                   = "Genetics"}

@String{j-HARPERS-MAG           = "Harper's Magazine"}

@String{j-HARVARD-REV           = "Harvard Review"}

@String{j-HIST-TEACH            = "The History Teacher"}

@String{j-IEEE-TRANS-INF-THEORY = "IEEE Transactions on Information Theory"}

@String{j-IN-VITRO-CEL-DEV-BIO-ANIM = "In Vitro Cellular \& Developmental
                                  Biology. Animal"}

@String{j-INF-CONTROL           = "Information and Control"}

@String{j-INFO-PROC-LETT        = "Information Processing Letters"}

@String{j-INT-J-COMPUT-INF-SCI  = "International Journal of Computer and
                                  Information Sciences"}

@String{j-INT-J-COMPUT-MATH     = "International Journal of Computer
                                  Mathematics"}

@String{j-INT-J-THEOR-PHYS      = "International Journal of Theoretical
                                  Physics"}

@String{j-ISIS                  = "Isis"}

@String{j-ISRAEL-STUD           = "Israel Studies"}

@String{j-J-GEN-PHYSIOL         = "Journal of General Physiology"}

@String{j-J-INTERDISCIP-HIST    = "Journal of Interdisciplinary History"}

@String{j-J-MIL-HIST            = "The Journal of Military History"}

@String{j-J-MOD-HIST            = "The Journal of Modern History"}

@String{j-J-PEACE-RES           = "Journal of Peace Research"}

@String{j-LIBR-J                = "Library journal"}

@String{j-LOS-ALAMOS-SCIENCE    = "Los Alamos Science"}

@String{j-MAGY-TUDOMANY         = "Magyar Tudom{\'a}ny [{Hungarian} Science]"}

@String{j-MUTAT-RES             = "Mutation Research"}

@String{j-NATURE                = "Nature"}

@String{j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN   = "Naturwissenschaften"}

@String{j-NEW-HUNG-Q            = "The New Hungarian Quarterly"}

@String{j-NEW-SCIENTIST         = "New Scientist"}

@String{j-NEW-YORK-REV-BOOKS    = "New York Review of Books"}

@String{j-NEW-YORK-TIMES-BOOK-REVIEW = "New York Times Book Review"}

@String{j-NY-TIMES              = "New York Times"}

@String{j-PHILOS-SCI            = "Philosophy of Science"}

@String{j-PHYS-PERSPECT         = "Physics in Perspective (PIP)"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV              = "Physical Review"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-E            = "Physical Review E (Statistical physics,
                                  plasmas, fluids, and related
                                  interdisciplinary topics)"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-FOCUS        = "Physical Review Focus"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-LET          = "Physical Review Letters"}

@String{j-PHYS-TODAY            = "Physics Today"}

@String{j-PHYSICA-A             = "Physica A"}

@String{j-PLOS-ONE              = "PLoS One"}

@String{j-PROC-NATL-ACAD-SCI-USA = "Proceedings of the {National Academy of
                                  Sciences of the United States of America}"}

@String{j-PROG-THEOR-PHYS       = "Progress of Theoretical Physics"}

@String{j-RADIAT-RES            = "Radiation Research"}

@String{j-SCI-AMER              = "Scientific American"}

@String{j-SCI-EDUC              = "Science \& Education"}

@String{j-SCI-FICT-STUD         = "Science Fiction Studies"}

@String{j-SCI-PUBLIC-POL        = "Science and Public Policy"}

@String{j-SCIENCE               = "Science"}

@String{j-SCIENTIST             = "The Scientist (Philadelphia, PA)"}

@String{j-SOC-TEXT              = "Social Text"}

@String{j-SPEKTRUM-WISSENSCHAFT = "{Spektrum der Wissenschaft} ({German}
                                  translation of {Scientific American})"}

@String{j-STUD-EAST-EUROPEAN-THOUGHT = "Studies in {East European} Thought"}

@String{j-STUD-HIST-PHILOS-MOD-PHYS = "Studies in History and Philosophy of
                                  Modern Physics"}

@String{j-STUD-STOR             = "Studi Storici"}

@String{j-SWIAT-NAUKI           = "{\\'S}wiat Nauki"}

@String{j-TECH-CULTURE          = "Technology and Culture"}

@String{j-ULTIM-REAL-MEAN       = "Ultimate Reality and Meaning"}

@String{j-WILSON-Q              = "The Wilson Quarterly (1976--2012)"}

@String{j-Z-PHYSIK              = "Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Publishers and their addresses:

@String{pub-AIP                 = "American Institute of Physics"}
@String{pub-AIP:adr             = "Woodbury, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-BANTAM              = "Bantam Books"}
@String{pub-BANTAM:adr          = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-BASIC-BOOKS         = "Basic Books"}
@String{pub-BASIC-BOOKS:adr     = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-DOUBLEDAY           = "Doubleday"}
@String{pub-DOUBLEDAY:adr       = "Garden City, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-HARVARD             = "Harvard University Press"}
@String{pub-HARVARD:adr         = "Cambridge, MA, USA"}

@String{pub-KNOPF               = "Alfred A. Knopf"}
@String{pub-KNOPF:adr           = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-LITTLE-BROWN        = "Little, Brown and Co."}
@String{pub-LITTLE-BROWN:adr    = "Boston, MA, USA"}

@String{pub-MIT                 = "MIT Press"}
@String{pub-MIT:adr             = "Cambridge, MA, USA"}

@String{pub-NORTH-HOLLAND       = "North-Hol{\-}land"}
@String{pub-NORTH-HOLLAND:adr   = "Amsterdam, The Netherlands"}

@String{pub-OXFORD              = "Oxford University Press"}
@String{pub-OXFORD:adr          = "Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK"}

@String{pub-PANTHEON            = "Pantheon Books"}
@String{pub-PANTHEON:adr        = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-PRINCETON           = "Princeton University Press"}
@String{pub-PRINCETON:adr       = "Princeton, NJ, USA"}

@String{pub-PUTNAM              = "Putnam"}
@String{pub-PUTNAM:adr          = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-SAUR                = "K. G. Saur"}
@String{pub-SAUR:adr            = "M{\"u}nchen, Germany; New Providence, NJ,
                                   USA"}

@String{pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER      = "Simon and Schuster"}
@String{pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER:adr  = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-ST-MARTINS          = "St. Martin's Press"}
@String{pub-ST-MARTINS:adr      = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-STANFORD            = "Stanford University Press"}
@String{pub-STANFORD:adr        = "Stanford, CA, USA"}

@String{pub-SV                  = "Spring{\-}er-Ver{\-}lag"}
@String{pub-SV:adr              = "Berlin, Germany~/ Heidelberg,
                                  Germany~/ London, UK~/ etc."}

@String{pub-U-CHICAGO           = "University of Chicago Press"}
@String{pub-U-CHICAGO:adr       = "Chicago, IL, USA"}

@String{pub-U-NC                = "University of North Carolina Press"}
@String{pub-U-NC:adr            = "Chapel Hill, NC, USA"}

@String{pub-VAN-NOSTRAND-REINHOLD = "Van Nostrand Reinhold"}
@String{pub-VAN-NOSTRAND-REINHOLD:adr = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-WORLD-SCI           = "World Scientific Publishing
                                  Co. Pte. Ltd."}
@String{pub-WORLD-SCI:adr       = "P. O. Box 128, Farrer Road,
                                  Singapore 9128"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%%               Part 1 (of 3) --- Leo Szilard and his works

%%% TO DO: Find Hungarian patent 102,079.
%%%
%%% From \cite{Dannen:1998:LSI}: Einstein and Szilard would file more
%%% than 45 patent applications in at least six countries.
%%%
%%% A search of the http://patft.uspto.gov/ Web site for inventor
%%% Szilard returns the numbers below.  Early ones are not available in
%%% text form, but only as page images.  All of the text patents are too
%%% new to be Leo Szilard.  The Google patent search site does not find
%%% any more Szilard patents than those already present in this
%%% bibliography, and most are found only with search strings of the
%%% form "patent:7,066,449", rather than by a patent author search.
%%% There are many errors of character recognition in the patent scans,
%%% so it is possible that some US Szilard patents have been missed in
%%% this list.  All have been checked, and bracketed initials
%%% following the patent numbers identify authors of patents of Leo
%%% Szilard.
%%%
%%%     PAT. NO.                                        Title
%%%
%%% 1   7,066,449                       Full-Text       Process and apparatus for uprooting trees
%%% 2   5,664,368                       Full-Text       Process for the development of novel type of plants with nitrogen-fixing capacity also in their leaves
%%% 3   5,026,895                       Full-Text       Novel (trifluoromethyl)-phenoxy-benzoic acid derivatives, process for the preparation thereof and fungicides containing these compounds as active ingredient
%%% 4   4,985,463                       Full-Text       Aminodiaryl sulfoxide derivatives, process for their preparation and pharmaceutical and pesticidal compositions containing them
%%% 5   4,880,010                       Full-Text       Method of and apparatus for ultrasonic imaging
%%% 6   4,831,194                       Full-Text       Process for the preparation of nitrodiaryl sulfoxides
%%% 7   4,710,323                       Full-Text       Nitrodiaryl sulfoxide derivatives, process for their preparation and pharmaceutical and pesticidal compositions containing them as active ingredient
%%% 8   4,668,247                       Full-Text       Hydrogen energy releasing catalyst
%%% 9   4,576,637                       Full-Text       Process for preparing silicon-base complex ferrous alloys
%%% 10  4,530,819                       Full-Text       Process for reducing the iron
%%% 11  4,486,825                       Full-Text       Circuit arrangement for extended addressing of a microprocessor system
%%% 12  4,425,219                       Full-Text       Method for the production of liquid carbon compounds from coal
%%% 13  4,416,862                       Full-Text       Process for the preparation of aluminium trichloride and silicon dioxide by chlorination of alumina with silicon tetrachloride
%%% 14  4,368,333                       Full-Text       Method for the chemical utilization of coal by liquid phase oxidation
%%% 15  4,366,129                       Full-Text       Process for producing alumina and ferric oxide from aluminium carriers with high iron and silicon content
%%% 16  3,956,454                       Full-Text       Process for producing aluminum trichloride
%%% 17  3,459,871                       Full-Page Image         174/25R 162/157.5 174/110R 174/120R 174/122R 174/26R
%%% 18  3,017,569                       Full-Page Image         324/425 422/76
%%% 19  2,986,510 [EW/LS/RFC/FLF]       Full-Page Image         376/341 376/171 376/358 976/DIG.34
%%% 20  2,886,503 [LS/EW/EC]            Full-Page Image         376/395 376/264 376/366 376/414 376/424 976/DIG.46 976/DIG.50
%%% 21  2,872,401 [EW/LS/EC]            Full-Page Image         376/416 376/268 376/423 376/455 428/650 428/655 428/939 976/DIG.53
%%% 22  2,836,554 [EF/LS]               Full-Page Image         376/383 376/264 376/269 376/908 976/DIG.187
%%% 23  2,832,733 [LS]                  Full-Page Image         376/368 376/189 376/214 376/298 376/330 376/363 376/364 376/401 376/454 376/455 976/DIG.102 976/DIG.189 976/DIG.197 976/DIG.27 976/DIG.310
%%% 24  2,825,689 [LS]                  Full-Page Image         376/361 376/420 376/451 976/DIG.46
%%% 25  2,807,581 [EF/LS]               Full-Page Image         376/347 376/287 376/432 376/908 976/DIG.17 976/DIG.287
%%% 26  2,798,847 [EF/LS]               Full-Page Image         376/219 376/158 376/171 376/300 376/339 376/903 376/904 976/DIG.17 976/DIG.25 976/DIG.39 976/DIG.5
%%% 27  2,796,396 [LS]                  Full-Page Image         376/208 376/210 376/328 376/402 376/906 976/DIG.189 976/DIG.310
%%% 28  2,778,792 [LS]                  Full-Page Image         376/265 134/22.1 134/28 134/30 376/311 376/358 423/20 423/260 976/DIG.259
%%% 29  2,708,656 [EF/LS]               Full-Page Image         376/381 122/1R 165/47 165/78 250/496.1 252/478 376/255 376/264 376/272 376/300 376/327 376/342 376/347 376/350 376/401 376/458 376/903 376/908 976/DIG.17 976/DIG.25 976/DIG.39 976/DIG.5
%%% 30  2,320,201                       Full-Page Image         174/121A 514/736
%%% 31  2,222,638                       Full-Page Image         174/116 106/18.33 174/120C 174/121R 514/367 523/122
%%% 32  2,161,985 [LS]                  Full-Page Image         376/156 307/110 313/230 313/32 313/35 313/39 376/169 376/189 376/192 376/199
%%% 33  2,110,312                       Full-Page Image         379/74 379/82 379/84
%%% 34  1,781,541 [AE/LS]               Full-Page Image         62/110 62/112 62/490
%%% 35  1,715,874 [LS]                  Full-Page Image         313/165 220/2.1R 313/167 313/168 313/22 313/328 313/34 313/611 417/152
%%% 36  1,704,308                       Full-Page Image         51/309 51/307
%%% 37  1,697,210 [LS]                  Full-Page Image         313/22 220/2.1R 313/167 313/566 313/7
%%% 38  1,329,073                       Full-Page Image         441/57 2/159 441/119 [1920]

@Book{Szilard:1917:LSI,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "{L'homme} sous l'influence des facteurs biologiques
                 radioactifs. ({French}) [{Man} under the influence of
                 radioactive biological factors]",
  publisher =    "Tip. Felipe Pe{\~n}a Cruz",
  address =      "Madrid, Spain",
  pages =        "24",
  year =         "1917",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 16:56:47 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "French",
  xxnote =       "Check year: it is clearly wrong! Web searches find
                 this publisher only in the early 1900s (Tip ==
                 Tipografia??), but no current Web site. Only a single
                 Spanish library catalog (http://rebiun.crue.org/) seems
                 to record this book. Google and Bing search engines
                 cannot find it. A Spanish translation of the title
                 might be ``El hombre bajo la influencia de factores
                 biol{\'o}gicos radiactivos'', but searches for those
                 words are similarly unsuccessful.",
}

@PhdThesis{Szilard:1922:TSG,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "{{\"Uber die thermodynamischen
                 Schwankungserscheinungen}}. ({German}) [{On}
                 thermodynamic fluctuation phenomena]",
  type =         "{Ph.D.} thesis",
  school =       "Freie Universit{\"a}t Berlin",
  address =      "Berlin, Germany",
  pages =        "45",
  year =         "1922",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 11:38:33 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "This dissertation was awarded the notation ``exima'':
                 the highest honor.",
  ZMnumber =     "51.0695.19",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  advisor =      "Max von Laue",
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "Reprinted in \booktitle{Jahrbuch der Dissertationen
                 der Philosophischen Fakult{\"a}t Berlin, 1921/22}.
                 Segr{\`e} says that Szilard was ``one of [Max] Planck's
                 very few students'' \cite[page 63]{Fermi:1927:MSP}, but
                 the FU-Katalog entry for the dissertation does not list
                 the advisor; another source gave that credit to von
                 Laue.",
}

@Article{Mark:1925:EVA,
  author =       "H. Mark and L. Szilard",
  title =        "{Ein einfacher Versuch zur Auffindung eines selektiven
                 Effektes bei der Zerstreuung von R{\"o}ntgenstrahlen}.
                 ({German}) [{A} simple test for the detection of a
                 selective effect on the scattering of {X}-rays]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "688--691",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01328354",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:41:53 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1925ZPhy...33..688M;
                 http://www.springerlink.com/content/h672566162427q81/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Szilard:1925:APT,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "{{\"Uber die Ausdehnung der ph{\"a}nomenologischen
                 Thermodynamik auf die Schwankungserscheinungen}}.
                 ({German}) [{On} the extension of the phenomenological
                 Thermodynamics to fluctuation phenomena]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "753--788",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01331713",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 11:38:33 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1925ZPhy...32..753S",
  ZMnumber =     "51.0403.01",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  language =     "German",
  reviewer =     "Prof. W. Gordon (Hamburg)",
}

@Article{Mark:1926:PRD,
  author =       "H. Mark and L. Szilard",
  title =        "{Die Polarisierung von R{\"o}ntgenstrahlen durch
                 Reflexion an Kristallen}. ({German}) [{The}
                 polarization of {X}-ray beams through reflection in
                 crystals]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "19",
  pages =        "743--747",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1926",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01386041",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:46:28 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1926ZPhy...35..743M",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik",
  language =     "German",
}

@Misc{Szilard:1929:DTa,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Discharge Tube",
  howpublished = "US Patent 1,697,210",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1929",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 11:45:22 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed April 20, 1925, serial number 24,575, and in
                 Germany, September 3, 1924.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Szilard:1929:DTb,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Discharge Tube",
  howpublished = "US Patent 1,715,874",
  day =          "4",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1929",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 11:41:19 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "File October 28, 1925, serial number 65,394, and in
                 Germany November 5, 1924.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "thermionic discharge tube",
}

@Article{Szilard:1929:EET,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "{{\"Uber die Entropieverminderung in einem
                 thermodynamischen System bei Eingriffen intelligenter
                 Wesen}}. ({German}) [{On} entropy reduction in a
                 thermodynamic system by interference by intelligent
                 subjects]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "53",
  number =       "11--12",
  pages =        "840--856",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1929",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01341281",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 11:38:33 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "This paper contains Szilard's classic analysis of
                 Maxwell's demon, and shows that the entropy of a unit
                 of information is equal to $ k \log 2 $, foreshadowing
                 Claude Shannon's famous 1948 work on ``A Mathematical
                 Theory of Communication''. See also the later English
                 translations
                 \cite{Szilard:1964:DET,Szilard:1976:ERT}.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1929ZPhy...53..840S",
  ZMnumber =     "55.0488.06",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  language =     "German",
  reviewer =     "Prof. W. Gordon (Hamburg)",
}

@Misc{Einstein:1930:R,
  author =       "Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Refrigeration",
  howpublished = "US Patent 1,781,541.",
  pages =        "4",
  day =          "11",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1930",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 15:09:21 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Application filed December 16, 1927 (serial number
                 240,566) and in Germany, December 16, 1926. See
                 \cite{Dannen:1997:ESR,Dannen:1997:SRD} for accounts of
                 this invention.",
  URL =          "http://www.google.com/patents?id=t0BRAAAAEBAJ",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Rupp:1931:BPE,
  author =       "E. Rupp and L. Szilard",
  title =        "{Beeinflussung ,,polarisierter'' Elektronenstrahlen
                 durch Magnetfelder}. ({German}) [{Influence} on
                 polarized electron beams by magnetic fields]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "422--423",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1931",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01516395",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:50:35 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1931NW.....19..422R",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Brasch:1934:ANB,
  author =       "A. Brasch and F. Lange and A. Waly and T. E. Banks and
                 T. A. Chalmers and L. Szilard and F. L. Hopwood",
  title =        "{Ausl{\"o}sung von Neutronen aus Beryllium durch harte
                 R{\"o}ntgenstrahlen. Erzeugung radioaktiver Elemente}.
                 ({German}) [{Release} of neutrons from beryllium by
                 hard {X}-rays. Production of radioactive elements]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "50",
  pages =        "839--839",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1934",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01497363",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:55:04 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1934NW.....22..839B",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Brasch:1934:LNB,
  author =       "A. Brasch and F. Lange and A. Waly and T. E. Banks and
                 T. A. Chalmers and Leo Szilard and F. L. Hopwood",
  title =        "Liberation of Neutrons from Beryllium by {X}-Rays:
                 Radioactivity Induced by Means of Electron Tubes",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "134",
  number =       "3397",
  pages =        "880--880",
  day =          "8",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1934",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/134880a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:01:06 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1934Natur.134..880B;
                 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v134/n3397/pdf/134880a0.pdf",
  abstract =     "It has been recently reported that neutrons are
                 liberated from beryllium by $ \beta $-rays of radium
                 and that these are able to induce radioactivity in
                 iodine. Following up this work, we have attempted to
                 liberate neutrons from beryllium by means of hard
                 X-rays, produced by high-voltage electron tubes. An
                 electron tube, which could conveniently be operated by
                 a high-voltage impulse generator at several million
                 volts, is at present in use in the High Tension
                 Laboratory of the A.E.G. in Berlin, and has served in
                 the present experiment for the production of X-rays.",
  abstract-2 =   "X-rays from a tungsten anticathode generated at a
                 voltage above $1\mbox{\rm --}5 \times 10^6$ v. were
                 allowed to fall on beryllium. An organic bromine
                 compound (bromo-form) was exposed to the radiation of
                 the beryllium and this compound was then sent by air
                 from Berlin to London.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1934:CSR,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and T. A. Chalmers",
  title =        "Chemical Separation of the Radioactive Element from
                 its Bombarded Isotope in the {Fermi} Effect",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "134",
  number =       "3386",
  pages =        "462--462",
  day =          "22",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1934",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/134462b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:05:33 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1934Natur.134..462S;
                 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v134/n3386/pdf/134462b0.pdf",
  abstract =     "Following the pioneer experiment of Fermi, it has been
                 found by Fermi, Amaldi, D'Agostino, Rasetti and
                 Segr{\`e} that many elements up to the atomic number
                 30, when bombarded by neutrons from a radon-beryllium
                 source, are transmuted into a radioactive element which
                 is chemically different from the bombarded element. In
                 several cases of this type, they succeeded in
                 separating chemically the active substance from the
                 bulk of the bombarded element, and there is no inherent
                 difficulty in getting any desirable concentration of
                 the radioactive element.",
  abstract-2 =   "They have not observed such chemical changes in
                 elements above the atomic number 30, though many of
                 these heavier elements show strong Fermi effects. For
                 some of these, for example, arsenic, bromine, iodine,
                 iridium and gold, they could show that the activity is
                 carried by the bombarded element, which in the
                 circumstances leads to the conclusion that the
                 radioactive element is an isotope of the bombarded
                 element.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  keywords =     "Szilard--Chalmers reaction (method for concentrating
                 artificially-produced radioactive isotopes)",
}

@Article{Szilard:1934:DNL,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and T. A. Chalmers",
  title =        "Detection of Neutrons Liberated from Beryllium by
                 Gamma Rays: a New Technique for Inducing
                 Radioactivity",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "134",
  number =       "3887",
  pages =        "494--495",
  day =          "29",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1934",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/134494b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:03:00 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1934Natur.134..494S;
                 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v134/n3387/pdf/134494b0.pdf",
  abstract =     "We have observed that a radiation emitted from
                 beryllium under the influence of radium gamma rays
                 excites induced radioactivity in iodine, and we
                 conclude that neutrons are liberated from beryllium by
                 gamma rays.",
  abstract-2 =   "Chadwick and Goldhaber were the first to observe a
                 nuclear disintegration due to the action of gamma rays.
                 In their pioneer experiment1, they used a small
                 ionisation chamber filled with heavy hydrogen and
                 observed that protons were ejected from the heavy
                 hydrogen under the influence of gamma rays from thorium
                 C. Their method can be used for the detection of the
                 gamma ray disintegrations of other elements, as such a
                 disintegration would generally be accompanied by the
                 ejection of charged nuclei which their method is
                 designed to detect.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  keywords =     "Szilard--Chalmers reaction (method for concentrating
                 artificially-produced radioactive isotopes)",
}

@Article{Collie:1935:CBN,
  author =       "C. H. Collie and J. H. E. Griffiths and L. Szilard",
  title =        "Collisions between Neutrons and Diplons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "135",
  number =       "3422",
  pages =        "903--904",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1935",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/135903b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 11:57:20 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v135/n3422/pdf/135903b0.pdf",
  abstract =     "For this reason absorption measurements using a
                 spherical absorber do not necessarily give the true
                 absorption, since the effect of scattering will be to
                 increase the value of 0W and thus increase the
                 radioactivity produced. If each neutron is scattered
                 several times, this secondary effect may cause an
                 apparent increase in the strength of the beam by a
                 factor as great as 2.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  remark =       "`Diplon' was an early, and now long discarded, name
                 for `deuteron', the nucleus of deuterium (heavy
                 hydrogen), containing one proton and one neutron.",
}

@Article{Szilard:1935:ARN,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Absorption of Residual Neutrons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "136",
  number =       "3450",
  pages =        "950--951",
  day =          "14",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1935",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/136950b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:14:03 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v136/n3450/pdf/136950b0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  remark =       "Incorrectly recorded in Nature database as author
                 `Szilakd', and thus, invisible to normal
                 search-by-author.",
}

@Misc{Szilard:1935:PSN,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Provisional Specification No. 7840 1934. Improvements
                 in or relating to the Transmutation of Chemical
                 Elements",
  howpublished = "British Patent 440,023.",
  day =          "12",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1935",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 10:31:19 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Patent applied for on March 12, 1934.",
  URL =          "http://nuclearhistory.wordpress.com/2011/02/28/szilards-chain-reaction-patents-440023-630726-lodged-1934/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "This is believed to be the world's first patent on
                 nuclear fusion, with applications to both power plants,
                 and to atomic weapons. One Web source claims that it
                 was filed on 12 March 1934, and assigned to the British
                 Admiralty in 1936 to ensure its secrecy.",
  xxnote =       "I cannot find this in either the UK or EU patent
                 office Web sites; perhaps it is too old to be available
                 electronically?",
}

@Article{Szilard:1935:RIN,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and T. A. Chalmers",
  title =        "Radioactivity Induced by Neutrons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "135",
  number =       "3403",
  pages =        "98--98",
  day =          "19",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1935",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/135098b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 11:59:24 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v135/n3403/pdf/135098b0.pdf",
  abstract =     "Our own unpublished observations on indium show the
                 one hour period and a longer period of several hours
                 (estimated at 3J h.). If indium is irradiated in air
                 these two periods show strong initial intensities of
                 the same order of magnitude, but if it is irradiated in
                 water, the one hour period is so strongly reinforced
                 that it overshadows the long period and may thereby
                 prevent its detection.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  keywords =     "Szilard--Chalmers reaction (method for concentrating
                 artificially-produced radioactive isotopes)",
}

@Misc{Szilard:1936:IRT,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Improvements in or relating to Transmutation of
                 Chemical Elements",
  howpublished = "British Patent 630,726.",
  day =          "30",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1936",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 10:31:19 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Provisional Specification No. 19157 1934. Patent
                 applied for (in numbers 19157/34 and 19721/34) on June
                 28 and July 4, 1934, but held secret until published on
                 28 September 1949.",
  URL =          "http://nuclearhistory.wordpress.com/2011/02/28/szilards-chain-reaction-patents-440023-630726-lodged-1934/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "The second paragraph says: ``This invention has for
                 its object the production of radio active bodies, the
                 storage of energy through the production of such
                 bodies, and the liberation of nuclear energy for power
                 product and other purposes through nuclear
                 transmutation.''",
  xxnote =       "I cannot find this in either the UK or EU patent
                 office Web sites; perhaps it is too old to be available
                 electronically? There is a reproduction of part of the
                 first page of the patent in \cite[page
                 4]{Michaudon:2000:FMW}.",
}

@Article{Griffiths:1937:GRE,
  author =       "J. H. E. Griffiths and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Gamma Rays excited by Capture of Neutrons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "139",
  number =       "3512",
  pages =        "323--324",
  day =          "20",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1937",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/139323b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:14:02 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v139/n3512/pdf/139323b0.pdf",
  abstract =     "We have used radon-beryllium sources, with an
                 experimental arrangement designed to reduce the high
                 background effects of the Geiger counter due to the
                 gamma rays emitted by this type of neutron source, and
                 also to concentrate slow neutrons on the counter.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Anderson:1939:NPA,
  author =       "H. L. Anderson and E. Fermi and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Neutron Production and Absorption in Uranium",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV,
  volume =       "56",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "284--286",
  day =          "1",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.56.284",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 14:46:39 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://publish.aps.org/search;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1939PhRv...56..284A;
                 http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v56/i3/p284_1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "http://prola.aps.org/browse/PR",
}

@Misc{Einstein:1939:AEL,
  author =       "Albert Einstein",
  title =        "{Albert Einstein}'s Letter to {President Franklin
                 Delano Roosevelt}",
  howpublished = "World-Wide Web document",
  day =          "2",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1939",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jun 18 17:52:21 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://hypertextbook.com/eworld/einstein.shtml;
                 http://www.anl.gov/Science_and_Technology/History/Anniversary_Frontiers/aetofdr.html;
                 http://www.lanl.gov/history/road/pdf/Einstein.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "The letter, written at the urging of Leo Szilard,
                 Eugene Wigner, and Edward Teller, begins: ``Some recent
                 work by E. Fermi and L. Szilard, which has been
                 communicated to me in manuscript, leads me to expect
                 that the element uranium may be turned into a new and
                 important source of energy in the immediate future.''",
  remark-2 =     "Reprinted in \cite[pages 113--114]{Segre:1970:EFPb}.",
}

@Article{Goldhaber:1939:RIN,
  author =       "M. Goldhaber and R. D. Hill and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Radioactivity Induced by Nuclear Excitation {I}.
                 Excitation by Neutrons",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV,
  volume =       "55",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "47--59",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.55.47",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 14:46:39 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://publish.aps.org/search;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v55/i1/p47_1",
  abstract =     "It is shown that the 4.1-hr. period of indium can be
                 produced by nuclear excitation of indium and is to be
                 attributed to an excited metastable state, In$^{115,
                 *}$ of the stable In$^{115}$. This result is obtained
                 by studying the radioactivity produced in indium by
                 neutrons of different energy distributions and by
                 studying the chain reactions produced in cadmium by
                 fast neutrons. It is found that In$^{115*}$ can be
                 produced from In$^{115}$ by 2.5-Mev neutrons, but not
                 noticeably by strong sources of photoneutrons which
                 have energies of a few hundred thousand electron volts.
                 A radioactive Cd$^{115}$ of 2.5-day half-life time is
                 found to transform with emission of negative electrons
                 into In$^{115*}$. Cd$^{115}$ was produced by neutron
                 loss from Cd$^{116}$ and by neutron capture from
                 Cd$^{114}$.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "http://prola.aps.org/browse/PR",
}

@Article{Szilard:1939:IEF,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and Walter H. Zinn",
  title =        "Instantaneous Emission of Fast Neutrons in the
                 Interaction of Slow Neutrons with Uranium",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV,
  volume =       "55",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "799--800",
  day =          "15",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.55.799",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 14:46:39 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://alsos.wlu.edu/; http://publish.aps.org/search;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1939PhRv...55..799S;
                 http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v55/i8/p799_1",
  ZMnumber =     "Zbl 0021.09109",
  abstract =     "In this classic article, evidence from experiments
                 conducted at Columbia University shows that
                 approximately two neutrons are emitted for each fission
                 of a uranium atom by slow neutrons. That number of
                 emitted neutrons per fission supported the conclusion
                 that a nuclear chain reaction, which could release vast
                 amounts of energy, was possible.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "http://prola.aps.org/browse/PR",
  remark =       "This paper appeared near entry
                 \cite{Anderson:1939:PNU} in the same journal issue
                 (separated by one unrelated paper); the two papers
                 describe work from the Fermi research group at Columbia
                 University to find out how many neutrons were omitted
                 in the fission of uranium, with the goal of determining
                 whether a sustained nuclear chain reaction was
                 possible.",
}

@Misc{Szilard:1939:PPR,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Process of Producing Radio-Active Elements",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,161,985.",
  pages =        "6",
  day =          "13",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1939",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 18:55:07 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed March 11, 1935, serial number 10,500. Filed in
                 Great Britain on 12 March 1934.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Zinn:1939:ENU,
  author =       "W. H. Zinn and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Emission of Neutrons by Uranium",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV,
  volume =       "56",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "619--624",
  day =          "1",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.56.619",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 14:46:39 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://publish.aps.org/search;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v56/i7/p619_1",
  ZMnumber =     "Zbl 0022.19103",
  abstract =     "Fast neutrons emitted by uranium under the action of
                 thermal neutrons were studied by using a
                 radium-beryllium photoneutron source. The background
                 due to the primary neutrons can be neglected since only
                 a few of the photoneutrons are sufficiently fast to be
                 counted. Data are obtained concerning the energy
                 spectrum of the uranium fission neutrons by recording
                 photographically by means of a linear amplifier and
                 cathode-ray oscillograph the pulses due to helium atoms
                 projected in an ionization chamber. Visual inspection
                 of the record gives an upper limit of the spectrum of
                 3.5 Mev. The number of neutrons emitted is estimated by
                 analyzing the pulse distribution of hydrogen atoms
                 projected by uranium neutrons in an ionization chamber
                 filled with hydrogen and argon. The number found is
                 brought into relationship with the number of fissions,
                 observed under comparable conditions in an ionization
                 chamber lined with a thin film of uranium oxide
                 containing a known amount of uranium. In this way it is
                 found that about 2.3 neutrons are emitted per fission.
                 The method used would permit a greater accuracy in the
                 determination of this number than the actual accuracy
                 obtained in the present experiments. This number,
                 together with the fission cross section and the cross
                 section for radiative capture gives the number of
                 neutrons produced for each thermal neutron absorbed in
                 uranium.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "http://prola.aps.org/browse/PR",
}

@TechReport{Bothe:1941:ATN,
  author =       "W. Bothe and P. Jensen",
  title =        "{Die Absorption thermischer Neutronen in
                 Elektrographit}. ({German}) [{The} absorption of
                 thermal neutrons in electrographite]",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "G-71",
  institution =  "????",
  address =      "????",
  day =          "20",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1941",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jul 30 12:12:50 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Captured German report cited in \cite[page
                 29]{Weart:1976:SS} that contained incorrect results on
                 the neutron capture cross-section of carbon. Those
                 results caused the German Uranium Project scientists to
                 switch from graphite to the hard-to-get deuterium (in
                 heavy water obtained from the Rjukan Plant in Norway)
                 as a neutron moderator, and likely, substantially
                 delayed their progress in achieving a working nuclear
                 reactor as a precursor to an atomic bomb.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
}

