Valid HTML 4.0! Valid CSS!
%%% -*-BibTeX-*-
%%% ====================================================================
%%%  BibTeX-file{
%%%     author          = "Nelson H. F. Beebe",
%%%     version         = "1.01",
%%%     date            = "26 May 2018",
%%%     time            = "09:40:51 MDT",
%%%     filename        = "frisch-otto.bib",
%%%     address         = "University of Utah
%%%                        Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB
%%%                        155 S 1400 E RM 233
%%%                        Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090
%%%                        USA",
%%%     telephone       = "+1 801 581 5254",
%%%     FAX             = "+1 801 581 4148",
%%%     URL             = "http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe",
%%%     checksum        = "11486 12529 61610 597043",
%%%     email           = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org,
%%%                       beebe at computer.org (Internet)",
%%%     codetable       = "ISO/ASCII",
%%%     keywords        = "bibliography; BibTeX; critical mass;
%%%                       nuclear fission; Otto Robert Frisch;
%%%                       Peierls--Frisch memorandum; uranium-235
%%%                       fission",
%%%     license         = "public domain",
%%%     supported       = "yes",
%%%     docstring       = "This is a COMPLETE bibliography of the
%%%                        experimental and theoretical nuclear
%%%                        physicist, Otto Robert Frisch (1 October
%%%                        1904--22 September 1979).
%%%
%%%                        This bibliography is divided into two parts:
%%%                        Part 1 includes all of the known works by
%%%                        Frisch, and Part 2 includes publications
%%%                        about him or his works.  A final unnumbered
%%%                        part holds cross-referenced entries.
%%%
%%%                        At version 1.01, the year coverage looked
%%%                        like this:
%%%
%%%                             1926 (   1)    1957 (   7)    1988 (   0)
%%%                             1927 (   1)    1958 (   3)    1989 (   1)
%%%                             1928 (   3)    1959 (  16)    1990 (   0)
%%%                             1929 (   0)    1960 (  12)    1991 (   1)
%%%                             1930 (   2)    1961 (  12)    1992 (   3)
%%%                             1931 (   4)    1962 (   6)    1993 (   2)
%%%                             1932 (   4)    1963 (   7)    1994 (   2)
%%%                             1933 (   9)    1964 (  15)    1995 (   0)
%%%                             1934 (   2)    1965 (   7)    1996 (   3)
%%%                             1935 (   3)    1966 (   4)    1997 (   4)
%%%                             1936 (   2)    1967 (   5)    1998 (   2)
%%%                             1937 (   7)    1968 (   7)    1999 (   1)
%%%                             1938 (   2)    1969 (   2)    2000 (   4)
%%%                             1939 (  13)    1970 (   3)    2001 (   2)
%%%                             1940 (   6)    1971 (   3)    2002 (   2)
%%%                             1941 (   1)    1972 (   4)    2003 (   1)
%%%                             1942 (   2)    1973 (   7)    2004 (   1)
%%%                             1943 (   2)    1974 (   7)    2005 (   3)
%%%                             1944 (   0)    1975 (   4)    2006 (   3)
%%%                             1945 (   2)    1976 (   0)    2007 (   3)
%%%                             1946 (   4)    1977 (   6)    2008 (   1)
%%%                             1947 (   6)    1978 (   1)    2009 (   6)
%%%                             1948 (   3)    1979 (  12)    2010 (   0)
%%%                             1949 (   1)    1980 (   7)    2011 (   1)
%%%                             1950 (   4)    1981 (   2)    2012 (   1)
%%%                             1951 (   6)    1982 (   1)    2013 (   2)
%%%                             1952 (   0)    1983 (   0)    2014 (   2)
%%%                             1953 (   2)    1984 (   0)    2015 (   4)
%%%                             1954 (  13)    1985 (   5)    2016 (   4)
%%%                             1955 (   6)    1986 (   3)    2017 (   1)
%%%                             1956 (   6)    1987 (   1)
%%%
%%%                             Article:        231
%%%                             Book:            69
%%%                             InCollection:    20
%%%                             InProceedings:    4
%%%                             Misc:             7
%%%                             PhdThesis:        1
%%%                             Proceedings:      4
%%%                             TechReport:      10
%%%
%%%                             Total entries:  346
%%%
%%%                        Otto Robert Frisch was born in Vienna,
%%%                        Austria, on 1 October 1904, received his
%%%                        schooling there, entered the University of
%%%                        Vienna (Universitaet Wien) in 1922, and
%%%                        earned his doctoral degree in 1926 under
%%%                        Professor Karl Przibram with an experimental
%%%                        project in the Radium Institute.  At that
%%%                        time, the University had no bachelor's
%%%                        degree, and a four-year path from Gymnasium
%%%                        (high school) to a doctorate was common.
%%%
%%%                        In Austria and Germany, Otto is a common
%%%                        given name, so Frisch chose to be called
%%%                        Robert by his friends, although as a boy,
%%%                        his family always called him Otto Robert.
%%%                        Later, in the USA, he found that Robert was a
%%%                        common name, so he decided to be called Otto.
%%%                        That change has led to confusion in the
%%%                        literature, with his name sometimes appearing
%%%                        in the incorrect order Robert Otto Frisch,
%%%                        or in papers credited to R. Frisch, instead
%%%                        of O. R. Frisch.
%%%
%%%                        Otto Robert Frisch's mother and the nuclear
%%%                        physicist Lise Meitner were sisters, and Otto
%%%                        and Lise were close all their lives.
%%%
%%%                        After completing his degree, he spent a year
%%%                        with an industrial firm that manufactured
%%%                        X-ray dosimeters.  However, in 1927, he was
%%%                        offered a post at the Physikalisch-Technische
%%%                        Reichsanstalt in Berlin-Charlottenberg
%%%                        (essentially, a national scientific
%%%                        laboratory).  He was able to attend seminars
%%%                        at the University of Berlin, and met
%%%                        well-known figures such as Albert Einstein,
%%%                        Gustav Hertz, Max von Laue, and Max Planck.
%%%                        He arranged to live near his aunt Lise
%%%                        Meitner in the Dahlem suburb of Berlin.
%%%
%%%                        In 1930, he left Berlin for a position at the
%%%                        University of Hamburg, working with Otto
%%%                        Stern who later won the 1943 Nobel Prize in
%%%                        Physics ``for his contribution to the
%%%                        development of the molecular ray method and
%%%                        his discovery of the magnetic moment of the
%%%                        proton''.  In Hamburg, Frisch also worked with
%%%                        the well-known Italian nuclear physicist,
%%%                        Emilio Segr{\`e}.
%%%
%%%                        The Nazi racial laws passed in 1933 made it
%%%                        impossible for Frisch and Stern to remain in
%%%                        Germany, because of their Jewish ancestry.
%%%                        Frisch won a Rockefeller fellowship that he
%%%                        planned to use to study with Enrico Fermi's
%%%                        group in Rome, but that fellowship required
%%%                        him to return to his home university, which
%%%                        was impossible.
%%%
%%%                        Fortunately, Stern was able to arrange a post
%%%                        for Frisch with Patrick Blackett's group at
%%%                        Birkbeck College at the University of London
%%%                        in the UK, where he earned continuing support
%%%                        from the Academic Assistance Council that had
%%%                        been established in 1933 by Lord Ernest
%%%                        Rutherford and others to help refugee
%%%                        scientists from Nazi territories.
%%%
%%%                        In 1934, Frisch accepted a position at Niels
%%%                        Bohr's Institute of Theoretical Physics in
%%%                        Copenhagen, Denmark, where he remained for
%%%                        several years.
%%%
%%%                        In the winter break in December 1938, Frisch
%%%                        was visiting his aunt Lise Meitner in
%%%                        Kungalv, near Gothenberg, Sweden (about 225
%%%                        km north of Copenhagen). It was there
%%%                        that Meitner received a letter from her
%%%                        30-year research partner, Otto Hahn, in
%%%                        Berlin, asking for help in analyzing the
%%%                        results of experiments that Hahn had just
%%%                        done with Fritz Strassmann.  They bombarded
%%%                        uranium with neutrons, and chemically
%%%                        examined the reaction products, which
%%%                        appeared to be much lighter elements, instead
%%%                        of a heavy element that was almost adjacent
%%%                        to uranium in the periodic table.  Together,
%%%                        Meitner and Frisch realized that the neutrons
%%%                        were splitting the uranium atom into two
%%%                        smaller fragments, and predicted the enormous
%%%                        energy that could be obtained by such a
%%%                        splitting.  Frisch named the process nuclear
%%%                        fission, after the use of the term fission in
%%%                        cell division in biology.
%%%
%%%                        That joint discovery by chemists (Hahn and
%%%                        Strassmann) and physicists (Meitner and
%%%                        Frisch) was the beginning of the atomic age.
%%%
%%%                        Within three weeks, word had spread to
%%%                        Germany, the UK, the USA, and elsewhere, and
%%%                        the Hahn--Strassmann experiment had been
%%%                        independently reproduced in multiple
%%%                        laboratories.  By the end of January 1939,
%%%                        newspapers reported the discovery to the
%%%                        public.  In April 1939, German scientists
%%%                        established the Uranverein (Uranium Club) to
%%%                        develop nuclear weapons.  On 2 August 1939,
%%%                        Albert Einstein sent a letter, written with
%%%                        Leo Szilard and Edward Teller, to US President
%%%                        Franklin Roosevelt, urging that quick action
%%%                        be taken to develop an atomic weapon before
%%%                        the Nazis did.
%%%
%%%                        Otto Robert Frisch was the first to publish a
%%%                        paper with an experimental confirmation of
%%%                        nuclear fission (submitted to the journal
%%%                        Nature on 17 January 1939, and published on
%%%                        18 February 1939) (see entry
%%%                        Frisch:1939:PED).
%%%
%%%                        With the initial rapid success of the Nazi
%%%                        attacks on Poland, Belgium, and France, it
%%%                        seemed likely that Denmark would soon be
%%%                        invaded (it was, on 9 April 1940, the same
%%%                        day as Norway and The Netherlands were),
%%%                        Frisch needed to leave Denmark, and he was
%%%                        fortunately able to secure a position with
%%%                        Mark Oliphant and Rudolf Peierls at the
%%%                        University of Birmingham in the UK.  In 1940,
%%%                        Frisch and Peierls made a new estimate of the
%%%                        critical mass of uranium, and found it to be
%%%                        about one kilogram --- the size of a golf
%%%                        ball.  The correct critical mass was later
%%%                        found by experiment to be about 56 kg, or a
%%%                        sphere of about 17 cm radius.  The
%%%                        Frisch--Peierls prediction was far below
%%%                        previous ones (e.g., 13 tons), and meant that
%%%                        such a bomb could be carried on an airplane.
%%%                        Their discovery led to the founding of the UK
%%%                        MAUD Committee
%%%
%%%                            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MAUD_Committee
%%%
%%%                        and the Tube Alloys Project
%%%
%%%                            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tube_Alloys
%%%
%%%                        both of which influenced work in the US and
%%%                        Canada in the Manhattan Project, and were
%%%                        ultimately merged with the latter.
%%%
%%%                        In August 1940, Frisch moved to the
%%%                        University of Liverpool to work with James
%%%                        Chadwick, winner of the Nobel Prize in
%%%                        Physics in 1935 ``for the discovery of the
%%%                        neutron''.
%%%
%%%                        In late 1943, Otto Robert Frisch was part of
%%%                        the British scientific team who moved to Los
%%%                        Alamos, NM, USA, to work on the Manhattan
%%%                        Project to develop an atomic bomb.  To do so,
%%%                        he first needed to become a British citizen,
%%%                        and in an amazing defeat of government
%%%                        bureaucracy, he got citizenship, and a
%%%                        passport, in just 48 hours!
%%%
%%%                        After the war ended, Frisch returned to the
%%%                        UK in early 1946, initially as head of the
%%%                        Nuclear Physics Division of the newly-created
%%%                        Atomic Energy Research Establishment at
%%%                        Harwell, just south of Oxford.
%%%
%%%                        In 1946, he received the honor of O.B.E.
%%%                        (Order of the British Empire), and in 1948,
%%%                        was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society
%%%                        (F.R.S.).
%%%
%%%                        In 1947, Otto Robert Frisch accepted the
%%%                        Jacksonian Professorship of Natural
%%%                        Philosophy at Cambridge University, where he
%%%                        eventually rose to head of the Department of
%%%                        Nuclear Physics.  He remained at Cambridge
%%%                        for 32 years, and was joined there in 1960 by
%%%                        his aunt Lise Meitner, who moved from
%%%                        Stockholm, Sweden to Cambridge at the age of
%%%                        81 to be near him.  She died in Cambridge on
%%%                        27 October 1968, at the age of 90.  See entry
%%%                        Frisch:1970:LM for a biographical tribute to
%%%                        his aunt Lise.
%%%
%%%                        At the age of 75, Otto Robert Frisch
%%%                        accidentally fell.  That led to a sudden
%%%                        degeneration in health, and his death on 22
%%%                        September 1979.  His papers are catalogued
%%%                        and archived at Trinity College Library
%%%                        at Oxford University.
%%%
%%%                        Online encyclopaedia and other articles about
%%%                        Otto Robert Frisch include at least these:
%%%
%%%                            http://physik.cosmos-indirekt.de/Physik-Schule/Otto_Frisch
%%%                            http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Frisch.shtml
%%%                            http://www.atomicheritage.org/profile/otto-frisch
%%%                            http://www.britannica.com/biography/Otto-Robert-Frisch
%%%                            http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/science-and-technology/physics-biographies/otto-robert-frisch
%%%                            http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/library/biographies/bio_frisch-otto.htm
%%%                            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_Robert_Frisch
%%%                            https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4616
%%%
%%%                        There is a detailed remembrance of Otto
%%%                        Robert Frisch by his friend and colleague Sir
%%%                        Rudolf Peierls in entry Peierls:1981:ORF, and
%%%                        a shorter earlier one in entry
%%%                        Peierls:1980:ORF.  The longer paper contains
%%%                        a list of about 160 Frisch publications, all
%%%                        of which are included here, and cross-linked
%%%                        to Peierls' memoir with values in ORF-number
%%%                        fields.
%%%
%%%                        Peierls' list of 160 is not complete: at
%%%                        version 1.00, this bibliography recorded 213
%%%                        Frisch works in Part 1, with 1 more entry in
%%%                        the cross-reference section.  Many details
%%%                        are missing from Peierls' list, especially
%%%                        for magazines, most of which are not
%%%                        available online for finding values of empty
%%%                        fields.  In two cases, Peierls' list entries
%%%                        G43 and R14, even the journal is unknown.
%%%                        There may be a few other Frisch works yet to
%%%                        be discovered in conference proceedings and
%%%                        book chapters: both types of documents are
%%%                        often inadequately recorded in library
%%%                        catalogs and publisher databases.
%%%
%%%                        There are also Frisch publication lists at
%%%
%%%                            Kurzbiographie und Publikationen von Otto Robert Frisch
%%%                            https://www.chemie.uni-hamburg.de/pc/publikationen/Frisch.html
%%%
%%%                            Otto Robert Frisch - Publications
%%%                            https://academictree.org/physics/publications.php?pid=55373
%%%
%%%                        Data for this bibliography have been
%%%                        collected, and merged into BibTeX entries,
%%%                        from numerous sources, including at least
%%%                        these:
%%%
%%%                            * the University of Utah Mathematics
%%%                              Department bibliography archives
%%%
%%%                            * the TeX User Group bibliography
%%%                              archives
%%%
%%%                            * the Karlsruhe Computer Science
%%%                              bibliography archives
%%%
%%%                            * the Karlsruhe virtual catalog at
%%%                              http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/kvk_en.html
%%%
%%%                            * the US Library of Congress catalog at
%%%                              http://catalog.loc.gov/
%%%
%%%                            * the author's cattobib utility, which
%%%                              provides Z39.50 interfaces to many
%%%                              large libraries around the world, at
%%%                              http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/cattobib/
%%%
%%%                            * the European Mathematical Society
%%%                              Zentralblatt fuer Mathematik database
%%%                              at http://zb.msri.org/ZMATH/zmath/en/
%%%
%%%                            * the American Mathematical Society
%%%                              MathSciNet database at
%%%                              http://ams.rice.edu/mathscinet/search.html
%%%
%%%                            * the American Institute of Physics
%%%                              Scitation database at
%%%                              http://scitation.aip.org/search_scitation
%%%
%%%                            * the American Physical Society PROLA
%%%                              database at
%%%                              http://publish.aps.org/search
%%%
%%%                            * the ALSOS Digital Library for Nuclear
%%%                              Issues at Washington and Lee University
%%%                              http://alsos.wlu.edu/
%%%
%%%                            * the Canadian Journal of Physics
%%%                              database at
%%%                              http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/search/advanced
%%%
%%%                            * the Europhysics journal archive at
%%%                              http://www.europhysicsnews.org
%%%
%%%                            * the IEEE Xplore database at
%%%                              https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/
%%%
%%%                            * the Institute of Physics journal
%%%                              archive at
%%%                              http://www.iop.org/publications/iop/
%%%
%%%                            * the Nature journal archive at
%%%                              http://www.nature.com/search/
%%%
%%%                            * the Russian Physics-Uspekhi (Advances
%%%                              in Physical Sciences) journal archive
%%%                              at
%%%                              https://ufn.ru/en/authors/11220/
%%%
%%%                            * the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System at
%%%                              http://adsabs.harvard.edu/
%%%
%%%                            * the Science journal archive at
%%%                              http://www.sciencemag.org/search
%%%
%%%                            * the SPIRES high-energy physics
%%%                              literature database at the Stanford
%%%                              Linear Accelerator at Stanford
%%%                              University at
%%%                              http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/hep/search/
%%%
%%%                            * the Springer journal database at
%%%                              http://www.springer.com/?SGWID=0-102-13-0-0
%%%
%%%                            * the Wiley journal database at
%%%                              http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
%%%
%%%                            * the JSTOR database at
%%%                              http://www.jstor.org/, and
%%%
%%%                            * many online library catalogs, including
%%%                              those of the British Library, the
%%%                              Karlsruhe Virtual Library catalog, the
%%%                              Cambridge University Library, the
%%%                              Oxford University Library, the
%%%                              University of California library
%%%                              system, and the US Library of Congress.
%%%
%%%                        The checksum field above contains a CRC-16
%%%                        checksum as the first value, followed by the
%%%                        equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word
%%%                        count) utility output of lines, words, and
%%%                        characters.  This is produced by Robert
%%%                        Solovay's checksum utility.",
%%%  }
%%% ====================================================================
@Preamble{
    "\ifx \undefined \booktitle \def \booktitle #1{{{\em #1}}} \fi" #
    "\ifx \undefined \cyr       \let \cyr         = \relax \fi" #
    ""
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Acknowledgement abbreviations:
@String{ack-nhfb = "Nelson H. F. Beebe,
                    University of Utah,
                    Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB,
                    155 S 1400 E RM 233,
                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA,
                    Tel: +1 801 581 5254,
                    FAX: +1 801 581 4148,
                    e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|,
                            \path|beebe@acm.org|,
                            \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet),
                    URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Institutional abbreviations:
@String{inst-LASL               = "Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory"}
@String{inst-LASL:adr           = "Los Alamos, NM, USA"}

@String{inst-TUBE-ALLOYS        = "Directorate of Tube Alloys"}
@String{inst-TUBE-ALLOYS:adr    = "????, UK"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Journal abbreviations:
@String{j-ACTA-PHYS-AUSTRIACA   = "Acta Physica Austriaca"}

@String{j-AMER-J-PHYSICS        = "American Journal of Physics"}

@String{j-ANN-NY-ACAD-SCI       = "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences"}

@String{j-ANNU-REP-PROG-CHEM    = "Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry"}

@String{j-ATLANTIC-MONTHLY      = "Atlantic Monthly"}

@String{j-BIOGRAPH-MEMOIRS-FELLOWS-ROY-SOC = "Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of
                                  the Royal Society"}

@String{j-BR-J-APPL-PHYS        = "British Journal of Applied Physics"}

@String{j-BRITISH-J-HIST-SCI    = "British Journal for the History of Science"}

@String{j-BULL-AT-SCI           = "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists"}

@String{j-CONTEMP-PHYS          = "Contemporary Physics"}

@String{j-EDU-CHEM              = "Education in Chemistry"}

@String{j-ELECTRON-POWER        = "Electronics and Power"}

@String{j-EUR-PHYS-J-H          = "European Physical Journal H"}

@String{j-HELV-PHYS-ACTA        = "Helvetica Physica Acta"}

@String{j-HIST-STUD-NAT-SCI     = "Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences"}

@String{j-IAEA-BULL             = "{International Atomic Energy Agency}
                                  Bulletin"}

@String{j-IEEE-TRANS-NUCL-SCI   = "IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science"}

@String{j-ISIS                  = "Isis"}

@String{j-J-INST-ELECTR-ENG     = "Journal of the Institution of Electrical
                                  Engineers"}

@String{j-J-PHYS-RADIUM         = "Journal de Physique et le Radium"}

@String{j-LONDON-REV-BOOKS      = "London Review of Books"}

@String{j-NATURE                = "Nature"}

@String{j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN   = "Die Naturwissenschaften"}

@String{j-NEW-SCIENTIST         = "New Scientist"}

@String{j-NEW-YORK-REV-BOOKS    = "New York Review of Books"}

@String{j-NUCL-INSTR-METH       = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods"}

@String{j-NUCL-MED              = "Journal of Nuclear Medicine"}

@String{j-NUOVO-CIMENTO-8       = "Il Nuovo Cimento (8)"}

@String{j-NY-TIMES              = "New York Times"}

@String{j-PERSPECT-SCI          = "Perspectives on Science"}

@String{j-PHYS-BL               = "{Physikalische Bl{\"a}tter}"}

@String{j-PHYS-BULL             = "Physics Bulletin"}

@String{j-PHYS-EDUC             = "Physics Education"}

@String{j-PHYS-PERSPECT         = "Physics in Perspective (PIP)"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV              = "Physical Review"}

@String{j-PHYS-REV-LET          = "Physical Review Letters"}

@String{j-PHYS-TODAY            = "Physics Today"}

@String{j-PHYS-WORLD            = "Physics World"}

@String{j-PROC-IEE              = "Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical
                                  Engineers"}

@String{j-PROC-PHYS-SOC         = "Proceedings of the Physical Society, London"}

@String{j-PROC-R-INST-G-B       = "Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great
                                  Britain"}

@String{j-PROC-R-SOC-LOND-SER-A-MATH-PHYS-ENG-SCI = "Proceedings of the Royal
                                  Society A: Mathematical, Physical, and
                                  Engineering Sciences"}

@String{j-PROG-NUCL-PHYS        = "Progress in Nuclear Physics"}

@String{j-REV-SCI-INSTRUM       = "Review of scientific instruments"}

@String{j-SCI-AMER              = "Scientific American"}

@String{j-SCI-MONTHLY           = "The Scientific Monthly"}

@String{j-SCIENCE               = "Science"}

@String{j-SOC-SCI               = "Social Scientist"}

@String{j-Z-ANGE-CHEM           = "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Angewandte Chemie}"}

@String{j-Z-PHYSIK              = "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}"}

@String{j-Z-TECH-PHYS           = "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r technische Physik}"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Publishers and their addresses:
@String{pub-AIP                 = "American Institute of Physics"}
@String{pub-AIP:adr             = "Woodbury, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-BASIC-BOOKS         = "Basic Books"}
@String{pub-BASIC-BOOKS:adr     = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-BIRKHAUSER          = "Birkh{\"a}user"}
@String{pub-BIRKHAUSER:adr      = "Cambridge, MA, USA; Berlin, Germany; Basel,
                                  Switzerland"}

@String{pub-CAMBRIDGE           = "Cambridge University Press"}
@String{pub-CAMBRIDGE:adr       = "Cambridge, UK"}

@String{pub-DOUBLEDAY           = "Doubleday"}
@String{pub-DOUBLEDAY:adr       = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-DOVER               = "Dover"}
@String{pub-DOVER:adr           = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-FABER-FABER         = "Faber and Faber"}
@String{pub-FABER-FABER:adr     = "London, UK"}

@String{pub-FARRAR              = "Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux"}
@String{pub-FARRAR:adr          = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-HARVARD             = "Harvard University Press"}
@String{pub-HARVARD:adr         = "Cambridge, MA, USA"}

@String{pub-INTERSCIENCE        = "Interscience Publishers"}
@String{pub-INTERSCIENCE:adr    = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-IOP                 = "IOP Publishing"}
@String{pub-IOP:adr             = "Bristol, UK"}

@String{pub-MCGRAW-HILL         = "Mc{\-}Graw-Hill"}
@String{pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr     = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-MIT                 = "MIT Press"}
@String{pub-MIT:adr             = "Cambridge, MA, USA"}

@String{pub-NORTH-HOLLAND       = "North-Hol{\-}land"}
@String{pub-NORTH-HOLLAND:adr   = "Amsterdam, The Netherlands"}

@String{pub-OXFORD              = "Oxford University Press"}
@String{pub-OXFORD:adr          = "Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK"}

@String{pub-PENGUIN             = "Penguin"}
@String{pub-PENGUIN:adr         = "London, UK and New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-PERGAMON            = "Pergamon Press"}
@String{pub-PERGAMON:adr        = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-PRINCETON           = "Princeton University Press"}
@String{pub-PRINCETON:adr       = "Princeton, NJ, USA"}

@String{pub-ROWOHLT             = "Rowohlt"}
@String{pub-ROWOHLT:adr         = "Reinbek bei Hamburg, Germany"}

@String{pub-ST-MARTINS          = "St. Martin's Press"}
@String{pub-ST-MARTINS:adr      = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-SV                  = "Spring{\-}er-Ver{\-}lag"}
@String{pub-SV:adr              = "Berlin, Germany~/ Heidelberg,
                                  Germany~/ London, UK~/ etc."}

@String{pub-TAYLOR-FRANCIS-UK   = "Taylor \& Francis"}
@String{pub-TAYLOR-FRANCIS-UK:adr = "London, UK"}

@String{pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS  = "University of California Press"}
@String{pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS:adr = "Berkeley, CA, USA and Los Angeles, CA, USA"}

@String{pub-U-CHICAGO           = "University of Chicago Press"}
@String{pub-U-CHICAGO:adr       = "Chicago, IL, USA and London, UK"}

@String{pub-U-MINNESOTA         = "University of Minnesota Press"}
@String{pub-U-MINNESOTA:adr     = "Minneapolis, MN, USA"}

@String{pub-VAN-NOSTRAND-REINHOLD = "Van Nostrand Reinhold"}
@String{pub-VAN-NOSTRAND-REINHOLD:adr = "New York, NY, USA"}

@String{pub-VIEWEG              = "Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn"}
@String{pub-VIEWEG:adr          = "Braunschweig, Germany"}

@String{pub-WORLD-SCI           = "World Scientific Publishing
                                  Co. Pte. Ltd."}
@String{pub-WORLD-SCI:adr       = "P. O. Box 128, Farrer Road,
                                  Singapore 9128"}

%%% ====================================================================
%%%           Part 1 (of 2): Publications by Otto Robert Frisch
@PhdThesis{Frisch:1926:VSD,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "{Verf{\"a}rbung von Steinsalz durch Kathodenstrahlen}.
                 ({German}) [Discoloration of rock salt by cathode
                 rays]",
  type =         "{Dr.Phil.} thesis",
  school =       "Institut f{\"u}r Radiumforschung, Universit{\"a}t
                 Wien",
  address =      "Vienna, Austria",
  year =         "1926",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 02 17:40:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  advisor =      "Karl Prizibram",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Frisch:1927:WLK,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "{Wirkung von langsamen Kathodenstrahlen auf
                 Steinsalz}. ({German}) [{Effect} of slow cathode rays
                 on rock salt]",
  journal =      "Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien",
  volume =       "136",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "57--64",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1927",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 02 18:59:51 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "1",
}

@Article{Frisch:1928:GAS,
  author =       "R. Frisch",
  title =        "{Ein Ger{\"a}t zum Ausmessen von
                 Spektralphotographien, Registrieraufnahmen und
                 dergleichen}. ({German}) [{A} device for measuring
                 spectral photographs, recording images and the like]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "7--8",
  pages =        "608--608",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1928",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 02 19:00:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01333645",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "2",
}

@Article{Frisch:1928:RPS,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and C. M{\"u}ller",
  title =        "{Registrierendes Prazisionsgerat fur sehr schwache
                 Strome (Lichtintensitaten, Ionisationsvorgange usw.)}.
                 ({German}) [{Registering} precision device for very
                 weak currents (light intensities, ionization processes,
                 etc.)]",
  journal =      j-Z-TECH-PHYS,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "445--451",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1928",
  CODEN =        "ZTPHAU",
  ISSN =         "0373-0093",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 02 19:01:33 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r technische Physik}",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "3",
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@InProceedings{Frisch:1928:RWR,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and C. M{\"u}ller",
  booktitle =    "Proc. Int. Congr. on Illumination",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber die Realisierung der Warburgschen
                 Rationellen Lichteinheit}. ({German}) [{On} the
                 realization of the {Warburg Rational Light Unit}]",
  publisher =    "????",
  address =      "????",
  pages =        "1125--??",
  year =         "1928",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 02 19:03:20 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "4",
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@Article{Frisch:1930:DLG,
  author =       "R. Frisch",
  title =        "{Zur Drehimpulsbilanz bei
                 Lichtemissionsvorg{\"a}ngen}. ({German}) [{Toward} the
                 angular momentum balance in light emission processes]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "61",
  number =       "9--10",
  pages =        "626--631",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1930",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01341171",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 3 20:57:11 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "5",
}

@Misc{Frisch:1930:SSV,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "{Schwachung von Strahlen verschiedener
                 Wellenl{\"a}ngen durch Tau-Schichten}. ({German})
                 [{Weakening} of Rays of Different Wavelengths by Tau
                 Layers]",
  howpublished = "Unknown",
  year =         "1930",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 03 21:04:15 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "6",
}

@Article{Estermann:1931:VMB,
  author =       "I. Estermann and R. Frisch and O. Stern",
  title =        "{Versuche mit monochromatischen de Broglie-Wellen der
                 Molekularstrahlen}. ({German}) [{Experiments} with
                 monochromatic {de Broglie} waves of molecular beams]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "370--674",
  year =         "1931",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 03 21:11:33 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/debroglie-louis.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "8",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1931:BMG,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and Otto Stern",
  booktitle =    "Handbuch der Physik",
  title =        "{Beugung von Materiestrahlen}. ({German})
                 [{Diffraction} of matter rays]",
  volume =       "22(2)",
  publisher =    "????",
  address =      "????",
  pages =        "313--354",
  year =         "1931",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 07:23:20 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "10",
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@Article{Frisch:1931:IIH,
  author =       "R. Frisch and Peter Pringsheim",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber die Intensit{\"a}tsverteilung im Hg-Triplett
                 $ 2^3 S_1$--$ 2^3 P_{0, 1, 2}$ und die mittlere
                 Leuchtdauer der Triplettkomponenten}. ({German}) [{On}
                 the intensity distribution in the {Hg} triplet {$ 2^3
                 S_1$}--{$ 2^3 P_{0, 1, 2}$} and the average life of the
                 triplet components]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "67",
  number =       "3--4",
  pages =        "169--178",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1931",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01394596",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01394596",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "7",
  received =     "29 November 1930",
}

@Article{Frisch:1931:MVG,
  author =       "R. Frisch and W. Holzer and Hermann Schr{\"o}der",
  title =        "{Mitteilungen aus verschiedenen Gebieten}. ({German})
                 [{Messages} from different areas]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "49",
  pages =        "991--992",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1931",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01516184",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Estermann:1932:MBW,
  author =       "I. Estermann and R. Frisch and O. Stern",
  title =        "{Monochromasierung der de Broglie-Wellen von
                 Molekularstrahlen}. ({German}) [{Monochromatization} of
                 {de Broglie} waves of molecular beams]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "73",
  number =       "5--6",
  pages =        "348--365",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1932",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01341144",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 3 21:09:27 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/debroglie-louis.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "9",
}

@Article{Frisch:1932:EIP,
  author =       "R. Frisch",
  title =        "{Elektronenbeugung und inneres Potential der Metalle}.
                 ({German}) [{Electron} diffraction and internal
                 potential of metals]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "37",
  pages =        "689--689",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1932",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01494408",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "12",
}

@Article{Frisch:1932:PSQ,
  author =       "R. Frisch and T. E. Phipps and E. Segr{\`e} and O.
                 Stern",
  title =        "Process of Space Quantisation",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "130",
  number =       "3293",
  pages =        "892--893",
  day =          "10",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1932",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/130892d0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v130/n3293/pdf/130892d0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "11",
  publishdate =  "10 December 1932",
}

@Article{Frisch:1932:SRM,
  author =       "R. Frisch and O. Stern",
  title =        "{Die spiegelnde Reflexion von Molekularstrahlen}.
                 ({German}) [{The} specular reflection of molecular
                 beams]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "39",
  pages =        "721--721",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1932",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01494221",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "13",
}

@Article{Estermann:1933:MMP,
  author =       "I. Estermann and R. Frisch and O. Stern",
  title =        "Magnetic Moment of the Proton",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "132",
  number =       "3326",
  pages =        "169--170",
  day =          "29",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/132169a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v132/n3326/pdf/132169a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  publishdate =  "29 July 1933",
}

@Article{Frisch:1933:ARB,
  author =       "R. Frisch",
  title =        "{Anomalien bei der Reflexion und Beugung von
                 Molekularstrahlen an Kristallspaltfl{\"a}chen. II}.
                 ({German}) [{Anomalies} in specular reflection and
                 diffraction of molecular beams at crystal slits.
                 {II}]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "84",
  number =       "7--8",
  pages =        "443--447",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01342224",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 06:58:10 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01342224",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "17",
}

@Article{Frisch:1933:ASR,
  author =       "R. Frisch and O. Stern",
  title =        "{Anomalien bei der spiegelnden Reflexion und Beugung
                 von Molekularstrahlen an Kristallspaltfl{\"a}chen. I}.
                 ({German}) [{Anomalies} in specular reflection and
                 diffraction of molecular beams at crystal slits. {I}]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "84",
  number =       "7--8",
  pages =        "430--442",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01342223",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 06:53:58 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01342223",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "16",
}

@Article{Frisch:1933:ENE,
  author =       "R. Frisch",
  title =        "{Experimenteller Nachweis des Einsteinschen
                 Strahlungsr{\"u}cksto{\ss}es}. ({German})
                 [{Experimental} proof of {Einstein}'s radiation
                 recoil]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "86",
  number =       "1--2",
  pages =        "42--48",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01340182",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 06:46:43 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01340182",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "19",
}

@Article{Frisch:1933:ERIa,
  author =       "R. Frisch and E. Segr{\`e}",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber die Einstellung der Richtungsquantelung.
                 II}. ({German}) [{On} setting the direction
                 quantization. {II}]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "80",
  number =       "9--10",
  pages =        "610--616",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01335699",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 06:59:45 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "14",
}

@Article{Frisch:1933:ERIb,
  author =       "R. Frisch and E. Segr",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber die Einstrahlung der Richtungsquantelung.
                 II}. ({German}) [{On} the irradiation of directional
                 quantization. {II}]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "81",
  number =       "5--6",
  pages =        "424--424",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01344559",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 06:52:15 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Frisch:1933:MAW,
  author =       "R. Frisch and O. Stern",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber die magnetische Ablenkung von
                 Wasserstoffmolek{\"u}len und das magnetische Moment des
                 Protons. I}. ({German}) [{On} the magnetic deflection
                 of hydrogen molecules and the magnetic moment of the
                 proton. {I}]",
  journal =      j-Z-PHYSIK,
  volume =       "85",
  number =       "1--2",
  pages =        "4--16",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "ZEPYAA",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01330773",
  ISSN =         "0044-3328",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 06:49:27 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01330773",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Physik}",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/218",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "18",
}

@Article{Frisch:1933:RSQ,
  author =       "R. Frisch and E. Segr{\`e}",
  title =        "Ricerche Sulla Quantizzazione Spaziale. ({Italian})
                 [{Spatial} Quantization Researches]",
  journal =      j-NUOVO-CIMENTO-8,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "78--91",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1933",
  CODEN =        "NUCIAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02957540",
  ISSN =         "0029-6341 (print), 1827-6121 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0029-6341",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 07:37:40 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02957540",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Il Nuovo Cimento (8)",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/40760",
  language =     "Italian",
  ORF-number =   "15",
}

@Article{Frisch:1934:IRS,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Induced Radioactivity of Sodium and Phosphorus",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "133",
  number =       "3367",
  day =          "12",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1934",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/133721b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v133/n3367/pdf/133721b0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "20",
  publishdate =  "12 May 1934",
}

@Article{Feisch:1935:IRF,
  author =       "O. R. Feisch",
  title =        "Induced Radioactivity of Fluorine and Calcium",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "136",
  number =       "3432",
  pages =        "220--220",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1935",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/136220a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.nature.com/articles/136220a0",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "22",
}

@Article{Frisch:1935:PM,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and G. Fanselau and A. Prey and J.
                 Eggert",
  title =        "{Physikalische Mitteilungen}. ({German}) [{Physical}
                 Messages]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "166--168",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1935",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01497205",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "21",
  xxtitle =      "{Eine Wilsonkammer mit verlingerter Dauer des
                 {\"u}bersattigten Zustandes}. ({German}) [{A} {Wilson}
                 chamber with a lapsed duration of the over-saturated
                 state]",
}

@Article{Frisch:1935:VSN,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and E. T. S{\o}rensen",
  title =        "Velocity of Slow Neutrons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "136",
  number =       "3433",
  pages =        "258--258",
  day =          "17",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1935",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/136258a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v136/n3433/pdf/136258a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "23",
  publishdate =  "17 August 1935",
}

@Article{Frisch:1936:CSN,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and G. Placzek",
  title =        "Capture of Slow Neutrons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "137",
  number =       "3461",
  pages =        "357--357",
  day =          "29",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1936",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/137357a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v137/n3461/pdf/137357a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "25",
  publishdate =  "29 February 1936",
}

@Article{Frisch:1936:SAN,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and G. Hevesy and H. A. C. Mckay",
  title =        "Selective Absorption of Neutrons by Gold",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "137",
  number =       "3456",
  pages =        "149--150",
  day =          "25",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1936",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/137149b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v137/n3456/pdf/137149b0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "24",
  publishdate =  "25 January 1936",
}

@Article{Frisch:1937:CSN,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and H. {von Halban, Jr.} and J{\o}rgen
                 Koch",
  title =        "Capture of Slow Neutrons in Light Elements",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "140",
  number =       "3551",
  day =          "20",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1937",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/140895b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v140/n3551/pdf/140895b0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "29",
  publishdate =  "20 November 1937",
}

@Article{Frisch:1937:MFA,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and H. {von Halban, Jr.} and J{\o}rgen
                 Koch",
  title =        "The Magnetic Field acting upon Neutrons inside
                 Magnetized Iron",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "140",
  number =       "3539",
  pages =        "360--360",
  day =          "28",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1937",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/140360a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v140/n3539/pdf/140360a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "28",
  publishdate =  "28 August 1937",
}

@Article{Frisch:1937:MMM,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and H. {von Halban, Jr.} and J{\o}rgen
                 Koch",
  title =        "A Method of Measuring the Magnetic Moment of Free
                 Neutrons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "139",
  number =       "3522",
  pages =        "756--757",
  day =          "1",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1937",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/139756a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v139/n3522/pdf/139756a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "26",
  publishdate =  "01 May 1937",
}

@Article{Frisch:1937:SCN,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and H. {von Halban, Jr.} and J{\o}rgen
                 Koch",
  title =        "The slowing-down and capture of neutrons in
                 hydrogenous substances",
  journal =      "Math.-fys. Meddr",
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1937",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 09:34:40 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "31",
}

@Article{Frisch:1937:SCS,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Selective capture of slow neutrons",
  journal =      "Math.-fys. Meddr.",
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1937",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 09:32:36 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "30",
}

@Article{Frisch:1937:SMM,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and H. {von Halban, Jr.} and J{\o}rgen
                 Koch",
  title =        "Sign of the Magnetic Moment of Free Neutrons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "139",
  number =       "3528",
  pages =        "1021--1021",
  day =          "12",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1937",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/1391021a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v139/n3528/pdf/1391021a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  publishdate =  "12 June 1937",
}

@Article{Frisch:1937:TEC,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and H. {von Halban, Jr.} and J{\o}rgen
                 Koch",
  title =        "Temperature Equilibrium of {C}-Neutrons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "139",
  number =       "3526",
  pages =        "922--923",
  day =          "29",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1937",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/139922b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v139/n3526/pdf/139922b0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "27",
  publishdate =  "29 May 1937",
}

@Article{Frisch:1938:SEM,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and H. {von Halban, Jr.} and J{\o}rgen
                 Koch",
  title =        "Some Experiments on the Magnetic Properties of Free
                 Neutrons",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV,
  volume =       "53",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "719--726",
  day =          "1",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1938",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrev.53.719",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 09:39:27 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://journals.aps.org/pr/abstract/10.1103/PhysRev.53.719",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "https://journals.aps.org/pr/issues",
  ORF-number =   "32",
}

@Article{Oliphant:1938:RSA,
  author =       "M. L. Oliphant and R. Peierls and P. B. Moon",
  title =        "Radioactivity and sub-atomic phenomena",
  journal =      j-ANNU-REP-PROG-CHEM,
  volume =       "35",
  pages =        "7--35",
  year =         "1938",
  CODEN =        "ARPCAW",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1039/ar9383500007",
  ISSN =         "0365-6217 (print), 1754-7512 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/ar",
}

@Article{Arnold:1939:TMW,
  author =       "W. Arnold and O. R. Frisch and H. Levi",
  title =        "Thin Mica Windows",
  journal =      j-REV-SCI-INSTRUM,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "197--197",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "RSINAK",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1751531",
  ISSN =         "0034-6748 (print), 1089-7623 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0034-6748",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Review of scientific instruments",
  journal-URL =  "http://rsi.aip.org/",
}

@Article{Frisch:1939:PED,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Physical Evidence for the Division of Heavy Nuclei
                 under Neutron Bombardment",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "143",
  number =       "3616",
  pages =        "276--276",
  day =          "18",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/143276a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 28 05:49:56 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.chemteam.info/Chem-History/Frisch-Fission-1939.html;
                 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v143/n3616/pdf/143276a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "34",
  publishdate =  "18 February 1939",
  remark =       "This short paper, submitted 17 January 1939, describes
                 the first experimental confirmation on 13 January 1939
                 of the Hahn and Strassmann experiment on nuclear
                 disintegration \cite{Hahn:1939:NVB}, and first
                 introduces the word `fission'. The paper accompanies
                 three others
                 \cite{Meitner:1939:DUN,Meitner:1939:NPF,Meitner:1939:PFUb}.
                 Niels Bohr and L{\'e}on Rosenfeld brought the news to
                 America in early January 1939, and Hahn and
                 Strassmann's work was quickly reproduced in several US
                 labs that month. From the paper: ``This seems to be
                 conclusive physical evidence for the breaking up of
                 uranium nuclei into parts of comparable size, as
                 indicated by the experiments of Hahn and
                 Strassmann.''",
}

@Article{Frisch:1939:RSA,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and R. Peierls",
  title =        "Radioactivity and sub-atomic phenomena",
  journal =      j-ANNU-REP-PROG-CHEM,
  volume =       "36",
  pages =        "7--32",
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "ARPCAW",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1039/ar9393600007",
  ISSN =         "0365-6217 (print), 1754-7512 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  URL =          "http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/1939/ar/ar9393600007",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/ar",
  ORF-number =   "38",
}

@Article{Frisch:1939:RSP,
  author =       "Otto R. Frisch",
  title =        "Radioactivity and subatomic phenomena",
  journal =      j-ANNU-REP-PROG-CHEM,
  volume =       "36",
  publisher =    "The Chemical Society",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "7--24",
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "ARPCAW",
  ISSN =         "0365-6217 (print), 1754-7512 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Sun Jul 29 18:55:52 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/ar",
}

@Article{Frisch:1939:SCC,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Statistical Calculation of Composite Decay Curves",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "143",
  number =       "3629",
  pages =        "852--853",
  day =          "20",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/143852b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v143/n3629/pdf/143852b0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "37",
  publishdate =  "20 May 1939",
}

@Article{Meitner:1939:DUN,
  author =       "Lise Meitner and Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Disintegration of Uranium by Neutrons: a New Type of
                 Nuclear Reaction",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "143",
  number =       "3615",
  pages =        "239--240",
  day =          "11",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/143239a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jun 26 07:01:12 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "This paper, and \cite{Meitner:1939:PFUb}, both
                 submitted 16 January 1939 (see
                 \cite{Meitner:1962:RWR}), provided the first published
                 explanation of nuclear disintegration, called `nuclear
                 fission' by Frisch, that was first observed
                 experimentally by Hahn and Strassmann in December 1939
                 \cite{Hahn:1939:NVB}. Frisch's paper
                 \cite{Frisch:1939:PED} describes the first experimental
                 confirmation. It was these results that Niels Bohr
                 intended to hold confidential until their journal
                 publication during his January 1939 trip to the USA,
                 but his traveling companion L{\'e}on Rosenfeld
                 \cite{Rosenfeld:1972:NR} wasn't informed of that
                 intent, and the news escaped and spread quickly.",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v143/n3615/pdf/143239a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Lise Meitner (7 November 1878--27 October 1968); Otto
                 Robert Frisch (1 October 1904, Vienna--22 September
                 1979)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "33",
  publishdate =  "11 February 1939",
}

@Article{Meitner:1939:PFUa,
  author =       "Lise Meitner and Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "On the products of the fission of uranium and thorium
                 under neutron bombardment",
  journal =      "Math.-fys. Meddr",
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "1--13",
  year =         "1939",
  LCCN =         "AS281 .D215 bd. 17, nr. 5",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "Det Kgl. danske videnskabernes selskab.
                 Mathematisk-fysiske meddelelser.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1878--1968",
  ORF-number =   "36",
  subject =      "Uranium; Thorium; Neutrons",
}

@Article{Meitner:1939:PFUb,
  author =       "Lise Meitner and Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Products of the Fission of the Uranium Nucleus",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "143",
  number =       "3620",
  pages =        "471--472",
  day =          "18",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/143471a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jun 26 07:09:26 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "See note in \cite{Meitner:1939:DUN}.",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v143/n3620/pdf/143471a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Lise Meitner (7 November 1878--27 October 1968); Otto
                 Robert Frisch (1 October 1904, Vienna--22 September
                 1979)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "35",
  publishdate =  "18 March 1939",
}

@TechReport{Frisch:1940:CSB,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "On the Construction of a `Super-bomb' based on a
                 Nuclear Chain Reaction in Uranium",
  institution =  "University of Birmingham",
  address =      "Birmingham, UK",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1940",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 02 16:22:08 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted in \cite{Frisch:1964:CSB}.",
  URL =          "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frisch%E2%80%93Peierls_memorandum;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Frisch.shtml;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Peierls.shtml;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Begin/FrischPeierls.shtml",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
  remark =       "This report estimates the critical mass for
                 uranium-235 fission to be about 0.6 kg (just over one
                 pound), radically below the previous estimate of
                 several tons \cite{Peierls:1939:CCN}. The true value is
                 about 15 kg, but the value in this paper strongly
                 suggested that an atomic bomb is possible, and could be
                 carried by airplane.",
}

@Misc{Frisch:1940:FPM,
  author =       "Otto R. Frisch and Rudolf E. Peierls",
  title =        "The {Frisch--Peierls} Memorandum, Part 1",
  howpublished = "ALSOS Web site.",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1940",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  URL =          "http://alsos.wlu.edu/information.aspx?id=3171",
  abstract =     "Originally dated March 1940, this important historical
                 document addresses the possibility of constructing a
                 ``super-bomb'' based on the atomic science of the time.
                 Physicists Otto Frisch and Rudolph Peierls explain the
                 scientific principles at work in the super-bomb,
                 describing the nuclear chain reaction and identifying
                 the critical amount of enriched uranium (U-235)
                 required for the bomb. Furthermore, they discuss the
                 bomb from a military perspective, specifically
                 addressing its possible use in World War II. Until this
                 memorandum was written, an atomic bomb was thought to
                 require too much uranium to be practical in warfare.
                 Frisch and Peierls offer hypotheses on the range and
                 force of the explosion, the dangers of radiation, and
                 the options for protection against the bomb. While
                 cautioning the government against potential dangers,
                 the memo urges the United States to initiate production
                 of the bomb, citing the wide accessibility of the
                 science behind it and, hence, the possibility that
                 Germany could already be developing the weapon. The
                 memorandum is an excellent example of communicating
                 scientific principles to a general audience. It is the
                 first of two parts of the Frisch-Peierls Memorandum;
                 the second offers more scientific and technical
                 details.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@TechReport{Frisch:1940:MPR,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "Memorandum on the Properties of a Radioactive
                 ``Super-bomb''",
  institution =  "University of Birmingham",
  address =      "Birmingham, UK",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1940",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 02 15:48:07 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frisch%E2%80%93Peierls_memorandum;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Frisch.shtml;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Peierls.shtml;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Begin/FrischPeierls.shtml;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Begin/FrischPeierls2.shtml",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "This report estimates the critical mass for
                 uranium-235 fission to be about one pound (0.5 kg),
                 radically below the previous estimate of several tons
                 \cite{Peierls:1939:CCN}. The true value is about 15 kg,
                 but the value in this paper strongly suggested that an
                 atomic bomb is possible, and could be carried by
                 airplane.",
}

