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%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "1.01",
%%%     date            = "25 April 2019",
%%%     time            = "12:35:29 MDT",
%%%     filename        = "goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "19507 11377 50389 513435",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                        beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "bibliography; BibTeX; electron spin;
%%%                        Physical Review; Physical Review Letters;
%%%                        quantum theory; Samuel A. Goudsmit",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a bibliography of publications by,
%%%                        and about, Samuel Abraham Goudsmit (11 July
%%%                        1902--4 December 1978), co-discoverer, with
%%%                        George E. Uhlenbeck and Ralph Kronig, of
%%%                        electron angular momentum, or spin, in
%%%                        quantum mechanics, a fundamental new property
%%%                        in addition to charge and mass.  Coverage of
%%%                        the works of the first of those can be found
%%%                        in the companion bibliography,
%%%                        uhlenbeck-george-e.bib.
%%%
%%%                        At version 1.01, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
%%%
%%%                             1921 (   1)    1954 (   7)    1987 (   1)
%%%                             1922 (   1)    1955 (   3)    1988 (   0)
%%%                             1923 (   0)    1956 (   2)    1989 (   3)
%%%                             1924 (   6)    1957 (   0)    1990 (   1)
%%%                             1925 (  16)    1958 (  16)    1991 (   4)
%%%                             1926 (   4)    1959 (  14)    1992 (   2)
%%%                             1927 (   4)    1960 (   6)    1993 (   7)
%%%                             1928 (   3)    1961 (   4)    1994 (   1)
%%%                             1929 (   5)    1962 (   1)    1995 (   0)
%%%                             1930 (   9)    1963 (   5)    1996 (   4)
%%%                             1931 (   5)    1964 (   4)    1997 (   1)
%%%                             1932 (   2)    1965 (   4)    1998 (   1)
%%%                             1933 (   5)    1966 (  10)    1999 (   0)
%%%                             1934 (   2)    1967 (  14)    2000 (   2)
%%%                             1935 (   2)    1968 (   9)    2001 (   1)
%%%                             1936 (   4)    1969 (   8)    2002 (   0)
%%%                             1937 (   1)    1970 (  13)    2003 (   1)
%%%                             1938 (   1)    1971 (   6)    2004 (   0)
%%%                             1939 (   3)    1972 (   9)    2005 (   2)
%%%                             1940 (   3)    1973 (   5)    2006 (   1)
%%%                             1941 (   0)    1974 (  11)    2007 (   2)
%%%                             1942 (   1)    1975 (   2)    2008 (   4)
%%%                             1943 (   3)    1976 (   8)    2009 (   5)
%%%                             1944 (   1)    1977 (   6)    2010 (   2)
%%%                             1945 (   1)    1978 (   5)    2011 (   1)
%%%                             1946 (   5)    1979 (   4)    2012 (   1)
%%%                             1947 (  14)    1980 (   2)    2013 (   0)
%%%                             1948 (  10)    1981 (   1)    2014 (   0)
%%%                             1949 (   6)    1982 (   2)    2015 (   0)
%%%                             1950 (   3)    1983 (   2)    2016 (   1)
%%%                             1951 (   2)    1984 (   3)    2017 (   2)
%%%                             1952 (   3)    1985 (   5)    2018 (   3)
%%%                             1953 (   6)    1986 (   1)
%%%                             19xx (   1)
%%%
%%%                             Article:        304
%%%                             Book:            49
%%%                             InCollection:     8
%%%                             InProceedings:    4
%%%                             Misc:             6
%%%                             PhdThesis:        1
%%%                             Proceedings:      1
%%%                             TechReport:       4
%%%                             Unpublished:      1
%%%
%%%                             Total entries:  378
%%%
%%%                        We cannot yet claim complete coverage of
%%%                        Goudsmit's published works, for lack of an
%%%                        online curriculum vita, or memoir with more
%%%                        than a minimal selected publication list.
%%%                        Nevertheless, what is recorded in this
%%%                        bibliography is the result of extensive
%%%                        searches in journal and publication databases
%%%                        and library catalogs; see below for a list of
%%%                        such sources.
%%%
%%%                        Samuel Goudsmit was born in The Hague in The
%%%                        Netherlands on 11 July 1902.  He studied
%%%                        physics at the University of Leiden (15 km
%%%                        northwest of his home city), and earned his
%%%                        doctorate there in 1927 under the direction
%%%                        of Paul Ehrenfest.  There he met another
%%%                        Ehrenfest student, George Uhlenbeck
%%%                        (1900--1988), who became a life-long close
%%%                        friend, and who also received his doctorate
%%%                        in 1927.
%%%
%%%                        In September 1925, Uhlenbeck and Goudsmit
%%%                        wrote a famous two-page paper (see entry
%%%                        Uhlenbeck:1925:EHU), published in November,
%%%                        in which they proposed that the quantum
%%%                        mechanical electron had a two-state property
%%%                        that they called spin (either up or down),
%%%                        although not now considered to be an actual
%%%                        physical rotation of a tiny sphere of one
%%%                        unit of negative charge.  Although the paper
%%%                        was initially viewed with scepticism,
%%%                        especially by the ever-caustic Wolfgang Pauli
%%%                        (1900--1958) in Zurich, it was soon realized
%%%                        that the electron spin property resolved
%%%                        numerous questions in quantum physics.  In
%%%                        particular, Pauli's Exclusion Principle,
%%%                        published earlier that year, in February
%%%                        1925, stated that no two particles could
%%%                        occupy the same quantum state, and the
%%%                        additional property of spin meant that the
%%%                        Pauli's Aufbau (building-up) Principle
%%%                        explained the structure of atoms in the
%%%                        entire periodic table of known elements, from
%%%                        hydrogen (number 1) to uranium (number 92).
%%%
%%%                        In a paper in Naturwissenschaften 12(37)
%%%                        741--743 September 1924, Wolfgang Pauli had
%%%                        proposed a nonzero angular momentum of the
%%%                        nucleus to explain hyperfine structure, but
%%%                        Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck were unaware of that
%%%                        paper until five years later (see page 305 of
%%%                        Pais:2000:GSP).  Pauli's initial opposition
%%%                        to electron spin is analyzed in detail in
%%%                        entry Belloni:1982:PNH.
%%%
%%%                        In January 1925, a young German-born student,
%%%                        Ralph Kronig (1904--1995), who was studying
%%%                        at Columbia University in New York City, was
%%%                        visiting the university in Tuebingen in
%%%                        southern Germany where he heard Wolfgang
%%%                        Pauli give a talk on his Exclusion Principle.
%%%                        He then proposed the notion of electron spin,
%%%                        but both Pauli and Werner Heisenberg
%%%                        (1901--1976) were strongly critical of the
%%%                        idea, so Kronig did not publish it.  That
%%%                        later led someone to propose the German rhyme
%%%                        ``Der Kronig haett den Spin entdeckt, haett
%%%                        Pauli ihn nicht abgeschreckt'' [Kronig would
%%%                        have discovered the spin, if Pauli had not
%%%                        scared him away].  Thus, Kronig was the first
%%%                        to propose electron spin, but Uhlenbeck and
%%%                        Goudsmit, who did not know of Kronig's work,
%%%                        were the first to publish in print, some
%%%                        eleven months later.
%%%
%%%                        The idea of spin angular momentum pervades
%%%                        quantum physics, so one might have expected
%%%                        that Kronig, Uhlenbeck, and Goudsmit would
%%%                        have received the Nobel Prize in Physics for
%%%                        their discovery, yet that important award
%%%                        never came to them.  Indeed, there was a
%%%                        two-decade delay, until December 1945, when
%%%                        Wolfgang Pauli received that Prize ``for the
%%%                        discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also
%%%                        called the Pauli Principle''.  Entry
%%%                        Castelvecchi:2018:FQP reports that Goudsmit
%%%                        was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics
%%%                        48 times.  The New York Times obituary for
%%%                        Sam Goudsmit (see entry Sullivan:1978:SGC)
%%%                        quotes Nobel Prize in Physics 1944 laureate
%%%                        Isador I. Rabi (1898--1988): ``Physics must
%%%                        forever be in debt to those two men [Samuel
%%%                        Goudsmit and George Uhlenbeck] for
%%%                        discovering the spin. Why they never received
%%%                        a Nobel Prize will always be a mystery to
%%%                        me.''
%%%
%%%                        Page 305 of entry Pais:2000:GSP, quotes
%%%                        Uhlenbeck, who wrote ``There is no doubt that
%%%                        Ralph Kronig anticipated what certainly was
%%%                        the main part of our ideas.  It is certain
%%%                        that it was because of this episode that no
%%%                        Nobel Prize for spin was ever awarded.''
%%%                        L. H. Thomas wrote to Goudsmit about Pauli's
%%%                        opposition: ``[It] goes to show that the
%%%                        infallibility of the Deity does not extend to
%%%                        his self-styled vicar on earth.'' Pais
%%%                        reports that Harold Urey also had the idea
%%%                        of electron spin, but did not publish it,
%%%                        and Satyendra Nath Bose proposed, but did
%%%                        not publish, the idea of photon spin.
%%%
%%%                        In 1927, the doctoral year of Goudsmit and
%%%                        Uhlenbeck, Walter Francis Colby (1881--1970)
%%%                        of the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor,
%%%                        MI, USA, arrived in Leiden for a visit to
%%%                        Paul Ehrenfest.  Colby was creating a new
%%%                        research group in theoretical physics in Ann
%%%                        Arbor, and found that Ehrenfest had two
%%%                        newly-minted graduates in need of jobs, and
%%%                        agreed to hire them, without yet having met
%%%                        either!  Although Michigan seemed far away,
%%%                        and a physics backwater, Goudsmit and
%%%                        Uhlenbeck accepted Colby's offer as a better
%%%                        choice than a post teaching high school in a
%%%                        small Dutch town.
%%%
%%%                        Universities in Europe were small, with
%%%                        rarely more than one professor position in
%%%                        any given field.  Such appointments were
%%%                        lifetime, and thus generally re-opened only
%%%                        on death or retirement of the holder.
%%%                        Employment for graduating student researchers
%%%                        therefore generally had to be found in
%%%                        industry, or in the local school systems, or
%%%                        at colleges and universities abroad.
%%%
%%%                        On 3 September 1927, Sam and his wife Jaantje
%%%                        (Jeanne, sometimes just Jay), and George and
%%%                        his wife Else, sailed from Liverpool to New
%%%                        York City.  They arrived on 12 September, and
%%%                        were met at the docks by Robert Oppenheimer
%%%                        (1904--1967), whom they had previously met in
%%%                        Leiden when Oppenheimer came to spend time
%%%                        with Ehrenfest.  Oppenheimer showed them some
%%%                        sights in New York City, and helped them
%%%                        arrange travel to Ann Arbor, a one-day train
%%%                        journey about 900 km west. There, they joined
%%%                        Colby, the German Otto Laporte, and the
%%%                        American David Dennison, making a group of
%%%                        five theoreticians, an unusually large number
%%%                        for any university at the time.
%%%
%%%                        Although both Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck longed
%%%                        for academic posts in Europe, where it seemed
%%%                        that the most important work in quantum
%%%                        physics was happening, they were able to
%%%                        assist in the establishment of what became a
%%%                        famous series of summer schools in
%%%                        theoretical physics in Ann Arbor that lasted
%%%                        until 1939.  Many of the important quantum
%%%                        physicists from Europe, and from elsewhere,
%%%                        lectured at those summer schools, including
%%%                        Werner Heisenberg, who became a close friend
%%%                        of the Goudsmit family, and stayed with them.
%%%
%%%                        In the summer of 1939, it was clear that war
%%%                        in Europe was looming, and attendees urged
%%%                        Heisenberg to remain in the USA, where as the
%%%                        1932 winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics
%%%                        ``for the creation of quantum mechanics, the
%%%                        application of which has, inter alia, led to
%%%                        the discovery of the allotropic forms of
%%%                        hydrogen.'', he would have been a prize hire
%%%                        and welcomed at numerous top American
%%%                        universities.  Although Heisenberg personally
%%%                        disagreed with the political situation in
%%%                        Germany, he was a patriot of German culture
%%%                        and science who felt that he must return to
%%%                        his native country, and did so.  Less than
%%%                        six weeks later, on 1 September 1939, Nazi
%%%                        Germany invaded Poland, and World War II
%%%                        began.
%%%
%%%                        The experimental discovery of nuclear fission
%%%                        of uranium in late December 1939 by the
%%%                        experimental nuclear chemists, Otto Hahn
%%%                        (1879--1968) and Fritz Strassmann
%%%                        (1902--1980), in Berlin, and soon explained
%%%                        theoretically by their long-time colleague
%%%                        Lise Meitner (1878--1968) and her nephew Otto
%%%                        Robert Frisch (1904--1979) in Kungalv, Sweden
%%%                        (about 15km north of Gothenburg, on the west
%%%                        coast of Sweden), had been the hottest topic
%%%                        in physics throughout 1939.  Most physicists
%%%                        were aware that fission might lead to
%%%                        development of weapons that were fix or six
%%%                        orders of magnitude more powerful than the
%%%                        chemical explosives produced by the industry
%%%                        in which Alfred Nobel had made his large
%%%                        fortune.
%%%
%%%                        A project to produce an atomic fission bomb
%%%                        was proposed to the US government in a famous
%%%                        letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt
%%%                        that was drafted by Leo Szilard in the
%%%                        company of Edward Teller and Eugene Wigner,
%%%                        and signed by Albert Einstein on 2 August
%%%                        1939.  Bureaucracy delayed delivery of that
%%%                        letter, but it was finally acknowledged in a
%%%                        return letter from Roosevelt to Einstein on
%%%                        19 October 1939.  The secret project was only
%%%                        approved by Roosevelt on 6 December 1941,
%%%                        just a day before the Japanese attack on the
%%%                        US Navy base in Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii
%%%                        caused the then-neutral USA to declare war on
%%%                        Germany, Italy, and Japan.  The Manhattan
%%%                        Project, as it was later known, began
%%%                        small-scale work in 1942, but grew rapidly
%%%                        from 1943 to 1945, with a successful bomb
%%%                        test at the Trinity site in central New
%%%                        Mexico on 16 July 1945, and the dropping of a
%%%                        uranium bomb, Little Boy, on Hiroshima, Japan
%%%                        on 6 August 1945, and a plutonium bomb, Fat
%%%                        Man, on Nagasaki, Japan on 9 August 1945.
%%%                        The war in Europe had ended on 8 May 1945
%%%                        with an Allied victory, and the unconditional
%%%                        surrender of Germany.  Japan did the same on
%%%                        15 August 1945, when it became clear to the
%%%                        military leaders that the devastation of the
%%%                        two bombs might continue, and for which there
%%%                        was no viable defense.
%%%
%%%                        It later became known that German scientists
%%%                        had started the Uranverein (uranium club)
%%%                        already in April 1939 to work on isotope
%%%                        separation, heavy water production (used in
%%%                        reactor control), and an Uranmaschine
%%%                        (nuclear reactor).  However, their efforts
%%%                        were modest compared to later work in the US
%%%                        that employed over 140,000 people at three
%%%                        major sites (Oak Ridge, TN, Hanford, WA, and
%%%                        Los Alamos, NM).  Goudsmit's analysis of the
%%%                        German failure (see entry Goudsmit:1946:HGL)
%%%                        included the point that their total
%%%                        expenditure was equivalent to about ten
%%%                        million US dollars (in 1946), and that about
%%%                        100 scientists were active in the project.
%%%                        Page 207 of entry vanCalmthout:2018:SGH
%%%                        quotes the autobiography of Nazi Minister of
%%%                        Armaments and War Production, Albert Speer:
%%%                        ``They did not ask for a lot of money, and
%%%                        people who ask for so little cannot be
%%%                        good.''
%%%
%%%                        Sam Goudsmit had spent much of World War II
%%%                        in work on radar at the Radiation Laboratory
%%%                        (Rad Lab) at MIT in Cambridge, MA, on leave
%%%                        from Ann Arbor.  It was believed that Germany
%%%                        too would have had an atomic bomb project,
%%%                        most likely under the leadership of Werner
%%%                        Heisenberg, so in April 1944, two months
%%%                        before the Allied invasion of the European
%%%                        continent on D-Day, 6 June 1944, Manhattan
%%%                        Project military leader General Leslie Groves
%%%                        approached Goudsmit to ask whether he would
%%%                        lead a secret team in Europe to track down
%%%                        the German nuclear physicists and find out
%%%                        how far they had progressed in their fission
%%%                        project.  Because Goudsmit had not worked on
%%%                        the Manhattan Project, Groves felt that
%%%                        Goudsmit would be less of a security risk if
%%%                        he were captured, yet because Goudsmit knew
%%%                        all of the German physicists, and spoke
%%%                        Dutch, English, French, and German fluently,
%%%                        he was an excellent choice.  Goudsmit's team
%%%                        became known as the Alsos Mission (alsos is
%%%                        the Greek word for a grove of trees).  Sam
%%%                        Goudsmit arrived in England on the afternoon
%%%                        of D-Day, and remained in Europe until the
%%%                        mission was officially disbanded on 15
%%%                        October 1945.
%%%
%%%                        Sam Goudsmit tells the story of the Mission
%%%                        in his book Alsos (entry Goudsmit:1947:A),
%%%                        published just two years after the end of the
%%%                        war.  Much information was still under
%%%                        military censorship, so Goudsmit had to limit
%%%                        his narrative to information that had already
%%%                        appeared in the public press, and his
%%%                        manuscript had to be approved by the US
%%%                        Department of War before publication.
%%%
%%%                        It was later learned from Goudsmit's
%%%                        correspondence that the book was
%%%                        ghost-written by Edwin Seaver, book review
%%%                        editor for The New Yorker, who received
%%%                        neither mention nor credit in the book.
%%%                        Goudsmit's military companion on the Alsos
%%%                        Mission, Colonel Boris Pash, waited almost 25
%%%                        years to publish his own book (entry
%%%                        Pash:1969:AM).  By then, some censorship had
%%%                        been lifted, and more was known about the
%%%                        Nazi bomb project.
%%%
%%%                        Another 25 years elapsed before the release
%%%                        of the Farm Hall papers, based on transcripts
%%%                        of the secretly-recorded conversations of the
%%%                        ten captured German nuclear physicists,
%%%                        allowed the writing of two books (entries
%%%                        Frank:1993:OEFa, Frank:1993:OEFb, and
%%%                        Bernstein:1996:HUC) that finally revealed the
%%%                        full details of the nuclear fission work in
%%%                        war-time Germany.
%%%
%%%                        In the 1930s, Sam Goudsmit was still
%%%                        interested in returning to an academic post
%%%                        in The Netherlands.  He hoped that the
%%%                        pending retirement of Pieter Zeeman
%%%                        (1865--1943), would open a professorship at
%%%                        the University of Amsterdam.  Zeeman had
%%%                        shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with
%%%                        Hendrik Antoon Lorentz ``in recognition of
%%%                        the extraordinary service they rendered by
%%%                        their researches into the influence of
%%%                        magnetism upon radiation phenomena''.
%%%                        However, the worsening situation in Nazi
%%%                        Germany, and Goudsmit's Jewish heritage, made
%%%                        such a return perilous.  Finally, on 22
%%%                        January 1939, Goudsmit telegrammed Amsterdam
%%%                        that he would not be a candidate for Zeeman's
%%%                        chair.  Later, he said that decision saved
%%%                        his life: his parents, and most of his
%%%                        extended family, were exterminated in the
%%%                        Nazi death camps.  Only he and his
%%%                        four-years-older sister Rachel (Ro) survived
%%%                        the war.
%%%
%%%                        Although Werner Heisenberg had been a close
%%%                        friend of the Goudsmits up to the summer of
%%%                        1939, their post-war relations were cold. Sam
%%%                        and Werner carried on debates in the journals
%%%                        on the motives and role of the German atomic
%%%                        scientists, whom Sam felt had avoided
%%%                        responsibility by claiming that they were
%%%                        only working on a nuclear reactor for
%%%                        electricity generation, and were delaying any
%%%                        bomb-related research.  They also denied
%%%                        responsibility for gruesome medical
%%%                        experiments carried out on prisoners, but the
%%%                        Alsos Mission had found strong evidence to
%%%                        the contrary.  Many other Allied scientists
%%%                        felt as Sam did, and German scientists were
%%%                        shunned for several years after 1945.  Paul
%%%                        Dirac at Cambridge University in the UK was
%%%                        one of the few who soon resumed his strong
%%%                        pre-war friendship with Werner Heisenberg.
%%%
%%%                        In late 1945, Goudsmit returned to Ann Arbor
%%%                        and the life of American university physics.
%%%                        He moved in September 1946 to Northwestern
%%%                        University in Evanston, IL.  From 1948 to
%%%                        1970, he was a senior scientist at Brookhaven
%%%                        National Laboratory in Upton, Long Island,
%%%                        NY, and was chair of its Physics Department
%%%                        from 1952 to 1960.
%%%
%%%                        In 1950, Sam Goudsmit was appointed Managing
%%%                        Editor of the Physical Review, the leading
%%%                        American physics journal, and also of its
%%%                        companion, Reviews of Modern Physics. Its
%%%                        previous editor, John Torrence Tate
%%%                        (1889--1950), who got his doctorate in 1914
%%%                        in Berlin under James Franck, had done the
%%%                        job superbly from 1926 to until his early
%%%                        death in 1950.  Goudsmit later founded the
%%%                        semimonthly journal Physical Review Letters,
%%%                        whose first issue appeared on 1 July 1958,
%%%                        introduced with editorials by Sam Goudsmit
%%%                        and George Trigg.  From volume 12 in 1964,
%%%                        Physical Review Letters is published weekly.
%%%
%%%                        In 1960, Sam Goudsmit became Editor-in-Chief
%%%                        of the Physical Review.  He retired as
%%%                        Editor-in-Chief in October 1974 (see entry
%%%                        Goudsmit:1974:SS), as well as from the
%%%                        editorship of Physical Review Letters, and
%%%                        moved to the University of Nevada in Reno as
%%%                        distinguished visiting professor.  He died
%%%                        there on 4 December 1978 at the age of 76.
%%%
%%%                        Besides his life-long interest in atomic and
%%%                        nuclear physics, Sam Goudsmit had a personal
%%%                        hobby, and collection, of Egyptian
%%%                        antiquities.  He published at least three
%%%                        short articles in that field (see entries
%%%                        Goudsmit:1972:AT, Goudsmit:1974:IS, and
%%%                        Goudsmit:1981:BHF) and had a museum exhibit
%%%                        (entry Root:1982:SVP).
%%%
%%%                        Sam Goudsmit's papers are archived in a
%%%                        collection occupying about 10 meters of shelf
%%%                        space at the American Institute of Physics:
%%%                        see
%%%
%%%                            http://history.aip.org/ead/20000092.html
%%%
%%%                        The Goudsmit collection of more than 18,000
%%%                        items has been digitized and is available
%%%                        online via links from that URL.
%%%
%%%                        Sam Goudsmit's creation, Physical Review
%%%                        Letters, became the leading refereed physics
%%%                        journal in the world. The first issue in
%%%                        January 2019 contained 93 articles,
%%%                        suggesting four to five thousand per year.
%%%                        When Goudsmit was Editor, he read every
%%%                        article submitted, and rejected about half of
%%%                        them.  His editorials campaigned for
%%%                        accuracy, brevity, clarity, and scientific
%%%                        impact, and he remained a strong proponent of
%%%                        free and uncensored conducting and
%%%                        publication of scientific research.  He was
%%%                        opposed to secrecy in nuclear research, and
%%%                        wrote 15 articles in the Bulletin of Atomic
%%%                        Scientists about secrecy and the dangers of
%%%                        nuclear war and overpopulation.
%%%
%%%                        Despite the lack of a Nobel Prize, Goudsmit
%%%                        and Uhlenbeck's work on spin has been
%%%                        recognized by several other awards and
%%%                        honors, including (for Sam Goudsmit)
%%%
%%%                            * US Medal of Freedom (1946),
%%%
%%%                            * Member, National Academy of Sciences (1947),
%%%
%%%                            * Order of the British Empire (OBE) (1948),
%%%
%%%                            * Research Corporation Award (1953) (see
%%%                              entry Anonymous:1954:SWH),
%%%
%%%                            * Honorary D.Sc., Case Institute (1958),
%%%
%%%                            * Half Moon Trophy Award, Netherlands
%%%                              Club of New York (1962),
%%%
%%%                            * Honorary member, Sigma Pi Sigma (1962),
%%%
%%%                            * Max Planck Medal of the German Physical
%%%                              Society (1964) (see entry
%%%                              Anonymous:1964:UPR),
%%%
%%%                            * Honorary D.Sc., Utah State University
%%%                              and University of Chicago (1974),
%%%
%%%                            * Karl T. Compton Award for Distinguished
%%%                              Statesmanship in Science, American
%%%                              Institute of Physics (1974),
%%%
%%%                            * Honorary D.Sc., Northwestern University
%%%                              (1975),
%%%
%%%                            * US National Medal of Science (1976),
%%%
%%%                            * Commander in the Royal Netherlands
%%%                              Order of Orange-Nassau (1977).
%%%
%%%                        From the AIP Web site listed below, Sam
%%%                        Goudsmit
%%%
%%%                            * made the first measurement of nuclear
%%%                              spin and its Zeeman effect with Ernst
%%%                              Back (1926--1927),
%%%
%%%                            * developed a theory of hyperfine
%%%                              structure of spectral lines,
%%%
%%%                            * made the first spectroscopic
%%%                              determination of nuclear magnetic
%%%                              moments (1931--1933),
%%%
%%%                            * contributed to the theory of complex
%%%                              atoms and the theory of multiple
%%%                              scattering of electrons,
%%%
%%%                            * introduced the statistical random line
%%%                              problem (1940), and
%%%
%%%                            * invented the magnetic time-of-flight
%%%                              mass spectrometer (1948).
%%%
%%%                        Web sites about Sam Goudsmit and his works
%%%                        include at least these:
%%%
%%%                            http://alsos.wlu.edu/default.aspx
%%%                            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alsos_Mission
%%%                            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_Review
%%%                            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Goudsmit
%%%                            http://genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=75194
%%%                            http://history.aip.org/phn/11512005.html
%%%                            http://journals.aps.org/prl/edannounce/PhysRevLett.101.010002
%%%                            http://research.cgu.edu/oral-history-program-archive/subjects/harvey-mudd-college/
%%%                            http://snaccooperative.org/view/4012434
%%%                            http://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4640-1
%%%                            http://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4640-2
%%%                            http://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4640-3
%%%                            http://www.britannica.com/biography/Samuel-Abraham-Goudsmit
%%%                            http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/G/Goudsmit.html
%%%                            http://www.ll.mit.edu/about/history/mit-radiation-laboratory
%%%
%%%                        Data for this bibliography have been
%%%                        collected, and merged into BibTeX entries,
%%%                        from numerous sources, including at least
%%%                        these:
%%%
%%%                            * the University of Utah Mathematics
%%%                              Department bibliography archives
%%%
%%%                            * the TeX User Group bibliography
%%%                              archives
%%%
%%%                            * the Karlsruhe Computer Science
%%%                              bibliography archives
%%%
%%%                            * the Karlsruhe virtual catalog at
%%%                              http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/kvk_en.html
%%%
%%%                            * the US Library of Congress catalog at
%%%                              http://catalog.loc.gov/
%%%
%%%                            * the author's cattobib utility, which
%%%                              provides Z39.50 interfaces to many
%%%                              large libraries around the world, at
%%%                              http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/cattobib/
%%%
%%%                            * the European Mathematical Society
%%%                              Zentralblatt fuer Mathematik database
%%%                              at http://zb.msri.org/ZMATH/zmath/en/
%%%
%%%                            * the American Mathematical Society
%%%                              MathSciNet database at
%%%                              http://ams.rice.edu/mathscinet/search.html
%%%
%%%                            * the American Institute of Physics
%%%                              Scitation database at
%%%                              http://scitation.aip.org/search_scitation
%%%
%%%                            * the American Physical Society PROLA
%%%                              database at
%%%                              http://publish.aps.org/search
%%%
%%%                            * the ALSOS Digital Library for Nuclear
%%%                              Issues at Washington and Lee University
%%%                              http://alsos.wlu.edu/
%%%
%%%                            * the Canadian Journal of Physics
%%%                              database at
%%%                              http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/search/advanced
%%%
%%%                            * the Europhysics journal archive at
%%%                              http://www.europhysicsnews.org
%%%
%%%                            * the Nature journal archive at
%%%                              http://www.nature.com/search/
%%%
%%%                            * the New York Times newspaper archive at
%%%                              https://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes
%%%
%%%                            * the Russian Physics-Uspekhi (Advances
%%%                              in Physical Sciences) journal archive
%%%                              at
%%%                              http://ufn.ru/ru/authors/
%%%
%%%                            * the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System at
%%%                              http://adsabs.harvard.edu/
%%%
%%%                            * the Science journal archive at
%%%                              http://www.sciencemag.org/search
%%%
%%%                            * the SPIRES high-energy physics
%%%                              literature database at the Stanford
%%%                              Linear Accelerator at Stanford
%%%                              University at
%%%                              http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/hep/search/
%%%
%%%                            * the Springer journal database at
%%%                              http://www.springer.com/?SGWID=0-102-13-0-0
%%%
%%%                            * the Wiley journal database at
%%%                              http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
%%%
%%%                            * the JSTOR database at
%%%                              http://www.jstor.org/, and
%%%
%%%                            * many online library catalogs, including
%%%                              those of the British Library, the
%%%                              Karlsruhe Virtual Library catalog, the
%%%                              Cambridge University Library, the
%%%                              Oxford University Library, the
%%%                              University of California library
%%%                              system, and the US Library of Congress.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================
@Preamble{
    "\ifx \undefined \booktitle \def \booktitle  #1{{{\em #1}}} \fi" #
    "\ifx \undefined \ldquo     \def \ldquo        {``}         \fi" #
    "\ifx \undefined \rdquo     \def \rdquo        {''}         \fi"
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Institution abbreviations:
@String{inst-MIT-RAD-LAB        = "Radiation Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute
                                  of Technology"}
@String{inst-MIT-RAD-LAB:adr    = "Cambridge, MA, USA"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:
@String{j-AM-BIOL-TEACH         = "The American Biology Teacher"}

@String{j-AM-J-ARCHAEOL         = "American Journal of Archaeology"}

@String{j-AM-SCI                = "American Scientist"}

@String{j-AMER-J-PHYSICS        = "American Journal of Physics"}

@String{j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY     = "American Mathematical Monthly"}

@String{j-ANN-NY-ACAD-SCI       = "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences"}

@String{j-ANN-PHYS              = "Annals of Physics"}

@String{j-ASTROPHYSICAL-J       = "The Astrophysical Journal"}

@String{j-BULL-AT-SCI           = "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists"}

@String{j-CHEM-ENG-NEWS         = "Chemical \& Engineering News"}

@String{j-COMP-PHYS-COMM        = "Computer Physics Communications"}

@String{j-DEMOGRAPHY            = "Demography"}

@String{j-EXPEDITION            = "Expedition"}

@String{j-ISIS                  = "Isis"}

@String{j-J-AM-STAT-ASSOC       = "Journal of the American Statistical
                                  Association"}

@String{j-J-CHEM-EDUC           = "Journal of Chemical Education"}

@String{j-J-COMPUT-PHYS         = "Journal of Computational Physics"}

@String{j-J-ELECTRON-SPECTROSC-RELAT-PHENOM = "Journal of Electron Spectroscopy
                                  and Related Phenomena"}

@String{j-J-FRANKLIN-INST       = "Journal of {The Franklin Institute}"}

@String{j-J-PHYS-RADIUM         = "Journal de Physique et le Radium"}

@String{j-J-PHYSIQUE            = "Journal de physique (Paris)"}

@String{j-MINERVA-WASHINGTON    = "Minerva [{Washington, DC}]"}

@String{j-NATURE                = "Nature"}

@String{j-NATURE-PHYS-SCI       = "Nature Physical Science"}

@String{j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN   = "{Die Naturwissenschaften}"}

@String{j-NED-TIJDSCHR-NATUURKD = "Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Natuurkunde"}

@String{j-NEW-YORKER            = "The New Yorker"}

@String{j-NUCL-INSTR-METH       = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods"}

@String{j-NUCL-INSTRUM-METHODS-PHYS-RES-SECT-A = "Nuclear Instruments and
                                  Methods in Physics Research Section A:
                                  Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors
                                  and Associated Equipment"}

@String{j-NUCL-INSTRUM-METHODS-PHYS-RES-SECT-B = "Nuclear Instruments and
                                  Methods in Physics Research Section B:
                                  Beam Interactions with Materials and
                                  Atoms"}