@TechReport{Marshall:1941:PRC,
  author =       "J. Marshall and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Preliminary report on the capture of neutrons by
                 uranium in the energy region of photo neutrons from
                 radium--beryllium sources",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CP-317",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "5",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1941",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Marshall:1941:PRF,
  author =       "J. Marshall and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Preliminary report on fission caused by fission
                 neutrons",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CP-316",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "14",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1941",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1941:MRQ,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Memorandum raising the question whether the action of
                 explosive chain-reacting bodies can be based on an
                 `expulsion' method ({Columbia University})",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "A-56",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "21",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1941",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1941:PRI,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and W. H. Zinn",
  title =        "Preliminary report on inelastic collision of neutrons
                 in uranium and other heavy elements",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CP-285",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "12",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1941",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1941:PRM,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Preliminary report on the melting of uranium powder",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "A-24 (CT-M)",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "16",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1941",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1941:SSE,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Suggestions for a search for element 94 in nature",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "A-45 (CN-G)",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "29",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1941",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Allison:1942:RCE,
  author =       "Samuel K. Allison and C. M. Cooper and Enrico Fermi
                 and Eugene P. Wigner and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Report of the Committee for the Examination of the
                 {Moore--Leverett} Design of a {He}-cooled Plant",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CE-324",
  institution =  inst-AEC,
  address =      inst-AEC:adr,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jun 22 08:24:30 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Included are four pages that seem to have been written
                 by Enrico Fermi, chairman of the committee. Undated:
                 year chosen according to report number.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Creutz:1942:TDM,
  author =       "E. Creutz and J. Marshall and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Technological division and {M.I.T.} group. {Report}
                 for month ending {October 15, 1942}",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CE-301",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Feld:1942:EPD,
  author =       "B. T. Feld and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Examples for pressure drop calculations in
                 parallel-flow helium cooling",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CP-308",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "18",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Feld:1942:MPL,
  author =       "B. Feld and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "A magnetic pump for liquid bismuth",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CE-279",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "14",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Leverett:1942:DHC,
  author =       "M. C. Leverett and C. M. Cooper and T. V. Moore and E.
                 P. Wigner and E. S. Steinbach and E. Fermi and J. A.
                 Wheeler and S. K. Allison and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Discussion of helium cooled power plant",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CS-267",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "16",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Marshall:1942:TDR,
  author =       "J. Marshall and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Technological division. {Report} for month ending
                 {September 15, 1942}",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CE-271",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Contents: Mg reduction of UF$_4$; melting furnaces and
                 casting of uranium",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Moore:1942:ETD,
  author =       "T. V. Moore and M. C. Leverett and C. M. Cooper and E.
                 S. Steinbach and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Engineering and technological divisions. Report for
                 month ending {August 15, 1942}",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CE-236",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1942:ABC,
  author =       "A. M. Weinberg and E. P. Wigner and R. F. Christy and
                 Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Approximate boundary conditions for diffusion equation
                 at interface between two media",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CP-189",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "10",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1942:CPP,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "On the cooling of the power plant",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CE-130",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "15",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "See addendum \cite{Szilard:1942:MCPa} and supplement
                 \cite{Szilard:1942:MCPb}. Contents: cooling media;
                 general requirements; magnitude of power to be
                 dissipated; design of cooling system.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1942:MCPa,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Memorandum on the cooling of the power plant",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CE-146",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "24",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Addendum to \cite{Szilard:1942:CPP}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1942:MCPb,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Memorandum on the cooling of the power plant",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CE-150",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "29",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Supplement to
                 \cite{Szilard:1942:CPP,Szilard:1942:MCPa}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1942:SMB,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Short memorandum on bismuth cooled power unit",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CP-360",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "23",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1942:UAP,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Uranium aggregates for power unit",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CP-357",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "23",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Szilard:1942:WWU,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "What's Wrong with Us?",
  howpublished = "Memorandum.",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 09:58:58 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Cited in \cite[page 39]{Shils:1964:LSM}. The memo
                 urges speedier action on the Manhattan Project.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Ashkin:1943:PCR,
  author =       "J. Ashkin and S. Bernstein and B. Feld and H.
                 Kubitschek and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Preliminary comparison of radon--boron and {Ra $+$ Be}
                 neutron sources",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CP-412",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "19",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1943",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Feld:1943:NEF,
  author =       "B. Feld and J. Ashkin and S. Bernstein and E. Creutz
                 and J. Kelsner and R. Scalettar and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Neutron emission in fission of {U238}",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "CF-1177",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "29",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1943",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Ohlinger:1944:NEC,
  author =       "L. A. Ohlinger and Leo Szilard and G. Young",
  title =        "New end closures for {Al} cans",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "N-866",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "30",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1944",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1944:EPE,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Extrusion process for elimination of weld on slugs",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "N-1346",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "7",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1944",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1944:PUT,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Proposal for use of thorium in poisoning slugs for {W}
                 pile",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "N-962",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "14",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1944",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1944:WMP,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Water moderated pile with {P-9} core",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "N-1355",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "7",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1944",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Franck:1945:RCP,
  author =       "James Franck and Donald J. Hughes and J. J. Nickson
                 and Eugene Rabinowitch and Glenn T. Seaborg and J. C.
                 Stearns and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Report of the {Committee on Political and Social
                 Problems, Manhattan Project `Metallurgical Laboratory',
                 University of Chicago (The Franck Report)}",
  howpublished = "U.S. National Archives, Washington, DC: Record Group
                 77, Manhattan Engineer District Records,
                 Harrison--Bundy File, folder \#76.",
  day =          "11",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1945",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 29 07:39:02 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "This is the famous minority report, written one month
                 before the first successful test of the atomic bomb at
                 the Trinity site in New Mexico, in which seven
                 scientists, most of who worked on the Manhattan
                 Project, recommended against the use of the atomic bomb
                 on Japan, and predicted a dangerous post-war nuclear
                 arms race. According to the Web document ``The
                 Uncensored Franck Report (1945--1946)'', by Alex
                 Wellerstein, dated 11 January 2012, the original report
                 was censored in at least eight places; of those, seven
                 have since been recovered, and at least one sentence
                 exists, but has been blacked out by government censors.
                 According to \cite[page 153]{Hargittai:2010:JET}, the
                 final version was written by Leo Szilard and signed by
                 68 scientists.",
  URL =          "http://datatorch.com/Science/Scientists_Stories.aspx?id=52;
                 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franck_Report;
                 http://nuclearsecrecy.com/blog/2012/01/11/weekly-document-9-the-uncensored-franck-report-1945-1946/;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/ManhattanProject/FranckReport.shtml'
                 http://www.wissenschaft-und-frieden.de/seite.php?artikelID=1092;
                 http://www.dannen.com/decision/franck.html;
                 http://www.fas.org/sgp/eprint/franck.html;
                 http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/key-issues/ethics/issues/scientific/franck-report.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Szilard:1945:U,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and {64 scientists}",
  title =        "[unknown]",
  howpublished = "Petition to the US President to forbid use of atomic
                 weapons on Japan.",
  year =         "1945",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:03:43 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Cited in \cite[page 40]{Shils:1964:LSM}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1945:WTS,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "We turned the switch",
  journal =      "The Nation",
  volume =       "156",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "718--719",
  day =          "22",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1945",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "0027-8378",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 08:35:12 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.thenation.com/",
  abstract =     "In this speech, Leo Szilard discusses the atomic
                 scientists beliefs regarding using atomic energy as a
                 weapon, giving a chronology of the events leading to
                 that point. The title of the speech refers to the 1939
                 experiment in which Szilard and Walet Zinn ran an
                 experiment which showed that it was possible to
                 liberate atomic energy, the pioneering experiment in
                 the use of atomic energy. Szilard recounts the pressure
                 the government placed on scientists working to build
                 atomic weapons and the silence the government asked
                 them to keep after the bombing of Hiroshima and
                 Nagasaki with contempt. He claims the only hope for
                 controlling the use of atomic weapons is that the
                 indecision in Washington, DC, is not political, but a
                 between those who understand the power of the bomb and
                 those who do not. Szilard also discusses possible means
                 of prevention of Soviet and American amassing of
                 nuclear weapons.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Feld:1946:UTD,
  author =       "B. T. Feld and R. Scalettar and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Use of threshold detectors for fast neutron studies",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "MDDC-897",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "26",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1946",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@Article{Franck:1946:RSW,
  author =       "James Franck and Donald J. Hughes and J. J. Nickson
                 and Eugene Rabinowitch and Glenn T. Seaborg and J. C.
                 Stearns and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "A Report to the {Secretary of War}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "2--4, 16",
  day =          "1",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1946",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 29 11:14:28 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "The authors are members of the Committee on Political
                 and Social Problems, Manhattan Project `Metallurgical
                 Laboratory', University of Chicago, and this report
                 subsequently became known as `The Franck Report'. The
                 report was written on 11 June 1945, one month before
                 the first successful test of the atomic bomb at the
                 Trinity site in New Mexico. In it, seven scientists,
                 most of who worked on the Manhattan Project, recommend
                 against the use of the atomic bomb on Japan, and
                 predict a dangerous post-war nuclear arms race. This
                 version was partially declassified in February 1946;
                 eight fragments of text have been removed at the order
                 of government censors. Some of that censored text was
                 later recovered, but at least one sentence may still be
                 missing --- see the Web document ``The Uncensored
                 Franck Report (1945--1946)'', by Alex Wellerstein,
                 dated 11 January 2012. Reprinted in
                 \cite{Franck:1963:RSW}, and in a longer form, in
                 \cite[Appendix]{Smith:1965:PHS} and \cite[pages
                 371--383]{Smith:1970:PHS}.",
  URL =          "http://datatorch.com/Science/Scientists_Stories.aspx?id=52;
                 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franck_Report;
                 http://nuclearsecrecy.com/blog/2012/01/11/weekly-document-9-the-uncensored-franck-report-1945-1946/;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/ManhattanProject/FranckReport.shtml'
                 http://www.wissenschaft-und-frieden.de/seite.php?artikelID=1092;
                 http://www.dannen.com/decision/franck.html;
                 http://www.fas.org/sgp/eprint/franck.html;
                 http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/key-issues/ethics/issues/scientific/franck-report.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Franck Report",
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1946:CWA,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Can we avert an arms race by an inspection system?",
  crossref =     "Masters:1946:OWN",
  pages =        "61--65",
  year =         "1946",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 15:07:31 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1946:DCR,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Divergent chain reaction in systems composed of
                 uranium and carbon",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "MDDC-446",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "21",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1946",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1946:KVU,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "{Kan vi undgaa Kaprustning ved et
                 Inspektionssystem?}",
  crossref =     "Masters:1946:VEI",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1946",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 15:07:31 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Ashkin:1947:PCR,
  author =       "J. Ashkin and S. Bernstein and B. Feld and H.
                 Kubitschek and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Preliminary comparison of radon--boron and
                 radium--beryllium neutron sources",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "MDDC-1436",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "27",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1947",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Bernstein:1947:ISFa,
  author =       "S. Bernstein and B. Feld and J. Ashkin and Leo
                 Szilard",
  title =        "Inelastic scattering of {Fe}, {Pb}, and {Bi}",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "MDDC-1536",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "27",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1947",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@TechReport{Bernstein:1947:ISFb,
  author =       "S. Bernstein and B. T. Feld and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Inelastic scattering of fast neutrons",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "MDDC-1292",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "10",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1947",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Bernstein:1947:ISFc,
  author =       "S. Bernstein and B. Feld and J. Ashkin and Leo
                 Szilard",
  title =        "Inelastic scattering of {Fe}, {Pb}, and {Bi}",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "MonP-375",
  institution =  "{US Atomic Energy Commission}",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "25",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1947",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:44:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Rabinowitch:1947:WM,
  author =       "Eugene I. Rabinowitch",
  title =        "Working for a Miracle",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "350--350",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 24 06:46:59 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "Comment on \cite{Szilard:1947:LS}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1947:ABP,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Atomic Bombs and the Postwar Position of the {United
                 States} in the World --- 1945",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "351--353",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 24 06:46:59 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1947:CC,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Calling for a Crusade",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4--5",
  pages =        "102--106, 125",
  month =        apr # "\slash " # may,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 09:39:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  remark =       "To be published in the \booktitle{Saturday Review of
                 Literature}.",
}

@Article{Szilard:1947:CED,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Comment to the {Editors} by {Dr. Szilard}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "350, 353",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 09:39:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Szilard:1947:LS,Rabinowitch:1947:WM}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1947:LS,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Letter to {Stalin}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "348--349, 376",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 09:39:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See comments
                 \cite{Rabinowitch:1947:WM,Szilard:1947:CED}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@TechReport{Szilard:1947:PHA,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "A Personal History of the Atomic Bomb",
  type =         "Round Table",
  number =       "604",
  institution =  "University of Chicago",
  address =      "Chicago, IL, USA",
  day =          "25",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1947",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 12 14:50:15 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1948:ISF,
  author =       "L. Szilard and S. Bernstein and B. Feld and J.
                 Ashkin",
  title =        "Inelastic Scattering of Fast Neutrons by {Fe}, {Pb},
                 and {Bi}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "1307--1310",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1948",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.73.1307",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 14:46:39 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://publish.aps.org/search;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1948PhRv...73.1307S;
                 http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v73/i11/p1307_1",
  abstract =     "Measurements of inelastic scattering effects of Ra-$
                 \alpha $-Be and Ra-$ \alpha $-B neutrons in Fe, Pb, and
                 Bi have been made. A U$^{238}$ fission threshold
                 detector was used. The method consisted in measuring
                 the fission counting rate in the detector with and
                 without the spherical scatterer surrounding the source.
                 From the decrease in the counting rate caused by the
                 presence of the scatterer, values of the cross section
                 for inelastic scattering to below the U$^{238}$ fission
                 threshold were calculated for several assumed values of
                 the elastic scattering cross section.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "http://prola.aps.org/browse/PR",
}

@Article{Brown:1949:SGN,
  author =       "Harrison Brown and James Franck and Joseph E. Mayer
                 and Leo Szilard and Harold C. Urey",
  title =        "Scientists Give New Warning",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "264--264",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 04 21:24:13 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Novick:1949:ELR,
  author =       "Aaron Novick and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Experiments on Light-Reactivation of Ultra-Violet
                 Inactivated Bacteria",
  journal =      j-PROC-NATL-ACAD-SCI-USA,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "591--600",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "PNASA6",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.35.10.591",
  ISSN =         "0027-8424 (print), 1091-6490 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0027-8424",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:59:08 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1949PNAS...35..591N;
                 http://www.pnas.org/content/36/12/708.full.pdf+html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the
                 United States of America",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.pnas.org/search",
}

@Article{Szilard:1949:AFS,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The {AEC Fellowships}: Shall We Yield or Fight?",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "6--7",
  pages =        "177--178",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # jul,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 03 06:39:58 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted in \cite{Szilard:1963:AFS}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1949:DSB,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and {The Franck Committee} and Frederick
                 Seitz and Hans Bethe and Harold C. Urey and Harrison
                 Brown and Irving Langmuir and Vannevar Bush and Leslie
                 R. Groves",
  title =        "Did the {Soviet} Bomb Come Sooner Than Expected? The
                 Atomic Scientists: The Wartime Administrators",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "262--264",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 04 21:24:13 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1949:MTW,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "My Trial as a War Criminal",
  journal =      "The {University of Chicago} Law Review",
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "79--86",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1949",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 08:57:43 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://lawreview.uchicago.edu/issues.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxURL =        "http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/uclr17&div=10&collection=journals&set_as_cursor=0&men_tab=srchresults",
}

@Article{Szilard:1949:SWF,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Shall We Face the Facts?",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "269--273",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 04 21:24:13 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "atomic explosion in Russia",
}

@Article{Bethe:1950:FAH,
  author =       "Hans A. Bethe and Harrison S. Brown and Frederick
                 Seitz and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The Facts about the Hydrogen Bomb",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "106--109, 126--127",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 10:43:57 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Hans Albrecht Bethe (1906--2005)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@TechReport{Fermi:1950:PIT,
  author =       "Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "On the possibility of initiating a thermonuclear
                 reaction in a mass of deuterium",
  type =         "Report",
  institution =  inst-LASL,
  address =      inst-LASL:adr,
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1950",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 21 17:19:23 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "The exact title of this report is unknown to the
                 public, because it is believed to remain classified. It
                 is cited in \cite[page 39]{Telegdi:2002:EFA}.",
}

@Book{Gerstell:1950:HSA,
  author =       "Richard Gerstell and Leo {Szilard, former owner}",
  title =        "How to survive an atomic bomb",
  volume =       "845",
  publisher =    pub-BANTAM,
  address =      pub-BANTAM:adr,
  pages =        "149",
  year =         "1950",
  LCCN =         "UF767 .G39",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "A Bantam book",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; Safety measures",
}

@Article{Novick:1950:DC,
  author =       "Aaron Novick and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Description of the {Chemostat}",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "112",
  number =       "2920",
  pages =        "715--716",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.112.2920.715",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 13:03:25 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1950Sci...112..715N",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Novick:1950:ECS,
  author =       "Aaron Novick and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Experiments with the {Chemostat} on Spontaneous
                 Mutations of Bacteria",
  journal =      j-PROC-NATL-ACAD-SCI-USA,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "708--719",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "PNASA6",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.36.12.708",
  ISSN =         "0027-8424 (print), 1091-6490 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0027-8424",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 13:01:48 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1950PNAS...36..708N;
                 http://www.pnas.org/content/36/12/708.full.pdf+html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the
                 United States of America",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.pnas.org/search",
}

@Article{Szilard:1950:CWI,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Can We Have International Control of Atomic Energy?",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "9--12, 16",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 24 17:15:27 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1950:DDD,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The Diary of {Dr. Davis}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "51--57",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 24 17:26:10 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  xxnote =       "Check page range: pages 55--65 are missing from the
                 Google books online issue, but found in the EBSCO
                 database.",
}

@Article{Novick:1951:ESC,
  author =       "A. Novick and L. Szilard",
  title =        "Experiments on spontaneous and chemically induced
                 mutations of bacteria growing in the {Chemostat}",
  journal =      j-COLD-SPRING-HARBOR-SYMP-QUANT-BIOL,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "337--343",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1951",
  CODEN =        "CSHSAZ",
  ISSN =         "0091-7451",
  ISSN-L =       "0091-7451",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:56:11 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology",
  xxpages =      "336--343",
}

@Article{Novick:1951:VSI,
  author =       "Aaron Novick and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Virus Strains of Identical Phenotype but Different
                 Genotype",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "113",
  number =       "2924",
  pages =        "34--35",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1951",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.113.2924.34",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 13:05:10 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1951Sci...113...34N",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Novick:1952:AM,
  author =       "Aaron Novick and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Anti-mutagens",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "170",
  number =       "4335",
  pages =        "926--927",
  day =          "29",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1952",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/170926a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:12:29 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v170/n4335/pdf/170926a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@InProceedings{Novick:1954:IEC,
  author =       "Aaron Novick and Leo Szilard",
  editor =       "????",
  booktitle =    "{11th Symposium of the Society for the Study of
                 Development and Growth}",
  title =        "{II}. {Experiments} with the {Chemostat} on the rates
                 of amino acid synthesis in bacteria",
  publisher =    "????",
  address =      "????",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1954",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:26:07 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1954:SR,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Security Risk",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "384--386, 398",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1954",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 11:08:02 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Misc{Fermi:1955:NRa,
  author =       "Enrico Fermi and Leo Szil{\'a}rd",
  title =        "Neutronic Reactor",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,708,656.",
  pages =        "8",
  day =          "17",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1955",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 16:32:35 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "US Patent Application 568,904 filed December 19,
                 1944.",
  URL =          "http://www.google.com/patents?vid=2708656",
  abstract =     "The present invention relates to the general subject
                 of nuclear fission and particularly to the
                 establishment of self-sustaining neutron chain fission
                 reactions in systems embodying uranium having a natural
                 isotopic content.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "About this patent, ``the U.S. Patent Office compared
                 its significance to the patents by Samuel Morse for the
                 telegraph and Alexander Graham Bell for the
                 telephone.'' \cite{Dannen:1998:LSI}.",
}

@Article{Fermi:1955:PCU,
  author =       "Enrico Fermi",
  title =        "Physics at {Columbia University}: The genesis of the
                 nuclear energy project",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "12--16",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3061815",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 16 15:06:18 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.aip.org/link/?PTO/8/12/1;
                 http://link.aip.org/link/phtoad/v8/i11/p12/s1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  CP-number =    "269",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark =       "From the abstract: ``The following is a verbatim
                 transcript of Enrico Fermi's last address before the
                 American Physical Society, delivered informally and
                 without notes at Columbia University's McMillin Theater
                 on Saturday morning, January 30, 1954.'' In the
                 address, Fermi describes how, in 1939, Leo Szilard
                 begin the push for secrecy in nuclear physics research,
                 to deny scientists in Nazi Germany access to new
                 results (see \cite{Wald:2004:FLP} for a retrospective
                 of that action). Fermi also discusses at length the
                 great effort that went on at Columbia University to
                 determine whether graphite could be a suitable
                 moderator for a nuclear reaction.",
}

@Article{Fox:1955:DGB,
  author =       "Maurice S. Fox and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "A device for growing bacterial populations under
                 steady state conditions",
  journal =      j-J-GEN-PHYSIOL,
  volume =       "39",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "261--266",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "JGPLAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1085/jgp.39.2.261",
  ISSN =         "0022-1295 (print), 1540-7748 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0022-1295",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:31:05 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of General Physiology",
}

@Article{Szilard:1955:DPP,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Disarmament and the Problem of Peace",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "297--307",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 11:03:55 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on Secrecy, Security, and Loyalty. See
                 comment \cite{Fowler:1955:LED}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1955:FSP,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The First Step to Peace",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "104--104",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 11:05:36 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Misc{Fermi:1957:MON,
  author =       "Enrico Fermi and Leo Szil{\'a}rd",
  title =        "Method of operating a Neutronic Reactor",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,798,847.",
  pages =        "57",
  day =          "9",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1957",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 11:20:55 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed December 1, 1952, serial number 323,452.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Fermi:1957:NR,
  author =       "Enrico Fermi and Leo Szil{\'a}rd",
  title =        "Neutronic reactor",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,807,581.",
  pages =        "11",
  day =          "24",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1957",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 11:23:36 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "US Patent Application 621,838, filed October 11,
                 1945.",
  URL =          "http://www.google.com/patents/US2807581.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Szilard:1957:MIO,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Method of Intermittently Operating a Neutronic
                 Reactor",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,796,396",
  pages =        "4",
  day =          "18",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1957",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 11:15:02 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed April 16, 1946, serial number 662,512.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Szilard:1957:MUR,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Method for Unloading Reactors",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,778,792",
  pages =        "9",
  day =          "22",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1957",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 11:11:23 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed April 19, 1946.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Fermi:1958:ACN,
  author =       "Enrico Fermi and Leo Szil{\'a}rd",
  title =        "Air Cooled Neutronic Reactor",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,836,554",
  pages =        "20",
  day =          "27",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1958",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 11:30:37 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed May 29, 1945, serial number 596,465.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Fermi:1958:CR,
  author =       "Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Chain Reactions",
  howpublished = "Canadian Patent 552312.",
  day =          "28",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1958",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 04 14:50:47 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://brevets-patents.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/patent/552312/summary.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Szilard:1958:HWM,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Heavy Water Moderated Neutronic Reactor",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,832,733.",
  pages =        "15",
  day =          "29",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1958",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 18:59:09 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed April 23, 1946. Serial number 664,145.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Szilard:1958:NRF,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Neutronic Reactor and Fuel Element Therefor",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,825,689.",
  pages =        "3",
  day =          "4",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1958",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 18:59:09 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed April 25, 1946. Serial number 664,732.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Szilard:1959:JFE,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and Eugene P. Wigner and Edward C.
                 Creutz",
  title =        "Jacketed Fuel Elements for Graphite Moderated
                 Reactors",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,886,503",
  day =          "12",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1959",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 11:34:11 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed February 20, 1946, serial number 649,080.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1959:NAP,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "On the nature of the aging process",
  journal =      j-PROC-NATL-ACAD-SCI-USA,
  volume =       "45",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "30--45",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PNASA6",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.45.1.30",
  ISSN =         "0027-8424 (print), 1091-6490 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0027-8424",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 11:45:21 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.pnas.org/content/45/1/30.full.pdf+html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the
                 United States of America",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.pnas.org/search",
}

@Article{Szilard:1959:TA,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "A Theory of Ageing",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "184",
  number =       "4691",
  pages =        "957--958",
  day =          "26",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:10:20 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v184/n4691/pdf/184957a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Misc{Wigner:1959:JFE,
  author =       "Eugene P. Wigner and Leo Szilard and Edward C.
                 Creutz",
  title =        "Jacketed Fuel Element",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,872,401.",
  pages =        "8",
  day =          "3",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1959",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 19:00:44 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed May 8, 1946, Serial number 668,110.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1960:CFS,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "The Control of the Formation of Specific Proteins in
                 Bacteria and in Animal Cells",
  journal =      j-PROC-NATL-ACAD-SCI-USA,
  volume =       "46",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "277--292",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "PNASA6",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.46.3.277",
  ISSN =         "0027-8424 (print), 1091-6490 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0027-8424",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:31:59 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1960PNAS...46..277S;
                 http://www.pnas.org/content/46/3/277.full.pdf+html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the
                 United States of America",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.pnas.org/search",
}

@Article{Szilard:1960:DSR,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Dependence of the Sex Ratio at Birth on the Age of the
                 Father",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "186",
  number =       "4725",
  pages =        "649--650",
  day =          "21",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/186649a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:08:52 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v186/n4725/pdf/186649a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1960:HLB,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "How to Live with the Bomb and Survive --- The
                 Possibility of a {Pax Russo--Americana} in the
                 Long-Range Rocket Stage of the So-Called Atomic
                 Stalemate",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "59--73",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 10:58:20 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted in \cite{Szilard:1963:HLB}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1960:LEB,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Letter to the {Editor}: The {Berlin} Crisis",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "144, 193",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 28 11:08:40 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1960:MBA,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "The Molecular Basis of Antibody Formation",
  journal =      j-PROC-NATL-ACAD-SCI-USA,
  volume =       "46",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "293--302",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "PNASA6",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.46.3.293",
  ISSN =         "0027-8424 (print), 1091-6490 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0027-8424",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1960PNAS...46..293S;
                 http://www.pnas.org/content/46/3/293.full.pdf+html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the
                 United States of America",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.pnas.org/search",
}

@Article{Szilard:1960:SS,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "To Stop or Not to Stop",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "82--84, 108",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 03 06:34:40 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted in \cite{Szilard:1963:TT}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Book{Szilard:1960:SWSa,
  editor =       "Leo Szilard and Thomas Edward Murray and John B. (John
                 Bruce) Medaris and Edward Teller and Jerome B. (Jerome
                 Bert) Wiesner",
  title =        "Small world: {Szilard, Murray, Medaris, Teller,
                 Wiesner} [Motion picture]",
  publisher =    "Columbia Broadcasting System",
  address =      "????",
  year =         "1960",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "28 minute 16mm film.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Part one of The balance of terror. CREDITS: Producers,
                 Edward R. Morrow, Fred W. Friendly, Edward M. Jones;
                 cameramen, Leo Rossi, Charles Mack; film editors,
                 Joseph Fackovec, William H. Watt, Jr.. SUMMARY: Leo
                 Szilard discusses with Thomas E. Murray, John Medaris,
                 Edward Teller, and Jerome Wiesner the dangers of the
                 atomic bomb, the present stockpile, and various
                 problems associated with international disarmament.
                 Host, Edward R. Murrow.",
  subject =      "Nuclear disarmament",
}

@Book{Szilard:1960:SWSb,
  editor =       "Leo Szilard and Hans A. (Hans Albrecht) Bethe and
                 Lewis L. Strauss and Jerome B. (Jerome Bert) Wiesner",
  title =        "Small world: {Szilard, Bethe, Strauss, Wiesner}
                 [Motion picture]",
  publisher =    "Columbia Broadcasting System",
  address =      "????",
  year =         "1960",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "28 minute 16mm film.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Part two of The balance of terror.. Credits:
                 Producers, Edward R. Morrow, Fred W. Friendly, Edward
                 M. Jones; cameramen, Leo Rossi, Charles Mack; film
                 editors, Joseph Fackovec, William H. Watt, Jr. Summary:
                 Leo Szilard discusses with Hans Bethe, Lewis Strauss,
                 and Jerome Wiesner ways and means to disarmament,
                 including the cessation of bomb testing, arms
                 limitations, and weapons testing. Host, Edward R.
                 Murrow.",
  subject =      "Nuclear disarmament",
}

@Misc{Fermi:1961:ACN,
  author =       "Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Air-cooled Neutronic Reactor",
  howpublished = "Canadian Patent 620923.",
  day =          "30",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1961",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 04 14:50:47 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://brevets-patents.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/patent/620923/summary.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1961:LEA,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Letter to the {Editor}: {American Society of Newspaper
                 Editors} and {President Kennedy}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "5--6",
  pages =        "168--168",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 28 16:34:21 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1961:MC,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The Mined Cities",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "407--412",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 28 18:08:29 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Book{Szilard:1961:VDO,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The voice of the dolphins, and other stories",
  publisher =    pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER,
  address =      pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER:adr,
  pages =        "122",
  year =         "1961",
  LCCN =         "PZ4.S9986 Vo",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:35:35 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark-1 =     "Translated into Danish, French, German, Italian,
                 Japanese, and Spanish.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 20: ``Why, then, one may ask, did scientists
                 in general, and the President's Science Advisory
                 Committee in particular, fail to advance a solution of
                 this problem [nuclear weapons control] during the
                 Eisenhower administration? The slogan that `scientists
                 should be on tap but not on top,' which gained currency
                 in Washington, may have had something to do with this
                 failure. Of course, scientists could not possibly be on
                 top in Washington, where policy, if it is made at all,
                 is made by those who operate, rather than by those who
                 are engaged in policy planning. But what those who
                 coined this slogan, and those who parroted it,
                 apparently meant was that scientists must not concern
                 themselves with devising and proposing policies; they
                 ought to limit themselves to answering such technical
                 questions as they may be asked. Thus, it may well be
                 that the scientists gave the wrong answers because they
                 were asked the wrong questions.''",
  subject =      "Science fiction, American",
}

@Misc{Wigner:1961:MLI,
  author =       "Eugene P. Wigner and Leo Szilard and Robert F. Christy
                 and Francis Lee Friedman",
  title =        "Massive Leakage Irradiator",
  howpublished = "US Patent 2,986,510",
  pages =        "6",
  day =          "30",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1961",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 11:36:39 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Filed May 14, 1946, serial number 669,524.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1962:MGF,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "{Mark Gable Foundation}",
  crossref =     "Pohl:1962:ED",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1962",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 04 14:28:40 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1962:CD,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The {Council}'s Dilemma",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "50--50",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1962",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 11:31:59 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Book{Szilard:1962:VDA,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "La voce dei delfini e altri racconti. ({Italian})
                 [{The} Voice of the Dolphins and other stories]",
  publisher =    "Feltrinelli",
  address =      "Milano, Italy",
  pages =        "161",
  year =         "1962",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 17:01:17 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Translated by Carlo Alberto Gastecchi.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Italian",
}

@Book{Szilard:1962:VDF,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "La voix des dauphins. ({French}) [{The} Voice of the
                 Dolphins]",
  publisher =    "Deno{\"e}l",
  address =      "Paris, France",
  pages =        "176",
  year =         "1962",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 16:58:57 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Translated by Philippe Chardeyron.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "French",
}

@Article{Szilard:1962:WRW,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Are We on the Road to War?",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "23--30",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1962",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 10:52:00 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Doering:1963:LEU,
  author =       "William Doering and Bernard T. {Feld, Jr.} and Allan
                 Forbes and James G. Patton and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Letter to the {Editor}: {U.N.} in {Cuba}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "33--33",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1963",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 30 07:34:27 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@InCollection{Franck:1963:RSW,
  author =       "James Franck and Donald J. Hughes and I. I. Nickson
                 and Eugene Rabinowitch and Glenn T. Seaborg and Joyce
                 C. Stearns and Leo Szilard",
  title =        "A Report to the {Secretary of War}",
  crossref =     "Grodzins:1963:AAS",
  pages =        "19--27",
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 03 05:56:24 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Reprint of \cite{Franck:1946:RSW}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1963:AFS,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The {AEC Fellowships}: Shall We Yield or Fight?",
  crossref =     "Grodzins:1963:AAS",
  pages =        "410--413",
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 03 05:56:24 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Reprint of \cite{Szilard:1949:AFS}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1963:HLB,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "How to Live with the Bomb --- and Survive",
  crossref =     "Grodzins:1963:AAS",
  pages =        "217--243",
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 03 05:56:24 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Reprint of \cite{Szilard:1960:HLB}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1963:PPU,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "A Petition to the {President of the United States}",
  crossref =     "Grodzins:1963:AAS",
  pages =        "28--29",
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 03 05:56:24 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Original version 17 July 1945.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Szilard:1963:SDU,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "{Die Stimme der Delphine: utopische Erz{\"a}hlungen}.
                 ({German}) [{The} Voice of the Dolphins: Utopian
                 Narrative]",
  publisher =    "Rowohlt",
  address =      "Reinbek bei Hamburg, Germany",
  pages =        "135",
  year =         "1963",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 17:16:44 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "Translation from English by Horst D{\"o}lvers.",
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1963:TT,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "To Test or Not to Test",
  crossref =     "Grodzins:1963:AAS",
  pages =        "342--347",
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 03 05:56:24 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Reprint of \cite{Szilard:1960:SS}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1964:DET,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "On the Decrease of Entropy in a Thermodynamic System
                 by the Intervention of Intelligent Beings",
  journal =      "Behavioral Science",
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "301--310",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "????",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bs.3830090402",
  ISSN =         "0005-7940 (print), 1932-300X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0005-7940",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 08:58:52 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  abstract =     "In memory of Leo Szilard, who passed away on May 30,
                 1964, we present an English translation of his
                 classical paper {\em {\"U}ber die Entropieverminderung
                 in einem thermodynamischen System bei Eingriffen
                 intelligenter Wesen}, which appeared in the Zeitschrift
                 f{\"u}r Physik, 1929, 53, 840--856. The publication in
                 this journal of this translation was approved by Dr.
                 Szilard before he died, but he never saw the copy. At
                 Mrs. Szilard's request, Dr. Carl Eckart revised the
                 translation.\par

                 This is one of the earliest, if not the earliest paper,
                 in which the relations of physical entropy to
                 information (in the sense of modem mathematical theory
                 of communication) were rigorously demonstrated and in
                 which Maxwell's famous demon was successfully
                 exorcised: a milestone in the integration of physical
                 and cognitive concepts.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Szilard:1964:DSD,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Delfinernes stemme. ({Danish}) [{Voice} of the
                 dolphins]",
  publisher =    "Steen Hasselbalch",
  address =      "Copenhagen, Denmark",
  pages =        "156",
  year =         "1964",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 30 10:36:46 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Danish translation by Michael Tejn of
                 \cite{Szilard:1961:VDO}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Danish",
}

@Article{Szilard:1964:MDV,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "``Minimal Deterrent'' vs. Saturation Parity",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "6--12",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 10:56:00 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1964:MR,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "On Memory and Recall",
  journal =      j-PROC-NATL-ACAD-SCI-USA,
  volume =       "51",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "1092--1099",
  day =          "15",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "PNASA6",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.51.6.1092",
  ISSN =         "0027-8424 (print), 1091-6490 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0027-8424",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 16:16:52 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/72122;
                 http://www.pnas.org/content/51/6/1092.full.pdf+html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the
                 United States of America",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.pnas.org/search",
  remark =       "This is Szilard's last paper, completed just before
                 his death on May 30, 1964 in La Jolla, CA, USA.",
}

@Article{Szilard:1965:SBS,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The ``Sting of the Bee'' in Saturation Parity",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "8--13",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 10:53:40 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Szilard:1968:R,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and Kathleen R. Winsor",
  title =        "Reminiscences",
  journal =      "Perspectives in American History",
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1968",
  ISSN =         "0079-0990",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 11:16:45 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1969:R,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  editor =       "Bernard Bailyn and Fleming Donald",
  booktitle =    "The Intellectual Immigration: Europe and America,
                 1930-1960",
  title =        "Reminiscences",
  publisher =    pub-HARVARD,
  address =      pub-HARVARD:adr,
  pages =        "94--151",
  year =         "1969",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 09:17:15 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://alsos.wlu.edu/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  abstract =     "This chapter from a book about immigration of
                 intellectuals to America presents physicist Leo
                 Szilard's spoken memoirs. They start with his leaving
                 Germany and end with the use of the atomic bomb against
                 Japan. Descriptions of Szilard's troubles finding a job
                 and financial difficulties are interspersed with his
                 moments of discovery, such as the realization of the
                 requirements for a chain reaction, which reveal the
                 mindset of a theoretical physicist. Szilard's time at
                 the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory is humorously
                 described while including details of the important work
                 done there. The autobiography shows mundane aspects of
                 Manhattan Project scientists and intellectual
                 immigrants and reveals the social aspect of Szilard's
                 life. Appendices contain important letters written by
                 Szilard, including his petition to the U.S. President
                 to not use the atomic bomb against Japan. Endnotes give
                 informative additional details.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Feld:1972:CWL,
  editor =       "Bernard T. Feld and Gertrud Weiss Szilard",
  title =        "The collected works of {Leo Szilard}",
  publisher =    pub-MIT,
  address =      pub-MIT:adr,
  pages =        "xxii + 737",
  year =         "1972--1978",
  ISBN =         "0-262-06039-6",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-262-06039-4",
  LCCN =         "QC3 .S97",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://alsos.wlu.edu/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "With Kathleen R. Winsor. Foreword by Jacques Monod.
                 Introductory essays by Carl Eckart and others.",
  abstract =     "This book presents all of Leo Szilard's scientific and
                 technical papers published between 1925 and 1964, and a
                 selection of his unpublished reports. The papers are
                 topically organized: physics, including thermodynamics,
                 X-ray effects in crystals, and nuclear physics
                 (1925--1939); the Manhattan Project, including
                 declassified papers and some correspondence
                 (1940--1945); biology (1949--1964); and patent
                 applications (1925--1964). The book also has a
                 biography and photographs from different periods of
                 Szilard's life. The introductions to the sections and
                 the foreword were written by Szilard's scientific
                 colleagues. Some of the papers are in German. Although
                 the work does not include Szilard's memorabilia, his
                 general and political works, or his fiction, it is
                 useful to people seeking a detailed view of the
                 brilliant and complex man's scientific life.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "English and German",
  subject =      "physics; biology",
  tableofcontents = "v. 1. Scientific papers. \\
                 v. 2. Leo Szilard, his version of the facts",
}

@Article{Szilard:1976:ERT,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "On entropy reduction in a thermodynamic system by
                 interference by intelligent subjects",
  journal =      "Zhurnal Physik",
  volume =       "53",
  pages =        "840--856",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Translation into English from {\em Zeitschrift f{\"u}r
                 Phys. (West Germany)}, v. 53, 1929 p. 840--856
                 \cite{Szilard:1929:EET}.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1976ZhPhy..53..840S",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "entropy, human performance, thermodynamics, enthalpy,
                 kinetic theory, nervous system, numerical analysis",
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1976:PCL,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Petition Circulated by {Leo Szilard} to Oppose {U.S.}
                 Use of Atomic Bomb Against {Japan}, {July 17, 1945}",
  crossref =     "Blumberg:1976:ECL",
  pages =        "459--460",
  year =         "1976",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 16 18:59:55 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Weart:1976:SS,
  author =       "Spencer R. Weart",
  title =        "Scientists with a secret",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "23--30",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3023312",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jul 30 11:44:42 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.physicstoday.org/resource/1/phtoad/v29/i2/p23_s1",
  abstract =     "While the Nazi war machine was gearing up, a few
                 physicists realized that a fission chain reaction was
                 feasible --- would they be able to get all groups to
                 agree to hold back publication?",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1978:ABP,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Atomic Bombs and the Postwar Position of the {United
                 States} in the World",
  crossref =     "Weart:1978:LSH",
  pages =        "196--204",
  year =         "1978",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 04 14:42:36 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1978:MPI,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Memorandum of possible industrial applications arising
                 on a new branch of physics",
  crossref =     "Weart:1978:LSH",
  pages =        "39--??",
  year =         "1978",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 04 14:42:36 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "The memo, written on 28 June 1934, notes ``The
                 production of energy [from artificial radioactivity]
                 and its use for power production would be possible on
                 such a large scale and probably with so little cost
                 that a sort of industrial revolution could be
                 expected.''.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1979:SLC,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "Some Links in the Chain",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "82",
  number =       "1157",
  pages =        "738--740",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "NWSCAL",
  ISSN =         "0262-4079",
  ISSN-L =       "0262-4079",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:56:11 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02624079",
}

@Book{Szilard:1980:LSH,
  author =       "Leo Szilard and Spencer R. Weart and Gertrud Weiss
                 Szilard",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}, his version of the facts: selected
                 recollections and correspondence",
  volume =       "1",
  publisher =    pub-MIT,
  address =      pub-MIT:adr,
  edition =      "First paperback printing",
  pages =        "xxii + 244",
  year =         "1980",
  ISBN =         "0-262-69070-5 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-262-69070-6 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 15:34:35 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  series =       "The Collected works of Leo Szilard",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1979lshv.book.....W",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1898--1964",
  subject =      "Szilard, Leo; Colecciones de escritos; F\'isicos;
                 Estados Unidos",
  subject-dates = "1898--1964",
}

@Book{Szilard:1981:SDS,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "{Die Stimme der Delphine:
                 Science-fiction-Erz{\"a}hlungen}. ({German}) [{The}
                 Voice of the Dolphins: science fiction narrative]",
  volume =       "53",
  publisher =    "Suhrkamp",
  address =      "Frankfurt am Main, Germany",
  pages =        "112",
  year =         "1981",
  ISBN =         "3-518-37203-3",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-518-37203-6",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 26 17:54:21 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 tolk.hebis.de:210/hebis",
  series =       "Suhrkamp-Taschenbuch",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
}

@Book{Szilard:1985:CSC,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "La coscienza si chiama {Hiroshima}: dossier sulla
                 bomba atomica. ({Italian}) [{Consciousness} is called
                 {Hiroshima}: file on the atomic bomb]",
  publisher =    "Editori riuniti",
  address =      "Roma, Italy",
  pages =        "x + 278",
  year =         "1985",
  ISBN =         "88-359-2812-5",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-88-359-2812-6",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 17:07:04 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Edited by Spencer Weart and Gertrud Wiess Szilard.
                 Preface by Carlo Bernardini.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Italian",
}

@Article{Szilard:1985:CCC,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "Carnival Consciousness and Carnivalization",
  journal =      "Russian Literature",
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "151--175",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1985",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-3479(85)90044-4",
  ISSN =         "0304-3479",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:56:11 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Szilard:1985:MML,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "{Menippus} and Modern Literature",
  journal =      "Russian Literature",
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "61--70",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1985",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3479(85)80022-3",
  ISSN =         "0304-3479",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:56:11 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Russian Literature",
}