@TechReport{Frisch:1940:PRS,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "The Properties of a Radioactive ``Super-bomb''",
  type =         "Memorandum",
  institution =  "University of Birmingham",
  address =      "Birmingham, UK",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1940",
  bibdate =      "Sat Nov 02 15:48:07 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted in \cite{Clark:1965:T}.",
  URL =          "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frisch%E2%80%93Peierls_memorandum;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Frisch.shtml;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Peierls.shtml;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Begin/FrischPeierls.shtml;
                 http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Begin/FrischPeierls2.shtml",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
  remark =       "This report estimates the critical mass for
                 uranium-235 fission to be about one pound (0.5 kg),
                 radically below the previous estimate of several tons
                 \cite{Peierls:1939:CCN}. The true value is about 15 kg,
                 but the value in this paper strongly suggested that an
                 atomic bomb is possible, and could be carried by
                 airplane.",
}

@Article{Frisch:1940:RSP,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Radioactivity and subatomic phenomena",
  journal =      j-ANNU-REP-PROG-CHEM,
  volume =       "37",
  pages =        "7--22",
  year =         "1940",
  CODEN =        "ARPCAW",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1039/ar9403700007",
  ISSN =         "0365-6217 (print), 1754-7512 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/ar",
  ORF-number =   "39",
}

@TechReport{Peierls:1940:EFNb,
  author =       "Rudolf Peierls and Otto R. Frisch",
  title =        "The effects of fast neutrons in ordinary uranium",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "MS-4A (PRO AB4/832)",
  institution =  inst-TUBE-ALLOYS,
  address =      inst-TUBE-ALLOYS:adr,
  year =         "1940",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 30 11:17:11 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Possibly available via the Public Records Office,
                 London, UK.",
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@Article{Frisch:1941:RSA,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Radioactivity and sub-atomic phenomena",
  journal =      j-ANNU-REP-PROG-CHEM,
  volume =       "38",
  pages =        "287--297",
  year =         "1941",
  CODEN =        "ARPCAW",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1039/ar9413800287",
  ISSN =         "0365-6217 (print), 1754-7512 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/ar",
  ORF-number =   "41",
}

@TechReport{Frisch:1942:ACN,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Absolute calibration of a neutron source",
  type =         "Liverpool Report",
  number =       "AB 4/50 (BR 49)",
  institution =  inst-TUBE-ALLOYS,
  address =      inst-TUBE-ALLOYS:adr,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 10:50:27 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "43",
  remark =       "Not found at The National Archives Web site, or
                 elsewhere on the Internet via Web search engines.",
}

@TechReport{Frisch:1942:IAU,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Isotope analysis of uranium samples by means of $
                 \alpha $-ray groups",
  type =         "Liverpool Report",
  number =       "AB 4/50 (BR 49)",
  institution =  inst-TUBE-ALLOYS,
  address =      inst-TUBE-ALLOYS:adr,
  year =         "1942",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 10:50:27 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C1978077",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "42",
  remark =       "The National Archives says: ``This record has not been
                 digitised and cannot be downloaded.'' However, one can
                 visit the Archives to see it, or pay for a printed
                 copy.",
}

@TechReport{Frisch:1943:LAT,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "Light absorption by two black hemispheres",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "MS-77 (PRO AB4/915)",
  institution =  inst-TUBE-ALLOYS,
  address =      inst-TUBE-ALLOYS:adr,
  year =         "1943",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 30 11:17:11 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Possibly available via the Public Records Office,
                 London, UK.",
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@Article{Frisch:1943:RSA,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Radioactivity and sub-atomic phenomena",
  journal =      j-ANNU-REP-PROG-CHEM,
  volume =       "40",
  pages =        "5--11",
  year =         "1943",
  CODEN =        "ARPCAW",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1039/ar9434000005",
  ISSN =         "0365-6217 (print), 1754-7512 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry",
  journal-URL =  "http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/ar",
  ORF-number =   "44",
}

@TechReport{Stein:1945:DNU,
  author =       "P. R. Stein and Otto Robert Frisch and Bernard Taub
                 Feld and F. de Hoffman",
  title =        "Delayed neutrons from {U$^{235}$} after short
                 irradiation",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "AECD-1971",
  institution =  "U.S. Atomic Energy Commission",
  address =      "Oak Ridge, TN, USA",
  pages =        "20",
  day =          "6",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1945",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 06:05:32 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "Declassified 17 May 1948. Title page undated, but date
                 found in footnote on first document page.",
  URL =          "https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015086446955",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Submitted to \booktitle{The Physical Review}.",
}

@Article{Blackett:1946:MAE,
  author =       "P. M. S. Blackett and M. Born and P. I. Dee and P. A.
                 M. Dirac and N. Feather and E. A. Guggenheim and H. S.
                 W. Massey and P. B. Moon and N. F. Mott and M. L. E.
                 Oliphant and F. A. Paneth and R. E. Peierls and M. H.
                 L. Pryce and F. E. Simon and {Sir} George Thompson and
                 O. R. Frisch and H. W. B. Skinner",
  title =        "Memo to the {UN Atomic Energy Commission}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "6--8",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1946",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Sep 16 17:05:09 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/born-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
}

@TechReport{Frisch:1946:NUD,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and U. R. Friend",
  title =        "Note on a use of delay lines in counter pulse
                 amplifiers",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "MDDC 238 and LADC 221",
  institution =  "Atomic Energy Commission",
  address =      "Oak Ridge, TN, USA",
  pages =        "4",
  day =          "6",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1946",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 05:59:00 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "Manhattan District declassified code 22 August 1946.",
  URL =          "https://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015077319377",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Frisch:1946:TNP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The tools of nuclear physics",
  journal =      "Penguin Science News",
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "128--161",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1946",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 19:13:14 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G1",
}

@Misc{Frisch:1947:LNP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Lectures on nuclear physics at {A.E.R.E.}",
  howpublished = "Unknown.",
  year =         "1947",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 19:14:30 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G2",
}

@Book{Frisch:1947:MAPa,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Meet the atoms; a popular guide to modern physics",
  publisher =    "Sigma Books",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "xiv + 226",
  year =         "1947",
  LCCN =         "QC173 .F723 1947a",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904-- [from old catalog]",
  ORF-number =   "B1a",
  subject =      "Atoms",
}

@Book{Frisch:1947:MAPb,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Meet the atoms, a popular guide to modern physics",
  publisher =    "A. A. Wyn, Inc.",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "xiv + 226",
  year =         "1947",
  LCCN =         "QC173 .F723",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904--",
  ORF-number =   "B1b",
  subject =      "Atoms",
}

@Misc{Frisch:1948:MTR,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Meson theory and radar",
  howpublished = "Technion Yb.",
  year =         "1948",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 19:15:25 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G3",
}

@TechReport{Frisch:1948:SMP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Statistics of multiplicative processes",
  type =         "Report",
  number =       "????",
  institution =  "Atomic Energy Research Establishment",
  address =      "Harwell, Berkshire, UK",
  pages =        "??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1948",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 10:57:31 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "45",
}

@Article{Frisch:1950:BRA,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Acceleration of particles to
                 high energies}}, London: Institute of Physics}",
  journal =      "Discovery",
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "340--340",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1950",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "R1",
}

@Article{Frisch:1950:CL,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The cyclotron and its limitations",
  journal =      "Discovery",
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "262--266",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1950",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 19:16:20 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G4",
}

@Article{Frisch:1950:SC,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Scintillation counters",
  journal =      j-HELV-PHYS-ACTA,
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "Supplement 3",
  pages =        "150--154",
  month =        "154",
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "HPACAK",
  ISSN =         "0018-0238",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 11:01:33 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.e-periodica.ch/digbib/view?pid=hpa-001:1950:23::1114",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Helvetica Physica Acta",
  journal-URL =  "http://retro.seals.ch/digbib/vollist?UID=hpa-001",
  ORF-number =   "46",
}

@Article{Frank:1951:LMK,
  author =       "S. G. F. Frank and O. R. Frisch and G. G. Scarrott",
  title =        "{LXIII}. {A} mechanical kick-sorter (pulse size
                 analyser)",
  journal =      "The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical
                 Magazine and Journal of Science",
  volume =       "42",
  number =       "329",
  pages =        "603--611",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1951",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/14786445108561275",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 11:17:24 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "47",
}

@Article{Frisch:1951:AAAa,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The artificial acceleration of atomic particles",
  journal =      j-PROC-R-INST-G-B,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  day =          "11",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1951",
  CODEN =        "PIGBAI",
  ISSN =         "0035-8959",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 19:17:04 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great
                 Britain",
  journal-URL =  "http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008307565",
  ORF-number =   "G5",
}

@Article{Frisch:1951:AAAb,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Artificial Acceleration of Atomic Particles",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "168",
  number =       "4281",
  pages =        "849--851",
  day =          "17",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1951",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/168849a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v168/n4281/pdf/168849a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  publishdate =  "17 November 1951",
}

@Article{Frisch:1951:AR,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Atomic Reminiscences",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "168",
  number =       "4262",
  pages =        "6--6",
  day =          "7",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1951",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/168006b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v168/n4262/pdf/168006b0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  publishdate =  "07 July 1951",
}

@Article{Frisch:1951:BRN,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{New Atoms}}, by Otto Hahn}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "168",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "67",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1951",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "R2",
  remark =       "This reference is wrong, and not found on pages 67--69
                 of this issue of Nature. Not found by search in journal
                 Web site. Where did it appear?",
}

@Article{Frisch:1953:CMP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Causality in modern physics",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "138--142",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1953",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 19:19:39 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G6",
}

@Article{Frisch:1953:GAW,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Giant accelerators: what do we expect of them?",
  journal =      "Times Science Review",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "2--2",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1953",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 19:20:29 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Times Sci. Rev.",
  ORF-number =   "G7",
}

@Article{Frisch:1954:AEH,
  author =       "Professor O. R. {Frisch, O.B.E., F.R.S.}",
  title =        "Atomic energy --- how it all began",
  journal =      j-BR-J-APPL-PHYS,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "81--84",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1954",
  CODEN =        "BJAPAJ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0508-3443/5/3/301",
  ISSN =         "0508-3443 (print), 2057-7656 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0508-3443",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 07 12:03:08 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "A lecture delivered in London to the Education Group
                 of The Institute of Physics on 20 October, 1953.",
  URL =          "http://iopscience.iop.org/0508-3443/5/3/301;
                 http://stacks.iop.org/0508-3443/5/i=3/a=301",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "British Journal of Applied Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0508-3443",
  ORF-number =   "G11",
  remark-1 =     "From page 82: ``But in principle there is no
                 difference between those cases [radioactive decay and
                 chemical reactions], and it is misleading to state, as
                 the daily Press has done, that atomic energy, in
                 contrast to chemical energy, depends on Einstein's
                 principle of the equivalence of mass and energy. In
                 both forms of energy production the mass change is
                 unobservably small. What Einstein's formula does is to
                 limit the amount of energy which could possibly be
                 obtained from a given amount of matter.''.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 82: ``All light nuclei are indeed lighter
                 than the fragments into which they might get broken, so
                 breaking them will not give us a source of energy. But,
                 as one goes to heavier nuclei one finds that the mass
                 defect --- the amount by which the mass of a nucleus is
                 smaller than that of all the protons and neutrons of
                 which it consists --- does not grow as fast as the mass
                 itself, and the heaviest nuclei should be capable of
                 breaking up into lighter ones, with the liberation of
                 large amounts of energy and probably of some neutrons.
                 Those neutrons might stimulate the break-up of further
                 heavy nuclei and there we would have our chain
                 reaction.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 83: ``Why do they [alpha particles (He$^+$
                 ions)] come out one by one? Five helium nuclei could be
                 united into one neon nucleus, with the liberation of
                 some extra energy; yet the emission of a neon nucleus
                 is never observed. The quantum theory explains that:
                 according to its formulae, the heavier neon nucleus
                 would have vastly greater difficulty in penetrating the
                 potential barrier, and it is much easier for the same
                 amount of nuclear matter to seep out in the form of
                 five successive helium nuclei than in one big lump.
                 What all physicists overlooked was that this argument
                 fails for the break-up of a heavy nucleus into two
                 approximately equal parts. In that case the available
                 energy becomes so large that there is practically no
                 potential barrier to be overcome.''",
  remark-4 =     "From page 83: ``One small effect, discovered by
                 Roberts, Meyer and Wang early in 1939 turned out to be
                 of enormous importance: the presence of delayed
                 neutrons. They are emitted, not in the fission act by
                 fragments still `hot' from the upheaval that made them,
                 but seconds later as a consequence of the radioactive
                 transformation of some of those fragments. It is on
                 those neutrons that the possibility of a controlled
                 reaction largely depends.''",
  remark-5 =     "From page 84: ``Bohr concluded, early in 1939, that
                 the fission caused by slow neutrons happened with
                 nuclei, not of $^{238}$U but of a slight admixture
                 (0.7\%) of $^{235}$U. That surprising conclusion was
                 based on rather subtle arguments and at first met with
                 some scepticism; but it was proved correct a couple of
                 years later when small amounts of $^{235}$U had been
                 separated out with the help of a mass spectrometer.''",
  remark-6 =     "From page 85: ``We knew that we could stop the chain
                 reaction at any tune by removing a few bricks (or a few
                 blocks of the surrounding material), and we never felt
                 that those experiments were dangerous; actually two
                 people died by causing, through some minor slip, a
                 large quantity of neutrons to pass through their
                 bodies, and I once nearly became the third.''",
}

@Article{Frisch:1954:AWa,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Atomic weapons",
  journal =      "Atomic Scientists Journal",
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "193--193",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1954",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:44:22 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G14",
}

@Article{Frisch:1954:AWb,
  author =       "Professor O. R. {Frisch, O.B.E., F.R.S.}",
  title =        "Atomic weapons",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "173",
  number =       "4402",
  pages =        "477--477",
  day =          "13",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1954",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/173477a0",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:33:00 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "From the second of a series of public lectures
                 arranged by the Atomic Scientists' Association and
                 Department of Extra-Mural Studies of the University of
                 London.",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v173/n4402/abs/173477a0",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G10",
  remark =       "From the half-page article: ``An average local
                 thunderstorm releases as much energy as a plutonium
                 bomb; a hurricane or an earthquake, a million times as
                 much.''",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1954:AWc,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Atomic weapons",
  crossref =     "Rotblat:1954:AES",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1954",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:52:37 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G15",
}

@Article{Frisch:1954:FCD,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "On the Feasibility of Coal-Driven Power Stations",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "224--224",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1954",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 26 05:45:14 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Frisch:1954:HAE,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "How atomic energy works",
  journal =      "The Sunday Times",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  day =          "6",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1954",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:30:05 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G9",
}

@Article{Frisch:1954:HHB,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "How the hydrogen bomb works",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "51",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "907--908",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1954",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:42:25 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G13",
}

@Article{Frisch:1954:IMP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Individuality in modern physics",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "51",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "57--58",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1954",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 19:26:15 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G8",
}

@Article{Frisch:1954:SHB,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Scientists and the hydrogen bomb",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "51",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "556--556",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1954",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:42:25 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G12",
}

@Article{Frisch:1954:XPM,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and D. J. Littler",
  title =        "{XVII}. {Pile} modulation and statistical fluctuations
                 in piles",
  journal =      "The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical
                 Magazine and Journal of Science",
  volume =       "45",
  number =       "361",
  pages =        "126--140",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1954",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/14786440208520432",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 11:08:13 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14786440208520432",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "48",
  received =     "21 January 1953",
}

@Article{Frisch:1955:AP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The anti-proton",
  journal =      "Discovery",
  volume =       "51",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "498--498",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1955",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:57:27 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G18",
}

@Article{Frisch:1955:BR,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Atoms in the Family: My Life
                 with Enrico Fermi --- Designer of the First Atomic
                 Pile}}, by Laura Fermi. Pp. 284 + 15 plates (London:
                 George Allen and Unwin, Ltd., 1955)}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "176",
  number =       "4488",
  pages =        "850--850",
  day =          "5",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/176850b0;
                 https://doi.org/10.1038/176850d0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v176/n4488/pdf/176850b0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "R3",
  publishdate =  "05 November 1955",
}

@Article{Frisch:1955:CAP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Counting atomic particles",
  journal =      "Times Science Review",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "6--6",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1955",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:53:37 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Times Sci. Rev.",
  ORF-number =   "G16",
}

@Article{Frisch:1955:HEA,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "High-energy accelerators. {The} synchrotron",
  journal =      "Discovery",
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "450--450",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1955",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:56:34 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G17",
}

@Article{Frisch:1955:IRA,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "{II}. --- {La} radioactivit{\'e} artificielle et la
                 physique. ({French}) [{II}. --- {Artificial}
                 radioactivity and physics]",
  journal =      j-J-PHYS-RADIUM,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "748--753",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "JPRAAJ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1051/jphysrad:019550016010074800",
  ISSN =         "0368-3842",
  ISSN-L =       "0368-3842",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 11:24:04 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "Lecture at the celebration of the 25th anniversary of
                 the discovery of artificial radioactivity",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal de Physique et le Radium",
  journal-URL =  "https://jphysrad.journaldephysique.org/",
  language =     "French",
  ORF-number =   "49",
}

@Article{Frisch:1955:PEF,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "{Prof. Enrico Fermi, For. Mem. R. S.}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "175",
  number =       "4444",
  pages =        "18--19",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1955",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/175018a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 5 09:12:16 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v175/n4444/pdf/175018a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "O1",
  publishdate =  "01 January 1955",
}

@Article{Frisch:1956:AP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The anti-proton",
  journal =      "Nucl. Pwr",
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "51--52",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1956",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:59:08 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G20",
}

@Article{Frisch:1956:APA,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Anti-particles and anti-matter",
  journal =      "Times Science Review",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "1--1",
  month =        "Winter",
  year =         "1956",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:02:45 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Times Sci. Rev.",
  ORF-number =   "G23",
}

@Article{Frisch:1956:DAP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The discovery of the anti-proton",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "55",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "16--17",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1956",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:01:19 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G21",
}

@Article{Frisch:1956:FCD,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "On the feasibility of coal-driven power stations",
  journal =      "Nucl. Engng, Lond",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "268--269",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1956",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:58:27 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G19",
}

@Article{Frisch:1956:JP,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "``{Jocular} Physics''",
  journal =      j-SCI-AMER,
  volume =       "194",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "93--103",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1956",
  CODEN =        "SCAMAC",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0356-93",
  ISSN =         "0036-8733 (print), 1946-7087 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8733",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 18 15:59:04 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/sciam1950.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v194/n3/pdf/scientificamerican0356-93.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Scientific American",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican",
}

@Article{Frisch:1956:LYS,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Letter to a young scientist",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "56",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "269, 350",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1956",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:02:05 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G22",
}

@Article{Frisch:1957:BR,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "[Book Reviews]",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "179",
  number =       "4564",
  day =          "20",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1957",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/179799c0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v179/n4564/pdf/179799c0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  publishdate =  "20 April 1957",
}

@Article{Frisch:1957:BRN,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Nuclear explosions and their
                 effects}}. Pp. x + 184. (Delhi: Indian Ministry of
                 Information \& Broadcasting, 1956)}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "179",
  number =       "4564",
  pages =        "799--799",
  day =          "20",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1957",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/179799d0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "R4",
}

@Article{Frisch:1957:HNF,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "How nuclear fission came to be discovered",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "29--31",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1957",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:05:57 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G25",
}

@Article{Frisch:1957:PC,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Parity is not conserved",
  journal =      "University Quarterly",
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "235--244",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1957",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:06:36 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G26",
}

@Book{Frisch:1957:PEW,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "{Die Probleme der Energieerzeugung aus Wasserstoff}.
                 ({German}) [{The} Problems of Hydrogen Generation]",
  publisher =    "{\"O}sterreichische Studiengesellschaft f{\"u}r
                 Atomenergie Ges. m.b.H. (SGAE)",
  address =      "Vienna, Austria",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1957",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:07:54 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "G27",
}

@Article{Frisch:1957:PUA,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Peaceful uses of atomic fission",
  journal =      j-ATLANTIC-MONTHLY,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1957",
  ISSN =         "1072-7825 (print), 2151-9463 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1072-7825",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:12:41 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Atlantic Monthly",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/backissues/",
  ORF-number =   "G28",
}

@Article{Frisch:1957:QAM,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The quest for anti-matter",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "37--39",
  day =          "31",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1957",
  CODEN =        "NWSCAL",
  ISSN =         "0262-4079 (print), 1364-8500 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0262-4079",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:04:08 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.newscientist.com/issues/",
  ORF-number =   "G24",
}

@Book{Frisch:1958:NH,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The nuclear handbook",
  publisher =    "Van Nostrand",
  address =      "Princeton, NJ, USA",
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1958",
  LCCN =         "QC783 .F7",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "With 22 specialist contributors.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904--",
  subject =      "Nuclear physics; Handbooks, manuals, etc; Nuclear
                 engineering",
}

@Book{Frisch:1958:NHS,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The nuclear handbook",
  publisher =    "G. Newnes",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1958",
  LCCN =         "QC783 .F7 1958a",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "With 22 specialist contributors.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904--",
  ORF-number =   "E2",
  subject =      "Nuclear physics; Handbooks, manuals, etc; Nuclear
                 engineering",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:AM,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "This age of magnetism",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "61",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "1108--1109",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1959",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:17:51 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G32",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:BKB,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "{Betrachtungen {\"u}ber koh{\"a}rente Bremsstrahlung}.
                 ({German}) [{Considerations} for coherent
                 {Bremsstrahlung}]",
  journal =      j-ACTA-PHYS-AUSTRIACA,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "331--335",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "APASAP",
  ISSN =         "0001-6713",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 14:01:30 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Acta Physica Austriaca",
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "51",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:BRC,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{{\v{C}}erenkov radiation and
                 its application}}, by C. V. Jelley}",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "1034--1034",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "NWSCAL",
  ISSN =         "0262-4079 (print), 1364-8500 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0262-4079",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02624079",
  ORF-number =   "R5",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:BRT,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Turning points in physics}}
                 (Oxford lectures)}",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "527--528",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "NWSCAL",
  ISSN =         "0262-4079 (print), 1364-8500 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0262-4079",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02624079",
  ORF-number =   "R6",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:DCB,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and D. N. Olson",
  title =        "Detection of Coherent Bremsstrahlung from Crystals",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV-LET,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "141--142",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PRLTAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.3.141",
  ISSN =         "0031-9007 (print), 1079-7114 (electronic), 1092-0145",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9007",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 11:34:29 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.3.141",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physical Review Letters",
  journal-URL =  "http://prl.aps.org/browse",
  ORF-number =   "50",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:EN,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The energetic nucleus",
  journal =      "United Nations News",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "7--10",
  month =        jan # "\slash " # mar,
  year =         "1959",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:14:02 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G29",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:MA,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Measuring atoms",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "62",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "1161--1163",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1959",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:18:26 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G33",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:MB,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Molecular beams",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "1",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "3--16",
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107515908202592",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 19:57:18 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
  ORF-number =   "52",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:NEP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The new elementary particles",
  journal =      "Times Science Review",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "12--12",
  month =        "Autumn",
  year =         "1959",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:19:00 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Times Sci. Rev.",
  ORF-number =   "G34",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:NP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The new particles",
  journal =      "Bulletin of the Institute of Physics, London",
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "137--142",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1959",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:15:20 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Bull. Inst. Phys., Lond.",
  ORF-number =   "G30",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:PAN,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Probing the atomic nucleus",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "228--230, 416",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1959",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:16:44 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G31",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:PCN,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "``{Parity} Is Not Conserved'' A New Twist to
                 Physics?",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "139--143",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 28 07:42:26 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from \booktitle{Universities Quarterly}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Frisch:1959:PNC,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Parity non-conservation in weak interactions",
  journal =      j-PROG-NUCL-PHYS,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "267--273",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PNUPAT",
  ISSN =         "0079-659X",
  ISSN-L =       "0079-659X",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 14:04:57 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Prog. nucl. Phys.",
  fjournal =     "Progress in Nuclear Physics",
  ORF-number =   "53",
}

@Book{Frisch:1959:TAP,
  editor =       "O. R. Frisch and F. A. Paneth and F. Laves and P.
                 Rosbaud",
  title =        "Trends in atomic physics; essays dedicated to {Lise
                 Meitner}, {Otto Hahn}, {Max von Laue} on the occasion
                 of their 80th birthday: Atomic physics",
  publisher =    pub-INTERSCIENCE,
  address =      pub-INTERSCIENCE:adr,
  pages =        "285",
  year =         "1959",
  LCCN =         "QC475 .B45 1959a",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jun 29 06:05:54 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "An identical edition is published simultaneously under
                 the title \booktitle{Beitr{\"a}ge zur Physik und Chemie
                 des 20. Jahrhunderts}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "English, French, German",
  ORF-number =   "E3",
  remark =       "German-language edition in \cite{Frisch:1959:BPC}.
                 According to \cite[page 271]{Bodanis:2000:BWM}, Frisch
                 was known as Robert Otto Frisch in Germany, and used
                 Robert as his name. When he moved to the USA, because
                 Robert was so common there, he switched to Otto, and
                 thus, he appears in the literature as both Robert Otto
                 and Otto Robert.",
  subject =      "Meitner, Lise; Hahn, Otto; Laue, Max von; Radiation;
                 Chemistry, Physical and theoretical",
  subject-dates = "Lise Meitner (7 November 1878--27 October 1968); Otto
                 Hahn (8 March 1979--28 July 1968); Max von Laue (9
                 October 1879--24 April 1960)",
}

@Article{Frisch:1960:BRG,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The great decision}}, by M.
                 Amrine}",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "1555--1556",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1960",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "R8",
}

@Article{Frisch:1960:ESA,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Exploring the sub-atomic world",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "119--120",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1960",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:27:20 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G38",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1960:FP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Fundamental particles",
  crossref =     "Haslett:1960:SS",
  pages =        "9--22",
  year =         "1960",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:24:01 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G37",
}

@Article{Frisch:1960:LNSa,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Are the Laws of Nature Symmetrical?",
  journal =      j-PROC-R-INST-G-B,
  volume =       "38",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "249--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "PIGBAI",
  ISSN =         "0035-8959",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:21:34 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great
                 Britain",
  journal-URL =  "http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008307565",
  ORF-number =   "G35",
}

@Article{Frisch:1960:LNSb,
  author =       "O. R. Frischb",
  title =        "Are the Laws of Nature Symmetrical?",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "187",
  number =       "4738",
  pages =        "638--641",
  day =          "20",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/187638a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v187/n4738/pdf/187638a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  publishdate =  "20 August 1960",
}

@Article{Frisch:1960:NEN,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and {Sir} J. Cockcroft and I. G.
                 John",
  title =        "Nuclear energy: its nature, control and use",
  journal =      "UNA Peacefinder pamphlet",
  volume =       "29",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1960",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:22:46 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G36",
  xxnote =       "Check author order??",
}

@Article{Frisch:1960:SAA,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and A. J. Oxley",
  title =        "A semi-automatic analyser for bubble chamber
                 photographs",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTR-METH,
  volume =       "9",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "92--96",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "NUIMAL",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-554x(60)90053-7",
  ISSN =         "0029-554X (print), 1878-3759 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0029-554X",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:21 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0029554X",
  ORF-number =   "54",
  xxpages =      "92--98",
}

@Article{Frisch:1960:SPa,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The strange particles",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "173--176",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1960",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:30:00 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G39",
}

@Article{Frisch:1960:SPb,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Strangeness and parity",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "63",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "217--218",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1960",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:27:56 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G40",
}

@Book{Frisch:1961:APT,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Atomic physics today",
  publisher =    pub-BASIC-BOOKS,
  address =      pub-BASIC-BOOKS:adr,
  pages =        "vi + 254",
  year =         "1961",
  LCCN =         "QC778 .F73",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904-- [from old catalog]",
  ORF-number =   "B2",
  subject =      "Nuclear physics; Popular works; Atoms",
}

@Article{Frisch:1961:BRB,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The birth of the bomb}},
                 Robin Clark}",
  journal =      "Discovery",
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "318--318",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1961",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "R9",
}

@Article{Frisch:1961:BRD,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{From dualism to unity in
                 physics}}. By A. Land{\'e} (Cambridge University Press,
                 1960). Pp. xvi + 114}",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "323--323",
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107516108202665",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 19:57:38 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
  ORF-number =   "R7",
}

@Article{Frisch:1961:EP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The elementary particles",
  journal =      "Discovery",
  volume =       "22",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "515--524",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1961",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:33:02 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G42",
}

@Article{Frisch:1961:FP,
  author =       "Professor O. R. {Frisch, O.B.E., D.Sc., F.R.S.}",
  title =        "Fundamental particles",
  journal =      j-J-INST-ELECTR-ENG,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "78",
  pages =        "357--359",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "JISEAL",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1049/jiee-3.1961.0187",
  ISSN =         "0368-2692 (print), 2054-0574 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0368-2692",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 5 08:07:13 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of the Institution of Electrical Engineers",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber=5308791",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1961:I,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Introduction",
  crossref =     "Bohr:1961:ATD",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1961",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:32:23 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G41",
}

@Book{Frisch:1961:PNP,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Progress in nuclear physics",
  volume =       "3",
  publisher =    "????",
  address =      "????",
  pages =        "vii + 279",
  year =         "1961",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  ZMnumber =     "0098.18004",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Frisch:1961:TRP,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Time and relativity: {Part I}",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "16--27",
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107516108204443",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 19:57:44 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  ZMnumber =     "0098.18004",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
  ORF-number =   "55",
}

@Article{Frisch:1962:BRN,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The new world}}, by R. G.
                 Hewlett \& O. E. Anderson}",
  journal =      "New Scientist",
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "46--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1962",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "R10",
}

@Article{Frisch:1962:BRP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The philosophical impact of
                 contemporary physics}}, M. {\v{C}}apek}",
  journal =      "Discovery",
  volume =       "23",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "44--44",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1962",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "R11",
}

@Article{Frisch:1962:OQ,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Observation and the quantum",
  journal =      "????",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "309--309",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1962",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:34:00 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G43",
}

@Article{Frisch:1962:TRP,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Time and relativity: {Part II}",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "194--201",
  year =         "1962",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107516208221795",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 19:57:49 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
}

@Book{Frisch:1963:EP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and Wilhelm Fucks",
  title =        "{Die Elementarteilchen der Physik}. ({German}) [{The}
                 elementary particles of physics]",
  publisher =    "Westdeutscher Verlag",
  address =      "K{\"o}ln, West Germany",
  pages =        "114",
  year =         "1963",
  LCCN =         "Q49.C95 A8 Heft 124",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904--",
  language =     "German",
  subject =      "Particles (Nuclear physics); Music; Acoustics and
                 physics",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1963:MOF,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Means of observing fundamental particles",
  crossref =     "Garratt:1963:PSS",
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:38:54 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G44",
}

@Article{Frisch:1963:MP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The magnetic proton",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "459--460",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G45",
}

@Article{Frisch:1964:BRI,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{An introduction to the
                 theory of relativity}}, by A. V. Rosser}",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "155--156",
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107516408203118",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 19:58:26 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
  ORF-number =   "R13",
}

@Article{Frisch:1964:BRN,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The nature of matter}}, by
                 Yuan}",
  journal =      "????",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1964",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "R14",
}

@Article{Frisch:1964:BRP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Physics in the sixties}},
                 edited by S. K. Runcorn}",
  journal =      "Discovery",
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "50--50",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1964",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "R12",
}

@Article{Frisch:1964:C,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Causality",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "72",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "83--84",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1964",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G47",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1964:CSB,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "On the Construction of a `Super-bomb' based on a
                 Nuclear Chain Reaction in Uranium [{Part 1}]",
  crossref =     "Gowing:1964:BAEb",
  pages =        "389--393",
  year =         "1964",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 30 11:09:57 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "40a",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1964:ISS,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Interessen samler sig omkring atomkernen. ({Danish})
                 [{Interest} collects around the atomic nucleus]",
  crossref =     "Bohr:1964:NBH",
  pages =        "132--144",
  year =         "1964",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 11 06:04:55 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Danish",
}

@Article{Frisch:1964:NFP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The new fundamental particles",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "119--120, 173, 176, 217--218",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1964",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G46",
}

@Article{Frisch:1964:NNR,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Nuclei and nuclear reactions",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "6",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "81--93",
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107516408203111",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 19:58:26 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
  ORF-number =   "56",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1965:CSB,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "On the Construction of a `Super-bomb' based on a
                 Nuclear Chain Reaction in Uranium {[Part 2]}",
  crossref =     "Clark:1965:T",
  pages =        "215--217",
  year =         "1965",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 30 11:09:57 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "40b",
}

@Article{Frisch:1965:MB,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Molecular Beams",
  journal =      j-SCI-AMER,
  volume =       "212",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "58--74",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "SCAMAC",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0565-58",
  ISSN =         "0036-8733 (print), 1946-7087 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8733",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/sciam1960.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v212/n5/pdf/scientificamerican0565-58.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Scientific American",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican",
  ORF-number =   "G49",
}

@Article{Frisch:1965:PMM,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Poor man's {SMP}",
  journal =      j-IEEE-TRANS-NUCL-SCI,
  volume =       "12",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "196--197",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "IRNSAM",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1109/TNS.1965.4323843",
  ISSN =         "0018-9499 (print), 1558-1578 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0018-9499",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "Trans. Nucl. Sci. I.E.E.E.",
  fjournal =     "IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=23",
  ORF-number =   "G48",
  remark =       "The article repeatedly uses SMP without ever defining
                 it.",
}

@Article{Frisch:1965:PMP,
  author =       "Professor O. R. {Frisch, O.B.E., F.R.S.}",
  title =        "The particles of modern physics",
  journal =      j-ELECTRON-POWER,
  volume =       "11",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "153",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "ELPWAQ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1049/ep.1965.0120",
  ISSN =         "0013-5127 (print), 2053-7883 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0013-5127",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 5 08:11:03 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Electronics and power",
}

@Article{Frisch:1965:TPL,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Take a photon \ldots{}",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "7",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "45--53",
  year =         "1965",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107516508202135",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 19:58:37 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
  ORF-number =   "57",
}

@Book{Frisch:1965:WA,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Working with atoms",
  publisher =    pub-BASIC-BOOKS,
  address =      pub-BASIC-BOOKS:adr,
  pages =        "96",
  year =         "1965",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 06:25:12 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "B3",
}

@Article{Frisch:1966:PMP,
  author =       "Professor O. R. {Frisch, O.B.E., F.R.S.}",
  title =        "The particles of modern physics",
  journal =      j-PROC-IEE,
  volume =       "113",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "529--537",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PIEEAH",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1049/piee.1966.0086",
  ISSN =         "0020-3270 (print), 2053-7891 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0020-3270",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 5 07:59:38 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "The Fifty-Sixth Kelvin Lecture.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical
                 Engineers",
  journal-URL =  "https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5247218",
  ORF-number =   "G50",
}

@Article{Frisch:1966:SLD,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Symmetry laws in dispute",
  journal =      "The Listener",
  volume =       "76",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "725--725",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1966",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 08:15:05 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G51",
}

@Article{Frisch:1967:BNB,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Books: {{\booktitle{Niels Bohr, his life and work}},
                 edited by S. Rozental. \booktitle{Niels Bohr}, by Ruth
                 Moore}",
  journal =      j-SCI-AMER,
  volume =       "216",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "145--153",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "SCAMAC",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0667-145",
  ISSN =         "0036-8733 (print), 1946-7087 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8733",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/sciam1960.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v216/n6/pdf/scientificamerican0667-145.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Scientific American",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican",
  ORF-number =   "R15",
}

@Article{Frisch:1967:DFH,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch and John A. Wheeler",
  title =        "The Discovery of Fission: How it All Began and
                 Mechanism of Fission",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "43--52",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1967",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3034021",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Sun Jul 29 19:58:09 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted in \cite[pages 272--281]{Weart:1985:HP}.",
  URL =          "http://www.physicstoday.org/resource/1/phtoad/v20/i11/p43_s1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  ORF-number =   "G52",
  remark-1 =     "This paper is highly recommended reading, because it
                 provides the analysis by two of young researchers
                 involved, of why, after the discovery of the neutron by
                 James Chadwick in 1932 at Cambridge University, it took
                 seven years for nuclear fission to be discovered by
                 Hahn and Strassmann, and explained by Lise Meitner and
                 Otto Robert Frisch, both in December 1938.",
  remark-2 =     "Frisch on page 45: ``Leo Szilard once joked that if a
                 man suddenly does something unexpected there is usually
                 a woman behind it, but if an atomic nucleus suddenly
                 does something unexpected, there is probably a neutron
                 behind it.''",
  remark-3 =     "Frisch on page 47: ``We [Meitner and Frisch] only
                 spent two or three days together that Christmas. Then I
                 went back to Copenhagen and just managed to tell Bohr
                 about the idea as he was catching his boat to the US. I
                 remember how he struck his head after I had barely
                 started to speak and said: `Oh, what fools we have
                 been! We ought to have seen that before.' But he had
                 not --- nobody had.''",
  remark-4 =     "Frisch on page 48: ``In the first paper [in Nature] I
                 [Frisch] used the word `fission' suggested to me by the
                 American biologist, William A. Arnold, whom I asked
                 what one calls the phenomenon of cell division.''",
  remark-5 =     "Frisch on page 48: ``The liquid-drop model of the
                 nucleus was born late; the compound-nucleus idea was
                 conceived by Bohr only late in 1936.'' [Not so: George
                 Gamow wrote several papers on the liquid-drop model
                 from 1928 to 1936, and had very likely discussed them
                 with Niels Bohr, who himself had done his first
                 published work in 1909 on the surface tension of
                 water.]",
  remark-6 =     "Frisch on page 48: ``Ida Noddack, a German chemist,
                 quite rightly pointed out that they might be lighter
                 elements [after bombardment of uranium by neutrons];
                 but her comments (published in a journal not much read
                 by chemists and hardly at all by physicists) were
                 regarded as mere pedantry [\cite{Noddack:1934:EGE}].
                 She did not indicate how such light elements could be
                 formed; her paper had probably no effect whatever on
                 later work.''",
  remark-7 =     "Wheeler on page 50: ``Four days after his [Bohr's]
                 arrival [in New York City] he and Rosenfeld finished a
                 paper summarizing this general picture of fission in
                 terms of formation and breakup of the compound
                 nucleus.''",
  remark-8 =     "Wheeler on page 51: ``The first direct physical proof
                 that fission takes place appeared in the newspapers of
                 the twenty-ninth [of January 1939].''",
  remark-9 =     "Wheeler on page 51: ``How could we estimate this width
                 [of the nuclear state in the droplet model]? Happily,
                 in earlier days, several persons in the Princeton
                 community --- among them Henry Eyring and Eugene Wigner
                 --- had been occupied by the theory of the rates of
                 chemical reactions.''",
}

@Article{Frisch:1967:TG,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Tracks galore",
  journal =      "Camb. Res.",
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "3--3",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1967",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G54",
}

@Article{Frisch:1967:WP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "What is physics?",
  journal =      "B.B.C. Publications.",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1967",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G53",
  remark =       "I cannot find this as a journal or a book.",
}

@Article{Frisch:1968:DF,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and J. A. Wheeler",
  title =        "The discovery of fission",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "13--20",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9112/19/1/003",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:47:28 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "This article is being published by arrangement with
                 \booktitle{Physics Today}. The article first appeared
                 in the November 1967 issue of \booktitle{Physics
                 Today}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
  ORF-number =   "G55",
}

@Article{Frisch:1968:LMD,
  author =       "Otto R. Frisch",
  title =        "{Lise Meitner} Dies; Nuclear-Physics Pioneer",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "101--101",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3034630",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 08:49:43 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/magazine/physicstoday/article/21/12/10.1063/1.3034630",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark =       "Lise Meitner and Otto Hahn discovered the element
                 protoactinium in 1918. She shared the 1966 Enrico Fermi
                 Prize with Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann.",
  subject-dates = "7 November 1878--27 October 1968",
}

@Article{Frisch:1968:OH,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "{Otto Hahn}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "354--354",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9112/19/10/010",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:47:28 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
  remark =       "Half-page obituary remembrance.",
}

@Article{Frisch:1968:SWO,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Scientist who Open the Way to Atom Bomb",
  journal =      "The Observer",
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "??--??",
  day =          "4",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1968",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 02 17:10:57 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@InCollection{Meitner:1968:DUN,
  author =       "Lise Meitner and Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Disintegration of Uranium by Neutrons. {A} New Type of
                 Nuclear Reaction",
  crossref =     "Leicester:1968:SBC",
  pages =        "244--246",
  year =         "1968",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674366701.c80",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 24 07:46:52 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.degruyter.com/view/books/harvard.9780674366701/harvard.9780674366701.c80/harvard.9780674366701.c80.xml",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Frisch:1969:BRE,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Einstein's vision}}, by J.
                 A. Wheeler}",
  journal =      "Camb. Res.",
  volume =       "5",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "75--75",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1969",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "R16",
}

@Article{Meitner:1969:DUN,
  author =       "Lise Meitner and O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Disintegration of Uranium by Neutrons: a New Type of
                 Nuclear Reaction (Reprinted from {{\booktitle{Nature}},
                 February 11, 1939})",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "224",
  number =       "5218",
  pages =        "466--467",
  day =          "1",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1969",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/224466a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v224/n5218/abs/224466a0.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  publishdate =  "01 November 1969",
}

@Article{Davies:1970:SFS,
  author =       "D. J. M. Davies and O. R. Frisch and G. S. B. Street",
  title =        "{Sweepnik}: A fast semi-automatic track-measuring
                 machine",
  journal =      j-NUCL-INSTR-METH,
  volume =       "82",
  pages =        "54--60",
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "NUIMAL",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-554X(70)90325-3",
  ISSN =         "0029-554x (print), 1878-3759 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0029-554X",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:04:03 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0029554X70903253",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nuclear Instruments and Methods",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0029554X",
  ORF-number =   "58",
}

@Article{Frisch:1970:FNE,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The first nuclear explosion",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "47",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "274--278",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "NWSCAL",
  ISSN =         "0262-4079 (print), 1364-8500 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0262-4079",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02624079",
  ORF-number =   "G56",
}

@Article{Frisch:1970:LM,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "{Lise Meitner. 1878--1968}",
  journal =      j-BIOGRAPH-MEMOIRS-FELLOWS-ROY-SOC,
  volume =       "16",
  pages =        "405--420",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1970",
  CODEN =        "BMFRA3",
  ISSN =         "0080-4606 (print), 1748-8494 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0080-4606",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 13:48:22 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/769597",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journals/00804606.html",
  ORF-number =   "O2",
  remark =       "The author is Lise Meitner's nephew.",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1971:CPQ,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The conceptual problem of quantum theory from the
                 experimentalist's point of view",
  crossref =     "Bastin:1971:QTB",
  chapter =      "2",
  pages =        "13--21",
  year =         "1971",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 18:21:19 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "59a",
}

@InProceedings{Frisch:1972:MBC,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  editor =       "????",
  booktitle =    "Conference on Machine Perception",
  title =        "Measuring bubble-chamber tracks",
  volume =       "13",
  publisher =    pub-IOP,
  address =      pub-IOP:adr,
  pages =        "??--??",
  year =         "1972",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 18:28:09 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "60",
}

@Book{Frisch:1972:NM,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The Nature of Matter",
  publisher =    "Thames and Hudson",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "216",
  year =         "1972",
  ISBN =         "0-500-08006-2, 0-500-10006-3 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-500-08006-1, 978-0-500-10006-6 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "QC173 .F724",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:13 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "The World of science library",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904--",
  ORF-number =   "B4a",
  subject =      "Atoms; Atomic theory; Matter; Constitution",
}

@Article{Frisch:1973:BRA,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Albert Einstein: Creator and
                 Rebel}}, by B. Hoffman. London: Hart-Davis, MacGibbon,
                 1973. pp xv + 272}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "679--679",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9112/24/11/021",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:47:28 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
}

@Article{Frisch:1973:BRP,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Physics in the 20th
                 Century}}, by V. F. Weisskopf. London: MIT Press, 1972,
                 pp xv + 368}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "491--491",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9112/24/8/013",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:47:28 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
}

@Article{Frisch:1973:DNP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Distinguished Nuclear Pioneer--1973. {Lise Meitner}",
  journal =      j-NUCL-MED,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "365--371",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "JNMEAQ",
  ISSN =         "0161-5505 (print), 1535-5667 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0161-5505",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 10:13:34 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from \booktitle{The Biographical Memoirs of
                 Fellows of The Royal Society}, Volume 16, November,
                 1970, pages 405--416.",
  URL =          "http://jnm.snmjournals.org/content/14/6/365.full.pdf+html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of Nuclear Medicine",
  journal-URL =  "http://jnm.snmjournals.org/content/by/year",
}

@Article{Frisch:1973:MBC,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Measuring bubble chamber tracks",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "24",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "275--277",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9112/24/5/011",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:47:28 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
}

@Book{Frisch:1973:NM,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The Nature of Matter",
  publisher =    "Dutton",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "216",
  year =         "1973",
  LCCN =         "QC173 .F724",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:13 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "The World of science library",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904--",
  ORF-number =   "B4b",
  subject =      "Atoms; Atomic theory; Matter; Constitution",
}

@Article{Frisch:1974:BRC,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{The Collected Works of Leo
                 Szilard: Scientific Papers}}, by Bernard T. Feld and
                 Gertrude Weiss Szilard (eds.), London: MIT Press 1973,
                 pp. xxii + 737}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "27--27",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9112/25/1/038",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:47:28 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
}

@Book{Frisch:1974:DMT,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Distinguishing the main types of radioactivity. [Sound
                 recording]",
  publisher =    "Spring Green Multimedia",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  year =         "1974",
  LCCN =         "QC795; RYB 6353",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "1 cassette tape.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904-- [from old catalog]",
  ORF-number =   "G57",
  remark =       "UniConcept scientist tapes. Recorded Aug. 1968.
                 Duration: 5 min. Same content recorded on both sides.
                 Notes in container. SUMMARY: The author describes how
                 the composition of alpha rays was found to be Helium
                 nuclei, beta rays to be electrons, and gamma rays to be
                 powerful X-rays.",
  subject =      "Radioactivity",
}

@Book{Frisch:1974:ONF,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The origin of nuclear fission. [Sound recording]",
  publisher =    "Spring Green Multimedia",
  address =      "Washington, DC, USA",
  year =         "1974",
  LCCN =         "QC790; RYB 6354",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "1 cassette tape.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1904-- [from old catalog]",
  ORF-number =   "G58",
  remark =       "UniConcept scientist tapes. Recorded Aug. 1968.
                 Duration: 11 min. Same content recorded on both sides.
                 Notes in container. SUMMARY: The author discusses
                 Fermi's early experiments in bombarding elements with
                 neutrons to produce nuclear fission. He goes on to
                 examine refinements of these experiments by Otto Hahn
                 and Lise Meitner, and finally describes his own work
                 with Meitner, his aunt, in which they succeeded in
                 analyzing the process of nuclear fission.",
  subject =      "Nuclear fission",
}

@Article{Frisch:1974:PP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Presenting physics",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "392--392",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 18:30:32 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9112/25/9/023;
                 http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9112/25/i=9/a=023",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
  ORF-number =   "61",
  remark =       "This is the last scientific paper of Frisch that is
                 recorded in the 61-member list at \cite[pages
                 302--304]{Peierls:1981:ORF}.",
}

@Article{Frisch:1974:STS,
  author =       "Otto R. Frisch",
  title =        "Somebody Turned the {Sun} on with a Switch",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "30",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "12--18",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1974",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Oct 07 08:54:14 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
  ORF-number =   "G59",
}

@Article{Frisch:1975:OSG,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Obituary: {Sir George Paget Thomson F.R.S.}
                 (1892--1975)",
  journal =      "The Philosophical Magazine: A Journal of Theoretical
                 Experimental and Applied Physics",
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "0--0",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1975",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/14786437508228091",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 11:10:16 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "O3",
  remark =       "Sir George Thomson was Chairman of the MAUD Committee
                 that was formed after the Frisch--Peierls memorandum
                 predicting a small critical mass for fission of
                 uranium. Thomson shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in
                 1937 with Clinton Davisson ``for their experimental
                 discovery of the diffraction of electrons by
                 crystals''. Thomson was knighted in 1943.",
}

@Article{Frisch:1975:SSD,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Shooting sparrows in the dark",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "65",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "654--657",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1975",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G61",
}

@Article{Frisch:1975:WS,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "A walk in the snow",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "60",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "833--833",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1975",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G60",
}

@Article{Frisch:1977:BRQ,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{From quarks to quasars}}, by
                 E. Thomas}",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "74",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "481--482",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1977",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "R17",
}

@InProceedings{Frisch:1977:EST,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Early steps towards the chain reaction",
  crossref =     "Aitchison:1977:RPT",
  pages =        "18--27",
  year =         "1977",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 08:33:31 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G62",
}

@Article{Frisch:1977:FSA,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The first sub-atomic particle",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "76",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "408--410",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1977",
  CODEN =        "NWSCAL",
  ISSN =         "0262-4079 (print), 1364-8500 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0262-4079",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02624079",
  ORF-number =   "G",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1977:W,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Why?",
  crossref =     "Duncan:1977:EI",
  pages =        "1--4",
  year =         "1977",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 09:00:33 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G64",
}

@Article{Frisch:1978:IT,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Impossible things",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "78",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "688--689",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1978",
  CODEN =        "NWSCAL",
  ISSN =         "0262-4079 (print), 1364-8500 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0262-4079",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:39:42 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02624079",
  ORF-number =   "G65",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1979:EWN,
  author =       "Otto R. Frisch",
  title =        "Experimental Work with Nuclei: {Hamburg}, {London},
                 {Copenhagen}",
  crossref =     "Stuewer:1979:NPR",
  pages =        "65--79",
  year =         "1979",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 09:06:22 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G67",
}