@String{j-NUCL-PHYS             = "Nuclear Physics"}

@String{j-NUCL-PHYS-A           = "Nuclear Physics A"}

@String{j-NY-TIMES              = "New York Times"}

@String{j-PHIL-MAGAZINE         = "Philosophical Magazine"}

@String{j-PHYS-PERSPECT         = "Physics in Perspective (PIP)"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-2            = "Physical Review (2)"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-A            = "Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular, and
                                  Optical Physics)"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-B-SS         = "Physical Review B: Solid State"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-C            = "Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics)"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-D            = "Physical Review D (Particles and Fields)"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-LET          = "Physical Review Letters"}

@String{j-PHYS-TODAY            = "Physics Today"}

@String{j-PHYSICA               = "Physica"}

@String{j-PHYSICA-SCRIPTA       = "Physica Scripta"}

@String{j-PHYSICA-THE-HAGUE     = "Physica (The Hague)"}

@String{j-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC    = "Proceedings of the {American Philosophical
                                  Society} held at {Philadelphia} for promoting
                                  useful knowledge"}

@String{j-PROC-NATL-ACAD-SCI-USA = "Proceedings of the National Academy of
                                  Sciences of the United States of
                                  America"}

@String{j-RADIAT-PHYS-CHEM      = "Radiation Physics and Chemistry"}

@String{j-REV-MOD-PHYS          = "Reviews of Modern Physics"}

@String{j-REV-SCI-INSTRUM       = "Review of Scientific Instruments"}

@String{j-SCI-AMER              = "Scientific American"}

@String{j-SCI-MONTHLY           = "The Scientific Monthly"}

@String{j-SCIENCE               = "Science"}

@String{j-STUD-HIST-PHILOS-MOD-PHYS = "Studies in History and Philosophy of
                                  Modern Physics"}

@String{j-Z-PHYSIK              = "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Publisher abbreviations:
@String{pub-AIP                 = "American Institute of Physics"}
@String{pub-AIP:adr             = "Woodbury, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-AMERICAN-PHILOSOPHICAL-SOCIETY = "American Philosophical Society"}
@String{pub-AMERICAN-PHILOSOPHICAL-SOCIETY:adr = "Philadelphia, PA, USA"}

@String{pub-ELSEVIER            = "Elsevier"}
@String{pub-ELSEVIER:adr        = "Amsterdam, The Netherlands"}

@String{pub-GOLLANCZ            = "Gollancz"}
@String{pub-GOLLANCZ:adr        = "London, UK"}

@String{pub-GREENWOOD           = "Greenwood Press"}
@String{pub-GREENWOOD:adr       = "88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881, USA"}

@String{pub-INTERSCIENCE        = "Interscience Publishers"}
@String{pub-INTERSCIENCE:adr    = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-IOP                 = "Institute of Physics Publishers"}
@String{pub-IOP:adr             = "Bristol, UK"}

@String{pub-MARTINUS-NIJHOFF    = "Martinus Nijhoff Publishers"}
@String{pub-MARTINUS-NIJHOFF:adr = "Dordrecht, The Netherlands"}

@String{pub-MCGRAW-HILL         = "Mc{\-}Graw-Hill"}
@String{pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr     = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-METHUEN             = "Methuen and Co. Ltd."}
@String{pub-METHUEN:adr         = "London, UK"}

@String{pub-NAP                 = "National Academy Press"}
@String{pub-NAP:adr             = "Washington, DC, USA"}

@String{pub-OXFORD              = "Oxford University Press"}
@String{pub-OXFORD:adr          = "Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK"}

@String{pub-PERGAMON            = "Pergamon Press"}
@String{pub-PERGAMON:adr        = "Oxford, UK and New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-PHILOSOPHICAL-LIBRARY = "Philosophical Library"}
@String{pub-PHILOSOPHICAL-LIBRARY:adr = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-PROMETHEUS-BOOKS    = "Prometheus Books"}
@String{pub-PROMETHEUS-BOOKS:adr = "Amherst, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-ROWOHLT             = "Rowohlt"}
@String{pub-ROWOHLT:adr         = "Reinbek bei Hamburg, Germany"}

@String{pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER      = "Simon and Schuster"}
@String{pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER:adr  = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-TOMASH              = "Tomash Publishers"}
@String{pub-TOMASH:adr          = "Los Angeles, CA, USA"}

@String{pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS  = "University of California Press"}
@String{pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS:adr = "Berkeley, CA, USA and Los Angeles, CA, USA"}

@String{pub-VIEWEG              = "Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn"}
@String{pub-VIEWEG:adr          = "Braunschweig, Germany"}

@String{pub-WORLD-SCI           = "World Scientific Publishing
                                  Co. Pte. Ltd."}
@String{pub-WORLD-SCI:adr       = "P. O. Box 128, Farrer Road,
                                  Singapore 9128"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%%        Part 1 (of 2) --- Samuel A. Goudsmit and his works
%%%
%%% Entries are sorted by year, and then by citation label, with
%%% ``bibsort --byyear''.
%%%
%%% TO DO: Goudsmit in entry Goudsmit:1971:DES says: ``there was a short
%%% little piece in `Naturwissenschaften' and a very lengthy article in
%%% `Archives N{\'e}erlandaises des Sciences exactes et naturelles',
%%% which was published in Holland in french to be sure that nobody
%%% would read it.''  I cannot yet locate a proper reference to that
%%% paper, and no issues for the 1920s appear to be available online.
%%% The Goudsmit papers in Box 42 have "Les doublets dans les spectres
%%% visibles," Archives Nerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles
%%% 1922, but that is too early for spin
@Article{Goudsmit:1921:RAD,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Relativistische Auffassung des Dubletts}. ({German})
                 [{Relativistic} view of the doublet]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "49",
  pages =        "995--995",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1921",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01489623",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01489623",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1922:DSV,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Les doublets dans les spectres visibles",
  journal =      "Archives Ne{\'e}rlandaises des Sciences Exactes et
                 Naturelles, S{\'e}rie III A",
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "???",
  pages =        "116--126",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1922",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 10:05:36 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A226659#page/15/mode/1up",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1924:MRS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and P. Zeeman",
  title =        "The Magnetic Resolution of the Scandium Lines",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "114",
  number =       "2864",
  pages =        "432--433",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1924",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/114432c0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1924:OLG,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Zur Ordnung des Lanthanspektrums}. ({German}) [{On}
                 the ordering of the lanthanum spectrum]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "41",
  pages =        "851--852",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1924",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01507551",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01507551",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1924:SI,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The Spectrum of Iron",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "113",
  number =       "2843",
  pages =        "604--604",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1924",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/113604a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1924:SM,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The Spectrum of Manganese",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "113",
  number =       "2833",
  pages =        "238--238",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1924",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/113238a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1924:ZIS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Der Zeemaneffekt im Scandiumspektrum}. ({German})
                 [{The} {Zeeman} effect in the scandium spectrum]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "37",
  pages =        "743--744",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1924",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01504829",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01504829",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Coster:1925:IRG,
  author =       "D. Coster and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber die Intensit{\"a}t der
                 R{\"o}ntgenspektrallinien}. ({German}) [{On} the
                 intensity of {X}-ray spectral lines]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "11--12",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01558797",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01558797;
                 https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A242705#page/1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
}

@InProceedings{Goudsmit:1925:BVL,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  booktitle =    "Handelingen van het {XXe Nederlandsch Natuur- en
                 Geneeskungdig Congres, gehouden op 14, 15 en 16 April
                 1925 te Groningen}",
  title =        "De bouw van het Lanthanspectrum. ({Dutch}) [{The}
                 construction of the lanthanum spectrum]",
  publisher =    "????",
  address =      "????",
  pages =        "1--2",
  year =         "1925",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 10:19:33 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227110#page/1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "Dutch",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:DTL,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Determinations of the Terms in the Lanthanum
                 Spectrum",
  journal =      "Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen te Amsterdam",
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "23--31",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1925",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 12:01:52 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227114#page/1/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:GND,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Het Grondniveau in het Neonspectrum. ({Dutch}) [{The}
                 Ground State in the Neon Spectrum]",
  journal =      j-PHYSICA-THE-HAGUE,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "70--71",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1925",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 10:14:17 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227267#page/1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "Dutch",
  xxpages =      "1--2",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:GNG,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber den Grundterm des Neonspektrums}. ({German})
                 [{On} the basic term of the neon spectrum]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "111--112",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01331651",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  ISSN-L =       "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01331651;
                 https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227365#page/1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:ISA,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Iets over Spectra en Atoombouw. ({Dutch}) [{Something}
                 about Spectra and Atomic Construction]",
  journal =      j-PHYSICA-THE-HAGUE,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "281--292",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "PYSIA7",
  ISSN =         "0370-2707",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 10:11:47 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227272#page/1/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physica (The Hague)",
  language =     "Dutch",
  xxpages =      "1--12",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:IZCa,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and R. de L. Kronig",
  title =        "The Intensities of the {Zeeman} Components",
  journal =      "Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen te Amsterdam",
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "418--422",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1925",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 11:55:49 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227304#page/1/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:IZCb,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and R. de L. Kronig",
  title =        "De intensiteiten der {Zeeman}-componenten. ({Dutch})
                 [{The} Intensities of the {Zeeman} Components]",
  journal =      "Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen te Amsterdam",
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "278--281",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1925",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 11:55:49 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227304#page/6/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:IZG,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and R. de L. Kronig",
  title =        "{Die Intensit{\"a}t der Zeemankomponenten}. ({German})
                 [{The} intensity of the {Zeeman} components]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "90--90",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01558737",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01558737",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:KSG,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber die Komplexstruktur der Spektren}.
                 ({German}) [{On} the complex structure of spectra]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "794--798",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01331715",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  ISSN-L =       "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01331715;
                 https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227609#page/3/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:OSV,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and G. E. Uhlenbeck",
  title =        "Opmerking over de spectra van waterstof en helium.
                 ({Dutch}) [{Note} on the spectra of hydrogen and
                 helium]",
  journal =      j-PHYSICA-THE-HAGUE,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "266--270",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "PYSIA7",
  ISSN =         "0370-2707",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 14:10:52 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227343#page/1/",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "Physica (The Hague)",
  language =     "Dutch",
  remark =       "This is Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck's first joint paper.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:TLS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Termbepalingen in het Lanthaan-spectrum. ({Dutch})
                 [{Determinations} of the Terms in the Lanthanum
                 Spectrum]",
  journal =      "Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen te Amsterdam",
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "774--782 + 226--229",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1925",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 12:01:52 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227114#page/11/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "Dutch",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:U,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and R. de L. Kronig",
  title =        "[unknown]",
  journal =      "Verhandelingen --- Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie
                 van Wetenschappen, Afdeling Natuurkunde, Tweede Reeks",
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "278--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "VNAWAG",
  ISSN =         "0373-465X",
  ISSN-L =       "0373-465X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 09:24:41 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Verh. - K. Ned. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurkd., Tweede
                 Reeks",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  xxjournal =    "Verhandelingen --- Koninklijke Akademie van
                 Wetenschappen",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1925:WTS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber die $g$-Werte der Terme in Spektren
                 h{\"o}herer Stufe}. ({German}) [{On} the $g$ values of
                 the terms in higher-level spectra]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "51",
  pages =        "1090--1090",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01585593",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01585593;
                 https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla%3A227391#page/1/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Uhlenbeck:1925:EHU,
  author =       "George E. Uhlenbeck and Samuel Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Ersetzung der Hypothese vom unmechanischen Zwang
                 durch eine Forderung bez{\"u}glich des inneren
                 Verhaltens jedes einzelnen Elektrons}. ({German})
                 [{Replacement} of the hypothesis of unmechanical force
                 with a requirement for the inner behavior of each
                 electron]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "47",
  pages =        "953--954",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01558878",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 03 07:38:19 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/slater-john-clarke.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Lorentz:1936:U} for a computation in 1927 of
                 the radius of a rotating charged particle with the spin
                 of the electron.",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01558878;
                 http://www.springerlink.com/content/u20q85248gp8166q/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
  remark-1 =     "In this paper, Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck proposed the
                 concept of electron spin, a critical step forward in
                 the quantum mechanics of many-electron systems.
                 Surprisingly, that work did not get them the Nobel
                 Prize. After World War II, Goudsmit was the scientific
                 head of the Alsos mission to capture German nuclear
                 scientists. In the 1950s, he founded the journal
                 Physical Review Letters. During the 1960s and 1970s, he
                 was Editor-in-Chief of the main American physics
                 journal, the Physical Review. Wolfgang Pauli presented
                 his Exclusion Principle in 1925, for which he received
                 the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physics. Pauli tightened the
                 Exclusion Principle to include spin in
                 \cite{Pauli:1940:CBS}.",
  remark-2 =     "Pais \cite[page 302]{Pais:2000:GSP} says of this
                 paper: ``\,`Lorentz has shown us that this is
                 nonsense.' And so we said to Ehrenfest, `We'd better
                 not publish that note.' And then Ehrenfest said `I have
                 sent it away already weeks ago and it will appear next
                 week!' And then he said to us --- I don't know whether
                 Same remembers, but I remember --- `Well, Sie beide
                 sind jung; Sie k{\"o}nnen sich eine Dummheit leisten!'
                 [You are both young, you can afford a stupidity]",
  remark-3 =     "Pais \cite[page 302]{Pais:2000:GSP} reports about the
                 author order: ``The discovery was published with
                 Uhlenbeck as first author and Goudsmit as second
                 because (George told me) Ehrenfest suggested that this
                 order would avoid the impression that George was only
                 Sem's [Sem was Samuel's nickname] student, while Sem
                 himself preferred to come second because it was George
                 who had first thought of spin.''",
  remark-4 =     "See also the second \cite{Uhlenbeck:1926:SES} and
                 third \cite{Goudsmit:1926:RES} papers.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1926:KQI,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and G. E. Uhlenbeck",
  title =        "{Die Kopplungsm{\"o}glichkeiten der Quantenvektoren im
                 Atom}. ({German}) [{The} coupling possibilities of
                 quantum vectors in the atom]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "8--9",
  pages =        "618--625",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1926",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01379808",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  ISSN-L =       "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01379808",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1926:RES,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and G. E. Uhlenbeck",
  title =        "Over het roteerende electron en de structuur der
                 spectra. ({Dutch}) [{On} the rotating electron and the
                 structure of the spectra]",
  journal =      j-PHYSICA-THE-HAGUE,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "273--290",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1926",
  CODEN =        "PYSIA7",
  ISSN =         "0370-2707",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 14:12:15 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/slater-john-clarke.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "Physica (The Hague)",
  language =     "Dutch",
  remark =       "This is the authors' third paper on spin, after
                 \cite{Uhlenbeck:1925:EHU,Uhlenbeck:1926:SES}.",
  xxnote =       "TO DO: find it in archives; the currently-named
                 Physica begins only in 1934",
}

@Article{Uhlenbeck:1926:SES,
  author =       "G. E. Uhlenbeck and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Spinning Electrons and the Structure of Spectra",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "117",
  number =       "2938",
  pages =        "264--265",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1926",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/117264a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/slater-john-clarke.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  note =         "The paper is followed by a half-column supportive
                 letter from Niels Bohr. See \cite{Thomas:1926:MSE} for
                 a relativistic correction to the Zeeman splitting of
                 spectral lines.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  remark =       "This is the authors' second paper on spin; see also
                 the first \cite{Uhlenbeck:1925:EHU} and third
                 \cite{Goudsmit:1926:RES} papers.",
}

@PhdThesis{Goudsmit:1927:ASS,
  author =       "Samuel Abraham Goudsmit",
  title =        "Atoommodel en structuur der spectra. ({Dutch})
                 [{Atomic} Model and Structure of Spectra]",
  type =         "{Ph.D.} thesis",
  school =       "Universiteit Leiden",
  address =      "Leiden, The Netherlands",
  pages =        "x + 68",
  year =         "1927",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 15:52:28 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=75194",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  advisor =      "Paul Ehrenfest",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "Dutch",
  remark =       "From The Mathematics Genealogy Project on 17 April
                 2019: ``According to our current on-line database,
                 Samuel Goudsmit has 1 student [Robert Bacher] and 7
                 descendants.''",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1927:FTW,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and E. Back",
  title =        "{Feinstrukturen und Termordnung des Wismutspektrums}.
                 ({German}) [{Fine} structure and term order of the
                 bismuth spectrum]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "5--6",
  pages =        "321--334",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1927",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01397446",
  ISSN =         "0939-7922 (print), 1431-5831 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0939-7922",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 09:13:46 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01397446;
                 http://www.springerlink.com/content/h5w4160831u31v16/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  received =     "8 April 1927",
  remark =       "This is the first paper (the second is
                 \cite{Back:1928:KZW}) in which Back and Goudsmit
                 suggest that the hyperfine structure of bismuth can be
                 due to a nuclear magnetic moment (spin). Pauli
                 predicted that phenomenon in 1924
                 \cite{Pauli:1924:FTD}. See also the history in
                 \cite{Goudsmit:1961:PNS}.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1927:KQN,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and E. Back",
  title =        "{Die Koppelung der Quantenvektoren bei Neon, Argon und
                 einigen Spektren der Kohlenstoffgruppe}. ({German})
                 [{Coupling} of quantum vectors in neon, argon and some
                 carbon group spectra]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "40",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "530--538",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1927",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01440830",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  ISSN-L =       "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01440830",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Heisenberg:1927:BGB,
  author =       "Werner Heisenberg",
  title =        "{Besprechung: S. Goudsmit und E. Back. \booktitle{Die
                 Kopplung der Quantenvektoren bei Neon, Argon und
                 einigen Spektren der Kohlenstoffgruppe}}. ({German})
                 [{Book} Review: {S. Goudsmit und E. Back.
                 \booktitle{Coupling of the quantum vectors in neon,
                 argon, and some spectra of the carbon group}}]",
  journal =      "{Physikalische Berichte}",
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "470--470",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1927",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 25 12:35:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Back:1928:KZW,
  author =       "E. Back and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Kernmoment und Zeemaneffekt von Wismut}. ({German})
                 [{Nuclear} moment and {Zeeman} effect in bismuth]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "47",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "174--183",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1928",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02055794",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  ISSN-L =       "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02055794;
                 http://www.springerlink.com/content/rnwt7303k7677336/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  received =     "1 December 1927",
  remark =       "This is the second paper (the first is
                 \cite{Goudsmit:1927:FTW}) in which Back and Goudsmit
                 suggest that the hyperfine structure of bismuth can be
                 due to a nuclear magnetic moment (spin). Pauli
                 predicted that phenomenon in 1924
                 \cite{Pauli:1924:FTD}. See also the history in
                 \cite{Goudsmit:1961:PNS}.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1928:MS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and C. J. Humphreys",
  title =        "Multiplet Separations",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "960--966",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1928",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.31.960",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1928:MSE,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Multiplet Separations for Equivalent Electrons and the
                 {Roentgen} Doublet Law",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "946--959",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1928",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.31.946",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1929:GII,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Gibt es eine Isotopenverschiebung im
                 Cadmiumspektrum?}. ({German}) [{Is} there an isotope
                 shift in the cadmium spectrum?]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "41",
  pages =        "805--806",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1929",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01506659",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01506659",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1929:PBE,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and R. F. Bacher",
  title =        "The {Paschen--Back} Effect of Hyperfine Structure",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "1499--1500",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1929",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.34.1499",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRev.34.1499;
                 http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v34/i11/p1499_1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review (2)",
  journal-URL =  "http://prola.aps.org/browse/PR",
  received =     "25 November 1929",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1929:QM,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Quantum mechanics",
  journal =      j-J-FRANKLIN-INST,
  volume =       "207",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "523--524",
  year =         "1929",
  CODEN =        "JFINAB",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-0032(29)91835-4",
  ISSN =         "0016-0032 (print), 1879-2693 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0016-0032",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 07:33:30 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016003229918354",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Journal of {The Franklin Institute}",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00160032",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1929:SHS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and R. F. Bacher",
  title =        "Separations in Hyperfine Structure",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "1501--1506",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1929",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.34.1501",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Uhlenbeck:1929:PBM,
  author =       "G. E. Uhlenbeck and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "A Problem in {Brownian} Motion",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "145--151",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1929",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.34.145",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1930:APR,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and L. A. Young",
  title =        "Atomic Physics and Related Subjects: Communications to
                 {{\booktitle{Nature}}}: The Nuclear Moment of Lithium",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "125",
  number =       "3151",
  pages =        "461--462",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1930",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/125461b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1930:EHS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "An Extension of {Houston}'s and {Slater}'s Multiplet
                 Relations",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "1325--1336",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1930",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.35.1325",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/slater-john-clarke.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1930:PBE,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and R. F. Bacher",
  title =        "{Der Paschen--Back-Effekt der Hyperfeinstruktur}.
                 ({German}) [{The} {Paschen--Back} effect in hyperfine
                 structure]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "66",
  number =       "1--2",
  pages =        "13--30",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1930",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01397522",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  ISSN-L =       "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01397522",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1930:PMH,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Predictions of Manganese Hyperfine Structure",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "440--440",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1930",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.35.440",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1930:RHS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "A Remark on Hyperfine Structure",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "436--437",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1930",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.35.436.2",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Book{Pauling:1930:SLS,
  author =       "Linus Pauling and Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham)
                 Goudsmit",
  title =        "The Structure of Line Spectra",
  publisher =    pub-MCGRAW-HILL,
  address =      pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr,
  pages =        "x + 263",
  year =         "1930",
  LCCN =         "QC451 .P3",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:09:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "International series in physics",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Linus Pauling (1901--1994); Samuel A. Goudsmit
                 (1902--1978)",
  subject =      "Spectrum analysis",
}

@Article{Zeeman:1930:HWG,
  author =       "P. Zeeman and E. Back and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Zur Hyperfeinstruktur des Wismuts}. ({German}) [{On}
                 the hyperfine structure of bismuth]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "66",
  number =       "1--2",
  pages =        "1--12",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1930",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01397521",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  ISSN-L =       "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 05:59:47 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01397521;
                 http://www.springerlink.com/content/n27vx7850217172r/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  received =     "19 August 1930",
  remark =       "This paper is the first by Back and Goudsmit to cite
                 Pauli's 1924--1926 work on spin, because Goudsmit did
                 not learn of it until 1930. Pauli, in his 1945 Nobel
                 Prize lecture, mentioned work by Zeeman (this article),
                 but omitted the journal citation, and the names of the
                 other two authors who actually did the work. See
                 \cite{Goudsmit:1961:PNS} for the history of the
                 discovery of nuclear spin.",
}

@Article{Fisher:1931:HSIb,
  author =       "Russell A. Fisher and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Hyperfine Structure in Ionized Bismuth",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "37",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "1057--1068",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1931",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.37.1057",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Fisher:1931:HSIc,
  author =       "Russell A. Fisher and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Hyperfine Structure in Ionized Bismuth",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "37",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "1674--1674",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1931",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.37.1674",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1931:HSI,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and D. R. Inglis",
  title =        "The Hyperfine Structure of Ionized Lithium",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "37",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "328--329",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1931",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.37.328.2",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1931:MES,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and L. Gropper",
  title =        "Many-Electron Selection Rules",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "38",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "225--236",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1931",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.38.225",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1931:THS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Theory of Hyperfine Structure Separations",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "37",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "663--681",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1931",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.37.663",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Book{Bacher:1932:AES,
  author =       "Robert F. (Robert Fox) Bacher and Samuel Goudsmit",
  title =        "Atomic Energy States, as Derived from the Analyses of
                 Optical Spectra",
  publisher =    pub-MCGRAW-HILL,
  address =      pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr,
  pages =        "xiii + 562",
  year =         "1932",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:20:14 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  remark =       "Reprinted in \cite{Bacher:1968:AES}. Robert Bacher was
                 Samuel Goudsmit's sole doctoral student.",
}

@InProceedings{Goudsmit:1932:PDT,
  author =       "Samuel Goudsmit",
  booktitle =    "Convegno di Fisica Nucleare, Ottobre 1931",
  title =        "Present Difficulties in the Theory of Hyperfine
                 Structure",
  publisher =    "Reale Accademia d'Italia",
  address =      "Rome, Italy",
  pages =        "33--49",
  year =         "1932",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 09:33:13 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  xxpages =      "33--50",
  remark =       "According to \cite[page 143]{Stuewer:2018:AIN}, this
                 paper contains the first printed reference of Wolfgang
                 Pauli's ``neutron'' (later renamed ``neutrino''). This
                 conference also marked the entry of Enrico Fermi into
                 the field of nuclear physics.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1933:AHS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and R. F. Bacher",
  title =        "Anomalies in Hyperfine Structure",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "894--899",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.43.894",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1933:NMM,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Nuclear Magnetic Moments",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "636--639",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.43.636",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Unpublished{Goudsmit:1933:VLO,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and J. S. Owens",
  title =        "Viscosity of Lubricating Oils",
  year =         "1933",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 11:38:18 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Submitted to \booktitle{Industrial and Engineering
                 Chemistry}, but rejected on 26 October 1933 because of
                 subject overlap with an already-published paper.",
  URL =          "https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla:229151#page/40/mode/1up",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Merritt:1933:OPE,
  author =       "E. Merritt and G. E. Uhlenbeck and S. Goudsmit and G.
                 H. Dieke and H. W. Stunkard",
  title =        "Obituary: {Paul Ehrenfest}",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "78",
  number =       "2026",
  pages =        "377--378",
  day =          "27",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.78.2026.377",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 09:10:26 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Wu:1933:LSH,
  author =       "Ta-You Wu and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Low States of the Heaviest Elements",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "496--496",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.43.496",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Bacher:1934:AER,
  author =       "R. F. Bacher and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Atomic Energy Relations. {I}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "46",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "948--969",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1934",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.46.948",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1934:NSC,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and Ta-You Wu",
  title =        "Note on the spectrum of the corona",
  journal =      j-ASTROPHYSICAL-J,
  volume =       "80",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "154--157",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1934",
  CODEN =        "ASJOAB",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1086/143591",
  ISSN =         "0004-637X (print), 1538-4357 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0004-637X",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 15:43:24 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://lib.mit.edu/record/hsr/521369085",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "The Astrophysical Journal",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0004-637X/",
}

@InProceedings{Uhlenbeck:1935:SED,
  author =       "G. E. Uhlenbeck and S. Goudsmit",
  editor =       "????",
  booktitle =    "Zeeman Verhandelingen",
  title =        "Statistical energy distribution for a small number of
                 particles",
  publisher =    pub-MARTINUS-NIJHOFF,
  address =      pub-MARTINUS-NIJHOFF:adr,
  pages =        "201--211",
  year =         "1935",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 15:31:42 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Article{Bayley:1936:DSN,
  author =       "D. S. Bayley and B. R. Curtis and E. R. Gaerttner and
                 S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Diffusion of Slow Neutrons",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "461--463",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1936",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.50.461",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1936:SN,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "On the Slowing Down of Neutrons",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "406--406",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1936",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.49.406",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Zahn:1936:MDA,
  author =       "C. T. Zahn and E. L. Harrington and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "A Method for the Determination of Absorption Cross
                 Sections for Thermal Neutrons",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "570--570",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1936",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.50.570",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1937:SS,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Symmetry of Symbols",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "139",
  number =       "3514",
  pages =        "417--417",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1937",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/139417b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1939:MSC,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and J. L. Saunderson",
  title =        "The Multiple Scattering of Charged Particles",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "56",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "122--123",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.56.122.2",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1939:RBE,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Radioactivity in Biological Experiments",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "90",
  number =       "2348",
  pages =        "615--616",
  day =          "29",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.90.2348.615",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 09:10:26 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Proca:1939:MPE,
  author =       "A. Proca and S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Sur la masse des particules {\'e}l{\'e}mentaires.
                 ({French}) [{On} the mass of elementary particles]",
  journal =      j-J-PHYS-RADIUM,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "209--214",
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "JPRAAJ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1051/jphysrad:01939001005020900",
  ISSN =         "0368-3842",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 19:09:20 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Journal de Physique et le Radium",
  journal-URL =  "http://jphysrad.journaldephysique.org/",
  language =     "French",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1940:MSEa,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and J. L. Saunderson",
  title =        "Multiple Scattering of Electrons. {II}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "58",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "36--42",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1940",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.58.36",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1940:MSEb,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and J. L. Saunderson",
  title =        "Multiple Scattering of Electrons",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "57",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "24--29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1940",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.57.24",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1940:MSEc,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit and J. L. Saunderson",
  title =        "Multiple Scattering of Electrons",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "57",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "552--552",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1940",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.57.552.2",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@TechReport{Goudsmit:1942:RCI,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Reflection coefficients and impedance charts",
  type =         "Report",
  institution =  inst-MIT-RAD-LAB,
  address =      inst-MIT-RAD-LAB:adr,
  pages =        "21",
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 15:38:55 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://lib.mit.edu/record/cat00916a/mit.000235861",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@TechReport{Goudsmit:1943:CBS,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The comparison between signal and noise",
  type =         "Report",
  institution =  inst-MIT-RAD-LAB,
  address =      inst-MIT-RAD-LAB:adr,
  pages =        "6",
  year =         "1943",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 15:37:42 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@TechReport{Goudsmit:1943:PMR,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit and P. R. Weiss",
  title =        "Possible measurement of radar echoes by use of model
                 targets",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "192",
  institution =  inst-MIT-RAD-LAB,
  address =      inst-MIT-RAD-LAB:adr,
  pages =        "12",
  year =         "1943",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:28:00 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://lib.mit.edu/record/cat00916a/mit.000241321",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@TechReport{Goudsmit:1943:SCN,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit and P. R. Weiss",
  title =        "Statistics of Circuit Noise",
  number =       "192",
  institution =  inst-MIT-RAD-LAB,
  address =      inst-MIT-RAD-LAB:adr,
  pages =        "9",
  day =          "29",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1943",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:28:00 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://lib.mit.edu/record/cat00916a/mit.000241325",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1944:SFN,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and W. H. Furry",
  title =        "Significant Figures of Numbers in Statistical Tables",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "154",
  number =       "3921",
  pages =        "800--801",
  day =          "23",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1944",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/154800a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  MRclass =      "62.0X",
  MRnumber =     "0011429",
  MRreviewer =   "W. Feller",
  bibdate =      "Sun Sep 18 11:57:19 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/benfords-law.bib",
  note =         "See later work \cite{Logan:1978:FDP}, and severe
                 criticism \cite{Raimi:1976:FDP,Raimi:1985:FDP}.",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v154/n3921/pdf/154800a0.pdf",
  abstract =     "A rough qualitative explanation of this fact can
                 easily be given. If we consider tables in which the
                 entries become rarer the larger they are, we can draw
                 the obvious conclusion that in any interval, say,
                 between 10 and 99, or 10,000 and 99,999, there are more
                 entries on the small side than on the large side.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature. International Weekly Journal of Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  keywords =     "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
  remark =       "In 1925, Samuel Goudsmit and George Uhlenbeck proposed
                 the concept of electron spin, a critical step forward
                 in the quantum mechanics of many-electron systems.
                 Surprisingly, that work did not get them the Nobel
                 Prize, but it did spur Wolfgang Pauli to present his
                 Exclusion Principle in 1925, for which he received the
                 1945 Nobel Prize in Physics. After World War II,
                 Goudsmit was the scientific head of the Alsos mission
                 to capture German nuclear scientists. In the 1950s, he
                 founded the journal Physical Review Letters. During the
                 1960s and 1970s, he was Editor-in-Chief of the main
                 American physics journal, the Physical Review.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1945:RDL,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Random Distribution of Lines in a Plane",
  journal =      j-REV-MOD-PHYS,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "2--3",
  pages =        "321--322",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1945",
  CODEN =        "RMPHAT",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.17.321",
  ISSN =         "0034-6861 (print), 1538-4527 (electronic), 1539-0756",
  ISSN-L =       "0034-6861",
  MRclass =      "60.0X",
  MRnumber =     "0014609",
  MRreviewer =   "A. J. F. Siegert",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://rmp.aps.org/toc/RMP/v17/i2--3;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/revmodphys1940.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/RevModPhys.17.321;
                 http://rmp.aps.org/abstract/RMP/v17/i2-3/p321_1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Reviews of Modern Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://rmp.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1946:HGL,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "How {Germany} Lost the Race",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "4--5",
  day =          "15",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1946",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 09 14:42:01 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1946:NCC,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The {Nazis} Came Close --- But",
  journal =      j-CHEM-ENG-NEWS,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "16",
  pages =        "2176",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1946",
  CODEN =        "CENEAR",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1021/cen-v024n016.p2176",
  ISSN =         "0009-2347 (print), 1520-605X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0009-2347",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 06:15:24 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Chemical \& Engineering News",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.acs.org/loi/cenear",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1946:SS,
  author =       "Samuel Abraham Goudsmit",
  title =        "Secrecy or science?",
  journal =      "Science Illustrated",
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "6--9",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1946",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 15:47:05 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1946:WPG,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "War Physics in {Germany}",
  journal =      j-REV-SCI-INSTRUM,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "49--52",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1946",
  CODEN =        "RSINAK",
  ISSN =         "1089-7623, 0034-6748",
  ISSN-L =       "0034-6748",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 09 06:55:58 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Review of scientific instruments",
  journal-URL =  "http://rsi.aip.org/",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1947:A,
  author =       "Samuel Abraham Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Alsos}",
  publisher =    "H. Schuman",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "xiv + 259",
  year =         "1947",
  LCCN =         "D810.S2 G6 1947",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 13:46:27 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  keywords =     "Alsos (World War II Allies mission to discover the
                 status of Germany's atomic bomb project).",
  remark =       "Alsos is Greek for grove, possibly a reference to
                 General Leslie Groves, head of the Manhattan Project.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; Nuclear physics; Science; Germany;
                 History",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1947:AFG,
  author =       "Samuel Abraham Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Alsos}: the failure in {German} science",
  publisher =    "Sigma Books",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "xiv + 259",
  year =         "1947",
  LCCN =         "D810.S2 G6 1947a",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 13:46:27 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  keywords =     "Alsos (World War II Allies mission to discover the
                 status of Germany's atomic bomb project).",
  remark =       "Alsos is Greek for grove, possibly a reference to
                 General Leslie Groves, head of the Manhattan Project.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; Nuclear physics; Science; Germany;
                 History",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1947:GAR,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{German} Atom Research: Scientist Disputes Statement
                 on Development of Bomb: the writer of the following
                 letter, {Professor of Physics at Northwestern
                 University}, headed the {American} mission
                 investigating {Germany}'s progress in atomic research",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "E8--E8",
  day =          "9",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 12:00:28 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/108045246/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  remark =       "Reply to \cite{Heisenberg:1947:RGTa}. See also
                 rebuttal \cite{Kaempffert:1947:MKR}.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1947:GSA,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{German} Scientists in {Army} Employment: {I}. {The}
                 Case Analyzed",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "64, 67",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 23 06:20:44 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1947:HAC,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Heat of Atomization of Carbon",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "159",
  number =       "4048",
  pages =        "742--743",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/159742b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1947:HGN,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Heisenberg} on the {German Nuclear Power Project}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "343--343",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 09 06:54:45 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Response to \cite{Heisenberg:1947:RGTa}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  remark =       "Some books cite this article with different starting
                 page numbers: 64, 67, 343; the one-page article appears
                 on page 343 of the November 1947 issue, confirmed in
                 the Google Books page image.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1947:NAS,
  author =       "Samuel Abraham Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Nazis}' atomic secrets",
  journal =      "Life",
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "123--123",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1947",
  DOI =          "",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 15:49:28 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1947:PA,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "[Preview of {Alsos}]",
  journal =      "Life Magazine",
  pages =        "??--??",
  day =          "20",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1947",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 09 08:04:53 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  remark =       "Title unknown. Cited in \cite[page
                 56]{Walker:1990:HGG}.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1947:SAB,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Science and the Atom Bomb: Secret's Discovery by Other
                 Nations Is Held Inevitable",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "26--26",
  day =          "11",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1947",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:08:10 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/107824870/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  remark =       "Comment on Nazi Germany's misjudgement of the
                 importance of atomic bomb research. Goudsmit writes:
                 ``But don't let this give us a false sense of security.
                 Let us not fall into the same mistake which the Germans
                 made. They were so convinced of their own superiority
                 that up to the day of Hiroshima they believed
                 themselves ahead of us in atomic energy research. In
                 reality, they were very far behind and even on the
                 wrong track.''",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1948:LSA,
  author =       "Samuel Abraham Goudsmit",
  title =        "{L'Allemagne} et le secret atomique (la mission
                 Alsos). ({French}) [{Germany} and the atomic secret
                 ({Alsos} mission)]",
  publisher =    "A. Fayard",
  address =      "Paris, France",
  pages =        "250 + 1",
  year =         "1948",
  LCCN =         "D810.S2 G615",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 13:46:27 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  keywords =     "Alsos (World War II Allies mission to discover the
                 status of Germany's atomic bomb project).",
  language =     "French",
  remark =       "Alsos is Greek for grove, possibly a reference to
                 General Leslie Groves, head of the Manhattan Project.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; Nuclear physics; Science; Germany;
                 History; Armement atomique 1939--1945; Allemagne.
                 Sciences. 1939--1945; {\'E}tats-Unis. Espionnage.
                 1939--1945; Questions militaires. {\'E}nergie atomique;
                 Guerre mondiale, 1939--1945; Sciences",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1948:OTG,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Our Task in {Germany}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "106--106",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1948",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00963402.1948.11460187",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 09 06:53:28 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1948:PMM,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and W. T. Scott",
  title =        "Proposed Method for Measuring Scattering of Particle
                 Tracks",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "1537--1538",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1948",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.74.1537.2",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1948:TFM,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "A Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "622--623",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1948",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.74.622",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Book{Torrey:1948:CR,
  editor =       "Henry Cutler Torrey and Charles Austin Whitmer and
                 Samuel Goudsmit",
  title =        "Crystal Rectifiers",
  volume =       "15",
  publisher =    pub-MCGRAW-HILL,
  address =      pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr,
  pages =        "xiii + 443",
  year =         "1948",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:13:46 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  series =       "Radiation Laboratory Series",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1949:GWR,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{German} War Research: Scientist's Claim of Progress
                 With Atom Is Disputed",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "E8--E8",
  day =          "9",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 12:45:42 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  note =         "The writer of the following letter, co-discovered of
                 the ``spin of the Electron'', was detailed to the War
                 Department as chief of the ALSOS mission investigating
                 {Germany}'s progress in Atomic research. He is now a
                 senior physicist at the Brookhaven National
                 Laboratory.",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/105811389/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  remark =       "This letter is in response to
                 \cite{Heisenberg:1948:NSI}",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1949:SAK,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Soviet} Atom Knowledge",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "E8--E8",
  day =          "18",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:24:09 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/105885035/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  remark =       "From the letter: ``The recent revelations of early
                 leaks of atomic information to Russia reflect a state
                 of mind which should fill each of us with grave
                 concern. The general impression seems to be: `Russia
                 has the bomb, therefore someone must have given her our
                 secrets.' \ldots{} let us understand clearly and admit
                 openly that the Russians constructed their bomb without
                 any help from us or from captured Germans. It is very
                 wrong to underestimate one's adversaries.''",
}