@Article{Szilard:1986:OO,
  author =       "L. Szilard",
  title =        "Ornamentation and Ornamentalism",
  journal =      "Russian Literature",
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "65--78",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1986",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-3479(86)90048-7",
  ISSN =         "0304-3479",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:56:11 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "Is this a different Szilard, or a reprint of an older
                 article??",
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1987:DSA,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Draft of a Statement about {Edward Teller} ({August
                 23, 1963})",
  crossref =     "Hawkins:1987:TLW",
  pages =        "405--406",
  year =         "1987",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 11 21:33:56 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Szilard:1992:VDO,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The voice of the dolphins and other stories",
  publisher =    pub-STANFORD,
  address =      pub-STANFORD:adr,
  edition =      "Expanded",
  pages =        "vi + 182",
  year =         "1992",
  ISBN =         "0-8047-1753-2, 0-8047-1754-0",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-8047-1753-3, 978-0-8047-1754-0",
  LCCN =         "PS3569.Z5 V65 1992",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 7 11:53:39 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://alsos.wlu.edu/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  price =        "US\$20.00, US\$8.95",
  series =       "Stanford nuclear age series",
  abstract =     "This book by physicist Leo Szilard contains six short
                 stories that caution against the proliferation and use
                 of nuclear weapons. In ``Voice of the Dolphins,'' the
                 Vienna Institute discovers ways of communicating with
                 dolphins, which are found to be of superior
                 intelligence to humans. The dolphins predict
                 American--Soviet conflicts in the nuclear arms race,
                 leading to safeguards and disarmament. Other short
                 stories include ``My Trial as a War Criminal,'' ``The
                 Mark Gable Foundation,'' ``Calling All Stars,''
                 ``Report on 'Grand Central Terminal,''' and ``The Mined
                 Cities.'' A lengthy introduction by historian Barton J.
                 Bernstein provides an extended biographical sketch of
                 Szilard, especially his involvement in the nuclear
                 program of the United States and his subsequent efforts
                 for peace in the nuclear age.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Essays and short stories by the one who convinced
                 Albert Einstein to write his famous letter to President
                 Franklin D. Roosevelt about the possibility of building
                 an atomic bomb.",
  subject =      "Science fiction, American",
}

@Article{Szilard:1998:EKT,
  author =       "Szil{\'a}rd{ }Le{\'o}",
  title =        "{{\'E}}rz{\'e}keny kisebbs{\'e}g a
                 tud{\'o}st{\'a}rsadalomban. ({Hungarian}) [{The}
                 sensitive minority among men of science]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Szilard:1998:LSH,
  author =       "Szil{\'a}rd{ }Le{\'o}",
  title =        "Lev{\'e}l {Szt{\'a}linhoz}. ({Hungarian}) [{Letter} to
                 {Stalin}]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@InCollection{Szilard:1998:SMA,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "The Sensitive Minority among Men of Science",
  crossref =     "Marx:1998:LSC",
  pages =        "176--184",
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 11 21:31:50 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Dinner lecture at Brandeis University, Los Angeles,
                 December 8, 1954.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Szilard:2003:GCT,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Grand central terminal: rapporto da un pianeta
                 estinto. ({Italian}) [{Grand Central Terminal}: report
                 from an extinct planet]",
  publisher =    "Orecchio acerbo",
  address =      "Roma, Italy",
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "2003",
  ISBN =         "88-900693-9-2",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-88-900693-9-0",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 17:03:15 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Italian",
}

@Book{Szilard:2004:VDI,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "La voce dei delfini. ({Italian}) [{The} Voice of the
                 Dolphins]",
  publisher =    "L'ancora del mediterraneo",
  address =      "Napoli, Italy",
  pages =        "127",
  year =         "2004",
  ISBN =         "88-8325-145-8",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-88-8325-145-0",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 17:05:25 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Italian",
}

@Book{Szilard:2005:DHH,
  author =       "Szil{\'a}rd{ }Le{\'o}",
  title =        "A delfinek hangja. ({Hungarian}) [{The} voice of
                 dolphins]",
  publisher =    "Kairosz",
  address =      "Budapest, Hungary",
  pages =        "124",
  year =         "2005",
  ISBN =         "963-9568-95-3",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-963-9568-95-2",
  LCCN =         "PS3569.Z5 V6515 2005",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@InCollection{Szilard:2007:CWA,
  author =       "Leo Szilard",
  title =        "Can we avert an arms race by an inspection system?",
  crossref =     "Masters:2007:OWN",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "2007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 15:09:14 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%%     Part 2 (of 3) --- publications about Leo Szilard, or his work
%%%
%%% Entries are sorted by year, and then by citation label, with
%%% `bibsort --byyear':

@Article{Anderson:1939:PNU,
  author =       "H. L. Anderson and E. Fermi and H. B. Hanstein",
  title =        "Production of Neutrons in Uranium Bombarded by
                 Neutrons",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV,
  volume =       "55",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "797--798",
  day =          "15",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.55.797.2",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 16 15:06:18 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://publish.aps.org/search;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v55/i8/p797_2",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "http://prola.aps.org/browse/PR",
  remark =       "This paper appeared near entry \cite{Szilard:1939:IEF}
                 in the same journal issue (separated by one unrelated
                 paper). The two papers describe work from the Fermi
                 research group at Columbia University to find out how
                 many neutrons were omitted in the fission of uranium,
                 with the goal of determining whether a sustained
                 nuclear chain reaction was possible.",
}

@Article{Rabinowitch:1946:BH,
  author =       "Eugene Rabinowitch",
  title =        "Before {Hiroshima}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "1--1",
  day =          "1",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1946",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 12 16:40:59 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Martin:1948:LEH,
  author =       "Abram V. Martin",
  title =        "Letter to the {Editors}: How to Implement {Dr.
                 Szilard}'s Proposal to {Mr. Stalin}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "80--80",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1948",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Tue Nov 05 06:48:18 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Leo Szilard",
}

@Article{Compton:1948:PSC,
  author =       "Arthur H. Compton and Farrington Daniels",
  title =        "A Poll of Scientists at {Chicago, July 1945}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "44, 63",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1948",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 23 06:32:55 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  abstract =     "In order to show how scientists felt about the
                 employment and control of atomic energy prior to
                 Hiroshima, the \booktitle{Bulletin}, Vol. 1, No. 10,
                 [\cite{Franck:1946:RSW}] published a report made to the
                 War Department on June 11, 1945 by a Committee on
                 Social and Political Implications, under the
                 chairmanship of Dr. James Franck; a Memorandum on
                 Atomic Bombs and the Postwar Position of the United
                 States, prepared by Dr. Leo Szilard in March 1948,
                 appeared in the \booktitle{Bulletin}, Vol. 3, No. 12.
                 The poll take at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory
                 in July 1945, is here described by its sponsors for the
                 first time; this account corrects a slightly inaccurate
                 summary in the editorial that accompanied the Franck
                 Report.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1950:CSA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Correction to {Szilard} article",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "152--152",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 25 06:25:28 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  remark =       "See April 1950 issue.",
}

@Article{Aron:1950:ABE,
  author =       "Raymond Aron",
  title =        "The Atomic Bomb and {Europe}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "110--114, 125",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 04 18:51:59 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Leo Szilard",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1955:PIF,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Patent is Issued on First Reactor; {Fermi--Szilard}
                 Invention Gets Recognition --- {A. E. C.} Holds
                 Ownership",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  pages =        "19--19",
  day =          "19",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 06 16:31:53 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "See entry \cite{Fermi:1955:NRa} for the patent.",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/113334584/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
}

@Article{Fowler:1955:LED,
  author =       "Harold S. Fowler",
  title =        "Letter to the Editor: [{Disarmament} and the Problem
                 of Peace]",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "380--381",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Nov 04 12:17:43 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Szilard:1955:DPP}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Leo Szilard",
}

@Book{Compton:1956:AQP,
  author =       "Arthur Holly Compton",
  title =        "Atomic quest, a personal narrative",
  publisher =    pub-OXFORD,
  address =      pub-OXFORD:adr,
  pages =        "xix + 370",
  year =         "1956",
  LCCN =         "QC773.A1 C65",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 23 16:50:56 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/born-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/slater-john-clarke.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1892--1962",
  remark-1 =     "The author directed the Metallurgical Laboratory at
                 the University of Chicago under the Manhattan Project.
                 His pseudonym there was A. H. Comas.",
  remark-2 =     "Some counts of mentions of people (mainly scientists)
                 are: Bethe (0), Bohr (14), Born (3), Breit (10),
                 Compton (26), Condon (4), Dirac (0), Einstein (25),
                 Fermi (89), Feynman (0), Franck (28), Groves (95),
                 Heisenberg (8), Oppenheimer (36), Roosevelt (24),
                 Slater (2), Szilard (21), Teller (5), Ulam (0), Wigner
                 (27), von Neumann (0).",
  subject =      "nuclear energy; history; atomic bomb",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1957:PCS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "The {Pugwash Conference}: Statement",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "249--250",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1957",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 27 08:27:10 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "``The release of the following statement with the
                 three committee reports was approved by all the
                 above-listed participants, with the exception of Dr.
                 Foster, who objected to the Report of Committee II and
                 Dr. Szilard, who objected to those of Committees I and
                 II.''",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Anker:1960:PBM,
  author =       "H. S. Anker",
  title =        "A Possible Biochemical Mechanism for Memory",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "188",
  number =       "4754",
  pages =        "938--938",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 09:03:51 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  keywords =     "Leo Szilard",
}

@Article{Puck:1960:LSS,
  author =       "Theodore Thomas Puck",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} and the science of the twentieth
                 century",
  journal =      "Humanist",
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "195--200",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1960",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 08:21:35 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  xxnote =       "What journal is this?? The name is too common to find
                 easily, and the ones I found began long before 1957.",
}

@Article{Rabinowitch:1960:IBL,
  author =       "Eugene I. Rabinowitch",
  title =        "[Introduction to \booktitle{How to Live with the Bomb
                 --- and Survive}]",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "58--58",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 28 10:27:37 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Szilard:1960:HLB}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Smith:1960:EDS,
  author =       "Alice Kimball Smith",
  title =        "The Elusive {Dr. Szilard}",
  journal =      j-HARPERS-MAG,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "77--86",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "HAMAA3",
  ISSN =         "1045-7143",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:37:48 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Harper's Magazine",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1961:CIL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Close-up: '{I}'m Looking for a Market For Wisdom:'
                 {Leo Szilard}, Scientist",
  journal =      "Life",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "75--79",
  day =          "1",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1961",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Hutchins:1961:BBV,
  author =       "Robert M. Hutchins",
  title =        "Books: {{\booktitle{The Voice of the Dolphins}}, by
                 Leo Szilard}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "290--290",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 28 17:00:26 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1964:SIB,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Salk Institute for Biological Studies: Dr. Leo
                 Szilard}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "202",
  number =       "4929",
  pages =        "238--239",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/202238d0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1964Natur.202T.238.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Coffin:1964:LSC,
  author =       "Tristram Coffin",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: The Conscience of a Scientist",
  journal =      "Holiday",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "64--67, 92--99",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1964",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:40:29 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Langer:1964:SPC,
  author =       "E. Langer",
  title =        "Scientists in Politics: {Council} Founded by {Szilard}
                 Brings Cash and Sophistication to Lobbying",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "145",
  number =       "3632",
  pages =        "561--563",
  day =          "7",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.145.3632.561",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Rabinowitch:1964:JFL,
  author =       "Eugene Rabinowitch",
  title =        "{James Franck 1882--1964, Leo Szilard 1898--1964}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "16--20",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:42:34 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Rosenfeld:1964:WLS,
  author =       "Albert Rosenfeld",
  title =        "This was {Leo Szilard}: Remembrance of a Genius",
  journal =      "Life",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "31",
  day =          "12",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1964",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:41:28 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Shils:1964:LSM,
  author =       "Edward Shils",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}, a Memoir",
  journal =      "Encounter",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "35--41",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1964",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:43:30 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.unz.org/Pub/Encounter;
                 http://www.unz.org/Pub/Encounter-1964dec-00035?View=PDF",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "The magazine was published from 1953 to 1991; the
                 archives at the Web site are inconveniently available
                 only one page at a time.",
}

@Article{Hartshorne:1965:LES,
  author =       "Charles Hartshorne",
  title =        "Letter to the {Editor}: {Szilard} and the Realities of
                 Life",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "35--35",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 01 15:20:57 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Mandelbrot:1965:LSU,
  author =       "Beno{\^\i}t Mandelbrot",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} and unique decipherability",
  journal =      j-IEEE-TRANS-INF-THEORY,
  volume =       "IT-11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "455--456",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "IETTAW",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIT.1965.1053782",
  ISSN =         "0018-9448 (print), 1557-9654 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9448",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 10 17:44:49 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/mandelbrot-benoit.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "IEEE Transactions on Information Theory",
  received =     "1 February 1965",
}

@Book{Smith:1965:PHS,
  author =       "Alice Kimball Smith",
  title =        "A peril and a hope; the scientists' movement in
                 {America}, 1945--47",
  publisher =    pub-U-CHICAGO,
  address =      pub-U-CHICAGO:adr,
  pages =        "xiv + 591",
  year =         "1965",
  LCCN =         "Q127.U6 S6",
  bibdate =      "Sat Oct 8 08:46:18 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "The full (though possibly censored) Franck Report is
                 reprinted in an Appendix.",
  subject =      "Science; United States; Atomic bomb",
}

@Book{Haberer:1969:PCS,
  author =       "Joseph Haberer",
  title =        "Politics and the Community of Science",
  publisher =    pub-VAN-NOSTRAND-REINHOLD,
  address =      pub-VAN-NOSTRAND-REINHOLD:adr,
  pages =        "vi + 337",
  year =         "1969",
  LCCN =         "Q125 .H23 1969",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 6 07:36:42 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Edward Teller; Enrico Fermi; Hans
                 Bethe; J. Robert Oppenheimer; Niels Bohr; Werner
                 Heisenberg",
  subject =      "Science and state; Science and civilization",
}

@Article{Wigner:1969:LSF,
  author =       "E. P. Wigner",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard, February 11, 1898--May 30, 1964}",
  journal =      j-BIOGR-MEM-NAT-ACAD-SCI,
  volume =       "40",
  pages =        "335--347",
  year =         "1969",
  CODEN =        "BMNSAC",
  ISSN =         "0077-2933",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 09:57:52 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  URL =          "http://books.nap.edu/html/biomems/lszilard.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Biographical memoirs --- National Academy of Sciences
                 of the United States of America",
}

@Book{Segre:1970:EFPb,
  author =       "Emilio Segr{\`e}",
  title =        "{Enrico Fermi}: physicist",
  publisher =    pub-U-CHICAGO,
  address =      pub-U-CHICAGO:adr,
  pages =        "x + 276",
  year =         "1970",
  ISBN =         "0-226-74472-8",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-226-74472-8",
  LCCN =         "QC16.F46 S4",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 23 11:20:59 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/majorana-ettore.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Fermi, Enrico",
  subject-dates = "1901--1954",
}

@Book{Smith:1970:PHS,
  author =       "Alice Kimball Smith",
  title =        "A peril and a hope; the scientists' movement in
                 {America}, 1945--47",
  publisher =    pub-MIT,
  address =      pub-MIT:adr,
  pages =        "xvi + 398",
  year =         "1970",
  ISBN =         "0-262-69026-8",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-262-69026-3",
  LCCN =         "Q127.U6 S6 1971",
  bibdate =      "Thu Dec 15 06:54:02 MST 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "The full (though possibly censored) Franck Report is
                 reprinted on pages 371--383.",
  subject =      "Science; United States; Atomic bomb",
}

@Article{Zeisel:1970:CS,
  author =       "Hans Zeisel",
  title =        "Communications: On {Szilard}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "41--41",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Oct 05 07:13:49 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Book{Esterer:1972:PAA,
  author =       "Arnulf K. Esterer and Louise A. Esterer",
  booktitle =    "Prophet of the atomic age: {Leo Szilard}",
  title =        "Prophet of the atomic age: {Leo Szilard}",
  publisher =    "Julian Messner",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "189",
  year =         "1972",
  ISBN =         "0-671-32522-1 (hardcover), 0-671-32523-X (MCE)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-671-32522-0 (hardcover), 978-0-671-32523-7
                 (MCE)",
  LCCN =         "QC16.S95 E83",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 15:08:07 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Szilard, Leo",
}

@Article{Gabor:1973:BBC,
  author =       "Dennis Gabor",
  title =        "Books: {{\booktitle{The Collected Works of Leo
                 Szilard, Scientific Papers}}, edited by Bernard T. Feld
                 and Gertrud Weiss Szilard}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "51--52",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Oct 07 06:15:48 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Rotblat:1973:SFL,
  author =       "J. {Rotblat}",
  title =        "The Sixteen Faces of {Leo Szilard}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "242",
  number =       "5392",
  pages =        "67--68",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/242067a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973Natur.242...67R",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Anderson:1974:AOTa,
  author =       "Herbert L. Anderson",
  title =        "``All in our Time'': The Legacy of {Fermi} and
                 {Szilard}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "56--62",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 21 11:10:58 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "Continued in \cite{Anderson:1974:AOTb}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Anderson:1974:AOTb,
  author =       "Herbert L. Anderson",
  title =        "``All in our Time'': {Fermi}, {Szilard}, and
                 {Trinity}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "40--47",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 21 11:15:13 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See also part 1 \cite{Anderson:1974:AOTa}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goldberg:1974:BRB,
  author =       "Stanley Goldberg",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The Collected Works of Leo
                 Szilard. Volume I: Scientific Papers}} by Bernard T.
                 Feld; Gertrud Weiss Szilard}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "65",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "425--426",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 21:29:12 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/i302309;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1970.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/228993",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
}

@Article{Weinberg:1974:BRB,
  author =       "Alvin M. Weinberg",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The Collected Works of Leo
                 Szilard: Scientific Papers}, edited by Bernard T. Feld
                 and Gertrude Weiss Szilard}}",
  journal =      j-AMER-J-PHYSICS,
  volume =       "42",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "261--263",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "AJPIAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.1987668",
  ISSN =         "0002-9505",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1974AmJPh..42..261F;
                 http://ajp.aapt.org/resource/1/ajpias/v42/i3/p261_s1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Journal of Physics",
}

@Article{Steiner:1975:BAS,
  author =       "A. Steiner",
  title =        "Baptism of Atomic Scientists",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "21--28",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1975",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 17:28:28 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Arthur H. Compton; Franck Report; Harry S. Truman;
                 Henry L. Stimson; J. Robert Oppenheimer; James B.
                 Conant; James Franck; Leo Szilard; Vannevar Bush",
}

@Article{Wood:1975:NLS,
  author =       "D. Wood",
  title =        "Note on {Lindenmayer} Systems, {Szilard} Languages,
                 Spectra, and Equivalence",
  journal =      j-INT-J-COMPUT-INF-SCI,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "53--62",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1975",
  CODEN =        "IJCIAH",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00976218",
  ISSN =         "0091-7036",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "International Journal of Computer and Information
                 Sciences",
}

@Article{York:1975:SAT,
  author =       "Herbert F. York",
  title =        "Sounders of the alarm: Thirty years of attempts to
                 bring the world to grips with the perpetual menace to
                 human security",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "43--45",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1975",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 08 10:28:22 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Bernard Baruch; J. Robert Oppenheimer; Leo Szilard;
                 Niels Bohr",
}

@Book{Bernstein:1976:ABC,
  editor =       "Barton J. Bernstein",
  title =        "The Atomic Bomb: The Critical Issues",
  publisher =    pub-LITTLE-BROWN,
  address =      pub-LITTLE-BROWN:adr,
  pages =        "xix + 169",
  year =         "1976",
  LCCN =         "E183 .A85",
  bibdate =      "Thu Mar 29 18:22:40 MDT 2007",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "Critical issues in American history series",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "United States; Foreign relations; 1945--1953; Nuclear
                 warfare; Moral and ethical aspects; Atomic bomb;
                 History",
  tableofcontents = "The official explanation: statement and challenge
                 \\
                 Stimson, H. L.: The decision to use the atomic bomb \\
                 We were anxious to get the war over: an interview with
                 James F. Byrnes \\
                 The interim committee discusses the bomb: minutes of
                 May 31, 1945 \\
                 Scientists petition the government: the Franck
                 Committee report \\
                 Grew, J.: The war could have been ended without the
                 bomb \\
                 Was the bomb necessary? \\
                 Baldwin, H. W.: The atomic bomb, the penalty of
                 expediency \\
                 Morison, S. E.: Why Japan surrendered \\
                 United States Strategic Bombing Survey. Japan's
                 struggle to end the war \\
                 Why was the bomb used? \\
                 Feis, H.: The atomic bomb and the end of World War II
                 \\
                 Alperovitz, G.: Atomic diplomacy \\
                 Kolko, G.: The politics of war: the war with Japan \\
                 Bernstein, B. J.: The atomic bomb and American foreign
                 policy: the route to Hiroshima \\
                 Atomic diplomacy and the moral significance of
                 Hiroshima \\
                 Ulam, A.: Re-reading the cold war: revising the
                 revisionists \\
                 Rose, L.: The atomic dilemma and atomic diplomacy \\
                 Bernstein, B. J.: Atomic diplomacy and the cold war \\
                 Herken, G. F.: Atomic diplomacy reversed and revised
                 \\
                 Macdonald, D.: The bomb: the decline to barbarism",
}

@Book{Herbig:1976:KDA,
  author =       "Jost Herbig",
  title =        "{Kettenreaktion: das Drama der Atomphysiker}.
                 ({German}) [{Nuclear} reaction: the drama of the
                 nuclear physicist]",
  publisher =    "Hanser-Verlag",
  address =      "M{\"u}nchen, Germany",
  pages =        "514 + 8",
  year =         "1976",
  ISBN =         "????",
  ISBN-13 =      "????",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Oct 12 11:54:09 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  note =         "Neumann J{\'a}nos (1903--1957), Teller{ }Ede
                 (1908--2003), Szil{\'a}rd{ }Le{\'o} (1898-1964),
                 Wigner{ }Jen{\H{o}} (1902--1995)",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Kriegel:1976:FTS,
  author =       "H. P. Kriegel and H. A. Maurer",
  title =        "Formal Translations and {Szilard} Languages",
  journal =      j-INF-CONTROL,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "187--198",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "IFCNA4",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0019-9958(76)90341-7",
  ISSN =         "0019-9958",
  ISSN-L =       "0019-9958",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Information and Control",
}

@Article{Maurer:1976:SLL,
  author =       "H. A. Maurer and D. Wood",
  editor =       "Aristid Lindenmayer and Grzegorz Rozenberg",
  title =        "{Szilard} Languages of {Lindenmayer} Systems",
  journal =      "Automata, Languages, Development",
  publisher =    pub-NORTH-HOLLAND,
  address =      pub-NORTH-HOLLAND:adr,
  pages =        "251--261",
  year =         "1976",
  ISBN =         "0-7204-0474-6; 0-444-11118-2",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-7204-0474-6; 978-0-444-11118-0",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  bookpages =    "viii + 529",
}

@Article{Crespireghizzi:1977:PNS,
  author =       "S. Crespireghizzi and D. Mandrioli",
  title =        "{Petri} Nets and {Szilard} Languages",
  journal =      j-INF-CONTROL,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "177--192",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1977",
  CODEN =        "IFCNA4",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0019-9958(77)90558-7",
  ISSN =         "0019-9958",
  ISSN-L =       "0019-9958",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Information and Control",
}

@Article{Feld:1978:DD,
  author =       "Bernard T. Feld",
  title =        "The dilemma of deterrence",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "12--13",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1978",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 11:25:29 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  abstract =     "February 11, 1978 was the 80th anniversary of the
                 birth of Leo Szilard, one of the most important
                 spiritual and intellectual leaders of the post-World
                 War II scientists movement that spawned the
                 \emph{Bulletin}. Having been personally responsible,
                 perhaps more than any other individual, for the
                 American achievement of the Atomic Bomb, Leo spent the
                 rest of his life in pursuit of a world order that would
                 guarantee that it would never again be used.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1979:ELSa,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Excerpts: {Leo Szilard}: His version of the facts",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "37--40",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 09:52:14 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1979:ELSb,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Excerpts: {Leo Szilard}: His version of the facts:
                 {Part II}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "55--59",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 09:52:14 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1979:LSH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: His Version of the Facts",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "28--32",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1979:PFL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Part Four: {Leo Szilard}: His Version of the Facts",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "34--35",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Bullard:1979:SHB,
  author =       "Edward Bullard",
  title =        "{Szilard} and his bomb",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "278",
  number =       "5701",
  pages =        "285--286",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/278285a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Book review of \cite{Szilard:1980:LSH}.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1979Natur.278..285B",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Duske:1979:SLI,
  author =       "J. Duske and R. Parchmann and J. Specht",
  title =        "{Szilard} Languages of {IO}-Grammars",
  journal =      j-INF-CONTROL,
  volume =       "40",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "319--331",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "IFCNA4",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0019-9958(79)90808-8",
  ISSN =         "0019-9958",
  ISSN-L =       "0019-9958",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Information and Control",
}

@Article{Joravsky:1979:SLH,
  author =       "D. Joravsky",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} --- His Version of the Facts",
  journal =      j-NEW-YORK-REV-BOOKS,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "34--39",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1979",
  ISSN =         "0028-7504",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-7504",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Review of Books",
}

@Article{Povh:1979:ESP,
  author =       "I. L. Povh and A. D. Barinberg",
  title =        "From the {Einstein--Szilard} Patent to Modern
                 Magnetohydrodynamics",
  journal =      "Impact of Science on Society",
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "49--60",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1979",
  ISSN =         "0019-2872",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Allibone:1980:DGJ,
  author =       "T. E. Allibone",
  title =        "{Dennis Gabor. 5 June 1900--9 February 1979}",
  journal =      j-BIOGRAPH-MEMOIRS-FELLOWS-ROY-SOC,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "106--147",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "BMFRA3",
  ISSN =         "0080-4606 (print), 1748-8494 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0080-4606",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 12:01:51 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "This memoir discusses Leo Szilard's unsuccessful
                 attempt to convince his close friend Dennis Gabor
                 (G{\'a}bor D{\'e}nes in Hungarian) to build the
                 electronic microscope that Szilard had invented.",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/769781",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society",
}

@Article{Hughes:1980:SLH,
  author =       "P. S. Hughes",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} --- His Version of the Facts",
  journal =      "Contemporary Sociology --- a Journal of Reviews",
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "551--552",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1980",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2066267",
  ISSN =         "0094-3061",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Lifton:1980:PNW,
  author =       "Robert Jay Lifton",
  title =        "The prevention of nuclear war",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "38--43",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 29 11:27:15 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Broda:1981:CBJ}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Joliot-Curie; Leo Szilard",
}

@Article{Phillips:1980:SLH,
  author =       "M. Phillips",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} --- His Version of the Facts",
  journal =      "Science \& Society",
  volume =       "44",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "87--89",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1980",
  ISSN =         "0036-8237",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Broda:1981:CBJ,
  author =       "Englebert Broda and Robert Jay Lifton",
  title =        "Commentary: On behalf of {Joliot}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "37",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "61--61",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 29 18:20:56 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Lifton:1980:PNW}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Joliot-Curie; Leo Szilard",
  remark =       "Discussion of Szilard's attempt to get Allied nuclear
                 physicists to suppress publication of their research
                 just before, and during, World War II, and Joliot's
                 refusal to do so.",
}

@Article{Feld:1981:GWS,
  author =       "Bernard T. Feld",
  title =        "{Gertrud Weiss Szilard, 1909--1981}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "37",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "56--56",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Oct 30 09:55:34 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Council for a Livable World's Education Fund; Leo
                 Szilard; Physicians for Social Responsibility; public
                 health medicine",
}

@Article{Nagy:1981:SFS,
  author =       "L. G. Nagy",
  title =        "{Szilard} Fluid Surface Phenomena Connected with
                 Research",
  journal =      "Kemiai Kozlemenyek",
  volume =       "56",
  number =       "1--2",
  pages =        "139--145",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1981",
  ISSN =         "0022-9814",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Sargent:1982:SLH,
  author =       "B. W. Sargent",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} --- His Version of the Facts",
  journal =      "Queens Quarterly",
  volume =       "89",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "174--177",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1982",
  ISSN =         "0033-6041",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Gruber:1983:MPM,
  author =       "Carol S. Gruber",
  title =        "{Manhattan Project} Maverick: The Case of {Leo
                 Szilard}",
  journal =      "Prologue --- Quarterly of the {National Archives}",
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "73--87",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1983",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:44:48 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Lanouette:1983:DM,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Dream Machine",
  journal =      j-ATLANTIC-MONTHLY,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "35--52, 85--86",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1983",
  ISSN =         "1072-7825 (print), 2151-9463 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1072-7825",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "A 20-page cover story about the history of the nuclear
                 breeder reactor, a power plant designed to make more
                 fuel than it consumes, including Szilard's role both
                 devising and naming the nuclear ``chain reaction'' in
                 1933 and the ``breeder'' in 1943. Letters and author's
                 replies in June, pages 6-7; July, pages 6 \& 8; and
                 August.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "Atlantic Monthly",
  keywords =     "fast breeder reactor",
  remark-1 =     "From page 38: ``According to Alvin Weinberg, a
                 physicist on the Manhattan Project, who later became
                 the director of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory,
                 Szilard gave the breeder its name. The idea, however,
                 was [Princeton University physicist Louis]
                 Turner's.''",
  remark-2 =     "From page 39: ``A different slow-neutron scheme, which
                 Wigner conceived during the war, improved on the
                 light-water format. Wigner suggested that a coolant
                 other than water would avoid the problem of absorption.
                 Weinberg studied molten salt's potential during the
                 1950s, and designed a molten-salt-cooled reactor as a
                 precursor to a breeder in 1957.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 42: ``The fuel in a breeder core is
                 `fundamentally explosive,' Wigner has said; `I don't
                 like the idea of having thousands of pounds of
                 plutonium at one place.'\,''",
  remark-4 =     "From page 52: ``According to Edward Teller, the
                 breeder `was started by famous people who made the
                 atomic bomb. And once you get [an idea like this]
                 started, you cannot stop it. There are vested
                 interests. Not only the vested interests of industry
                 but the vested interests of administrators and
                 politicians who fought for it. And the vested interests
                 of scientists who put their whole lives into it. And
                 they get indignant if you propose an alternative, yet
                 alternatives are there, and we should discuss
                 them.'\,''",
  remark-5 =     "From page 85: ``Bernard Feld, who was Leo Szilard's
                 research assistant on the Manhattan Project and is now
                 a nuclear physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of
                 Technology and the editor in chief of \booktitle{The
                 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists}, has done
                 theoretical work on solar energy. He says, `If, like
                 me, you really feel that fission power is an interim
                 solution to a difficult problem, and that the long-term
                 solution we should be looking for is something
                 involving solar energy, then the breeder looks rather
                 superfluous.'\,''",
}

@Article{Sakharov:1983:MG,
  author =       "Andrei Sakharov",
  title =        "A message from {Gorky}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "39",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # jul,
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Fri Nov 01 08:07:34 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Leo Szilard",
  remark =       "The article begins: ``I am grateful and proud to
                 accept this award, named for a remarkable man and
                 scientist, Leo Szilard. I know of Szilard's outstanding
                 scientific merits and of his public activity, which
                 sprang from his innate, acute feeling of personal
                 responsibility for the fate of mankind on our planet,
                 and for the possible consequences of science's great
                 victories.''",
}

@Article{Teller:1983:SHR,
  author =       "Edward Teller",
  title =        "Seven Hours of Reminiscences",
  journal =      j-LOS-ALAMOS-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "7",
  pages =        "190--195",
  month =        "Winter\slash Spring",
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "LASCDI",
  ISSN =         "0273-7116",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 07 14:56:31 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib",
  URL =          "http://library.lanl.gov/cgi-bin/getfile?07-22.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Los Alamos Science",
  remark =       "This article gives Teller's view of a seven-hour BBC
                 film series about J. Robert Oppenheimer. The article
                 discusses Teller's role in the building of the atomic
                 and hydrogen bombs, and in the discussions about
                 whether to keep the war-time Los Alamos work secret, or
                 publish it. Teller also gives his views of Lewis
                 Strauss, General Leslie Groves, and of Oppenheimer's
                 trustworthiness during the 1953--1954 Atomic Energy
                 Commission hearings on whether or not to revoke
                 Oppenheimer's security clearance. The article also
                 contains reproductions of two letters between Szilard
                 and Teller, one letter redacted and restored (or
                 altered) in three lines, discussing Szilard's July 1954
                 petition to the US President from atomic scientists
                 opposed to the use of the atomic bomb.",
}

@Article{Feld:1984:LSS,
  author =       "Bernard Feld",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}, Scientist for All Seasons",
  journal =      "Social Research",
  volume =       "51",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "675--690",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1984",
  ISSN =         "0037-783X",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 08:52:44 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Makinen:1984:CFS,
  author =       "E. Makinen",
  title =        "On Context-Free and {Szilard}-Languages",
  journal =      j-BIT,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "164--170",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "BITTEL, NBITAB",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01937483",
  ISSN =         "0006-3835",
  ISSN-L =       "0006-3835",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "BIT (Nordisk tidskrift for informationsbehandling)",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/10543",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1985:BBN,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Background Books: Nuclear Power",
  journal =      j-WILSON-Q,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "132--133",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1985",
  ISSN =         "0363-3276",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/40256965",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The Wilson Quarterly (1976--2012)",
}

@Article{Bess:1985:LSS,
  author =       "Michael Bess",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: scientist, activist, visionary",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "41",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "11--18",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 10:44:55 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Book{Boyer:1985:BEL,
  author =       "Paul S. Boyer",
  title =        "By the Bomb's Early Light: {American} Thought and
                 Culture at the Dawn of the {Atomic Age}",
  publisher =    pub-PANTHEON,
  address =      pub-PANTHEON:adr,
  pages =        "xx + 440",
  year =         "1985",
  ISBN =         "0-394-52878-6, 0-394-74767-4",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-394-52878-6, 978-0-394-74767-5",
  LCCN =         "E169.12 .B684 1985",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 8 14:45:28 MDT 2008",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  price =        "US\$22.50",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "United States; civilization; 1945--; atomic bomb;
                 moral and ethical aspects",
}

@Article{Brown:1985:ELP,
  author =       "Harrison Brown",
  title =        "From the {Editors}; Linking past and future",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "41",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "4--7",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:13:26 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Leo Szilard",
  remark =       "1945--1985 40th anniversary issue.",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1985:AE,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Atomic Energy, 1945--1985",
  journal =      j-WILSON-Q,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "90--131",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1985",
  ISSN =         "0363-3276",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "A 43-page history of nuclear power's past and
                 potential, citing Szilard's pivotal role in conceiving
                 the nuclear chain reaction and creating the first
                 nuclear reactor.",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/40256964",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "The Wilson Quarterly (1976--2012)",
  remark =       "Contains numerous mentions of Leo Szilard.",
  xxnote =       "Check: is JSTOR missing the last two pages?? No, pages
                 132--133 are \cite{Anonymous:1985:BBN}.",
  xxpages =      "90--133",
}

@Article{Makinen:1986:HIS,
  author =       "E. Makinen",
  title =        "On Homomorphic Images of {Szilard} Languages",
  journal =      j-INT-J-COMPUT-MATH,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "239--245",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "IJCMAT",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207168608803492",
  ISSN =         "0020-7160",
  ISSN-L =       "0020-7160",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "International Journal of Computer Mathematics",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1987:SLP,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} --- the 1st {Pugwash}",
  journal =      j-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "16",
  pages =        "24--24",
  day =          "29",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1987",
  ISSN =         "0890-3670 (print), 1945-5127 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0890-3670",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from \booktitle{Toward a Livable World, Leo
                 Szilard and the Crusade for Nuclear Arms Control},
                 1987.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The Scientist (Philadelphia, PA)",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.the-scientist.com/",
}

@Article{Bernstein:1987:LSG,
  author =       "B. J. Bernstein",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: Giving peace a chance in the nuclear
                 age",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "40",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "40--47",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.881087",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1987PhT....40i..40B",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Book{Klein:1987:AOH,
  author =       "Georg Klein",
  title =        "{Ateisten och den heliga staden: m{\"o}ten och
                 tankar}. ({Swedish}) [{The} atheist and the holy city:
                 encounters and reflections]",
  publisher =    "Bonnier",
  address =      "Stockholm, Sweden",
  pages =        "248",
  year =         "1987",
  ISBN =         "91-0-047194-1",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-91-0-047194-1",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:49:11 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.bibsys.no:2100/BIBSYS",
  note =         "Includes two chapters on Leo Szilard for the period
                 1955--1964.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Swedish",
  subject =      "Oncology; philosophy",
}

@Article{Lubkin:1987:KEM,
  author =       "E. Lubkin",
  title =        "Keeping the Entropy of Measurement --- {Szilard}
                 Revisited",
  journal =      j-INT-J-THEOR-PHYS,
  volume =       "26",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "523--535",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "IJTPBM",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00670091",
  ISSN =         "0020-7748",
  ISSN-L =       "0020-7748",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "International Journal of Theoretical Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/10773",
}

@Article{Makinen:1987:NIP,
  author =       "E. Makinen",
  title =        "A Note on the Inclusion Problem for {Szilard}
                 Languages",
  journal =      j-INT-J-COMPUT-MATH,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "291--295",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "IJCMAT",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207168708803571",
  ISSN =         "0020-7160",
  ISSN-L =       "0020-7160",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "International Journal of Computer Mathematics",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1988:WLH,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{William Lanouette} on his {Leo Szilard} Biography",
  journal =      j-NEW-HUNG-Q,
  volume =       "XXIX",
  number =       "111",
  pages =        "160--170",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1988",
  DOI =          "",
  ISSN =         "0028-5390",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-5390",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Conversation with Gabor Pallo.",
  URL =          "",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "The New Hungarian Quarterly",
}

@Article{Pallo:1988:LWH,
  author =       "G. Pallo and W. Lanouette",
  title =        "{William Lanouette} on His {Leo Szilard} Biography +
                 Interview",
  journal =      j-NEW-HUNG-Q,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "111",
  pages =        "160--170",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1988",
  ISSN =         "0028-5390",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The New Hungarian Quarterly",
}