@Article{Frisch:1979:GRH,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Great Relativist and Humanitarian --- Life and Times
                 of {Albert Einstein} 1879--1955",
  journal =      j-NEW-SCIENTIST,
  volume =       "81",
  number =       "1145",
  pages =        "752--755",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "NWSCAL",
  ISSN =         "0262-4079 (print), 1364-8500 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0262-4079",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jun 11 13:52:21 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New Scientist",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02624079",
  ORF-number =   "G66",
  xxpages =      "753--755",
}

@Article{Frisch:1979:O,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and Nevill Mott",
  title =        "Obituary",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "20",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "583--583",
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107517908210926",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 20:01:40 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
}

@Article{Frisch:1979:OLK,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "Obituary: {Lew Kowarski}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "282",
  number =       "5738",
  pages =        "541--541",
  day =          "29",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/282541a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v282/n5738/abs/282541a0;
                 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v282/n5738/pdf/282541a0.pdf",
  abstract =     "Lew Kowarski was the last survivor of the French team
                 that, immediately after the discovery of uranium
                 fission, explored the chances of a nuclear chain
                 reaction.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  ORF-number =   "O4",
  publishdate =  "29 November 1979",
  remark =       "Russian-born Lew Kowarski (1907--1979) was the
                 originator of the use of heavy water (D$_2$O) as a
                 moderator in nuclear reactors. During World War II, he
                 moved to Canada to work on reactor design, and in 1944
                 built the first Canadian nuclear reactor, the first
                 following the Fermi team's Chicago Pile-1 (operative 2
                 December 1942). After the war, he returned to Paris,
                 France, building a heavy water reactor that came online
                 in late 1948. In 1954, he moved to work at CERN, where
                 he remained for the rest of his career. He died of
                 kidney failure in Geneva, Switzerland on 27 July
                 1979.",
}

@Article{Frisch:1979:PAA,
  author =       "Otto R. Frisch",
  title =        "{Prometheus} of the atomic age",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "282",
  number =       "5735",
  day =          "8",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/282136a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 08:51:01 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v282/n5735/pdf/282136a0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  publishdate =  "08 November 1979",
}

@Book{Frisch:1979:WLR,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "What Little {I} Remember",
  publisher =    pub-CAMBRIDGE,
  address =      pub-CAMBRIDGE:adr,
  pages =        "xi + 227",
  year =         "1979",
  ISBN =         "0-521-22297-4",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-521-22297-6",
  LCCN =         "QC16.F75 A38",
  bibdate =      "Sat Dec 17 16:48:16 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "catalogue.nla.gov.au:7090/Voyager;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/cam022/78018096.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/cam026/78018096.html",
  abstract =     "Otto Frisch took part in some of the most momentous
                 developments in modern physics, notably the discovery
                 of nuclear fission (a term which he coined). His work
                 on the first atom bomb, which he saw explode in the
                 desert `like the light of a thousand suns', brought him
                 into contact with figures such as Robert Oppenheimer,
                 Edward Teller, Richard Feynman and the father of
                 electronic computers, John von Neumann. He also
                 encountered the physicists who had made the great
                 discoveries of recent generations: Einstein, Rutherford
                 and Niels Bohr. This characterful book of reminiscences
                 sheds an engagingly personal light on the people and
                 events behind some of the greatest scientific
                 discoveries of this century, illustrated with a series
                 of fascinating photographs and witty sketches by the
                 author himself.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "B5",
  subject =      "Frisch, Otto Robert; Physicists; Great Britain;
                 Biography",
  subject-dates = "1904--1979",
  tableofcontents = "Vienna 1904--1927 \\
                 Atoms \\
                 Berlin 1927--1930 \\
                 Hamburg 1930--1933 \\
                 Nuclei \\
                 London 1933--1934 \\
                 Denmark 1934--1939: 1 \\
                 Denmark 1934--1939: 2 \\
                 Energy from nuclei \\
                 Birmingham 1939--1940 \\
                 Liverpool 1940--1943 \\
                 Los Alamos 1943--1945: 1 \\
                 Los Alamos 1943--1945: 2 \\
                 Research resumed \\
                 Return to England \\
                 Cambridge 1947--",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1979:YCP,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "You can prove anything with statistics",
  crossref =     "Duncan:1979:LTC",
  pages =        "171--179",
  year =         "1979",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 09:38:25 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "G68",
}

@Book{Frisch:1981:WIM,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "{Woran ich mich erinnere : Physik und Physiker meiner
                 Zeit}. ({German}) [{What} {I} Remember: Physics and
                 Physicists of My Time]",
  publisher =    "Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft",
  address =      "Stuttgart, West Germany",
  pages =        "276",
  year =         "1981",
  DOI =          "",
  ISBN =         "3-8047-0614-2",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-8047-0614-9",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 06:29:30 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "German-language translation by Lucien Trueb of
                 \cite{Frisch:1979:WLR}. With a foreword by Hans Motz.",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1985:DF,
  author =       "Otto R. Frisch and John A. Wheeler",
  title =        "The discovery of fission",
  crossref =     "Weart:1985:HP",
  pages =        "272--281",
  year =         "1985",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 22 05:38:27 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Reprint of \cite{Frisch:1967:DFH}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Enrico Fermi; Ernest Rutherford; Ernest T. S. Walton;
                 Fritz Strassmann; Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Joliot-Curie; George
                 Placzek; Ir{\`e}ne Joliot-Curie; John Cockcroft; Lise
                 Meitner; L{\'e}on Rosenfeld; Niels Bohr; Otto Hahn;
                 Otto Robert Frisch",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:1997:FPM,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch and R. Peierls",
  title =        "The {Frisch--Peierls} Memorandum of 1940",
  crossref =     "Dalitz:1997:SSP",
  pages =        "277--282",
  year =         "1997",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812795779_0033",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 24 21:39:36 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  URL =          "https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/1997sspr.book..277F",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
}

@InCollection{Frisch:2009:CPQ,
  author =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  title =        "The conceptual problem of quantum theory from the
                 experimentalist's point of view",
  crossref =     "Bastin:2009:QTB",
  chapter =      "2",
  pages =        "13--21",
  year =         "2009",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 18:21:19 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "59b",
}

@Article{Frisch:2009:TPL,
  author =       "O. R. Frisch",
  title =        "Take a photon \ldots{}",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--67",
  year =         "2009",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107510902734706",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 20:08:06 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
}

@Book{Frisch:1959:BPC,
  editor =       "O. R. Frisch and F. A. Paneth and F. Laves and P.
                 Rosbaud",
  booktitle =    "{Beitr{\"a}ge zur Physik und Chemie des 20.
                 Jahrhunderts}. ({German}) [{Contributions} to the
                 physics and chemistry of the 20th century]",
  title =        "{Beitr{\"a}ge zur Physik und Chemie des 20.
                 Jahrhunderts}. ({German}) [{Contributions} to the
                 physics and chemistry of the 20th century]",
  publisher =    pub-VIEWEG,
  address =      pub-VIEWEG:adr,
  pages =        "285",
  year =         "1959",
  LCCN =         "QC475 .B45 1959",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  ZMnumber =     "0097.39401",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  ORF-number =   "E3",
  remark =       "German-language edition of \cite{Frisch:1959:TAP}.",
  subject =      "Nuclear physics; Meitner, Lise; Hahn, Otto; Laue, Max
                 von",
  subject-dates = "Lise Meitner (7 November 1878--27 October 1968); Otto
                 Hahn (8 March 1979--28 July 1968); Max von Laue (9
                 October 1879--24 April 1960)",
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%%   Part 2 (of 2): Publications about Otto Robert Frisch or his works
@InCollection{Bethe:1933:TFG,
  author =       "Hans A. Bethe",
  editor =       "P. J. W. Debye",
  booktitle =    "Magnetismus",
  title =        "{Theorie des Ferromagnetismus}. ({German}) [{Theory}
                 of Ferromagnetism]",
  publisher =    "Hirzel",
  address =      "Leipzig, Germany",
  bookpages =    "vii + 110",
  pages =        "74--81",
  year =         "1933",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jul 14 09:38:22 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  ZMnumber =     "0007.19003",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Hans Albrecht Bethe (1906--2005)",
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "Contributions by P. Kapitza, W. Gerlach, W. J. de
                 Haas, O. Stern, R. Frisch, H. Sack, H. A. Kramers, H.
                 Bethe, R. Becker, and R. Gans.",
  subjects =     "quantum theory; Leipziger Vortr{\"a}ge",
}

@Article{Noddack:1934:EGE,
  author =       "Ida Noddack",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber das Element 93}. ({German}) [{On} element 93
                 [neptunium]]",
  journal =      j-Z-ANGE-CHEM,
  volume =       "47",
  number =       "37",
  pages =        "653--655",
  day =          "15",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1934",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1002/ange.19340473707",
  ISSN =         "0932-2132",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 28 18:31:43 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "According to Frisch \cite[page 48]{Frisch:1967:DFH},
                 ``Ida Noddack, a German chemist, quite rightly pointed
                 out that they might be lighter elements [after
                 bombardment of uranium by neutrons]; but her comments
                 (published in a journal not much read by chemists and
                 hardly at all by physicists) were regarded as mere
                 pedantry. She did not indicate how such light elements
                 could be formed; her paper had probably no effect
                 whatever on later work.''. English translation in
                 \cite[pages 16--20]{Graetzer:1971:DNF}.",
  URL =          "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neptunium;
                 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ange.19340473707/abstract;
                 http://www.chemteam.info/Chem-History/Noddack-1934.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Angewandte Chemie}",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1521-3757",
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "This journal is hard to find in library catalogs: it
                 is missing from both the Library of Congress and the
                 Harvard University Hollis catalogs, and is not in the
                 Chemical Abstracts CODEN database, despite being the
                 (German) ``Journal for Applied Chemistry''. The
                 \url{chemteam.info} Web site URL points to an English
                 translation by H. G. Graetzer.",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1939:VEF,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Vast Energy Freed by Uranium Atom: Split, It Produces
                 2 `Cannonballs', Each of 100,000,000 Electron Volts:
                 Hailed as Epoch Making; New Process, Announced at
                 {Columbia}, Uses only 1--30 Volt to Liberate Big
                 Force",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "18--18",
  day =          "31",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 12 10:07:25 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/102759255/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Enrico Fermi; Fritz Strassmann; Lise Meitner; L{\'e}on
                 Rosenfeld; Niels Bohr; Otto Hahn; Otto R. Frisch",
  remark =       "This appears to be the second mention of uranium
                 fission in the New York Times (see
                 \cite{Anonymous:1939:AEF} for the first), discovered by
                 Hahn and Strassmann in Berlin in mid-December 1938,
                 explained by Lise Meitner and Otto R. Frisch on 24
                 December 1938 and in two letters to \booktitle{Nature}
                 submitted on 16 January 1939, and announced to the
                 American physics community in a visit to the USA that
                 month by Niels Bohr and L{\'e}on Rosenfeld. The story
                 reports that the Hahn--Strassmann fission experiment
                 was successfully reproduced at Columbia University on
                 Wednesday, 25 January 1939 by a team consisting of
                 Enrico Fermi, John Dunning, G. Norris Glasoe, Eugene T.
                 Booth, Herbert L. Anderson, and Francis G. Slack, and
                 on Friday 27 January 1939 by unnamed physicists at the
                 Carnegie Institution in Washington, DC.",
}

@Article{Bhabha:1939:FLI,
  author =       "H. J. Bhabha",
  title =        "The Fundamental Length Introduced by the Theory of the
                 Mesotron (Meson)",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "143",
  number =       "3616",
  pages =        "276--277",
  day =          "18",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/143276b0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 28 13:13:24 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "This paper immediately follows \cite{Frisch:1939:PED},
                 and proposes replacement of the name `mesotron' used by
                 Fermi \cite{Fermi:1947:DNM} with the shorter `meson',
                 the form that is now conventional.",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v143/n3616/pdf/143276b0.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Bohr:1939:DHN,
  author =       "Niels Bohr",
  title =        "Disintegration of Heavy Nuclei",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "143",
  number =       "3617",
  pages =        "330--330",
  day =          "25",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/143330a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 29 13:33:22 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.chemteam.info/Chem-History/Bohr-Fission-1939.html;
                 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v143/n3617/pdf/143330a0.pdf",
  ZMnumber =     "Zbl 0021.09005",
  abstract =     "In this historic letter to the editor of Nature, Bohr
                 confirms the experimental results of Hahn, Strassmann,
                 and Frisch indicating that uranium underwent fission
                 with the release of enormous energy. He uses a charged
                 liquid drop model developed several years earlier to
                 explain the fission of the uranium nucleus into two
                 parts of approximately equal masses.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Hahn:1939:NVB,
  author =       "Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann",
  title =        "{{\"U}ber den Nachweis und das Verhalten der bei der
                 Bestrahlung des Urans mittels Neutronen entstehenden
                 Erdalkalimetalle}. ({German}) [{Concerning} the
                 existence of alkaline earth metals resulting from the
                 neutron irradiation of uranium]",
  journal =      j-NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN,
  volume =       "27",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "11--15",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "NATWAY",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01488241",
  ISSN =         "0028-1042 (print), 1432-1904 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-1042",
  bibdate =      "Sat Oct 28 16:03:01 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "A facsimile is also available in \cite[pages
                 87--91]{Beyer:1949:FNP} and in
                 \cite{Graetzer:1964:DNF}. Abridged English translation
                 in \cite[pages 44--47]{Graetzer:1971:DNF}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "8 March 1879--28 July 1968 (Hahn), 22 February
                 1902--22 April 1980 (Strassmann)",
  fjournal =     "Naturwissenschaften",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/114",
  language =     "German",
  received =     "22 December 1938",
  remark-1 =     "This is one of the most important scientific papers of
                 the 20th Century. It is the fundamental paper that
                 describes the first experimental evidence of nuclear
                 fission, and was accompanied by a second paper
                 \cite{Hahn:1939:NEA} received on the same day, but
                 published a month (five issues) later. Hahn's long-time
                 collaborator, Lise Meitner (who had escaped Nazi
                 Germany in July 1938, first to The Netherlands, then to
                 Sweden) and her nephew, Otto Frisch, made a critical
                 analysis of the experimental results on 24 December
                 1938. Word from Frisch soon reached Niels Bohr in
                 Copenhagen, who then carried the news in a visit to the
                 eastern United States in early January 1939, and
                 announced the Meitner--Frisch explanation on 26 January
                 at a conference in theoretical physics at the Carnegie
                 Institution of Washington. By the end of that month,
                 American physicists were widely aware of the discovery,
                 and Robert Oppenheimer at the University of California,
                 Berkeley, had already roughly sketched how to build a
                 fission bomb.

                 Prior to this work, all previous experiments found that
                 neutron bombardment increased the atomic weight by just
                 one or two, leaving the charge, and the chemical
                 nature, of the atom unchanged. The new experiments
                 described in this paper found products that chemically
                 resembled lighter atoms, but were conservatively called
                 variants of the heavier radium, actinium, and thorium
                 (elements 88, 89, and 90). The third last paragraph of
                 the article is particularly significant: the authors
                 wrote ``As chemists we really ought to revise the decay
                 scheme given above and insert the symbols Ba, La, Ce
                 [barium, lanthanum, and cerium: elements 56, 57, and
                 58] in place of Ra, Ac, Th. However as ``nuclear
                 chemists,'' working very close to the field of physics,
                 we cannot bring ourselves yet to take such a drastic
                 step which goes against all previous experience in
                 nuclear physics. There could perhaps be a series of
                 unusual coincidences which has given us false
                 information.''

                 Einstein later remarked \cite{Einstein:1950:MLYa} about
                 the Hahn and Strassmann discovery ``this was not
                 something I could have predicted.''

                 In 1945, Otto Hahn received the Nobel Prize in
                 Chemistry for 1944 for the discovery of fission; see
                 \path=http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1944/=,
                 and biographies at
                 \path=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_Hahn= and
                 \path=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Strassmann=.
                 He was unable to attend the Nobel ceremonies, because
                 he was a prisoner at Farm Hall outside Cambridge,
                 England \cite{Bernstein:1996:HUC}.

                 The subsequent view of many scientists is that
                 Strassmann and Meitner should have shared the Nobel
                 Prize.",
  remark-2 =     "From \cite[page 64]{Sime:2012:PFO}: ``Hahn and
                 Strassmann's barium publication appeared in Germany in
                 Naturwissenschaften on January 5, 1939, but even before
                 that Frisch told Niels Bohr, who was about to sail from
                 Copenhagen to New York, from where the news spread to
                 Princeton, Columbia, and a meeting of theoretical
                 physicists in Washington, DC. By the end of January The
                 New York Times was headlining a ``New Physics
                 Phenomenon Credited to Hahn,'' with an emphasis on
                 `atom explosions,' `vast energy,' and `gigantic atomic
                 cannonballs'.''",
}

@Article{Kaempffert:1939:WSW,
  author =       "Waldemar Kaempffert",
  title =        "This Week in Science: When Uranium Splits: Doubtful
                 Source of Power; Cancer and X-Rays; Neutron
                 Possibilities",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "D9--D9",
  day =          "5",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1939",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jul 12 10:50:59 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/102937542",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Enrico Fermi; H. G. Wells; Lise Meitner; Merle Tuve;
                 Niels Bohr; Otto R. Frisch",
  remark =       "This story discusses the H. G. Wells book on nuclear
                 war \cite{Wells:1914:WSF}, a nuclear chain reaction,
                 the difficulty of controlling it, estimates of the
                 critical mass of uranium of about 100 kg, and the
                 extreme danger of its radiation. The story says ``There
                 is no prospect that anybody will collect 200 pounds of
                 pure radioactive material. And in impure material the
                 `inert' atoms would retard the chain reaction --- stop
                 it entirely.''.",
}

@Article{Kaempffert:1945:SSB,
  author =       "Waldemar Kaempffert",
  title =        "Story of Scientists' `Battle' for Atom Bomb Secret
                 Revealed in {Smyth Report}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "8--8",
  day =          "16",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1945",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 08 10:28:47 2017",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "https://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/107074385/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Arthur H. Compton; Clinton
                 Engineering Works (Oak Ridge, TN); Enrico Fermi;
                 Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Fritz Strassmann; George B.
                 Pegram; Harold Urey; Henry DeWolf Smyth; J. B. Dunning;
                 Lise Meitner; Niels Bohr; Otto Hahn; Otto Robert
                 Frisch; Sir James Chadwick",
}

@Article{Cockcroft:1946:RLW,
  author =       "J. D. Cockcroft",
  title =        "{Rutherford}: Life and work after the year 1919, with
                 personal reminiscences of the {Cambridge} period",
  journal =      j-PROC-PHYS-SOC,
  volume =       "58",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "625--633",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1946",
  CODEN =        "PPSOAU",
  ISSN =         "0959-5309 (print), 2051-2171 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Thu Mar 10 11:41:03 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib",
  URL =          "http://stacks.iop.org/0959-5309/58/i=6/a=301",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the Physical Society, London",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0370-1328",
  remark-01 =    "From page 625: ``\ldots{} we blew and built with our
                 own hands a fine Macleod gauge --- and were horrified
                 by destroying it in the classical manner just as
                 Rutherford walked in at the door. He was sympathetic,
                 but explained that he did not keep students who had too
                 many accidents. This dislike of sins against apparatus
                 was one of Rutherford's well marked
                 characteristics.''",
  remark-02 =    "From page 627: ``During this period Blackett embarked
                 on his courageous attempt to get a Wilson chamber
                 photograph of the nitrogen disintegration. He took
                 photographs of hundreds of thousands of tracks and was
                 eventually rewarded (figure 6) by seeing the tracks of
                 disintegration protons. The photograph shows a long
                 proton track shooting downwards. An alpha particle has
                 entered a nitrogen nucleus, ejecting a proton and
                 leaving oxygen behind, producing the transmutations
                 N-14 + He-4 to O-17 + H-1. This was the first direct
                 proof that the alpha particle is captured in the
                 transmutation.''",
  remark-03 =    "From pages 627--628: ``They [Ernest Rutherford and
                 Ernest Marsden] were able to show that near heavy
                 nuclei, such as gold, the inverse square law held up to
                 the limits of penetration of the fastest alpha
                 particles available. But with the lighter elements they
                 found very marked deviations. These experiments
                 presented Rutherford with the paradox that the
                 potential barrier round the heavy nuclei must rise well
                 beyond 10 million volts, whereas alpha particles come
                 out of these nuclei at energies between 4 and 8 million
                 volts. The alpha particles do not therefore escape with
                 the full energy of the potential field. The solution to
                 this problem was provided by a visitor to the
                 laboratory; a young and imaginative theoretical
                 physicist from Leningrad, Dr. Gamow saw that the
                 solution was provided by the new wave mechanics which
                 was then being developed by Schr{\"o}dinger and others.
                 On the new ideas it was evident that the alpha
                 particles could leak through the potential barriers of
                 the nuclei, and so need not have the full energy of the
                 field. In this way, nuclear physicists were given a new
                 and most fruitful model to guide their researches.''",
  remark-04 =    "From page 629: ``About the same time I started to
                 build the first high-voltage apparatus for the
                 acceleration of protons. I was led to do this by the
                 predictions of Gamow's theory that protons of a few
                 hundred kilovolts should penetrate the barriers of
                 light nuclei. These predictions were submitted to
                 Rutherford and he encouraged me to go ahead.''",
  remark-05 =    "From page 629: ``Very swiftly, Dee and Feather were
                 set to work with their expansion chambers to look for
                 the tracks of the projected particles. Dee found the
                 tracks of proton and other recoils and Feather
                 discovered the transmutation of nitrogen by neutrons,
                 the first of the transmutations by this new
                 particle.''",
  remark-06 =    "From page 630: ``About the same time in 1933
                 Rutherford received from G. N. Lewis the first sample
                 of heavy hydrogen to reach Europe. Within a few days
                 the sample was converted into deuterium gas, which
                 Rutherford guarded with the most jealous care. He
                 turned at once with Oliphant to do experiments with
                 deuterons and soon discovered the transmutation of
                 deuterium by deuterons. They found that two reactions
                 occurred, D + D = H-1 + H-3 or He-3 + n, leading to the
                 new elements H-3 and He-3.''",
  remark-07 =    "From page 630: ``During 1932 we had a visit from
                 Millikan, who brought with him some very remarkable
                 cosmic-ray photographs taken by Anderson which gave the
                 first indications of positive electrons. Immediately
                 after that, Blackett and Occhialini turned on their
                 Wilson chamber to the search. Introducing the principle
                 of counter control, they very soon obtained some
                 remarkable photographs, showing pairs of positive and
                 negative electrons, and in some cases showers of
                 particles.''",
  remark-08 =    "From page 630: ``The discovery of artificial
                 radioactivity was missed in the laboratory, largely
                 because we did not in general work with Geiger
                 counters, and were looking for particles either with
                 scintillation screens or with counters which would not
                 respond to beta rays. When Curie-Joliot announced the
                 discovery of the production of artificial radioactivity
                 of alpha particle bombardment, Walton and I were able
                 to borrow a Geiger counter equipment from Bainbridge
                 and to show that protons could produce artificial
                 radioactivity in carbon.''",
  remark-09 =    "From page 632: ``One of the things that Rutherford
                 never forgave was the publication of wrong results. He
                 believed in the notice written in the entrance to
                 McGill Physics Laboratory --- `Prove all things'.''",
  remark-10 =    "From page 633: ``Although Rutherford died in 1937, his
                 influence was a major factor in the scientific
                 supremacy of Britain in the war. The Senior Staff and
                 research students of the laboratory, together with
                 members of other physics schools, were mobilized in the
                 first days of the war and developed for Britain and the
                 allied cause the centimetric radar which turned the
                 tide of the U-boat battle, directed the bombing of
                 Germany and helped decisively to sink the Japanese
                 fleet. The Liverpool branch of the Rutherford School,
                 with Frisch and Peierls from Birmingham, initiated the
                 work on the atomic bomb which ended the war with
                 Japan.''",
}

@Article{Brown:1947:BEA,
  author =       "H. Brown",
  title =        "Books: Explaining Atoms to the People:
                 {{\booktitle{The Atomic Story}}, by John W. Campbell};
                 {{\booktitle{Meet the Atoms}}, by O. R. Frisch};
                 {{\booktitle{Explaining the Atom}} by Selig Hecht}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "3",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "163, 166",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sun Sep 22 17:53:16 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Fermi:1947:DNM,
  author =       "Enrico Fermi and Edward Teller and Victor F.
                 Weisskopf",
  title =        "The Decay of Negative Mesotrons in Matter",
  journal =      j-PHYS-REV,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "314--315",
  day =          "1",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "PHRVAO",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.71.314",
  ISSN =         "0031-899X (print), 1536-6065 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-899X",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 16 15:06:18 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://publish.aps.org/search;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib",
  URL =          "http://inspirehep.net/record/45186;
                 http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v71/i5/p314_1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Edward Teller (1908--2003)",
  BC-number =    "73",
  CP-number =    "232",
  fjournal =     "Physical Review",
  journal-URL =  "http://prola.aps.org/browse/PR",
  LSnumber =     "71",
  remark =       "According to \cite[page 174]{Segre:1970:EFPb}, this is
                 a significant paper that addressed an experimental
                 paradox in cosmic-ray mesotrons (now called muons, or
                 mu-mesons), and ultimately led to the discovery of the
                 pi meson (or pion), and the finding that the pion
                 decays into a muon.",
}

@Article{Gamow:1947:RTM,
  author =       "George Gamow and Paul R. Heyl and James J. Jelinek",
  title =        "Review: They Move in the Void:: {{\booktitle{Meet the
                 Atoms}} by O. R. Frisch}, {{\booktitle{The Atomic
                 Story}} by John W. Campbell}, {{\booktitle{Explaining
                 the Atom}} by Selig Hecht}",
  journal =      j-SCI-MONTHLY,
  volume =       "65",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "165--167",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1947",
  CODEN =        "SCMOAA",
  ISSN =         "0096-3771 (print), 2327-7513 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 29 07:53:43 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/19016.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "George Gamow (1904--1968)",
  fjournal =     "The Scientific Monthly",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/sciemont",
}

@Article{Kaempffert:1948:RRB,
  author =       "Waldemar Kaempffert",
  title =        "The Revolution That Radium Began: Fifty years after
                 the {Curies}' great discovery, nuclear physics is still
                 a realm unbounded",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "SM13, SM25, SM27",
  day =          "26",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1948",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 08 09:48:13 2017",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/born-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/debroglie-louis.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/planck-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/schroedinger-erwin.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "https://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/108348269/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; C. F. Powell; C. M. G. Lattes; E. C.
                 Stevenson; Enrico Fermi; Ernest Rutherford; Erwin
                 Schr{\"o}dinger; Fritz Strassmann; G. P. S. Occhialini;
                 H. Becker; Henri Becquerel; Hideki Yukawa; J. J.
                 Thomson; J. S. Street; James Chadwick; Lise Meitner;
                 Louis de Broglie; Marie Sk{\l}odowska Curie; Max Born;
                 Max Planck; Michael Faraday; Niels Bohr; Otto Robert
                 Frisch; Paul A. M. Dirac; Pierre Curie; Pierre Villard
                 (discoverer of gamma rays); Sir William Crookes;
                 Walther O. Bothe; Werner Heisenberg; Wilhelm K.
                 Roentgen; Wolfgang Pauli",
  remark =       "From page SM35: ``So Wolfgang Pauli and Enrico Fermi
                 independently invented the neutrino which has never
                 been seen and which, probably, never will be seen
                 \ldots{} [the neutrino was found experimentally by
                 Clyde L. Cowan and Frederick Reines in 1953 [see
                 entries Reines:1953:DFN and Reines:1996:NPP], and
                 Reines received half of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Physics
                 for that work.]",
}

@Article{Laurence:1951:DHR,
  author =       "William L. Laurence",
  title =        "Day of {Hiroshima} Recalls Atom Race: Two Leaders in
                 Atomic Work at {Columbia University}",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "3--3",
  day =          "6",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1951",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 16 14:57:48 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/112188459/fulltextPDF",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Enrico Fermi; Niels Bohr",
  remark =       "From the story: ```For us at Columbia,' he [George B.
                 Pegram] said, speaking in his customary deliberate
                 manner, ``it all began with the visit of Niels Bohr to
                 this country in 1939. Professor Bohr arrived in this
                 country on Jan. 16, 1939, to discuss certain problems
                 with his friend, Prof. Albert Einstein in Princeton. On
                 his arrival he found a cablegram from his laboratory in
                 Copenhagen announcing that two German scientists, Otto
                 Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, had obtained barium, a
                 middle-weight element, out of uranium, the heaviest
                 element on the periodic table. \ldots{} More important
                 still, he was informed in the cable that Lise Meitner
                 and her nephew, Otto R. Frisch, both exiles from
                 Germany, had carried out experiments in his (Bohr's)
                 laboratory revealing that the barium came as the result
                 of `Splitting the uranium atom into nearly equal
                 halves, with the release of energy 20,000,000 times as
                 great as the energy released from an equal amount of
                 TNT.''",
}

@Article{Feshbach:1954:BRP,
  author =       "Herman Feshbach",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Progress in Nuclear
                 Physics}}, by Otto R. Frisch}",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "120",
  number =       "3113",
  pages =        "341--341",
  day =          "27",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1954",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.2307/1683014",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 3 19:15:39 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/1683014",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Marsden:1954:RML,
  author =       "E. Marsden",
  title =        "The {Rutherford Memorial Lecture}, 1954. {Rutherford}
                 --- His Life and Work, 1871--1937",
  journal =      j-PROC-R-SOC-LOND-SER-A-MATH-PHYS-ENG-SCI,
  volume =       "226",
  number =       "1166",
  pages =        "283--305",
  year =         "1954",
  CODEN =        "PRLAAZ",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.1954.0254",
  ISSN =         "0080-4630 (print), 2053-9169 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0080-4630",
  bibdate =      "Sat Mar 12 09:10:48 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib",
  note =         "Lecture delivered in South Africa in May 1954.",
  URL =          "http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/226/1166/283",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  eprint =       "http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/226/1166/283.full.pdf",
  fjournal =     "Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical,
                 Physical, and Engineering Sciences",
  journal-URL =  "http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/",
  received =     "24 June 1954",
  remark-01 =    "From page 283: ``\ldots{} the Royal Society which
                 controls a fund of \pounds 100\,000 collected in the
                 Commonwealth and dedicated to the memory of Lord
                 Rutherford. This fund provides for post-graduate
                 training and research of selected young men and women
                 but its Committee is also charged with the duty of
                 arranging for the delivery of annual lectures in the
                 Commonwealth countries in turn and dealing with some
                 aspect of Rutherford's life or developments of the
                 scientific work he inaugurated.''",
  remark-02 =    "From page 286: ``Mrs Rutherford had at that time a
                 governess to assist with the younger children and the
                 latter has recorded `Ernest never needed to study;
                 having read a school book once he knew it.'\,''",
  remark-03 =    "From page 289: ``The [1851 Exhibition] scholarship was
                 of value of \pounds 150 per annum but there was no
                 allowance for travel to Britain, so Rutherford had
                 perforce to borrow, from his father and eldest brother,
                 and this necessitated careful living for the first
                 years of his career in England.''",
  remark-04 =    "From page 290: ``\ldots{} Henri Becquerel in France,
                 considering that the X-rays were somehow connected with
                 the fluorescence, was led to try to obtain X-radiation
                 from the various phosphorescent and fluorescent
                 materials of which he had a good collection from his
                 father and he discovered that uranium and its salts
                 emitted a continuous radiation (February 1896) which
                 was however later found to be independent of its state
                 of fluorescence. Madame Curie discovered in 1898 that
                 thorium showed similar properties and she coined the
                 word 'radioactivity'.''",
  remark-05 =    "From page 290: ``Pitchblende-which is a uranium
                 mineral-was weight for weight decidedly more powerful
                 [than uranium compounds]. This led the Curies
                 ultimately to the discovery of radium and of polonium
                 by chemical separation from the pitchblende.''",
  remark-06 =    "From page 290: ``Following Becquerel's announcement he
                 [Rutherford] tried uranium and found that its
                 radiations were able to produce ions in a gas with
                 similar properties to those produced by X-rays. This
                 was probably for him the most important event in his
                 career for it directed his work towards radioactivity,
                 which subject was to occupy him for the rest of his
                 life. His next result was the discovery that uranium
                 emitted two kinds of radiation, one very easily
                 absorbed and with limited range which he called
                 $\alpha$ and one fully a thousand times more
                 penetrating which he named $\beta$.''",
  remark-07 =    "From page 291: ``The post [at McGill University] was
                 known as the Macdonald Professorship, having been
                 endowed by [Canadian tobacco magnate] Macdonald along
                 with excellent laboratory buildings. The salary was
                 \pounds 500 per annum which Macdonald thought
                 sufficient as he himself, although a millionaire, lived
                 on \pounds 250 per annum. Rutherford was successful in
                 obtaining the position thanks to a strong
                 recommendation from Thomson and he sailed for Canada in
                 September 1898, \ldots{}''",
  remark-08 =    "From page 291: ``\ldots{} a slight draught of air
                 caused by the opening and shutting of the door of the
                 room often altered markedly the movement of the
                 electrometer needle. It was found that the conductivity
                 persisted when the thoria was covered with a few sheets
                 of filter paper. By passing a steady current of air
                 over the thoria the activity was much reduced. In these
                 respects thorium compounds were very different from
                 uranium from which the radiation was constant.''",
  remark-09 =    "From pages 301--302: ``Thus by the bombardment with
                 neutrons uranium had been split up into two nuclei of
                 moderate weight, the one barium and the other was soon
                 discovered --- krypton. Their nuclear charges 56 and 36
                 respectively add up to 92, that of uranium. Lise
                 Meitner and [Otto Robert] Frisch in [Niels] Bohr's
                 laboratory in Denmark, as refugees from Nazi Germany,
                 were the first to give the explanation, i.e. that
                 fission of the nucleus had taken place into two major
                 fragments and it was deduced from Einstein's equation
                 that tremendous energy was liberated. The mass of the
                 highest known isotopes of barium and krypton add up to
                 224 while the uranium-235 which had undergone fission
                 after absorbing a neutron had the mass number 226.
                 Apart from the possible loss of mass by radiation from
                 the fragments before barium and krypton appeared, there
                 seemed a possibility that several neutrons were emitted
                 directly in the fission explosion. The actual
                 experimental proof of this was given first by
                 Joliot-Curie and his co-workers in France and
                 independently by workers in the United States to whom
                 Bohr, as a visiting lecturer, had given the news of the
                 antecedent developments by Meitner and Frisch.
                 Theoretically this opened up the realization of a chain
                 reaction, i.e. a reaction in a bulk of uranium
                 continued by new neutrons from fresh fissions and with
                 this a practical technical utilization of the energy
                 set free in fission, each pound of fissile material
                 uranium-235 producing as much heat energy as 1000 tons
                 of good coal.''",
  remark-10 =    "From page 304: ``At his [Rutherford's] laboratory in
                 Manchester for example he had working with him men and
                 women from Japan, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Holland,
                 Russia, Poland, Austria, Italy, U.S.A. and practically
                 all the Commonwealth countries while his correspondence
                 shows that he was in active correspondence with
                 scientific leaders from all these and other
                 countries.''",
}

@Article{Hahn:1958:DF,
  author =       "Otto Hahn",
  title =        "The Discovery of Fission",
  journal =      j-SCI-AMER,
  volume =       "198",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "76--84",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "1958",
  CODEN =        "SCAMAC",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0258-76",
  ISSN =         "0036-8733 (print), 1946-7087 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8733",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 23 17:26:23 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.crownedanarchist.com/emc2/discovery_of_fission.doc;
                 http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v198/n2/pdf/scientificamerican0258-76.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Scientific American",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican",
  remark =       "The statement in the third quote is highly, and
                 bitterly, controversial: see
                 \cite{Sime:1989:LMD,Bernstein:1996:HUC,Bethe:2000:GUP,Sime:2000:STE,Sime:2010:IHN,Sime:2012:PFO}.",
  remark-1 =     "From the text: ``Ramsay urged me to give up organic
                 chemistry and devote myself to the study of radium.
                 Accordingly, with a view to learning more about the
                 field, in the fall of 1905 I went to Montreal to study
                 with the then already famous Professor Ernest
                 Rutherford.''",
  remark-2 =     "From the text: ``Ida Noddack did suggest, to be sure,
                 that we could not be certain they were transuranic
                 elements unless we excluded all the other elements of
                 the periodic table as possibilities, but this thought
                 was considered to be wholly incompatible with the laws
                 of atomic physics. To split heavy atomic nuclei into
                 lighter ones was then considered impossible. Thus our
                 experiments appeared to establish the correctness of
                 Fermi's assertion that he had detected `transuranic
                 elements.' Actually, as we were to learn later, all of
                 the radioactive substances detected in these early
                 experiments were fission products, not transuranic
                 elements.'' For Noddack's work and comments about it,
                 see \cite{Noddack:1934:EGE,Frisch:1967:DFH}",
  remark-3 =     "From the text: ``Strassmann and I did not concern
                 ourselves with the harnessing of the energy of fission.
                 During the war we continued, together with two or three
                 co-workers, to investigate the complex fission
                 processes and to publish our findings. By the beginning
                 of 1945 we had made up a table containing approximately
                 100 fission products and their transformations. But the
                 science of fission was then a classified subject in the
                 U. S., and our results were not published there until
                 November, 1946.''",
}

@Article{Lipson:1959:BRB,
  author =       "H. Lipson",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Beitr{\"a}ge Sur Physik Und
                 Chemie Des 20 Jahrhunderts}}, by O. R. Frisch, F. A.
                 Paneth, F. Laves and P. Rosbaud Braunschweig: Friedr.
                 Vieweg \& Sohn. Pp. 285}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "10",
  number =       "12",
  pages =        "313--313",
  year =         "1959",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 19:23:01 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9112/10/i=12/a=016",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
}

@Article{Kockel:1960:BHW,
  author =       "B. Kockel and W. H. Estphal and F. Dessauer and K.
                 Strubecker and H. Siedentopf and F. Borgnis and H.
                 Falkenhagen and W. Finkelnburg and R. Vieweg",
  title =        "{B{\"u}cher: Heisenberg: Wandlungen in den Grundlagen
                 der Naturwissenschaft\slash Heisenberg: Physik und
                 Philosophie\slash Frisch: Beitr{\"a}ge zur Physik und
                 Chemie des 20. Jahrhunderts\slash Bellman: Introduction
                 to Matrix Analysis\slash Mehlin: Astronomy\slash Born
                 und Wolf: Principles of Optics\slash Mandl:
                 Introduction to Quantum Field Theory\slash Marley,
                 Morgan: Health Physics\slash Churchman: Measurement
                 Definitions and Theories}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BL,
  volume =       "16",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "344--347",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "PHBLAG",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1002/phbl.19600160610",
  ISSN =         "0031-9279 (print), 1521-3722 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9279",
  bibdate =      "Mon Mar 2 06:28:31 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/born-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/phbl.19600160610/abstract",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "{Physikalische Bl{\"a}tter}",
  journal-URL =  "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1521-3722",
  language =     "German",
}

@Article{Lindsay:1960:BRT,
  author =       "R. Bruce Lindsay",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Trends in Atomic Physics:
                 essays dedicated to Lise Meitner, Otto Hahn, Max von
                 Laue on the occasion of their 80th birthday}}. Edited
                 by O. R. Frisch, F. A. Paneth, F. Laves, P. Rosbaud.
                 285 pp. (Vieweg \& Sohn, Germany) Interscience
                 Publishers, Inc., New York, 1959. \$7.50}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "45--45",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1960",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3057115",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Tue Feb 17 09:06:54 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/magazine/physicstoday/article/13/9/10.1063/1.3057115",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Bludman:1961:BBN,
  author =       "S. A. Bludman and A. Garren and A. H. Rosenfeld",
  title =        "Books: {{\booktitle{The Nation's Safety and Arms
                 Control}}, by Arthur T. Hadley; \booktitle{Arms
                 Reduction: Program and Issues}, edited by David H.
                 Frisch; \booktitle{Strategy and Arms Control}, by
                 Thomas C. Schelling and Morton H. Halperin}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "380--381",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Sat Sep 28 17:50:39 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Hall:1961:BRA,
  author =       "A. Rupert Hall",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Atomic Physics Today}}, by
                 Otto R. Frisch}",
  journal =      j-SCI-AMER,
  volume =       "205",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "185",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "SCAMAC",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican1261-177;
                 https://doi.org/10.2307/24937176",
  ISSN =         "0036-8733 (print), 1946-7087 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8733",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 3 19:15:39 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/sciam1960.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/24937176;
                 http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v205/n6/pdf/scientificamerican1261-177.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Scientific American",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican",
}

@Article{Smith:1961:RMP,
  author =       "Malcolm K. Smith",
  title =        "Review: Modern Physics for Laymen: {{\booktitle{The
                 Atom and Its Nucleus}} by George Gamow};
                 {{\booktitle{Atomic Physics Today}} by Otto R.
                 Frisch}",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "134",
  number =       "3474",
  pages =        "276--276",
  day =          "28",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1961",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.2307/1708183",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 29 07:53:43 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/1708183.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Meitner:1962:RWR,
  author =       "Lise Meitner",
  title =        "Right and Wrong Roads to the Discovery of Nuclear
                 Energy",
  journal =      j-IAEA-BULL,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "0",
  pages =        "4--6",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1962",
  CODEN =        "IAEBAB",
  ISSN =         "0020-6067 (print), 1564-2690 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0020-6067",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jun 25 07:13:41 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull040su/04004790608su.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Lise Meitner (7 November 1878--27 October 1968)",
  fjournal =     "{International Atomic Energy Agency} Bulletin",
  remark =       "Meitner recalls the events that led her and her
                 nephew, Otto Robert Frisch, to find an explanation in
                 December 1939 for the nuclear disintegration reported
                 earlier that month by Hahn and Strassmann
                 \cite{Hahn:1939:NVB}. She reports ``On 16 January 1939
                 we sent two letters to Nature, containing our
                 explanation of the fission process and Frisch's
                 experimental proof of the great energy of the lighter
                 atoms formed hereby. As we did not ask for rapid
                 publication, these only appeared on 11 and 18 February
                 respectively.'' There is a slight error there: the
                 second date is 18 March 1939, not February: the two
                 papers are \cite{Meitner:1939:DUN,Meitner:1939:PFUb},
                 with a third \cite{Meitner:1939:NPF} appearing a month
                 later.",
}

@InCollection{Garrett:1963:DFP,
  author =       "Alfred Benjamin Garrett",
  title =        "The Discovery of the Fission Process: {Lise Meitner}
                 and {O. R. Frisch}",
  crossref =     "Garrett:1963:FG",
  pages =        "227--232",
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 06 12:15:00 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Olsen:1963:TGS,
  author =       "Arthur J. Olsen",
  title =        "Trackdown of the {German} Scientist: {Nazism} and
                 defeat scattered the leaders of a once-great scientific
                 establishment. {Herewith} a review of where they went
                 and what some of them did when they got there",
  journal =      j-NY-TIMES,
  volume =       "??",
  number =       "??",
  pages =        "214--214",
  day =          "22",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1963",
  CODEN =        "NYTIAO",
  ISSN =         "0362-4331 (print), 1542-667X, 1553-8095",
  ISSN-L =       "0362-4331",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 20 14:05:22 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/116463805/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Times",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nytimes.com/",
  keywords =     "Werner Heisenberg; Werner von Braun; Samuel A.
                 Goudsmit; Otto Hahn; Lise Meitner; Manhattan Project;
                 Enrico Fermi; Leo Szilard; Otto Stern; Los Alamos;
                 Robert Frisch; Ernst Oskar M{\"u}ller; Wolfgang
                 N{\"o}ggerath; Walter Dornberger; Peter Lertes; Gustav
                 Hertz; Manfred von Ardenne; Klaus Fuchs; Ferdinand
                 Brandner; Eugene Saenger; Kurt Sitte",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1964:BRL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Books Received: [\ldots{} {{\booktitle{Progress in
                 Nuclear Physics}}, Volume 9, edited by O. R. Frisch}
                 \ldots]",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "8",
  pages =        "54--57",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3051753",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Butler:1964:BRP,
  author =       "C. C. Butler",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Progress in Nuclear
                 Physics}}, volume 9, by O. R. Frisch. Oxford: Pergamon
                 Press Ltd. 1963. Pp. v + 310}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "15",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "160--161",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9112/15/6/007",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:47:28 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
}

@Article{Firk:1964:BRP,
  author =       "F. W. K. Firk",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Progress in Nuclear
                 Physics}}, Volume 9, edited by O. R. Frisch}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "17",
  number =       "11",
  pages =        "69--70",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3051233",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Graetzer:1964:DNF,
  author =       "Hans G. Graetzer",
  title =        "Discovery of Nuclear Fission",
  journal =      j-AMER-J-PHYSICS,
  volume =       "32",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "9--15",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1964",
  CODEN =        "AJPIAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1119/1.1970127",
  ISSN =         "0002-9505 (print), 1943-2909 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0002-9505",
  bibdate =      "Sat Oct 28 15:58:04 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib",
  note =         "See \cite{Hahn:1939:NVB,Beyer:1949:FNP}.",
  abstract =     "A complete translation of the original German article
                 by Hahn and Strassmann on the radio-chemical evidence
                 for fission of uranium has been made. This famous
                 article was first published in January 1939, so that
                 the year 1964 marks its 25th anniversary.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Journal of Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://scitation.aip.org/content/aapt/journal/ajp",
}

@Article{Oliphant:1966:TEa,
  author =       "Mark L. Oliphant",
  title =        "The two {Ernests} --- {I}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "35--49",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3048466",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 22 07:21:40 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted in \cite{Oliphant:1985:TE}.",
  URL =          "http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/magazine/physicstoday/article/19/9/10.1063/1.3048466",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  keywords =     "Ernest Lawrence; Ernest Rutherford",
  remark-1 =     "From page 37: ``Before Guglielmo Marconi, he [Ernest
                 Rutherford] was able to detect radio waves at a
                 distance of half a mile.''",
  remark-2 =     "From page 38: ``[Ernest] Lawrence wrote to [Raymond]
                 Birge saying that some men in Yale were very `sore'
                 that he should even consider a position in California
                 to be comparable with one in Yale. `The Yale ego is
                 really amusing. The idea is too prevalent that Yale
                 brings honor to a man and that a man cannot bring honor
                 to Yale.'''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 44: ``The word `cyclotron' did not appear in
                 any publication from the Radiation Laboratory till
                 1935, in a paper by Lawrence, Edwin M. McMillan and
                 Robert Thornton [Phys. Rev. {\bf 48}, 493 (1935)],
                 where the following footnote is inserted: `Since we
                 shall have many occasions in the future to refer to
                 this apparatus, we feel that it should have a name. The
                 term `magnetic resonance accelerator' is suggested.
                 \ldots{} The word `cyclotron,' of obvious derivation,
                 has come to be used as a sort of laboratory slang for
                 the magnetic device.'''",
  remark-4 =     "From the footnote on page 49: ``The evident confusion
                 in nomenclature arose in this way. G. N. Lewis had
                 proposed the name `deuton' for the nucleus of the atom
                 of heavy hydrogen. Rutherford objected strongly to
                 this, feeling that it would inevitably lead to
                 confusion with neutron, especially in the spoken word.
                 After discussion with his classical colleagues, he
                 proposed the name `diplon,' for the nucleus, and
                 `diplogen' for the atom, terms derived from Greek, and
                 analogous to proton and hydrogen. The dual nomenclature
                 was given up eventually, and the compromise `deuteron'
                 and `deuterium' was accepted. It was said by one cynic
                 that Ernest Rutherford was happy when his initials were
                 inserted into deuton!''",
}

@Article{Oliphant:1966:TEb,
  author =       "Mark L. Oliphant",
  title =        "The two {Ernests} --- {II}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "41--51",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1966",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3047765",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 22 07:25:21 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted in \cite{Oliphant:1985:TE}.",
  URL =          "http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/magazine/physicstoday/article/19/10/10.1063/1.3047765",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  keywords =     "Ernest Lawrence; Ernest Rutherford",
  remark-1 =     "From page 43: ``The first rat was exposed for a period
                 of three hours, and as a result died, and subsequent
                 experiments indicate that neutron rays are considerably
                 more lethal biologically than X rays. \ldots{} John
                 [Lawrence] tells me that in fact the rat died of
                 suffocation, being too completely confined! However, an
                 important result was that much more stringent
                 precautions against neutron and gamma radiation were
                 then instituted in the Radiation Laboratory.''",
  remark-2 =     "From page 50: ``He [Rutherford] had had many Indian
                 students and had known well that remarkable
                 mathematical genius, Srinivasa Ramanujan, also a Fellow
                 of Trinity College, who had died so young, leaving
                 behind a series of intuitive mathematical theorems that
                 intrigued the world of mathematics for the succeeding
                 generation.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 51: ``Lawrence was one of the few in the
                 United States who rapidly appreciated the profound
                 significance of the discovery of the fission process.
                 In England the possibility that it had military
                 significance was more quickly realized in particular by
                 Frisch and Rudolf Peierls, and by Chadwick, who showed
                 independently that a fast-neutron fission chain process
                 in the uranium isotope of mass 235, leading to a
                 super-explosion, was possible.''",
  remark-4 =     "From page 51: ``Rutherford, the greater scientist,
                 laid the foundations of modern physics. Lawrence, with
                 his greater flair for technology and organization,
                 showed how to build, on those foundations, the massive
                 edifice of physics today.''",
}

@Article{Muller:1968:DF,
  author =       "Walter M{\"u}ller",
  title =        "The discovery of fission",
  journal =      j-PHYS-BULL,
  volume =       "19",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "157--157",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1968",
  CODEN =        "PHSBB4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9112/19/5/023",
  ISSN =         "0031-9112",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:47:28 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Bulletin",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9112",
  remark =       "Letter to the editor by the co-inventor of the
                 Geiger--M{\"u}ller counter, pointing out that, contrary
                 to the statement in \cite{Frisch:1968:DF}, he was not a
                 student, but already had his Dr. Phil. degree, and
                 objecting to the frequent suppression of his name in
                 connection with the counter.",
}