@Article{Spitzer:1949:PM,
  author =       "Lyman {Spitzer, Jr.} and William A. Higinbotham and
                 Arthur S. Wightman and Donald R. Hamilton and David
                 Bohm and Roy Britten and Robert R. Bush and Elmer G.
                 Butler and Albert Einstein and Luther P. Eisenhart and
                 Samuel A. Goudsmit and M. Stanley Livingston and Stuart
                 Mudd and David Pines and Oswald Veblen and Irving
                 Wolff",
  title =        "To Prevent Misunderstanding",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "3--3",
  day =          "1",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3066618",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3066618",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1950:BRJ,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Journal of Applied
                 Mathematics and Physics (Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Angewandte
                 Mathematik und Physik)}}, Vol. 1, No. 1, January 15,
                 1950. Edited by R. S{\"a}nger, Verlag Birkh{\"a}user,
                 Basel, Switzerland}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "35--36",
  day =          "1",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3066867",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3066867",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1950:FS,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Freedom of Science",
  journal =      j-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC,
  volume =       "94",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "111--113",
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "PAPCAA",
  ISSN =         "0003-049X (print), 2326-9243 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 11:14:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/3143209",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the {American Philosophical Society}
                 held at {Philadelphia} for promoting useful knowledge",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/procamerphilsoci",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1951:A,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Alsos}",
  publisher =    "Sigma Books",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1951",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 09:40:31 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Hays:1951:MMM,
  author =       "E. E. Hays and P. I. Richards and S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Mass Measurements with a Magnetic Time-of-Flight Mass
                 Spectrometer",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "84",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "824--829",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1951",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.84.824",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Einstein:1952:ESG,
  author =       "Albert Einstein and Hans A. Bethe and Harold C. Urey
                 and James Franck and Samuel Goudsmit and Cyril S. Smith
                 and Arthur H. Compton and William P. Murphy",
  title =        "Eminent Scientists Give Their Views on {American} Visa
                 Policy",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "217--220",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1952",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 10:48:59 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Issue devoted to the restrictions of the McCarran Acts
                 --- the Internal Security Act of 1950, and the
                 Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 --- on freedom
                 of travel by scientists across US borders..",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Hans Albrecht Bethe (1906--2005); Albert Einstein
                 (1879--1955); Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Linus Pauling; McCarran Acts",
}

@Article{Hays:1952:MMM,
  author =       "E. E. Hays and P. I. Richards and S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Mass Measurements with a Magnetic Time-of-Flight Mass
                 Spectrometer",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "85",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "1065--1065",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1952",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.85.1065.4",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Richards:1952:MLB,
  author =       "P. I. Richards and E. E. Hays and S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Masses of Lead and Bismuth",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "85",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "630--631",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1952",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.85.630",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1953:BRC,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Crime Investigation}}, by
                 Paul L. Kirk. 765 pp. Interscience Publishers, Inc. New
                 York, 1953}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "17--17",
  day =          "1",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1953",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3061228",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3061228",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1953:BRM,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Marx and Science}}, by J. D.
                 Bernal. 48 pp. International Publishers, New York,
                 1952}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "14--15",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1953",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3061256",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3061256",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Allison:1954:SAF,
  author =       "Samuel K. Allison and Edward Condon and Harold C. Urey
                 and Farrington Daniels and F. W. Loomis and Edward
                 Shils and Linus Pauling and S. A. Goudsmit and Julian
                 Schwinger and Albert Einstein and Hugh C. Wolfe and
                 Cyril S. Smith and Victor F. Weisskopf and Hans Bethe",
  title =        "Scientists Affirm Faith in {Oppenheimer}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "188--190",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1954",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 19 12:26:02 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Hans Albrecht Bethe (1906--2005); Albert Einstein
                 (1879--1955); Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keyword =      "J. Robert Oppenheimer",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1955:TSO,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The Task of the Security Officer",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "145--147",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 26 14:58:27 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on Secrecy, Security, and Loyalty.",
  URL =          "https://lib.mit.edu/record/rgr/523070848",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Phelps:1955:TPS,
  author =       "John B. Phelps and Ralph S. {Brown, Jr.} and S. A.
                 Goudsmit",
  title =        "Toward a Positive Security Program",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "165--169",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 26 14:58:27 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "Special issue on Secrecy, Security, and Loyalty.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1956:SI,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Scientific Intelligence",
  journal =      j-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC,
  volume =       "100",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "100--103",
  year =         "1956",
  CODEN =        "PAPCAA",
  ISSN =         "0003-049X (print), 2326-9243 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 11:14:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/3143810",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the {American Philosophical Society}
                 held at {Philadelphia} for promoting useful knowledge",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/procamerphilsoci",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:Ea,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.1.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:Eb,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "165--166",
  day =          "1",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.1.165",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:Ec,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and E. der Mateosian and M. McKeown and
                 S. Pasternack",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "197--198",
  day =          "15",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.1.197",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/typeset.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
  remark =       "Contains a description of a technique for creating
                 additional special symbols on an IBM typewriter as
                 required for Physical Review Letters. It notes that the
                 Physical Review is typeset with a Monotype system that
                 offers about 2000 special symbols.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:Ed,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "437--438",
  day =          "15",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.1.437",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:Ee,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "49--50",
  day =          "15",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.1.49",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:Ef,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "89--90",
  day =          "1",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.1.89",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:IAa,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Important Announcement",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "110",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "292--292",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.110.292",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:IAb,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Important Announcement",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "110",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "582--582",
  day =          "15",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.110.582",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
  remark =       "The announcement begins: ``Beginning with the issue
                 dated July 1, The Physical Review will no longer carry
                 Letters to the Editor. These will be published in a
                 supplemental semi-monthly journal tentatively called
                 Physical Review Letters. By the use of offset printing
                 the Letters will appear about two to three weeks after
                 receipt instead of the present six to ten weeks.The new
                 Physical Review Letters will also print copies of the
                 abstracts of future Physical Review articles.'' The new
                 journal became popular quickly, and by volume 12 in
                 1964, Physical Review Letters had weekly issues.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:IAc,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Important Announcement",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "110",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "767--767",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.110.767",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 07:10:23 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1958:LE,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "A Letter from an {Editor}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "55--??",
  day =          "1",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3062299",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3062299",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@InCollection{Goudsmit:1958:PE,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Physics and experience",
  crossref =     "Goudsmit:1958:FKP",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1958",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:25:39 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:Ea,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and S. Pasternack",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--1",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.2.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 07:10:23 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:Eb,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "505--505",
  day =          "1",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.3.505",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:Ec,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and S. Pasternack",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--1",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.2.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:Ed,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "505--505",
  day =          "1",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.3.505",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 07:10:23 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:Ex,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and S. Pasternack",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--3",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.3.3",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:FB,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The Fermi and the Barn",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "161--162",
  day =          "15",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.3.161",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:LEF,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Letter to the {Editor}: Fallout Fallacies",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "321--321",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 28 08:45:06 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:M,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Masers",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "125--125",
  day =          "1",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.3.125",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:N,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Nomenclature",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "205--206",
  day =          "1",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.3.205",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1959:W,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "A Warning",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "79--80",
  day =          "1",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.2.79",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1960:Ea,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "335--335",
  day =          "1",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.4.335",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1960:Eb,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "395--396",
  day =          "15",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.4.395",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1960:Ec,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "233--233",
  day =          "15",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.5.233",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1960:P,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Publicity",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.4.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1961:E,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Editorial",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "587--588",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.6.587",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1961:LEB,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Letter to the {Editor}: Big Risks and Small",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "393--393",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 28 17:50:39 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1961:PNS,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Pauli} and nuclear spin",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "18--21",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3057597",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Fierz:1960:TPT} for the book whose
                 inaccuracies are addressed in this article, which also
                 records the author's involvement in the historical
                 discovery of the spin of the electron and the nucleus",
  URL =          "http://link.aip.org/link/phtoad/v14/i6/p18/s1;
                 https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3057597",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark-1 =     "Reference 3 is to ``G. Joos, Z. Physik 36, 357
                 (1925)'', but that paper does not seem to appear in
                 that journal. Volumes 21--30 are 1924, 31--34 are 1925,
                 and 35--40 are 1926. Other papers by Joos in 1920--1930
                 do not match Goudsmit's description.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 21: ``\ldots{} Pauli also asserted that his
                 1924 article [\cite{Pauli:1924:FTD}] `influenced
                 Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck in their claim of an electron
                 spin'. As we were not aware of his paper until five
                 years later, this is obviously not so. Moreover,
                 Pauli's article can definitely not be considered as
                 introducing the concept of spin, which is the property
                 of a single particle. He explicitly states that one may
                 expect a nonvanishing total angular momentum to occur
                 for complex nuclei; he did not predict a hyperfine
                 structure for the hydrogen spectrum.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 21: ``The spin of the proton was, in fact,
                 not discovered until 1927. It was arrived at from an
                 entirely different approach by David M. Dennison of
                 Michigan in his brilliant explanation of the anomalous
                 behavior of the specific heat of molecular hydrogen
                 [\cite{Dennison:1927:NSH}].''",
  remark-4 =     "Reference 5 has the incorrect author name `Nagoaka';
                 the correct name is `Nagaoka'.",
}

@Book{Pasternack:1961:CAI,
  author =       "S. Pasternack and Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Cumulative author index of {{\booktitle{The Physical
                 Review}}} (volumes 101--120) and {{\booktitle{Physical
                 Review Letters}}} (volumes 1--5) 1951--1955",
  publisher =    pub-AIP,
  address =      pub-AIP:adr,
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1961",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 16:33:21 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1962:MA,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Missiia {Alsos}",
  publisher =    "????",
  address =      "????",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1962",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 15:53:43 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "Russian",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1963:LEC,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Letter to the {Editor}: ``Credo of an Angry Old
                 Man''",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "33--34",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1963",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 30 07:50:37 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1964:OES,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and Paul I. Richards",
  title =        "The Order of Electron Shells in Ionized Atoms",
  journal =      j-PROC-NATL-ACAD-SCI-USA,
  volume =       "51",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "664--671",
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "PNASA6",
  ISSN =         "0027-8424 (print), 1091-6490 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0027-8424",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 11:14:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/71986",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the
                 United States of America",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.pnas.org/content/by/year",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1965:BRP,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Proper Words in Proper
                 Places}}, by Irving T. Richards and Paul I. Richards.
                 206 pp. The Christopher Publishing House. Boston,
                 Mass., 1964}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "70, 72",
  day =          "1",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3047281",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3047281",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1965:CP,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Communication Problems",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "13",
  pages =        "543--544",
  day =          "27",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.15.543",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
  remark =       "From the editorial: ``[a few theorists] want a central
                 register of preprints and other unpublished reports and
                 a rapid distribution of lists of preprint titles and
                 authors. We believe that this is highly undesirable, as
                 it would raise the unrefereed and unedited preprint to
                 virtually the same status as a formal publication. An
                 author could claim priority on the basis of the
                 registry date of his paper. \ldots{} The presently
                 fashionable computer retrieval methods are probably
                 only a partial answer. It will soon be possible to
                 retrieve old material so rapidly and exhaustively that
                 it may overwhelm the user as completely as do the
                 present bulky journal issues.''",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1965:CSL,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Claim-Staking Letters",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "505--506",
  day =          "20",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.15.505",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1965:F,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Festschriften}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "229--230",
  day =          "9",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.15.229",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Blizard:1966:IPP,
  author =       "E. P. Blizard and F. G. Brickwedde and J. H. Crawford
                 and S. A. Goudsmit and A. Herschman and S. Pasternack
                 and A. B. Smith and K. Way",
  title =        "Indexing physics papers",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "54--??",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3047979",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3047979",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1966:AL,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Abstracts for Letters",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "20",
  pages =        "885--886",
  day =          "16",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.885",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1966:GNR,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Growth and New Rules",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "67--68",
  day =          "11",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.17.67",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1966:LWR,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Is the literature worth retrieving?",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "52--55",
  day =          "1",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3048467",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3048467",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1966:ROA,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Revised Ordering --- Again",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  day =          "3",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1966:SR,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Selecting a Referee",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "507--508",
  day =          "5",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.17.507",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1966:T,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit and Robert Claiborne and {the
                 Editors of Life}",
  title =        "Time",
  publisher =    "Time, Inc.",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "200",
  year =         "1966",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 15:28:19 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1966:VRP,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The Value of Refereeing Papers",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "16",
  pages =        "845--846",
  day =          "17",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.17.845",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1967:C,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "``{Comments}''",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "301--301",
  day =          "17",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.18.301",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1967:DDS,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "La d{\'e}couverte du spin de l'{\'e}lectron.
                 ({French}) [{The} discovery of electron spin]",
  journal =      j-J-PHYSIQUE,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "123--128",
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "JOPQAG",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1051/jphys:01967002801012301",
  ISSN =         "0302-0738",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 19:10:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Journal de physique (Paris)",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.journaldephysique.org/",
  language =     "French",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1967:GPR,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Growth of {{\booktitle{Physical Review Letters}}}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  day =          "2",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.18.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1967:LPR,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Let's not pay referees",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "9--??",
  day =          "1",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3034046",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3034046",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1967:RLL,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Restriction on Length of Letters",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "413--413",
  day =          "21",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.19.413",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1967:S,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Superficiality",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "18",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "193--194",
  day =          "6",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.18.193",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1967:TDT,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit and Robert Claiborne and {the
                 Editors of Life}",
  title =        "De tijd. ({Dutch}) [{Time}]",
  publisher =    "Het Parool",
  address =      "Amsterdam, The Netherlands",
  pages =        "200",
  year =         "1967",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 15:28:19 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Translation to Dutch by Ph. Polderman-van Gogh from
                 the English original.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "Dutch",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1967:UPN,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Unusual Prime Number Sequences",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "214",
  number =       "5093",
  pages =        "1164--1164",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/2141164b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1967:ZGT,
  author =       "Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham) Goudsmit and Robert
                 Claiborne",
  title =        "{Die Zeit}. ({German}) [{Time}]",
  publisher =    "Time-Life International",
  address =      "Amsterdam, The Netherlands",
  pages =        "200",
  year =         "1967",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:07:41 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "German",
}

@InCollection{Uhlenbeck:1967:SES,
  author =       "G. E. Uhlenbeck and S. Goudsmit",
  editor =       "W. R. (William Russell) Hindmarsh",
  booktitle =    "Atomic Spectra",
  title =        "Spinning Electrons and the Structure of Spectra",
  publisher =    pub-PERGAMON,
  address =      pub-PERGAMON:adr,
  pages =        "253--258",
  year =         "1967",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-012103-1.50022-0",
  ISBN =         "0-08-012103-9, 1-4831-5580-3 (e-book)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-08-012103-1, 978-1-4831-5580-7 (e-book)",
  LCCN =         "QC454 .H626 1967",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 07:33:30 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  note =         "Published in Nature {\bf 117}, 264 (1926).",
  series =       "The Commonwealth and International Library: Selected
                 Readings in Physics",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080121031500220",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  subject =      "Atomic spectroscopy; Science; Physics; Quantum Theory;
                 Atomic spectroscopy; Atomaire spectrometrie;
                 Atoomspectra; Atomspektrum",
}

@Article{Ward:1967:RAA,
  author =       "W. Dixon Ward and S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Reviewer and author anonymity",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "12--??",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3034118",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jul 17 16:37:57 MDT 2017",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/debroglie-louis.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.physicstoday.org/search",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3034118",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Louis de Broglie (1892--1987)",
}

@Book{Bacher:1968:AES,
  author =       "Robert F. (Robert Fox) Bacher and Samuel Goudsmit",
  title =        "Atomic Energy States, as Derived from the Analyses of
                 Optical Spectra",
  publisher =    pub-GREENWOOD,
  address =      pub-GREENWOOD:adr,
  pages =        "xiii + 562",
  year =         "1968",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:20:14 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  remark =       "Reprint of 1932 edition \cite{Bacher:1932:AES}. Robert
                 Bacher was Samuel Goudsmit's sole doctoral student.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1968:AL,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Abstracts for Letters",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "481--482",
  day =          "4",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.20.481",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1968:BJ,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "A Balanced Journal",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "21",
  pages =        "1469--1470",
  day =          "18",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.21.1469",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1968:EWN,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Editorial: Why the New Format?",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "175",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--1",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.175.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1968:IAP,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Important Announcement: Page-Charge Problem",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "176",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "425--426",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.176.425",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1968:PCPa,
  author =       "S. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page-Charge Problem",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "175",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "1233--1234",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.175.1233",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1968:PCPb,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page-Charge Problem",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "175",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "1553--1554",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.175.1553",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1968:PCPc,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page Charge Problem",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "176",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.176.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1968:PCPd,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page-Charge Problem",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "175",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "697--698",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.175.697",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
}

@Article{Chopra:1969:OE,
  author =       "Kasturi L. Chopra and Stanford R. Ovshinsky and S. A.
                 Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "The {Ovshinsky} effect",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "9--??",
  day =          "1",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1969",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3035495",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3035495",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark =       "Discussion of an experimental controversy that led to
                 rejection, then acceptance, of a letter by Ovshinsky to
                 \booktitle{Physical Review Letters}.",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1969:LTF,
  author =       "Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham) Goudsmit and Robert
                 Claiborne",
  title =        "L'homme et le temps. ({French}) [{Man} and time]",
  publisher =    "Time-Life",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "200",
  year =         "1969",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:12:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Translation from English to French by Serge
                 Ouvaroff.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "French",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1969:PC,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "A Policy Change",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "629--629",
  day =          "22",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1969",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.23.629",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1969:PRA,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{{\booktitle{Physical Review}}} Abstracts",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "24",
  pages =        "1367--1367",
  day =          "15",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1969",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.23.1367",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1969:WHM,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "What happened to my paper?",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "23--25",
  day =          "1",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1969",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3035571",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3035571",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Levinger:1969:SOE,
  author =       "J. S. Levinger and Joseph Schaefer and Paul D.
                 Hambourger and S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "The second {Ovshinsky} effect",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "11--??",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1969",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3035666",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3035666",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:B,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Bias",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "419--420",
  day =          "17",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.25.419",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1970:MDT,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit and Robert Clairborne",
  title =        "La mesure du temps. ({French}) [{The} measure of
                 time]",
  volume =       "16",
  publisher =    "Laffont",
  address =      "Paris, France",
  pages =        "190",
  year =         "1970",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:15:11 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Translation from English to French by Serge
                 Ouvaroff.",
  series =       "Sciences",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "French",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:O,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Oversupply",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "16",
  pages =        "1077--1078",
  day =          "19",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.25.1077",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:PCa,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page Charges",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-A,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "271--271",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PLRAAN",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.2.271",
  ISSN =         "1050-2947 (print), 1094-1622, 1538-4446, 1538-4519",
  ISSN-L =       "1050-2947",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical
                 Physics)",
  journal-URL =  "http://pra.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:PCb,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page Charges",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-B-SS,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "567--567",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PLRBAQ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.2.567",
  ISSN =         "0556-2805",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 07:10:23 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review B: Solid State",
  journal-URL =  "http://prb.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:PCc,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page Charges",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-B-SS,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "785--785",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PLRBAQ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.2.785",
  ISSN =         "0556-2805",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 07:10:23 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review B: Solid State",
  journal-URL =  "http://prb.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:PCd,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page Charges",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-C,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "329--329",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PRVCAN",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.2.329",
  ISSN =         "0556-2813 (print), 1089-490X, 1538-4497",
  ISSN-L =       "0556-2813",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics)",
  journal-URL =  "http://prc.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:PCe,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page Charges",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-D,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "415--415",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PRVDAQ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.2.415",
  ISSN =         "0556-2821 (print), 1089-4918 (electronic), 1538-4500
                 (CD-ROM)",
  ISSN-L =       "0556-2821",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review D (Particles and Fields)",
  journal-URL =  "http://prd.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:PCf,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Page Charges",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-D,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "631--631",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PRVDAQ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.2.631",
  ISSN =         "0556-2821 (print), 1089-4918 (electronic), 1538-4500
                 (CD-ROM)",
  ISSN-L =       "0556-2821",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review D (Particles and Fields)",
  journal-URL =  "http://prd.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:REO,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Relaxation, in Experiment Only",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "37--38",
  day =          "12",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.24.37",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1970:RR,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Referee Reports",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "251--252",
  day =          "9",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.24.251",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1970:ZGT,
  author =       "Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham) Goudsmit and Robert
                 Claiborne",
  title =        "{Die Zeit}. ({German}) [{Time}]",
  publisher =    pub-ROWOHLT,
  address =      pub-ROWOHLT:adr,
  pages =        "200 (est.)",
  year =         "1970",
  ISBN =         "3-499-18016-2 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-499-18016-3",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:07:41 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Neufeld:1970:AR,
  author =       "Jacob Neufeld and S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "To amend refereeing",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "9--??",
  day =          "1",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3022101",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3022101",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Misc{Goudsmit:1971:DES,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The discovery of the electron spin",
  howpublished = "Web document",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1971",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 22 07:11:49 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  note =         "English translation by J. H. van der Waals of
                 Goudsmit's lecture in Dutch for the golden jubilee of
                 the Dutch Physical Society in April 1971.",
  URL =          "http://rowdysites.msudenver.edu/~dovej/courses/am/supplemental/goudsmit-spin.pdf;
                 http://www.lorentz.leidenuniv.nl/history/spin/goudsmit.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # " \slash " # ack-dg,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  keywords =     "Enrico Fermi (1901--1954); George Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988); Llewellyn Hilleth Thomas (1903--1992);
                 Niels Bohr (1885--1962); Ralph Kronig (1904 -1995);
                 Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Wolfgang Pauli
                 (1900--1958)",
  remark =       "This is a fine anecdotal account of how the electron
                 spin was discovered. It includes a reproduction of a
                 letter to Goudsmit from L. H. Thomas about Pauli,
                 Kronig, and spin, possibly the origin of the rhyme
                 ``Der Kronig h{\"a}tt den Spin entdeckt, h{\"a}tt Pauli
                 ihn nicht abgeschreckt'' [Kronig would have discovered
                 the spin, if Pauli had not scared him away]''. It also
                 discusses how Enrico Fermi had been discouraged by his
                 treatment in G{\"o}ttingen, but was encouraged to
                 remain in physics by Paul Ehrenfest in Leiden. There is
                 a photography of Dieke, Goudsmit, Tinbergen, Ehrenfest,
                 Kronig, and Fermi taken in 1924.",
  subject-dates = "George E. Uhlenbeck (1900--1988)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1971:OVE,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "De ontdekking van de electronenrotatie. ({Dutch})
                 [{The} discovery of electron spin]",
  journal =      j-NED-TIJDSCHR-NATUURKD,
  volume =       "37",
  number =       "16",
  pages =        "386--389",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1971",
  CODEN =        "NTINEL",
  ISSN =         "0926-4264",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 24 10:00:37 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "See also English translation \cite{Goudsmit:1972:U}.",
  URL =          "https://www.ntvn.nl/archief/pdf/340/4/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Ned. Tijdschr. Natuurk.",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Natuurkunde",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.ntvn.nl/archief/",
  language =     "Dutch",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1971:PP,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Physics Personified",
  journal =      j-NATURE-PHYS-SCI,
  volume =       "229",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "31--31",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1971",
  CODEN =        "NPSCA6",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/physci229031a0",
  ISSN =         "0300-8746 (print), 2058-1106 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0300-8746",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature Physical Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1971:RPCa,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Reduction in Page Charges",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-C,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "1439--1439",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1971",
  CODEN =        "PRVCAN",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.3.1439",
  ISSN =         "0556-2813 (print), 1089-490X, 1538-4497",
  ISSN-L =       "0556-2813",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics)",
  journal-URL =  "http://prc.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1971:RPCc,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Reduction in Page Charges",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-C,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "1727--1727",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1971",
  CODEN =        "PRVCAN",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.3.1727",
  ISSN =         "0556-2813 (print), 1089-490X, 1538-4497",
  ISSN-L =       "0556-2813",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics)",
  journal-URL =  "http://prc.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1971:TL,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Troubles with Length",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  day =          "5",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1971",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.27.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1972:AHC,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "An Ad Hoc Committee",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "143--143",
  day =          "17",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1972",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.29.143",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1972:AT,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Not for the Art Trade",
  journal =      j-EXPEDITION,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "13--16",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1972",
  ISSN =         "0014-4738",
  ISSN-L =       "0014-4738",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 17:13:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.penn.museum/sites/expedition/not-for-the-art-trade/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Expedition",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.penn.museum/sites/expedition/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1972:CAC,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Criticism, Acceptance Criteria, and Refereeing",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "331--332",
  day =          "7",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1972",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.28.331",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1972:CAI,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Cumulative author index of {{\booktitle{The Physical
                 Review}}} (volumes 141--188) and {{\booktitle{Physical
                 Review Letters}}} (volumes 16--23) 1966--1969",
  publisher =    pub-AIP,
  address =      pub-AIP:adr,
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1972",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:26:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1972:CD,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Critical Data",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "15",
  pages =        "973--974",
  day =          "9",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1972",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.29.973",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1972:TSE,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Two Special Errata. {A} New Requirement",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "26",
  pages =        "1717--1717",
  day =          "25",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1972",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.29.1717",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1972:U,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "[unknown]",
  journal =      "Delta",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "77--??",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1972",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 24 10:01:43 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "English translation of \cite{Goudsmit:1971:U}",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1973:HWG,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "How Wide is Gray?",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "669--670",
  day =          "10",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.31.669",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1973:PCP,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Publication Costs of the {{\booktitle{Physical
                 Reviews}}}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "261--262",
  day =          "30",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.31.261",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1973:RPAa,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Regarding Papers about Fundamental Theories",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-D,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "357--357",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "PRVDAQ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.8.357",
  ISSN =         "0556-2821 (print), 1089-4918 (electronic), 1538-4500
                 (CD-ROM)",
  ISSN-L =       "0556-2821",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 07:10:23 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review D (Particles and Fields)",
  journal-URL =  "http://prd.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1973:RPAb,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Regarding Papers about Fundamental Theories",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-D,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "685--686",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "PRVDAQ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.8.685",
  ISSN =         "0556-2821 (print), 1089-4918 (electronic), 1538-4500
                 (CD-ROM)",
  ISSN-L =       "0556-2821",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review D (Particles and Fields)",
  journal-URL =  "http://prd.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1973:SA,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Secrecy Again",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.30.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1974:CA,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Citation Analysis",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "183",
  number =       "4120",
  pages =        "28--28",
  day =          "11",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.183.4120.28-a",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 09:10:26 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/1737230",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1974:CL,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit and George L. Trigg",
  title =        "Comments on Letters",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "183--184",
  day =          "22",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.33.183",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1974:CS,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Communications: {I} Am Scared",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "2--3",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Oct 07 08:33:15 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "The author writes about the failure of the German
                 atomic bomb project in 1944, and American military
                 attitudes about use of atomic weapons. See comment
                 \cite{Sauberman:1974:LHS}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  remark =       "According to \cite[page 203]{vanCalmthout:2018:SGH},
                 this article was reprinted in more than twenty
                 newspapers in the US. Goudsmit comments on the danger
                 of nuclear war and resource exhaustion: ``The
                 narrow-minded and short-sighted foes of birth control
                 don't see that massive violence is the only alternative
                 for regulating the natural population limit.''",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1974:IS,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "An Illiterate Scribe",
  journal =      j-AM-J-ARCHAEOL,
  volume =       "78",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "78--79",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "AJARAE",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.2307/503765",
  ISSN =         "0002-9114 (print), 1939-828X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0002-9114",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 11:14:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/503765",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "American Journal of Archaeology",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.jstor.org/journal/amerjarch",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1974:PYP,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Pay your page charges",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "9--11",
  day =          "1",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3128794",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/debroglie-louis.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.physicstoday.org/search",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3128794",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Louis de Broglie (1892--1987)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1974:SS,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Swan Song",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "17",
  pages =        "991--992",
  day =          "21",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.33.991",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 18:13:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1974:V,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Voluntary or Not?",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "183",
  number =       "4126",
  pages =        "702--702",
  day =          "22",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.183.4126.702-a",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 09:10:26 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/1737646",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Layzer:1974:RPP,
  author =       "Arthur Layzer and S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Referee policies for {{\booktitle{Physical Review
                 Letters}}}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "9--??",
  day =          "1",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3128850",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3128850",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1975:CAI,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Cumulative author index of {{\booktitle{The Physical
                 Review}}} volumes 81--100, 1951--1955",
  publisher =    pub-AIP,
  address =      pub-AIP:adr,
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1975",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:26:29 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1976:DMD,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{David M. Dennison}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "262",
  number =       "5565",
  pages =        "240--240",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/262240a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:44:45 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1976:FYS,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Fifty years of spin: It might as well be spin",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "40--43",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3023518",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  note =         "See correspondence \cite{Richtmyer:1976:PP}.",
  URL =          "http://www.physicstoday.org/resource/1/phtoad/v29/i6/p40_s1;
                 https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3023518",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1976:ODM,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Obituary: {David M. Dennison}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "262",
  number =       "5565",
  pages =        "240--240",
  day =          "15",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/262240a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 16:19:47 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.nature.com/articles/262240a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  subject-dates = "David M. Dennison (26 April 1900--3 April 1976)",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1976:OGH,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Obituary: {Gustav Hertz}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "83--??",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3023276",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3023276",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1976:OSP,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Obituary: {Simon Pasternack}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "87--88",
  day =          "1",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3023452",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3023452",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1976:WH,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Werner Heisenberg (1901--1976)}",
  journal =      "Yearbook of the {American Philosophical Society}",
  pages =        "74--80",
  year =         "1976",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 09 06:57:27 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.aip.org/history/nbl/collections/goudsmit/colls/box46/box46f148.html;
                 https://repository.aip.org/islandora/object/nbla:243957#page/1/mode/2up",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Richtmyer:1976:PP,
  author =       "R. D. Richtmyer and Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Prejudice in physics?",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "42--42",
  day =          "1",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3024639",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  note =         "See \cite[page 42]{Goudsmit:1976:FYS}.",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3024639",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark =       "Correspondence regarding a remark in \cite[page
                 42]{Goudsmit:1976:FYS} on antisemitism at Cornell
                 University in 1934.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1977:ID,
  author =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "An irrelevant debate",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "67--67",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1977",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Wed Oct 09 20:06:58 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1977:PEP,
  author =       "Samuel Goudsmit",
  title =        "Pitfalls in Elementary Probability",
  journal =      j-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC,
  volume =       "121",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "188--189",
  day =          "29",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1977",
  CODEN =        "PAPCAA",
  ISSN =         "0003-049X (print), 2326-9243 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-049X",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 22 08:50:02 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/benfords-law.bib",
  note =         "Based on a lecture presented November 11, 1976.",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/986527",
  acknowledgement = ack-mjn # "\slash " # ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the {American Philosophical Society}
                 held at {Philadelphia} for promoting useful knowledge",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/procamerphilsoci",
  keywords =     "Benford's Law; biased coin flips; biased dice throws;
                 roulette wheels",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1978:BSU,
  author =       "Samuel Goudsmit",
  title =        "Books: {{\booktitle{Scientists under Hitler: Politics
                 and the Physics Community in the Third Reich}}, by Alan
                 D. Beyerchen}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "47--49",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1978",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Fri Oct 11 06:47:45 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1978:LNG,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "Letter: Numbers game",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "6--7",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1978",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Oct 10 15:50:08 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Thompson:1977:LLC}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Logan:1978:FDP,
  author =       "Jonothan L. Logan and Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The First Digit Phenomenon",
  journal =      j-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC,
  volume =       "122",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "193--197",
  day =          "18",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1978",
  CODEN =        "PAPCAA",
  ISSN =         "0003-049X (print), 2326-9243 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-049X",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 30 11:20:35 2007",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/benfords-law.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
  note =         "This paper contains derivations of both Stigler's Law
                 and Benford's Law, and receives strong criticism in
                 \cite{Raimi:1985:FDP}. This paper contains an important
                 historical note that is recorded in entry
                 \cite{Benford:1938:LAN}.",
  URL =          "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-049X(19780818)122:4%3C193:TFDP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-C;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/986530",
  abstract =     "Forty years ago an article appeared in these
                 Proceedings, which has since then attracted much
                 attention of mathematicians and some physicists. It was
                 written by Frank Benford, a physicist from the General
                 Electric Company at Schenectady. He had examined a
                 large number of numerical tables, the kind that are
                 printed in almanacs, and in scientific and technical
                 handbooks. He noticed a most unusual and unexpected
                 property of many of these tables. Consider, for
                 example, the numbers representing the populations of
                 states or all the countries in the world, or their
                 areas, their budgets, their numbers of hospital beds,
                 etc. One would expect that on the average just as many
                 of these entries would begin with the digit $1$ as with
                 $2$ or $3$ or $4$, and so on. But Benford noticed that
                 small values of the first digits occur far more
                 often.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the {American Philosophical Society}
                 held at {Philadelphia} for promoting useful knowledge",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/procamerphilsoci",
  remark =       "In 1925, Samuel Goudsmit and George Uhlenbeck proposed
                 the concept of electron spin, a critical step forward
                 in the quantum mechanics of many-electron systems.
                 Surprisingly, that work did not get them the Nobel
                 Prize, but it did spur Wolfgang Pauli to present his
                 Exclusion Principle in 1925, for which he received the
                 1945 Nobel Prize in Physics. After World War II,
                 Goudsmit was the scientific head of the Alsos mission
                 to capture German nuclear scientists. In the 1950s, he
                 founded the journal Physical Review Letters. During the
                 1960s and 1970s, he was Editor-in-Chief of the main
                 American physics journal, the \booktitle{Physical
                 Review}.",
}