@Article{Zuckerman:1988:TLW,
  author =       "{Lord} Zuckerman",
  title =        "Toward a Livable World, {Leo Szilard} and the Crusade
                 for Nuclear Arms-Control",
  journal =      j-NEW-YORK-REV-BOOKS,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "26--31",
  day =          "31",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1988",
  ISSN =         "0028-7504",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-7504",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Review of Books",
}

@PhdThesis{Bess:1989:RAC,
  author =       "Michael Demaree Bess",
  title =        "Rebels against the {Cold War}: Four intellectuals who
                 campaigned to recast world politics, 1945--1985: {Leo
                 Szilard (U.S.A.), E. P. Thompson (England), Louise
                 Weiss (France), Danilo Dolci (Italy)}",
  type =         "{Ph.D.}",
  school =       "University of California, Berkeley",
  address =      "Berkeley, CA, USA",
  pages =        "581",
  year =         "1989",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 12 11:17:45 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://search.proquest.com/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/docview/303672720",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  advisor =      "Susanna Barrows",
  classification = "0304: Biographies; 0335: European history; 0582:
                 History",
  dissertation-thesis-number = "9028743",
  subject =      "European history; History; Biographies",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1989:BTB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Bumbling toward the bomb",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "45",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "7--11",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 11:21:40 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "An article about Szilard, Einstein, and other refugee
                 physicists alerting a suspicious U.S. Government about
                 nuclear fission and nuclear weapons. Contains
                 reproduction of August 2, 1939 Einstein\slash Szilard
                 letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.",
  abstract =     "The refugee physicists knew more about the newly
                 discovered phenomenon of nuclear fission than about
                 getting their ideas through to the president. Their
                 spokesman, and suspicious government bureaucrats,
                 weren't much help.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Leo Szilard; Manhattan Project;
                 nuclear fission",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1989:PSL,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Portr{\'e}v{\'a}zlat {Szilard Leorol}",
  journal =      j-MAGY-TUDOMANY,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  howpublished = "Beszelgetes a keszulo eletrajz amerikai irojaval.
                 Conversation with Gabor Pallo",
  publisher =    "Akademiai Kiado",
  address =      "Budapest, Hungary",
  pages =        "639--648",
  year =         "1989",
  DOI =          "",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "Magyar Tudom{\'a}ny [{Hungarian} Science]",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.matud.iif.hu/archive.htm",
  remark =       "No issues online before January 2001 at publisher Web
                 site [in early 2013].",
  xxpages =      "7--8",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1989:VCL,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The Varied Career of {Leo Szilard}",
  journal =      "Rockefeller Archive Center Newsletter",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "7--??",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1989",
  DOI =          "",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "An article about Szilard`s many affiliations with the
                 Rockefeller Foundation and University, as revealed in
                 the Rockefeller Archive Center holdings. Items included
                 Szilard's physics research in New York in the 1930s,
                 settling refugee scholars, friendships with Einstein
                 and von Neumann, information theory, microbiology,
                 nuclear power, and arms-control initiatives.",
  URL =          "",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Article{Pearson:1989:TLW,
  author =       "J. M. Pearson",
  title =        "Toward a Livable World --- {Leo Szilard} and the
                 Crusade for Nuclear Arms-Control",
  journal =      "Queens Quarterly",
  volume =       "96",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "756--758",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "1989",
  ISSN =         "0033-6041",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Anonymous:1990:YABe,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "35 years ago in the {{\booktitle{Bulletin}}}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "46",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "5--5",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Nov 07 17:01:54 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Leo Szilard",
}

@Article{Berger:1990:SDR,
  author =       "Jorge Berger",
  title =        "{Szilard}'s demon revisited",
  journal =      j-INT-J-THEOR-PHYS,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "985--995",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IJTPBM",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00673684",
  ISSN =         "0020-7748 (print), 1572-9575 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0020-7748",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990IJTP...29..985B",
  abstract =     "We show that piston fluctuations are of crucial
                 importance in the analysis of a Szilard engine. Some
                 engines which do not require information in order to
                 perform a Szilard cycle actually do not work. We
                 pinpoint the mechanism and stages which require work
                 investment when a measuring instrument is reset.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "International Journal of Theoretical Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/10773",
}

@Book{Klein:1990:AHC,
  author =       "George Klein",
  title =        "The atheist and the holy city: encounters and
                 reflections",
  publisher =    "MIT Press",
  address =      "Cambridge, MA, USA",
  pages =        "xiv + 223",
  year =         "1990",
  ISBN =         "0-262-11041-5, 0-262-11155-1",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-262-11041-9, 978-0-262-11155-3",
  LCCN =         "RC265 .K5413 1990",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:46:24 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Includes two chapters on Leo Szilard for the period
                 1955--1964.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Translation of \cite{Klein:1987:AOH}",
  subject =      "Klein, George; Oncologists; Biography; Cancer;
                 Science; Philosophy; Medical Oncology; essays;
                 Philosophy, Medical",
  subject-dates = "1925--",
}

@Article{Makinen:1990:GIP,
  author =       "E. Makinen",
  title =        "The Grammatical Inference Problem for the {Szilard}
                 Languages of Linear Grammars",
  journal =      j-INFO-PROC-LETT,
  volume =       "36",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "203--206",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "IFPLAT",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0020-0190(90)90074-8",
  ISSN =         "0020-0190",
  ISSN-L =       "0020-0190",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Information Processing Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00200190",
}

@Book{Cairns:1992:POM,
  editor =       "John Cairns and Gunther S. (Gunther Siegmund) Stent
                 and James D. Watson",
  title =        "Phage and the origins of molecular biology",
  publisher =    "Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press",
  address =      "Plainview, NY, USA",
  pages =        "x + 366",
  year =         "1992",
  ISBN =         "0-87969-407-6",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-87969-407-4",
  LCCN =         "QR342 .P45 1992",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 10:16:55 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Contains some discussion of Leo Szilard's work in
                 biology.",
  subject =      "Bacteriophages; Molecular biology",
}

@Article{Goldberg:1992:GSO,
  author =       "Stanley Goldberg",
  title =        "{Groves}, {Szilard}, and {Oppenheimer}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "37--37",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 09 10:18:57 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goldberg:1992:GTR,
  author =       "Stanley Goldberg",
  title =        "{Groves} Takes the Reins",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "32--39",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 17:28:28 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "J. Robert Oppenheimer; Leo Szilard; Leslie R. Groves",
  remark =       "The accuracy and scholarship of this author has been
                 seriously challenged: see \cite{Bernstein:2003:RAG}.",
}

@Article{Goldberg:1992:ICO,
  author =       "Stanley Goldberg",
  title =        "Inventing a Climate of Opinion: {Vannevar Bush} and
                 the Decision to Build the Bomb",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "83",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "429--452",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 22 19:25:04 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/slater-john-clarke.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1990.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/233904",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
  remark-1 =     "From pages 449--450: ``Later, when the project was
                 turned over to the army, all costs were buried in the
                 massive yearly appropriation for the Army Corps of
                 Engineers. In this way Vannevar Bush, a man who was
                 most outspoken on the importance of democratic forms to
                 the vitality and robustness of scientific research
                 organizations, was able to fund the entire American
                 effort in building the atomic bomb without
                 congressional advice and consent.'' Even Vice President
                 Harry S Truman was completely unaware of the Manhattan
                 Project until he was briefed on it shortly after he
                 assumed the Presidency after the death of Franklin
                 Roosevelt on 12 April 1945.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 450: ``Those in the U.S. scientific and
                 engineering communities who were privy to the research
                 being sponsored by the Uranium Committee were badly
                 split. Some, Leo Szilard and E. O. Lawrence among them,
                 urged a full-scale program. Others, such as James
                 Conant (initially), W. K. Lewis, John Slater, and Frank
                 Jewett, believed that the technical uncertainties were
                 too great to warrant the launching of an all-out
                 effort.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 451: ``what [Vannevar] Bush accomplished in
                 the summer and fall of 1941 was to organize and
                 discipline the forces that favored proceeding, suppress
                 and render impotent those who urged caution, manipulate
                 the appearance of consensus among NAS committee
                 appointees that the creation of a fission bomb in the
                 near future was a virtual certainty, and above all
                 else, get the president's commitment to a major
                 production effort in nuclear technology.''",
  remark-4 =     "From page 32--23, about the June 1933 meeting of the
                 American Physical Society in Chicago, John Slater said
                 he was impressed ``was not so much the excellence of
                 the invited speakers as the fact that the younger
                 American workers on the program gave talks of such high
                 quality on research of such importance, that for the
                 first time the European physicists present were here to
                 learn as much as to instruct.''",
}

@Book{Lanouette:1992:GSB,
  author =       "William Lanouette and Bela A. Silard",
  title =        "Genius in the shadows: a biography of {Leo Szilard}:
                 the man behind the bomb",
  publisher =    "C. Scribner's Sons",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "xix + 587 + 16",
  year =         "1992",
  ISBN =         "0-684-19011-7",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-684-19011-2",
  LCCN =         "QC16.S95 L36 1992",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 15:08:45 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Foreword by Jonas Salk.",
  price =        "US\$35.00; CAN\$44.50",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994gsbl.book.....L",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "A Robert Stewart book.",
  subject =      "Szilard, Leo; Physicists; United States; Biography",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1992:ISP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Ideas by {Szilard}, physics by {Fermi}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "16--23",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "Special edition for the 50th Anniversary of the Chain
                 Reaction (2 December 1942). An article about Leo
                 Szilard's role as co-designer of the world's first
                 nuclear reactor, and his invention of atomic secrecy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Makinen:1992:HIL,
  author =       "E. Makinen",
  title =        "On Homomorphic Images of Left {Szilard} Languages",
  journal =      j-INT-J-COMPUT-MATH,
  volume =       "46",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "131--135",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "IJCMAT",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207169208804145",
  ISSN =         "0020-7160",
  ISSN-L =       "0020-7160",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "International Journal of Computer Mathematics",
}

@Article{Moore:1992:ENCd,
  author =       "Mike Moore",
  title =        "Editor's note: Consequences",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 09 10:18:57 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Enrico Fermi; General Leslie Groves; Leo Szilard;
                 Vannevar Bush",
  remark =       "Comments on the first controlled nuclear chain
                 reaction.",
}

@Article{Segre:1985:HPR,
  author =       "Emilio Segr{\`e}",
  title =        "Historical Perspective: Refugee Scientists and Nuclear
                 Energy",
  journal =      j-ANN-NY-ACAD-SCI,
  volume =       "452",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "xv--xix",
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "ANYAA9",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1985.tb29993.x",
  ISBN =         "0-89766-298-9, 0-89766-299-7 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-89766-298-7, 978-0-89766-299-4 (paperback)",
  ISSN =         "0077-8923 (print), 1749-6632 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0077-8923",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 6 17:26:04 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  note =         "Sixth International Conference on Collective
                 Phenomena: reports from the Moscow Refusnik Seminar /
                 edited by Inga Fischer-Hjalmars and Joel L. Lebowitz.
                 Contributions from the Moscow Refusnik Seminar and from
                 two International Conferences on Collective Phenomena,
                 one held in Stockholm, Sweden, 1--2 December 1983, and
                 the other in Tel Aviv, Israel, 31 May--1 June 1984.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  bookpages =    "xix + 411",
  fjournal =     "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nyas.org/Publications/Archive.aspx",
  keywords =     "Hans Bethe; Niels Bohr; Max Born; Walther Bothe; James
                 Chadwick; Orso Mario Corbino; Marie Curie; Peter Debye;
                 Paul S. Epstein; Enrico Fermi; James Franck; Otto
                 Robert Frisch; Klaus Fuchs; Hans Geiger; Samuel
                 Goudsmit; General Leslie R. Groves; Fritz Haber; Otto
                 Hahn; Adolf Hitler; K. Lark Horowitz; Fritz G.
                 Houtermans; Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Joliot-Curie; George B.
                 Kistiakowsky; Lew Kowarski; A. L. Hughes; Fritz London;
                 Lise Meitner; Benito Mussolini; Lothar W. Nordheim;
                 Wolfgang Pauli; Rudolf Peierls; Francis Perrin; George
                 Placzek; Giulio Racah; Bruno Rossi; Joseph Rotblat;
                 Ernest Rutherford; Erwin Schr{\"o}dinger; Emilio
                 Segr{\`e}; ?. Staub; Otto Stern; Leo Szilard; Edward
                 Teller; Llewellyn H. Thomas; George Uhlenbeck; Victor
                 Weisskopf; Eugene P. Wigner; Fritz Zwicky; Theodore von
                 K{\'a}rm{\'a}n; John von Neumann; Hans von Halben;
                 George von Hevesy",
  remark =       "From the last paragraph: ``My list is not complete but
                 it should suffice to show the contribution of Hitler to
                 the atomic bomb. Of course his most important
                 contribution was the unparalleled motivation he gave to
                 everybody.''",
}

@Article{Sherwin:1985:RHW,
  author =       "Martin J. Sherwin",
  title =        "Retrospectives: How well they meant",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "41",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "9--15",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 18:13:26 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  abstract =     "Scientists propelled to act by fear of a German bomb
                 soon became alarmed at the consequences of their own
                 success.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Arthur H. Compton; J. Robert Oppenheimer; James
                 Conant; James Franck; Leo Szilard; Niels Bohr",
  remark =       "1945--1985 40th anniversary issue.",
}

@Article{Wigner:1992:SLA,
  author =       "Wigner{ }Jen{\H{o}}",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o} [Angolb{\'o}l] ford. T{\'o}th
                 Eszter}. (Hungarian) [{Leo Szilard [English] rpm.
                 Eszter T{\'o}th}]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "42",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "406--407",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 31 07:06:23 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:BBF,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Bulletin: {Bernard T. Feld}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "5--5",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 16 10:07:31 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://web.ebscohost.com/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Enrico Fermi; Leo Szilard",
  subject-dates = "Bernard T. Feld (21 December 1919--19 February
                 1993)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:VLS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Vignette: {Leo Szilard}",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "261",
  number =       "5127",
  pages =        "1462--1462",
  day =          "10",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Bernstein:1993:RFH,
  author =       "Jeremy Bernstein",
  title =        "Revelations from {Farm Hall}: Book Review:
                 {{\booktitle{Heisenberg's War: The Secret History of
                 the German Bomb}}, by Thomas Powers}",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "259",
  number =       "5103",
  pages =        "1923--1926",
  day =          "26",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.259.5103.1923",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 22 11:50:08 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencemag.org/content/259/5103/1923.extract",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Book{Bess:1993:RUM,
  author =       "Michael Bess",
  title =        "Realism, utopia, and the mushroom cloud: four activist
                 intellectuals and their strategies for peace,
                 1945--1989: {Louise Weiss (France), Leo Szilard (USA),
                 E.P. Thompson (England), Danilo Dolci (Italy)}",
  publisher =    "University of Chicago Press",
  address =      "Chicago, IL, USA",
  pages =        "xxviii + 322",
  year =         "1993",
  ISBN =         "0-226-04420-3 (hardcover), 0-226-04421-1 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-226-04420-0 (hardcover), 978-0-226-04421-7
                 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "JX1962.A2 B47 1993",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 15:12:42 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/uchi052/93009707.htm;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0608/93009707-t.htm;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0609/93009707-b.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Szilard, Leo; Dolci, Danilo; Weiss, Louise; Thompson,
                 E. P (Edward Palmer); Intellectual life; History; 20th
                 century; Pacifists; Biography",
  subject-dates = "1893--1983; 1924--1993",
}

@Article{Bethe:1993:BRS,
  author =       "Hans Bethe",
  title =        "Book Review: {Szilard} Worked First to Build the Bomb
                 and Then to Oppose it: {William Lanouette and Bela
                 Szilard, \booktitle{Genius in the Shadows: A Biography
                 of Leo Szilard, the Man Behind the Bomb}}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "46",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "63--64",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2809040",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 16 15:06:17 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.physicstoday.org/resource/1/phtoad/v46/i9/p63_s1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Hans Albrecht Bethe (1906--2005)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark =       "Publisher PDF file via DOI includes only first page.",
}

@Article{Bush:1993:BRB,
  author =       "Jonathan A. Bush",
  title =        "Book Review Essay: {Nuremberg}: The Modern Law of War
                 and Its Limitations: {{\booktitle{The Anatomy of the
                 Nuremberg Trials: A Personal Memoir}}, by Telford
                 Taylor. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1992. Pp. xii, 703.
                 \$35.00}",
  journal =      j-COLUMBIA-LAW-REV,
  volume =       "93",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "2022--2086",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1993",
  ISSN =         "0010-1958 (print), 1945-2268 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-1958",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:17 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/1123010",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Columbia Law Review",
  remark =       "Contains two mentions of Leo Szilard, and references
                 to \cite{Szilard:1949:MTW,Lanouette:1992:GSB}.",
}

@Article{Cassidy:1993:ACB,
  author =       "David C. Cassidy",
  title =        "Atomic conspiracies: Book Review:
                 {{\booktitle{Heisenberg's war: the secret history of
                 the German bomb}}, by Thomas Powers, Knopf/Cape: 1993.
                 Pp. 610. \$27.50, \pounds 20}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "363",
  number =       "6427",
  pages =        "311--312",
  day =          "27",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/363311a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 22 19:19:27 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v363/n6427/pdf/363311a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  remark =       "The reviewer says of Power's book: ``The author is so
                 superficial in his approach and so prejudiced in his
                 handling of sources as to render his account, although
                 closely argued, quite unconvincing.''",
}

@Article{Hannigan:1993:BRB,
  author =       "Paul Hannigan",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Genius in the Shadows by
                 William Lanouette with Bela Silard}}}",
  journal =      j-HARVARD-REV,
  volume =       "261",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "226--226",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1993",
  ISSN =         "1077-2901",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/27559870",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Harvard Review",
}

@Article{Herken:1993:GSB,
  author =       "G. Herken",
  title =        "Genius in the Shadows --- a Biography of {Leo Szilard}
                 --- the Man Behind the Bomb",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "362",
  number =       "6421",
  pages =        "661--661",
  day =          "15",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/362661a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Jasper:1993:BRB,
  author =       "James M. Jasper",
  title =        "Book Review: {AEC} and Critics:
                 {{\booktitle{Containing the Atom: Nuclear Regulation in
                 a Changing Environment, 1963--1971}}, by J. Samuel
                 Walker}",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "259",
  number =       "5097",
  pages =        "996--997",
  day =          "12",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2880630",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
  remark =       "The article contains an amusing inset with an
                 advertisement written by Szilard for his own book: ``if
                 you don't buy it today, you will forget it.''",
}

@Article{Kramish:1993:PHE,
  author =       "Arnold Kramish",
  title =        "{Powers} on {Heisenberg}: Embellishments on the
                 {Lesart}",
  journal =      j-AM-SCI,
  volume =       "81",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "479--480",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "AMSCAC",
  ISSN =         "0003-0996 (print), 1545-2786 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-0996",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 23 07:11:21 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/past.aspx",
}

@Article{Logan:1993:BMB,
  author =       "Jonothan L. Logan",
  title =        "Bomb maker or bomb breaker?",
  journal =      j-BOSTON-GLOBE,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "B43--B45",
  day =          "7",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  ISSN =         "0743-1791",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 23 07:20:28 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Review of \cite{Powers:1993:HWS}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Boston Globe",
}

@Article{Lowen:1993:BRT,
  author =       "Rebecca Lowen",
  title =        "Book Review: Thinking in the bathtub:
                 {{\booktitle{Genius in the Shadows}}, by William
                 Lanouette with Bela Silard}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "51--52",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 11:33:58 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Perutz:1993:GSB,
  author =       "M. F. Perutz",
  title =        "Genius in the Shadows --- a Biography of {Leo
                 Szilard}, the Man Behind the Bomb",
  journal =      j-NEW-YORK-REV-BOOKS,
  volume =       "40",
  number =       "16",
  pages =        "17--20",
  day =          "7",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  ISSN =         "0028-7504",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-7504",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Review of Books",
}

@Book{Powers:1993:HWS,
  author =       "Thomas Powers",
  title =        "{Heisenberg}'s war: the secret history of the {German}
                 bomb",
  publisher =    pub-KNOPF,
  address =      pub-KNOPF:adr,
  pages =        "xi + 607",
  year =         "1993",
  ISBN =         "0-394-51411-4",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-394-51411-6",
  LCCN =         "QC16.H35 P69 1993",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 14:22:01 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/amermathmonthly1990.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  price =        "US\$27.50, CAN\$34.50",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "This book may be seriously flawed: see the reviews
                 \cite{Bernstein:1993:RFH,Cassidy:1993:ACB,Kramish:1993:PHE,Logan:1993:BMB,Sweet:1993:UBR}.",
  subject =      "Heisenberg, Werner; Physicists; Political activity;
                 Atomic bomb; Germany; History; World War, 1939--1945;
                 Technology",
  subject-dates = "1901--1976",
}

@Article{Schweber:1993:BRB,
  author =       "Silvan Schweber",
  title =        "Book Review: Visionary and Mobilizer:
                 {{\booktitle{Genius in the Shadows}}, by William
                 Lanouette with Bela Silard. A Biography of Leo
                 Szilard}",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "261",
  number =       "5127",
  pages =        "1461--1462",
  day =          "10",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.261.5127.1461",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2881904",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Schweber:1993:VMB,
  author =       "S. Schweber",
  title =        "Visionary and Mobilizer. (Book Reviews:
                 {{\booktitle{Genius in the Shadows}. A Biography of Leo
                 Szilard}})",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "261",
  number =       "5127",
  pages =        "1461--1462",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.261.5127.1461",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB}.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993Sci...261.1461L",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Sweet:1993:BRU,
  author =       "William Sweet",
  title =        "Book Reviews: Uncertainties: {{\booktitle{Heisenberg's
                 War: The Secret History of the German Bomb}}, by Thomas
                 Powers; \booktitle{Uncertainty: The Life and Science of
                 Werner Heisenberg}, by David C. Cassidy}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "50--52",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 22 12:03:10 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See comment \cite{Weisskopf:1993:LGH}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Teresi:1993:GSB,
  author =       "D. Teresi",
  title =        "Genius in the Shadows --- a Biography of {Leo
                 Szilard}, the Man Behind the Bomb",
  journal =      j-NEW-YORK-TIMES-BOOK-REVIEW,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "1--1",
  day =          "24",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1993",
  ISSN =         "0028-7806",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times Book Review",
  onlinedate =   "1993-JAN-24",
}

@Article{Weisskopf:1993:LGH,
  author =       "Victor Weisskopf",
  title =        "Letter: Giving {Heisenberg} his due",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "53--53",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 09 16:16:34 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Sweet:1993:BRU}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:CPL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Correction: [picture of {Leo Szilard}]",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sun Nov 10 12:34:27 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Leskov:1994:SFU}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  remark =       "Corrects date of picture: 1959, not 1979.",
}

@Article{Badash:1994:BRW,
  author =       "Lawrence Badash",
  title =        "Book Review: {William Lanouette and Bela Silard:
                 \booktitle{Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo
                 Szilard, the Man behind the Bomb}}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "85",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "172--173",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/356779",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 21:24:44 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/i211217;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1990.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/235948",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
}

@PhdThesis{Grandy:1994:LSS,
  author =       "David Grandy",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: Science as a mode of being",
  type =         "{Ph.D.} thesis",
  school =       "Indiana University",
  address =      "Bloomington, IN, USA",
  pages =        "312",
  year =         "1994",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:58:46 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://search.proquest.com/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/docview/304128624",
  abstract =     "Leo Szilard has received scant attention from
                 historians of science, notwithstanding his
                 contributions to physics and biology. This neglect is
                 particularly surprising in light of the fact that
                 Szilard was an influential and deeply interesting
                 figure quite apart from his scientific accomplishment.
                 As the title of the study indicates, he did not just do
                 science, but lived it as well. We could almost think of
                 him as an incarnation or living instantiation of
                 scientific values and principles were it not for the
                 fact that such values and principles are wholly human
                 in the first place. But this brings us to the crux of
                 the issue: Szilard privileged science with transcendent
                 significance. A true believer in science and its
                 potential to save the world, he drank the cup of
                 science to its dregs. For anyone interested in the way
                 science has both strained and given relief to the human
                 predicament in the twentieth century, Szilard's life is
                 instructive.\par

                 This study assumes that science and society are not
                 disjoint and argues that Szilard's science was driven
                 as much by passion and paradox as it was by cool,
                 analytic thinking. Much of the paradox stemmed from
                 contradictions with science itself. For example, while
                 thermodynamics predicted universal heat death,
                 evolutionary biology pointed toward the possibility of
                 humankind's unlimited ascent within the cosmos. These
                 contradictory outlooks appear to be the positive and
                 negative poles of much of Szilard's science. As one who
                 was very much alive to the uncertainties, paradoxes,
                 and fantasies of science, Szilard merits our
                 interest.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  advisor =      "Linda Wessels",
  classification = "0304: Biographies; 0585: Science history",
  dissertation-thesis-number = "9500430",
  subject =      "Science history; Biographies",
}

@Article{Hewlett:1994:BRB,
  author =       "Richard G. Hewlett",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Genius in the Shadows: A
                 Biography of Leo Szilard --- The Man behind the Bomb}}
                 by William Lanouette; \booktitle{The Rickover Effect:
                 How One Man Made a Difference} by Theodore Rockwell}",
  journal =      j-TECH-CULTURE,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "442--444",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  ISSN =         "0040-165X (print), 1097-3729 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0040-165X",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/3106333",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Technology and Culture",
}

@Article{Hewlett:1994:BRW,
  author =       "Richard G. Hewlett",
  title =        "Book Review: {William Lanouette, \booktitle{Genius in
                 the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard -- the Man
                 behind the Bomb}}",
  journal =      j-TECH-CULTURE,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "442--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1994",
  ISSN =         "0040-165X (print), 1097-3729 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0040-165X",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 09:00:58 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Technology and Culture",
}

@Book{Lanouette:1994:GSB,
  author =       "William Lanouette and Bela A. Silard",
  title =        "Genius in the shadows: a biography of {Leo Szilard}:
                 the man behind the bomb",
  publisher =    pub-U-CHICAGO,
  address =      pub-U-CHICAGO:adr,
  pages =        "xix + 587",
  year =         "1994",
  ISBN =         "0-226-46888-7 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-226-46888-4 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "QC16.S95 L36 1994",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 18:04:05 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Foreword by Jonas Salk.",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/uchi053/94012738.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Originally published in \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB}",
  subject =      "Szilard, Leo; Physicists; United States; Biography",
}

@Article{Launius:1994:BRR,
  author =       "Roger D. Launius",
  title =        "Book Review: {Robert A. Divine: \booktitle{The Sputnik
                 Challenge: Eisenhower's Response to the Soviet
                 Satellite}}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "85",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "173--174",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 21:24:44 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/i211217;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1990.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/235949",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
  remark =       "This article is not about Szilard, but contains at the
                 top of the page (from the preceding article
                 \cite{Badash:1994:BRBa}) a photograph of Aaron Novick
                 and Leo Szilard in their biological laboratory.",
}

@Article{Leskov:1994:SFU,
  author =       "Sergei Leskov",
  title =        "The {Sudoplatov} File: An Unreliable Witness",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "33--36",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 13:54:11 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  abstract =     "A retired member of the KGB claims that the great
                 scientists --- Oppenheimer, Fermi, Szilard, and Bohr
                 were spies for the Soviet Union. How his story stacks
                 up, here and in Russia.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keyword =      "J. Robert Oppenheimer; Enrico Fermi; Leo Szilard;
                 Niels Bohr",
}

@Article{Lewis:1994:BRG,
  author =       "H. W. Lewis",
  title =        "Book Review: A Genius among Many: {{\booktitle{Genius
                 in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard: The Man
                 Behind the Bomb}}}",
  journal =      j-AM-SCI,
  volume =       "82",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "70--71",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "AMSCAC",
  ISSN =         "0003-0996 (print), 1545-2786 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-0996",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/29775104",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/past.aspx",
}

@Book{Marx:1994:VMQ,
  author =       "George Marx",
  title =        "The voice of the {Martians}: the quest for nuclear
                 chain reaction: a Hungarian version: (50 years after)",
  publisher =    "Roland E{\"o}tv{\"o}s Physical Society",
  address =      "Budapest, Hungary",
  pages =        "213 + 16",
  year =         "1994",
  ISBN =         "963-8051-62-0 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-963-8051-62-2 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:52:07 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "nuclear energy; history; nuclear physicists;
                 biography; nuclear reactions",
}

@Article{McMillan:1994:SFF,
  author =       "Priscilla Johnson McMillan",
  title =        "The {Sudoplatov} File: Flimsy Memories",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "30--33",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 13:54:11 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  abstract =     "A retired member of the KGB claims that the great
                 scientists --- Oppenheimer, Fermi, Szilard, and Bohr
                 were spies for the Soviet Union. How his story stacks
                 up, here and in Russia.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keyword =      "J. Robert Oppenheimer; Enrico Fermi; Leo Szilard;
                 Niels Bohr",
}

@PhdThesis{Sheffield:1994:TSL,
  author =       "Roy Scott Sheffield",
  title =        "The tragic science of {Leo Szilard}",
  type =         "{Ph.D.} thesis",
  school =       "University of Florida",
  address =      "Gainesville, FL, USA",
  pages =        "281",
  year =         "1994",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 12:23:20 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://search.proquest.com/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/docview/304092770;
                 http://www.archive.org/details/tragicscienceofl00shef",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  advisor =      "Frederick Gregory",
  classification = "0335: European history; 0582: History; 0585: Science
                 history",
  dissertation-thesis-number = "9606719",
  subject =      "Science history; European history; History",
}

@Article{Weiner:1994:LFD,
  author =       "Nella Fermi Weiner",
  title =        "Letter: {Fermi}: Didn't Even Tell His Wife",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        jul # "\slash " # aug,
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sun Nov 10 11:57:05 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  remark =       "Comments on Pavel Sudoplatov's false allegations
                 against Enrico Fermi, Leo Szilard, Niels Bohr, and J.
                 Robert Oppenheimer of spying for the USSR.",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1995:BBF,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Background Books: The Future That Never Came",
  journal =      j-WILSON-Q,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "67--67",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1995",
  ISSN =         "0363-3276",
  ISSN-L =       "0363-3276",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:17 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/40258978",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The Wilson Quarterly (1976--2012)",
  remark =       "This short article mentions numerous books on the
                 creation and use of nuclear weapons, with brief
                 commentary. Includes reference to
                 \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB}.",
}

@Article{Biedenharn:1995:QMT,
  author =       "L. C. Biedenharn and J. C. Solem",
  title =        "A quantum-mechanical treatment of {Szilard}'s engine:
                 Implications for the entropy of information",
  journal =      j-FOUND-PHYS,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "1221--1229",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "FNDPA4",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02055259",
  ISSN =         "0015-9018 (print), 1572-9516 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-9018",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jun 11 20:36:20 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=issue&issn=0015-9018&volume=25&issue=8;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/foundphys.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02055259",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Foundations of Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/10701",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1995:WWD,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Why We Dropped the Bomb",
  journal =      "Civilization (The Magazine of the {Library of
                 Congress})",
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "28--38",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "????",
  DOI =          "",
  ISSN =         "1077-9795",
  ISSN-L =       "1077-9795",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "An article about how and why the United States decided
                 to use atomic bombs against Japan, including the
                 conflict between Leo Szilard (con) and Presidential
                 advisor James F. Byrnes (pro). Reprinted in
                 \cite{Lanouette:1996:WWD}",
  URL =          "",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Article{Price:1995:RDC,
  author =       "Matt Price",
  title =        "Roots of Dissent: The {Chicago Met Lab} and the
                 Origins of the {Franck Report}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "86",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "222--244",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:17 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1990.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/236323",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
  remark =       "Numerous mentions of Leo Szilard, and references to
                 \cite{Szilard:1980:LSH,Hawkins:1987:TLW,Lanouette:1992:GSB}",
  remark-1 =     "Numerous mentions of Leo Szilard, especially about his
                 critical role at the Chicago `Met Lab', and references
                 to
                 \cite{Szilard:1980:LSH,Hawkins:1987:TLW,Lanouette:1992:GSB}",
  remark-2 =     "From page 239: `In early May 1945 Szilard tried to
                 speak with President Roosevelt about `atomic bombs and
                 the postwar position of the United States in the
                 world.' He had hoped to sidestep the chain of command
                 by persuading Eleanor Roosevelt to intervene for him;
                 unfortunately, the president died before Szilard could
                 meet with either of the Roosevelts. His subsequent
                 attempts to speak to Truman were diverted, and he ended
                 up in a disastrous interview with James Byrnes, soon to
                 be secretary of state; the elaborate text he had
                 prepared was never used`''.",
  remark-3 =     "From page 240: ``The Franck Committee met for the
                 first time on 4 June [1945], and by 11 June [1945] a
                 final draft was written, mainly by Eugene
                 Rabinowitch.''",
}

@Article{Seed:1995:LSC,
  author =       "David Seed",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} and the Cause of Rational Disarmament",
  journal =      "Nuclear Texts and Contexts",
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "15--26",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1995",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "????",
  ISSN-L =       "????",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 08:44:19 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Cited in \cite{Seed:2003:HGW}. I can only find this
                 journal in two library catalogs, and there seems to be
                 no CODEN or ISSN data.",
}

@Book{Sudoplatov:1995:STM,
  author =       "Pavel Sudoplatov and Anatolii Pavlovich Sudoplatov and
                 Jerrold L. Schecter and Leona Schecter",
  title =        "Special tasks: the memoirs of an unwanted witness, a
                 {Soviet} spymaster",
  publisher =    pub-LITTLE-BROWN,
  address =      pub-LITTLE-BROWN:adr,
  edition =      "Updated",
  pages =        "xxxi + 527",
  year =         "1995",
  ISBN =         "0-316-82115-2",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-316-82115-5",
  LCCN =         "JN6529.I6 S83 1995",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jan 25 19:08:05 MST 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1907--1996",
  remark =       "Among other topics, this book covers the spying on the
                 Manhattan Project, by, and seen from, the Soviet
                 side.",
  subject =      "Sudoplatov, Pavel; intelligence officers; Soviet
                 Union; biography; spies; espionage, Soviet; history",
  subject-dates = "1907--1996",
}

@Article{Alperovitz:1996:TCW,
  author =       "Gar Alperovitz and Kai Bird",
  title =        "A Theory of {Cold War} Dynamics: {U.S.} Policy,
                 {Germany}, and the Bomb",
  journal =      j-HIST-TEACH,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "281--300",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "0018-2745 (print), 1945-2292 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-2745",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  note =         "Brief mention of Szilard's 1929 patent on the
                 cyclotron, and the 1939 Szilard--Einstein letter to
                 President F. D. Roosevelt, with reference to
                 \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB}.",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/494546",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The History Teacher",
}

@Article{Aronowitz:1996:PSW,
  author =       "Stanley Aronowitz",
  title =        "The Politics of the Science Wars",
  journal =      j-SOC-TEXT,
  volume =       "62",
  number =       "46/47",
  pages =        "177--197",
  month =        "Spring\slash Summer",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "0164-2472 (print), 1527-1951 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0164-2472",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/466853",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Social Text",
  remark =       "Brief mention of the opposition by Albert Einstein,
                 Leo Szilard, Phillip Morrison, and others to nuclear
                 weapons research, with a reference to
                 \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB}.",
}

@Article{Goujon:1996:HEA,
  author =       "P. Goujon",
  title =        "Historical and epistemological analyses of relations
                 between entropy, neguentropy and information --- From
                 {Maxwell}'s and {Szilard}'s imaginary experiences to
                 {Brillouin}'s theory",
  journal =      "Cybernetica",
  volume =       "39",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "167--200",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1996",
  ISSN =         "0011-4227",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Grandy:1996:LSS,
  author =       "David Grandy",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: science as a mode of being",
  publisher =    "University Press of America",
  address =      "Lanham, MD, USA",
  pages =        "xiii + 189",
  year =         "1996",
  ISBN =         "0-7618-0308-4 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-7618-0308-9 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "QC16.S95 G73 1996",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 08:54:51 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Based on the author's doctoral dissertation
                 \cite{Grandy:1994:LSS}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Szilard, Leo; Physicists; United States; Biography",
}

@Article{Groetsch:1996:TIP,
  author =       "C. W. Groetsch",
  title =        "{Tartaglia}'s Inverse Problem in a Resistive Medium",
  journal =      j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
  volume =       "103",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "546--551",
  month =        aug # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "AMMYAE",
  ISSN =         "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0002-9890",
  MRclass =      "70D05",
  MRnumber =     "97d:70007",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/journals/00029890.htm;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/amermathmonthly1990.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2974665",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Mathematical Monthly",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
  remark =       "This article is about Nicol{\`o} Tartaglia's work on
                 gunnery trajectories and his moral struggle about
                 research in warfare. The author draws a parallel
                 between those qualms and those of Leo Szilard
                 \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB} and Werner Heisenberg
                 \cite{Powers:1993:HWS}.",
}

@Article{Hafemeister:1996:SLS,
  author =       "D. Hafemeister",
  title =        "{Szilard Lecture}: In Search of an Improved Science
                 and Public-Policy Process",
  journal =      "APS Meeting Abstracts",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "401--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1996",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 15:06:57 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "American Physical Society, APS/AAPT Joint Meeting, May
                 2-5, 1996, abstract \#G4.01.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996APS..MAY..G401H",
  abstract =     "In my view, Science is one of the main driving forces
                 of history. The process in which debate and decisions
                 on the public policy of science take place is flawed
                 and in deep trouble. The first half of the talk will
                 focus on events that I have participated in over the
                 past twenty years in which the process stumbled ahead
                 while the truth was often obscured for various other
                 reasons. Physics will be applied in examples on:
                 plutonium/breeder, counterforce arms qualities and
                 levels, nuclear testing, ELF/EMF and SDI. The second
                 half of the talk will be devoted to suggestions on
                 methods to improve and enhance the processes by which
                 these decisions are made.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Lanouette:1996:NJP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "A Note on the {July 17th Petition}",
  crossref =     "Bird:1996:HSW",
  pages =        "557--560",
  year =         "1996",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 15:28:58 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "A book chapter about Leo Szilard's petition to
                 President Truman by Manhattan Project scientists to
                 prevent the atomic bombing of Japan in 1945.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@InCollection{Lanouette:1996:TAS,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Three Attempts to Stop the Bomb",
  crossref =     "Bird:1996:HSW",
  pages =        "99--118",
  year =         "1996",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 15:28:58 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "A book chapter about Leo Szilard's efforts to prevent
                 the atomic bombing of Japan in 1945.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@InCollection{Lanouette:1996:WWD,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  editor =       "????",
  booktitle =    "Annual Editions: World History",
  title =        "Why We Dropped the Bomb",
  volume =       "II",
  publisher =    "Brown \& Benchmark",
  address =      "Guilford, CT, USA",
  pages =        "159--165",
  year =         "1996",
  ISBN =         "????",
  ISBN-13 =      "????",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 15:52:01 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Magnasco:1996:SHE,
  author =       "M. O. Magnasco",
  title =        "{Szilard}'s heat engine",
  journal =      j-EUROPHYS-LETT,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "583--588",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "EULEEJ",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1209/epl/i1996-00382-3",
  ISSN =         "0295-5075 (print), 1286-4854 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0295-5075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 15:07:01 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996EL.....33..583M",
  abstract =     "Szilard presented the first concrete embodyment of a
                 Maxwell demon. We present a detailed kinematic analysis
                 of his heat engine. We find that the phase space
                 contains a branched manifold. After defining carefully
                 the physical dynamics on such an object, we prove that
                 the engine must operate at a loss.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Europhysics Letters",
}