@InProceedings{Rosenfeld:1972:NR,
  author =       "L{\'e}on Rosenfeld",
  title =        "Nuclear Reminiscences",
  crossref =     "Reines:1972:CFOa",
  pages =        "289--299",
  year =         "1972",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 30 05:50:23 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1972cht..conf..289R",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "On pages 296--298, the author describes his trip
                 across the Atlantic with Niels Bohr in January 1939,
                 and how on the crossing, they discussed Hahn and
                 Strassmann's November 1938 experimental work on the
                 splitting of the atom, and Meitner and Frisch's
                 theoretical explanation from December 1938. The work of
                 the latter was described in papers submitted to Nature,
                 and Bohr had intended his knowledge of their contents
                 to be held confidential until their publication.
                 However, that was not clear to Rosenfeld, who discussed
                 the work with John Wheeler and colleagues at Princeton.
                 Within days, the news spread to other physicists in the
                 USA, several of whom were able to reproduce the Hahn
                 and Strassmann work, and the nuclear arms race was
                 begun.",
}

@Article{Anderson:1973:TQA,
  author =       "Herbert Anderson",
  title =        "Three questions about the sustained nuclear chain
                 reaction",
  journal =      "The {University of Chicago} Magazine",
  volume =       "65",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "3--7",
  month =        mar # "\slash " # apr,
  year =         "1973",
  ISSN =         "0041-9508",
  ISSN-L =       "0041-9508",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 20 17:09:06 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://library.ucsd.edu/dc/object/bb3960604v",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Alexander Sachs; Arthur Compton; Edward Teller; Enrico
                 Fermi; Ernest Rutherford; Eugene Wigner; Franklin
                 Delano Roosevelt; H. G. Wells; Leo Szilard; Lise
                 Meitner; Lyman Briggs; Niels Bohr; Otto Frisch",
  remark =       "From page 5: ``It was curious how he [Szilard] came to
                 Columbia [University]. He was not a member of the
                 faculty. He just sort of appeared one day, because he
                 knew that that's where the action would be. He went to
                 the dean, who appointed him a guest scientist. He then
                 participated in some of the experiments.''",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1973:DNP,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Distinguished Nuclear Pioneer Lecturer--1973. {Otto
                 Frisch}",
  journal =      j-NUCL-MED,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "372--374",
  day =          "1",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1973",
  CODEN =        "JNMEAQ",
  ISSN =         "0161-5505 (print), 1535-5667 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0161-5505",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 04 10:13:34 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "Reprinted from \booktitle{Trinity Review}, Lent Term,
                 1959, pages 25--27.",
  URL =          "http://jnm.snmjournals.org/content/14/6/372.full.pdf+html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Journal of Nuclear Medicine",
  journal-URL =  "http://jnm.snmjournals.org/content/by/year",
}

@Book{Wilson:1975:AOT,
  author =       "Jane Wilson",
  title =        "All in our time: the reminiscences of twelve nuclear
                 pioneers",
  publisher =    "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  address =      "Chicago, IL, USA",
  pages =        "236",
  year =         "1975",
  LCCN =         "QC773.A1 A44",
  bibdate =      "Sat Jun 23 17:18:11 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  tableofcontents = "Alvarez, L. W. / Berkeley in the 1930s \\
                 Abelson, P. H. / A graduate student with Ernest O.
                 Lawrence \\
                 Kamen, M. D. / The birthplace of big science \\
                 Frisch, O. R. / Investigating fission \\
                 Anderson, H. L. / Assisting Fermi / 90 \\
                 Wattenberg, A. / Present at the creation \\
                 Manley, J. H. / Organizing a wartime laboratory \\
                 Wilson, R. R. / A recruit for Los Alamos \\
                 Hoffmann, F. de. / A novel apprenticeship \\
                 McDaniel, B. / Journeyman physicist \\
                 Fitch, V. L. / Soldier in the ranks \\
                 Bainbridge, K. T. / Orchestrating the test",
}

@Article{Feld:1979:LKO,
  author =       "Bernard T. Feld",
  title =        "{Lew Kowarski, 1907--1979. Otto Robert Frisch,
                 1904--1979}",
  journal =      j-BULL-AT-SCI,
  volume =       "35",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "4--5",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "BASIAP",
  ISSN =         "0096-3402 (print), 1938-3282 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0096-3402",
  bibdate =      "Mon Oct 28 16:24:00 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bullatsci.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists",
  journal-URL =  "http://bos.sagepub.com/",
}

@Article{Peierls:1979:BRP,
  author =       "Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "Book review: A physicist who enjoys it.
                 {{\booktitle{What Little I Remember}}, by Otto R.
                 Frisch, pp. 219. (Cambridge University Press:
                 Cambridge, 1979)}",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "280",
  number =       "5719",
  pages =        "257--259",
  day =          "19",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1979",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/280257a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 24 21:39:36 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  URL =          "https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/1979Natur.280..257P",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Misc{Weiner:1979:OHO,
  author =       "Charles Weiner",
  title =        "Oral Histories; {Otto Frisch}",
  howpublished = "American Institute of Physics (AIP) interview.",
  day =          "3",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1979",
  bibdate =      "Sun May 06 17:20:18 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4616",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Bethe:1980:ORF,
  author =       "H. A. Bethe and George Winter",
  title =        "{Otto Robert Frisch}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "99--100",
  month =        jan,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2913924",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jul 17 16:37:57 MDT 2017",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/debroglie-louis.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.physicstoday.org/search",
  note =         "See correction \cite{Ditchburn:1980:FO}.",
  URL =          "http://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.2913924",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Hans Albrecht Bethe (1906--2005)",
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark-1 =     "From page 100: in 1930--1933, ``Stern and Frisch
                 succeeded in demonstrating the diffraction of a
                 molecular beam of helium from a crystal, thus showing
                 that the de Broglie relation holds for a complex system
                 like a helium atom as well as for elementary
                 particles.''",
  remark-2 =     "From page 100: ``In 1947 he accepted a professorship
                 at Cambridge University, in fact the very chair that
                 had previously been held by Lord Rutherford.''",
  subject-dates = "Louis de Broglie (1892--1987); Otto Robert Frisch
                 (1904--1979)",
}

@Article{Ditchburn:1980:FO,
  author =       "R. W. Ditchburn",
  title =        "{Frisch} obituary",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "86--86",
  month =        may,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2914101",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/debroglie-louis.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.physicstoday.org/search",
  note =         "Correction to \cite{Bethe:1980:ORF}, noting that
                 Frisch did not succeed to Rutherford's chair, but
                 rather, was Jacksonian Professor of Natural
                 Philosophy.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Hendry:1980:BRR,
  author =       "John Hendry",
  title =        "Book Reviews: Reminiscence and the Contemporary
                 History of Science: {{\booktitle{What Little I
                 Remember}}, by Otto Frisch. \booktitle{Nuclear Physics
                 in Retrospect. Proceedings of a Symposium on the
                 1930s}, by Roger H. Stuewer}",
  journal =      j-BRITISH-J-HIST-SCI,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "258--262",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "BJHSAT",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007087400018070;
                 https://doi.org/10.2307/4026200",
  ISSN =         "0007-0874 (print), 1474-001X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0007-0874",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 23 07:34:43 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bjhs.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/4026200",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "British Journal for the History of Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BJH",
}

@Article{Peierls:1980:ORF,
  author =       "Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "Obituary: {O. R. Frisch}, 1904--1979",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "284",
  number =       "5752",
  pages =        "196--197",
  day =          "13",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/284196a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 24 18:36:32 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  URL =          "https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/1980Natur.284..196P",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
}

@Article{Seidel:1980:BRB,
  author =       "Robert W. Seidel",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{What Little I Remember}} by
                 Otto R. Frisch}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "71",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "517--518",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.2307/230165",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 21:30:07 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/i302339;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1980.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/230165;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/230165",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/isis",
}

@Article{Siegel:1980:BRW,
  author =       "Daniel M. Siegel",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{What Little I Remember}}, by
                 O. R. Frisch}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "33",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "56--56",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2914021",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Wilson:1980:BRW,
  author =       "R. R. Wilson",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{What Little I Remember}},
                 Otto R. Frisch}",
  journal =      j-SCIENCE,
  volume =       "207",
  number =       "4435",
  pages =        "1068--1068",
  day =          "7",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "1980",
  CODEN =        "SCIEAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.2307/1684108",
  ISSN =         "0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0036-8075",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 3 19:15:39 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/1684108",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.sciencemag.org/archive/",
}

@Article{Peierls:1981:ORF,
  author =       "Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "{Otto Robert Frisch: 1 October 1904--22 September
                 1979}",
  journal =      j-BIOGRAPH-MEMOIRS-FELLOWS-ROY-SOC,
  volume =       "27",
  pages =        "283--306",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "1981",
  CODEN =        "BMFRA3",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.2307/769874",
  ISSN =         "0080-4606 (print), 1748-8494 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0080-4606",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 30 15:38:11 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/769874;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/769874",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journals/00804606.html",
  remark-1 =     "From page 284: ``In the family the boy was always
                 known as `Otto Robert', as if the two names were
                 hyphenated. Later he tended to call himself Robert,
                 except at Los Alamos, where there were too many
                 Roberts, and he was called Otto. This usage seems to
                 have persisted; his book of recollections (B5) and some
                 articles are headed `Otto Frisch'.''",
  remark-2 =     "From page 291: ``The annual reports of the Chemical
                 Society contained a section on nuclear physics, and
                 Frisch and I had been asked to write this for the
                 current volume. Naturally the part on the experimental
                 situation, and on fission, fell to him (38). His report
                 included the conclusion that there was no possibility
                 of an explosive chain reaction. But further reflection,
                 stimulated by his interest in isotope separation, set
                 him wondering what would happen if one could obtain a
                 substantial quantity of pure 235U. He raised this
                 question in conversation with me, because I had
                 recently worked out a formula giving the critical size
                 for a chain reaction not involving the slowing-down of
                 neutrons. I had been doubtful about the propriety of
                 publishing such a calculation, but Frisch had convinced
                 me that a weapon was not a practical possibility, and I
                 sent the paper off for publication.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 291: ``This [a critical mass of uranium
                 about a half-kg] seemed an important enough finding to
                 communicate to people in authority, and we wrote a
                 memorandum, divided into a technical and a general
                 part, which, with Oliphant's help, was passed on to Sir
                 Henry Tizard. This led to the work of the MAUD
                 Committee, and later to the work of the Tube Alloys
                 project. (Both names were just cover names for atomic
                 energy.''",
  remark-4 =     "From pages 292--293: ``He remained in Liverpool until
                 late in 1943, when it was decided to discontinue
                 wartime work on atomic energy in Britain and to
                 transfer many of the scientists engaged in this work,
                 including Frisch, to the United States to work with the
                 Manhattan District of the Army on the American atomic
                 weapons project. He could not very well go there as an
                 enemy alien, and steps were taken to make him a British
                 subject. This would normally have been a protracted
                 operation, but in this case bureaucracy proved its
                 ability to move fast. He had to apply for
                 naturalization, the application had to be granted by
                 the Home Secretary, a certificate had to be issued, and
                 with it he had to take the oath of allegiance, he had
                 to register for National Service, and have his service
                 deferred, a passport had to be issued, on which he
                 needed a U.S. visa and an exit permit, and finally he
                 had to be booked a passage on a boat and sail. All this
                 was completed in 48 hours.''",
  remark-5 =     "From page 293: ``Frisch had a narrow escape when he
                 was working with a bare mass of fissile material
                 (appropriately code-named Godiva) without a surrounding
                 scatterer. As he bent over the specimen, slow neutrons
                 scattered from his body added sufficiently to the
                 multiplication factor to pass criticality. Only his
                 alertness in observing the behaviour of the indicator
                 lights attached to the counters, and a quick reaction
                 in pulling away part of the fissile material, stopped
                 the chain reaction reaching a dangerous radiation
                 level.''",
  remark-6 =     "From page 294: ``The most daring experiment of this
                 kind was the 'dragon', so called because it was like
                 tickling the tail of a dragon. The idea, proposed by
                 Frisch, was to have a piece of fissile material which,
                 because of a hole through its middle, was sub-critical.
                 A plug, which fitted loosely in the hole, would make it
                 supercritical. The plug was dropped through the hole
                 from a suitable height, so that it passed through
                 rapidly. The system would thus become supercritical for
                 a brief interval, and during this time a chain reaction
                 would develop but would not have time to build up to
                 dangerous level.''",
  remark-7 =     "From page 297: ``He [Frisch] did enjoy being there [at
                 the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, UK]. He
                 appreciated the high quality of the research and its
                 breadth, and the presence of enthusiastic and bright
                 students. For undergraduates his lectures seem to have
                 been difficult, because he expected them to think too
                 much for themselves. But for graduate students his
                 ability to find simple pictures and analogies, and his
                 insistence on simple explanations made his lectures
                 attractive and inspiring. Dr Alan Oxley remembers the
                 verse: 'If ever you're troubled by nuclear parity, Old
                 Father Frisch will explain it with clarity.'''",
  remark-8 =     "From page 301: ``He [Frisch] remained active and
                 enjoyed life until the accidental fall which caused his
                 death after a short period in hospital. He just missed
                 his seventy-fifth birthday, to which he had been
                 looking forward.''",
}

@InCollection{Oliphant:1985:TE,
  author =       "Mark L. Oliphant",
  title =        "The two {Ernests}",
  crossref =     "Weart:1985:HP",
  pages =        "173--193",
  year =         "1985",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 22 05:32:31 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib",
  note =         "Reprint of
                 \cite{Oliphant:1966:TEa,Oliphant:1966:TEb}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Ernest Lawrence; Ernest Rutherford",
}

@Article{Segre:1985:HPR,
  author =       "Emilio Segr{\`e}",
  title =        "Historical Perspective: Refugee Scientists and Nuclear
                 Energy",
  journal =      j-ANN-NY-ACAD-SCI,
  volume =       "452",
  number =       "1",
  bookpages =    "xix + 411",
  pages =        "xv--xix",
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "ANYAA9",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1985.tb29993.x",
  ISBN =         "0-89766-298-9, 0-89766-299-7 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-89766-298-7, 978-0-89766-299-4 (paperback)",
  ISSN =         "0077-8923 (print), 1749-6632 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0077-8923",
  bibdate =      "Wed Mar 6 17:26:04 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/schroedinger-erwin.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/v/von-neumann-john.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  note =         "Sixth International Conference on Collective
                 Phenomena: reports from the Moscow Refusnik Seminar /
                 edited by Inga Fischer-Hjalmars and Joel L. Lebowitz.
                 Contributions from the Moscow Refusnik Seminar and from
                 two International Conferences on Collective Phenomena,
                 one held in Stockholm, Sweden, 1--2 December 1983, and
                 the other in Tel Aviv, Israel, 31 May--1 June 1984.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nyas.org/Publications/Archive.aspx",
  keywords =     "Hans Bethe; Niels Bohr; Max Born; Walther Bothe; James
                 Chadwick; Orso Mario Corbino; Marie Curie; Peter Debye;
                 Paul S. Epstein; Enrico Fermi; James Franck; Otto
                 Robert Frisch; Klaus Fuchs; Hans Geiger; Samuel
                 Goudsmit; General Leslie R. Groves; Fritz Haber; Otto
                 Hahn; Adolf Hitler; K. Lark Horowitz; Fritz G.
                 Houtermans; Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Joliot-Curie; George B.
                 Kistiakowsky; Lew Kowarski; A. L. Hughes; Fritz London;
                 Lise Meitner; Benito Mussolini; Lothar W. Nordheim;
                 Wolfgang Pauli; Rudolf Peierls; Francis Perrin; George
                 Placzek; Giulio Racah; Bruno Rossi; Joseph Rotblat;
                 Ernest Rutherford; Erwin Schr{\"o}dinger; Emilio
                 Segr{\`e}; ?. Staub; Otto Stern; Leo Szilard; Edward
                 Teller; Llewellyn H. Thomas; George Uhlenbeck; Victor
                 Weisskopf; Eugene P. Wigner; Fritz Zwicky; Theodore von
                 K{\'a}rm{\'a}n; John von Neumann; Hans von Halben;
                 George von Hevesy",
  remark =       "From the last paragraph: ``My list is not complete but
                 it should suffice to show the contribution of Hitler to
                 the atomic bomb. Of course his most important
                 contribution was the unparalleled motivation he gave to
                 everybody.''",
}

@Article{Stuewer:1985:BNF,
  author =       "Roger H. Stuewer",
  title =        "Bringing the News of Fission to {America}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "38",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "48--56",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1985",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.881016",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Tue Aug 21 06:52:15 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.physicstoday.org/resource/1/phtoad/v38/i10/p48_s1",
  abstract =     "This article explains Niels Bohr's conveyance of Lise
                 Meitner's and Otto Frisch's theory of nuclear fission
                 to the United States in 1939. After reviewing the
                 results of experiments conducted by Otto Hahn and Fritz
                 Strassmann, Frisch and Meitner theorized that the
                 barium Hahn and Fritz had found after bombarding
                 uranium with neutrons had been the result of splitting
                 a small portion of atoms in the uranium sample. Frisch
                 sought out Niels Bohr in Copenhagen and shared the
                 conclusions that he and Meitner had drawn. The article
                 discusses how Bohr worked out the theory, the
                 transatlantic communication mishaps between Bohr and
                 Frisch, and how Bohr introduced the theory of uranium
                 fission to the physics community in the United
                 States.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  remark =       "Special issue on Niels Bohr.",
}

@Article{French:1986:NBH,
  author =       "A. P. French",
  title =        "{Niels Bohr} at 100: his life and work",
  journal =      j-PHYS-EDUC,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "220--226",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "PHEDA7",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9120/21/4/005",
  ISSN =         "0031-9120 (print), 1361-6552 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9120",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 28 20:51:59 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/21/i=4/a=005",
  abstract =     "The author gives an account of the life and work of
                 Niels Bohr.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Education",
  journal-URL =  "http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9120/",
  PACS =         "01.60.+q Biographies, tributes, personal notes, and
                 obituaries; 01.65.+g History of science",
  remark-1 =     "From pages 222--223: ``Bohr, in his development of a
                 theory of the Periodic Table, had assigned electron
                 configurations and the associated chemical properties
                 to the several `missing elements', among them element
                 72, which Bohr decided must be chemically similar to
                 zirconium. Now among the first appointees to his
                 institute were George de Hevesy, a brilliant Hungarian
                 chemist, and the Dutchman Dirk Coster, an expert in
                 x-ray spectroscopy. Between them, de Hevesy and Coster
                 made extractions from zirconium minerals and tested
                 these for the appearance of characteristic x-rays
                 belonging to $Z = 72$. Their work bore fruit just in
                 time for Bohr to announce the discovery of element 72
                 at his Nobel Prize lecture in Stockholm in December
                 1922. The new element was christened hafnium, after the
                 old Latin name for Copenhagen.''",
  remark-2 =     "From page 221: ``[Niels Bohr] made some theoretical
                 studies of the passage of charged particles through
                 matter (a topic that continued to hold his interest
                 throughout his life), and from a consideration of the
                 chains of successive alpha- and beta-particle emissions
                 in natural radioactive series he arrived (and was
                 probably the first person to do so) at the idea of
                 nuclear isotopy.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 222: ``Bohr did not stop at the hydrogen
                 atom, and over the next decade he worked at the
                 electron configurations in heavier atoms. \ldots{} In
                 fact he developed a table of the quantised electron
                 states for all the atoms in the Periodic Table. It was
                 a {\em tour de force\/} depending mainly on his skilful
                 use of the correspondence principle, supplemented by
                 his wide knowledge of chemistry and spectroscopy.
                 Detailed calculations hardly entered the picture at all
                 --- a fact that astonished the rigorous mathematical
                 physicists at the University of G{\"o}ttingen when Bohr
                 went there in 1922 to expound his results. (It was
                 remarked that his use of the correspondence principle
                 was `a somewhat mystical magic wand', which worked only
                 in Copenhagen!) Bohr's achievement is even more
                 remarkable when one recalls that the Pauli exclusion
                 principle, which is the basis of our current picture of
                 atomic structure, was not discovered until 1925.''",
  remark-4 =     "From page 223: ``Bohr invited Schr{\"o}dinger to
                 Copenhagen for extended discussions with himself and
                 Heisenberg. The episode has been entertainingly
                 described by Heisenberg (1971); as with Rutherford in
                 1913, Bohr was tireless (almost relentless) in pressing
                 his own point of view. Schr{\"o}dinger went home
                 exhausted but unconvinced [that there was some element
                 of reality in Schr{\"o}dinger's waves].''",
  remark-5 =     "From page 223: ``Bohr regarded this situation
                 [complementarity] in the subatomic world as a profound
                 intellectual challenge; as quoted by Otto Frisch (1979)
                 he once remarked: `If anybody says he can think about
                 quantum theory without getting giddy it merely shows
                 that he hasn't understood the first thing about
                 it!'''",
  remark-6 =     "On nuclear reactions, on page 224: ``But evidence
                 accumulated of peculiar `resonance' effects --- a
                 sensitive dependence of reaction probability on
                 bombarding energy. It was Niels Bohr, in 1935, who
                 provided the explanation. namely that between the
                 initial and final stages there may be a relatively
                 long-lived compound nuclear state. \ldots{} essential
                 idea was quickly taken up and exploited by Bohr's
                 younger colleagues, and by theorists elsewhere, in a
                 detailed theory of nuclear reaction dynamics.",
  subject =      "Education and communication",
}

@Article{Mitchum:1986:BRB,
  author =       "Carl Mitchum",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{A Theory of Technology:
                 Continuity and Change in Human Development}} by Thomas
                 R. DeGregori; \booktitle{International Technology
                 Transfer: Concepts, Measures, and Comparisons} by
                 Nathan Rosenberg; Claudio Frischtak}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "77",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "552--554",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "1986",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 21:23:19 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/i211179;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis1980.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/231653",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/isis",
}

@Article{Peierls:1986:FFW,
  author =       "Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "Fact or fission [Wild speculation]",
  journal =      j-LONDON-REV-BOOKS,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "18",
  pages =        "4--4",
  day =          "23",
  month =        oct,
  year =         "1986",
  ISSN =         "0260-9592",
  ISSN-L =       "0260-9592",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 30 16:05:39 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  URL =          "https://www.lrb.co.uk/v08/n18/letters#letter4",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "London Review of Books",
  journal-URL =  "https://www.lrb.co.uk/",
  remark =       "From the letter: ``I was shocked to read
                 \booktitle{The Red and the Blue} by Andrew Sinclair.
                 The book, which hasn t been reviewed in your paper,
                 draws misleading conclusions from an account of physics
                 in the Thirties which contains so many errors that I
                 can point only to a small fraction. \ldots{} The
                 discovery [of nuclear fission], by Hahn and Strassmann
                 in Berlin, was stimulated by experiments done by Fermi
                 in Rome, and explained by Lise Meitner and Frisch in
                 Sweden. Without scientific information being freely
                 exchanged, none of this would have been known in this
                 country.''",
}

@Article{Barschall:1987:RED,
  author =       "Henry H. Barschall",
  title =        "Reminiscences of the Early Days of Fission",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "40",
  number =       "6",
  pages =        "??--??",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "1987",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.881075",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 29 15:32:44 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  abstract =     "Roger Stuewer has described how L{\'e}on Rosenfeld
                 brought the news that uranium undergoes fission to
                 Princeton's Physics Journal Club on the evening of 16
                 January 1939, the day on which Niels Bohr and Rosenfeld
                 had arrived in New York from Denmark. (See Stuewer's
                 article in PHysics Today, October 1985, page 48). Bohr
                 had first learned of the discovery of fission from Otto
                 Frisch on 3 January 1939, and Rosenfeld's report was
                 the first information received by physicists in the
                 United States. I was in the audience and the news had
                 an immediate impact on my own activities, and it
                 continued to affect my work for the next six years. The
                 following are some of my recollections of that
                 period.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Book{Peierls:1991:MST,
  author =       "Rudolf Peierls",
  title =        "More Surprises in Theoretical Physics",
  publisher =    pub-PRINCETON,
  address =      pub-PRINCETON:adr,
  pages =        "viii + 106",
  year =         "1991",
  ISBN =         "0-691-08576-5 (hardcover), 0-691-02522-3 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-691-08576-0 (hardcover), 978-0-691-02522-3
                 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "QC20 .P345 1991",
  MRclass =      "82-01 (81-01)",
  MRnumber =     "1120782",
  MRreviewer =   "A. Ventura",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 23 18:24:24 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  series =       "Princeton Series in Physics",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/prin021/90023189.html;
                 https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/1991mstp.book.....P",
  abstract =     "This book is a collection of the major scientific
                 papers of Sir Rudolf Peierls (1907--1995), including
                 the Peierls--Frisch Memoranda of 1940 on the
                 feasibility, and the predicted human effects, of an
                 atomic bomb made of uranium-235. His papers range
                 widely in topic. They include much on the fundamentals
                 of solid state physics, the thermal and electric
                 conductivity of materials as a function of temperature
                 T (especially T$_0$), the interpretation of the de
                 Haas--van Alphen effect observed for a metal in a
                 magnetic field, and the basics of transport theory.
                 Many are on problems in statistical mechanics,
                 including his constructive paper demonstrating the
                 existence of a phase transition for Ising's model for a
                 two-dimensional ferromagnet. In nuclear physics, they
                 include the first calculations (with Bethe) on the
                 photo-disintegration of the deuteron (made in response
                 to a challenge by Chadwick), the Kapur--Peierls theory
                 of resonance phenomena in nuclear reactions, the
                 Bohr--Peierls--Placzek continuum model for complex
                 nuclei (which first explained the narrow resonances
                 observed for low energy neutrons incident on very heavy
                 nuclei), and the Peierls--Thouless variational approach
                 to collective phenomena in nuclei. Several of Peierls's
                 wartime papers, now declassified, are here published
                 for the first time. Brief commentaries on most of the
                 papers in this book were added by Peierls, to indicate
                 subsequent developments and their relationship with
                 other work, or to correct errors found later on. A
                 complete bibliography of his writings is given as an
                 appendix.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
  tableofcontents = "1. On the theory of galvanomagnetic effects \\
                 2. On the theory of the Hall effect \\
                 3. On the existence of stationary states \\
                 4. On the kinetic theory of thermal conduction in
                 crystals \\
                 5. On the theory of electric and thermal conductivity
                 of metals \\
                 6. Two remarks on the theory of conductivity \\
                 7. Quantum electrodynamics in configuration space \\
                 8. Extension of the uncertainty principle to
                 relativistic quantum theory \\
                 9. On the absorption spectra of solids \\
                 10. On the theory of the diamagnetism of conduction
                 electrons \\
                 11. On the theory of the diamagnetism of conduction
                 electrons, II. Strong magnetic fields \\
                 12. Remarks on the theory of metals \\
                 13. On the statistical basis for the electron theory of
                 metals \\
                 14. Remarks on transition temperatures \\
                 15. The ``neutrino'' \\
                 16. The neutrino \\
                 17. Quantum theory of the diplon \\
                 18. The scattering of neutrons by protons \\
                 19. Statistical error in counting experiments \\
                 20. Statistical theory of superlattices with unequal
                 concentrations of the components \\
                 21. Note on the derivation of the equation of state for
                 a degenerate relativistic gas \\
                 22. Magnetic transition curves of supraconductors \\
                 23. Statistical theory of adsorption with interaction
                 between the adsorbed atoms \\
                 24. On Ising's model of ferromagnetism \\
                 25. Penetration into potential barriers in several
                 dimensions \\
                 26. Heat conduction in liquid helium \\
                 27. The dispersion formula for nuclear reactions \\
                 28. On minimum property of the free energy \\
                 29. Nuclear reactions in the continuous energy region
                 \\
                 30. Critical conditions in neutron multiplication \\
                 31. Interpretation of beta-disintegration data \\
                 32. The size of a dislocation \\
                 33. The Frisch-Peierls Memorandum of 1940 (in 2 parts)
                 \\
                 34. The Bohr theory of nuclear reactions \\
                 35. Separation of isotopes \\
                 36. On Lorentz invariance in the quantum theory \\
                 37. The equation of state of air at high temperatures
                 \\
                 38. Expansions in terms of sets of functions with
                 complex eigenvalues \\
                 39. The commutation laws of relativistic field theory
                 \\
                 40. The polyneutron theory of the origin of the
                 elements \\
                 41. Properties of form factors in non-local theories
                 \\
                 42. A study of gauge-invariant non-local interactions
                 \\
                 43. Field equations in functional form \\
                 44. Note on the vibration spectrum of a crystal \\
                 45. The coherent scattering of [symbol]-rays by K
                 electrons in heavy atoms. I. Method \\
                 46. Interpretation and properties of propagators \\
                 47. The Peierls transition \\
                 48. The collective model of nuclear motion \\
                 49. Two-stage model of Fermi interactions \\
                 50. Complex eigenvalues in scattering theory \\
                 51. Selected topics in nuclear theory \\
                 52. Velocity-dependent nuclear forces \\
                 53. Variational approach to collective motion \\
                 54. The Villars formalism for nuclear rotation \\
                 55. Time reversal and the second law of thermodynamics
                 \\
                 56. The momentum of a light wave in a refracting medium
                 \\
                 57. Perturbation theory for projected states \\
                 58. The force on a moving charge in an electron gas \\
                 59. Perturbation theory for projected states, II.
                 Convergence criteria and a soluble model \\
                 60. Test of projected perturbation theory on a
                 simplified model of H[symbol] \\
                 61. Some simple remarks on the basis of transport
                 theory \\
                 62. The force in electromigration \\
                 63. The momentum of light in a refractive medium \\
                 64. Resonant states and their uses \\
                 65. Local approximation to a non-local potential \\
                 66. Model-making in physics \\
                 67. The momentum of a sound pulse in a slightly
                 dispersive medium \\
                 68. Momentum and pseudomomentum of light and sound \\
                 69. Observations in quantum mechanics and the
                 ``collapse of the wave function'' \\
                 70. Shape of solitons in classically forbidden states:
                 ``Lorentz expansion'' \\
                 71. In defence of ``measurement'' \\
                 72. Broken symmetries",
}

@Book{Serber:1992:APF,
  author =       "R. (Robert) Serber and Richard Rhodes",
  title =        "The {Los Alamos} primer: the first lectures on how to
                 build an atomic bomb",
  publisher =    pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS,
  address =      pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS:adr,
  pages =        "xxxiii + 98 + 8",
  year =         "1992",
  ISBN =         "0-520-07576-5",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-520-07576-4",
  LCCN =         "QC773.A1 S47 1992",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 13 14:53:30 MST 2005",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "ftp://uiarchive.cso.uiuc.edu/pub/etext/gutenberg/;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/bios/ucal051/91014068.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/ucal041/91014068.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Based on a set of 5 lectures given by R. Serber during
                 the first two weeks of Apr. 1943 as an indoctrination
                 course in connection with the starting of the Los
                 Alamos Project. Edited, and with an introduction, by
                 Richard Rhodes.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; United States; History; Physicists;
                 Biography",
  tableofcontents = "Introduction \\
                 Preface \\
                 The Los Alamos Primer / 1 \\
                 Object / 3 \\
                 Energy of Fission Process / 5 \\
                 Fast Neutron Chain Reaction / 9 \\
                 Fission Cross-sections / 13 \\
                 Neutron Spectrum / 19 \\
                 Neutron Number / 19 \\
                 Neutron Capture / 21 \\
                 Why Ordinary U Is Safe / 21 \\
                 Material 49 / 22 \\
                 Simplest Estimate of Minimum Size of Bomb / 25 \\
                 Effect of Tamper / 29 \\
                 Damage / 33 \\
                 Efficiency / 38 \\
                 Effect of Tamper on Efficiency / 43 \\
                 Detonation / 45 \\
                 Probability of Predetonation / 46 \\
                 Fizzles / 49 \\
                 Detonating Source / 51 \\
                 Neutron Background / 52 \\
                 Shooting / 56 \\
                 Autocatalytic Methods / 61 \\
                 Conclusion / 63 \\
                 Endnotes / 65 \\
                 Appendix I: The Frisch--Peierls Memorandum / 77 \\
                 Appendix II: Biographical Notes / 89 \\
                 Index / 95",
}

@Article{Prasad:1993:RRR,
  author =       "Rajendra Prasad",
  title =        "Review: Re-Reading Classics {{\booktitle{A
                 Mathematician's Apology}} by G. H. Hardy};
                 {{\booktitle{What Little I Remember}} by Otto Frisch};
                 {{\booktitle{What Is Life?, with Mind and Matter and
                 Autobiographical Sketches}} by Erwin Schr{\"o}dinger};
                 {{\booktitle{Mr. Tompkins in Paperback}} by George
                 Gamow}",
  journal =      j-SOC-SCI,
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3/4",
  pages =        "98--101",
  month =        apr,
  year =         "1993",
  CODEN =        "????",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.2307/3517634",
  ISSN =         "0970-0293",
  ISSN-L =       "0970-0293",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 29 07:53:43 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 JSTOR database",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/3517634;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/3517634.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Social Scientist",
}

@Book{Segre:1993:MAM,
  author =       "Emilio Segr{\`e}",
  title =        "A mind always in motion: the autobiography of {Emilio
                 Segr{\`e}}",
  publisher =    pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS,
  address =      pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS:adr,
  pages =        "xii + 332",
  year =         "1993",
  ISBN =         "0-520-07627-3",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-520-07627-3",
  LCCN =         "QC16.S35 A3 1993",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jun 19 15:10:36 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft700007rb;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/ucal041/92010722.html",
  abstract =     "I have written this autobiography because I thought it
                 might interest a public curious about the
                 science-dominated period in which I lived. Many other
                 physicists, my contemporaries, have done the same,
                 among them Luis Alvarez, Freeman Dyson, Walter
                 Elsasser, Richard Feynman, Otto Frisch, Werner
                 Heisenberg, Sir Rudolf Peierls, and Bruno Rossi. Each
                 of them writes from his own point of view and according
                 to his personality. This emerges clearly, for instance,
                 in descriptions of the Los Alamos period; in comparing
                 them, one recognizes the main facts, but the
                 differences of interpretation and the importance
                 assigned to those facts by the authors stand out
                 starkly, as do judgments on persons and events. These
                 differences are interesting and should not be
                 suppressed.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "According to \cite[page 5]{Michaudon:2000:FMW}, this
                 book discusses why several groups initially failed to
                 recognize the possibility of nuclear fission, including
                 Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner, the Joliot-Curies, Enrico
                 Fermi, and others. There are 335 instances of `Fermi'
                 in the online version of the book.",
  subject =      "Segr{\`e}, Emilio; physicists; United States;
                 biography; Italy",
  tableofcontents = "Acknowledgments \\
                 Preface \\
                 Chapter One: Chromosomes: Family and Childhood
                 (1905--1917): Smell of Skunk \\
                 Chapter Two: Discovering the World: Rome and High
                 School (1917--1922): Scent of Florentine Wisteria \\
                 Chapter Three: The Education of a Physicist
                 (1922--1928): Scent of Roman Hay and Alpine Snow \\
                 Chapter Four: Scientific Springtime (1928--1936): Smell
                 of Amsterdam's Canals \\
                 Chapter Five: On My Own: Professor at Palermo
                 (1936--1938): Scent of Orange Blossoms \\
                 Chapter Six: In the New World: Refugee at Berkeley
                 (1938--1943): Smell of Cyclotron Oil \\
                 Chapter Seven: Los Alamos: The Fateful Mesa
                 (1943--1946): Smell of Pi{\~n}ones \\
                 Chapter Eight: Returns: Science and Struggle, Berkeley
                 and Italy (1946--1950): Smell of Hydrogen Sulfide,
                 Acque Albule \\
                 Chapter Nine: Ripening Crops (1950--1954): Smell of
                 Ripe Wheat \\
                 Chapter Ten: Triumphs and Tragedies (1954--1982): Odor
                 of Laurel and Cypress \\
                 Notes \\
                 A Few Words from Rosa \\
                 Index",
}

@Article{Anonymous:1994:EOL,
  author =       "Anonymous",
  title =        "Errata: {The Origin of the Liquid-Drop Model and the
                 Interpretation of Nuclear Fission}",
  journal =      j-PERSPECT-SCI,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "254--254",
  month =        "Summer",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "PRSIEU",
  ISSN =         "1063-6145 (print), 1530-9274 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1063-6145",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 17 14:38:59 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/perspectsci.bib",
  note =         "Correction of printers error in bottom three equations
                 from page 90.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Perspectives on Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/perspectives_on_science/;
                 http://www.mitpressjournals.org/loi/posc/",
}

@Article{Stuewer:1994:OLD,
  author =       "Roger H. Stuewer",
  title =        "The Origin of the Liquid-Drop Model and the
                 Interpretation of Nuclear Fission",
  journal =      j-PERSPECT-SCI,
  volume =       "2",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "76--129",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "1994",
  CODEN =        "PRSIEU",
  ISSN =         "1063-6145 (print), 1530-9274 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1063-6145",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jul 15 07:18:48 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/perspectsci.bib",
  note =         "See errata \cite{Anonymous:1994:EOL}.",
  URL =          "http://alsos.wlu.edu/information.aspx?id=1736",
  abstract =     "This essay discusses the historical and scientific
                 basis of the two theories of the nucleus which led to
                 the groundbreaking 1938 theory of nuclear fission by
                 Lise Meitner and Otto Frisch. The first theory,
                 developed between 1928 and 1936, was pioneered by
                 George Gamow, who suggested that the nucleus could be
                 considered to be like a drop of liquid, with energy
                 holding the subatomic particles together just as
                 tension holds together liquid particles. The second
                 theory is Niels Bohr's 1936 theory of the compound
                 nucleus, which describes the way in which particles may
                 be released from the nucleus or that the nucleus may be
                 destroyed by raising the energy of a particle which
                 strikes the nucleus. The author suggests that Meitner
                 and Frisch combined those two theories to reach a
                 theory of fission that describes how a nucleus may be
                 split and the energy that is produced. Although the
                 article does present the equations and the reasoning
                 behind the theories, it is largely understandable by a
                 general audience.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Perspectives on Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/perspectives_on_science/;
                 http://www.mitpressjournals.org/loi/posc/",
  remark-00 =    "This is an excellent article that clears up widespread
                 miscrediting of the liquid-drop model of nuclear
                 fission to Niels Bohr and John Wheeler in 1939, instead
                 of, properly, to George Gamow in 1928. It deserves to
                 be read by everyone who is interested in the history of
                 modern nuclear physics.",
  remark-01 =    "From page 79: ``Furthermore, just before leaving
                 Copenhagen for Cambridge, sometime in December 1928,
                 Gamow conceived the liquid-drop model of the
                 nucleus.''",
  remark-02 =    "From page 80: ``Gamow was among those who responded to
                 Rutherford's remarks [at a meeting of the Royal Society
                 in London on February 7, 1929], and his response
                 constituted the first appearance of the liquid-drop
                 model in print.''",
  remark-03 =    "From page 85: ``In early April 1930 he [Gamow] visited
                 Manchester where he discussed his liquid-drop model
                 with Nevill Mott \ldots{} About a week later, he
                 traveled to Copenhagen \ldots{} where he discussed his
                 mass-defect calculations with Bohr \ldots{} Still, he
                 did not succeed in overcoming his difficulties.
                 Consequently, he published nothing further on the
                 mass-defect curve, turning instead to other problems in
                 nuclear physics in the summer of 1930.''",
  remark-04 =    "From page 86: Gamow was denied a passport to leave
                 Russia to attend the 31 October 1931 conference on
                 nuclear physics organized by Enrico Fermi. ``Unable to
                 leave Russia, he went to Leningrad, married Lyubov
                 Vokhminzeva, and took up a position as professor of
                 physics at the university. His paper for the Rome
                 conference was read by Max Delbr{\"u}ck.''",
  remark-05 =    "From page 86: ``[Fritz] Houtermans included an
                 extensive discussion of Gamow's liquid-drop model in a
                 long review article that he published in the
                 \booktitle{Ergebnisse der exakten
                 Naturwissenschaften}.''",
  remark-06 =    "From page 86: ``In the comprehensive treatise that
                 Rutherford, James Chadwick, and Charles D. Ellis
                 published, \booktitle{Radiations from Radioactive
                 Substances} (1930), Rutherford discussed Gamow's
                 liquid-drop model at length, \ldots{}''",
  remark-07 =    "From pages 87--88: ``He [Heisenberg] began to change
                 his mind [about whether or not the neutron was an
                 electron-proton composite particle] only in 1933, after
                 Ettore Majorana, who according to Emilio Segr{\`e}
                 \ldots{} immediately accepted the neutron as a new
                 elementary particle, introduced a new neutron-proton
                 force involving the exchange of spin as well as charge.
                 A compelling argument for adopting Majorana's exchange
                 force over Heisenberg's was that it saturated at the
                 alpha particle, thus accounting for the high stability
                 of that particle, whereas Heisenberg's saturated at the
                 deuteron, a particle soon found to be not particularly
                 stable.''",
  remark-08 =    "From footnote 22 on page 88: ``For an account of
                 Fermi's unsuccessful attempts to persuade Majorana to
                 publish his theory [on nuclear exchange forces] and
                 Heisenberg's success in doing so, see Amaldi 1984, pp.
                 44--45.''",
  remark-09 =    "From page 90: ``To evaluate this expression [for the
                 potential energy of exchange action], Heisenberg
                 neglected the action exerted by the spin of the
                 particles and applied the Thomas--Fermi
                 approximation.''",
  remark-10 =    "From page 97: ``Bethe did not discuss the historical
                 origin of the above formula, whereas von Weizs{\"a}cker
                 embedded his treatment within the context of Gamow's
                 liquid-drop model of the nucleus.'' Bethe and Bacher's
                 148-page Part A nuclear physics article in
                 \booktitle{Reviews of Modern Physics} in 1936 has only
                 two brief references to Gamow's publications, and does
                 not discuss Gamow's liquid-drop model. Bethe's 181-page
                 Part B paper in that journal in 1937, and Livingston
                 and Bethe's 154-pages Part C paper, also in 1937, have
                 more references to Gamow's work, but primarily those
                 involved with his estimation of nuclear size, and his
                 theory of alpha decay. As a result, many physicists
                 incorrectly attributed the liquid-drop model to its use
                 by Bohr and Wheeler in their widely-read September 1939
                 \booktitle{Physical Review} article entitled ``The
                 Mechanism of Nuclear Fission''.",
  remark-11 =    "From page 118: ``Although Bohr was present at its
                 creation in Copenhagen at the end of 1928, and although
                 he commented on Gamow's contribution at the Solvay
                 conference in 1933, he did not cite Gamow as the
                 originator of the liquid-drop model in his and
                 Kalckar's paper of 1937, perhaps because his use of the
                 model departed so fundamentally from Gamow's. In any
                 case, Bohr's omission was immediately propagated in the
                 literature. Bethe, in the second part of his famous
                 \booktitle{Reviews of Modern Physics} article of April
                 1937 [co-written with R. F. Bacher], based his
                 discussion of the liquid-drop model on Bohr and
                 Kalckar's paper in its prepublication form, and as a
                 result he ironically and unwittingly cited Bohr and
                 Kalckar themselves as the originators of that
                 model.''",
  remark-12 =    "From page 118: ``Von Weizs{\"a}cker gave full credit
                 to Gamow in his book \booktitle{Die Atomkerne}
                 (Weizsacker 1937, pp. 40--44), and Gamow himself
                 discussed his liquid-drop model again in the second
                 edition of his book on atomic nuclei (Gamow 1937, pp.
                 4--8), but \booktitle{Bethe's Bible} was far more
                 influential than either von Weizs{\"a}cker's or Gamow's
                 book, and physicists generally followed Bohr's and
                 Bethe's leads in dropping Gamow's name from the
                 literature --- an omission that was not corrected in
                 Bohr and Wheeler's paper of 1939. Subsequently, perhaps
                 because of Bohr's particularly fruitful application of
                 the liquid-drop model to the understanding of nuclear
                 reactions, but no doubt also owing to Bohr's imposing
                 stature in the profession, physicists came to associate
                 the origin of that model with Bohr's name, not
                 Gamow's.''",
}

@Article{Crawford:1996:NTW,
  author =       "Elisabeth Crawford and Ruth Lewin Sime and Mark
                 Walker",
  title =        "A {Nobel} tale of wartime injustice",
  journal =      j-NATURE,
  volume =       "382",
  number =       "6590",
  pages =        "393--395",
  day =          "1",
  month =        aug,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "NATUAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1038/382393a0",
  ISSN =         "0028-0836 (print), 1476-4687 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-0836",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jul 15 08:13:34 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v382/n6590/abs/382393a0.html",
  abstract =     "Recently released documents give the inside story of
                 Otto Hahn's 1944 Nobel prize in chemistry for the
                 discovery of nuclear fission. They reveal flaws in the
                 award-making process --- and an attempt to rewrite
                 history.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Nature",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nature.com/nature/archive/",
  remark =       "See also German translation in \cite{Crawford:1997:KIP}.",
}

@Book{Deichmann:1996:BUH,
  author =       "Ute Deichmann",
  title =        "Biologists under {Hitler}",
  publisher =    pub-HARVARD,
  address =      pub-HARVARD:adr,
  pages =        "xviii + 468",
  year =         "1996",
  ISBN =         "0-674-07404-1",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-674-07404-0",
  LCCN =         "QH305.2.G3 D4513 1996",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jan 20 05:33:06 MST 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "biology; Germany; history; 20th Century; Austria;
                 biologists; National Socialism and science",
  tableofcontents = "Foreword \\
                 Acknowledgments \\
                 Introduction / 1 \\
                 The Expulsion and Emigration of Scientists, 1933--1939
                 / 10 \\
                 A Brief Summary of Legal Measures / 10 \\
                 ``Non-Aryan'' Dismissals and Emigrations / 15 \\
                 Political Dismissals and Emigrations / 23 \\
                 The Impact of the Expulsion of Biologists on Research
                 in Germany / 25 \\
                 Viktor Hamburger and Johannes Holtfreter: The Expulsion
                 of Two Eminent Experimental Embryologists / 30 \\
                 Dismissed Biologists Able to Continue Their Work in
                 Germany / 38 \\
                 Karl von Frisch, the Mischling, and the Solidarity of
                 His Colleagues / 40 \\
                 The Return of Emigre Biologists to Scientific
                 Institutes in Germany after 1945 / 48 \\
                 Wiedergutmachung in Public and Civil Service / 50 \\
                 Gerta von Ubisch: The Emigration and Return of a
                 Professor / 52 \\
                 NSDAP Membership, Careers, and Research Funding / 59
                 \\
                 NSDAP Membership / 61 \\
                 The Significance of NSDAP Membership for Habilitation
                 and Appointments / 64 \\
                 The Chair in Zoology in Munster, 1935--1937 / 72 \\
                 ``German Biology'': The Example of Ernst Lehmann / 74
                 \\
                 The Notgemeinschaft (Emergency Association) of German
                 Science, the German Research Association, and the Reich
                 Research Council under National Socialism / 89 \\
                 Funding for Biological Projects by the DFG and the RFR,
                 1933--1945, and the Significance of NSDAP Membership /
                 94 \\
                 Research Funding for Biologists at Universities and
                 Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes / 97 \\
                 Research Funding and the Quality of Research / 99 \\
                 Funding according to Individuals and Specialities / 104
                 \\
                 The Political and Ideological Background to Research
                 Funding / 105 \\
                 The Content and Result of Research at Universities /
                 132 \\
                 Botany / 133 \\
                 Zoology / 150 \\
                 Konrad Lorenz, Ethology, and National Socialist Racial
                 Doctrine / 179 \\
                 The Content and Result of Research at Kaiser Wilhelm
                 Institutes / 206 \\
                 The KWI for Biology, Berlin--Dahlem / 206 \\
                 The Division for Virus Research of the KWIs for Biology
                 and Biochemistry, Berlin--Dahlem / 210 \\
                 The KWI for Cultivated Plant Research, Tuttenhof / 214
                 \\
                 The KWI for Breeding Research (Erwin Baur Institute),
                 Muncheberg / 218 \\
                 The Genetics Department of the KWI for Brain Research,
                 Berlin--Buch / 219 \\
                 The KWI for Biophysics, Frankfurt / 227 \\
                 The Department of Hereditary Pathology of the KWI for
                 Anthropology, Human Genetics, and Eugenics,
                 Berlin--Dahlem: The Example of Hans Nachtsheim / 229
                 \\
                 Scientific Research by the SS / 251 \\
                 The Scientific Interests of Heinrich Himmler / 251 \\
                 The SS Research and Teaching Society Das Ahnenerbe /
                 254 \\
                 Heinz Brucher at the Ahnenerbe's Institute for Plant
                 Genetics, Lannach / 258 \\
                 Eduard May at the Ahnenerbe's Entomological Institute,
                 Dachau / 264 \\
                 SS Research at the University of Jena: Gerhard Heberer,
                 Human Origins, and the Nordic Race / 269 \\
                 Research to Develop Biological Weapons / 277 \\
                 The Working Group Blitzableiter / 278 \\
                 Biological Warfare Research under Deputy Reich
                 Physician Fuhrer Kurt Blome / 282 \\
                 Aftereffects of National Socialism / 290 \\
                 The RFR and the DFG after 1945 / 290 \\
                 The Effects of National Socialism on the Development of
                 Molecular Genetics in Germany / 294 \\
                 Conclusion / 318 \\
                 1. Expulsion and Emigration / 319 \\
                 2. Science in Nazi Germany: Ideology and Scientific
                 Reality / 321 \\
                 3. Continuity and Freedom of Research under National
                 Socialism and in the Soviet Union under Stalin / 326
                 \\
                 Epilogue / 333 \\
                 Appendix A: Career Information / 337 \\
                 Appendix B: Biologists in the Study / 375 \\
                 Abbreviations / 379 \\
                 Notes / 381 \\
                 Sources / 423 \\
                 Index / 457",
}