@Article{Goudsmit:1981:BHF,
  author =       "S. A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "The Backview of Human Figures in Ancient {Egyptian}
                 Art",
  journal =      "Journal of Near Eastern Studies",
  volume =       "40",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "43--46",
  year =         "1981",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 11:14:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/544421",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Root:1982:SVP,
  author =       "Margaret Cool Root and Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  title =        "A scientist views the past: the {Samuel A. Goudsmit
                 Collection of Egyptian antiquities}; {January 30--May
                 9, 1982, Kelsey Museum of Archaeology}",
  publisher =    "University of Michigan",
  address =      "Ann Arbor, MI, USA",
  pages =        "ii + 44",
  year =         "1982",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:10:34 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1983:A,
  author =       "Samuel Abraham Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Alsos}",
  publisher =    pub-TOMASH,
  address =      pub-TOMASH:adr,
  pages =        "xxx + 259",
  year =         "1983",
  ISBN =         "0-938228-09-9",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-938228-09-7",
  LCCN =         "D810.S2 G6 1983",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 13:46:27 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "History of modern physics, 1800--1950",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  keywords =     "Alsos (World War II Allies mission to discover the
                 status of Germany's atomic bomb project).",
  remark =       "Alsos is Greek for grove, possibly a reference to
                 General Leslie Groves, head of the Manhattan Project.
                 Originally published: New York: H. Schuman, c1947. With
                 new introduction.",
  subject =      "World War, 1939--1945; Science; Atomic bomb; Germany;
                 Nuclear physics; Research; Germany; Germany; History;
                 1933--1945",
  tableofcontents = "The fear of a German atom bomb \\
                 We prepare to investigate German science \\
                 The need for secrecy \\
                 Operation cellastic \\
                 Operation toothpaste \\
                 Operation jackpot \\
                 We meet some German colleagues \\
                 The breakthrough \\
                 Operation humbug \\
                 Hiroshima and the German scientists \\
                 The misorganization of German science \\
                 The uranium club \\
                 The Gestapo in science \\
                 The efficiency of German industry \\
                 It can't happen here \\
                 Appendix: An outline of the uranium problem",
}

@InCollection{Uhlenbeck:1984:SES,
  author =       "G. E. Uhlenbeck and S. Goudsmit and Niels Bohr",
  editor =       "Klaus Stolzenburg",
  booktitle =    "The Emergence of Quantum Mechanics (Mainly
                 1924--1926)",
  title =        "Spinning Electrons and the Structure of Spectra",
  chapter =      "VI",
  volume =       "5",
  publisher =    pub-ELSEVIER,
  address =      pub-ELSEVIER:adr,
  pages =        "287--289",
  year =         "1984",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/S1876-0503(08)70535-8",
  ISSN =         "1876-0503",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  series =       "Niels Bohr Collected Works",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876050308705358",
  abstract =     "This chapter presents letters by G. E. Uhlenbeck, S.
                 Goudsmit, and Niels Bohr regarding spinning electrons
                 and the structure of spectra.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Niels Bohr (1885--1962); Samuel A. Goudsmit
                 (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck (1900--1988)",
}

@Book{Goudsmit:1996:A,
  author =       "Samuel Abraham Goudsmit",
  title =        "{Alsos}",
  publisher =    pub-AIP,
  address =      pub-AIP:adr,
  pages =        "xxxviii + 259",
  year =         "1996",
  ISBN =         "1-56396-415-5",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-56396-415-2",
  LCCN =         "D810.S2 G6 1996",
  bibdate =      "Fri Mar 27 16:04:25 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/master.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "History of modern physics and astronomy",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  keywords =     "Alsos (World War II Allies mission to discover the
                 status of Germany's atomic bomb project).",
  remark =       "Alsos is Greek for grove, possibly a reference to
                 General Leslie Groves, head of the Manhattan Project.
                 Originally published: New York: H. Schuman, c1947.",
  subject =      "World War, 1939--1945; Science; Atomic bomb; Germany;
                 Nuclear physics; Research; Germany; Science; Germany;
                 History; 20th century",
  tableofcontents = "Introduction / David Cassidy / ix \\
                 Foreword / xxxiii \\
                 1: The Fear of a German Atom Bomb / 3 \\
                 We overestimate the German scientific effort --- and
                 the Germans do likewise \\
                 2: We Prepare to Investigate German Science / 14 \\
                 The task of the Alsos Mission \\
                 Radioactive wine \\
                 A polyp in his right nostril \\
                 3: The Need for Secrecy / 26 \\
                 Nobody knew what we were after \\
                 How we went about our work \\
                 4: Operation Cellastic / 34 \\
                 What our French colleagues told us \\
                 A German technical intelligence organization \\
                 Dutch collaborators \\
                 The house in The Hague \\
                 5: Operation Toothpaste / 50 \\
                 O.S.S. finds a German chemical expert for us \\
                 The thorium scare \\
                 Our first prisoner and his papers \\
                 The solution of the thorium secret \\
                 6: Operation Jackpot / 66 \\
                 The fall of Strasbourg \\
                 We capture our first scientists \\
                 Their papers tell everything \\
                 Experiments on humans \\
                 7: We Meet Some German Colleagues / 77 \\
                 Entering Heidelberg \\
                 Friend or enemy \\
                 Notes on four different German scientists \\
                 8: The Breakthrough / 87 \\
                 Our first German ``pile'' laboratory \\
                 Centrifuges, silk, and an old friend \\
                 Preparing for the final operation \\
                 We take their principal laboratory \\
                 9: Operation Humbug / 101 \\
                 Whom shall we take with us? \\
                 The hidden papers \\
                 A report by the Germans \\
                 Heisenberg \\
                 The last roundup of physicists \\
                 Alsos in Berlin \\
                 10: Hiroshima and the German Scientists / 128 \\
                 Flight to Frankfurt \\
                 The reaction of the internees \\
                 The new German theme song \\
                 11: The Misorganization of German Science / 140 \\
                 The Professor of Military Physics \\
                 Peenem{\"u}nde trouble \\
                 Superior German Air Force Research \\
                 The anti-physics physicists \\
                 Physics is a weapon \\
                 12: The Uranium Club / 160 \\
                 The early decision to work in secret \\
                 Visitors to the United States \\
                 The Postal Minister \\
                 The ``coming-out party'' \\
                 Gerlach takes over \\
                 13: The Gestapo in Science / 187 \\
                 Osenberg \\
                 Gestapo reports \\
                 The railroad switchyard \\
                 Himmler's scientific interests \\
                 The SS academy \\
                 Rewarming by two women \\
                 Pseudo-science and the dog \\
                 14: The Efficiency of German Industry / 214 \\
                 Underground factories \\
                 Slave labor \\
                 The SS quarrels with labor and industry \\
                 15: It Can't Happen Here / 232 \\
                 The German mistakes \\
                 The lessons for us \\
                 Appendix: An Outline of the Uranium Problem / 247 \\
                 Index / 255",
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%%      Part 2 (of 2) --- publications about Samuel A. Goudsmit
%%%
%%% Entries are sorted by year, and then by citation label, with
%%% ``bibsort --byyear''.
@Article{Pauli:1924:FTD,
  author =       "W. Pauli",
  title =        "{Zur Frage der theoretischen Deutung der Satelliten
                 einiger Spektrallinien und ihrer Beeinflussung durch
                 magnetische Felder}. ({German}) [{On} the question of
                 the theoretical interpretation of some satellite
                 spectral lines and their influence by magnetic
                 fields]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "37",
  pages =        "741--743",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1924",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01504828",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 7 11:36:51 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Goudsmit:1927:FTW,Back:1928:KZW} for the
                 first, and independent, interpretation of experimental
                 data for the hyperfine structure of bismuth as being
                 due to a nuclear magnetic moment (spin). See
                 \cite{Goudsmit:1961:PNS} for corrections to the
                 confusing and often misattributed history of the
                 discovery of [electron and nuclear] spin.",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01504828;
                 http://www.springerlink.com/content/q414121432406233/fulltext.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
  REP-number =   "15",
}

@Article{Ruark:1925:CFS,
  author =       "Arthur Edward Ruark and Roy L. Chenault",
  title =        "{CII}. Fine structures of spectrum lines",
  journal =      j-PHIL-MAGAZINE,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "299",
  pages =        "937--956",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1925",
  CODEN =        "PHMAA4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/14786442508628538",
  ISSN =         "0031-8086",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 12 10:50:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Philosophical Magazine",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tphm19",
  remark =       "According to the history in \cite{Goudsmit:1961:PNS},
                 this is one of three early papers
                 (\cite{Nagaoka:1926:U}, and the other by Joos, still
                 not located) on the hyperfine structure of bismuth that
                 led to the experimental discovery of electron spin.",
}

@Article{Thomas:1926:MSE,
  author =       "L. H. (Llewellyn Hilleth) Thomas",
  title =        "The Motion of the Spinning Electron",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "117",
  number =       "2945",
  pages =        "514--514",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1926",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/117514a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 24 06:37:04 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/slater-john-clarke.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  remark =       "This paper introduces a relativistic correction that
                 explains a missing factor of two in the Zeeman
                 splitting predicted by Uhlenbeck and Goudsmit
                 \cite{Uhlenbeck:1926:SES}.",
}

@Article{Andrews:1930:BRS,
  author =       "Donald H. Andrews",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The Structure of Line
                 Spectra}} (Pauling, Linus; Goudsmit)}",
  journal =      j-J-CHEM-EDUC,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "1978",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1930",
  CODEN =        "JCEDA8",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1021/ed007p1978.2",
  ISSN =         "0021-9584 (print), 1938-1328 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-9584",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 06:21:22 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of Chemical Education",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.acs.org/journal/jceda8",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Barnes:1930:BRS,
  author =       "James Barnes",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The structure of line
                 spectra}}: By Linus Pauling, Ph.D., Associate Professor
                 of Theoretical Chemistry, California Institute of
                 Technology and Samuel Goudsmit, Ph.D., Associate
                 Professor of Theoretical Physics, University of
                 Michigan. 258 pages, illustrations, 8 vo. New York,
                 McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1930. Price \$3.50}",
  journal =      j-J-FRANKLIN-INST,
  volume =       "210",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "393",
  year =         "1930",
  CODEN =        "JFINAB",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-0032(30)90700-4",
  ISSN =         "0016-0032 (print), 1879-2693 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0016-0032",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016003230907004",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of {The Franklin Institute}",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00160032",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Lasareff:1935:EEA,
  author =       "Wladimir Lasareff",
  title =        "{{\'E}}tats {\'e}lectroniques de l'atome de carbone et
                 calcul des {\'e}nergies de liaison. ({French})
                 [{Electronic} states of the carbon atom and calculation
                 of the link energies]",
  journal =      j-PHYSICA,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "737--742",
  year =         "1935",
  CODEN =        "PHYSAG",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-8914(35)90151-3",
  ISSN =         "0031-8914 (print), 1873-1767 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-8914",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031891435901513",
  abstract =     "La nouvelle valeur pour la diff{\'e}rence
                 d'{\'e}nergie des {\'e}tats C(3P) et C(5S), E =4.2 \pm
                 0.2 v.e. (Edl{\'e}n, Bacher et Goudsmit), permet, dans
                 certains cas, de pr{\'e}ciser le sch{\'e}ma de
                 dissociation de compos{\'e}s du carbone et
                 entra{\^\i}ne une revision des {\'e}nergies de liaison
                 rapport{\'e}es {\`a} C(5S). Exemples: 1. la
                 mol{\'e}cule CN, dans son {\'e}tat {\'e}lectronique
                 inf{\'e}rieur X2, se dissocie en C(3P) + N(4S); 2.
                 l'{\'e}nergie de la liaison carbone-carbone dans le
                 diamant est de 132 \pm 3.5 kcal. = 5.73 \pm 0.15 v.e.,
                 d'o{\`u} (Ec c)aliph. = 128 kcal. = 5.56 v.e.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physica",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00318914/",
  language =     "French",
}

@InCollection{Lorentz:1936:U,
  author =       "H. A. Lorentz",
  booktitle =    "{H. A. Lorentz}: Collected Works",
  title =        "[unknown]",
  volume =       "7",
  publisher =    "Nyhoff",
  address =      "The Hague, The Netherlands",
  pages =        "179--??",
  year =         "1936",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 17:15:05 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "According to \cite[page 302]{Pais:2000:GSP}, this was
                 Lorentz's last publication, presented at the September
                 1927 Como Congress. It deals with the computation of
                 the radius of a spinning electron, as a followup to the
                 Uhlenbeck and Goudsmit paper on electron spin
                 \cite{Uhlenbeck:1925:EHU}.",
}

@Article{Benford:1938:LAN,
  author =       "Frank Benford",
  title =        "The Law of Anomalous Numbers",
  journal =      j-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC,
  volume =       "78",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "551--572",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1938",
  CODEN =        "PAPCAA",
  ISSN =         "0003-049X (print), 2326-9243 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-049X",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 15 16:28:28 2007",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/subjects/acc-stab-num-alg-2ed.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/subjects/acc-stab-num-alg.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/benfords-law.bib",
  note =         "See comments about Benford's biased rounding practices
                 \cite{Diaconis:1979:RP}.",
  URL =          "http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-049X%2819380331%2978:4%3C551:TLOAN%3E2.0.CO%3B2-G",
  ZMnumber =     "JFM 64.0555.03; Zbl 0018.26502",
  abstract =     "It has been observed that the first pages of a table
                 of common logarithms show more wear than do the last
                 pages, indicating that more used numbers begin with the
                 digit 1 than with the digit 9. A compilation of some
                 20,000 first digits taken from widely divergent sources
                 shows that there is a logarithmic distribution of first
                 digits when the numbers are composed of four or more
                 digits. An analysis of the numbers from different
                 sources shows that the numbers taken from unrelated
                 subjects, such as a group of newspaper items, show a
                 much better agreement with a logarithmic distribution
                 than do numbers from mathematical tabulations or other
                 formal data. There is here the peculiar fact that
                 numbers that individually are without relationship are,
                 when considered in large groups, in good agreement with
                 a distribution law---hence the name ``Anomalous
                 Numbers.''\par

                 A further analysis of the data shows a strong tendency
                 for bodies of numerical data to fall into geometric
                 series. If the series is made up of numbers containing
                 three or more digits the first digits form a
                 logarithmic series. If the numbers contain only single
                 digits the geometric relation still holds but the
                 simple logarithmic relation no longer applies.\par

                 An equation is given showing the frequencies of first
                 digits in the different orders of numbers 1 to 10, 10
                 to 100, etc.\par

                 The equation also gives the frequency of digits in the
                 second, third + place of a multi-digit number, and it
                 is shown that the same law applies to
                 reciprocals.\par

                 There are many instances showing that the geometric
                 series, or the logarithmic law, has long been
                 recognized as a common phenomenon in factual literature
                 and in the ordinary affairs of life. The wire gauge and
                 drill gauge of the mechanic, the magnitude scale of the
                 astronomer and the sensory response curves of the
                 psychologist are all particular examples of a
                 relationship that seems to extend to all human affairs.
                 The Law of Anomalous Numbers is thus a general
                 probability law of widespread application.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1883--December 4, 1948",
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the {American Philosophical Society}
                 held at {Philadelphia} for promoting useful knowledge",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/procamerphilsoci",
  keywords =     "Benford's Law; Law of Anomalous Numbers; Zipf's Law",
  remark =       "From \cite{Logan:1978:FDP}: ``Benford's paper was
                 published in 1938 in a journal of rather limited
                 circulation and not usually read by mathematicians. It
                 so happened that it was immediately followed in the
                 same issue by a physics paper which became of some
                 importance for secret nuclear work during World War II
                 [H. A. Bethe, M. E. Rose, and L. P. Smith, `The
                 Multiple Scattering of Electrons', Proc. Amer. Phil.
                 Soc. 78(4), 573--585 (1938)]. That is why Benford's
                 paper caught the attention of physicists in the early
                 1940's and was much discussed. This led to the notes in
                 Nature by Goudsmit and Furry [3] and Furry and Hurwitz
                 [4] containing an effort to explain Benford's law. We
                 considered it at that time merely a welcome diversion
                 and did not expect that over thirty papers would be
                 devoted to this subject in subsequent years.'' The 2006
                 bibliography \cite{Hurlimann:2006:BLB} cites 325
                 publications about Benford's Law.",
  xxURL =        "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Benford",
}

@Article{Heisenberg:1946:ATA,
  author =       "Werner Heisenberg",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber die Arbeiten zur Technischen Ausnutzung der
                 Atomkernenergie in Deutschland}. ({German}) [{On} the
                 work toward the technical use of atomic energy in
                 {Germany}]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "325--329",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1946",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 8 17:11:27 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "English translation in \cite{Heisenberg:1947:RGTa}.",
  URL =          "http://www.springerlink.com/content/j0m0u5j553402765",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "This is Heisenberg's defense of the German atomic
                 reactor project, subsequently refuted by the Farm Hall
                 transcripts (see, e.g., \cite{Klotz:1997:CTF}).",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1947:GUG,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Goudsmit} Unmasks {German} Atom Bomb Project",
  journal =      j-CHEM-ENG-NEWS,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "44",
  pages =        "3216--3217",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "CENEAR",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1021/cen-v025n044.p3216",
  ISSN =         "0009-2347 (print), 1520-605X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0009-2347",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 06:21:22 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  abstract =     "American scientist who uncovered German atomic bomb
                 project brands German denials as cover-up for failure,
                 describes degeneration of science under Hitler, and
                 explodes myth of German supremacy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Chemical \& Engineering News",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.acs.org/loi/cenear",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Heisenberg:1947:RGTa,
  author =       "Werner Heisenberg",
  title =        "Research in {Germany} on the Technical Application of
                 Atomic Energy",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "160",
  number =       "4059",
  pages =        "211--215",
  day =          "16",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/160211a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 6 05:50:13 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Abridged translation of German original
                 \cite{Heisenberg:1946:ATA}. See also
                 \cite{Heisenberg:1953:NPa,Heisenberg:1953:NPb}, and
                 response \cite{Goudsmit:1947:HGN}.",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v160/n4059/pdf/160211a0.pdf",
  abstract =     "Even ten years ago, physicists were well aware that
                 the utilization of atomic energy could not be realized
                 without a fundamental extension of scientific
                 knowledge. In spite of the remarkable progress in
                 experimental nuclear physics which followed the
                 introduction of high-voltage equipment and the
                 invention of the cyclotron, no physical phenomenon was
                 known, even as late as 1937, which offered the remotest
                 possibility of exploiting the enormous quantities of
                 energy lying latent in atomic nuclei.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Heisenberg:1947:RGTb,
  author =       "Werner Heisenberg",
  title =        "Research in {Germany} on the Technical Application of
                 Atomic Energy",
  journal =      j-CHEM-ENG-NEWS,
  volume =       "1947",
  number =       "25",
  pages =        "2620--2621",
  day =          "15",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "CENEAR",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1021/cen-v025n037.p2620",
  ISSN =         "0009-2347 (print), 1520-605X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0009-2347",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 12:32:32 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/cen-v025n037.p2620",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Chemical and engineering news",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.acs.org/loi/cenear",
  remark =       "Reprint of \cite{Heisenberg:1947:RGTa}",
}

@Article{Kaempffert:1947:MKR,
  author =       "Waldemar Kaempffert",
  title =        "{Mr. Kaempffert} Replies [to {Samuel A. Goudsmit}]",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "E8--E8",
  day =          "9",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 12:01:44 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Goudsmit:1947:GAR}.",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/108047021/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  remark =       "This reply defends Heisenberg's claim that the German
                 atomic project was directed primarily at production of
                 electricity. It ends with ``There is every reasons to
                 accept Heisenberg's statement that the attempt to make
                 atomic explosives was abandoned in favor of the easier
                 task of developing atomic power.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Ridenour:1947:BRB,
  author =       "Louis N. Ridenour",
  title =        "Book Review: Behind the Front With a Scientific
                 Intelligence Mission: {{\booktitle{ALSOS}}. By Samuel
                 A. Goudsmit. Illustrated. xiv + 459 pp. New York: Henry
                 Schuman. \$3.50}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "BR8--BR9",
  day =          "16",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:13:32 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/108045114/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1948:BRA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Alsos}}, by Samuel A.
                 Goudsmit}",
  journal =      "The Times Literary Supplement",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1948",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 15:39:57 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Quoted, without detailed reference, in \cite[page
                 230]{vanCalmthout:2018:SGH}.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1948:WGB,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Will Get {British} Awards: Nine Residents of Area Are
                 to Be Honored Today",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "27--27",
  day =          "7",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1948",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:18:21 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/108372530/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit receives [unnamed] British
                 decoration.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Hendricks:1948:LVF,
  author =       "B. Clifford Hendricks",
  title =        "Legend vs. Fact: review of {{\booktitle{Alsos}},
                 Samuel A. Goudsmit, xiv + 259 pp., Schuman. New York.
                 1947}",
  journal =      j-SCI-MONTHLY,
  volume =       "66",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "346--347",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1948",
  CODEN =        "SCMOAA",
  ISSN =         "0096-3771 (print), 2327-7513 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 11:14:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/19082",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The Scientific Monthly",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/sciemont",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Lang:1948:ETA,
  author =       "Daniel Lang",
  title =        "Early Tales of the Atomic Age",
  publisher =    "Doubleday",
  address =      "Garden City, NY, USA",
  pages =        "223",
  year =         "1948",
  LCCN =         "QC173",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 06:29:05 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1913--1981",
  author-dates = "Daniel Lang (1913--1981)",
  keywords =     "Samuel A. Goudsmit; Werner von Braun",
  remark =       "Originally appeared in \booktitle{The New Yorker} in
                 slightly different form.",
  subject =      "nuclear energy; atomic bomb",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  tableofcontents = "Introduction \\
                 The war's top top secret \\
                 The atomic city \\
                 Career at Y-12 \\
                 A fine moral point \\
                 The unscientific lobby \\
                 Seven men on a problem \\
                 Search for a hideout \\
                 Y-25 among the rattlers \\
                 What's up there? \\
                 The center of reality \\
                 A sunny spot \\
                 Thunder without rain",
}

@Article{White:1948:BRA,
  author =       "Stephen White",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Alsos}}, by Samuel A.
                 Goudsmit, 259 pp. Henry Schuman, Inc., New York,
                 1947}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "9--9",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1948",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3066097",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:34:12 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3066097",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1949:HAR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Hiroshima} Awoke {Russia}: Not Interested in Atom
                 Until Then, Says {Dr. Goudsmit}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "5--5",
  day =          "8",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:21:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/105889902/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Heisenberg:1949:GAR,
  author =       "Werner Heisenberg",
  title =        "{German} Atom Research: Appraisal of Progress Said to
                 Await Release of Reports",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "8E-8E",
  day =          "30",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1949",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 09 14:03:42 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  note =         "Section 4.",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/105774675/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
}

@Book{Heisenberg:1949:PAG,
  author =       "Werner Heisenberg and Wilhelm Westphal",
  title =        "{Die Physik der Atomkerne}. ({German}) [{Physics} of
                 the atomic nucleus]",
  publisher =    pub-VIEWEG,
  address =      pub-VIEWEG:adr,
  edition =      "Third extended",
  pages =        "viii + 192",
  year =         "1949",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Aug 08 07:11:48 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "English translation in
                 \cite{Heisenberg:1953:NPa,Heisenberg:1953:NPb}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Guerlac:1950:BRA,
  author =       "Henry Guerlac",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Alsos}} by Samuel A.
                 Goudsmit}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "41",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "224--227",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 21:28:17 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/i302274;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1950.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/227208",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/isis",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Heisenberg:1953:NPa,
  author =       "Werner Heisenberg",
  title =        "Nuclear Physics",
  publisher =    pub-METHUEN,
  address =      pub-METHUEN:adr,
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1953",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Sun Aug 26 11:27:22 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "English translation of \cite{Heisenberg:1949:PAG}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Heisenberg:1953:NPb,
  author =       "Werner Heisenberg",
  title =        "Nuclear Physics",
  publisher =    pub-PHILOSOPHICAL-LIBRARY,
  address =      pub-PHILOSOPHICAL-LIBRARY:adr,
  pages =        "ix + 225",
  year =         "1953",
  ISBN =         "0-8065-3033-2",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-8065-3033-8",
  LCCN =         "QC173 .H3854",
  bibdate =      "Sun Aug 26 11:27:22 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "English translation of \cite{Heisenberg:1949:PAG}. See
                 also \cite{Heisenberg:1947:RGTa}.",
  URL =          "http://alsos.wlu.edu/information.aspx?id=95",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "The book presents a very readable account of the
                 development of nuclear physics in the first half of the
                 Twentieth Century, and it possible applications in
                 several different fields, including chemistry,
                 engineering, manufacturing, and medicine. The appendix
                 titled ``Research in Germany on the Technical
                 Application of Atomic Energy'' presents a view of the
                 German nuclear program in World War II by one who was a
                 leading figure and intimately involved in the program.
                 It can usefully be compared with the Farm Hall
                 transcripts of conversations among the captured German
                 researchers; see
                 \cite{Frank:1993:OEFa,Frank:1993:OEFb,Bernstein:1995:BAF,Klotz:1997:CTF,Bernstein:1996:HUC}.
                 The transcripts give a rather different view about how
                 aggressively the German researchers attempted to
                 develop an atomic bomb.",
  xxpages =      "viii + 224",
}