@Article{Marx:1996:MMG,
  author =       "George Marx",
  title =        "The myth of the {Martians} and the golden age of
                 {Hungarian} science",
  journal =      j-SCI-EDUC,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "225--234",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "SEDUAV",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00414313",
  ISSN =         "1573-1901",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8326",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996Sc%26Ed...5..225M",
  abstract =     "Enrico Fermi was a man with outstanding talents, he
                 had many interests outside his own particular field. He
                 was credited with asking famous questions. There are
                 long preambles to Fermi's questions like this: --- `The
                 universe is vast, containing myriads of stars, many of
                 them not unlike our Sun. Many of these stars are likely
                 to have planets circling around them. A fair fraction
                 of these planets will have liquid water on their
                 surface and a gaseous atmosphere. The energy pouring
                 down from a star will cause the synthesis of organic
                 compounds, turning the ocean into a thin, warm soup.
                 These chemicals will join each other to produce a
                 self-reproducing system. The simplest living things
                 will multiply, and evolve by natural selection and
                 become more complicated. And eventually active,
                 thinking creatures will emerge. Civilization, science
                 and technology will follow. Then, yearning for fresh
                 worlds, they will travel to neighboring planets, and
                 later to planets of nearby stars. Eventually they
                 should spread out all over the Galaxy. These highly
                 exceptional and talented people could hardly overlook
                 such a beautiful place as our Earth'. And so Fermi came
                 to his overwhelming question, --- `If all this has been
                 happening, they should have arrived here by now, so
                 where are they?' It was Leo Szilard, a man with an
                 impish sense of humor who supplied the perfect reply to
                 Fermi's rhetoric: `They are among us', he said, `but
                 they call themselves Hungarians'.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science \& Education",
}

@Article{vonBorstel:1996:MAA,
  author =       "R. C. von Borstel and J. W. Drake and L. H. Loeb",
  title =        "Mechanisms of antimutagenesis and anticarcinogenesis",
  journal =      j-MUTAT-RES,
  volume =       "350",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "294",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "MUREAV",
  ISSN =         "0027-5107 (print), 1873-135X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0027-5107",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 17:25:09 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue: mechanisms of antimutagenesis and
                 carcinogenesis. Dedicated to Aaron Novik and the memory
                 of Leo Szilard (1898--1964), the discoverers of
                 antimutagenesis.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Mutation Research",
}

@InCollection{Wigner:1996:LS,
  author =       "E. P. Wigner",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard (1898--1964)}",
  crossref =     "Wigner:1996:CWE",
  pages =        "139--149",
  year =         "1996",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 28 11:44:23 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Dannen:1997:ESR,
  author =       "Gene Dannen",
  title =        "The {Einstein--Szilard} Refrigerators",
  journal =      j-SCI-AMER,
  volume =       "276",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "90--95",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "SCAMAC",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0197-90",
  ISSN =         "0036-8733 (print), 1946-7087 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8733",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 8 09:04:27 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "Compendex database;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.sciam.com/1997/0107issue/0107quicksummary.html",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v276/n1/pdf/scientificamerican0197-90.pdf;
                 http://www.sciam.com/0197issue/0197currentissue.html",
  abstract =     "Strange but true: Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard, two
                 of this century's greatest theoretical physicists, were
                 also inventors. During the 1920s, they collaborated on
                 designs for home refrigerators based on novel
                 principles. Recently recovered documents explain what
                 happened to these devices.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Sci. Amer.",
  classification = "641.1; 644.1; 644.2; 644.3; 803; 901.3",
  fjournal =     "Scientific American",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican",
  journalabr =   "Sci Am",
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Ammonia; Compressors; Electromagnetic
                 pumps; Engineering research; Home refrigerator;
                 Inventor; Leo Szilard; Liquid metals; Machine design;
                 Patents and inventions; Physicist; Physics; Potassium
                 alloys; Potassium sodium alloys; Refrigerants;
                 Refrigeration; Refrigerators; Thermodynamics",
  remark =       "Dannen writes: ``To the best of my knowledge,
                 \ldots{}, none of the Einstein--Szilard designs ever
                 reached consumers.'' Available in Arabic, Chinese,
                 French, German, Japanese, Polish, and Spanish editions
                 of this magazine.",
}

@Article{Dannen:1997:SRD,
  author =       "Gene Dannen",
  title =        "Story of refrigerator designed by {Einstein} and
                 {Szilard} gets iced",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "102--102",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.881619",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997PhT....50l.102D",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark =       "The author comments: ``To the best of my knowledge,
                 \ldots{}, none of the Einstein--Szilard designs ever
                 reached consumers.''",
}

@Article{Horvath:1997:TKP,
  author =       "T. Horvath",
  title =        "{Theodore K{\'a}rm{\'a}n}, {[Eugene] Paul Wigner},
                 {John [von] Neumann}, {Leo Szilard}, {Edward Teller}
                 and their ideas of ultimate reality and meaning",
  journal =      j-ULTIM-REAL-MEAN,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "2--3",
  pages =        "123--146",
  month =        jun # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1997",
  ISSN =         "0709-549X",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jun 4 14:12:41 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Ultimate Reality and Meaning",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1997:SLF,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Szilard Leo}: Fizikus es Bekecsinalo. (Hungarian)
                 [{Leo Szilard}: Physicist and Peacemaker]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "96.0--??",
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Hungarian translation of \cite{Lanouette:1996:LSP}.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9703/lanoue.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Neff:1997:LSA,
  author =       "T. Neff",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard Award Lecture}: Unwinding the Cold War",
  journal =      "APS April Meeting Abstracts",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "702--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1997",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "American Physical Society, APS/AAPT Joint Meeting,
                 April 18--21, 1997, abstract \#G7.02.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997APS..APR..G702N",
  abstract =     "Two generations of scientists in the US and the Soviet
                 Union spent their lives in the shadow of the cold war,
                 building the scientific and technical infrastructure
                 and shaping the institutional and policy structures
                 that maintained a stable ``balance of terror.'' The
                 cold war is now over, but the lethal products of it,
                 and the decaying institutions and policies that
                 perpetuated it, are probably more dangerous than ever.
                 At the same time, the loss of cold war imperatives
                 means fewer government resources and less policy
                 attention to the problems of reversing the cold war.
                 Moreover, solving these problems will require that the
                 forces and talents of economics and business be
                 integrated with the technical skill and imagination of
                 physical scientists. Science fundamentally involves
                 skills of problem definition and problem-solving. Both
                 American and Russian scientists and engineers must
                 expand their tool kits and the scope of their
                 imaginations if they are to undo the dangerous legacy
                 of the cold war and find productive new roles in a
                 post-cold war world. This address is intended to
                 illustrate how this can be done, using the past five
                 years' experience in developing and implementing the
                 agreement between the U.S. and Russia to motivate,
                 finance, and institutionalize the destruction of
                 approximately 20,000 Russian nuclear weapons through
                 the commercially-driven recovery and destruction of 500
                 tonnes of highly enriched uranium from those weapons.
                 Such approaches can have benefits much broader than the
                 destruction of weapons, if we can recognize the
                 opportunities and pursue them wisely. Unfortunately,
                 there is a basic lack of imagination and will, one that
                 is further frustrated by bureaucratic inertia and the
                 parochial interests of cold war institutions. The irony
                 is that Russia is more ready to change than the US, but
                 it is the US that is, in principle but perhaps not in
                 practice, most able to help lead the world out of the
                 cold war era.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Osborn:1997:RCR,
  author =       "June Osborn",
  title =        "Report from the Conference Rapporteur",
  journal =      "Health and Human Rights",
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "105--111",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1997",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/4065161",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Brief mention on pages 110--110 of Leo Szilard's ten
                 commandments, and the book \booktitle{Genius in the
                 Shadows}.",
}

@Book{Shils:1997:PGI,
  author =       "Edward Shils and Joseph Epstein",
  title =        "Portraits: a gallery of intellectuals",
  publisher =    pub-U-CHICAGO,
  address =      pub-U-CHICAGO:adr,
  pages =        "255",
  year =         "1997",
  ISBN =         "0-226-75336-0 (hardcover), 0-226-75337-9 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-226-75336-2 (hardcover), 978-0-226-75337-9
                 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "CT3990.A2 S55 1997",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 10:05:26 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/uchi051/96033162.htm;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/uchi051/96033162.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1910--1995",
  keywords =     "Harold Laski; John Nef; Leo Szilard; Leopold Labedz';
                 Nirad Chaudhuri; Robert Maynard Hutchins",
  subject =      "intellectuals; United States; biography; scholars;
                 intellectual life; 20th Century",
}

@Book{Walker:1997:PUD,
  author =       "J. Samuel Walker",
  title =        "Prompt and utter destruction: {Truman} and the use of
                 atomic bombs against {Japan}",
  publisher =    pub-U-NC,
  address =      pub-U-NC:adr,
  pages =        "xiii + 142",
  year =         "1997",
  ISBN =         "0-8078-2361-9 (hardcover), 0-8078-4662-7 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-8078-2361-3 (hardcover), 978-0-8078-4662-9
                 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "D767.25.H6 W355 1997",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 09:28:10 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.h-net.org/review/hrev-a0b3w6-aa;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/1408325;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/25054041;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/27551824;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3642279",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "William Lanouette, author of the Leo Szilard
                 biography, \booktitle{Genius in the Shadows}, says of
                 this book: ``The clearest, fairest, and most
                 comprehensive account of a difficult and historically
                 critical event. \ldots{} I only wish this book had been
                 available before the 1995 debates about the `Enola Gay'
                 exhibit at the Smithsonian Institution, for it would
                 have destroyed the posturing on both extremes.'' [from
                 the back cover of \booktitle{The Review of Politics}
                 {\bf 59}(4) 1997, the back cover of \booktitle{Pacific
                 Historical Review} {\bf 66}(4) 1997, the front matter
                 of \booktitle{Presidential Studies Quarterly} {\bf
                 27}(4) 1997.], and the back matter of \booktitle{World
                 Politics} {\bf 50}(2) 1998.",
  subject =      "World War, 1939-1945; United States; Japan; Atomic
                 bomb; Foreign relations; 1945--1953; Truman, Harry S.",
  subject-dates = "1884--1972",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:OSL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Orsz{\'a}gos {Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} Fizikaverseny.
                 ({Hungarian}) [{The Leo Szilard Memorial
                 Competition}]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1998:PCL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Prescience and Conscience: {Le{\'o} Szil{\'a}rd}
                 (1898--1964)",
  journal =      j-EUROPHYS-NEWS,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "92--93",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "EUPNAS",
  ISSN =         "0531-7479 (print), 1432-1092 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0531-7479",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 08:55:28 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.europhysicsnews.org/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Europhysics News",
}

@Misc{Anonymous:1998:RLS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "The Register of {Leo Szilard} Papers 1898--1998",
  howpublished = "Mandeville Special Collections Library Geisel Library
                 University of California, San Diego",
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://libraries.ucsd.edu/speccoll/testing/html/mss0032a.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Baksay:1998:SLD,
  author =       "Baksay{ }L{\'a}szl{\'o}",
  title =        "A {Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} d{\'\i}j ({Hungarian}) [{The
                 Leo Szilard Award}]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Browne:1998:SNO,
  author =       "John C. Browne and Mezei{ }Ferenc",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd} nukle{\'a}ris {\"o}r{\"o}ks{\'e}ge
                 {\'e}s a j{\"o}v{\H{o}}. ({Hungarian}) [{The} future of
                 {Szil{\'a}rd}'s legacy]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Csikai:1998:SLE,
  author =       "Csikai{ }Gyula",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} {\'e}letm{\H{u}}ve {\'e}s
                 hat{\'a}sa. ({Hungarian}) [{Leo Szilard}'s life work
                 and its impact on physics]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Csoori:1998:SLE,
  author =       "Cso{\'o}ri{ }S{\'a}ndor",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} eml{\'e}kt{\'a}bl{\'a}j{\'a}nak
                 felavat{\'a}sa. ({Hungarian}) [{Leo Szilard} at home
                 again]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/csoori.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Csoori::1998:SLE,
  author =       "Cso{\'o}ri{ }S{\'a}ndor",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} eml{\'e}kt{\'a}bl{\'a}j{\'a}nak
                 felavat{\'a}sa. ({Hungarian}) [{Leo Szil{\'a}rd} at
                 home again]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Czeizel:1998:SLC,
  author =       "Czeizel{ }Endre",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} csal{\'a}df{\'a}ja.
                 ({Hungarian}) [{Leo Szilard}'s family tree]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Misc{Dannen:1998:LSI,
  author =       "Gene Dannen",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} the Inventor: a Slideshow",
  howpublished = "A talk delivered at the Leo Szilard Centenary
                 E{\"o}tv{\"o}s University, Budapest, Hungary.",
  day =          "9",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Published [with many typographical errors] in
                 \cite{Marx:1998:LSC}.",
  URL =          "http://www.dannen.com/budatalk.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@PhdThesis{Delano:1998:DAE,
  author =       "Andrew Douglas Delano",
  title =        "Design analysis of the {Einstein} refrigeration
                 cycle",
  type =         "{Ph.D.} thesis",
  school =       "Georgia Institute of Technology",
  address =      "Atlanta, GA, USA",
  pages =        "171",
  year =         "1998",
  ISBN =         "0-599-10835-5",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-599-10835-6",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 12 11:44:35 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://search.proquest.com/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/docview/304432717",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  advisor =      "Sam V. Shelton",
  classification = "0548: Mechanical engineering; 0585: Science
                 history",
  dissertation-thesis-number = "9912523",
  keywords =     "Einstein--Szilard refrigerator; US Patent 1,781,541
                 (single pressure absorption refrigerator.",
  subject =      "Mechanical engineering; Science history",
}

@Article{Earman:1998:EXW,
  author =       "John Earman and John D. Norton",
  title =        "{Exorcist XIV}: The Wrath of {Maxwell's Demon}. {Part
                 I}. From {Maxwell} to {Szilard}",
  journal =      j-STUD-HIST-PHILOS-MOD-PHYS,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "435--471",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "????",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1355-2198(98)00023-9",
  ISSN =         "1355-2198 (print), 1879-2502 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1355-2198",
  bibdate =      "Wed Nov 2 10:28:27 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/shps-b.bib;
                 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13552198",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1355219898000239",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13552198",
}

@Article{Erdi-Krausz:1998:UCM,
  author =       "{\'E}rdi-Krausz{ }G{\'a}bor",
  title =        "Az utols{\'o} csille\ldots{} --- a magyarorsz{\'a}gi
                 ur{\'a}nb{\'a}ny{\'a}szat t{\"o}rt{\'e}nete.
                 ({Hungarian}) [{The} last miner's truck --- the history
                 of uranium mining in {Hungary}]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Gerjuoy:1998:LST,
  author =       "E. Gerjuoy",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}. Toward {A} Livable World",
  journal =      "APS April Meeting Abstracts",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "405--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "American Physical Society, APS/AAPT Joint April
                 Meeting, April 18-21, 1998 Columbus, Ohio, abstract
                 \#D4.05.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998APS..APR..D405G",
  abstract =     "For essentially his entire adult life Leo Szilard
                 sought to increase the likelihood that the results of
                 basic scientific research, which especially since World
                 War II have so greatly increased humanity's ability to
                 manipulate the natural world, would be used for
                 humanity's benefit. This talk will review and assess
                 Szilard's endeavors in this quest, to which he so
                 unwaveringly devoted his energies and talents. I also
                 will reflect on the significance of that quest for this
                 audience of scientists who, thirty four years after
                 Szilard's death, have assembled today to honor him.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Geszti:1998:SID,
  author =       "Geszti Tam{\'a}s",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd} {\'e}s az inform{\'a}ci{\'o} d{\'e}mona.
                 ({Hungarian}) [{Szilard} and the demon of
                 information]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Gyorgy:1998:TSL,
  author =       "Klein{ }Gy{\"o}rgy",
  title =        "Tal{\'a}lkoz{\'a}sok {Szil{\'a}rd} Le{\'o}val.
                 ({Hungarian}) [{Szilard} plays chess with death]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Hatano:1998:NSS,
  author =       "T. Hatano and S. Sasa",
  title =        "Numerical simulations on {Szilard}'s engine and
                 information erasure",
  journal =      j-PROG-THEOR-PHYS,
  volume =       "100",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "695--702",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "PTPKAV",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1143/PTP.100.695",
  ISSN =         "0033-068X",
  ISSN-L =       "0033-068X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Progress of Theoretical Physics",
}

@Article{Herschbach:1998:SDH,
  author =       "Dudley Herschbach",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd} {\'e}s delfinjei. ({Hungarian})
                 [{Szilard} and his dolphin]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Klara:1998:SCJ,
  author =       "Berei{ }Kl{\'a}ra",
  title =        "A {Szil{\'a}rd--Chalmers}-jelens{\'e}g {\'e}s a
                 forr{\'o}atom-k{\'e}mia. ({Hungarian})
                 [{Szil{\'a}rd--Chalmers} effect and hot atom
                 chemistry]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Konuma:1998:TSL,
  author =       "Michiji Konuma",
  title =        "Tisztelet {Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}nak}. ({Hungarian})
                 [{Honoring Leo Szilard}]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Kubbig:1998:KIK,
  author =       "Bernd W. Kubbig",
  title =        "{Kommunikatoren im Kalten Krieg: Die
                 Pugwash-Konferenzen, die Amerikanisch-Sowjetische
                 Studiengruppe zur R{\"u}stungskontrolle und die
                 Grundlegung des ABM-Vertrages}. ({German})
                 [{Communicators} in the {Cold War}: The {Pugwash
                 Conferences}, the {Soviet--American Study Group on Arms
                 Control} and the foundation of the {ABM Treaty}]",
  journal =      j-AMERIKASTUDIEN,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "197--228",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1998",
  ISSN =         "0340-2827",
  ISSN-L =       "0340-2827",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:17 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/41157367",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Amerikastudien / American Studies",
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "Brief mentions of Leo Szilard, and references to
                 \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB,Szilard:1992:VDO}",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1998:LSCc,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: A Comic and Cosmic Wit",
  journal =      j-EUROPHYS-NEWS,
  pages =        "92--93, 123",
  month =        may # "\slash " # jun,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "EUPNAS",
  ISSN =         "0531-7479 (print), 1432-1092 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0531-7479",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "Europhysics News",
}

@Article{Lanouette:1998:SLK,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} --- Komikus {\'e}s kozmikus
                 tr{\'e}famester. ({Hungarian}) [{Leo Szil{\'a}rd} --- a
                 comic and cosmic wit]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Magyar:1998:EHH,
  author =       "Magyar{ }B{\'a}lint",
  title =        "{Erasmus Hazat{\'e}r}. ({Hungarian}) [{Erasmus}
                 returns home]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Makinen:1998:RUL,
  author =       "E. Makinen",
  title =        "Ranking and unranking left {Szilard} languages",
  journal =      j-INT-J-COMPUT-MATH,
  volume =       "68",
  number =       "1--2",
  pages =        "29--38",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "IJCMAT",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207169808804677",
  ISSN =         "0020-7160",
  ISSN-L =       "0020-7160",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "International Journal of Computer Mathematics",
}

@Article{Marx:1998:BLR,
  author =       "George Marx",
  title =        "{Beller Lecture}: {The} Roots of {Leo Szilard} and his
                 Interdisciplinarity",
  journal =      "APS April Meeting Abstracts",
  pages =        "404--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "American Physical Society, APS/AAPT Joint April
                 Meeting, April 18-21, 1998 Columbus, Ohio, abstract
                 \#D4.04",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998APS..APR..D404M",
  abstract =     "A Central European among the whites was said about Leo
                 Szilard who originated from a polycultural family. In
                 the early 20th century he grew up in Hungary, at the
                 crossroads of history, where political regimes,
                 national borders, ideological doctrines, ``final
                 truths'' changed in a dizzying cavalcade. Instead of
                 conservative dogmatism this social environment required
                 critical thinking in order to survive. World War I was
                 the school of Theodore von K{\'a}rm{\'a}n, John von
                 Neumann, Eugene P. Wigner and Leo Szilard; each of them
                 learned trespassing political and disciplinary
                 boundaries without inhibition. Their sensitivity for
                 trends had been utilized by the United States when war
                 efforts and high tech required orientation under new
                 horizons. Szilard's interest ranged from statistical
                 physics through information theory to biological
                 evolution, from life phenomena through hot atoms to
                 nuclear strategy. His intellectual adventures might
                 look crazy jumps for specialists. But now, looking back
                 to the political and technological history of the 20th
                 century one can see than it was a consequent progress
                 of a future-sensitive mind.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Marx:1998:GHI,
  author =       "Marx{ }Gy{\"o}rgy",
  title =        "{Gaia}, a haland{\'o} istenn{\H{o}}. ({Hungarian})
                 [{Gaia}, the mortal goddess]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Marx:1998:SLH,
  author =       "Marx{ }Gy{\"o}rgy",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} hazat{\'e}rt. ({Hungarian})
                 [{Leo Szilard} returned home]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Naray-Szabo:1998:TTF,
  author =       "N{\'a}ray-Szab{\'o}{ }G{\'a}bor",
  title =        "A tud{\'o}s t{\'a}rsadalmi felel{\H{o}}ss{\'e}ge.
                 ({Hungarian}) [{The} scientist's social
                 responsibility]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Novick:1998:KBH,
  author =       "Aaron Novick and Gene Dannen",
  title =        "Kalandoz{\'a}s a biol{\'o}gi{\'a}ban. ({Hungarian})
                 [{Adventure} in biology and ideas]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Pallo:1998:SAP,
  author =       "Pall{\'o}{ }G{\'a}bor and Marx{ }Gy{\"o}rgy",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd} {\'a}tvette a parancsnoks{\'a}got
                 \ldots{} --- besz{\'e}lget{\'e}s {Zeisel (Striker)
                 {\'E}v{\'a}val} {\'e}s l{\'a}ny{\'a}val. ({Hungarian})
                 [{Szilard} took command\ldots{} --- a chat with {Eva
                 Zeisel-Striker} and her daughter]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Radnai:1998:SLI,
  author =       "Radnai{ }Gyula",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} iskol{\'a}i. ({Hungarian}) [{Leo
                 Szilard}'s secondary school years in {Budapest}]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Rosa:1998:AKA,
  author =       "R{\'o}sa{ }G{\'e}za",
  title =        "{{\'A}}ttekint{\'e}s a k{\"u}l{\"o}nb{\"o}z{\H{o}}
                 atomer{\H{o}}m{\H{u}}t{\'\i}pusokr{\'o}l. ({Hungarian})
                 [{Various} types of nuclear power plants --- a
                 survey]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Rotblat:1998:SLP,
  author =       "Joseph Rotblat",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}}, a {Pugwash}-mozgalom
                 {\'u}tt{\"o}r{\H{o}}je. ({Hungarian}) [{Leo Szilard}, a
                 {Pugwash} movement pioneer]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Seaborg:1998:SLH,
  author =       "Glenn Seaborg and Bertram Wolfe",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} hozz{\'a}j{\'a}rul{\'a}sa a
                 {Vil{\'a}ghoz}: ({Hungarian}) [{Szilard}'s contribution
                 to the {World}]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Silard:1998:SEH,
  author =       "John Silard",
  title =        "Szem{\'e}lyes eml{\'e}keim. ({Hungarian}) [{Personal}
                 recollections]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Szabadvary:1998:SLT,
  author =       "Szabadv{\'a}ry{ }Ferenc",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}} tanulm{\'a}nyai a budapesti
                 {J{\'o}zsef N{\'a}dor M{\H{u}}egyetemen}. ({Hungarian})
                 [{Leo Szilard}'s studies at {Budapest Technical
                 University}]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Telegdi:1998:SIA,
  author =       "Valentine L. Telegdi",
  title =        "{Szilard} as an Inventor: accelerators and more",
  journal =      "APS April Meeting Abstracts",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "402--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "American Physical Society, APS/AAPT Joint April
                 Meeting, April 18-21, 1998 Columbus, Ohio, abstract
                 \#D4.02.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998APS..APR..D402T",
  abstract =     "In the field of Nuclear physics, Szilard's role as an
                 inventor is well recognized. The very idea of a
                 sustained nuclear chain reaction is credited to him and
                 a joint patent with Enrico Fermi covers all the
                 essential features of the carbon-uranium reactor. His
                 proposals concerning accelerators, covered in
                 applications for patents which never seem to have been
                 issued, have not yet been publicized. He invented the
                 cyclotron, the linear accelerator and the concept of
                 phase stability. These inventions shall be discussed in
                 a historical framework.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Teller:1998:RMH,
  author =       "Teller{ }Ede",
  title =        "{R{\"o}vid} megeml{\'e}kez{\'e}s. ({Hungarian}) [{A}
                 brief commemoration]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Tibell:1998:AFL,
  author =       "Gunnar Tibell",
  title =        "Arvet fr{\aa}n {Leo Szilard}: hur st{\aa}r det till
                 med den etiska reflexionen i dagens forskning?
                 ({Swedish}) [{The} heritage of {Leo Szilard}: ethical
                 reflections on today's research]",
  journal =      "V{\aa}r l{\"o}sen: kristen kulturtidskrift",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "116--120",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1998",
  ISSN =         "0346-4679",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 26 18:04:58 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.libris.kb.se:210/libr",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Swedish",
  subject =      "Szilard, Leo; forskningsetik; k{\"a}rnvapenfr{\aa}gan;
                 k{\"a}rnvapen; historia; f{\"o}renta staterna;
                 Research; Moral and ethical aspects; Judiska
                 naturvetenskapsm{\"a}n",
  subject-dates = "1898--1964",
}

@Article{Vizi:1998:SC,
  author =       "Vizi{ }E.{ }Szilveszter",
  title =        "Science and conscience",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Second special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9804/tart9804.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
}

@Article{Weinberg:1998:SLB,
  author =       "Alvin M. Weinberg",
  title =        "{Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o}}, a bomba {\'e}s a
                 vil{\'a}gb{\'e}ke j{\"o}v{\H{o}}je. ({Hungarian}) [{Leo
                 Szilard}, the bomb and the future of world peace]",
  journal =      j-FIZ-SZ,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "FISZA6",
  ISSN =         "0015-3257 (print), 1588-0540 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0015-3257",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 09:08:49 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on the centenary of Leo Szilard's
                 birth.",
  URL =          "http://www.kfki.hu/fszemle/archivum/fsz9802/tart9802.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Fizikai Szemle (Budapest)",
  language =     "Hungarian",
}

@Article{Winkler:1998:RUM,
  author =       "A. M. Winkler",
  title =        "Realism, Utopia, and the mushroom cloud: Four activist
                 intellectuals and their strategies for peace,
                 1945--1989; {Louise Weiss (France), Leo Szilard (USA),
                 E. P. Thompson (England), Danilo Dolci (Italy)}",
  journal =      j-AM-HIST-REV,
  volume =       "103",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "488--488",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2649786",
  ISSN =         "0002-8762",
  ISSN-L =       "0002-8762",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The American Historical Review",
  journal-URL =  "http://ahr.oxfordjournals.org/;
                 http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/toc/ahr/current;
                 http://www.jstor.org/journals/00028762.html",
}

@Article{Earman:1999:EXW,
  author =       "John Earman and John D. Norton",
  title =        "{Exorcist XIV}: The Wrath of {Maxwell's Demon}. {Part
                 II} From {Szilard} to {Landauer} and Beyond",
  journal =      j-STUD-HIST-PHILOS-MOD-PHYS,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--40",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "????",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1355-2198(98)00026-4",
  ISSN =         "1355-2198 (print), 1879-2502 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1355-2198",
  bibdate =      "Wed Nov 2 10:28:28 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/shps-b.bib;
                 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13552198",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1355219898000264",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13552198",
}

@Article{Gerjuoy:1999:LST,
  author =       "Edward Gerjuoy",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}. {Toward} a Livable World",
  journal =      "Physics and Society",
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1999",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 15:36:03 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.aps.org/units/fps/newsletters/1999/january/ajan99.html#a3",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Lanouette:1999:LSP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: Physics, Politics, and the Narrow
                 Margin of Hope",
  journal =      "Physics and Society",
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "8--9",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1999",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "????",
  ISSN-L =       "????",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 15:32:38 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.aps.org/units/fps/newsletters/1999/january/ajan99.html#a2",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Anonymous:19xx:AEL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "The Birth of Modern Physics",
  howpublished = "Los Alamos National Laboratory Web document",
  year =         "19xx",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 02 08:36:58 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Section \booktitle{The Einstein Letter} discusses the
                 Einstein--Roosevelt letter of 2 August 1939, and says
                 ``drafted mostly by Szilard.''.",
  URL =          "http://www.lanl.gov/history/road/birthofmodernphysics.shtml",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Lanouette:1999:LSB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} and the {A}-bomb",
  crossref =     "Chambers:1999:OCA",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1999",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 18:01:16 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Canaday:2000:NML,
  author =       "John Canaday",
  title =        "The Nuclear Muse: Literature, Physics, and the First
                 Atomic Bombs",
  publisher =    "University of Wisconsin Press",
  address =      "Madison, WI, USA",
  pages =        "xviii + 310",
  year =         "2000",
  ISBN =         "0-299-16850-6 (hardcover), 0-299-16854-9 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-299-16850-6 (hardcover), 978-0-299-16854-4
                 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "QC791.96 .C36 2000",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 5 14:40:57 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/physperspect.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.e-streams.com/es0409/es0409_1493.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Nuclear energy; History; Atomic bomb; Nuclear physics
                 in literature",
  tableofcontents = "Introduction: Literature, Physics, and the First
                 Atomic Bombs / 3 \\
                 ``What We Can Say about Nature'': Metaphor, Analogy,
                 and the Birth of Subatomic Physics / 31 \\
                 ``Wandering on New Paths'': Niels Bohr's
                 Complementarity Principle / 55 \\
                 ``The Sense of Option in Knowledge'': The
                 \booktitle{Blegdamsvej Faust} and Quantum Mechanics /
                 81 \\
                 \booktitle{The Los Alamos Primer}: The Uses of Fiction
                 in Founding a Laboratory / 109 \\
                 A City on ``The Hill'': Decoding Lifed in Los Alamos /
                 130 \\
                 New Worlds, Old Words: The Exploration and Discovery of
                 Nuclear Physics / 161 \\
                 ``Taking the Cloth'': The Moral Texture of Los Alamos /
                 183 \\
                 ``Beggared Description'': Writing Nuclear Weapons / 205
                 \\
                 Physics in Fiction: ``\booktitle{The Voice of the
                 Dolphins}'' and \booktitle{Riddley Walker} / 227 \\
                 Notes / 253 \\
                 Bibliography / 285 \\
                 Index / 301",
}

@Article{Lanouette:2000:OCB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The Odd Couple and the Bomb",
  journal =      j-SCI-AMER,
  volume =       "283",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "104--109",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "SCAMAC",
  ISSN =         "0036-8733 (print), 1946-7087 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8733",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 11 18:07:55 MST 2000",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.sciam.com/2000/1100issue/1100quicksummary.html",
  note =         "An article about the Fermi--Szilard collaboration to
                 create the world's first nuclear reactor. Reprinted in
                 \cite{Lanouette:2001:FSE,Lanouette:2001:EPB}.",
  abstract =     "The first controlled nuclear chain reaction and the
                 Manhattan Project grew out of the caustic collaboration
                 of physicists Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "Scientific American",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican",
  xxpages =      "86-91",
}

@Article{Michaudon:2000:FMW,
  author =       "Andr{\'e} F. Michaudon and Ileana G. Buican",
  title =        "A Factor of Millions: Why we made plutonium",
  journal =      j-LOS-ALAMOS-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "26",
  pages =        "4--9",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "LASCDI",
  ISSN =         "0273-7116",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jun 18 17:02:22 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/lanl/pubs/00818004.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Los Alamos Science",
  keywords =     "Enrico Fermi",
}

@PhdThesis{Schaefer:2000:SPA,
  author =       "Laura Atkinson Schaefer",
  title =        "Single pressure absorption heat pump analysis",
  type =         "{Ph.D.} thesis",
  school =       "Georgia Institute of Technology",
  address =      "Atlanta, GA, USA",
  pages =        "176",
  year =         "2000",
  ISBN =         "0-599-84298-9",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-599-84298-4",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jan 12 11:44:33 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://search.proquest.com/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/docview/304619904",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  advisor =      "Samuel V. Shelton",
  classification = "0548: Mechanical engineering",
  dissertation-thesis-number = "9978424",
  keywords =     "Einstein--Szilard single-pressure absorption cycle; US
                 Patent 1,781,541 (single pressure absorption
                 refrigerator.",
  subject =      "Mechanical engineering",
}

@Article{Schwarzschild:2000:BHS,
  author =       "Bertram Schwarzschild",
  title =        "{Bohr--Heisenberg Symposium} Marks {Broadway} Opening
                 of {{\booktitle{Copenhagen}}}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "53",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "51--52",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.883076",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 12 15:15:45 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.aip.org/link/phtoad/v53/i5/p51/s1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  keywords =     "Copenhagen; Hans Bethe; Michael Frayn; Niels Bohr;
                 Werner Heisenberg",
  remark-1 =     "From page 51: ``In America, Hungarian refugee Leo
                 Szilard, talking in 1942 to the chemical engineers who
                 manufactured commercial graphite, discovered that the
                 offending impurity was boron, and that enough of it
                 could be removed to make graphite bricks sufficiently
                 pure for reactors. In Germany, with its hierarchical
                 ways, Bethe asserted, no physicist would have deigned
                 to consult a chemical engineer. Once you have working
                 reactors --- something Heisenberg and his colleagues
                 never achieved during the war --- you can make fissile
                 plutonium, which, unlike U235, can be separated
                 chemically.''",
  remark-2 =     "From page 51: ``If Heisenberg did attempt to calculate
                 the critical mass in earlier days --- itself an
                 unsettled historical issue --- the fact that he got it
                 wrong puts him in good company. Session cochair Spencer
                 Weart reminded the audience that even Fermi got it
                 wrong. `The first to get it right,' he said, `were
                 Peierls and Frisch' in England.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 52: ``\ldots{} a 1947 letter from Born to
                 his son Gustav, describing a postwar conversation with
                 Heisenberg: `His philosophy of life is definitely
                 somewhat infected by Nazi ideas. He has a kind of
                 `biological' creed, `survival of the fittest,' applied
                 to human relations and seems to regret more that the
                 Germans have not turned out to be the fittest, than
                 what we regard to be the sad and regrettable
                 things.'''",
}

@Article{Telegdi:2000:SIA,
  author =       "V. L. Telegdi",
  title =        "{Szilard} as inventor: Accelerators and more",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "53",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "25--28",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1325189",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 15:24:15 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000PhT....53j..25T",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Allen:2001:SEN,
  author =       "A. D. Allen",
  title =        "{Szilard} endorsed nuclear medicine by example",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "54",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "82--82",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1359724",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001PhT....54b..82A",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Book{Czinkos:2001:SLP,
  author =       "T{\'\i}mea Czinkos and Leo Szilard and J{\'a}nosne
                 Tak{\'a}cs",
  title =        "A {Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o} Professzori
                 {\`e}Oszt{\"o}nd{\'\i}j} nyertesei: 2001",
  publisher =    "Oktat{\'a}si Miniszt{\'e}rium",
  address =      "Budapest, Hungary",
  pages =        "44",
  year =         "2001",
  LCCN =         "MLCS 2008/45433 (Q)",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Hungarian",
  remark =       "At head of title: Alap{\'i}tv{\'a}ny a Magyar
                 Fels{\^\i}ooktat{\'a}s{\'e}rt {\'e}s
                 Kutat{\'a}s{\'e}rt.",
}

@Article{Dannen:2001:SIP,
  author =       "Gene Dannen",
  title =        "{Szilard}'s inventions patently halted",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "54",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "102--102",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1366083",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001PhT....54c.102D",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Lanouette:2001:BC,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Bomb Cooperation",
  journal =      "Scientific American (Japanese Edition)",
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "114--121",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "????",
  ISSN-L =       "????",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  xxnote =       "Find original Japanese title and provide
                 transliteration.",
}

@Article{Lanouette:2001:BWP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Bombowa Wspolpraca. ({Polish}) [{Bomb} Cooperation]",
  journal =      j-SWIAT-NAUKI,
  pages =        "70--75",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "0867-6380 (print), 1689-0191 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0867-6380",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "{\'S}wiat Nauki [Polish edition of Scientific
                 American]",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.swiatnauki.pl",
  language =     "Polish",
}

@Article{Lanouette:2001:EPB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "La extrana pareja y la bomba. ({Spanish}) [{The} Odd
                 Couple and the Bomb]",
  journal =      "Investigacion y Ciencia",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "18--23",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "????",
  DOI =          "",
  ISSN =         "1665-4412",
  ISSN-L =       "1665-4412",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 14:59:16 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Spanish",
}