@Article{Sime:1996:MFG,
  author =       "Ruth Lewin Sime",
  title =        "{Meitner}, {Frisch} Got to Fission Theory First ---
                 The Rest Found It in {{\booktitle{Nature}}}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "49",
  number =       "7",
  pages =        "92--92",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "1996",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2807713",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
}

@Article{Crawford:1997:KIP,
  author =       "Elisabeth Crawford and Ruth Lewin Sime and Mark
                 Walker",
  title =        "{Die Kernspaltung und ihr Preis. Warum nur Otto Hahn
                 den Nobelpreis erhielt, Otto Frisch, Lise Meitner und
                 Fritz Stra{\ss}mann dagegen nicht ber{\"u}cksichtigt
                 werden}. ({German}) [{Fission} and its price. {Why}
                 only {Otto Hahn} received the {Nobel Prize}: {Otto
                 Frisch}, {Lise Meitner} and {Fritz Strassmann} are not
                 taken into consideration]",
  journal =      "{Kultur \& Technik. Zeitschrift des Deutschen Museums
                 M{\"u}nchen}",
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "30--35",
  month =        "????",
  year =         "1997",
  ISSN =         "0344-5690",
  ISSN-L =       "0344-5690",
  bibdate =      "Sun May 06 22:13:48 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  note =         "Translation from English by Dieter Beisel of
                 \cite{Crawford:1996:NTW}.",
  URL =          "http://www.deutsches-museum.de/fileadmin/Content/data/Insel/Information/KT/heftarchiv/1997/21-2-30.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  journal-URL =  "http://www.deutsches-museum.de/verlag/kultur-technik/archiv/",
  language =     "German",
}

@Book{Peierls:1997:AH,
  author =       "{Sir} Rudolf Ernst Peierls",
  title =        "Atomic Histories",
  volume =       "18",
  publisher =    pub-AIP,
  address =      pub-AIP:adr,
  pages =        "xvii + 378",
  year =         "1997",
  ISBN =         "1-56396-243-8 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-56396-243-1 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "QC71 .P38 1997",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 17 08:42:21 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://alsos.wlu.edu/;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/born-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "Masters of modern physics",
  abstract =     "This book is a collection of Peierls' non-technical
                 writings including reminiscences about his friends and
                 colleagues, essays detailing his concerns about atomic
                 energy and the arms race, and book reviews. Peierls and
                 his fellow refugee Otto Frisch discovered that only a
                 rather small amount of a pure fissionable isotope would
                 be required for an explosive chain reaction. Peierls
                 played an important role in the Manhattan Project in
                 both England and the United States. His book provides
                 firsthand descriptions and interpretations of some of
                 the 20th century's most provocative scientific
                 personalities, issues and events. It includes pieces on
                 the famous men Bohr, Oppenheimer, Heisenberg, Frisch,
                 Dirac, and many others. Other interesting essays
                 include, ``The Jew in 20th Century Physics'',
                 ``Microwave Cooking for `Foxes''', and ``Reminiscences
                 of Cambridge in the Thirties''.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
  subject =      "Physics; Nuclear physics",
  tableofcontents = "About the Series \\
                 Editor's Note \\
                 Preface \\
                 Rudi Peierls --- An Appreciation \\
                 A Physicist's Portrait Gallery \\
                 Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, 1900--1958 / 3 \\
                 Professor H. W. B. Skinner, F.R.S., 1900--1960 / 18 \\
                 An Appreciation of Niels Bohr / 21 \\
                 Truth and Clarity / 30 \\
                 Rutherford and Bohr / 33 \\
                 J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1904--1967 / 46 \\
                 The Growing Pains of Robert Oppenheimer / 56 \\
                 Heisenberg's Recollections / 61 \\
                 Werner Heisenberg, 1901--1976 / 67 \\
                 A Heisenberg Biography / 99 \\
                 The Bomb That Never Was / 108 \\
                 A Physicist Who Enjoys It / 117 \\
                 Otto Robert Frisch, 1904--1979 / 122 \\
                 Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, 1902--1984 / 141 \\
                 Dirac / 144 \\
                 Dirac's Way / 146 \\
                 Physics and Homi Bhabha / 149 \\
                 Two Mathematicians / 151 \\
                 Physicist Extraordinary / 159 \\
                 Landau in the 1930s / 162 \\
                 William George Penney, 1909--1991 / 166 \\
                 Conservative Revolutionary / 168 \\
                 Recollections of James Chadwick / 174 \\
                 Bell's Early Work / 182 \\
                 Atomic Energy and Arms Control \\
                 The Frisch--Peierls Memorandum / 187 \\
                 Defence Against the Atom Bomb / 195 \\
                 Atomic Energy: Threat and Promise / 198 \\
                 Britain in the Atomic Age / 210 \\
                 Limited Nuclear War? / 221 \\
                 Agonising Misappraisal / 223 \\
                 Reflections of a British Participant / 228 \\
                 Energy from Heaven and Earth / 233 \\
                 Memories of the Secret City / 237 \\
                 Counting Weapons / 240 \\
                 Fourty Years into the Atomic Age / 246 \\
                 The Case for the Defence / 254 \\
                 The Making of the Atomic Bomb / 257 \\
                 Nuclear Weapons: How Did We Get There, and Where Are We
                 Going? / 264 \\
                 Atomic History / 269 \\
                 ``In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer'' / 272 \\
                 ``Security'' Troubles / 282 \\
                 Physics, Politics, and Pleasures \\
                 The Concept of the Positron / 289 \\
                 The Scientist in Public Affairs: Between the Ivory
                 Tower and the Arena / 295 \\
                 Born--Einstein Correspondence / 300 \\
                 Is There a Crisis in Science? / 304 \\
                 The Jew in Twentieth-Century Physics / 312 \\
                 From Winchester to Orion / 322 \\
                 The Physicists / 327 \\
                 Fact and Fancy in Physics / 332 \\
                 What Einstein Did / 338 \\
                 Reminiscences of Cambridge in the Thirties / 345 \\
                 Struggling with Quantum Mechanics / 351 \\
                 Kapitza Detained / 353 \\
                 Does Physics Ever Come to an End? / 355 \\
                 Microwave Cooking for ``Foxes'' / 360 \\
                 First Encounter with English Food / 362 \\
                 Acknowledgments / 365 \\
                 Subject Index / 373",
}

@Book{Rose:1998:HNA,
  author =       "Paul Lawrence Rose",
  title =        "{Heisenberg} and the {Nazi} atomic bomb project: a
                 study in {German} culture",
  publisher =    pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS,
  address =      pub-U-CALIFORNIA-PRESS:adr,
  pages =        "xx + 352",
  year =         "1998",
  ISBN =         "0-520-21077-8, 0-585-32190-6 (e-book)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-520-21077-6, 978-0-585-32190-5 (e-book)",
  LCCN =         "QC16.H35 R67 1998",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 9 07:05:25 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/physperspect.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://preterhuman.net/texts/religion.occult.new_age/occult.conspiracy.and.related/Rose,%20Paul%20Lawrence%20-%20Heisenberg%20and%20the%20Nazi%20Atomic%20Bomb%20Project.pdf;
                 http://www.scribd.com/doc/176628605/Rose-Paul-Lawrence-Heisenberg-and-the-Nazi-Atomic-Bomb-Project",
  abstract =     "Digging deep into the archival record among formerly
                 secret technical reports, Rose examines early thinking
                 about the atomic bomb not only on the German side but
                 also among Allied scientists. He finds that the early
                 history of fission bomb physics had no shortage of
                 false starts and fumbles in both camps. But, whereas
                 the Allied physicists' ideas crystallized into a
                 realistic prospect for a bomb toward the end of 1940.
                 Heisenberg's basic misconceptions persisted,
                 influencing the German leaders not to push for atomic
                 weapons. In fact, Heisenberg never had to face the
                 moral problem of whether he should design an actual
                 bomb for the Nazi regime. Rose's exploration of the
                 German mentality that made it quite reasonable for
                 ``unpolitical'' scientists to support the regime in
                 power, whatever its form, shows the extent to which
                 Heisenberg and others could devote themselves to
                 research they regarded as patriotic.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Heisenberg, Werner; Physicists; Political activity;
                 Atomic bomb; Germany; History; Politics and government;
                 1933--1945",
  subject-dates = "1901--1976",
  tableofcontents = "Preface: Why Heisenberg? \\
                 A Note on Historical Terminology of the First Nuclear
                 Age, 1939--45 \\
                 Prologue: The Heisenberg Problem: Deception and
                 Self-Deception \\
                 Part I. History: The Heisenberg Version and Its
                 Critics. \\
                 1. The Heisenberg Version and Its First Critic,
                 1945--49. \\
                 2. Elaborating the Heisenberg Version, 1945--76. \\
                 3. Criticizing the Version, 1948--94 \\
                 Part II. Science: Conceptions and Misconceptions of
                 Physics. \\
                 4. The Atomic Bomb Problem, 1939. \\
                 5. The Frisch--Peierls Solution, 1940. \\
                 6. Heisenberg's False Foundations, 1939. \\
                 7. The Bomb as Reactor: The U[subscript 235] Bomb
                 Misconceived, 1940. \\
                 8. The Reactor as Bomb: Explosive Reactor-Bombs, 1940.
                 \\
                 9. The Reactor and the Bomb: Plutonium, 1940--41. \\
                 10. The Reactor-Bomb Patent and the Heisenberg/Bohr
                 Drawing, 1941. \\
                 11. The Weapons Research Office Report of 1942:
                 Plutonium and the Reactor-Bomb. \\
                 12. The Two Conferences of 1942: Loose Details,
                 Non-decisions, and Pineapples. \\
                 13. Reactor-Bombs, Plutonium Bombs, and the SS: The
                 Report of Activities of 1944. \\
                 14. The Truth: Farm Hall, August 1945 \\
                 Part III. Culture: German Patriotism, German Morality,
                 and the Truth of Physics. \\
                 15. The German Context: Unpolitical Politics. \\
                 16. The Unpolitical Heisenberg: Patriot and Physicist,
                 1918--33. \\
                 17. Collusion and Compromise under Hitler, 1933--37.
                 \\
                 18. The Himmler Connection: Heisenberg's ``Honor,''
                 1937--44. \\
                 19. Justifying Nazi Victory, 1941--45. \\
                 20. Decency and Indecency at Farm Hall, 1945. \\
                 21. Heisenberg's Peculiar Way, 1945--48",
}

@Book{Medawar:1999:HGS,
  author =       "Jean S. Medawar and David Pyke",
  title =        "{Hitler}'s Gift: Scientists Who Fled {Nazi Germany}",
  publisher =    "Richard Cohen Books and the European Jewish
                 Publication Society",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "xx + 268",
  year =         "1999",
  ISBN =         "1-86066-172-6",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-86066-172-3",
  LCCN =         "Q141 .M385 1999",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 22 12:55:27 MDT 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/notes-rec-r-soc-lond.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Jewish scientists; Germany; Great Britain; United
                 States; Science and state; History; 20th century;
                 National socialism and science; Science",
  tableofcontents = "Acknowledgements / vii \\
                 List of Illustrations / ix \\
                 Foreword by Dr Max Perutz OM FRS / xi \\
                 Introduction / xv \\
                 German Science Before Hitler / 1 \\
                 The Coming of the Nazis / 15 \\
                 Einstein / 31 \\
                 Rescuers / 49 \\
                 Refugees to Britain --- Physicists / 69 \\
                 Refugees to Britain Biologists and Chemists / 95 \\
                 Refugees to the United States / 131 \\
                 Those Who Stayed / 157 \\
                 Internment / 191 \\
                 The Bomb / 211 \\
                 Epilogue / 231 \\
                 Appendix I: Nobel Prize Winners Who Left Their
                 Universities / 241 \\
                 Appendix II: The Frisch--Peierls Memorandum / 243 \\
                 Appendix III: `That Was the War: Enemy Alien' / 247 \\
                 Selected Bibliography / 257 \\
                 Notes / 259 \\
                 Index / 263",
}

@Article{Arnold:2000:RBK,
  author =       "Lorna Arnold",
  title =        "Recalling {Britain}'s key nuclear role",
  journal =      j-PHYS-WORLD,
  volume =       "13",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "17--18",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "PHWOEW",
  ISSN =         "0953-8585 (print), 2058-7058 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0953-8585",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 29 07:50:03 2017",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://stacks.iop.org/2058-7058/13/i=2/a=18",
  abstract =     "Reading Robert Crease's interesting account of the
                 Manhattan Project in the special millennium issue
                 (December 1999 pp59--63), I was surprised by the
                 absence of some crucial parts of the story. In
                 particular, there was no mention of the seminal paper
                 by Otto Frisch and Rudolf Peierls in February 1940, nor
                 of the 1941 Maud report, and nothing about British
                 scientists who worked on the Manhattan Project between
                 1943 and 1946.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics World",
  journal-URL =  "http://physicsworldarchive.iop.org/",
}

@Misc{Gregory:2000:BB,
  author =       "David Gregory",
  title =        "{Brum} and the Bomb",
  howpublished = "BBC News Web story.",
  day =          "17",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2000",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 01 07:56:43 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  URL =          "http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/643913.stm",
  abstract =     "Although the Americans have claimed much of the credit
                 for developing the atomic bomb, another story is
                 emerging. Scientists and researchers in wartime
                 Birmingham did much of the original, groundbreaking
                 work which was to change the world. In the spring of
                 1940 two Jewish scientists, Otto Frisch and Rudolf
                 Peierls, arrived in Birmingham having fled from Nazi
                 Germany",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Article{Rotblat:2000:PJR,
  author =       "Joseph Rotblat",
  title =        "My early years as a physicist in {Poland}: a talk
                 given to the {Group} on {Monday 8th March 1999}",
  journal =      "IOP History of Physics Group Newsletter",
  volume =       "13",
  pages =        "9--23",
  month =        "Spring",
  year =         "2000",
  ISSN =         "1756-168X",
  ISSN-L =       "1756-168X",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 14:41:34 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.iop.org/activity/groups/subject/hp/newsletter/archive/file_66506.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "From page 21: ``Robert Frisch told us later that when
                 he told Bohr about this, Bohr smote his forehead and
                 said, `Oh, what idiots we've all been. Oh, but this is
                 wonderful --- it is just as it must be.' But of course
                 after the discovery, it s easy to say: this is how it
                 must be!''",
}

@Article{Schwarzschild:2000:BHS,
  author =       "Bertram Schwarzschild",
  title =        "{Bohr--Heisenberg Symposium} Marks {Broadway} Opening
                 of {{\booktitle{Copenhagen}}}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-TODAY,
  volume =       "53",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "51--52",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2000",
  CODEN =        "PHTOAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.883076",
  ISSN =         "0031-9228 (print), 1945-0699 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0031-9228",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 12 15:15:45 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.aip.org/link/phtoad/v53/i5/p51/s1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics Today",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.physicstoday.org/",
  keywords =     "Copenhagen; Hans Bethe; Michael Frayn; Niels Bohr;
                 Werner Heisenberg",
  remark-1 =     "From page 51: ``In America, Hungarian refugee Leo
                 Szilard, talking in 1942 to the chemical engineers who
                 manufactured commercial graphite, discovered that the
                 offending impurity was boron, and that enough of it
                 could be removed to make graphite bricks sufficiently
                 pure for reactors. In Germany, with its hierarchical
                 ways, Bethe asserted, no physicist would have deigned
                 to consult a chemical engineer. Once you have working
                 reactors --- something Heisenberg and his colleagues
                 never achieved during the war --- you can make fissile
                 plutonium, which, unlike U235, can be separated
                 chemically.''",
  remark-2 =     "From page 51: ``If Heisenberg did attempt to calculate
                 the critical mass in earlier days --- itself an
                 unsettled historical issue --- the fact that he got it
                 wrong puts him in good company. Session cochair Spencer
                 Weart reminded the audience that even Fermi got it
                 wrong. `The first to get it right,' he said, `were
                 Peierls and Frisch' in England.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 52: ``\ldots{} a 1947 letter from Born to
                 his son Gustav, describing a postwar conversation with
                 Heisenberg: `His philosophy of life is definitely
                 somewhat infected by Nazi ideas. He has a kind of
                 `biological' creed, `survival of the fittest,' applied
                 to human relations and seems to regret more that the
                 Germans have not turned out to be the fittest, than
                 what we regard to be the sad and regrettable
                 things.'''",
}

@Article{Bernstein:2002:HCM,
  author =       "Jeremy Bernstein",
  title =        "{Heisenberg} and the critical mass",
  journal =      j-AMER-J-PHYSICS,
  volume =       "70",
  number =       "9",
  pages =        "911--916",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "2002",
  CODEN =        "AJPIAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1119/1.1495409",
  ISSN =         "0002-9505 (print), 1943-2909 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0002-9505",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 15:09:27 2013a",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.aip.org/link/?AJP/70/911/1",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Journal of Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://scitation.aip.org/content/aapt/journal/ajp",
  keywords =     "fission of uranium; history; nuclear explosions;
                 weapons",
  remark =       "This paper is based on the \booktitle{Los Alamos
                 Primer} \cite{Serber:1992:APF}. It shows in detail how
                 the critical mass for nuclear fission is computed, and
                 why it is so sensitive to model parameters. Because
                 fission of a kilogram of uranium-235 occurs in about 1
                 microsec, there is no humanly-possible recovery from an
                 error in bomb assembly if the critical mass is
                 inadvertently reached. The paper discusses Heisenberg's
                 role in the German nuclear program in World War II, and
                 why he had not attempted to estimate the critical mass
                 before a lecture at Farm Hall, near Cambridge, England,
                 where he was interned with other key German members of
                 the project, after news arrived of the dropping of two
                 atomic bombs on Japan in August 1945.",
}

@Article{Byers:2002:FS,
  author =       "N. Byers",
  title =        "{Fermi} and {Szilard}",
  journal =      "ArXiv Physics e-prints",
  month =        jul,
  year =         "2002",
  bibdate =      "Wed Sep 14 14:33:41 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib",
  URL =          "http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002physics...7094B",
  abstract =     "Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard worked together at
                 Columbia in 1939--40, just after nuclear fission was
                 discovered, to ascertain the feasibility of a nuclear
                 chain reaction, and then on the construction of the
                 first nuclear reactor. Szilard believed a nuclear bomb
                 could be built, and that the Germans may be doing so,
                 but Fermi was sceptical. The Anglo--American project to
                 build a bomb began late in 1941 after Oliphant brought
                 the Frisch--Peierls memorandum to the attention of U.
                 S. physicists. Szilard recalled ``On matters scientific
                 or technical there was rarely any disagreement [but]
                 Fermi and I disagreed from the very start of our
                 collaboration about every issue that involved not
                 science but principles of action in the face of the
                 approaching war. If the nation owes us gratitude ---
                 and it may not --- it does so for having stuck it out
                 together as long as was necessary.'' As the war with
                 Germany was drawing to a close and the successful
                 construction of the atomic bombs was well underway,
                 these two men took opposing positions regarding use of
                 the bombs.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  eprint =       "arXiv:physics/0207094",
  keywords =     "Physics --- History of Physics, Physics --- Physics
                 and Society",
}

@Book{Walker:2003:OHV,
  author =       "Mark Walker",
  title =        "{Otto Hahn: Verantwortung und Verdr{\"a}ngung}.
                 ({German}) [{Otto Hahn}: responsibility and
                 repression]",
  publisher =    "Forschungsprogramm ,,Geschichte der
                 Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft im Nationalsozialismus''
                 (Research Program ``History of the Kaiser Wilhelm
                 Society in the National Socialist Era'')",
  address =      "Berlin, Germany",
  pages =        "64",
  year =         "2003",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Sun May 06 22:03:23 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/physperspect.bib",
  URL =          "www.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/KWG/Ergebnisse/Ergebnisse10.pdf",
  abstract =     "Otto Hahn is an important figure in the history of
                 modern science, both for his research on radiation
                 throughout the first half of the twentieth century, and
                 his post-World War II position as president of the Max
                 Planck Society and leading scientist in West Germany.
                 However, Hahn and his science have been overshadowed by
                 the controversy generated by his Nobel Prize, and the
                 fact that his colleague Lise Meitner did not share it.
                 This article places Hahn in perspective by embedding
                 him in the context of his research, administration, and
                 science policy under National Socialism and beyond. The
                 result is a scientist and administrator who kept
                 himself relatively ``morally upright'' during the
                 National Socialist period, but who did make concessions
                 to the regime and placed his own work and that of his
                 institute in the service of military research within
                 the uranium project. After the war, when Hahn was free
                 to speak his mind, he failed to confront the reality of
                 science under National Socialism and instead promoted a
                 false picture of his own work and of the science at the
                 Kaiser Wilhelm Society in general as having been basic
                 research, untainted by National Socialism or the Second
                 World War.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Alsos Mission; atomic bomb; Carl
                 Friedrich von Weizs{\"a}cker; Ernst Telschow; Farm
                 Hall; FIAT reports; Fritz Haber; Fritz Strassmann;
                 German uranium project; Gottfried von Droste; Heinrich
                 H{\"o}rlein; Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry;
                 Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry; Kaiser
                 Wilhelm Institute for Physics; Kaiser Wilhelm Society;
                 Lise Meitner; Max Planck Society; Max von Laue;
                 National Socialism; National Socialist institutions;
                 Nazi Germany; Nobel Prizes; nuclear energy; nuclear
                 fission; nuclear reactor; Otto Hahn; Otto Robert
                 Frisch; Samuel Goudsmit; Second World War; Siegfried
                 Fl{\"u}gge; Werner Heisenberg",
  language =     "German",
  remark =       "Abstract in German and English; book in German.
                 English edition in \cite{Walker:2006:OHR}",
  tableofcontents = "Kurzfassung/Abstract / 4 \\
                 I. Einleitung / 5 \\
                 II. Hahn unter Hitler / 7 \\
                 III. Blitzkrieg / 19 \\
                 IV. Am Vorabend von Hiroshima / 29 \\
                 V. Was bedeutet der Name? / 33 \\
                 VI. Der Nobelpreis / 50 \\
                 VII. Schlu{\ss}folgerung / 53 \\
                 Quellen / 55 \\
                 Literatur / 56 \\
                 Index / 61 \\
                 Autor / 62",
}

@Book{West:2004:MCG,
  author =       "Nigel West",
  title =        "Mortal crimes: the greatest theft in history: {Soviet}
                 penetration of the {Manhattan Project}",
  publisher =    "Enigma Books",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "xxii + 279 + 16",
  year =         "2004",
  ISBN =         "1-929631-29-4 (hardcover), 1-936274-82-5 (e-book)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-929631-29-2 (hardcover), 978-1-936274-82-6
                 (e-book)",
  LCCN =         "UB271.R9 W47 2004",
  bibdate =      "Sat Mar 14 12:26:03 MDT 2015",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "(1953?--.)",
  subject =      "Projet Manhattan.; Bombe atomique; {\'E}tats-Unis; 20e
                 si{\`e}cle.; Espionnage sovi{\'e}tique; Services de
                 renseignements; URSS.; Communistes",
  tableofcontents = "Acknowledgments / xi \\
                 Abbreviations / xiii \\
                 Preface / xv \\
                 I: The Frisch--Peierls Memorandum / 1 \\
                 II: Anglo--American Cooperation / 25 \\
                 III: Beria's XY Solution / 43 \\
                 IV: Chalk River, Oak Ridge and Hanford / 81 \\
                 V: Penetrating Los Alamos / 84 \\
                 VI: The XY Rezidentura / 102 \\
                 VII: Venona Part 1 Theodore Hall and Klaus Fuchs / 116
                 \\
                 VIII: Venona Part 2 The Rosenberg Network / 139 \\
                 IX: Venona Part 3 The Pers Mystery / 161 \\
                 X: Venona Part 4 Oppenheimer and the Others / 180 \\
                 XI: Nobel Espionage / 227 \\
                 XII: The Canadian Connection / 232 \\
                 Conclusion / 245 \\
                 Appendices / 249 \\
                 Notes / 256 \\
                 Bibliography / 261 \\
                 Index / 265",
}

@Article{Bartholomew:2005:ERO,
  author =       "James R. Bartholomew",
  title =        "Essay Review: One Hundred Years of the {Nobel Science
                 Prizes}: {Elisabeth Crawford (Editor).
                 \booktitle{Historical Studies in the Nobel Archives:
                 The Prizes in Science and Medicine}. viii + 161 pp.,
                 Tokyo: Universal Academy Press, 2002. Elisabeth
                 Crawford. \booktitle{The Nobel Population, 1901--1950:
                 A Census of the Nominators and Nominees for the Prizes
                 in Physics and Chemistry}. vi + 420 pp., Tokyo:
                 Universal Academy Press, 2002. Mauro Dardo.
                 \booktitle{Nobel Laureates and Twentieth-Century
                 Physics}. x + 515 pp., Cambridge: Cambridge University
                 Press, 2004. Robert Marc Friedman. \booktitle{The
                 Politics of Excellence: Behind the Nobel Prize in
                 Science}. xv + 400 pp., notes, index. New York: W. H.
                 Freeman, 2001. Istv{\'a}n Hargittai. \booktitle{The
                 Road to Stockholm: Nobel Prizes, Science, and
                 Scientists}. xvii + 342 pp., Oxford\slash New York:
                 Oxford University Press, 2002. George Thomas Kurian.
                 \booktitle{The Nobel Scientists: A Biographical
                 Encyclopedia}. 675 pp., Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus
                 Books, 2002}",
  journal =      j-ISIS,
  volume =       "96",
  number =       "4",
  pages =        "625--632",
  month =        dec,
  year =         "2005",
  CODEN =        "ISISA4",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1086/498605",
  ISSN =         "0021-1753 (print), 1545-6994 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0021-1753",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jul 30 21:31:33 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=isis;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/isis.2005.96.issue-4;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/isis2000.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/498605;
                 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3652242",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Isis",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journal/isis",
  remark =       "This essay has a nice comparison of six recent books
                 on the Nobel Prizes, how they are awarded, and why
                 sometimes deserving, and frequently-nominated,
                 individuals never receive the Prize. On page 629,
                 Bartholomew reports: ``Friedman shows that Sweden's
                 greatest scientist of the early twentieth century
                 [Svante August Arrhenius (19 February 1859--2 October
                 1927)] was almost uniquely influential in the selection
                 of laureates and single-handedly blocked Nobel awards
                 to Dmitri Mendeleev, Henri Poincar{\'e}, Gilbert Newton
                 Lewis, and --- very nearly --- Walther Nernst. And he
                 did so at least in part because each of these
                 candidates had criticized some aspect of his own work
                 or, in Poincar{\'e}'s case, had allied himself with the
                 king-maker's critics in Sweden.'' He then remarks ``But
                 if a prize were delayed, or never awarded at all, under
                 the statutes of the Nobel institution there was an
                 opportunity for Nobel committee members to divert the
                 interest income from such prizes to their own projects;
                 and this sometimes proved a major temptation. Apart
                 from some of the wartime years, when difficult
                 conditions existed, there were no awards in medicine
                 for 1921 or 1925; none in chemistry for 1919, 1924, or
                 1933; and none in physics for 1931 or 1934.''\par

                 On page 630, Bartholomew comments: ``And as the Swedish
                 debate over quantum physics indicates, Swedish
                 scientists had their biases. The very conservative
                 outlook of the Uppsala University physicists who
                 dominated the physics committee at the time had a
                 considerable impact on Einstein's candidacy; the
                 committee thus based his 1921 award on his discovery of
                 the law of the photo-electric effect, rather than on
                 his relativity studies.''\par

                 On page 630, Bartholomew says of Hargittai's book:
                 ``The issue of women has acquired special salience
                 because of the exclusion of Lise Meitner [with Otto
                 Robert Frisch, the first to propose a theory of nuclear
                 fission] from the 1945 chemistry award and that of
                 Jocelyn Bell [co-discoverer of radio pulsars] from the
                 1974 physics award. Many believe that Rosalind Franklin
                 should have received greater recognition for her
                 contribution to the successful modeling of DNA, which
                 received the Nobel Prize in 1962. Whatever else may
                 explain these outcomes, the absence of women from the
                 Nobel committees that operated during the first half of
                 the twentieth century (and perhaps later) could not
                 have helped the prospect of success for qualified
                 women.''\par

                 On page 631, Bartholomew reports a remark from page 191
                 of Hargittai's book: ``It is noteworthy how often
                 people find it difficult to have their (eventually)
                 Nobel Prize winning papers accepted for publication in
                 the most prestigious journals.''",
  xxnote =       "See
                 \cite{Crawford:1987:NPC,Crawford:1992:NIS,Friedman:2001:PEB,Crawford:2002:HSN,Hargittai:2002:RSN,Kurian:2002:NSB,Dardo:2004:NLT}.",
}

@Book{Rife:2006:LMD,
  author =       "Patricia Rife",
  title =        "{Lise Meitner} and the dawn of the nuclear age",
  publisher =    pub-BIRKHAUSER,
  address =      pub-BIRKHAUSER:adr,
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "2006",
  ISBN =         "0-8176-4559-4 (softcover), 0-8176-3732-X (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-8176-4559-5 (softcover), 978-0-8176-3732-3
                 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Fri Jun 29 06:05:54 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Foreword by John Archibald Wheeler.",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0812/2006935949-d.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0812/2006935949-t.html",
  abstract =     "Lise Meitner was the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in
                 physics at the University of Vienna, a pioneer in the
                 research of radioactive processes and, together with
                 her nephew Otto Robert Frisch, an interpreter of the
                 process of nuclear fission in 1938. She was a colleague
                 and friend of many of the giants of 20th century
                 physics: Max Planck, her Berlin mentor; Albert
                 Einstein; Max von Laue; and Niels Bohr, to mention only
                 a few. Yet at the end of World War II, her colleague of
                 thirty years, radiochemist Otto Hahn alone was awarded
                 the 1944 Nobel Prize in chemistry for the ''discovery``
                 of nuclear fission - a discovery based on years of
                 research in which Meitner was directly involved before
                 her secret escape from Nazi Germany.'' ``In this
                 biography, Patricia Rife interprets both the life and
                 times of Lise Meitner (1878-1968), providing a rich
                 background of the scientific discoveries and social
                 milieu that affected the research, events,
                 personalities, and politics of 20th century quantum
                 physics. Rife asks the central question of why, given
                 the historical evidence of Meitner's role in the
                 interpretation of nuclear fission, was she too not
                 awarded the Nobel Prize?",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  tableofcontents = "Foreword / John Archibald Wheeler \\
                 I. Choosing the Path of Physics: 1878--1906 \\
                 II. Berlin: 1907--1909 \\
                 III. New Explorations at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute:
                 1909--1914 \\
                 IV. World War I and Its Consequences: 1914--1920 \\
                 V. Shadows Lengthen: The Struggle Out of the Causal
                 Chain, 1920--1932 \\
                 VI. Science in Nazi Germany: 1933--1936 \\
                 VII. The Transuranic Maze: 1934--1938 \\
                 VIII. Escape from Nazi Germany: 1938 \\
                 IX. The Discovery and Interpretation of Fission: 1938
                 \\
                 X. The News of Fission Spreads: 1939 \\
                 XI. Chain Reaction and the Dawn of the Nuclear Age:
                 1939 \\
                 XII. Secrecy and Code Names: War Research Surrounding
                 Nuclear Fission, 1939--1942 \\
                 XIII. The Dark Days of War: 1941--1945 \\
                 XIV. The Atomic Bomb, a Trip to Washington, and the
                 Nobel Prize Controversy: 1945--1946 \\
                 Epilogue. What Scientists Will Make of This Newly Found
                 Knowledge: 1947--1968",
}

@Article{Walker:2006:OHR,
  author =       "Mark Walker",
  title =        "{Otto Hahn}: Responsibility and Repression",
  journal =      j-PHYS-PERSPECT,
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "116--163",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2006",
  CODEN =        "PHPEF2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00016-006-0277-3",
  ISSN =         "1422-6944 (print), 1422-6960 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1422-6944",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jun 27 20:50:19 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=issue&issn=1422-6944&volume=8&issue=2;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/physperspect.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00016-006-0277-3",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics in Perspective (PIP)",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/16",
  keywords =     "Albert Einstein; Alsos Mission; atomic bomb; Carl
                 Friedrich von Weizs{\"a}cker; Ernst Telschow; Farm
                 Hall; FIAT reports; Fritz Haber; Fritz Strassmann;
                 German uranium project; Gottfried von Droste; Heinrich
                 H{\"o}rlein; Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry;
                 Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry; Kaiser
                 Wilhelm Institute for Physics; Kaiser Wilhelm Society;
                 Lise Meitner; Max Planck Society; Max von Laue;
                 National Socialism; National Socialist institutions;
                 Nazi Germany; Nobel Prizes; nuclear energy; nuclear
                 fission; nuclear reactor; Otto Hahn; Otto Robert
                 Frisch; Samuel Goudsmit; Second World War; Siegfried
                 Fl{\"u}gge; Werner Heisenberg",
  remark =       "English edition of \cite{Walker:2003:OHV}.",
}

@Article{Lee:2007:REP,
  author =       "Sabine Lee",
  title =        "{Rudolf Ernst Peierls. 5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995}",
  journal =      j-BIOGRAPH-MEMOIRS-FELLOWS-ROY-SOC,
  volume =       "53",
  pages =        "265--284",
  year =         "2007",
  CODEN =        "BMFRA3",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbm.2007.0003",
  ISSN =         "0080-4606 (print), 1748-8494 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0080-4606",
  bibdate =      "Tue Apr 24 08:26:31 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  URL =          "http://rsbm.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/53/265;
                 http://rsbm.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/suppl/2009/05/01/53.0.265.DC1",
  abstract =     "Born into an assimilated Jewish family in Berlin in
                 the early twentieth century, Rudolf Peierls studied
                 theoretical physics with many of the greatest minds
                 within the physics community, including Sommerfeld,
                 Heisenberg, Pauli and Bohr. His Jewish background made
                 a career in Germany all but impossible, and Rudolf
                 Peierls and his Russian-born wife, Genia, settled in
                 the UK, where Peierls took up a professorship in
                 mathematical physics at Birmingham in 1937. Peierls's
                 discovery, together with his Birmingham colleague Otto
                 Frisch, of the theoretical feasibility of an atomic
                 weapon based on a self-sustaining nuclear chain
                 reaction was instrumental in the setting up of the UK
                 government committee studying the possibility of
                 manufacturing nuclear weapons. Peierls continued to
                 contribute to the British and later to the
                 British--American--Canadian effort to produce an atomic
                 bomb, and he became group leader of the implosion group
                 at Los Alamos. After the war Peierls returned to the UK
                 and he built a world-class school of theoretical
                 physics at Birmingham before moving on to Oxford in
                 1963. Like many of his colleagues who had contributed
                 to the development of nuclear weapons, Peierls devoted
                 much of his time and energy to the control of these
                 weapons, to nuclear disarmament and to the promotion of
                 greater understanding between East and West, most
                 notably through his activities within the framework of
                 the Pugwash Movement.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  eprint =       "http://rsbm.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/53/265.full.pdf",
  fjournal =     "Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journals/00804606.html",
}

@Book{Neffe:2007:EB,
  author =       "J{\"u}rgen Neffe",
  title =        "{Einstein}: a biography",
  publisher =    pub-FARRAR,
  address =      pub-FARRAR:adr,
  pages =        "x + 461 + 16",
  year =         "2007",
  ISBN =         "0-374-14664-0 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-374-14664-1 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "QC16.E5 N4413 2007",
  bibdate =      "Mon Aug 20 15:56:01 MDT 2007",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 melvyl.cdlib.org:210/CDL90",
  note =         "Translated by Shelley Frisch from the original German
                 edition {\em Einstein: eine Biographie} (ISBN
                 3-498-04685-3, 3-499-61937-7)
                 \cite{Neffe:2005:EBG,Neffe:2006:EBG}.",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0705/2006026136-b.",
  abstract =     "A rich portrait of the remarkable man behind the
                 legendary scientist that also describes and
                 contextualizes Einstein's enormous contributions to
                 science.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Also available in Czech (ISBN 80-7203-742-0), Dutch
                 (ISBN 90-259-5551-7), and Norwegian (ISBN
                 82-7694-193-1) translations.",
  subject =      "Einstein, Albert; Physicists; Biography",
  subject-dates = "Albert Einstein (1879--1955)",
  tableofcontents = "Translator's preface \\
                 Prologue: The immortal: Einstein's secret \\
                 His second birth: the fateful year 1919 \\
                 How Albert became Einstein: the psychological makeup of
                 a genius \\
                 ``A new era!'': from industrialist's son to inventor
                 \\
                 Of dwarfs and giants: a brief history of science,
                 according to Einstein \\
                 The burden of inheritance: Einstein detectives in
                 action \\
                 ``Elsa or Ilse'': the physicist and the women \\
                 The miraculous path to the miraculous year: Einstein's
                 angels \\
                 Squaring the light: why Einstein had to discover the
                 theory of relativity \\
                 Why is the sky blue?: Einstein --- a career \\
                 ``Dear boys \ldots{} your Papa'': the drama of the
                 brilliant father \\
                 Anatomy of a discovery: how Einstein found the general
                 theory of relativity \\
                 Lambda lives: Einstein, ``Chief engineer of the
                 universe'' \\
                 Spacetime quakes: the theory of relativity put to the
                 test \\
                 His best foe: Einstein, Germany, and politics \\
                 ``I am not a tiger'': Einstein, the human side \\
                 A Jew named Albert: his God was a principle \\
                 The end justifies the doubts: Einstein and quantum
                 theory \\
                 Of the magnitude of failure: the quest for the unified
                 theory \\
                 From Barbaria to Dollaria: Einstein's America \\
                 ``People are a bad invention'': Einstein, the atomic
                 bomb, McCarthy, and the end",
}

@Article{Smolin:2007:OEB,
  author =       "Lee Smolin",
  title =        "The other {Einstein}: {{\booktitle{Einstein: His Life
                 and Universe}} by Walter Isaacson. \booktitle{Einstein:
                 A Biography} by J{\"u}rgen Neffe, translated from the
                 German by Shelley Frisch. \booktitle{Subtle Is the
                 Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein} by
                 Abraham Pais. \booktitle{The Private Lives of Albert
                 Einstein} by Roger Highfield and Paul Carter.
                 \booktitle{Einstein in Love: A Scientific Romance} by
                 Dennis Overbye. \booktitle{Einstein's Clocks,
                 Poincar{\'e}'s Maps: Empires of Time} by Peter Galison.
                 \booktitle{Einstein on Politics} edited by David Rowe
                 and Robert Schulmann. \booktitle{Einstein on Race and
                 Racism} by Fred Jerome and Rodger Taylor.
                 \booktitle{The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein} by
                 Albert Einstein}",
  journal =      j-NEW-YORK-REV-BOOKS,
  volume =       "54",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "76--??",
  day =          "14",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2007",
  ISSN =         "0028-7504 (print), 1944-7744 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0028-7504",
  bibdate =      "Tue Jun 11 13:52:21 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2007/jun/14/the-other-einstein/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "New York Review of Books",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.nybooks.com/issues/",
}

@Article{Stanley:2008:BRE,
  author =       "Matthew Stanley",
  title =        "Book Reviews: {Einstein: Essence or Explanation?
                 \booktitle{Einstein: His Life and Universe}, by Walter
                 Isaacson. New York: Simon \& Schuster, 2007. xxii + 675
                 pp., illus., index. \$32 (cloth). \booktitle{Einstein:
                 A Biography}, by J{\"u}rgen Neffe. Trans. Shelley
                 Frisch. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2007. x +
                 461 pp., illus., index. \$30 (cloth).
                 \booktitle{Einstein on Politics}. David E. Rowe and
                 Robert Schulmann, ed. Princeton: Princeton University
                 Press, 2007. xxxiv + 523 pp., illus., index. \$29.95
                 (cloth)}",
  journal =      j-HIST-STUD-NAT-SCI,
  volume =       "38",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "153--161",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2008",
  CODEN =        "????",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.1.153",
  ISSN =         "1939-1811 (print), 1939-182X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1939-182X",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 28 15:08:41 MDT 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/hsns.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.jstor.org/journals/19391811.html",
}

@Article{Habashi:2009:INM,
  author =       "Fathi Habashi",
  title =        "{Ida Noddack} and the missing elements",
  journal =      j-EDU-CHEM,
  volume =       "46",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "48--51",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2009",
  CODEN =        "EDCHAU",
  ISSN =         "0013-1350 (print), 1749-5326 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0013-1350",
  bibdate =      "Sun Aug 16 11:25:55 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.rsc.org/education/eic/issues/2009March/ida-noddack-rhenium-nuclear-fission.asp",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Education in Chemistry",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.rsc.org/eic/e-magazine",
  remark =       "Ida Noddack may have been the first scientist to
                 predict transuranic elements, and atomic fission, in
                 print, but her prediction in \cite{Noddack:1934:EGE}
                 was not widely known to physicists. See remarks in
                 entry \cite{Frisch:1967:DFH}. Two decades earlier,
                 however, Frederick Soddy inspired novelist H. G. Wells
                 to write a book \cite{Wells:1914:WSF} in which atomic
                 weapons destroy the world.",
}

@Article{Milonni:2009:TPL,
  author =       "Dr. P. W. Milonni",
  title =        "{{\booktitle{Take a photon \ldots}} (1965) by O. R.
                 Frisch}",
  journal =      j-CONTEMP-PHYS,
  volume =       "50",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "57--57",
  year =         "2009",
  CODEN =        "CTPHAF",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1080/00107510802703157",
  ISSN =         "0010-7514 (print), 1366-5812 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0010-7514",
  bibdate =      "Thu Feb 18 20:08:06 MST 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/contempphys.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Contemporary Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcph20",
}

@Article{Rowlands:2009:LC,
  author =       "Peter Rowlands",
  title =        "The {Liverpool} Cyclotrons",
  journal =      "IOP History of Physics Newsletter",
  volume =       "25",
  number =       "",
  pages =        "31--46",
  month =        feb,
  year =         "2009",
  ISSN =         "1756-168X",
  ISSN-L =       "1756-168X",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 15:04:37 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/schroedinger-erwin.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.iop.org/activity/groups/subject/hp/newsletter/archive/file_64509.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark-1 =     "From page 38: ``The important thing now was to measure
                 the cross-sections for the two natural uranium
                 isotopes, U-235 and U-238, as accurately as possible,
                 and Chadwick recruited Otto Frisch to complement
                 Rotblat, Pickavance, Holt, Pryce, Rowlands and Moore.
                 Frisch was still, theoretically, an enemy alien, and
                 there are many amusing stories about his breaking the
                 rules by straying outside the city limits, by venturing
                 out during the dark, and by riding a bicycle, with or
                 without headlights, sometimes all on the same occasion.
                 Frisch proved to be a particularly inventive member of
                 the team, and in rapid succession he produced the
                 gridded ion chamber, improvements to scale-of-two
                 counter circuits, and the first automatic pulse height
                 analyser.''",
  remark-2 =     "From page 38: ``On the evening of 18 March 1941, while
                 Rowlands and Pryce were on fire-watching duty on the
                 balcony of the Victoria Tower, a parachute carrying a
                 land mine descended into the University courtyard,
                 carrying a ton or so of high explosive, and reduced the
                 Engineering Building (Harrison Hughes) to rubble.
                 Chadwick asked John Holt to discreetly take a Geiger
                 counter to the site to see if there were detectable
                 radiations, caused by a nuclear explosion!''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 39: ``By April 1941, Chadwick was able to
                 inform the Maud Technical Committee that a critical
                 mass for U-235 would be 8 kg or less.''",
  remark-4 =     "From page 39: ``Chadwick also sought to obtain the
                 services of Niels Bohr in occupied Denmark, and
                 microdot messages were sent between them smuggled by
                 the courier in a hollow tooth and covered with a
                 filling. Bohr finally escaped to Britain in October
                 1943, with his son Aage, and, during long conversations
                 with Chadwick in London and in Liverpool, learned for
                 the first time about the Allied Project and probably
                 also gave vital information about the German efforts
                 under Heisenberg, and no doubt about the confrontation
                 between himself and Heisenberg so brilliantly portrayed
                 by Michael Frayn in his play
                 \booktitle{Copenhagen}.''",
  remark-5 =     "From page 40: ``Chadwick was made head of a British
                 Mission to the Manhattan Project, which made a very
                 significant contribution to its success. Four other
                 Liverpool-based physicists, Frisch, Rotblat, Don
                 Marshall and Jim Hughes joined the Project at Los
                 Alamos, whose acting Assistant Director at the time was
                 Arthur Hughes''",
  remark-6 =     "From page 40: ``In 1944--45, Frisch conducted the
                 extremely dangerous experiment of `tickling the
                 dragon's tail', in which a critical assembly of uranium
                 was momentarily created. Frisch recalls how on one
                 occasion he made a subcritical assembly go critical by
                 leaning over it and reflecting some of the neutrons
                 back with his body.''",
  remark-7 =     "From page 40: ``Chadwick and Frisch were among those
                 who observed the test of the first nuclear bomb at the
                 Trinity site at 5.30 a.m. on 16 July 1945, and both
                 wrote spectacular descriptions of this momentous
                 event.''",
  remark-8 =     "From page 41: ``Schr{\"o}dinger was then at the
                 Institute for Advanced Studies in Dublin, but had
                 become unpopular in certain circles due to his book on
                 The Physics of Life (1943), and, no doubt, certain
                 well-known aspects of his `extracurricular activities'!
                 Inquiries by Rotblat revealed that he had a reputation
                 for being difficult and a less than ideal team member,
                 so Chadwick reluctantly turned him down.
                 Schr{\"o}dinger was certainly the `greatest physicist
                 Liverpool never had'.''",
}

@Article{Bernstein:2011:MCW,
  author =       "Jeremy Bernstein",
  title =        "A memorandum that changed the world",
  journal =      j-AMER-J-PHYSICS,
  volume =       "79",
  number =       "5",
  pages =        "440--446",
  month =        may,
  year =         "2011",
  CODEN =        "AJPIAS",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1119/1.3533426",
  ISSN =         "0002-9505 (print), 1943-2909 (electronic)",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  abstract =     "We present an analysis of both the content and the
                 influence of the 1940 memoir by Otto Frisch and Rudolf
                 Peierls that showed that nuclear weapons were
                 possible.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "American Journal of Physics",
  journal-URL =  "http://scitation.aip.org/content/aapt/journal/ajp",
  remark-1 =     "This article interleaves text from the famous
                 Frisch--Peierls memorandum with commentary that helps
                 to explain their derivation of the critical mass of
                 uranium needed to start a chain reaction. It also
                 reports that some of the republications of their text
                 have introduced several errors.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 440: ``In his autobiography, \booktitle{What
                 Little I Remember}, Frisch writes `In all this
                 excitement we had missed the most important point. It
                 was Christian M{\o}ller, a Danish colleague, who first
                 suggested to me that the fission fragments (the two
                 freshly formed nuclei) might contain enough surplus
                 energy to each eject a neutron or two; each of these
                 might cause another fission and generate more neutrons.
                 By such a `chain reaction' the neutrons would multiply
                 in uranium like rabbits in a meadow! My immediate
                 answer was that in that case no uranium ore deposits
                 could exist; they would have blown up long ago by the
                 explosive multiplication of neutrons in them. \ldots{}
                 Many others had the same thought, as I soon found
                 out.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 446: ``Lise Meitner happened to be in
                 Copenhagen when the Germans occupied the city in 1940.
                 Bohr asked her to send a message to his British
                 colleagues when she returned to Sweden. Apparently, she
                 had no trouble getting back and wired to a friend in
                 England: `Met Niels and Margrethe recently. Both well
                 but unhappy about events. Inform Cockcroft and Maud Ray
                 Kent.' 16 John Cockcroft was a Cambridge physicist whom
                 Bohr had gotten to know, but who was `Maud Ray Kent'?
                 The recipients of the message were sure that this name
                 was a code and that what was concealed had to do with
                 nuclear energy. However, try as they did, they could
                 not crack the `code.' It was revealed a few years later
                 that Maud Ray was a governess that had taken care of
                 the Bohr children on one of their visits to England and
                 that she lived in Kent.'' That is the origin of the
                 name ``MAUD Committee'', the first organized effort in
                 Britain to work on producing a nuclear weapon.",
  remark-4 =     "From page 446: ``The MAUD committee produced its final
                 report in July of 1941. It begins rather oddly. `We
                 would like to emphasize at the beginning of this paper
                 that we entered the project with more skepticism than
                 belief, though we felt that it was a matter that had to
                 be investigated. As we proceeded we became more and
                 more convinced that release of atomic energy on a large
                 scale is possible and that conditions can be chosen
                 which would make it a very powerful weapon of war.' 18
                 The body of the paper, in which Frisch and Peierls
                 along with other prominent British scientists played a
                 role, is one order of magnitude more sophisticated than
                 the original Frisch--Peierls memorandum.''.",
  remark-5 =     "From reference 17 on page 446: ``To read the report,
                 see Margaret Gowing, \booktitle{Britain and Atomic
                 Energy 1939--1945} (Macmillan, London, 1964. You will
                 also find a version of the Frisch--Peierls memorandum
                 which is less error prone than the Serber version.''",
}