@Article{Lang:1953:PFSa,
  author =       "Daniel Lang",
  title =        "Profiles: A farewell to string and sealing wax. {I}",
  journal =      j-NEW-YORKER,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "47--50, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60, 62, 64, 66--68, 70, 72",
  day =          "30",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1953",
  ISSN =         "0028-792X",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 09:48:04 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1953/10/30/a-farewell-to-string-and-sealing-wax-1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The New Yorker",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.newyorker.com/archive/",
  remark =       "Profile of Samuel A. Goudsmit: part 1.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Lang:1953:PFSb,
  author =       "Daniel Lang",
  title =        "Profiles: A farewell to string and sealing wax. {II}",
  journal =      j-NEW-YORKER,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "46--48, 50, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60--63, 66--67",
  day =          "14",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1953",
  ISSN =         "0028-792X",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 09:48:04 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1953/11/14/a-farewell-to-string-and-sealing-wax-2",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The New Yorker",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.newyorker.com/archive/",
  remark =       "Profile of Samuel A. Goudsmit. Part 2.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1954:RES,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Research: Electron Spin Pioneers Honored:
                 ``Discoverer'' of a concept may be the man who happened
                 to propose the idea when the world was ready to accept
                 it, says {Research Corp.} award winner {Goudsmit}",
  journal =      j-CHEM-ENG-NEWS,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "480--486",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1954",
  CODEN =        "CENEAR",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1021/cen-v032n006.p480",
  ISSN =         "0009-2347 (print), 1520-605X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0009-2347",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 06:21:22 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "Chemical \& Engineering News",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.acs.org/loi/cenear",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1954:SWH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Scientists' Work of 1925 Honored: {Research
                 Corporation} Gives Award to 2 {Dutch} Physicists for
                 Key to Atomic Theory",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "13--13",
  day =          "23",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1954",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:29:33 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/112966315/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  remark =       "From the article: ``The award was described as the
                 first public recognition of their [Uhlenbeck and
                 Goudsmit's] research, which was cited as `a cornerstone
                 of present atomic theory'.''",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Book{Lang:1954:HCR,
  author =       "Daniel Lang and Ara{\'u}jo Netto",
  title =        "O homem com roupa de chumba: (problemas da
                 atualidade). ({Portuguese}) [The Man in the Thick Lead
                 Suit: current problems]",
  publisher =    "Livraria Classica Brasileira",
  address =      "Rio de Janeiro, Brazil",
  pages =        "194",
  year =         "1954",
  LCCN =         "QC778 .L3166 1954",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 06:01:36 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  abstract =     "Word portraits of some of the men connected with
                 atomic development, and observations of their work.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1913--1981",
  author-dates = "Daniel Lang (1913--1981)",
  keywords =     "Samuel A. Goudsmit; Werner von Braun",
  subject =      "nuclear energy; popular works",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Lang:1954:MIB,
  author =       "Daniel Lang and Hanns C. Retzer",
  title =        "{Die M{\"a}nner im Bleianzug}; [The Man in the Thick
                 Lead Suit]",
  publisher =    "Obelisk Verlag",
  address =      "Vienna, Austria",
  pages =        "287",
  year =         "1954",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 06:01:36 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Daniel Lang (1913--1981)",
  keywords =     "Samuel A. Goudsmit; Werner von Braun",
  language =     "German",
  subject =      "Kernenergie; Kernwaffe; USA",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Lang:1954:MTL,
  author =       "Daniel Lang",
  title =        "The Man in the Thick Lead Suit: An Account of the
                 Views and Reactions of Various {Americans} to Current
                 Scientific Problems",
  publisher =    pub-OXFORD,
  address =      pub-OXFORD:adr,
  pages =        "xi + 207",
  year =         "1954",
  LCCN =         "QC778 .L3166 1954",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 06:01:36 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Collection of the author's articles on atomic energy
                 in \booktitle{The New Yorker}.",
  abstract =     "An account of the views and reactions of various
                 Americans to current scientific problems.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Daniel Lang (1913--1981)",
  keywords =     "Samuel A. Goudsmit; Werner von Braun",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Pfeiffer:1954:BRA,
  author =       "John Pfeiffer",
  title =        "Book Review: Arms And Men: {{\booktitle{The Man in the
                 Thick Lead Suit}}. By Daniel Lang. 207 pp. New York:
                 Oxford University Press}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "BR7--BR7",
  day =          "12",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1954",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:43:08 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Collection of the author's articles on atomic energy
                 in \booktitle{The New Yorker}.",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/113094778/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Samuel A. Goudsmit; Werner von Braun",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Lang:1955:MTL,
  author =       "Daniel Lang",
  title =        "The Man in the Thick Lead Suit: Conversations, Etc.,
                 with Atomic Scientists",
  publisher =    pub-GOLLANCZ,
  address =      pub-GOLLANCZ:adr,
  pages =        "xi + 207",
  year =         "1955",
  LCCN =         "QC778 .L3166 1955",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 06:01:36 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Collection of the author's articles on atomic energy
                 in \booktitle{The New Yorker}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Daniel Lang (1913--1981)",
  keywords =     "Samuel A. Goudsmit; Werner von Braun",
  subject =      "Nuclear energy",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Meshkov:1956:ABG,
  author =       "S. Meshkov and C. W. Ufford",
  title =        "Application of the {Bacher} and {Goudsmit} Method to
                 Nuclear Spectra",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-2,
  volume =       "101",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "734--739",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1956",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.101.734",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 15:34:11 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Jungk:1958:BTT,
  author =       "Robert Jungk",
  title =        "Brighter Than a Thousand Suns: a Personal History of
                 the Atomic Scientists",
  publisher =    "Harcourt Brace",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "369",
  year =         "1958",
  LCCN =         "QC773 .J813",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 14:21:46 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Translated by James Cleugh.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "See \cite[pages 23--29]{Bethe:1991:RAP} for a critical
                 essay about the merits and demerits of this book.",
  subject =      "Nuclear energy; History; Atomic bomb; History",
}

@Article{Laurence:1958:IMW,
  author =       "William L. Laurence",
  title =        "An Indictment of the Men Who Made the Bomb:
                 {{\booktitle{Brighter Than a Thousand Suns}}}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "BR3--BR3",
  day =          "12",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 14:05:22 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  note =         "Review of \cite{Jungk:1958:BTT}.",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/114521964/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Werner Heisenberg
                 (1901--1976)",
}

@Article{Laurence:1958:R,
  author =       "William L. Laurence",
  title =        "A Reply",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "BR52--BR52",
  day =          "9",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 14:05:22 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/114361108/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Samuel Goudsmit; Werner Heisenberg; Carl-Friedrich von
                 Weizs{\"a}cker; Erich Bagge; Calder Hall",
}

@Article{Laurence:1958:SRD,
  author =       "William L. Laurence",
  title =        "Science in Review: Discoveries on the Frontiers of
                 Physics Are Explained at a {Harvard} Conference",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "E9--E9",
  day =          "30",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:45:24 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/114447661/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  remark =       "From the article: ``In 1925 two young students of
                 theoretical physics at Leiden University in Holland,
                 named Samuel Goudsmit and George Uhlenbeck, both in
                 their early twenties, published a suggestion to explain
                 a small detail in the spectrum of atoms which stood in
                 the way of a satisfactory understanding of the aomt's
                 constitution.''",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Article{Brink:1959:TBF,
  author =       "D. M. Brink and A. K. Kerman",
  title =        "Two body forces in light deformed nuclei",
  journal =      j-NUCL-PHYS,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "314--326",
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "NUPHA7",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-5582(59)90030-6",
  ISSN =         "0029-5582 (print), 1873-1546 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0029-5582",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0029558259900306",
  abstract =     "There is evidence that the light nuclei in the
                 aluminium region have rotational states. It is well
                 known from studies of heavy rotating nuclei that an
                 independent particle model for a deformed well as used
                 by Nilsson is a surprisingly good approximation for
                 many of the properties of these collective states.
                 However, it has been clear for some time that two body
                 correlations are important for a more complete
                 understanding of the situation. Because the number of
                 single particle states for the light nuclei is
                 relatively small and because isobaric spin is a good
                 quantum number, we have undertaken some studies on the
                 effect of two body forces on binding energies and
                 energy levels. In particular we have employed the
                 method of Bacher and Goudsmit to find relations among
                 binding energies which depend only upon the existence
                 of two body forces and the assumption that the deformed
                 wave function coupling scheme is a good first
                 approximation. The relations so obtained are remarkably
                 well fulfilled by the data while corresponding
                 relations obtained for the spherical shell model are
                 not. Some of the possible excited states in these
                 nuclei are also discussed and estimates made of their
                 energies.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00295582",
}

@Book{Lang:1959:HMCa,
  author =       "Daniel Lang",
  title =        "From {Hiroshima} to the Moon: Chronicles of Life in
                 the {Atomic Age}",
  publisher =    pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER,
  address =      pub-SIMON-SCHUSTER:adr,
  pages =        "496",
  year =         "1959",
  LCCN =         "QC782 .L3",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 06:19:05 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://books.google.com/books?id=-jaBAAAAIAAJ",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1913--1981",
  author-dates = "Daniel Lang (1913--1981)",
  keywords =     "Samuel A. Goudsmit; Werner von Braun",
  remark =       "Substantial portions were previously published in book
                 form in \booktitle{Early tales of the atomic age}
                 (1948) and \booktitle{The man in the thick lead suit}
                 (1954).",
  subject =      "Technology and civilization; Nuclear warfare; Moral
                 and ethical aspects; Nuclear energy; Astronautics and
                 civilization; Astronautics and civilization.; Nuclear
                 energy.; Moral and ethical aspects.; Technology and
                 civilization.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  tableofcontents = "The bomb bursts upon the world \\
                 Coming to terms with the atom \\
                 Excursions of the rocket \\
                 Three physicists and the atom \\
                 People and places \\
                 A new pestilence \\
                 Visions of space",
}

@Book{Lang:1959:HMCb,
  author =       "Daniel Lang",
  title =        "From {Hiroshima} to the Moon: Chronicles of Life in
                 the {Atomic Age}",
  publisher =    "Dell Publishing",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "543",
  year =         "1959",
  LCCN =         "QC782 .L3 1959",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 23 06:19:05 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Daniel Lang (1913--1981)",
  keywords =     "Samuel A. Goudsmit; Werner von Braun",
  subject =      "Technology and civilization; Nuclear warfare; Moral
                 and ethical aspects; Nuclear energy; Astronautics and
                 civilization; Astronautics and civilization.; Nuclear
                 energy.; Moral and ethical aspects.; Technology and
                 civilization.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  tableofcontents = "The bomb bursts upon the world \\
                 Coming to terms with the atom \\
                 Excursions of the rocket \\
                 Three physicists and the atom \\
                 People and places \\
                 A new pestilence \\
                 Visions of space",
}

@Article{Lapp:1959:BRC,
  author =       "Ralph E. Lapp",
  title =        "Book Review: Close-Ups of Scientists at Work:
                 {{\booktitle{From Hiroshima to the Moon: Chronicles of
                 Life in the Atomic Age}}. By Daniel Lang. 496 pp. New
                 York: Simon \& Schuster}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "BR3--BR4",
  day =          "8",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:50:11 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/114631640/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@InCollection{Kronig:1960:TP,
  author =       "Ralph Kronig",
  title =        "The turning point",
  crossref =     "Fierz:1960:TPT",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1960",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 18:28:37 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "This is Kronig's account of the discovery of electron
                 spin.",
}

@Misc{Kuhn:1963:OHIa,
  author =       "Thomas S. Kuhn",
  title =        "Oral History Interviews: {Samuel A. Goudsmit} Session
                 {I}",
  howpublished = "Web site",
  day =          "5",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 18:58:12 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4640-1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Recorded at the Rockefeller Institute, New York City,
                 NY, USA.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Misc{Kuhn:1963:OHIb,
  author =       "Thomas S. Kuhn",
  title =        "Oral History Interviews: {Samuel A. Goudsmit} Session
                 {II}",
  howpublished = "Web site",
  day =          "7",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 18:58:12 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4640-2",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Recorded at the Rockefeller Institute, New York City,
                 NY, USA.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Misc{Kuhn:1963:OHIc,
  author =       "Thomas S. Kuhn",
  title =        "Oral History Interviews: {Samuel A. Goudsmit} Session
                 {III}",
  howpublished = "Web site",
  day =          "7",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 18:58:12 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4640-3",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Recorded at the Rockefeller Institute, New York City,
                 NY, USA.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Olsen:1963:TGS,
  author =       "Arthur J. Olsen",
  title =        "Trackdown of the {German} Scientist: {Nazism} and
                 defeat scattered the leaders of a once-great scientific
                 establishment. {Herewith} a review of where they went
                 and what some of them did when they got there",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "214--214",
  day =          "22",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1963",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 14:05:22 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/116463805/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Werner Heisenberg; Werner von Braun; Samuel A.
                 Goudsmit; Otto Hahn; Lise Meitner; Manhattan Project;
                 Enrico Fermi; Leo Szilard; Otto Stern; Los Alamos;
                 Robert Frisch; Ernst Oskar M{\"u}ller; Wolfgang
                 N{\"o}ggerath; Walter Dornberger; Peter Lertes; Gustav
                 Hertz; Manfred von Ardenne; Klaus Fuchs; Ferdinand
                 Brandner; Eugene Saenger; Kurt Sitte",
  subject-dates = "Lise Meitner (7 November 1878--27 October 1968)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1964:UPR,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "2 {U.S.} Physicists to Receive International Science
                 Medal",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "12--12",
  day =          "17",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 17:58:44 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/115824554/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  remark =       "George Uhlenbeck and Samuel Goudsmit receive the Max
                 Planck Medal of the German Physical Society.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Article{Bronowski:1964:BRS,
  author =       "J. Bronowski",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The Structure of Line
                 Spectra}}, by Linus Pauling and Samuel Goudsmit.
                 McGraw-Hill Book Company}",
  journal =      j-SCI-AMER,
  volume =       "210",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "136--136",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "SCAMAC",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0664-130",
  ISSN =         "0036-8733 (print), 1946-7087 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8733",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 18 15:57:32 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/sciam1960.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v210/n6/pdf/scientificamerican0664-130.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Scientific American",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Layzer:1964:SOD,
  author =       "David Layzer and Zden{\v{e}}k Hor{\'a}k and Margaret
                 N. Lewis and Daniel P. Thompson",
  title =        "Second-order {$Z$}-dependent theory of many-electron
                 atoms",
  journal =      j-ANN-PHYS,
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "101--124",
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "APNYA6",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-4916(64)90192-7",
  ISSN =         "0003-4916 (print), 1096-035x (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-4916",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0003491664901927",
  abstract =     "A quantitative description of complex term spectra
                 requires accurate knowledge of the three leading
                 coefficients in the Z expansions $ E = E_0 Z^2 + E_1 Z
                 + E_2 + E_3 Z^{-1} + \ldots {} $ of term energies. The
                 screening approximation (described in a previous paper)
                 yields exact values for $ E_0 $ and $ E_1 $ but only
                 estimates of the remaining expansion coefficients. The
                 present paper is concerned with the coefficient $ E_2
                 $, which may be split up into two physically and
                 mathematically distinct components, $ E_2 ' $ and $ E_2
                 '' $. The intermediate states that figure in the
                 perturbation formulae for $ E_2 ' $ and $ E_2 '' $
                 differ from the initial state in one and two principal
                 quantum numbers respectively. The Hartree-Fock and
                 extended Hartree-Fock (Section II) approximations to $
                 E_2 $ prove to be successive approximations to the
                 component $ E_2 ' $. $ E_2^{HF} $, $ E_2^{EHF} $ and $
                 E_2 ' $ can all be readily evaluated directly from
                 their perturbation formulae. Examples of such
                 calculations are given and the results are compared
                 with the results of conventional calculations of the
                 same quantities. The component $ E_2 '' $ can be
                 expressed as a linear combination of values of $ E_2 ''
                 $ for two-electron states in a manner first described,
                 schematically, by Bacher and Goudsmit in 1934 (19). For
                 two-electron states, the coefficient $ E_2 $ can be
                 evaluated by existing techniques, and from $ E_2 $ one
                 easily obtains $ E_2 '' $. Using published variational
                 calculations of $ E_2 $ for the two-electron states
                 1s21S, 1s2s 1S and 1s2s 3S, we evaluate $ E_2 '' $ for
                 the three-electron state 1s22s 2S. The properties of
                 the coefficient $ E_2 $, together with considerations
                 based on the screening approximation, enable one to
                 understand why, in low-lying configurations,
                 term-energy patterns appropriate to high degrees of
                 ionization usually persist down to quite low degrees of
                 ionization. First-order calculations of the matrix
                 elements of one-electron operators are shown to
                 correspond in complexity, not to complete second-order
                 energy calculations as one might expect on general
                 perturbation-theoretic grounds, but to calculations of
                 $ E_2^{EHF} $. They can either be based on perturbation
                 expansions which involve single generalized sums of
                 products of hydrogenic radial integrals, or they can be
                 made to depend on the solution of ordinary,
                 inhomogeneous, second-order differential equations.",
  fjournal =     "Annals of Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00034916",
}

@Article{George:1966:SELa,
  author =       "G. G. George and P. R. C. Stevens",
  title =        "Scattering and energy loss of electrons in silicon
                 near the radiation damage threshold",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTR-METH,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "278--284",
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "NUIMAL",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-554X(66)90547-7",
  ISSN =         "0029-554x (print), 1878-3759 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0029-554X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Proceedings of the Tenth Summer Meeting of Nuclear
                 Physicists",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0029554X66905477",
  abstract =     "Measurements have been made of scattering and energy
                 loss of electrons in the energy range 100--400 keV, by
                 single crystal silicon foils of thickness between 3 and
                 190$ \mu $ m. The angular dispersion is found to be
                 slightly less than predicted by the multiple scattering
                 theory of Goudsmit and Saunderson, the best agreement
                 being at the highest energy. The results are discussed
                 briefly from the point of view of the interpretation of
                 radiation damage anisotropy and threshold
                 experiments.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0029554X",
}

@Article{George:1966:SELb,
  author =       "G. G. George and P. R. C. Stevens",
  title =        "Scattering and energy loss of electrons in silicon
                 near the radiation damage threshold",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTR-METH,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "278--284",
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "NUIMAL",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-554X(66)90471-X",
  ISSN =         "0029-554x (print), 1878-3759 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0029-554X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0029554X6690471X",
  abstract =     "Measurements have been made of scattering and energy
                 loss of electrons in the energy range 100--400 keV, by
                 single crystal silicon foils of thickness between 3 and
                 190 $ \mu $ m. The angular dispersion is found to be
                 slightly less than predicted by the multiple scattering
                 theory of Goudsmit and Saunderson, the best agreement
                 being at the highest energy. The results are discussed
                 briefly from the point of view of the interpretation of
                 radiation damage anisotropy and threshold
                 experiments.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0029554X",
}

@InCollection{Breit:1967:IDH,
  author =       "G. Breit",
  editor =       "W. R. Hindmarsh",
  booktitle =    "Atomic Spectra",
  title =        "The Isotope Displacement in Hyperfine Structure",
  publisher =    pub-PERGAMON,
  address =      pub-PERGAMON:adr,
  pages =        "289--298",
  year =         "1967",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-012103-1.50025-6",
  ISBN =         "0-08-012103-9",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-08-012103-1",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from Physical Review {\bf 42}, 348 (1932).",
  series =       "The Commonwealth and International Library: Selected
                 Readings in Physics",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080121031500256",
  abstract =     "With Goudsmit's extension of Land{\'e}'s formula for $
                 \bar {\langle 1 / r^3 \rangle } $ it is possible to
                 explain the order of magnitude of the isotope
                 displacements in Hg, Tl, Pb arc and spark spectra on
                 the hypothesis of small changes in nuclear radii. The
                 nuclear radius is supposed to be proportional to the
                 1/3 power of the atomic weight. The effective nuclear
                 charge is supposed to be distributed with a roughly
                 uniform density through the interior of the nucleus.
                 The spectra Hg I, Hg II, Tl I, Tl II, Pb II, are in
                 agreement with the above theory. The larger
                 displacements are due to the addition or removal of a $
                 6 s $ or $ 7 s $ electron to the electron
                 configuration. The direction of the shift is in
                 agreement with the supposition that the nuclear radius
                 increases with atomic weight, the heavier isotope
                 having the looser binding for the $s$ and $ \pi / 2$
                 electrons. In order to explain the shifts of the $ 6
                 p^2$, $ 6 p7 s$, $ 6 p8 s$, $ d6 p$, $ 6 p8 p$
                 configurations of Pb I it is supposed that in this case
                 the displacements are due principally to changes in the
                 penetration to the nucleus of the $ 6 s2$ subgroup.
                 These changes are presumably caused by differences in
                 screening of the two $ 6 s$ electrons from the nucleus
                 as the valence electron is excited from the $ 6 p$
                 state to the ionization limit.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Kuhn:1967:SHQ,
  author =       "Thomas S. Kuhn and John L. Heilbron and Paul Forman
                 and Lini Allen",
  title =        "Sources for history of quantum physics: an inventory
                 and report",
  volume =       "68",
  publisher =    pub-AMERICAN-PHILOSOPHICAL-SOCIETY,
  address =      pub-AMERICAN-PHILOSOPHICAL-SOCIETY:adr,
  pages =        "ix + 176",
  year =         "1967",
  LCCN =         "QC174.1 .S66",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jun 11 07:37:52 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/debroglie-louis.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/schroedinger-erwin.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/sommerfeld-arnold.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society",
  URL =          "http://www.amphilsoc.org/guides/ahqp/;
                 http://www.amphilsoc.org/guides/ahqp/s-t.htm#schrodinger",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Abraham; Adams; Allen; Amaldi; Andrade; Bacher; Back;
                 Barkla; Bauer; Bechert; Becker; Becquerel; Bedreag;
                 Benedicks; Berliner; Bethe; Birge; Birtwistle; Bjerrum;
                 Blackett; Bloch; Bohr; Born; Bothe; Bourgin; Bragg;
                 Breit; Brillouin; Broglie, L. de; Broglie, M. de;
                 Buchwald; Burger; Burgers; Casimir; Catal{\'a}n;
                 Cockcroft; Colby; Compton, A. H.; Compton, K. T.;
                 Condon; Coster; Courant; Darwin; Davisson; Debye;
                 Delbr{\"u}ck; Dennison; Dieke; Dirac; Dorgelo; Duane;
                 Eckart; Eddington; Ehrenfest; Einstein; Elsasser;
                 Epstein; Estermann; Eucken; Evans; Ewald; Fajans;
                 Fax{\'e}n; Feenberg; Fermi; Fokker; Foote; Fortrat;
                 Foster; Fowler, A.; Fowler, R. H.; Franck; Frenkel;
                 Fricke; Fues; Fukada; Gamow; Garbasso; Gehrcke; Geiger;
                 Gerlach; Gerthsen; G{\"o}tze; Gordon; Gorter; Goudsmit;
                 Green; Grotrian; Guillemin; Haas; Haber; Haga; Halpern;
                 Hansen; Hartree; Heisenberg; Heitler; Henning; Hertz,
                 G.; Hertz, P.; Herzfeld; Hevesy; Hilbert; Hill;
                 H{\"o}nl; Holst; Holtsmark; Hori; Horton; Houston;
                 Hoyt; Hughes; Hulth{\'e}n; Hund; Hylleraas; Jaff{\'e};
                 Jeans; Joff{\'e}; Joliot; Joliot-Curie; Joos; Jordan;
                 Kamerlingh-Onnes; Kapitza; K{\'a}rm{\'a}n; Kaufmann;
                 Kayser; Keesom; Kellner; Kemble; Kennard; Kimura;
                 Klein; Konen; Kopfermann; Kossel; Kramers; Kratzer;
                 Kronig; Kudar; Kuhn; Kurlbaum; Ladenburg; Lanczos;
                 Landau; Land{\'e}; Langevin; Langmuir; Laporte; Larmor;
                 Laue; Leeuwen; L{\'e}nard; Lenz; Lewis; Lindemann;
                 Lindsay; London; Loomis; Lorentz; Lummer; Lyman; Mack;
                 Madelung; Manneback; Marsden; Mayer; McLaren; McLennan;
                 Meggers; Meissner; Meitner; Meyer; Mie; Millikan;
                 Minkowski; M{\o}ller; Moseley; Mott; Mulliken; Nagaoka;
                 Nernst; Neumann; Nicholson; Niessen; Nishina; Nordheim;
                 Nordstr{\"o}m; Oldenberg; Oppenheimer; Ornstein; Oseen;
                 Owen; Paschen; Pauli; Pauling; Peierls; Perrin; Planck;
                 Pohl; Poincar{\'e}; Pringsheim, E.; Pringsheim, P.;
                 Rabi; Raman; Ramsauer; Randall; Rasetti; Rausch von
                 Traubenberg; Ray; Rayleigh; Reiche; Richardson; Ritz;
                 Rosenfeld; Rosseland; Rozhdestwensky; Ruark;
                 Rubinowicz; Runge; Russell; Rutherford; Rydberg; Saha;
                 Saunders; Schaefer; Scheel; Scherrer; Schottky;
                 Schroedinger; Schwarzschild; Seeliger; Senftleben;
                 Shenstone; Siegbahn; Silberstein; Slater; Smekal;
                 Sommerfeld; Stark; Stern; Stoner; Sugiura; Takamine;
                 Thirring; Thomas; Thomson, G. P.; Thomson, J. J.;
                 Tolman; Townsend; Trumpy; Turner; Uhlenbeck; Urey; Van
                 Vleck; Vegard; Voigt; Waerden; Waller; Warburg;
                 Webster; Weiss; Weisskopf; Weizs{\"a}cker; Wentzel;
                 Wereide; Werner; Weyl; Whiddington; Whittaker; Wien;
                 Wigner; Wilson, C. T. R.; Wilson, W.; Wind; Wood;
                 Wulff; Yukawa; Zeeman",
  subject =      "quantum theory; history; sources; physics;
                 bibliography; physicists",
  subject-dates = "Louis de Broglie (1892--1987); Lise Meitner (7
                 November 1878--27 October 1968); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Article{Mosteller:1967:DSR,
  author =       "Frederick Mosteller and Cleo Youtz and Douglas Zahn",
  title =        "The Distribution of Sums of Rounded Percentages",
  journal =      j-DEMOGRAPHY,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "850--858",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "????",
  ISSN =         "0070-3370 (print), 1533-7790 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0070-3370",
  bibdate =      "Thu Nov 24 08:03:16 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/benfords-law.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/jamstatassoc.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Diaconis:1979:RP} for further work.",
  URL =          "http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/dem/;
                 http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Distribution-Sums-Rounded-Percentages/21318695.html;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/2060324",
  abstract =     "When percentages are computed for counts in several
                 categories or for several positive measurements0 each
                 taken as a fraction of their sum, the rounded
                 percentages often fail to add to 100 percent. We
                 investigate how frequently this failure occurs and what
                 the distributions of sums of rounded percentages are
                 for (1) an empirical set of data, (2) the multinomial
                 distribution in small samples, (3) spacings between
                 points dropped on an interval --- the broken-stick
                 model; and (4) for simulation for several categories.
                 The several methods produce similar distributions.We
                 find that the probability that the sum of rounded
                 percentages adds to exactly 100 percent is certain for
                 two categories, about three-fourths for three
                 categories, about two-thirds for four categories, and
                 about [Formula: see text] for larger numbers of
                 categories, c, on the average when categories are not
                 improbable.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Demography",
  pubmedid =     "21318695",
}

@Article{Luginbill:1969:BRT,
  author =       "George Luginbill",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Time}}, by Samuel A.
                 Goudsmit, Robert Clairborne, and the Editors of Life,
                 200 pp., Time, New York, 1987}",
  journal =      j-AM-BIOL-TEACH,
  volume =       "31",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "268--268",
  year =         "1969",
  ISSN =         "0002-7685 (print), 0002-8444 (electronic), 1938-4211,
                 1938-422X",
  ISSN-L =       "0002-7685",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 11:14:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/4442548",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "The American Biology Teacher",
  journal-URL =  "http://abt.ucpress.edu/content/by/year",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Pash:1969:AM,
  author =       "Colonel Boris T. Pash",
  title =        "The {Alsos Mission}",
  publisher =    "Award House",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "256",
  year =         "1969",
  LCCN =         "D810.S2 P28",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 13:46:27 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Alsos (World War II Allies mission to discover the
                 status of Germany's atomic bomb project).",
  remark =       "Alsos is Greek for grove, possibly a reference to
                 General Leslie Groves, head of the Manhattan Project.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Champeau:1972:DIS,
  author =       "R.-J Champeau",
  title =        "D{\'e}placement isotopique dans les spectres d'arc et
                 d'{\'e}tincelle du c{\'e}rium: {I}. {D{\'e}placement}
                 isotopique relatif des isotopes {$^{136}$Ce},
                 {$^{138}$Ce}, {$^{140}$Ce} {TE} {$^{142}$Ce}.
                 ({French}) [{Isotopic} displacement in arc and sparkle
                 spectra of cerium: {I}. {Relative} isotopic
                 displacement of isotopes {$^{136}$Ce}, {$^{138}$Ce},
                 {$^{140}$Ce} {TE} {$^{142}$Ce}]",
  journal =      j-PHYSICA,
  volume =       "62",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "209--224",
  year =         "1972",
  CODEN =        "PHYSAG",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-8914(72)90124-3",
  ISSN =         "0031-8914 (print), 1873-1767 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-8914",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0031891472901243",
  abstract =     "Les d{\'e}placements isotopiques entre les quatre
                 isotopes stables du c{\'e}rium ont {\'e}t{\'e}
                 mesur{\'e}s sur quatre raies optiques afin de comparer
                 les effects de masse sp{\'e}cifiques et les effets de
                 volume de trois transitions correspondant aux
                 changements d'orbitale 6p $ \to $ 6s, 5d $ \to $ 6s et
                 4f $ \to $ 6s. En admettant que l'effet sp{\'e}cifique
                 de la transition 4f26s $ \to $ 4f26p de Ce II est
                 n{\'e}gligeable, on trouve que ceux des transitions
                 4f5d26s $ \to $ 4f5d6s2 et 4f25d6s $ \to $ 4f5d6s2 de
                 Ce I valent respectivement + 5 mK et + 23 mK pour le
                 couple 140Ce, 142Ce et on calcule, {\`a} l'aide de la
                 formule de Fermi-Goudsmit-Segr{\'e}, les valeurs
                 suivantes des constantes de d{\'e}placement isotopique:
                 Cexp(136Ce, 140Ce) = 13 \pm 10 mK, Cexp(138Ce, 140Ce) =
                 17 \pm 10 mK, Cexp(140Ce, 142Ce) = 154 \pm 15 mK. la
                 m{\'e}thode de Hartree-Fock donne une
                 interpr{\'e}tation correcte des signes et des ordres de
                 grandeur des effets de masse et de volume observ{\'e}s.
                 Optical isotope shifts between the four stable isotopes
                 of cerium have been measured in order to compare the
                 specific-mass shifts and the field shifts of three
                 transitions corresponding respectively to the orbital
                 jumps: 6p $ \to $ 6s, 5d $ \to $ 6s and 4f $ \to $ 6s.
                 Assuming that the specific shift of the transition
                 4f26p $ \to $ 4f26s of Ce II is negligible, those of
                 the transition 4f5d26s $ \to $ 4f5d6s2 and 4f25d6s $
                 \to $ 4f5d6s2 of Ce I for the pair 140Ce, 142Ce are
                 found to be + 5 mK and + 23 mK, respectively, and the
                 isotope-shift constants can be evaluated using the
                 Fermi-Goudsmit-Segr{\'e} formula; one thus finds
                 Cexp(136Ce, 140Ce) = 13 \pm 10 mK, Cexp(138Ce, 140Ce) =
                 17 \pm 10 mK, Cexp(140Ce, 142Ce) = 154 \pm 15 mK. The
                 Hartree-Fock method gives a satisfactory explanation of
                 the signs and of the orders of magnitude of the
                 observed mass and field shifts.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physica",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00318914/",
  language =     "French",
}