@Article{Lanouette:2001:FSE,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Fermi, Szilard und der erste Atomreaktor}. ({German})
                 [{Fermi}, {Szilard} and the first atomic reactor]",
  journal =      j-SPEKTRUM-WISSENSCHAFT,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "78--83",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "SPEKDI",
  DOI =          "",
  ISSN =         "0170-2971",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 14:57:01 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Spektrum der Wissenschaft (German translation of
                 Scientific American)",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Lanouette:2001:GPS,
  author =       "W. Lanouette",
  title =        "{Goldhaber} provided {Szilard}'s isotopes",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "54",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "14--14",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1420539",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Book{Ottaviani:2001:FJR,
  author =       "Jim Ottaviani and others",
  title =        "Fallout: {J. Robert Oppenheimer}, {Leo Szilard}, and
                 the political science of the atomic bomb",
  publisher =    "G. T. Labs",
  address =      "Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
  pages =        "239",
  year =         "2001",
  ISBN =         "0-9660106-3-9",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-9660106-3-3",
  LCCN =         "QC773.3.U5 O78 2001",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 26 14:56:06 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 jenson.stanford.edu:2210/unicorn",
  abstract =     "``A story of the Manhattan Project and the price J.
                 Robert Oppenheimer, Leo Szilard, and we all paid for
                 the atomic bomb.''. So, you've always wanted to learn
                 how to build an atomic bomb? You're in luck; Jim
                 Ottaviani is not only a comics writer, he also has a
                 master's degree in nuclear engineering! But even though
                 it's not a complete do-it our self manual (assembly
                 required, and plutonium is definitely NOT included),
                 Fallout will bring group up to speed on the science and
                 politics of the nuclear gadgets. The focus of Fallout
                 is on scientists, in particular J. Robert Oppenheimer
                 and Leo Szilard, whose lives offer a cautionary tale
                 about the uneasy alliance between the military, the
                 government, and the beginnings of ``big science''.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Oppenheimer, J. Robert; comic books, strips, etc;
                 Szilard, Leo; atomic bomb; history; historical comic
                 books, strips, etc",
  subject-dates = "1904--1967",
}

@Article{Parrondo:2001:SER,
  author =       "J. M. R. Parrondo",
  title =        "The {Szilard} engine revisited: Entropy, macroscopic
                 randomness, and symmetry breaking phase transitions",
  journal =      j-CHAOS,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "725--733",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "CHAOEH",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1388006",
  ISSN =         "1054-1500",
  ISSN-L =       "1054-1500",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001Chaos..11..725P",
  abstract =     "The role of symmetry breaking phase transitions in the
                 Szilard engine is analyzed. It is shown that symmetry
                 breaking is the only necessary ingredient for the
                 engine to work. To support this idea, we show that the
                 Ising model behaves exactly as the Szilard engine. We
                 design a purely macroscopic Maxwell demon from an Ising
                 model, demonstrating that a demon can operate with
                 information about the macrostate of the system. We
                 finally discuss some aspects of the definition of
                 entropy and how thermodynamics should be modified to
                 account for the variations of entropy in second-order
                 phase transitions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Chaos (Woodbury, NY)",
  keywords =     "Thermodynamic functions and equations of state,
                 Lattice theory and statistics",
}

@Book{Anonymous:2002:HOA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Handbuch {\"O}sterreichischer Autorinnen und Autoren
                 j{\"u}discher Herkunft 18. bis 20. Jahrhundert}",
  publisher =    pub-SAUR,
  address =      pub-SAUR:adr,
  pages =        "xxiii + 1818 (3 volumes)",
  year =         "2002",
  ISBN =         "3-598-11545-8",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-598-11545-5",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 15:19:51 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "carmin.sudoc.abes.fr:210/ABES-Z39-PUBLIC;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Bedford:2002:HCH,
  author =       "Joel S. Bedford and William C. Dewey",
  title =        "Historical and Current Highlights in Radiation
                 Biology: Has Anything Important Been Learned by
                 Irradiating Cells?",
  journal =      j-RADIAT-RES,
  volume =       "158",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "251--291",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "RAREAE",
  ISSN =         "0033-7587 (print), 1938-5404 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0033-7587",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:17 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/3580880",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Radiation Research",
  remark =       "Contains just one brief mention on page 276 of Leo
                 Szilard's advice to Theodore T. Puck and Philip I.
                 Marcus to ``use X-irradiated feeder cells to get single
                 mammalian cells to divide and form macroscopic colonies
                 in a Petri dish.''",
}

@Article{Byers:2002:FS,
  author =       "N. Byers",
  title =        "{Fermi} and {Szilard}",
  journal =      "ArXiv Physics e-prints",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "2002",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002physics...7094B",
  abstract =     "Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard worked together at
                 Columbia in 1939--40, just after nuclear fission was
                 discovered, to ascertain the feasibility of a nuclear
                 chain reaction, and then on the construction of the
                 first nuclear reactor. Szilard believed a nuclear bomb
                 could be built, and that the Germans may be doing so,
                 but Fermi was sceptical. The Anglo--American project to
                 build a bomb began late in 1941 after Oliphant brought
                 the Frisch--Peierls memorandum to the attention of U.
                 S. physicists. Szilard recalled ``On matters scientific
                 or technical there was rarely any disagreement [but]
                 Fermi and I disagreed from the very start of our
                 collaboration about every issue that involved not
                 science but principles of action in the face of the
                 approaching war. If the nation owes us gratitude ---
                 and it may not --- it does so for having stuck it out
                 together as long as was necessary.'' As the war with
                 Germany was drawing to a close and the successful
                 construction of the atomic bombs was well underway,
                 these two men took opposing positions regarding use of
                 the bombs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  eprint =       "arXiv:physics/0207094",
  keywords =     "Physics --- History of Physics, Physics --- Physics
                 and Society",
}

@Book{Czinkos:2002:SLP,
  author =       "T{\'i}mea Czinkos and Leo Szilard and J{\'a}nosn{\'e}
                 Tak{\'a}cs",
  title =        "A {Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o} Professzori
                 {\`e}Oszt{\"o}nd{\'i}j} nyertesei: 2002",
  publisher =    "MF Plusz",
  address =      "Budapest, Hungary",
  pages =        "44",
  year =         "2002",
  LCCN =         "MLCS 200845422 (Q)",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Hungarian",
  remark =       "At head of title: Alap{\'i}tv{\'a}ny a Magyar
                 Fels{\^\i}ooktat{\'a}s{\'e}rt {\'e}s
                 Kutat{\'a}s{\'e}rt.",
}

@InProceedings{Devereux:2002:SEM,
  author =       "Michael Devereux",
  editor =       "Daniel P. Sheehan",
  booktitle =    "Quantum Limits to the Second Law: {First International
                 Conference on Quantum Limits to the Second Law. San
                 Diego, California (USA), 29--31 July 2002. AIP
                 Conference Proceedings}",
  title =        "{Szilard's Engine}: Measurement, Information, and
                 {Maxwell's Demon}",
  volume =       "643",
  publisher =    pub-AIP,
  address =      pub-AIP:adr,
  pages =        "279--284",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "2002",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1523817",
  ISBN =         "0-7354-0098-9",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-7354-0098-6",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 19:11:44 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  series =       "American Institute of Physics Conference Series",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002AIPC..643..279D",
  abstract =     "Using an isolated measurement process, we calculate
                 the effect measurement has on entropy for the
                 multi-cylinder Szilard engine. We find that the system
                 of cylinders possesses an entropy associated with
                 cylinder total energy states, and that it records
                 information transferred at measurement. Contrary to
                 other's results, we find that the apparatus loses
                 entropy due to measurement. The Second Law of
                 Thermodynamics may be preserved if Maxwell's demon
                 gains entropy moving the engine partition.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Thermodynamics",
}

@Article{Kelly:2002:LSL,
  author =       "H. Kelly",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard Lectureship Award}: The Public Obligation
                 of Scientists in the {21st Century}",
  journal =      "APS April Meeting Abstracts",
  pages =        "I6002--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "2002",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "American Physical Society, April Meeting, Jointly
                 Sponsored with the High Energy Astrophysics Division
                 (HEAD) of the American Astronomical Society April 20 -
                 23, 2002 Albuquerque Convention Center Albuquerque, New
                 Mexico Meeting ID: APR02, abstract \#I6.002.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002APS..APR.I6002K",
  abstract =     "As many as ten billion people may be alive at the end
                 of the 21st century. Without order-of-magnitude changes
                 in the productivity of systems for satisfying this
                 population's needs and whimsies, we face starkly
                 growing worldwide inequality, unsustainable plundering
                 of shrinking supplies of natural resources, or both.
                 Can we invent energy sources that are sustainable,
                 affordable, and consistent with security? Can we mimic
                 the ability of biological systems and build small,
                 inexpensive machines that can fabricate tens of
                 thousands of products on demand from simple raw
                 materials? Can we use information and communication
                 systems to optimize design and performance (the human
                 brain uses half the energy of modern Pentium chips but
                 most people seem much more clever.) Can we cut the
                 resources needed to move people and things from point
                 to point or to maintain homes and office spaces with
                 comfortable light by an order of magnitude? As an APS
                 summer study proved nearly three decades ago, there is
                 much room for optimism about what we can do to address
                 these problems and much has been learned since this
                 initial foray. But there is there less room to be
                 optimistic about changing incentive systems to reflect
                 what we collectively want to do. Scientists who
                 recognize what is possible can not in conscience ignore
                 the complex, frustrating, and morally perilous world of
                 domestic and international politics. Learning to be
                 effective is not easy. Understanding political systems
                 is not easy and being effective means engaging in the
                 agonizing business of sorting through third or
                 fourth-best solutions that are vastly better than no
                 solution at all. The century can not end well without
                 an effective partnership between science and
                 politics.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InProceedings{Lanouette:2002:HV,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "A Historian's View",
  crossref =     "Leventhal:2002:NPS",
  pages =        "233--234",
  year =         "2002",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 14:52:24 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "A talk about the balance between nuclear power and
                 nuclear weapons, featuring Leo Szilard's inventive
                 strategy for arms control.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Article{Pinkus:2002:API,
  author =       "Binyamin Pinkus and Moshe Tlamim",
  title =        "Atomic Power to {Israel}'s Rescue: {French--Israeli}
                 Nuclear Cooperation, 1949--1957",
  journal =      j-ISRAEL-STUD,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "104--138",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "2002",
  ISSN =         "1084-9513 (print), 1527-201X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1084-9513",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:17 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/30246784",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Israel Studies",
  remark =       "Two brief mentions of Leo Szilard, and reference to
                 \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB}.",
}

@Article{Raiteri:2002:FJR,
  author =       "S. Raiteri",
  title =        "Fallout: {J. Robert Oppenheimer}, {Leo Szilard}, and
                 the political science of the atomic bomb",
  journal =      j-LIBR-J,
  volume =       "127",
  number =       "14",
  pages =        "153--153",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "LIBJA7",
  ISSN =         "0363-0277",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Library Journal",
}

@Article{Telegdi:2002:EFA,
  author =       "Valentine L. Telegdi",
  title =        "{Enrico Fermi in America}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "55",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "38--43",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1496374",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 21 08:54:19 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.physicstoday.org/resource/1/phtoad/v55/i6/p38_s1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Book{Batyi:2003:SLP,
  author =       "Emese B{\'a}tyi and Leo Szilard and J{\'a}nosn{\'e}
                 Tak{\'a}cs",
  title =        "A {Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o} Professzori
                 {\`e}Oszt{\"o}nd{\'i}j} nyertesei: 2003",
  publisher =    "MF Plusz",
  address =      "Budapest, Hungary",
  pages =        "64",
  year =         "2003",
  LCCN =         "MLCS 2008/45436 (Q)",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Hungarian",
  remark =       "At head of title: Alap{\'i}tv{\'a}ny a Magyar
                 Fels{\^\i}ooktat{\'a}s{\'e}rt {\'e}s Kutat{\'a}s.",
}

@Article{Bernstein:2003:RAG,
  author =       "Barton J. Bernstein",
  title =        "Reconsidering the {``Atomic General''}: {Leslie R.
                 Groves}",
  journal =      j-J-MIL-HIST,
  volume =       "67",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "883--920",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "2003",
  ISSN =         "0899-3718 (print), 1543-7795 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0899-3718",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:17 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/3397331",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The Journal of Military History",
  remark-1 =     "Several mentions of Leo Szilard.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 890: ``Groves retained, in the postwar
                 period, his strong wartime distaste, if not contempt,
                 for the Hungarian-born emigre scientist Leo Szilard,
                 who, in turn, once stated that his favorite hobby was
                 `baiting the brass' --- by which he especially meant
                 Groves and his appointees. At one juncture in World War
                 II, Groves had even drafted an order to incarcerate
                 Szilard, but apparently Secretary Stimson vetoed it, as
                 Groves had probably anticipated.''",
  remark-3 =     "This paper contains serious challenges to the accuracy
                 and scholarship of publications by Stanley Goldberg and
                 William Lawren.",
}

@Article{Devereux:2003:MSE,
  author =       "M. Devereux",
  title =        "A modified {Szilard} engine: Measurement, information,
                 and {Maxwell}'s demon",
  journal =      "Foundations of Physics Letters",
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "41--55",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2003",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1024150106884",
  ISSN =         "0894-9875",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InProceedings{Lanouette:2003:GHB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Grunde und Hintergrunde des Bombenabwurfs auf
                 Hiroshima}. ({German}) [Reason and Circumstances of the
                 {Hiroshima} Bomb]",
  crossref =     "Prigge:2003:BBA",
  pages =        "187--195",
  year =         "2003",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "A talk about the U.S. scientists' struggle to control
                 the A-bomb they had created, presented at a UNESCO
                 Conference on World Cultural Heritage of the 20th
                 Century ``Modernity and Barbarism.'' The Bauhaus,
                 Dessau, Germany. 4 June 1999. Article translated by
                 Marie Neumullers.",
  URL =          "",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Seed:2003:HGW,
  author =       "David Seed",
  title =        "{H. G. Wells} and the Liberating Atom",
  journal =      j-SCI-FICT-STUD,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "33--48",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2003",
  ISSN =         "0091-7729",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  note =         "The author describes a meeting between H. G. Wells
                 (author of \booktitle{The World Set Free}) and Leo
                 Szilard, who had read Wells' book in 1932 and was
                 impressed by it as a work of fiction. When Szilard
                 thought of the possibility of a nuclear chain reaction
                 in 1933, his memory of Wells' book led him to apply
                 immediately for a British patent on nuclear fission.",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/4241139",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science Fiction Studies",
}

@Article{Zurek:2003:MDS,
  author =       "Wojciech Hubert Zurek",
  title =        "{Maxwell's Demon}, {Szilard's Engine} and Quantum
                 Measurements",
  journal =      "eprint arXiv:quant-ph/0301076",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2003",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003quant.ph..1076Z",
  abstract =     "We propose and analyze a quantum version of Szilard's
                 ``one-molecule engine.'' In particular, we recover, in
                 the quantum context, Szilard's conclusion concerning
                 the free energy ``cost'' of measurements: $ \Delta F
                 \geq k_B T \ln 2 $ per bit of information.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  eprint =       "arXiv:quant-ph/0301076",
}

@Book{Batyi:2004:SLP,
  author =       "Emese B{\'a}tyi and Leo Szilard and Orsolya
                 Sz{\^\i}ucs and J{\'a}nosn{\'e} Tak{\'a}cs",
  title =        "A {Szil{\'a}rd Le{\'o} Professzori
                 {\`e}Oszt{\"o}nd{\'i}j} nyertesei: 2004",
  publisher =    "Oktat\'asi Miniszt\'erium",
  address =      "Budapest, Hungarian",
  pages =        "60",
  year =         "2004",
  LCCN =         "MLCS 2008/45435 (Q)",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Hungarian",
  remark =       "At head of title: Alap{\'i}tv{\'a}ny a Magyar
                 Fels{\^\i}ooktat{\'a}s{\'e}rt {\'e}s
                 Kutat{\'a}s{\'e}rt.",
}

@Article{Blow:2004:MFP,
  author =       "D. M. Blow",
  title =        "{Max Ferdinand Perutz, OM CH CBE, 19 May 1914--6
                 February 2002}",
  journal =      j-BIOGRAPH-MEMOIRS-FELLOWS-ROY-SOC,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "227--256",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "BMFRA3",
  ISSN =         "0080-4606 (print), 1748-8494 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0080-4606",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  note =         "Brief mention of Szilard's campaign to create an
                 international laboratory of molecular biology on the
                 model of CERN, with reference to
                 \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB}.",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/4140521",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society",
}

@InCollection{Byers:2004:FS,
  author =       "Nina Byers",
  title =        "{Fermi} and {Szilard}",
  crossref =     "Cronin:2004:FR",
  pages =        "215--228",
  year =         "2004",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jul 02 06:06:29 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InProceedings{Lanouette:2004:LSB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: Baiting Brass Hats",
  crossref =     "Kelly:2004:RMP",
  pages =        "73--77",
  year =         "2004",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 14:48:07 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "A book chapter (based on a 2002 symposium talk) about
                 Szilard's efforts to start, accelerate, and then end
                 the Manhattan Project; including his struggles for ---
                 then against --- atomic secrecy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Article{Maas:2004:LSP,
  author =       "W. Maas",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: A personal remembrance",
  journal =      j-GEN,
  volume =       "167",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "555--558",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "GENTAE",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.104.030320",
  ISSN =         "0016-6731",
  ISSN-L =       "0016-6731",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Genetics",
}

@Article{Thompson:2004:TML,
  author =       "P. M. Thompson",
  title =        "{Thomas Merton} and {Leo Szilard}: The parallel paths
                 of a monk and a nuclear physicist",
  journal =      "Zygon",
  volume =       "39",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "979--986",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "2004",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9744.2004.00632.x",
  ISSN =         "0591-2385",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Wald:2004:FLP,
  author =       "Chelsea Wald",
  title =        "Focus: Landmarks: The {Physical Review}'s Explosive
                 Secret",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-FOCUS,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "17--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "2004",
  CODEN =        "PRFHAQ",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevFocus.14.17",
  ISSN =         "1539-0748",
  bibdate =      "Sun Jun 24 12:18:22 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://physics.aps.org/story/print/v14/st17",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Focus",
  remark =       "This brief report describes the background of the
                 five-year suppression of the publication of papers on
                 the discovery of plutonium (element 94).",
}

@Article{Badash:2005:APN,
  author =       "Lawrence Badash",
  title =        "{American} Physicists, Nuclear Weapons in {World War
                 II}, and Social Responsibility",
  journal =      j-PHYS-PERSPECT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "138--149",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "PHPEF2",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00016-003-0215-6",
  ISSN =         "1422-6944 (print), 1422-6960 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1422-6944",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 27 18:29:21 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.springerlink.com/content/u2638016081u076h/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics in Perspective (PIP)",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/16",
  keywords =     "atomic bomb; Ernest Rutherford; fission; Hiroshima; J.
                 Robert Oppenheimer; James Franck; Leo Szilard;
                 Manhattan Project; Nagasaki; nuclear weapons; Robert R.
                 Wilson; social responsibility; World War II",
}

@Article{Balaban:2005:SD,
  author =       "N. Q. Balaban",
  title =        "{Szilard}'s dream",
  journal =      "Nature Methods",
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "648--649",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "2005",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmeth0905-648",
  ISSN =         "1548-7091",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Frank:2005:ERG,
  author =       "Tibor Frank",
  title =        "Ever Ready to Go: The Multiple Exiles of {Leo
                 Szilard}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-PERSPECT,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "204--252",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "PHPEF2",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00016-004-0236-9",
  ISSN =         "1422-6944 (print), 1422-6960 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1422-6944",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005PhP.....7..204F;
                 http://www.springerlink.com/content/1422-6960/",
  abstract =     "I argue that to understand the life and work of Leo
                 Szilard (1898--1964) we have to understand, first, that
                 he was driven by events to numerous departures,
                 escapes, and exiles, changing his religion, his
                 language, his country of residence, and his scientific
                 disciplines; second, that he was a man haunted by major
                 moral dilemmas throughout his life, burdened by a
                 sincere and grave sense of responsibility for the fate
                 of the world; and third, that he experienced a terrible
                 sense of d{\'e}j{\`a} vu: his excessive sensitivity and
                 constant alertness were products of his experiences as
                 a young student in Budapest in 1919. The mature Szilard
                 in Berlin of 1933, and forever after, was always ready
                 to move. I proceed as follows: After a brief
                 introduction to his family background, youth, and
                 education in Budapest, I discuss the impact of his army
                 service in the Great War and of the tumultuous events
                 in Hungary in 1918--1919 on his life and psyche,
                 forcing him to leave Budapest for Berlin in late 1919.
                 He completed his doctoral degree under Max von Laue
                 (1879--1960) at the University of Berlin in 1922 and
                 his Habilitationsschrift in 1925. During the 1920s and
                 early 1930s, he filed a number of patents, several of
                 them jointly with Albert Einstein (1879--1955). He left
                 Berlin in March 1933 for London where he played a
                 leading role in the rescue operations for refugee
                 scientists and scholars from Nazi Germany. He also
                 carried out notable research in nuclear physics in
                 London and Oxford before immigrating to the United
                 States at the end of 1938. He drafted Einstein's famous
                 letter of August 2, 1939, to President Franklin D.
                 Roosevelt, worked in the Manhattan Project during World
                 War II, initiated a petition to President Harry S.
                 Truman not to use the bomb on Japan, and immediately
                 after the war was a leader in the scientists movement
                 that resulted in civilian control of nuclear energy. In
                 1946 he turned to biology, in which his most
                 significant contribution was to formulate a theory of
                 aging. In 1956 von Laue led an effort to invite him to
                 head a new institute for nuclear physics in West
                 Berlin, which he ultimately declined at the end of
                 1959. He remained in the United States, becoming a
                 highly visible public figure, speaking, writing, and
                 traveling extensively, and even corresponding with
                 Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev and President John
                 F. Kennedy to promote the international control of
                 nuclear weapons. In retrospect, although Szilard was a
                 man of many missions, his life story could be read as
                 that of a man of conscience with but a single mission,
                 to save mankind.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics in Perspective (PIP)",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/16",
  keywords =     "Leo Szilard, William Beveridge, Arthur H. Compton,
                 Lord Cherwell, Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, Leslie R.
                 Groves, John F. Kennedy, Max von Laue, John von
                 Neumann, Friedrich A. Paneth, Max Planck, Michael
                 Polanyi, Erwin Schr{\"o}dinger, Edward Teller, Harold
                 C. Urey, Eugene Wigner, Budapest, Hungary, Berlin,
                 Great War, Nazi Germany, Szilard--Chalmers reaction,
                 World War II, Manhattan Project, Metallurgical
                 Laboratory, Franck Report, Atomic Bomb, Cold War,
                 Atomic Stalemate, patents, psychology, {\'e}migr{\'e}
                 scientists, nuclear physics, nuclear fission,
                 nuclear-chain reaction, scientists movement,
                 biophysics, theory of aging",
}

@Article{Gea-Banacloche:2005:QVS,
  author =       "J. Gea-Banacloche and H. S. Leff",
  title =        "Quantum version of the {Szilard} one-atom engine and
                 the cost of raising energy barriers",
  journal =      "Fluctuation and Noise Letters",
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "C39--C47",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "2005",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0219477505003014",
  ISSN =         "0219-4775",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Klein:2005:SFO,
  author =       "Georg Klein",
  title =        "Skapelsens fullkomlighet och livets tragik:
                 ess{\"a}er. ({Swedish}) [{Creation}'s perfection and
                 life's tragedy: essays]",
  publisher =    "Bonnier",
  address =      "Stockholm, Sweden",
  pages =        "241 + 1",
  year =         "2005",
  ISBN =         "91-0-010786-7",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-91-0-010786-4",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 17:21:34 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.libris.kb.se:210/libr",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Swedish",
  subject =      "Utvecklingsl{\"a}ra; ess{\"a}er; Evolution; essays;
                 Apoptosis; Humanities; Natural sciences",
}

@Article{Kleppner:2005:LSR,
  author =       "Daniel Kleppner",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} and the role of physicists in countering
                 nuclear threats",
  journal =      "APS April Meeting Abstracts",
  pages =        "6003--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "2005",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 15:42:23 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "American Physical Society, APS April Meeting, April
                 16-19, 2005, abstract \#T6.003",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005APS..APR.T6003K",
  abstract =     "Even before the first nuclear bomb was tested, Leo
                 Szilard led efforts by physicists to assert leadership
                 on the use of nuclear weapons. He warned about the
                 future possibility of delivering nuclear weapons by
                 missiles and also pointed out the ease by which nuclear
                 bombs could simply be carried across borders. The U.S.
                 has had an anti-ballistic missile program since the
                 1950's. Initially it was intended to counter a Soviet
                 nuclear threat but with the end of the cold war the
                 goal was changed to dealing with accidental or
                 unauthorized launches of Russian ICBMs. More recently,
                 the goal of the U.S. missile defense program was
                 shifted to countering a possible future threat posed by
                 emerging missile states. The APS Study of boost- phase
                 intercept was carried out in the Szilard tradition of
                 physicists providing leadership on public policy issues
                 involving science ad technology, in the hope that
                 factual analysis of technical problems can contribute
                 to better public policy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Millet:2005:OPR,
  author =       "Lydia Millet",
  title =        "Oh pure and radiant heart",
  publisher =    "Soft Skull Press",
  address =      "Brooklyn, NY, USA",
  pages =        "489",
  year =         "2005",
  ISBN =         "1-932360-85-9",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-932360-85-1",
  LCCN =         "PS3563.I42175 O37 2005",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 26 14:56:06 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 jenson.stanford.edu:2210/unicorn",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip056/2005001028.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Oppenheimer, J. Robert; Fiction; Fermi, Enrico;
                 Szilard, Leo; Nuclear physicists; Women librarians;
                 Celebrities; Atomic bomb; Time travel; Santa Fe (NM)",
  subject-dates = "1904--1967; 1901--1954",
}

@Article{Paladi:2005:SMB,
  author =       "F. Paladi and V. Eremeev",
  title =        "A {Szilard} model-based computational study of the
                 evolution of agents-clusters",
  journal =      j-PHYSICA-A,
  volume =       "348",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "630--640",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "PHYADX",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physa.2004.09.012",
  ISSN =         "0378-4371",
  ISSN-L =       "0378-4371",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physica A",
  onlinedate =   "2005-MAR-15",
}

@Article{Schollmeyer:2005:MR,
  author =       "Josh Schollmeyer",
  title =        "Minority Report",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "61",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "38--39",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 29 07:55:06 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Franck Report (minority report of 11 June 1945 on use
                 of nuclear weapons)",
}

@Book{Hargittai:2006:MSF,
  author =       "Istv{\'a}n Hargittai",
  title =        "The {Martians of Science}: five physicists who changed
                 the twentieth century",
  publisher =    pub-OXFORD,
  address =      pub-OXFORD:adr,
  pages =        "xxiv + 313 + 32",
  year =         "2006",
  ISBN =         "0-19-517845-9 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-19-517845-6 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "QC15 .H27 2006",
  bibdate =      "Thu Oct 6 06:57:45 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/physperspect.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0636/2005029427-d.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0724/2005029427-b.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip061/2005029427.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Physicists; United States; Biography; Science;
                 History; 20th century; von K{\'a}rm{\'a}n, Theodore;
                 Szilard, Leo; Wigner, Eugene Paul; von Neumann, John;
                 Teller, Edward",
  subject-dates = "1881--1963; 1902--1995; 1903--1957; 1908--2003",
  tableofcontents = "Introduction \\
                 1: Arrival and departure \\
                 Family origins and early childhood \\
                 Gem and less : gimn\'azium experience \\
                 Background in Hungary and first transition \\
                 2: Turning points in Germany \\
                 Theodore von K\'arm\'an \\
                 Leo Szilard \\
                 Eugene P. Wigner \\
                 John von Neumann \\
                 Edward Teller \\
                 4: ``To protect and defend'' : World War II \\
                 Theodore von K\'arm\'an \\
                 Leo Szilard \\
                 Eugene P. Wigner \\
                 John von Neumann \\
                 Edward Teller \\
                 5: To deter : Cold War \\
                 Theodore von K\'arm\'an \\
                 Leo Szilard \\
                 Eugene P. Wigner \\
                 John von Neumann \\
                 Edward Teller \\
                 6: Being Martian \\
                 Comparisons \\
                 Traits \\
                 Religion and Jewishness \\
                 Being Hungarian \\
                 Epilogue \\
                 Greatness in science \\
                 Had they lived \\
                 Conclusion \\
                 Appendix : Sampler of quotable Martians \\
                 Notes \\
                 Select bibliography \\
                 Chronologies \\
                 Index",
}

@Article{Lanouette:2006:SPL,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The science and politics of {Leo Szilard}, 1898--1964:
                 evolution, revolution, or subversion?",
  journal =      j-SCI-PUBLIC-POL,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "613--617",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "2006",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.3152/147154306781778696",
  ISSN =         "0302-3427 (print), 1471-5430 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0302-3427",
  bibdate =      "Mon Dec 24 07:40:25 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 jenson.stanford.edu:2210/unicorn",
  URL =          "http://spp.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/8/613.abstract",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # acl-wl,
  fjournal =     "Science and Public Policy",
  journal-URL =  "http://spp.oxfordjournals.org/",
}

@Article{Marcus:2006:GFC,
  author =       "Philip I. Marcus and Gordon H. Sato and Richard G. Ham
                 and David Patterson",
  title =        "The Genesis of ``Feeder Cells'': Concept and
                 Practice",
  journal =      j-IN-VITRO-CEL-DEV-BIO-ANIM,
  volume =       "42",
  number =       "8/9",
  pages =        "235--237",
  month =        sep # "\slash " # oct,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "IVCAED",
  ISSN =         "1071-2690 (print), 1543-706X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1071-2690",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:17 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  note =         "In memoriam tribute to Theodore T. Puck (24 September
                 1916--6 November 2005).",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/4295703",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "In Vitro Cellular \& Developmental Biology. Animal",
  remark =       "Numerous mentions of Leo Szilard.",
}

@Article{Turchetti:2006:SNS,
  author =       "Simone Turchetti",
  title =        "``{For} Slow Neutrons, Slow Pay'': {Enrico Fermi}'s
                 Patent and the {U.S. Atomic Energy Program},
                 1938--1953",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "97",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--27",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/501097",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 21:31:34 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/isis.2006.97.issue-1;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis2000.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/501097;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/10.1086/501097.pdf",
  abstract =     "This essay focuses on the history of one of the atomic
                 patents. The patent, which described a process to slow
                 down neutrons in nuclear reactions, was the result of
                 experimental research conducted in the 1930s by Enrico
                 Fermi and his group at the Institute of Physics,
                 University of Rome. The value of the patented process
                 became clear during World War II, as it was involved in
                 most of the military and industrial applications of
                 atomic energy. This ignited a controversy between Fermi
                 and U.S. government representatives over royalties to
                 be paid for use of the process during and after the
                 war. The controversy sheds new light on the role that
                 the management of patents played in the context of the
                 Manhattan Project and in the postwar U.S. nuclear
                 program, encompassing issues of power and economic
                 influence in the relationship between scientists, the
                 military, and public administrators.\par

                 The invention covered by Patent No. 2,206,634 covers
                 the basic process used in the research and development
                 leading up the production of atomic energy and the
                 production of the atomic bomb. Such invention is of
                 continuing importance in the production of fissionable
                 materials and atomic weapons.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
  remark-1 =     "From page 13: ``The Italian scientists also wanted to
                 inform the other inventors and Giannini [one of Fermi's
                 former students who became a businessman, and acted on
                 behalf of Fermi's patent applications] that the slow
                 neutron patent had proved --- indeed, dramatically
                 increased --- its commercial value. But any disclosure
                 of the reasons for this increased value (i.e., in
                 connection with MED [Manhattan Engineer District: code
                 name for the project]) would have led them to
                 contravene Los Alamos security regulations, if not
                 openly challenge the Espionage Act''.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 23: ``Fermi's patent had been an important
                 motive for his research from its onset to the design of
                 nuclear reactors and afterward. \ldots{} The history of
                 Fermi's patent also illuminates, in a very distinctive
                 way, how the relationship between scientists, the
                 military, and the U.S. government was shaped by
                 disputes about intellectual ownership. Because the slow
                 neutron patent was one of only two that received
                 compensation, it in fact provides an almost unique
                 opportunity for exploring how legal controversies
                 intersected with the development of atomic research in
                 wartime and postwar American science.",
  remark-3 =     "From page 25: ``The history of Fermi's patent adds a
                 new dimension to studies of political persecution in
                 the United States during the 1950s. It shows that some
                 of the scientists who were subjected to scrutiny during
                 the ``witch hunts'' also had ongoing legal and
                 financial issues with the U.S. government. One might
                 then ask whether there was a connection between
                 political repression and ongoing disputes of a
                 legal-financial nature.''",
  remark-4 =     "From page 26: ``Only one other set of patents (those
                 filed by Segr{\`e} and his Berkeley associates on
                 plutonium) were compensated by the PCB [Patent
                 Compensation Board]; all the other claims were
                 rejected. \ldots{} The agency could then license
                 corporations such as General Electric and Westinghouse
                 for the trade of nuclear radioisotopes and nuclear
                 reactors alike. This meant that costs for intellectual
                 property rights amounted to as little as 0.005 percent
                 of the total revenues derived from selling nuclear
                 products abroad, whereas prewar contracts had ensured
                 inventors no less than 5 percent of total revenues. On
                 the whole, the governmental monopoly system on atomic
                 patents had not diminished the contractual power of
                 corporations; indeed, it augmented it.''.",
  remark-5 =     "There are numerous mentions of Leo Szilard in this
                 paper, and references to \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB}.",
}

@Article{Valdevit:2006:OFS,
  author =       "Giampaolo Valdevit",
  title =        "{Oppenheimer} fra scienza e potere. Una storia
                 americana. ({Italian}) [{Oppenheimer} between science
                 and power. {An} {American} story]",
  journal =      j-STUD-STOR,
  volume =       "47",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "115--142",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "2006",
  ISSN =         "0039-3037 (print), 2036-458X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0039-3037",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:17 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/20567340",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Studi Storici",
  language =     "Italian",
  remark =       "Besides J. Robert Oppenheimer, the article has several
                 mentions of Niels Bohr, Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi,
                 Isidor Isaac Rabi, and Leo Szilard",
}

@Article{Canaday:2007:LS,
  author =       "John Canaday",
  title =        "`{Leo Szilard}'",
  journal =      "Raritan --- a Quarterly Review",
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "61--62",
  month =        "SUmmer",
  year =         "2007",
  ISSN =         "0275-1607",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Fiege:2007:ASS,
  author =       "Mark Fiege",
  title =        "The Atomic Scientists, the Sense of Wonder, and the
                 Bomb",
  journal =      j-ENVIRON-HIST,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "578--613",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "2007",
  ISSN =         "1084-5453 (print), 1930-8892 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1084-5453",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/25473133",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Environmental History",
  remark =       "Brief mention of Leo Szilard and Albert Einstein, and
                 reference to \cite{Lanouette:1992:GSB}.",
}

@Book{Smith:2007:DMR,
  author =       "Peter D. (Peter Daniel) Smith",
  title =        "Doomsday men: the real {Dr. Strangelove} and the dream
                 of the superweapon",
  publisher =    pub-ST-MARTINS,
  address =      pub-ST-MARTINS:adr,
  pages =        "xxii + 552",
  year =         "2007",
  ISBN =         "0-312-37397-X",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-312-37397-9",
  LCCN =         "QC773.A1 S65 2007",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 26 14:56:06 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 jenson.stanford.edu:2210/unicorn",
  abstract =     "This is the untold story of the ultimate weapon of
                 mass destruction. In 1950, Hungarian-born scientist Leo
                 Szilard made a dramatic announcement on American radio:
                 science was on the verge of creating a doomsday bomb, a
                 huge cobalt-clad H-bomb that would pollute the
                 atmosphere with radioactivity and end all life on
                 earth. For the first time in history, mankind had
                 within his grasp a truly godlike power, the ability to
                 destroy life itself. The shockwave from this statement
                 reverberated across the following decade and beyond ---
                 for many people there was now little to distinguish
                 real scientists from that ``fictional master of
                 megadeath,'' Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove. Indeed,
                 as science historian Smith shows, the dream of the
                 superweapon to end all war begins in popular culture
                 --- iconic films and fictions, from H. G. Wells'
                 forward --- and the scientists responsible for these
                 terrible weapons grew up in a culture dreaming of
                 superweapons and Wellsian utopias.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Szilard, Leo; Fermi, Enrico; Atomic bomb; History;
                 Scientists; Moral and ethical aspects",
  subject-dates = "1901--1954",
}

@InCollection{Anonymous:2008:SL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  booktitle =    "Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography",
  title =        "{Szilard, Leo}",
  publisher =    "Encyclopedia.com",
  address =      "????",
  year =         "2008",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 06 16:59:36 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-2830906128.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  lastaccess =   "06 March 2013",
}

@Article{Clemente:2008:DSS,
  author =       "Bill Clemente",
  title =        "The Dolphin Still Speaks: {Leo Szilard} and Science
                 Fiction",
  journal =      "Hungarian Journal of English and American Studies
                 (HJEAS)",
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "373--387",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "2008",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "1218-7364",
  ISSN-L =       "1218-7364",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/41274436",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Malloy:2008:BRP,
  author =       "Sean L. Malloy",
  title =        "Book Review: {P. D. Smith: \booktitle{Doomsday Men:
                 The Real Dr. Strangelove and the Dream of the
                 Superweapon}}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "99",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "876--877",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "2008",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/597738",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 21:20:03 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/597753;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis2000.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/597738;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/10.1086/597738.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/isis/about.html",
  remark =       "The book's author uses Dr. Strangelove for Leo
                 Szilard.",
}

@Article{Podvig:2008:LSL,
  author =       "P. Podvig",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard Lectureship Award} Talk: Nuclear
                 disarmament after the cold war",
  journal =      "APS April Meeting Abstracts",
  pages =        "6005--??",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "2008",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "American Physical Society, 2008 APS April Meeting and
                 HEDP/HEDLA Meeting, April 11--15, 2008, abstract
                 \#S6.005.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008APS..APR.S6005P",
  abstract =     "Now that the cold war is long over, our thinking of
                 nuclear weapons and the role that they play in
                 international security has undergone serious changes.
                 The emphasis has shifted from superpower confrontation
                 to nuclear proliferation, spread of weapon materials,
                 and to the dangers of countries developing nuclear
                 weapon capability under a cover of a civilian program.
                 At the same time, the old cold-war dangers, while
                 receded, have not disappeared completely. The United
                 States and Russia keep maintaining thousands of nuclear
                 weapons in their arsenals, some of them in very high
                 degree of readiness. This situation presents a serious
                 challenge that the international community has to deal
                 with. Although Russia and the United States are taking
                 some steps to reduce their nuclear arsenals, the
                 traditional arms control process has stalled -- the
                 last treaty that was signed in 2002 does not place
                 serious limits on strategic forces of either side. The
                 START Treaty, which provides a framework for
                 verification and transparency in reduction of nuclear
                 arsenals, will expire at the end of 2009. Little effort
                 has been undertaken to extend the treaty or renegotiate
                 it. Moreover, in recent years Russia has stepped up the
                 efforts to modernize its strategic nuclear forces. The
                 United States has resisted joining the Comprehensive
                 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and has been working on
                 controversial new nuclear weapon development programs.
                 The U.S. missile defense program makes the dialogue
                 between Russia and the United States even more
                 difficult. The reluctance of Russia and the United
                 States to engage in a discussion about drastic
                 reductions of their nuclear forces undermines the case
                 of nuclear nonproliferation and seriously complicated
                 their effort to contain the spread of nuclear weapon
                 technologies and expertise. One of the reasons for the
                 current lack of progress in nuclear disarmament is the
                 contradiction between the diminished role that nuclear
                 weapons play in security of nuclear weapon states and
                 the inertia of cold-war institutions that are involved
                 in their development and support. Dealing with this
                 contradiction would require development of new
                 mechanisms of cooperation between nuclear weapons
                 states and their strong commitment to the cause of
                 nuclear nonproliferation. One important area of
                 cooperation is development of a framework that would
                 prevent the spread of nuclear materials and technology
                 at the time when increasing number of countries is
                 turning toward expanded use of nuclear power to cover
                 their energy needs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  adsnote =      "Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System",
}