@Article{Sime:2012:PFO,
  author =       "Ruth Lewin Sime",
  title =        "The Politics of Forgetting: {Otto Hahn} and the
                 {German Nuclear-Fission Project} in {World War II}",
  journal =      j-PHYS-PERSPECT,
  volume =       "14",
  number =       "1",
  pages =        "59--94",
  month =        mar,
  year =         "2012",
  CODEN =        "PHPEF2",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00016-011-0065-6",
  ISSN =         "1422-6944 (print), 1422-6960 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "1422-6944",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jun 27 18:46:46 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/planck-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/physperspect.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00016-011-0065-6;
                 http://www.springerlink.com/content/k12202vg92147h68/",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "Physics in Perspective (PIP)",
  journal-URL =  "http://link.springer.com/journal/16",
  keywords =     "Otto Hahn; Werner Heisenberg; Lise Meitner; Otto
                 Robert Frisch; Fritz Strassmann; Josef Mattauch; Carl
                 Krauch; Heinrich H{\"o}rlein; Fritz ter Meer; Rudolf
                 Mentzel; Ernst Telschow; Otto Erbacher; Gottfried von
                 Droste; Kurt Starke; Carl Friedrich von Weizs{\"a}cker;
                 Paul Harteck; Kurt Diebner; Erich Bagge; Abraham Esau;
                 Nikolaus Riehl; Niels Bohr; Kaiser Wilhelm Society; Max
                 Planck Society; Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry;
                 Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics; Auergesellschaft;
                 Farm Hall; German nuclear-fission project; history of
                 physics",
  remark-1 =     "Sime says on page 68 about Fl{\"u}gge's paper: ``With
                 its discussion of the huge energy potential of nuclear
                 fission and the possibility of a `uranium machine'
                 (nuclear reactor), the article attracted wide
                 attention, and Fl{\"u}gge wrote a popular version for
                 the Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung that was picked up by
                 other newspapers.''.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 70: ``Preparations had begun on September 8
                 when the HWA's Diebner asked Erich Bagge, a physicist
                 working with Heisenberg in Leipzig to invite about ten
                 scientists to a `meeting of `experts''. According to
                 Bagge, Diebner told him, `completely coolly `It's about
                 the atomic bomb'.' The scientists who attended were
                 Bagge, Diebner, Hahn, Walther Bothe, Hans Geiger, Paul
                 Harteck, Gerhard Hoffmann, Josef Mattauch, and Georg
                 Stetter, a physicist from Vienna.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 78: ``Heisenberg, who had recently been
                 appointed director of the KW1 for Physics, spoke
                 briefly. As in his February talk in the RFR, he
                 emphasized fission's military potential and stressed
                 the need for increased funding for particle
                 accelerators and for isotope separation. It was at this
                 meeting that Heisenberg famously stated, in response to
                 a question from Milch, that an atomic bomb large enough
                 to destroy a city (Milch was thinking of London) would
                 be about the size of a pineapple.",
  remark-4 =     "From page 85: ``What is clear, however, is that from
                 the beginning of the war Hahn mobilized himself and his
                 institute into military research, that he cultivated
                 his connections with the military, industry, and the
                 state, and that he did what he could to make the
                 science succeed. There is no evidence that he was
                 reluctant or had misgivings or held back. While it is
                 true that he and other fission scientists lacked the
                 urgency of their Allied counterparts, it is because
                 they never imagined that they were not ahead (as we
                 know from the Farm Hall transcripts); in the one area
                 that Hahn and his colleagues knew they trailed the
                 Americans --- accelerators --- they made every effort
                 to catch up.''.",
}

@Article{Baldwin:2014:KRP,
  author =       "Melinda Baldwin",
  title =        "`{Keeping} in the race': physics, publication speed
                 and national publishing strategies in
                 {{\booktitle{Nature}}}, 1895--1939",
  journal =      j-BRITISH-J-HIST-SCI,
  volume =       "47",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "257--279",
  month =        jun,
  year =         "2014",
  CODEN =        "BJHSAT",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007087413000381",
  ISSN =         "0007-0874 (print), 1474-001X (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "0007-0874",
  bibdate =      "Mon May 5 15:49:52 MDT 2014",
  bibsource =    "http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BJH;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/bjhs2010.bib",
  note =         "Published online, but not yet assigned to a journal
                 volume.",
  URL =          "http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0007087413000381",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ajournal =     "British J. Hist. Sci.",
  fjournal =     "British Journal for the History of Science",
  journal-URL =  "http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BJH",
  onlinedate =   "11 July 2013",
  remark-1 =     "This interesting article traces the events that led to
                 the weekly British science periodical,
                 \booktitle{Nature}, becoming one of the primary sources
                 of announcements of new research results, particular in
                 radioactivity and the physical scientists. Physicist
                 Ernest Rutherford was a driving force in that change.
                 The author reports on page 3 that the publisher and
                 journal did not preserve much archive correspondence
                 prior to 1990, making research like hers particularly
                 challenging.",
  remark-2 =     "From page 19: ``\ldots{} international contributors
                 [to \booktitle{Nature}] took on a new prominence in the
                 years following the First World War. The continued
                 growth in international physics contributions was
                 closely linked to the career of one of Rutherford's
                 students: the Danish physicist Niels Bohr.''",
  remark-3 =     "From page 21: ``The Rutherford--Bohr--Copenhagen
                 connection was also responsible for perhaps the most
                 famous pre-war letter printed in \booktitle{Nature}'s
                 pages. In January 1939, the journal received a
                 submission from two Austrian-born physicists, Otto
                 Frisch and Lise Meitner. Meitner's former colleagues in
                 Berlin, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, had bombarded
                 uranium nitrate with neutrons and discovered that their
                 sample subsequently contained barium. Frisch and
                 Meitner wrote a letter to the editor of
                 \booktitle{Nature} offering an explanation for what had
                 occurred. They suggested that the uranium nucleus had,
                 in fact, split in two, and they proposed a mechanism
                 for how the nucleus could have split: the now-famous
                 `liquid drop' model of nuclear fission.''",
}

@Article{Kragh:2014:NPP,
  author =       "Helge Kragh",
  title =        "The names of physics: plasma, fission, photon",
  journal =      j-EUR-PHYS-J-H,
  volume =       "39",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "263--281",
  month =        sep,
  year =         "2014",
  CODEN =        "EPJHAD",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1140/epjh/e2014-50007-7",
  ISSN =         "2102-6459 (print), 2102-6467 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "2102-6467",
  bibdate =      "Wed Dec 30 18:00:16 MST 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/eur-phys-j-h.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/article/10.1140/epjh/e2014-50007-7",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  fjournal =     "European Physical Journal H",
  journal-URL =  "http://www.springer.com/journal/13129",
  remark =       "This important article traces the origins of the three
                 final words of the title. Each has several antecedents,
                 but the author succeeds in identifying those papers
                 that appeared to have popularized their subsequent use
                 in physics. Plasma is largely due to Hannes Alv{\'e}n
                 in his 1950 textbook, \booktitle{Cosmical
                 Electrodynamics}. Fission was introduced in physics by
                 Otto Robert Frisch in 1939, who in turn borrowed it
                 from a biophysicist colleague who discussed its use in
                 bacterial binary splitting. Photon can be attributed to
                 Gilbert Newton Lewis in an 29 October 1926 article in
                 \booktitle{Nature}. The author also corrects some
                 erroneous claims in online sources of other origins.",
}

@InCollection{Reed:2015:BS,
  author =       "Bruce Cameron Reed",
  title =        "The background science",
  crossref =     "Reed:2015:ABS",
  pages =        "2:1--2:30",
  year =         "2015",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/978-1-6270-5991-6ch2",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jan 21 06:42:50 2016",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib",
  abstract =     "This chapter reviews the key discoveries that underlay
                 the development of nuclear weapons: the neutron,
                 induced radioactivity, the synthesis of new elements
                 and nuclear fission. Section 2.1 sets the stage by
                 introducing the units of energy used in nuclear
                 physics, notations used to write nuclear reactions, and
                 the processes of alpha- and beta-decay.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark-01 =    "From page 2-1: ``when dynamite is detonated, the
                 energy released per molecule involved is just under 10
                 eV.''",
  remark-02 =    "From page 2-6: ``\ldots{} the key observation was the
                 realization that alpha-particle bombardment of the
                 light element beryllium gave rise to a nucleus of
                 carbon and a neutron: He-4 + Be-9 to C-12 + n-1 +
                 energy. n-1 denotes a neutron: it carries no electric
                 charge (Z = 0), but it does count as one nucleon (A =
                 1). Chadwick reported his discovery in a paper
                 published in the February 27, 1932 edition of the
                 British journal Nature; he was awarded the 1935 Nobel
                 Prize in Physics for this work.''",
  remark-03 =    "From page 2-6: ``Neutrons would eventually prove to be
                 the gateway to reactors and bombs, but at the time
                 Chadwick anticipated none of this: in the February 29,
                 1932 edition of the New York Times he was quoted as
                 stating that `I am afraid neutrons will not be of any
                 use to any one'.''",
  remark-04 =    "From page 2-7: ``This development [by Joliot and Curie
                 of bombardment by aluminum with alpha particles] opened
                 up the important field of synthesizing short-lived
                 isotopes for use in medical treatments.''",
  remark-05 =    "From page 2-16: ``On average, the energy liberated in
                 the fission of uranium nuclei is about 170 MeV, from
                 which it can be calculated that if one kilogram of
                 uranium \ldots{} is entirely fissioned, the energy
                 liberated will be equivalent to exploding some 17,000 t
                 of TNT: 17 kt of chemical explosive!''",
  remark-06 =    "From page 2-17: ``An aside: the element between
                 uranium and thorium, protactinium, is extremely rare;
                 it would not have been practical for Frisch to try
                 experimenting with it.''",
  remark-07 =    "From page 2-18: ``The topic of the 1938 meeting [at
                 George Washington University] was to be low-temperature
                 physics, but that agenda quickly found itself derailed.
                 The conference began in the afternoon of January 26.
                 Gamow introduced Bohr, who related Hahn and
                 Strassmann's discovery and Meitner and Frisch's
                 interpretation. The news electrified the fifty-odd
                 participants, some of whom left to perform their own
                 experiments. Within days, the phenomenon had been
                 duplicated in a number laboratories in Europe and
                 America, and the New York Times reported on the
                 discovery in its edition of Sunday, January 29. Today,
                 a plaque outside Room 209 of GWU's Hall of Government
                 commemorates Bohr's announcement.''",
  remark-08 =    "From page 2-19: ``At Columbia, Leo Szilard (who by
                 1939 was living in New York and had a part-time
                 appointment at Columbia) and Walter Zinn prepared an
                 experiment to detect the emission of any fast neutrons
                 as a consequence of fission and indeed observed them.
                 Szilard recalled later his reaction upon detecting the
                 neutrons: `That night, there was very little doubt in
                 my mind that the world was headed for grief.' The
                 modern value for the average number of secondary
                 neutrons liberated by U-235 when it is fissions is
                 about 2.5, more than enough to sustain a chain
                 reaction.''",
  remark-09 =    "From page 2-23: ``It is the differences between the
                 amounts of energy liberated and the barrier energies
                 that are crucial. In the case of U-236, the liberated
                 value exceeds the fission barrier by nearly 0.9 MeV.
                 Any bombarding neutron, no matter how little energy it
                 has, can induce fission in U-235.''",
  remark-10 =    "From page 2-23: ``On top of this, U-238 has an
                 appreciable capture cross-section for neutrons of
                 energy less than about 1 MeV (figure 2.9). As a result,
                 the presence of even small amounts of U-238 in a
                 fast-neutron environment will consequently suppress any
                 chain reaction; it is this slowing-and-capture effect
                 that renders U-238 non-fissile for slow neutrons and
                 useless as a fast-neutron bomb fuel.''",
  remark-11 =    "From page 2-24: ``Like U-235, Pu-239 is fissile under
                 slow-neutron bombardment. \ldots{} Pu-239 acts exactly
                 like U-235 in its fissility properties.''",
  remark-12 =    "From page 2-24: ``To create a reaction violent enough
                 to warrant making a bomb requires using fast neutrons.
                 In this case, the only naturally occurring isotope that
                 might be able to sustain a fast-neutron chain reaction
                 is U-235, but this would require separating the two
                 isotopes of uranium atom-by-atom to kilogram
                 quantities. Because of this, Niels Bohr thought that a
                 weapon based on uranium fission would be impractical or
                 impossible.''",
  remark-13 =    "From page 2-26: ``In 1909, Thomson acquired an
                 assistant, Francis Aston, who significantly improved
                 the device. Aston would discover over 200 naturally
                 occurring isotopes, including U-238; he also snared the
                 1922 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.''",
  remark-14 =    "From page 2-27: ``To collect a full kilogram of U-235
                 at the rate at which his [mass spectrometer] apparatus
                 operated, [Alfred] Neir would have required hundreds of
                 millions of years, a testament to Bohr's opinion of the
                 impracticality of a U-235 bomb.''",
  remark-15 =    "From page 2-29: ``McMillan and Abelson's paper
                 reporting this [production of Y-239 --- element 94
                 (plutonium)] was dated May 27, 1940, just two days
                 before Turner's. Given the potential of Y-239 as a
                 source of atomic energy, it seems surprising that their
                 paper was published only two weeks later. James
                 Chadwick was so upset with the publication that he
                 placed an official protest through the British
                 Embassy.",
  remark-16 =    "From page 2-30: ``Compton was then involved in
                 preparing a report concerning possible military
                 applications of fission and included a remark in his
                 report that if element 94 bred from U-238 was indeed so
                 fissile, Seaborg and his team had just increased the
                 amount of potential bomb material by a factor of over
                 100.''",
}

@Misc{Ward:2015:RWF,
  author =       "Tim Ward and Domenic Mastrippolito",
  title =        "Race for the World's First Atomic Bomb: A Thousand
                 Days of Fear",
  howpublished = "[Los Alamos National] Laboratory produced documentary
                 on the Manhattan Project.",
  year =         "2015",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 02 11:05:55 2015",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib",
  note =         "Written by Michael Wilson. The hour-long program
                 features interviews with some of those who worked on
                 the Project Hans Bethe, Norman Ramsey, Phil Morrison,
                 Edward Teller and others. The program profiles the
                 creation of the Manhattan Project the obstacles that
                 were faced, life in the ``secret city,' and events that
                 led up to and followed the Trinity Test.",
  URL =          "http://www.governmentattic.org/11docs/NNSAfilmVideoList_2014.pdf;
                 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xwpgmEvlRpM",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  keywords =     "Adolph Hitler (picture); Alan B. Carr; Albert
                 Einstein; Bockscar airplane; Charlotte Serber; Edward
                 Teller; Ellen Bradbury Reid; Enola Gay airplane; Enrico
                 Fermi; Ernest O. Lawrence; Frank Oppenheimer; Franklin
                 D. Roosevelt; George B. Kistiakowsky; Glenn Seaborg;
                 Gregg Herken; Hans Bethe; Harold Agnew; Harry Daghlian;
                 Harry S. Truman; Heather McClenahan; Isadore I. Rabi;
                 J. Robert Oppenheimer; Jack Aeby; Jacob Wechsler; James
                 Conant; John R. von Neumann; Karl Compton; Kenneth T.
                 Bainbridge; Kitty Oppenheimer; Klaus E. J. Fuchs; Leo
                 Szilard; Leslie Groves; Lise Meitner; Louis Slotin;
                 Luis Alvarez; Niels Bohr (picture); Norman F. Ramsey;
                 Otto R. Frisch; Pearl Harbor; Philip Morrison; Richard
                 P. Feynman; Robert Serber; Robert Standish Norris; Rose
                 Bethe; Sterling Colgate; Trinity test bomb (16 July
                 1945); Vannevar Bush; Werner Heisenberg; William
                 Hudgins; Winston Churchill (picture); Wolfgang Pauli
                 (picture)",
  remark =       "Undated, but Agnew interviews are dated 1999 and 2013;
                 others were recorded much earlier.",
  xxtitle =      "The Moment in Time",
}

@Article{Ford:2017:BRC,
  author =       "Peter Ford",
  title =        "Book Review: {{\booktitle{Crystal Clear --- The
                 Autobiographies of Sir Lawrence and Lady Bragg}}.
                 Edited by A. M. Glazer \& Patience Thomson OUP 2015.
                 ISBN-13: 978-0-19-874430-6, 448pp, \pounds 3}",
  journal =      "IOP History of Physics Newsletter",
  volume =       "35",
  pages =        "54--69",
  month =        nov,
  year =         "2017",
  DOI =          "",
  ISSN =         "1756-168X",
  ISSN-L =       "1756-168X",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 15:16:43 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.iop.org/activity/groups/subject/hp/newsletter/file_71196.pdf",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

%%% ====================================================================
%%% Cross-referenced entries must come last, sorted by year, and then
%%% by citation label, with ``bibsort --byyear'':
@Book{Leicester:1968:SBC,
  author =       "Henry M. Leicester",
  booktitle =    "Source Book in Chemistry, 1900--1950",
  title =        "Source Book in Chemistry, 1900--1950",
  publisher =    pub-HARVARD,
  address =      pub-HARVARD:adr,
  pages =        "xvii + 408",
  year =         "1968",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674366701",
  ISBN =         "0-674-36669-7, 0-674-36670-0",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-674-36669-5, 978-0-674-36670-1",
  LCCN =         "QD3",
  bibdate =      "Thu May 24 07:53:58 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/m/meitner-lise.bib",
  abstract =     "The growing interdependence of the sciences was one of
                 the outstanding characteristics of the first half of
                 the twentieth century. ``Inevitably,'' Dr. Leicester
                 points out, ``this expanded vision led to closer
                 contacts among chemists of every speciality, and also
                 with scientists in other fields. Physics and physical
                 chemistry were applied to organic compounds, and new
                 substances that could not have been foreseen by the
                 older theories were prepared. Reaction mechanisms were
                 generalized. New borderline sciences sprang up.
                 Chemical physics and biochemistry became sciences in
                 their own right. Chemistry thus became a link between
                 physics and biology.'' A continuation of \booktitle{A
                 Source Book in Chemistry, 1400--1900} (HUP, 1952), this
                 volume contains selections from ninety classic papers
                 in all branches of chemistry -- papers upon which
                 contemporary research and practices are based. The
                 topics include such chemical techniques as
                 microanalysis, polarography, hydrogen ion
                 concentration, chromatography, electrophoresis, and the
                 use of the ultramicroscope, the ultracentrifuge, and
                 radioactive tracers; modern structural theories, with
                 emphasis on crystal structure, radioactive decay,
                 isotopes, molecular structure, the applications of
                 quantum mechanics to chemistry, thermodynamics,
                 electrolytes, and kinetics; the more recent studies on
                 artificial radioactivity and the transuranium elements;
                 organic chemistry, with reference to general synthetic
                 methods, polymers, the structure of proteins, nucleic
                 acids, alkaloids, steroids, and carotenoids; and
                 biochemistry, including the concept of hormones and
                 vitamins, separation of enzymes and viruses, metabolism
                 of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, and energy
                 production. The \booktitle{Source Book} serves as an
                 introduction to present-day chemistry and can also be
                 used as supplementary reading in general chemistry
                 courses, since, in many instances, the papers explain
                 the circumstances under which a particular discovery
                 was made--information that is customarily lacking in
                 textbooks. Although the selections are classified into
                 the usual branches of the science, it will be apparent
                 to the reader how the discoveries in any one branch
                 were taken up and incorporated into others.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Chemie; Chemistry; Chimie; Quimica; Chemistry, other;
                 Histoire; Sources; 20e si{\`e}cle; Natural Sciences",
  tableofcontents = "The Free Amino Groups of Insulin / Sanger, F. \\
                 The Alcoholic Ferment of Yeast-juice / Harden, Arthur;
                 Young, William John \\
                 The Alcoholic Ferment of Yeast-Juice. Part II?The
                 Coferment of Yeast-Juice / Harden, Arthur; Young,
                 William John \\
                 The Alcoholic Ferment of Yeast-Juice. Part III?The
                 Function of Phosphates in the Fermentation of Glucose
                 by Yeast-Juice / Harden, Arthur; Young, William John
                 \\
                 The Pyrophosphate Fraction in Muscle / Lohmann, K. \\
                 Phosphorus Compounds of Muscle and Liver / Fiske, Cyrus
                 H.; Subbarow, Y. \\
                 On Intermediate Behavior in Glycolysis in the
                 Musculature / Embden, G.; Deuticke, H. J.; Kraft, Gert
                 \\
                 Glycogen Breakdown and Synthesis in Animal Tissues /
                 Cori, CarL F. \\
                 Myosine and Adenosinetriphosphatase / Engelhardt, W.
                 A.; Ljubimowa, M. N. \\
                 Metabolic Generation and Utilization of Phosphate Bond
                 Energy / Lipmann, Fritz \\
                 The Role of Citric Acid in Intermediate Metabolism in
                 Animal Tissues / Krebs, H. A.; Johnson, W. A. \\
                 Bibliography of Biographies \\
                 Name Index",
}

@Book{Graetzer:1971:DNF,
  author =       "Hans G. Graetzer and David L. Anderson",
  title =        "The discovery of nuclear fission: a documentary
                 history",
  volume =       "20",
  publisher =    pub-VAN-NOSTRAND-REINHOLD,
  address =      pub-VAN-NOSTRAND-REINHOLD:adr,
  pages =        "viii + 120",
  year =         "1971",
  LCCN =         "QC790 .G68",
  bibdate =      "Sun Jul 29 17:56:32 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "Van Nostrand Reinhold momentum books",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Nuclear fission; History",
}

@Book{Gowing:1974:IDBa,
  author =       "Margaret Gowing and Lorna Arnold",
  title =        "Independence and deterrence: {Britain} and atomic
                 energy, 1945--1952",
  publisher =    "Macmillan",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1974",
  ISBN =         "0-333-15781-8 (vol. 1)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-333-15781-7 (vol. 1)",
  LCCN =         "QC773.3.G7 G68 1974b",
  bibdate =      "Mon Aug 20 07:12:07 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "A continuation of \cite{Gowing:1964:BAEa}.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; History; Nuclear energy; Research; Great
                 Britain",
  tableofcontents = "v. 1. Policy making \\
                 v. 2. Policy execution",
}

@Book{Gowing:1974:IDBb,
  author =       "Margaret Gowing and Lorna Arnold",
  title =        "Independence and deterrence: {Britain} and atomic
                 energy, 1945--1952",
  publisher =    pub-ST-MARTINS,
  address =      pub-ST-MARTINS:adr,
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1974",
  LCCN =         "QC773.3.G7 G68 1974",
  bibdate =      "Mon Aug 20 07:12:07 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "A continuation of \cite{Gowing:1964:BAEb}.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; History; Nuclear energy; Research; Great
                 Britain",
  tableofcontents = "v. 1. Policy making \\
                 v. 2. Policy execution",
}

@Book{Alton:1982:RPC,
  author =       "Jeannine Alton and Julia Latham-Jackson",
  title =        "Report on the papers and correspondence of Otto Robert
                 Frisch, {FRS}, physicist (1904-1979) deposited in
                 Trinity College Library, Cambridge",
  publisher =    "Reproduced for the Contemporary Scientific Archives
                 Centre by the Royal Commission on Historical
                 Manuscripts",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "155 leaves",
  year =         "1982",
  LCCN =         "Z6611.P57 A47 1982 QC21.2",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 22:02:32 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "``Reproduced for the Contemporary Scientific Archives
                 Centre (CASC 87/5/82).''. ``No 82/25.''.",
  subject =      "Physics; History; Sources; Manuscripts; Catalogs;
                 Frisch, Otto Robert; Manuscripts, English; England;
                 Cambridge",
  subject-dates = "1904--1979",
}

@Book{Stolz:1989:OHL,
  author =       "Werner Stolz",
  title =        "{Otto Hahn\slash Lise Meitner}",
  publisher =    "Vieweg + Teubner Verlag",
  address =      "????",
  year =         "1989",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-322-82223-9",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Szasz:1992:BSMa,
  author =       "Ferenc Morton Szasz",
  title =        "{British} scientists and the {Manhattan Project}: the
                 {Los Alamos} years",
  publisher =    "Macmillan",
  address =      "Basingstoke, UK",
  pages =        "xx + 167",
  year =         "1992",
  ISBN =         "1-349-12731-0, 0-333-56597-5",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-349-12731-3, 978-0-333-56597-1",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:53:57 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-349-12731-3",
  abstract =     "During World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston
                 Churchill pooled their nations' resources in the race
                 to beat the Germans to the secret of the atomic bomb.
                 This book tells the story of the British scientists who
                 journeyed to Los Alamos to help develop the world's
                 first nuclear weapons.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1940--2010",
  subject =      "Scientists; Great Britain; Atomic bomb; Research;
                 History; New Mexico; Los Alamos; Research.;
                 International cooperation.; Scientists.; Kernwapens.;
                 Natuurkundigen.",
}

@Book{Szasz:1992:BSMb,
  author =       "Ferenc Morton Szasz",
  title =        "{British} scientists and the {Manhattan Project}: the
                 {Los Alamos} years",
  publisher =    pub-ST-MARTINS,
  address =      pub-ST-MARTINS:adr,
  pages =        "xx + 167",
  year =         "1992",
  ISBN =         "0-312-06167-6",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-312-06167-8",
  LCCN =         "QC773.3.U5 S97 1991",
  bibdate =      "Sun Sep 1 09:51:17 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0809/91019904-d.html",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1940--2010",
  subject =      "Scientists; Great Britain; Atomic bomb; Research;
                 History; New Mexico; Los Alamos",
  tableofcontents = "Preface \\
                 Introduction \\
                 1: Background / 1 \\
                 2: The British Mission at Los Alamos: The Scientific
                 Dimension / 16 \\
                 3: The British Mission at Los Alamos: The Social
                 Dimension / 32 \\
                 4: The Aftermath / 46 \\
                 5: Varieties of the British Mission Experience / 56 \\
                 6: The Strange Tale of Klaus Fuchs / 82 \\
                 7: The British Mission and the Postwar Nuclear Culture
                 / 97 \\
                 Notes: 107 \\
                 Appendix I: The Postwar Careers of the British Mission
                 / 133 \\
                 Appendix II: The Frisch--Peierls Memorandum (March
                 1940) / 141 \\
                 Appendix III: Ralph Carlisle Smith's Summary of the
                 British Mission at Los Alamos / 148 \\
                 Appendix IV: Otto Frisch's Eyewitness Account of the
                 July 16, 1945, Atomic Explosion at Trinity Site,
                 Alamogordo Air Base, New Mexico / 152 \\
                 Bibliography / 154 \\
                 Index / 163",
}

@Book{Hoffmann:2001:OH,
  author =       "Klaus Hoffmann",
  title =        "Otto Hahn",
  publisher =    pub-SV,
  address =      pub-SV:adr,
  year =         "2001",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-0101-1",
  ISBN =         "0-387-95057-5, 1-4613-0101-7",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-387-95057-0, 978-1-4613-0101-1",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Neffe:2005:EBG,
  author =       "J{\"u}rgen Neffe",
  title =        "{Einstein: eine Biographie}. ({German}) [{Einstein}: a
                 Biography]",
  publisher =    pub-ROWOHLT,
  address =      pub-ROWOHLT:adr,
  edition =      "Second",
  pages =        "490 + 14",
  year =         "2005",
  ISBN =         "3-498-04685-3",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-498-04685-9",
  LCCN =         "QC16.E5 N44 2005",
  bibdate =      "Mon Aug 20 17:13:46 MDT 2007",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  subject =      "Einstein, Albert; Physicists; Biography",
  subject-dates = "Albert Einstein (1879--1955)",
  tableofcontents = "Prolog Der Unsterbliche \\
                 Einsteins Geheimnis / 7 \\
                 1 Seine zweite Geburt \\
                 Schicksalsjahr 1919 / 13 \\
                 2 Wie aus Albert Einstein wurde \\
                 Psychogramm eines Genies / 24 \\
                 3 <<Eine neue Zeit!>> \\
                 Vom Fabrikantensohn zum Erfinder / 45 \\
                 4 Von Zwergen und Riesen \\
                 Eine kleine Geschichte der Wissenschaft, \\
                 wie Einstein sie las / 57 \\
                 5 Erbe verpflichtet \\
                 Einstein --- Detektive im Einsatz / 82 \\
                 6 <<Else oder Ilse>> \\
                 Der Physiker und die Frauen / 98 \\
                 7 Vom Wunderkind zum Wunderjahr \\
                 Einsteins Engel / 121 \\
                 8 Die Quadratur des Lichtes \\
                 Warum Einstein die Relativit{\"a}tstheorie \\
                 entdecken musste / 141 \\
                 9 Warum ist der Himmel blau? \\
                 Einstein -- eine Karriere / 169 \\
                 10 <<Liebe Buben \ldots{} Euer Papa>> \\
                 Das Drama des genialen Vaters / 187 \\
                 11 Anatomie einer Entdeckung \\
                 Wie Einstein die Allgemeine Relativit{\"a}tstheorie
                 fand / 228 \\
                 12 Lambdalebt \\
                 Einstein, <<Chefingenieur des Universums>> / 257 \\
                 13 Die Raumzeit bebt \\
                 Relativit{\"a}tstheorie auf dem Pr{\"u}fstand / 270 \\
                 14 Sein bester Feind \\
                 Einstein, Deutschland und die Politik / 280 \\
                 15 <<Ich bin doch kein Tiger>> \\
                 Mensch Einstein / 320 \\
                 16 Ein Jude namens Albert \\
                 Sein Gott war ein Prinzip / 342 \\
                 17 Der Zweck heiligt die Zweifel \\
                 Einstein und die Quantentheorie / 358 \\
                 18 Von der Gr{\"o}{\ss}e des Scheiterns \\
                 Die Suche nach der Weltformel / 386 \\
                 19 Von Barbarien nach Dollaria \\
                 Einsteins Amerika / 396 \\
                 20 <<Menschen sind eine schlechte Erfindung>> \\
                 Einstein, die Atombombe, McCarthy und das Ende / 418
                 \\
                 Zitatnachweise / 446 \\
                 Quellen und Literatur / 478 \\
                 Danksagung / 484 \\
                 Personenregister / 485 \\
                 Quellennachweis der Abbildungen / 492",
}

@Book{Neffe:2006:EBG,
  author =       "J{\"u}rgen Neffe",
  title =        "{Einstein: eine Biographie}. ({German}) [{Einstein}: a
                 Biography]",
  volume =       "61937",
  publisher =    "Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag",
  address =      "Reinbek bei Hamburg, Germany",
  pages =        "490 + 8",
  year =         "2006",
  ISBN =         "3-499-61937-7 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-499-61937-3 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Mon Aug 20 17:17:52 MDT 2007",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.gbv.de:20011/gvk",
  price =        "EUR 9.90, SFR 17.90",
  series =       "rororo",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "German",
  subject =      "Einstein; Albert; Biographie",
}

@Book{Glazer:2015:CCA,
  editor =       "A. M. (Anthony Michael) Glazer and Patience Thomson",
  title =        "Crystal clear: the autobiographies of {Sir Lawrence
                 and Lady Bragg}",
  publisher =    pub-OXFORD,
  address =      pub-OXFORD:adr,
  pages =        "xx + 427",
  year =         "2015",
  ISBN =         "0-19-874430-7 (hardcover), 0-19-106179-4 (e-book)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-19-874430-6 (hardcover), 978-0-19-106179-0
                 (e-book)",
  LCCN =         "QC16.B66 C79 2015",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 5 15:20:37 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy1604/2015430192-b.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy1604/2015430192-d.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy1604/2015430192-t.html",
  abstract =     "Crystal Clear takes you behind the scenes in the life
                 of one of the most prominent scientists of the
                 twentieth century, William Lawrence Bragg (WLB) --- an
                 innovative genius, who together with his father,
                 William Henry Bragg (WHB), founded and developed a
                 whole new branch of science, X-ray Crystallography. The
                 main body of the text contains the hitherto unpublished
                 autobiographies of both WLB and his wife, Alice. Alice
                 Bragg was a public figure in her own right. She was
                 Mayor of Cambridge and National Chairman of the
                 Marriage Guidance Council among other roles. She and
                 WLB were as different as chalk and cheese. Their
                 autobiographies complement each other to give a rounded
                 picture of the real personalities behind their public
                 appearance. They write of their travels, their family
                 life, their friends and their joys and sorrows. They
                 write most of all about each other.\par

                 Their younger daughter, Patience Thomson, provides
                 anecdotes and vignettes, bringing her parents to life.
                 She has also included extracts from previously
                 unpublished letters and from articles which Alice Bragg
                 wrote for National newspapers. The result is an unusual
                 insight into the lives of two distinguished people. The
                 two accounts reveal a fascinating interaction between
                 these two characters, neither of whom could have
                 achieved on this scale without the other. There is an
                 underlying love story here which humanises and
                 transforms. This is a unique book, adopting an original
                 viewpoint, which will take the reader far beyond the
                 scope of a normal biography.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Otto Robert Frisch receives several mentions in this
                 book.",
  subject =      "Bragg, Sir William Lawrence; Bragg, Alice Grace Jenny;
                 Physicists; Great Britain; Biography; Physics; History;
                 Crystallography",
  subject-dates = "1890--1971; 1899--1989",
  tableofcontents = "1. Meet my Mother and Father, Patience Thomson \\
                 2. William Lawrence Bragg (in his own words), William
                 Lawrence Bragg \\
                 3. Alice Grace Jenny Bragg ``The half was not told'',
                 Alice Grace Jenny Bragg",
}

@Book{Schmidt-Bocking:2016:OSVa,
  editor =       "Horst Schmidt-B{\"o}cking and Karin Reich and Alan
                 Templeton and Wolfgang Trageser and Volkmar Vill",
  title =        "{Otto Sterns Ver{\"o}ffentlichungen --- Band 1}",
  volume =       "1",
  publisher =    pub-SV,
  address =      pub-SV:adr,
  year =         "2016",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46953-8",
  ISBN =         "3-662-46953-7",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-662-46953-8",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Schmidt-Bocking:2016:OSVb,
  editor =       "Horst Schmidt-B{\"o}cking and Karin Reich and Alan
                 Templeton and Wolfgang Trageser and Volkmar Vill",
  title =        "{Otto Sterns Ver{\"o}ffentlichungen --- Band 2}",
  volume =       "2",
  publisher =    pub-SV,
  address =      pub-SV:adr,
  year =         "2016",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46962-0",
  ISBN =         "3-662-46962-6",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-662-46962-0",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Schmidt-Bocking:2016:OSVc,
  editor =       "Horst Schmidt-B{\"o}cking and Karin Reich and Alan
                 Templeton and Wolfgang Trageser and Volkmar Vill",
  title =        "{Otto Sterns Ver{\"o}ffentlichungen --- Band 3}",
  volume =       "3",
  publisher =    pub-SV,
  address =      pub-SV:adr,
  year =         "2016",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46960-6",
  ISBN =         "3-662-46960-X",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-662-46960-6",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Schmidt-Bocking:2016:OSVd,
  editor =       "Horst Schmidt-B{\"o}cking and Karin Reich and Alan
                 Templeton and Wolfgang Trageser and Volkmar Vill",
  title =        "{Otto Sterns Ver{\"o}ffentlichungen --- Band 4}",
  volume =       "4",
  publisher =    pub-SV,
  address =      pub-SV:adr,
  year =         "2016",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46964-4",
  ISBN =         "3-662-46964-2",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-3-662-46964-4",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Beyer:1949:FNP,
  editor =       "Robert T. (Robert Thomas) Beyer",
  booktitle =    "Foundations of nuclear physics: facsimiles of thirteen
                 fundamental studies as they were originally reported in
                 the scientific journals",
  title =        "Foundations of nuclear physics: facsimiles of thirteen
                 fundamental studies as they were originally reported in
                 the scientific journals",
  publisher =    pub-DOVER,
  address =      pub-DOVER:adr,
  pages =        "272",
  year =         "1949",
  LCCN =         "QC173 .B485",
  bibdate =      "Sat Oct 28 16:14:49 MDT 2006",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "See original paper \cite{Hahn:1939:NVB} and later
                 translation \cite{Graetzer:1964:DNF}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "nuclear physics",
  tableofcontents = "The positive electron, by C. D. Anderson \\
                 The existence of a neutron, by J. Chadwick \\
                 Experiments with high velocity positive ions: II. The
                 disintegration of elements by high velocity protons, by
                 J. D. Cockcroft and E. T. S. Walton \\
                 Physique nucl{\'e}aire, un nouveau type de
                 radioactivit{\'e}, by Ir{\`e}ne Curie and F. Joliot \\
                 Possible production of elements of atomic number higher
                 than 92, by E. Fermi \\
                 Versuch einer Theorie de $\beta$-Strahlen, by E. Fermi
                 \\
                 {\"U}ber die magnetische Ablenkung von
                 Wasserstoffmolek{\"u}len und das magnetische Moment des
                 Protons, I, by R. Frisch and O. Stern \\
                 Zur Quantentheorie des Atomkernes, by G. Gamow \\
                 {\"U}ber den Nachweis und das Verhalten der bei der
                 Bestrahlung des Urans mittels Neutronen entstehenden
                 Erdalkalimetalle, by O. Hahn and F. Strassmann \\
                 The production of high speed light ions without the use
                 of high voltages, by E. O. Lawrence and M. S.
                 Livingston \\
                 The scattering of $\alpha$ and $\beta$ particles by
                 matter and the structure of the atom, by E. Rutherford
                 \\
                 Collision of a particles with light atoms, pt. 4. An
                 anomalous effect in nitrogen, by E. Rutherford \\
                 On the interaction of elementary particles, I, by
                 Hideki Yukawa \\
                 Bibliography",
  xxnote =       "See original paper \cite{Hahn:1939:NVB} and later
                 translation \cite{Graetzer:1964:DNF}.",
}

@Book{Frisch:1950:PNP,
  editor =       "Otto Robert Frisch",
  booktitle =    "Progress in Nuclear Physics",
  title =        "Progress in Nuclear Physics",
  publisher =    pub-PERGAMON,
  address =      pub-PERGAMON:adr,
  year =         "1950",
  CODEN =        "PNUPAT",
  ISSN =         "0079-659X",
  ISSN-L =       "0079-659X",
  LCCN =         "QC770 .P76",
  bibdate =      "Wed May 2 21:41:47 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "Frisch was the long-time editor for volumes 2--9
                 (1953--1960) of this series (volume 1 (1953)--volume 13
                 (1977)).",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  ORF-number =   "E1",
  remark =       "No online archives for this journal or book series
                 appear to be available. Its successor,
                 \booktitle{Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
                 is online at
                 \url{https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/progress-in-particle-and-nuclear-physics}.",
  subject =      "Nuclear physics; Physique nucl{\'e}aire;
                 P{\'e}riodiques; Kernfysica; Kernphysik; Zeitschrift",
}

@Book{Rotblat:1954:AES,
  editor =       "Joseph Rotblat",
  booktitle =    "Atomic energy: a survey; [being news and views of
                 atomic energy given as a course of lectures at the
                 {University of London} \ldots{} during {January and
                 February 1954}]",
  title =        "Atomic energy: a survey; [being news and views of
                 atomic energy given as a course of lectures at the
                 {University of London} \ldots{} during {January and
                 February 1954}]",
  publisher =    pub-TAYLOR-FRANCIS-UK,
  address =      pub-TAYLOR-FRANCIS-UK:adr,
  pages =        "viii + 71",
  year =         "1954",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 06:48:59 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  note =         "Published for Atomic Scientist' Association.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Haslett:1960:SS,
  editor =       "A. W. Haslett and John St John",
  booktitle =    "Science Survey",
  title =        "Science Survey",
  publisher =    "Vista Books",
  address =      "London, UK",
  pages =        "????",
  year =         "1960",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:25:46 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Bohr:1961:ATD,
  author =       "Niels Bohr",
  booktitle =    "Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature: Four
                 essays, with an introductory survey",
  title =        "Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature: Four
                 essays, with an introductory survey",
  publisher =    pub-CAMBRIDGE,
  address =      pub-CAMBRIDGE:adr,
  pages =        "vii + 119",
  year =         "1961",
  LCCN =         "QC173.18 .B64 1961",
  bibdate =      "Fri Apr 29 08:59:12 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  ZMnumber =     "Zbl 0109.22803",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  tableofcontents = "Introductory survey. \\
                 Atomic theory and mechanics. \\
                 The quantum postulate and the recent development of
                 atomic theory. \\
                 The quantum of action and the description of nature.
                 \\
                 The atomic theory and the fundamental principles
                 underlying the description of nature",
}

@Book{Pohl:1962:ED,
  author =       "Frederik Pohl",
  booktitle =    "The expert dreamers",
  title =        "The expert dreamers",
  publisher =    pub-DOUBLEDAY,
  address =      pub-DOUBLEDAY:adr,
  pages =        "248",
  year =         "1962",
  LCCN =         "PZ1 .P745 Ex",
  bibdate =      "Thu Jul 4 14:24:25 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Reprinted in 1968 by Avon Books, New York.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Science fiction",
  tableofcontents = "At the end of the orbit / Arthur C. Clarke \\
                 On the feasibility of coal-driven power stations / O.
                 R. Frisch \\
                 Feast of demons / William Morrison (Joseph Samachson)
                 \\
                 Heart on the other side / George Gamow \\
                 Lenny / Isaac Asimov \\
                 Singers / W. Grey Walter \\
                 Invasion / Robert Willey (Willy Ley) \\
                 To explain Mrs. Thompson / Philip Latham (R. S.
                 Richardson) \\
                 Adrift on the policy level / Chandler Davis \\
                 Black cloud / Fred Hoyle \\
                 Chain reaction / Boyd Ellanby (Lyle and William C.
                 Boyd) \\
                 Miracle of the broom closet / W. Norbert (Norbert
                 Wiener) \\
                 Heavyplanet / Lee Gregor (Milton A. Rothman) \\
                 Test stand / Lee Correy (G. Harry Stine) \\
                 Amateur in chancery / George O. Smith \\
                 Mark Gable foundation / Leo Szilard",
}

@Book{Garratt:1963:PSS,
  editor =       "Arthur Garratt",
  booktitle =    "{Penguin} science survey, {1963-A}: astronomy,
                 chemistry, cosmology, education, mathematics, physics,
                 space research",
  title =        "{Penguin} science survey, {1963-A}: astronomy,
                 chemistry, cosmology, education, mathematics, physics,
                 space research",
  publisher =    pub-PENGUIN,
  address =      pub-PENGUIN:adr,
  pages =        "223",
  year =         "1963",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 05 07:37:27 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
}

@Book{Garrett:1963:FG,
  author =       "Alfred Benjamin Garrett",
  booktitle =    "The flash of genius",
  title =        "The flash of genius",
  publisher =    "Van Nostrand",
  address =      "Princeton, NJ, USA",
  pages =        "x + 249",
  year =         "1963",
  LCCN =         "Q125 .G38",
  bibdate =      "Thu Sep 6 12:11:12 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1906--1996",
  subject =      "Science; History; Inventions",
}

@Book{Bohr:1964:NBH,
  editor =       "Niels Bohr and S. (Stefan) Rozental",
  booktitle =    "{Niels Bohr}: hans liv og virke fortalt af en kreds af
                 venner og medarbejdere. ({Danish}) [{Niels Bohr}: his
                 life and works told by a circle of friends and
                 colleagues]",
  title =        "{Niels Bohr}: hans liv og virke fortalt af en kreds af
                 venner og medarbejdere. ({Danish}) [{Niels Bohr}: his
                 life and works told by a circle of friends and
                 colleagues]",
  publisher =    "J. H. Schultz",
  address =      "K{\o}benhavn, Danmark",
  pages =        "341",
  year =         "1964",
  LCCN =         "QC16.B63 N5",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 28 21:19:11 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "English translation in \cite{Rozental:1967:NBH}.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Danish",
  subject =      "Bohr, Niels",
  subject-dates = "1885--1962",
  tableofcontents = "Barndom og ungdom \\
                 Gennembruds{\aa}rene, af L. Rosenfeld og E.
                 R{\"u}dinger \\
                 Glimt af Niels Bohr som forsker og t{\ae}nker, af O.
                 Klein \\
                 Kvanteteorien og dens fortolkning, af W. Heisenberg \\
                 Erindringer fra {\aa}rene 1929--1931, af H. G. B.
                 Casimir \\
                 Komplementaritetssynspunktet konsolideres og udbygges,
                 af L. Rosenfeld \\
                 Interessen samler sig omkring atomkernen, af O. R.
                 Frisch \\
                 Fyrrerne og halvtredserne, af S. Rozental \\
                 Krigens {\aa}r og atomv{\aa}bnenes perspektiver, af A.
                 Bohr \\
                 Minder fra efterkrigstiden, af A. Pais \\
                 Forholdet til de yngste disciple, af J. Kalckar \\
                 Niels Bohrs indsats i fysikken, af C. M{\o}ller og M.
                 Pihl \\
                 Niels Bohr og internationalt videnskabeligt samarbejde,
                 af V. F. Weisskopf \\
                 Niels Bohr og Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes
                 selskab, af J. Pedersen \\
                 Niels Bohr og Ris{\o} af V. Kampmann \\
                 Niels Bohr og det danske samfund, af M. Pihl \\
                 Halvtreds {\aa}rs venskab, af R. Courant \\
                 Niels Bohrs alsidighed, af P. A. M. Dirac \\
                 Tr{\ae}k af et samarbejde, af H. H. Koch \\
                 Minder fra Tisvilde, af W. Scharff \\
                 En stemning, af M. Andersen \\
                 Om far, af H. Bohr \\
                 {\AA}bent brev til De Forenede Nationer, af N. Bohr \\
                 Kronologisk oversigt",
}

@Book{Gowing:1964:BAEb,
  author =       "Margaret Gowing",
  booktitle =    "{Britain} and Atomic Energy, 1939--1945",
  title =        "{Britain} and Atomic Energy, 1939--1945",
  publisher =    pub-ST-MARTINS,
  address =      pub-ST-MARTINS:adr,
  pages =        "xvi + 464",
  year =         "1964",
  LCCN =         "QC773.A1 G6 1964",
  bibdate =      "Mon Aug 20 07:12:07 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "With an introductory chapter by Kenneth Jay.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "First installment of an official history of the United
                 Kingdom atomic energy project. Continued by the
                 author's \booktitle{Independence and deterrence}
                 \cite{Gowing:1974:IDBb}. Contains Frisch--Peierls
                 Memorandum of 1940 in Appendix I.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; History",
}

@Book{Rosenfeld:1964:NBH,
  author =       "L{\'e}on Rosenfeld and Erik R{\"u}dinger and Oskar
                 Klein and Werner Heisenberg Hendrik G. B. Casimir and
                 Otto Robert Frisch and Stefan Rozental and Aage Bohr
                 and Abraham Pais and J{\o}rgen Kalckar and Christian
                 M{\o}ller and Mogens Pihl and Viktor F. Weisskopf and
                 Johannes Pedersen and Viggo Kampmann and Richard
                 Courant and Paul A. M. Dirac and Hans Henrik Koch and
                 William Scharff and Mogens Andersen and Hans Bohr and
                 Niels Bohr",
  booktitle =    "{Niels Bohr}: Hans liv or virke fortalt af en kreds af
                 venner og medarbejdere. ({Danish}) [{Niels Bohr}: His
                 life and works told by a group of friends and
                 co-workers]",
  title =        "{Niels Bohr}: Hans liv or virke fortalt af en kreds af
                 venner og medarbejdere. ({Danish}) [{Niels Bohr}: His
                 life and works told by a group of friends and
                 co-workers]",
  publisher =    "J. H. Schultz Forlag",
  address =      "Copenhagen, DK",
  pages =        "341",
  year =         "1964",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Wed Jul 28 11:58:54 2010",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  language =     "Danish",
  tableofcontents = "L{\'e}on Rosenfeld og Erik R{\"u}dinger:
                 Gennembruds{\aa}rene 1911--1918 \\
                 Oskar Klein: Glimt af Niels Bohr some forsker og
                 t{\ae}nker \\
                 Werner Heisenberg: Kvanteteorien og dens fortolkning
                 \\
                 Hendrik G. B. Casimir: Erindringer fra {\aa}rene
                 1929--1931 \\
                 Otto Robert Frisch: Interessen samler sig omkring
                 atomkernen \\
                 Stefan Rozental: Fyrrene og halvtredserne \\
                 Aage Bohr: Krigens {\aa}r og atomv{\aa}bnenes
                 perspektiver \\
                 Abraham Pais: Minder fra efterkrigstiden \\
                 J{\o}rgen Kalckar: Forholdet til de yngste disciple \\
                 Christian M{\o}ller og Mogens Pihl: Niels Bohrs indsats
                 i fysikken \\
                 Viktor F. Weisskopf: Niels Bohr or internationale
                 videnskabeligt samarbejde \\
                 Johannes Pedersen: Niels Bohr og Det Kongelige Danske
                 Videnskabernes Selskab \\
                 Viggo Kampmann: Niels Bohr og Ris{\o} \\
                 Richard Courant: Halvtreds {\aa}rs venskab \\
                 Paul A. M. Dirac: Niels Bohrs alsidighed \\
                 Hans Henrik Koch: Tr{\ae}k af et samarbejde \\
                 William Scharff: Minder fra Tisvilde \\
                 Mogens Andersen: En stemning \\
                 Hans Bohr: Om Far \\
                 Niels Bohr: {\AA}bent brev til De Forenede Nationer \\
                 Kronologisk oversigt",
}

@Book{Clark:1965:T,
  author =       "Ronald William Clark",
  booktitle =    "{Tizard}",
  title =        "{Tizard}",
  publisher =    pub-MIT,
  address =      pub-MIT:adr,
  pages =        "xvii + 458 + 8",
  year =         "1965",
  LCCN =         "Q143.T5 C6",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 30 11:14:33 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  note =         "Forewords by Sir Solly Zuckerman and Vannevar Bush.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Ronald William Clark (1916--1987)",
  remark =       "Contains Frisch--Peierls Memorandum of 1940 on pages
                 215--217. Also issued by Methuen, London, UK with same
                 page count and year. No table of contents yet found.",
  subject =      "Tizard, Sir Henry Thomas; Science and state; Great
                 Britain",
  subject-dates = "Sir Henry Thomas Tizard (1885--1959)",
}