@Article{Violino:1972:PCL,
  author =       "Paolo Violino",
  title =        "A program for computing level crossings and the
                 {Back--Goudsmit} effect",
  journal =      j-COMP-PHYS-COMM,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "128--137",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1972",
  CODEN =        "CPHCBZ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-4655(72)90041-0",
  ISSN =         "0010-4655 (print), 1879-2944 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-4655",
  bibdate =      "Sun Feb 12 14:24:25 MST 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/compphyscomm1970.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0010465572900410",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer Physics Communications",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00104655",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  xxtitle =      "A program for computing level crossings and the
                 {B{\"a}ck--Goudsmit} effect",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1974:GRE,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Goudsmit} retires; editorial staffs change",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "75--75",
  day =          "1",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3129054",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:48:40 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3129054",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Putte:1974:CGS,
  author =       "Dave Walter Vande Putte",
  title =        "Computation of the {Goudsmit--Saunderson} distribution
                 in electron transport",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTR-METH,
  volume =       "115",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "117--120",
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "NUIMAL",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-554X(74)90435-2",
  ISSN =         "0029-554x (print), 1878-3759 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0029-554X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0029554X74904352",
  abstract =     "Equations leading to the Goudsmit--Saunderson electron
                 multiple scattering distribution are examined from a
                 numerical point of view. Shorter methods are proposed
                 for their solution.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0029554X",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Sauberman:1974:LHS,
  author =       "N. H. Sauberman",
  title =        "Letters: He's Scared, Too",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "6--7",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Oct 07 16:45:03 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Goudsmit:1974:CS}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1975:GRA,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Goudsmit} receives {AIP Compton Medal}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "28",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "105--105",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1975",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3068786",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:48:40 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.3068786",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Raimi:1976:FDP,
  author =       "Ralph A. Raimi",
  title =        "The first digit problem",
  journal =      j-AMER-MATH-MONTHLY,
  volume =       "83",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "521--538",
  month =        aug # "\slash " # sep,
  year =         "1976",
  CODEN =        "AMMYAE",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.2307/2319349",
  ISSN =         "0002-9890 (print), 1930-0972 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0002-9890",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 12 15:49:53 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/benfords-law.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2319349",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Mathematical Monthly",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/page/journal/amermathmont/about.html",
  remark =       "This article surveys the literature up to 1976,
                 reports defects in several earlier mathematical
                 `explanations' of Benford's Law, and gives a 52-entry
                 bibliography of prior work. All of those entries are
                 incorporated in this bibliography. It criticizes parts
                 of \cite{Goudsmit:1944:SFN} as `dead wrong' (and the
                 author reiterates that view in \cite{Raimi:1985:FDP}).
                 See also later work \cite{Logan:1978:FDP}. On page 529,
                 Raimi writes ``If the first digits of all the tables in
                 the universe obey some fixed distribution law,
                 Stigler's or Benford's or some other, that law must
                 surely be independent of the system of units chosen,
                 since God is not known to favor either the metric
                 system or the English system. In other words, a
                 universal first digit law, if it exists, must be
                 scale-invariant.''",
  remark-2 =     "This is so far the second earliest reference that I
                 have found to \cite{Newcomb:1881:NFU}; the earliest is
                 \cite{Boring:1920:LNL}, which has only brief mention of
                 the question of digit frequencies. Raimi comments on p.
                 522: ``This assertion, whatever it may mean, will be
                 called Benford's Law because it has been thought by
                 many writers to have originated with the General
                 Electric Company physicist Frank Benford [2]. Certainly
                 Benford popularized the problem, and he may well have
                 been unaware that the polymathic Simon Newcomb,
                 primarily an astronomer but also sometime editor of The
                 American Journal of Mathematics, had also formulated
                 the same law 57 years earlier [1]. There is ample
                 precedent for naming laws and theorems for persons
                 other than their discoverers, else half of analysis
                 would be named after Euler. Besides, even Newcomb
                 implied that the observation giving rise to the Benford
                 law was an old one in his day. One would hate to change
                 the name of the law now only to find later that another
                 change was called for.''",
}

@Article{Feld:1977:ELP,
  author =       "Bernard T. Feld",
  title =        "Editorial: Let's not panic prematurely",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "8--9",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1977",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Oct 10 07:24:24 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See comment \cite{Thompson:1977:LLC}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@InCollection{Jewett:1977:AWW,
  author =       "Frank Baldwin Jewett",
  title =        "The {Academy} in {World War II}",
  crossref =     "Cochrane:1977:NAS",
  pages =        "382--432",
  year =         "1977",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 09:58:06 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://download.nap.edu/cart/download.cgi?record_id=579&file=382-432",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Brief mention on pages 426--427 of Samuel Goudsmit's
                 role as head of the Alsos Mission.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Thompson:1977:LLC,
  author =       "Thurston A. Thompson",
  title =        "Letter: Let's Catch Up",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1977",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Oct 10 10:19:17 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See comments
                 \cite{Goudsmit:1978:LNG,LaRocque:1978:LSP,Feld:1977:ELP}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{LaRocque:1978:LSP,
  author =       "Gene R. {La Rocque}",
  title =        "Letter: Strategic Parity",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "34",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1978",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Oct 10 16:10:21 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Thompson:1977:LLC}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Sullivan:1978:SGC,
  author =       "Walter Sullivan",
  title =        "{Samuel Goudsmit}, Codiscoverer of Electron's Spin, Is
                 Dead at 76: Many {European} Ties. {Discovery} at Age
                 11",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "B6--B6",
  day =          "6",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1978",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 15:43:48 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/123572175/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  remark =       "The article quotes Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
                 Isador I. Rabi: ``Physics must forever be in debt to
                 those two men [Samuel Goudsmit and George Uhlenbeck]
                 for discovering the spin. Why they never received a
                 Nobel Prize will always be a mystery to me.''",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Adair:1979:ESG,
  author =       "Robert K. Adair and George L. Trigg and Gene L.
                 Wells",
  title =        "Editorial: {Samuel A. Goudsmit} (1902--1978)",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "42",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--2",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.42.1",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 15:57:28 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
  remark =       "From the obituary: ``\ldots{} the letter format, very
                 much as Sam introduced it, has become a favored format
                 for a large part of the communication in physics today
                 and the letter journal Sam founded, this
                 \booktitle{Physical Review Letters}, is now the most
                 widely read journal in physics.''",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Diaconis:1979:RP,
  author =       "Persi Diaconis and David Freedman",
  title =        "On Rounding Percentages",
  journal =      j-J-AM-STAT-ASSOC,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "366",
  pages =        "359--364",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "JSTNAL",
  ISSN =         "0162-1459 (print), 1537-274X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0162-1459",
  bibdate =      "Wed Nov 23 11:24:59 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/benfords-law.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/jamstatassoc.bib",
  note =         "The authors extend prior work on correctness of sums
                 of rounded percentages \cite{Mosteller:1967:DSR}, and
                 criticize biased rounding practices in
                 \cite{Benford:1938:LAN}.",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/2284288",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of the American Statistical Association",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/uasa20",
  keywords =     "Benford's Law",
  remark =       "When percentage-column entries are rounded, their sum
                 may differ from 100\%. The authors use a prior proof
                 \cite{Mosteller:1967:DSR} that for $ n \gg 2 $ rounded
                 values, the probability of a correct sum is $ \sqrt {6
                 / (\pi n)} \approx 1.382 / \sqrt {n} $. They show that
                 rounding may produce large changes in computed
                 chi-squared values, and they conclude their article
                 with this recommendation: ``it is important to
                 calculate with many-digit accuracy when computing $
                 \chi^2 $ for large sample sizes.''",
}

@Article{Dresden:1979:OSG,
  author =       "Max Dresden",
  title =        "Obituary: {Samuel A. Goudsmit, 1902--1978}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "282",
  number =       "5741",
  pages =        "889--890",
  day =          "20",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/282889a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:50:22 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.nature.com/articles/282889a0",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goldhaber:1979:OSG,
  author =       "Maurice Goldhaber",
  title =        "Obituary: {Samuel A. Goudsmit}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "71--72",
  day =          "1",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2995511",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:48:40 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.2995511",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1980:RFH,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Relatives and friends help dedicate {Goudsmit} room",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "77--77",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2913910",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:48:40 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.2913910",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Pash:1980:AM,
  author =       "Colonel Boris T. Pash",
  title =        "The {Alsos Mission}",
  publisher =    "Grosset \& Dunlap Company",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "256",
  year =         "1980",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 10:15:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Atommuseum (Haigerloch); Haigerloch; Kernwaffe info",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Belloni:1982:PNH,
  author =       "Lanfranco Belloni",
  title =        "{Pauli}'s 1924 note on hyperfine structure",
  journal =      j-AMER-J-PHYSICS,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "461--464",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1982",
  CODEN =        "AJPIAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1119/1.12836",
  ISSN =         "0002-9505 (print), 1943-2909 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 24 07:17:30 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Journal of Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://scitation.aip.org/content/aapt/journal/ajp",
}

@Article{Treue:1983:BRP,
  author =       "Wilhelm Treue",
  title =        "Book Review: Pride, Haughtiness and Sobriety Among
                 Physicists: {{\booktitle{Alsos}}, by Samuel A.
                 Goudsmit, with a new introduction by R. V. Jones (Los
                 Angeles\slash San Francisco: Tomash, 1983), 289 pp.}",
  journal =      j-MINERVA-WASHINGTON,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "456--459",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1983",
  CODEN =        "MINEFY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01096528",
  ISSN =         "0026-4695 (print), 1573-1871 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0026-4695",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 21 09:42:37 MDT 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/minerva.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/accesspage/article/10.1007/BF01096528",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Minerva [{Washington, DC}]",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/11024",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Moyer:1984:BRA,
  author =       "Albert E. Moyer",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Alsos}}, Samuel A. Goudsmit.
                 The History of Modern Physics, 1800--1950, volume 1.
                 259 pp. Los Angeles: Tomash, 1983}",
  journal =      j-AM-SCI,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "527--528",
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "AMSCAC",
  ISSN =         "0003-0996 (print), 1545-2786 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-0996",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 11:14:51 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/27852953",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/past.aspx",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Violino:1984:PCL,
  author =       "Paolo Violino",
  title =        "A program for computing level crossings and the
                 {Back--Goudsmit} effect",
  journal =      j-COMP-PHYS-COMM,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "1--3",
  pages =        "C-149--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1984",
  CODEN =        "CPHCBZ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-4655(84)82402-9",
  ISSN =         "0010-4655 (print), 1879-2944 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-4655",
  bibdate =      "Sat Feb 25 10:56:06 MST 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/compphyscomm1980.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010465584824029",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Computer Physics Communications",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00104655",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Baracca:1985:BCI,
  author =       "Angelo Baracca and Edvige Schettino",
  title =        "Birth of the concept of intrinsic magnetic moment of
                 electrons in chemistry and magnetism before the work of
                 {Uhlenbeck} and {Goudsmit} (1915--1921)",
  journal =      "Rendiconti della Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze
                 detta dei XL. Memorie di Scienze Fisiche e Naturali.
                 Serie V. Parte II",
  volume =       "9",
  pages =        "263--267",
  year =         "1985",
  ISSN =         "0392-4130",
  MRclass =      "01A60",
  MRnumber =     "900885",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 12:20:08 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  note =         "Proceedings of the fifth national congress on the
                 history of physics ({Italian}) ({Rome}, 1984)",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Rend. Accad. Naz. Sci. XL Mem. Sci. Fis. Natur. (5)",
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
  fjournal =     "Rendiconti della Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze
                 detta dei XL. Memorie di Scienze Fisiche e Naturali.
                 Serie V. Parte II",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@InCollection{Kalckar:1985:I,
  author =       "J{\o}rgen Kalckar",
  editor =       "J{\o}rgen Kalckar",
  booktitle =    "Foundations of Quantum Physics {I} (1926--1932)",
  title =        "Introduction",
  volume =       "6",
  publisher =    pub-ELSEVIER,
  address =      pub-ELSEVIER:adr,
  pages =        "304--330",
  year =         "1985",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/S1876-0503(08)70342-6",
  ISSN =         "1876-0503",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  series =       "Niels Bohr Collected Works",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876050308703426",
  abstract =     "The chapter offers information on the conference of
                 April 8, 1929, which was to become the first of the
                 celebrated series of annual ``Copenhagen Conferences'',
                 opened at the Institute. The gathering included among
                 others Darwin, Ehrenfest, Kramers, Pauli, Goudsmit,
                 Kronig, Mott, and others. The author mentions about
                 Bohr's introductory talk at the conference on with the
                 non-observability of the electron spin. Bohr argued
                 that such a purely quantal concept as the electron
                 spin, vanishing from the theory in the classical limit,
                 could not possibly be brought in direct relation with
                 classical quantities like angular momentum or magnetic
                 moment. The chapter includes several excerpts of
                 letters exchanged between Bohr and others, on the
                 continuance of the discussion of the problem of the
                 measurability of the magnetic moment of a free
                 electron.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{MacPherson:1985:STF,
  author =       "Malcolm MacPherson",
  title =        "A Small Town With a Footnote To History: Hidden below,
                 the {Nazi} {A}-bomb lab {Haigerloch}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "10, 47",
  day =          "3",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jul 27 18:22:27 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/111210585",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Raimi:1985:FDP,
  author =       "Ralph A. Raimi",
  title =        "The First Digit Phenomenon Again",
  journal =      j-PROC-AMER-PHIL-SOC,
  volume =       "129",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "211--219",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "PAPCAA",
  ISSN =         "0003-049X (print), 2326-9243 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-049X",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 12 16:56:54 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/benfords-law.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/fparith.bib",
  note =         "This paper contains strong criticism of a derivation
                 of Benford's Law \cite{Logan:1978:FDP}.",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/986989",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the {American Philosophical Society}
                 held at {Philadelphia} for promoting useful knowledge",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/procamerphilsoci",
  remark =       "This paper contains mathematical derivations of both
                 Stigler's Law and Benford's Law. Raimi comments on p.
                 217: ``the Benford law itself as a conclusion to be
                 derived is by no means as firm as Kepler's planetary
                 curves. Indeed, it has been pointed out by Diaconis and
                 Freedman [D-F] [\cite{Diaconis:1979:RP}] that a
                 statistical analysis of Benford's announced data gives
                 a high probability to the conjecture that he did a bit
                 of rounding-off here and there, always in the direction
                 of his law. The license that a physicist often takes on
                 the path from his hypotheses to verified, observable,
                 and repeatable conclusion is not justified here.''.",
}

@Article{Segre:1985:HPR,
  author =       "Emilio Segr{\`e}",
  title =        "Historical Perspective: Refugee Scientists and Nuclear
                 Energy",
  journal =      j-ANN-NY-ACAD-SCI,
  volume =       "452",
  number =       "1",
  bookpages =    "xix + 411",
  pages =        "xv--xix",
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "ANYAA9",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1985.tb29993.x",
  ISBN =         "0-89766-298-9, 0-89766-299-7 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-89766-298-7, 978-0-89766-299-4 (paperback)",
  ISSN =         "0077-8923 (print), 1749-6632 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0077-8923",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 6 17:26:04 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/schroedinger-erwin.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  note =         "Sixth International Conference on Collective
                 Phenomena: reports from the Moscow Refusnik Seminar /
                 edited by Inga Fischer-Hjalmars and Joel L. Lebowitz.
                 Contributions from the Moscow Refusnik Seminar and from
                 two International Conferences on Collective Phenomena,
                 one held in Stockholm, Sweden, 1--2 December 1983, and
                 the other in Tel Aviv, Israel, 31 May--1 June 1984.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nyas.org/Publications/Archive.aspx",
  keywords =     "Hans Bethe; Niels Bohr; Max Born; Walther Bothe; James
                 Chadwick; Orso Mario Corbino; Marie Curie; Peter Debye;
                 Paul S. Epstein; Enrico Fermi; James Franck; Otto
                 Robert Frisch; Klaus Fuchs; Hans Geiger; Samuel
                 Goudsmit; General Leslie R. Groves; Fritz Haber; Otto
                 Hahn; Adolf Hitler; K. Lark Horowitz; Fritz G.
                 Houtermans; Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Joliot-Curie; George B.
                 Kistiakowsky; Lew Kowarski; A. L. Hughes; Fritz London;
                 Lise Meitner; Benito Mussolini; Lothar W. Nordheim;
                 Wolfgang Pauli; Rudolf Peierls; Francis Perrin; George
                 Placzek; Giulio Racah; Bruno Rossi; Joseph Rotblat;
                 Ernest Rutherford; Erwin Schr{\"o}dinger; Emilio
                 Segr{\`e}; ?. Staub; Otto Stern; Leo Szilard; Edward
                 Teller; Llewellyn H. Thomas; George Uhlenbeck; Victor
                 Weisskopf; Eugene P. Wigner; Fritz Zwicky; Theodore von
                 K{\'a}rm{\'a}n; John von Neumann; Hans von Halben;
                 George von Hevesy",
  remark =       "From the last paragraph: ``My list is not complete but
                 it should suffice to show the contribution of Hitler to
                 the atomic bomb. Of course his most important
                 contribution was the unparalleled motivation he gave to
                 everybody.''",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Lise Meitner (7
                 November 1878--27 October 1968); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Article{Teng:1986:MCE,
  author =       "S. P. Teng and D. W. Anderson and D. G. Lindstrom",
  title =        "{Monte Carlo} electron-transport calculations for
                 clinical beams using energy grouping",
  journal =      "International Journal of Radiation Applications and
                 Instrumentation. Part A. Applied Radiation and
                 Isotopes",
  volume =       "37",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "1189--1194",
  year =         "1986",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0883-2889(86)90004-3",
  ISSN =         "0883-2889 (print), 1878-1128 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0883-2889",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0883288986900043",
  abstract =     "A Monte Carlo program has been utilized to study the
                 penetration of broad electron beams into a water
                 phantom. The MORSE-E code, originally developed for
                 neutron and photon transport, was chosen for adaptation
                 to electrons because of its versatility. The electron
                 energy degradation model employed logarithmic spacing
                 of electron energy groups and included effects of
                 elastic scattering,
                 inelastic-moderate-energy-loss-processes and
                 inelastic-large-energy-loss-processes (catastrophic).
                 Energy straggling and angular deflections were modeled
                 from group to group, using the M{\o}ller cross section
                 for energy loss, and Goudsmit--Saunderson theory to
                 describe angular deflections. The resulting energy- and
                 electron-deposition distributions in depth were
                 obtained at 10 and 20 MeV and are compared with ETRAN
                 results and broad beam experimental data from clinical
                 accelerators.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/international-journal-of-radiation-applications-and-instrumentation-part-a-applied-radiation-and-isotopes/issues",
}

@Article{Winterbon:1987:FAM,
  author =       "K. B. Winterbon",
  title =        "Finite-angle multiple scattering",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTRUM-METHODS-PHYS-RES-SECT-B,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "1--7",
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "NIMBEU",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-583X(87)90131-5",
  ISSN =         "0168-583X (print), 1872-9584 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0168-583X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0168583X87901315",
  abstract =     "The small-angle Bothe formule for multiple scattering
                 is derived from the formally-exact Goudsmit--Saunderson
                 (GS) formula, and the lowest-order correction terms are
                 examined. In the GS formulation, the length variable is
                 path length, rather than projected depth; the
                 lowest-order corrections from path length to depth are
                 also derived. The more formal part of the calculation
                 is independent of the scattering cross section. Power
                 cross sections are introduced to obtain more specific
                 analytical results, and finally the formulae are
                 evaluated for the $ m = 12 $ power cross section. The
                 corrections are small for reasonably small
                 multiple-scattering widths when projectile and target
                 masses are about equal, but can become large if the
                 projectile is much heavier than the target atoms.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research
                 Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/nuclear-instruments-and-methods-in-physics-research-section-b-beam-interactions-with-materials-and-atoms/issues",
}

@InProceedings{Goldberg:1989:BON,
  author =       "Stanley Goldberg",
  title =        "Between Old and New: {Goudsmit} at {Brookhaven}",
  crossref =     "DeMaria:1989:PIC",
  pages =        "125--129",
  year =         "1989",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 04 17:38:34 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Winterbon:1989:FAM,
  author =       "K. B. Winterbon",
  title =        "Finite-Angle multiple scattering revisited",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTRUM-METHODS-PHYS-RES-SECT-B,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "146--148",
  year =         "1989",
  CODEN =        "NIMBEU",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-583X(89)90027-X",
  ISSN =         "0168-583X (print), 1872-9584 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0168-583X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0168583X8990027X",
  abstract =     "A multiple-scattering distribution is calculated for
                 angles larger than the maximum single-scattering angle.
                 The small-angle Bothe formulation with appropriate
                 modifications is used in the power-cross-section
                 approximation. Although the distribution is
                 asymptotically a Gaussian function multiplied by a
                 series of Laguerre polynomials, a series expansion
                 similar to those for the usual Bothe theory converges
                 well out to large angles. The cutoff of the
                 single-scattering kernel is ambiguous, so there is a
                 free parameter. The alternative Goudsmit--Saunderson
                 formalism is difficult to evaluate and is not easily
                 summed to give asymptotic expansions, but with the aid
                 of some tricks yields numerical results in good
                 agreement with experiment.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research
                 Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/nuclear-instruments-and-methods-in-physics-research-section-b-beam-interactions-with-materials-and-atoms/issues",
}

@Article{Walker:1990:HGG,
  author =       "Mark Walker",
  title =        "{Heisenberg}, {Goudsmit} and the {German Atomic
                 Bomb}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "43",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "52--60",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # feb,
  year =         "1990",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.881237",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 21 08:42:08 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See responses and rebuttal \cite{Logan:1991:LEH}",
  URL =          "http://alsos.wlu.edu/information.aspx?id=1572;
                 http://www.physicstoday.org/resource/1/phtoad/v43/i1/p52_s1;
                 https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.881237",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark =       "Some of Walker's statements are seriously challenged
                 in Logan et al., but he responds there to the
                 criticisms.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Gawlik:1991:HIV,
  author =       "Wojciech Gawlik",
  title =        "Hyperfine interaction versus strong laser
                 field-optical {Back--Goudsmit} ({Paschen--Back})
                 effect",
  journal =      j-AMER-J-PHYSICS,
  volume =       "59",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "706--710",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "AJPIAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1119/1.16748",
  ISSN =         "0002-9505 (print), 1943-2909 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 05:53:22 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Journal of Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://scitation.aip.org/content/aapt/journal/ajp",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Logan:1991:LEH,
  author =       "Jonothan L. Logan and Helmut Rechenberg and Max
                 Dresden and A. {Van Der Ziel} and Mark Walker",
  title =        "Letters to the {Editor}: {Heisenberg}, {Goudsmit} and
                 the {German} ``{A-bomb}''",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "44",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "13, 15, 90--92, 94--96",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2810103",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 21 08:42:08 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Letters in response to \cite{Walker:1990:HGG},
                 including Walker's rebuttal.",
  URL =          "http://www.physicstoday.org/resource/1/phtoad/v44/i5/p13_s1;
                 https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.2810103",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Rechenberg:1991:HGG,
  author =       "H. Rechenberg",
  title =        "{Heisenberg}, {Goudsmit} and the {German A-Bomb}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "44",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "91--92",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1991",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2810103",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 21 07:06:17 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.physicstoday.org/resource/1/phtoad/v44/i5/p13_s1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Dietz:1992:LNS,
  author =       "Chris Dietz and Ernest A. Ryavec",
  title =        "Letter: ``{Nazi} science'' debate continued",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "46--46",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 09 09:51:53 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Goldberg:1992:DFR}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Goldberg:1992:DFR,
  author =       "Stanley Goldberg and Thomas Powers",
  title =        "Declassified files reopen ``{Nazi} bomb'' debate",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "32--35, 38--40",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1992",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 09 08:51:07 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "See comment \cite{Dietz:1992:LNS}.",
  abstract =     "Did leading German physicists choose not to ``know''
                 how to build an A-bomb?",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  keywords =     "Farm Hall; Samuel A. Goudsmit; Werner Heisenberg; Carl
                 Friedrich von Weizs{{\"a}}cker; Walter Gerlach; Max von
                 Laue; Otto Hahn",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1993:RWS,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "The Rest Was Silence",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "BR3--BR3",
  day =          "14",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 14:05:22 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/109207251/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Niels Bohr; Sam Goudsmit; Werner Heisenberg",
  remark =       "Quote from \cite{Powers:2000:HWS}.",
  subject-dates = "Niels Henrik David Bohr (1885--1962); Samuel Goudsmit
                 (1902--1978); Werner Heisenberg (1901--1976)",
}

@Article{Broad:1993:NFR,
  author =       "William J. Broad",
  title =        "New findings reopen debate on {Heisenberg}'s role in
                 {German} war effort.: Was {Heisenberg} Saboteur or
                 Savant of {Nazi} Drive for {A}-Bomb?",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "C1--C2",
  day =          "1",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:56:44 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/109030191/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Werner Heisenberg
                 (1901--1976)",
}

@Article{Hollinger:1993:BRH,
  author =       "David A. Hollinger",
  title =        "Book Review: How Uncertain Was He?:
                 {{\booktitle{Heisenberg's War: The Secret History of
                 the German Bomb}}. By Thomas Powers. Illustrated 608
                 pp. New York: Alfred A. Knopf}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "BR3--BR4",
  day =          "14",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 19:01:19 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/109209420/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Werner Heisenberg
                 (1901--1976)",
}

@Article{Hollinger:1993:EHS,
  author =       "David A. Hollinger",
  title =        "Eavesdropping on {Hitler}'s Scientists: What 10
                 {German} scholars, interned by the {Allies} in 1945,
                 said when they thought no one was listening",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "A32",
  day =          "31",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 14:05:22 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  note =         "Review of \cite{Frank:1993:OEFa}.",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/109047172/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Werner Heisenberg; Farm Hall; Carl-Friedrich von
                 Weizs{\"a}cker; Kurt Diebner; Erich Bagge; Otto Hahn;
                 Kart Wirtz; Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Werner Heisenberg
                 (1901--1976)",
}

@Article{Lehmann-Haupt:1993:BTD,
  author =       "Christopher Lehmann-Haupt",
  title =        "Books of the Times: Did a {German} Scientist Prevent
                 Catastrophe in {World War II}?:
                 {{\booktitle{Heisenberg's War: The Secret History of
                 the German Bomb}} By Thomas Powers Illustrated. 608
                 pages. Alfred A. Knopf}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "C13--C13",
  day =          "8",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 18:58:46 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/109213855/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Werner Heisenberg
                 (1901--1976)",
}

@Article{Hermann:1994:CTL,
  author =       "Gerd Hermann and Thomas Udem and Kichinosuke Hirokawa
                 and Hideyuki Matsuta",
  title =        "Calculated transmission line structures of a {Cu}
                 coherent forward scattering resonance monochromator
                 ({CFSRM})",
  journal =      "Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy",
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "355--365",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "SAASBH",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0584-8547(94)80030-8",
  ISSN =         "0584-8547 (print), 1873-3565 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0584-8547",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0584854794800308",
  abstract =     "Transmission line structures of a copper coherent
                 forward scattering resonance monochromator (CFSRM) have
                 been calculated. Using a PC with a home-made program,
                 the Hamiltonians of the upper and lower state have been
                 diagonalized including magnetic dipole and electric
                 quadrupole hyperfine interaction and an external
                 magnetic field, without neglections, as for the Zeeman
                 or the Back--Goudsmit limit. By using the resulting
                 transition wavelengths and intensities as well as the
                 Voigt function with its Lorentzian and Gaussian
                 contributions, the line profiles have been calculated.
                 The theoretical results are in good agreement with
                 previous measurements that have been carried out for
                 optimization of the CFSRM in order to suppress
                 interfering Fe emission, which appears in the narrow
                 gap between the two Cu main hyperfine components. The
                 calculations also confirm the non-trivial effects that
                 were found in the measurements. The program,
                 furthermore, supports the calculation of ZAAS
                 absorbances on lines with arbitrary hyperfine and
                 isotopic structure.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/spectrochimica-acta-part-b-atomic-spectroscopy/issues",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Bowler:1996:ADC,
  author =       "M. G. Bowler and M. D. Lay",
  title =        "Angular distribution of {Cherenkov} light from
                 electrons both produced and stopping in water",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTRUM-METHODS-PHYS-RES-SECT-A,
  volume =       "378",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "468--471",
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "NIMAER",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9002(96)00545-1",
  ISSN =         "0168-9002 (print), 1872-9576 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0168-9002",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0168900296005451",
  abstract =     "The Goudsmit--Saunderson treatment of multiple
                 scattering has been used to calculate the angular
                 distribution of Cherenkov light produced by electrons
                 which are wholly contained in water. The calculations
                 are completely independent of any Monte Carlo method
                 and results from the EGS4 code are in remarkably good
                 agreement, provided that the angle of EGS4 tracks is
                 interpolated between steps. The calculations
                 demonstrate that the treatment of multiple scattering
                 in EGS4 is very accurate in the range of initial
                 electron energies investigated, 1--15 MeV. The
                 Goudsmit--Saunderson method can be used for the
                 validation of the treatment of multiple scattering in
                 any Monte Carlo simulation of contained electrons.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research
                 Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and
                 Associated Equipment",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/nuclear-instruments-and-methods-in-physics-research-section-a-accelerators-spectrometers-detectors-and-associated-equipment",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Winterberg:1996:MHN,
  author =       "Friedwardt Winterberg and G{\"u}nter Herrmann and Igor
                 Fodor and Lincoln Wolfenstein and Mark E. Singer",
  title =        "More on How {Nazi Germany} Failed to Develop the
                 Atomic Bomb",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "11--83",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2807455",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Mon May 21 06:18:55 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  keywords =     "Kurt Diebner; R. D{\"o}pel; Siegfried Fl{\"u}gge; Otto
                 Robert Frisch; Samuel A. Goudsmit; Otto Hahn; Paul
                 Harteck; Fritz Houtermans; Werner Heisenberg; Lise
                 Meitner; Leo Szilard; Walter Trinks; Gottfried von
                 Droste; Carl Friedrich von Weisz{\"a}cker",
  remark =       "Five letters from scientists from Germany and the US
                 with their views on why the Nazi uranium project failed
                 to produce either a working reactor, or an atomic bomb.
                 Winterberg, who was Heisenberg's student after the war,
                 writes ``Another point worth mentioning is that it was
                 Fritz Houtermans, not Leo Szilard, who had first
                 suggested the possibility of a nuclear chain reaction
                 with neutrons. This view is also shared by Soviet
                 scientists who had known Houtermans well, because
                 Houtermans had emigrated before the war to the Soviet
                 Union and had been arrested there, but had returned to
                 Germany around 1940 in a Soviet--German prisoners
                 exchange and then had worked for the German uranium
                 project. And it has been forgotten that simultaneously
                 with Lise Meitner and Otto Frisch, Gottfried von Droste
                 and Siegfried Fl{\"u}gge of the Kaiser Wilhelm
                 Institute for Physics in Berlin had reached the same
                 conclusion regarding the energy released in uranium
                 fission, with their results being published in the
                 Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physikalische Chemie.'' Yet it was
                 Szilard who applied for, and received, a British patent
                 on nuclear fission, and is usually credited by most
                 historians as the first to conceive of a chain
                 reaction. In retrospective, the notion of an
                 exponential chain reaction seems likely to have
                 occurred to at least several physicists.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Lise Meitner (7
                 November 1878--27 October 1968)",
}

@Article{Thomas:1997:FCW,
  author =       "Robert McG. {Thomas, Jr.}",
  title =        "{Frederic A. C. Wardenburg 3d}, 92, War Hero",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "44--44",
  day =          "17",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1997",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 19:05:04 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/109801785/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Werner Heisenberg
                 (1901--1976)",
}

@Article{Kawrakow:1998:REM,
  author =       "Iwan Kawrakow and Alex F. Bielajew",
  title =        "On the representation of electron multiple
                 elastic-scattering distributions for {Monte Carlo}
                 calculations",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTRUM-METHODS-PHYS-RES-SECT-B,
  volume =       "134",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "325--336",
  year =         "1998",
  CODEN =        "NIMBEU",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(97)00723-4",
  ISSN =         "0168-583X (print), 1872-9584 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0168-583X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168583X97007234",
  abstract =     "A new representation of elastic electron--nucleus
                 (Coulomb) multiple-scattering distributions is
                 developed. Using the screened Rutherford cross section
                 with the Moli{\`e}re screening parameter as an example,
                 a simple analytic angular transformation of the
                 Goudsmit--Saunderson multiple-scattering distribution
                 accounts for most of the structure of the angular
                 distribution leaving a residual 3-parameter
                 (path-length, transformed angle and screening
                 parameter) function that is reasonably slowly varying
                 and suitable for rapid, accurate interpolation in a
                 computer-intensive algorithm. The residual function is
                 calculated numerically for a wide range of Moli{\`e}re
                 screening parameters and path-lengths suitable for use
                 in a general-purpose condensed-history Monte Carlo
                 code. Additionally, techniques are developed that allow
                 the distributions to be scaled to account for energy
                 loss. This new representation allows on-the-fly
                 sampling of Goudsmit--Saunderson angular distributions
                 in a screened Rutherford approximation suitable for
                 Class II condensed-history Monte Carlo codes.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research
                 Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/nuclear-instruments-and-methods-in-physics-research-section-b-beam-interactions-with-materials-and-atoms/issues",
  keywords =     "Monte Carlo simulation, Condensed history, Elastic
                 scattering, Multiple scattering, Coulomb scattering",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Misc{Frayn:19xx:PC,
  author =       "Michael Frayn",
  title =        "Postscript to {{\em Copenhagen}}",
  howpublished = "Web document.",
  year =         "19xx",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 15:36:19 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www-personal.umich.edu/~sanders/214/other/news/CopenhagenPostscript.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); Werner Heisenberg
                 (1901--1976)",
}

@Article{Glanz:2000:PFA,
  author =       "James Glanz",
  title =        "Of Physics, Friendship and the Atomic Bomb: 60 Years
                 Later, a Mystery Abides Of Physics, Friendship and
                 {Nazi Germany}'s Atomic Bomb Efforts Mystery of a 1941
                 meeting becomes drama on the stage",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "F1--F2",
  day =          "21",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 14:05:22 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/91737705/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Copenhagen; Michael Frayn; Niels Bohr; Werner
                 Heisenberg",
  subject-dates = "Niels Henrik David Bohr (1885--1962); Samuel Goudsmit
                 (1902--1978); Werner Heisenberg (1901--1976)",
}