@Article{Altman:2009:THN,
  author =       "I. S. Al'tman and I. E. Agranovskii and M. Choi and V.
                 A. Zagainov",
  title =        "To the theory of homogeneous nucleation: The
                 nonisothermality of the {Szilard} model",
  journal =      "Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A",
  volume =       "83",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "63--70",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2009",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0036024409010142",
  ISSN =         "0036-0244",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A",
}

@Book{Frank:2009:DEM,
  author =       "Tibor Frank",
  title =        "Double exile: migrations of {Jewish--Hungarian}
                 professionals through {Germany} to the {United States},
                 1919--1945",
  volume =       "7",
  publisher =    "Peter Lang",
  address =      "Oxford, UK",
  pages =        "501",
  year =         "2009",
  ISBN =         "3-03911-331-3",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-03911-331-6",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 13 16:30:16 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.bibsys.no:2100/BIBSYS",
  series =       "Exil-Studien: eine interdisziplin{\"a}re Buchreihe",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Bibliografi s.455-483.",
  subject =      "J{\o}der i Ungarn; J{\o}der; Historie; Ungarn;
                 Utvandring; Flyktninger; J{\o}der i Forente Stater;
                 Ungarere i Forente Stater; Forente Stater;
                 Innvandring",
}

@Article{Jeanloz:2009:LSL,
  author =       "R. Jeanloz",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard Lectureship Award} Talk: Science and
                 International Security",
  journal =      "APS April Meeting Abstracts",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "7001--??",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2009",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 15:48:17 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "American Physical Society, 2009 APS April Meeting, May
                 2-5, 2009, abstract \#R7.001.",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009APS..APR.R7001J",
  abstract =     "The proliferation of nuclear-weapons technology is one
                 of the gravest dangers facing the world, with
                 potentially devastating consequences if it is not
                 contained. The scientific community has a special role
                 to play in confronting this threat, not only because
                 many of the issues involved are highly technical, and
                 science offers important tools such as hypothesis
                 testing, but also because open communication lies at
                 the heart of scientific research. International dialogs
                 among scientists can thus be uniquely powerful in
                 confronting problems of global concern, especially when
                 political constraints hinder communication between
                 nations. Many view the scientific community as at least
                 partly responsible for major threats confronting the
                 world, but we also have the opportunity to reduce those
                 dangers through the same processes that lead to
                 discovery and advancement of knowledge.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Lanouette:2009:CCN,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Civilian Control of Nuclear Weapons",
  journal =      j-ARMS-CONTROL-TODAY,
  volume =       "39",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "45--48",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2009",
  ISSN =         "0196-125X (print), 1943-5754 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0196-125X",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 14:28:21 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "An article about the proposal to shift nuclear weapons
                 work from the Energy to the Defense Department, and the
                 efforts that Szilard led in the 1940s to establish
                 ``civilian control'' of nuclear weapons and research",
  URL =          "http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2009_5/Lanouette",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  fjournal =     "Arms Control Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.armscontrol.org/act/",
}

@Article{Zetterberg:2009:SHN,
  author =       "Henrik Zetterberg and Magnus Bath and Madeleine
                 Zetterberg and Peter Bernhardt and Ola Hammarsten",
  title =        "The {Szilard} Hypothesis on the Nature of Aging
                 Revisited",
  journal =      j-GEN,
  volume =       "182",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--9",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2009",
  CODEN =        "GENTAE",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.109.103341",
  ISSN =         "0016-6731",
  ISSN-L =       "0016-6731",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Genetics",
}

@Article{Marathe:2010:CCPa,
  author =       "Rahul Marathe and J. M. R. Parrondo",
  title =        "Cooling classical particles with a microcanonical
                 {Szilard} engine",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "104",
  number =       "24",
  pages =        "245704--245704",
  day =          "18",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2010",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.245704",
  ISSN =         "1079-7114",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Pallo:2010:BRB,
  author =       "G{\'a}bor Pall{\'o}",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Double exile. Migration of
                 Jewish--Hungarian professionals through Germany to the
                 United States, 1919--1945}} by Tibor Frank}",
  journal =      j-STUD-EAST-EUROPEAN-THOUGHT,
  volume =       "62",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "241--243",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2010",
  CODEN =        "SEETE3",
  ISSN =         "0925-9392 (print), 1573-0948 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0925-9392",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:37:15 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/40927720",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Studies in East European Thought",
}

@Article{Hemmo:2011:SPM,
  author =       "Meir Hemmo and Orly Shenker",
  title =        "{Szilard}'s {{\em Perpetuum Mobile}}",
  journal =      j-PHILOS-SCI,
  volume =       "78",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "264--283",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "2011",
  CODEN =        "PHSCA6",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/659231",
  ISSN =         "0031-8248 (print), 1539-767X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-8248",
  bibdate =      "Sat Mar 1 08:09:02 MST 2014",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=philscie;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/659319;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/philossci2010.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/659231",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Philosophy of Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/philscie/about.html",
}

@Article{Kim:2011:ITF,
  author =       "Kang-Hwan Kim and Sang Wook Kim",
  title =        "Information from time-forward and time-backward
                 processes in {Szilard} engines",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-E,
  volume =       "84",
  number =       "1 (part 1)",
  pages =        "012101",
  day =          "8",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "2011",
  CODEN =        "PLEEE8",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.84.012101",
  ISSN =         "1539-3755",
  ISSN-L =       "1539-3755",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review E (Statistical physics, plasmas,
                 fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics)",
  journal-URL =  "http://pre.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Kim:2011:QSE,
  author =       "Sang Wook Kim and Takahiro Sagawa and Simone {De
                 Liberato} and Masahito Ueda",
  title =        "Quantum {Szilard} Engine",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "106",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "070401",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "2011",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.070401",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
  onlinedate =   "2011-FEB-14",
}

@InProceedings{Lanouette:2011:NMH,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "A Narrow Margin of Hope: {Leo Szilard} in the Founding
                 Days of {CARA}",
  crossref =     "Marks:2011:DLP",
  chapter =      "2",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "2011",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 13:19:35 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  keywords =     "Council for Assisting Refugee Academics (CARA)",
}

@Article{Vaikuntanathan:2011:MMDa,
  author =       "Suriyanarayanan Vaikuntanathan and Christopher
                 Jarzynski",
  title =        "Modeling {Maxwell}'s demon with a microcanonical
                 {Szilard} engine",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-E,
  volume =       "83",
  number =       "6 (part 1)",
  pages =        "061120",
  day =          "15",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2011",
  CODEN =        "PLEEE8",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.83.061120",
  ISSN =         "1539-3755",
  ISSN-L =       "1539-3755",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review E (Statistical physics, plasmas,
                 fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics)",
  journal-URL =  "http://pre.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2012:HAT,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Harold Agnew} talk delights audience",
  journal =      "{Los Alamos National Laboratory News Center}",
  day =          "11",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2012",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jun 18 15:52:57 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "From the article: ``Agnew, 92, fondly recounted his
                 long association with Enrico Fermi, starting with his
                 work on the team that created the first controlled
                 nuclear reaction in a graphite pile at the University
                 of Chicago. He remembers Fermi as, ``a wonderful
                 person, but just a regular guy,'' who, in a very
                 low-key manner, advanced key research in the
                 development of the first atomic weapons and many other
                 breakthrough scientific innovations.\par

                 He also told a story of Leo Szilard's quirky
                 behavior.\par

                 ``At Chicago, Fermi used to give weekly lectures on
                 Thursday evenings. Outside the lecture hall there was a
                 sign up sheet, on a yellow legal pad. Szilard, who I
                 think wasn't sure we were going to win the war, refused
                 to put his name on the sign up sheet, so Fermi had him
                 listen to the lectures from the hallway, through an
                 open door.''",
  URL =          "http://www.lanl.gov/news/stories/agnew-colloquium.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Bailyn:2012:BRB,
  author =       "Lotte Bailyn and Bernard Bailyn",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{In Defence of Learning: The
                 Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic
                 Refugees, 1933--1980s}}, edited by Shula Marks, Paul
                 Weindling, and Laura Wintour}",
  journal =      j-J-INTERDISCIP-HIST,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "301--302",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "2012",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "0022-1953 (print), 1530-9169 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0022-1953",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 13:09:44 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Marks:2011:DLP}.",
  URL =          "http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_interdisciplinary_history/v043/43.2.bailyn.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of Interdisciplinary History",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journals/00221953.html;
                 http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/jih/",
  remark =       "From page 301: ``The core of the book is the evolving
                 history of the Council for Assisting Refugee Academics
                 (CARA) founded by William Beveridge in 1933 at the
                 urging of Leo Szilard, a peripatetic physicist, to
                 rescue the academic victims of Nazism in Germany.''",
}

@Article{Bier:2012:SML,
  author =       "Martin Bier and Francisco J. Cao",
  title =        "{Szilard}-Machine-Like Features in a Processive Motor
                 Protein",
  journal =      "Acta Physica Polonica B",
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "889--908",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "2012",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.5506/APhysPolB.43.889",
  ISSN =         "0587-4254",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  classification = "Zakopane, Poland",
  conference-date = "Sep 17--22, 2011",
  conference-name = "24th Marian Smoluchowski Symposium on Statistical
                 Physics",
  onlinedate =   "MAY-2012",
  report-number = "Cao, Francisco/B-7794-2008",
  sponsor =      "Jagiellonian Univ, Marian Smoluchowski Inst Phys;
                 European Sci Fdn; Polish Acad Sci, Inst Phys Chem; Univ
                 Silesia, A Chelkowski Inst Phys; Silesian Univ Technol,
                 Fac Chem; Wroclaw Univ Technol, Inst Phys; Jagiellonian
                 Univ, Mark Kac Complex Syst Res Ctr",
}

@Article{Cai:2012:MQSa,
  author =       "C. Y. Cai and H. Dong and C. P. Sun",
  title =        "Multiparticle quantum {Szilard} engine with optimal
                 cycles assisted by a {Maxwell}'s demon",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-E,
  volume =       "85",
  number =       "3 (part 1)",
  pages =        "031114",
  day =          "14",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2012",
  CODEN =        "PLEEE8",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.85.031114",
  ISSN =         "1539-3755",
  ISSN-L =       "1539-3755",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review E (Statistical physics, plasmas,
                 fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics)",
  journal-URL =  "http://pre.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Kim:2012:SIH,
  author =       "Kang-Hwan Kim and Sang Wook Kim",
  title =        "{Szilard}'s information heat engines in the deep
                 quantum regime",
  journal =      "Journal of the {Korean Physical Society}",
  volume =       "61",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "1187--1193",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "2012",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.3938/jkps.61.1187",
  ISSN =         "0374-4884",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Kish:2012:EMD,
  author =       "Laszlo Bela Kish and Claes-Goran Granqvist",
  title =        "Electrical {Maxwell} Demon and {Szilard} Engine
                 Utilizing {Johnson} Noise, Measurement, Logic and
                 Control",
  journal =      j-PLOS-ONE,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "e46800",
  day =          "15",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "2012",
  CODEN =        "POLNCL",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046800",
  ISSN =         "1932-6203",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "PLoS One",
}

@Article{Kish:2012:ERC,
  author =       "L. B. Kish and C. G. Granqvist",
  title =        "Energy requirement of control: Comments on {Szilard}'s
                 engine and {Maxwell}'s demon",
  journal =      "EPL",
  volume =       "98",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "68001",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2012",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/98/68001",
  ISSN =         "0295-5075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Li:2012:RQS,
  author =       "Hai Li and Jian Zou and Jun-Gang Li and Bin Shao and
                 Lian-Ao Wu",
  title =        "Revisiting the quantum {Szilard} engine with fully
                 quantum considerations",
  journal =      j-ANN-PHYS,
  volume =       "327",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "2955--2971",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "2012",
  CODEN =        "APNYA6",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aop.2012.08.008",
  ISSN =         "0003-4916",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-4916",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of Physics",
}

@Article{Lu:2012:PEPa,
  author =       "Yao Lu and Gui Lu Long",
  title =        "Parity effect and phase transitions in quantum
                 {Szilard} engines",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-E,
  volume =       "85",
  number =       "1 (part 1)",
  pages =        "011125",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "2012",
  CODEN =        "PLEEE8",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.85.011125",
  ISSN =         "1539-3755",
  ISSN-L =       "1539-3755",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 5 10:55:56 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review E (Statistical physics, plasmas,
                 fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics)",
  journal-URL =  "http://pre.aps.org/browse",
  onlinedate =   "2012-JAN-17",
}

@InCollection{Schils:2012:AE,
  author =       "Ren{\'e} Schils",
  title =        "{Albert Einstein}",
  crossref =     "Schils:2012:HJW",
  pages =        "123--129",
  year =         "2012",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-0860-4_20",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 09 09:39:51 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4614-0860-4_20",
  abstract =     "Albert Einstein was not only a world famous physicist,
                 but also a practical inventor. Together with Leo
                 Szilard, he designed three alternative refrigerators.
                 The ideas were ingenious, but none ever found their way
                 into the kitchen.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Lanouette:2013:GSB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of {Leo Szilard},
                 the Man Behind the Bomb",
  publisher =    "Skyhorse Publishing",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "2013",
  ISBN =         "1-62636-023-5",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-62636-023-5 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 28 17:53:12 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "With Bela Silard.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Reid:20xx:ESM,
  author =       "R. Reid and Richard Thomas and John Stockbridge and
                 Robert Rietty and James Langahm and Murray Kash",
  title =        "{Einstein}: The story of the man by his friends",
  howpublished = "Motion picture",
  year =         "20xx",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 17:10:53 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "J. Robert Oppenheimer, Thomas Bucky, Helen Dukas,
                 Patrick Gordon Walker, Banesh Hoffman, Otto Nathan, Leo
                 Szilard, Edward Teller and A. R. Ubbelohde",
  abstract =     "A look at Albert Einstein's life with interviews with
                 famous friends and footage, note footage of dinner with
                 George Bernard Shaw.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Part 3 (of 3) --- broadcasts/interviews/talks about Leo Szilard and
%%% his works.  Entries are sorted in chronological order with `bibsort
%%% byday':

@Misc{Lanouette:1986:LSA,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} and the Art of Citizens' Diplomacy",
  howpublished = "Discussant at a session on ``Citizens' Diplomacy and
                 International Exchanges'' at the Sixth World Congress
                 of International Physicians for the Prevention of
                 Nuclear War. Cologne, Germany",
  day =          "31",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1986",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1986:BNG,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Von des Bombes aus Netz}. ({German}) [{From} the Bomb
                 to the Grid]",
  howpublished = "History of nuclear power in America. WL interviewed in
                 Washington, DC, Three Mile Island PA, and Shippingport,
                 PA. RIAS-TV.",
  year =         "1986",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  language =     "German",
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1989:PS,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The Power and the Story",
  howpublished = "Interview with WL about the development of nuclear
                 power in America. Radio Dialogue \#48.",
  day =          "9",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1989",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1990:RMP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Running Down the {Manhattan Project}: {Leo Szilard}'s
                 Efforts to Build and Ban the Bomb",
  howpublished = "A talk for the Seminar ``Running the Manhattan
                 Project: Conant, Groves, and Szilard'' at the annual
                 meeting of the History of Science Society. Seattle, WA,
                 USA",
  day =          "26",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1990",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1992:LSP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} and Post-War Science: From Nuclear
                 Physics to Molecular Biology",
  howpublished = "A talk questioning if Szilard's scientific style
                 employs evolution, revolution, or subversion. The
                 History of Science Society and American Historical
                 Association, Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "29",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1992",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1993:AWL,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Author {William Lanouette} Talks About {Leo Szilard}",
  howpublished = "Interview by Neal Conan on ``Morning Edition,''
                 National Public Radio",
  day =          "1",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1993:FSG,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Faculty Seminar on Genius in the Shadows",
  howpublished = "Talk at The George Washington University, Washington,
                 DC, USA.",
  day =          "2",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1993:WFM,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Where the Four {Martians} of the {Manhattan Project}
                 Landed: The National Laboratory Connections of
                 {Teller}, {Wigner}, {von Neumann}, and {Szilard}",
  howpublished = "Talk at the American Physical Society, Washington, DC,
                 USA.",
  day =          "13",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1993:LSM,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: The Man Behind the Award.",
  howpublished = "American Physical Society, Szilard Award ceremony,
                 Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "14",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1993:AL,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Authors' Lunch",
  howpublished = "In a discussion among writers about Hungary with
                 President Arpad Goncz, former US Ambassador Philip
                 Kaiser, and others. Embassy of Hungary, Washington, DC,
                 USA",
  day =          "23",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1993:HGT,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Hungarian} Geniuses and their Bomb",
  howpublished = "Seminar on Science and Social Responsibility, about
                 Szilard, Teller, von Neumann, and Wigner. Georgetown
                 University, Washington, DC, USA.",
  day =          "10",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1993",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1993:ALB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Author's Lecture and Booksigning: {World War II}
                 Series",
  howpublished = "Presentation about Szilard's attempts to prevent the
                 atomic bombing of Japan, with readings from Genius in
                 the Shadows The National Archives, Washington, DC.",
  day =          "5",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1993:GS,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Genius in the Shadows",
  howpublished = "Interview on the Voice of America about Szilard's
                 efforts to prevent the atomic bombing of Japan and the
                 scientists' petition to Truman.",
  day =          "6",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1993",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1993:CIG,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Consultant and Interviewer for {``The Genius Behind
                 the Bomb''}",
  howpublished = "PBS/NOVA documentary about Leo Szilard narrated by Ed
                 Asner. [NOVA Program \#1911].",
  day =          "29",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1994:LSL,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}'s Life",
  howpublished = "A talk to the Inter-Agency Seminar Group at the
                 Brookings Institution, Washington, DC.",
  day =          "23",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1994",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1994:AS,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Atomic Spies",
  howpublished = "Debate with the authors of \booktitle{Special Tasks}
                 by Soviet spymaster Pavel Sudoplatov
                 \cite{Sudoplatov:1995:STM}, which falsely alleged that
                 Szilard, Niels Bohr, J. Robert Oppenheimer and Enrico
                 Fermi were Soviet agents within the Manhattan Project.
                 MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour",
  day =          "26",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1994",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1994:SLS,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Seminar on {Leo Szilard}",
  howpublished = "History Associates, Rockville, Maryland",
  day =          "6",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1994",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1995:A,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{August 1945}",
  howpublished = "Woodrow Wilson Center ``Dialogue'' radio interview on
                 the decision to drop A-bombs on Japan, and the
                 Manhattan Project Scientists (including Szilard) who
                 opposed using the weapons they had created. Radio
                 Dialogue \#295.",
  day =          "1--7",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1995",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1995:GSB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Genius in the Shadows: The Biography of {Leo
                 Szilard}",
  howpublished = "Woodrow Wilson Center ``Dialogue'' radio interview
                 about Szilard's efforts to create and control the
                 A-bomb, and his life-long commitment to social issues.
                 Radio Dialogue \#306.",
  day =          "17--23",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1995",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1995:MPS,
  author =       "William Lanouette and Ralph E. Lapp and Howard Gest
                 and John A. Simpson",
  title =        "The {Manhattan Project} Scientists Petition {President
                 Truman}",
  howpublished = "Lecture and Introduction to a Discussion by Three
                 Signers of Leo Szilard's 17 July 1945 Petition About
                 the Decision to Use the Atom Bomb. World War II
                 Program. The National Archives, Washington, DC. TV
                 broadcast by C-SPAN.",
  day =          "17",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1995",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1995:HWB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Hiroshima}: Why the Bomb Was Dropped",
  howpublished = "Interview about Szilard's attempts to demonstrate the
                 A-bomb and stop its use on cities. ABC Peter Jennings
                 Reporting.",
  day =          "27",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1995",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1995:SSB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Scientists, Statesmen, and the Bomb",
  howpublished = "A talk about Leo Szilard's efforts to prevent the
                 atomic bombing of Japan, presented at the International
                 Colloquium on the 50th Anniversary of Hiroshima,
                 University of Mons-Hainaut, Belgium",
  day =          "15",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1995",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1996:NAR,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The Nuclear Arms Race and the Scientists Behind It",
  howpublished = "Lecture about Szilard and fellow refugee scientists
                 who created and continued the nuclear arms race.
                 Visiting Scholar at James Madison University",
  day =          "5",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1996",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1996:WSB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Writing {Szilard}'s Biography",
  howpublished = "Presentation to a Faculty Seminar, Loyola University,
                 New Orleans, Louisiana",
  day =          "25",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1996",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1996:LSP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Leo Szilard: Physicist and Peacemaker",
  howpublished = "A talk prepared for ``Hungarian Emigre Scientists and
                 the Technologies of Peace and War 1919-1989,'' a
                 workshop organized for the 23rd Symposium of the
                 International Committee for the History of Technology,
                 Budapest 8-9 August 1996. Published in The Martians:
                 Hungarian Emigre Scientists and the Technology of War
                 and Peace (Gyorgy Marx, editor). Budapest:
                 E{\"o}tv{\"o}s University, 1997, 88-95.",
  day =          "8--9",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1996",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1997:NAR,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The Nuclear Arms Race: From {Leo Szilard} to Stockpile
                 Stewardship",
  howpublished = "A seminar presented at the Peace Studies Program,
                 Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.",
  day =          "23",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1997",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Book{Lanouette:1997:SLZ,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Szilard Leo}: Zseni Arnyekban",
  publisher =    "Magyar Vilag Kiado",
  address =      "Budapest, Hungary",
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1997",
  ISBN =         "",
  ISBN-13 =      "",
  LCCN =         "",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 07:09:59 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  note =         "Hungarian edition of \booktitle{Genius in the
                 Shadows}. Translated by Peter Hrasko",
  price =        "US\$",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1998:LSCa,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: A Comic and Cosmic Wit",
  howpublished = "A talk at the International Szilard Seminar, Leo
                 Szilard Centenary Celebration, E{\"o}tv{\"o}s
                 University, Budapest, 9 February 1998. Published in
                 \cite{Lanouette:1998:LSCb}.",
  day =          "9",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1998:SGN,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The Shadow of Genius in the Nuclear Age: Reflections
                 on the Life of {Leo Szilard}",
  howpublished = "Policy Forum with Nobel laureate Kenneth Wilson, Ohio
                 State Univ., Columbus, Ohio.",
  day =          "17",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1998:LSP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: Physics, Politics, and the Narrow
                 Margin of Hope",
  howpublished = "A talk at the Symposium in Celebration of the 100th
                 Anniversary of Leo Szilard's Birth. Sponsored by the
                 Forum on International Physics, Forum on Physics and
                 Society, and Forum on the History of Physics. American
                 Physical Society annual meeting, Columbus, Ohio.
                 Published in \cite{Lanouette:1999:LSP}",
  day =          "18",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1998:LS,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}",
  howpublished = "Interview with Veronika Sarkany for ``Hungarian
                 Journey: Leo Szilard.'' Broadcast on Radio Hungary.",
  day =          "25",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1998:LSM,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} Memorial Service and Interment",
  howpublished = "Ithaca, New York",
  day =          "3",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1998:NB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The {Nazi} Bomb",
  howpublished = "Interview about Szilard's attempts to spur the USA to
                 develop an A-bomb before Germany could, including his
                 drafting of a letter from Albert Einstein to President
                 Roosevelt and his early research with Enrico Fermi. The
                 History Channel. 10 June 1998.",
  day =          "10",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@InProceedings{Lanouette:1998:LSCb,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Leo Szilard: A Comic and Cosmic Wit",
  crossref =     "Marx:1998:LSC",
  pages =        "103--108",
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 15:39:41 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1998:PCL,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Prescience and Conscience: {Leo Szilard}
                 (1898--1964)",
  howpublished = "An adaptation of \cite{Lanouette:1998:LSCb}.",
  year =         "1998",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1999:CUP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The Century. Ultimate Power: The Race to Build the
                 Atomic Bomb",
  howpublished = "Interview about Szilard's efforts to stop the bomb he
                 had initiated. ABC Peter Jennings Reporting.",
  day =          "1",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1999",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1999:RCH,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Reason and Circumstances of the {Hiroshima} Bomb",
  crossref =     "Prigge:2003:BBA",
  howpublished = "A talk about the U.S. scientists' struggle to control
                 the A-bomb they had created, presented at a UNESCO
                 Conference on World Cultural Heritage of the 20th
                 Century ``Modernity and Barbarism.'' The Bauhaus,
                 Dessau, Germany. 4 June 1999. Published in
                 \cite{Lanouette:2003:GHB}.",
  day =          "4",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1999",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:1999:WFM,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Where the Four {Martians} of the {Manhattan Project}
                 Landed: The {National Laboratory} Connections of
                 {Teller}, {Wigner}, {von Neumann}, and {Szilard}",
  howpublished = "A Talk at a Conference on Laboratory History and
                 Sociology, State University of New York at Stony Brook
                 \& Brookhaven National Laboratory",
  day =          "10",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1999",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2000:RND,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Respondent to {``New Dimensions in the Dialogue
                 Between Science and the Humanities''}",
  howpublished = "With examples of ways Szilard used science fiction and
                 fables to reveal scientific and political insights.
                 Gordon Research Conference on ``New Frontiers in
                 Science and Technology Policy'' Plymouth, New
                 Hampshire.",
  day =          "22",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "2000",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  xxnote =       "Were the proceedings published? I don't find them in
                 the KVK.",
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2002:ELR,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Einstein}'s Letter to {Roosevelt}",
  howpublished = "Consultant and speaker on Szilard's role in drafting
                 and delivering Einstein's 1939 letter to FDR that
                 prompted the Manhattan Project. The Learning Channel",
  month =        "Fall",
  year =         "2002",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2002:LSB,
  author =       "William Lanouette and Gregg Herken and Robert S.
                 Norrisat",
  title =        "Leo Szilard: Baiting Brass Hats",
  howpublished = "A talk for the panel on ``The Military and Science in
                 the Crucible of War'' (with Gregg Herken and Robert S.
                 Norrisat) a Symposium on the Manhattan Project,
                 Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington DC.
                 Broadcast as C-SPAN Program \# 169799-2.",
  day =          "27",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "2002",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2002:MMM,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Modern Marvels: {Manhattan Project}",
  howpublished = "Consultant and speaker on a program about Szilard's
                 role in prompting the U.S. A-bomb program, then
                 opposing the weapon's use. The History Channel",
  day =          "4",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2002",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2002:UP,
  author =       "William Lanouette and Peter Cook",
  title =        "Uranium $+$ Peaches",
  howpublished = "Play about the May 1945 meeting between Einstein's
                 prot{\'e}g{\'e} Leo Szilard and President Truman's
                 mentor (soon Secretary of State) James F. Byrnes, in
                 which the scientist who made the A-bomb and wants to
                 stop it confronts the politician eager to use it. Five
                 staged dramatic readings in New York City and two in
                 Hollywood, 2002--08.",
  year =         "2002",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 06 09:37:46 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.uraniumandpeaches.com/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2002:WP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "War \& Peace",
  howpublished = "Speaker about Leo Szilard's role rallying scientists
                 against the weapons they created, in a film by Anand
                 Patwardhan about the nuclear arms race and its
                 control",
  year =         "2002",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2004:UPH,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Uranium $+$ Peaches in {Hollywood}",
  howpublished = "Interview about Leo Szilard and his portrayal by Ed
                 Asner in a staged Hollywood reading. ``Stage and
                 Screen'' KXLU-FM Los Angeles",
  day =          "22",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2004",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2004:MML,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Martian} in Motion: {Leo Szilard}",
  howpublished = "Consultant and speaker on a 2004 documentary about Leo
                 Szilard. Arkion Documentary, Knoxville, Tennessee.",
  year =         "2004",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2005:AHN,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "60th Anniversary of {Hiroshima} \& {Nagasaki}",
  howpublished = "Interview for TBS (Tokyo), NTV (Nagoya), and
                 SPIEGEL-TV (Germany) programs about the atomic bombings
                 of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and Szilard's efforts first
                 to start the U.S. A-bomb program --- the Manhattan
                 Project =-- and then to prevent the bomb's use against
                 civilians.",
  month =        "Spring\slash Summer",
  year =         "2005",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2005:EEL,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Einstein}'s Equation of Life \& Death",
  howpublished = "Consultant and speaker on the BBC ``Horizon'' science
                 program about how a letter to the President by
                 physicists Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard prompted the
                 U.S. Government to develop nuclear weapons, and how the
                 two men reacted once A-bombs were used. Broadcast in
                 the UK 27 \& 29 January 2005, on Discovery 17 April
                 2005.",
  day =          "27 \& 29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2005",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2005:SSP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Szilardian} Science and Politics: Evolution,
                 Revolution, or Subversion?",
  howpublished = "A paper for the Session on ``The Scientist's Approach
                 --0 The Decision Makers' Approach'' that details
                 Szilard's unconventional creations in science and
                 public policy. World Science Forum on ``Knowledge,
                 Ethics, and Responsibility,'' sponsored by UNESCO and
                 the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Budapest, 10th
                 November 2005. Presented in modified form at the
                 Program on Science and Global Security, Woodrow Wilson
                 School, Princeton University, 15 February 2006.",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "2005",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  xxnote =       "Were the proceedings published? I don't find them in
                 the KVK.",
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2005:GVT,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Geni{\u\i} v teni ({Russian}) [{Genius} in the
                 shadows]",
  howpublished = "Russian edition of Genius in the Shadows. Translated
                 by Viktor B. Adamskii, Andrei Sakharov's colleague in
                 the Soviet nuclear weapons program, 2005.",
  year =         "2005",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  language =     "Russian",
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2006:ELa,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Einstein}'s Letter",
  howpublished = "``Science Talk,'' the Scientific American Podcast
                 Interview about an upcoming History Channel program on
                 the roles of Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard in the
                 beginning of the nuclear age. Episode 9.",
  day =          "5",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "2006",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2006:ELb,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Einstein}'s Letter",
  howpublished = "Consultant \& on-air speaker about how Szilard drafted
                 for Albert Einstein a letter to President Franklin
                 Roosevelt in 1939 warning about a German A-bomb.
                 History Channel series ``Ten Days That Unexpectedly
                 Changed America.''",
  day =          "10",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "2006",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2008:MPC,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The {Manhattan Project} and its {Cold War} Legacy",
  howpublished = "Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.",
  day =          "20",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2008",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2008:NMH,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "A Narrow Margin of Hope: {Leo Szilard} in the Founding
                 Days of {CARA}",
  howpublished = "A talk in the session ``The Early Years: The Academic
                 Assistance Council'' at the conference ``In Defence of
                 Learning: The Past and the Present'' celebrating the
                 75th anniversary of the Council for the Assistance of
                 Academic Refugees (The Royal Society \& The British
                 Academy) London.",
  day =          "4",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "2008",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2009:SPA,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Scientists and Politicians: The Art of the
                 Impossible",
  howpublished = "A paper presented for the panel on ``Nuclear Weapons
                 Policies: Perspectives from the Past'' at the Symposium
                 ``Revisiting Reykjavik: Nuclear Weapons Policy for the
                 New Century.'' Carnegie Institution for Science,
                 Washington, DC, USA",
  day =          "14",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2009",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
  xxnote =       "Were the proceedings published? I don't find them in
                 the KVK.",
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2009:BBF,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Building the Bomb, Fearing Its Use: Nuclear
                 Scientists, Social Responsibility and Arms Control,
                 1946--1996",
  howpublished = "Panelist at a Library of Congress discussion on
                 ``Building the Bomb.'' Described Szilard's struggles to
                 build and then ban the bomb. Other participants were
                 Mary Palevsky, Hugh Gusterson, and Martin J. Sherwin",
  day =          "27",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2009",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2010:LSW,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard} in {Washington}: Seeking a Market for
                 Wisdom",
  howpublished = "Washington Magyar Club. Described Szilard's efforts to
                 start the US nuclear weapons program in 1939, and to
                 curb the nuclear arms race both during and after World
                 War II. Also detailed his research at NIH in the 1950s
                 and his creation of the Council for a Livable World to
                 aid arms control.",
  day =          "16",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2010",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2011:FHM,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "The {Four Hungarians} of the {Manhattan Project}",
  howpublished = "Washington Magyar Club. Described the roles of Leo
                 Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward
                 Teller in the Manhattan Project.",
  day =          "15",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2011",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2011:ESP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Einstein} and {Szilard} in {Princeton}",
  howpublished = "Historical Society of Princeton, The Lewis B. Cuyler
                 Lecture. Described the friendship and interactions
                 between Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard, in Berlin and
                 in Princeton. Included their friendships and contacts
                 with John von Neumann and Eugene Wigner. (Program
                 included remarks by Freeman Dyson.)",
  day =          "9",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2011",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2011:EF,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Einstein}'s Fridge",
  howpublished = "Interview in a Discovery program on Inventions that
                 Shook the World, describing the co-invention by
                 Einstein and Szilard of a revolutionary refrigerator in
                 the 1920s.",
  day =          "27",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "2011",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2011:EMB,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Ethics, Morality, and the Bomb",
  howpublished = "Leo Szilard's struggle with the weapon he created and
                 then tried to control. The Woodstock Group.",
  day =          "13",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "2011",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2012:UP,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Uranium $+$ Peaches",
  howpublished = "Staged dramatic reading by the Arts Council of
                 Princeton and the Princeton Theatre Experiment at the
                 Paul Robeson Center, Princeton, NJ, USA",
  day =          "10",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2012",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2012:WWD,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "Why We Dropped the Bomb",
  howpublished = "Talk to University of the Third Age at the University
                 of San Diego, featuring Szilard's efforts to stop the
                 atomic bombing of Japan in 1945",
  day =          "19",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "2012",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2012:EAS,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{European} and {American} Scientists and their
                 creation of nuclear weapons and power",
  howpublished = "Graduate seminar presentation on Szilard's efforts in
                 Europe and the USA to create A-bombs and nuclear
                 reactors",
  day =          "16",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "2012",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 06:50:11 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}

@Misc{Lanouette:2014:LSM,
  author =       "William Lanouette",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}: The Man Behind the Bomb",
  howpublished = "Lecture at the University of California, San Diego.",
  day =          "8",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "2014",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 16 07:12:51 2014",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.uctv.tv/shows/Leo-Szilard-The-Man-Behind-the-Bomb-with-William-Lanouette-28013;
                 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SVIIFBHhl6g",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-wl,
}


%%% ====================================================================
%%% Cross-referenced entries must come last; entries are sorted by year,
%%% and then by citation label, with `bibsort --byyear':

@Book{Pohl:1962:ED,
  author =       "Frederik Pohl",
  booktitle =    "The expert dreamers",
  title =        "The expert dreamers",
  publisher =    pub-DOUBLEDAY,
  address =      pub-DOUBLEDAY:adr,
  pages =        "248",
  year =         "1962",
  LCCN =         "PZ1 .P745 Ex",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 4 14:24:25 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Reprinted in 1968 by Avon Books, New York.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Science fiction",
  tableofcontents = "At the end of the orbit / Arthur C. Clarke \\
                 On the feasibility of coal-driven power stations / O.
                 R. Frisch \\
                 Feast of demons / William Morrison (Joseph Samachson)
                 \\
                 Heart on the other side / George Gamow \\
                 Lenny / Isaac Asimov \\
                 Singers / W. Grey Walter \\
                 Invasion / Robert Willey (Willy Ley) \\
                 To explain Mrs. Thompson / Philip Latham (R. S.
                 Richardson) \\
                 Adrift on the policy level / Chandler Davis \\
                 Black cloud / Fred Hoyle \\
                 Chain reaction / Boyd Ellanby (Lyle and William C.
                 Boyd) \\
                 Miracle of the broom closet / W. Norbert (Norbert
                 Wiener) \\
                 Heavyplanet / Lee Gregor (Milton A. Rothman) \\
                 Test stand / Lee Correy (G. Harry Stine) \\
                 Amateur in chancery / George O. Smith \\
                 Mark Gable foundation / Leo Szilard",
}

@Book{Grodzins:1963:AAS,
  editor =       "Morton Grodzins and Eugene I. Rabinowitch",
  booktitle =    "The Atomic Age: Scientists in National and World
                 Affairs. Articles from the {Bulletin of the Atomic
                 Scientists} 1945--1962",
  title =        "The Atomic Age: Scientists in National and World
                 Affairs. Articles from the {Bulletin of the Atomic
                 Scientists} 1945--1962",
  publisher =    pub-BASIC-BOOKS,
  address =      pub-BASIC-BOOKS:adr,
  pages =        "xviii + 616",
  year =         "1963",
  LCCN =         "D842 .B78",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 8 18:23:29 MDT 2008",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/born-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dyson-freeman-j.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "With the assistance of Harvey Flaumenhaft and Lois
                 Gradner.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Bertrand Russell; Edward Shils;
                 Eugene Rabinowitch; J. Robert Oppenheimer; Max Born",
  subject =      "nuclear warfare; science and civilization; world
                 politics; 1955--1965",
}