@Book{Rozental:1967:NBH,
  editor =       "S. (Stefan) Rozental",
  booktitle =    "{Niels Bohr}: his life and work as seen by his friends
                 and colleagues",
  title =        "{Niels Bohr}: his life and work as seen by his friends
                 and colleagues",
  publisher =    pub-NORTH-HOLLAND,
  address =      pub-NORTH-HOLLAND:adr,
  pages =        "355",
  year =         "1967",
  LCCN =         "QC16.B63 N53",
  bibdate =      "Thu Apr 28 21:19:11 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  da-title =     "Niels Bohr: Hans liv og virke fortalt af en kreds af
                 venner og medarbejdere",
  subject =      "Bohr, Niels; Physicists; Denmark; Biography",
  subject-dates = "1885--1962",
  tableofcontents = "Childhood and youth \\
                 The decisive years, 1911--1918, by L. Rosenfeld and E.
                 R{\"u}dinger \\
                 Glimpses of Niels Bohr as scientist and thinker, by O.
                 Klein \\
                 Quantum theory and its interpretation, by W. Heisenberg
                 \\
                 Recollections from the years 1929--1931, by H. B. G.
                 Casimir \\
                 Niels Bohr in the thirties, by L. Rosenfeld \\
                 The interest is focussing on the atomic nucleus, by O.
                 R. Frisch \\
                 The forties and the fifties, by S. Rozental \\
                 The war years and the prospects raised by the atomic
                 weapons, by A. Bohr \\
                 Reminiscenses from the post-war years, by A. Pais \\
                 Niels Bohr and his youngest disciples, by J. Kalckar
                 \\
                 Review of Niels Bohr's research work, by C. M{\o}ller
                 and M. Phil \\
                 Niels Bohr and international scientific collaboration,
                 by V. F. Weisskopf \\
                 Niels Bohr and the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and
                 Letters, by J. Pedersen \\
                 Niels Bohr and the Danish Atomic Energy Research
                 Establishment, by V. Kampmann \\
                 Niels Bohr and the Danish community, by M. Pihl \\
                 Fifty years of friendship, by R. Courant \\
                 The versatility of Niels Bohr, by P. A. M. Dirac \\
                 Science and administration, by H. H. Koch \\
                 Memories of Tisvilde, by W. Scharff \\
                 An impression, by M. Andersen \\
                 My father, by H. Bohr \\
                 Open letter to the United Nations, by N. Bohr",
}

@Proceedings{Bastin:1971:QTB,
  editor =       "Ted Bastin",
  booktitle =    "Quantum Theory and Beyond: Essays and Discussions
                 Arising from a Colloquium",
  title =        "Quantum Theory and Beyond: Essays and Discussions
                 Arising from a Colloquium",
  publisher =    pub-CAMBRIDGE,
  address =      pub-CAMBRIDGE:adr,
  pages =        "viii + 345",
  year =         "1971",
  ISBN =         "0-521-07956-X",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-521-07956-3",
  LCCN =         "QC174.1 .Q37",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:08:23 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0907/77127237-d.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0907/77127237-t.html",
  abstract =     "Quantum theory attempts to describe the discrete or
                 atomic nature of matter and the physical world. This
                 book contains the edited papers presented at a small
                 informal colloquium held in Cambridge in 1968 to
                 discuss the need for fundamental revision in quantum
                 theory. Most schools of thought on the foundations of
                 the theory were represented, and to direct discussion
                 some participants proposed actual changes. A principal
                 aim was to pinpoint the source of difficulty in current
                 ideas of the time or, failing that, to present
                 alongside each other the various viewpoints about
                 them.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Digital edition in \cite{Bastin:2009:QTB}.",
  subject =      "Quantum theory",
  tableofcontents = "List of participants \\
                 Preface \\
                 Part I. Introduction \\
                 1. The function of the colloquium --- editorial \\
                 2. The conceptual problem of quantum theory from the
                 experimentalist's point of view / O. R. Frisch \\
                 Part II. Niels Bohr and Complementarity: The Place of
                 the Classical Language \\
                 3. The Copenhagen interpretation / C. F. von
                 Weizs{\"a}cker \\
                 4. On Bohr's views concerning the quantum theory / D.
                 Bohm \\
                 Part III. The Measurement Problem \\
                 5. Quantal observation in statistical interpretation /
                 H. J. Groenewold \\
                 6. Macroscopic physics, quantum mechanics and quantum
                 theory of measurement / G. M. Prosperi \\
                 7. Comment on the Daneri--Loinger--Prosperi quantum
                 theory of measurement / Jeffrey Bub \\
                 8. The phenomenology of observation and explanation in
                 quantum theory / J. H. M. Whiteman \\
                 9. Measurement theory and complex systems / M. A.
                 Garstens \\
                 Part IV. New Directions within Quantum Theory: What
                 does the Quantum Theoretical Formalism Really Tell Us?
                 \\
                 10. On the role of hidden variables in the fundamental
                 structure of physics / D. Bohm \\
                 11. Beyond what? Discussion: space-time order within
                 existing quantum theory / C. W. Kilmister \\
                 12. Definability and measurability in quantum theory /
                 Yakir Aharonov and Aage Petersen \\
                 13. The bootstrap idea and the foundations of quantum
                 theory / Geoffrey F. Chew \\
                 Part V. A Fresh Start? \\
                 14. Angular momentum: an approach to combinatorial
                 space-time / Roger Penrose \\
                 15. A note on discreteness, phase space and cohomology
                 theory / B. J. Hiley \\
                 16. Cohomology of observations / R. H. Atkin \\
                 17. The origin of half-integral spin in a discrete
                 physical space / Ted Bastin \\
                 Part VI. Philosophical Papers \\
                 18. The unity of physics / C. F. von Weizs{\"a}cker \\
                 19. A philosophical obstacle to the rise of new
                 theories in microphysics / Mario Bunge \\
                 20. The incompleteness of quantum mechanics or the
                 emperor's missing clothes / H. R. Post \\
                 21. How does a particle get from A to B? / Ted Bastin
                 \\
                 22. Informational generalization of entropy in physics
                 / Jerome Rothstein \\
                 23. Can life explain quantum mechanics? / H. H. Pattee
                 \\
                 24. Discussion: phenomena and sense data in quantum
                 theory / D. S. Linney and C. F. von Weizs{\"a}cker \\
                 Index of persons \\
                 Index of subjects",
}

@Book{Reines:1972:CFOa,
  editor =       "Frederick Reines",
  booktitle =    "Cosmology, fusion and other matters: {George Gamow}
                 memorial volume",
  title =        "Cosmology, fusion and other matters: {George Gamow}
                 memorial volume",
  publisher =    "Colorado Associated University Press",
  address =      "Boulder, CO, USA",
  pages =        "xiv + 320",
  year =         "1972",
  ISBN =         "0-87081-025-1",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-87081-025-1",
  LCCN =         "QC780 .C65",
  bibdate =      "Tue May 17 10:00:24 MDT 2011",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/u/ulam-stanislaw-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  editor-dates = "Frederick, Reines (1918--1998)",
  subject =      "Nuclear physics; Cosmology; Gamow, George",
  subject-dates = "George Gamow (1904--1968)",
  tableofcontents = "F. Reines / Introduction and preface \\
                 Alpher, R. A. and Herman, R. / Reflections on ``big
                 bang'' cosmology \\
                 Hoyle, F. and Narlikar, J. V. / Conformal invariance in
                 physics and cosmology \\
                 Penzias, A. A. / Cosmology and microwave astronomy \\
                 Wataghin, G. / On a model of the expanding universe \\
                 Dirac, P. A. M. / The variability of the gravitational
                 constant \\
                 Teller, E. / Are the constants constant? \\
                 Fowler, W. A. / New observations and old
                 nucleocosmochronologies \\
                 Shapiro, M. M., Silberberg, R., and Tsao, C. H. /
                 Diffusion of cosmic rays and their source composition
                 \\
                 Cowan, C. L. and Reines, F. / Neutrino physics ---
                 prospects \\
                 Kavanagh, R. W. / Reaction rates in the proton-proton
                 chain \\
                 Critchfield, C. L. / Analytic forms of the
                 thermonuclear function \\
                 Tuck, J. L. / World energy reserves and some
                 speculations on the future of nuclear fusion energy \\
                 Longmire, C. L. / Heating of charged particles by
                 electric waves \\
                 Yourgrau, W. and van der Merwe, A. / Entropy (positive
                 and negative), information and statistical
                 thermodynamics \\
                 Ulam, S. M. / Gamow --- and mathematics \\
                 Delbr{\"u}ck, M. / Out of this world \\
                 Rosenfeld, L. / Nuclear reminiscences \\
                 Shapiro, M. M. / George Gamow --- an appreciation \\
                 Alpher, R. A. and Herman, R. / Memories of Gamow",
}

@Proceedings{Aitchison:1977:RPT,
  editor =       "Ian Johnston Rhind Aitchison and J. E. Paton",
  booktitle =    "{Rudolf Peierls and theoretical physics: proceedings
                 of the symposium held in Oxford on July 11th and 12th,
                 1974, to mark the occasion of the retirement of
                 Professor Sir Rudolph E. Peierls, F.R.S., C.B.E.}",
  title =        "{Rudolf Peierls and theoretical physics: proceedings
                 of the symposium held in Oxford on July 11th and 12th,
                 1974, to mark the occasion of the retirement of
                 Professor Sir Rudolph E. Peierls, F.R.S., C.B.E.}",
  volume =       "13",
  publisher =    pub-PERGAMON,
  address =      pub-PERGAMON:adr,
  pages =        "vii + 119 + 1",
  year =         "1977",
  ISBN =         "0-08-020606-9",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-08-020606-6",
  LCCN =         "QC1 .P3 1974",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 5 08:29:20 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "Progress in nuclear physics",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  meetingname =  "Peierls Symposium, Oxford, 1974.",
  subject =      "Physics; Congresses; Peierls, Sir Rudolf Ernst",
  subject-dates = "Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
  tableofcontents = "The Scattering of Pions by Nuclei / Bethe, Hans
                 Albrecht / 1 \\
                 Early Steps Towards The Chain Reaction / Frisch, O. R.
                 / 18 \\
                 S & U / Berman, R. / 28 \\
                 Disordered Systems / Edwards, S. F. / 39 \\
                 Some Applications of Kapur--Peierls Resonance Theory /
                 Brown, G. E. / 53 \\
                 Phase Transitions / Thouless, David James / 70 \\
                 Heavy Particles / Dalitz, Richard Henry / 86 \\
                 An Old-Timer Looks at modern Field Theory / Weisskopf,
                 Victor Frederick / 107",
}

@Book{Duncan:1977:EI,
  editor =       "Ronald Duncan and Miranda Weston-Smith",
  booktitle =    "The Encyclopaedia of Ignorance",
  title =        "The Encyclopaedia of Ignorance",
  publisher =    pub-PERGAMON,
  address =      pub-PERGAMON:adr,
  pages =        "x + 443",
  year =         "1977",
  ISBN =         "0-08-021238-7 (hardcover), 0-08-022426-1 (flexicover),
                 0-08-021230-1 (paperback: volume 1), 0-08-021231-X
                 (paperback: volume 2)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-08-021238-8 (hardcover), 978-0-08-022426-8
                 (flexicover), 978-0-08-021230-2 (paperback: volume 1),
                 978-0-08-021231-9 (paperback: volume 2)",
  LCCN =         "Q158.5 .E53 1977",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 5 08:51:51 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  bootitle =     "The Encyclopaedia of Ignorance",
  remark =       "Another reprint in two volumes.",
  shorttableofcontents = "Volume 1. Physical sciences \\
                 Volume 2. Life sciences and earth sciences",
  subject =      "Science",
  tableofcontents = "Why / O. R. Frisch \\
                 The lure of completeness / Hermann Bondi \\
                 The nature of knowledge / R. A. Lyttleton \\
                 Is physics legislated by cosmogony? / J. A. Wheeler and
                 C. M. Patton \\
                 The cosmical mystery / I. W. Roxburgh \\
                 Origin of earth, moon, and planets / W. H. McCrea \\
                 Galaxies, quasars and the universe / M. Rowan-Robinson
                 \\
                 The solar interior / D. Gough \\
                 Curved space / P. C. W. Davies \\
                 Is space curved? / I. W. Roxburgh \\
                 The riddles of gravitation / B. Bertotti \\
                 Relativity and time / T. Gold \\
                 The ``arrow of time'' and quantum mechanics / A. J.
                 Leggett \\
                 The hinterland between large and small / C. J. S.
                 Clarke \\
                 A clash of paradigms in physics / T. Bastin \\
                 Emergent properties of complex systems / Alan Cottrell
                 \\
                 Transformations / R. W. Cahn \\
                 The unknown atomic nucleus / Denys Wilkinson \\
                 Probing the heart of matter / A. Salam \\
                 Is nature complex? / R. Penrose \\
                 Complexity and transcomputability / H. J. Bremermann
                 \\
                 Mathematics in the social sciences / C. W. Kilmister
                 \\
                 Some unsolved problems in higher arithmetic / H.
                 Halberstam \\
                 Introduction / John Kendrew \\
                 The sources of variation in evolution / R. J. Britten
                 \\
                 The edge of evolution / J. C. Lacey, A. L. Weber and K.
                 M. Pruitt \\
                 Fallacies of evolutionary theory / E. W. F. Tomlin \\
                 The limitations of evolutionary theory / J. Maynard
                 Smith \\
                 Rethinking the origins of the genus homo / D. C.
                 Johanson \\
                 The control of form in the living body / Vincent
                 Wigglesworth \\
                 The languages of the brain / H. B. Barlow \\
                 Consciousness / R. L. Gregory \\
                 Learning and memory and the nervous system / H. A.
                 Buchtel and G. Berlucchi \\
                 Developmental biology / F. H. C. Crick \\
                 Immunology / H. S. Micklem \\
                 Why are there blood groups? / A. E. Mourant \\
                 Leaf structure and function / P. J. Grubb \\
                 Symmetry and asymmetry problems in animals / A. C.
                 Neville \\
                 Bacterial pathogenicity / K. A. Bettelheim \\
                 Human thought and action as an ingredient of system
                 behaviour / M. M. Lehman \\
                 Human nutrition / M. V. Tracey \\
                 Why do we not understand pain? / P. D. Wall \\
                 Drug addiction / J. H. P. Willis \\
                 Sleep / W. B. Webb \\
                 Ascorbic acid and the glycosaminoglycans / E. Cameron
                 and L. Pauling \\
                 The veils of Gaia / P. Cloud \\
                 The design of novel replicating polymers / A. G.
                 Cairns-Smith and C. J. Davis \\
                 Synthetic life for industry / A. G. Cairns-Smith \\
                 The ecological dilemma / M. Holdgate and J. W. L.
                 Beament \\
                 Ignorance below our feet / N. L. Falcon \\
                 Problems outstanding in the evolution of brain function
                 / R. W. Sperry",
}

@Book{Duncan:1979:LTC,
  editor =       "Ronald Duncan and Miranda Weston-Smith",
  booktitle =    "Lying truths: a critical scrutiny of current beliefs
                 and conventions",
  title =        "Lying truths: a critical scrutiny of current beliefs
                 and conventions",
  publisher =    pub-PERGAMON,
  address =      pub-PERGAMON:adr,
  pages =        "vi + 242",
  year =         "1979",
  ISBN =         "0-08-021978-0",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-08-021978-3",
  LCCN =         "AZ999 .L94 1979",
  bibdate =      "Sat May 5 09:34:04 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Common fallacies",
  tableofcontents = "Introduction / Ronald Duncan and Miranda
                 Weston-Smith \\
                 Man is born free, and he is everywhere in chains /
                 Colin Wilson \\
                 The right to work / Colin Wilson \\
                 Merit is always recognised / Ronald Duncan \\
                 Intended conduct and unintended consequences / Antony
                 Flew \\
                 Mass media assist communication / Miranda Weston-Smith
                 \\
                 The cold war is over / Brian Crozier \\
                 Broken eggs, but no omelette: Russia before the
                 revolution / Colin Welch \\
                 Compulsory state education raises educational standards
                 / Rhoades Boyson \\
                 Education can change society? / Lewis Elton \\
                 The fallacy of environmentalism / H. D. Purcell \\
                 A boquet of fallacies from medicine and medical science
                 with a sideways glance at mathematics and logic / Sir
                 Peter Medawar \\
                 The myth of mind control / Stuart Sutherland \\
                 The lying truths of psychiatry / Thomas Szasz \\
                 Reality exists outside us? / P. C. W. Davies \\
                 Science is objective / Sir Alan Cottrell \\
                 You can prove anything with statistics / Otto R. Frisch
                 / 171--179 \\
                 The gold effect / Raymond A. Lyttleton \\
                 Nothing but \ldots{}? / Arthur Koestler \\
                 Religion is a good thing / Sir Hermann Bondi \\
                 Human beings desire happiness / Nicholas Mosley \\
                 Charity begins at home / Peter Walker \\
                 Novelty is the chief aim in art / E. W. F. Tomlin",
}

@Proceedings{Stuewer:1979:NPR,
  editor =       "Roger H. Stuewer",
  booktitle =    "{Nuclear physics in retrospect: proceedings of a
                 symposium on the 1930s}",
  title =        "{Nuclear physics in retrospect: proceedings of a
                 symposium on the 1930s}",
  publisher =    pub-U-MINNESOTA,
  address =      pub-U-MINNESOTA:adr,
  pages =        "xvi + 340",
  year =         "1979",
  ISBN =         "0-8166-0869-5",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-8166-0869-0",
  LCCN =         "QC773 .S95 1977",
  bibdate =      "Thu Aug 2 06:46:14 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  meetingname =  "Symposium on the History of Nuclear Physics,
                 University of Minnesota, 1977.",
  remark-1 =     "From the front matter: ``Dedicated to the memories of
                 Eugene Feenberg and Laura Fermi whose recent deaths
                 brought home to everyone the importance of having held
                 this Symposium.''",
  remark-2 =     "Pages 77--79 have a discussion by Otto Robert Frisch,
                 Laura Fermi, John Wheeler, and others about how the
                 news of nuclear fission arrived in America on 16
                 January 1939 after the arrival of Niels Bohr and
                 L{\'e}on Rosenfeld on the ship Drottningholm in New
                 York. Laura Fermi and John Wheeler were both at the
                 pier to meet them.",
  subject =      "Nuclear physics; History; Congresses",
  tableofcontents = "Conference Participants / xiii--xvii \\
                 Welcome / Alfred O. Nier, University of Minnesota /
                 3--4 \\
                 Introduction / Henry Koffler, University of Minnesota /
                 5--8 \\
                 Introduction / Alfred O. Nier, University of Minnesota
                 / 10--10 The Happy Thirties / Hans A. Bethe, Cornell
                 University / 9--31 \\
                 Introduction / William A. Fowler, California Institute
                 of Technology / 34--34 \\
                 Nuclear Physics in Rome / Emilio G. Segre, University
                 of California, Berkeley / 35--61 \\
                 Introduction / William A. Fowler, California Institute
                 of Technology / 64--64 \\
                 Experimental Work with Nuclei: Hamburg, London,
                 Copenhagen / Otto R. Frisch, University of Cambridge /
                 65--79 \\
                 Introduction / Herman Feshbach, Massachusetts Institute
                 of Technology / 82--82 \\
                 The Nuclear Photoelectric Effect and Remarks on Higher
                 Multipole Transitions: A Personal History / Maurice
                 Goldhaber, Brookhaven National Laboratory / 83--110 \\
                 Introduction / H. H. Barschall, University of Wisconsin
                 / 112--112 \\
                 Early History of Particle Accelerators / Edwin M.
                 McMillan, University of California, Berkeley / 113--155
                 \\
                 Introduction / H. H. Barschall, University of Wisconsin
                 / 158--159 \\
                 The Neutron: The Impact of Its Discovery and Its Uses /
                 Eugene P. Wigner, Princeton University / 159--178 \\
                 Introduction / Robert Serber, Columbia University /
                 180--181\\
                 The Development of Our Ideas on the Nuclear Forces /
                 Rudolf Peierls, University of Oxford and University of
                 Washington / 183--211 \\
                 Introduction / R. R. Wilson, Fermi National Accelerator
                 Laboratory / 214--215 \\
                 Some Men and Moments in the History of Nuclear Physics:
                 The Interplay of Colleagues and Motivations / John A.
                 Wheeler, Princeton University and University of Texas
                 at Austin / 217--322 \\
                 Name Index / 325--332 \\
                 Subject Index / 333--340",
}

@Book{Weart:1985:HP,
  editor =       "Spencer R. Weart and Melba Phillips",
  booktitle =    "History of physics",
  title =        "History of physics",
  volume =       "2",
  publisher =    pub-AIP,
  address =      pub-AIP:adr,
  pages =        "375",
  year =         "1985",
  ISBN =         "0-88318-468-0 (paperback)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-88318-468-4 (paperback)",
  LCCN =         "QC7 .H694 1985",
  bibdate =      "Tue Sep 4 18:34:44 MDT 2012",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/o/oppenheimer-j-robert.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/planck-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/schroedinger-erwin.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/slater-john-clarke.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/master.bib;
                 z3950.loc.gov:7090/Voyager",
  series =       "Readings from \booktitle{Physics Today}",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Physics; History; Sources",
  tableofcontents = "1 / CHAPTER 1: BEFORE OUR TIMES \\
                 2 / The prehistory of solid-state physics / Cyril
                 Stanley Smith \\
                 12 / Franklin's Physics / John L. Heilbron \\
                 18 / A sketch for a history of early thermodynamics /
                 E. Mendoza \\
                 25 / A sketch for a history of the kinetic theory of
                 gases / E. Mendoza \\
                 29 / Rowland's physics / John D. Miller \\
                 36 / Michelson and his interferometer / Robert S.
                 Shankland \\
                 42 / Poincare and cosmic evolution / Stephen G. Brush
                 \\
                 50 / Steps toward the Hertzsprung--Russell Diagram //
                 David H. DeVorkin \\
                 59 / CHAPTER 2: INSTITUTIONS OF PHYSICS \\
                 61 / The roots of solid-state research at Bell Labs /
                 Lillian Hartmann Hoddeson \\
                 68 / Some personal experiences in the international
                 coordination of crystal diffractometry / P. P. Ewald
                 \\
                 74 / The founding of the American Institute of Physics
                 / Karl T. Compton \\
                 78 / The first fifty years of the AAPT / Melba Phillips
                 \\
                 86 / The giant cancer tube and the Kellogg Radiation
                 Laboratory / Charles H. Holbrow \\
                 94 / The evolution of the Office of Naval Research /
                 The Bird Dogs \\
                 101 / CHAPTER 3: SOCIAL CONTEXT \\
                 103 / Nagaoka to Rutherford, 22 February 1911 /
                 Lawrence Badash \\
                 108 / American physics and the origins of electrical
                 engineering / Robert Rosenberg \\
                 115 / Physics in the Great Depression / Charles Weiner
                 \\
                 123 / Scientists with a secret / Spencer R. Weart \\
                 130 / Some thoughts on science in the Federal
                 government / Edward U. Condon \\
                 138 / Fifty years of physics education / A. P. French
                 \\
                 149 / Women in physics: unnecessary, injurious and out
                 of place? / Vera Kistiakowsky \\
                 159 / The last fifty years --- A revolution? / Spencer
                 R. Weart \\
                 171 / CHAPTER 4: BIOGRAPHY \\
                 173 / The two Ernests / Mark L. Oliphant \\
                 194 / Van Vleck and magnetism / Philip W. Anderson \\
                 198 / Alfred Lee Loomis --- last great amateur of
                 science / Luis W. Alvarez \\
                 208 / Harold Urey and the discovery of deuterium /
                 Ferdinand G. Brickwedde \\
                 214 / Pyotr Kapitza, octogenarian dissident / Grace
                 Marmor Spruch \\
                 221 / The young Oppenheimer: Letters and recollections
                 / Alice Kimball Smith and Charles Weiner \\
                 228 / Maria Goeppert Mayer --- two-fold pioneer /
                 Robert G. Sachs \\
                 234 / Philip Morrison --- A profile / Anne Eisenberg
                 \\
                 241 / CHAPTER 5: PERSONAL ACCOUNTS \\
                 243 / How I created the theory of relativity / Albert
                 Einstein \\
                 246 / It might as well be spin / Samuel A. Goudsmit and
                 George E. Uhlenbeck \\
                 255 / History of the cyclotron. Part I / M. Stanley
                 Livingston \\
                 261 / History of the cyclotron. Part II / Edwin M.
                 McMillan \\
                 272 / The discovery of fission / Otto R. Frisch and
                 John A. Wheeler \\
                 282 / Physics at Columbia University / Enrico Fermi \\
                 287 / CHAPTER 6: PARTICLES AND QUANTA \\
                 289 / J. J. Thomson and the discovery of the electron /
                 George P. Thomson \\
                 294 / Thermodynamics and quanta in Planck's work /
                 Martin J. Klein \\
                 303 / J. J. Thomson and the Bohr atom / John L.
                 Heilbron \\
                 310 / Sixty years of quantum physics / Edward U. Condon
                 \\
                 319 / Heisenberg and the early days of quantum
                 mechanics / Felix Bloch \\
                 324 / Electron diffraction: Fifty years ago / Richard
                 K. Gehrenbeck \\
                 332 / 1932 --- Moving into the new physics / Charles
                 Weiner \\
                 340 / The idea of the neutrino / Laurie M. Brown \\ \\
                 346 / The birth of elementary-particle physics / Laurie
                 M. Brown and Lillian Hartmann Hoddeson \\
                 354 / The discovery of electron tunneling into
                 superconductors / Roland W. Schmitt \\
                 358 / The development of field theory in the last fifty
                 years / Victor F. Weisskopf",
}

@Book{Dalitz:1997:SSP,
  editor =       "Richard Henry Dalitz and {Sir} Rudolf Peierls",
  booktitle =    "Selected scientific papers of {Sir Rudolf Peierls}:
                 with commentary",
  title =        "Selected scientific papers of {Sir Rudolf Peierls}:
                 with commentary",
  volume =       "19",
  publisher =    pub-WORLD-SCI,
  address =      pub-WORLD-SCI:adr,
  pages =        "xxiii + 805",
  year =         "1997",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1142/3128",
  ISBN =         "981-02-2692-6 (hardcover), 981-02-2693-4 (paperback),
                 981-279-577-4 (e-book)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-981-02-2692-3 (hardcover), 978-981-02-2693-0
                 (paperback), 978-981-279-577-9 (e-book)",
  LCCN =         "QC21.2 .P42 1997",
  MRclass =      "01A75 (81-03 82-03)",
  MRnumber =     "1632685",
  MRreviewer =   "H. S. Green",
  bibdate =      "Sat Apr 14 08:00:09 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib",
  series =       "World Scientific series in 20th century physics",
  URL =          "https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/1997sspr.book.....D;
                 https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/1997ssps.book.....P;
                 https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/1997WSSP...19.....D;
                 https://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/3128",
  ZMnumber =     "0997.01522",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "Richard Dalitz (28 February 1925--13 January 2006),
                 Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls (5 June 1907--19 September
                 1995)",
  tableofcontents = "1. On the theory of galvanomagnetic effects \\
                 2. On the theory of the Hall effect \\
                 3. On the existence of stationary states \\
                 4. On the kinetic theory of thermal conduction in
                 crystals \\
                 5. On the theory of electric and thermal conductivity
                 of metals \\
                 6. Two remarks on the theory of conductivity \\
                 7. Quantum electrodynamics in configuration space \\
                 8. Extension of the uncertainty principle to
                 relativistic quantum theory \\
                 9. On the absorption spectra of solids \\
                 10. On the theory of the diamagnetism of conduction
                 electrons \\
                 11. On the theory of the diamagnetism of conduction
                 electrons, II. Strong magnetic fields \\
                 12. Remarks on the theory of metals \\
                 13. On the statistical basis for the electron theory of
                 metals \\
                 14. Remarks on transition temperatures \\
                 15. The ``neutrino'' \\
                 16. The neutrino \\
                 17. Quantum theory of the diplon \\
                 18. The scattering of neutrons by protons \\
                 19. Statistical error in counting experiments \\
                 20. Statistical theory of superlattices with unequal
                 concentrations of the components \\
                 21. Note on the derivation of the equation of state for
                 a degenerate relativistic gas \\
                 22. Magnetic transition curves of supraconductors \\
                 23. Statistical theory of adsorption with interaction
                 between the adsorbed atoms \\
                 24. On Ising's model of ferromagnetism \\
                 25. Penetration into potential barriers in several
                 dimensions \\
                 26. Heat conduction in liquid helium \\
                 27. The dispersion formula for nuclear reactions \\
                 28. On minimum property of the free energy \\
                 29. Nuclear reactions in the continuous energy region
                 \\
                 30. Critical conditions in neutron multiplication \\
                 31. Interpretation of beta-disintegration data \\
                 32. The size of a dislocation \\
                 33. The Frisch--Peierls Memorandum of 1940 (in 2 parts)
                 \\
                 34. The Bohr theory of nuclear reactions \\
                 35. Separation of isotopes \\
                 36. On Lorentz invariance in the quantum theory \\
                 37. The equation of state of air at high temperatures
                 \\
                 38. Expansions in terms of sets of functions with
                 complex eigenvalues \\
                 39. The commutation laws of relativistic field theory
                 \\
                 40. The polyneutron theory of the origin of the
                 elements \\
                 41. Properties of form factors in non-local theories
                 \\
                 42. A study of gauge-invariant non-local interactions
                 \\
                 43. Field equations in functional form \\
                 44. Note on the vibration spectrum of a crystal \\
                 45. The coherent scattering of $\gamma$-rays by K
                 electrons in heavy atoms. I. Method \\
                 46. Interpretation and properties of propagators \\
                 47. The Peierls transition \\
                 48. The collective model of nuclear motion \\
                 49. Two-stage model of Fermi interactions \\
                 50. Complex eigenvalues in scattering theory \\
                 51. Selected topics in nuclear theory \\
                 52. Velocity-dependent nuclear forces \\
                 53. Variational approach to collective motion \\
                 54. The Villars formalism for nuclear rotation \\
                 55. Time reversal and the second law of thermodynamics
                 \\
                 56. The momentum of a light wave in a refracting medium
                 \\
                 57. Perturbation theory for projected states \\
                 58. The force on a moving charge in an electron gas \\
                 59. Perturbation theory for projected states, II.
                 Convergence criteria and a soluble model \\
                 60. Test of projected perturbation theory on a
                 simplified model of H[symbol] \\
                 61. Some simple remarks on the basis of transport
                 theory \\
                 62. The force in electromigration \\
                 63. The momentum of light in a refractive medium \\
                 64. Resonant states and their uses \\
                 65. Local approximation to a non-local potential \\
                 66. Model-making in physics \\
                 67. The momentum of a sound pulse in a slightly
                 dispersive medium \\
                 68. Momentum and pseudomomentum of light and sound \\
                 69. Observations in quantum mechanics and the
                 ``collapse of the wave function'' \\
                 70. Shape of solitons in classically forbidden states:
                 ``Lorentz expansion'' \\
                 71. In defence of ``measurement'' \\
                 72. Broken symmetries",
}

@Book{Mladjenovic:1998:DYN,
  author =       "Milorad Mladjenovi{\'c}",
  booktitle =    "The Defining Years in Nuclear Physics, 1932--1960s",
  title =        "The Defining Years in Nuclear Physics, 1932--1960s",
  publisher =    pub-IOP,
  address =      pub-IOP:adr,
  pages =        "xx + 441",
  year =         "1998",
  ISBN =         "0-7503-0472-3 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-7503-0472-6 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "QC773 .M54 1998",
  bibdate =      "Mon Jul 4 10:32:56 MDT 2016",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/t/teller-edward.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib",
  abstract =     "Creation, in science, is like any other process,
                 highly individual. Nuclear physics, more than any other
                 branch of physics, has shaped the public perception of
                 science this century. Professor Mladjenovic has put
                 together a fascinating account of the scientists, and
                 their discoveries, in chronological order. It describes
                 the work of the founding fathers of nuclear physics,
                 from Gamow and Dirac, to Van de Graaff and Siegbahn
                 (amongst others). It is the author's view of the most
                 important discoveries made, and reflects, in part, the
                 research he has carried out. Topics include nuclear
                 spectroscopy, in particular beta-ray spectrometers and
                 internal conversion. The author starts from the
                 discovery of the neutron in 1932, to nuclear fission,
                 and closes with sub-atomic processes. The book is
                 written for students of modern physics courses, and as
                 a reference for those interested in the historical
                 development of the subject. Full references for further
                 reading, and to the original papers are provided.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1920--",
  remark =       "From the inside cover: With reference to the following
                 Nobel Prize winners: ALVAREZ; ANDERSON; BETHE;
                 BLACKETT; BOHR Aage and MOTTELSON; BOHR Niels; BOTHE;
                 CHADWICK; COCKCROFT and WALTON; DIRAC; FERMI; HAHN and
                 STRASSMAN; HEISENBERG; HOFSTADTER; JOLIOT-CURIES;
                 LAWRENCE; LEE and YOUNG; MAYER and JENSEN; McMILLAN;
                 SEGRE; SIEGBAHN Kai; WIGNER",
  shorttableofcontents = "Part 1. From the discovery of the neutron to
                 nuclear fission. The state of nuclear physics in 193l
                 \\
                 Discovery of the neutron \\
                 Discovery of the positron and artificial radioactivity
                 \\
                 Radioactivity produced by neutrons \\
                 Discovery of fission \\
                 Nuclear forces \\
                 Part 2. Nuclear instruments. Nuclear accelerators \\
                 Gas counters \\
                 The scintillation counter \\
                 Semiconductor counters \\
                 Beta-ray spectrometers \\
                 gamma-decay \\
                 Internal conversion \\
                 Beta-decay \\
                 Part 3. Nuclear models. The nuclear shell model \\
                 Collective models \\
                 Individual-particle models \\
                 Part 4. Nuclear reactions. First experiments with the
                 accelerated particles \\
                 Nucleon-nucleon scattering \\
                 Low-energy nuclear reactions",
  subject =      "Nuclear physics; History; Instruments; Nuclear models;
                 Nuclear reactions; Nuclear models; Nuclear physics;
                 Instruments; Nuclear reactions; Kernfysica; Physique
                 nucl{\'e}aire; 20e si{\`e}cle; Kernphysik; Geschichte
                 1932--1969",
  tableofcontents = "Acknowledgments / v \\
                 Preface / xvii \\
                 General References / xvii \\
                 PART 1: FROM THE DISCOVERY OF THE NEUTRON TO NUCLEAR
                 FISSION / 1 \\
                 THE STATE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS IN 1931 / 3 \\
                 1.1 The first book on nuclear structure / 3 \\
                 1.2 Nuclear spin and nuclear constitution / 4 \\
                 1.3 Statistics / 6 \\
                 1.4 Alpha decay / 9 \\
                 1.4.1 Gamow's theory / 10 \\
                 1.4.2 Comparison with the empirical data / 13 \\
                 1.5 Nuclear transmutations / 15 \\
                 DISCOVERY OF THE NEUTRON / 19 \\
                 2.1 The experiment of Bothe and Becker / 21 \\
                 2.2 The Curie and Joliot papers / 23 \\
                 2.3 Work in Cambridge / 26 \\
                 2.3.1 Letter to Nature / 27 \\
                 2.3.2 Reaction in Paris / 28 \\
                 2.3.3 A rare confession / 29 \\
                 DISCOVERY OF THE POSITRON AND ARTIFICIAL RADIOACTIVITY
                 / 31 \\
                 3.1 Dirac's theory of the positron / 31 \\
                 3.1.1 Electrons and protons / 32 \\
                 3.1.2 Anti-electrons / 34 \\
                 3.2 Discovery of the positron / 36 \\
                 3.2.1 Anderson's discovery / 36 \\
                 3.2.2 Confirmation for Blackett and Occhialini / 39 \\
                 3.3 Discovery of artificial radioactivity / 40 \\
                 3.3.1 `Transmutation positrons' / 41 \\
                 3.3.2 Positron radioactivity / 43 \\
                 4 RADIOACTIVITY PRODUCED BY NEUTRONS / 46 \\
                 4.1 The work of the Fermi group in Rome / 46 \\
                 4.1.1 April--July 1934 / 47 \\
                 4.1.2 The first transuranium controversy / 48 \\
                 4.1.3 Summary of the first phase of work / 49 \\
                 4.1.4 The discovery of neutron thermalization / 51 \\
                 4.2 The physics of slow neutrons / 53 \\
                 4.2.1 The end of Fermi's group in Rome / 54 \\
                 5 DISCOVERY OF FISSION / 56 \\
                 5.1 The early work of Hahn, Meitner and Strassmann / 56
                 \\
                 5.1.1 Transuranium isomeric disintegration series / 58
                 \\
                 5.2 The 3.5 h activity of Curie and Savi{\'c} / 63 \\
                 5.3 Fission / 65 \\
                 5.3.1 Lise Meitner's departure / 65 \\
                 5.3.2 Radium isomers / 65 \\
                 5.3.3 Radium isomers were barium isotopes / 65 \\
                 5.3.4 The Hahn--Meitner letters / 67 \\
                 5.3.5 The interpretation of Meitner and Frisch / 67 \\
                 6 NUCLEAR FORCES / 70 \\
                 6.1 First nuclear models with neutrons / 70 \\
                 6.1.1 18 April / 70 \\
                 6.1.2 21 April / 70 \\
                 6.1.3 25 April / 71 \\
                 6.1.4 18 July / 71 \\
                 6.1.5 17 August / 71 \\
                 6.2 Heisenberg's first paper / 71 \\
                 6.3 Heisenberg's second and third papers / 73 \\
                 6.3.1 Comments / 74 \\
                 6.4 Majorana's paper / 74 \\
                 6.5 Heisenberg's review paper / 76 \\
                 6.6 Wave equation of the deuteron / 79 \\
                 PART 2: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS / 83 \\
                 7 NUCLEAR ACCELERATORS / 85 \\
                 7.1 The Cockcroft--Walton accelerator / 86 \\
                 7.1.1 The 300 kV model / 87 \\
                 7.1.2 The second apparatus / 87 \\
                 7.1.3 Other Cockcroft--Walton accelerators / 89 \\
                 7.2 The cyclotron / 90 \\
                 7.2.1 Cyclotron acceleration / 91 \\
                 7.2.2 Early cyclotrons / 92 \\
                 7.2.3 Larger cyclotrons / 94 \\
                 7.2.4 The synchrocyclotron / 95 \\
                 7.3 The electrostatic (Van de Graaff) generator / 96
                 \\
                 7.3.1 Early models / 97 \\
                 7.3.2 The first single-electrode generator / 99 \\
                 7.3.3 Design advances / 99 \\
                 7.3.4 Tandems / 101 \\
                 7.4 Linear accelerators / 102 \\
                 7.4.1 The first linear accelerator at Berkeley / 103
                 \\
                 7.4.2 The first proton linear accelerators / 105 \\
                 7.5 The betatron / 105 \\
                 7.5.1 The principle of operation / 105 \\
                 7.6 Synchrotrons / 107 \\
                 7.6.1 The electron synchrotrons / 107 \\
                 7.6.2 The proton synchrotron / 108 \\
                 7.7 Alternating gradient focusing / 108 \\
                 7.8 Colliding beams and storage rings / 109 \\
                 7.9 Accelerator development / 110 \\
                 8 GAS COUNTERS / 114 \\
                 8.1 Point and trigger counters / 114 \\
                 8.2 The Geiger--Muller counter / 120 \\
                 8.2.1 Non-self-quenching counters / 120 \\
                 8.2.2 Self-quenching counters / 122 \\
                 8.3 The proportional counter / 127 \\
                 8.3.1 Spectrometry / 129 \\
                 9 THE SCINTILLATION COUNTER / 131 \\
                 9.1 Photomultipliers / 132 \\
                 9.2 Beginnings / 133 \\
                 9.2.1 1947 / 134 \\
                 9.2.2 1948 / 134 \\
                 9.2.3 1949 / 135 \\
                 9.2.4 1950 / 136 \\
                 9.3 Properties of scintillation detectors / 137 \\
                 9.3.1 Organic crystals / 137 \\
                 9.3.2 Inorganic crystals / 139 \\
                 9.4 $\gamma$-ray spectroscopy with scintillators / 141
                 \\
                 9.4.1 First $\gamma$-spectra / 143 \\
                 9.4.2 Maturity of $\gamma$-ray scintillation
                 spectroscopy / 148 \\
                 10 SEMICONDUCTOR COUNTERS / 151 \\
                 10.1 Early investigations / 151 \\
                 10.1.1 Counting mechanism / 152 \\
                 10.2 The second phase (1949--1959) / 153 \\
                 10.2.1 The pioneering work of McKay / 153 \\
                 10.2.2 The response / 155 \\
                 10.2.3 Surface barrier detector / 155 \\
                 10.2.4 Temperature effects / 156 \\
                 10.3 The third phase (1960--1965) / 158 \\
                 10.3.1 Laboratory work / 158 \\
                 10.3.2 Silicon detector development / 158 \\
                 10.3.3 Lithium drifting counters / 158 \\
                 10.4 $\gamma$-ray spectrometry / 159 \\
                 10.4.1 Summary 1959--1965 / 160 \\
                 Appendix / 161 \\
                 A.I Semiconductor structure / 161 \\
                 A.2 Junctions / 163 \\
                 A.3 p--i--n junctions / 165 \\
                 11 BETA-RAY SPECTROMETERS / 168 \\
                 11.1 Lenses / 168 \\
                 11.1.1 Long lenses / 170 \\
                 11.1.2 Short lenses / 173 \\
                 11.1.3 Intermediate lenses / 173 \\
                 11.1.4 Coincidence spectrometers / 173 \\
                 11.2 The second generation of semi-circular
                 spectrometers / 175 \\
                 11.2.1 Modifications / 175 \\
                 11.3 Double-focusing $\pi \sqrt{2}$ spectrometers / 175
                 \\
                 11.3.1 Design of $\pi \sqrt{2}$ spectrometers / 176 \\
                 11.3.2 Multistrip sources / 177 \\
                 11.3.3 Aberration correctors / 177 \\
                 11.3.4 Greater focusing angles / 179 \\
                 11.4 Prismatic (sector) spectrometers / 181 \\
                 11.4.1 Uniform-field sector / 181 \\
                 11.4.2 Double-focusing spectrometers / 181 \\
                 11.5 Toroidal (orange) spectrometers / 183 \\
                 11.6 Trochoidal spectrometers / 185 \\
                 11.7 Optical analogy spectrometer / 186 \\
                 11.8 Precision spectroscopy / 187 \\
                 11.8. l Nuclear decay schemes / 187 \\
                 11.8.2 Precision of electron energy measurements / 188
                 \\
                 11.9 Closing comments / 191 \\
                 12 GAMMA-DECAY / 195 \\
                 12.1 Dirac's first formula / 195 \\
                 12.2 Dirac's second formula / 196 \\
                 12.3 Multipole fields / 196 \\
                 12.3.1 Heitler's contribution / 197 \\
                 12.3.2 The Weisskopf--Franz contribution / 197 \\
                 12.4 Single-particle transitions / 198 \\
                 12.4.1 Selection rules / 199 \\
                 12.5 Measurement of transition probabilities / 200 \\
                 12.5.1 Coincidence measurements / 201 \\
                 12.5.2 The oscilloscope method / 203 \\
                 12.5.3 The time of flight method / 204 \\
                 12.5.4 Resonance scattering and absorption / 204 \\
                 12.5.5 M{\"o}ssbauer effect / 204 \\
                 12.5.6 Coulomb excitation / 206 \\
                 12.6 Classification of nuclear transition probabilities
                 / 206 \\
                 12.7 Angular correlations / 207 \\
                 12.7.1 Polarization-direction correlation / 209 \\
                 13 INTERNAL CONVERSION / 214 \\
                 13.1 First measurements / 214 \\
                 13.2 Early theoretical calculations / 216 \\
                 13.3 Tables of coefficients / 221 \\
                 13.3.1 The work of Rose and collaborators / 221 \\
                 13.3.2 The effects of final nuclear size / 222 \\
                 13.4 Summing up in 1965 / 224 \\
                 13.4.1 K-conversion coefficients / 224 \\
                 13.4.2 K/L ratios / 225 \\
                 13.4.3 New calculations (1964--1968) / 227 \\
                 13.5 Maturity / 229 \\
                 13.5.1 K-conversion coefficients / 229 \\
                 13.5.2 K/L ratios / 230 \\
                 13.5.3 L-subshells / 230 \\
                 13.6 Final comment / 231 \\
                 14 BETA-DECAY / 234 \\
                 14.1 Bohr's non-conservation of energy / 234 \\
                 14.2 Beck's theory / 236 \\
                 14.3 Pauli's neutrino / 236 \\
                 14.4 Fermi's theory of $\beta$-decay / 238 \\
                 14.4.1 The perturbation matrix / 240 \\
                 14.4.2 The transition probability / 240 \\
                 14.4.3 The mean life / 241 \\
                 14.4.4 Forbidden transitions and selection rules / 242
                 \\
                 14.4.5 Comparison with experiments / 242 \\
                 14.4.6 The Fermi constant / 243 \\
                 14.4.7 Spectrum shapes / 243 \\
                 14.4.8 Comments / 244 \\
                 14.5 Early experimental tests / 245 \\
                 14.5.1 The Kurie plot / 245 \\
                 14.5.2 RaE ($^{210}$Bi) / 247 \\
                 14.6 The Konopinski--Uhlenbeck modification / 248 \\
                 14.6.1 Experimental evidence / 250 \\
                 14.7 Further development of Fermi's theory / 251 \\
                 14.7.1 Gamow--Teller selection rules / 251 \\
                 14.7.2 Relativistic Hamiltonians / 251 \\
                 14.7.3 Forbidden transitions / 252 \\
                 14.8 Post-war experimental research / 253 \\
                 14.8.1 New and stronger sources / 253 \\
                 14.8.2 Allowed spectra / 254 \\
                 14.8.3 Forbidden transitions / 257 \\
                 14.9 Orbital electron capture / 258 \\
                 14.9.1 The Alvarez paper / 259 \\
                 14.10 Interaction forms / 259 \\
                 14.10.1 Allowed transitions / 260 \\
                 14.10.2 Forbidden transitions / 260 \\
                 14.11 Neutrino experiments / 261 \\
                 14.11.1 Indirect evidence (early experiments) / 261 \\
                 14.11.2 Electron--neutrino angular correlation / 265
                 \\
                 14.11.3 Detection of the free neutrino / 266 \\
                 14.11.4 Nuclear explosion neutrino experiment / 270 \\
                 14.12 Discovery of the non-conservation of parity / 271
                 \\
                 14.12.1 Conservation laws / 271 \\
                 14.12.2 The $\tau$--$\theta$ puzzle / 275 \\
                 14.12.3 The investigations of Lee and Yang / 275 \\
                 14.12.4 The experiment of Wu et al. / 276 \\
                 14.13 After parity non-conservation / 278 \\
                 14.13.1 Longitudinal polarization of $\beta$-particles
                 / 278 \\
                 14.13.2 The helicity of the neutrino / 278 \\
                 14.13.3 Universal V--A interaction / 279 \\
                 14.14 A short commentary / 279 \\
                 PART 3: NUCLEAR MODELS / 285 \\
                 15 THE NUCLEAR SHELL MODEL / 287 \\
                 15.1 Earliest ideas / 287 \\
                 15.1.1 Beck's ideas / 287 \\
                 15.1.2 Bartlett's papers / 287 \\
                 15.2 Work in Paris / 288 \\
                 15.3 The review by Bethe and Bacher / 291 \\
                 15.3.1 Gamow's text-book / 292 \\
                 15.4 Mayer's first paper / 293 \\
                 15.5 Immediate reactions / 294 \\
                 15.5.1 Feenberg's papers / 294 \\
                 15.5.2 Nordheim's paper / 296 \\
                 15.6 A letter to Physical Review worth a Nobel Prize /
                 298 \\
                 15.7 Four series of magic numbers / 300 \\
                 15.8 Extensive papers / 300 \\
                 15.8.1 Mayer's paper / 300 \\
                 15.8.2 The paper by Haxel et al / 301 \\
                 15.9 Three decades later / 302 \\
                 15.9.1 The level sequence / 302 \\
                 15.9.2 Spins / 303 \\
                 15.9.3 Magnetic moments / 303 \\
                 15.9.4 $\beta$-decay / 303 \\
                 15.9.5 Final comments / 304 \\
                 16 COLLECTIVE MODELS / 306 \\
                 16.1 Quadrupole moments and collective motion / 306 \\
                 16.1.1 Early correlation of $Q$ with magic numbers /
                 306 \\
                 16.1.2 Spheroidal nuclear model (Rainwater) / 309 \\
                 16.1.3 The quasi-molecular model ({\AA}. Bohr) / 310
                 \\
                 16.2 Rotational spectra / 311 \\
                 16.3 Early systematics of even-even nuclei / 313 \\
                 16.4 Coulomb excitation / 314 \\
                 16.4.1 Classical theory / 316 \\
                 16.4.2 The first proposal for experiments / 316 \\
                 16.4.3 First experimental results / 317 \\
                 16.4.4 Theoretical development / 319 \\
                 16.4.5 Compilation of experimental results / 320 \\
                 16.5 Nuclear vibrations / 321 \\
                 16.5.1 Octupole vibrations of even--even nuclei / 322
                 \\
                 16.5.2 Vibrations of spheroidal nuclei / 323 \\
                 16.6 The asymmetric rotor model / 323 \\
                 16.6.1 Rotational level energies / 324 \\
                 16.6.2 Comparison with experiments / 325 \\
                 16.6.3 Electric quadrupole transition probabilities /
                 326 \\
                 16.6.4 $\beta$-vibrations of the asymmetric rotor / 327
                 \\
                 16.7 The deformed shell model / 328 \\
                 16.7.1 Nuclear configurations / 329 \\
                 16.7.2 Ground-state spins and parities / 329 \\
                 16.7.3 Rotational bands / 330 \\
                 16.8 The microscopic description of collective motion /
                 331 \\
                 16.9 Final remarks / 332 \\
                 Appendix / 333 \\
                 A. I Classical theory of the nuclear surface
                 oscillations / 333 \\
                 A.2 Quantum theory of nuclear surface oscillations /
                 334 \\
                 17 INDIVIDUAL-PARTICLE MODELS / 338 \\
                 17.1 Wigner's supermultiplets / 338 \\
                 17.2 The methods of Racah and Young / 341 \\
                 17.3 The $d$ and $f$ shells / 341 \\
                 17.4 $j$--$j$ coupling / 343 \\
                 17.5 The intermediate coupling model / 343 \\
                 17.5.1 Inglis' level schemes / 344 \\
                 17.5.2 Kurath's spectra / 345 \\
                 17.5.3 The $(1d, 2s)$ shell / 346 \\
                 17.6 Semi-empirical calculations of energy levels / 347
                 \\
                 17.6.1 $^{40}$K--$^{38}$Cl / 349 \\
                 17.6.2 $^{41}$Ca--$^{42}$Ca--$^{43}$Ca / 349 \\
                 17.7 Nuclei near $^{208}$Pb / 351 \\
                 17.8 Collective and individual models / 353 \\
                 Appendix / 355 \\
                 A. I Group theory technique / 355 \\
                 A.2 Young schemes / 356 \\
                 A.3 Fractional parentage coefficients / 357 \\
                 A.4 Seniority quantum number / 357 \\
                 A.5 Charge--spin multiplets / 358 \\
                 PART 4: NUCLEAR REACTIONS / 363 \\
                 18 FIRST EXPERIMENTS WITH THE ACCELERATED PARTICLES /
                 365 \\
                 18.1 The first experiments of Cockcroft and Walton /
                 365 \\
                 18.1.1 Disintegration of lithium / 366 \\
                 18.1.2 Disintegration of other elements / 366 \\
                 18.2 The Lawrence experiment and the Solvay Meeting /
                 367 \\
                 18.2.1 Deuteron produced reactions / 368 \\
                 19 NUCLEON--NUCLEON SCATTERING / 370 \\
                 19.1 $(n, p)$ scattering / 371 \\
                 19.1.1 The total elastic scattering cross-section / 371
                 \\
                 19.1.2 Angular distributions / 373 \\
                 19.1.3 Neutron scattering in ortho- and para-hydrogen /
                 376 \\
                 19.2 (p, p) scattering / 379 \\
                 19.3 Summary / 383 \\
                 20 LOW-ENERGY NUCLEAR REACTIONS / 385 \\
                 20.1 Neutron reactions / 386 \\
                 20.1.1 Proof of $(n, \gamma)$ reaction / 386 \\
                 20.1.2 Slow-neutron capture and scattering / 386 \\
                 20.1.3 Resonances / 387 \\
                 20.2 The early single-particle model / 388 \\
                 20.2.1 Bethe's single-particle theory of nuclear
                 reactions / 388 \\
                 20.3 Bohr's compound nucleus model / 389 \\
                 20.3.1 Bohr's first paper / 390 \\
                 20.3.2 Second paper / 393 \\
                 20.4 The Breit--Wigner model of nuclear resonance / 395
                 \\
                 20.4.1 Resonance theory / 395 \\
                 20.4.2 The Breit--Wigner one-level formula / 396 \\
                 20.5 Many-particle resonances / 396 \\
                 20.6 Bethe's review, B and C: nuclear dynamics / 397
                 \\
                 20.6.1 Nuclear processes as many-body problems / 397
                 \\
                 20.6.2 Diffusion of neutrons / 400 \\
                 20.6.3 Measurement of neutron resonances / 401 \\
                 20.6.4 The many-body theory of $\alpha$-decay / 402 \\
                 20.6.5 Disintegrations produced by charged particles /
                 404 \\
                 20.6.6 Range-energy relations / 406 \\
                 20.6.7 Results of disintegration experiments / 406 \\
                 20.7 Justification of the dispersion formula / 407 \\
                 20.8 Statistical methods / 407 \\
                 20.8.1 Wigner's comments / 409 \\
                 20.9 Basic aspects of the compound nucleus model / 410
                 \\
                 20.9.1 Experiments / 413 \\
                 20.10 Stripping reactions / 413 \\
                 20.10.1 Qualitative arguments / 414 \\
                 20.10.2 `Stripping approximations' / 416 \\
                 20.11 Optical model / 417 \\
                 20.11.1 `A schematic theory of nuclear cross sections'
                 / 418 \\
                 20.11.2 Experimental evidence / 419 \\
                 20.11.3 `The formation of a compound nucleus in neutron
                 reactions' / 420 \\
                 20.11.4 `Model for nuclear reactions with neutrons' /
                 420 \\
                 20.12 Nuclear reaction theory 20 years later / 422 \\
                 20.13 Final comments / 424 \\
                 Index / 426 \\
                 Author Index / 431",
}