@Article{Appel:2001:MSR,
  author =       "Walter Appel and Michael K.-H. Kiessling",
  title =        "Mass and Spin Renormalization in {Lorentz}
                 Electrodynamics",
  journal =      j-ANN-PHYS,
  volume =       "289",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "24--83",
  year =         "2001",
  CODEN =        "APNYA6",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1006/aphy.2000.6119",
  ISSN =         "0003-4916 (print), 1096-035x (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0003-4916",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003491600961190",
  abstract =     "Lorentz' objection to the Uhlenbeck--Goudsmit proposal
                 of a spin magnetic moment of the electron, namely that
                 the electron's equatorial rotation speed would exceed
                 the speed of light by a factor $ \approx 10 $, mutated
                 into an objection against Lorentz electrodynamics (LED)
                 itself when the spin magnetic moment became
                 established. However, Lorentz' renormalization
                 calculation, based on the early 20th century's notion
                 of a purely electromagnetic electron, does not qualify
                 as proper from a modern perspective. This paper shows
                 that renormalization treated properly does lead to a
                 mathematically consistent and physically viable LED. A
                 new, relativistically covariant massive LED is
                 presented in which the bare particle has a finite
                 positive bare rest mass and moment of inertia. The
                 particle's electromagnetic self-interaction
                 renormalizes its mass and spin. Most crucially, the
                 renormalized particle is a soliton: after any
                 scattering process its rest mass and spin magnitude are
                 dynamically restored to their pre-scattering values.
                 This guarantees that ``an electron remains an
                 electron,'' poetically speaking. A renormalization flow
                 study of the limit of vanishing bare rest mass is
                 conducted for this model. This limit yields a purely
                 electromagnetic classical field theory with
                 ultra-violet cutoff at about the electron's Compton
                 wavelength! The renormalized limit model matches the
                 empirical electron data as orderly as one can hope for
                 at the level of Lorentz theory. In particular, no
                 superluminal equatorial speeds occur.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00034916",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Walker:2003:OHV,
  author =       "Mark Walker",
  title =        "{Otto Hahn: Verantwortung und Verdr{\"a}ngung}.
                 ({German}) [{Otto Hahn}: responsibility and
                 repression]",
  publisher =    "{Forschungsprogramm \ldquo Geschichte der
                 Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft im
                 Nationalsozialismus\rdquo{} (Research Program ``History
                 of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society in the National Socialist
                 Era'')}",
  address =      "Berlin, Germany",
  pages =        "64",
  year =         "2003",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Sun May 06 22:03:23 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/physperspect.bib",
  URL =          "www.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/KWG/Ergebnisse/Ergebnisse10.pdf",
  abstract =     "Otto Hahn is an important figure in the history of
                 modern science, both for his research on radiation
                 throughout the first half of the twentieth century, and
                 his post-World War II position as president of the Max
                 Planck Society and leading scientist in West Germany.
                 However, Hahn and his science have been overshadowed by
                 the controversy generated by his Nobel Prize, and the
                 fact that his colleague Lise Meitner did not share it.
                 This article places Hahn in perspective by embedding
                 him in the context of his research, administration, and
                 science policy under National Socialism and beyond. The
                 result is a scientist and administrator who kept
                 himself relatively ``morally upright'' during the
                 National Socialist period, but who did make concessions
                 to the regime and placed his own work and that of his
                 institute in the service of military research within
                 the uranium project. After the war, when Hahn was free
                 to speak his mind, he failed to confront the reality of
                 science under National Socialism and instead promoted a
                 false picture of his own work and of the science at the
                 Kaiser Wilhelm Society in general as having been basic
                 research, untainted by National Socialism or the Second
                 World War.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Alsos Mission; atomic bomb; Carl
                 Friedrich von Weizs{\"a}cker; Ernst Telschow; Farm
                 Hall; FIAT reports; Fritz Haber; Fritz Strassmann;
                 German uranium project; Gottfried von Droste; Heinrich
                 H{\"o}rlein; Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry;
                 Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry; Kaiser
                 Wilhelm Institute for Physics; Kaiser Wilhelm Society;
                 Lise Meitner; Max Planck Society; Max von Laue;
                 National Socialism; National Socialist institutions;
                 Nazi Germany; Nobel Prizes; nuclear energy; nuclear
                 fission; nuclear reactor; Otto Hahn; Otto Robert
                 Frisch; Samuel Goudsmit; Second World War; Siegfried
                 Fl{\"u}gge; Werner Heisenberg",
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "Abstract in German and English; book in German.
                 English edition in \cite{Walker:2006:OHR}",
  subject-dates = "Lise Meitner (7 November 1878--27 October 1968)",
  tableofcontents = "Kurzfassung/Abstract / 4 \\
                 I. Einleitung / 5 \\
                 II. Hahn unter Hitler / 7 \\
                 III. Blitzkrieg / 19 \\
                 IV. Am Vorabend von Hiroshima / 29 \\
                 V. Was bedeutet der Name? / 33 \\
                 VI. Der Nobelpreis / 50 \\
                 VII. Schlu{\ss}folgerung / 53 \\
                 Quellen / 55 \\
                 Literatur / 56 \\
                 Index / 61 \\
                 Autor / 62",
}

@Article{Negreanu:2005:CMS,
  author =       "C. Negreanu and X. Llovet and R. Chawla and F.
                 Salvat",
  title =        "Calculation of multiple-scattering angular
                 distributions of electrons and positrons",
  journal =      j-RADIAT-PHYS-CHEM,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "264--281",
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "RPCHDM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2005.07.006",
  ISSN =         "0969-806X (print), 1879-0895 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0969-806X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0969806X05002239",
  abstract =     "A robust numerical algorithm for the calculation of
                 multiple-scattering angular distributions of
                 high-energy electrons and positrons is described. This
                 algorithm implements the multiple-scattering theories
                 of Goudsmit--Saunderson, which disregards energy
                 losses, and of Lewis, which accounts for energy losses
                 within the continuous slowing down approximation. We
                 have used partial-wave elastic scattering differential
                 cross sections, generated with a recently developed
                 program elsepa, in the calculations. The contribution
                 of inelastic collisions to multiple-scattering angular
                 distributions is treated in detail using inelastic
                 scattering angular differential cross sections obtained
                 from the Sternheimer--Liljequist generalised oscillator
                 strength model. The stopping powers adopted in the
                 calculations are consistent with the values recommended
                 in the ICRU 37 report. The coefficients in the Legendre
                 expansion of the single-scattering distribution are
                 calculated by using the N-point Gauss--Legendre
                 integration formula, coded in such a way that it allows
                 the generation of a large number of expansion
                 coefficients simultaneously. A computer program has
                 been written to calculate angular multiple-scattering
                 distributions for given path lengths, which can be
                 readily adopted for class I Monte Carlo simulations.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Radiation Physics and Chemistry",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/radiation-physics-and-chemistry",
}

@Article{Walker:2006:OHR,
  author =       "Mark Walker",
  title =        "{Otto Hahn}: Responsibility and Repression",
  journal =      j-PHYS-PERSPECT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "116--163",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "PHPEF2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00016-006-0277-3",
  ISSN =         "1422-6944 (print), 1422-6960 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1422-6944",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 27 20:50:19 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=issue&issn=1422-6944&volume=8&issue=2;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/physperspect.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00016-006-0277-3",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics in Perspective (PIP)",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/16",
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Alsos Mission; atomic bomb; Carl
                 Friedrich von Weizs{\"a}cker; Ernst Telschow; Farm
                 Hall; FIAT reports; Fritz Haber; Fritz Strassmann;
                 German uranium project; Gottfried von Droste; Heinrich
                 H{\"o}rlein; Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry;
                 Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry; Kaiser
                 Wilhelm Institute for Physics; Kaiser Wilhelm Society;
                 Lise Meitner; Max Planck Society; Max von Laue;
                 National Socialism; National Socialist institutions;
                 Nazi Germany; Nobel Prizes; nuclear energy; nuclear
                 fission; nuclear reactor; Otto Hahn; Otto Robert
                 Frisch; Samuel Goudsmit; Second World War; Siegfried
                 Fl{\"u}gge; Werner Heisenberg",
  remark =       "English edition of \cite{Walker:2003:OHV}.",
  subject-dates = "Lise Meitner (7 November 1878--27 October 1968)",
}

@Article{Bhan:2007:CHM,
  author =       "Katherine Bhan and Jerome Spanier",
  title =        "Condensed history {Monte Carlo} methods for photon
                 transport problems",
  journal =      j-J-COMPUT-PHYS,
  volume =       "225",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "1673--1694",
  year =         "2007",
  CODEN =        "JCTPAH",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2007.02.012",
  ISSN =         "0021-9991 (print), 1090-2716 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-9991",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021999107000770",
  abstract =     "We study methods for accelerating Monte Carlo
                 simulations that retain most of the accuracy of
                 conventional Monte Carlo algorithms. These methods ---
                 called Condensed History (CH) methods --- have been
                 very successfully used to model the transport of
                 ionizing radiation in turbid systems. Our primary
                 objective is to determine whether or not such methods
                 might apply equally well to the transport of photons in
                 biological tissue. In an attempt to unify the
                 derivations, we invoke results obtained first by Lewis,
                 Goudsmit and Saunderson and later improved by Larsen
                 and Tolar. We outline how two of the most promising of
                 the CH models --- one based on satisfying certain
                 similarity relations and the second making use of a
                 scattering phase function that permits only discrete
                 directional changes --- can be developed using these
                 approaches. The main idea is to exploit the connection
                 between the space-angle moments of the radiance and the
                 angular moments of the scattering phase function. We
                 compare the results obtained when the two CH models
                 studied are used to simulate an idealized tissue
                 transport problem. The numerical results support our
                 findings based on the theoretical derivations and
                 suggest that CH models should play a useful role in
                 modeling light-tissue interactions.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of Computational Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00219991",
  keywords =     "Monte Carlo methods, Condensed history models,
                 Radiative transport equation",
}

@Article{Morrison:2007:SAW,
  author =       "Margaret Morrison",
  title =        "Spin: All is not what it seems",
  journal =      j-STUD-HIST-PHILOS-MOD-PHYS,
  volume =       "38",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "529--557",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "2007",
  CODEN =        "????",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsb.2006.10.003",
  ISSN =         "1355-2198 (print), 1879-2502 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1355-2198",
  bibdate =      "Thu Nov 3 06:18:28 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/shps-b.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1355219806000931",
  abstract =     "Spin is typically thought to be a fundamental property
                 of the electron and other elementary particles.
                 Although it is defined as an internal angular momentum
                 much of our understanding of it is bound up with the
                 mathematics of group theory. This paper traces the
                 development of the concept of spin paying particular
                 attention to the way that quantum mechanics has
                 influenced its interpretation in both theoretical and
                 experimental contexts. The received view is that
                 electron spin was discovered experimentally by Stern
                 and Gerlach in 1921, 5 years prior to its theoretical
                 formulation by Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck. However, neither
                 Goudsmit nor Uhlenbeck, nor any others involved in the
                 debate about spin cited the Stern--Gerlach experiment
                 as corroborating evidence. In fact, Bohr and Pauli were
                 emphatic that the spin of a single electron could not
                 be measured in classical experiments. In recent years
                 experiments designed to refute the Bohr--Pauli thesis
                 and measure electron spin have been carried out.
                 However, a number of ambiguities surround these results
                 --- ambiguities that relate not only to the
                 measurements themselves but to the interpretation of
                 the experiments. After discussing these various issues
                 I raise some philosophical questions about the
                 ontological and epistemic status of spin. Because it is
                 a curious hybrid of the mathematical and the physical
                 these questions are relatively complex, and while I do
                 not pretend to have answered them here, the goal of the
                 paper is to uncover and isolate how spin presents
                 problems for traditional realism and to illustrate the
                 power that theories like quantum mechanics have for
                 shaping both philosophical questions and answers.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13552198",
  keywords =     "Bohr; mathematics; models; realism; spin;
                 Stern--Gerlach",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Article{Adair:2008:EPR,
  author =       "Robert K. Adair",
  title =        "Essay: {{\booktitle{Physical Review Letters}}}; {Sam
                 Goudsmit}'s Vision",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "100",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "020001:1--020001:4",
  day =          "18",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2008",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.020001",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 16:23:53 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  abstract =     "Sam Goudsmit implemented his vision of converting the
                 Letters section of \booktitle{Physical Review} into a
                 distinct journal fifty years ago. \booktitle{Physical
                 Review Letters} was designed to publish ``only papers
                 that really deserve rapid communication.'' The new
                 journal became so successful with physicists throughout
                 the world that \booktitle{Physical Review Letters} now
                 publishes 3500 Letters per year.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Bederson:2008:SAGa,
  author =       "Benjamin Bederson",
  title =        "{Samuel Abraham Goudsmit} (1902--1978)",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "101",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "10002:1--10002:5",
  day =          "4",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "2008",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.010002",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 09:37:30 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{Bederson:2008:SAGb,
  author =       "Benjamin Bederson",
  title =        "{Samuel Abraham Goudsmit: July 11, 1902--December 4,
                 1978}",
  publisher =    "National Academy of Sciences",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  pages =        "29",
  year =         "2008",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 14:42:06 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/goudsmit-samuel.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Giulini:2008:ESC,
  author =       "Domenico Giulini",
  title =        "Electron spin or ``classically non-describable
                 two-valuedness''",
  journal =      j-STUD-HIST-PHILOS-MOD-PHYS,
  volume =       "39",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "557--578",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "2008",
  CODEN =        "????",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsb.2008.03.005",
  ISSN =         "1355-2198 (print), 1879-2502 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1355-2198",
  bibdate =      "Thu Nov 3 06:18:29 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/shps-b.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1355219808000269",
  abstract =     "In December 1924 Wolfgang Pauli proposed the idea of
                 an inner degree of freedom of the electron, which he
                 insisted should be thought of as genuinely quantum
                 mechanical in nature. Shortly thereafter Ralph Kronig
                 and a little later Samuel Goudsmit and George Uhlenbeck
                 took up a less radical stance by suggesting that this
                 degree of freedom somehow corresponded to an inner
                 rotational motion, though it was unclear from the very
                 beginning how literal one was actually supposed to take
                 this picture, since it was immediately recognised
                 (already by Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck) that it would very
                 likely lead to serious problems with Special Relativity
                 if the model were to reproduce the electron's values
                 for mass, charge, angular momentum, and magnetic
                 moment. However, probably due to the then overwhelming
                 impression that classical concepts were generally
                 insufficient for the proper description of microscopic
                 phenomena, a more detailed reasoning was never given.
                 In this contribution I shall investigate in some detail
                 what the restrictions on the physical quantities just
                 mentioned are, if they are to be reproduced by rather
                 simple classical models of the electron within the
                 framework of Special Relativity. It turns out that
                 surface stresses play a decisive role and that the
                 question of whether a classical model for the electron
                 does indeed contradict Special Relativity can only be
                 answered on the basis of an exact solution, which has
                 hitherto not been given.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13552198",
  keywords =     "Electron spin, Quantum Mechanics, Special Relativity",
  subject-dates = "Samuel Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Book{Cassidy:2009:BUH,
  author =       "David C. Cassidy",
  title =        "Beyond uncertainty: {Heisenberg}, quantum physics, and
                 the bomb",
  publisher =    "Bellevue Literary Press",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "480",
  year =         "2009",
  ISBN =         "1-934137-13-8",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-934137-13-0",
  LCCN =         "QC16.W518 C37 2008",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 13 08:37:12 MDT 2009",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/planck-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/hsns.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/master.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Pages 367--368 describe the capture of Werner
                 Heisenberg on 3 May 1945 in his cabin in Urfeld am
                 Walchensee, about 50km south of Munich, by Colonel
                 Boris T. Pash. Hitler had committed suicide in Berlin
                 on 30 April 1945, and on 7 May 1945, Nazi Germany
                 surrendered, ending World War II in Europe.",
  subject =      "Heisenberg, Werner; physicists; Germany; biography;
                 atomic bomb; 20th Century History",
  tableofcontents = "The early years \\
                 The world at war \\
                 The gymnasium years \\
                 The battle of Munich \\
                 Finding his path \\
                 Sommerfeld's Institute \\
                 Confronting the quantum \\
                 Modeling atoms \\
                 Channeling rivers, challenging causality \\
                 Entering the matrix \\
                 Awash in matrices, rescued by waves \\
                 Determining uncertainty \\
                 Reaching the top \\
                 New frontiers \\
                 Into the abyss \\
                 Social atoms \\
                 Of particles and politics \\
                 Heir apparent \\
                 The lonely years \\
                 A Faustian bargain \\
                 One who could not leave \\
                 The war and its uses \\
                 Visiting Copenhagen \\
                 Ordering reality \\
                 Professor in Berlin \\
                 Return to the matrix \\
                 One last attempt \\
                 Explaining the project, Farm Hall \\
                 Explaining the project, the world \\
                 The later years",
}

@Article{Howard:2009:RSG,
  author =       "William E. {Howard III} and Lewis E. Snyder",
  title =        "Recollections of {Samuel Goudsmit}'s humor",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "62",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "10--10",
  day =          "1",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "2009",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3248447",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:48:40 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/1.3248447",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Kadri:2009:IGS,
  author =       "O. Kadri and V. Ivanchenko and F. Gharbi and A.
                 Trabelsi",
  title =        "Incorporation of the {Goudsmit--Saunderson} electron
                 transport theory in the {Geant4 Monte Carlo} code",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTRUM-METHODS-PHYS-RES-SECT-B,
  volume =       "267",
  number =       "23",
  pages =        "3624--3632",
  year =         "2009",
  CODEN =        "NIMBEU",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2009.09.015",
  ISSN =         "0168-583X (print), 1872-9584 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0168-583X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168583X09009823",
  abstract =     "The present work describes the implementation of the
                 multiple scattering formalism for charged particle
                 transport based on the Goudsmit--Saunderson angular
                 distribution and satisfying the Lewis spatial
                 displacement theories. Furthermore, the most realistic
                 total cross sections and transport cross sections for
                 single elastic scattering of electrons and positrons by
                 neutral atoms were carried out using the ELSEPA code.
                 The extended model has been incorporated in the Geant4
                 Monte Carlo code system (currently used in many fields
                 of application for transport of particles and covering
                 a large range of energies from 0.1keV to 100TeV).
                 Additionally, techniques are developed that allow the
                 distributions to be scaled to account for energy loss.
                 This new representation allows on-the-fly sampling of
                 Goudsmit--Saunderson angular distributions in a
                 screened Rutherford approximation suitable for Class II
                 condensed history Monte Carlo codes. The reliability of
                 the model is demonstrated through a comparison of
                 simulation results with experimental data. Good
                 agreement is found for electrons with kinetic energies
                 down to a few keV.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research
                 Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/nuclear-instruments-and-methods-in-physics-research-section-b-beam-interactions-with-materials-and-atoms/issues",
  keywords =     "GEANT4, Multiple elastic scattering,
                 Goudsmit--Saunderson theory",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Kleppner:2009:WSS,
  author =       "Daniel Kleppner",
  title =        "What {Sam} said",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "62",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "8--9",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2009",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3086116",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 22 13:48:37 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  keywords =     "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  remark =       "This article contains several amusing or pithy quotes
                 from Sam Goudsmit's editorials in the Physical Review
                 and Physical Review letters. See also the Goudsmit
                 obituary \cite{Goldhaber:1979:OSG}.",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Temkin:2009:RSG,
  author =       "Aaron Temkin",
  title =        "Recollections of {Samuel Goudsmit}'s humor",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "62",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "10--10",
  day =          "1",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "2009",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4796978",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:48:40 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/1.4796978",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Ivezic:2010:GUG,
  author =       "Tomislav Ivezi{\'c}",
  title =        "The generalized {Uhlenbeck--Goudsmit} hypothesis:
                 `magnetic' {$ S^a $} and `electric' {$ Z^a $} spins",
  journal =      j-PHYSICA-SCRIPTA,
  volume =       "81",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "025001:1--025001:8",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "2010",
  CODEN =        "PHSTBO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/81/02/025001",
  ISSN =         "0031-8949 (print), 1402-4896 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-8949",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 18 14:25:39 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physica Scripta",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/1402-4896/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978); George E. Uhlenbeck
                 (1900--1988)",
}

@Article{Werner:2010:ETS,
  author =       "Wolfgang S. M. Werner",
  title =        "Electron transport for spectrum analysis and
                 experiment design",
  journal =      j-J-ELECTRON-SPECTROSC-RELAT-PHENOM,
  volume =       "178--179",
  pages =        "154--177",
  year =         "2010",
  CODEN =        "JESRAW",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elspec.2009.09.004",
  ISSN =         "0368-2048 (print), 1873-2526 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0368-2048",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  note =         "Trends in X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of solids
                 (theory, techniques and applications)",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0368204809002217",
  abstract =     "A survey is presented on modeling the effects of
                 electron transport on the energy and angular spectra of
                 electrons emitted or reflected from non-crystalline
                 solid surfaces and nanostructures. This is intended to
                 aid in the quantitative interpretation of such spectra
                 and should also provide a useful guideline for
                 experiment design. A brief review of the most
                 significant characteristics of the electron--solid
                 interaction is given and the theory describing the
                 energy dissipation and momentum relaxation of electrons
                 in solids is outlined, which is based on the so-called
                 Landau--Goudsmit--Saunderson (LGS) loss function. It is
                 shown that the basis for true quantitative spectrum
                 interpretation is provided by the collision statistics,
                 i.e. the number of electrons arriving at the detector
                 after participating in a given number of inelastic
                 collisions, being equal to the partial intensities. By
                 introducing an appropriate stochastic process for
                 multiple scattering, the validity of the partial
                 intensity approach (PIA) can be extended to the true
                 slowing down regime making it possible, in a very
                 simple way, to fully account for energy fluctuations in
                 the limit of large energy losses. The LGS loss function
                 thus provides a unified theoretical basis for electron
                 spectroscopy and microscopy. The usefulness of the
                 concept of the collision statistics, or partial
                 intensities, for quantitative spectrum interpretation
                 is illustrated by considering various examples of
                 practical significance, including elastic peak electron
                 spectroscopy (EPES), reflection electron energy loss
                 spectroscopy (REELS), (hard) X-ray photoelectron
                 emission ((HA)XPS), electron coincidence spectroscopy,
                 the Auger electron backscattering factor and the
                 ionization depth distribution. Finally, the
                 relationship between the partial intensities and the
                 emission depth is discussed, which allows one to
                 combine the unique features of electron spectroscopy
                 for investigation of chemical, electronic and magnetic
                 properties of surfaces with a depth selectivity within
                 the first few atomic layers of a solid.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related
                 Phenomena",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/journal-of-electron-spectroscopy-and-related-phenomena",
  keywords =     "Electron, Spectroscopy, Scattering, Inelastic,
                 Elastic, Photoelectron, Auger electron, Transport",
}

@Article{Anonymous:2011:GCO,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Goudsmit} collection online",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "64",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "34--34",
  day =          "1",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "2011",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/PT.3.1256",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 16:48:40 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/PT.3.1256",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Misc{Anonymous:2012:SGP,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "{Samuel A. Goudsmit} Papers, 1921--1979: {Series IV}.
                 {Alsos Mission}",
  howpublished = "ALSOS Digital Library for Nuclear Issues Web site",
  year =         "2012",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 14:57:07 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://alsos.wlu.edu/information.aspx?id=4210",
  abstract =     "This website contains the papers of physicist Samuel
                 Goudsmit relating to the U.S. Army's Alsos mission.
                 Goudsmit was the physicist assigned to the mission to
                 discover the Germans progress on atomic bomb
                 development. The papers include reports and documents
                 associated with the mission, correspondence with Paul
                 Rosbaud --- a German spy who resisted the Nazis and
                 maintained contact with the Allies --- and materials
                 from postwar activities, including notes on Goudsmit's
                 book on the mission and publications associated with
                 the mission. The primary materials available on the
                 website are part of a larger American Institute of
                 Physics' collection of documents featuring Goudsmit's
                 life and career. The documents are available through an
                 application process submitted to the American Institute
                 of Physics.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{vanCalmthout:2016:SGJ,
  author =       "Martijn van Calmthout",
  title =        "{Sam Goudsmit}: de jacht op de atoombom van {Hitler}",
  publisher =    "Meulenhoff",
  address =      "Amsterdam, The Netherlands",
  pages =        "284 + 16",
  year =         "2016",
  ISBN =         "90-290-8958-X (paperback), 94-023-0744-3 (e-book)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-90-290-8958-6 (paperback), 978-94-023-0744-3
                 (e-book)",
  LCCN =         "DS135.N6 G656 2016",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 13 16:21:13 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  abstract =     "Aan het einde van de Tweede Wereldoorlog maakten de
                 Amerikaans-Nederlandse natuurkundige Sam Goudsmit en
                 zijn team in het kielzog van de geallieerden jacht op
                 Hitlers atoombom. De Amerikanen waren ervan overtuigd
                 dat de nazi's aan een atoombom werkten en daarmee
                 alsnog de oorlog zouden winnen. Goudsmits speurtocht
                 leidde hem langs Duitse laboratoria en archieven, en
                 hij sprak met wetenschappers die hij nog van voor de
                 oorlog kende. Door zijn gesprekken met oud-collega?s
                 hoorde hij als een van de eersten hoe het leven was
                 geweest onder Hitlers regime. Zijn zoektocht door
                 Europa bracht hem ook naar zijn ouderlijk huis in Den
                 Haag. Het was verlaten en ontmanteld. Zijn Joodse
                 ouders hadden de oorlog niet overleefd. [At the end of
                 the Second World War, the American--Dutch physicist Sam
                 Goudsmit and his team chased in the wake of the Allies
                 Hitler's atomic bomb. The Americans were convinced that
                 the Nazis were working on an atomic bomb and with that
                 could still win the war. Goudsmit's quest led him
                 through German laboratories and archives, and he spoke
                 to scientists that he knew before the war. Through his
                 conversations with former colleagues, he was one of the
                 first to hear what life was like been under Hitler's
                 regime. Continuing his search in Europe also brought
                 him to his parental home in The Hague. It was abandoned
                 and dismantled. His Jewish parents had not survived the
                 war.]",
  abstract-2 =   "Biografie van de Nederlandse fysicus (1902-1978), die
                 aan het eind van de Tweede Wereldoorlog in Duitsland
                 jacht maakte op zijn collega's die werkten aan Hitlers
                 atoombom.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1961--",
  subject =      "Goudsmit, Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham)",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Ikegami:2017:EAS,
  author =       "Seiji Ikegami",
  title =        "Extension and applications of switching model: Range
                 theory, multiple scattering model of
                 {Goudsmit--Saunderson}, and lateral spread treatment of
                 {Marwick--Sigmund}",
  journal =      j-RADIAT-PHYS-CHEM,
  volume =       "138",
  pages =        "37--48",
  year =         "2017",
  CODEN =        "RPCHDM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.05.002",
  ISSN =         "0969-806X (print), 1879-0895 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0969-806X",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 08:00:56 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0969806X17302694",
  abstract =     "The switching model (PSM) developed in the previous
                 paper is extended to obtain an ``extended switching
                 model'' (ESM). In the ESM, the mixt
                 electronic-and-nuclear energy-loss region, in addition
                 to the electronic and nuclear energy-loss regions in
                 PSM, is taken into account analytically and
                 appropriately. This model is combined with a
                 small-angle multiple scattering range theory
                 considering both nuclear and electronic stopping
                 effects developed by Marwick--Sigmund and
                 Valdes--Arista to formulate a improved range theory.
                 The ESM is also combined with the multiple scattering
                 theory with non-small angle approximation by
                 Goudsmit--Saunderson. Furthermore, we applied ESM to
                 lateral spread model of Marwick--Sigmund. Numerical
                 calculations of the entire distribution functions
                 including one of the mixt region are roughly and
                 approximately possible. However, exact numerical
                 calculation may be impossible. Consequently, several
                 preliminary numerical calculations of the electronic,
                 mixt, and nuclear regions are performed to examine
                 their underlying behavior with respect to the incident
                 energy, the scattering angle, the outgoing projectile
                 intensity, and the target thickness. We show the
                 numerical results not only of PSM and but also of ESM.
                 Both numerical results are shown in the present paper
                 for the first time. Since the theoretical relations are
                 constructed using reduced variables, the calculations
                 are made only on the case of C colliding on C.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Radiation Physics and Chemistry",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/radiation-physics-and-chemistry",
  keywords =     "Range, Energy loss effect, Inelastic collision,
                 Elastic collision, Multiple scattering",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Wilschut:2017:BRS,
  author =       "H. W. Wilschut",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Sam Goudsmit}}, by M. van
                 Calmthout}",
  journal =      j-NED-TIJDSCHR-NATUURKD,
  volume =       "83",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "78--79",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2017",
  CODEN =        "NTINEL",
  ISSN =         "0926-4264",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 25 09:00:55 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "http://hdl.handle.net/11370/6fb8c57e-1d7d-4216-9342-e3249be76269;
                 https://www.ntvn.nl/archief/pdf/1296/14/;
                 https://www.rug.nl/research/portal/publications/sam-goudsmit-by-m-van-calmthout(6fb8c57e-1d7d-4216-9342-e3249be76269).html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Natuurkunde",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.ntvn.nl/archief/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Castelvecchi:2018:FQP,
  author =       "Davide Castelvecchi",
  title =        "The forgotten quantum pioneer who turned wartime spy
                 [Book review of {{\booktitle{Sam Goudsmit and the Hunt
                 for Hitler's Atom Bomb}}, by Martijn van Calmthout,
                 Prometheus (2018)}]",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "563",
  number =       "7731",
  pages =        "320--321",
  day =          "15",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "2018",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-07267-3",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 20 15:03:06 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07267-3",
  abstract =     "[The author] enjoys the extraordinary life of Sam
                 Goudsmit, the atomic sleuth nominated for a Nobel prize
                 48 times.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Article{Hoeneveld:2018:BRM,
  author =       "Friso Hoeneveld",
  title =        "Book Review: {Martijn van Calmthout. \booktitle{Sam
                 Goudsmit: Zijn jacht op de atoombom van Hitler}}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "109",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "207--208",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2018",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1086/696595",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 16 15:19:07 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis2010.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/loi/isis",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
}

@Book{vanCalmthout:2018:SGH,
  editor =       "Martijn van Calmthout and Michiel Horn",
  title =        "{Sam Goudsmit} and the hunt for {Hitler}'s atom bomb",
  publisher =    pub-PROMETHEUS-BOOKS,
  address =      pub-PROMETHEUS-BOOKS:adr,
  pages =        "243 + 14",
  year =         "2018",
  ISBN =         "1-63388-450-3 (hardcover), 1-63388-451-1 (e-book)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-63388-450-2 (hardcover), 978-1-63388-451-9
                 (e-book)",
  LCCN =         "DS135.N6 G65613 2018",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 13 15:58:03 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/master.bib",
  abstract =     "The first biography in English of a leading Dutch
                 American physicist, who discovered the subatomic
                 property of ``spin'' and spearheaded the search for
                 Hitler's atom bomb as World War II came to an end.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1961--",
  remark =       "English translation of \cite{vanCalmthout:2016:SGJ}.",
  shorttableofcontents = "Prologue: A home stripped bare: The Hague,
                 September 1945 \\
                 Nothing to lose as yet: Leiden, September 1927 \\
                 Appeals and Zeeman's chair: Michigan, 1933--1940 \\
                 The shadow of war: Boston, 1941--1944 \\
                 Hitler's atom bomb: Paris, 1944 \\
                 Uranium and heavy water: Germany, 1944--1945 \\
                 The truth of Kistemaker: Amsterdam, 1960--1961 \\
                 Heisenberg's version: Cambridge, 1945--1973 \\
                 Sam's Cold War: Brookhaven, 1947--1978 \\
                 Under the spell of the scarab: Leiden--Nevada,
                 1925--1978",
  subject =      "Goudsmit, Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham); Physicists;
                 Netherlands; Biography; Jews; Atomic bomb; Germany;
                 History; 20th century; Biography and Autobiography /
                 Science and Technology; Science / Physics / Nuclear;
                 Kernwaffe; Nationalsozialismus; Physiker; Niederlande",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  tableofcontents = "Editor/Translator's Note / 11 \\
                 Preface / 13 \\
                 Prologue: A Home Stripped Bare: The Hague, September
                 1945 / 19 \\
                 1: Nothing to Lose as Yet: Leiden, September 1927 / 27
                 \\
                 2: Appeals and Zeeman's Chair: Michigan, 1933--1940 /
                 47 \\
                 3: The Shadow of War: Boston, 1941--1944 / 65 \\
                 4: Hider's Atom Bomb: Paris, 1944 / 77 \\
                 5: Uranium and Heavy Water: Germany, 1944--1945 / 101
                 \\
                 6: The Truth of Kistemaker: Amsterdam, 1960--1961 / 129
                 \\
                 7: Heisenberg's Version: Cambridge, 1945--1973 / 149
                 \\
                 8: Sam's Cold War: Brookhaven, 1947--1978 / 171 \\
                 9: Under the Spell of the Scarab: Leiden--Nevada,
                 1925--1978 / 205 \\
                 Bibliography / 235 \\
                 Index / 239",
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Cross-referenced entries must come last.
%%%
%%% Entries are sorted by year, and then by citation label, with
%%% ``bibsort --byyear''.
@Book{Goudsmit:1958:FKP,
  editor =       "Samuel A. Goudsmit",
  booktitle =    "Frontiers of knowledge: papers read at the
                 inauguration of the {Graduate School of Arts and
                 Sciences of Brandeis University}",
  title =        "Frontiers of knowledge: papers read at the
                 inauguration of the {Graduate School of Arts and
                 Sciences of Brandeis University}",
  publisher =    "Brandeis University",
  address =      "Waltham, MA, USA",
  pages =        "48",
  year =         "1958",
  bibdate =      "Wed Apr 17 19:23:36 2019",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  tableofcontents = "Goudsmit, S. / Physics and experience \\
                 K{\"o}hler, W. / The obsessions of normal people \\
                 Levin, H. T. / Frontiers of knowledge: the humanities
                 \\
                 Sessions, R. / Music and the crisis of the arts \\
                 Lerner, M. / The frontiers of the human condition.",
}