@Book{Strauss:1963:MDa,
  author =       "Lewis L. Strauss",
  booktitle =    "Men and decisions",
  title =        "Men and decisions",
  publisher =    "Doubleday",
  address =      "Garden City, NY, USA",
  pages =        "viii + 468 + 16",
  year =         "1963",
  LCCN =         "E741 .S78",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 23 17:10:50 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 z3950.bibsys.no:2100/BIBSYS;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  bookpages =    "viii + 468 + 16",
  keywords =     "Edward Teller; Enrico Fermi; Hans Bethe; John von
                 Neumann; Leo Szilard",
  subject =      "Europa; Historie 1914--1945; Historie 1945--1999;
                 Forente Stater; Utenrikspolitikk; Manhattan Project;
                 United States; History; 20th century",
  tableofcontents = "I. First Decisions / 1\\
                 II. A Man of Decision / 7 \\
                 III. Rebirth of a Nation / 60 \\
                 IV. Twentieth-Century Anabasis / 71 \\
                 V. Decisions about Money / 78 \\
                 VI. De Profundis / 103 \\
                 VII. Sidelight on a Decision in Tokyo / 120 \\
                 VIII. A View of the Navy from the Beach / 131 \\
                 IX. ``A Thousand Years of Regret'' / 163 \\
                 X. The Decision to Detect / 201 \\
                 XI. Decision on the Hydrogen Bomb / 208 \\
                 XII. Vignettes of Research and Researchers / 231 \\
                 XIII. Decisions on Security / 246 \\
                 XIV. Decision in the Case of Dr. J. R. Oppenheimer / 267
                 \\
                 XV. Decision in the Tennessee Valley / 296 \\
                 XVI. A New Charter for the Atom: Atoms for Power / 312
                 \\
                 XVII. The Peaceable Atom: Decisions Affecting New
                 Problems and Old Friends / 330 \\
                 XVIII. Decision in the Senate / 375 \\
                 XIX. Nuclear Tests, Fall-Out, and World Opinion / 404
                 \\
                 Conclusion / 428 \\
                 Acknowledgments / 431 \\
                 Appendix / 433 \\
                 Index / 455",
}

@Book{Hawkins:1987:TLW,
  author =       "Helen S. Hawkins and G. Allen Greb and Gertrud Weiss
                 Szilard",
  booktitle =    "Toward a livable world: {Leo Szilard} and the crusade
                 for nuclear arms control",
  title =        "Toward a livable world: {Leo Szilard} and the crusade
                 for nuclear arms control",
  volume =       "3",
  publisher =    pub-MIT,
  address =      pub-MIT:adr,
  pages =        "lxxiv + 499",
  year =         "1987",
  ISBN =         "0-262-19260-8, 0-262-08162-8",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-262-19260-6, 978-0-262-08162-7",
  LCCN =         "QC3 .S97 vol. 3",
  bibdate =      "Thu Mar 29 18:56:51 MDT 2007",
  bibsource =    "http://alsos.wlu.edu/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "Collected works of Leo Szilard",
  abstract =     "This book, the third and final volume of the collected
                 works of physicist Leo Szilard, concerns his forceful
                 advocacy of nuclear arms control and world peace.
                 Szilard, who drafted Einstein's famous letter to
                 President Franklin D. Roosevelt and participated in the
                 Manhattan Project, also became one of the earliest
                 advocates of nuclear arms control. The book is
                 organized in seven parts starting with Szilard's first
                 public advocacy of arms control in 1947 until his death
                 in 1964. Each section has a general introduction and is
                 followed by documents, such as letters and articles,
                 written by Szilard on arms control issues. One section
                 is devoted to Szilard's contacts with Soviet leader
                 Nikita Khrushchev; another details his founding of and
                 work on The Council for a Livable World. The book also
                 contains a comprehensive introduction by Barton
                 Bernstein covering Szilard's life between 1945 and
                 1964. It provides excellent primary source material on
                 an important leader in the arms control and world peace
                 movements.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark-1 =     "Szilard was the first scientist to figure out how an
                 atomic bomb could work.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 196: ``The main aim of the scientist is to
                 clarify. The main aim of the politician is to
                 persuade.''",
  subject =      "Nuclear disarmament; History; Nuclear
                 nonproliferation; Szilard, Leo",
}

@Book{Chambers:1999:OCA,
  editor =       "John Whiteclay Chambers",
  booktitle =    "The {Oxford} companion to {American} military
                 history",
  title =        "The {Oxford} companion to {American} military
                 history",
  publisher =    pub-OXFORD,
  address =      pub-OXFORD:adr,
  pages =        "916",
  year =         "1999",
  ISBN =         "0-19-507198-0",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-19-507198-6",
  LCCN =         "E181 .O94 1999",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 18:00:10 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 library.ox.ac.uk:210/ADVANCE",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "United States; History, Military; Dictionaries",
}

@Book{Prigge:2003:BBA,
  editor =       "Walter Prigge",
  booktitle =    "{Bauhaus, Brasilia, Auschwitz, Hiroshima:
                 Weltkulturerbe des 20. Jahrhunderts: Modernit{\"a}t und
                 Barbarei}. ({German}) [{Bauhaus}, {Brasilia},
                 {Auschwitz}, {Hiroshima}: {World Heritage Sites} of the
                 {20th Century}: modernity and barbarism]",
  title =        "{Bauhaus, Brasilia, Auschwitz, Hiroshima:
                 Weltkulturerbe des 20. Jahrhunderts: Modernit{\"a}t und
                 Barbarei}. ({German}) [{Bauhaus}, {Brasilia},
                 {Auschwitz}, {Hiroshima}: {World Heritage Sites} of the
                 {20th Century}: modernity and barbarism]",
  volume =       "12",
  publisher =    "Jovis-Verlag",
  address =      "Berlin, Germany",
  pages =        "319",
  year =         "2003",
  ISBN =         "3-936314-93-4",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-936314-93-9",
  LCCN =         "CB427 2003",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 15:15:48 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.gbv.de:20011/gvk",
  series =       "Edition Bauhaus",
  URL =          "http://hsozkult.geschichte.hu-berlin.de/rezensionen/2003-3-159",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
}

@Book{Masters:1946:OWN,
  editor =       "Dexter Masters and Katharine Way",
  booktitle =    "One world or none: a report to the public on the full
                 meaning of the atomic bomb",
  title =        "One world or none: a report to the public on the full
                 meaning of the atomic bomb",
  publisher =    "Whittlesey House, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc.",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "x + 79",
  year =         "1946",
  LCCN =         "UF767 .M3 1946a",
  bibdate =      "Sun May 1 11:36:59 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Foreword by Niels Bohr. Introduction by Arthur H.
                 Compton. See also reprint \cite{Masters:2007:OWN}",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "atomic bomb; nuclear energy; nuclear weapons; nuclear
                 warfare; moral and ethical aspects",
  tableofcontents = "Introduction / Arthur H. Compton \\
                 Foreword: Science and civilization / Niels Bohr \\
                 1. If the bomb gets out of hand / Philip Morrison \\
                 2. It's an old story with the stars / Harlow Shapley
                 \\
                 3. Roots of the atomic age / Eugene P. Wigner \\
                 4. The new power / Gale Young \\
                 5. The new weapon: the turn of the screw / J. R.
                 Oppenheimer \\
                 6. Air force in the atomic age / H. H. Arnold \\
                 7. There is no defence / Louis N. Ridenour \\
                 8. The new technique of private war / E. U. Condon \\
                 9. How close is the danger? / Frederick Seitz and Hans
                 Bethe \\
                 10. An atomic arms race and its alternatives / Irving
                 Langmuir \\
                 11. How does it all add up? / Harold Urey \\
                 12. Can we avert an arms race by an inspection system?
                 / Leo Szilard \\
                 13. International control of atomic energy / Walter
                 Lippmann \\
                 14. The way out / Albert Einstein \\
                 15. Survival is at stake / Federation of American
                 (Atomic) Scientists.",
}

@Book{Masters:1946:VEI,
  editor =       "Dexter Masters and Katherine Way",
  booktitle =    "Een Verden eller ingen. ({Danish}) [{One} world or
                 none]",
  title =        "Een Verden eller ingen. ({Danish}) [{One} world or
                 none]",
  publisher =    "????",
  address =      "K{\o}benhavn, Danmark",
  pages =        "220",
  year =         "1946",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 14:32:13 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.kb.dk:2100/KGL01",
  note =         "Danish translation of \cite{Masters:1946:OWN} by
                 Gudrun Frederiksen og Ebbe Rasmussen. Foreword by Niels
                 Bohr. Introduction by Arthur H. Compton. Reprint of
                 \cite{Masters:1946:OWN}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Danish",
  tableofcontents = "Philip Morrison: Hvis Bomben slippes \\
                 Harlow Shapley: I Stjernerne er det en gammel Historie
                 \\
                 Eugene P. Wigner: Grundlaget for Atomalderen \\
                 Gale Young: Den nye Energi \\
                 J. R. Oppenheimer: Det nye Vaaben \\
                 H. H. Arnold: Luftvaabnet i Atomalderen \\
                 Louis N. Ridenour: Der gives intet Forsvar \\
                 E. U. Condon: Den nye Teknik i den ``private'' Krig \\
                 Frederick Seitz: Hvor n{\aa}r er Faren? / af Frederick
                 Seitz og Hans Bethe \\
                 Irving Langmuir: Atomkaprustningen og dens Alternativer
                 \\
                 Harold C. Urey: Hvordan kan det hele sammenfattes? Leo
                 Szilard: Kan vi undgaa Kaprustning ved et
                 Inspektionssystem? \\
                 Walter Lippmann: International Kontrol med Atomenergi
                 \\
                 Albert Einstein: Udvejen \\
                 Forbundet af Amerikanske (Atom)-Videnskabsm{\ae}nd:
                 Overlevelsen staar paa Spil",
}

@Proceedings{Kozloff:1954:DGP,
  editor =       "L. Kozloff and Alvin Novick and Leo Szilard and Edgar
                 John Boell",
  booktitle =    "{Dynamics of growth processes: Papers presented at the
                 society's 11th annual symposium held at Williams
                 College in June 1952}",
  title =        "{Dynamics of growth processes: Papers presented at the
                 society's 11th annual symposium held at Williams
                 College in June 1952}",
  publisher =    pub-PRINCETON,
  address =      pub-PRINCETON:adr,
  pages =        "vii + 304",
  year =         "1954",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 17:14:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Fermi:1968:III,
  author =       "Laura Fermi",
  booktitle =    "Illustrious immigrants; the intellectual migration
                 from {Europe}, 1930/41",
  title =        "Illustrious immigrants; the intellectual migration
                 from {Europe}, 1930/41",
  publisher =    pub-U-CHICAGO,
  address =      pub-U-CHICAGO:adr,
  pages =        "xi + 440",
  year =         "1968",
  LCCN =         "E184.A1 F47",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 31 09:24:51 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Bethe, Hans; Bohr, Niels; Einstein, Albert; Fermi,
                 Enrico; Fermi, Laura; Franck, James; Gamow, George;
                 Goudsmidt, Samuel; Hitler, Adolf; Neumann, John von;
                 Segr{\`e}, Emilio; Szilard, Leo; Teller, Edward; Ulam,
                 Stanislaw; Wigner, Eugene",
  subject =      "immigrants; United States; Europeans; intellectuals;
                 civilization; foreign influences",
}

@Book{Fermi:1971:III,
  author =       "Laura Fermi",
  booktitle =    "Illustrious immigrants; the intellectual migration
                 from {Europe}, 1930/41",
  title =        "Illustrious immigrants; the intellectual migration
                 from {Europe}, 1930/41",
  publisher =    pub-U-CHICAGO,
  address =      pub-U-CHICAGO:adr,
  edition =      "Second",
  pages =        "xi + 431",
  year =         "1971",
  ISBN =         "0-226-24376-1, 0-226-24378-8 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-226-24376-4, 978-0-226-24378-8 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "E184.A1 F47 1971",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 31 09:24:51 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Bethe, Hans; Bohr, Niels; Einstein, Albert; Fermi,
                 Enrico; Fermi, Laura; Franck, James; Gamow, George;
                 Goudsmidt, Samuel; Hitler, Adolf; Neumann, John von;
                 Segr{\`e}, Emilio; Szilard, Leo; Teller, Edward; Ulam,
                 Stanislaw; Wigner, Eugene",
  subject =      "immigrants; United States; Europeans; intellectuals;
                 civilization; foreign influences",
}

@Book{Blumberg:1976:ECL,
  author =       "Stanley A. Blumberg and Gwinn Owens",
  booktitle =    "Energy and conflict: the life and times of {Edward
                 Teller}",
  title =        "Energy and conflict: the life and times of {Edward
                 Teller}",
  publisher =    pub-PUTNAM,
  address =      pub-PUTNAM:adr,
  pages =        "xvii + 492 + 4",
  year =         "1976",
  ISBN =         "0-399-11551-X",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-399-11551-6",
  LCCN =         "QC16.T37 B58 1976",
  bibdate =      "Thu Oct 6 06:57:45 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/master.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  price =        "US\$12.95",
  URL =          "http://alsos.wlu.edu/information.aspx?id=367",
  abstract =     "In this 1976 biography of Edward Teller, father of the
                 hydrogen bomb, the authors present exclusive
                 interviews, memorabilia, and photos provided by Teller.
                 The book does not focus on one era of Teller's life,
                 but delves into each stage of his life and career. The
                 controversial Teller spearheaded America's effort to
                 build the hydrogen bomb, and then testified against
                 Robert Oppenheimer in his security clearance trial. The
                 book explains his early persecution by the Hungarian
                 communists, then the Nazis in Germany. His role in the
                 Manhattan Project is described in detail. Also
                 portrayed is the development of the H-bomb, including
                 descriptions of its evolving design. Teller's life
                 after the H-bomb is shown to a limited extent, with
                 government surveillance of his activities and his
                 despair over the limited test ban treaty as two of the
                 highlights. The book offers a detailed and
                 comprehensive view of Edward Teller. Though objective,
                 the biography emphasizes the interviews with Teller and
                 does not always fully treat the opinions of his
                 critics.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Teller, Edward",
  subject-dates = "1908--2003",
  tableofcontents = "Acknowledgments / ix \\
                 Introduction / xiii \\
                 1. The Russians Are Coming / 1 \\
                 2. Birth and Death of a Golden Age / 28 \\
                 3. The Quantum Jump / 51 \\
                 4. The Garfield Street Gang / 64 \\
                 5. Duty Whispers Low / 79 \\
                 6. Prospects of Doomsday / 102 \\
                 7. Rebel on the Assembly Line / 124 \\
                 8. Woe Without Warning / 142 \\
                 9. Flashback to Budapest / 164 \\
                 10. Deuterium, Tritium, and Politics / 184 \\
                 11. The Capture of Washington / 213 \\
                 12. Fusion and Confusion / 232 \\
                 13. Racing Through the Fog / 263 \\
                 14. Background for a Tragedy / 299 \\
                 15. The Oppenheimer Noose / 321 \\
                 i6. The Witness / 342 \\
                 17. The Years of the Black Bugs / 364 \\
                 i8. The Era of the Falling Out / 381 \\
                 19. There Is No Peace / 415 \\
                 Appendix I: What I Did in Los Alamos in World War II
                 [letter from Edward Teller] / 453 \\
                 Appendix II: Petition Circulated by Leo Szilard to
                 Oppose U.S. Use of Atomic Bomb Against Japan, July 17,
                 1945 / 459 \\
                 Notes / 461 \\
                 Index / 479",
}

@Article{Szilard:1971:CLC,
  author =       "Gertrud Weiss Szilard",
  title =        "Communications: Lunar Craters",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "4--4",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1971",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Oct 05 09:22:37 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Leo Szilard",
  remark =       "The author observers that craters on the Moon have
                 been named after Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, J.
                 Robert Oppenheimer, and Leo Szilard.",
}

@Book{Weart:1978:LSH,
  editor =       "Spencer R. Weart and Gertrud Weiss Szilard",
  booktitle =    "{Leo Szilard}, his version of the facts: selected
                 recollections and correspondence",
  title =        "{Leo Szilard}, his version of the facts: selected
                 recollections and correspondence",
  volume =       "2",
  publisher =    pub-MIT,
  address =      pub-MIT:adr,
  pages =        "xxii + 244",
  year =         "1978",
  ISBN =         "0-262-19168-7 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-262-19168-5 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "QC3 .S97 vol. 2; QC16.S95",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 18:24:21 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "The Collected works of Leo Szilard",
  abstract =     "This book is a collection of documents, letters, and
                 memoranda about atomic energy written by Leo Szilard.
                 The documents, presented in English in chronological
                 order, show the birth and growth of the atomic age from
                 the perspective of the man who first conceived of how
                 to construct an A-bomb. The book is a window into the
                 written thoughts and deeds of an atomic pioneer and a
                 highly opinionated individual. It reveals Szilard's
                 passionate efforts to beat the Nazis in the race for
                 the atomic bomb, followed an equally passionate effort
                 to prevent atomic attacks against Japan in August of
                 1945. Szilard's ideas for an elite international
                 organization for peace called Der Bund are presented in
                 a draft proposal for the organization. The documents
                 give an account not only of Szilard's life, but an
                 expert's view on the early stages of atomic
                 development.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Szilard, Leo; Physicists; United States;
                 Correspondence; Interviews; Biography",
}

@Book{Bird:1996:HSW,
  editor =       "Kai Bird and Lawrence Lifschultz",
  booktitle =    "{Hiroshima}'s shadow: writings on the denial of
                 history and the {Smithsonian} controversy",
  title =        "{Hiroshima}'s shadow: writings on the denial of
                 history and the {Smithsonian} controversy",
  publisher =    "Pamphleteer's Press",
  address =      "Stony Creek, CT, USA",
  pages =        "lxxvii + 584",
  year =         "1996",
  ISBN =         "0-9630587-3-8 (hardcover), 0-9630587-4-6 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-9630587-3-7 (hardcover), 978-0-9630587-4-4
                 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "9609 BOOK NOT YET IN LC",
  bibdate =      "Fri Aug 8 17:56:20 MDT 2008",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Preface by Dr. Joseph Rotblat, winner of the Nobel
                 Peace Prize.",
  tableofcontents = "A social conscience for the nuclear age / Joseph
                 Rotblat \\
                 The legend of Hiroshima / Lawrence Lifschultz, Kai Bird
                 \\
                 Historians reassess: did we need to drop the bomb? /
                 Gar Alperovitz \\
                 Did the bomb end the war? / Murray Sayle \\
                 The logic of mass destruction / Mark Selden \\
                 The first nuclear war / Wilfred Burchett \\
                 The decision to use the bombs / P. M. S. Blackett \\
                 New evidence on Truman's decision / Robert L. Messer
                 \\
                 Three attempts to stop the bomb / William Lanouette \\
                 Racing to the finish / Stanley Goldberg \\
                 A post-war myth: 500,000 US lives saved / Barton J.
                 Bernstein \\
                 The invasion that never was / Adam Goodheart \\
                 The construction of conventional wisdom / Uday Mohan,
                 Sanho Tree \\
                 Seizing the contested terrain of early nuclear history
                 / Barton J. Bernstein \\
                 The decision to use the atomic bomb / Henry L. Stimson
                 \\
                 Thank God for the atom bomb / Paul Fussell \\
                 Hiroshima and modern memory / Martin J. Sherwin \\
                 The horror and the shame / The editors of Commonweal
                 \\
                 ``Victory for what?'': The voice of the minority / Paul
                 Boyer \\
                 Leaving the bomb project / Joseph Rotblat \\
                 The atom bomb \& Ahimsa / Mahatma Gandhi \\
                 Between hell and reason / Albert Camus \\
                 The decline to barbarism / Dwight Macdonald \\
                 When cruelty becomes pleasurable / Norman Thomas \\
                 The return to nothingness / Felix Morley \\
                 Our relations to Japan / Reinhold Niebuhr \\
                 Nothing but nihilism / James Martin Gillis \\
                 What hath man wrought! / David Lawrence \\
                 Gentlemen: you are mad! / Lewis Mumford \\
                 John Hersey and the American conscience / Michael J.
                 Yavenditti \\
                 The ``Hiroshima'' New Yorker / Mary McCarthy \\
                 The literacy of survival / Norman Cousins \\
                 An opinion on Hiroshima / Edgar R. Smothers \\
                 Has it come to this? / A. J. Muste \\
                 The battle of the Enola Gay / Mike Wallace \\
                 Unconditional surrender at the Smithsonian / John W.
                 Dower \\
                 Memory, myth and history / Martin J. Sherwin \\
                 Smithsonian suffers Legionnaires' Disease / Stanley
                 Goldberg \\
                 How the US press missed the target / Tony Capaccio,
                 Uday Mohan \\
                 The war of the op-ed pages. How a genuine democracy
                 should celebrate its past / John W. Dower \\
                 The Enola Gay: a nation's, and a museum's, dilemma /
                 Martin Harwit \\
                 The curators cave in / Kai Bird \\
                 The Smithsonian and the bomb / Editorial, The New York
                 Times \\
                 World War II revised, or, How we bombed Japan out of
                 racism and spite / Charles Krauthammer \\
                 Beyond the Smithsonian flap: historians' new consensus
                 \\
                 Enola Gay: a new consensus / Gar Alperovitz \\
                 What new consensus? / Robert P. Newman \\
                 Dropping a bomb of an idea / Jonathan Yardley \\
                 Hiroshima, rewritten / Barton J. Bernstein \\
                 The trend of history / Editorial, the Wall Street
                 Journal \\
                 The Smithsonian changes course / Editorial, The
                 Washington Post \\
                 Or Hiroshima ``cult''? / Edwin M. Yoder Jr. \\
                 Truman was right in 1945 / Albert R. Hunt \\
                 Nagasaki / Stanley Goldberg \\
                 The revisionists' agenda / Stephen S. Rosenfeld \\
                 Enola Gay: ``patriotically correct'' / Kai Bird \\
                 The day Hiroshima disappeared / Shuntaro Hida \\
                 The unsurrendered people / Kenzaburo O{\'e} \\
                 Summer flower / Tamiki Hara",
}

@Book{Wigner:1996:CWE,
  editor =       "Eugene Paul Wigner",
  booktitle =    "The collected works of {Eugene Paul Wigner}. {Part A.
                 The scientific papers. Vol. II. Nuclear physics}",
  title =        "The collected works of {Eugene Paul Wigner}. {Part A.
                 The scientific papers. Vol. II. Nuclear physics}",
  publisher =    pub-SV,
  address =      pub-SV:adr,
  pages =        "x + 574",
  year =         "1996",
  ISBN =         "3-540-56972-3",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-540-56972-5",
  MRclass =      "01A75 (81-03 81Q10 81R05 81U20 81V35)",
  MRnumber =     "1366418 (97e:01024)",
  MRreviewer =   "R. L. Ingraham",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 28 10:00:08 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Annotated by Herman Feshbach, Edited and with a
                 preface by Arthur S. Wightman and Jagdish Mehra",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Proceedings{Marx:1998:LSC,
  editor =       "George Marx",
  booktitle =    "{Leo Szil{\'a}rd Centenary Volume: lectures and
                 contributions of the Conference at the Centenary of
                 Szilard's Birth, Budapest on 9--11 February 1998}",
  title =        "{Leo Szil{\'a}rd Centenary Volume: lectures and
                 contributions of the Conference at the Centenary of
                 Szilard's Birth, Budapest on 9--11 February 1998}",
  publisher =    "E{\"o}tv{\"o}s Physical Society",
  address =      "Budapest, Hungary",
  pages =        "192 (est.)",
  year =         "1998",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  editor-dates = "1927--2002",
  remark =       "The conference was organized by the E{\"o}tv{\"o}s
                 Physical Society, in cooperation with the American
                 Physical Society, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences,
                 and the Pugwash Movement of scientists, under the
                 sponsorship of the Prime Minister of Hungary. Hungarian
                 form of editor name is Marx Gy{\"o}rgy.",
  xxISBN =       "none",
  xxISBN-13 =    "none",
}

@Book{Leventhal:2002:NPS,
  editor =       "Paul Leventhal and Sharon Tanzer and Steven Dolley",
  booktitle =    "Nuclear power and the spread of nuclear weapons: can
                 we have one without the other?",
  title =        "Nuclear power and the spread of nuclear weapons: can
                 we have one without the other?",
  publisher =    "Brassey's",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  pages =        "xxv + 340",
  year =         "2002",
  ISBN =         "1-57488-494-8 (hardcover), 1-57488-495-6 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-57488-494-4 (hardcover), 978-1-57488-495-1
                 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "TK9145 .N8297 2002",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 14:51:18 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Foreword by Edward J. Markey.",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy035/2002018416.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Nuclear Control Institute book.",
  subject =      "Nuclear engineering; International cooperation;
                 Technology transfer; Nuclear weapons; Nuclear
                 nonproliferation",
}

@Book{Cronin:2004:FR,
  editor =       "James W. Cronin",
  booktitle =    "{Fermi} remembered",
  title =        "{Fermi} remembered",
  publisher =    pub-U-CHICAGO,
  address =      pub-U-CHICAGO:adr,
  pages =        "xi + 287",
  year =         "2004",
  ISBN =         "0-226-12111-9 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-226-12111-6 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "QC16.F46 F49 2004",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jun 18 08:16:04 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/uchi052/2003020524.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0614/2003020524-b.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip049/2003020524.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Fermi, Enrico; archives; nuclear physics",
  subject-dates = "1901--1954",
  tableofcontents = "Preface \\
                 Chapter 1 Biographical Introduction \\
                 Editor's comment \\
                 Emilio Segr{\`e}: Biographical Introduction \\
                 Chapter 2 Fermi and the Elucidation of Matter \\
                 Editor's comment \\
                 Frank Wilczek: Fermi and the Elucidation of Matter \\
                 Chapter 3 Letters and a Speech Relating to the
                 Development of Nuclear Energy \\
                 Editor's introductory comments \\
                 Editor's comment 1 \\
                 To Harry M. Durning, January 16, 1939 \\
                 Editor's comment 2 \\
                 From George B. Pegram to S. C. Hooper, March 18, 1939
                 \\
                 Editor's comment 3 \\
                 From Leo Szilard, July 3, 1939 \\
                 From Leo Szilard, July 5, 1939 \\
                 From Leo Szilard, July 8, 1939 \\
                 To Leo Szilard, July 9, 1939 \\
                 From Leo Szilard, July 11, 1939 \\
                 Editor's comment 4 \\
                 From Vannevar Bush, August 15, 1941 \\
                 Editor's comment 5 \\
                 From Harry S. Truman, 8/11/5 \\0 Editor's comment 6 \\
                 ``The Genesis of the Nuclear Energy Project,'' January
                 30, 1954, speech outline \\
                 ``Physics at Columbia University: The Genesis of the
                 Nuclear Energy Project,'' November 1955 \\
                 Chapter 4 Correspondence between Fermi and Colleagues:
                 Scientific, Political, Humorous \\
                 Editor's comments on letters \\
                 To Janes F. Byrnes, October 16, 1945 \\
                 From C. N. Yang, January 5, 1950 \\
                 To C. N. Yang, January 12, 1950 \\
                 From Erwin Schr{\"o}dinger, February 10, 1951 \\
                 To Erwin Schr{\"o}dinger, February 27, 1951 \\
                 From Fred Reines and Clyde Cowan, October 4, 1952 \\
                 To Fred Reines, October 8, 1952 \\
                 To Dean G. Acheson, May 22, 1952 \\
                 From Linus Pauling, June 16, 1952 \\
                 From George Gamow, March 13, 1953 \\
                 To George Gamow, March 24, 1953 \\
                 From Samuel Goudsmit, March 11, 1953 \\
                 To Samuel Goudsmit, March 24, 1953 \\
                 From George Kistiakowsky, September 29, 1953 \\
                 To George Kistiakowsky, September 30, 1953 \\
                 From Arthur Compton, December 2, 1953 \\
                 To Arthur Compton, December 14, 1953 \\
                 From Owen Chamberlain, February 2, 1954 \\
                 Chapter 5 Research: Selections from the Archives \\
                 International House application, June 10, 1940 \\
                 Editors comment 2 \\
                 To Walter Bartky, December 3, 1945 \\
                 Editor's comment 3 \\
                 Photograph of original members of the Institute for
                 Nuclear Studies \\
                 Institute for Nuclear Studies members, 1950 \\
                 Editor's comment 4 \\
                 Genesis of theory of cosmic ray acceleration,
                 1948--1949 \\
                 Editor's comment 5 \\
                 Summary page from data book on meson-nucleon
                 scattering, February 1952 \\
                 Editor's comment 6 \\
                 Program for calculation of cyclotron orbits on the
                 Maniac computer, 1951 \\
                 Editor's comment 7 \\
                 Quantum mechanics exam, spring quarter 1954 \\
                 Editor's comment 8 \\
                 ``The Future of Nuclear Physics,' Rochester, January
                 10, 1952 \\
                 Speech outline, January 30, 1954 \\
                 Chapter 6 Reminiscences of Fermi's Faculty and Research
                 Colleagues, 1945--1954 \\
                 Richard Garwin: Working with Fermi at Chicago and
                 Postwar Los Alamos \\
                 Murray Gell-Mann: No Shortage of Memories \\
                 Marvin Goldberger: Enrico Fermi (1901--1954): The
                 Complete Physicist \\
                 Roger Hildebrand: Fermi's Classrooms \\
                 Darragh Nagle: With Fermi at Columbia, Chicago, and Los
                 Alamos \\
                 Valentine Telegdi: Reminiscences of Enrico Fermi \\
                 Albert Wattenberg: Fermi as My Chauffeur (Fermi at
                 Argonne National Laboratory and Chicago, 1946--1948)
                 \\
                 Courtenay Wright: Fermi in Action \\
                 Chapter 7 Reminiscences of Fermi's Students, 1945--1954
                 \\
                 Harold Agnew: A Snapshot of My Interaction with Fermi
                 \\
                 Owen Chamberlain: A Brief Reminiscence of Enrico Fermi
                 \\
                 Geoffrey Chew: Personal Recollections from 1944--1948
                 \\
                 George Farwell: Reminiscences of Fermi \\
                 Uri Haber-Schaim: Fermi in Varenna, Summer 1954 \\
                 T. D. Lee: Reminiscences of Chicago Days \\
                 Jay Orear: My First Meetings with Fermi \\
                 Arthur Rosenfeld: Reminiscences of Fermi \\
                 Robert Schluter: Some Reminiscences of Enrico Fermi \\
                 Jack Steinberger: Fermi and My Graduate Years at
                 Chicago: Happy Reminiscences \\
                 Chapter 8 Reminiscences of Students of the Fermi
                 Period, 1945--1954 \\
                 Nina Byers: Fermi and Szilard \\
                 Jerome Friedman: A Student's View of Fermi \\
                 Maurice Glicksman: Enrico Fermi: Teacher, Colleague,
                 Mentor \\
                 Marshall Rosenbluth: A Young Man Encounters Enrico
                 Fermi \\
                 Lincoln Wolfenstein: Fermi Interactions \\
                 C. N. Yang: Reminiscences of Enrico Fermi \\
                 Gaurang Yodh: This Account Is Not According to the
                 Mahabharata! \\
                 Chapter 9 What Can We Learn with High Energy
                 Accelerators? \\
                 James W. Cronin: Fermi's Look into His Crystal Ball \\
                 Further Reading \\
                 List of Contributors",
}

@Proceedings{Kelly:2004:RMP,
  editor =       "Cynthia C. Kelly",
  booktitle =    "Remembering the {Manhattan Project}: perspectives on
                 the making of the atomic bomb and its legacy",
  title =        "Remembering the {Manhattan Project}: perspectives on
                 the making of the atomic bomb and its legacy",
  publisher =    pub-WORLD-SCI,
  address =      pub-WORLD-SCI:adr,
  pages =        "xi + 188",
  year =         "2004",
  ISBN =         "981-256-040-8",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-981-256-040-7",
  LCCN =         "QC773.A1 R46 2004",
  bibdate =      "Thu Dec 22 08:45:44 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 melvyl.cdlib.org:210/CDL90",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Symposium held Saturday, April 27, 2002, Carnegie
                 Institution of Washington, Washington, DC, USA. Part I.
                 A report on the proceedings of the Atomic Heritage
                 Foundation's Symposium on the Manhattan Project. Part
                 II. A plan for preserving the Manhattan Project.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; United States; History",
  tableofcontents = "Pt. I. A report on the proceedings \\
                 Opening remarks / Jeff Bingaman \\
                 Opening remarks / Everet H. Beckner \\
                 Preserving the history of the Manhattan project /
                 Cynthia C. Kelly \\
                 The atomic bomb in the Second World War / Richard
                 Rhodes \\
                 The Manhattan project: an extraordinary achievement of
                 the ``American way'' / Stephane Groueff \\
                 A tale of two documents / Andrew Brown \\
                 A footnote on Hiroshima and atomic morality: Conant,
                 Niebuhr, and an ``emotional'' clergyman, 1945-46 /
                 James G. Hershberg \\
                 A Los Alamos beginning / Kai Bird and Martin Sherwin
                 \\
                 General Leslie R. Groves and the scientists / Robert S.
                 Norris \\
                 Science in the service of the state: the cautionary
                 tale of Robert Oppenheimer / Gregg Herken \\
                 Leo Szilard: baiting brass hats / William Lanouette \\
                 SEDs at Los Alamos: a personal memoir / Benjamin
                 Bederson \\
                 Some experiences at the Met: lab and what could be
                 learned from a highly successful and challenging
                 project / Jerome Karle \\
                 My first professional assignment / Isabella Karle \\
                 Triumph and tragedy: the odyssey of J. R. Oppenheimer
                 --- a personal perspective / Maurice M. Shapiro \\
                 Then and now / Maxine Singer \\
                 The Manhattan project: qualitative or quantitative
                 change? / Stephen Younger \\
                 Expertise and independence: the role of the science
                 advisor / Richard L. Garwin \\
                 The future of nuclear deterrence / Richard Rhodes \\
                 Reflections on the Manhattan project: consequences and
                 repercussions / James Schlesinger \\
                 Pt. II. A plan for preserving the Manhattan project \\
                 Preserving America: a strategy for the Manhattan
                 project \\
                 Cross-cutting recommendations \\
                 Preservation strategies for the Manhattan project: two
                 options \\
                 App. A. Description of Manhattan project properties",
}

@Book{Masters:2007:OWN,
  editor =       "Dexter Masters and Katharine Way",
  booktitle =    "One world or none: a report to the public on the full
                 meaning of the atomic bomb",
  title =        "One world or none: a report to the public on the full
                 meaning of the atomic bomb",
  publisher =    "New Press",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "xx + 220",
  year =         "2007",
  ISBN =         "1-59558-227-4 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-59558-227-0 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "UG1282.A8 O54 2007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 15 14:06:49 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Foreword by Niels Bohr. Introduction by Arthur H.
                 Compton. Reprint of \cite{Masters:1946:OWN}.",
  URL =          "http://thenewpress.com/index.php?option=com_title&task=view_title&metaproductid=1703;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0718/2007020838.htm",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "atomic bomb; nuclear energy; nuclear weapons; nuclear
                 warfare; moral and ethical aspects; scientists'
                 writings; security, international; forecasting",
  tableofcontents = "If the bomb gets out of hand / Philip Morrison \\
                 It's an old story with the stars / Harlow Shapley \\
                 Roots of the atomic age / Eugene P. Wigner \\
                 The new power / Gale Young \\
                 The new weapon: the turn of the screw / J. R.
                 Oppenheimer \\
                 Air force in the atomic age / H. H. Arnold \\
                 There is no defense / Louis N. Ridenour \\
                 The new technique of private War / E. U. Condon \\
                 How close is the danger? / Frederick Seitz and Hans
                 Bethe \\
                 An atomic arms race and its alternatives / Irving
                 Langmuir \\
                 How does it all add up? / Harold C. Urey \\
                 Can we avert an arms race by an inspection system? /
                 Leo Szilard \\
                 International control of atomic energy / Walter
                 Lippmann \\
                 The way out / Albert Einstein \\
                 Survival is at stake / The Federation of American
                 (Atomic) Scientists",
}

@Proceedings{Marks:2011:DLP,
  editor =       "Shula Marks and Paul Weindling and Laura Wintour",
  booktitle =    "{In defence of learning: the plight, persecution, and
                 placement of academic refugees, 1933-1980s}",
  title =        "{In defence of learning: the plight, persecution, and
                 placement of academic refugees, 1933-1980s}",
  volume =       "169",
  publisher =    pub-OXFORD,
  address =      pub-OXFORD:adr,
  pages =        "xx + 320",
  year =         "2011",
  ISBN =         "0-19-726481-6",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-19-726481-2",
  LCCN =         "HV640.4.G7 I55 2011",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 11 13:09:50 MST 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Published for the British Academy.",
  series =       "Proceedings of the British Academy",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy1205/2011284500-b.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy1205/2011284500-d.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy1205/2011284500-t.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Contributions given at a conference held at the
                 British Academy on 3--4 December 2008, to celebrate the
                 75th anniversary of the founding of the Academic
                 Assistance Council (AAC) in 1933, later the Society for
                 the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL) (1936-98)
                 and now the Council for Assisting Refugee Academics
                 (CARA).",
  subject =      "Refugees; History; 20th century; Political refugees;
                 Great Britain; College teachers; World War, 1939-1945;
                 Vluchtelingen; Academici",
}

@Book{Schils:2012:HJW,
  author =       "Ren{\'e} Schils",
  booktitle =    "How {James Watt} invented the copier: forgotten
                 inventions of our great scientists",
  title =        "How {James Watt} invented the copier: forgotten
                 inventions of our great scientists",
  publisher =    pub-SV,
  address =      pub-SV:adr,
  pages =        "vii + 170",
  year =         "2012",
  ISBN =         "1-4614-0859-8 (softcover), 1-4614-0860-1 (e-book)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-4614-0859-8 (softcover), 978-1-4614-0860-4
                 (e-book)",
  LCCN =         "T15 .S35513 2012",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 30 08:42:14 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Inventions; History; Science; Inventors; Biography;
                 Scientists",
  tableofcontents = "Johannes Kepler \\
                 Robert Hooke \\
                 Edmond Halley \\
                 Daniel Bernoulli \\
                 Benjamin Franklin \\
                 Joseph Priestly \\
                 James Watt \\
                 Edward Jenner \\
                 John Dalton \\
                 Thomas Young \\
                 Justus von Liebig \\
                 Charles Darwin \\
                 William Thompson (Lord Kelvin) \\
                 James Clerk Maxwell \\
                 Alexander Graham Bell \\
                 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz \\
                 Svante Arrhenius \\
                 Pierre Curie \\
                 Walther Nernst \\
                 Albert Einstein \\
                 Harlow Shapley \\
                 Erwin Schr{\"o}dinger \\
                 Enrico Fermi \\
                 Rosalind Franklin \\
                 George Gamow",
}