@Book{McCarty:2001:NLH,
  author =       "Marilu Hurt McCarty",
  booktitle =    "The {Nobel} laureates: how the world's greatest
                 economic minds shaped modern thought",
  title =        "The {Nobel} laureates: how the world's greatest
                 economic minds shaped modern thought",
  publisher =    pub-MCGRAW-HILL,
  address =      pub-MCGRAW-HILL:adr,
  pages =        "xvi + 397",
  year =         "2001",
  ISBN =         "0-07-135614-2",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-07-135614-5",
  LCCN =         "HB87 .M337 2001",
  bibdate =      "Fri Sep 20 08:12:49 MDT 2013",
  bibsource =    "http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 janus.uoregon.edu:210/INNOPAC",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Economics; History; 20th century; Economists; Nobel
                 Prizes",
  tableofcontents = "The Nobel Prize Winners in Economic Sciences \\
                 Part 1. The Rationalist and Individual Choice / George
                 Stigler, Friedrich von Hayek and Gary Becker / [et
                 al.]. \\
                 Ch. 1. Rational People Do Good Things. \\
                 Ch. 2. The Dangers of Big Government, Firsthand. \\
                 Ch. 3. Explaining Our Social Relationships. \\
                 Ch. 4. Questioning Neoclassical Theory \\
                 Part 2. Limits to Rationality and the Role of
                 Government / Kenneth Arrow, John Hicks and James
                 Buchanan / [et al.]. \\
                 Ch. 5. Individual Rationality and Collective
                 Irrationality. \\
                 Ch. 6. The Tension Between Individual and Social
                 Welfare. \\
                 Ch. 7. A Better Way to Handle Externalities. \\
                 Ch. 8. Is There Room in Economics for Ethics? \\
                 Part 3. Measuring to Understand / Ragnar Frisch, Jan
                 Tinbergen and Tjalling Koopmans / [et al.]. \\
                 Ch. 9. Business Cycles and Dynamic Analysis. \\
                 Ch. 10. Balancing Realism With Simplicity. \\
                 Ch. 11. Acknowledging and Incorporating Errors. \\
                 Ch. 12. Probability in Econometric Models. \\
                 Ch. 13. Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems, and
                 Policy Wonks \\
                 Part 4. When Cycles Become Depressions / Paul
                 Samuelson, Milton Friedman and James Tobin / [et al.].
                 \\
                 Ch. 14. Business Cycles and the Unemployment-Inflation
                 Trade-Off. \\
                 Ch. 15. When Government Involvement Interferes With
                 Economic Efficiency. \\
                 Ch. 16. Holding Money Is the Reverse of Money Turnover.
                 \\
                 Ch. 17. The Perverse Effects of Expectations. \\
                 Ch. 18. How Does Economic Policy Work in the Real
                 World? \\
                 Part 5. The Model Builders / Richard Stone, Gerard
                 Debreu and Kenneth Arrow / [et al.]. \\
                 Ch. 19. Everything Depends on Everything Else. \\
                 Ch. 20. Filling the Theoretical Boxes. \\
                 Ch. 21. The Building Blocks of Income, Employment, and
                 Prices. \\
                 Ch. 22. Documenting National Income and Growth \\
                 Part 6. Economic Growth and Development / Robert Solow,
                 Theodore Schultz and Arthur Lewis / [et al.]. \\
                 Ch. 23. The Theory Underlying Economic Growth. \\
                 Ch. 24. Accounting for Human Capital Investment. \\
                 Ch. 25. Bringing Economic Development to Poor Nations.
                 \\
                 Ch. 26. Using Econometrics to Explain Economic
                 Development. \\
                 Ch. 27. Development Issues for the Mature Economy \\
                 Part 7. Financing Growth-Promoting Investments / Harry
                 Markowitz, William Sharpe and James Tobin / [et al.].
                 \\
                 Ch. 28. Historical Perspectives. \\
                 Ch. 29. Explaining a Firm's Financing Decision. \\
                 Ch. 30. Incorporating Time in the Financial Decision.
                 \\
                 Ch. 31. Globalizing Resource Allocation. \\
                 Ch. 32. Combining Public Investment With Private
                 Investment to Promote Growth \\
                 Part 8. Society's Institutions: Their Origins and
                 Potential for Change / John Nash, John Harsanyi and
                 Reinhard Selten / [et al.]. \\
                 Ch. 33. People's Interactions Are Like Games. \\
                 Ch. 34. Some Games Are Improved by Bargaining. \\
                 Ch. 35. Games Without Full Information Require Use of
                 Probabilities. \\
                 Ch. 36. How Institutions Have Evolved. \\
                 Ch. 37. Changing One ``Peculiar'' Institution",
}

@Book{Lightman:2005:DGBb,
  author =       "Alan P. Lightman",
  booktitle =    "The discoveries: great breakthroughs in
                 twentieth-century science",
  title =        "The discoveries: great breakthroughs in
                 twentieth-century science",
  publisher =    "Pantheon",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  pages =        "xviii + 553 + 16",
  year =         "2005",
  ISBN =         "0-676-97789-8, 0-375-42168-8 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-676-97789-9, 978-0-375-42168-6 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "Q180.55.D57 .L53",
  bibdate =      "Sat Aug 22 08:54:05 MDT 2015",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/planck-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  URL =          "http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0623/2005040854-b.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0623/2005040854-d.html;
                 http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0623/2005040854-t.html",
  abstract =     "An unprecedented explosion of creativity, insight, and
                 breakthrough occurred in every field of science in the
                 last century. These discoveries profoundly changed the
                 way we understand the world and our place in it. Now
                 [the] physicist and novelist tells the stories of two
                 dozen of the most seminal discoveries. He paints the
                 intellectual and emotional landscape of each discovery,
                 portrays the personalities and human drama of the
                 scientists involved, and explains the significance and
                 impact of the work. He explores such questions as
                 whether there were common patterns of research, whether
                 the discoveries were accidental or intentional, and
                 whether the scientists were aware of or oblivious to
                 the significance of what they had found. Finally, [he]
                 gives a guided tour through each of the original
                 papers, which are included in the book.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  author-dates = "1948--",
  subject =      "Discoveries in science; History; 20th century;
                 Sources; Discoveries in science.",
  tableofcontents = "Introduction \\
                 A Note on Numbers \\
                 1. The Quantum --- ``On the Theory of the Energy
                 Distribution Law of the Normal Spectrum,'' by Max
                 Planck (1900) \\
                 2. Hormones --- ``The Mechanism of Pancreatic
                 Secretion,'' by William Bayliss and Ernest Starling
                 (1902) \\
                 3. The Particle Nature of Light --- ``On a Heuristic
                 Point of View Concerning the Production and
                 Transformation of Light,'' by Albert Einstein (1905)
                 \\
                 4. Special Relativity --- ``On the Electrodynamics of
                 Moving Bodies,'' by Albert Einstein (1905) \\
                 5. The Nucleus of the Atom --- ``The Scattering of
                 alpha and beta Particles by Matter and the Structure of
                 the Atom,'' by Ernest Rutherford (1911) \\
                 6. The Size of the Cosmos --- ``Periods of 25 Variable
                 Stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud,'' by Henrietta
                 Leavitt (1912) \\
                 7. The Arrangement of Atoms in Solid Matter ---
                 ``Interference Phenomena with R{\"o}ntgen Rays,'' by W.
                 Friedrich, P. Knipping, and M. von Laue (1912) \\
                 8. The Quantum Atom --- ``On the Constitution of Atoms
                 and Molecules,'' by Niels Bohr (1913) \\
                 9. The Means of Communication Between Nerves --- ``On
                 the Humoral Transmission of the Action of the Cardiac
                 Nerve,'' by Otto Loewi (1921) \\
                 10. The Uncertainty Principle --- ``On the Physical
                 Content of Quantum Kinematics and Mechanics,'' Werner
                 Heisenberg (1927) \\
                 11. The Chemical Bond --- ``The Shared-Electron
                 Chemical Bond,'' by Linus Pauling (1928) \\
                 12. The Expansion of the Universe --- ``A Relation
                 Between Distance and Radial Velocity Among
                 Extra-Galactic Nebulae,'' by Edwin Hubble (1929) \\
                 13. Antibiotics --- ``On the Antibacterial Action of
                 Cultures of Penicillium, with Special Reference to
                 Their Use in the Isolation of B. Influenzae,'' by
                 Alexander Fleming (1929) \\
                 14. The Means of Production of Energy in Living
                 Organisms --- ``The Role of Citric Acid in Intermediate
                 Metabolism in Animal Tissues,'' by Hans Krebs and W. A.
                 Johnson (1937) \\
                 15. Nuclear Fission --- ``Concerning the Existence of
                 Alkaline Earth Metals Resulting from Neutron
                 Irradiation of Uranium,'' by Otto Hahn and Fritz
                 Strassmann (1939) --- ``Disintegration of Uranium by
                 Neutrons: A New Type of Nuclear Reaction,'' by Lise
                 Meitner and Otto Frisch (1939) \\
                 16. The Movability of Genes --- ``Mutable Loci in
                 Maize,'' Barbara McClintock (1948) \\
                 17. The Structure of Dna --- ``Molecular Structure of
                 Nucleic Acids,'' by James D. Watson and Francis H. C.
                 Crick (1953) \\ and --- ``Molecular Configuration in
                 Sodium Thymonucleate,'' by Rosalind E. Franklin and R.
                 G. Gosling (1953) \\
                 18. The Structure of Proteins --- ``Structure of
                 H{\ae}moglobin,'' by Max F. Perutz, M. G. Rossmann, Ann
                 F. Cullis, Hilary Muirhead, Georg Will, and A. C. T.
                 North (1960) \\
                 19. Radio Waves From the Big Bang --- ``A Measurement
                 of Excess Antenna Temperature at 4080 Mc/s,'' by Arno
                 A. Penzias and Robert W. Wilson and --- ``Cosmic
                 Black-Body Radiation,'' by Robert H. Dicke, P. James E.
                 Peebles, Peter G. Roll, and David T. Wilkinson (1965)
                 \\
                 20. A Unified Theory of Forces --- ``A Model of
                 Leptons,'' by Steven Weinberg (1967) \\
                 21. Quarks: A Tiniest Essence of Matter --- ``Observed
                 Behavior of Highly Inelastic Electron-Proton
                 Scattering,'' by M. Breidenbach, J. I. Friedman, H. W.
                 Kendall, E. D. Bloom, D. H. Coward, H. DeStaebler, J.
                 Drees, L. W. Mo, and R. E. Taylor (1969) \\
                 22. The Creation of Altered Forms of Life ---
                 ``Biochemical Method of Inserting New Genetic
                 Information into Dna of Simian Virus 40,'' by David A.
                 Jackson, Robert H. Symons, and Paul Berg (1972) \\
                 Epilogue \\
                 Notes \\
                 Abridgments of Papers \\
                 Acknowledgments \\
                 Permission Acknowledgments \\
                 Index",
}

@Proceedings{Bastin:2009:QTB,
  editor =       "Ted Bastin",
  booktitle =    "Quantum Theory and Beyond: Essays and Discussions
                 Arising from a Colloquium",
  title =        "Quantum Theory and Beyond: Essays and Discussions
                 Arising from a Colloquium",
  publisher =    pub-CAMBRIDGE,
  address =      pub-CAMBRIDGE:adr,
  pages =        "viii + 345",
  year =         "2009",
  ISBN =         "0-521-11548-5, 0-521-07956-X",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-521-07956-3, 978-0-521-11548-3",
  LCCN =         "QC174.1 .Q83 2009",
  bibdate =      "Fri May 4 18:11:35 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib",
  abstract =     "Quantum theory attempts to describe the discrete or
                 atomic nature of matter and the physical world. This
                 book contains the edited papers presented at a small
                 informal colloquium held in Cambridge in 1968 to
                 discuss the need for fundamental revision in quantum
                 theory. Most schools of thought on the foundations of
                 the theory were represented, and to direct discussion
                 some participants proposed actual changes. A principal
                 aim was to pinpoint the source of difficulty in current
                 ideas of the time or, failing that, to present
                 alongside each other the various viewpoints about
                 them.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Digital edition of \cite{Bastin:1971:QTB}.",
  subject =      "Quantentheorie",
  tableofcontents = "List of participants \\
                 Preface \\
                 Part I. Introduction \\
                 1. The function of the colloquium --- editorial \\
                 2. The conceptual problem of quantum theory from the
                 experimentalist's point of view / O. R. Frisch \\
                 Part II. Niels Bohr and Complementarity: The Place of
                 the Classical Language \\
                 3. The Copenhagen interpretation / C. F. von
                 Weizs{\"a}cker \\
                 4. On Bohr's views concerning the quantum theory / D.
                 Bohm \\
                 Part III. The Measurement Problem \\
                 5. Quantal observation in statistical interpretation /
                 H. J. Groenewold \\
                 6. Macroscopic physics, quantum mechanics and quantum
                 theory of measurement / G. M. Prosperi \\
                 7. Comment on the Daneri--Loinger--Prosperi quantum
                 theory of measurement / Jeffrey Bub \\
                 8. The phenomenology of observation and explanation in
                 quantum theory / J. H. M. Whiteman \\
                 9. Measurement theory and complex systems / M. A.
                 Garstens \\
                 Part IV. New Directions within Quantum Theory: What
                 does the Quantum Theoretical Formalism Really Tell Us?
                 \\
                 10. On the role of hidden variables in the fundamental
                 structure of physics / D. Bohm \\
                 11. Beyond what? Discussion: space-time order within
                 existing quantum theory / C. W. Kilmister \\
                 12. Definability and measurability in quantum theory /
                 Yakir Aharonov and Aage Petersen \\
                 13. The bootstrap idea and the foundations of quantum
                 theory / Geoffrey F. Chew \\
                 Part V. A Fresh Start? \\
                 14. Angular momentum: an approach to combinatorial
                 space-time / Roger Penrose \\
                 15. A note on discreteness, phase space and cohomology
                 theory / B. J. Hiley \\
                 16. Cohomology of observations / R. H. Atkin \\
                 17. The origin of half-integral spin in a discrete
                 physical space / Ted Bastin \\
                 Part VI. Philosophical Papers \\
                 18. The unity of physics / C. F. von Weizs{\"a}cker \\
                 19. A philosophical obstacle to the rise of new
                 theories in microphysics / Mario Bunge \\
                 20. The incompleteness of quantum mechanics or the
                 emperor's missing clothes / H. R. Post \\
                 21. How does a particle get from A to B? / Ted Bastin
                 \\
                 22. Informational generalization of entropy in physics
                 / Jerome Rothstein \\
                 23. Can life explain quantum mechanics? / H. H. Pattee
                 \\
                 24. Discussion: phenomena and sense data in quantum
                 theory / D. S. Linney and C. F. von Weizs{\"a}cker \\
                 Index of persons \\
                 Index of subjects",
}

@Book{Farmelo:2013:CBHa,
  author =       "Graham Farmelo",
  booktitle =    "{Churchill}'s bomb: a hidden history of science, war
                 and politics",
  title =        "{Churchill}'s bomb: a hidden history of science, war
                 and politics",
  publisher =    pub-FABER-FABER,
  address =      pub-FABER-FABER:adr,
  pages =        "x + 554 + 12",
  year =         "2013",
  ISBN =         "0-571-24978-7 (hardcover)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-0-571-24978-7 (hardcover)",
  LCCN =         "????",
  bibdate =      "Fri Oct 31 06:10:37 MDT 2014",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/master.bib",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  subject =      "Churchill, Winston; (Winston Leonard Spencer);
                 Lindemann, Frederick Alexander (Viscount Lord Cherwell)
                 (The `Prof'); Prime ministers; Great Britain;
                 Biography; World War, 1939--1945; Science; Atomic bomb;
                 Kernwapenpolitiek; Kernwapens; Verenigd Koninkrijk van
                 Groot-Brittanni{\"e} en Noord-Ierland",
  subject-dates = "1874--1965 (WSC); 1886--1957 (FAL)",
  tableofcontents = "Dedication \\
                 List of Plates \\
                 Epigraphs \\
                 Prologue \\
                 February 1955 Churchill, his nuclear scientists and the
                 bomb \\
                 1: Towards the Nuclear Age \\
                 1894--1925 Wells and his liberating `atomic bombs' \\
                 1924--1932 Churchill glimpses a nuclear future \\
                 1932 Rutherford: nuclear sceptic \\
                 March 1933 to December 1934 The Prof advises a
                 `scientist who missed his vocation' \\
                 September 1933 to February 1935 Szil{\'a}rd's nuclear
                 epiphany \\
                 February 1934 to October 1935 Churchill fears war ---
                 and that nuclear energy will soon be harnassed \\
                 November 1938 to September 1939 Bohr thinks the Bomb is
                 `inconceivable' \\
                 2: World War II \\
                 August to December 1939 Churchill --- nuclear weapons
                 will not be ready for the war \\
                 September 1939 to February 1940 Chadwick doubts that
                 the Bomb is viable \\
                 October 1939 to July 1940 FDR receives a nuclear
                 warning \\
                 March to June 1940 Frisch and Peierls discover how to
                 make the Bomb \\
                 May and June 1940 Churchill has more pressing problems
                 \\
                 June to September 1940 Thomson and his MAUD committee
                 debate policy on the Bomb \\
                 August 1940 to August 1941 In his finest hour,
                 Churchill begs America for help \\
                 July and August 1941 Chadwick believes Britain should
                 build its own Bomb \\
                 August 1941 to January 1942 Oliphant bustles in America
                 \\
                 November 1941 to July 1942 Churchill talks about the
                 Bomb with FDR \\
                 January 1942 to January 1943 Akers attempts a merger
                 \\
                 October 1942 to July 1943 Bush aims for an American
                 monopoly \\
                 January to September 1943 Churchill's nuclear deal with
                 FDR \\
                 September 1943 to May 1944 Bohr takes a political
                 initiative \\
                 April to September 1944 The Bulldog meets the Great
                 Dane \\
                 February 1944 to July 1945 Chadwick witnesses the first
                 nuclear explosion \\
                 1 July to 5 August 1945 Churchill says yes to dropping
                 the Bomb \\
                 3: Churchill as Leader of the Opposition \\
                 August 1945 to January 1949 Blackett: nuclear heretic
                 \\
                 August 1945 to August 1945 Churchill the Cold Warrior
                 \\
                 February and March 1950 Peierls and `the spy of the
                 century' \\
                 February 1950 to Spring 1951 Churchill softens his line
                 on the Bomb \\
                 August 1945 to October 1951 Penney delivers the British
                 Bomb \\
                 4: Churchill's Second Premiership \\
                 October 1951 to December 1952 Churchill --- Britain's
                 first nuclear Premier \\
                 1953 Hinton engineers nuclear power \\
                 March 1953 to February 1954 Churchill the nuclear
                 missionary \\
                 March to December 1954 Cockcroft becomes a confidant of
                 the Prime Minister \\
                 April 1954 to April 1955 Churchill's nuclear swansong
                 \\
                 Epilogues \\
                 1954 Onwards 1: Churchill's nuclear scientists \\
                 6 April 1955 Onwards 2: Churchill and his Prof \\
                 Acknowledgements \\
                 References \\
                 Index \\
                 Plates \\
                 About the Author \\
                 By the Same Author",
}

@Book{Fernandez:2013:UMA,
  author =       "Bernard Fernandez and Georges Ripka",
  booktitle =    "Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus --- a
                 Sixty Year Journey 1896--1956",
  title =        "Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus --- a
                 Sixty Year Journey 1896--1956",
  publisher =    pub-SV,
  address =      pub-SV:adr,
  pages =        "xviii + 522",
  year =         "2013",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-4181-6",
  ISBN =         "1-4614-4180-3 (hardcover), 1-4614-4181-1 (e-book)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-4614-4180-9 (hardcover), 978-1-4614-4181-6
                 (e-book)",
  LCCN =         "QC773 .F47 2013",
  bibdate =      "Mon Apr 23 15:26:52 MDT 2018",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bethe-hans.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/born-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/debroglie-louis.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/d/dirac-p-a-m.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/fermi-enrico.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/g/gamow-george.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/h/heisenberg-werner.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/pauli-wolfgang.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/peierls-rudolf.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/p/planck-max.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/schroedinger-erwin.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/w/wigner-eugene.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  abstract =     "\booktitle{Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic
                 Nucleus} tells the story of how, in the span of barely
                 sixty years, we made a transition from the belief that
                 matter was composed of indivisible atoms, to the
                 discovery that in the heart of each atom lies a nucleus
                 which is ten thousand times smaller than the atom,
                 which nonetheless carries almost all its mass, and the
                 transformations of which involve energies that could
                 never be reached by chemical reactions. It was not a
                 smooth transition. The nature of nuclei, their
                 properties, the physical laws which govern their
                 behaviour, and the possibility of controlling to some
                 extent their transformations, were discovered in
                 discontinuous steps, following paths which occasionally
                 led to errors which in turn were corrected by further
                 experimental discoveries. The story begins in 1896 when
                 radioactivity was unexpectedly discovered and continues
                 up to the nineteen-sixties. The authors describe the
                 spectacular progress made by physics during that time,
                 which not only revealed a new form of matter, namely
                 nuclei, but also modified our way of thinking by
                 developing quantum mechanics and the theory of
                 relativity. The book is written in a clear and non
                 mathematical language which makes it both accessible
                 and instructive to laymen, physicists and students, as
                 well as to historians of science. It delves into
                 subjects which are of utmost importance for the
                 understanding of matter in our universe and for
                 understanding how this knowledge was achieved.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Substantially revised by the authors from the French
                 original, \booktitle{De l atome au noyau. Une approche
                 historique et de la physique nucl{\'e}aire}, Ellipses
                 (2006), and viewed by them as a second edition.",
  subject =      "Nuclear physics; History; stralingschemie;
                 deeltjesfysica; Pure sciences. Natural sciences
                 (general); quarks; History of physics; Nuclear
                 chemistry; wetenschapsgeschiedenis; Physics; fysica;
                 Nuclear physics.",
  tableofcontents = "Radioactivity: The First Puzzles / 1 \\
                 The ``Uranic Rays'' of Henri Becquerel / 1 \\
                 The Discovery / 2 \\
                 Is It Really Phosphorescence? / 4 \\
                 What Is the Nature of the Radiation? / 5 \\
                 A Limited Impact on Scientists and the Public / 6 \\
                 Why 1896? / 7 \\
                 Was Radioactivity Discovered by Chance? / 7 \\
                 Polonium and Radium / 9 \\
                 Marya Sk{\l}odowska / 9 \\
                 Pierre Curie / 10 \\
                 Polonium and Radium: Pierre and Marie Curie Invent
                 Radiochemistry / 11 \\
                 Enigmas / 14 \\
                 Emanation from Thorium / 17 \\
                 Ernest Rutherford / 17 \\
                 Rutherford Studies Radioactivity: $\alpha$- and
                 $\beta$-Rays / 18 \\
                 $\beta$-Rays Are Electrons / 19 \\
                 Rutherford in Montreal: The Radiation of Thorium, the
                 Exponential Decrease / 19 \\
                 ``Induced'' and ``Excited'' Radioactivity / 20 \\
                 Elster and Geitel: The Radioactivity of the Air and of
                 the Earth / 22 \\
                 A Third Type of Ray: $\gamma$-Rays / 24 \\
                 The Emanation of Thorium Is a Gas Belonging to the
                 Argon Family / 24 \\
                 A Proliferation of ``X'' Radiations / 25 \\
                 ``An Enigma, a Deeply Astonishing Subject'' / 26 \\
                 The Puzzle Is Disentangled / 27 \\
                 $\alpha$-Rays Revisited / 29 \\
                 Radioactivity Is an Atomic Decay / 30 \\
                 The Puzzle Is Unravelled: Radioactive Families / 30 \\
                 Where Does the Energy of Radioactivity Come from? \\
                 The Conjecture of Rutherford / 32 \\
                 Experimental Evidence of Transmutation / 35 \\
                 Radioactivity is Understood. Radioactive Families / 35
                 \\
                 Consecrations and Mourning: The End of an Era / 37 \\
                 1903: Henri Becquerel Shares the Nobel Prize with
                 Pierre and Marie Curie / 37 \\
                 The Death of Pierre Curie / 39 \\
                 1908: Rutherford is Awarded the Nobel Prize / 40 \\
                 The Death of Henri Becquerel / 40 \\
                 References / 41 \\
                 A Nucleus at the Heart of the Atom / 47 \\
                 Prehistory of the Atom / 47 \\
                 Eighteenth Century: The Abbot Nollet / 48 \\
                 Beginning of the Nineteenth Century: John Dalton,
                 William Prout, Gay-Lussac, Avogadro, and Amp{\`e}re /
                 49 \\
                 Do Atoms Really Exist? / 50 \\
                 1865: Loschmidt Estimates the Size of Air Molecules /
                 51 \\
                 Spectral Lines: A First Indication of an Internal
                 Structure of Atoms / 52 \\
                 Jean Perrin Advocates the Reality of Atoms / 52 \\
                 1897: The Electrons Are in the Atom / 55 \\
                 Electric Discharges in Gases, Cathode Rays and the
                 Electron / 55 \\
                 ``Dynamids'': The Atoms of Philipp Lenard / 55 \\
                 Numeric Attempts to Describe Spectral Rays: Balmer and
                 Rydberg / 56 \\
                 J. J. Thomson's First Model: An Atom Consisting
                 Entirely of Electrons / 57 \\
                 A Speculation of Jean Perrin: The Atom Is Like a Small
                 Scale Solar System / 57 \\
                 The ``Saturn'' Model of Hantaro Nagaoka / 58 \\
                 The ``Plum-Pudding'' Atom of J. J. Thomson / 59 \\
                 Charles Barkla Measures the Number of Electrons in an
                 Atom / 60 \\
                 The Scattering of $\alpha$ Particles Makes It Possible
                 to ``See'' a Nucleus in the Atom / 63 \\
                 An Observation of Marie Curie / 63 \\
                 William Henry Bragg: The Slowing Down of
                 $\alpha$-Particles in Matter / 63 \\
                 The ``Scattering'' of $\alpha$-Particles / 65 \\
                 The Nature of the $\alpha$-Particle: An Unresolved
                 Question / 66 \\
                 The First Geiger Counter / 67 \\
                 The Nature of the $\alpha$-Particle / 69 \\
                 Another Way to Count $\alpha$-Particles: Scintillations
                 / 70 \\
                 Back to the Scattering of $\alpha$-Particles / 71 \\
                 The Experiments of Geiger and Marsden / 72 \\
                 Are the Large Deviations Caused by Multiple Small
                 Deviations? / 73 \\
                 Rutherford Invents the Nucleus / 74 \\
                 A Last Ingredient: Moseley Measures the Charge of the
                 Nucleus in the Atom / 77 \\
                 Barkla Creates X-ray Spectroscopy / 77 \\
                 The Diffraction of X-rays: Max von Laue, William Henry
                 and William Lawrence Bragg / 78 \\
                 Henry Moseley Measures the Charge of Nuclei / 79 \\
                 A Paradox / 81 \\
                 References / 83 \\
                 Quantum Mechanics: The Unavoidable Path / 89 \\
                 Branching Off / 89 \\
                 An Improbable Beginning / 91 \\
                 The Peak of Classical Mechanics / 91 \\
                 A Persistent Problem / 92 \\
                 1900: Max Planck Invents the Quantum of the Action / 94
                 \\
                 A Quantum of Action / 96 \\
                 Einstein and Light Quanta / 96 \\
                 The Specific Heat of Solids / 99 \\
                 The First Solvay Council and the Theory of Quanta / 99
                 \\
                 Niels Bohr: The Quanta Are in the Atom / 103 \\
                 Bohr Introduces Quanta in the Theory of the Atom / 103
                 \\
                 ``On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules'' / 105
                 \\
                 Two Other Papers in Bohr's 1913 Trilogy / 108 \\
                 1913--1923: Victories and Setbacks / 109 \\
                 Skepticism, Enthusiasm and Adhesion / 109 \\
                 Confirmation: The Experiment of Franck and Hertz / 110
                 \\
                 A Proliferation of Optical Lines: The Zeeman and Stark
                 Effects / 110 \\
                 Arnold Sommerfeld: Elliptic Orbits and New Quantum
                 Numbers / 111 \\
                 Relativistic Corrections and the Fine Structure
                 Constant / 112 \\
                 A Hoax! / 113 \\
                 A Further Contribution of Einstein: The Interaction
                 Between Radiation and Matter / 113 \\
                 The Stark Effect: A Victory of the Theory of Quanta /
                 114 \\
                 The ``Correspondence Principle'' / 115 \\
                 Kossel, Bohr and the Mendeleev Table / 116 \\
                 The Rare Earths / 118 \\
                 1918, 1921 and 1922: Three Nobel Prizes Attributed to
                 Quanta / 118 \\
                 1925: Spin and the Pauli Principle / 121 \\
                 Wolfgang Pauli / 121 \\
                 Max Born / 122 \\
                 The Stern and Gerlach Experiment / 123 \\
                 The Compton Effect / 124 \\
                 A Strange Explanation of the Zeeman Effect / 125 \\
                 Pauli's Exclusion Principle / 126 \\
                 The ``Spin'' of the Electron / 127 \\
                 Quantum Mechanics / 131 \\
                 Louis de Broglie / 131 \\
                 Heisenberg and Matrix Mechanics / 133 \\
                 New Physics / 135 \\
                 Pauli Applies the New Mechanics to the Spectrum of
                 Hydrogen / 136 \\
                 The Schr{\"o}dinger Equation / 136 \\
                 Heisenberg and Schr{\"o}dinger, Two Sides of the Same
                 Coin / 139 \\
                 The Probabilistic Interpretation of Max Born and the
                 End of Determinism / 139 \\
                 The Pauli Matrices / 141 \\
                 Indistinguishable Particles: Bose-Einstein
                 ``Statistics'' / 141 \\
                 Enrico Fermi: A New ``Statistics'' / 143 \\
                 Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac / 144 \\
                 ``Bosons'' and ``Fermions'' / 147 \\
                 The Uncertainty Relations of Heisenberg / 148 \\
                 Nobel Acknowledgments / 152 \\
                 The Fifth Solvay Council: An Assessment of the New
                 Mechanics / 153 \\
                 The German Language, the Language of Quantum Mechanics
                 / 154 \\
                 A Brief Bibliography / 155 \\
                 References / 157 \\
                 A Timid Infancy / 163 \\
                 The Atomic Nucleus in 1913 / 163 \\
                 The Discovery of Isotopes and the Measurement of Masses
                 of Nuclei / 165 \\
                 The Chemistry of Radioactive Products / 165 \\
                 Frederick Soddy / 166 \\
                 Isotopes / 166 \\
                 The Revival of Positively Charged ``Canal Rays'' / 168
                 \\
                 The First Physical Measurements of Atomic Masses / 168
                 \\
                 Francis Aston and the First Mass Spectrometer / 169 \\
                 The ``Whole Number Law'' and the Old Hypothesis of
                 William Prout / 171 \\
                 The Exceptional Mass of the Hydrogen Atom / 173 \\
                 A Nobel Prize for the ``Whole-Number Rule'' / 175 \\
                 The Atomic Masses Known in 1932: The Binding Energy of
                 Nuclei / 176 \\
                 An Enquiry Full of Surprises: $\beta$ Radioactivity /
                 179 \\
                 The Velocity of the $\beta$ Electrons / 180 \\
                 Otto Hahn / 180 \\
                 Lise Meitner / 182 \\
                 Hahn, Meitner and $\beta$ Radioactivity / 184 \\
                 The First ``$\beta$ Spectrometer'' / 185 \\
                 The Kaiser Wilhelm Institut / 186 \\
                 Clouds Are Gathering / 186 \\
                 James Chadwick: A Continuous $\beta$ Spectrum! / 187
                 \\
                 Is It Really a Continuous Spectrum? / 189 \\
                 In Berlin: The War / 190 \\
                 Lise Meitner Returns to $\beta$ Radioactivity / 190 \\
                 The Decisive Experiment of Charles Ellis / 191 \\
                 A Scandal: Energy May Not Be Conserved! / 193 \\
                 Geiger and Bothe: A ``Coincidence'' Experiment / 193
                 \\
                 The Idea of Wolfgang Pauli / 194 \\
                 But Why Are So Many Spectral Lines Observed? The Key to
                 the Mystery / 196 \\
                 The First Nuclear Reactions / 199 \\
                 The First Nuclear Reaction / 200 \\
                 Sir Ernest Rutherford, Cavendish Professor of Physics /
                 202 \\
                 New Nuclear Reactions / 202 \\
                 A Controversy Between Vienna and Cambridge / 203 \\
                 How Do the Transmutations Occur? / 205 \\
                 The Nucleus in 1920 According to Rutherford / 207 \\
                 The Size of the Nucleus / 208 \\
                 The Constitution of the Nucleus and of Isotopes / 208
                 \\
                 Rutherford the Visionary: The Neutron / 209 \\
                 Chadwick Hunts for New Forces / 210 \\
                 The Rapid Expansion of Experimental Means / 213 \\
                 Scintillation Methods / 213 \\
                 The Point Counter / 214 \\
                 The Geiger--M{\"u}ller Counter / 215 \\
                 A Digression: The Birth and Development of Wireless
                 Radio / 216 \\
                 The Electronically Amplified Ionization Chamber / 217
                 \\
                 Coincidence Measurements / 219 \\
                 The Measurement of the Energy of $\gamma$ Radiation /
                 220 \\
                 A Unique Detector: Wilson's Cloud Chamber / 222 \\
                 The Atomic Nucleus in 1930 / 227 \\
                 Some Certainties and One Enigma / 228 \\
                 At the Beginning of 1932, the Enigma Remains / 231 \\
                 References / 233 \\
                 1930--1940: A Dazzling Development / 241 \\
                 The Nucleus: A New Boundary / 241 \\
                 Quantum Mechanics Acting in the Nucleus / 242 \\
                 Salomon Rosenblum and the Fine Structure of $\alpha$
                 Radioactivity / 244 \\
                 1931: The First International Congress of Nuclear
                 Physics / 246 \\
                 The Discovery of an Exceptional Isotope: Deuterium /
                 249 \\
                 The Discovery of the Neutron / 253 \\
                 Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric and Ir{\`e}ne Joliot-Curie / 254 \\
                 Protons Are Ejected / 256 \\
                 The Neutron Is Revealed / 257 \\
                 Is the Neutron Lighter or Heavier than the Proton? /
                 258 \\
                 Nuclear Theory After the Discovery of the Neutron / 263
                 \\
                 Werner Heisenberg / 263 \\
                 Ettore Majorana / 267 \\
                 Eugene P. Wigner / 270 \\
                 Do the Protons and Neutrons form Shells as Electrons Do
                 in the Atom? / 271 \\
                 A New Particle: The Positron / 279 \\
                 Cosmic Rays / 279 \\
                 Blackett and Occhialini / 280 \\
                 Carl Anderson Discovers a Positive Electron / 282 \\
                 The Positive Electron of Anderson and that of Dirac /
                 283 \\
                 Ir{\`e}ne and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Joliot-Curie / 286 \\
                 The Birth of Particle Accelerators / 289 \\
                 Direct Acceleration: A High-Voltage Race / 290 \\
                 Acceleration in Steps / 295 \\
                 ``Charge Independence'' of the Nuclear Force / 303 \\
                 The Discovery of Artificial Radioactivity / 305 \\
                 The Joliot-Curies After the Solvay Council / 307 \\
                 ``A New Kind of Radioactivity'' / 308 \\
                 The Chemical Proof / 309 \\
                 It Spreads like Wildfire / 310 \\
                 The Importance of the Discovery / 311 \\
                 New Perspectives for Radioactive Indicators / 312 \\
                 The Death of Marie Curie / 313 \\
                 The 1935 Nobel Prizes Are Attributed to Chadwick and to
                 the Joliot-Curies / 314 \\
                 The School of Rome / 315 \\
                 The Theory of $\beta$ Decay / 316 \\
                 Neutron Physics in Rome / 318 \\
                 ``Slow'' Neutrons / 321 \\
                 A New Field in Nuclear Physics / 323 \\
                 Resonances / 324 \\
                 Fermi Is Awarded the Nobel Prize. The End of the Rome
                 Team / 326 \\
                 The Great Exodus of Jewish Scientists Under Nazism /
                 327 \\
                 A Proliferation of Theories: Yukawa, Breit and Wigner,
                 Bohr / 331 \\
                 Hideki Yukawa / 331 \\
                 The First Theories of Nuclear Reactions / 335 \\
                 The Structure of the Nucleus According to Bohr in 1937
                 / 338 \\
                 The Death of a Giant: Ernest Rutherford / 341 \\
                 Hans Bethe Sums Up the Situation in 1936--1937 / 343
                 \\
                 Hans Albrecht Bethe / 343 \\
                 The Structure of Nuclei / 344 \\
                 Nuclear Reactions / 348 \\
                 The Fission of Uranium / 349 \\
                 A Fragile Discovery: The Transuranic Elements / 349 \\
                 Loads of ``Transuranic'' Elements / 352 \\
                 At the Institut du Radium / 354 \\
                 Lise Meitner Flees Nazi Germany / 358 \\
                 Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann Set Again to Work / 359
                 \\
                 More and More Disconcerting Results / 360 \\
                 The Word Is Finally Uttered / 363 \\
                 The News Spreads to the United States / 364 \\
                 Confirmations / 365 \\
                 Niels Bohr: The Theory of Fission, Uranium 235 / 368
                 \\
                 The Number of Emitted Neutrons / 370 \\
                 Leo Szilard / 371 \\
                 Is a Chain Reaction Possible? / 372 \\
                 The Last Publications Before the War / 375 \\
                 Francis Perrin and the Critical Mass / 377 \\
                 French Patents / 378 \\
                 References / 381 \\
                 The Upheavals of the Second World War / 395 \\
                 A Chronology / 395 \\
                 The New Face of Physics After the War / 401 \\
                 Big Science: Physics on a Large Scale / 402 \\
                 Team Work / 402 \\
                 The H-Bomb: Political and Military Implications / 403
                 \\
                 The American Supremacy / 404 \\
                 Europe and Japan After the War / 405 \\
                 Is ``Big Science'' Really the Result of the War? / 409
                 \\
                 References / 411 \\
                 The Time of Maturity / 413 \\
                 New Experimental Means / 413 \\
                 New Accelerators Have Ever Increasing Energies / 414
                 \\
                 New Detectors, New Measuring Instruments / 419 \\
                 Data Accumulate / 425 \\
                 The Papers of Bethe / 425 \\
                 Real Transuranic Nuclei / 425 \\
                 The Lifetime of the Neutron / 429 \\
                 Electron Scattering and the Electric Charge
                 Distribution in Nuclei / 430 \\
                 The ``Shell'' Structure of Nuclei / 433 \\
                 A Model of Quasi-independent Particles? / 434 \\
                 The Symmetries and Supermultiplets of Wigner and
                 Feenberg / 434 \\
                 Arguments Put Forth by Maria Goeppert-Mayer / 435 \\
                 The Spin-Orbit Interaction / 436 \\
                 Johannes Hans Daniel Jensen / 437 \\
                 A Paradoxical Model / 438 \\
                 Elastic Scattering and the ``Optical Model'' / 441 \\
                 The Nucleus Is Like a Cloudy Crystal Ball / 442 \\
                 ``Optical'' Attempts / 442 \\
                 The Woods--Saxon ``Optical'' Potential / 443 \\
                 The Computer: A Decisive Instrument / 444 \\
                 Direct Nuclear Reactions / 447 \\
                 The Stripping of a Deuteron / 448 \\
                 Direct Reactions and Reactions Which Proceed Though the
                 Formation of a Compound Nucleus / 452 \\
                 A Collective Behavior / 455 \\
                 Photonuclear Reactions / 455 \\
                 Giant Resonances / 456 \\
                 Are All Nuclei Spherical? / 457 \\
                 The Quadrupole Moment: An Indicator of Nuclear
                 Deformation / 458 \\
                 James Rainwater and Aage Bohr / 458 \\
                 Aage Bohr, the Resolution of a Paradox / 460 \\
                 A Unified Model of the Nucleus / 463 \\
                 Ben Mottelson / 463 \\
                 New Data, New Confirmations / 464 \\
                 Bohr and Mottelson: The Key to Nuclear Spectra / 465
                 \\
                 The Birth of Nuclear Spectroscopy / 467 \\
                 Nobel Awards / 468 \\
                 The Nuclear Force / 469 \\
                 The Discovery of the $\pi$ Meson / 469 \\
                 The $\pi^0$ Completes the Pion Trio / 470 \\
                 The Hard Core / 471 \\
                 Nuclear Matter / 473 \\
                 The Challenge / 473 \\
                 Keith Brueckner, Jeffrey Goldstone, Hans Bethe, and a
                 Few Others / 474 \\
                 Solid Foundations / 475 \\
                 And What About Niels Bohr's Original Objection? / 476
                 \\
                 The End of an Era / 476 \\
                 References / 479 \\
                 Where the Narrative Ends / 487 \\
                 Glossary / 491 \\
                 Bibliography of cited books / 513 \\
                 Index / 521 \\
                 The Periodic Law or Mendeleev table / 530",
}

@Book{Reed:2015:ABS,
  author =       "Bruce Cameron Reed",
  booktitle =    "The atomic bomb: the story of the {Manhattan Project}:
                 how nuclear physics became a global geopolitical
                 game-changer",
  title =        "The atomic bomb: the story of the {Manhattan Project}:
                 how nuclear physics became a global geopolitical
                 game-changer",
  publisher =    "Morgan and Claypool Publishers and IOP Publishing",
  address =      "San Rafael, CA, USA and Bristol, UK",
  pages =        "239 (est.)",
  year =         "2015",
  DOI =          "https://doi.org/10.1088/978-1-6270-5991-6",
  ISBN =         "1-62705-990-3 (print), 1-62705-991-1 (e-book),
                 1-62705-993-8 (mobi)",
  ISBN-13 =      "978-1-62705-990-9 (print), 978-1-62705-991-6 (e-book),
                 978-1-62705-993-0 (mobi)",
  ISSN =         "2053-2571 (print), 2054-7307 (electronic)",
  ISSN-L =       "2053-2571",
  LCCN =         "QC773.3.U5 R443 2015eb",
  bibdate =      "Tue Dec 8 08:41:58 MST 2015",
  bibsource =    "fsz3950.oclc.org:210/WorldCat;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/b/bohr-niels.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/f/frisch-otto.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/r/rutherford-ernest.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/bibnet/authors/s/szilard-leo.bib;
                 http://www.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/einstein.bib",
  series =       "IOP concise physics",
  URL =          "http://iopscience.iop.org/book/978-1-6270-5991-6",
  abstract =     "This volume, prepared by an acknowledged expert on the
                 Manhattan Project, gives a concise, fast-paced account
                 of all major aspects of the project at a level
                 accessible to an undergraduate college or advanced
                 high-school student familiar with some basic concepts
                 of energy, atomic structure, and isotopes. The text
                 describes the underlying scientific discoveries that
                 made nuclear weapons possible, how the project was
                 organized, the daunting challenges faced and overcome
                 in obtaining fissile uranium and plutonium, and in
                 designing workable bombs, the dramatic Trinity test
                 carried out in the desert of southern New Mexico in
                 July 1945, and the bombings of Hiroshima and
                 Nagasaki.",
  acknowledgement = ack-nhfb,
  remark =       "Version 20140601.",
  subject =      "Atomic bomb; United States; History; Nuclear physics.;
                 SCIENCE / Physics / Nuclear.; Atomic bomb.",
  tableofcontents = "Preface \\
                 Introduction and overview \\
                 Prologue \\
                 Some scientific preliminaries \\
                 The Manhattan Project: a survey \\
                 The background science \\
                 Energy units, nuclear reactions and decay processes \\
                 The neutron, artificial radioactivity and new elements
                 \\
                 Nuclear fission: discovery \\
                 Nuclear fission: interpretation \\
                 Plutonium \\
                 The Manhattan Project \\
                 Szilard, Einstein, the President and MAUD \\
                 The Compton committee and the Manhattan Engineer
                 District \\
                 Bomb design: Los Alamos \\
                 Uranium enrichment: the Clinton Engineer Works \\
                 Plutonium: the pile program \\
                 Trinity, Hiroshima and Nagasaki \\
                 Target selection \\
                 Postwar planning begins \\
                 The missions \\
                 Aftermath \\
                 The Legacy of Manhattan and current nuclear weapons
                 deployments \\
                 Postwar political developments \\
                 The super and the P-5 \\
                 Nuclear tests, deployments and treaties \\
                 Epilogue",
}