@Book{Fierz:1960:TPT,
  author =       "Markus Fierz and Victor Frederick Weisskopf",
  booktitle =    "Theoretical physics in the {Twentieth Century}: a
                 memorial volume to {Wolfgang Pauli}",
  title =        "Theoretical physics in the {Twentieth Century}: a
                 memorial volume to {Wolfgang Pauli}",
  publisher =    pub-INTERSCIENCE,
  address =      pub-INTERSCIENCE:adr,
  pages =        "x + 328",
  year =         "1960",
  LCCN =         "QC3 .F52",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 17:24:04 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "See \cite{Goudsmit:1961:PNS} for comments on some
                 inaccuracies in this book, and on the history of the
                 discovery of the spin of the electron and the
                 nucleus.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German and English",
  subject =      "Pauli, Wolfgang; Physics",
  subject-dates = "1900--1958",
  tableofcontents = "Foreword, by N. Bohr \\
                 The turning point, by R. Kronig \\
                 Erinnerungen an die Zeit der Entwicklung der
                 Quantenmechanik, by W. Heisenberg \\
                 Quantum theory of fields, until 1947, by G. Wentzel.
                 \\
                 Regularization and non-singular interactions in quantum
                 field theory, by F. Villars \\
                 Das Pauli-Prinzip und die Lorentz-Gruppe, by R. Jost.
                 \\
                 Paul and the theory of the solid state, by H. B. G.
                 Casimir \\
                 Quantum theory of solids, by R. E. Peierls \\
                 Statistische Mechanik, by M. Fierz \\
                 Relativity, by V. Bargmann \\
                 Exclusion principle and spin, by B. L. van der Waerden.
                 \\
                 Fundamental problems, by L. D. Landau \\
                 The neutrino, by C. S. Wu \\
                 Bibliography Wolfgang Pauli, by C. P. Enz",
}

@Book{Cochrane:1977:NAS,
  author =       "Rexmond C. (Rexmond Canning) Cochrane",
  booktitle =    "The {National Academy of Sciences}: the first hundred
                 years, 1863--1963",
  title =        "The {National Academy of Sciences}: the first hundred
                 years, 1863--1963",
  publisher =    pub-NAP,
  address =      pub-NAP:adr,
  pages =        "xv + 694",
  year =         "1977",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.17226/579",
  ISBN =         "0-309-02518-4",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-309-02518-8",
  LCCN =         "Q11.N2862 C6",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 19 09:56:50 MDT 2019",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  tableofcontents = "1 The Academy's Antecedents \\
                 The European Academies and the Royal Society \\
                 The American Philosophical Society \\
                 The American Academy of Arts and Sciences \\
                 The College of Physicians of Philadelphia \\
                 Concern for a National University \\
                 The Columbian Institute \\
                 The National Institute \\
                 2 Scientists and Scientific Organizations in
                 Mid-Century America \\
                 The Smithson Bequest \\
                 Bache and Henry \\
                 The Program of the Smithsonian \\
                 Growth and Spread of Scientific Societies \\
                 Louis Agassiz and His Influence on American Science \\
                 The American Association for the Advancement of Science
                 \\
                 3 The Incorporation and Organization of the Academy \\
                 ``The Lazzaroni'' and Their Influence \\
                 The Outbreak of the Civil War \\
                 The Permanent Commission \\
                 The Drafting of the Academy Bill \\
                 Reaction to the New Academy \\
                 The Organization Meeting \\
                 4 The Government Calls upon the Academy \\
                 Alexander Dallas Bache (1863--1867) \\
                 Early Problems and Activities \\
                 The Illness and Death of Bache \\
                 5 Postbellum Years and the Crisis within the Academy
                 \\
                 Joseph Henry (1868--1878) \\
                 Crisis within the Academy \\
                 The Hall Expedition to the Arctic \\
                 Dearth of Government Requests \\
                 The Philosophical Society and the Cosmos Club \\
                 The Committee on Weights and Measures \\
                 Removal of Restriction on Membership \\
                 The Silliman--Whitney Controversy \\
                 The Centennial Observance \\
                 Illness and Death of Henry \\
                 Establishment of the U.S. Geological Survey \\
                 6 The End of the Nineteenth Century \\
                 William Barton Rogers (1879--1882) \\
                 Othniel Charles Marsh (1883--1895) \\
                 The Allison Commission (1884--1886) \\
                 Debate of an Expanded Role for the Academy \\
                 Efforts to Reorganize the Academy \\
                 Wolcott Gibbs (1895--1900) \\
                 The American Forestry Problem \\
                 Recognition of the Academy as ``High Tribunal'' \\
                 7 The Academy Marks Its Semicentennial \\
                 Alexander Agassiz (1901--1907) \\
                 State of Science at the Turn of the Century \\
                 Academy Efforts on Behalf of the Metric System \\
                 Efforts for the Extension of Forest Conservation \\
                 Academy Report on the Philippines \\
                 New Fields in Academy Membership \\
                 Hale and International Cooperation \\
                 Ira Remsen (1907--1913) \\
                 The Committee on Scientific Work under the Government
                 \\
                 The National Conservation Commission \\
                 Preoccupation with Internal Affairs \\
                 Steps Toward an ``Academy Home'' \\
                 Plans for a Commemorative History \\
                 The Semicentennial Anniversary \\
                 Hale's Vision for the Future \\
                 8 World War I and the Creation of the National Research
                 Council \\
                 William Henry Welch (1913--1917) \\
                 Government Requests to the Academy \\
                 Organization and Staffing of the National Research
                 Council \\
                 Resignation of Welch and Election of Walcott \\
                 Charles Doolittle Walcott (1917--1923) \\
                 The Academy and the Wartime Research Council \\
                 Funding of the Academy's War Effort \\
                 Military Research Problems \\
                 Postwar Plans \\
                 The Executive Order of 1918 \\
                 The Carnegie Corporation Grant \\
                 National Research Fellowships \\
                 International Research Council \\
                 9 The Research Council's Permanent Status and the
                 Academy's New Home / 242 \\
                 10 The Twenties: New Horizons in Science/ 281 \\
                 Albert Abraham Michelson (1923--1927) / 281 \\
                 Thomas Hunt Morgan (1927--1931) / 300 \\
                 11 The Academy During the Great Depression/ 317 \\
                 William Wallace Campbell (1931--1935) / 317 \\
                 12 The New Deal and the Science Advisory Board / 347
                 \\
                 Frank Rattray Lillie (1935--1939) / 369 \\
                 13 The Academy in World War II/ 382 \\
                 Frank Baldwin Jewett (1939--1947) / 382 \\
                 14 The Postwar Organization of Science / 433 \\
                 15 The Years Between the Wars / 475 \\
                 Alfred Newton Richards (1947--1950) / 475 \\
                 16 The Academy in the Fifties Beginnings of the Space
                 Age / 517 \\
                 Detlev Wulf Bronk (1950--1962) / 517 \\
                 17 Academy Centennial / 565 \\
                 Frederick Seitz (1962--1969) / 565 \\
                 Appendixes \\
                 A Act of Incorporation: National Academy of Sciences /
                 595 \\
                 B Minutes of the Proceedings of the National Academy of
                 Sciences at the Meeting Held for Organization, April
                 1863 / 598 \\
                 C Constitution and By-Laws of the National Academy of
                 Sciences, Adopted January 1864 / 606 \\
                 D Members and Foreign Associates of the National
                 Academy of Sciences, 1863--1963, and Year of Election /
                 614 \\
                 E Officers and Members of the Council of the National
                 Academy of Sciences, 1863--1963 / 634 \\
                 F Executive Orders Defining the Duties and Functions of
                 the National Research Council / 644 \\
                 G Chairmen of the National Research Council / 648 \\
                 H Executive Secretaries and Executive Officers of the
                 National Academy of Sciences and the National Research
                 Council / 650 \\
                 Executive Orders Relating to the Science Advisory Board
                 / 652 \\
                 Name Index / 657 Subject Index 671",
}

@Proceedings{DeMaria:1989:PIC,
  editor =       "Michelangelo {De Maria} and Mario Grilli and Fabio
                 Sebastiani",
  booktitle =    "{Proceedings of the International Conference on the
                 Restructuring of Physical Sciences in Europe and the
                 United States, 1945--1960: Universit{\`a} ``La
                 Sapienza,'' Rome, Italy, 19--23 September 1988}",
  title =        "{Proceedings of the International Conference on the
                 Restructuring of Physical Sciences in Europe and the
                 United States, 1945--1960: Universit{\`a} ``La
                 Sapienza,'' Rome, Italy, 19--23 September 1988}",
  publisher =    pub-WORLD-SCI,
  address =      pub-WORLD-SCI:adr,
  pages =        "xiii + 813",
  year =         "1989",
  ISBN =         "9971-5-0740-4",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-9971-5-0740-4",
  LCCN =         "QC9.U5 I57 1988",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 4 17:36:39 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Physics; United States; History; 20th century;
                 Congresses; Europe",
}

@Book{Bethe:1991:RAP,
  author =       "Hans Albrecht Bethe",
  booktitle =    "The road from {Los Alamos}: Profound perspective and
                 personal viewpoints on atomic weapons, nuclear power,
                 and science",
  title =        "The road from {Los Alamos}: Profound perspective and
                 personal viewpoints on atomic weapons, nuclear power,
                 and science",
  publisher =    pub-AIP,
  address =      pub-AIP:adr,
  pages =        "xvii + 286",
  year =         "1991",
  ISBN =         "0-88318-707-8, 0-671-74012-1",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-88318-707-4, 978-0-671-74012-2",
  LCCN =         "U264 .B455 1991",
  bibdate =      "Mon Dec 12 15:57:22 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/feynman-richard-p.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/master.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  price =        "US\$24.95",
  series =       "Masters of modern physics",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Hans Albrecht Bethe (1906--2005)",
  remark-1 =     "From page 27: ``My opinion about the [Oppenheimer]
                 trial is well known and has been best stated by Werner
                 von Braun in testimony before a Congressional
                 committee: `In England, Oppenheimer would have been
                 knighted.'\,''",
  remark-2 =     "Page 43 discusses Bethe's presentation of the `theory
                 of the big hole', on underground nuclear testing, and
                 its detectability, to the Russian side of disarmament
                 negotiations in Geneva in November 1959.",
  subject =      "Nuclear weapons; Atomic bomb; History",
  tableofcontents = "1 The bomb \\
                 How close is the danger? (with Frederick Seitz) \\
                 The hydrogen bomb \\
                 Brighter than a thousand suns \\
                 Ultimate catastrophe? \\
                 2 Arms control \\
                 The case for ending nuclear tests \\
                 Disarmament and strategy \\
                 Antiballistic-missile systems (with Richard L. Garwin)
                 \\
                 Meaningless superiority \\
                 We are not inferior to the Soviets \\
                 The five year war plan (with Kurt Gottfried) \\
                 Debate: elusive security (with Kurt Gottfried, response
                 by Malcolm Wallop) \\
                 Space based ballistic missile defence (with Richard L.
                 Garwin, Kurt Gottfried, and Henry W. Kendall) \\
                 The technological imperative \\
                 Reducing the risk of nuclear war (with Robert S.
                 McNamara) \\
                 Chop down nuclear arsenals \\
                 3 The freeze \\
                 The value of a freeze (with Franklin A. Long) \\
                 Debate: Bethe vs. Teller (response by Edward Teller)
                 \\
                 After the freeze referendum (with Franklin A. Long) \\
                 4 Advice and dissent \\
                 Science and morality (with Donald McDonald) \\
                 Back to science advisors (with John Bardeen) \\
                 5 Nuclear power \\
                 The necessity of fission power \\
                 Debate: Nuclear Safety (response by Frank von Hippel)
                 \\
                 Chernobyl \\
                 6 Five physicists \\
                 J. Robert Oppenheimer \\
                 Freeman Dyson \\
                 Herman W. Hoerlin (with Donald M. Kerr and Robert A.
                 Jeffries) \\
                 Paul P. Ewald (with H. J. Juretschke, A. F. Moodie, and
                 H. K. Wagenfeld) \\
                 Richard P. Feynman \\
                 7 Astrophysics: energy production in stars \\
                 How a supernova explodes (with Gerald Brown) \\
                 Acknowledgments \\
                 Index",
}

@Book{Frank:1993:OEFa,
  editor =       "Sir Charles Frank",
  booktitle =    "{Operation Epsilon}: the {Farm Hall} transcripts",
  title =        "{Operation Epsilon}: the {Farm Hall} transcripts",
  publisher =    pub-IOP,
  address =      pub-IOP:adr,
  pages =        "ix + 313",
  year =         "1993",
  ISBN =         "0-7503-0274-7",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-7503-0274-6",
  LCCN =         "Q141 .O56 1993",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 14:27:25 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  price =        "US\$15.00",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "From \cite{Palevsky:2000:AFD}, ``The original
                 clandestine recordings, along with the bulk of the
                 original German transcripts, no longer exist. The
                 twenty-four weekly Farm Hall reports are English
                 translations of the original German transcripts, made
                 at the time. Therefore, only one true transcript is
                 extant: Werner Heisenberg's lecture of August 14,
                 1945.''",
  subject =      "Scientists; Germany; Interviews; Godmanchester
                 (England); Intellectual life",
  tableofcontents = "Publisher's foreword / v \\
                 Introduction / 1 \\
                 Archival note / 10 \\
                 Letter to the Lord Chancellor / 14 \\
                 Lord Chancellor's reply / 16 \\
                 The Transcripts: Operation Epsilon / 17 \\
                 I Preamble: 1 May 1945 / 19 \\
                 II Rheims: 2--7 May 1945 / 19 \\
                 III Versailles: 7--11 May 1945 / 20 \\
                 IV Le V{\'e}sinet: 11 May--4 June 1945 / 22 \\
                 V Huy: 4 June--3 July 1945 / 26 \\
                 VI Summary / 30 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 1: 3-18 July 1945 / 32 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH2 / 44 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 2: 18--31 July 1945 / 45 \\
                 Letter from Calvert to Smith: 1 September 1945 / 63 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 3: 1--6 August 1945 / 64 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 4: 6--7 August 1945 / 70 \\
                 Appendices 1. Photographs of Farm Hall and the Guests
                 detained there / 95 \\
                 2. Declaration signed by the Guests (German and English
                 translation) / 102 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH5 / 107 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 5: 8--22 August 1945 / 108 \\
                 Appendix: German text of Heisenberg's lecture / 147 \\
                 Letters of transmittal of FH6 / 165 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 6: 23 August--6 September 1945 / 168
                 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH7 and FH8 / 173 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 7: 7--13 September 1945 / 174 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 8: 14--15 September 1945 / 195 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 9: 16--23 September 1945 / 206 \\
                 Appendix: Production of heavy water / 209 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH10 and FH11 / 213 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 10: 24--30 September 1945 / 214 \\
                 Appendix: German text of the memorandum / 218 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 11: 1--7 October 1945 / 221 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH12, 14 and Appendix to FH9 /
                 228 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 12: 8--14 October 1945 / 229 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 14: 14--21 October 1945 / 230 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 16(a): 22--28 October 1945 / 232 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH16(b) / 233 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 16(b): 29 October--4 November 1945 /
                 234 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 17: 5--11 November 1945 / 239 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 18: 12--18 November 1945 / 243 \\
                 Appendix: Speeches in honour of Hahn / 246 \\
                 Letters of transmittal of FH 19 and Appendix to FH 18 /
                 258 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 19: 19--25 November 1945 / 260 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH20 / 266 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 20: 26 November--2 December 1945 / 267
                 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 21: 3--9 December 1945 / 270 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 22: 10--16 December 1945 / 272 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 23/24: 17--30 December 1945 / 273 \\
                 Epilogue I: Album given to Captain Brodie by the
                 detainees for Christmas 1945 / 277 \\
                 Epilogue II: What happened to the detainees after their
                 release / 291 \\
                 Index / 295",
}

@Book{Frank:1993:OEFb,
  editor =       "{Sir} Charles {Frank, OBE, FRS}",
  booktitle =    "{Operation Epsilon}: the {Farm Hall} transcripts",
  title =        "{Operation Epsilon}: the {Farm Hall} transcripts",
  publisher =    pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS,
  address =      pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS:adr,
  pages =        "ix + 313",
  year =         "1993",
  ISBN =         "0-520-08499-3",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-520-08499-5",
  LCCN =         "Q141 .O56 1993b",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 14:27:25 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "English and German.",
  subject =      "Scientists; Germany; Interviews; Godmanchester
                 (England); Intellectual life",
  tableofcontents = "Publisher's foreword / v \\
                 Introduction / 1 \\
                 Archival note / 10 \\
                 Letter to the Lord Chancellor / 14 \\
                 Lord Chancellor's reply / 16 \\
                 The Transcripts: Operation Epsilon / 17 \\
                 I Preamble: 1 May 1945 / 19 \\
                 II Rheims: 2--7 May 1945 / 19 \\
                 III Versailles: 7--11 May 1945 / 20 \\
                 IV Le V{\'e}sinet: 11 May--4 June 1945 / 22 \\
                 V Huy: 4 June--3 July 1945 / 26 \\
                 VI Summary / 30 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 1: 3-18 July 1945 / 32 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH2 / 44 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 2: 18--31 July 1945 / 45 \\
                 Letter from Calvert to Smith: 1 September 1945 / 63 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 3: 1--6 August 1945 / 64 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 4: 6--7 August 1945 / 70 \\
                 Appendices 1. Photographs of Farm Hall and the Guests
                 detained there / 95 \\
                 2. Declaration signed by the Guests (German and English
                 translation) / 102 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH5 / 107 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 5: 8--22 August 1945 / 108 \\
                 Appendix: German text of Heisenberg's lecture / 147 \\
                 Letters of transmittal of FH6 / 165 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 6: 23 August--6 September 1945 / 168
                 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH7 and FH8 / 173 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 7: 7--13 September 1945 / 174 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 8: 14--15 September 1945 / 195 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 9: 16--23 September 1945 / 206 \\
                 Appendix: Production of heavy water / 209 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH10 and FH11 / 213 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 10: 24--30 September 1945 / 214 \\
                 Appendix: German text of the memorandum / 218 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 11: 1--7 October 1945 / 221 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH12, 14 and Appendix to FH9 /
                 228 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 12: 8--14 October 1945 / 229 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 14: 14--21 October 1945 / 230 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 16(a): 22--28 October 1945 / 232 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH16(b) / 233 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 16(b): 29 October--4 November 1945 /
                 234 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 17: 5--11 November 1945 / 239 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 18: 12--18 November 1945 / 243 \\
                 Appendix: Speeches in honour of Hahn / 246 \\
                 Letters of transmittal of FH 19 and Appendix to FH 18 /
                 258 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 19: 19--25 November 1945 / 260 \\
                 Letter of transmittal of FH20 / 266 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 20: 26 November--2 December 1945 / 267
                 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 21: 3--9 December 1945 / 270 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 22: 10--16 December 1945 / 272 \\
                 Farm Hall Report 23/24: 17--30 December 1945 / 273 \\
                 Epilogue I: Album given to Captain Brodie by the
                 detainees for Christmas 1945 / 277 \\
                 Epilogue II: What happened to the detainees after their
                 release / 291 \\
                 Index / 295",
}

@Book{Lakhtakia:1996:MMH,
  editor =       "A. (Akhlesh) Lakhtakia",
  booktitle =    "Models and Modelers of Hydrogen: {Thales, Thomson,
                 Rutherford, Bohr, Sommerfeld, Goudsmit, Heisenberg,
                 Schr{\"o}dinger, Dirac, Sallhofer}",
  title =        "Models and Modelers of Hydrogen: {Thales, Thomson,
                 Rutherford, Bohr, Sommerfeld, Goudsmit, Heisenberg,
                 Schr{\"o}dinger, Dirac, Sallhofer}",
  publisher =    pub-WORLD-SCI,
  address =      pub-WORLD-SCI:adr,
  pages =        "xv + 424",
  year =         "1996",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1142/2788",
  ISBN =         "981-02-2302-1",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-981-02-2302-1",
  LCCN =         "QC171.2 .M63 1996",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 9 07:09:21 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/schroedinger-erwin.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/sommerfeld-arnold.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/2788",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Atomic theory; History; Hydrogen; Physicists",
  subject-dates = "Samuel A. Goudsmit (1902--1978)",
  tableofcontents = "Greek Metaphysics and Thales from a Modern
                 Perspective / D. Rose \\
                 J. J. Thomson's Atom: A Number of Negatively
                 Electrified Corpuscles Enclosed in a Sphere of Uniform
                 Positive Electrification / M. Bar{\'o}n \\
                 Niels Bohr --- Through Hydrogen Towards the Nature of
                 Matter / D. S. Robertson \\
                 Heisenberg and Hydrogen / J. D. Edmonds, Jr. \\
                 Erwin Schr{\"o}dinger, Wave Mechanics and the Hydrogen
                 Atom / O. L. de Lange \\
                 Dirac and the Emergence of Quantum Mechanics / V. Y.
                 Rajopadhye \\
                 Hans Sallhofer Speaks / A. Lakhtakia \\
                 The Hydrogen Atom: The Rutherford Model / H. B. Tilton
                 \\
                 Arnold Sommerfeld / W. B. White \\
                 Electron Spin and Samuel Goudsmit / T. Biswas \\
                 On the Structure of the Atom / J. J. Thomson \\
                 The Scattering of $\alpha$ and $\beta$ particles by
                 Matter and the Structure of the Atom / E. Rutherford
                 \\
                 On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules / N. Bohr
                 \\
                 Zur Theorie des Zeeman-Effekts der Wasserstofflinien,
                 mit einem Anhang {\"u}ber den Stark-Effekt / A.
                 Sommerfeld \\
                 Spinning Electrons and the Structure of Spectra / G. E.
                 Uhlenbeck \& S. A. Goudsmit \\
                 {\"U}ber das Wasserstoffspektrum vom Standpunkt der
                 neuen Quantenmechanik / W. Pauli, Jr. \\
                 Quantisierung als Eigenwertproblem (Erst Mitteilung) /
                 E. Schr{\"o}dinger \\
                 The Quantum Theory of the Electron / P. A. M. Dirac \\
                 The Quantum Theory of the Electron. Part II / P. A. M.
                 Dirac \\
                 Hydrogen in Electrodynamics. VI. The General Solution /
                 H. H. Sallhofer",
}

@Book{Pais:2000:GSP,
  author =       "Abraham Pais",
  booktitle =    "The Genius of Science: a Portrait Gallery",
  title =        "The Genius of Science: a Portrait Gallery",
  publisher =    pub-OXFORD,
  address =      pub-OXFORD:adr,
  pages =        "356",
  year =         "2000",
  ISBN =         "0-19-850614-7 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-19-850614-0 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "Q141 .P29 2000",
  bibdate =      "Fri Oct 21 10:46:33 MDT 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/born-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/uhlenbeck-george-e.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/shps-b.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "ftp://uiarchive.cso.uiuc.edu/pub/etext/gutenberg/;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy02/99046603.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Scientists; Biography; Science; History; 20th
                 century",
  tableofcontents = "Introduction / 1--4 \\
                 1 Niels Bohr / 6--29 \\
                 2 Max Born / 30--47 \\
                 3 Paul Dirac / 48--76 \\
                 4 Albert Einstein / 78--83 \\
                 5 Mitchell Feigenbaum / 84--104 \\
                 6 Res Jost / 106--120 \\
                 7 Oskar Klein / 122--147 \\
                 8 Hendrik Kramers / 148--171 \\
                 9 Tsung Dao Lee and Chen Ning Yang / 172--182 \\
                 10 John von Neumann / 184--209 \\
                 11 Wolfgang Pauli / 210--262 \\
                 12 Isidor I. Rabi / 264--279 \\
                 13 Robert Serber / 280--286 \\
                 14 George Uhlenbeck [and Sam Goudsmit] / 288--325 \\
                 15 Viktor Weisskopf / 326--329 \\
                 16 Eugene Wigner / 330--351 \\
                 Onomasticon / 353--356",
}

@Book{Karlsch:2005:HBG,
  author =       "Rainer Karlsch",
  booktitle =    "{Hitlers Bombe: die geheime Geschichte der deutschen
                 Kernwaffenversuche}. ({German}) [{Hitler}'s bomb: {The}
                 Secret History of {German} Nuclear Tests]",
  title =        "{Hitlers Bombe: die geheime Geschichte der deutschen
                 Kernwaffenversuche}. ({German}) [{Hitler}'s bomb: {The}
                 Secret History of {German} Nuclear Tests]",
  publisher =    "Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt",
  address =      "M{\"u}nchen, Germany",
  pages =        "415",
  year =         "2005",
  ISBN =         "3-421-05809-1",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-421-05809-6",
  LCCN =         "QC773.3.G3 K37 2005",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 6 14:34:50 MDT 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/goudsmit-samuel-a.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy054/2005433177.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1957--",
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "Cassidy \cite[page 303]{Cassidy:2009:BUH} writes about
                 this book, ``[Kurt] Diebner and his team managed to
                 achieve a chain reaction at Gottow before the end of
                 the war. Karlsch also claimed that Diebner produced two
                 small nuclear explosions at two other locations in
                 Germany, likely involving a small fusion reaction, and
                 that it appears from the reports that several hundred
                 prisoners or slave laborers died as a result.''.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; Germany; History; Nuclear weapons; World
                 War, 1939--1945; Technology",
  tableofcontents = "Vorwort / 11 \\
                 Erster Teil: Das Deutsche Uranprojekt \\
                 1. Der Uranverein / 27 \\
                 Die Entdeckdung der Kernspaltung und ihre Konsequenzen
                 / 27 \\
                 Das Milit{\"a}r {\"u}bernimmt die Regie / 31 \\
                 {\"U}ber das Reichsgebiet verstreute Forschung / 36 \\
                 Heisenbergs Theorie f{\"u}r Reaktor und Bombe / 39 \\
                 Wissenschaftler in Uniform an der Spitze des KWI
                 f{\"u}r Physik / 41 \\
                 2. Die Anderen / 43 \\
                 Die Forschungsgruppe des Heeres in Gottow / 43 \\
                 Die Sprengstoffphysiker der Marine / 44 \\
                 Die Ambitionen des Reichspostministers / 48 \\
                 Neue M{\"a}rkte f{\"u}r die Industrie? / 51 \\
                 Wie viele Forschungsgruppen gab es? / 52 \\
                 3. Startschwierigkeiten / 54 \\
                 Uranerz und schweres Wasser / 54 \\
                 Probleme beim Zyklotronbau / 57 \\
                 Der erste Reaktorversuch / 60 \\
                 Wie gewinnt man den Bombenstoff? / 61 \\
                 Die andere Seite / 63 \\
                 Zweiter Teil: Reaktorversuche \\
                 1. \fg Eine gerade Stra{\ss}e zur Bombe\og / 67 \\
                 Der K{\"o}nigsweg: Vom Brutreaktor zur Plutoniumbombe /
                 67 \\
                 Schweres Wasser oder Graphit? / 69 \\
                 Houtermans' Bericht vom August 1941 / 72 \\
                 Weizs{\"a}ckers unbekannte Reaktor- und Bombenpatente /
                 73 \\
                 Ein geheimnisvolles Treffen in Kopenhagen / 78 \\
                 2. Kompetenzgerangel und Materialknappheit / 82 \\
                 Schweres Wasser, Zentrifugen und Zyklotrone / 82 \\
                 Das Heereswaffenamt macht einen R{\"u}ckzieher / 83 \\
                 Ein D{\"a}mpfer f{\"u}r den Reichspostminister / 91 \\
                 Der Reichsforschungsrat {\"u}bernimmt das Projekt / 95
                 \\
                 Diebner hat das bessere Konzept / 97 \\
                 3. Uranmaschinen / 100 \\
                 Angriffe auf die Schwerwasserproduktion / 100 \\
                 Diebner und Heisenberg streiten um Reaktorkonzepte /
                 102 \\
                 Gerlach kommt an die Spitze des Uranvereins / 105 \\
                 Der dritte Angriff auf die Norsk Hydro / 107 \\
                 Notprogramme / 109 \\
                 Uranw{\"u}rfel statt Platten / 111 \\
                 4. Ein bislang unbekannter Reaktorversuch / 115 \\
                 Das Versuchslabor in Stadtilm / 115 \\
                 Kooperation zwischen Harteck und Diebner / 118 \\
                 Schwach angereichertes Uran / 120 \\
                 Eine Isotopentrennanlage der Reichspost? / 126 \\
                 Diebners Mehrstufenreaktor l{\"a}uft / 130 \\
                 Der Reaktorunfall / 133 \\
                 Abgesang in Haigerloch / 137 \\
                 Bildteil \\
                 Dritter Teil: Ein Alternatives Kernwaffenkonzept \\
                 Nukleare Hohlladungen / 141 \\
                 Die Hohlladungsforschung / 141 \\
                 Deutsche Wissenschaftler arbeiten an der Kernfusion /
                 144 \\
                 Versuche mit nuklearen Hohlladungen / 149 \\
                 Das Z{\"u}nderproblem / 152 \\
                 Gerlachs doppeltes Spiel / 155 \\
                 Ein geheimes Treffen / 158 \\
                 2. Auf dem Weg zur vierten \fg Wunderwaffe\og? / 162
                 \\
                 Wunderwaffenpropaganda / 162 \\
                 Hitler und die Kernphysik / 164 \\
                 Gerlachs geheimnisvolle Fahrten / 168 \\
                 Durchbruch im Herbst? / 171 \\
                 Oktober 1944: Ein erster Kernwaffentest auf R{\"u}gen /
                 175 \\
                 3. Die SS kommt ins Spiel / 182 \\
                 Hans Kammler --- Hitlers letzter Hoffnungstr{\"a}ger /
                 182 \\
                 Raketen als Tr{\"a}ger von Massenvernichtungswaffen /
                 185 \\
                 Fernraketenpl{\"a}ne / 187 \\
                 Die Ss und die Kernphysik / 192 \\
                 Die Gewinnung von Spaltstoffen durch Bestrahlung / 197
                 \\
                 Gedankenspiele vor der Ardennenoffensive / 200 \\
                 Schumann und Trinks werden gebremst / 203 \\
                 Vierter Teil: M{\"a}rz 1945: Kernwaffentests in
                 Th{\"u}ringen \\
                 1. Der Test / 209 \\
                 Letzte Vorbereitungen / 209 \\
                 Kernwaffentest in Ohrdruf / 215 \\
                 Stalin wird informiert / 219 \\
                 \fg Deutliche Kernreaktionen mit Energiefreisetzung\og
                 / 224 \\
                 Welcher Bombentyp war es? / 228 \\
                 2. Das Finale / 238 \\
                 Hitler hofft vergeblich / 238 \\
                 Gerlach erstattet Bormann Bericht / 242 \\
                 Das Treffen am 28. M{\"a}rz / 244 \\
                 Der amerikanische Vorsto{\ss} und die Flucht / 248 \\
                 Das Ende in Berlin / 252 \\
                 Die Gefangennahme der Wissenschaftler / 254 \\
                 F{\"u}nfter Teil: Nachkl{\"a}nge \\
                 Von Farm Hall bis zur G{\"o}ttinger Erkl{\"a}rung / 261
                 \\
                 Geheime Missionen der Sieger / 261 \\
                 Farm Hall und Hiroshima / 266 \\
                 Nachkriegskarrieren / 273 \\
                 Das \fg schwarze Schaf\og / 282 \\
                 Gr{\"u}nde f{\"u}r das Schweigen / 286 \\
                 Streit um die G{\"o}ttinger Erkl{\"a}rung / 290 \\
                 Die Atomraketenidee in West und Ost / 293 \\
                 Nachwort / 297 \\
                 Dank / 299 \\
                 Kurzbiographien / 302 \\
                 Bodenproben / 310 \\
                 Abk{\"u}rzungen / 318 \\
                 Dokumente / 320 \\
                 Anmerkungen / 344 \\
                 Ausgew{\"a}hlte Literatur / 395 \\
                 Personenregister / 405 \\
                 Abbildungsnachweis / 416",
}